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THE PITTBBUEG DISPATCH, FKI1XAX NOVEMBER 25, 1892.
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l-ITTsBUUG. JHIDAY. NOV. . JSK.
FOOTBALL THE FEATURE.
The great feature of yesterday through
the country was football. Perfect truth
and candor compel the statement that
this new athletic competition far more
largely engaged public attention than the
Thanksgiving services at the churches.
Why this should be so, or what the sign
portends, is a matter for consideration by
the preachers who sometimes show them
selves bard put for sensational tests, and
some few of whom occasionally go far out
of the way of the gospel for sensations to
attract public notice. Here is a topic of
immediate and legitimate interest.
Of course there is room both for moral
izing and for difference of opinion about
this emphatic new turn of public atten
tion. Dr. John Paxton, in 2few York,
gave his opinion of public sentiment there
among church-goers by declining to com
ply with the proclamation of President
Harrison and Governor Flower to hold
religious services on Thanksgiving. Dr.
Parkhur.it and some other leading divines
attempted a compromise between their
cult and the modern Olympian games by
holding their services a couple of hours
earlier than usual in order to get the foot
ballers early in the morning. Without
drawing conclusions or attempting to
preach to-day the sermons which were
more in place yesterday, it is impossible to
ignore the fact that he excitement in
athletics this year led to complications in
which the more solemn of the churchmen
will feel aggrieved. It may be expected
that all the colleges will have to play a
wrestling match with the pulpit for this
business during the twelve months to
Asfar as the resultsof the football games
go In themselves the most potable was the
victory of Tale over Princeton at New
York. This.followingafterseveral years of
successive victories overall the universities
by Yale, simply goes to Indicate that the
splendid pluck, discipline and devotion of
the Yale students to their alma mater
makes her invincible. Yale b3 these
qualities has fully won the magnificent
laurels which wreathe her record; and be
ing to boot a thoroughly democratic col
lege, where brain and brawn and personal
merit count most highly, the public will
be very well satisfied with Yale's contin
ued supremacy. Just now there will, of
course, be a critical class to ask, can any
good come out of football ? We are in
clined to think decidedly in the affirma
tive. The public would not support it so
heartily if there was no element of good
BESULTS OF FUSION.
Fusion Letween the Democratic and
Third parties, so far as it was completed
in time, was successful in Oregon to the
extent of placing Pierce, the fusionist
elector, above the highest of the three Re
publican electors returned. The indica
tion, therefore, is that if the Democratic
party had been a little earlier in abandon
ing its whole electoral ticket in favor of
fusionist electors as it did in the case of
Pierce the State would have been en
tirely lost to the Republican party. In
Minnesota 'the figures indicate that the
failure of the Democratic party to get the
names of the fusion electors under its
party heading was to a considerable ex
tent responsible for their defeat there.
Thesj are conspicuous examples of the
manner in which one party may be de
feated by the formation of an alliance
with its opponents by an organization
which professes equal disgust for the
principles of both. These are indications
of the extent to which the possession of
political power is sought by deals which
can only be consummated by the sacrifice
of political principle.
Astronomical wonders have time out of
mind been made the subject for ignorant
fear and preposterous prophecies. Comets
ere to-day little known, even to the scien
tist, and men of small knowledge find a
grand opportunity for obtaining notoriety
by playing upon the fearsjof the multitude
when an erratic starry wanderer comes
within their range of vision. There are
prophets and prophets. Some of them
guess occasionally, and, guessing wrong,
sink back into the obscurity that awaits
mistaken guessers. Others guess so fre
quently that now and again they manage
to hit the mark and bask for awhile in the
brilliancy of a something foretold and not
With all the vast advance made in scien
tific astronomy, there still remains a vast
expanse of unexplored and at present un
obtainable knowledge. Excursions in
this unknown area produce the scare
mongers who demonstrate that a little
knowledge is a dangerous thing for the
peace of mind of those who thrive on sen
lationalism and attempt to encourage
alarm. That comet now attracting so
much attention, about the identity and
behavior of which professed authorities
differ so much, may or may not come near
enough to afford a brilliant display of
celestial fireworks. It may even do some
serious damage where doctors differ who
shall decide ? Saturn and the comet may
or may not have a tenuous atmosphere
that may or may not vitiate the air wo
breathe and fit it for the encouragement
of disease. The picturesqueness of a
theory is not infrequently in inverse ratio
to its practicality.
One thing at least is certain: the motion
of astral bodies is beyond all human con
trol, -and speculation thereon is interest
ing, but not exactly utilitarian. NIf dis
aster is to come from planet or comet,
come It will. But panic is always folly,
and in dealing with the inevitable pre
cautionary fear is unavailing. Attempts
to cross a bridge before it Is arrived at
can be productive of nothing but ridic
ulous aud unnecessary inconvenience.
There are reasons enough for living up
rightly without the fear of more or less
immediate wholesale destruction. There
are countless arguments on behalf of
obeying laws of health and decency
whether the terrestrial atmosphere be or
be not affected by injections from the
tenuous surroundings of other bodies in
the universe. Come what may, and
let come what will, there is room enough
and to spare for all the energy of the
human race in striving for the right In
every direction, without any fatuous
waste of emotional vigor exercised in
dreading the more than problematic ar
rival of an improbable catastrophe.
LEAVE IT TO THE COURTS.
Serious charges of lawlessness have been
brought against certain persons for par
ticipation in the riotous proceedings at
Homestead on July 6. The first of a series
of trials resulted in the acquittal of an
individual charged specifically with the
murder of one man. The defendant was
tried and acquitted by a jury of his peers.
The evidence established such doubt of
his guilt as to convince (he jurymen that
he was innocent of the crime charged
against him. This is au individual case
tried on its individual merits. Lawlessness
can only be adequately suppressed by law,
and due process in the courts.
Attempts have been made to impugn tho
integrity of the jury which tried this case
by assertions that fact was overridden by
senti&ent. It is such heedless careless
ness as this that encourages contempt for
law m attempting to ridicule its instru
ments. Any effort to cast ridicule upon
one jury cannot but bear fruit sooner or
later, and to a greater or less extent, in
bringing into contempt the whole jury
system upon which tne maintenance of
that law and order which insure indi
vidual liberty so largely depends.
The circumstances of these cases were
such as imperatively to demand unbiased
decisions by the courts, and any far
Setched criticism to the .effect that the
jury's action resulted from the displace
ment of judgment by prejudice, itself in
dicates a spirit of inconsistency that can
serve no good purpose and may be far
reaching and dangerous in its manifesta
tions. THE DUTT OF BAILBOADS.
A conversation between certain railroad
magnates and Chicago hotel keepers and
merchants, published elsewhere, is char
acteristic enough to be accepted as sub
stantially authentic The Chicagoans ask
for a passenger rate of a single fare for
the round trip available for from thirty
to sixty days during the World's Fair.
They argue that the immensity of the
traffic will be such as to afford ample
remuneration on that basis, even when
the immense sums sunk in preparations
are considered. "But," say the railroad
people in effect, "you merchants and
hotel proprietors have sunk little money
in improvements or additional facilities,
and yet you intend to maintain or even
raise your prices."
Whether or not the railroads could
profit by the rate proposed actual experi
ence alone can demonstrate. But the ex
treme probability is that they could. The
essential question, however, is neither one
of profit nor one of the comparative gen
erosity of Chicagoans and railroad corpora
tions. It isa question between therailroads
and thepublic. Concessions havebeen made
to railroads which give the nation a claim
on them that is altogether too frequently
disregarded. The transitory advantages
of the World's Fair to Chicagoans are in
significant when compared with the per
manent receipts of the railroads from the
Government of the country. Some means
must sooner or later be taken to teach
railroad corporations that they have
duties to perform, and that the con
venience of the public must not always be
made secondary to the increase of divi
dends. AX IMAGINARY DISADVANTAGE.
The shining New York Sun is at present
engaged in an effort to create a sensation
of the alleged power of the Canadian Pa
cific Railway to take away our commerce.
The groundwork of its argument is that
the Canadian Pacific has received so much
aid from the Canadian Government in
subsidies and land grants that it is enabled
to take away the traffic of American rail
ways by rates which they cannot meet
In a late issue it sums up the total of this
Government aid for ail parts of the line,
stretching from the Atlantic to tUe Pacific
coast, at 5104,975,000.
"We do not think the situation Is.byany
means as disturbing as the Sun repre
sents. The advantage which the Canadian
Pacific is represented as having over our
transcontinental road3 in its subsidy is
balanced by the fact that the United
States did something In the subsidy busi
ness long before the Canadian Pacific was
built The direct Government aid to the
Canadian Pacific is stated at 60,000,000.
The United States is now paying interest
on 561,000,000 of bonds, the proceeds of
which were turned over to the constructors
of railroads west of the Missouri river. In
addition, the Sun estimates a land grant
of 25,000,000 acres to the Canadian Pacific
as swelling the Government aid 37,000,
000. But the land grants of the United
States Government to railroads were
largely in excess of that total both as to
acreage and value. If we add to the
Pacific Railway grants the State, county
and municipal aid given at various stages
of railroad development to railways form
ing the through lines, we may discover
that the public aid in this country is
largely in excess of that which tho Sun
regards as giving the Canadian Pacific Its
This does not justify the apprehension
that the Canadian Pacific will wipe up the
continent with the United States trans
continental lines. If our railroads, with
fully equivalent aid in the first place,
cannot maintain competition against a
line that Is twice as much subject to snow
blockades and his not half their local
traffic, there must be something fearfully
defective in their makeup.
CHICAGO'S CRUSHING RETORT.
Really this is too severe. For New York
to turn up the nose of scorn at Chicago's
Philistinism and lack of artistic culture
is something to which we havo all become
accustomed. It may. warrant a certain de
gree of retaliation; but the retort which
Chicago has chosen to makp is altogether
too crushing and is to be reprobated as
coming within the classification of cruel
and unusual punishments.
For the last few years New York has
worshiped the statue of Diana. Not
Diana of the Epheslans, although ' there
are intimations that the same class of re
ligion largely controls the metropolis. But
the statue of Diana, alleged to be designed
by St Gaudens, which surmounted the
Madison Square Garden was made the
Idol of New York's artistic aspirations.
Editorials were written of Its chaste pro
portions' and classic . designs. Lights of
the artistic world held that it constituted
the climax of the art of sculpture; and the
man in New York who did not bow down
before the statue of Diana was an outside
barbarian, dead to the inspiration of the
In a fit of generosity, or for a more
inscrutable reason. New York determined
to make a present of its chaste and cher
ished Diana to the World's Fair. This
was Chicago's opportunity, which she
proceeds to improve with promptness
that is decidedly fiendish. We are In
formed from Chicago that Diana is really
too inferioi in an artistic sense to be
shown at the World's Fair. She canpot
be tolerated by the Chicago standard. St
Gaudens' model was all right; but this
figure is not a reproduction of the model.
In testimony of which Chicago will put
Diana into the melting-pot and cast her
The recoil of this announcement on
New York's artistic nretensions is some
thing agonizing. No wonder that our
metropolitan cotemporaries require time
to recover their breath before proceeding
to reply to this deadly shaft
Pittsburg held up its end of the national
enthusiasm over football yesterday. Ana
the Canadian visitors demonstrated that
these United Stated have no monopoly of
the skill and muscle of the American con
tinent. The fame of Pope Leo XIIL would in
deed be undying if he could accomplish the
disarmament of Eui opo. But his influence
is insufficient to secure a consummation
only to be obtained by the united action of
individual powers which hitherto have ox
piesaed a firm belief in the necessity lor the
maintenance of war establishments for the
preservation of peace. Such a condition of
affairs is the greatest of nlU hindrances to
European progies, and a sad commentary
on the vaunted civilization and enlighten
ment of the closing j ears of the nineteenth
Youth demonstrated its inclination to
disregard the past nnd distrust tne luture
by the eagerness with which it made the
most of the evanescent snow while the holi
day lasted and the slipperiness remained.
A rigid and scrupulous adherence to
cleanliness and sound sanitation will pro
vide a barrier against disease most likely to
prove effectual, no matter what the astro
nomical conditions. A condition of apa
thetic co ma on the part of health authori
ties is likely to be far more detrimental than
the coma of any comet. And tho caie of
each is the best protection for all against
the dreaded comma Dacillus of cholera.
It will be a bad day for this country when
the celebration of Thanksgiving Day falls
into desuetude. Up to date, however, the
symptoms are that so bad a day will never
come to America.
The Fulton County Alliance, of Georgia,
passed resolutions yesteiday that it will
hereafter be strictly non-partisan, and that
all political discussions be prohibited. Simi
lar resolutions hateboen heard of before.
They are easily made just alter a Piesi
dental contest, but are mote than likely to
be broken under the stress and strain of
political exigencies during the next four
Any remnant of soreness over the
election results ought to have been dissi
pated everywhere yesterday in the
ubiquitous geniality, of Thanksgiving good
What was wanting in business was more
than made ud by the festivities ofyesterdav.
An occasional breathing space is especially
valuable in'thls superlatively rapid country
in an age of speed. A chance to consider
others, to say nothing of one's own real im
provement, is found nowadays so seldom
that its rare occuri ence is made the most of.
Columbus discovered America, and was
the first successful performer of the egg
trick. But in matters of football he was in
nowise before the woful ignorance of bis
How thankful some of the office-seekers
will bo next jear for tfie receipt or the
share of official spoils which they desire.
Andliow thankful the nation win be if the
distribution of patronage is made somewhat
according to the suitability or apDlicants
for office, and not simply in propoitlonto
their past or luture partisan services.
And now the statistician can stuff his
head With figures as to the number of tur
keys and so forth consumed. But he can
keep the information, for his own edification.
Europe's monarchs are naturally dis
mayed at and alarmed by the Pope's broad
minded democratic teachings. But Leo XIII.
is imbued with tho spirit of the times, and
realizes that progiess is essential to tho
well-being of any body, whether it bo secu
lar or religious.
Football is now an established vehicle
for the expression of feelings of thankful
ness, and it lends itself vory readily to the
impulses of healthy exuborance.
It, is to be hoped that American delegates
to the1 International Monetnry Conference
were not deb aired lrom a discussion of tur
key yesteiday, as a necessary preliminary
to the successful discussion of financial
ABRANGEMENTS.should be made without
further delay for the holding of an interna
tional football congress at the World's Fair.
People devoid of ingenuity enough to
find ' abundant reasons for tbankiulness
yesterday must have been in an even less
considerable minority than the rew who
failed to enthuse over some football con
test or other.
There was little about yesterday like
Sunday except the general immunity from
IN THE PUBLIC AREXA.
Jerry Simpson won 5550 on the election,
$100 on himself and $50 on Lewelllng.
There are tastes and tastes; the particu
lar pets of lime. Tanausohek are two pigs.
JoSEPn PULITZER, ot the World. Is gos
siped about lii New York as possible Min
ister to France under the Cleveland regime.
IiOUlS CONLON, the French sculptor, has
a beard so long that he can tn 1st it around
his neck and bring It back so as to cover his
bosom, just as if it was a Scotch plaid. It
almost touches the floor when be is standing
Bjornsterne Bjoksson has been living
in Norway for tho last five years, having
returned thither from Paris, where ho had
spent a similar period, in 1SS7. He now in
tends to visit England in December for tho
The engagement is announced in Berlin
of Count Ernest George Gorsedorff, an officer
In the First Uhlan Guards, and Miss Nellie
Peters, or Louisville, Ky. Miss Peters will
spend tho winter in Berlin with her sister,
Mrs'. J. A. Ai mstrong.
General" Cassius M. Clay, now 80
years old, and one of tho last survivors of
tho diplomats of his day, has presented his
library, statuary and paintings to the
county in which ho lives (in Kentucky) as
the nucleus of a public library.
The condition of Mrs. 'Colquitt, wife of
Senator Colquitt, of Georgia, who was
several days ago stricken with paralysis, is
precarious and death is not unexpected.
Senator Colquitt, who was stricken with
paralysis two months ago, is improving.
There was no particular change in ex
Secretary Blaine's condition yesteiday, and
he is about the same as he was the day be
fore. Tho day has been cold and cheerless
and Mr. Blaine kept to his bed all the time,
Mr. Blaine's appetite is good and ho sleeps
well at night.,
A LOOK AROUND.
"AViiai proportion of the fuel burned in
Pittsburg and around It is coult" I asked
a leading operator. "As an oft hand gues
I should say that about 60 per cent or the
luel used in the mills at present was coal. It
is not as much,tbls winter as last owing to
tho greater supply of gas coming fromnew
fields. aBesides the gas a number ot tho
mills are successfully burning petroleum.
So lan at 'household consumption is con
cerned I don't believe that more than 10 per
cent of the trade has gone buck to the coal
operators. Even with high priced gas it is
so much cleaner and convenient with gas
that people are willing to pay their bills
and take out the surplus cost in growling.
Another thing which leads to the retention
of gas in private houses is that it is almost'
impossible to get good servants who are will
ing to take places where' coal is burned
and whero they liave to carry It np from
the cellars and then take ,av ay tho ashes.
It" Is dnll with "us now, as lake shipments
closed this week, and we are getting ready
for the winter inaction."
I came across a hero the other day. He
looked much the same as everyday man
kind. Ho did not know he was a hero, nor
did I, until he had left the paity in which I
met him. Domestic heroism, that ot the
privacy of home, with no Victoria cross or
Congressional medal dangling beforo it as a
possibility, is alter all perhaps the noblest
of all heioisni. Here was a great, strong,
healthy and wealthy man, fond of outdoor
spoi ts, of travel, of the activity of a busy
commercial career one who in his youth
was a man's man rather than a woman's.
Fifteen years ago he married, and in a few
j ears there came three chidren into the
household. It had been a happy family. He
was n kindly husband as husbands go, and
she a pleasant and dutiful wife. Out or the
night enme paralysis to her a new life to
him. Since that time his career has been en
til ely altered. His business was qniekly ar
ranged so ho could be frequently absent
trom his office. He was father, mother,
nurse, teacher, companion and playmate
comptcssed in ono domestic providence.
Never had woman moie devoted attendant
nor moio laithrul and intelligent nurse. All
the little questions of housekeeping and of
the care and training of children, of their
clothing, their pleasures and their pains
lc-11 to him, and in his hands they have been
managed with a wisdom and care absolutely
wonderful. This has been, remember, some
thing of ten years' standing, and it has
gioun instead of lessening. Outside ofhls
comparatively casual attention to business
his horizon is confined to the walls of his
home. To make the wife forzet her burden
of affliction and be a happy woman thiongh
it all has been his hanplness, and with such
a spiilt he couldnot fall. They travel about
considerably this family, and nil tho details
aie taken caie of by him. No hired nurses
nor governesses are permitted to usurp any
of his duties, although theie is one of each
theie at hand as Ills repiesentativo in times
of enforced absence. So skillfully Is all this
done, so modestly is it carried out that even
the chief beneficiary docs not realize what is
occurring and that Is his reward. 'Ihey
do not build Westminster Abbeys nowa
days," f aid a friend of mine once, and I
thought of his remark when I heal d the
story; of this man, for the supply of heroes
at this time is far below the demand.
I wonder who ate my Thanksgiving
tnrkei? Somebody suggested it would bo a
good scheme to buy live turkeys in tho
country and keep tbem until they weie
wanted. I began the experiment with a huge
gobbler, whom I placed in the stable. I
bought a bushel or corn with which to feed
him and hired a carpenter to stop up all the
exits ot the stable so the gobbler might
roam in safety. There was a certain grain
shoot leading down from the loft which was
overlooked by all except the gobbler. Alter
eating about a quart of corn the morning
before his death warrant was to be read to
him he went up that shoot and out of an
upper window to the roor. I endeavored to
alluie him with more corn. He stood pat.
Is there any way of coaxing turkeys
off roofs? If there is I wUl send stamp on
receiptor same. Tiring or the roof after a
Drier sojourn hlsgobblets sauntered up to
the top of the highest tree In the neighbor
hood. It was then suggested by a neigh
bor's boy that 1 should Eet my gun and lay
the wanderer low. Happy thought, and
entire solu ion of tho difficulty except that
my gun was somewhere on the bills of
Fayette county with the man who borrowed
it last week. Just as I realized this the
turkey stietched two majestic wings and a
long neck and went over the East Liberty
valley in the direction or Sharpsburg. l
hope the man who got him had the stuffing
properly seasoned with sage and thyme and
did not use onions. It would be too much to
think of my lost one stuffed with onions or
wasted with plain bread stuffing!
Recently I had occasion to ask an East
End policeman to direct me to a certain
short street iu his baliwick. He had never
heard of it. Why would it not be wise to
have a geography class for our guardians of
the peace? In London the policemen are
taught the names of all streets in their dis
trict, the locution of the principal buildings,
how to reach various sections by 'bus or
rail, and they are expected to use this infor
mation for the benefit of the public A drill
of this kind would certainly be an addition
to tho stock or useful information on hand
in tho police depaitment, and with the new
street signs would be a bless ing to the ig
norant pedestiian. Walter.
AN ELECIBICAL STOBM
Canses Dismay to the Crews of Two Pilot
New York, Nov. 21. Special. New York
pilot boats Noa. 5 and 16, which arrived yes
terday, hod a lively time in an electrical
storm off Fire Island last night. They were
cruising in company for incoming ocean
crart, and were within almost a biscuit's
throw of each other when a black cloud
rolled up irom the southern horizon, and
hovering above them, lot off its aerial pyro
technics, mingled with hail and rain. A
shaft of fire came out of tho blackness like
n great spear and struck the taifrail of No.
6. Pilot Thompson was knocked down by
the shock, and Pilot Shields was temporarily
blinded. He was unable to see at all for
several minutes after the bolt struck. AU
the men on deck wore rubber coats and
hoots, and they think this circumstance may
have saved their lives. The tnffrail of the
boat was shattered and scotched.
The crew of No. 16 were slightly shocked.
Boat No. 19, which also got in to-day, went
to Poillon's ship yard for repairs. She was
boarded by a mighty wVe, combed up by a
southwest gale, and had her main boom
broken and her skylights smashed.
Starvation In Northern Mexico.
Havana, Tex., Nov. 21 The drouth con
tluues all along this valley. No late crops
have been raise'd, and many poor Mexican
families are in nee'd of tho most Important
articles or food. Unless assistance is soon
given they will be in worse condition than
It is forging on through space.
With Its tlerr. flaring face.
Like the headlight or a train to rain dashing;
Plunging near and yet more near.
Till this trembling munaane sphere
Sees ahead the ruddy danger signals flashlngl
Is It Blela'g comet -say?
Or some other qneer estray
From the meteoric dance of flame-clad hoars?
Some Perl-like evict?
Or some blazing derelict.
Driven onward by the howling fates and furies?
Will It telescope the eartn
With a sort of ghastly mirth?
Or do telescoped itseir by earth's star-gazers?
Doth it hide hot coals or haU
In its long resplendent tall?
A supply of polished stones or stellar glaciers?
Is there room for it to pa s?
Thrilling query 1 for alas I
If there Isn't, Mother Earth may rue the tussle.
While her victor, vaulting clear.
May surprise some future sphere
With a specimen of meteoric muscle!
Moral. Ere It greets your eyes,
naming 'twlxt tlicearth and skies
(Suspended like the coffin or Mahomet),
bet lo rights your houses all.
And make ready, great and small.
For theeomlug and the humming or the Cornell
Elisabeth Donnelly in Philadelphia Timts.
. HOW TO PIXD TI1E C0UET.
At'C:30 In the Evening tho Celestial Phe
nomenon Can Best Be Observed.
Uocliester.Democrat and Chronicle.
Those who have small telescopes can
readily find the comet discovered by Holmes.
Hut they sbould-searcu for it within a few
days as It is becoming fainter every day.
Those who are unaccustomed to tracing
the figures of the constellations may well
start In their quest for the comet with the
planet Jupiter, now the most conspicuous
object In the whole heavens. Half-past 6
o'clock in the evening is the best time Jor
beginning the search, as the constellation
of Andromeda is then in such position in
the East as to permit observation without
dislocating the neck.
Taking Jupiter as the starting point, move
the eye upward from tho planet and- tho
line thus drawn will bisect diagonally tho
great square of Pegasus marked by four sec
ond magnitude star. This square is of vast
dimensions, the sides being about 17 de
grees in length. Aline drawn throngh the
upper and lower corners of this square will
come very near to Jupiter. Having found
this square, and bisected it diagonally by a
line drawn upward from Jupiter, tho
searcher must next observe the star in the
left or northern corner of the square. This
Is Alpha Andromedae, in the head of
Andromeda. To the left of Alpha and a
little below is Delta. Farther to the left,
but not quite on n line with Delta and Alpha,
is Beta Andromedne. Above Beta in an ir
regular line are many stars. Among these
stars the comet will be found. It is about
half way up the irregular line from lleta,
while at tho upper end of the line Is the
gi eat nebula.
The comet is now nearMu Andromedae
and Is moving toward PI. The distance up
wind fiom Beta to the great nebula Is about
the same as the distance from Beta to Delta,
which lies between Beta nnd Alpha, one of
the stars or the great f-quare ol Pegasus.
Thieo of tho stars ot this squire nre in the
constellation Pegasus, or the Flying Horse.
When this square Is once located it will be a
key to nlPthe t-urrounding constellations.
Those who havejust begun the study of the
constellations will find it very useful to lo
cate this square at once. When it is once
placed it can bo readily recognized over
head or in the West. 1 he constellation of
Andromeda can also be lecomlzed in any
position. The feet of the figure stretch out
toward Perseus, and abovo Perseus, In the
early evening, is Cassiopeia, marked by a
chair or the letter U".
The comet Is a faint film ot light with stars
shining through it. Quite a bright star us
on tho comet's edge at 1 o'clock yesterday
morning and the comet was over the star
last evening. There may have been a time
when the comet was visible to the naked
eye, but a small telescope is now necessary
to reveal it. It can be found by sweeping
ovor the legion wo have indicated.
FOUND AFfEB SEVK YEAE3.
An Actor Discovers His Long Missing
Nephew Selling Papers.
New York, Nov. 21 For more than seven
years Alexander Kearney, an actor, has
searched in nearly every part of the United
States for a little cousin, Bertie Kearney,
who was kidnaped when 5 ears old fiom
Montreal. The boy had never been seen or
heard or by his Iriends or relatives until
Mr. Kearney by the most curious chance
lound him Saturday selling newspapers at
the foot of the elevated railroad steps In
West Twenty-third street.
Bertie said he could not remember who
took him away from home. He traveled
around with u man with a bear. His skin
was d) ed, probably to make him resemble
an Italian boy. He was brought lo New
York, where the man made him beg and sell
papers. He ran away from him some"
months ago nnd has been without a home all
summer. Mr. Kearney sent Bertlo to Mon
treal, niter giving him a bath and a new
suit of clothes.
IMPER0K WILLIAM'S SPEECH.
Kaiser Wilhelji made a strong plea for
his now nrray bill, before tho Reichstag
from the imperial point of view. Heiv York
Emperor William's speech at the opening
of the Reichstag was moderate in tone and
free from any threat or boasting. Philadel
Bksidi.s making a splendid nersonai show
ing, the Emperor made a speech to bis faith
lul Reichstag which does him great credit.
Hew York Recorder.
The Emperor's speech contained nothing
unexpected or surprising. Its chief inter
est centeis in his appeal for more money to
Bupport a largo army. Cleielond Leader.
The speech Is made up of the jingling of
sabers, the rattle of musketry, the roar of
canncn, the groans of the dying, the tears of
widows and orphans. Wheeling Intelligen
cer. What ho had to sny in effect was that Ger
many wished for peaco and hoped for peace,
and that the endeavor to promote the "ideal
economic Interests" of the empire might be
pursued without interruption. PhiladeU
phi i Telegraph. '
It was a well-worded speech, calculated to
appeal to the patriotic sentiment of the
Geiman people, and to Impress them with
the idea that the Kaiser had their interests,
rather than his own ambitionat heart.
Sew York Pre s.
His speech was a senslblo and conciliatory
address, which will Increase his popularity
with his subjects. There was a conspicuous
absence of the arrogance and egotism that
have at times characterized his utterances.
lit addressing the lieichstag the Emperor
wore his military unifoim, and did not re
move his helmet. It was a military ruler
talking to his nblect servants, the repre
sentatives of the German people. Will they
be always so abject? Xew Yorfc Herald.
Senator Washburn's Daughter Weds.
MiifSEAroLis. Nov. 21 At tho Church ot
he Redeemer, last night. Miss Mary C.
Washburn was united in marriage to E. F.
Baldwin, an editorial writer on the New
York Mail and Expmt.
First Impressions the Best.
The first souvenir half dollar brought
$10,000. This shows that fiist impressions
DEATIIS HERE AND ELSEWHERE.
Henry Lewis, Retired Actor.
Henry Lewis, one of the oldest living
members of the theatrical profession, died Wednes
day in Phlladelpnla in his 90th year. Mr. Lewis
was born in Plymouth, England, in 1803. Nine
teen years later, on June 3, 1822, he made bis first
appearance on the stage In the character of .Smart,
in "The Rendezvous, "at the English Opera House,
in London. In 1829 he became stage manager of
the Pavilllon Theater. London. In this capacity
he became famous. Mr. Lewis yas engaged by
diaries Kcmble In 1831 as a pantomlmlst. Later he
returned to the Pavllllnrt Theater, and tame to
America. He acted in almost every city. In 1859.
when llllam Henderson took the old Pittsburg
Theater, Mr. Lewis Joined him In the enterprise
as stage manager. After he became associated
with Mr. Henderson In the Plttsbnrg Theater. Mr.
Lewis revived Christmas pantomimes. In 1SC7 Mr.
Lewis retired Irom the stage. Mnce then he had
lived In Philadelphia In winter and at the home of
his daughter, Mrs. Ettle Henderson, at Long
Branch, in summer.
William J. Gordon, Millionaire.
William J. Gordon, one of the wealthiest
men in Cleveland, worth S12.0r),000. died Wednes
day evening at his magnificent summer home In
Glenvll'e. agea 74 years. He was the ownerorthe
t jmous horses Cllngstono and Uur. His fouryoung
grandchildren will probably be the chief heirs to
William McKinley, Sr.
William McKinley, Sr., the ajied father
or Governor McKinley, died yesterday morning In
Canton, O. His death has been expected for a few
das, and all the family were In attmdance.
Wilmam J. Gobdoit, one ortho wealthiest resi
dents r Cleveland, died Wednesday at his home,
at Gordon Ulen, .liter a long illness.
Colonel William H. Evans died In Darling
ton. S. C. yesterday morning of paralysis. He
'was a graduate of the South Carolina College and
serveu iu me Legislature.
J. W. TIRKLE, the Third party member of the
Legislature from Forsyth county, Ga died
Wednesday morning from a stroke of paralysti.
Plrkle was one or the leaders of the new pal ty, but
was elected by a small msjorlty.
CaMaix Stephen White, prominent in river
steamboat navigation and captain of la Southern
PaclUc steamship, dropped dead of apoplexy In
Acw York Wednesday. He had papers valued at
115,000 In his pocket ai the time.
I'niLir W. Dates, of the prominent Chisago
Board or Trade firm of P. W. Dater ft Co., died
suddenly Wednesday night. His node. Philip
Dater. of New York, after whom he ya named,
was known in his llietline as the kin of the pro
vision trade of America.
Hymen's Torch Barns Brightly on a TyP1"
cal Winter Day The Ehrens-Young
Nuptials at Tv llklnsbnrg Married In a
Cathedral Gossip of Society.
Society was so busy yesterday with
Thanksgiving festivities that 5t had no time
for anything else but weddings. There
were plenty of these interesting celeDra
tions, and upward of a hundred young
couples In this vicinity will date their mar
ried happiness from Thanksgiving Day,
ISM. One or the prettle't homo weddings
was that at the residence of Hon. aud Mrs.
Andrew It Young, or Wilklnsburg. Miss
Lulu Young, their daughter, became the
bride of Mr. Rlohard Ehrens, of Jamestown,
Dak. The Rev. John Young, a cousin of the
bride, performed the ceremony. Tho bride
wore a handsome brown traveling costume
and carried a bunch of pink chrysanthe
mums. She was attended by two little child
ren, John and Annie Stevenson.or Allegheny.
The house was decorated with pink chrvs
nntheinums In mostoi the rooms, the win
dow curtains being festooned with smilax
and other pretty creepers, tho whole giving
a charming effect to the commodious resi
dence. Anion; the cne'ts from a distance
wero Mr. and Mrs. William Gibbon, of Cleve
land; Mr. and Mrs. J.J. Young, of Canton;
Mr. Hnd Mrs. N. McFaddeu and Mr. and Mrs.
M. McFaddcn, of St. Paul, Minn. The bride
has always lived in Pittsburg, but will live
on a ranch in D.ikota with her husband,
where they will be 45 miles irom tho nearest
AJJOTrtER pretty wedding In Wilkins
burg yesterday united the lives of Miss
Elizabeth Reed Sample nnd Mr. Joseph P.
Chambers at the home of the bride's mother,
Mrs. Emma Sample, Hill street. At 8 o'clock
in the evening the young people entered the
parlor to the strains of Mendelssohn's
"Wedding March," played by Mrs. Ayers, a
well-known pianist. They were preceded
by two little flower girls, Miss Myrtle Mo
Ateer and HUs Sarah Ferguson. There were
also two little boys, Charlie nnd John Sim
ple. The frocks or the little girls were blue
and -vhite respectively, and t'.-ey carried
white ohri santhemums. The bride was hand
somely gowned in a pink brocaded silk and
carried white chrynnthemums. and her
bridenialds wore pale blue silk and curried
pink chrysanthemums. Rev. S. H. Moor,
ot Wilklnsburg Fiesbyterinn Church, offi
ciated. Thero wns a largo reception after
the service. At 2 o'clock in the morning the
couple lei t for Everett, Stato of Washington,
whero thevwlll reside peimancntly. The
journey Is I, COO miles and they will havo to
tiavel continuously for cix daystoieach
their home. The bride has lived In Pitts
burg all her Hie, so that Mie Is about to en
Joy novelty In her place of residence thor
oughly. Miss Emily A. Fox became the bride of
Mr. Charles B. Powers, at the residence of
Mr. and Mrs. John Hnzlett, Ward street,
Oakland, last ovenlng. Miss Blanche Hazlett
was the maid of honor, and the groomsman
wns Mr. Eugene Hughes. Only the intimate
friends of the couple wero present. There
was a reception after the ceremony, and
then Mr. and Mrs. Powers lolt for Chicago
for a wedding trip. The bridegroom Is a
well-known and able newspaper writer of
St. Peter's Peo-Cathedkal, Alle
gheny, was thronged with a Mshlonablo
gathering last evening to witness the nup
tials of Miss Emma Mitchell, daughter of
Mrs. William Mitchell, nnd Mr. Ernest B.
Iiow ling, agent or the Norfolk and Washing
ton Steamboat Company.
Miss Florence E. Williams, of Alle
gheny, was married last evening to Mr.
Charles St. Clair, or Indiana, Pa., w here ho
is about to enter Into partnership with tho
proprietor or a large grocery store in that
town. The wedding took place at the home
of fio bride's parents, Mr. and Mrs. J. H.
Williams, ol Harrison avenue, Allegheny.
The young couple will make an extended
Eastorn trip before settling down in their
A hint to young men has been given by
a woman who professes to know, that is
perhaps worthy of consideration. It is
that the average woman would rath
er be called "sweotheart" by the man
she loves than any other of the
few thousand endearing expressions
that lovers have at the end of their tongues.
There is something in tho term that goes
.straight to the female heart when it is said
by the right person and nothing can ever
displace it. Moreover, the word is intrin
sically musical, and ns such can well be
used in conveying assurances of affection.
If any young man there is who does not
know what word to employ to best please
his affianced, let hfui try "sweetheart. '
Dr. and 31ns. Hart, of 814 Penn ave
nue, will celebrate the twenty-fifth anni
versary of their Wedding January 2, 1303.
A large audience enjoyed the conecrt
by the Alpine Quartet nnd the Mylpomene
Concert Compsny in tho Smlthfleld Street
Methodist Episcopal Church las: evening.
It was under tho direction of Prof. w. S.
Wecuen, and among tho por'ormors were
Miss Mamie Reuck, Mrs Meciillng, Miss
fchmiedeke and Messrs. CL M. Couch, John
Strous-. E. Edstrom and Dan E Nuttall.
The coucert was a very enjoyable one.
Miss Amelia M. Donohde, of the
Southside, was married yesterday to Mr.
George L. Ruzard, formerly of this city, but
now of Seattle, Wash. The ceremony took
place at St. John's Church, Southside, Rev.
Falkuer officiating. Alter z few weeks
among Eastern friends the couple will leave
lor the West, where they will make their
The North Avenue Chapter of the Ep
worch League gave an "Evening of Song"
Thanksgiving evening nt tho church, corner
of North avenue and Arch stroet, Allegheny.
An excellent programme wns rendered
by the well-known Haydn Qnartet, who
were assisted in tho evening's entertain
ment by Prof. Theodore Salmon, organist,
and Miss Anna Kendlg, reader. The pro
ceeds of the concert will be used in carry
ing on the work of the chapter.
A NOTED CBAHK PAS3ES AWAY.
Death of Colonel Plnchover, a Well-Known
Washington, Nov.SL fpecial. The most
remarkable crank ever known in Washing
ton has Just died nt the Government Insane
Asylum. He was known ns "Colonel"
Plnchover, and his chief infatuation was
the belief that "Tom" Scott, late of the
Pennsylvania Railroad, owed him several
million dollars, which tho Government
should refund to him. A fevc years ago he
was accustomed to buttonhole every mem
ber or Congress about the matter. He was
a native of Germany, but many years ago he
came to this country and located in Balti
more. Thereat, it is said, business rover, js
came upon him, and after losing nearly
everything he had he came here and con
ducted a tailor shop in Georgetown. Then
lorseveral years lie lived on the charity of
lawyers and others, and always carried with
him a circular tin box, in which lie had
numerous papers, maps and charts to con
vince poisons of tho millions that Scott or
the Government owed him.
Ho figured about the Court House to a con
siderable extent, and imagined all the law
yers wore looking after his interests. For a
long time he afforded amusement to many
persons who questioned him about his
wealth and told them exciting tales con
cerning his own career, lie wns tantalized
so much that he finally made threats
against Judge Wylio and Justice Walter,
and when it was leared he might become
violent he was sent to St. Elizabeth's. That
was In November, 1S4, and during his eight
years' stay at that institution there was no
marked-change In his condition. For more
than a -year he has shown signs of failing
health and has just died of pneumonia. He
was about 73 years old.
ACCOMMODATIONS FOE FAMILIES
That Will Allow Them to Seo World's Fair
Sights at a Moderate Outlay.
Chicago, Nov. IL A World's Fair project
has Just beenporiected by tho incorpora
tion of ihe World's Fair Dormitory Associa
tion of Chicago. This association was or
ganized for tho express purpose of afford
ing accommations for families of limited
means who desire to visit the Exposition
"AJease has been made for a tract of land
between French avenue and Sevonty-fllth
The Thing In a NntshelL
Philadelphia Times. I
The railroads have practically split the
question ot transportation to Chicago by
the simple formula: Full fare or no Fair.
Barley is an Asiatic plant.
Gloves with separate finders were un
known before the 12th century.
New York city claims to get away with
300,000 pounds of fish every day.
The glassmakers of Thebes, 40 centuries
ago, possessed the art or staining glass.
There are 3,000,000 drummers in this
country, only three of whom are women.
The London museum contains the first
envelope ever made. It was used in May,
An assay office in Philadelphia has
scales indicating the ten-millionth part of a
Nineteen thousand cooks are turned
out annually by the model kitchen schools
By a liquor law in Cape. Colony no
traveler can be supplied with a drink unless
with a bona fide dinner or luncheon.
The manuscript of Edgar Allen Poe's
"Tale of the Ragged Mountains" was sola in
New York at auction on Wednesday for $295.
The new $500 note now being issued is
ono or the handsomest ever turned out and
bears a good portrait of General W. T. Sher
man. In Germany aluminum cravats are now
on sale. 'They are advertised as feather,
light, silver-white work-goods that wUl
Monaco, with its territory of eight
square miles nnd its standing army of 1:5
men. proposes to have a universal exposi
tion next year.
A magnificent specimen of the im
perial danlla is in bloom at Santa Cruz,
Cal. It la 15 feet high, and the foliage
and inflorescence aro 36 feet in circumfer
ence. Forty acres of the lands in Yakima
county. Wash., are to be planted in Concord
grapes. This will. It is claimed, be the larg
est acreage devoted to this crop in that
Steeple-pointed caps, sometimes 4 feet
In height, came Into fashion in Italy and
France In H33. They fitted the head ran to
a sharp point above, aud at the end the veil
In a late plucking at the Coronado os
trich farm nearly 303 feathers were obtained
from one bird, which, when curled and
dressed, will be worth $65. The female os
trich lays 70 eggs a year.
Kalkaska county, Mich., at three elec
tions during the past six years has elected a
Democratic Prosecuting Attorney by the
following plnrallty vote: 1836, by 1 V0te;lS33,
by 2 votes; 1EW, by I votes.
A new mineral has been discovered in
Colombia in lmmensu deposits, with prop
erties not unlike those of asbestos. It is
reported to be the color of amber, perfectly
transparent and incombustible.
Twelve young ladies met on the first
day of the present year, and vowed never'to
marry. Nine were married before seven
months, ana two others have breach of
promise suits on hand. The other one is
The Americans, who live at the highest
nervous pressure, have, as a race, the poor
ost teeth. Decay Is caused by acid-produo-ing
fungi, and these thrive upon sngur.
Hence the dental deadlines? of sweet
meats. A funeral on bicycles lately took
place in an English town. Tho deceased
was captain of a bicycle club, and just be
fore h'.s death requested that his body
should be conveyed to the cemetery on
The more the brain works the worse
the teeth that is the last word or physio
logical chemistry. And the physical in
juries due to loss or decay of the teeth are
greater than are likely to be inflicted by the
advent of an epidemic.
A pair of shears for barbers is a late in
vention. Tho pivot between the blades i3
extended to carry a comb, which is parallel
with the scissors. By the aid of a nut the
distance between the shears :lnd the comb
can bo varied aud the hair cut at any do
It was on Friday that Columbus set
sail from Palos, Friday "he first saw tho new
world, Friday ho reached Palos on his re
turn, the 4W)tb anniversary of the discovery
fall onJrldayand on Friday tnis country
was christened after AmericusYespucius,
the Florentine discoverer.
In making railroad tunnels, cuts, etc,
and in sinking wells and pits in Nevada,
Utah and Arizona, salt strata are often
struck at varying depths, sometimes as
much as a hundred yards beneath the sur
lace. Hundreds ol fish, perfectly preserved,
are found In blocks of this pure rock salt.
The long-distance telephone, as well as
the electric light, is now familiar t6 the in
habitants of Pretoria, the Boer capital.
The Transvaal Times publishes a telephone
message reiordlng General Joubert's elec
tioneering speech at a village 67 miles dis
tant, and say3 tho transmitter's voice was
The annual report ot Director Leech
states that tho total coiuago of the United
States mints during the last fiscal vear was
$31,792,976. The total money in circulation is
"iven as $l,7b6, 139,735, an average of $21.34 per
capita. The profit from seignorage o silvor
cotnago during the past year was 4930.487.
and for tho past 11 years amounts to $7A
73J,C65. The oldest East Indian manuscript in
the world, and ono of tho oldest existing
manuscripts of any kind, has recently been
dug np Just ontsidoora subterranean city
near Kuchar. It is written on birch bark,
nnd contains two medical sections, two col
lections or proverbial sayings and one in
valuable charm against snnue-bltes given by
tne Lord Buddha himself to Ananda.
A woman sanitary engineer ha3 been
chosen to represent tho English women at
the congress of hygieno. She Is a woman of
versatile genius, a possessor of certificates
lor art, mnsic, hygiene, divinity, physiology
and sanitary science. She visits profession
ally slaughter honst, workshops aid
dairies, and understands all about the lay
ing of drains, water mains, connections aud
A Scotch engineer is said to have
solved the problem or making tho mill run
with the water that has passed. It Is re
ported by a Glasgow paper that a resident
engineer has devised an arrangement by
which nil the steam used by an engine Is re
turned to the boiler. As a result it Is said
that as mnch energy can be gotten out ol
one ton or coal as is now secured by the con
sumption of seven tons.
FLIGHTS INTO EUNNYDOal.
"Is your papa in politics?"
Yes. sir, " replied the little girl.
"On, jes, I remember now. He was once on
the bench, wasn't he?"
I don't know.sir. But he's on the fence now."
"Is Chumpton deaf and dumb?"
"Not a bit of It. But be made a promise to his
dying grandfather to always think twice before he
spoke once. He hasn't been able to thins even
once yet. " Indianapolis Journa (.
A lion's vanished from your path,
Friend of the fevered brow
Hot scotch is here the ice-cold bath
Is not de rlgucur now 1
- Xew York Recorder.
Mrs. Dasher Isn't it strange that womea
no longer wtar golden bockles on their shoes.
Mr. Dasher Tbey wear them now above thell
shoes. Jewelers' Weekly.
THE OTHIE SIDE Or THE PICTCBX.
There's something very fetching
And artistically catching.
About a simple etching
Tu bang upon the wall.
, And when you come to frame It,
And gef the bill why blame it!
You find that all the same It
Makes a "fifty" very s-nall.
imfM. Gray A CO.U Mmthlg.
"What a mercy it is that that that word
remember Is a part of the language," said the
"Couldn't write any poetry about November IT
It wasn't. "Buffalo Ixvress.
"Annie Rooney's" dead and gone,
So Is "Maggie Mnrph:"
But when, oh when, will "MolUc. ana I
And the Baby" go under the turf 7
Jack Did you have good board in the
country where you were daring the summer?
Tom (donbtfally)-Weli. you'd hardly cart It
board. Shingle more nearly expresses It. netrott
Mrs. Van Schuleyvant My son is a reg
Mrs. Harlem Phlats Oh. pshaw, nowvdon't be
puttln' on. You know he was born right here la
New York. Chicago Xevt JUcord. ..
, L , . i . -
iin Ti 'in i itui".!. i wafiriittHimfl " "' ' "' IWJ vw
jfcl aas it. , .I i in i