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THE PITTSBURG DISPATCH, THURSDAY, - DECEMBER 1, 1892.
ESTABLISHED FEBRUARY 8, 138.
Vol. 74. No. SOl-Enterea t nttsburg Fostoffice
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rlTTBURG. THURSDAY. DEO. I. 1831.
AN EXAMPLE FOR VS.
An example of the difference between
the appreciation of internal water ways
.in Europe and in this country is afforded
by the dispute now going on over the con
struction of a ship canal to connect the
Danube with the Oder and the Moldau
with the Elbe. The canal is intended to
open up water transportation from the
coal districts of Bohemia, Moravia and
Silesia to the Danube.
The contrast between the European and
American attitude on ship canals is shown
by the fact that, while it is difficult irf this
country to arouse public attention to the
importance of such work, the dispute in
this case is not whether the canal shall be
built but as to who shall build it Inter
national jealousy has been aronsed by the
employment of French engineers in the
survey, and the German susceptibilities
are protesting against having a French
syndicate do the work. The usual rail
way enmity to such enterprises is also in
timated by the declaration of directors of
the Austrian railways that the estimate
of 26,000,000 florins for the cost of the
canals is insufficient, and that its total
cost will be 40,000,000 florins. But as Bo
hemia, Moravia and Lower Austria have
pledged 12,000,000 florins to the enterprise
it is considered certain that the work will
be done under one management or an
other. The estimates of the cost of the canal
indicate that it is a work of somewhat the
same cost as the Ohio river and Lake Erie
project But it cannot contain anything
like the magnificent possibilities that fol
low the bringing of water transportation
to this great mining and manufacturing
Bection. Tet while Western Pennsylva
nia has not j et arrived at the point of
pledging the first ten thousand dollars to
her project, the Austrian and German
people have pledged millions and are dis
puting over the contract In sucb things
the Europeans are more far-sighted than
our people. If we are to keep up our rep
utation for enterprise and progress we
should take hold of the subject of inter
nal waterways with a new vigor.
ENFORCEMENT OF THE LAW.
The order of the Mayor for the suppres
sion of disorderly houses in the city re
moves what has been a topic of abstract
discussion to the realm of actual experi
ment What will be the effect of the order;
whether the police will be able to suppress
all such establishments everywhere; or
whether if they are suppressed there will
be a diminution of vice, are questions that
may be best answered after a year or two
of the vigorous enforcement of this policy.
But one point, generally overlooked,
rendered this order the only one which is
possible. The law directs that such places
shall be suppressed. Whether the law
affords a solution of the problem is a very
doubtful question; but that the police
power includes a nullifying privilege over
criminal legislation is a most indefensible
proposition. Tet it requires an assertion
of such an authority of nullifica
tion to abstain from the enforcement of
the law, because it is thought that the re
sults will not be what the law Intends.
It will certainly be wise to try the ex
periment of a vfgorous enforcement of the
law. But it does not require any gift of
prophecy to foretell that no measures will
be efficacious until both the law and
society inflict the same penalties on male
offenders against chastity as on female
fab ruoai CONCLUSIVE.
A case recently occurred in Bradford,
England, which is held to be a demonstra
tion of the futility of what is loosely
termed socialist efforts for the improve
ment of the condition of labor. A Brad
ford manufacturer made a proposition,
based on statements by the labor leaders,
that if industry was operated under so
cialist principles it would be greatly to
the advantage of labor. He proposed to
furnish the trades unions one of his mills
thoroughly equipped, with working cap
ital sufficient for a year's operation. If at
the end of the year it was found that the
operation of the mill by the workmen
yielded better returns than the wage sys
tem be would let them have the mill at a
reasonable valuation on easy terms for
permanent use. The trades union after
careful consideration concluded that it
was "expedient to decline the proposi
tion," and the conservative element refer
to it as a confession of impracticability on
the part of professed reformers.
Before accepting that conclusion it
would be necessary to know more of the
details of the matter in nearly every as
pect In the first place if the socialism
whose advocacy is reported to have evoked
the offer was the true State socialism, the
labor unions were justified in declining
the proposition. However impracticable
may be the idea of the industry whose
ultimate control is that of the State or en
tire community, the establishment
of a single co-operative concern
would not be a test of the system. On the
other hand, if the alleged socialism was
merely the advocacy of co-operation or
profit-sharing, a dozen details, either in
the condition of the mill, the state 6t the
industry, or the equipment of the men to
whom the offer was made, might make it
necessary to decline such an offer.
Thus it is generally understood that
Bradford industries are at present de
pressed. However firmly a man may
believe in any method of conducting busi
ness, ordinary wisdom will prevent him
from making a test of it in an industry
where everything is do.wn to a minimum
at the beginning of the test Side by side
with that is the probability that the mem
bers of the trades union, while able to do
certain classes of work In the industry,
recognized their inability to undertake the
business-direction. To acknowledge that
labor cannot universally furnish the
brains for business management is not a
confession that labor might not beneficial
ly to itself share in the ownership of the
If the proposition had been to open the
way for the workingmen to acquire shares
in the concern which was to employ them,
and thus to become capitalists on a small
scale, it would undoubtedly have been for
the advantage of labor and of society.
But even then it is possible that the trades
unions might have declined so beneficial a
proposition. It is one of the aggravations
of the present situation that it tends to
array the trades union spirit against more
liberal and permanent devices to solve the
problem by making workingmen their own
employers and sharers in the capital of the
THE CONSTITUTtOXT AMD THE BALLOT.
A recent expression from Hon. C. F.
Black with regard to the purity of the new
ballot law in preserving the secrecy of
suffrage, under the present Constitu
tion, brings up the discussion of an old
subject The Philadelphia Presa rather
sarcastically refers to the crushing defeat
of the old proposition for a constitutional
convention, and correctly says that the
proper way of disposing of the matter is
by an amendment to the Constitution.
With regard to the ballot numbering clause
There are certainly very different opinions
in the public mind regarding the numbered
ballot. It was provided for when the pres
ent Constitution was formulated as a means
of detecting and exposing fraud. It was not
designed, and cannot be used without a vio
lation of law, to destroy the secrecy of the
ballot. Under the circumstances it is very
doubtful what the Judgment of the people
would be in the matter of chancing it.
It is one of the peculiar features of the
debate on this topic that it nearly always
takes into consideration the phrase that
does not necessarily destroy the secrecy
of the ballot and ignores that which does.
The requirement for ballot numbering is a
wise precaution against frauds in counting,
and with the provisions of the ballot law
is not at all destructive of its secrecy. But
the succeeding sentence that "any elector
may write his name on his ticket or cause
the same to be written thereon and at
tested by a citizen of the district" estab
lishes a personal right which if claimed is
wholly destructive of the secrecy. As long
as the clause stands that purpose of the
law can be nullified at any election.
The Constitutional Convention propo
sition was deservedly defeated, because it
would open the door to wholesale tinker
ing with the Constitution in which special
interestsmight get a larger share than the
public welfare. The proper way to make
any changes necessary to complete ballot
reform is by special amendment If the
purpose of secrecy is to be attained the
provision quotedabove should be amended.
A wise amendment would be to restrain
the numbering of ballots and to abolish
the right to have votes attested. Such a
change would maintain the precaution
against fraud and at the same time defend
the secrecv of the ballot.
A LOST OPPORTUNITY.
Pennsylvania is to be well represented
at the World's Columbian Exposition.
But Pittsburg's industries will be demon
strated On a scalo altogether THIVfuiUiyuf
their importance. There is still room for
a sudden spurt, as all the space has not
yet been alotted. But even that would
not be sufficient to recover the opportun
ities already lost by apathetic neglect
When it is known as an example of the
superior enterprise of other places that
more applications for space have been re
ceived from Erie than from Pittsburg,
business men of this city ought to be a
good deal ashamed at their failure to
recognize a good thing when they see it
It is about time that Fittsburgers should
see the necessity for progresslveness, and
set about a far-sighted advertisement of
their city's claims to national and inter
A Congressional committee last week
resumed the Sisyphean task of investi
gating the anthracite coal combination.
The progress made in the extraction of
evidence concerning that great combina
tion is worthy of note. By dint of two
or three examinations of such magnates
as Mr. McLeod and Mr. Holden, flanked
by their attorneys and reinforced by a
convenient shortness of memory concern
ing things that are better forgotten, the
committee have drawn out admissions
that the coal combination controls 113,030
of the 130,000 acres of coal territory; that
it is able thus to restrict production in
order to maintain prices; that the high and
nominal freight charges before the combi
nation have been advanced since then;
and that monthly conferences fix the price
of coal for the Eistern cities. In short,
the progress of the committee shows that
it will go near to discover what everyone
already knows, and what the coal combi
nation takes no trouble to deny accept
when in the presence of the courts or of a
If the investigating committees will add
to their discoveries the fact that tbesa
things have been proved time and again
they may arrive at the conclusion that
what is needed is not so much investiga
tion as prosecution. The course of pro
cedure in connection with the great mo
nopolistic trusts has become so stereo
typed as to be monotonous. Congressional
or legislative committees are appointed to
investigate. They extract information
from unwilling or forgetful Trust mag
nates; they report that a monopolistic
combination exists contrary to public pol
icy; and the matter stops there. This
operation has been repeated something
like half a dozen times with the anthra
cite coal combination. If the present
committee desires to vary the proceedings
it will bave to take measures to make its
investigation bear more tangible fruit
When committees realize the situation
sufficiently to report that there is law
enough'to suppress such illegal combina
tions, but that the machinery of the law
stands benumbed and inert in the pres
ence of aggregated wealth, it may go far
toward indicating what has to be done to
ANY movement that indicates a growth
or Interest on the part of Individuals in- the
government of the municipality Is wortbv
of all encouragement. And these are the
days when theie is most room and- most op
portunity of usefulness for such things.
A careful study of the criminal and
pauper statistics of this county and country
provides more than enough arguments for
the necessity of imposing discriminatory
restrictions upon immigration. There is
still room for some of Europe's honest, In
dustrious, healthy and intelligent surplus
population. But once for all the gates of
America should be strongly barred, and
kept shut, against the criminal, the Idle, the
diseased, the cripple, the unclean, the de
prayed, the Ignorant or the brainless off
scourings of the older lands. America can
still aflord to provide an earthly paradise
for those nt to occupy it, but the time has
moro than arrived for patting a ston to
making this country the dumping ground
for the refuse of the woild'a humanity.
Superintendent Potter, of the
Census, is apparently trying to make the
Census office a permanent bureau by de
monstrating its effloieney in consuming
time and money for the production of
statistics. A permanent bureau of statistics
could be made an extremely useful institu
tion, Dut its value would depend entirely
upon the capability or its management, the
economy of its administration and the
accuracy of its products.
December is with us with its opportuni
ties for festivity and generosity. And it is
to be trusted that this last month of a re
markable year will add nothing to its cata
logue of catastrophes and something to its
causes for Thanksgiving.
This afternoon the Select Council of
Pittsburg and this evening the Common
Council of Allegheny will both have a
chance to demonstrate a willingness to
attend to public business occasionally. On
the last advertised meeting or both bodies
members managed to disregard their duties
in sufficient numbers to prevent the attend
ance or a quorum. That sort or thing must
not be allowed to become habitual.
College yells are a convenient vehicle
for the expression of youthful enthusiasm
and answer their purpose as such. But as
specimens of rational thought or American
language they are about as puerile and
meaningless as possible.
A little more attention to the suppres
sion oi hypocrisy would do more good than
discussions over alleged heresy. And an in
crease in charity would make criticism more
palatable. There is an amount or good to
be done in this world in a number ot ways,
so various that there is ample room for all
efforts to hasten the millennium without the
indulgence of the doers in the prevalent
treading on one another's corns.
And still the "Workhouse exhibits itself
a9 a convenient medium lor the lelease of
prisoners. A sentence to that institution
will soon become synonymous with an
acquittal at the present rate of deliveries.
Judge Kolb is wise in deciding to ab
stain from any hostile demonstrations dur
ing the inauguration of Governor Jones, or
Alabama, to-day. The latter received a ma
jority oi votes and any attempt to contest
his election ty force could only result in
confusion for the contestors, a very proba
ble bloodshed and a certain exhibition of
contempt for law by those claiming to up
The close of President Harrison's admin
istration is marked with a succession of
afflictions that cannot but excite public sym.
pathy for the man who is undergoing so
many trials in so short a space of time.
The advantages of quarantine for the
prevention or the spread of physical diseaso
is universally recognized. And all the
arguments on its behalf aro equally availa
blerby analogous reasoning in defense of a
sequestrating system for holding under
control moral evils, the virulence of which
Increases when opposition to their subtle
spread is removed.
The Chicago police are having plenty of
practice in chaving street robbers. But the
present success of the highwaymen in secur
ing booty and eluding capture is hardly re
assuring to the World's Fair visitor.
"When the price of a commodity rises in
spite of circumstances naturally tending to
depreciate it, the rise can only be temporary
and the speculator is seldom far to sees;.
And the fictitious advance in prices due
to the artificial machinations of the gambler
canonly unsettle business and cause dis
tress in. the long-rnnr
The first part of the President's message
to reaoh Congress will be its postscript, and
in some quarters tbero will no doubt be an
inclination to "let it go at that."
FOLK TALKED ABOUr.
The President yesterday appointed John
F. Eu-ich, of Ohio, to be United States Con
sul at Antigua, West Indies.
Mrs. Lease is 40, strong-minded, full of
fight, and a born agitator, and while once
an almost lanatical Roman Catholic, is now
The Salvation Army is about to make
a fiesh campaign in France, apparently.
At any rate, General Booth is being exten
sively advertised in the Paris newspapers.
The Boston Boat and Shore Club (not
Boot and Shoe Club, Mr. Fioofreadcr) has
engaged only women as after-dinner speak
ers for its forthcoming annual celebration.
Vice President-elect Stevenson
will stay in Washington during sessions of
Congress, but ho ana his family will occupy
their old home at Bloomington, I1L, the rest
of the time.
W. B. Hearst is said to be selling off
his San Francisco property, intending to
make his future residence in Europe. It is
even said he intends to dispose of his inter
est in the Ezaminer.
Now that cool weather has come Presi
dent Harrison has taken to pedestrian
pleasures once moro, and there is scarcely a
fine afternoon now when he does not go out
lor a tramp of several miles. Ue did so ou
Thanksgiving Day, after attending service.
Patrick Egan, United States Minister
to Chile, was at the Gilsey House, New
York, yesterday, preparing lor his departure
for Valparaiso. The Pacifio Mall steamer
City ot Para, which is to leave lor Colon at
noon to-day, will take Minister Egan back
to his post.
Nathaniel S. Haert, of Bristol, IT.
II., is said to be the oldest living ex-Governor
ofa State in the United States. If he
survives until &f ptember 1, 1893, he will be a
centenarian. He was a hoy ot very humble
parentage, becitmo a tanner, as General
Grant did, and in 1S61 was elected Governor
or New Hampshire. '
The Holy See has declined to sanction
the marriage or Prince 'Ferdinand, or "Bul
garia, to the daughter or the cx-Duko of
Parma, because in asking the Papal con
sent. Prince Ferdinand stipulated that the
issue of the marriage should be trained as
members or the Greek Orthodox Church.
The ex-Duke has, therefore, felused to as
sent to his daughter's marriage to Prince
THE SPRITE OF BITUMEN.
What alls the air at break of day.
Enshrouds as with a clou J of gray.
Bedaubs our clothes, destroys our light.
Transforms twilight into night?
What blots the landscape with a cloud,
And causes swear words big and loud.
Writhes and wriggles in every crack.
And leaves behind a trail of black?
What marks our walls with streaks of grime.
Ages our buildings before their time,
Tumi turret and tower an ugly hue.
And makes us aU most deuced bine?
What soils our linen, discolors our laces.
Destroys our beauty by daubing our faces.
Brings to our streets a dirty slime.
And makes cs sigh for another clime?
' The smoke.
When to a party a maiden goes.
With a large black streak athwart her nose.
Who laughs to hlmseir with malicious glee.
Who chuckles and grins, this sight to see?
What specks the collar of the dainty dude
And makes him say, "It's just too rude?"
What soils his glossy, well-starched shirt.
With Something worse than plebeian dirt?
' The smoke.
Where is the law by which to stop
This malicious sprite of mill and shop?
Vo the city dads think it all a joke?
Bas the ordinance, too, gone up in smoke?
THE SKIES FOR DECEMBER.
rwniTTKx job the DispAicn.
Having dodged comets with great suc
cess during the past month, this trusty little
earth or ours will peacerully continue this
month on the undisturbed course which it
has pursued every December since its crea
tion. And as we have not been knocked
into smithereens by Holmes' comet or, Bio
la's comet or Jones' comet or Smith's oomet
or Brown's comet, nor yet by any comet be
longing to any other gentlemen who care
lessly leave their property running around
loose where it is liable to bump into us, why
1 suppose Dispatch rcadors may still be In
terested in the celestial sights which will,
present themselves to our gaze this month.
But belore we take a look at the skies for
December let us see -what we know about
these wonderful, things called comets. What
is a cometfanyhowT The name is derived
from the Greek word "komotes" (long
haired), and a comet may be defined as a
nebulous body revolving around the sun.
Comets, then, are bona fide members of our
solar system, and, like the earth, Mars and
other planets, they are held in their orbits
by the sun's attraction. This fact, however,
only became knon arter Newton's wonder
ful discoveries. In which he affirmed the
universality of the laws or gravitation.
Provious to this comets were looked upon
as anomolous bodies whose motions it was
impossible to understand. The suddenness
with which they blazed forth, their im
mense size, their great velocity, their ec
centric motions, sweeping toward the sun
from all regions and all directions, made
them objects of superstitious dread and
terror, until finally the Irresistible hand of
science swept an ay theso mysteries and put
the strungo bodies in their proper category
or solar satellites.
Light on a Live Topic.
The senseless and unreasoning terror
which seems to have been cansod in some
localities by recent comets is only a relic or
the superstition of the Dark Ages. Authori
ties agioe on thi-, at any rate, that there
was no danger. Even if wo had struck the
comet, the shock would probably not have
been noticed. About tho best thing that
was said In regard to the recent scare was in
yesterday's Dispatch, 'where Pror. Jacoby is
auoted. Ue said, "I think a great deal too
much was said and written about the
Holmes comet." But since so much was
said and written, it is well to have a clear
Idea or what we aro talking and rending
about. To continue, then, comets revolve
alound the sun like the planets do, but un
like the planets their orbits are exceedingly
eccentric. For instance Eucke's comot
approaches to within less than 30,000,000 miles
of tho sun, and its aphelion or greatest
distance from the sun is about 400,000,000
miles. Vet Encke's comet is one or the least
eccentric, borne comets nppioacn even
nearer the sua and then retreat to a much
greater distance, the orbits or many of them
extending far beyond that or Neptune, the
most distant plant. A comet approaching
the sun from a great distance comes more
and more under its influence, and so moves
raster and faster, and soon dashes past the
attracting body with the most tremendous
velooity. When it once starts moving away,
however, the sun brings it up with a short
turn, and the comet turns sharply around,
passes tho sun on the other side, and whirls
away in almost the same diiection from
which it comes, but with its speed con
stantly diminishing us it lecedes from the
sun's attraction, '
The comet of 16S0 had a very eccentric
orbit. It came within less than 100,000 miles
of the sun, and,s wept around it at the fear
fnl rate or 1,000,000 miles an hour. It bas
never been seen since, and probably has a
neriod of revolution of about 600 years.
Such a comet would or course retreat to a
vast distance from the sun, and near its
aphelion would move with a velocity as re
markably small ns its velocity when near
the sun was remarkably great, lc is likely
there are dozens of comets floating along
away outside of Neptune at a regular snail's
pace or not more than a milo a minute. But
their turn will come In time to be again the
express trains of the solar system.
The Tail of the Comet Is Mysterious.
In regard to the tails of comets it -would
take" several columns .to iqll what is not
known about them".' They are merely the
prolongation of the nebulous envelope sur
rounding the nucleus, and but very little Is
known of their character. It is the tail,
though, that makes a comet consplouous.
A comet without a tall, as many are, Is of
little intei esc to the amateur observer. The
tails sometimes reach enormous size. One
attained a length of 120,000,00!) miles, or was
considerably longer than lrom here to the
sun. There are six comets recorded whose
tails extended 90, or from horizon to
zenith. Most readers of The Dispatch will
remember the magniflcont comot or 1882,
whose tail was 20 or 3(1 long.
The periods vof comets naturally yary
greatly. Encke's revolves around the sun
in about three years, while another has a
period estimated at about 3,000 years. One
ot the greatest and most remarkable comets
Is Holley's. In the years 21S, 314, 399, 1006,
H58, 1531, 1607 and 1682 remarkable comets
are recorded to have appeared, but Holley
was the first to suspect (hem to be one and
tho same body with a period of 73 years.
He calculated its orbit and predicted its re
turn in 1753. In that year, long after Hoi
ley's death the comet punctually appeared,
and also showed up on time in 1SJ5. It is
consequently dne again in 18 years, and it is
about as sure, as death and taxes that the
year 1910 will again witness the return of
this magnificent sight. May we bo there to
What Can Be Seen In the Skies.
The planets visible in December are
Jupiter, Mars, Saturn and Venus At 9
o'clock this evening Jupiter is high up in
the south, far the most conspicuous object
in. the sky, though not quite so bright as six
weeks ago, when be was In opposition.
Mars' day is past, and he now shines
scarcely Drighter than an ordinary first
magnitude star. At the hour mentioned the
luddy planet may be seen rather low down
in tho southwest. Saturn does not rise till
long after midnight, and is not especially
noticeable. As lor the unrivaled Venus, she
is now the queen of the morning skies, and
those whose duties call them out before
dawn Is over, may see this brilliant planet
glittering above the eastorn horizon as
brightly as Jupiter did a dozen hours
before. The- moon is full on the 3d and the
new moon becomes visible on the 20th.
The constellation for this month are the
finest of the year. At 11 o'clock December
1, 10 o'clock December 15 and 9 o'clock De
cember SO, the most brilliant constellation
in the heavens may be seen high up in the
southeast. This is the mighty Orion, the
only constellation that can boast two first
magnitude stars. These are Betelguese and
Bigel, the former marking the light shoul
der of the figure of the mighty hunter, and
the latter the left foot. The three second
magnitude stars midway between form the
belt. Almost In a line with these three stars
and to the southeast is the brightest star in
the heavens, the famous Sirius, or Do-star.
It is in Canis Major, or the Greater Dog.
Procyon, a first magnitude star in Canis
Minor, is halt way up from the
horizon above Orion. The thiee
stars Betelguese, Sirius and Procyon
form a huge trianglealmostpenectly equila
teral. They are all brilliant atari, and this
large figure 'may easily be recognized, and
the stars Identified from it.
Other bright stars vlslDle.aroCapella, high
up in the northeast, and Aldeboran, which
is also in a line with tho three stars in
Orion's belt, but toward the northwest.
It is to be hoped that wo will have more
clear evenings than in the month past, for
the winter constellations are manidpent,
and tho stars never soeai so bright' and
sparkling as on a 'crisp; frosty winter night.
Heroic bat Hurt! nL
Lawrenceville steel-workers struck out or
sympathy Tor the' Homestead men. The
Homestead strike is over. The Lawrence
ville men have voted to continue their
strike because they could not get their
places back and there was nothing to be
gained by surrendeiing. Winter is ap
proaebingand want Is staring the poor fel
lows In the race. In one sense their action
bas Deen heroic, but It has been inspired by
a wrong prinolple. By.thls time the work
men should have concluded that a strike is
the worst possible weapon with which to
settle a dispute. -
tmMVmKa amsmamvmmw w m miwrjfrmmmm i t r
STATE TAX CASE8 DECIDED.
Some Big Corporations Come Oat Second
. Best, While Others Win.
Habbisburq, Nov. ZX The lontf list or
State tax cases was called this morning,
with Judges Simonton and McPherson on
the bench. Many cases were continued,
several or the more important, on account
or the necessary absence or Attorney
General Hensel, by reason or the critical
illness or his rather, at Quarryvitle. These
cases were marked settled: Cumberland
Nail and Iron Company, two cases, and (he
Ridley Park Association. Judgments were
entered for the Commonwealth In the follow
Pittsburg, Ft. Wavne and Chicago Rail
way Company. $111 20 in one case and J71G 06
in another; WoodrnQ Sleeping and Parlor
Coach Company, $463; International Naviga
tion Company $1,628 82 in the first case,
$1,885 84 in the second and $1,597 57 in the
Verdicts for the defendants and against
the State were given in these cases:
Crane Iron Company, Lincoln Market
Company, New York Mutual Telegraph
Company (six cases), Erie and Wyoming
Valley Railroad Company (two cases). Pro
ducers' Consolidated Land and Petioleum
Company, Woodruff Sleeping and Parlor
Car Company, Dunkirk, Allegheny Valloy
and Pittsburg Railroad Company.
MES. SUESAII'3 HOUSE WANTED
To Add to the Collection of Cariosities at
the World's Fair.
Upper Marlboro, Md., Nov. 3a Special.
A Washington syndicate is after an old resi
dence here for which it has alieady offered
$15,000. The house is a large ono and Is owned
in Surrattville. It was at one time owned
by Mis. Surratt, who was accused or being
an accomplice or J. Wilkes Booth in the as
sassination or President Lincoln.
These curiosity-seekers nre said to be
Washingtonlans who formed a syndicate lor
the purchase or this residence to be con
veyed to the World's Fair Just as it appears
to-day. This house at the time or Lincoln's
asassination was a hotel, and It is said that
Booth stopped in the house on that night
and made his future plans. The place is used
as a boarding house during the summer, and
has been lepalred to some extent, but not
enough to change its old appearance.
S0DVEHIE COINS COMING OUT.
The Conditions Complied With and They
Will Now Be Turned Over.
WASHiHOTOif. Nov. 30. Lyman Gage, or the
World's Fair Commission, has satisfied the
Secretary or the Treasury that tho require
ments oi the act or Congress appropriating
$2,500,000 lor the purposes or the Fair have
boeu lully complied vith.
Arrangements will be made at once for
the delivery or the sonvenir coins to the
Fair dli ectory as rapidly as they are turned
out. The first lot or coins will probably be
delivered next week.
Growth of the Carlislo Indian School.
Capxisli. Ta., Nov. 30. Special. Captain
R. H. Pratt, Superintendent and General
Manager of the Indian Training School in
tills city, to-day completed' his thirteenth
annual report ana sent it to Washington.
The progress and growth of the school nave
been remarkable. The boys during the vear
have earned $16 698 83, and the girls $5,170 15,
a total cr $21,868 98. Their savings were
BISMARCK I.V HOT WATER.
Some one should be placed In charge or the
ex-Chancoslor. His tongue will get him in
trouble. Philadelphia CulL
Bismarck is undoubtedly growing feeble,
but he Is still able to heave a brick every
time Caprivi leaves an opening. Washington
Caprivi has called Bismarck a liar. And
yet for many years one or Bismarck's
frowns was enough to set all Europe to
trembling. Nashville American.
Readers or future lives of the ex-Chancellor
will have to stand a good way off In order
to see his past glory over the top of his pres
ent grumpinesa. Buffalo Express.
Thihos are rapidly taking snch shape that
no interview with Bismarck will be consid
ered complete unless followed promptly by
the Chancellor's repudiation. Washington
His confession or the crooked part that ho
played in a momentous contingency will be
not to provoke a good deal or unpleasant
feeling toward him, notwithstanding the
great things that ne nas uccompusuea ior
the country St. Louis Post-Dispatch.
There is now a mmor that Bismarck is
coming to our World's Fair. We are de
sirous that this event should bean entirely
peaceful one; and it he and Kaiser William
are here at the same time we hope that their
respective friends will keep them apart.
What a weight or responsibility for human
anguish, broken hearts and butchered thou
sands Bismarck is willing to assume in tho
eyes of God and man when he coolly an
nounces that he forged the dispatch which
precipitated the Franco-Prussian warf St.
Again Bismarck has caused great indigna
tion. He goes on telling the things he did in
tho management of the old King William.
He had to coax and worry and bully William
a great deal to get him to be a great and fa
mous man. Young William does not like it.
All there Is or it is. It is the ola case or man
hood against the royalties. Brooklyn Standard-Union.
Bather Rough on Grover.
"The new comet, which we take the liberty
or naming the Cleveland comet." Atlanta
Constitution. "The astronomers cannot find
where the comet is e.t."Atlan'a Constitution
Will Have to Go Back.
Regarding Mr. Cleveland's visit to Ex
more, it may be said that arter four years he
will be an ex once more hlmseir.
Dae to the Weather.
John L. Sullivan's return to bis horizontal
bar act was but a logical result of the recent
DEATHS HERE AND ELSEWHERE.
Judge Bernard IteiUy.
Hon. Bernard Keilly, for many years
prominent In the affairs of Schuylkill county and
the State, died at the residence of his daughter,
Mrs. Helen Karcher. at 1519 North Ninth street,
Philadelphia, yesterday morning. Judge itellly
wa3 born In Ireland in 1814, and came to this
country hi 1822. In 1841 he secured the contract
for building a part of the main line of the Phila
delphia and Reading Railroad, and was the last
survivor of the men who built the road. Me built
portions or the Pennsylvania, Lehigh, Northern,
Central and other railroads. He tooK a great In
terest In the old State militia, and In 18-11 was
captain of a military company Judge Itellly was
an ardent Democrat. He was elected to the -tale
House of Representatives in 1851, and was chosen
-an Associate Judge in the Court of Common Pleas
or Schuylkill county n 186S. In 1372 he was ou the
Presidental elector d ticket.
HOOiiG. (XABK, General Western Agent of the
Dupont Powder Company and one of the wealthiest
citizens or Omaha, died yesterday of heart disease,
Thomas Nolan, of the firm or Nolan Bros., the
well-known railroad contractors and bridge build
ers in lieadlng. died yesterday of apoplexy, aged
Prop. Eugene Lbtang, ror 50 years Professor
of Architectural Drawing at the Massachusetts
Institute of Technology, died lu .Boston Monday,
Homer Asbacoh. a well-known potter of East
Liverpool, O., died there Monday night. He was
prominent among the Odd Fellows, and was a Past
Daniel Gilnix, Justice of the Peace ror 30
years. School Director and County Commissioner
lor several years, as a Democrat, died at Upper
Slrassburg. ri., yesterday, ageu 82 years.
Jeremiah Plimpton, for a score of years Prin
cipal or tha Dudley School lor Girls In Boxbury,
Mass., and lur six years an official lu the United
btates customs service In Masuchusstls. died Mon
day at Roxbury, aged Si.
J. M. Our. a prominent merchant of McKees
port, died rather suddenly yesterday morning of
acute pneumonia. A singular coincidence Is that
his sitter, Mrs. Jane Clawson. or near Maysvllle.
Armstrong county, died Tuesday afternoon of the
Hon. Asaph Chdrchill. one or the classmates
of Wendell I hllllps lu Harvard's class of '31. died
Tuesday In Milton, Mass,, aged 74. He-had served
as 1'rcsident or several banks and was President of
the old Dorchester and Milton Kailroad. He was a
member of the State Senate la 1857
Henry Bake, one or the smallest men In the
world, died Tuesday at his .home near Saratoga.
He was 36 years old and well proportioned, but
was only 40 inches high. He was the son or the
Rev Mr. Hake or Cnatham. N. r. He had had
many offers to goou exhibition, but hid refused
A DELIGHTFUL RECEPTION.
The Elegant Home of D. Herbert Hostetter
the Scene or a Brilliant Gathering A
Charming Eaat End Wedding Other In
teresting Events in Society.
The elegant residence of Mr. and Mrs.
D. Herbert Hostetter, on Firth avenue. East
End, was the scene or one of the most brill
iant receptions of the season last evening.
The decorations were marvels or floral
beauty. The large hall was devoted to the
orchestra, the front door being closed, and
a screen or yellow lattice uork, twined and
intertwined with trailing vine, hid the mu
sicians rrom the guests. By this arrange
ment it was necessary to nse the side door
for ingress and egress. The mantel in the
hall was lightened ud with yellow chrysan
themums In vases and jardinieres. The
dining room n as one of the prettiest apart
ments in the house. The table was glitter
ing with tall vases of white French cut
glass in which loose roses were placed in
an artistic manner. On the mantel and
festooned above and about it was a magnifi
cent pinkish bonganvillla that lighted np
splendidly under the glare of incandescent
lamps. The smoking-room a sanctuary for
the men, indeed was resDlendcnt with red
and yellow chrysanthemums. The recep
tion room, in which Mr. and Mrs. Hostetter
welcomed their guests, was embowered in
tall palms that dtooped gracefully over the
heads of the company and gave alight as
well as elegant air to the anartment. The
mirror was restooned with maidenhair
ferns, while chrvsanthemums were disposed
here and there. The library, with its heavy
mahogany appointments, presented a scene
or richness and splendor that was in har
mony with the whole house, and it was not
easy to say which room called for the most
sincere admiration. Mrs. Hostetter wore a
white benzaltne and turquoise velvet empire
gown, the largo sleeves being of velvet.
Assisting in receiving; were Mrs. Rosetta
Hotettcr, mother or Mr. D. Herbert Hostet
ter, who wore black velvet and point lace;
Mrs. F. W. Gordes, mother or Mrs. Hostetter,
in white and blue pompadour silk, en tralne
andlow-necked.and Mrs. Herbert DePny.who
wore a pink brocade. There were about 350
guest". The reception was distinguished
by its quiet elegance and the number or the
most rashiouable people o; the two cities
who were in attendance.
A pretty home wedding took place Inst
evening ut the residence ol Mrs. Margaretta
Friend, Aiken avenue, East End, the bride
being her daughter, Miss Sevlila Friend, and
the groom Mr. Francis Sprigg Qlbson, or
Alexandria, Va. The bride, who is a
brunette or stately beauty, wore a white
silk wedding own, a long veil and orange
blossoms. The bridemaids were Miss Priscilla
Taylor, or Erie, and Miss Rett Friend, a
stster or the bride. A little nephew, George
Stephenson, held a bonquet of lilies or the
valley in tho bridal train. There were about
80 guests, who all wished the young couple
every happiness. Their wedding journey
will take take them at far as Montana, where
they will reside in future.
Dr. Cornelia O'Keefe, of Penn ave
nue, is visiting Irlends in Philadelphia and
Woodbury, N. J., for a few days.
A Rochester (Pa.) special says: A quiet
but happy event here this evening was the
marriage of Miss Elizabeth F. Winnett, sec
ond daughter of Captain and Mrs. Mark
Winnott, to Mr. Samuel F. Ewart, a lumber
dealer and box manufacturer or Pittsbnrg.
Tho ceiemonywas at the residence or the
bride's parents, on Plnney street, at 7
o'clock, Rev. J. f. Jones, of Pitisburg, an
old and intimate friend of Mie Winnett
family, officiating. The maid of honor was
Miss Clara Dicken, or rittsburg, and the
best man wai Mr. Edward Dixon, also or
Pittsbunr. The bride was attired- in heavy
corded silk trimmed with lace, and carried
There is much interest in the next re
ception or the Art Society, next Monday
evening, December5. at the Pittsburg Club
Theator, when Mrs. Edmund Russell will
lecture on the "Art of Speech." There is
such a demand for cards for this reception
that members should apply for them before
to-morrow, or they may not be able to get
them. There is every indication that this
reception will be one or the inoit notable as
well as most instructive nl the entertain
ments to bo given by the Art Society during
A meeting in the interest of the Free
Kindergarten Association was held yester
day afternoon in the rooms of the Y. M. C
A, Collins avenue. East End. An organiza
tion was effected, with the following offi
cers: President, Mrs. W. A. Herron;Vice
Presidents. Mrs. Ben Thaw, Mrs. D. W. Bell,
Mis. William McKclvy and Mrs. Jones; Sec
retary, Mrs. Sullivan Johnson; Treasurer,
W. I Thompson; superintendent: of the
school, Mrs. Z. Adams. The object ot the
association is to found free kiudergartens
in connection with churches and charitable
institutions all over the two cities. Wher
ever it is possible to get a room in a locality
wrier? there are many poor and neglected
childrei', a kindergarten school is to be
established. It Is intended to make this
association a boon fur little ones who would
otherwise bo almost witnout care. They
will be taught in a rudimentary way, and be
fitted for the common school", into which
they will be admitted in due course.
This is the date set for tho wedding of
Miss Harriet Patterson, daughter or Mrs.
June F. Patterson, of Western avenue. Alle
gheny, and Mr. Henry Frank Blackstone.-
xne ceremony is to take place in tne North
Presbyterian Church, Rev. Dr. Fox offi
ciating. A bazaar Is to be held to-morrow evening
under the auspices or the King's Daughter's
or the Cnrisi M. E. Church, in the chapel of
the church, for tho benefit or a Singapore
maiden. The entertainment is expected to
be a pietty as well as a novel one.
The marriage or Miss Elizabeth Flo Win.
nctt, or Rochester, Pa., to Mr. Samuel P.
Ewart, ot Herronavenne, Pittsburg, was to
tuko place in Rochester last evening. A
large number or Pittsbnrgers w,ent to
Rochester to attend tha wedding.
Tins evening a bazaar and supper for
the benefit of the Edgewood Presbyterian
Chuich will bo held at the residence of Mrs.
James H. Orr, or Edgewood. The entertain
ment will last over Friday.
Tnis evening Rev. George Wendllnir is to
lecture in the Methodist Church or Sewlck
ley. It will be the first or the Sewlckley
Valley lecture course.
The Christian Endeavor Society or the
Central Church, Allegheny. will give a "Mrs.
Jnrley's Waxworks" entertainment to
A BEIDE GETS 55,000,000
By the Will of a Southern Admirer Who
Failed to Win Her Hand.
Reading, Nov. 30. Mrs. Abraham L.
Stahlnecker, or this city, the bride or a
month, who recently received word that
she had lallen heir to several mill
ions by the death or Harry J. P.
Sands, an unmarried Iriend who
had no relatives, near Montgomery,
Ala., was again to-day visited by the execu
tor, William A. Cox, or New York, who in
formed her that her share will be twice
what he first supposed. He now thinks she
will get over 5,0.0,000.
SENA10E GIBSON MAY SIB.
His Physicians Aro Now Looking for the
, End at Any Moment.
Hot Sprisos, Are., Nov. 3D. Senator B. I
Gibson, oi New Orleans, who bas been lying
at the point of death at the Park Hotel for
several days past, is reported worse.
He has grown weaker since lust
night, winch, owing to the
nature or his ailment. Is regarded
as very unfavorable by the attending physi
cians. Tho attending physicians to-night admit
that Senator Gibson may die at any moment.
Hill Is One or Them.
It is true that daring tho course or the
campaign Mr. Cleveland declared: "I aim a
Democrat," but he didn't say what kind or a
Democrat he is. There are Democrats and
Nine .Miners Dig Their Way Out,
Black Hawk, Col., Nov. 30. A cave-In
occurred to-day in the Bobtail tunnel. Im
prisoning nine inrfn. They dug their way
out without any ot them being injured.
Got Both Frances and Tammany.
A former suspicion that Mr. Cleveland se
cured both the lady and the tiger seems to
Perhaps a Masquerade Ball.
Philadelphia Press. (
Ball Is undoubtedly oar national game,
bnt which style shall it J3e foot or baset
-fl-There are 1,800 varieties of roses.
Tennille, Ga., lays claim to a 19-yer
The lobster catch of this leasoa ii only
SO per cent of last season's.
A fullgrown elephant ii capable oi
carrying a load or two tons.
Two persons, on a average, die of itirr
ation every week in London.
. A sign in a saloon in New York readty
"Three masted schooner of beer."
Sweden has a larger area of woodland
than any other country in Europe.
Greek women went barefooted indoorf
and wore sandals when walking abroad.
Several thonsands of hair pins in many
styles have been recovered from Pompeii.
California roses contain 20' per cent
more perfume than those grown anywhere
The Queen of Siam has the smallest
feet yet seen on any woman. She wears li
The echo at the "Eagle's 3Test" Killar
ney, Ireland, repeats a bngla note at least
The State of "Washington is one of tha
ceaviest consumers of condensed milk: in
By the law of Missouri a third convia
tlon for larceny carries with it Imprison
ment for life.
The salesman of a New York flower
store heightens the summer effect by wear
ing a straw hat.
About 9,000,000 kids are slaughtered in
Europe annually to supply the one town In
France where gloves are made.
In the chapel of the- Abercorn family,
at Paisley, the closing of the door produces
a sound which roars like distant thunder.
A woman has patented a machine for
making watch screws that is provided with
a thread cutter so delicate as to be almost
Cripple Creek, a well-known mining
town of Colorado, now has a population
or over 10,000 people, while one year agq
there were less than 50 persons within itl
Between the two wings of the castle of
Simonetta. two miles rrom Milan, the report
ornpUtnl shot Is ropeated 60 times. Attba
same place a single musical instrdment pro
duces the effect ot a rail orchestra.
It is estimated that it costs well-to-do
people in this country $125,000,000 yearly to
support charitable institutions, while about
$500,000,000 are Invested in permanent build
ings where the needy are carea for.
German beds are furnished with a huge
pillow or upper mattress, which answers tho
purpose of ordinary bed clothing. Travel
ers agree that there is not enongh or tha
Continental bed that, in fact, it ends too
Jane Halloway, a colored woman, said
to be 103 years old, recently called on the
Workhouse Board in Cincinnati and secured
the release or her gay and festive son Sam
uel, a giddy young fellow or 75, who was do
ing time for beating his wife.
The Chinese empire and dependencies,
Mongolia, JIanchooria, Chinese Turkestan,
Kokanor and Thibet, occupy an area or aC
least 5,000,000 square miles, or about one
third or Asia, 'ihe population is estimated
at from 360,000,000 to 459.U03.000.
Inigo connty, California, has a wonder
ful natural enriosity which closely resem
bles a monster petrified elephant The rock
which nature has given snch an extra
ordinary form is a dark gray eranite, al
most the exact color or the Asiatic ele
A German scientist learnedly discusses
the question or driving a tunnel through
the earth from Berlin to Chicago, through
which and by means of gravitation alone
tne Journey between the two places could be
quickly and comfortably made. He ex
presses a decided opinion that the scheme is
There have been numerous cases of
poisoning among hat makers. M. Jungfleiscb.
traces it to the nitrate or mercury used in
preparing rabbit skins Tor manufacturing
hats. He found hair a gramme ormferoury in,
a hat in use. Retail hatters are, it is stated,
not exempt from the dangers -of zai90ning
by meroury In this way. j J
A veteran English correspondent and
traveler, arter much experience with'rall
way lamps, has abandoned them for a
candle perforated with boles through tho
center, which he holds in his hand. The
holes absorb the grease, and transform the
otherwise inconvenient candle into an al
most perfect illumlna'nt.
. Among the whimsical titles which ap
pear on the pages of national history, few
aro more apparently frivolous than the
"Duke of Marmalade,"tho "Count of Lemon
ade," and the "-Earl of Brandy.'- All three
names were those or places, the- first two
being originally plantations, but latterly
towns of some importance.
An extraordinary sentence was passed
upon a murderer in Neuruppin, Germany, a
couple or weeks ago. The criminal was a
workman who had murdered his two chil
dren and afterward mutilated the bodies in
a allocking manner. He was sentenced ta
undergo ji years' imprisonment at bard
labor, and at t he expiration of the term to
be executed. ""
The, greatest work of antiquity on
angli-g is said to be tie Halleutica of Op
plan, a Greek poet, who flourisned in the
time of Severns, A. D., 133, from which wa
learn that many artifices in fishing thought
to be modern were known to the ancients.
We also learn from Atheneus that several
other writers had written treatises orpodms
on Ashing some centuries beiore the Chris
Some large cargo steamers 'are being
built so large, indeed, that colossal' Is per
haps tho most appropriate adjeotive in
which to describe them. The 6tber week
the launching on the Wear of 'a 9,000-ton
steamer was reported, and last week a
Tyneslde firm began to lay down the keel
of an oil steamer to measure 459 feet in
length, and to have a dekd-weight capacity
of nearly 9,000 tons.
Two well-known Munich physicians,
Prof. Pettenkorerand Pror. Emmerich, have
been making experiments with cholera
microbe, with the result that their general
health has not suffered, though both for a
time snffercd from diarrhcea. Prof. Petten
kofer conclndes, therefore, that epidemic
cholera is induced only by local conditions,
which thorough cleanliness and good sani
tary arrangements can remove.
The Amazon warriors of the King of
Dahomey at Poguessa were armed with Win
chesters and sharp sabers. The French have
captured a number or European officers who
were serving as officers la the army of King
Behanzln of Dahomey. Three -Germans
named Scbnlz, Pnecb and Weckel, and a
Belgian named Engels, were captured re
cently. There was a prompt and brier court
martial, and at its conclusiou the four meo
were immediately shot. ,.
ORIGINAL AND JOCOSE:
December, eighteen ninety-two, yon"ra
And yet you toll the knell of the present year.
Bat we'll rorgct the sadness of the parting.
It will not cost as e'en a single tear.
But do not hold ns to the Christian teaching
it's better far to glre than to receive."
For when we see a corking present coming.
It's rather hard doctrine to belle re.
"Here is a temperance fanatic sure," said
Stringer, as he looked up from the paper ha was
"What's he doing?"
"Waging a crusade against ice."
"Icel What ror?"
"He reasons it's the cause or many a skate on."
BX MUST BE A W HIKER.
"My dear," said Nellie to Agnes, who
was reading very One print In a very dim light,
You'll rain your eyes."
"But." replied Agnes, "You haven't seen tht
handsome young oculist that has Just located la
She's busy now; she's knitting some puis
The yarn It cost or pennies quite a few
She's worked at least a week, and maybe longeri
Oh, my, the silly things some women do.
Take In the cost of yarn and knitting neediest
Consider, too. the time It takes to make;
Pulse warmers can be bought ror Just a ntcksl;
For wasting tin the knitter takes, the eak. -.