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THE PITTSBURG DISPATCH, MONDAY, DECEMBER 12, 1892.
Vol. 74. No. 312-Entereo. at Pittsburg Postoffice
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PITTSBURG. MONDAY, DEC. 13. 1SK.
NOT YET CREDIBLE.
The Homestead trouble continues to
produce sensations, the last and one of the
most sensational bein! the publication of
an aliened plot to poison the non-union
men employed during the trouble in the
Carnegie mills. At present the allegations
do not rise above the rank of unverified
rumors, and, until supported by definite
and more responsible assertions, are not
entitled to any degree of credence.
It is difficult to believe that any number
of men could deliberately enter upon a
Ecbeme of wholesale and cowardly murder
as this story relates. The other violent
acts in that tragedy are explicable by the
excitement under which the population of
Homestead labored. For the sake of
humanity it is to be hoped that the alle
gations with regard to this poisoning plot
are without foundation.
If the assertions are backed up by any
prima facie evidence, of course the matter
should be fully probed anil exact justice
done. Should anyone be conclusively
ehown to have engaged in such a diaboli
cal plot the severest penalties of the law
will be no more than the crime merits.
A KE3IAKKABLE KULLNG.
The United States courts at present
seem to be quite busy with the task of
reducing to a minimum the legislation
which has been extracted from Congress
to check corporate abuses. The decis
ons by which the inter-State commerce
act has been reduced to a nullity have
been duly commented on. A later ruling is
that of the Western district judge who
has just held that the Sherman actagainst
combinations does not apply to railroad
Considering that the railroad combina
tions are among the most powerful of
their kind, with the greatest power for in
jury and the least justification for their
existence, and that they were declared to
be violations of the United States law by
a previous statute, this is a somewhat re
markable excuse of the judicial discrimin
ation. It is not surprising that the Attor
ney General should order the case taken
to the Supreme Court That means of
determining whether so singular a decision
shall stand as the law is about the least
that could be done by an Attorney Gen
eral, who did not wish to avow himself as
a supporter of corporate abuses.
What the Supreme Court says on this
point is one of the things on which Tom
Marshall's the Kentuckian Marshall
famous saying as to the limitations of
Divine omniscience will apply. But it is
worth while to note the fact that, while
the corporations have not been very active
in popular elections or very successful
with legislatures for some years past, they
have laid low with signs of fortifying their
last citadel. The appointment of judges
since the time when the Granger decisions
struck the corporations in a heap has
been a field that the people have
not paid much attention to. But the cor
porations have; and they have not only
done that, but they have judiciously
created vacancies by drawing independent
Judges off the bench with big salaries as
regularly paid counsel. This may not only
furnish a theory to explain the recent de
cisions, but- serve to quality any very
sanguine expectations from the appeal to
the Supreme Court
It may some time dawn on the public
that if these questions are to be settled in
accordance with the public interests there
will have to be the most watchful care on
the selection of Judges, legislators and
executive officers alike for the space of a
generation or two.
THE "WIDTH OF TIKES.
A movement recently made by the Su
pervisors of Queens county, New York,
with regard to the width of tires to be
used on the newly macadamized thorough
fares illustrates at once a step necessary to
the preservation of good roads and the in
domitable conservatism which objects to
it The rule prescribed was a width of
four inches for tfres bearing loads of 4,000
pounds or over, and of three inches for
loads of 2,000 to 4,000 pounds. As this
permits the tires to exert on the roads a
crushing force of 300 to 400 pounds per
square inch, it is plainly a very moderate
requirement But the farmers could not
see it in that light They at once re
quested a reduction to three and two and
a half inches, on the plea that the greater
width would not permit their wheels to
run in the car tracks in Kew York City.
The excuse is a very slight one, as the
horse power expended on roads outside
the city is many times more than the
saving between running a wagon on car
tracks and on a city pavement It is a
demonstrated fact that with narrow tires
under heavy loads the roads are soon cut
up into ruts, while with wide tires the
roads are made even better by the roller
like action of the wheels. The actual
saving to the farmer by the wider tires Is
so clearly shown by experience that they
are adopted in England and on the Conti
nent as a matter of course. The opposi
tion to them in this country is really an
exhibition of provincial ignorance.
The same idea has s practical applica
tion to Pittsburg. Our pavements are
unnecessarily strained by the transporta
tion of enormous loads on too narrow
tires. Cases are known of loads of 30,000
pounds hauled over our pavements on
tires of three Inches or less. Such loads
have been known to actually plow up the
pavements when the ground was soft,
and undoubtedly Increase the wear and
tear when there is no actual disturbance.
But on tires of eight inches to a foot the
action of suffh a load would be that ot a
roller and instead of demoralizing a pave
ment it would make It more solid.
It is time for this country to give to
such questions as these intelligent and un
prejudiced discussion, instead of judging
them by., previous and really Ignorant
customs. The road convention at Indian
apolis, by advocating reform in the width
of tires, has taken a step in the right
A CONVINCING DEMONSTBATIOX.
The second of the special articles on the
ship canal project, published elsewhere,
reduces to a demonstration two points
which The Dispatch has steadily insisted
upon as crucial and conclusive.- The first
is that the growth of traffic through the
economy of the canal would make that
enterprise repay its cost, In one form or
another, in a very short term of years.
The second is that the increase in the
higher and more finished products will
fully repay the railways for the loss of the
lower and primary freights to bo carried
on the canals.
Both these prints are established pon
clusively from the experience of Europe.
The first is the more vital to the public,
as the prejudice of the railway interests
against the project is so fixed that they
can only be convinced of the second by
actual experience. But the fact that the
canal would repay its cost from tolls if
they were charged, and if not that it
would pay for itself many times over in
the immense increase of traffic,
is one of the utmost magnitude.
Those who read the article, as
everyone interested in the growth of Pitts
burg should, will find this point doubly
established there. It has been the universal
experience with canals in Europe serving
a less important traffic than Pittsburg
would furnish; and the figures based on
the present actual traffic of Pittsburg,
without any allowance for its growth,
show that the tolls on the canal would
yield interest, sinking fund and cost of
maintenance, with a margin of $200,000
per annum and a saving 52,103,000 on the
cost of Pittsburg's oro alone.
In the face of a possible readjustment
of tariffs it is Pittsburg's first duty to de
velop all projects which will reduce he
cost of manufacture. This project Is the
most comprehensive in its results of any
that can be brought forward. The mere
instinct of self-preservation should induce
Pittsburg to employ all its energies in
urging the canal to a speedy realization.
ALLEGING TOO MUCH.
The explanation purporting to come
from the English Home Office, with re
gard to its refusal of a pardon for Mrs.
Maybrick, is of that remirkable character
that reflects more severely upon that office
than upon Mrs. Maybrick. It consists of
an allegation that the Home Office was in
possession of evidence more clearly estab
lishing Mrs. Maybrick's guilt, but with
held it from the trial, as it did not wish to
see the capital penalty inflicted.
This assertion in view of tho facts
leaves the principles of action that govern
the British executive in a very remarkable
light. Mrs. Maybrick was put on trial on
a charge of poisoning her husband. It is
one of the first principles of Anglo-Saxon
law that the executive in such cases is
only interested in having all the facts
brought out and full justice be done. Yet
we are told that the English Heme De
partment convicts itself of having with
held testimony in order to gratify its pri
vate wishes. On the evidence that
was presented, however, Mrs! May
brick was convicted and sentenced to
death. Following this we have the as
tounding fact that tho Home Office, with
evidence before it more severe on the
prisoner than any that was given in open
court, interfered with the sentence and
commuted it to life imprisonment
The remarkable contraction of what
would usually be deemed the result of
criminal evidence suggests that If Mrs.
Maybrick's friends could produce more
evidence against her the Home Office
would at once grant her -a free pardon.
THE FUTURE OF THE WORLD.
The habit of borrowing trouble is com
mon to mankind; but we are sorry to see
it pushed to so extreme a form as that
manifested In a recent issue of the San
Francisco Chronicle. Tha able journal
is agitating its soul over the sempiternal
question of what will be the fate of the
world a thousand years hence. A great
many people have occupied their con
lectural powers with this problem. But
we have not recently seen anyone so
thoroughly convinced that in the year 2892
this poor old globe will be in a destitute,
forlorn and frozen condition as is our
esteemed cotemporary of the Golden Gate.
The argument of the Chronicle is that as
we are rapidly using up the stock of coal
and chopping down the forests of the
world the time must come when those
species of fuel will become exha usted.
Bum up the world's stock of fuel, and the
cooking of food and the making of iron
must stop, which sad result is emphasized
by the assertion that in the same time the
supply of iron ore will be exhausted.
Moreover, the disappearance of the forests
is regarded by our despondent cotem
porary as carrying with it a general dimi
nution of the supply of water. So that, all
told, our descendants of a thousand years
hence will have a very hard time of it
All of which is borrowing trouble on a
group of assumptions which are far from
demonstrated. The first is that the World's
stock flf its present fuel Is known'and
limited. The opposite is the case. The
limitations of the coal and iron beds of
the world are known over about a quarter
of the earth's surface, while the possibili
ties of new fuels from articles now left to
waste are daily hinted at Beyond that it
leaves entirely out of the estimate the ad
vance of knowledge as to new methods of
producing heat and. power. The calcula
tions of Walthus have, been entirely con
founded by theincrcased power of the earth
to sustain population under the steam and
Iron age. Who shall say that succeeding
generations will not make even greater
advances in discovering and developing
new forms of heat and power, hints of
which arc already given in electricity, If
not in the mere questionable etherie vibra
tions of Keeley? We do not need to in
dorse that alleged discovery to recognize
the possibility that future generations may
show advances in the methods of extract
ing the earth's sustenance far more
marked than that of the present century
over the dark ages.
Finally our Californian cotemporary
may illuminate Us darkened view .with
this consolatory thought: If the time ever
arrives when the earth's powers are ex
hausted, and it cannot sustain as great a
population as at present, It will come
gradually, and will be accompanied by an
equally gradual diminution of population.
No single generation will ever be over
whelmed by a discovery of the disaster.
But we will hazard the prophecy that the
earth ten centuries from now will contain
quite as ample a supply of food, fuel and.
life as that bounteous globe now furnishes
to the children of men.
The fat&ihat the people of Camden, N.
J., are roundly condemning Jay Gould for
leaving to his sister, who lives in that pltice,
three lots of ground, two houses, $23,000 in
money and a. lifo income in addition of $2,000
annually Is made the subject of news by the
Philadelphia Timet, air. Gould never did
pay very ir.nch respeot to popular opinion,
and under all the circumstances the indig
nation of the Camden people Is not likely to
worry him much.
Thk Congressional investigation of the
Beading combination has amassed the usual
pile of testimony. It now remains to be
seen wbother the record will bo broken by
doing anything to break up tho combina
tion. A Massachusetts court has decided
that a man must pay his fare on a railroad
car even if be does not find a seat. U'his
would be important were It not lor the fact
that the railroad corporations decided that
point long ago, and have enforced the de
cision with much more effectiveness than is
accorded to tho decision of the courts which
the corporations do not like.
WnH coal famines following close upon
the heels of blizzards out West tho People's
party will have to hustle itself to stop that
sort of thing, or change its name to one
made famous by slang.
New York City is wrough) up over the
discover that Boston's famous Tewkesbury
Almshouse has bcon shipping paupers to
tho metropolis merely to get rid of thorn.
The plan of disposing ot the destitute by
passing them on to other places is regarded
in New York as highly reprehensible when
they come to New York.
President Cleveland's next friends
keep on assuring us that there will be no
extra -session. Which does not at all
diminish the howl of the tiger for that sop
to his appetite.
The debate and so-called scientific exper
iments as to whether noise will produce ram
ought to be rendered unnecessary by the
fact, which seems to have escaped atten
tion, that the period of the recent Pi-esl-dental
campaign was an exceptionally dry
There seems to be a promise of some
non-partisan legislation this session in tho
fact that Mr. Oates has already Introduced
a rule relating to the passage of a uniform
The Kansas blizzard has occupied a
prominent position in the papers of the East
for the past lew days. But its commendable
quality of exhausting its force before it
reaches this' end of tho country has saved
us from closer acquaintance with it.
The prophets of a bard and early winter
are obliged' to lean very hard on the cold
waves of this pleasant Docember weather
for an approximation of verification.
It is reported that the gas companies of
Brooklyn, have entered upon a rate-cntting
war. This promises profit to the ntibHc for
a time only. When gas companies fall out
the old proverb works until a combination
is formed and no longer.
P0IXTS ABOUT PEKS0XS.
"General Devhencefokth" is what
they are beginning to call liitn down in
Oliver. Wendell Holmes will be in
vited to write the ode for the opening of the
Mr. Mttechison, the man responsible
for the political disgiaco of Lord Sackvllle
West, has a beard like that of Senator Pcffer.
Stuart Kobson is not only a.good actor,
but a'clevor financier. He knows a good in
vestment when h,e sees it, and has the fac
ultyof keeping-money once made.
Mrs. Emmons Blaine, who is spending
part of the rwlnler at Lake wood, N. J., has
recently given to the city of Augusta. Me.,
$10,000 to found a libraty in honor of hor hus
Cotxde Hamlin, managing editor of the
St. Paul Pioneer-Press, and Miss Lenora Aus
tin, daughter of ex-Governor Austin, of Min.
uesota, wore married In Now Yolk Satuiday
at the Hotel St. Denis.
Ernest'Eejtan has left little private
fortune to hts family. So much so is
this the case that Madame Kenan Intends to
sell the library of her deceased husband at
the beginning of next year.
The Shah of Persia's Ministers disavow
nil Initiative and tremble at any executive
responsibility. Impcrions, diligent and
fairlyjust, the Shah is in his own peison the
arbiter of Persia's fortunes. All policy
emanates from him. Ho supervise every
department with a curiosity that requires
to be constantly appeased, and his attention
both to foreign and domestio politics is con
stant and unremitting.
This is the way Ada Behan Is deicribed
by her sister, Hattie Uussell: "My sister is
several years younger than I am, bnt taller
and more robust. She took to the stage five
years nfter I did, and on her first appear
ance she entered with perfect grace, but
after having spoken but half a dozen words
sho suddenly became too full for utterance,
and succumbed, falling flat on her face. She
was immediately pronounced Oy the usually
competent judges to be unfit for the stage."
Cardinal Lavioerie, who died the
other day, complained latterly that years
and grief were crowding upon him. and
f looke-l forwnrd calmly to the rest which has
now come." It was time.be used to say, to
be thinking of the quiet corner In his
cathedral at Carthage, where his tomb has
long been made.- This is the Inscription
: , Here lies
He who was Cardinal Lavlgerie, :
: AndNrtidnow Is nothing but dust. :
Pray ror him.
"Only "the date or my death is wanting,"
he told a visitor with a smile, "1 can't well
"" . The Uuplacated Senators.
' .Tbe problem which Is now agitating the
Democratic mind Is how to bring Cleveland
and Hill -together face to face. Tho New
Tork Senator, refuses to be "placated:" he
has purposely avoided Cleveland's presence
both-befbre and since the election, and each
of the great men declines to make any over
tures to tbe'other. .
airs. Lease and Her Klvals.
Kansas City Gazette.
Mrs. lease will not, she says, refuse the
Senatorial plum if it is offered her. W
know of at least two other men who are in
the same boat.
FEARS NO RIVAL.
-I'm an enterprising lltllt
I get there every time,
I can set a boy moat crazj,
I can make htm weac and lazy.
From my tireless grasp I ne'er will
In my pretty little wrapper
Of the dandy dndea that get
Soon I draw out all their mind
-Alienate them from mankind.
O, no-xival in the business
,' . . -PMtadelphta CaU.
THE BEST WAY TO TEACH.
WRITTEN FOB THE DISPATCH.!
No permanent advance in morals was
ever gained by a campaign of negation. No
man over became genuinely virtuous by the
argument of the stick.
Yes; I remember what Solomon said about
sparing the rod. Solomon was right. We
cannot get along without some application
of the roi. But no amount of rod, if there is
nothing but rod, will ever work effective
reformation. It is not enough to forbid the
bad: there must also be persuasion of the
good. It Is not enough to drive the bad out;
the good mast be brought in. And it Is al
ways true that tbe best way to drive the bad
out and to keep it out, is by tbe expulsive
Influence of the good.
It used to be thought tnat the only way
to manage- a school was to thrash all the big
boys every day. The teacher needed
strength of arm as well as strength of mind.
College athletics fitted yodng men to take
charge of district schools. Tho thud or the
ruler p unctuatcd the monotonous di awl of
the recitations. It used to bo thought that
the only way to govern a State was to cut
off tho heads of a score or two of eminent
offenders every year; and that the boat way
to lessen crime was to hang all criminals.
Those who were not hanged -should bo
whipped, or thum b-screwed or otherwise
tortured. Even in religion the most effect
tive lessons in orih oaox theology were
taught, so it was bellejred, by application of
Love a Better Teacher Than Fear.
But we are wiser than our fathers.
The best way to teach is to make the les
sons, entertaining, so that tho boys and girls
will not learn from fear of the lash but
from love of the lesson. It makes a great
difference whether the impulsion that
drives tho scholars on comes from the
teachororfrom themselves. The purpose
of the school is to got the scholars to de
slro to learn. And this holds true in all
kinds of government. The best way to do
crease crime is to rerorm tbe people who
commit crime, and make them into decent
citizens. And that leformation will be
made effectual not by any reign of terror,
not by raids nor jails, but by the providing
of new ideals, by the opening of new oppor
tunities, by the conversion of the individ
One of the secrets of tho great difference
between the upper and lower strata of so
ciety, between the rich and tho poor, be
tween tbe saints and the sinners, Detween
the houses of righteousness and happiness,
and the houses of disorder, is to be found in
a difference of opportunity. Tbe respecta
ble people have bad a chance: tho other
people have had no chance. If the environ
ments had been reversed, and the virtuous
had been born and bred like the vicious.and
the vicious had been brought up in cloan
houses like the virtuous, who dares say
what reversals would not havo appeared in
character! A great majority of the people
whose lives are but a long game of hide-and-seek
with the policeman owe their hard lot
to lack of decent opportunity. They liavo
never had a chance.
And the ideal of reformation is to give
these people not more law.out more chance;
not to emphasize what is bad in them, but
to cultivate what is good. If the city would
spend in efforts for elevation half what it
spent in efforts for detection and detention
twlco the good would be accomplished.
What wo want is not stouter colls but
cleaner streets, not prisons but picture gal
leries, not more criminal legislation but'
more sanitary regulation. Make the city,
p.von in its poorest neighborhoods, a decent
place to live in. That will do more to.de
croase crime than a whole army of police
men. Higher Levels of Thought Needed.
It is along this line, I think, that we
must look for adequate solutions of a good
many haid probloms. Tho labor trouble,
for instance, is not to bo adjusted by per
fecting legal machinery to suppress strikes,
but by getting at what is right and reasona
ble and Justin the complaints of labor and
omphnslzlng that. 'Indeed, in this case, the
heart of tho problem lies deeper still. We
must first learn that the chief end of man is
not the acquliingof money. We must get
rid of covetousnesi. We must se tour
selves to thinking along higher levels and
accounting the' various prizes of life at truer
There is a good deal of discussion Just now
about the keeping of Sunday. The Colum
bian Exposition has set us all to considering
that grayo question. It will be well, it seems
to me, to apply to this matter that ti ise prin
ciple which works so excellentb' elsewhere.
Let us not try to get Sunday kept aright
by forbidding people to keop it In wrong
ways, but rather by persuadlnz them to
keep it In right ways. Our best plan will be
to accent the profitable uses of that day of
Mr. Henry Phipps has sent to me from
Knebworth House a copy of this year's an
nual report of the Sunday Society, together
with several pamphlets relating to Its works.
They are more progressive than we are
over in England. We may as well confess
it. It is true that they hold with obstlnato
conservatism to compartment coaches and
luggage labels, and other small matters in
which we have made improvements. But
their cities are better governed than ours.
They are a great deal nearer to all that is
true in socialism than we are. They will
have equal suffrage sooner than wo will.
And here Is the Sunday Society. A great
many of our good people will still consider
it necessary to hold. up their hands against
the Sunday Society. Yet in England it has
upon its roll some of the best names in the
land. Dean Stanley was its mat .President.
Bishops are among its advocates.
English ideas of Sunday Observance.
The purpose of the Sunday Society is
to further the right observance of the first
day of the week. And since this is so large
nn aim, and opens into so wido a field, one
chief object has been singled out for accom
plishment and only one. The Sunday So
ciety is tint organized to persuade people to
hear sermons or say prayers, nor to spend a
portion of the good day In the reading of
good books, nor even to get good people to
consecrate that day as a weekly festival of
good deeds. These, matters It Is content to
leavo with the Christian Church. Its mem
bers aro Interested, I doubt not, in getting
these excellent purposes accomplished, but
they recognize the fact that he who tries to
do everything does nothing.
The purpose of the Sunday Society is "to
obtain the opening of museums, art galler
ies, libraries and gardens on Sunday." How
much better it is to open good doors than
oven to close bad ones. And how much
wiser to go on and try to make Sunday
pleasant and profitable, rather than stand
by with a long and frowning lace and abuse
peoplo who are abusing Sunday! What
shall we do on Sunday! That is what we
want to Know. We are commercial travel
ers and young men in boarding houses and
at hotel 8, and young women working in
offices and people withont homes. Wbat
shall we do on SundayT Suppose we go to
church; that will not fill up all the day.
How shall we spend tbe afternoon!
A Question That Must Be Answered.
"We must be taken just as we are. We
are not saints. We are not greatly inter
ested in services or sermons. But we are
not wholly given over to the devil, either.
There Is a great deal or good in us. What
are you going to do for us on the Christian
Tbe question must be answered. If tho
Church is not ready, to make answer, tho
persuasive devil will. There Is no lack of
places for us to go not very profitable
places, some of them. What can you good
people offer us on your side to offset these
manifold temptations. Tho Sunday Society
says libraries, art galleries, museums, gar
dens get them all open. If It is true that
the great need of most peoplo Is a chance,
let us make Sunday the great day of oppor
tunity. Open all tbe doors which lead Into
good places. Have music In tho parks and
In tbe churches. Try the Christianizing in
fluences of books and flowers. Make the day
That is what Bishop Pottor, of New York,
says ought to -be done at Chicago. He is
right. The World's Fair has its Sunday
uses. Education Is a part o. religion. If
these great gates are shut on Sund.iy there
will be tenfold occupation for tuoso swing
lag doors thai lead past the lights and pict
ures and tbe mirrors and the tinkling
glasses Into the vestibule of hell.
What the Modern Sunday Needs.
And what is true of Sunday in Chicago is
true also, in a lesser measure, or Sunday
here in Pittsburg. I takolt that Sunday,
like tbe old Sabbath, was made for man. It
was intended to minister to the best inter
ests of the race. All that is good ror tho up
lifting or character has a place In it. The
modern Sunday needs enrichment and ex
pansion. It is too narrow, conventional, In
sists too much that we shall all be made
good in the same way. What we need Is to
emphasize all tbe best usesoyt. That wilt
some day eliminate its baser uses.
lam glad to see that tbe Archbishop of
Canterbury has this idea in regard to the
Sunday paper. He recognizes tho fact that
the thing to do is nottoaouse the Sunday
paper, but to Improve it. Nothing was ever
bettered by abuse. Tbe Sunday paper Is
one day to be one of the most helpful
features or the Christian Sunday. Somo
good blind people win see that presently.
Tbe Archbishop of Canterbury has already
made up his mind to it. And he has Juse
begun tho publication or a s cries or sermons
in a Sunday paper, an example which Is to
be followed immediately by a dozen bishops.
Good for tho bishops! That, it seems to me,
Is sensible Christianity.
GLOOM AT THE WHITE HOUSE.
No Social Events Anticipated In Washing
ton Until After March 4.
Washisqtos, Deo. 11. ojpeefat Until
after tho 4th or March society at the capital
will be in a condition or gloom at tho White
House. Though there is a deal of informal
visiting between Sirs. Mcgcn and Mrs. Rus
sell Harrison and their lrionds, all of the
formal and brilliant social events usual at
this season of tbe year will be omitted. Tho
great New Year's Day reception, n hen diplo
mats, tho arm', tbe navy, and all the dig
nitaries of tho Government appear in state,
will bo omitted for the first time in long
years. All of the state dinners and tho Con
gtcssional and other receptions will be
omitted. Following in the wake of their
chief, tbe Cabinet ministers will not re
ceive foimally on the New Year, and it is
probable tbe diplomats and tbe army and
navy will not havo an opportunity to ex
hibit their uniforms and plumes and
decorations at alL The new administration
will make itsgraud entree during the Lenten
season, and wbilo it fasts society will have
onportunity to prepare for a brilliant 'in
auguration'' of a now social regime which
will efface all marks or the death and gloom
that have surrounded the progress or the
present administration almost from the be
ginning, the first and worst catastrophe be
ing the borriblo death by fire of tho wife
and daughter of beeretary Tracy. Three
deaths have occurred in the family of beere
tary Blaine, and other Cabinet officers have
suffered the loss of some near relatives.
Within a lew weeks of each other Mr. Hur
rlsou ana her father havo died in tbe Execu
It is doubtful if any formeradmlnlstration
exhibits such a recordor human dissolution.
Whatever may be said of the political
change, it must bo admitted tnat "society"
heaves a deop aspiration or hope and relief
at tbe prospect of the change, the conspicu
ous figure in nhich will be Mrs. Cleveland,
than whom no finer personality ever graced
tbe residence of tho President.
SHE .QUELLED A MTjnHY.
Mrs. Annio E. Wilson fteslgns as a Customs
New Youk, Dec. 11. Mrs. Annie E. Wilson,
who has been a matron at the Barge Office
and Ellis Island ever since the Federal
authorities took charge of immigration mat
ters at this port, mid who bad been a Cus
toms Inspector since 1877, lias tendered her
resignation to take effect on January L
Mrs. Wilson is the woman who, when her
husband died at sea, on the ship which be
commanded, and the crew mutlned, seized
a levolver, drove the sailors back to their
posts and brought the vessel safely into
port. For this she was highly commendod
and well rewarded by the ship's owners and
the consignees of a valuable cargo.
Dr. Pareudrst is too smart a man to stay
down long. Syracuse Courier.
Such men as Parkhnrst are a disgrace not
only to the ministry but to humanity. Sac
New York's now word Parkhnrstism
socms to be very nearly synonymous with
extortion. Boston Globe.
There seems to be a general impression
that even if Dr. Parkhurst's fingers be tarred
his Character cannot be blackened. New
York liecoi dcr.
It is fitting that the soft answer that
turneth away wrath should come from Su
perintendent Byrnes in tho controversy be
tween him and Dr. Parkhurst. Jiew York
Luckilt for tho credts of humanity, tho
public authorities in every city except
Pittsburg havo denounced tbe inhumanity
of these "crusades" and refused to aid in
them. Chicago Globe.
Between them Dr. Parkhnrst and Super
intendent Byrnes seem to succeed in telling
n good many unpleasant truths about New
York City in general and each other in par
ticular. Cleveland Leader.
perhaps while Dr. Parkhnrst and Inspec
tor Byrnes are conducting their newspaper
controversy the divekeepers of New York
may' have a long enough rest from the dou
ble blackmailing they have been enduring
to got money enough ahead to quit tho town.
Oh, Parkhurst, Parkhurst, talk about
something fit for decent ears, or dry up !
Wo have had enough of tho stench you carry
about. You can't smoke the devil out that
way, neither can yo". purity a pool by stir
ring up the filth at tho bottom. Let it settle
out or sight, since yon can't remove it, and
nt least the water above will be pure.
Sufeeujtesdekt Btrses was unfortunato
in his accusations against Dr. Parkhurst for
assailing the police. The same day bo do
fended the New York pollco against Park
hurst's charges, one of his men was lound
guilty on a charge similar to that of the
preacher. At another time Superintendent
Byrnes' righteous indignation would have
made a stronger appeal to the people.
Cleveland at His Blrthplaoa.
Newark, N. J., Dec. 1L The citizens or
Coldwell, wbich Is the birthplace of Grover
Cleveland, are making extensive prep
arations to entertain tho President-elect
when he visits Cald
well as be has promsed to do before his
inauguration. The old house in which Mr.
Clevoland wa born will be profusely deco
rated and brilliantly illuminated.
It Ought to Be a BarL
Boston Herald. 1
Mr. Cleveland has just Invested in a big
waste basket, but it may bo doubted if-its
capacity will be fouud to be equal to tho
Lantern Oil In Quest in Paris.
Diogenes would die of overwork it he
were calculating among French politicians
at the present tlmo.
lic'll Be Besnrrectcd.
Emin Pasha is repotted dead again.
An Effect of the Landslide.
New York World.
The price of brooms is advancing. Will
this affect tho frequency of tbe clean sweepT
DEATIIS IIERE AND ELSEWHERE.
James S. McCauler, Turtle Creek.
James S.JIcCauley died at noon Saturday
at the borne or his rather, Isiac McCaulcy, or Turtle
Creek. Ills death resulted from a rail on Thanks
giving Day. In which his bead waa Injured. He
was unmarried. -t5 years old, ana nst well-known
In rallmad circles', having been an employe of the
Pennsvlvanla Company rrom boyhood, up to the
time of the riots in 1577. Subsequently he was a
pusscnger conductor on ihe Ptttsuurg and Lake
Erie Hallrnad, and In the big wreck at Wampum,
lalrt89, he wa badly lojureil. A suit against Ihe
company for S5.0CU resulted In n compromise, the
company paring him hnir that amount. For
111 ree "rears past he baa been in Ugdcn, Utah, and
only returned three months ago.
abbe Benedictine Surra, who was well known
In America, died of paeumoula la Home.
OUR RECONSTRUCTED NAVY.
Secretary Elkins Submits Bis Keport He
Bays We Not Only Equal but Surpass
the World-Not Especia ly New Ships,
but New Inventions the Causo The
Delays in Armor Plate Annoying.
"Washington, Dec 1L The Secretary
of the Navy, in his annual report, sets forth
tho fact that when the present administra
tion came in March I, 18S3, besides old and
obsolete wooden ships only three modern
war vessels were in camtntsslon. During
the administration 19 new vessels, with an
aggro i rate tonnage or &l,833 tons, mounting
two 12-lnch, six 10-lncb, 18 8 lnon and 83 6
incb guns, all or whlcb, with tho exception
or five or the earliest, have been manurac
tnred In this country. Three new stoel tugs
also have beon constructed and pat in ser
vice There are in process or construction
IS new vessels certain to bo completed,
should the arms be delivered, within the
next year, or an aggregato tonnage ot 93,497
tons and mounting altogether 12 13-lnch, six
12-lnch, 10 10-lncb, 20 S-Inob, 32 6-Inch, 3J3lnch
ana 3t 4-incb arms, all of which have been
or are to bo manufactured in this country.
Development during the past four years
has not been confined to ships alone. At
the beginning of this administration, says
tbo Secretary, the naval establishment was
entirely destitute of certain elements or ef
ficiency. But progress is noted by which the
United States has emerged from its condi
tion of helplessness at sea, and by the em
ployment or Its own resources has distanced
Its most experienced competitors. This
marks an epoch in the naval development
not only or this country, but or tho world
Delay bat Better Armor Plate.
Delays in the delivery of armor plate
have caused the dates or tho final comple
tion of armored vessels under construction
to be somewhat later than at first contem
plated. The only compensation for this de
lay is found in the superior quality of the
armor that has been recently developed.
In connection with tbo development of
nickel steel lor armor, tno department has
undertaken a series ot experiments in tbe
application of this material to other pur
poses, the construction or which promisor
no less important results that those already
attained. It expectations now formed are
roalized. it will not be long beforo nickel
steel will be extensively used, both in ship
frames and marine engines, with marked
improvement, both in strength of parts and
reduction of weight; while its non-corrodn-ble
qualities, already partly demonstrated,
point to the probability t, at it may ulti
mately present a solution for tho harrassing
problem of preserving submerged plating
Coming down to a detailed statement as to
armor tests, the beeretary tells of work ac
complished; of tbe tremendous test to wnlch
Harvey nickel steel armor plato was sub
jected in November, 1S91, which resulted In
improved methods Doing Introduced in tbo
manufacture by the Harvey process, and
the final test made July 20 last. It
has beon demonstrated that tbe United
States in tho reconstruction oMts now navv,
which ten vears ago had no existence, even
on paper, is enabled to place upon each and
all of its armored vessels material tbo like
of which the world had not up to this time
seen; and, while vast sums have been
spent plating tbo sides of foreign men
of war with Inferior material this country
will employ for the purpose an armor which
not only is lar more ofllclcnt, but which
represents unquestionably, having refer
ence to dimensions and plates thus far
tested, the highest development of modern
sclcnco and a development reached by its
own independent efforts. Following our
example, tbo English Government rour
weeks ago held a trial or new American
armor, and It is clearrrom hlhly successlul
results that the United Stntss, instead or
being the lust In the race in tbe construc
tion or vessels or war or or borrowing best
ideas from abroad, has set an example in
this respect which other maritime nations
will speedily follow.
The Contractors Making Slow Progress.
With regard to armor plate contracts, the
Secretary says neither the Buthteliem nor
Carnegie companies are making such prog
ress at present as the department could de
sire, but both are increasing their outpnt
from month to month and the department
Is now preparing to advortise for proposals
for tho remainder or tbe armor reqqired to
completo vessels now authorized. When
these plants are ablo to turn out, as will
shortly be the case, a full quantity of armor
required by contract, the aggregato supply
will still amount to only 9.C0O tons per
annum, or not more than enough for tho
construction or three battle ships. To pro
vide armor lor eight such ships, in addition
to those now authorized, would require
three years after the fulfillment of tho pres
ent contract,' with works running at full
In reference to ordnance of the navy, tno
Sccrotary makes an extended reference to
developments promising greatly improved
results, and which points have heretofore
been covered in tiie-n dispatches in the re
port of tbe Clilot or the Bnreau of Ordnance.
Comment is also made at length on tbe
ordnance report as to powder, the manu
facture of high explosives and projectiles,
all showing progress of the most satisfuctory
nature. With regard to torpedoes, with the
Howoll torpedo not gone much beyond the
stage or hope with wbich thn de
partment entered upon contract for
113 manuiacmro lour yours ngu, yufc luaft
trials are giving great promise.
The Naval Policy or the Future.
"With regard to the increase of the navy
the Secretary says another year of experi
ence, or discussion and or criticism, both at
home and nbrnad, confirms tbo department
in views adopted in tbe annual report of
1SS9 as to the policy of construction the navy
should pursue.' He deprecates tbe construe
tion of any more vessels of tbe monitor
type, elaborating arguments against their
usefulness and, quoting from the report of
Chairman Horbert, of the House Committee
on Naval Affairs, pays: "Onr true naval
policy for the future is to construct here
after, principally, ir not entirely, only flrst-
class ,cruisers and first-class Dattle snips
with their accessories."
The Secretary speaks with much satis
faction of the act to "enconrago American
ship building," under which the City of
Paris nnd City of New York are admitted to
American registry and nnder terms by
which several of tbo fli.est liners nro to be
built here: nnd earnestly recommends that
the same principle, whloh is now embodied
in the bill to grant American register to the
stoamsbip China, ot the Pacific Mail Com
pany, may be carried out, not only in this,
but in all similar cases, by means of which
American owners of foreign bnllt steam
ships, whose hi'th qualities are such as to
make them desirable ot acquisition, may bo
permitted to obtain American register upon
the condition that vessels of equal size and
tonnage shall be ordered to be built in tbe
With reference to unprotected cruisers or
the second class of rrom 4.000 to 5,000 tons
displacement tbe Department docs not
jeeommand any present increase or num
ber. These vessel, to attain tbe high speed
required, must necessarily sacrifice coal en
durance and have tbererore a very re
stricted fphero or uselulness ror cruising
purposes in times of war. They answer sat
isfactorily the limited demand lor
flagships upon regular stations in time
of" peace, bnt it is not upon these
vessels the United States would place
reliance In case of nn attack from a mari
time power. No'-ls it desirable to add to
the number of heavily armed gun
boats of tbe Yorktown type.
Torpedo Boats Recommended.
The Secretary alio reneys a recommenda
tion previously made for the building or
torpedo boats, and submits a table showing
the vusttnerease or such craft in the service
of other navies. He says: "We should liave
at least 30 such boats constructed in tbe im
mediate future. The aggrossive policy of
foreign nations continues, and tbls country,
whether it will or not, will soon be forced
into a position where it cannot disregard
measures which lorra a standing menace to
its prosperity and security. On tbe isthmus
our commerce is engaged in a desperate
fl'ht to maintain its foothold. In the
,South Pacific reDeated annexations and
firntectorates are exiuuuiug power sua
nflnehce of maritime states of the
Old World. Subsidized lines of fast steamers
are completing a circle ot maritime com
munication on the eastern and western
coasts of the Dominion of Canada, and fort
resscs dally increasing in strength are sur
rounding our coast npon south and east.
Under the-e circumstances it Is imperative
to the welfare of this country that tbe policy
or naval reconstruction so successfully
carried on in tbe past sbonld suffer no in
terruption in the future; that vast numbers
or skilled artisans who have Deen trained in
its workshops, and those or private manu
facturers concerned in its operations, should
not be thrown out of employment; that the
work, whoso cblet difficulties bavo now been
overcome, should not be suffered to lan
gnlsh when every day shows Improve
ment, both in economy and dispatch, and
that with only two vessels remaining on tbe
stocks, as will shortly be the case, some
further additions should be made by Con
gross at tho present session.
.. CURIOUS CONDENSATIONS.
Boston has one Chinese voter.
Celery coffee is a new concoction.
The Suez canal cost $1,000,000,000.
London has two aluminum yachts.
An Oil City baby was born with two
A dozen different beers are made io
HarrisbuTg complains about adulterated
Solomon is said to have collected tho
Proverbs at SO.
The first book printed by machinery
wat produced in 1317.
The Germans were the first to use gun
powder for blasting.
The Supreme Court of Mississippi fcu
decided that alcohol 13 not a beverage.
The latest teat in jugglery is to exhibi
a man climbing a rope wmcli is, apparently,
lasieued to nothing.
Canals, not railways, have cut the larg
est figure In works of transportation under
execution during l&fi
Immigration is not increasing. Nearly
220,000 ruoio people settled iu tuii country
ten years agu ihuu last year.
Candy nowadays vies with flowers as a
current coin of polite society. It is largely
used In acknowledgment of brief hospital!-
Out of 14 applicants, at Grand Eapids,
for admission to the Uuited states Army,
ten were rejected on account of Dhvslcai
A young woman who advertises to mash
a fly witu her foot on an eight-loot ceiling is
traveling through the great kickmg state of
It was the vogue at one time in Venice
to gild tho rolls of bread and the oysters on.
tho supper table. The candles were also
coated null gold.
The largest monolith ever cut in this
country waa quarried out of granite in Mis
souri and transported to the East on a spe
cially prepared train.
Tests of California roses show them to
possess 'J0 per cent more of the volatile oil
than the French roses, which means tha
development ofa new industry for Califor-
Probably the finest body of men as re
gards mental and physical qualifications
combined tbat are doing police duty In auy
couutry on eartu aro ibe Worlu's Pair
--The art of paper making has reached
the point where It is posaibla to cut down a,
growing tree and convert it into paper suit
able lor printing purposes within the shore
space of ii hours.
If the sun gave forth sounds loud
enough to roach tbe earth, snch sounds, in
stead of reaching us in the space or aDout
eight minutes, as tbe light does, would only
anlvo altera period or nearly 11 years.
From experiments made by English
scientists it appears that camphor and ox
ygenated water are the most energotic ex
citants of growth, not only as regards "enn
luation but as affecting tbe vigor of plants.
A typographical errorin Harper's Maja
ztne exhibits Charles Dudley Warner as a,
horrible infidel. He Is niado to say that "tho
great mass ot Christian literature is no
longer believed." For "Christian" read
A Paraellite badge, to be worn by sap
porters of the Parnelllto faction and "ail
who wish to do so," lias been dovised. It is
made in soiid gold and in solid sliver, and
tho announcement sjys it can be had upon
One of the famous curiosities of the
Mammoth Cave is Echo Biver, a body of
water estimated to be some three-fourths of
a mile in length, and fiom 20 to 200 icet iu
breadth. Its depth at ordinary times is
irum 10 to 40 feet.
The common daphne grown in flower
gardens is one of the most deadly poisons
known to the botanist. Three or four of
the berries will kill a man as quickly as
strychnine, and one has been known to kill
a culld in half an hour.
When the achoolhonse of the Galla
gher district, in Mason Valley, Nov., was
opened alter the summer vacation it was
lound that bees were In possession of the
desks, and it Is claimed tbat about 300
pounus or honey were-taken from them.
At the Chicago University every stu
dent is compelled to take physical exercise
at least one hour each day. Their instruc
tor. Mr. Stagg, makes them go through a
cortain amount or work in football uractico,
because he regards it ad the very finest opeu
The fastest time ever made on au Ameri
can railroad has again been broken. This
tlmo by a 123,800-pound engine (without the
tender, naving driving wheels or &,40O
pounds, wnlch made two miles, Tuesday, on
tbe New Jersey Central ltailroad lit 175 sec
onds, or at tbe rato of 97 miles per hour.
Drawing room salts jars are shown at
tbo silversmiths as untqno Christmas gifts.
They are or glass, and are of good size with
sail ver screwtop. They are filled with aro
matic salts, and stand on the parlor table, to
bo occasionally opened to fill tho room with
their pungent'eontents, alter which the
cover Is tightly replaced.
The seal used by the Treasury Depart
ment to-day Is precisely the same as that of
tbe Continental Treasury, bearing the same
legend, emblems, etc. It was prepared some
time between 1778 and 1782, hut it is not
known by whom it was designed. The
legend (Thenur Amer. Septcnt Sigll) is
translated "Seal of tbe Treasury ot North
A model Paris workingman's bedstead
is made so that it can be taken down and
put up again In half a mlnnte. By a carious
combination of springs, tbe bed can be in
stantaneously surrounded with curtains, a
washstnnd wheeled insid, and the occu
pant can go through his or ber toilet with
out being Been. By another spring the bed
is turned into a canopy suited for invalids,
who have no need to stir to perform tbe
A dentist of Athens, Gs., has at his of
fice a curiosity in the way of oysters and an
tiflclal teeth. Tbe teeth had evidently been
lost by someone on board a ship or some
one bad been drowned. The oysters bad
formed around tbe teeth and the formation
is perfect. A dredging boat near Moore
head City found the shell with the teeth at.
taehed, nnd tho man wno found them sold
them lor $20. The Smithsonian Institute Is
now seeking to purchase them, and offers a
Tramps in Cumberland county, 3Ie.,
have a regular schome of getting a living at
tbe various poorbouscs. For instance, they
will go to the Deering house, got sapper and
night's lodging, and breakfast ir willing to
saw the wood lequired, then will spend the
day loafing round in the, woods, go to West
brook ut night and repeat the performance
indefinitely, cnoosing a new town each
night. The Portland T.anscript says one
town in Cumberland county thus provided
supper. lodging and breakfast for over 300
tramps In one year recently: in other word
it supported one tramp for nearly a year.
E'er days gre,r 8hort Bnd n'5bts Stew ch
Tbe lee man gloated o'er his mil:
But now he's sad. demure and meek.
For no leavea Ice but twice a week.
BAD, BUT TEUE.
"Say, Jimmy, Santy CUusmutt be a non
union man," aald the child of a Homestead
'Cause dad aaya that he won't eome to oar bouse
HE WAS rLATTO.
"Here' the present I bought for year
brother," said Mrs. Stringer, as he exhibited a
silver-mounted calendar for 1303.
"The present." said Mr. Stringer, "Why I
would call that tbe future."
"What kind of a steer are you trying to
give me.'" said tbe sled to the fellow as they ran
Into the fence.
She is not popular with tha men,
Bnt It lsbcr fault;
She's guilty, too. or a erlmemost great,
Bue should cilia halt:
For unless sbe does she'll single tay. ,
She should remember that. j
And when she to tbe theater goes I
Take off her mammoth bat, " CaiCX.