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THE' PITTSBURG DISPATCH, "WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 14. 3892.
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PITTSBUltG. WEDNESDAY. DEC 14. 1832.
A VITAL 3IATTER OMITTED.
The Pennsylvania State Grange of
Patrons of Husbandry now in session at
Harrisbarg has added 5,000 to its mem
bership during the past year. The annual
address of Worthy blaster Leonard Rhone
as summarized in The Dispatch this
morning indicates that the order is in a
flourishing condition and serving its mem
bers in many useful -ways. Its co-operative
features and their evident success are
especially valuable. The speaker was
naturally inclined to exaggerate the claims
of the Grange to recognition in some
directions, but there is no doubt that as a
co-operative union of farmers it has a
wide field of action and is making good
use of its opportunities.
The lack of all mention of the road
question in the speech as sent out in sum
marized form is a most noticeable and re
gretable omission. If the "Worthy Master
really paid no attention to that subject he
has overlooked a matter of supreme im
portance to the order. The Grange can
not take up road construction and road
reform too energetically. Its action in so
doing would be powerful and the ad
vantages accruing to its members would
be almost incalculable. There is no fitter
opening for the efforts of the Grange
than this, and the matter is a pressing one
that demands the substitution of economy
for wastefulness at the earliest possible
moment To make np for the apparent
omission from the Master's address the
Grange should resolve to bring all its
power to bear on the Legislature to secure
much needed enactments on behalf of
A SHIP HAILWAY EXPERIMENT.
The question of the economy of lifting
laden ships out of the water and trans
porting them over the land by rail is to be
determined by practical experiment At
least it is announced that the financial
difficulties in the way of the Chignecto
Ehip railway have been overcome and
that the road will be ready for operation
In about a year.
This road connects the head of the Bay
of Fnndywith the Gulf of St Lawrence.
It is about 1" miles in length, and saves
about 300 miles in transportation between
Boston and Quebec.and COO miles between
St John and Quebec The engineering
possibility of taking a ship from one body
of water to another is beyond dispute,but
the question whether it will be more eco
nomical than a ship canal or than sailing
around by the ocean is a more doubtful
question. It would seem to be a clear
proposition that if a ship can be carried
by rail more cheaply than by water, then
all railway transportation should be
cheaper than vater transportation. But
the opposite is emphatically the case,
which creates a decided presumption
against the ship railway.
The Ciiignecto project will, however,
try the experiment under the favorable
conditions of a level railway haul of 17
miles atrainst 300 to 500 miles of ocean
transportation. If it shows economy the
presumption against more nretentious
projects of the sime sort will be much
modified. If it does not prove its economy
their actual value will become a negative
THE E0KOPEAX WAR CLOUD.
The recent speech of the German Min
ister of War, General Koltcnborn, in the
lifiehsta-r, presented a picture of the fu
ture of Europe, painted in the darkest of
impressionist hues. The speaker por
trayed as the future for which Germany
must prepare a final war which would
duari all previous contests, both in the
magnitude of the forces engagsd and of
the issues involved. To meet the exigen
cies of this conflict he said every man in
Germany capable of bearing arms should
be ready to respond when his country re
quires his services.
The prediction of a European war
which shall cast in the shade the universal
and exhausting struggle of the Napoleonic
wars, or the briefer but no less murderous
collisions of Prussia with Austria and
France, indicates an exceedingly dark
future for the older world. The only
mitigation of its actual materialization
would be the increased attractions held
out to the commonalty of Europe by this
country, where there is no speck of con
flict But there is one view of the sub
ject, which permits the hope that the
European future is not so black as it is
It is to be observed that these state
ments of the dangerous imminence of war
have for some years invariably appeared
when Cabinet Ministers were engaged in
extracting from the representative bodies
increased appropriations for the military
budgcts. The large amounts which have
been obtained by decorating the war
cloud with the ablest lines may have
been needed for self-defense; but consid
ering thatthey have been spent for a series
of yeare without any such exigency aris
ing it is permissible to conclude that the
statesmen of Europe have misjudged the
danger for more than a decade, and may
be still doing so. Oa the other hand there
is a very distinct use of the great military
establishments in sustaining the mon
archies and suppressing republicanism
and socialism. It is more than probable
that European statesmen do not consider
tike money misspent which enables
them to keep the common herd in
proper subjection, to say nothing
of providing sustenance and social status
for the sons of the influential classes.
There is no slight amount of comedy In
the annual parade of the war bugaboo,
which has kept Europe on an armed foot
ing during fourteen years of profound
But do not the monarchs and statesmen of
Europe fear that this sham will wear itself
out in'time? There is room hero for the
application of the old fable about the boy
who cried "wolf" so often that he finally
attained the result of being eaten by the
ferocious beast without any attempt at
A REPUBLICAN OPPORTUNITY.
A pertinent suggestion is made by the
New Tcrk Herald in its discussion of the
course to bs taken by the Democratic
majority with reeard to action on the
tariff. The Herald, as has been fully
noted in these columns, is opposed to the
hasty and inconsiderate action represented
by the immediate calling of an extra
session But, as a tariff reform organ, it
believes that the work should be carefully
prepared for complete action at the next
regular session. This leads it to the sug
gestion of a tariff commission to be con
stituted at this session and to report a bill
at the session a year hence. Of the con
stitution of the commission the Herald
A joint commission of the Senate and
House will be most desirable if tbe Re
publicans are disposed to join with the
Democrats in giving effect to the will of the
people as voiced at the polls on" November
& Bat if they are to follow the example and
thendvice of President Harrison and sulk,
the only recourso will be a. commission
named by the House.
This proposition coming from such a
source as the Herald shows the cogency of
the suggestion made by The Dispatch
the other day, that the Republicans who
care more for the prosperity of the nation
than for party prejudice should stand
ready to aid the conservative Democrats
in securing a careful and moderate re
vision of the tariff. A joint commission
of the House and Senate might be made a
powerful lever in favor of confining tariff
changes within limits that will not disturb
industrial prosperity. Of course the re
port of such i commission would have to
recognize the popular decision in favor of
a tariff revision on the line of reduced
duties. If it did not, the next Oongres3
would undoubtedly refuse to accept the
report But joint action could undoubted
ly present a scheme of revision that
would meet the popular idea of tariff re
form and at the same time preserve in
dustrial interests from the peril of whole
sale and destructive reductions of duty.
For Republicans the crucial factors of
such a proposition would be practically
the same as during the last election. They
would have two courses open to them.
One would save business from sweeping
tariff changes: the other would leave open
the way to he most extreme programme
of the revenue tariff people. Between the
practical results of the two courses,
honest believers in the value of protection
can have but one choice; and, with such
results impending, theories of sticking up
for high protection or nothing must fall
to the ground. Only the narrowest par
tisanship can prevent the Republicans
from taking every such opportunity to aid
a revision of the tariff on moderate and
It is not by any means certain tnat the
Democratic Ilouse will offer this proposi
tion to the Senate. But the Senate should
hold itself in readiness to improve every
such chance to secure a conservative and
conclusive settlement of the tariff agita
tion. TO SUPPRESS HIGHWAYMEN.
The bandits who have been fired by the
examples of the James and Dalton gangs
to deeds of robbery during the past few
days have discovered that the outlaw
business is clearly on the decline. This is
the result of the antecedent discovery by
honest men that the application of a little
of the homeopathic principle will very
promptly abate the bandit nuisance. In
other words, if law-abiding people eet out
their shooting iron3 on the appearance of
the robbers the latter will be only too glad
to soundthe retreat
One gang of thieves rode into a Wyo
ming village on Sunday and plundered a
gambling room and saloon before tbe citi
zens had cleared for action. As soon as
that demonstration had been made, how
ever, the bold hichwaymen took to their
heels. The attempted train robbery on
the Chesapeake and Ohio road Monday
night was even a stronger demonstration
of the practicability of abating the bandit
nuisance. As soon as the passengers,
though at such a disadvantage that one
was fatally shot, turned on their plunder
ers, the latter found it advisable to clear
These facts illustrate the foundation of
the feats of robbery in late years on the
collective cowardice of humanity. When
psople in the highwaymen's districts pro
vide themselves with sand and shooting
irons, the highwayman's occupation will
MR, HARTER'S PLAN.
The authorized Democratic plan for the
revival of the State bank circulation is
supposed to be presented by a bill already
introduced by Representative Harter, of
Ohio. Its characteristic feature is that it
undertakes to prescribe the kinds of se
curity new State banks shall deposit as a
basis for their circulation. This is a sad
falling off from the latest and most
authorized version of the Democratic doc
trine on the 10 per cent tax
on bank notes, which was that
the tax should be repealed solely
because of its unconstitutionality. Mr.
Barter's bill indicates that, as in the case
of the tariff, the Democrats have con
cluded that a certain degree of unconsti
tutionality is not a bad thing to pin their
There would be a good deal more
trouble about maintaining the constitu
tionality of Mr. Harter's plau than of the
present system. The right of Congress to
levy a tax on all other circulating notes
for the sake of maintaining the national
bank system has been judicially affirmed.
But when it comes to the assertion that
Congress may in its discretion levy a tax
on a form of business which takes one
method of protecting its creditors and
abolish it on the same business if an
other method is adopted, it becomes a
rather doubtful proceeding. The matter
is more complicated by the fact that the
method proposed is that of a partial re
pealnot partial as regards portions of
the act, but partial as regards the persons
affected. In its legal aspect the tax on
bank notes has the same status as tbe tax
on cigars; and Harter's proposition has
tbe same legal complexion as if he should
propose; that cigar manufacturers be ex
empted from tax If they paid their em
ployes in full every Saturday night
The practical value of the measure on
the banking question is a more singular
one. When Congress undertakes to pre
scribe the security on which bank notes
shall be issued, what Is thb difference be
tween that and the national bank system?
In bath the national authority undertakes
the regulation of tbe question; but by Mr.
Harter's'plan it puts the enforcement and
supervision ot its own provisions out of
its own bands. Not only is the
integrity of ..the security which
Mr. Harter proposes left to the
provisions of forty-four different Legis
latures to the hrihesty of 44 different State
executives, but the.way to relief is com
plicated. If the bill should pass every
State must wait till its Legislature takes
appropriate action before the desired cir
culation can be issued. If Mr. Harter had
taken the simple tand straightforward
course of providing that the securities
specified in his bill should be available for
national bank circulation, the alleged need
for the increase of the currency could be
satisfied as soon as the bill went into
It is difficult to imagine why this very
clear and prompt way to settling the mat
ter was not taken, except on the theory of
satisfying the Southern Democratic hatred
for that splendid product of Republican
war legislation, the national bank system.
Mr. P. D. Armour's present of $1,500,
000 for the establishment of an institution
for Instruction in manual training, science
and art in Chicago is characteristic of the
public-spirited scale on which such things are
done in the Windy City. Without looking too
far into the mouth of the gift lioiso, ic is In
tel estmg to note that tbe giver is charged
with profltin ; by railroad lawlessness and
monopolistic practices in accumulating his
wealth. But Chicagoans are far too prac
tically minded for one of their number to
be suspected of making a public present as
n kind of conscience fund contribution.
However immense fortunes are accumu
lated, however serious is the tendency
toward the concentration of moneyed
powor, such gifts as this aro benefactions
for tho public and may bo used with ex
treme advantage without too searching and
invidious an investigation as to whence the
money came or how it was accumulated.
There is actually some talk of the re
vival of tho discussion as to the selection of
a suitable site for a free bridge to the South
side. Nay more, a satisfactory location Is
actually supposed to have been settled on.
Pittsburg moves rapidly. In Philadelphia
it takes more than twenty years to build a
city hall, but in Pittsburg the location of a
free bridge may really be decided in a little
more than two years from the early day at
which so radical a suggestion as its provis
ion was made to the startled community.
Whether it would materially increase
the revenue of the Government or not, a
big increase in the tax on whisky would
certainly bring grist to the mill of the
Whisky Trust. And as that is one of the
most completely monopolistic organizations
in the country, it should certainly receive
every encouragement from a Congress that
handles those things so tenderly and has
their interests so much at heart.
If Jay Gould intended to devote a million
dollars or rather less than one-seventh of
one per cent of his wealth to the endow
ment of a college for young men, his mem
ory should certainly be credited with good
intentions to that extent. But he generally
did what he had a mind to do, and the pe
culiar hiatus between his intention and its
fulfillment in this case has yet to be satis
Private corporations and even benefit
associations And it necessary and advantage
ous to have theiraccounts audited occasion
ally. It is only in such unimportant matters
as tho administration of municipal millions
that tbe persons directly interested are able
to dispense with an audit for thirty years,
with a feeling of confident security that all
has been, is and will he well and economic
Two fortune-tellers are on trial for witch
craft at Wilmingtou, Delaware. Fortune
telling and trials for witchcraft and heresy
are still in vogue in this enlightened age
and country, but public opinion has at least
advanced some distance in the substitution
of prosecution for persecution by putting a
ban upon the dnck-pond, the stake, and the
rack as legal Instruments of punishment.
Postmaster General Waxakaker
is still expressing his amazement at what
ho regards as the country's folly at tho polls,
fie finishes a long statement with the re
mark: "The ways of politics and politicians
aro past finding out," and his authority on
that subject may be regarded as incontest
ible, lor he must know well whereof he
It may be great fun lor hunters to set fire
to oil they find floating atound in their wan
derings. But such damage is caused and
such danger to the public involved by "fun"
of this kind, that tho perpettators should be
made an example of for the instruction of
like thoughtless humorists.
Heresy trials are about the only things
that can successfully compete in length
with a 15,000-wordea Presidontal message. It
is nowevcr, a long lane that has no turning,
and even heresy trials must come to some
sort of an end on this side of eternity.
Speaker Crisp would have felt less
hurt, no doubt, if lie had leccived "per
mission to print" that unspoken speech.
But then the Reform Club banquet wns one
ofthoso lew things of which the Congressional
Record has no official'cognizanco.
Everything but weather is advertised
as "suitable for Christmas." But present
atmospheric conditions are mournful in tho
extreme for tho season of mirth, and may bo
summarized as productive of nothing but
"tears, idle tears."
Car famines in harvest seasons are as
nothing compared to the dearth of standing
room in Pittsburg's rapid transit facilities
when everyone wants to get home for sup
per. Cabinet-making has its fascinations,
but France's habitual indulgence in the
occupation is hardly calculated to promote
the stability and prosperity of tho Republic.
Westmoreland county can turn out
an inexplicable, ghost story equal to the
best production of tho most advanced
West Virginia must be civiliied.
Train robberies at Huntingdon are too lar
East to be permissible.
FOLK TALKED ABOUT.
The President will probably pend the
holiday recess duck shooting onChesapeako
Justice Lamar is ill again and will prob
ably start bouth .iu a few days for a short
George J. Gould and C. P. Hunting
ton are recent contiibutore to tho building
fund or the New York Press Club In sums of
The comet medal of the Astronomical
Society of the Pacific has been awarded to
Prof. E. E. Barnard lor his discovery or an
unexpected comet by photography October
Prince Karl, of Bavaria, has been
missing, but as thoro was a beautiful actress
in the case, he was soon discovered. There
is a strain of the family insanity In his
Henri Bcciiefobt evinces his undying
hatred of the Germans. In the business
office of his newspaper is a notice: "No ad
vertisements accepted from Germans under
any circumstances." ,
John Cultice has been' the postmaster
of Rodkoy, Ind., rorten years, and though
he is quite blind manages to do the duties
of his olflco so thoroughly that no one
thinks or disturbing him.
One of the few women able to speak the
Irish language is 90-year-old Kathleen
Huppman, of Philadelphia. She holds as
one of her dearest possessions a letter
written by Robert Emmetc -
CONTROL OP THE SENATE.
Republicans Try to Have n Caucus on the
Imporlant Snbjoct, bat Fall No Clear
Precedent to ITol ow The Probable Re
sult ot Farther Conference.
irnOM a stait conitKsrosnKNT.l
Washington, Dec. la The caucus of
Republican Senators which mot previous to
the session of the Senato today to supple
ment the work of members of tho Eepub
lican National Committee who came to
gether last Saturday to talk over the fiena
torships in Kansas, California, Wyoming, Ne
braska and Montana, reached no conclusion.
The session intruded on their anxious delib
eration, and when the Senate adjourned the
hour wa tso lato for tho resumption of tho
caucus, as had been intended. Therefore
another caucus must be held lmfr. the Re.
publican Senators will know just what to do
with the situation. Senator Quay was not
present. Had he been there possibly his
adeptness would havo served to eke out of
the confusion some positive action. As it
was, the Senators from the doubtful States
merely stated in plain words tho condition
of things, and urged upon other Senators
that their apathy wu transmitting a bale
ful atmosphere to the Republicans of the
States in question, and that they ought to
encourage their Western irlends by at least
u show oi interest in tho result.
It is difficult for anyone to see Just what
can be done, more than has been done.
Clarkson, Quay, and members of the
National Committee are watching every
movemont and have sentmessages of advice
as to the best course. There is to be no at
tempt to "steal" anything, as has been
charged by th6 Democrats in their public
manifestos. They claim that they simply
want to provent lraud and thert on the part
of others, and ifsuch fraud be perpetrated,
to counteract it when It leaches the juris
diction of the Senate.
Tito Probable Result of a Caucus.
It is probable that the only action of the
caucus, when Senator Sherman calls it to
getlier for flnal determination, will be a
manifesto denying any intention of sharp
practice on tho part of any Republicans
and setting forth the facts as they appear
through Republican eyes.
No matter how the contest in the doubtlul
States may result, it is certain that great
excitement will attend the orsanization of
the Senate of the Fifty-third Congress.
The Democrats have fi.-uio-l the whole mat
ter out, and it Is interesting to know ex
actly l'pon what they base their calculation.
One of their closest arithmeticians asserts
that the hold-over Senators that is, those
whose terms don't expire the third of
iicav iiiurcii, numuer 23 uemncrats and 23
Republicans, with the holdover Third
Party men, Peffor and Kyle, on the outside.
They assert with good reason that Kyle will
vote with them on organization. Thoreloie
they leave Peffer in doubt. In the States
"which elect the Republicans will certainly
looso tho succes-o!s of Hiscock in New
York and Sawyer in Wisconsin.
This, the Democratic mathemetieians
claim, will give in tho States
which elect, omitting the five States above
mentioned, 41 to 10, or, with tho votes or
Peffer and Kyle, giving one to each party. 42
to 41. This, thoy assert, will bo the partisan
division of the Senate when that body comes
to pass upon tho election of the Senators
from the five States iu which it is assumed
the elections will all be questionable, though
this is a somewhat violent assumption.
Queer Reasoning of the Democrats.
Here, also, intrudes another assumption
which may have to be remodeled. The
Democrats assume in their calculations that
the Democrats, having a majority by omit
ting the five fiom tbe States named, will
organize tho Senate. That this is queer
reasoning, may be seen at a glance. The
course or procedure will be that when all or
the newly elected Senators come forward
to take the oath or office, those fiom
Kansas, Nebraska, California, Wyoming and
Montana among tbe rest, it is supposed that
sorao Democratic Senator will demand that
the Senators claiming to be elected from the
States shall stand aside, ns tuei e is doubt in
regard to the legality ot their election.
Then will come a tug of legal war. In
case the Senators-elect havo their cicJen
tlals signed by the proper authorities it will
be insisted that they have a right to their
seats, and that the question of legality us to
the constitution or proceduie of the
Legislature which elected them shall
be settled later, in other words that proper
and legal credentials shall constitute so
plain a prime lacio case in their favor that
they shall not he deptived of their seats
upon a mero assumption that the Legisla
tures which elected them weie in some way
The precedents of the Senate have never
been clear, and have been contradictory In
regard to sucli cases. Piobably the only in
stance which could bo called a precedent fur
the casos which are likely to come up in the
near futuro is that of Goldthwnlte, of Ala
bama, who, in 1871, wns deprived of his seat
pending an Investigation into the methods
by which lie was elected. But in that cuso
it was so plainly asserted that fraud had
been employed that tho Senate could not do
It cannot bo safely assumed that evidence
of irregularities will be clear in tho election
of Senator in any of tho States in dipnto,
though It is tho assumption of the Demo
crats that there will be sufficient leason for
shutting out all of the fivo Senators, who
will conic to Washington armed with cre
dentials, from any participation iu the or
ganization of tho Senate.
"Ways and Means Will Investigate.
The House opened to-day with a sharp
contest between tho Ways and Means and
Appropriation Committees, but It was brief
and decisive, and lesulted in a victory for
tho former committee. For some, time thero
has been a littlo rivalry between these two
great committees ot the House, and when
the matter of ascertaining tho financial
condition of tho Treasury under tho
operations ot tno jsicruniey law became a
pertinent question, immediately after the
election, this rivalry was accentuated by
tho dispute as to which committee should
conduct tho investigation. Mr.X)ockory, of
the Appropriations Committee, Introduced
a resolution assigning this duty to the com
mittee of which ho was a member, and a lew
days later Mr. Wilson, ot tho Ways
and Means Committee, presented a
resolution directing the committee
upon which would fall tho bin den
ot originating revenue legislation
for tho rellel ot a deplotcd treasury to con
duct tho inquiry. Moth lesolntions went to
the Committee on Rules, and that commit
teo to-day reported Mr. Wilson's proposi
tion, thus couierring jurisdiction on the
Ways and Means Committee. The members
ot the Ways and Means Committee were at
once informally notified that n mooting of
the committee would be held this week, to
begin the investigation.
"The investigation will bo mado by the
full committee In open session," said Mr.
Springer, "and not delegated to a sub-committee.
It is important that this investiga
tion show tbe condition of the Treasury at
some particular nioniont of time. As this is
so near the end of the half ol tbe fiscal year,
the proper timo at which the condition or
the Treasury should turn is the 31st day or
December the end of tho first half ot 'tho
fiscal year. If we kuow the obligations of
the Government on that day, the rocclpts
.from all sources at that time and the liabili
ties of the Government for tho future, we
will know exactly how the Government
stands financially, and be enabled to dovise
a plnn lor meeting a possible deficit." In
the Senate tbe anti-option bill was discussed
by Mr. George.
SOLDIERS' ORPHANS' SCHOOLS TO GO.
The Commission Think tho Little Ones Can
Bo IJcttcr Boused Elsewhere.
Habeisbcrq, Dec IS. The Soldiers' Or
phans' School Commission will meot Thurs
day afternoon to consider the proposed bill
to dispense with the State orphan school.
A majority of the memDors are in favor of
the measure, audit will be shaped for pre
sentation before the Legislature convenes.
They claim that the very few soldiers' or
phans who lcquiro State assistance can bo
accommodateu with greater benefit to them
yelvos at the various industrial schools, and
by closing the orphans' schools entirely the
State will bo saved a larao sum annually.
On Both Sides the Pond.
New Orleans ricayune.!
The office seeks tho manln France, es
pecially if it is a cabinet office. In this
country every State has one or two men
which It advises the President to take as
Ada Kenan Is Sare,
r Speaking on behalf of Nancy Hanks we
wish to assert in the most positive manner
that she has not been asked to pose for tho
Not Likely to Occur.
A tight money market has been ascribed
to a good many different causes, but never
to newspaper men's hoarding of their gold.
At Least tho Democratic.
In applying an ex to Labor Commissioner
Peck, of New York, Governor Flower will
satisfy all reasonable expectations.
"WHAT GBAKG2B8 WANT.
A Variety or Reforms Suggested by Worthy
Master Leonard Khone.
IlARRisBuno, Dec. 13. Several hundred
delegates were present at tbe opening of the
State Grange Patrons of Husbandry this af
ternoon. Tho reception or credentials con
sumed the entire session. The annual ad
diess,of Leonard H. Rhone, the Worthy
Master, was lead and given tho closest at
tention of the farmers and their wives. He
gave reports from all sections or tho State
indicating that the work of the order is
steadily moving forward. Since the last
meeting 26 now granges have been organ
ized, five dormant granges have been reor
ganized and threo pomona granges Insti
tuted, aggregating nearly 5,000 new memDers
during tho year. The finances of tho order
are in a healthy condition. He speaks en
couragingly of tho co-operative system and
the ability of grangers by means of It to
purchase everything cheaper. He recom
mends the grange insurance companies and
tbe 1 emple of Ceres fund.
The work of the women in the grange is
gratofully acknowledged. The inability of
taxation Is discussed, and it Is suggested
that the Legislative Committee be contin
ued to look after the Interests of the farm
ers during the approaching session of tbe
Legislature, no favors tree mail deliveries
in tho rural districts. He thinks the aid of
tho Legislature should be invoked to pre
vent food adulteration and also to check
gnmbling in farm products. All legnl ten
der currency, ho says, should have eqnnl
power and capacity to make purchases and
pay debts, and that the free coinage or sil
ver and gold and the issuance or legal ten
der noto in sufficient quantity to meet the
requirements of trade and commerce should
be insKlod upon.
Among other things he favors the election
of United States Senators by tho people, and
suggests that the farmers must nave relief,
even If they have to declare a lockout by te
fusing to purchase manufrcturers' produc
tions until an increase in prices can be
secured to correspond with tho prices of
products. He says tho farmers are almost a
unit in their demand for a flexible currency
ot $40 or $30 per capita, and thinks tbe cstab
lisnment of inortgago banks by farmers
would bo n good thin?.
.At the public meeting to-night speeches
were made by Governor Pattlson, Kluther
Kaufman, of tho National Dniry Association,
and John Trimble, Secretary or the Official
Grange. The report of tho overseer, S. A.
McHenry was also read.
WHY E0UVIEE BESIGHED.
Ho Had Interceded for Relnach From
Motives of Humanity Only.
Pinis, December 13. The sensation to-day
was tbe resignation of M. Kouvier, the
Finance Minister. This action was the re
sult of M. Clcmenccau's letter in figaro,
connecting that Minister's name with the
Panama scandal. The Chamber of Deputies
was crowded to-day, in expectation of the
overthrow of the Government, but M. Kou
vior's resignation will probably result in an
extention of lire to tho Kibot Cabinet.
In the Chamber to-day M. Konvier con
firmed the statement mado oy M. Clemen
ceau that he and Baron de Reinnch visited
M. Clemenceau on the evening of the baion's
death. In his statement M. Clemenceau
said M. Rouvier had explained to him in the
lobby or the Chamber of Deputies that Baron
do Kcinnch was being driven mad by the
campaign orgnnized by the papers nsainst
him; that it was lor him a qnestion of life or
death, and that the three visited SI. Uerz
to induce him to use his influence to
stop the attacks that wore being made upon
Baron do Bemach. M. llouvier said he is
ready to answer in court any charge that
had been or miaht be made against him. He
had visited Baron de Beinach solely from
motives or humanity. He declared that a
section or the press is taking advantage of
the Panama affair to throw sluts upon all
Republicans who are in power.
KANSAS BOBED IN WHITE.
The Heaviest Snow of the Season Blockades
Trains and Breaks Down TVlres.
Kansas Citv, Dec. 13. Tho heaviest snow
fall of tho season covers Kansas to-day. The
storm wns a short one, but was extremely
severe whilo it lasted. It began snowing
early in the morning and stopped before
noon, reaching a depth of eight inches in va
rious parts of the State. Trains from the
West urn scheduled four honrs late.
The Kansas Central Railroad was com
pletely blockaded for a greater part of the
day. but the traffic was resumed this even
ing. The snow was very heavy and gath
ered in masses upon the ti-lcgraph wires,
bearing them to tho onrth In some instances
and seriouslj- Interrupting telegraph com
munication. In this city telegraph and tel
ephone wiies were biokon and mixed up in
n tangle which'has not been yet straight
Sunday World's Fair Clcsers Meet.
Chicago, Dec. 13. Tho annual meeting of
the American Sablintli Union began to-day.
The entire session was given up to tho dis
cussion of the opening of the World's Fair
on Sunday. Tho Mayor and City Councilor
Chicairo wero roundly scored. The actnal
work of tho meeting will begin to-morrow.
TUB CDTTIXG OP CRISP.
Cnisr is for dinners for nourishment only.
Rroiklyix Slanda: d- Union.
On this cxclusivo occasion the Speaker
was not a speakor. yew York Advertiser.
I'EiuiArs they invited Speaker Crisp to tho
Reform Clnb dinner because thoy thought
he was hungry. Wicelina Intellige icer.
It was, apparently, a premeditated and
very unpardonable insult to one of the high
est officers of tho Government. Aeio York
It was a sad affair all around, and thero
must be some explaining or Jlr. Crisp's
Georgia iro will make it unpleasant for
somebody. Han Uburg Telegraph.
TnE Insult to Speaker Crisp was intended
as an Insult to tho nntlro Hill crowd and to
anti-Cleveland Democrats of high and low
degree everywhere. Indiaia;,olis Journal.
SntDOir has a grossor insult In the form or
a "put-up-Job" ever been offered to a public
man, and never to a man or Mr. Crisp's high
standing and honorable repute. Washington
Speaker Crisp, ns the chosen leader of his
party in the House of Representatives, can
afford to laugh nt any attempt to snub him
at a dinner in honor or tho Democratic
Frestdent-elect. Boston Globe.
TnE third officer of the Government is
not ordinarily invited as a lay figure to a
public dinner or expected to sit as a dummy.
But Speaker Crisp lepresents the dead past
or the Democratio party. Philadelphia
Let us hope that tho worthy Speaker was
not so grossly neglected as not to havo been
sufficiently fed. Not to havo spoken, was,
Indeed, a calamity, but to have been barred
out from the terrapin and pate de foie gras
would havo been a cataclysm. Baltimore
DEATHS HERE AXD ELSEWHERE.
General Henry Gray, Louisiana.
Information is received from Coushatta,
La., of the death ot General Henry Gray, one of
the few surviving members of the Confederate
Congri-ss and a HrlR-iiIier General of the Confeder
ate army. Gray was a Whig leader In Mississippi,
where he passed his carlvdiys. Later he became
a Democrat and went to Louisiana, where lie took
a strong position at the bar. Ill 1S33 lie came within
a lew votes of defeating John I. Benjamin's re
election as United States Senator. He was 'hiring
the war a strung friend and adviser of Jefferson
Davis, both Id a military and political capacity.
For the last H) years his mind has been affected,
and he lived in retirement with his daughter. Mrs.
W. J. Hotlialt. lie was born In South Carolina
and was Si years old.
Rev. John P. Lundy, Author.
The Eev. Dr. John P. Lundy, a retired
minister of the Protestant Episcopal Church and a
former President of the Pennsylvania Forestry
Association, died In I'hlladelplilaycsterUay.in the
70th year of his age. Dr. Lnndy's chief publication
Is entitled "Monumental Christianity, or the Art
of Svmuoiism of the Primitive Christian Church."
In this work he maintains that C'lirlstlanltv Itself
Is only a development in the patriarchal faith of
the worli's, and he rounds this belief on the relics
and records that have passed away. In tills line
his researches were wide and diligent. '
Lynn Oibson, night train crier at the
Union depot, died yesterday from hemorrhage at
his residence in Ilomewood. Mr. Gibson was for
merly an engineer, lmt met villi an accident and
for tliepatslx 5 cars had been train crier, lie
leave, a uflow and one child.
HON. James J. Fahan. oncof the former pro
prietors of the Cincinnati Enquirer, died Monday
Bhrkt. aged OS years.
THEIR FIRST CONCERT.
The Allegheny Musical Association Credita
bly Opens the Season A Pretty Church
Bazaar Baltimore Nuptials of Interest
to T'lttsbnrgers Bad Weather for
Women Society Gossip.
The fourth season of the Allegheny Mu
sical Association oponea auspiciously at
Carnegie Music Hall Inst evening. Before
the concert Mr. W. A. Lafferty had to best
the audience's Indulgence, ns Miss Grace
Miller was not ablo to sing on account of a
severe cold. Mr. A. L. Nevins graciously
supplemented her place, and enabled the
programme to bo carried out,
Eruch's "Frithjof" was tho opening num
ber; tbe part of "Frithjof" was sung by Dr.
llopiunson, or Baltimore, and "Ingeborg's"
first stanza only was rendered by Mr.Nevins.
"Frltbjol" is a powerful musical work; the
subject alono contains resources which any
coruposor would esteem a great aid, and
when treated with Bruch's almost virile
strength, is bound to be an excellent pro
duction. Dr. Hopkinson gave evidenco of
being in possession of a remarkable mellow
and flexible voice; his register is unruffled
and voluminous and admits of beinz led up
to a high pitch without any apparent effort.
"Frlthjot's" passionate love passages as well
as bfs valiant words to Thor
and Baldur were embued with a
lofty spirit and exalted animation.
In Franz's simple song entitled "Marie" his
rondetingwas symp-ithetic to a marked de
erreo, and the old favorite, Schubert's "Earl
King," wns given with that touching feeling
and tasteful, artistic treatment so necessary
to the sad legend.
It would be ungrateful and unjust to make
any comment upon Mr. Nevins' work: ho
deserves a great deal of praise for taking
Miss Miller's place, so much 10, that when he
came to sing his original number of Ros
sini's "Stabat Mater," he was vis
ibly affected by the unusual strain
to which ho had been submitted.
The only instrumental solo wns rendered
by Mr. Karpachowsky. The violinist Is ex
ceedingly young and shows traces or ability
that with the necessary training may carry
him Into tho realm or true musical art, but
at present he is rudo and superficial. His
execution is dexterous.butlacks expression;
he tickles the ear and ensnares the senses
rather than clevatos the soul; one can ad
mire his manual skill without being carried
away by his playing. His rendering ot Ver
di's "II Trovatore" did not carry
with it tbe conviction or studious
labor or inspired genius; in the
slow movements he has no ropose, and not
until the tempo allows him of hnrrying
along is he able to feel at ease. Houser's
stirring "Ehapsodie Hongrolse" gavo him
the best opportunity to make a bid for the
audience's favor, to w,bich It liberally re
sponded by demanding an encore. An ex
tra number, which included reminiscences
of "Yankee Doodle" and "OI Suzanne"
would have been more appropriate at a con
test of musical clowns, but certainly was en
tirely out of placo at a performance tbat
aimed at classical dignity.
The chorus showed signs of lamentably
few rehearsals; as it was, it evidently tried
to do its best and, with the exception of a
break-down in Gounod's "Redemption" and
oft-repeated nnevenness in the heavy parts
of "Frithjof," accompanied by an earnest
uesiro on tno part 01 a second tenor to urown
Dr. Hopklnson's baritone, afforded a great
deal of satisfaction throughout the whole
evening. Mr. Lafforty is an industrious
worker and does not spare himself In his
efforts to bring about good results.
Tho ungrateful task of playing piano
accompaniment for three hours to a chorus
of 100 voicos and three solo porformers. was
executed with a romarkably artistic finish
nnd meritorious labor by lovely Miss Ade'lc
Reahard. The fashionable audlenco was
very appreciative, even to the degree of car
rying their enthusiasm to the point of ua
gallant intenuption in the middle of a ren
dition. A VERT, pretty bazaar was conducted
under the auspices of tbe ladies of St. Ste
phen's Episco'pal Church. Wllkinsbnrg, last
evening. It took placo In a hall, one floor of
which was festooned with bunting of red,
white and blue, while gaily-decorated
booths, under the care of protty maidens,
attracted the young men, and caused much
money to roll into the treasury of the
church. The candy stand was In charge of
Mrs. Theodore Ansbutz, the aids being Mtss
Kate Hubley, Miss Kate Anshutz and Miss
Pattie Walker. The Japaneso booth was in
charge or Miss Allle Sheridan, assisted by
Miss Lyda Hays, Miss Carrie Kennedy and
Miss Jennlo Hubley. The fancy work table
was looked alter by Mrs. Dr. F. S. Pershing,
Mrs. Margaret Stewart, Miss Anna Myers,
Miss Fannie Brown, Mrs. Captain Stewart
and Miss M. Batcholor. Ice cream Mrs.
Myers, Miss Emily Lovett and Miss Lizzie
France, in spite of tho wretched weather
there was a fair attendance, the brightness
and warmth of the hall making a dolihtful
contrast to the cold and wet without.
To-DAT a marriage that will be interest
ing to many Pittsburgers is announced to
take place in Baltimore. It will be that of
Mt. Oliver Hntchins, brother ot Mr. M.P.
Hutchins, of Church avenue, Allegheny, to
Miss Mary Jossop. Tho groom is well-known
in Pittsburg and Allegheny. He and his
bride will stop in Allegheny during their
wedding tour, arriving here Saturday, to
stay a lew davs with his brothor, at whose
house he will 'be glad to meet his friends of
this part of the country. The young couple
will tesldo permanently in Baltimore.
A comedy called "Love's Triumph" is
to be presented In connection with the
Thirteenth street public school houso to
morrow evening by the young lady pupils
of tho school. Thore are several royal
personages among tho characters, some of
them of masculine gender, but the young
ladies will play them, holding themselves
entirely independent of tho boys and young
men who might be willing to be Included In
tho cast. The performance will be given in
now Tnrner Hnll. Southsldc. and the pro
ceeds will go into tho Southside Hospital
A special day of prayer is to be carried
on at the Central Young Women's Christian
Association rooms. Thursday. It will be a
day of deep inteiest to all who are Inter
ested In the work of tho association.
A meeting of the V. P. Women's Asso
ciation is to be held to-day. The business
will be tho straUhtcnlng out or the accounts
of tho fair held in tho old postofflce building
At the last meeting of the Board of
Directors of tho Art Society a nnmbor of
new members wore elected, as follows: Mrs.
Caroline Moreland Abraham, Mrs. George
. Guthrie, Miss Hannah Irwin, Mrs. Sulli
van Johnson, Mrs. W. Wallace Patrick, Miss
Clemcntino G. Iiecs, Mrs. John H. Sawyer,
Mr. Solomon Schoyer, Miss Emma C. Span
dau. Mrs. David A. Stewart, Miss Margaret
S. Stewart, Miss Mary Ward, Mr. .Edward B.
Alsop, Mr. Charles M. Clarke, Mr. Lewis
Irwin, Mr. D. Porter Corwin, Mr. Henry a
Fownes, Mr. A, M. Hannner, Mr. S. P. Har
bison, Mr. J. Fredorick Haworth. Mr. I. E.
Uirscn, Dr. William D. Kinc. Dr.Z. T. Millor,
Mr. Max Rothschild, Mr. Edwin Z. Smith,
Mr. Benjamin Thaw, Mr. Henry K. Thaw;
Dr. J. S. Walters, Kev. Dr. Robert D. Wilson.
As will be seen by the above list, which in
cludes many well-known names, the society
is glowing very rapidly, and is taking into
its membership many of the best people of
the two cities.
The weather yesterday was not encourag
ing to tho holding of women's meetings. In
spite ol the dismal fact, howover, thero was
a fair attendance at tho meeting of the
Women's County Auxiliary or the World's
Fair that was called for 2:30 p. M. Thoro was
a great deal of interesting chat about the
work of women in connection with the
World's Fair, but nothing official was done
beyond the routine of reading the minutes,
etc. Miss McCandless talked about tho pro
ceedings at the State meeting recently held
In Philadelphia, and thero was a general ex
pression of satisfaction over the progress
that is being mado toward a good represent
ation of Pennsylvania at tho Fair. Miss Mc
Candless distributed a handsomely printed
pamphlet containing illustrations of the
State exhibit, and which has. been preparod
lor the special information of Pennsylvania
AxoniEE meeting for women tbat was to
have been held yesterday afternoon, did not
materialize. Cards wore sent out inviting
tho members of the Ladies' Aid Society of
the Soutbsido Hospital to meet in the Guild
Houso at 3 o'clock. A number of ladies
arrived at tho time set and waited until 1
o'clock, but the officers did not appear, and
tho other ladies went home. Tim meeting
was understood to have been called to con
sider what should bo done in connection
with the report that a saw mill is to bo built
very near the site that has been selected for
the neWhosnital. The ladies who were at
tho Guild Honso yesterday atternoon were
not sure tlu'it this was to havo been tho sub
ject or discussion, butUhat v:i- tho gonerul
surmise. Tho opinion wns expressed Ireely
that it would be an outrage lor the mill to
be so near tbe hoanltal, althouzh no one
seemed to know just how the difficulty could
be met, If it were to be met at all.
CHILDREN OF HOMESTEAD.
They Write to Santa Clans-Some Pathetic
Letters Sent by the Little Ones How the
Givers Can Brlshten Some Firesides In
the Unhappy Borough.
Childkek, are you desirous of bringing
a great deal of happiness to a great many
innocent and unfortunate little souU? If.so,
the Christmas horizon of the Homestead
children is dull, very dull, and can be con
siderably brigii toned with very little-trouble,
and unless some of yon are willing to ex
tend a helping hand there will be many a
young heart cast down on the day of alt
others when It should be bright and gay.
Do not stop to consider too cause of their
misfortune. What does it matter if you
think capital Is right, and that their fathers
and older brothers have done wrongT Theso
children are innocent at all events, and have
been accustomed to happy holidays, which,
from tbe present outlook, are bonnd to 00
There are fn Homestead about 1,600 school
children, Including Protestants and Catho
lics; and, strange to say, the attendance so
far. this year has been the best In the history
of tho town. There are three public schools
of about 100 pupils eacb, and for the month
of November the average attendance was
SIS and in the parochial schools it was
equally as good. The worse of the children
will compare favorably with any of our city
schools. As to their appearance, I. saw none
that looked starved, bat the misfortune
which has been thrnst upon them Is begin
ning to tell, and little toes are finding their
way to cold through well-worn shoes, and
trousers and coats, In somo instances', are
very much In need of patching. But, with it
all, faces and hands are clean, and the
smiles that arise with tho thoughts of
Christmas occasion are in no way indicative
of what their holiday will be, unless aid is
given to them to enjoy It. Great as their
anticipation lor a good time is to-day, just
so great will be their disappointment when
they find out that Santa Clau3 does not visit
poverty striken people.
The Sunday schools are going to give their
customary treat, but the attendance is very
small when compared with that of the pub
lic schools. Now don't hastily say that it
shouldn't be. but continue One of the min
isters told me that he thought the lack of
clothing kept a great many away, and the
same cause would keep you or me at home.
Just think, if wo hadn't our good clothes for
Sunday, why, half the enjoyment of life
would be gone. So you see that pride, if the
want of proper clothing maybe termed that,
will keep many from enjoying even the Sun
day school box of candy.
During a visit to the Second ward school
Monday the younger children, at tbe re
quest of the superintendent, wrote a letter
to Santa Clans, asking him to bring them
things, and, in many cases, telling him of
the kind of Christmas they expected. In
those letters the true condition of Home
stead is told. Pride among the parents is
keeping a great deal of want in the back
ground, bat their children have spoken from
their hearts to their friend Kris KInglo.
Read; they will tell the story better than I:
Homestead. Dec 12, I8K.
DearSAITTAClaus There has been trouble In
Homestead, ami I ara afraid you will forjet us. I
am a little boy and sell papers. Please doa't forget
Decemiier 12. 1832.
Dear Santa Clacs We have hard trouble
to keep onr living. My papa is not work
ing in tbe mill. Please send my brothers
and sisters some clothes. l'lease remem
ber us. Uood-bye Santa Claus; tbat Is all to-il.iy.
Homestead. Pa., Dec. 12. 1892.
Dear S sta Claus We have been on strike
and please send us what yon can. My papa has not
been working for a long line.
Homestead. Pa.. Dec. 12th. 1852.
Dear Santa Clcse We have had trouble In
Homestead and I would like vou to not forget any
body as most of them are getting poor.
Homestead. Pa.. Dec. 12th. 1S92.
Dear Santa C'luss You are a kind man. I
hoap yon wont forge! us. Homestead It a poor
place. Dear Santa C'luss bring me some gnm boots
and then 1 dont want nothing more this year.
HOMESTED. I'A.. Dec. 12. 1802.
DEAR SintaCLACs The people In Homestead
had trouble and their are a good many out of work
and tliev are starving. Please give me a pair of
gum boots and a suit of clothes and a story book.
FlITH AVE., HOMESTEAD. I'A.. )
Dec 12. IS9J. J
Dear Santa Are vou coming to our house a
Christmas. I wonld like for you to.
Homestead. Pa., Dec. 12, 1892.
Dear Santa I would like yon to brine me a ring
and a nice cap and saucer and nuts Sint I think
this will be a bad Christmas for the bors and
girls as thatrfatnersarciiot working and I don't
think they will see you.
Homesteap. Pa.. Dec. 12. 1832.
Dear Sante My papa is out of work anil two
brothers and one sister and my oldest hrolhcr Is
out of wnri: since 6 of July, and I am thlnltliigwe
shall have a poor time I sometimes work at tbe
Formm avenue. Dee. 12, 189:.
TlEAn Santa Claus It is very bad time hero
now. I don't think it will soon be better. I want
yoa to come to our bouse Christmas time.
HOMESTEAD, Pa., Dec 12th. 1SJ2.
Dear Santa Ci.aus-1 want a suit. Homestead
has been on a strike fore four months and there has
been lots of trouble.
Dear Santa Claus Ient you to brlnx me a
pair of gnm boots. I went to know if you will. I
thins you will. You are a nice old man. tliemcn
in Homestead have been on the strike and they
have had trouble. Tbe men have bad no work for
a long time.
Dear Santa Ci.aus We had great trouble in
Homestead. The people are o poor that thev are
so poor that theT cannot buy tlirlr children clothes
to weie. I hope you will not forget us.
Dear Santa Thev are 1.800 men out of work
and tliev are starving. The relierman went around
and asked if thev needed anrthlng to eat. There
was a little baby" died and they had not enough
money to buy a coftln and had to burrle It In a box.
riease send me a story book. 1 not want much th:s
year, hut If you will Drlng me tbe storybook I
gurss I will close.
The parents or tho children who wrote the
two following letters are at work It the mill.
Homestead. Pa.. Dec. 12. 1802.
DEARSANTA-ltls only tiro wecss till Christ
mas. I go to school every day. My papa Is work
ing at the mill. I know you will bring me a sled,
wagon and some candy. I want you to bring my
mother a knife and fork.
Hisel Street. Homestead, Pa.
Dear Snta Claus 1 go to scliooll every day
and I like my teacher very mnch. I am In the sec
ond reader and Iimin the C class. I want you to
bring me a pair of bots. a ring, a doll, a doll
buggy, oranges and candy. I have no brothers or
sisters. My papa works In the mill. I expect you
at our house this Christinas. It Is only two weeks
until Christmas. I will be glad when Christmas.
These lotters were picked at random from
about 200. At least 250 of them asked for
clothes or shoes. Remember, their gar
ments are well worn now, but what will
they be a month bencet These children
have spoken from their hearts, and yon can
Jadgo what their present outlook for Christ
mas is. In your happiness would it not be
generous to give a thought and a helping
hand to such unfortunate Itttloones? If
anything is to be done for tho children it
should be through organized effort in tho
PEEPASING FOE THE VJ3I&
Indlanapolltans Making Arrangements for
the Hngest of Encampments.
Indianapolis, Dec. 13. The organization
of Indiana citizens to niako arrangements
lor the national encampment of tho G. A.
R., has been completed. Tho re are nearly
3,000 members of committeos and the plans
contemplate the most complote care for tho
comfort and entortalnmentof tho veterans.
The dedication of the soldiers' nnd
sailors' monument, the grandest structure
or the kind in the world, will tako plnco
during the enc.unpment. Piepar.itlnns will
be made to care for upward or 330,000 people.
Among the notably reatures outlined are
sham navy battles between the Monitor and
Merrlmacvan exact model or the Kearsargc,
a night or war pageantry, an electrical and
natuial gas display, a ulsht or fireworks
and an Indiana day. People from all over
tho country will probably defor their visit
to the World's Fair until that time of tho
encampment, when thore will be an nnusu
ally low rate of railroad fare, and will visit
Indianapolis and Chicago on the same trip.
From a Friend's Funeral to Ills Own.
Sfrinqvixld, O., Dec 13 Burns Wingfleld,
a wealthy farmer supposed to be dead, this
morning acted as pallbearer at a friend's fu
neral. After returning home and tailing
his tamily he would die before night he
bade them all goodby and fell npon the bed,
dead from apoplexy.
David Is a Good Kicker.
Grand Rapids Herald.
David B. Hill would mako an admirable,
half-back for a football team. He is a superb
Canada pensions her teachers.
About 10,000 gross of pens ara produc
from a ton of steel.
The Eepublic of Brazil has 60 daili
and about 200 weeklies.
The Congressional library building w
contain 25,000,000 bricks.
There are no fewer than 12,000 curat
in the Church or England.
Thirty million wooden spoons are mar
factured In Rnssia every year.
Soldiers in the Italian army are allow
cigars as part of their daily rations.
Moses forbade the Hebrews to we
garments or mixed linen and wool.
Every President of the United Stai
so far has either been a lawyer, a soldier
The first regular modern drama w
Lopbonisba, played at Borne, 1515, befc
Napoleon lost the results of Borodin
Leipzig and Dresden through attacks of 1
The British Government has practical
decided to adopt the penny postage throu;
out the empire.
From 13,000 to 15,000 time-expired m
men annually leavo the British army at
return to civil life.
Lieutenant Peary expects to have
refuse nearly ISO persons places on his st
ond polar expedition.
By improper methods in the Penns;
vania mines 30 to 40 per cent ot the anthrnc!
coal was formerly lost.
" Greek women wore the chitan, a sleev
less garment; over it a shawl formed o
square piece of woolen goods.
Some of the English pumping engir
perform work equaling the raising of 1
OCO.OOO one foot high by the consumption
100 weight of coal.
One of the most extensive concerns
Maine has been experimenting on an 1
geninas process of burning lime witn oil 1
Btead of with wooJ.
The favorite drink in Nubia is ma
from fermented dhurra bread. It is cali
ombnlbul, because it makes the drinker si
like the nightingale.
George C. Deverenx, of Charlotti
North Carolina, has a turnip which 1
claims Is the exact shapo of an elephai
with cars, trunk, legs and tail.
A young theosopbist came all the wt
from New Zealand last week for a ten-mi
ute consultation with Mrs. Annio Bcsat
He sailed for home next day.
The Speaker of the British House 1
Commons receives a salary of $25,000 a ye
and when he retires he Is raised to t
peerage with an annutl pension of $23,090.
Miss Annie Shepard, a New Hampshi
girl of sweet IS, does all the writing, set3 1
the type nnd attends to all the business of
monthly publication with 4,000 subscriber
A recent court decision in Englat
gives a man a rteht to sue the preach
when he makes the man's wife go to chur'
Instead of staying at homo and cooking h
A patent has been granted in Ancklan
for a net to catch whales. The mosu 13 b
enough for a calf to pas through, and
said to have been used already with gro:
success. ' -
The medals of Columbns sold in Spa
at the time ot tbe Columbian colebnttin
like many of the other oDjects sold in Spa
Ish shop;, wero nearly all imported fro
It is estimated that no fewer that 7f
000,000 Europoan3 wear wooden shoes. Ba
wood Is ordinarily used for tho sabots, b
willow is tho best material. Poular, beeel
walnut and bircn are also used.
In the records of "Westminster Abbe
one of the first interments of the pree
century is Tezlstered ns that of "Willia
Dakin, aged 5 years," believed to havebci
a son ot one of the Abbey servants.
In proportion as the earth cools dov
ice accumulates near tho poles and on t
tops of monntains: water is taken mo
deeply Into the surface of tho terrcsti
crust, the formaton of hydrated miners,
being manifested everywhere.
"When a cow is two years old, a wrink
begins to form at the bio or her horns. .
three years, this wrinkle Is rally rtevelope
When sho Is five years old. another w
form; nnd, after tnat, one will como eat
year. Thus her age can be discovered.
Anion; the wilder tribes of the Ca
casus every child is taught to uso tho dagg
almost as soon n he can walk. 1 he childri
first learn to stab water without making
splash, and by incessant practice ncqnlro 1
extraordinary command over the weapon.
The great high bridge of the Southe:
Pacific Railroad, over Pecos canyon, is r
mnrkablo for three thing. It i the hlgho
bridge in tl-e country, being 323 feet abov
the river bed; it was constructed in si
months, and only ono man was killed in tb
course of its erection.
As continents are formed one part
the waters of the seas is transported
them in the form of lakes, rivers etern
snows, glaciers and organized substance
Owing to these actions the waters of tl
oceans havo been diminishing and the
levels lowered correspondingly.
The tobacco pipe is never seen in Sp3
In use among the natives nor are tobaci
pipes to De purchased in any of tho shop
Cigars and cigarettes manufactured in tl
Government factories in Spain or importo
from Cuba or tho Philippines can alone t
procured, and are universally smoked t
An average of five feet of water
estimated to fall annually over the whol
earth, and, assuming that condensatir
takes place at an average height of 3,0
feet, scientists conclude that the force
evaporation to supply snch rainfall mu
equal the lifting or '322,000.000 pounds
wator 3,000 feet in every minuto, or abot
300,000,000,000 horse-power constantly e.
Taking a census in India always arouse
tho popular superstitions and dread of ui
known evils. After the last census of tl
Bhils their chiofj insisted on a new imperii
obligation that 'In fittnre no Uhil woma
Bbould ever bo weighed," they fearing tbi
tho plnmpest and heavleso women, tl
national beauties, were boing checked 0
for appropriation by the census takers.
POETRT EN PASSAUT.
lr WE KNEW.
If we knew the Fate and Fortnni
Waiting for us in the world:
If "our eyes could see tne burdens
That on each will soon be hurled,
Woola we waste onr days la counting
Chickens ere they yet are hatched?
Wonld we always wear Trince Alberts.
Just because our "pants" are patched?
The old maid sat in misery
And murmured 'mid her sUhs and tears j 1
There are no lovers' laps fcr me;
Mine only is the lapse of years!"
-Smith, Gray &L'o.'t Monthly.
I wonder, oh, I wonder,
When Columbu3 made the blander
Of supposing the Atlantic washed the eutet
shores of Ind.
If he ever contemplated
How he would be celebrated
By the cheers of sixty millions with their luni
chock full of wind.
One more tho't I am caressing
Are yon rather good at guessing?
Ton remember when they sighted land the jalloi
Now, sir. can Ton tell me whether
(In that bright October weather).
The great sailor from Genoa wore a smooth race I
Detroit Free Ttttt,
In front of him towered
A theater hat.
Said be: "What am I here fort
Where am I at!"
HOW WE KNOW.
'Tis now onr observation keen
Enables us to know
Toward which side our neighbors lean
As down the street they go.
'Tis not that tney. by swiggtr bold
Their politics declare,
ifor yet. by looks tbat we are told
IU by the hats they wear.
-The Clothier and FumitKa
: Jkk ,rii