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riTTsBUUG. FRIDAY-. DEC 16 ISM.
A PIECE OF IMPUDENCE.
Steamship companies have been making
a loud-toi.ed declaration tuat no more
steerage passengers "will be carried, as the
20 davs' quarantine deprives them of all
profit And they have further stated that
th?ir lots in this direction involvis fwer
beats and hijLer prices for the accommo
dation of World's Fair v.sitore. There
has been a suspicion of threatening in the
manner cf the announcement, but the
cauntrj has borue it with wonderful
These dreadful things, howevar, are not
to happen at once, and m sons quarters
there is an evident inclination to make the
mrst cf present opportunities. Yester
day the steamer S'uttqar', of the North
German Llojd, r ached quiran-ine with
2,JGJ steerage passensjers. It is character
istic of ih.s company, which showed less
re-card cn than otlicrs for America's
s -fl from cholera, that an effort is made
to evade the qiarantinerestnctions by the
simple pro.e s cf turning immwrants into
"alien our'.s'.s" and the ne r relatives of
American rilitlvcs or residents.
There is a jrood deal m a name at times,"
and come cst'm itc of the cla-s to which
these "toursts" belonj my bi made
fiom a few cf their lliutr.ous but jiw-bie-.-U
nc cDjnomens as published in Tun
DisrATcn this mom-n:;. All the passen
pera : r sJd to be well and sher quarters
e'ean j.n 1 airy. B'i: for future rcterence,
uil on ;rent ra: pr.niiples, it would be
vrrfl !o readi the transportation ppople
thrcu I: their pocket nerves by detaining
ti c r 1 umnn froiah: for the 20 day?.
A mor'-11 jirant pi"ce of impudence was
sc.dom cihifcitpri, and tv slurp acd costly
snub wculd be its fit-est punishment.
feESVANTS OF THE PUHLIC.
Tfe over ru wains of the street cars on
the 'East E id lilies during the busiest
hours of h moruins and evening has be
come a seiinus nuisance to residents in
that noich'oorhood. Car after tcar is
rrowcW to three or four times the seating
capnc.tr. and "tiiidinc; room" is conspicu
ous by its absence. Discomfort :.nd foul
air runs' be put up with by those who wish
to make the journey, or they must walk
or re arranse the limes of their business
and domestic engagements to suit the
traction companies' convenience. It is
evident that the corporations are making
no ffort to so arrange their running
EchcduK-s as to oblige their patrons. Ic is
even rsserted that, byway of economizing
iu expenses and increasing profits, cars
have been laid off at this season when
waiting therefor is so especially uncom
fortable. These corporations were of course or
ganized to make money, and the con
venience of the public would naturally be
an entirely secondary and unimportant
consideration. But valuable franchises
have been conferred by the city, and that
coufenence entails some regard for
patrons, even though it be but of an inci
dental nature. How the public -is going
to force the corporations to think at all of
its claim to decent treatment is not, how
ever, very clear. Individual growls and
complaints are a mere waste of breath.
The only hope of redress lies in a strong
concerted action e5n the part of the
afflicted aijd even the aggregate pressure
to be brought to bear thereby Is by no
means certain of .success. The tractiop
companies have a monopoly at present,
and until new competition is obtainable
they can and are likely to keep their hands
in their pockets and ask their ill-used
passengers: "What are you going to do
AN INSTRUCTIVE INCIDENT.
A drunken Pinkerton watchman nar
rowly escaped lynching In Chicago on.
Wednesday night Exhilarated by an over
dose of liquor, he presumed on his
"authority" as an "officer" to arrest a
man ejected from a restaurant on the
charge of refusing to pay lor his supper.
He escaped an angry mob, thanks to the
timely assistance of a policeman. Tfie
danger he had escaped wis apparently
without warning for him. "For, having
distanced his pursuers, he made an at
tempt to arrest women walking along the
street. Again he fell into the hands of a
crowd, and this time his uniform, coat and
cap were torn from him. His immunity
from senou3 personal injury not to say
the preservation of his life was due here
solely to the advice of the cooler headed
among his captors.
Such is the story sent cut from Chicago
and it is highly significant ot the disfavor
in. which the Pinkerton organization is
held. It is safe to assume that the man's
drunkenness and ill-behavior were not the
sole cause of the passions aroused. Un
uniformed citizens when they molest a
man or insult a woman upon the street do
not as a ruie excite mob violence. They
are either promptly suppressed by on
lookers or held and handed over to the
nearest policeman. It is the badge of
this man's office and his masquerading as
a servant of the law that caused the seri
ous trouble. It would be unfair to assume
from this example alone that too much
carelessness is used in the selection of the
employes of the Pinkerton agency. 'Even
membrrs of the regular police force have
been known upon occasion to get intoxi
cated and make a display of over-omclous-ness,
or even brutality. But this incident
exemplifies the fact that there is in the
public mind a deep-rooted contempt and
hatred for all that is stamped with the
There is a strong movement afoot to
prevent the employment of. this agency in
the defense of property or any other
capacity during labor troubles. Perhaps
such J. prohibition would lessen or remove
the animus at present directed against this
order of men, but the probability is that
it would not.
There is something essentially un-American
in the whole system of Pinkertonism.
The way to get rid of it and its accom
panying dangers is to.be found In so per
fecting the public s?rvice that private
agencies of this kind can no longer find
an occupation. When the law is enforced
by its own qualified instruments as it
should be the public Deace will not be en
dangered by the hiring of private force to
protect private property. The Pinkerton
Agency is filling a demand; the best way
to get rid of the objectionable supply is to
abolish that demand. Perfect the public
protection of life and property and Pink
ertonism will be eliminated root and
So long as churches are bound by
creeds, so long will the inadequacy of
language to express the same thoughts of
diverse minds result in charges of heresy.
In joining a denomination of which each
congregation is under the authority of a
central government, a minister, as it were,
makes a contract to act in accordance
with the dogmas set forth in its confession
of faith or other documents recognized as
authoritative. Bnt, as years go by, while
language undergoes modifications the
meanings of words change and thoughts
on theology progress with progression in
the arts and sciences, differences of opin
ion inevitably arise between individual
ministers and the governing body of their
denomination as to th.2 breadth permissi
ble in an interpretation of the documents
Where such differences arise, a careful
discuss on in the form of a trial before the
aforesaid central government is necessary
to decide whether a minister has commit
ted a breach of contract. In earlier days
the conviction of a minister for practices
contrary to the dogmas of th? church un
der the auspic?s of which he preached was
punishable with torture in the hope of
changing his mind, burning at the stake
that his pernicious practices might find no
im.tators, or an excommunication that
amounted to a boycott in most of the tem
poral affairs of life as well as his condem
nation to eternal punishment All these
things being done to persuade erring men
to mend their evil ways and return to the
only path available for salvation. Nowa
days when a preacher is convicted of
heresy he miy or may not be excommuni
cated, but he will C2rtainly undergo no
physical death penalty or torture, though
he is certain to be more or Jess forcibly
driven from the told which he has out
grown. After the severance of ties of associa
tion due to an honest conviction on bis
part at variance with the no less honest
conv.ction cf his former associates, his
usual course is to continue his preaching
cither without affiliation with any denomi
nation u which case he not unfrcquent
ly starts a new sect or sut-sect or within
the pale of some religious body that he
can conscientiously adhere to. His use
fulness may cr may not be impaired by
his enforced severance from his quondam
c-iurch. The greater loss is sometimes his
and sometimes the church's. But in a
progressive age and by reason of the elas
ticity of language, such discussions and
decisions ars unavoidable while creeds are
literally interpreted and dogmas rigidly
The world loses somewhat and gains
somewhat b having such things brought
to its notice. On the one hand scoffers
find an opportunity for railiug that there
is a more practical work for the church
than the enforci mant of what may -be
called its theoretical principle. On the
other hand interest is aroused in and at
tention attracted to matters that are too
apt to pass unnoticed in the rush and
tumble of modern life. Again some
thoughtful folk are sent adrift by the
wonder who shall decide where doctors
disagree, while others gain new light for
the solution of long troublesome doubts
and journey ou in renewed confidence.
On the whole, however, less and less
acrimony attends such trials as time goes
on, and the general public is seldom in
clined to look seriously askance at one.
who has simply demonstrated the exist
ence of a difference of opinion between
himself and his fellows. In matters of
religion individualism is on the increase,
and the most useful church is generally
considered to bethat which devotes too
much time and energy to the preaching of
the gospel and the practice of charity to
be able to spare much of either to the in
vestigation of its representatives' pub
lished opinions as to the technicalities of
MANUAL TRAINING FOB OBPHANS.
The report of the special Committee on
Manual Training was yesterday submitted
to and unanimously adopted by the Sol
diers' Orphans' Schools Commission. Tue
report states that three schools now sup
port 512 children at a per capita cost of
$140 per annum. That there should be
to many soldiers' orphans' children
under 16 years of age 30 years
after the war is somewhat surpris
ing, but it seems that there are still more
applications coming in. The proposition
of the committee is that the tbrep schools
be maintained as preparatory institutions
to a Manual Training School to be estab
lished. It is suggested that the three
schools be made to maintain 750 children
at 5140 per capita and the Manual Twin
ing School 250 at a per capita of 5200 a year.
The preference is to be given to soldiers'
orphan, and after that the vacancies are
to be filled by selections of indigent and
destitute children from various sections of
the State.. Gradually it is expected that
the Manual Training S.shool would absorb
the preparatory branches with a resultant
diminution of expense.
There is no doubt that manual training
would be an excellent thing in educating
orphans to earn their own living. The
proposal, judged as a whole with reserva
tions mado for criticisms of its details
when the bill reaches the Legislature, out
lines the establishment of what should be
a Yery useful charitable institution for
the State. It is clear that the number of
soldiers' orphans must continually de
crease, and the State will be doing well
to provide mean? for teaching other desti
tute children. Such an institution, prop
erly maintained, would be a profitable in
vestment of any funds the State can
spare, by its tendency to lessen pauperism
?nd crime in turning out boys and girls
well qualified to make an honest living
who wculd have a poor chance to make
their way In the world otherwise.
While there is a general and generous
movement for substantial relief for 'the dis
tress at Homestead, It is gratifying to note
that the quaint and touching letters of the
little children of that place to Santa Claus,
asking to b'e remembered at CnrUKoa, are
not coins unanswered. Throughout Chris
tendoin tha Christmas festival brings light
and. cheer to all, but roost of all to tho little
ones. Tho provision ol a Christmas treo
with suitable remembrances for" tho chil
dren at Homestead is a matter requiring no
great expenditure nor much laborious
effort. AH the more reason why others
slionld follow the example or the charitable
lady whose appreciative letter with a sub
stantial enclosure for the purpose yesterday
reached Thb Dispatch and is this morning
printed in another column. Santa Claus
will see that donations are duly,applied to
making the festival a cheerful, one Tor the
thousand and more children who otherwise
would be disappointed.
European 'financiers who are fond of
urging that America's support of bimetal
lism is due to this country's production of
silver will do well to rememDor that Amer
ica still supplies more gold than any other
in the world.
William Ewabt Gladstone is
magnificent orator and a man of wonderful
energy for his years. His powers are such
as could not fail to Illuminate the opening
ceremonies of the World's Fair or any simi
lar celebration of the nations. But it is safe
to assume that in his effort to secure home
rule lor Ireland the Grand Old Wan has a
task of such magnitude on hand as will pre
vent his visit to this country next May. The
mere suggestion, however, is an indication
that there nre people in this country who
recognize greatness even when it is found
in England, and they are more than enough
to offset tho ridicule cast upon the British
Isles by tho infatuated Anglomanlacs who
make a point of adopting all that is most
foolish nnd worthless in English fashions
Columbus discovered America and
gained future fame. Chicago discovered the
souvenir half-dollar and gains present cash.
The magnitude of an enterprise is seldom
proportionate to the profit of its originator.
A kesolution was introduced in the
House yesterday providing for the olectlon
of the President and Vice President by the
direct votes of the people and a distribution
or the electoral votes in proportion to the
number oi votes cast for each candidate.
Some such measure will be empnatlcally de
manded before long, as the evils of the pres
ent system are becoming more and more
generally recognized. Tho most remarkable
feature of this resolution, however. Is Its
suggestion for the rormatlon of a court to
finally settle a contested election. Such a
nmiriatnn wnnirt be extremelv wise, no mat
ter what tho system ol election adopted.
In the United States spoils of office are
sought by the ballot, in South American re
publics the bullet is the medium of ex
change. Evolution gets its -work in even in
politics and there is room for more of It.
Senator Peffeb is agitated over the
amendment to the Inter-jjtate commerce act
to legalize pooling, now under the considera
tion of a committee. It Is not quite clear
why the "railroads should desire such an
amendment or tho Populist leader dieadit.
The act is pretty much of a dead letter any
how. The railroads disregard its provisions
with Impunity. And Its supporters will do
well to devote their energies to the substi
tution of something more effective.
In a city where public spirit is mainly
conspicuous by Its absence, It Is hardly sur
prising that a Historical Society should fall
of support In a neighborhood richer than
most in its historical associations.
Treasurers and bookkeepers, whether
of private firms, benefit societies or munici
palities, will find It a safe plan to eschew
tho opening of a personal credit and debit
account with funds entrusted to their care.
Debts have a way of coming due at the most
inconvenient or times. And such debts as
these are to De steered clear of even when
made with the best or Intentions to repay
A CORNER in cranberries can be sup
ported, but the threatened absence of egg
nogg at Christmas, due to tho riso in the
price or whisky, "should bethe death war
rant of all trusts and monopolies.
A NATION that does not wish to be
guarantor to the extent or $100,000,000 for an
undertaking hundreds or miles bej ond its
border and estimated to cost only $65,000,000,
will do well to Keep Its eye fixed on the
Nicaragua Canul lobbying committee which
has made its appearance in Washington.
And still there is a necessity for some
kind or emergency brake while street cars
vary their proceedings by running into
buildings instead of over pedestrians. Let
it be provided at once.
Senator Quay has relieved an anxious
State of n serious source or care. He has
consented to be a candidate ror the United
States Sonato once more. A grateful Legis
lature will doubtless reward his conspicu
ous devotion to duty by making his return
unanimous for all practical purposes.
TnE State Grange has decided to ask the
Legislature for a general road bill. Now let
it use its Influence to demand the framing
and enactment of a sound commonsense
A LARGE crowd was attracted by Phila
delphia's first electric cars yesterday. Such
speed 'would naturally attract a crowd
down there. Perhaps tho rate of the cars
will have a wholesome effect in waking up
the Inhabitants, ir not, the mortalities are
likoiy to Increase .
Colonel Shepakd may just as well be
reminded that he Is not the first gentleman
of whom it has been said that he can quote
scripture to suit his purpose.
Vice President Morton can retire
from his official career with the knowledge
that he has killed at least one measure dur
ing his tenure of office. For his casting vote
on the Antl-Optton bill sounded the knell ot
that pet production of Representative
People that pay premiums for souvenir
half-dollars will have every inducement to
remember the date of Columbus' discovery.
Max O'Bell is lecturing to enthusiastic
audiences in Australia.
Michael Datitt's intimate friends
state that he will not re-enter Parliament,
Miss Grace Hawthorne lately sued a
LomlOil paper for libel, and recovered a ver
dict of 10 shillings. It was only a littlo one.
Count Tolstoi has been struck with a
sudden but sensible relapse, and has settled
his estate and other property upon his wife
Mrs. Margaret Howell Dati3
Hayks, a daughter of Jefferson Davis, aI
her little boy had an ovation at the hands
ot Confederate veterans in Dallas, Tex,
lately. The' boys In gray idolize the lad,
whom they call "Little Jeff."
Mrs. J. "W. Delano, of San Francisco,
carefully treasures a piece of blood-stained
white silk dress which Laura Eeeno wore on
the stage, when Lincoln was assassinated.
Miss Eeene held and assisted the dying Pres
ident until ho was removed.
Miss Morton, daughter of the Vice Pres
ident, will not make her debut in. society un
til atter ,New Year's Day, as her, mother is
detained In Yhiladelpbla under treaifeent
for her eyes, and will not be able to reach
the Capital until the holidays.
Foxhall Keene and his bride are on
the steamship Jlsjejtic en route for Eng
land, where they wilt pass the winter. On
board the ship aro several of Mr. Eeene'a
thoroughbreds. Mr. P. D. Armour, of Chi
cago, is also a passenger on the Majestic
The Professorship of Practical Theology
In Hartford Seminary, lately held by Pjrpf.
Graham Taylor, or Chicago, and recently of
fered to Bev. Aloxander B. Merrlam, late
of Grand Baplds, iiloli., has been' accepted
by Mr. Merrlam, who will enter oa hU new
duties January L, ;
A LOOK AROUND.
It looks as though the slimy claws of
the Panama Canal monster would drag
down Sadt Carnot, President or the French
Bepnbllc, ir tho dispatches rrom Pans are
to be relied upon, not through his own fault,
but because his relatives and trlends seem
tainted wlttf the all-pervading rottenness.
If this be truest will be a calamity to France
and something every man who truly ad
mires republicanism will regret. It would
be a'stngularly disagreeable coincidence If
this man. who has kept hlmsejr above re
proach or suspicion as a man and an official,
should be dragged into the mire by his rela
tives, as was his predecessor in the Etysee
Palace. Grevy and his son-in-law, Wilson,
fell through the sale of decorations, when
poor Boulanzer went out also, and yet no
one ever accused the President of any sort
of complicity, nor of any moral warn. Par
simony of an official nature paved the way
to unpopularity, but the weight of his do
mestic complications sealed his fate.
The. wholesale rottenness developed as to
thiaPanama matter seems likely to blot many
a name and fame hitherto above reproacli,
but there are two men above all others who
will attract more attention in their downfall,
in foreign eyes, than any of the others who
may meet with disaster Carnot and De
Lesseps. "The Grand Old Man of the Sue,z"
appears to have fallen Into bad hands. Jnst
before you turn into the avenue which runs
through the town of Versailles and up to the
entrance of the palace park they spow yon
a modest brick house on the corner of a nar
row street, where the great engineer was
born. A brass tablet sot into the wall com
memorates the event, and yon aie sure to
hear words or praise and revei enco f rom
any Frenchman who may be with you for
the man who unlocked the gateway to the
Bed Sea and gave to Franco tne glory f
the great canal project. What a hero ho
wns then, and how highly the European
world held him during those memorable
fetes on land and sea, when the first vessel
passed through the muddy pass, when the
brilliant and beautiful Eugenie was Empress
of hearts ns it ell ns France, with pageants
such as have rarely If nt all been equalled
from that time to this. This wonderlul old
man, with his IS or 11 children and his wife,
with the Impossibly young, fresh face so
familiar to Parisians and to strangers who
met this patriarchal group nearly every
pleasant day, riding together like a Bedouin
tribe In the Bols, this man of astounding
credit and tremendous influence, this sun of
almost fourscore and ten years' shining,
seems about to sink as ho sets into a night
The sentiment as to Carnot was pecu
liarly unique for a French public man. Ho
had been somewhere out of town with bis
family when I leached Paris last, but was
drawn thither as I was by the pnblic fetes in
honor or the Centennial or tho birth or the
Bepnbllc. he to lead In all the ceremonies
and I to listen to his praise sung alike by
OrleanUts, Bonapartlsts, Radicals, Conser
vatives, Socialists, Clericals and nil other
mtnor shades or French political parties. A
good man in private lifo and in the line of
dnmestio duties, singularly free from any of
those lapses which are so common and so
much pardoned In French statesmen; a pru
dent man In tho conduct of affairs; and yet
withal a man whose public spirit and cour
age were at once his own shield and that of
France among the nations. "Ah If we were
sure of such Presidents as that little dark
man yonder," said a man who stood beside
me as the troops marched past the President
In the Place do la Concorde, "then the He
public would be a thing to look up to." And
this samo man had previously cursed every
man of every party he, could catch a glimpse
or, had called the celebration "tho fete or
the guillotine" and had mourned the exist
ance or law and order. "Great Is the palm
tree" say the Arabs, "but greater the vine
that saps it and brings it to thousand."
"While at luncheon the other day with
an old resldoat or Washington, n man at an
adjacent table managed to deposit the con
tents or a soup'tilate in his lap, and as the
soup w as fresh from the stove he was quite
active physically and conversationally for
some moments. "Tuat reminds me or some
thing I saw at the White House years ago,"
said my friend. '"President Arthur. gave
one of those delightful dinners for wulcli'lio
was so famous, and among other guest 3
'were a Western Senator and his wire. Ho
was a big, bluff, loud-voiced man and she
the littlest, meekest, qnletest woman imag
inable, who never seemed to liavo a word to
ray in the presence of her lordly lord. At
tho table at this dinner the Senator sat at
the President's left nnd the Senator's wife
at his right. When the Senator began eating
his oysters he tucked tbe corner of his nap
kin Into his collar. It remained there until
the soup arrived, when it fell to the floor.
Tho Senator was accustomed evidently to
wait upon himself, and he ducked to pick up
the napkin and in dolnz so brought tho top
of his bald Head sharply against tho edgo of
the soup plate while the soup streamed all
over him. Ho howled with pain and mopped
himself with the napkin. The President
made some sympathetic remark and the
Senator arose with his head partly shrouded
in a big handkerchief and partly In the nap
kin. As his partially parboiled countenance
arose above tbe table somebody snickered.
Tho Bona tor's eye fell on his meek little wife
who had stood up with consternation and
fright written all over her face, but silont
withal. The instant the Senator saw his
wife chanced to be that when tho President
sought to console the scalded statesman.
Whether he was bewildered and what was
going on inside his head I don't know, but
be leaned over toward Mrs. Senator and
roared 'Be silent, you Infernal has!' and then
after a moment of horrified silence tho
room shook with the laughter of the wholo
party, the Sonator Included."
"WnEN we have a dark day like that of
Tuesday and the lower part of tho city Is
burled in fog and smoke, those who enter
the dingy region from tbe East End notice a
singular phenomenon. There is brightness,
even streaks of sunshine, until you reach
the hillside on Firth avenue just below Bob
inson street, and there the foggy atmos
phere actually seems like a compact wall,
all the way across the river at an angle to
the works or Jones & Laughllns. The street
cars on Firth avenue or Forbes street and
the railway or- eleotrlo cars on Second ave
nue, seem to enter a gloomy archway, so
marked and so clearly defined that for an
instant tbe forepart of a car will be dark and
full of fog 'while the rear Is light and the
air comparatively clear. The outlook what
little there is of it as you go on down Soh'o
hill toward the flat part of the town is a
remlndor of the chesnut suggested for a
motto for tho municipal coat of arms by
some Eastern writer: "He who enters here
leaveth his clean shirt behind."
This Country Is All Sight.
Boston Herald. J
This Is a luxurious country. They have
discovered diamonds in Idaho, and. there is
no end or sealskin cloaks up in Alaska.
Wild the winds and wildly snowing.
White flakes o'er tue tad earth (owing
All. all most got
Hear ye not tbe pine trees sighing?
, For the year Is old and dylngl
All, all mast go I
O'er the laic tho north wind iteaUng,
Chills and kit's all hope and reeling.
AH, all must got
Far and wide the Ice extending
'Marks the reigning will unbending,
All around the cold snow hovers.
Falls, and all the wide world covers.
All. all most go I
Naught remains to teU the comer '
Of the Joys that sped the summer,
.- All, all must got
la the woodland's depths and shadows.
On the wide and rolling meadows,
All. all mast go I
Neath the lanrel the rabbit lying
Sees tbe bright flakes onward flying,
AH, aU must got
Fast and fast tbe white veil growing
Hides all beauty of earth's showing,
AU, aU must go!
With a shifting mask outrunning
All the boundaries of man's canning,
. All. all must go!
1 "I - PMlastelBh(a niut.
i ' - . L. . - -
FRIDAY, DECEMBER 16,
LIVE NATIONAL NEWS.
A Cluster of Gems From the Capital Pop
ulists Alarmed at Attacks on the Inter
State Commerce Act A Penslon-Kepeal
Bill Introduced in tne House.
"Washington, Dec. 15. The Populists
in Congress have taken alarm at cortaln
measures aimed at the Inter-State commerce
acf, and are fearful that a determined effort
is to be made to devitalize the most benefl
clent piece of legislation, as they regard it.
Senator P,effer, of Kansas, is the first to see
the workings or the plan. This morning he
said he wished to call attention to some sig
nificant facts in connection with the pend
ing Cullom bill to amend tho acC This bill,
he said, was marked "Introduced by re
quest," and ho intimated that it
was done at the request of tho rail
road people. It was introduced day
berore yesterday, and was not printed
until yesterday morning; yet a moeting or
the committee was neld to hear the railroad
people almost before the bill was ofl the
press. Looking at the bill Itself, Senator
Peffer suld It was framed to achieve the
verv thing that the intor-State act was in
tended to prevent, which wns cooling, un
der its terms the people would surrender
the control they now held ovor the roads,
nd the latter would once moro bo author
ized to make and maintain any rates they
choose to fix. Then the amendmenis to sec
tion 10 of the act would remove the penalty
clause so that there would be practically no
punlshmoirt for violation of the very es
sence of the act. Altogether. Sonator Peffer
regards the bill as a most d.ingeroas meas
ure, and announces his purpose to fight it at
A committee composed of "Walter
Greshaui, or Texas; Charles M. Shelley, or
Alabama: Mr. Maybury, or Michigan: Ed
ward F. Cragin, or IUitioi"; F. J. Odendahl.
of Louisiana, and Bicliard L. Edwards, or
New York, made its appearance In tlie city
this morning to promote the Nicaragua
Canal project In Congress. This co uintttco
was appointed nv tho National Nicaragua
Convention to present to Congress tho uie
moiial adopted by the body, and to request
Congress to take such stops at will Insure the
early completion or tne .Mcarisua uini
and place It under the control or the Govern
ment. Eepresextative Dearmond, of Mis
souri, to-dav Introduced in the House a reso.
lution providing lor the election or the Pres
ldent and Vice President by tho direct votes
or tho people and a distribution or the eloc.
toral votes in proportion to the number of
votes cast for each candidate. A novel lea
turo or the resolution provides that ir either
House certifies that the resulto' the election
depends upon the vote or any specified
State, and that it ought to bo judicially de
termined for whom the votes should be
counted, there shall be convened nt Wash
ington on the fourth Wednesday in January
a Court of Chief Justices, consisting or the
Chier Justice or the Supreme Court and tho
Chief Justice or tho huhest court in each
State to hear nnd determine all questions
raised by either House The judgment or
this court shall be final.
The Secretary of the Treasury to-day
authorized the delivery or $33,C0O In souvenir
Stf-cent ploces to the World's Fair directory,
that being the amount or expense vouchers
so Tar approved by tho department. These
coins will bo shipped from the Mint at Phil
adelphia to-morrow. $5,000 worth going to
New York and $2S,000 worth going direct to
nhlefttrn. Tho formers. will reach New York
the samo day and the latter will reach their
destination Saturday afternoon, but will
serve only partly to meet the present heavy
demand from all points for these coins for
use as Christmas gifts. Orders have been
issued for the coinage of these pieces as
rapidly as possible and it is estimated that
several hundred thousand of them will bear
the date oi 1S92.
Senator Sawyer evidently has in mind
the recent attempt to hold up railway pas
sengers in West Virginia by highwaymen,
and proposes to inflict severe punishment
upon any future ambitious person who at
tempts to either wreck, hold up or intorfere
with the progress of trains. To-dny ho in
troduced a bill which imposes heavy penal
ties upon persons who either attempt to
wreck a train or rob Its passengers.
Eepresentative Antony, of Texas,
Introduced in the House to-day a bill repeal
ing the act of June 27, 1890, granting pen
sions to soldiers and sailors and to widows,
minor children and dependent parents of
soldiers and sailors. The bill also provides
that all pensions granted undor the act shall
Confirmations by the Senate to-day:
James WMcDUl, of Iowa, lnter-Stnto Com
merce Commissioner. Also the entire list of
army nnd navy promotions made during tho
recess of Congress.
The military post authorized by act of
Congiess, approved May 12. ISU, to be estab
lished at or near tho city of Helena, in Lewis
and Clarke county. Montana, will bo known
and designated as Fort Hairison, in compli
ment to the President or the United States.
A yeey strong presentation in favor of
the claimant in tho famous McGarrahan
case was made in tho Senate to-day by Mr.
Hunton, of Virginia. The chief point made
was that after a hearing before President
Lincoln, in nhich both sides were repre
sented by counsel, Mr. Lincoln bad decided
in support of the claim, and bad directed
tho issuance of a patent; tuat the patent
was actually filled out and signed, and that
it was afterward (before McGarrahan knew
of its existence) mutilated in the Land office
of the Interior Dopartmont. The morning
hour expired before the argument was con
cluded, and the bill went over, without
action, till Monday next in tho morning
The Senate and House to-day adjourned,
the former till Monday and the latter till to
morrow. Senator George to-day brought toa
cloe his three-day speech in favor or the
anti-option bill: and Mr. Washburn made a
determined but fruitless effort to have a day
next week fixed for a vote upon it. He had,
eaily in the day's session, fbnzht against a
motion to adjourn over till Monday next. In
which fight he was defeated only by tho
casting'voteof Vice President Morton, wlilcil
vot was greeted with laughter and applause
by the opponents of the anti-option bill.
The bill went over without action till Mon
day next. There will be but four days left
until the holidays begin, and as four Sena
tots have given notice of their intention to
discuss the measure there is littlo proba
bility that a vote can bo reached until after
The President to-day sent the name of
John B. Tobias to the Senate for postmaster
at Everett, Pa.
Congressman Springer, Chairman of
the Committee on Ways and Means, reported
in the House to-day a concurrent resolution
for a holiday recess lrom December 22, 1392,
to January 4, 1893. Agreed to.
The House has passed tbe bill making it
unlawful ror anycommou carrier to insert
in any bill or lading or shipping document
any clause, covenant or agreement whereby
it shall be relieved from liability ror loss or
damage arising from nejllgence, fault or
failure in pioper loading, storage custody,
care in transportation, or proper delivery
of any merchandise commlttod to its caie.
The Senate Commerce Committee has or
dered a favorable reply on the Frye bill to
protect our coasting trado by prohibiting
lorelgn vessels to transport merchandise
from one United States port to anothor
United States port via any foreign port.
A MEETING of the Committee on "Ways
and Means was held this morning to con
sider the resolution of investigation into
tho flnanoial condition of the Treasury De
partment. Some favored an investigation
by the entire committee, and others be
lieved results could be expedited by assign
ing the work to ,a sub-committee. The mat
ter was finally settled by the adoption of
the following resolution, presented bv Mr.
Wilson, ol West Virginia: "Eesolved, that
the inquiry devolved upon this committee
by the resolution adopted by the House on
the 13:h Instant be conducted by a sub-committee,
to be composed ot flvo members,
consisting of the Chairman and four mem
bers appointed by him." This committee
will be announced by Chairman bpriuger
before the holiday adjournment.
The Secretary of the Treasury tent to
tho House to-day estimates of deficiencies
in appropriations on account of the postal
service, payable from the postal revennes.
The deficiency amounts to $S67,970, and cov
ers the years of 1891-92.
A Horse on Himself.
Washington Post.i ,
.Judge Crisp now realizes the feelings of
tha member who falls to catoh tho Speak
Make Christmas Happy for Them Their
Letters to Santa Clans to Be Answered
On WedneJday there was published upon
the fourth page of Tbe Dispatch a few let
ters written by some little children nt Home
stead setting forth thelrindivldunl infantile
Chrlstmastide wishes and need. The utter
ances were tho children's own, and were
not in any case suggested by our represen
tative. They tell their own story and need
no elaboration lrom us.
That they have struck a responsive chord
in many charitable hearts is evidenced by
soveral letters that The DrsrATca has re
ceived on this sublcct, and one lady whose
name appears below has expressed her sym
pathy In the practical way that sympathy
should be expressed, and is most valuable.
The Dispatcb supplements this lady's con
tribution by its own check for HO. and
calls upon all who have been blessed
with more of this world's goods and cheer
than have these little ones to assist In mak
ing Christmas for them as happy as their
TnE DisrATOHwIll see that these children's
needs are supplied, and that Santa Claus
shall be no mere name to them, but a prac
tical entity. A hall will be hired at Home
stead, a well supplied Christmas tree will be
furnished, and each little tot's wishes shall
be, as nearly as may be, satisfied.
There aro thousands of charitable hearts
in our midst who will, without donbt, co-operate
lu making for these children & "Morry
Chrlstmas." Contributions will be acknowl
edged In these columns from day to day.
To the Editor of The Dispatch:
Sin Having noticed In this morning's
Issue an article by "Chick," in resard to the
condition or the Homestead children and
their anything but bright prospects Tor a
hnppy Christmas, I inclose a check for $20
from my husband and myself to be used ex
clusively for the children.
Mas. W. E. ScHMrnTZ, Jr.,
Westminster Place, Shadyside, city.
Mrs. W. E. Schmertz, Jr 9 20 CO
The Pittsbceo Dispatch CO 00
HEW TOEK'S OFFICIAL VOTE.
Cleveland's Plurality in His Own State Is
Albant. N. Y., Dec 15. The State Board of
Canvassors met at 2:10 o'clock this after
noon. Attorney General Bosendale was ab
sent on official business. The other mem
bers of the board, Comptroller Campbell,
State Treasurer Danforth, Slate Engineer
Schenok and Secretary ot State Boy, were
present. Under the new law the board had
simply to canvass tho total vote cast for
each elector by counties.
The vote for electors shows: Democratic,
highest, John Lang, 651 9C8: Democratic,
lowest, BIchard Croker. 654.835. Bennbllcan,
hlthcst, Freuerlck 1'. Morris, 6C9,i59: Eepnb
lican. lowest, Panl Tuckorman, 609,252. Pro
hibition, highest. S. W. Mason. 33.193; Pro
hibition, lowest, Daniel B. Sill, 33,173. S 'cisl
lstlc Labor, highest, Samuel Jacobsnn, 17.933;
Snelnimto Labor, lowest, Erastus Pellenz,
17,953. People's, highest, 16,430; People's,
lowest, 1(1,428. Four electors on tho People's
party ticket each received 16,430 and threo
each received 16,423. The board declared
that all nf the Democratic electors wero
duly elected, as shown bv the certified re
turns filed. The plurality for the Demo
cratic elector who received the highest vote
over tho largost vote cast for any Bopubll
can elector was thereforo 45,419, which was
the highest -plurality cast .or the Demo
cratic candidates lor President and Vice
President through the electors. The total
vote cast for all the electors was 48,153,526.
CHICAGO'S CHRIS1JTAS GIFT,
Pbil. Abxouk's girt is a noble beneficence.
Mb. Aiixour has done a generous thing
and ho has also done a wise thing. Brook
Mr. Abmoitr has shown in his action gen
erosity guided by the truest wisdom. Kan
sas City Star.
He has set an example whloh other mil
lionaires in Chicago would do well to follow.
Phil, armour's gift of a $1,500,000 training
school to Chicago is something generous and
handsome. Vive I' Armour! Boston Herald.
Phil. Armour's erection of a public edu
cational lnstitntion is a gracelul act, its
unostentatiousness being Its greatest virtue.
Mr. Absiour has never made an invest
ment that will bring him greater satl3fact
Ion or reflect as great and lasting honor on
his name. Minneapolis Tribune.
Phil. Armour has given Chicago another
million foreduentton, but it will tako moro
than that to teach Chicago and Its million
aires to earn money before they glvo it
away. St Zwii Republic.
Mr. Philip D. Armour has furnished an
other reason why his name shall long bo
cherished In grateful remembrance by tho
people while thoso of some other million
aires are execrated or forgotton. Chicago
Mr. Philip Armour's gift of an institute
to Chicago modeled n:ter our Drexel Insti
tute, shows how contagious a good example
may be; and, moreover, it is one more in
stance of that wiso ante-mortem use of
wealth which, taken in its varied manifest
ations, truly honors human naturo. Phila
Christmas Makes tho Money Go.
Cincinnati Commercial Gxzette.3
Pittsburg rop rts a tight money market,
and the reason given is that large amounts
have gone into permanent investments in
tho way of realty, bonds and stocks. The
amount laid up lor Christmas purchases is
also quite an Item in the financial markets
of all tho towns. But tbe Christmas money
stockings aro now disgorging, and money is
ngain becoming plenty, at least in small
DEATHS HERE AND ELSEWHERE.
Er-Congressinan Leopold Morse.
Ex-Congressman Leopold Jlorse called at
the Hotfl Vendome, In Boston, shortly before 0
o'clock last erenlng to ste Eepresentatlre HItt;
who was attending the reception of the Boston
Merchants Association. While waiting in one or
the outer rooms of tne hotel he had au epl'epilc
shock. Ills physician was called, and Just as the
fucsts or the Jlerchants" Association were filing
nto the dining hall he was removed to a hoase on
Commonwealth avenue nearly opposite, where he
died within aa hour.
Mary Ella Gibson.
Mr. and Mrs. J. N. Gibson, of 225 Federal
street. Allegheny, mourn the loss of their daughter
Mary Ella, who died at 12:M o'clock yesterday
morning. Deceased was a lovable, pleasant young
ladr Just a little over 18 years of ajre, and a large
circle ofacqualntances will rejrret to hear of her
death, which was quite unexpected.
Johx Emii. Leuoiuk, the well-known Frencn
statesman, Is dead.
ALLEM L. BASSETT. President of tho Board of
Trade of Newark, X. J., died Wednesday la his
SIR AD IMS GEOBOE ARCHIBALD, K. C. M. G..
aired 78. died yeHerdar at Halifax. He was one of
tbebesi-knonn historians lu Canada.
Martin NooxAtr, a well-Enown citizen of Bead
ing: father of Mayor Edward C. Noonxn, of St,
L'jSls, died In Beading yesterday aged 75.
AUGUST SlUEOX LUCK, the historian and French
scholar, died yesterday In Paris. He was bora
Decembers. 13J3. and was the author of a number
or well-known works.
Gkkebal GAlvak, Governor of the Mexican
State or Jallfo, died Monday night. In the war
with the Ki .nclt he was a celebrated cavalry offl
cer. As Governor he was progressive.
George Wolf, who served two terms as post
master at Hnmmelstown. Pa., under President
Jackson, has Just died at his homo In Harrlsburg
from paralysis. His aged widow is critically HI.
DR. W. CHEW VAN Bibuek, a prominent physi
cian In Baltimore, died suddenly t noon Wednes
day from brain tronb!". He had practiced medi
cine la Baltimore for over 40 years and was 63 years
William Marb, minstrel and vaudeville per
former, died of pneumonia Tuesday night at the
residence or his sister in Brooklyn. He was 40
years old and ronnerly of the team of Hurley and
MAUMAPUKE BLATTtRLT died at Ft. Wayne
lnd., Wednebday. He was tho Inventor of
the Slatterly Induction system of electric
lighting, upon which he had a royalty of iio,
09) a year.
Bobebt Meanob, editor of the Grant, Pa..
Record, who died the other day, was burled at his
old home, Marlon Celster, Wednesday. HU age
was 95. lie had been ill for three weeks with
IN SOCIETY'S WHIRL
Several Enjoyable Entertainments Given
Last VI.-htT1, Pnnln of Wllklnibarg
Hold an Old-Fashioned Country School .
A fashionable Reception.
The Columbian Exposition, under the
auspices or the Toung People'B Society or
Christian Endeavor or the First M. P.
Church, opened last evenjng with a large
attendance, and every prospect or the pe
cuniary returns being most gratirylng. Tho
young ladles have shown much tnste In the
decoration or tho roo-n and In tne arrange
ment of the various booths and tables. The
fancy work booth was in charge of Miss
Jennie Hewitt. The common sense booth
was taken caro or by Mrs. Sherman West,
while the popcorn booth was watched by
Mr. Victor and Mr. Charles Gans. Miss Mol
lle Keogh sold flowers' and Mr. William
Keogh sold lemonade. There wero dozens
of aids to assist in the work at the various
booths, and the amount of business done
was only equaled by the lively chatter and
laughter that babbled up In every direction.
An excellent supper was served by the In
dies' Aid Society rrom 5:C0 to 8 r. at. The fair
will bo continued to-day.
A musical and literary entertainment
was given by the Toung Men'sSoclety of the
Sixth Prosbyterlan Churctolnst evening, the
proceeds or which go Jnto the fund for mis
sions in North China. Miss Edith Harris,
tho Kceler quartet, Messrs. P. A. and JI.
Ward, Jliss K-uherfne Ward and other well
known artists of Pittsburg, took part. Re
freshments were served durinz the evening,
and It was from tho profit on them that the
mission cause benefited, as admission to the
concert was tree.
The famous Evangelist, Sam Jones, is to
lecture in Carnerie Hall this evening, on
"The Battle or Life and How to Win It."
This Is one of the course or entertainments
nnder the ansplces or tho association of tbe
Ninth U. P. Church.
WlLKlNSBUEG enjoyed its great social
sensation or the season fast evening. It was
the reception given by Mr. and Mrs. A. C
Duncan, and their daughter. Miss Nellie
Duncan, in honor of three bridos who are
well known and popular in nttsunrz soci
ety. They nre Mrs. William O'Hnra
Woods. Mrs. E. Reynolds Mnnroc and Mrs.
Samuel Lincoln Boggs. Each of tho brides
is a cousin or Miss Nellie, and it can be un
derstood at once that the occasion last even
ing was a very interestlngas well as pleasant
one. There wero some elegant costnmes
worn, among them being that or Miss Nollio.
who was attired in a handsome evening
gown or white silk tulle, with green velvet
puff sleeves and train. The bride nil woto
their wedding gowns, whtcu wereof white
silk trimmed with duchesso lace. Miss Hnr
riet Duncan was in one or the fashionable
shades ot red. and little 2-year-old Gladys
was in baby wnite. Thero was a reception
from 8 till 10 o'clock, and after thas tho
spacious floor of the lower apartments
thrown Into ono was given up to the dancers.
There weie about 100 guests.
Tnis evening the one hundred and eighty
seventh reception of the Art Society will be
held at the Pittsburg Club Theater, when
Prof. Goodyear, curator of the Brooklvn In
stitute of Arts and Science", will locturo on
"Progress In American Architecture." To
morrow evonlm he will lecture again In tho
same place on "Dutch and Flemish Paint
ing." The second annual entertainment of the
Pittsburg letter carriers will bo held in
Turner Hall, Forbes street, this evening.
The musicale under the direction of Miss
Mary B. Kier, for the benefltof the Women's
Industrial Socl-ty of Christ M. E. Church,
will ho given in Christ Church chapel this
There was a large audience In the Cum
berland Presbyterian Clinrch, Shady ave
nue, last evening, to hear the lecture of
Jirs. xiaggarr, unuor suo suiijiumu. .no j-.n.
End and tho Shndjrsido W. a T. U. Mrs.
Haggart will lecture in Wilklnaburg this
A QUAINT entertainrasnt was Riven in
tho Wilklnsburg Opera Honje, last evening,
before an audience thatpacked every corner
of tho holL It was a "Deest rict Sfcnle," with
all the prominent people in tho borough
taking part, either as teachers or scholars.
The exercises'ot tho school commenced with
a song by one of the pupils, followed by tho
A. B, C infant class, tho spelling clos-, the
geography clas, ahd grammer class. Then
camn rnensa. The fun of this part of the
programme can be Imagined wlmn It Is re-
.y,fiTit rlnss were nro'esslonal men nnd
women or tho highest culture, all or wnom re
cited their alphabet as gi nvcuy as inoy couiu,
nnd tried to suppose themselves children
aain. Tho second part consisted or the
"skulo exhibition," in which thero wore
songs and recitation?, with a lew declama
tions and remarks thrown in. Essays wero
read on such abstruse subjects as "The
Cow," while those clnssics, "Mary had a,
Little Lamb," nnd "Tho Boy brood on tlie
Burning Deck," were rendered with nil the
fire and passion that the subjects demanded.
When, at last, skule adjourned, the nndl
ence, as well as the performers wore down
rlht exhausted with laughter, nnd most of
them felt that school-days would Indeed be
tho happiest period or their lives H they
were as full ofaipusomont as this one even
ing in tho "deestrict kulo."
The young ladies of St. Joseph's Acad
emy, Seton Hill, Greensburg, will give a per
formance or "The Merchant or Venice" after
the holidays. AU the parts will be sus
tained by tho young lady pupils of the Acad
emy, Bhylock and all. Last year "Hamlet"
was given at the Academy, and it was de
clared to be a most creditable performance.
An extensive addition to the Academy
building is now in course of erection, which
comprises a ball, with an Immense and well
equipped stnse, so that the tluntrical per
formances shall be glvon with all tho advnn
taxes that would be enjoyed in n city the
ater. Thero ore a number of very clever elo
cutionists among the pupil", dramatic talent
showing itself in a marked manner in tne
persons of some of the very young girls.
The King's Daughters of. the Second
Presbyterian Church will to-day pack a box
of Christmas gifts to be scut to a colored
minister in the South, who will distribute
them among tho poor of his district.
DOWNFALL 02 AH ATIOENET.
He Gets a Tear's Imprisonment for Issuing
False Pension Topers.
Noetolk, Va., Dec 15.- Imperial J W.
R, Drury, an attorney at law In Nor
folk, was found guilty in the United
States Court in this city to-day for making
a false" paper for the procuring of a
United States pension, and was sen
tenced to one year in Jail and
$100 fine. When aked by Jndge Hughes if
ho had anything to say ho replied: "No,"
and threw himself on tho mercv of the
Court. He was carried to jail and wns
heard to intimate that Ho would commit sni
cide, and. this lniormition was communi
cated to the Jail officials.
Tho pr sonor is about 65 years or age, and
is credited with having enjoyed for some
time a most lucratlvo practice In connec
tion with the United States Pension Bureau,
and ic is said that he made $13,000 in one
year. He is an enthusiastic Republican, and
lost $1,030 on narrison. The sceno when
Deputy Marshal Cross was ready to
start with tho prisoner from tho court room
wns touching in the extreme. Mr. Drury
called his son to him and told him to go
home and tell his mother or tho pentcace at
once. A cry or nngulsh escaped the son's
lips and tears stood in tho eyes of the parent.
It is thought there will be but little trouble
in securing a pardon for the prisoner.
Santa Clans' Turn Now.
St. bonis Globe Democrat.3
Columbus has received a great deal or
attention In this country this year, but ror
the next few days he must yield the floor to
"When Grover Needs His Armor.
Here's a 'pointer for Mr. Cleveland. Oak
leyOhinelander, dr Now York, has the most
complete collection of antique armor lu
New York Advertiser.
In England n man wrote a poem and then
became insane. In America insanity usually
sets in first and then comes tho poetry.
Canada Knows Where the 3Ioney Is.
Dallas News. J
Canada hat seen so many Americans with
plenty of money that she longs to be one
f n. .1 . "rT - -'
I U. . - 1 fek
-L..4. , J- i,, .. . s . r . - ' em3n - . . fis-sW aVap
Russia has the largest electric road.
Liverpool is England's most over
The city of Boston lays claim to
The dwarf magnolia came to Earope
from China in 175S.
Tbe Eiffel Tower is eight inches shorter
in winter than in summer.
The double handed swords ot mediaval
times often weighed 30 pounds.
The diploidion was a handsome cape)
worn by Greek ladies of fashion.
A railroad with a gauge of but 24 inches
Is now building In North Carolina.
About 20 letters go astray out of every
LOCO.OOO sent through the post'otQce.
Tbe warm blood of animals has often
been recommended for consumptives.
Rubber pontoons were used by the
United States Army in the Mexican War.
About 1,000 fishing boats engaged
aronnd tbe British coast are named Mary.
Over 600 varieties of cotton are said to
exist; 100 in Asia and Africa and 200 la
Garum, tbe Boman sauce, wa3 made of
the intestines, gills and Dlood of tbe fish
left to putrefy.
The different boring machines, designed
to cut ont a central bore 21 feet in diameter,
were Invented for use in the Uoosac tunnel.
The New York obelisk was brought to
this country in a specially prepared vessel,
the hold being opened at the bow to admit
Henry JTV., of France, had for his wed
ding feast yonng swans, fat puddings, seek
ing pigs, rabbits, sturgeon, almond cream
Absinthe is an alcoholate composed of
anise, coriander and fennel, flavored with,
wormwood and colored with indigo and
salpuate of copper.
Here i3 the "college yell" 'of the Cen
tral University, Kentucky: "Brackety.Kax;
Kowax. Kowsx. Bracketv. Kax. Konax.
ii.&w:ix, o-oop, Wo-oop; uuuaDaloo u U.,
An intoxicated person, it is said, is
such a rarity at Gaylord, Kansas, that when
one is arrested so much consideration is
shown for him ns to release him rrom
the dilapidated jail for tear of his taking
The annual report of the Society for the
Protection of Birds of Great Britain states
that the English goldfinch Is threatened
litn extinction, because of the present de
mand for its feathers jor "murderous mil
linery." The inhabitants of the Andaman Islands
aro the smallest raco of known human be
ings that is, taken as an average. The
height or a full-grown Andamanlan seldom
exceeds 3 leet and lew weigh over Co
Oysters come nearer to milk than al
most any other common food material as
regards both tho amounts and the relativo
proportion of nutrients, the food values of
equal weights of milk and oysters being
nearly the same.
Quail love potato bugs as an article of
diet. One of those birds was recently opened
which had 101 of these farmers' pets con
cealed In Its crop. It will pay the average
potato grower to have n flock of trained
quail among his other live stock.
King Charles V. said that we always
ought to employ French to converse with
statesmen, Italian to speak wita ladies,
English to answer birds and German toad
dress horses; bat Spanish was the only
Innguage to be used in addressing kings,
queens aud tbe Almighty.
The English-speaking people and the
Russians aro about the only nations who
use Fahrenheit's thermometer, while Ger
many and Scandinavia still employ Keau
murV, though in nil these countries scien
tific data aro almost universally given, in
that o! Colslus or tho Centigrade.
In the islands of New Britain a man
must not speak to his mother-lu-law. Not
only is speech forbidden to his relative, but
nhonmscbe avoided, nnd if by any chance
the lady is met tbe son-in-law must hido
himself or cover his lace. Suicide of both
parties Is the outcome if the rule is broken.
According to the best and most recent
calculations 100,000,000 tons of water pour
over Niagara every hour. This represents
16,0CO,OCO horse power. The total coal pro
duction or the world, either dally, weetly,
monthly or yearly, would not furnish steam
power sufficient to pump it back again.
Father Hennepin, the missionary, dis
covered coal In 16G3 in what is now Ottawa,
HI. This appear to be the first record of
the finding of coal in America, but it was
not minrd until nearly a century and a half
later. In 1813 five ark loads or flinty coal
wero floated down the Lehigu river and sold
for $21 per ton.
Probably the smallest electric light in
stallation in the world is to be round in the
little village of Bremen, near Dormbach, in
Thuringia, It comprises a single arc lamp
installed in the church, tho lamp bem,r
operated when required by a small dynamo
arranged In tho village mill and driven by
tbe mill wheel.
In France there is an unwritten baS
immutable hw that a painting shall not bo
exhibited without tho artist's consent, no
matter what the wishes or the owner may
bo. And now a literary and artistic con
cress In session at Milan. Italy, lias decided
that tho right or reproduction does not pass
to the buyer of a picture.
Miss Viola Fuller, of Mitchell, S. !.,
will present to the Chicago World's Fair a
unique opera cloafc It is made entirely ol
the reathers ot prairie chickens. Ic took
Miss Fuller ten yearsrto collect and sew on
the small feathers, each prairie chicken
caught yielding only four or flvo suitable
A traveler in the Transvaal has met a
mysterious chlcftniness, odo Majajis. who
claims to be the original of Rider Haggard'3
"She Who Must Be Obeyed." She is an an
cient dame, strangely decrepit, and evi
dently not a Kaffir, for she has a trans
parently white complexion, bright blue eyes
and long snow white hair.
Among the most sacred relics of Hor-
luJUs tho veritable eyeball or Baddha. Is
looks like nothing else but tho tiny, black,
well-boiled pearl that one so orten finds in
an oyster stew. This "Eyo or Buddha" is
shown every day at hhrh noon, special mass
being chanted by the priests while the rello
Is being brought out and aisplayed.
Fine-edged tools assume a blue color
nnd lose all temper H exposed for any con
siderable length or time to tho light of the
sun, either in summer or winter. A similar
erfect is exercised by moonlight, a largo
cross-cut saw with which the experimenters
were working"havingbeen "put out or shape
and its temper ruined by a single night's ex
posure to a first-quarter moon."
OBIGENAI. AND JOCOSE.
CHEAP AND DESIRABLri
If she's loved you and you've loved her
For many, many years. m
And through faint heart you've not proposed,
V by, chase awav your fears;
And on the coming Christmas eve
Take Cupid with his darts.
And she to yon and you to her
Make presents of your hearts.
"What do yon think of the plnm pud
ding?" asked Mrs. Newbride. "I made It a'l my
seir." Ifaaperfectpoem," replied her bosoand en
thusiastically. That night be died.
"Say, Jimmy, did yer hear what hap
pened to Dirty Tom last X-MassJ"
Well, he banged his stockln' up and Chris Sin
gle put a chunk of 'lasses taffy la It."
"Dat was nice."
"It would a been, but de fire melted de taffaad
de tan stuck de stockln' togedcr, and Tommy Irad
to day In de bouse all day.".
HE'LL 7BOBABL7 BZ ABLE TO KEET IT.
"Well, I suppose you are ready withyonr
good resolutions for the first of the year?"
"Yes, sir: at least I'm thoroughly resolved on
"ot to turn over anew leaf."
AN XTE OPZSKE.
Love is blind, but X'll bet If y
your wife a seal plush sack for a Chrf -she
will be able to tell that It Isn't the
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