Newspaper Page Text
the ' :pm$5BUR&: dispatch, Sunday December "?2S.'a89
The Great Flow of '80-'81 Be
called by the News of
. Becent Activity.
TALE OF AK EYE-WITEESS.
A Night In a Grass Hot Within Sight
of the Molten Stream.
TATHS OF FIRE IN THE FORESTS.
of Black Upon Which Steam
Fire Fought Inch Other.
THE DAKGEE THAT THEEATENS HILO
pnutnx kr thx dispatch.!
from far away Honolulu comes a report
that the crater on Manna Lna is again in a
ttate of eruption, and that the town of Hilo
is threatened with destruction. Hilo has
been threatened in the same way before
many times belore. Yet the dreamy little
town goes on Eedatcly smiling, parting its
life into Bryon bay, showing its pearly
white teeth as the embers break on the
sandy beacb, while the wavin-: grace of its
fringe of cocoanut trees fascinates like the
curling tendrils of a maiden's hair on her
brow and neck. The palms bow a stately
welcome and an invitation and whisper a
lullaby to all care and all trouble
That is the impression Hilo makes upon
the observer as he comes into the bay on the
little steamer from Honolulu, 300 miles
The last time the great crater held its
flaming fate over the little town was in
1887. But the narrowest escape it ever bad
was in the great flow of 1880-81. The
writer of this was in Hilo during the con
tinuance of that eruption. At that time the
lauding lrom the Honolulu steamer had to
be made by means of boats. Byron Bay is
without the customary coral reef or bar
across its entrance, and is directly open to
the wares of the Pacific, which have been
gathering force all the way from the Amer
ican coast. So the steamer must anchor in
the open roadstead while boats are rowed
alongside near enough so that passengers
can count on hitting them with some degree
of accuracy when they jump from the com
panion ladder and are canght in the arms of
stalwart native oarsmen. The scrambling
out at the wharf is almost as difficult and
The Effect of the Trade Winds.
The respective sides ol these islands are
distinguished as the windward and the lee
ward. The trade winds blow almost per
petually from the northeast; so that the
northern and eastern shores are the
windward sides. "Where, the interior
mountains are very high the passage of
rain clouds is almost entirely prevented.
In such cases the leeward side of the island
is bleak and barren looking. But the
windward side seems to spring enough ver
dure for both sides. This is whv Bilo is
so supernally green. In this month of May,
1881, there were patches of snow on both
Mauna Kea and Manna Loa, the twin peaks
which towerup 14,000 feet out of the sea.
There was snow, in spite of the tropical
warmth of the air we were breathing, and
in spite of the flrery and passionate heat
which had torn an outlet from tr.e bosom
of Manna Loa, from whose summit arose a
thin wreath of smoke and down whose side
wandered the sinuous and destructive
course of the lava flow.
Visitors to Hilo are met upon landing on
the wharf by the white residents, upon
whom they must depend for shelter and
entertainment while they are in the little
town, lor hotel or inn "there is none. A
plunge bath in a great cement lined swim
ming pool with a natural stream of water
running through it, followed by a hot plenti
ful meal are wonderful invigarators after a
itufly sea voyage across choppy channels.
A. night's sleep completes the work of re
freshment and renewal of a man and
leaves him ready to enjoy all the good the
world has to give him." The eruption of
1880 broke out in the fall of the year. It
had been heralded by earthquakes and in
ternal rumblings such as reported in the dis
patches of the last few davs by way of San
Francisco to have occurred on" December 2
and 3 on the island of Hawaii on which
Hilo is situated.
The Volcano at Its Worst.
One night there was a tremendous de
tODating report which shook the foundation
of the whole island and made the people at
the Volcano House, part of the nay up the
side of the mountain, think' the crack of
doom had sounded. "When they runhed out
of the house they saw a bright stream oi
living fire gushing from the summit of the
mountain, only 14 miles awar, and pouring
down the side. People in Hilo could see
the fiery burst, though ther were GO miles
irom me crater, anil could see the vast
cloud of smoke that hovered over the
mountain and then drifted awav with the
wind. The eruption had continued now for
many months and the flow had been eatinc
its destructive way in an ever widening
course down the mountain side and toward
the sea by way of Hilo. And still the
summit fires glowed and the wriggling
thing came slowly onward always more
slowly, to be sure, but still coming'steadily
forward, and not much further to come to
wipe out the pretty little straggling town
with its sugar mills, its few stores, its
homes and churches.
Hilo is practically the oulv seaport on
that side of the island, nearfy the whole
coast terminating abruptly in a bluff, from
which the streams that flow throu'h the
plain above leap into the sea. The ques
tion of the hour was: "Would the eruptions
cease before the flow reached the sea and
if not could anything be done to convert
the flow from a course through Hilo and
wiping it out of existence? In this condi
tion or the public mind the first suggestion
to visitors was, of course, to inspect the
present terminus of the flow. So we sought
to procure horses to ride the few miles up
through the woods. A Kanaka horse is one
of the most curious creatures in creation
only excelled in that respect bv a Kanaka
himself. A Kanaka horse is liable to pause
at any time to titivate his jowl ornecc with
the hoof of his hind foot A Kanaka is
not unlikely to call upon another member
of bis family to perform this office of
friendship and devotion for him. Tne ap
petite of the Kanaka horse is closely allied
to that of a Shantytown goat A straw hat
is not sate within his reach and he mav
tamper with a rubber rain coat Some
times it is cheaper to buy an outfit lor a
day's trip than to hire it that is buy a
saddle and bridle. The horse is; in effect
thrown in. It depends entirely on what
mood the Kanaka is in.
RIdine; Back to See the Lava.
"We started from Hlilo about 3 o'clock in
the afternoon, intending to spend the night
in the neighborhood of the flow. Back of
the town we made across a marshy plain
dotted over with branches of sour, coarse
grass; bnt the path soon led into the dense
lorest It had been cut to afford a means
of getting to the flow. Otherwise it would
have been impossible to get through on
horseback. It was a rough, toilsome ride
as it was. The ground was in manr places
a. veritable mine. In such places the trunks
and limbs of the tress cut from the path had
been thrown into the mud so as to make a
very rough sort of "corduroy" road. A
horse with bis lrontfeet bemiredononeside
and his bind feet on the other side of a
prostrate log, and, no sooner nxtricatinz
himself from one such position than to fall
into another, is not a comfortable means of
conveyance. But the tough and hardy lit
tle Hawaiian horses wallowed unconcernedly
ouward through the silent forest, where
few birds and no beasts utter a sound.
This scrambling process had been going
on something over an hour before there ap
peared a light ahead through the trees that
indicated we wee coming to an opening in
the wooiK It was a former lava flow one
that had come down this far alter the erup
tion of 1856. Getting upon this, there was
a comparatively cleau path in the course of
the old flow clear back to its source; com
paratively clear, for the lava was already
in process of decar, of a grayish color and
covered over with moss, while here and
there sufficient soil had accumulated to
nourish the roots of a dwarfish tree.
Stinted shrubs, grass and ferns also grew
sparsely upon its surface a contrast tothe
rank luxuriance of the growth on each side.
An occasional little stream of water made
its way from the edge ofl into the fcrest
from some spring: whose source had been
swallowed up years ago by the molten mass.
The forests on the sides of Mauna Loa are
covered with lava flows, sometimes inter
secting one another, sometimes running
side by side. The age is indicated by the
condition of the vegetation upon thetn. It
is a curious eflect, this open, elevated high
way through the living forest, especially in
contrast with such impotent efforts to tear
a pathway through the woods by men as
that we bad just come over.
"Within Sight or the Tires.
The horses had an easy time over this
ready-made roadway, and "it was not long
belofe there came in sight the deserted
grass hut, where quarters for the night
were to be found. The daylight was fading
by this time, so we hastened to ride on for
a preliminary survey belore coming back to
leave the horses lor the night. It was not
far beyond that this old flow led back into
the one now coming down. But it proved
far too rough for horses to get over, so that
there was nothing to do bnt return and
picket the horses, eat a cold supper and
then sally forth on adventure. For some
time past in our ride there had been indica
tions that we were approaching the neigh
borhood of the Tolcanic fires. The crack
ling of burning timber could be heard,
there v. as the smell ol smoke in the air, and
there came the deeji-toncd booms of ex
plosions ofl through the woods. Now, as
the daylight faded, the lights of the fire
were plainly risible through the trees.
The walk'up to the flow proved to be a
rough one, this part of the old flow lacking
the smooth surface it bad lower down, and
being broken up into caves and pitfalls and
sharp cakes upturned. But it led in due
time to within sight of the fires. The steam
arose from the ground about, and the vast
leviathan, stretched out over the plain,
glowed like a stove coming to a red heat
At times a ragged crack would appear in
the surface as the molten mass beneath
swelled up through the crust and gushed
out with the brightness of living fire,
spreading about over the crust, and then in
turn quickly crusting over and cooling to
the somber glow of the whole mass. The
ominous cracking sound at our feet
admonished a retreat, which was
quickly heeded. Then spreading our rub
ber coals we lay down by this great fire
side and went to sleep with the Southern
Cross shining in our laces across the glow
ing lava. A rain shower wakened us
chilled and shivering and sent us down
again into the neighborhood of the warm
glow which stretched away iu the dark
ness apparently for miles. To the left the
fires were particularly active in what was
apparently the direction the flow was mak
ing its way. The fiery liquid would, at in
tervals, break out there iuto a billow and
sweep forward Into the forest, swallowing
up trees and lighting them into a beacon
as the lava cooled and darkened again.
There was something solemn and appalling
in the reckless and heedless war in which
nature hurled forward these masses which
annihilated the forest and then auicklv
cooled before our eyes into the rock forms j
nuicu were to cnuure wniie tne landscape
How It Changed In a Ifight.
By some time after midnight the moon
was up and there was sufficient light to war
rant an attempt to find the war back to
camp not nn easy matter as we found, for
the party lost its bearings ana-wandered
about over the crumbling lava for some
time before finding the path which led
back to the deserted grass hut not alto
gether deserted either, as was discovered
after trying to go quietly to -sleep, with no
water to drink. Next morninz we found a.
stream of poor water about a hundred yards
away in the forest enouzli to wash down a
cold breakfast before going back to take a
last look at the new flow by daylight Be
lore reaching the point of observation of
the night before things were found to have
a very different appearance by the bright
light of day lrom that in the "darkness of
What had appeared a vast, Indistinct
mass, glowing like hot iron, was now seen
to be a surface as black as and far more
shiny than the clinkers and cinder from a
blast luroacc That part immediately be
fore us was now easily distinguished as a
small branch, leading from the main flow
.iato the old flow of '56, which we had fol
lowed up. Far beyond and extending ap
parently lor several miles in width was the
main flow a black, barren plain, with no
sign of life on it save one lonesome, forlorn
tree, scarred and blighted.but still standing
upright and holding its branches aloft in
hopeless defiance. Clouds of steam arose
from the surface and intense heat danced
above it like a mirage. The imprisoned
steam cansea explosions lrom every direc
tion at short intervals.
"When a crack ooened in the curfneo nnr1
the firey molten lava broke out, cracking
the crust into cakes and turning them upon
end, it could be seen that the crust was onl v
a lew inches thick. Along the border the
crusty was hot to the touch, but it was prac
ticable to venture upon it aud go some dis
tance without great discomfort and with no
serious damage to shoe leather. A party of
natives were hovering about the edges,
giving aloha! to all strangers and manifest
ing an enormous pride iu the great spec
tacle. They were eager to know whether
there were bigger volcanoes than this in
America, and, upon learning that there
were none at all, indicated their conviction
that it could not be much of a mnntrr
Many visitors secured souvenirs and speci
mens of the lava by sticking a cane into the
smaller cracks as they opened and obtain
ing enough lava to insert coins and other
articles into before it cooled and hardened.
lava at a Waterfall.
Near at hand was a little ravine in which
a stream of water had flowed. It was dry
now, as tho lava had filled up its sources
and was making its way down its course.
At this time it had reached what had been a
little waterfall, 20 or 25 feet high. We
watched the molten lava welled out and
gushed over the fall, spattering on the rocks
below and banging from above in enormous
folds like gigantic candy thrown over a
confectioner's hook ready to work.
ihe course ot the main flow back up the
mountain could be traced by the steam and
smoke which hung over it From the summit
crater of Mauna Loa to where we stood it
bad come 60 miles. Of course the whole
mass is not in motion all that distance, like
the flow of a river. The upper portions are
thickly crusted over so as to lorm a tube or
tunnel, which brings the molten supply to
the terminus, where it breaks out fitfiillv
ana worss its way lorward in an irregular
direction. In this way the lava flows some
times down a declevity into a shallow
ravine, and then laboriously works its way
up the other side and out again, apparently
defying the laws of gravitation.
It is a curious fact that during periods of
eruption from the summit crater the crater
of Kilauca in the slope of Mauna Loa
lapses into a state almost of inactivity.
Kilauea is a vent iu the floor of an enor
mous pit, three or four miles in diameter,
in the side of Mauna Loa. The volcanio
fires play In the lakes ol fire in this pit at
all times, and their surface can be watched
by tourists from the clifls about the lake.
"When the surface of these lakes is lowered
and crusted over, with only an occasional
bubbling and simmering, it is regarded as
one ot the indications of an approaching
eruption on Mauna Loa.
Guy Sttjabt Comlet.
TOPICS OF THE TIME.
Splendid Choral Services to fie Ren
dered in City Churches.
CHOIRS THOROUGHLY REHEARSED.
Iho Hcsic to Pe Much More Elaborate
Than in Former Tears.
PROGRAMMES ARRANGED FOE TC-DAT
FEBDINAKD DE LESSEPS AND HIS MERRY FAMILY.
JWlUriJUf FOB THE DISPATCH. I
A number of years ago I do not know
exactly how many the municipal authori
ties of Versailles, France, caused a tablet
to be placed in a very modest looking bouse,
in a quiet part of the town. There was a
lengthy inscription on the tablet It said
among other things, that a great French
man "who upset the world by pacific ac
tions free from bloodshed was born there
on November 10, 1805. The "great French
man" referred too, is he who is known as
the Count de Lesseps, or "Duke of Suez,"
'The Canal Maker," etc! Tne Count is a
very old man now, but may live long
enough to know that all his actions have
not been absolutely free from bloodshed.
Already a portion of the history of his last
and greatest canal scheme has been written
in the blood ot the suicide, and goodness
only knows how much more of the awful
story is to follow.
A great many harsh things have been
hinted recently about Da Lesseps' connec
tion with the Panama fraud, so much in-
arisen at a place called Samara. They say
he is destined to rule the land. Judging
from the present aspect of affairs, it seems
not unlikely that our friend the Shah is
likely to lose a right good job shortly. It
is not probable that a revolution in this
rich, but misgoverned, country will have
any visible effect on European affairs, be
yond giving Russia a chance to step in, re
store order and incidently feather her own
The Earliest Map or America.
XTp to the present time the earliest map
known to bear the name of "America" is in
a collection of drawings by that great genius,
Leonardo di Vinci, now preserved in Eng
land. A few days ago, Queen Victoria sig
nified her intention ot sending this gr?at
curiosity to the World's Fair, and there is
hardly a doubt that no more interesting
relic than this will be on exhibition at the
bie show. This rude map was made prob
ably as early as 1513-14. In the original,
words or fragments nt words are inserted in
the places designated bv numbers in the
map. By reproducing the outline drawing
on a larger scale and inserting the ords
aN6-X BY . rL-
,... bchu bert
THE EARLIEST MAP OP AMERICA.
deed, that it is a pleasure to tnrn to a ten
derer and pleasanter picture, a picture that
is much more familiar to Parisians than
The Count has always been a great family
man. He is a most indulgent father, and
his greatest pride is his unusually large
family of children. He has several more
than are shown in the accompanying picture,
which was taken several years ago. Be
sides it does not contain either Charles or
Victor, the grown up children of the Count
by his first wife, a Mile. Delamalle, to
whom he was married about 55 years ago
while serving as French Consul at Alex
andria. The oldest, Charles, is the one
who has been arrested for complicity in the
great conspiracy. On November 20, 18G9, a
lew days subsequent to the opening of the
Suez canal, the lamous engineer took to
himself a second wife. She was a very
young Creole of English descent, named
Mile. Helene Autard de Bragard. Nearly
a round dozen of children have blessed this
union. Up to within a few years oue of
the sights of Paris was the aged Count
riding at the bead of a cavalcade of happy
children, mounted on ponies. Strangers
usually thought it some sort or institution
out on parade, but the Count took great
pride in correcting their error. They were
all his own.
Tho Youngest Congressman.
The Hon. Thomas Settle will be sworn in
a member of the next Congress. Mr. Settle
is one of those anomalies, a Republican
victor lrom South Carolina. He will also
hold the distinction ot being the youngest
man in the House. He was born in 1865
and has been in politics about six years.
Mr. Settle's father was a Judge oi the South
Carolina Supreme Court a little more than
20 years ago, and afterwards was United
States Minister to Peru. In 1872 he .was
made permanent President ot the conven
tion that nominated General Grant for a
as shown, anyone can study for
themselves a map that has been
the theme of much discussion lor
many years. Many of the words un
doubtedly indicate capes, promontories,
eta, and while there are many others
which cannot be perfectly understood there
are several that suggest in a mysterious
way a better knowledge of tho newly-discovered
continent than geographers can
very well explain. The coast contours may
be altogether OUt of reason. Tint. rehr dM
di Vinci get that word "America" from,
and where did that word "Drazill" very
suggestive of Brazil come from?
Here are the words on the map arranged
according to number: 1 a Iz. a Iovani.
2 P. D. Loconsalves. 3 a D. a Maria.
4 Niamburgo. 5 a Nigra 6 Anglo.
iM. izzgo. 8 Longla. 9 C. Speimaza.
10 Sapall. 11 Inceind. 12 Cananea.
13 C. Frio. 14 C. a Iorgio. 15 Dra
zill. 16 Abacia. 17 C. D. a Agosio.
18 Angla. 19 D. a Iovani. 20 Aia,
21 Abacia. 22 A. 23 Mar. 24 Ceni.
25 Itiana. 20 Olodo. 27 Na. 28 Dia.
29 S. Menu. 30 Calata. 31 (Not clear).
32 a D. S. Giouaya. 33 Gla,
'iflW l'l I I II
Tlie Kaiser's Opportunity.
Apropos of the present crisis in France,
it is interesting to watch the effort that
Germany is making to dissolve the union
that binds the first named country aud
Russia together. The Kaiser has taken ad
vantage ot the present excitement to exert
a strong pressure on the powerful anti
French party in the country of the Bear,
with a view to co-operation. It is strange,
however, that a more experienced man in
Christmas without music wonld hardly be
in conformity with modern ideas. Christ
mas bells are very well in their way, bnt
they are not all that is reqnifed in the way
of harmonious sounds to welcome the season
of Christian love and happiness. So the
churches always make a specialty of Christ
mas music, and those who attend on Christ
mas morning are sure of enjoying a splen
did choral service, in addition to tbe'exhor
lations to let the mantle of Christmas char
ity overspread all humanity at this season.
The music for this Christmas in the
churches of the two cities is even more
elaborate than usual, and, as the members
of the church choirs are equal to anything
that may be given them, the excellent pro
grammes prepared are sure to receivo jus
tice at their hands. The choirs have been
rehearsing for weeks on the Christmas
music, and it is understood that a burst of
harmony will be heard this morning that
will exceed anything he&rd in Pittsburg for
At the Shadrside Presbyterian Church,
Amberson avenue, Richard a Holmes, D.
D., pastor, the subject of the mornine ser
mon will be "Tlte Outcome of the Manger."
Following is tho music progrannn?:
lljrnin "Carol" : Willis
Antiicm "Tnere Were blieplierli""....'.'.'."Holden
&olo-"Tlic sur or Peace." (Offertory) 1'arkcr
tt . 1 Meplicus.
II rmn- Il0U t Hie Glad Tidln" A irtn
"lilnrlm !)., ....... ....
EVEKlSG-7: P. V.
Subject of sermon "Bethlehem."
Antuem "Juhllitr Deo"
Anthem-"Slnir. O Heavens" ""
Anthem "I he Manger of Bethlehem"
lPrano Miss Zetla Stewart
""; Miss AllcoE. l'armire
i'n"r Mr. Morris Stephens
Mr. Sam M.Brown
At it. Taul's Cathedral.
At St. Paul's Cathedral the following ex
cellent programme will be rendered at the
5 a.m. and 10:30 services:
, , Cathedral Choir.
, , CathedralClioir: Gl0rza
Venl Creator........ ... .. Mendelssohn
?CT,?n Key. Father
Cathedral Choir,' ""
. ,auieurai cnoir.
c . ., ..,, Cathedral Choir.
Agnus Del Gl0r2a
,, . .., . CalhedraUChvlr.
March "Christmas Day"
Mis Grace Miller, soprano; Mrs. "Wm.
LoefHer, contralto; Mr. Jos. C. Briel, tenor;
-Mr. Lawrence A. Bickett, baritone; Miss
Alice Carter, orennist; Mr. Thos. F. Kirk,
director. Choir: Mrs. Hvle, Mrs.McGinnis,
Misses Agnes McConnfck, Ella Ward.Marv
Kelly, Meta Swift, Mamie Breil, Lizzie
Hall, Annie McKenna, Hose Brannigan.M.
Fitzgerald. Annie O'Leary.Gertrude Clark,
Jennie MeKelvev, Mrs. O'tto, Miss Geneva
McElroy.Mollie Wilsoii.Blanche Schlicher,
soprano; Mrs. AVm. Loefiler, Mrs. Herman
xiauton, jurs. jonn Jleserle, Mrs. E. Eyth,
i.iio j.-i.ua iioemer, iuiss neese, iiliss Mar
garet Dice. Miss Annie Sullivan, Mr.
Joseph a Breil, Charles McNallv, Michael
McCormick, Herman IJuskoff," William
Clarke, J. Otto, tenors; L. A. KicketVWm.
LoefHer, M. J. Kelly, Frederick Miller,
Thomas J. Kennedy, a B. Lang, A. Steur
lioim. J. J. Benitz, J. Larkin, Charles
Mitchell, Win. Mitchell, a Owen.O. Keefer
and other bassos.
Mtulc at Trinity Lutheran.
At the Trinity Lutheran Church, corner
Stockton avenue and Arch street, Allegheny
City, the musical programme will be as follows:
"Honr Beautiful Upon Hie Mountains'
. . unoir.
"It Came Upon the Midnight Clear" Shelley
Miss Bankeru and choir.
Assisted by the Congregation.
Second Presbyterian Church Mr. James
N. Bebour,cho!rmaster; Miss Irene Sample,
soprano; Miss Edith Harris, contralto; Mr.
a G Biuehart, Jr., tenor; Mr. J. N. Be
bout, basso, and Miss Adele Beahard, or
ganist MORNING SEBVICZ.
,. , Mh3 Eeahard.
fThnlr ,,. I '... . ..
Gloria In Excelsls.....7.r..r.....:...Schneeker
"There Were Shepherds"..! Dudley Bucfc
"Bethlehem" ....'l Wl'llains
., M Miss Samp"'"c.
,, -., Miss Geahard.
rom the Realms of uiorv" Schneclicr
''While Shepherds Wall"..'. Bartlctt
, -. Choir.
"Angel Voices" Gounod
Organ Posllude Z.
Third Presbyterian Church Mr. William
B. Edwards, choir master; Mrs. May Bees-ley-Adam,
soprano; Mrs. Mary B. Scott,
cnj-trallo; Mr. Fred J. Bussman, tenor; Mr.
o 1lV!am Edwards.basso, and Mr. Joseph
H. Gittings, organist
"There Were Slpherds"..... Dudley Buck
.. , .Soprano solo and quartet.
Calm on theLlst'nlng EarofMght"
O. M. Marston
. . Contralto solo and nnartrt.
Rejoice Greatlr." from the "Messiah".. Handel
n, tt , , .?" Beesley-Adam.
The Holy Child" H. K. Skelly
Mrs. Beesley-Adam and Mr. Bussman.
Jubl'af. jrranged from Rossini's "Stalnt
..,. , ?IrJ-ni'i'l"-AdamandMr.'iJirsVmaii'.'"
"Rejoice Greatly'' Handel
,, , Mrs. Beesley-Adam.
Savior, Breathe au Evening Blessing" Lob
The PrcCramrao In Old Trinity.
Trinity Protestant Epincnpal The Bsv.
A. W. Arundel, rector. Vested choir of 43
men and boys; Mrs. Jnli.i M. B. Hunting
ton, director; Mr. William M. Biddlc,
leader; Mr. James Dodwortb, organist
Processional-"nark, the Herald Angels Sing"
B.iy!ey, King and Hall.
NEW ADVERTISEMENTS. t '
Our Store will be open ALL DAY for the sale and
uenm, m u minor Bunk
Alto solo, Bethlehem" hltner Coomhi
Quartet, "Au Angel of the Lord"...:..IaV?ence
"Praise the Lord" Moiart
Quartet "While the Shepherds Watched"...
Soprano solo.' "St'a'r'of Peace"".'.'.'.'.'."" "pirkpr
Quartet, "Arise, bhlne. for the Light Is. V
The choir is as follows: Miss Marion Gas
ton, soprano; Miss Bertha Moore, alto; W.
K, Gaston, tenor; James F. Gaston, bass;
W. G. Steiner, orzanist
The music at St Peter's E. C. Church
Butler, Pa., will be:
Te Ileum ".
juuii.iip ueo Dudley Buck
Oflertory "BlesseJ bell.c Lord Uod of Israel"
Presentation of A'li
n'",".". . Bertholdr.mrs
I eiitdletusqul veult ..Uounod
Morla In Kxeelsls .v Calkin
Xnnc Dlmlttis Edwnrdi
l!etn)cesstonal-"AiigelsFrom the Realms of
There will be special services in the
Southside Prcbvterian Church, camrr
Twentieth and Sarah streets, this morning
and evening. The following musical pro
grammes will be rendered:
Organ prelude Selected
.. . Prof. John Prichard.
"Christmas" (anthem) Harry Rowc Shelly
.., ... By chorus of M voices.
"The Birthday oru King" (contralto solo)...
.; "v.- Js'eidllnger
Mis Edna V. Jack.
"ALIghtl Coinc" (soprano solo) Holden
Mrs. Ellsc Warrrit Merliilng.
"Hark, the Herald Angels Sing" (hymn)
Organ prelude (Selected)
"Brightest and Bet" (intheiu) Eubensteln
"The Prince of Peace" (hymn) Erhardt
"Protsct Us Thro' Ihc Comlug Night" ITrlo)
Mrs. Mrrhllng. Miss Jark. Miss Bell.
"OHolyNUbt" (soprano solo) Adams
Organ poUnde Selected
Beantlful Services at Sewlcklry.
The services at St. Stephen's Episcopal
Church, Sewicklev, on Christmas Dav, will
be the most ambitious aud the most beauti
ful yet given there. The quartet choir and
Mr. Albrecht, the organist, together with
the new organ, have worked a wonderful
revolution in St Stephen's music. The
Christmas music will be as lollows:
HORNING SERVT E.
Organ Prelude g. Merkel.
Anthem. There Wero Shepherds". .Dudley Buck.
Veulte Exultemus In F...i. Ye 11; Cornell
Psalter cuants. Gloria Patrl" ,...,
? -.v.:-": ' " i-lnerson.
-. h.. .................. Millard rromMibatilater.
Te Dcnm (Festival) In O Dudley Buck
Jubilate Deo, rrom l!th mass Schuliert.
Commandment CI ant Gilbert
Gloria Tlbl Paxton.
Offertory. "It Came Upon a Midnight Clear"
;:": -A- ; W. Gilchrist
Organ Voluntary, Communion Batiste
Many people who were disappointed on Saturday
in not getting waited on now have a chance of buying
' and getting goods delivered at once.
A beautiful lineof LADIES'-DESKS and BOOK
CASES. A splendid line of LADIES' and GENTS
ROCKERS, large, easy leather CHAIRS and
COUCHES. PICTURES of all kinds PEDES
TALS and EASELS.
CHILDREN'S CHAIRS of every description,
and many more goods that we have not space here to
. fl On our general line of FURNITURE AND
CARPETS we are offering some very decided bar
gains, as we wish to reduce stock before the second
week in January, our stock-taking time.
CASH OR CREDIT IN EVERY DEPARTMENT.
Haydn's Second rss
Oeneral Von Werder.
Schwlng's Mass In D
The Toungtst Congxcman.
second term at Philadelphia. It is rather a
coincidence that the elder Settle was up to
that time the youngest man who had ever
been called upon to preside at a Republican
convention. Still another Thomas Settle,
grandfather of the youngerman mentioned
above, was a Congressional representative
from North Carolina in the Pitteenth and
Sixteenth Congresses, aud tor nearly a
quarter of a century one of the Judge's in
the Superior Court
A New alcsstali Has Arisen.
Persia is another conntry that is threat
ened with serious trouble. The discontent
which manifested itself in serious rioti at
Teheran last yctr seems about ready to
break forth ajain. It will be aggravated
this time by a new phase. Taking advan
tage of the prevailing agitation, tho Mo
hammedan priests have announced the com
iojfofanew Savior,- or MahuVwho has:
diplomatic matters than Oeneral von Wer
der has not been entrusted with the mission.
Von Werder is a veteran in warlike mat
ters. He it was who conquered Bourbasi
and, successfully besieged Strassburg 22
years ago, but he is beginning a little late,
when it comes to affairs of state. ,
Dlvorclns Drank From Drink.
For we can make liquor to sweeten onr lips.
Or pnmplclns ana parsnips and walnut-tree
So sang one of the earliest of New Eng
land poets. If he had lived to the present
day, he might have added to the strain the
unknown ingredient out of which a Chicago
man has found it possible to manufacture a
beer retaining all of the delights of the
German article excepting the attendant
"jag." It seems odd that a Chicago roan
has been the first to divorce "the drnnk"
from "the drink." The ancient Egyptian,
or Grecian, or Saxon, or Teuton, indulged
in the extract of malt, as have their de
scendants for several thousand vears, and'
all have bad to put up with the conse
quences. Think of the manv swelled
heads that might have been averted if this
Windy City genius had lived a little ear
Her! The 23,000 gallons of beer which
Queen Elizabeth furnished at a single en
tertainment at Kemlworth might not have
developed abnormally the heads of an en
tire county, and the malthouse which Will
iam Penn owned at Philadelphia might not
still .be considered a stain on the good
. j W. G.' Kturauinr.
uaiieiuiali chorus ir.,i
S2aineV.,V:YV. Haydn's Second Mass
Adestl Fldells v. Noveiio
Annua Del Haydn's fcecondMass
SECOND siass, 10:30.
iiaiielujau cliaruj Handel
anctn4 ................................. Thwfnir
Adestl Fldells ilvrSoveliS
Agnus Del fccnwlns;
BENEDICTION SEUVIC3S, ?:SC P. It.
O balutarls )
Tarstuin .Ergo 4 J i.aml
Sopranos Misses Itesenman, Wagner,
Smith, Stehll, Enittle; contraltos Misses
Bisenman, Pape, S. Pape; Tenors Messrs.
Keggle, C. Pape, A. Pape; basses Messrs.
Koch,, Pape, Steen; organist B. T. Lamb.
An Elaborate Musical Service.
Calvary Protestant Episcopal, East End
The Bev. George Hodges, D. D., rector.
Mr. Carl Better, choirmaster and organist;
Miss Sarah Vogel, soprano: Miss Edith
Norton, alto; Mr. Henery Gerding, tenor;J
u. ti. juuicr, xbii., uasao, assisted DV tne
regular chorus choir.
Venltc Dudley Buck
'te Deum Klein
Offertory "The Holv Child" Shelley
Hymn "It Came Uuon the Midnight Clear"
Fourth Avenue Baptist Church Mr.
Simeon Bissell, director: Mr. John Q. Ev
erson, organist; Miss Tillie Mackintosh
and Miss Carrie Terrant, sopranos; Miss
Katherine Ball, contralto; Madame Schi
emedeke, harpist, and Mr. Edward Both-
leder, violinist, assisted by the regular
chorus choir ot the church.
Gloria in excelsls.
Organ prelude ............ Scotsou Clark
Anthem, "Hark, the Herald Augels Sing."..
1'ruf. Frpri A. A!hn.ht
Psalter Chant Kmcrson
Ifonum Est in A flat p. Buck
Deus MUeraturln D Dudley Buck
Offertory. "Calm on the Listening Ear of
Night." u. M. Marston
Orgau postluae Ulnck
Soprano, Mrs. F. J. Tener; alto, Mrs.
Johu A. Boe; tenor, Mr. B. J. Cunning
ham; bas, Mr. W. W. AVhitesell; organist,
Mr. Fred A. Albrecht.
At St. John the Baptist's Chnrcb.Thirtv
second street Theo. Von La Hache's
grand mass will be sung at 10:30 this morn
ing. At the offertory "Adesta Fidelas,"
by Lovelo, Mill be sunsr, the following tak
ing part: Sopranos, Misses Lillie Conlev,
E. Maloney, Weaver, Larkius and M. Mar
tin; altos. Misses Maggie McCabe and Jen
nie McStcen; tenor, Joseph O. Poland;
bassos, Charlei Heddenberg an"d P. Dervin;
organist, -una ocauie jucstecn.
Programme at Christ Church.
Cramer and Z, O. Cowell; alter, Misses
Olive B. McKinley and Olive A. Beach;
tenors, Harvey Penn, Harry Leffert"!. C B.
Thomson, P. M. Bennie; "basso, William
E. Benton. Oscar Smith. George Snyder
andW. J. Jones; Charles Davis Carter, or
ganist and choir master.
Slnglns by Congregation and Children.
Grace Church, Grant and Webster streets,
Bev. John H. Brush, pastor At 10:30 a.
m., "The Herald Angels Sing;" at 7:30 p.
M., "The Child." Alter the morning serv
ice Mrs. Pauline Lemmer-Stuckey will sing
Christinas selections, end at the evening
service a skilled orchestra will, besides
rendering sacred selections, accompany the
children and congregation in singing the
Christmas carols. The church is to be
beautified with plants and flowers, and the
evening service is to be largely the chil
The choir of St. Mary's Church. Mount
Washington, will sing "Millard's Kvric in
B-flat, Farmer's Sanctus and Credo; at (he
offertory Lambrolotte's Tantum Ergo, The
sopranos are Misses Nellie Hickcy, Annie
Bauer, Emma Bauer, Mary Thoroiton,
Mary Barrett, Mary Burrows.'Eva Murphv;
altos, Mrs. White, Annie Coll and Stella
Tilllv; tenor, Mr. M. Bosch; basi. Mr. M.
Winnbaner: organist and director, Basil
An Occasion or Xotc.
At the Swissvale Presbyterian Chnrch
this morning's elaborate Christmas music
will bo in the hands of Mr. Charles C.
Mellor, whose long pre-eminence among
local organists makes his occasional reap
pearance an occision ot note. The same
idea is suggested by the names ol the special
quartet to assist bim: Mrs.' Charles C. Mel
lor. soprano; Mrs. George W. Wurzell. con
tralto; Mr. James P. McColIum, tenor, and
Mf. Alonzo H. Broifcctt, bass.
An attractive musical programme has
Ixcn arranged for the- Christinas services
this morning, at 10:30. in St. James KDis-
oopal Church, Sixteenth street end Penn
avenue, as follows:
l'rocesslonil "Christians. Awake : Saluio
tho Happy Morn."
Gloria ..V. II. Davis, Clnprel. Tours
-Snlnlate lieu , Alzauora
Hymu "It Came Upon tlie Midnight Clejr."
Hymn "Angels From the Kealuts of Glary.'-
Anthem "Behold I Bring You Olad Tid
Gloria In Exctlsis Plain chant
Itetrocesilonal Hymn 18
There will be an evening festival service,
conducted by the Sunday school, nssitrd
by the choir, with processional at 7:30.
Mr. M. M. Ayres is organist aud Fred
Gamble choir master.
Licensed under Foster's patents;
LATE NEWS IS BRIEF.
Christ P. E. Church, Union avenue, Alle
gheny, Bobert Meech, rector:
10:39 A. Jr.
Volnntary Pastoral sjinphonyfrom.. "Messltn"
TeDeum v.. H. Porter
Jubilate Dudley Buck
Oflertory "tt'lille Shepherds WatcheU Their
Flocks".... .T. Best
Communion service Mrs, K. O. Llppa
Organ voluntary, adapted from Schubert
4 r. ii.
Organ Prelude -Pastoral Symphony. Handel
Mr. Simeon Bissell.
"Behold I Bring" Simper
soloists ana cnorus.
"We Have Seen His star"
Miss Mackintosh and Chorus.
"Tne Manger of Bethlehem" Havens
Sololsb aud Chorus.
Organ Postlude Batiste
First Presbyterian Church, Wood street
The music at this church will be rendered
bv a double quartet consisting oi Mrs.
William B. Wolfe and Mrs. Cowan, so-
Eranos; Miss M. E Bankerd and Miss Ella
emple, altos; Mr. Daniel E. Nuttall aud
Mr. Bainsay, tenors; Mr. John A. Slrouss
and Mr. Wagner, buses;,Mr. John A. Bell,
choirmaster and organist.
ng, u Heavens",
Organ Volnntary Selected
Chorus "And the Glory of the Dord"
Deus Mlseratlne Chant
Offertory "For Unto U a Child Is Born"...
Festival March "Slessljli"
Organ Voluntary Mrs. K. o. Lippa
Miss Bright Smith, soprano; Mrs. Will
iam Grabasky, alto; D. J. Davies, tenor,
and D. H. MoFrederick, bass.
The afternoon service will be sung bv a
double quartet, the second quartet being
Miss Adaline Scandrett, soprano: Miss Jen
nie Davies, alto; Thomas W. Williams,
tenor, and E. C. Johnson, bass. The after
noon service will include a catechizing of
the Sunday school cnildren and the singing
of Christmas carols, with an nddress hv the
rector. The "Cantata" and "Deus Miser
atine" will bee banted in unison with varied
harmonies for the organ arranged espe
cially lor this service by the organist, Mrs.
K. O. Lippa.
Uluslc In the Big Chnrch.
Mr. Samuel Hamilton, who has charge of
the music of the Butler Street Methodist
Church, ha3 provided a rare musical treat
for the congregation of the Christmas ser
vice on Sunday morning. The first part of
the programme will consist of Leonard
Marshall s "Celestial Choirs," lor three
quartets, including Mrs. S. Hamilton.
soprano, and L. Marsh, bass; basso solo by
Mr. Hamilton, "Some New Delight." The
second part opens with "Hark! Hark! the
Notes of Joy" for quartetand sextet, which
iuclndcs quaint old Christmas hymns;
"Jubilate Deo," in D; "The Pilgrim
Chorus," from Tannhauser, by Wagner,
with solos by Mrs. Stonrod, Mrs. Challinor
and Mr. Charles S. Stewart, tenor.
At the Oakland Methodist Episcopal
Church, morning service at 10:45, the lol
lowing special musio will be rendered:
Hymn "Now to the Lord a 3oble Song,"
"Pilgrim's Chorus," arr. 'Tann
Anthem-"Slng. O. Heaven" simper
Soprano solo "Mountains. Bow Your Heads
Majestic" H. W. Parker
Anthem "Sing, OSlng, This Blessed Morn"
Organ postlude "Fanfau" Lemmens
Miss Julia E. Beach, soprano, soloist.
Choir 11 voices, as follows: Sonranos.
I. Misses Julia E. Bench, Leon Sage, Blanche
Mrs. Langtry Is said lo be out of dinger.
Colombia Is preparing to quarantine
Mf9onrians are lookins forbidden Span
ish treasure lu the Ozark mountains.
Tho net shortjgo of St. LonN' ex-City
Treasurer Foerstcl amounts to $C3,8J0 thus
Scarcity or nil finds of fuel, including j
natural wis, is causlns much suffering at St. I
Marys, O. i
Throe pasenger3 were badlr !nrt in a
Santa Ife railroad collision near 1. 1 Junta,
-lho South Carolina liquor dispensary
bill ha pasietl the Lower House. Tho Gov
ernor will sign the bill.
A Westmoreland conr.ty f.e.l-lator will
introduce a bill protecting farmers against
oil and sus land "sharks."
William Chirk had Doth lo "t cut off Fri
day In ntteuiptlns to board a pasenacr
train ut Now Philadelphia, O.
OnlnetT incondiarism at Cold Snrincs.
a Kentucicy sunnnet- reao-t, insurance coai
paUies have raised their rates.
Aristocratic Catholics of Madrid have
protested to Premier bai-usta against the
opening of a Protestant church. v
Mnrtln A. Ritchie, a wealthy farmer near
Litchfield, 111., was swindled ou; nt $5.c03
Friday by the old three-card inoute game.
Depnty Serban and a Court Judgo of
Buda Peatli louche a duel wiih iworilfl, thu
former receiving a severo nound on tlie
Mme. Bernhardt wn mobbed by antl
Semltlc ut Odessa Friday niht. she es
caped ainhurr, hue her carriage was badly
Dellalro will ak tho O'lio Lvlslatnro
for porinlssloii tolasuo bonds torSlOO.OOO, to
bo' offered tor inducements lor thu locution
The "brown iianer" expresi robborv
mystory Is still unsolved. Charles A. HarU
In, tne Adams Express ngont at Cincinnati,
bus not yet been arrested.
A nutnbur of persons arretted dnrlng the
recent troublo at bunthuro have been re
leased. Only the leaders of the attempted
revolution ure being held.
Mlchnel Blrnbcck, a Chicago taloon
keeper, Vesterday morning Killed one burg.
larnnU slightly wounded another who wero
Rtidlii.liU Dlauo orbusirC3?.
Tho G. AIC.nt Fairfield, IU., has con
victed Cuptuin llodses of carrying a Grand
Army fla lu front bf a Democratic proces
sion. He recolved a reprimand.
Tho Cuerokeo Council has adjourned
after iistlns soven weeks. The whole sec
tion wns a sceno of disagreement between
tho Executive and the Legislature.
Julius Davidson is lyins In a critical
condition at the SCLonis City Hospital af
ter u desperate battle with Thomas Hall, a
notorious negro burglar, Friday mornln;.
-A masked robber held up tho night orier-atorat-tho
Santa Fe station, Carrollton, Mo.,
robbed the money drawer of $53 and made
the operator baud over $3 and a gold watoh.
Ernest K. Drees, a woll-known Xenla so
ciety man, has Just secured a decree or di
vorce In the Cincinnati court The divorce
cost Drcos $25,000 to (30,000. Hlswifawasa
AU tho Hudson county, X. J., ballot box
staffer. etving terms In tho btate nrison
have been liberated, the Court ot X'ardons
havlrir paroled 32 of them and pardoned
one, John A. Whelan.
David. Sullivan and David Evermont
were drowned in the Walkill, just over the
Jersey line. Both men attended a dance at
CERTAIN GRG0P CURE
Positive, Svrifi, Sure.
Always Keaily for Use.
Will cure croup quickly and without cans
NO 0PIUH IN ANY FOR&l.
Sold by all druggists.
IIOXSIE C. a C. CO., Buffalo, Jf. T.
diidc ni n dvc
I UIIL. ULU 11 1 L.
From $1 to $1 CO per quart.
CALIFORNIA PORTS, SHERRIES, Efc
At 50c a quart.
The Only Licensed
Drugstorejn the City.
Successor to H. P. Schwartz ft Co.,
Wholesale aid Kctaii. Dr.ccoisr,
113 FEUEKAL oT., ALLEGHENY. PA.
Tel. 301K. Established IMC.
Sidnny Ilcdgland's. As they wore crossing
tho U alkill. on the ice, both Droko through
John Ilausbenrer was horrlblv burned
nt Hopewell school house, Springfield, O.,
Friday evening, whilo nctinirus Santa Clans)
at a Christmas entertainment. His dress of
cotton cloth canght fire, and also his cellu
loid Inlso face.
London authorities have prosecuted Dr.
Robert Urahani, who cave tho death certifi
cate in tne caso of Matilda Clover, for whoso
mnrder Thomas Xoiil Cream was recently
executed, without having seen thewomaaJ
anrnu ner last niness.
Tho Etrnrin. of the Cunard Line of steam
sIilD", has beaten the City or Paris, of the
Iiiiuan Line, in their race across the ocean.
Tho Etruri.a parsed Old Head, Kinsale. as
2-ln a. ir., and the City of Paris at 8:15, or
l.early lour hours behind the other.
The AVe5 Mnhony City colliery Is on fire.
Fire Boss IVltchey and Henry Derstaei, a
miner, were overcome byxas'and may not
recover. When water was first thrown oa
the lire by Fireman Ellringham, an explo
sion occurred whlcn hnrleil him down the
drilt, badly burning and injuria? him.
The man who robbed tho houooflIr.
rilsbnry, wnrden of the penitentiary on
Blackwell's Island, ot SI, WO worth of silver
ware, lias been arrested. Hii name Is Geonja
TV. Carter and he had been an inmate of tho
penitentiary for nearly a year, and was dis
chatTjudjon December 12.
Joseph A. Nutter, propiletor of the Mad!-
son Avenue Hotel, at Madison avenue and.
Vlfrw-Afi.H.i, e...nf XTAnr''m.r flit. Tn !lrl nnY
Klven up the management of tho hotel. His ,
liabilities are said to be large and his assets
small. He has decided, it is understood.
not to call a meeting of creditora,at present.-
Pure Food Products.
Miller Bros.. 192 Federal street. Allezhenv-.-.
sell only the finest and purest of frroceries))
and food nrodnots. Their prices are always!
reasonable. Goods deliverod. everywhere.i
send for price list.
PrwECT action and perfect health rosulSf
rom theuseorDe Witt's Litue jsariyitisera.!
A perfect little pill. Very small; very sural
FumrruRX, china, ornaments and pictures j
pacKea. moved ana siorea. xiauuu a
was, S3 Water street. PnonelEM.
. - -' '--.:, ,. , x., -:' , -, .--.-,. -,.. -Jk,. '-- ' ' - I-
. i. V