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THY SAXTA CLAT7S
ME. CLEVELAND'S CHRISTMAS HOXORS. JVfla Tort World.
THE MODEL TILLAGE.
A Placa Where There Are Ko-Saloons
or Need for Municipal law.
KOT EVEN A JAIL OE MORGUE.
ind This Only Toirn of Its Kind Is Eess
broot, in Ireland,
WHERE THEI MAKE THE FINEST IIXEK
rwnrrrrx ron the dispatch.
Have you ever heard of that town of 5,000
souls, known as the Model Tillage? It is
not in America, I am sorry to say, and if
there is another like it in the world I do
not know of it A town with that number
of inhabitants with no Mayor, no police
men, no tombs, no morgue, no jail, no
pawnshops, no "speak-easies," and no li
censed saloons, which last perhaps goes
without telling, is a something of which
any country might well be proud, and of
which Ireland is proud.
Every one who ever bought or sold Irish
linen knows of the Bessbrook Linen Mills
in County Armagn, Ireland, and of
their enormous output ot the "finest linen
in the world." Bat of that home of work
ing people and of tbe great and good man
who founded both, but little is known on
this side of the Atlantic, unless to our
merchants and their purchasing agents.
For this reason I am moved to speak of a
recent visit to Bessbrook and the mills, and
of their thousands of toilers who, notwith
standing the home comforts provided them
by a humane employer, still live on the
shady side of existence, working, sweating
and shortening their days that you and I
may wear fine linen.
A Pioneer In the Business.
John Grubb Bichardson, Quaker, philan
thropist and manufacturer, was considered
one of the foremost pioneers in the indus
trial progress of his country. It may be
said of him, he was born to his business,
since when still a youth he was taken into
partnership by his father in an extensive
business, connected with the manufacture
of and bleaching of linen at Belfast and Lis
bon. Even this early, it is told of him, he
occupied himself so assiduously in commer
cial affairs as to gain lor himself tbe reputa
tion ot being one of the most enterprising
merchants of his time.
In the pursuit of his avocation he came
to America, crossing in one of the first
steamers which plied the Atlantic, and it
may not be without interest to mention
here, that he was one of the founders of tbe
In man steamship line. The Bessbrook
property was purchased from the Earl of
Cnarlemuy by Mr. Bichardson, bis tatber
and brothers, but later he bought out their
interests and became sole owner.
As early as 1784 the spinniug of flax was
carried on at Bessbrook, which the ample
supply of water brought down lrom Cam
lough greatly facilitated. The present
magnificent building, built from the inex
haustible granite quarries in the immediate
vicinity, is eight stories high, a block
quare and, though built in 1817, still loolcs
new and as if it would ontlast time itselfc
In 1876 the concern was transformed into a
limited liability company.
The CTace Without a Rival.
From year to year the productive ca
pacity of the mills has been increased and
the machinery improved upon until I sup
pose the place is without a rival, either in
point of size or capacity. Certain it is that
a visit through the establishment amounts
to a journey, from the basement where the
vile-smelling flax is thrown in tbe raw
state, through the countless rooms where
can be seen the spinning, reeiinir, design
ing, pattern cutting and weaving, to the
top ot the house, where a glossy labric, so
wcet and white, is being packed for ship
ment. Hundreds of our sex in the mill are seen
standing with gowns ankle-short, bare
footed upon the stone floor made tiet by
vapor that is quite as dense as a London
log. Manv ot these women are Irish beau
ties with eyes of the bluest, hair of the
WAS DELAYED. .ftldfc.
blackest, milk and rose complexion and
neck and arms that a Washington City belle
would prefer rather than the value of all
the linen in the building. But their faces
are not so bright as this coloring would in
dicate and there is not much jollity among
They Have America In View.
And hundreds of young men are at work
here who were possible husbands for these
girls; young men with determined counten
ances, working with America in view. And
there are old men and old women not a lew,
who are the lathers and mother? and grand
lathers and grandmothers of these youths,
some of these nearly bent double, probably
the result of a lifetime of service
at the loom. And little people, less tban
half grown, any number of them, are con
tributing their mite of work to this great
industrial beehive, thereby increasing the
family exchequer. This proportion of the
mill hands, however, are only permitted to
serve half of each day. The balance of time
must be spent in the village school.
The village of Bessbrook, better known
as the "Model" village, is built entirely of
grav granite, from the same quarrr that
turnished material lor the great mills and
their offices, and is occupied solely by men
and their families employed in the'mills.
The houses are square and built rather
monotononsly after a uniform architectural
plan, with little attempt at decorative eficct
But a tidier or more wholesome looting
village, it would be hard to find.
There is no such element as
squalor in the town. Doorsteps
rival each other in cleanliness. Flowers
are in nearly every window in the village,
and a profusion or bloom ornaments the lit
tle yards and tide calks. The streets are of
gravel, beaten down until smooth as as
phalt During working hours the houses
are deserted except by mothers with brand
new babies and children too small for either
school or the mills.
Even Death Doesn't Intrude.
A lew doctors' shingles was all we noticed
that suggested disease, death-or decay in
the village. "Wc heard ot no sickness, saw
no door with crape on the bell, and, judging
from the extreme ace of some of the old
people in the mill, we concluded that peo
ple of the "model" village just dry up and
are blown away on a friendly breeze.
I talked with one of these old men who
had been most of his life in the employ of
Mr. Bichardson, who, by the way, died
recently, and among other things ha told
me Mr. Bichardson was an ardent admirer
of the character of William Penn, and then
told me the whole story of William Bonn.
Tbe main feature of tlie Penn pohev, the
old man said, was the way quarrels "were
settled, that if an Indian and colonist "fell
out" the case was to be tried before a jurv
half of colonists and half of Indians, and
this he thought the only just way, but he
wound up with "things has changed since
It Was an Old Story.
I thanked the old fellow for enlightening
me in regard to the history of mv own
State, which he told ns he heard had be
come "the greatest State over there," and
we felt sure there had many men as old as
he lived and died in Pennsylvania, who
knew its history more imperfectly than ho
did. This same inlormant had the pleasure
of hobbling with us to the showroom, and
calling our attention to the great linen
banner, which was made by this firm lor
our Centennial Exposition, upon which,
with life-like accuracy, the shuttle had de
picted Penn's dramatic treaty with the In
dians. When Bessbrook was purchased, Mr.
Bichardson's pet idea was to form a colonv,
in which there should be no temptation for
the working people by means of saloons,
and in which partv spirit should be dis
couraged and a strong endeavor made to in
culcate tbe Christian virtues of mutual for
bearance and respect The model village
is the outgrowth of this idea. So far as
wise endeavor could achieve its end, tbe
project has been successful, though it is
hardly possible in one generation to pro
duce a total revolution m the habits of a
very much mixed population, such as mill
Successful in a Measure.
However.there has been brought together
a community in which the proportion of
sober, well-living, industrious and peace
able lolk is greater, when compared to the
extent of the population, than in any
known town. That each inhabitant is
privileged to worship according to tbe dic
tates ot his own conscience is attested by
tbe several churches of the village, which
CHRISTMAS AS THE COMIC
. n. .
ONE WAT OP
MES. ABimm Foresight It is go
Christmas! I've given him a manicure
will buy him a Louis Quinze clock; my
HAIL ! KRIS KBIHGLE 1
The annual assault of mothers, wires and sisters upon Fort Pocketbook. Xew
York Commercial 'Advertiser.
include the Friends' meeting house,
Christ Church or Church of Ire
land, Methodist Chapel, Boman
Catholic Chapel and Presbyterian
Church. In addition to these ornamental
buildings there is a really splendid Town
Hall and institute, originated by Mrs.
Bichardson, who was always hand in glove
with her husband in all his philanthropic
works. This building considerately pro
vides for the rational pleasures of their
people, yonng and old, containing, as it
does, library, reading room, billiard room,
coffee room, lecture room and' a main hall
capable of seating upward of 800 people.
Carry Out Their Father's Flans.
Every social organization likely to for
ward the mental and moral well-being and
advancement of the people has been sedu
lously encouraged by both Mr. and Mrs.
Bichardson, and their plans are being carc
lully fostered by their two sons, Mr. James
N. Bichardson, a lormer senior member for
County Armagh, and Mr. Thomas Wake
field Bichardson. Such is Bessbrook, the
model .village, industrially, religiously
and socially, and the whole secret of its
successs and in establishing a commercial
industry, which for magnitude and the high
name it has acquired, not only in its own
country, but ours as well, is due to the fact
that it was the founder's study to surround
himself with people of ability and big char
acter and theu take humane care of them.
Don't you think the plan worthy of emu
lation? And does it not discount any plan
for public libraries ever promulgated?
Maet Temple Bayaed.
ICE-B0ATIHG OK THE HUDSON.
A Mile a ailnute Is the hpeed Often Made
by the Swirt Ilyers.
Pearson's Weekly. 1
The ice-boat is a racing machine pure and
simple. Its hull if the few timbers form
ing that spider-like structure can be so
called is put together in such a manner as
to obtain the greatest possible strength con
sistent with lightness. Every village along
the Hudson appears to have a few of these
boats. The season for the sport rarely
lasts over 30 days, and some winters afford
but a week of good racing weather.
Of course there are many fine days scat
tered through the season, which the indi
vidual ice-boat enthusiast watches lor and
takes prompt advantage of. The main ob
stacles to the sport are light winds, rough
ice, and snow. Accidents are rare, and it
is seldom that anv more serious harm
comes to the sportsmaun than a thorough
ducking or a frost-bitten hand or nose.
The most serious accidents occur from
collisions where the boats meet on opposite
tacks, or when one, stopped suddenly by
some unforeseen obstruction, is run into by
another too closeiy following its course.
The authentic runs of some ot these boats
are really marvelous. Swiit express-trains
are frequently overtaken and passed as if
the v were at rest A mile a minute is often
made by fliers.
BErOSE BUSTING THE DEAD.
Valuable Hints That Should Not Escape
New York Snn.
In order to call attention to the great care
necessary before burying the dead, the fol
lowing extracts from a medical journal are
given, namely, fivs Bigns of death: First
sign, cessation of circulation and respir
ation; second, cooling of the body from 09
to that of atmosphere, usually in 24 hours
or less; third, rigidity, which begins iu
about six hours after death; after some
hours there is relaxation; fourth, resistance
of muscles to galvanization; fifth, mortifi
cation, which generally commences in abouc
40 hours after death, aud usually shows first
over the stomach.
Physicians should always sec the dead
person before giving a certificate, even in
cases where thev have been in attendance
just before death.
On the authority of a physician, it is un
derstood that, in embalming, a slight in
cision, is niaile first, before going on with
tbe process, which seems a necessary safe
guard. But the safest way is to wait until
there are slight signs ot mortification.
The attention of mothers and nurses is
called to tbe covering of infants' bends too
closely, lest they should not have sufficient
-"air to breathe freely.
m i-n .- (ww m
LOOKING AT IT.
hard to know what to give Arthur for
set and an afternoon tea set. I think I
chamber it Louis Quinze, you kno w. Life.
A Suggestion That Birds Be Used to
Carry Back Arctic News.
EATING HOKSEFLESH IN PARIS.
Driulcinffjn. England and a XickeWn-the-fclot
I'lan for Tipplers.
XIGuT-CAPS NOT GOOD FOE SLEEPING
rwrnTTIN POn THE DISPATCH.l
The perils to which Arctic explorers are
exposed are enumerated in a recent article
on Dr. Hansen's Polar expedition, and
among the suggestions made with a view of
maintaining communication with the out
side world when the exploring party is in
winter quarters, is one which bears the
stamp of novelty. One writer, while
premising that the breeding quarters of the
Knot are as yet absolutely unknown, gives
reasons for supposing that they will be
found somewhere within the mystic Arctic
circle, and that there the intrepid explorer
will encounter them. As these birds
habitually visit the cast coast of England,
where they are shot in large quantities in
the autumn, it is suggested that they be
employed as messengers of communication
between the ice-bound travelers and the
civilized world. ,
The ingenious originator ot this idea pro
poses that a number of these birds should
be caught and marked in some way that
would attract the attention of sportsmen
and entrusted with missives, after the
method adopted with carrier pigeons. Tbe
expedition in question is apparently tbe
best designed attempt that has yet been
made to reach the unknown Arctic region,
aud it is the general impression that if ever
the North Pole is to be won it is now.
Hansen's scheme is not to force his way
through the ice in the manner hitherto at
tempted, but to place his little vessel in
such a position that the ice shall carry him
to his destination. He believes that the
currents of the Arctic Seas set from the
Siberian Islands across to Greenland by the
way of the Uorth Pole. His idea, there
fore, is a simple one. He will run his ship
into the ice, and drift with it in the proper
National Drinking Habits.
Some interesting statistics have been com
piled by A. B..MacDowail, in an inquiry
into.'Miecenl Trade in England, and the
Drinking Habits of the Nation." Mr. Mac
Dowall bases his research on the value of
the exports per head of population, and
finds that these were highest in 1872, 1882
and 1890, and lowest in 1879 and 188G. He
finds that the marriage rate rises and falls
in correspondence with the state of trade,
there being fewer marriages when trade is
bad. The railway traffic receipts show
similar fluctuations lrom the same cause.
The consumption of strong drink also shows
a correspondence with the state of trade, it
being greatest when trade i4 best It has
been confidently urged that increased con
sumption of spirits does not necessarily
mean increase ot drunkenness, but rather
of moderate drinking. Mr. MacDowall ex
poses this fallacy by taking the number of
police apprehensions aud convictions for
drunkenness and drawing curves of them,
which are found to correspond with the
curves of trade. Nevertheless it Is demon
strated that on the wiinie period from 1866
to now there is apparently an improvement
in England in this respect
Non-Lcakinc Pocket Oiler.
An oiler which will not leak, and which,
therefore, can be carried on the person
without fear of soiling the clothes, has made
its appearonce. It will be of special ser
vice for bicycles, guns, fishing tackle, type
writers, sewing machines, roller skates,
and on all small and delicate machinery. It
consists of a tube for holding the lubricant,
fitted at the top with an ingenious tip,
which can be unscrewed when the oiler re
quires filling. There ia steel pin con-
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JS ufli?Tfff?M fefflo rS
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THE CHBISTMA3 TREE AS AFFECTED
THIS "WOULD BE AN ACCEPTABLE CHRISTMAS GIZX Ato Tork Evening World.
nected with a spring, and when this is
pressed, the oil is released in sufficient
quantities for lubrication. The advantage
of this arrangement is that only a single
drop is expelled, if desired.
Sleeping and Dieting.
It would be an estimable boon to hu
manity if doctors could agree in their ad
vice as to diet At present the average
man is in a state of bewilderment. Only
lately an eminent physician has said that
all our ailments arise from over-eating and
over-sleeping, aud that the golden rule of
health is to be soaring of both. Sir James
Sawyer now comes forward with almost
exactly the opposite advice. In speaking
of King George III. 'a oft quoted maxim,
"six hours for a man, seven for a woman,
elstht for a fool." he considers that the poor
old kiug whose brain, by the way, cer
tainly needed more rest than it secured
had "begun at the wrong end." From his
own experience of his own calling, Sir
James Sawyer is decidedly of the opinion
that medical men require eight hours'
sleep if they can get it; and that failing
they should holdi on by "the grand rule,"
"go to bed when vou can and get up when
you must" The bedroom sbould be well
ventilated, and the "night cap" in the
liquid form should be disearded, as alcohol
prevents healthy sleen. It may produce a
drowsy, stupefying effect, but not refresh
ing slumber. Most people who have slept
with and without the aid of night caps
will probably be inclined to agreewith the
distinguished physician. .His advice as to
eatiug is somewhat optimistic: "If a man
would only eat naturally, and at the proper
time, and not cat too much, he might eat
anything be liked."
IHppopliagy In Paris.
One of the most prosperous industries in
Paris is the sale and disposal of horseflesh
for food. There are in the city of Paris, 180
shops for the sale of horseflesh, and in the
course of this year more tban 21,000 horses.
Gl mules aud 275 donkeys have been killed
and eaten by the Parisians. The most sin
gular point about this traffic is fhat the
priee ot the flesh is equal to that ot good
beef, 20 cents a pound. It is only fair,
however, to add that two-thirds of this
meat has been converted into sausages so
that it is more than possible that the con
sumers are ignorant of the source of their
toothsome dish. It is now easy to under
stand how it is that -good horses are so
scarce Jn the Paris fiacres; at 20 cents a
pound a fat horse would be worth more
when he was dead than alive. s
What Crowd Polsonlnz Is.
The newest name for bad air is "crowd
poison." Two medical men have been en
deavoring to determine what it is that
makes the air of crowded places poisonous
to those who breathe it Their object was
to find out whether the effect was owing to
the diminution of oxygen, as generally be
lieved, or to the presence of deleterious
organic matter in the carbonio acid ex
pelled from the lungs, as the majority of
physiologists maintain, or to the excess of
carbonic acid gas pure and simple. The
conclusion arrived at is that the excess of
carbonic acid gas is alone responsible for
the headache, feeling of suffocation, eta,
frequently experienced through the breath
ing of a contaminated atmosphere.
Cleanliness In Fruit Culture.
Prof. J. E, Humphrey insists that the
treatment of fungus diseases in plants
should ba preventive rather than remedial.
Giving the plant abundant nourishment is
not sufficient; the usual careless practice of
leaving in the vinery or orchard, lying on
the ground or hanging from the branches,
the dead fruits of the season which have
been destroyed by tungi may work infinite
mischief, as the dead lruits furnish to the
fungi which attack them the most favorable
possible soil for further aud complete de
velopment. In the next spring the air is
full of the spores of these fungi, which
find lodgment in the new leaves ana fruits,
and so the trouble is continued.
Br freshtnents for the Million.
Automstio coiu-fed machines, which is
the modern nama for nickle-in-the-slot de
vices, are being introduced in London by a
philanthropic association, for the supply of
BY THE AOE OF THE BEHOLDER. Judge.
solid and liquid refreshments at a low
price. Freshly-made beverages, suoh as
tea, coffee and aerated waters are to b ob
tained, as well as malt and spirituous
LOCAL ART GOSSIP.
A lahoe, well painted study of lilacs by
lliii Josephine Thompson Is ou exhibition
V.. A. POOLE has beo-i visiting and dolnz
porno painting In Little Washington during
Hit. Scueh ck has a still life study on exhi
bition at Boyd's, some apples and a basket,
which promises better work.
Jin. OJAKLE3 ITalz has finished a portrait
of tlio wife ot Dr. L. O.arutecki, of tho
Allegheny City Fertilizing Works.
lln. J. B. Mor.SE exhibits at Boyd's an
autumn landscape with a flock of sheep and
picturesque old b.irn in the foreground.
The past week has been a busy one for the
art dealers. They leport a big sale In
photogruvures, etchings and water color re
productions. JIb. Jon W. BEATTThas had much trouble
with Ilia eyes latoly, and has been debarred
by his phrsician from doing any drawing or
painting for sorao time.
Among the now etchings noticed during
the week at tho art stores is "The lteturn
of the Flock," etched by Lucien Gautier
from a painting by the well known French
As exhibition of paintings pastels and
studies made in Spain by Gcorso W. Hitch
cock aro on exhibition at the Wunderltch
galleries, Xew York. Sir. Hitchcock leaped
into fame some years aeo by his splendid
studies or tulip bods in Holland.
Dcr.ixo lib recent stay In Paris Mr. Car
negie met Mr. J. Elmer Salisbury, tho artist
of this city. Mr. Carneaie bo til lit several
paintings from Mr. S ilihnry during tlio lat
ter's residence in Pittsburg. Mr. and Mrs.
Salisbury Intend to retnrn,torntsburgIn
The stndy of tho prize vase of chrysantho
mumx by II. S. Stevenson is still on exhibi
tion at Boyd's. Everybody admits that this
is the finest piece nt work Mr. Stevenson has
yec shown. He has not had much time for
anything but portrait work during tbe holi
Mr. Eliho Veddsk has returned to Rome
without finishing his work on the World's
Fair Duilding. Mr. Vedder has long been
exiled lrom this country. He said tho whirl
of Chicago llfo provod too much for him,
nnd ho was glad io get back to the Eternal
City, his adopted homo.
Mr. Sdttox, who is exhibiting tho pairtlng
"Xana," by Suchorowsky, tlio llusslan
artist, is In a great quandary over ir. Tbe
paint or varnish of the picture is rnnning in
a great many places, threatening to
eventnally destroy it. He called on several
of the urtisU of this city during tho week,
but they could suggest no remedy except to
call in the services of a Xew York profes
sional picture restorer. Tho picture is to be
on exhibition in this city four weoks longer.
There 1 on exhibition at tne Gillesplo
gallery one of Chirlos Linford's happiest
uut'imn elfects lull of tho rich and sen&uous
coloring of that period ot tho year. Mr.
I.liiford was at one time a Pittsburg artisr,
imt lias been for manv years locatod in
Philadelphia. A great many of his paint
ings aro owned by Plttsbnrgcrs.
Mil Jo3Ern It Woodweli. is to contributo
six paintings, mostly marines, to tho
World's Fair. Tlioy were lately on exhibi
tion at tlio Art Society's permanent gnllory.
His daughter, Johanna K. Woodwi-11, Is to
contributo the water color head which was
ao much admired wiien on exhibition at the
Art Society's gallery.
Ms. D. B. Walk ley sold during tho week
his "Interior of a Pottery." Akron, O., a
very faltlnul piece of work, to Mr. Wilson
Sliaw, of tlio Merchants nnd Manufacturers'
National Bank. Mr, Walklcy his his large
canva', "Interior of a Glasshouse" on the
Southside, netrly finished, which ho In
tends to send to tlio World's Fair.
Oyiix one week moro remains for Pennsyl
vania artists who intend to contributo pict
ures to the World's Fair. All tho Pennsyl
vania pictures have to be in Philadelphia by
January 3, whero they will be passed on by
the Pennsylvania Jury. The selected pict
ures will he exhibited at tho Academy of
Fine Arts, Philadelphia, piuvioii to being
Bent to Chicago. Illunks nnd further infor
mation can lie obtained of Mr. Josepn It
Voodvell and John W. Beutty, who are
members of tlio Jury of selection.
The following American artists have dono
decorative work in the buildings of tho
Woild's Fain Fignre emblematic textile
arts, liobert Louis Iteid; panel representing
nnturon, Georgo W. Maynard: allegorical
fUrnre needlework, J. Alden Weir; Forging,
fiiture by C . Simtuonr; ceramic painting,
Kenyon Cox; the telephone, J. Carroll Beck-
SEE w IT.
TnOSE AWKWARD CHRISTMAS TOTS.
Having recently paid an election bet by trundling a wheelbarrow through tha
'street', this citizen feels that lie has no reputation for dignity to sustain him in ir
the present ordeal. Chicago Nats Record.
1: wi I j...
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'" jew i wiiii
'Iff' "' 7 iWL , l
THE NIGnT BEFORE CnKISTSIAS.
Ho, this is not a burglar at work, but a fond father smuggling toys into tha
house. Phi'adelphia Inquire.
with: decoration, figure by Charles Stanley
Reinhart: the armorers craft. E. II. BJash
ileld, representing the art of metal working;
music aud riders of winged horses, by W. L.
The Art Society hns sont out tho following
circular relative to the next exhiolilon:
"Pictures now ready for exhibition mnst bo
sent to the gallery on or before January 3,
1S93. A list of works with foil titles and
vnlnes for the purposes or insurance should
be given a member of tho Art Committee nt
least three days Drevious to this date. All
works admitted at this time will coutinan
on exhibition at least two weeks Pictures
cannot he removed from tho gallery without i
a writion oriier oi tuo committee mo cir
cular Is signed by John W. Beatty. Martin
B. Xeissor, George Hetzcl and V. B. Walkley,
as tbe committee. It is expected that this
exhibition will eclipse the opening one. All
the local uriistsliavo promised to s'end the
best work thuy have in thuir studio. Tliero
aro also paintings promised by Xow York
ana .European artists. vaxdtke.
THE HEABT OF AS OAK.
It Proved o Bo tlio Secreting Piace of an
Ancient Living Couple.
A lock or hair once bestowed by some
generous maid upon a too secretive lover
has been discovered in an old oak tree 3 feet
G inches in diameter, which was sawn
up into planks. One of these planks found
its way to a carpenter's shop, where it at
tracted attention by an odd-looking branch
like knot traversing its substance.
This knot, excised from the tree out of
sheer curiosity by one of the workmen,
proved to be a peg of yew, containing a
lock of bright red hair. Further investiga
tion demonstrated 'hat a hole had been
bored iu the trnnk of the tree with an
auger, and that the plug, freighted with
love's gift, had been driven into the aper
ture thus opened lor it
In course of time the wound indicted npon
the tree had healed over the plug so effectu
ally that tbe portion of the trunk under
which the ruddy lock lay concealed exhib
ited no fewer than 23) 'rings" each one
representing a year's growth of the brave
old oak, and proving that it was in the year
1642 that the hiding-place was chosen.
The difIicultyofkeepiiig a secret for ever
has seldom berjr'more quaintly illustrated
than by the acdjtent by which this sturdy
heart of cak had been compelled to yield
up its charge after keeping it for two cent
uries and a half.
OIL OF THE ETJCALYPTTJ3 TEES.
It Tarns Ont to Be an Excellent Antisep
tic for rrcsh, "Wounds.
Garden and Forest. 3
The most valuable prodnct of the euca
lyptus trees, which are planted in California,
are the essential oil and certain medical
preparations from the leaves. The dis
tilled extract from eucalyptus, which resem
bles in its method of production the well
known distilled extract of witc-hazcr, has
come into prominence within a few years.
It is a concentrated extract from freshly
gathered leaves of trees that are at least
seven years old, and the older the better.
It is used for most of the ailments where
the oil has been used, and has the advant
age being cheaper. It has been recom
mended for headaches, nervous aflections,
and as an antiseptic it has given good re
sults when applied to fresh wounds, and for
inflammation of mucous membranes and
insomnia; for cold in the head aud sore
throat it is of service, while as a disinfect
ant, it is useful from ibe fact that, like the
oil, it substitutes a pleasant odor for noxi
ous ones. The oil has an established place
in the materia mediea, and there is evidently
a field of usefulness for the distilled anti
septic An Fxpfriment 'Worth Trying.
Here is a little experiment whtch is well
worth showing to your friends. Trocure a
bit ot ordinary camphor, .and from it break
of! tiny pieces. Drop these upon the sur
face of some pure water contained in any
kind of vessel, and they will immediately
begin to rotate nnd move nbnnt, sometimes
continuing to do this for several hours.
The water must be quite clean, for it a drop
of oil or any grease is in it, the experiment
will not work. But provided that nothing
of this sort gets in, the little piec;s of cam
phor will twirl-about iu a manner that is ex
LOCKS ARE UNKNOWS.
Iho Peoplo of the Isle of Man Know
Is'ot What Robbery Means.
j HOSPITALITY HAS I0 LIUlTr
i "" ""
A Tcep Into the Homes That Tot -ihi
STUFF OF WHICH HEROES JIEB MAD
tCOII'-SrOXDEXCE OF THE DISPATCIT.l
Teel, Isle of Mas; Dec 15. There it
a certain fire of calm and censcious inde
pendence in the great gray eyes of the
Manxmen, which on occasion would flame
into exalted heroism. All this you see in
Manxmen in their comfortable homes, and
one has only to acquaint himself with tbe
heroism of this handful of islanders in tbe
past to know that their looks do not belie
their real character. There is nowhere on
English soil a creator contract to be found
to the hcad-dncking, tuft-pulling, fawning
human whom the English land system lias
merged into a hereditarily cringing, farth
ing splitting vassal called an English small
Most Manxmen, indeed all save the pro
prietors of mountain farms, arc also fisher
men. In a population ol less than 20,000
souls, inclnding all town folk, it is esti
mated ti'at at least one in every five derives
his chief support from tne harvests of the
sea. "When boat-builders and net-makers
arc taken into account, tiie proportion
would be far greater. The immediate prox
imity to the sea of every inhabitant, anil
the endless mental absorption of tbe facts
and fancies ot sea environmeut, have
tliroti!;h the centuries certainly molded
the Manxmaa's face in sympathy. In re
pose it is a handsome face with
a far-away dreamful look. In ani
mation it" has sternness and fire. In
ordinary attentiveness it bespeaks great
caution. "When it has a pleasing peat fire
for a background nnd your own face is op
posite, set in aperspectire of wind-whipped
landscape or steely blue sea. I think it is
truly one of the most hostiitable faces in all
the world. You would be chased down a
mountain side or tossed over s; cliff here in
Manxland, if you offered money for any
form of hospitality.
From time immemorial, no tramps or
mendicants have been allowed to land upon
too snores oi iiian. .-otso very ion;c ago a
vessel breakinz this law was forfeited.
Locks and keys are unknown In the conn
trysldo. Utter simplicity and complete re
pose reien in nil farm and cottage home-'.
Within tho Manx yeoman's home the pict
ure is homely but pleasing. The house
place, living-room and kltche'i combinea, is
on one side of a irreen painted door and
short passage. Cn the other is a narrow slip
of a parlor, for. as wttli the Staffordshire
potters, tho parlor is a hereditary and nocef
sary dignity with the Manxmen, it is, as
usual ith other places of dignity, tho only
place of discomfort in these kinuly island
homes. In the center of this room will
always be found it littla square mahogany
table. A family Bible rests upon ir. A liaf!
dozen ancient mahogany chairs are ud
J nsied against tha walls with u. view to
their suDport. A short, low-backed
uiahogany-fTamcd chintz settle Is In
thn window. Ovor the mantel
piece is a hngo mirror whose tcxtnre Is as
choppy as the snriace of the Mou-encircling
sea: but this reflects in a zu-zar way a
marvelous collection of stuffed birds, dried
grosses, China dozs, vases and rampant:
shepherdesses, with sundry enrvines lrom.
Druldlcdays and hugo shells which sailor
sons havo brought from far-off chores. This
dim little retreat Is seldom disturbed. Fitly
cnonirh It is almost exclusively sacred to
the uscsol funoralsand weddin:'.
But the comfort of tho roomy old hcuse
placo and kitchen atones for all this. Tb
stone hearth is deep nnd wide, and tbe feet
of oareat family might all havo place npon
It, with room for hide-and-seek for tbe little
ones between the owners' chairs. Not
gorgeous homes these, but thoy are homes
of integrity, comrort and content, every
one. Eeoai: L. WAKzaua.
Fixe diamonds, rabies, emeralds, sap
phires, opals and other precious stones, sat
In alt tho latest styles, at M. G. Cohet'p?,33
Filth avonne. We set all onr own goods antf
save you Joubera' profits. .
TrtvtTn!ts for tho Holldavs.
Cabinet photos $1 M per doz. PanefplcM
uro given Willi every uiu. uener graUQ.1
Crayons from $3 M up. Large assortment
of frames. Lies' Portrait Studio, 10 anaru
tl--j.a. v: i::j- aasy..j&r . . r- ..k,
sl ' i
'-,, , ... - , ., . .--