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THE P1TTSBUKG ' DISPATCH, ' WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER
Vol. 74. No. SS-Enterea at Pittsburg Fostofflee
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PITTSBURG. WEDNESDAY. DEC. 28. 1892.
A LESSON AS TO PUEE WATEK.
The discovery of the cause of the sick
ness at the Apollo mill, as reported in this
issue, furnishes an important lesson as to
the importance of purity of water supply.
A prevalence of sickness amongthe work
ers there caused complaint and investiga
tion. The latter revealed the fact that
the men had been largely using the water
drawn from the river for use in the boshes.
This water on investigation was found to
contain a large dilution of sewage with
the added flavor of a barrel of old sau
sages thrown into the river near the spot
whence the water was drawn.
lhe persistence of ignorant carelessness
on this point also receives a fine illustra
tion. The rolling mill company provided
" a well of pure water for drinking pur
poses; but as it was slightly impregnated
with minerals, and, as the bosh tanks were
convenient, the impure water was largely
used in preference. The case is interest
ing as Fhowing how easily a general sick
ness of such character as to raise the sus
picion of foul play may be really duo to
neglect of the sanitary necessity of pure
The matter also contains the vital sug
gestion to Pittsburg that these impurities
are emptied into the river above our own
water supply. The distance is probably
so great that there is no imminent danger
from it at present; but the fact conveys a
decided suggestion of the importance of
precautionary measures against the pollu
tion of streams in tlie future.
THE ECON03HTE WEALTH.
Notwithstanding the intimation of The
Dispatch in yesterday's issue that the
wealth of the Economite Society might be
found much less than was generally sup
posed, there will be a very great surprise
to the public in the news of this morning.
That is the placing of a mortgage on the
' property of the Society at Economy. That
step, as will be seen by our local reports,
was taken last week the day after the
signing of the agreement by the members,
and four days before Mr. Henrici's death.
The mortgage is for $400,000, and is re
corded in both Beaver and Allegheny
The appearance of that organization,
which has for years been a synonym for
capital, as a borrower at six per cent is a
remarkable reversal from its past char
acter ss an investor. It is not unusual
that a large estate should on examination
prove to be greatly overestimated. It is
the disposition of the pnbiic gossip to ex
aggerate the amount of wealth where its
existence is well known. But it is an un
wanted reversal of affairs when an asso
ciation that has for years been famous for
its possession of funds to aid legitimate
enterprises, and has of late been realizing
on its investments rather than expanding
them, changes its character so as to mort
gage its original property in order to clear
off its floating debts.
The principal interests affected by this
change are of course private, and the most
salient feature of the news is its possible
moral lesson on the transitory nature of
wealth. Nevertheless the remarkable
change from the condition of the Economy
Society a few years ago, indicated by its
appearance as a borrower, would give de
cided pertinenc3 to a movement from
witbin the Society for a thorough account
ing of the disposition of the Society's
GREENE'S FATJX PAS.
The compulsory resignation of Mr.
William B. Greene from the secretaryship
of the American Banking Association is
fully recognized by the publication of the
text of the circular sent out by that gen
tleman to national banks. That docu
ment refers at length to the probability of
legislation by Congress on the subject of
bank circulation, and expresses the be
lief that the juncture affords the oppor
tunity for the national banks to secure
legislation to extend their circulation.
He proposes to "quietly secure the intro
duction and passage of a bill" for that
purpose. "The work is to be done
quietly," the circular repeats, "and by
personally interviewing the Representa
tives and Senators." After more details
as to the method of this lobby work, the
circular calls upon the banks to" remit $6
each for the expenses of the quiet cam
paign. Mr. Greene certainly deserves removal
from his efflce for this very remarkable
Idea of the manner in which monetary
legislation should be smuggled through
Congress. His removal from his former
.place clears the American Bankers' Asso
ciation from-ccmplicity in such a scheme,
and the public morality of his proposition
is therefore only a matter affecting him
self. But the legislation which he pro
posed to secure for the national banks is
only second in objectionable features to
the method by which he proposed to se
cure it. Mr. Greene's plan Is that the
banks shall have the opportunity to issue
notes up to 100 per cent of their capital,
"without any security whatever," the
notes being a first lien on the assets of
the banks, and the one per cent tax on
circulation to be retained in the Treasury
as a fund to pay tho notes of Insolvent
The Dispatch has often expressed its
opinion that the privileges of national
"bank circulation should be widened in
order to retain the benefits of the system.
But it is discouraging to find a man who
has been so prominent 'in the regulation,
management and association of national
banks exhibiting such complete ignorance
of the characteristic features of the sys
tem which make it valuable, as that dis
played by Mr. Greene in his proposition.
Tbe two qualities of the national system 1
which entitle it to pnbiic confidence and
which ought to be preserved are:
1. Absolute security to the noteholders,"
by the deposit of bonds covering the whole
amount of circulation with a margin for
2. Relative security to the depositors,
by means of the regulation and supervi
sion established by the law.
Mr. Grrene's proposition would take
away entirely the first feature, and would
much deteriorate the second. The note
bolder under bis plan would have a little
better security than the average national
bank depositor now has; the depositor's
security would in evey case be lessened.
If that plan should be adopted the one
strong argument against returning to the
old State bank system would be taken
away, viz., the absolute security of the na
It is quite practicable to enlarge the list
of secunttes which tbe national banks can
deposit as a basis for circulation so that
the circulation can be increased without
diminishing its security. But taking away
the security of the notes would be to de
stroy the virtue of the system.
There is no truer work of philanthropy
than that undertaken by the Free Kinder
garten Association of Pittsburg and Alle
gheny. Its alms are practical to the
highest degree. In charity no less than
other matters prevention is far better
than cure. In providing for the proper
up-bringing of poor children lies tbe best
means for preventing the growth of pov
erty and crime. For, though poverty is
no crime, the circumstances of the one
are a direct incentive to many forms of
This Association proposes to provide
free kindergartens for the infants of the
unfortunate in life's struggle. By so do
ing it will to a great' extent banish the
pains of poverty in preparing the children
to make a better fight in the competition
for existence than would otherwise be
possible. The children will be freer to a
great extent from the cramped surround
ings to which their so-called "home life"
is doomed. They will be given a start in
the race in which the accidents of their
birth have handicapped them.
The kindergarten system is no untried
means for the betterment of the race. For
nearly a hundred years tbe teachings of
Froebel have been demonstrating their
value by tangible results. The system is
a mighty factor in tbe solution of the so
cial problems of the day, and its growing
favor is due simply and solely to a practi
cal demonstration of its sterling qualities.
It deals with humanity at its most sus
ceptible age. It cultivates the receptivity
of childhood and fosters habits of observa
tion. It is the embodiment of sympa
thetic suasion and encouragement as con
trasted with driving and punishment in
education. A child is taught in the kin
dergarten to learn by teaching itself, and
not forced to swallow doses of information
like so much unpleasant physic at the
hands of othere.
Wherever the kindergarten system has
been given a fair trial it has demonstrated
its advantages by indisputable results.
Pittsburg and Allegheny are behind tbe
age in recognizing its importance. The
local public owes a debt of gratitude to
the pioneers in this movement that can be
paid only by rendering them enthusiastic
aud generous support
THE OBVIOUS RESULT.
Now that the process of stacking up sil
ver in the Treasury has brought us close
to that goal which The Dispatch has
predicted for some time, it is pertinent to
ask whether tbe useless accumulation
should not be stoppel We are now face
to face with the proposition that it will be
necessary for the Secretary of the Treas
ury to sell bonds in order to replenish the
gold reserve. If it is not necessary now
it soon will be, if the operation goes on of
spending $54,000,000 to buy silver, of which
we have too much already.
The bond-selling policy places before
the people the following proposition: The
debt is to be increased and the people bur
dened by the imposition of additional
interest charges. In returning to that
what does the public gain? The indefinite
increase of the load in the Treasury of a
commodity which by all the views except
those of the free silverite3 is wholly use:
less. It is its uselessness as a reserve that
prompts the selling of bonds; and the
joint demonstration of tbe two branches
of the proposition makes the result of the
act of 1890 the worst financial fiasco of the
This ought to have been foreseen, as it
was one of the obvious results of the
policy of using as a nominal reserve a
metal which by the policy of the act is dis
credited for monetary uses on its own
merits. But since the silver policy of the
country has reached this pass it is no use
crying over spilt milk. The United States
can afford to pay for its experience; bnt
it cannot afford to continue tho experi
ence after its utter foolishness has been
Tbe first step should be to stop further
purchases of sliver. The next step should
be to convert the immense pile of useless
silver in the Treasury into .a live asset
That may be a delicate task; but it is
better to do something than to continue
the present policy of carrying a practically
dead asset at heavy expense.
JUGGLING WITH ELECTORAL VOTES,
The report that tho Republicans who
have carried the Michigan Legislature are
going to repeal the Miner electoral law,
and by so doing claim the right to select
electors by legislative enactment, is one
that warrants a few words of commentary.
It is of the sort that the politicians of the
present day are capable of, with the addi
tion that, as it cannot affect tbe result of
the election, it is a wanton exhibition of
The Miner law was a grab of exactly
the same sort. It showed the readiness
of the perpetrators to set up a new stand
ard of representation in the Electoral
College which they would not recognizs
elsewhere simply for the sake of getting
a few electoral votes by special process.
The purpose of the alleged Republican
scheme to match the grab can have no
other effect than to advertise the fact that
Republican politicians have just the same
disregard for principle as the Democrats.
Still it does not seem wise to take special
pains to advertise it without the slightest
expectation of a return from the adver
tisement What makes the plan especially stupid
Is its failure to recognize the lesson of the
election by which the Republicans are re
stored to power in Michigan. The Demo
crats juggled with tbe electoral represent
ation and the people put them out of
power in the year when they swept the
rest of that country. Those who cannot
see in this a popular rebuke to every such
attempt at political grabbing are inca-
pable of seeing anything. Yet such is the
caliber of our politicians that they go right
on with acts that the people repudiate,
even to tho degree of perpetrating them
without the slightest material gain.
The introduction of such juggles with
the Electoral College after half a century
of undisturbed uniformity suggests tho
emphatic pertinence of an amendment to
the Constitution abolishing tho antiquated
and cumbrous machinery and turning
over the election of President to a direct
vote, of the people.
Pittsburg has a good public school sys
tem, out it lias room for many educational
influences supplementary thereto. Uni
versity extension lectures or classes, an in
dustrial training school or technical college,
and, above all. free kindergartens have mag
nificent opportunities lor uselulnessin this
city. The value of all these should be rec
ognized by the public and encouraged in
every possible way without delay. Bnt
until ull can bo secured, it would be a good
plan to begin at the bottom and concentrnte
attention and effort on tho establishment of
the kindergarten system. In this way the
babes of to-day would be so trained that the
men and women of tho future would have
an intelligence sufficiently cultured to do
rnand means for the continuance of their
"education" long after the school course is
over. When public spirit thoroughly .ap
preciates the value of these thlncs, a de
mand for them will materialize sufficiently
strong to work out its own satisfaction.
Pittsburg ought to be largely repre
sented in the American Chemical Society.
Cliomistry Is intimately associated with
local industries, and local chemists should
take their place in the national organization
now in session here.
The death of William S. Pier removes
one of Pittsburg's best citizens. He was one
of tbe most upright and capable men that
served in Councils, Ills vote and his voice
always counting for the public interest.
Though entering Into in life upon the prac
tice of the law, Mr. Pier made a most credit
able figure in the profession. In all retrards
the deceased was a type of man who de
served and onjoyed the complete respect of
Clehenceau is reputed France's cham
pion duelist. But Premier Ribot must be
franco's most courageous politician, for be
has refused to fight a duel after the receipt
of a formal challenge.
Now that the redoubtable Jerry Simpson
has formally announced his anxiety to rep
resent Kansas in the United States Senate,
Mrs. Lease's chances of election should be
correspondingly increased. Kansas can
Judge of Mr. Simpson's eligibility by His
past record at the Capital, while Mrs. Lease
is hampered by no national reputation for
picturesque demagogy or legislative quack
ery. Steamers are commonly overdue at this
season. Overdue bills come a trifle later.
Owners of tho one and credltoi s of the other
are generally willing to rcalizo at a large
Modern belles would, of course, indig
nantly deny the soft impeachment that
worldly possessions or their suitors in any
way affected the choices of their hearts. Hut
it is none the less true that beaux in posses
sion of sleichs andhotses, or the means to
hire them, are uncomfortably forcing tho
running these days for those whose pocket
books are less inexhaustible.
When sudden death calls a coroner's
Jury to sit on an alien corpse, the first mys
tery io be solved is the correot spoiling of
the patronymic of the deceased.
Murder is now suggested to account for
the death' or Baron Reinach and others pos
sessed of information incriminating high
officials in the Panama scandal. Abonc
everything else has been charged in connec
tion with the widespread corruption, and
murder is scarcely more heinous than tbe
offenses whose clicle it would complete.
All things are supposed to work to
gether for good. And Mexico and the United
States should work togetlierfor the suppres
sion of border brigandage.
Certain Toledo Conncllmen were re
cently convicted of corrupt practices and
let off with remarkably light sentences.
Now that members of the "reform" wing of
this Ohio city's councils are acoused of pur
loining gas, there is smaller hope than ever
foranyradlcal improvement inits municipal
JNext to staving at home after dark, the
surest protection against highway robbery
is found in the absence of valuables from
the pedestrian's person.
Kansas believes in advertising itself by
sending oddities to represent It in Washing
ton. It will be a hard matter, therefore, to
decide between Mrs. Lease and tho one
time hoseless Jerry Simpson for tbe United
States Senatorship. Both have such ex
cellent claims to tho honor under the cir
cumstances. , Pittsburg smoke and snow in Pittsburg
have no long or doubtful struggle for su
premacy in the prevalent tone of gray.
It would be a good thing for Pittsburg
if some of the blackish stuff that once was
snow were removed from the city sidewalks.
But of course the municipality is too much
engaged over great essentials to attond to
such mere details as this.
Between the coaster and the street car
the perils of tbe pedestrian ate almost in
Russian military officers pining for war
are plotting against the Czar. Russian
peasants are sufferinir from pestilence and
famine. It is a hard matter to decide
whether the Czar or the Russia ho rules is
the fitter object for pity.
Fob purposes of courtship and the pro-ductton-of
pneumonia sleigh-riding is hard
PROMINENT AND P0PDLAK.
General Trochu's estimate of Bis
marck is that ho might have been a great
man, but he has become only a great Pius
sian. Yesterday was the seventieth anniver
sary of the birth of Louis' Pasteur. It was
commemorated by high dignitaries of Paris
and the nation.
John Autram, of Wilmington, O.,
voted three times forGeneralJackson, threo
times for Cleveland for President and IS
times for President. He is 92 years old and
is yet one of the best horsemen in his region.
IjADlxs visiting the Comte and Comtesie
of Paris, on an ordinary three days' invita
tion to Stowe, arc expected to take six new
toilet costumes along with tbem. Threo
changes of dress per day are insisted upon.
As a memorial to her mother, Mr A. M.
Mankly is to build and maintain a homo for
destitute women in the city or Washington.
She is also to give the Children's Aid Society
$30,000 to erect a home in memory of her hus
band. Miss Helen Gould made a big house
ful of New York children happy yesterday
in a quiet and unostentatious way. She pro
vided a free Christmas dinner for the little
people who live under the roof of the Home
for the Friendless.
Mr. Charles A. Dana, editor of the
XewYork Sun, is at present in Paris. Ho
said if an interview that the New Tork
Democracy may possibly elect Mr. Freder
ick. Condert, the .well-known lawyer, ns a
compromise candidate for the Senatorship.
Mb. Pbeece, the new Engineer in Chief
and Electrician to the British Postofflce De
partment, has what is said to be the finest
collection of Persian antiquities in England.
They were picked up and sent to him by a
brother, who Is an officer of the Indo-Euro-.
pean Telegraph Company.
LIVE NATIONAL NEWS.
Senator Prye's Prediction as to the Panama
Canal Ecandil-General Drift Toward
Commercial Union Increased Attend
ance at Indian Schools Other Interest
Washington, Dec. 27. Two years ago,
at a speech at Portland, in his town. Sena
tor Frye prophesied a condition of affairsin
relation to the Panama canal scheme that
lias been fulfilled almost to the letter. In
that speech Mr. Frye said that time would
show that the whole scheme was corrupt,
and that within a year or two, at least, light
would be thrown upon it and the fate of tbe
Republic would tromblo under the shock.
That condition exists to-day. There has
boon some talk to tbe effect that the Pan
ama and Nicaragua canals are parallel, and
that the disaster that has overtaken
tho French people will cause public
men in this country to hesitate
in giving ' their votes to sanction
the guarantee or the Nicaragua bonds, that
a scandal might result Mr. Frye can see
nothing or the kind, and is emphatic in his
declarations to that effect. Says he: "There
is every good reason to advance why this
Government should exercise a supervision
over the Nicaragua canal and control all
that is done there; and therd is no reason
why any legislator should be afraid to cast
his ballot for the bill which has this end in
view. I believe this measure will pass the
Senate, but, of course, a prediction cannot
be made as to its chances in the House. It
can hardly be supposed that tbe bill will
meet with favor there, inasmuch as It con
template an expenditure of public money,
and such expenditure, however meritorious,
is opposed on that side of the Capitol."
Counterfeiting tho Colombian Coins.
Chief Drommond, of the Secret Service
division, has cautioned his agents to exer
cise the closest possible scrutiny to prevent
any counterfeiting of the Columbian souv
enir coins. "Souvenirs will io plentiful as
blackberries in summertime," said a prom
inent official of tbe mint bureau, this morn
ing. "It w ill bo impossible to prevent them
from being counterfeited, and the fancy
prices they aie btroging are an incontive to
counterfeiters. They can, too, put as much
silver in the counteuelt as is contained in
the original coin, and till make 33 per cent
on eacu com." This view of the situation is
not shared by the Secret Service people.
Chief Drnminond thinks it will be almost
impossible to counterfeit the souvenir coin
on an extensive scale. Tho machinery
necessary to compress the silver to the den
sity of the souvenir coin could not, he says,
be confined In a small room, and it would,
top, require a half dozen or so men to oper
ate it.su that the chance for detection would
be too great tor ordinary counterfeiters to
run. It made Horn dies the coin would be
aDout two-thirds tho weicht of the souvenir
coin, and would be easily distinguished from
Dalton as a Deputy Marshal.
Attorney General Miller is somewhat dis
turbed by the report that Bill Dalton, the
notorious outlaw.lms been appointed a Dep
uty United States Marshal at ColrbyvIlle.Kas.
lie said to-day that the first intimation he
had received in regard to the matter was
when Senator Tost alluded to It in his
speech in tho Senate last week. He at Once
applied to the United States Marshal in
Kansas and Indian Territory for informa
tion on the subject, at the same time ex
pressing his surprise and disapproval at
tucli an appointment, but so lar he-had re
ceived no'iesponse Irom either officer. Ho
explained tint tho department never inter
fered with Marshals in the appointment of
their deputies unless there wei a special rea
sons for so doing, but Indicated very clearly
that he would not conntenance the appoint
ment of a man or Dalton's stamp. No fur
ther action will be taken until the two Mar
shals have been heard from.
Drifting Toward Commercial Union.
"I predict that within 50 years, and per
haps within 25 years for you can't tell how
quickly such movements go the tendency
will be toward a commercial union of the
whole American continent," said Repre
sentative Ilolman to-day. Mr. Holinan
added that he did not mean a political,
union, though of course a commercial union
would hao its political effect, but that ho
looked to see one tarlll in effect from Alaska
to Cape Horn. "There i no reason," said
Mr. Ilolman, "why Canada should not now
have a commercial union with us that would
be mutually satisinctoiy, and Mexico, also,
should have such an arrangement."
More Indians Going to School.
Notwithstanding the difficulties experi
enced by the Indian Office In securing' the
attendance of children at the Indian schools,
reports Just received show that the enroll
ment of the quarter ended September 30,
189.!, in Indian schools of all kinds was 15,405;
as compared with li,IS5 for tho correspond
ing period of last year, the Increase being
1,010. The increase in the Government and
tho public schools for this period was
1.200, 1) lie in the contract schools con
ducted by religious denominations there
was a decrease of about 183. The total en
rollment in tho Government nnd public
schools ror the quarter was 10,317, while in
the contract schools the number was 5,173.
The total enrollment for tho year is, how
ever, expected to reach 20,000.
The Sherman Act Will Not Be Repealed.
The House Committee on Banking and
Currency will be called together soon after
the Holiday recess to act on the bill intro
duced by Representative Andrew, of Massa
chusetts, proposing moro liberal legislation
in behalf of national banks and a repeal of
the silver bullion purchase of the Sherman
act. Representative Bacon, of New Tork,
said to-day that in his opinion tho commit
tee would lepoit back tho Andrew bill with
some modifications. The committee had
one meeting at which it considered this
bill. Only a hare quorum was present. Tho
members who did not attend weie substan
tially agreed on tho bank features of tho
bill, but when they camo to the Sherman re
peal section they weie hopelessly divided,
and, ns theio were so few mombers present,
did not attempt anything beyond an in
formal discussion or mo situation.
The majoiity or the committee is disposod
to lecommend the tir.it section of the An
diew bill, which authorizes national banks
toissuo ciiculatinir notesuptothefullp.tr
value of United States bonds deposited.
Section 2 reduces the amount of bonus re
quired to bo depusltcd in the United States
Treasury by national banks to a meiely
nominal amount. This section will havo to
be modified, us tho committee ishostiloto
it and believes in requiring banks to de
posit a considerable amount of bonds. Sec
tion 3 1 elates to the tax nn circulation. Tho
Commltteo ism lavorof a reduction of tho
rate nf tax on national bank circulation, but
is opposed to wiping out the tax entirely on
tho ground that the banks should boar
their share of tbe expenses of the system.
Section I repeals the Sherman silver case
provision, and whether this will get the
lavorable indorsement of the commltteo or
not cannot be predicted in advance of a full
White Uouso Still Quarantined.
The White House is still in a state of
quarantine, and bids fair to remain so for at
least three weeks to enme. Red cards say
ing "scarlot lever within" are conspicuous
on tbe entrances to the private part of the
mansion on tbe first ana second floors, and
the outside doors display small notices to the
effoct that the house is closed to the public
Tho office part of the building, however, is
open for business as usnal, and the Presi
dent, Seoietary Ualford and their assistants
will be found at their desks oy any one
whose business requires their attention. It
is hardly necessary to say that tueie are
very few such visitors at present. The At
torney General was the President's only
caller this morning, and he called princi
pally to inquiio after little Martena Harri
son. Thero is no material change in her
condition, and none is expected until the
disease has run its allotted course. The
disease gives no occasion for special alarm.
Benjamin aud Marie McKeo are still pris
oners in the house. With quarters far distant
from the sick chamber, and so far have
shown no symptoms whatever of the fever.
They have been compelled to cancel all tbe
holiday engagements they bad made with
their Juvenile companions.
VThai Everybody Thinks or Now.
"Diaries nnd ' good resolutions how to
keep them" is the tbemo next due for con
Tbe robin chants wben the thrash Is dumb.
Enow smooths a bed for tbe clover,
Life flames anew, and days to come
Arc sweet u the days that are over.
Tbe tide tbat ebbs by the moon flows bacx,
Faith builds on the rains of sorrow.
The halcyon flatters in winter's track,
And nlgbt makes way for the morrow.
And ever a strain, of loys tbe sum.
Sings on In the beart of tbe lorer
In death tings' on -"that days to come
Are sweet as the days that arc" over!
Florence Eerie Coatct, in The Hew Peterson,
THS PLAGTJS MEHACE.
Danger of Cholera Next Summer Warn
ings That Should Bo Heeded.
Dr. E. O. Shakespeare, la January Forum.3
I would especially invite the attention of
our uational legislators to the following
facts and suggestions: While cholera ap
pears to have nearly died out in Northwest
ern Europe, it seems to bo still, lingering in
epidemic form in the southeastern portion
of tbat continent. This indicates a neces
sity for tho continuance at the present time
of tho embargo on immigration, at least so
long ns we have any news of the existence
of cholera in Southeastern Europe.
It is a woll-known fact that In tho past,
whenever cholera has obtained a foothold
in Europe, it has never disappeared from
that continent iu less than from three to ten
years. While the cola of winter has usually
been sufficient apparently to exterminate
the disease in most parts of Europe, it yet
has always remained dormant in other por
tions of the continent which have less
severo climates, to reappear with renewed
virulence nt the approach of the next warm
season. We havo no reason to believe that
this visitation of Europe will prove an ex
ception in this respect to the rule which
heretofore has bad no exception. The mode
or assault of a nation by cholera may be
compared somewhat to the attack of the
rattlesnake, which usually pounds a note of
warning beforo striking his fatal blow. Tno
history of cholera epidemics shows that
threatened peoples, a' a rule, receive ample
warning of danger. We have received our
warning. Let it be followed bv the enact
ment or such national legislation this winter
as will render our defenses doubly secure
against tho danger of an Invasion next summer.
EEADY FOB EBUFP'S BIG GUN.
Preparations to Kecelvo and Handle the
Baltimore, Dec. 27. The Maryland Steel
Company's enormous shear legs at the
marlno works at Sparrow's Point uro nearly
ready to receive Krupp's 124-ton gun, to be
exhibited at the World's Fair. The hydrau
lic mechanism by which the shears will be
worked is complete. New trestlowotk has
been erected under the brUtooftho Balti
more ana Sparrow's Point Railroad across
Bear creek, to sivo the structure greater
strength for supporting the weight of the
gun. It is said the gun will cost nearly $500,
000. Its length, S7 feet, is nearly twice that
of the largest gun owned In this country,
which Is 45 feet long. It is said if fired on
the lake front at Chicago, the cuuenssloa
would be so great tbat it would shatter
nearly oil the window r!ass in Chicago. The
gun will carry a ball 15 or 16 miles.
The gun and the several pieces of smaller
ordnance and armor plate to comprise tho
Krnpp exhlDit will probably be brought
over next month. The special car3 bolng
constructed by the Pennsylvania Railroad
Company, to carry the exhibit to Chicago,
will be finished and delivered at Sparrow's
Point in a couple of weeks. Tho cars will be
the largest ever built, and almost entirely
of Iron. One of them will be placed on 32
unusually large and strong wheels. This
will be used for transporting the 121-ton
DEACON WHITE SUCCESSFUL.
He Obtains Cumberland White's Pardon
Trom Governor Flower.
Watektows, N. Y., Dec. 27. Governor
Flower, who is spending the Christmas holi
days in this city, yesterday issued a pardon
and restored to full citizenship Cumberland
G. White, who was re ently sentenced tb
two years' imprisonment on Blackwell's
Island. Mr. White has been for many years
n member of tho Sew York Stock Exchange.
Ho lost two bonds of the value of $2,000 be
longing to a fema e customer, and lading to
pay tho balance due her, lie was adjudged
guilty of constructive larceny About a
month ago he was sentenced to two years'
imnrisonment, as above stated.
The application for his release was made
to the Governor in person by Deacon S. V.
White, supported b--a petition Igned by
the entile New York Stock Exchange.
Governor Flower Indorsed the petition, with
t.ie statement that the punisbnienp given
was excessive, and because, from an inti
mate knowleduo of the way tbe business
was done, it was evident that no larceny
POINTS OX PAHEKEWSK'.
rDEREwsKi is here, and now there will be
music. Boston Ti avfller.
Padzkzws&i is onco more on American
soil and AmericanVloliars are uneasy again.'
Padkkewski has had his hair cut, and they
say he plays the piano as well as ever.
It is understood that Paderewski will give
one concert to which none but bald-headed
men will be admitted. St. tLouis Ptl-Dis-patch.
Paderewski, like Samson, has lost his
hair, but the Polish pianist, unlike tbe
Hebrew hero, has retained his strength and
can still wreck a concert grand with neat
ness and dispatch, Detroit Fi ee Press.
While in London Paderewski informed a
correspondent of a New York paper that "he
believed the love of art was growing in
America." The popular pianist is a downy
cove. Love for art, as ho construes it, means
simply a liberal purchase of tickets to hear
Paddy Roosky. Chictgo Timet.
Padekewski has arrived in this country
again, and has brought back with him that
same wonderful display of hsir that he had
before. But Paderewski is a great musician,
and in his search after good Ameiican dol
lars is very careful never to let any of his
hair get into his eyes. Baltimore American.
The announcement that Paderewski (pro
nouaccd Paderevski) has not lost his hair
will cause a demure thrill of joy in Chicago
musical circles. He is still tho only living
chrysanthemum. His gymnastics at the
piano would lose much of their interest
were it not for that shock of hair, nervously
ngitated llko a horse's tail in fly time. When
Paderewski (pronounced Paderevski) ar
rives in Chicago he win be all here. Chicago
Once Was Enough for Him.
It is announced that Speaker Crisp will
run over to Now York to hold a conference
with Mr. Cleveland thi? week. He won't
fnrnish advance proofs to the press corre
Have nty on the Men.
Omaha World Herald.
The voluminous hoopsbirt is cqming into
fashion again. Just look at the 6 o'clock
cars even now, good women, and for
heaven's sake refrain.
DEATHS HERE AND ELSEWHERE.
Orange Jndd, Editor.
Orange Judd, the widely-known senior
editor of the Orange Juddlarmer, ofCblcago, died
yesterday morning. lie became HI Friday and
death resulted from a hemorrhagic complication
known as WerlhofTs disease. lie was 70 years old.
Orange Juild was bom near NIaeara Falls, N. Y.,
In 182, aud was educated at Wesleyan University
and In the chemical laboratory of Vale. He be
came editor o& the American Agriculturist In 1853
and three years later its owner and publisher. In
1SS1 he became editor of the agricultural depart
ment of the New YorkXfmw. He was the head of
the Arm Orange Judd & Co., publishers of farm
literature. Including the magazine Hearth and
Horns. He served on tbe Sanitary Commission dur
ing the war. For two years he was President of
the New York, Flnshlng and Northside Railroad,
lie has taken an active Interest in the affairs of
Weileyan University, editing the first edition of
the Alumni Jtecord. Ihe Orange Judd Hall of Nat
ural Science, dedicated In 1871. is the result of his
munificence, of which be was trustee for ten years.
He originated a series of Sunday school lessons on
the liereau plan.
Gonzales, Garzx's Pathcr-ln-Law.
It is reported in San Antonio. Tex., that
Alexandre Gonzales, father-in-law of Catarloa
Garza, has died at bis ranch at Palito Blanco, Tex.
Gonzales Is a wealthy ranchman and Is supDosed to
have supplied the quondam revolutionist with
funds for his expedition. Gonzales was under in
dictment In the United States Court for conspiracy
in connection with the Garza movement, but his
trial was postponed on account of Ids Illness.
Leopold Oteshmmer. a wealthy distiller of
Louisville. 65 years old, died there Monday.
Will BAnKEn, a contractor of New Brighton.
la., widely known In this part or the State through
his connection with the Eiverson, Sherwood &
Barker Tottery Company, died Monday.
JOSErtl V. Beusneb, of Liverpool, found'r ol
tho Brnnner Chemical Company and director or
tho Fowler Company (Limited), died Monday.
He was a brother .or John aomlinson Umnner,
M. P. .
GEOitOE FniCE. a leading manufacturer of
Southern Pennsylvania, died at Waynesboro Sun
day. He was 68 years old. In I860 he established
the firm of Frlck ft Co., manufacturers uf steam
engines, which is known throughout the country.
BELLES IN ALL AGES.
Mrs. Sherwood Talks to the Altar Society
Abont Famous Pretty Women Ameri
can Women the Beet A Toung ToIkV
Dance-An East End Wedding.
The first lecture of , Mrs. Sherwood,
under the auspices 'of th'e Altar Society of
Trinity Episcopal hurch, took place yes
terday afternoon, in the reception hall of
the residence of Mrs. A. E. W. Painter,
Irwin avenue, AUegbony. The hall is very
spacious, una the brosd staircase made a
convenient platrorm for the lecturer. The
listeners sat on divans. In alcoves, etc.,
whom they could hear every word that
came so clearly and distinctly from the
speaker's lips. The subject of her talk was
"Belles in All Ages." She spoke of fomous
belles from the, earliest periods of sacred
and profane history. She mentioned the
Queen or Sheba, Cleopatra, Mary Queen of
Scots, and others. Talking about belles of
the present day, she expressed her admira
tion for the Princess LouHe, of England,
who, she said, would in America bo con
sidered a -j liy girl." Talking about the
qualities tbat go to make up a belle, Mrs.
Sherwood said tbat they consist' in being
well-educated, always agreeable, and beauti
ful, with any other graces that might occur
to one as being delightful in a woman.
Mrs. Sherwood considers our own Amer
ican women among- tho brightest,
best educated and best loosing of any that
that she has mot. She spoke particularly
about tbe enormous amounts of money tbat
a belle used to spend on her toilet necessary.
It would take about ?3,000 to keep an ordi
nary belle in tho single article of tea gowns,
'ihe lecture was full of delicate humor,
which was evidently appreciated by the
audience. Mrs. Sherwood has u pleasant
manner of speaking, and may bo called a
belle herselt. TalKing about tbe "sweet
American girl," she mentioned some of
thalr faults, such as that they are ''too fond
of slang,' ana to prove her point she qaoted
theiemurkof a young girl the other day,
who, talking about President Harrison and
Mr. Cleveland, said that "they were such
good fun." Mrs. Sherwood said tuat tho
young girl would use the same expression it
she were leferring to one of Raphael's pict
ures or Beethoven's symphonic?, and would
call them "good tun." Ihe lecturo lasted
about an hour and a hair, and was listened
tobyaluro number of tue inner circle of
Pittsburg society, but all ladles.
After the lecturo 'there was an informal
reception, in the course of which Mrs. Sher
wood was severally introduced to ull the
ladies present. The officers of the Altar So
ciety formed a Committee of Arrangements,
and consisted of Mrs. A. E. W. Painter, Mrs.
V. R. Blair, Mrs. George Miiras, III., Miss
Sarah McCandless, Miss Benson and Miss
Margaret Darlington. Mrs. Sherwood is
well Known as an authority on etiquette and
fashionable subjects, ana has visited all
civilized countries and been received at all
the European, courts. Sne is a member of a
titled ianiily of France.
A Christmas Dance,
THE residence of Mr. and Mrs. John
Walker, Western avenue, Allegheny, was
the scene of a real Christinas gaiety last
evening. A dunce was given to about SO
young folks, school friends of Miss Jennie
Walker, the daughter of the honse, who is
homo from school for the holidays. The
floors were covered with crash, for the ben
efit of the dancers, and there were floral
decorations to add to the natural beauty of
the elegantly lurnlshed rooms. The danc
ing was curried o.i with tho s-plnc that is
always prevalent among those who have not
yet learned to take a serious view of life,
and theru is no doubt that the young hostess
will carryback to school some most delight
lul memories of the party. Ro rishmeuts
worn served during the evening, and the
whole affair was of a most hospitablo as
well as elaborate character.
A Pretty East End Ball.
Another school girl dance was at the
residence of Mr. and Mrs. V. Hays, West
minster Place, East End. It was given by
Miss Mary Hays, in honor of Miss Agatha
Jennison, uf Bay City, who is visiting Miss
Hays. Tbe young hostess, who is a very
pretty young maiden, with blonde hair, red
cheeks and bright blue eyes, looked particu.
larlysweec in an Empire gown of white
Swiss, trimmed with fluttering bluo ribbons.
This was the ideal combination for a party
dress In the time of our great-grandmothers,
and it our grcat-grpiidmothers looked as
charming in the dress as did Miss Hays last
night, it is no wonder the combination was a
favorite with them. MiS3 JomiUon, wore a
yellow crepe, which was veiybocomlnz to
her, as she has rinpling dark hair, a very
clear complexion, and large, soft brown
eves. Mrs. Uavs was gownou in black lace.
There were about 75 guests, and tbe dancing
was kept up with spirit until tue earlymorn
ing, with a ahort interval lor refreshments
about 11 o'clock.
The McKee-McPherson Nuptials.
There was a pretty home wedding last
evening at ihe residence of Rev. Robert
McPherson, Ellsworth avenue, when Miss
Clarabel McPhorson became the bride of
Mr. Hurt F. McKee, son of Mr. B. B. McKeo,
editor of the Fre:port Journal. Tho father
of tbe Drlde performed the ceremony in the
presence of about 50 friends. Miss Florence
Porter was the maid of honor. The bride
wore a white silk, madejn tho Empire style,
and carried white flowers, while the maid
ot honor's dress was a Nllo green of soft
material, and she carried pink roses. The
brido's mother woio black silk, and Mrs.
Mullen, a sister of the bride, was in white.
The decorations of the house were mainly
or holly, pine and other Christmas plants.
Tbe young couple will spend a weeic iu
Freeport, and will take up their permanent
lesidence in the East End.
Purchased a New Church Site.
The congregation of the First Methodist
Church are seeking a worthy successor to
the "Old Home." They havo bought two
lots, on which stand two houses, occupied
by Mr. John Cooper and Mr. Albert Hamil
ton, on Aiken avenue, near Westminster
place, where they 111 erect a church. Of
coure this will necessitate the pulling down
or tho two houses. Tho property has cost
tbe congiegation i33,C00. it U expected that
building operations will commence April 1,
and that tho work will bo pushed through
as rapidly as possible, the congregation
being desirous of getting into their perma
nent church without unnecessary delay.
Will Rival New York's Murray Hill.
Mobeay Hill, Pittsburg, is expected to
become in course of time as distinctively
fashionable as Murray Hill, New York, judg
ing by the number of handsome palatial
residences tbat are being projected or erect
ed. Mr. Charles Clapp will soon take up his
abode in the neighborhood, while Mr. Ben
Jainlu'Thaw Is building a fine house, into
which he expects to remove next summer.
Mr. and Mrs. Thomas McClintock are also
building on Murray Hill.
An Informal Musicalo and Reception.
The informal musicaie lost evening at
the residence of Mrs. J. B. Murdoch, for her
niece, Miss Pratt, op Eliniru, N. Y., was a
tno3t delightlul affair. A good programme
was rendered and a large nnmber of guests
were delighted with Miss Pratt, who is a
highly culturod young lady, having just re
turned from a prolonged sojourn in Ger
mans', where she has been studying music
under Karl Kllndworth.
A Wedding at linmore.
Miss EDixn Machesset and Mr, T.
Harry Dolan wero united in marriago last
evening at the residence or the bride's par
ents, at Linmore station, Fort Wayne Rail
way. A number of Pittsburgers ere in at
tendance at the wedding.
It Will Bear Good Fruit.
Probably nothing could have been more
effective in softening the hearts of tbe
Homestead workmen, renewing their faith
i'u human generosity nnd teaching them as
well as tbe givers that the warfare of classes
is wrpn?, than tbe making of those Christ
mas presents to the children.. The amount
raised for this purposo, cniefly by The Pirra
bubo Dispatch, was $1,000. There seemed io
bo a special significance in tbe distribution
or presents from tho rink where the strikers
held their meetings. '
Can Stand Almost Anything.
St. Louis Globo Democrat.
Minnesota's Donnelly has turned Republi
can, but tbe party lias borne up bravely
against even worse afflictions than this.
The Theater Hat Sluat Go.
What good will It do to elevate the stage,
unless the upward growth of the theater hat
can be checked?
The original pen was a fishbone.
In the Austrian army suicides aven
10,000 a year.
British Columbia has a settlement
Many ladies are employed as bai
cashiers In Finland.
No two Oriental carpets are precise
alike in all respects.
The longevity of trees Is much i
fluenced by the climate.
One London firm alone exports to t
Continent $200,000 worth of tripe.
In the United States there are 673,6
Free Mason3 and 17,471 Odd Fellows.
Soldiers in the Italian army are allow
cigars as part of tbelr daily rations.
New Zealand has set apart two islam
for the preservation of wild birds and othi
The Duke of Portland is tho large!
subscriber to newspapers and periodicals '.
One large horse owning company .
London 16st over SCO borse3 from glande
and farcy alone last year.
France has one drink shop for every I
of her population. In Paris alone there ai
27.C0O places lor the sale of liquors.
The largest needle manufactory in ti
world Is in Redditcb, Worcestershire, Em
land. Over 70,000,000 are made weekly.
The United States Blue Book contain
Information about 1SO.0O0 Government office;
with salaries amounting to (93,000,000 a yea
There is no city in the' world that keep
such accurate records of the entry ot foo
and fuel supplios within its borders a
There are two places in London wher
Clergymen can buy sormor.3 printed. The
coverall subjects, and can be had for ever
Some of the English pumping engine
perform work equalling tbe ralsnur or 120
000,000 one loot high by tho consumption o
100 weight of coaL
A piece of land in Yorkshire is callet
"Pottlcoat Hold," because every year th
tenant must give a new petticoat to sotnf
poor woman by way ol rent.
The engsneering department of thi
Kansas State University Is making a map ol
Kansas, showing the geology and the mill
eral resources. It la to be exhibited at thi
A Yankee, by name John Beattie, ha
applied for a patent on a contrivance ti
prevent that whirring sound in tho tele
pbone wires that parallel trolley wires usee
lor street car purposes.
It is estimated tbat no fewer than 70,
000 Europeans wear wooden shoes. Bas:
wood is ordinarily used for the sabot3, but
willow is the bet material. Poplar, beech,
walnut and birch are also used.
The people of Canada are getting
Americanized in various ways. Time wr--when
they counted their money In ponn
shillings and pence, or "coppers;" bnt now
tbey count In dollars, dimes and cents.
Electric search lights are being adopted
by custom? officers in England in order tc
avoid the possibility of explosion while
rummaging for goods on board tank and
other vessels carrying petroleum or explo
sives. C O. D. are the initials of an express
messenger at Atchison, Kan. Signed to his
various documents they may be, probably
are, tho innocent caugeof embarrassing mis
takes, but undoubtedly on the safe side al
ways. The principal at Los Angeles, CaL,
dismissed the schools tho other day so as to
allow tho scholars to viit the circus. The
trustees considered his act nnlawful and
against the rules, and his resignation was
Among the wilder tribes of the Cau
casus every child is taught to use tbe dag
ger almost as soon as be can walk. Tho
children first learn to stab water without
making a splash and by incessant practice
acquire an extraordinary command over tho
The Secretary of the Maine State Board
of health quotes from physicians' letteis to
xbow that the mostr common faults of school
houses are low collinns. ni-ventiiated.and
badly heated rooms. He also state that fas
most frequent scbool room diseases are
catarrh, headache and sore oyes.
To St Stephen has been accorded by
the church a place in her calendar im
mediately arter Christmas Day, in recog
nition of bis having been tho first martyr to
Christian belief. The year in which he was
stoicd to death, as recorded in tbe Acts of
tbe Apostles, is supposed to have been 22
Some of the ccstly things in tho Sul
tan's treasure house at Constantinople are
children's cradles of pure gold, inlaid with
precious stones: divans covered with cloth
of gold, embroidered with pearls; suits of
mall, thickly lncrusted with big emeralds
and diamonds, and other relics of lormer
"If I gave you a pound of metal and
ordered you to make tbe most out of it,
what kind of metal would you select!"
asked a well-known jeweler. "Gold, of
course," was tho prompt reply. "I'd profer
a Dound ofsteel," said tbe jeweler, "and I'd
have it made into hair springs for watches.
A pound of such springs would sell for a
even $140,005." !
An average ot five feet of water is esti
mated to fall annually over the whole earth,
and.assumlng tbat condensation takes placs
at an average height of 3,000 feet, scientists
conclude that tho force ot evaporation to
supply such rainfall must equal the lifting
or S22,0OO,0CO pounds of water 3,000 lectin
every minute, or about' 300,000,000 horso
power constantly exerted.
Some one with a fever for figures h
calculated tbat if, when Judas betrayt
Jesus for CO pieces of silver, each piece val
ued at 3 cents 90 cents in all, that sum had
been putntl percent the vear followimr. lc
wonld now amount to $207,338,000,000,000,000,
000,000,OOO.OCO,COO.OCa Tnts amount put into
gold would inako a solid globe as large as
17,000 such planets as the earth.
Liars' clubs exist in London and several
provincial cities. Tbe initiation fee is flva
shillings, hair of which Is remitted should
the new member De able to outlle any mem
ber present. The tallest stories are told all
eacu weekly meeting, and the best exogger
ntor carries off the honor of the evening.
But If a man Is known to He outside the pre
cincts of the clubrooms he is liable to ex
pulsion. Photographers are now beginning to
realize that the dark room lantern should
blcome a relic of the past, and a number of
the moro progressive members of the fra-
tomltf r Inatnlttni. ntnracA InftAnOeSCOUfc
lamp. They say that this improvement has A
nan a mariteu euecs npon me neumi oi u. .-,
room operators ana is consiaereua uuuu
those whose time is spent; commuauy
that unwholesome atmosphere.
ORIGINAL AND JOCOSE.
APTEB THE HOLIDAT3.
The'day is cold, the wind does blow
In heaping drifts tbe flaky snow;
And furs are now In great demand.
And Arctic overshoes on hand.
But stm he goes with open coat,
Ab, do not think ho is insane.
He stands the cold so all can see jry
His brand new Christmas watch and chain. $
quits A SAcmncs.
"What vices are you going to give op i
the first of the Year?"
"I suppose under tbat head yon include cigars, J
theaters, champagne, etc.?" - -
Hardly; jou see, lam golnsc to get a dlToree.'
"My wife gave me a beautiful raeer- yi
schaum pipe for Christmas." ''
"She wasn't sensible; she should bare beenllta
mine and girts yon something that wonld hav j
lasted you a Ufe-tune." -1
Whv. what did yours give you?"
'A box of cigars."
WHAT SIW TUB'S HAS IS STOBB.
No doubt Ke w Year to some will bring j
A great amount of tin;
To others it will probably fetcn
An ngir, squalling kin.
To some 'twill bring a world of fame.
To others aches and Ills;
To all who've charged their Christmas gifts
'Twill fetch the plagued bills.
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