Newspaper Page Text
The New Year
Great Newspaper and
FULL OF FEATURES
Will Interest, Amuse and
Fighting the Cholera.
An article recounting what has already been
done toward preventing a visit of the
plague this year and ,an outline of the
future plans of (access. Surgeon General
Wyman says the danger is very serious.
The Glacial Period.
Well-Known Writer Announces a New
LATEST IN SCIENCE,
BEST IN LITERATURE,
BRIGHTEST IN FICTION.
BESIDES ALL THE NEWS.
Some Other Features Are:
A 3KEAT GAME PARK:
Buffalo Bill pleads for a reservation to
preserve American birds and animals.
THE NITSATE KING:
Carpenter interviews trie richest man in
the world and tells how he lives.
A GIANT LOCOMOTIVE:
Details of the great engine now on Its
way to Mexico. It is the largest ever
A NEW CALIFORNIA:
Mayor Kerbey, of Pittsburg, describes
tbe possibilities or Western South
A NEW TEAR'S SERMON:
Rev. George Hodges talks on the im
provement of time and tbe opportunities
of the hour.
A RISING MUSICIAN:
Clever sketch of Moritr Moszkowski and
his place among tbe artists of the day.
ON CRIPPLE CREEK:
A report from the new.mining field and
the prospects for a poor man to succeed.
NOTES AND QUERIES:
Cits of information called out by inquisi
tive readers whicb will interest every
body. A BIT OP DIALECT:
The popular Charles Folley Adams sends
in a neatly illustrated parody on "The
Old Oaken Bucket,"
THE FRENCH CHAMBER:
Description of the lively legislative
body that lias attracted so much atten
tion of late.
MUSIC OF INDIANS:
Miller Baseman has written out for the
first time tbe scores for some or the songs
of the Redmon.
NEW TORK GOSSIP:
Charles Theodore Murray sends a
SDlenaid column about Gotham people
TOPICS OF THE TIME:
Something about persons and things
which have recently figured in the Im
portant news of the world.
A NEW YEAR STORY:
Clever little sequel to the Christmas
story of Willie Manning's shopping.
THE SPIRIT WORLD:
Stories of Swedenborg and the evidence
w hich establishes their truth.
THE CHRISTMAS CALL:
A custom of the watchmen of tbe older
Pittsburg recalled by a publication made
TP WOMEN'S PRESS CLUB:
rtraits of some leading spirits and the
t and luture of tbe organization.
ED BY BEGGARS:
in T. Faxton, of New York, tells of
1 r woe left behind a false news
iragraph. IE THE HAIR:
Illustrations showlngthe latest
Dame Fashion in this regard.
keman tells of the difference
American and English style.
" le late Father Henrici and
es of his career.
i Secretary tells of the
. : ind Slidell of Trent
?ct tbat is in
Vol. 74, No. Sil-Enterca at Pittsburg rostofflce
JiOTtinter, KM, as second-class matter.
Cor. Smlfhfleld and Diamond Street.
Keirs Rooms and Publishing House, 78
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PITTSBURG. SATURDAY, DEC. 31. 1S92.
THE RETROSPECT OF 1892.
To-day marks the close of 1892. At
midnight the record of the year will be
finally closed, and, as 333 of the 366 have
already been posted up for good or for
bad, the character of the year is practi
cally determined. It is customary and not
altogether unprofitable to take a retro
spect of each year, in order to determine
what of its events is to be emulated in
future, and what to be deprecated.
The data for such a retrospect are to be
found in the chronological record for 1892
appearing in this issue of The Dispatch.
In some respects the year just closing
presents features which are not to be
taken as examples 'for 1893 to follow It
has been a year of disaster, famine "and
pestilence. While war has not plagued
any part of the world except the
French invasion of Dahomey and the
guerrilla campaigns of the slave hunters
in Central Africa the miscarriages of
peace have proved themselves nearly as
destructive of life. Flood and fire in the
oil country towns, - though not so stu
pendously murderous as the same causes
of destruction at Johnstown, present a
total only second to that awful event.
Famine throughout the breadth of Russia
has inflicted suffering and death on
millions. Pestilence either born of the
famine or given a quick spread by its re
sults has also ravaged that unfortunate
land, and extended its threat to the entire
world. The perennial struggle between
employers and employed has in our
own county and .elsewhere risen to a
height that set the laws at naught and
coft many lives to suppress. A sister re
public hes been brought to the verge of
revolution by the exposure of wholesale
corruption and gigantic frauds in the
highest circles. In these, as in the minor
details of fatality and crime, 1892 has
many features which humanity would fain
see mitigated or abolished in succeeding
In the death of the world's leaders 1892
has not so fatal a record as some of its
predecessors. In literature the names of
Tennyson, Whittier and Walt Whitman
have been removed from the list of the
living. In statesmanship it is notable
that although this country has expected
the death of its greatest statesman, Jlr.
Blaine, and although Gladstone is bearing
the weight of extreme old age, and Bis
marck is in retirement, none of the world
famous statesmen have been actually re
moved by death. McDonald, of Canada,
Lord Sherbrooke and General Da Fonseca
are the most prominent losses of the year
in statesmanship. Among the monarchs
and princes,"Tewfik Pasha, 'Prince Albert
Victor the English heir, and the Grand
Duke Constantine of Russia lead the list
of deaths. It is rather singular that
death has been most busy in the
ranks of scientific writers and ex
plorers, the list in the former class in
cluding the names of De Lavelaye, Sir
George Airey, SL Jean Quatrefages,
Ernst Seyd and Prof. Caird, while the
ranks of explorers have been thinned by
the deaths of Grant Junker, Stairs and
Schwatka. Three world-known prelates,
Manning, Simeoni and Lavigerie, and
the famous evangelist, Spurgeon, are
numbered among the dead. Of jurists,
Bradley, of this nation, Cotton of Eng
land, and Ritchie of Canada, lead tbe
list Drs. Morel Mackenzie and D. Hayes
Agnew are the most prominent physicians
who have passed away. In literature
George Wm. Curtis and Ernst Renan
represent widely differing talents alike
terminated by death; while of famous
women, Mrs. Harrison, Amelia B. Ed
wards and Rose Terry Cooke are to be
mentioned. The list of men famous for
their wealth who have passed away
would be long, but the name of Cyrus W.
Field is separate from them by the fact
that it represents a career by which the
world was benefited rather than the
wealth that was lost before his death.
"While many of the features of 1892 have
unpleasant recollections, there are even
greater benefits. Plenty, peace and gen
eral prosperity have continued the rule
especially in this country. "We have pre
sented to the world amagnlficent example
of how the fiscal policy of a nation may
oy the verdict of the people bo reversed
without disorder, and without even a dis
turbance of public confidence. These
things are so much a matter of course
that they pass without especial notice.
Tet they are greater factors in the sum of
human life and happiness than the dis
asters and misadventures which impress
themselves most forcibly on our memories
OTHER FOLKS' INCONSISTENCIES.
The statement that "the Democrats are
inconsistent in then- position with regard
to the Montana Senatorship" strikes the
New York Tribune with all the force of a
newdiscovery. The fact that the Demo
crats In 1889 declared it an outrage for the
inspectors of Silver Bow county to throw
out the vote pf a precinct, and in 1892
think it perfectly legitimate for tho in
spectors of Chouteau county to do the
same thing strikes tho Republican organ
as the climax of self-contradiction.
There Is undoubtedly some truth iu the
statement, but the unconscious hnmor of
It In the Tribune Is its entire forgetfulness
that the Republican position on that mat
ter presents exactly tho same inconsis
tency "reversed' to suit Republican ex
igencies. Constructing rules of action to
meet the emergency of one year, and then
to turn a flip-flap when the circumstances
are reversed, is not a practice confined vto
the lines of a single party. Bat it is
rather amusing to find an organ so much
Impressed -with the inconsistencies of its
opponents and so superbly unconscious of
the same inconsistency on its own side
as the Tribune is in this remark.
The merits of the case, of course, would
depend on the nature of the irregularities
in each instance for which the returns
were thrown out. But the organs appear
as oblivious of that fact M tDe7 are of
their own inconsistencies.
FOB THE CHURCH TO DECIDE.
Yesterday afternoon the New York
Presbytery concluded its trial of Profes
sor Briggs by a series of votes in which
varying majorities were cast against sus
taining each of, the six charges brought
against him. The specific wording
of tbe charge;, and the exact
votinu thereon will be found in another
column of The Dispatch this morning.
Long-drawn out though it has been, the
controversy is jiot yet decided, for the case
is to be appealed to the GeneralAssembly,
which meets early in the springin the Na
It would be a sort of contempt of court
for the lay mind to venture on a decision
of questions over the intricacy of which
learned theologians disagree. Individuals
in and out of the Presbyterian Church
have their own opinions on the matter or
the case would not have excited an In
terest so widespread, but those opinions
are not conclusive, or Professor Briggs
would never have been brought to trial or
accused of heresy for the expression of
Points at issue are matters of dogma, in
which the Professor is at variance with
other members of the Presbyterian
Church. At this stage of the proceedings
tbe church upholds the Professor, but it
will be some months before the final set
tlement is made. Only the highest prop
erly constituted authority of the church
elected far such purposes by the church
cau give an indisputable, and to that
church an Infallible answer to the ques
tions raised. And that authority is the
WHERE IS THE MAN?
The standard which Mr. Cleveland set
for the occupant of the next New York
Senatorship In his recent interview is a
good one in the abstract Other States
than New York might profitably make it
a rule to select "a Senator who can not
only defend the principles of our party,
but who can originate and promote poli
cies that may be presented for considera
tion in the Senate," and to require as a
standard that he "should be a man not
only experienced in public affairs, but who
has a clear conception of the vital issues
with which he must deal during the next I
But while the standard is undeniably
right in tbe abstract, a very serious practi
cal difficulty presents itself in the ques
tion where the New York Democracy can
find such a man. When we tell over the
roll of leading or even second rank Demo
crats who loin oratorical ability to breadth
of policy and experience, the fact dawns
.upon tbe mind that they are conspicuous
by their absence. The Hon. W. C.
Whitney is known to have an aptness for
solving the practical problems of states
manship by means of diamond-back ter
rapin and champagne, and for manipu
lating conventions already favorable to
bis cause from hotel parlors; but
these qualities do not insure orginal'
policies, or the ability "the applause of
listening Senates to command." Mr.
Daniel Lamont's facile talents in the ante
room of an executive, or his aptness in
combining street railways after getting
the franchises he wants, are also un
questioned; but they do not fill the bill
much better than Mr. Murphy's achieve
ments in the same line, though more
limited. An approach to genius in strik
ing out original statesmen U found In the
Hon. Tim Campbell's famous apothegm
on "What Is the Constitution Among
friends?" But even Mr. Campbell's
most shining qualities fail to fit the meas
ure set by Mr. Cleveland.
Indeed, if New York bo surveyed from
Black Rock to Sag Harbor, the utter in
ability of finding a Senatorial candidate
that comes up to Mr. Cleveland's measure
oppresses the mind, unless Indeed the
heathen should bo made to rage by going
over to the Mugwumps and selecting Carl
Schurz as the only eligible man left
SINGLE TAX PECULIARITIES.
Some very singular ideas are enter
tained among our friends who are pushing
the single tax cult Mr. Henry George's
recent savage attack on Mr. Herbert
Spencer, for a change by the latter of
some ideas expressed in an early work
supposed to be favorable to the single tax
theory, is a curious illustration. Both In
Mr. George's attack on Mr. Spencer, and
in the newspaper comments on Mr.
George's deliverance, there is a decided
intimation that fiscal policies can be set
tled by scolding, and that conclusions on
questions of taxation are a matter of per
sonal whim. The fact that both Mr.
George's theory and Mr. Spencer's change
of base can only be judged by the
arguments in favor of each has so far
been entirely lost sight of.
But that is not so unique as the boom
which Hyattsville, MrL, is getting out of
its alleged adoption of the single-tax
theory. The latest phase of this experi
ment is the announcement that Mr. Pow
derly has purchased a tract of land, which
Is to be used as the location for co-operative
factories. The Dispatch has
already pointed out that the Hyattsville
single tax, being at the rate of 25 cents on
the hundred dollars of valuation.a vast ma
jority of real estate owners in the coun-
try would be glad to have their property
taken away from them by that class of
This may have a relation with the factory
scheme. Factories are generally located
at points where materials for the industry
proposed and the markets for its products
are most accessible. As Hyattsville. has
never before been known to have such ad
vantages, it is natural to infer that tbe
new enterprise is attracted by the very
small size of the single tax. Such a loca
tion does seem to be preferable in that
respect to localities where the evils of
land monopoly are cherished by taxes on
land from three to ten times as great as
the renowned Hyattsville single tax.
ThebeIsa most aggravating spirit of
patronizing contempt for the ignorance of
their master, tbe people, displayed upon nil
possible occasions by officials of the Na
tional Treasury. Such ignorance as the
Nation has of its financial affairs is due
mainly to the complicated and mysterious
methods of accounting nsed by tbe said
officials. But when a treasury official In till
his supreme wisdom expresses the belief
that many people are under the impression
gold Is shipped from America without some
kind of payment thetefor, it Is not difficult
to locate the greater ignorance- where it be
longsthat Is, among the Treasury officials.
By making the notorious Maynard an
Associate" Judge of the Court of Appeals,
despite the denunciations of hit conduct
passed by tho non-parti hn State Bar Asso
ciation, Governor Flower gave ono more In
dication of the extent to which the muchfno
Democrats of New York overlook; ntter un
fitness In men appointed to offices as re
wards for partisan services. Senator Hill
has the pronddlstinctlon of having achieved
his present exalted place as United States
Senator by just such t actios as place upon
the- Supreme benoh of a State one against
whose character grave charges have been
brought and never refuted. The spoils
system is tbe political curse of New York,
and it is about time for the people to arise
in its might and prevent its becoming tlio
curse of the country.
Pope LEO'S next encyclical will be the
first evor issued in the popular tongue. The
innovation Is another excellent indication
of the progressive spirit tbat characterizes
tbe actions of Leo XllL
Again serious charges are brought
against railroad companies for discriminat
ing in rates in favor of the Standard Oil
Company. Any convictions that may fol
low will in all piobability leave the railioad
companies as unharmed and careless of law
as ever. Railroads are In business to make
money, and not to obey the law or consnlt
public convenience. These things they will
never do nntil they are forced to. And
there must bo something more effective
than the Inter-State Commerce Commission
to force them.
Artificial light companies may profit
by such darkness a yesterday's, but that is
no consolation lo the consuming public for
the concentrated manifestations of the
Truly the government of Russia pro
gresses. Female prisoners in Siberia are to
be henceforth free from flogging and mana
cles, and to bopunlslied by restrictions in
their diet. It will be welcome news to most
people that there is any margin for punish
ment in Siberian prison fare, short or actual
starvation but perhaps starvation Is the
form that the amelioration is to take.
There are said to be mastodons still
living in Alaska. There are certainly some
monstrous snakes nourished at the nation's
expense at the Capitol, now and again.
Canadian' annexationist straws are mul
tiplying. At a banquet of commercial trav
elers lecently given at Montreal, the toast of
tlie President of tbe United States evoked
more onthuslasm than that of the'Governor
General of Canada. Commercial travelers
are proverbially shrewd, and ttio Canadian
representatives of the brotherhood are well
np to the standard of intelligence.
What a wonderful world would this be
if a tithe of the good resolutions made
within the next twenty-four hours were kept
inviolate for, say, one week.
Within fourteen days Huntingdon,
West Virginia, experienced a train robbery
and saw tbe culprits arrested. Indicted, con
victed and sentenced. Such promptness in
tbo administration of the law is exemplary
and well calculated to add to the respect felt
for it and its agents.
Jilts. Lease has little chance of influ
encing any Senatorial steering committee,
since the man at the wheel must not be
Business failures during tbe year ending
to-day have been unwontedly fewandlar
between. May they be still more scarce in
the year opening to-morrow Is the wish of
every business man with his owil and his
country's best interests at heart.
"New leaves are to be tamed over to
morrow, and erasures are to bo expected on
tbe day after, if not soonor.
To-day closes a year which trade reports
prove to have been nnpiecedentedly pros
perous. All is favorable to a continuanco of
the good things, and commercially at least
there is overy prospect of a bright New
THROWING dynamite maintains its super
iority as a rapid route to tho great beyond
with great success.
Shoving up prices was no part of the
Reading combine's .policy that is accord
ing to the Reading combiners bnt New
Yorkers have to pay $16 00 a ton for anthra
cite coal for all that, and, all that.
A dying year is sad with opportnnities
lost, but Its successor is aglow with glorious
Dynamite explosions are the most dan
gerous form for Anarchist manifestoes to
take. But Paris should find some means to
suppress the raving incendiarism tbat pro
vokes tbe material outrages.
Turn about is fair play, and this is Dr.
Briggs' turn to be vindicated.
BEFORE TUB PUBLIC.
Queen Victoria was among the earliest
to congratulate the Kt. Hon. William E.
Gladstone on the arrival of his 83d birthday.
Her telegram was unusually gracious In
A resident of Parsons, Kan., Captain
W. W. Cranston, lately received a medal of
honor voted by Congress for distinguished
services at the battle of Cbancellorsvllle,
May 2. 1863.
Sir William: Gordon Chmmino has"1
taken to stock raising since he was frozen
out of tbe baccarat game, and has recently
taken several first-class prizes with his
John L. Stoddaed, the well-known
lecturer, with Me&rs. Burditt and North,
the managers of bis lecture tours, is now
traveling in India; and will leave Delhi for
Cairo about January 18.
The Boston banker, Henry L. Higgin
son, and his cousin, Thomas Wentworth
Higginson, are frequently confoundedin the
minds of outsider. The former is Colonel
and the latter Maior Higginson.
Mb. Pouter, the new American Minis
ter, has leased tho Antici Mattel Palace for
his occupation during his term of service in
Rome. Itis a notably beautiful structure,
blending ancient and modern art.
Sculptor Elwell, of New York, has
been awarded tho contract lor the monu
ment to General Hancock to De erected by
the Gettysburg Memorial Association. The
cost will bo $22,006 without the pedestal.
Governor Flower has signed the com-
mission of tbe Hon. Isaao B. Maynard as
Associate Judge of the Conrt of Appeals
from January 1 next to succeed the Hon.
Charles Andrews, who has been elected
Chief Judge of tbo Court.
Bishop Paret, of the Protectant Epis
copal Diocese or Maryland and tbe District
of Columbia, is having built a steamor fitted
up as a church, on which he and his as
sistants will visit the dredging grounds on
Sundays and hold services there.
The Prince of Wale's has consented to
sit as 4 member of tbo Commission on the
Aged Poor, or which Lord Aberdare is
Chairman. Among the other members of
the commission are Brassey, SlrLyon Play
fair, Joseph Arob, M. P., and Henry Broad
liurst, M. P. John Bnrns was invited to be
come a member, but conld not accept the
Father Cdshino, Assistant Rector of
St Mary's Church, In Plainfleld, N.J., has
received a cablegram announcing that a
Papal bull had beenissued, appointing bim
Coadjutor Bishop of Western Colorado.
This is the second time Father Cushing bas
been appointed to this position. The first
time hewa8 appointed he petitioned not to
be, and was excused from accepting,
Have a Style of Their Own.
Washington Star, )
Tho news'that a Russian Count was killed
in a duel by tbe bullet of a man from this
country is another evidence that Americans
win never learn to 'do these' things asVhey
do in Europe.''
A LOOK AK0UND.
One day last week I spoke.of my experi
ences some years ago to be exact, in tho
fall of 1837 on board tho Canard steamer
TJmbria when she met with a tidal wave
nbout 1,500 miles off the Irish coast about
the place where she was last seen and
spoken, lam led to refer to the matter
again and to some other events connected
with that passage by reason of the present
uneasiness about the ship. It is a matter of
fact that a good many travelers and some
seamen havo looked upon the Uinbrla ns an
unlucky boat for years and one which
would likely meet with serious trouble some
day. This feeling was due to the constant
pressure on this boat and her sister snip,the
Etrurla, to make fast trips and break rec
ords. It is nil very well to talk about the
wonderful care arrd watchfulness of those
in charge of an ocean liner, and agents nre
prone to dilate upon the sarety of the craft
because or air tight compartments and all
that sort'of thing, but It is a matter or fact
that there are occasional lapses which are
sometimes serious and sometimes fatal.
Every now and then there is an ocean
disaster and the more there is known about
it the greater becomes tbe mystery con
nected with It. This was shown by the City
or Chicago's loss, by tbe fate or the Oregon,
by the nanow escapes of half a dozen big
passenger ships within four or five years,
all of which hnvo had an element of mystery
connected with them. Among the passen
gers on tho Umuria when she nau nor
mishap in 1S87 there was very sharp talk and
criticism of the events before and after the
accident. It was openly said among shipping
men in Liverpool that 'it was tho intention of
considerable wager and for this purpose her
hull was cleaned and her machinery over
hauled. She was iu'i at high speed through
aheay fog, the log horn blowing continu
ously for almost 24 hoars. Then the fo.r
cleared, there was lain and a stiff gale with
a heavy, ngly sea. Just before mid-,
night the officer of the watch
told me we wore making between
IS and 19 knots in spito of the weather and
be added that bo expected to make a big
run during the night. At 4 or 5 o'clook the
ship struck a wave, was torn, open on her
forward deck, rigging and fittings wero
carried away and the lantern at the main
truck, 60 feet from the deck was smashed.
Tbo iron compartment doors on the main
deck were apparently shut amidshlp, but
weie open forward. There was six feet of
water in the staterooms and in the open
space at the foot or the forward stairway.
The steerage forward Was heavily awash, it
being separated from tho first-class cabins
on the main dock by a bulkhead, which
was entirely crushed by the force of
the wave. Just beside my loom door was
the forward iron compartment door. This
was open when I got out into the hall, but
In abont ton minutes tbe crow had it shut
and screwed last, and somo20or30 passen
gers in the rooms forward were thus unable
to get amidships, and had to get through
the shifting water which had been shipped,
and which was full of floating trunks, mail
bags and loose articles from the rooms.
Fob several hours, the ship lay in the
trough of tbe sea while her machinery was
being examined and tbe water gotten rid of.
Or course, at first there was a panic and
the terrible scenes which occur when men,
women and children are overcome with
fright. The story or the officer in charge
was that there suddenly loomed up an enor
mous wave, dead ahead, which could not be
avoided, and into the middle or which the
ship plunged. If it had caught us amid
ships or aslant it it i3 likely we would have
been overdne rorevor. Just what was wrong
none of us could learn, but some
body was cursed by the sailors
and crew in tbat first wild quarter of an
honr and such expressions as " fool,"
"Ho'll sink us some day," "He's a Jonah
anyway," mixed with curses were frequent
among the men, who had for the most part
hurried up hair dressed to help the watch,
when the call or "all hands on deck" was
given. We proceeded at length with much
caution, and when we Teached Now York
there wore many stories told by Agent
Brown and the crow about the accident and
its causes, but all agieed tjbat it was an act
of Providence. Since then, competent com
manders and sailors have agreed that driv
ing a ship at such a speed through the fog
and such a sea as we were in was careless
ness of a sort which some day would result
disastrously. Since that day the Umbria
has changed captains, McMickan being suc
ceeded by McKay, who is generally consid
ered to be a conservative navigator and per
sonally adverse to reoord breaking. If
after having spoken several vessels it
should prove tbat the Umbria was after all
lost which is hardly likely it would havo
a wholesome effect on masters who fear a
big salvage bill and run foolish risks in con
sequence. "I see you take up some of the minor
grievances of Pittsburgers," remarked a
merchant yesterday, "and l want to call
your attention to a crying evil. In some of
the stores which have large custom, and
which sell groceries, there is something
wrong with their scales. It is really neces
sary that a sealer of weights and measures
be re-established by legislative enactment.
I am not alone in my complaint. I have,
heard the same story told by several of my
acquaintances. Not long ago I bought a
pound or a certain article. I don't know
wbatexcitod.my suspicion, but I think It
was that the package looked small. I
weighed it at home, and found it weighed
but 13 ounces. I took it to tbe store and
called tbe attention of a clerk to it. He
tested it on the scales, and found it to be as
I had said three ounces short. Not
long afterward, having bought another
pound package, I tried it and found
but U ounces. Then I sent my
office boy to buy another ponnd
of tho same thing and it weighed but 11
ounces. This made me determined to test
it ail around, and I fonnd frequentjjetty
shortages. Iu 'ono case where six pounds
or a staple ai tide were bought from a store
in Allegheny it was found to weigh but five
pounds. I hope that some of tbe members
of tho Legislatuie from this county will
take up this matter, and introduco a bill at
the coming session which will nt least givo
us a chance to complain. As I understand
the condition or affairs now there is no
redress except by un action for fraud, which
is a bard thing l6 prove. There is no guess
work about my statement to you, as my
tests were careful."
In the way of gloomy weather the town
has of late boon quite up to the Smoky City
It is understood that to-day the -Farmers'
Deposit BanK will follow the custom it has
been fortunate enough to maintain for years
and will add $100,000 to its surplus fund,
making it a round million in all.,
Some of the new Columbian half dollars
have come to town and a beantifnl colnngo
it is. Foreign coin experts say that the de
foct in American mintage as a Tule is that
they aro not bold enough in relief. English
men, for example, rLrhtly olaim that even
their crown piece excels any of our gold in
tho work on the George and tho dragon, and
the samo is true of the sovereign. This is
not the case with the die work of the souvenir
coin. When you get one, place your fin
ger upon the shoulders and bust oi the Co
lumbus leaving tbe face only exposed, and
you will see a perfect likeness of Franz
One of the largest merchants on lower
FIfthavonne said to me yesterday: "Do
you know I am seriously thinking or buying
a lot and building a big store on Firth
avenue lust beyond the Court House. Some
ot my friends insist that such a course
would be suicide, but I am almost ready to
believe it is enterprise. Property out that
way is too costly ror small stores or resi
dences and i see no way out or it but to be
lieve that beroro many yoars Fifth avenue
for a mile or two will be our Broadway be
yond Ross straet and not put Sixth avenue
as It is at present. It does not look very
pretty Just nowl will admit, but I think It
... 111. ....m T,!...... miHtIMn, . .. .. . . .i i !
until tiller new(eathers'coraein." , -
THE HIST0BX OP A BEQUEST.
A Methodist Seminary Loses Its Two Bene
factors, but Gets a Lump or Honey.
Batavia, Iil., Dec. 80. By the death of
Mrs. Janes C. Gammon, the Methodist Sem
inary at Atlanta becomes tho possessor of
nearly $750,000. It is not by the provisions
of her will that tbe Seminary gets tbe large
endowment, because Mrs. Gammon died
Thursday, December 22, without having
made a will. The .Seminary belongs in the
Gammon family, and it was Elijah U. Gam
mon's cherished bope of the pat few years
before his death that it be mado a monu
ment to his memory. Tbo institution was
established by tbe Methodists in Atlanta in
186nsthe Theological Department of the
Clarke University. Mr. Gammon took a
deep In tores t in the Seminary and its suc
cess. Ho made a donation in 188S or $100,Qpo.
which was used in the erection or a new
building and in the payment or tcachors'
Mr. .Gammon had a verv large estate,
worth, it is said, over $1,500,000. In July.1891,
Mr. Gammon died at his home in Batavla.
He made an endowment or $250,000 to the in
stitution at that time, making, in all, $350,
000 that wont to the Seminary. By the con
ditions or bis will, the institution was lur
ther provided for. His wiro had tho use or
the estate dnring her life, and at her death
one-half of tho property went to tho heirs
and the other hair to tbe Seminary. Mr.
Gammon did not namo the heirs in his will,
bat left that and the undivided amounts
that each should receive to his wile in mak
ing her will.
Mrs. Gammon neglected making a will,
nnd now one-half or the estata will bo
equally divided between Tour legal heirs,
three of whom live at Bataviaand tbe other
nt Evantton. As the estate is worth nearly
$l,500,000,'.he Seminary will be endowed with
over $750,000. Mrs. Gammon was as much
interested in tho welfare or the Seminary.us
her husband during his lifetime and"
intended, had she lived, to continue to make
donations to its support as Mr. Gammon
had previously done.
TOPICAL DIHHEES SUGGESTED
As a Bleans of Educating tho People on
University Extension Lines.
Philadelphia, Pa., Dec. 30. At the last
session of the University Extension Con
ferenco the principal speaker was Prof.
Richard G. Moulton, of the University or
Chicago, no advised against too much con
corn about dotalls, and advocated the grasp
ing of tho "idea which is the inspiring soul
of the movement." He said that the work
of tbe local center, ns compiled with the
governing body, is not ora nature like that
or a gas company, where a central affair sup
plies the material on tho turn ot a tap.
"In that case," said he, "we assume a de
mand; but in our work we must stimulate
the demand for education Create a desire
to read and make circumstances favorable
to keeping it up. Bring tbo subjects up in
?rour family conversations, and why not
lave social leaders come to your assistance?
Why could not the gontlcmen give a French
Bavolutlon dinner, or why not have one on
astronomy? Make the atmosphere favor
able for higher oducation. Get the great
body of people talking about university ex
tension, and thus prepare for it." Tho Con
ference adjourned to meot next year at tho
call of the Executive Committee.
SULLIYAN AT TUE SURFACE.
What'8 the use or doing the Sullivan-Cor-bett
affair all over again, and at long dis
tance, toot New York World.
Fattt degeneration or the Jag is the dis
ease tbat is carrying off the box receipts or
John L. Sullivan. Wathinglon Post.
John L. Scllivas's example is bad. Even
the scone shifters in the theator be played
in last week have taken to striking. Wash
The report that John L. Sullivan 13 suffer
ing from fatty degeneration of the heart has
cast a gloom over the Nation's Christmas.
Jons L. ,SuLLrvAN is drnnk again. His
sprees are so frequent tbat it seems hardly
worth while for bim to havo intermissions
of sobriety. Why doesn't he make his life a
perennial jag? Chicago Times.
Johw L. SpxLivAjr says ho is going to be
champion of the world again. Tho doctors
were mistaken. It is not fatty degeneration
of the heart tbat alls John; it's ossification
or the gall. Mlnntapolis Tribune.
John L. Sullivan is becoming an accom
plished star actor. This talk about another
fight with Corbett is an advertising dodge
worthy of any of tho brightest lights of tho
dramatic world St. Louis Hipublic
The public never credited Mr. J. L. Sulli
van with very much of a heart, but now it
appears that he has one so large that be is
apt to die from it. Appearances have evi
dently deceived tho public Baltimore
Sullivan has at last come out with tbe
charge that be was tho victim of foul play
at New Orleans; that be was in a "trance"
after tbe second round, and that his legs had
"evidently been doctored." Hip-no-tized
perhaps. Philadelphia Record.
John L. Sullivan at a pretty late day
claims that ho was not really beaten by
Corbett, but by some foul play in tho nature
of drugging. He says he will fight Corbett
again. It would seem to a casual observer
that the Boston man is talking through his
hat Elmira Advertiser.
AH He Can Attend To.
New York Recorders
What with trying to elect a United States
Senator, pick out a Speaker for the next
Congress and make a Cabinet, the President
elect has his hands full.
The Worst Hasn't Come Tet.
St. Louis Eepubllc
The carnival of crime in Chicago is no
doubt a sort of dres3 rehearsal for the grand
performance during the World's Fair.
What Grover Is Humming.
Cleveland's favorite song these days 19,
'They're After Me." .
DEATHS HERB AXD ELSEWHERE.
Ilcv. Eawln E. Bliss, Missionary.
Rev. Dr. Eiirin Elisha Bliss, for nearly
50 years a missionary In Turkey, and only less well
known than Key. Dr. Daniel Bliss. Is dead In
Boston. He was born In Putney. Vt., April 27,
1817. He was graduated from Amherst College In
the class of 18-17. He taught for a while In the Am
herst Acadeniv. and tooE a full course at Andorer
Theological bcrainarv, Mr. Bliss was ordained
Februarv 8. 18U. Twelve days later he married
Isabell.i 11. l'orter, of Portland. Me, and sailed ror
bis chosen field of work at once. His first service
as missionary was at Treblzond, from 1813 to 1S32,
audthcnatMarsovsn. In Armenia, for lour years
more. He went to Constantinople in 1856. and re
mained there eTer since. In 1869 Amberst-gavo
him the degree of "D. D." LUe many or the mis
sionaries, be bad made books to help him In 1:1s
work, men as the "Dlble Handbook." in Armenian.
SInco J8'j5 lie had edited the M'sxcnaer, published at
Constantinople, in both the Armenian and Turkish
Joun Street, associate editor ofthe Telegraphic
Age, New York, is dead.
Dn. Lutueu Beetest, an eminent physician or
Southern Pennsylvania, died Thursday in Middle
sex or typhoid lever.
William cuaus. the well-known Importer or
and dealer In works of art, died Thursday at his
home In New York City.
A. J. Calkins, editor of the Mt, Vernon (Ind.)
Sun. died In that cltv W edncsdy paralyzed. He
was a prominent member or the Republican Coun
cil and U. A. It.
GEOr.QE TAYLOB, for manT years General
Freight Agent of the Intercolonial Hallway, died
suddenly or hemorrhage or the longs at Halifax,
i . S Thursday, aged m.
Hon. BexjahINH. Uinquam, apromlnentman
inUeorgla, and for seviral years Chairman ofthe
Democratic btate Executive Committee, died la
La ij range. In that State, Thursday.
Ii Lewis, who daring tho war was Adjutant
General ot New York and was for a long time
J imminent luihe politics of the State, hasjustdled
n the Clinton County (la.) Poorhouse.
THOMAS W. StbOnO, tlie author of several works
on tho Civil War. and who conducted a large
Erinttng establishment In New York, aled at his
oma In Newark, N. J., Thursday, aged 75.
Slas. Makgaret UEnarn, wife of John Berger,
of No. 2527 Carson street, died Thursday nlsht,
aged 73 years. Tbe funeral will be held this morn
ing at 8 o'clock; High mass of reqnlcm at a o'clock.
In &t. Peter's It. q. Church, Southslde.
At S o'clock yesterday morning, Mrs. Anna
Dietrich, aged 51 years, wife or Conrad Dietrich,
the pork packer or 03 Market street, died at her
home. New Brighton road. Allegheny. The fun
eral services will bo held Sunday at 2 la tho after
noon. Mlis Eliza Heown, who died m liewark, N.J.,
Thursday, entered upon tho 100th year of her age
December 4. She was the youngest daughter of
Mary Bogert and Theopbllus Urower. one of the
old Knickerbocker Umllits In New York. She. re
membered very vividly the funeral ceremonies of
A Merry Vacation Season Pretty Home
Balls Last Evening The Allegheny
Club's Cotillon Progressive Football
A New Diversion The Gossip of So
ciety; . ,
Dancing has been the principal feature
of the social functions of the present week
in Pittsburg and Allegheny. Commencing
with tho dinner dance at tho Pittsburg Club
Monday, thero have been dances every
evening, nnd tho young mon and maidens
have had exorcise enough to suit them, one
would think, considering that they have
been active on tbo skating ponds as well.
A Pretty School Girl Hostess
IAST night a very enjoyable dance was
given by Miss Mnry Painter nt hor Btdge
avenue home, tho pretty hostess being home
from Farmington school ror tho holidays.
Tbo Christmas decorations remained in the
house, and the healthful odor of pine per
vaded the place, this truly Christmas plant
being twined and intertwined about the
staircase and elsewhere, and tied daintily
with pink ribbon. Miss t-ainter wore a slin
ple.white gown, in which she looked very
charming. The billiard room was devoted
to the pleasures or the table for the time,
sappor being served thero, and the large
drawing room was used for dancing. Some
or the guests who helped Miss Painter in
receiving wero Miss Mary Langhlln, Miss
Porter, ofSowickley, Miss Scaife and Miss
A Plnlc and White Dance.
Another pretty dance was that at the
residence of Mrs. George McCoy, the hostoss
being Miss Mary Reed McCoy. The house
on Sheffield stieet is largo and well adapted
to entertainments of this kind. The decor
ations wero pink and white, with sugges
tions of Christmas remaining in the shape
or sprays of holly here and there. The
toilets or tho ladies were very tasteful, and
and the scene generally was one of remark
able beauty. Mrs. McCoy wore an elozant
gownoflavonder silk, trimmed with whito
'ace. Miss Mary McCoy was in corn-colored
silk Assisting In receiving wore Miss
Marshall, who wore a pink silk; Miss Emma
McCnllough, in whito Swiss, and Miss An
nie McCnllongh, In pearl-whlto silk. Among
the guests were Mr. and Mrs. Moore, Mrs. J.
J. Vandergrirt, Mr. and Mrs. John Leach,
and Mr. Paul Metcalfe.
The Allegheny Club's Cotillon.
The Allegheny Cotillon Club held high
revel at tho Monongahela Houso last even
ing. The floral decorations were unique as
well as beautiful, incandescent lamps being
scattered among the scenery and flowers with
brilliant effect. The favors for tho german
wore hanging on a huge Christmas tree, the
tree and pretty trifles presenting a beauti
ful appearance. Thero were about 40 couples
present, and as the ladies all wore hand
somo pai-ty dresses and the gentlemen in
the black and whito of evening dress made
a striking background for the bright colors
ofthe feminine toilets. The german was
was led by 3Ir. J. George Ihnisen In a mas
terly manner. This was the first german
given in Pittsburg for five yeare.and i t was an
entire success. Supper was served in a most
tastelul manner. The decorations or the
table weregreen and yellow, and amid tbe
glitter or silver and glass, with masses or
nowers banging over the edges or their tall
vasos and spreading bowls, he would be
an ill-condltlonpd fellow, indeed, who would
npt bo Impressed with the beauty or tha dis
play. Tho chaporones were Mrs. W.D. King,
Mrs. A S. Beymer, Mrs. Passavant, Mrs.
Moore and Mrs. Ansbntz.
A Dolls' Keceptlon.
The dolls' reception at the residence of
Mrs. VT. A. Nimlck, on Firth avenue, yester
day afternoon, was a pretty affair. Dolls of
all sorts and sizes were displayed, and were
sold at good prices, the proceeds going for
the benefit of- the Oakland Day Nursery,
Corbet stroet. Mis. Laura Dlmling and Miss
Bun ton were in charge or the dolls, and Miss
Nimlck and Miss Brown sold tbe candles.
Tea'Was served at 5 o'clock under the direc
tion of Miss Caskey and Miss Carrie Moor
head. A Reception to the Railroad 3Ien
The Pennsylvania Company's Employes'
Christian Association will give a New Year's
leception to the railroad men or the Ft,
Wayne lines on Monday afternoon. The re
ception will be held at the association
quarters, Nos. 125 and 127 Sedgwlok street
Allegheny. Dinner will be served from 3 to
6 v. il, and there will be musical and literary
selections at intervals throughout tbe attfer-t
noon. These receptions have been given by
tho Association for a number of years and
are always largely attended by the railroad
men and their families.
Card Party and Dance.
A CAr.D party and dance will be given
this evening by Miss Jennie S. Wright, the
young daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Charles S.
Wright, at her home, "Eosemont," Edge
wood. Tho appointments aro to be very
dainty and pretty, as it is her first party,
and Is given just lor young school friends.
Tbo decorations will be appropriate to the
yuletide season holly and mistletoe. Eight
tables will be set for cards, and with danc
ing and refreshments the young folks are
sure to spend a pleasant evening. Miss
Wright will wear a pretty gown of change
able silk, with a yoke edged with deep Lace
and high puffed sleeves or light green.
Mrs. Wright will assist her daughter in her
duties or hostess, and will wear a beautiful
gown or light gray silk fasbioned lit. a pretty
mode. Among the invited guests will be
Miss Eleanor Fitcb, Miss Anno, Caldwell,
Miss Mamie Brown, Mrs. Richard Ebe, Mr.
W. Ward Woolridge and Mr. D. Hayden
Collins, or the East End. Miss Eleanor
Fitch, daughter of Lieutenant Fitch, or
Edgewood, and granddaughter of General
Sherman, entertained the same company of
young people last evening at a card party.
"W. C. T. U. Anniversary.
TnEV. C. T. TJ. of Pittsburg will cele
brate its seventh annual anniversary next
Monday evening at its rooms in the Moore
head building on Second avenue and Grant
street. 1 bo doors will bo open from 1 to 3
o'clock and from 8 to 10 o'clock In tbe after
noon and evening.
The custom or giving freo lunch to alt ap
plicants on Snnday evening was Instituted
about a year ago and has been very success
ful. Last Sunday about 75 men were fed. A
meeting is held afterward and many sign
the pledge. All friends of temperance are
invito J to call some time during Monday
aiternoon or evening.
A mebey party of young society boys and
girls wero splendidly entertained at Mr. Col
lins' bouse at Swissvalo last evening with
progressive football. This Is a now game
that has just mado its appearance in society
and is said to afford inexhaustible fun. It is
played on tables with dice, and tbere are
nrizes given booby and otherwise tbe
nine as in progressive euchre.
TnE Kindergarten Association will meet
this morning at Kttu at Miss Stewart's
School, corner of Fifth avenue and Craig
street, to discuss tlio final plans for the es
tablishment of free kindergartens in Pitts
burg. Mrs. F. E. Marshall lectured beforo Miss
Killlkelly's Europe class yesterday at the
Academy of Art and Sciences, her subject
being "Everyday Life in Spain."
Mrs. Jennie Paul, mother of Mr. Charles
S. AVrighr, or Edgewood. leaves to-day lor
her home in Toledo, O., alter aClulstmas
visit at her son's home.
Mb. LAivr.ESCE Perrine, of Baltimore, is
visiting Mr. Kouneth Painter, or llidge ave
Misa Ansa Frances Marshall will give a
tea this alturnoou for Miss Carkson.
A Boon to the Pnblic
Gladstone, it is said, bas dec ded not to
appoint a successor to Tennyson as poet
laureate Gladstone is a grand old man.
A Thing to Be Commended.
New Orleans l'Ieayune.1
Tbe upright piano may not be thought so
grand or so square as others; bat then it
does not show its legs.
Jack Frost passed this way lait night.
And nipped with saucy Angers,
Every gold and scarlet Irar
That on my map e llDgcrs.
Tie scratched a me&sage oa the nanc
A hint more kind than courtly:
"Better see to fires and flowers!
I'll be baeft here shortly 1"
-JtulA hall, iii SU Mctolat.
' " ?"",
Chicago parks cover'2,000 acres. '" -. 'J
No Vassar graduate has ever been la'
divorce conrt. -.
Falsa teeth are coming into wide use .,
for horse in France. ' ""
Mince pies were known as.farfback' as
1596 as "mutton" pies. t'
A Philadelphia messenger boy goes er
rands on roller skates. '. ,
Many prominent scientists have held
that hades Is located on a comet.
The Eurppean vineyards annually pro
dace 633,300.000 gallons of wine.
Emetics have no effect on horses, which
have no gall bladders to be acted upon.
Over 15,000 rabbits bare been shipped
from McPherson, Kan., since tbe first snow,
The Chinese postal service, which ii
slow and crude, is controlled by many prf- -vate
A blast fired in a quarry at Granite ville,
Mo., recently disloged 160,000 cnbio feet of
stone, all In one solid mass.
Thorgatten, the famous Norwegian
mountain, has a hole extending entirely
through it from ono side to another.
Paper quilts are becoming popular in
Europe. They are cheap nnd -warm, and
composed of sheets of perforated white
paper sewn together. .
All the railways in Japan are owned
and operated by the Government, and tbe
revenue from them. Is large, while the rates
of traveling are not high.
Three new crematories were built in
Germany last season, and Italy now has 23
in operation. In France 3,711 bod!e3 were
disposed or in 1831 by burning.
A species of eyeless fish has been found
in a subterranean boiling spring found in a
Nevada mine. Tbo fish would perish In
water of ordinary temperature.
The cellular prison system in Holland,
where the offenders aro completely Isolated,
Is asserted to be most effectunl In repress
ing crime and reforming tho criminals.
Canadian school teachers and some Ca
nadian editors are still writing or "colour,"
"labour" and "candour,"' and ir an offender
is locked up they say he has gone to "gaol."
St. Chad's Church clock, at Shrews
bury, England, which was made about a
centnrv ago, has a longer pendulum. It is
claimed, than any other clock in Great
Lowry City, Ma, claims to have the
biggest steer in tho country. It weighs 3,710
pounds, stands over 6 feet high, is 10 reot 2
incites long, and measures a yard tnrough
A wealthy French manufacturer has
bought for $300,000 the historic chateau at
CIrey, France, where Voltaire once resided.
Tbe extensive landed estate is included in
A large crematory is being built at St,
Petersburg, where fallen animals and flesh
proscrioed by tho Health Commissioners
will bo burned. Previously all such carrion
bad been thrown into tbe water.
A small seal bearing the effigy of the
Duke or Cumberland was recently found be
tween Fontenoy and Bamecrols, on the
scene of u battle in which the English troops
were engaged in 1713. It has been presented.
to Queen Victoria.
It is said that a really Indelible ink and
a kind of vinegar can be produced from tbe
Juices contained in the banana peel. Tbe
fiber of the peel, it is said, can also be uti
lised In making cloth of greac strength and
The new 800-foot lock in the Sanlt Ste.
Marie Canal will, it is estimated, take 13,000
barrels of cement, 3,500,000 feet of white pine
timoer, 16,000 feet of wbite oak timber and
1,150,000 ponnds of iron. The work is to be
completed by December 15, 189(.
All the motions and sensations of the
various parts of tbe body are represented in
the Burfaco of tbe brain as on a map. Thus
there is a separate brain area necessary for
sight, another for hearing, another for the
motions of tbe fingers, and so on.
The frizzled glass threads from which
cloth is woven aro said to surpass in fine
ness not only the finest cotton but even tbe
thread of tbe silk worm's cocoon, their soft
ness and elastlcy being even greater than
that of manufactured siUc "lint,"
Several accomplished young women ara
earning good salaries in New Tork for coach
ing society women in the topics of the day,
the new books that are being talked of, new
works or art that are attracting attention,
and Interesting novelties in other Hne3.
A Hannibal, Ma, man has had an iron
box made all in one piece, with a slit in the
top. When he feels like taking a drink he
drops a dime into the box and swallows a
glass of hot tea. The box holds half a
bushel, and he expects to fill it by spring.
A yew tree, almost destitute of branches
or bark, grows abundantly In the Caucasus
to a height of from 50 to 60 feet, and a diam
eter of a little over 2 feet. It grows slowly,
but its timber is almost indestructible, ex
cept by fire. It Is considered superior to
An ancient record was found some fears
ago at Alton, in the valley or Pewsey, Eng
land, or which the following 13 a copy: "In
nine years together, trom the years of our
Lord 1592 nnto the years 1601, there was (God
be thanked!) neither man, u oman or child
burled in this parysb."
Copper and brass can be melted in an
iron melting pot, because their fusing point
is below that of iron: but most metals are
melted in earthen pots crucibles is the
technical name. Theso are earth ware jars
of various sizes and shapes, which stand
tremendous degrees of beat.
"G. H. F.," of Boston, writes: "In tear
ing up an old needle cushion which bas
been nsed for years I found 140 needles
which bad been pushed through into the
emery and sawdust which tbe cushion was
filled with. They were as bright and nice
as tbe day when they were bought.''
The city of Avignon, France, inherited
almost half a million francs recently from a
man named Marcelln, who had lived In the
place as a Deggar for decades. In preparing
his body for burial tbe bonds and money
were found In his clotnes. The "beggar"
allowed bis sister to starve to death a year
Italy's annual production, in round
numbers, is 697,000,000 gallons of wine, while
France and Spain yield each 08,000,000 gal
lons. Spain is tbe chief exporter, getting
about 12 000.000 for tbe 200,000,000 gallons
which sho sells abroad. France gets abont
tbe same sum for Her 56.000,000gallons, while
Italy gets only 3,800,000 for the 45,000,00a
gallons annually exported.
It is no uncommon thing to see a male
ostrich strutting abont followed by three or
four distinct broods, all of different sizes.
When the incubating process Is completed
the epek bird leads bis young ones off, and,
ir he meets another prond papa, engages in
a terriflo combat with bim. The vanquished
bird retires without a flngle chick, while
the other, surrounded by tbe two broods,
walks away proudly.
ORIGINAL AND JOCOSE.
Ton turned a leaf a year ago,
H o better have you been:
You've gone along the beaten patb.
Quite needless or the sin.
So this year 'fore yon make the turn.
Just pause a bit aud look.
And see first that the leaf is la
Tbe right kind of a book.
TBS BARREL WAS TBBNZn.
"Dearly beloved," read the minister
frcxa his manuscript, "there must be among you
this morning some to whom the necessity. uf turn
ing over a new leaf is most apparent."
"Right yon are." thought Mr. Good Memory.
"That sermon bas been used by yon for tbe put
three years ou this occasion."
DISTORT A HUNDRED TEARS 7R0X NOW.
"For what was 1892 noted?"
"Its Presldental election."
What was peeuUar about It?"
"Only one candidate ran. "
"How do you know?"
"By his overwhelming victory."
And what docs the victory prove?"
"Tbat the other candidate walked."
"There's one thing I am thankful for,"
"And what's that?"
"That I missed tbe World's Fair."
"Why, you're crazy; frith lt, yon would hsTSJ
goneqowninmstory." t . v
"Yes,' aud Chicago would have gone with me.!
3-s. - tH