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Tlie Pope's Next -Encyclical
Will for the Yery First
Time Make Use of
THE POPULAR TONGUE.
Further Proofe of the Democratic
Leaning of the Vatican.
FEABCE IS CLOSELY WATCHED.
Elgin of a Coming- Bennlon With the Greek
LEO INCENSED AT SITOLLI'S FOES
Kome, Dec Stt The Pope is greatly in
censed at the opposition displayed against
Mgr. Satolliand a peacelul and moderate
solution of the school question in the
TJnited States. The Pope has already on
several occasions given expression to his
feelings-on the subject with considerable
warmth. Speaking recently to one of his
confidants, he is reported to have said:
"They (Satolli's opponents) want to force
the Holy See to retreat, but the Pope will
not be repulsed."
In the document which is now being pre
pared at the Vatican, the prudence and
wisdom which Itfgr. Satolli displayed in his
propositions for a solution ot the school
question are spoken of with much praise.
The fact that the Holy See has addressed
an encyclical to the Catholic people in the
popular tongue has caused much more com
ment than the document itself. It is the
first time that the Pope, departing from
ancient usages, has addressed himself di
rectly to the people.
The Monarchic Era Is Closed.
This step is regarded by close observers as
a lresh testimony of the more and more
pronounced democratic, modern and social
character of the change in the pontifical
policy which Leo XIII. has brought about,
and also as a manifestation of the evolution
ary changes which are operating in the cen
tral government of Catholicism. An influ
ential Cardinal, recently speaking on this
"The monarchic era of the administration
of ecclesiastical affairs is passing away and
is being succeeded by the popular and dem
The dilfusionxf American ideas has in no
small degree contributed to this result, the
consequences of which are incalculable as
regards the development of European civ
ilization. In connection with this solution of the
Papal policy in a democratic sense, the
effect that the unearthing ot the' Panama
scandals have produced at the Vatican is of
special importance. The situation in France
is watched with the closest attention. Con
siderable agitation is felt at the Vatican
both in view of the anomalous situation oc
cupied by the Vatican in France since the
Pope has displayed a leaning toward the
Bepublic, and on account of the possibility
of the Franco-Russian entente becoming
less close or altogether endangered.
The Republic Will .Emerge Stronger.
On the other hand, it is pointed ont by
the ultra Francophile party at the Vatican
that the collapse of the recent Republican
party will facilitate the lormatioa of a re
public which will be strong enough to as
sume the direction of aflairs, and that the
present object of the Pope's policy in France
will thus be attained. Meanwhile, news
Ironi .trance is awaited with great anxiety,
and each development fives rise to long and
excited discussion. '
An exchange of views, which may have
most eventful consequences, is at the
present moment actively proceeding be
tween certain ecclesiastical personages at
Some and certain representatives of the
orthodox church in Russia on the subject of
a rapprochement and union of the two
churches. Up to the present the attitude
ot the Roman Catholic ecclesiastics has
not been of a conciliatory character, not
withstanding that the Pope himself is show
ing a spirit more and more favorable to a
policy which aims at bringing about an un
derstanding with Russia and a future re-es-tablishmciit,
more or less distant, of the
Kussla Entitled to Come Half Way.
On the side of Russia, numerous ecclesias
tical and political personages, and pro
fessors of the universities of Moscow and
St. Petersburg, and public opinion in een
eral, manifest a most favorable disposition
toward an understanding with Rome, on
condition that the ancient privileges of the
Greek Church are maintained. In several
of these letters, of which mention has just
been made,it can clearly be seen that Rome
is the center of the unity, and the recon
ciliation with the Holy See" would raise the
orthodox church to a higher intellectual
and moral level, while, at the same time,
the alliance with Rome would carry with it
inestimable advantages for Russia in her
diplomatic intercourse with foreign powers.
At the Vatican closer relations with
Russia would be hailed with considerable
satisfaction, especially as it is believed
here that Russia is seeking a friendlier
understanding with Austria and England.
Intimate relations between Russia and
Austria, the ecclesiastical party here are
convinced, must result in the dissolution of
the Triple Alliance, and with the ex
tinction ot this great political alliance
would disappear the greatest barrier to the
restoration of the temporal power. These
political considerations will have consider
able weight in any formal negotiations for
the reunion of the Roman Catholic Church
and the Russian orthodox churches.
The Tope's Xext Jublloo.
The Vatican ha been informed that at a
recent council of the Italian Ministry it was
decided to take special measures to protect
the pilsrims comine to Italy on the occasion
of the jubilee of Pope Leo, who was pre
conised as Archbishop of Damietta on Jan
uary 27, 1813.
It is expected that about 40,000 pilgrims
will visit Rome in the latter part of Jan
uary and in February to attend the celebra
tions. Of these it is expected not less than
4,000 will be from the TJnited States.
COKING TO A C0EPE01IISE.
Cotton Mill Owners and Operatives Nego
tiating for Peace.
London, Dec. SO. Owing to the im
proved outlook for cotton goods on account
of the stifier market and the great distress
among the cotton operatives attendant upon
the lock-out, negotiations have been
resumed betneen the masters and the oper-.
.atives. It has been sugjested as a basis of
agreement that the operatives accept a re
duction of wages along with the concurrent
general short time until the condition of
trade will justify full time and lull wares.
It is prooable that a joint conference will
be held at an early date between representa
tives ot masters and operatives on the basis
The suffering of the non-unionists has in
creased greatly within the week; It is cal
culated that there are about 40,000 work
people outside the union and for the most
part they have absolutely exhausted all
their available belongings to buy lood. In
some districts groups of men are now prom
enading the streets, accompanied br bands
of music, soliciting charity lor their wives
nnd lamilic, while others are making house
to house visitations with subscription cards
for the same object The severe weather
has naturally intensified the suffering. The
Boards of Guardians in the several locali
ties are doing what they can to alleviate
I the distress, but .many of the operatives
hue so strong a repugnance so taking
i parish relief that they would prefer to
j sutler the last extremities rather than do so.
HEFZ 8TIH. IH LOfiDOJT.
tn "Very Bad Odor Among His Fellow
Americans in Paris.
London, Dec 30. Cornelius Herz, the
German Hebrew connected with the Panama
scandal, U Btill in London and has made
preparations to stay all winter. A dispatch
from Paris says that when Herz was made a
Knight of the Legion of Honor and on the
occasion of his successive promotions ia
that order no communication of the fact
was made by the French Government to
the United " States Legation there, as is
alwavs done when an American is decorated.
This shows that the decoration of Herz
was a purely French affair, done in the in
terest of the friends ot the Panama scheme.
Herz talks "loud," dwelling on his wealth
and the great people he has known. Ho
made a very unfavorable impression on the
lew Americans who were known to him in
THE CZAB'8 COUSIN CB&ZY.
Facts Leaking Ont In Connection With tho
Murder of a Russian General.
Odessa, Dec. 30. Letters from Tashkend
report that General Barinck, who recently
died at that place, is generally believed to
have been poisoned by persons having cause
to apprehend the results of the adminis
trative reforms which he was about to in
troduce in Turkestan.
He had been deputed from a high quarter,
it is said, to investigate and report upon the
conduct of the Grand Duke Kicholas Con
stantinovitch, the Czar's cousin, who has
lived in exile in Central Asia since the
painful occurrence which 20 years ago
brought about his disgrace. The Grand
Duke's manner of living in Tashkeud has
been marked by eccentricities and cruelties
which led many persons to suppose him to
A SIHGSE'S SUICIDE.
She Shoots Herself in a Cafe Because a
Prince Discards Her.
St. Petersbtjeg, Dec. 30. Some ex
citement was caused to-day by the tragic
death of Elsa Roge, a young woman well.
known in the operatic world. The girl shot
herself while dining in a taJe with the
Prince Stolewski, who became infatuated
with her some months ajo.
The Prince explained the sad affair by
saying he had tired of the girl, but didliot
desire to leave her in poverty. He had
asked her to go to the cafe with him in
order to make arrangements with her for
her future support. When he told her that
they must part, she drew a revolver and
As Cnemies of Ireland by the National
League of Great Britain.
London, Dec. 3a The Irish National
League of Great Britaiu has issued a state
ment strongly denouncing the explosion in
the police detective office at Dublin as a
savage dynamite outrage aimed to wreck
the hopes of Ireland. The League ex
presses an earnest hope that the perpetra
tors will be speedly detected.
A dispatch from Dublin says that a boy
to-day found a parcel containing fwo ponnds
of blasting powder on the grounds belong
ing to the church at Rathniines, a suburb of
SKILL A CATHOLIC YET.
The Lord Mayors of London and Dublin
Will Attend Mass In State.
London, Dec. 30. Lord Mayor Knill is
about to pay a visit in full state to Lord
Mayor Meade, ot Dublin. On Sunday both
the officials wil go in procession to the
Roman Cathedral, where they will attend
Lord Mayor Knill's" religious" belief has
been and still is a thorn in the side of strong
Protestants and this Visit will afford them
fresh opportunity to attack the Church of
A B0TLAHGIST PLOT.
One of the Followers of the Late General
Arrested for the Paris .Explosion.
Paris, Dec. 30. M. Hutin, formerly a
Boulangist agent, has been arrested on sus
picion ot having caused the explosion at
the Prefecture of Police yesterday. He is
believed to be the instrument of the rem
nant of the Boulangist party and the Roy
alists, and to have purposed a reign of terror
like that of last spring, in order that in the
accompanying confusion the republic might
Penniless Mlneis Strike.
BERLIN,Dec30. Private telegrams from
the Saar district state that 11,000 miners
struck. The strikers have not a penny of
TIMBER THEFTS BY WHOLESALE.
Millions of Feet Taken From State School
Lands la Missouri.
St. Louis. Dec 30. The news has
reached here of an enormous timber theft in
McDonald, Christian and Laclede counties,
in this State, where 3,000 acres of school
lands have been held for the benefit of
Jackson county. An inspector has been
there looking over the ground pending the
acceptance of an offer of 52 per acre for the
land. He found all the timber, amounting
to probably millions ot feet, had been
Several crops could have been taken, as
the land has been unvisited for 30 years.
As the growth of timber maturing on the
land was all the county could look to for
accruing profits in lieu of rentals or other
returns from its holdings, the steal is a
A PiUMBEB'3 STOVE EXPLODES.
Five Massachusetts People Narrowly Escape
With Their Lives.
Orange, Mass., Dec. 30. By the ex
plosion of a plumber's gasoline stove here
to-day, caused by placing it on the top
of a hot cooking stove, five people came
near losing their lives "William A
"Willoughby, the plumber; Almon Locke,
the owner ot the house, and the wife and
two children, aged 4 and 7, of Fred Morse,
who occupied the tenement.
Glass from the kitchen window was
thrown 35 feet and every curtain on the
first floor was torn into shreds. The sound
was like that of blasting rocks at the ad
A SOCIAL EVIL BILL
Introduced in the -Missouri Legislature for
Its Two Big Cities.
St. Louis, Dec 30. "When the thirty
seventh Assembly convenes a member of
the House from St Lonis will introduce a
bill pertaining to disorderly houses in all
cities having a population of over 100,000.
It will provide lor the registration- and in
spection of every inmate in all cities of
100,000 population. The bill will be termed
the social evil bill.
The bill also provides that all disorderly
houses shall be located in certain vicinities.
F0UKD DEAD IN A PAES0NAG3,
An Atcea Pastor and Ills Wife Asphyxiated
Tiy Coal Gas.
Clkveland. Dec 30. At the village of
Olmsted Falls, near here, the dead bodies
of Rev. J. A. Iteeder and wife were found
in the parsonaage this evening.
It is supposed that both were suffocated
by gas from a coal stove, and it ii probable
that they had been dead since Monday, oil
which day they were last seen alive. The
couple were both well advanced in years.
CONVICTS DIG A TUNNEL.
They Extend It 50 Feet Toward a City
Sower Before the Discovery.
Frankfort, Kt., Dec 30. Warden
Norman has discovered and foiled a plan
for a big outbreak of prisoners. A hole'
cnt through a workshop bench led under,
the floor to the month of a ttnnel
that had been dug SO feet in length and to
within 10 feet of a bit: sewer just outside of
the prison wall. The men, who climbed
through a window into the shop and did
their work Sundays, were evidently work
ing toward the bic sewer. This, once
reached. 50 men could have walked single
file down to the river bank, half a mile be
It is not thought that more than a half
dozen men were engaged in the work at
first, and some one must have seen the
warden enter the shop Sunday, for
the - minute the warden began his
secret Sundav watch the work
stopped. The warden kept his secret and
told no one that he was watching until yes
terday, when, abandoning hope of catching
the wily tnnnelers, he had the tunnel fol
lowed up and fresh guards added to that
portion of the shop.
A RACE RIOT IMMINENT.
South Carolina Whites and Blacks Expect
to Come Together To-Day.
Columbia, a G, Dec 30. Special
The town of Easlev, in Pickins county, is
under guard to-night, and a race riot is
imminent The trouble arises from the-
iact tnat a young lady was
insulted by a negro. She informed her
brother and he beat the negro with a
stick. There was much indignation rn
the part ot the whites at the negro's
proposal, and after he had been lodged in
jail, in anticipation of bis being brought
cut to stand trial, a number ot citizens pre
pared to meet him. The negroes made a
countermove by going to the jail and re
leasing the msulter, who fled.
To-day the whites held a mass meetine
and served notice on all negroes who were
concerned in the jail delivery that they
must leave town within 24 hours.
A Barjtist preacher is one of those
under the ban. He has stirred up his fol
lowers to resist, and it is probable that they
will not submit There is bad blood be
tween the whites and blacks, and the clash
will come to-morrow when the 24 hours ex
pire ST. LOUIS' ICE G0RGF.
Warmer Weather Loosens It, bnt It Soon
Lodges J gain.
St. Louis, Dec 30. Warmer weather to
day and to-night loosened the gorge in the
river here and it partly broke, floating
down 100 feet and lodging again. This
time the river, dammed up by the back
water, put the gauge up to six feet with
prospects of a further rise unless the gorge
breaks. The grinding of the ice caused
considerable alarming noise, but no great
damage has been done so far.
Owuers of boats have taken every pre
caution against damage, and all floating
property is thought to be safe from any
movement of the ice. By the movement o'f
the ice the Anchor Line wharf boat stages
were twisted and the wheels of the
stages torn an ay. The harbor dump
boat was shoved out on the wharf and a
sand float was pushed out on the bank.
Barge 45, of the St Louis and Mississippi
Valley Barge Line, was carried away from
her fastenings and now lies in the middle of
the river right in front of the gorge of ice
A TEXAS BATTLE EXPECTED.
United Suites Troops Close on the Heels of
Sax Antonio, Dec 30, United States
Harshal'Paul Fricke has received a tele
gram from Deputy Marshal EugeneYglesias,
of Webb county, stating that he had just
received advices by wire from Guerrero,
Mex.,, that Second Lieutenant C A.
Bedckin, with troops, and Deputy TJnited
States Marshall Hall and his posse are
in close pursuit of a detachment
of Mexican bandits in Zapata county, Tex.,
and that it is believed they will overtake
the gang soon.
As the bandits are desperate it is thought
they will not surrender without strong re
sistance. REINACH'S LIFE INSURED
In a Well-Known New York Company for
829,000, Which Wil! Be Paid.
New Yobk, Dec 30. It was stated to
day at the office of the Equitable Lite In
surance Company that the late Baron de
Iieinach was insured in that com
pany for 520,000. He took out his policy
11 years ago, and it was fully paid up to
the' time of his death.
Notice of the Baron's death has been re
ceived from the company's agent in Paris,
and he will be ordered to pay the insurance
to the Baron's heirs.
OLEO CASES IN COURT.
The Constitutionality of the Massachusetts
Statute to Be Tested.
Boston, Dec 30. The oleomargarine
cases have again been carried to the Su
preme Court on constitutional questions,
the test being one in which S. S. Kelley is
The point to be decided is whether the
Legislature has the right to pass a law for
bidding the honest manufacture and the
honest sale of oleomargarine, while this
law, it is claimed, practically allows the
dishonest manufacture and sale ot oleomar
garine as butter.
A SHAKY SOLID BOCK.
Members Kick Because It Cost 830,000 to
Boston, Dec 30. To-day in the Su
preme Court a petition was presented from
several certificate holders of the Order of
the Solid Bock, asking for an injunction
against the order. The complainants al
lege that the liabilities are 5775,000 and the
assets only about $20,000.
It is also claimed that the expenses of the
order are disproportionate, and it is alleged
that it cost ?36,000 to collect f26,000. An
order of notice was issned.
1W0 ROCKEFELLER ROSIORS.
The Standard Oil Magnate to Build a Costly
Mansion at Watklns, N. Y.
"Watkins, K. Y., Dec 30. It is re
ported that John D. Rockefeller; of the
Standard Oil Company, will build a costly
house and hereafter make his residence
It is also said that the Standard Oil Com
pany will build a branch pipe line from
Farrenbaugh,Steubeu county, to this place,
20 miles, and an immense refinery at the
head of Seneca Leke.
AN OIL COUNTRY HORROR.
A Driller Killed by Accident, and His Wife
Becomes a Maniac
Celina, O., Dec 30. William Mount
ain, an oil well driller, employed by the
Standard Oil Company at Camden, Ind,
was instantly killed yesterday afternoon by
the explosion of a shotgun having a double
load in it.
His wife, upon being notified, became a
raffel to Itol'd a 819,000,000 Bridge.
Pabis, Dec 30 M. Eiffel hti seoured
the contract to build a gigantic bridge
across the Neva. His bid was $15,000,000.
I HYPNOTIC MARVELS.
Wonderful Demonstrations at the'
Hospital De la Charite.
THE AWFUL PANGS OP HDNGEB,
Cther Artificial fuflerings Felt bjr
" the Fatienfs.
HOW Nh'RVOUS CENTERS AEE REACHED
The other day I wanted to include in a
page of fiction a realistic description of the
agonies that a starving person undergoes
before death puts an end to suffering, says
a writer in the 1'a'l Hall Budget I had con
sulted several doctors and had obtained
from them statements of'the symptoms pre
ceding death from starvation. Still, I felt
that a description based on snch
information was wanting in certain
particulars nnd could not well be
put into the mouth of a supposed
sufferer. Suddenly it occurred to me to go
to the Hospital de la Charite and beg the
doctors attached to the Climque Hypno
therapique to hypnotize one of the patie.nts,
to suggest that she was starving, and then
to allow me to write down the sensations
experienced by the subject as she described
them. I called at the hospital unexpect
edly, and explained the object of mv visit.
The doctor smiled, and, without a
word, send lor a patient, who was imme
diate! v put into a hypnotic state. Nothing
passed between the doctor and the subject
before she was hypnotized. It was then
suggested to her that she had been without
food for manv days, and was actually starv
ing! The patient soon showed signs of
great suffering and distress, and, at the
doctor's invitation, described the sensations
I was astounded.
A symptom that I had noticed in scores of
cased among the starving. Russian peasants
last inter was described by the hypnotized
woman with a physical movement that was
familiar to me, though I hid entirely for
gotten it, and my attention had beencalled
to It by any medical man con
sulted. 'The patient was taken
by suggestion progressively through
the stages of starvation as far as was sate,
and was afterward brought back to a normal
state on its being suggested to her that she
had swallowed nourishing food. Still, it
was some time before the food she bad
taken in imagination seemed to benefit her;
she persisted in declaring that it caused her
a great deal more bodily pain than the
pangs of hunger.
Artificial Suffering Created.
Dr. Jules Luys, member of the Academy
ot Medicine, tne eminent t'rotessor at the
Charite, was greatly interested at the re
sult of this experiment, which was carried
out for me under the observation of Dr. En
camse, his chief of the laboratory. He told
me alterward that he had known the woman
for many years, and was sure that she had
never suffered from hunger.
Dr. Luys then showed me how a similar
artificial state of suffering could be created
without suggestion in fact, by the mere
proximity of certain substances. A pinch
or coal lust, for instance, corked and sealed
in a small phinl, and placed on the side of
the neck of a hypnotized person, produces
symptoms of suffocation by smoke; a
tube of distilled water, similarly placed,
provokes signs of incipient hydrophobia;
while another very simple concoction put
in contact with the flesh brings on symptoms
of suffocation by drowping. The intense
congestion that these artificial attacks
produce might determine the rupture
of a blood vessel or the stop
page of the heart; it is therefore
unwise to describe the experiments more
fully lest anvbody should be tempted to
try them without proper precautions. But
there was an experiment of this nature that
should.be described, for it serves aaa trait.
d'union that will enable me to go from ex
perimental to practical hypnotism.
The woman who had been hypnotized
earlier in the morning was pnt toaleep tor
a f ecnnd time, and a corked and scaled tube
containing 15 grains of brandy was put in
contact with her neck. A few seconds
later she commenced to make grimaces
and moved her tongue and lips as
if she were lasting liquor ot some
kind. She then began talking in broken
phrases: "I'm thirsty I want 'something
to drink Give me something to drink My
head pains me so Anyone would say I was
drunk!" She tried to stand on her leet.and
fell heavily down into a chair.
A State of Brnnkenness Transferred.
"There!" said Dr. Luys, who had pre
viouslv taken his visitors out of the rbom
to explain what would happen on contact
of the tube containing alcohol with the,
hypnotized person. "Now, estrange thine'
is that this artificial state ot drunkenness
can be transferred to another hypnotized
A,man was brought in from an adjoining
room and hypnotized. One ot his hands was
placed in the hand of the woman, and the
passage of a magnet along their arms in the
direction ot the man sufficed to transfer the
symptoms of drunkenness to him. To all
appearances he was quite as drunk as the
woman seemed to have been a few moments
1 "But this is far from the most important
part of my work," said the doctor. "Hyp
notism reaches the nervous centers the
very parts of the human organism that
medicine does not touch and has become
a most powerful element in the treatment
of nervous complaints. Unfortunately, at
the ontset, we find ourselves face to face
with a great difficulty, for hypnotism is not
applicable in Its most effective form to
everybody, as only a certain proportion of
patients is hypnotizable."
"What is' this proportion, doctor?"
"About 60 per cent. The problem noir
does' not consist so much in directing hyp
notic action in a methodio way as in en
larging the circle of elect, and in rendering
it applicable to the greatest number, for
we are able to say that if once hypnotic ef
fect is produced a cure is almost certainly as
sured." "I hear, Doctor, that yon have endeav
ored to remove birth-marks by sugges
tion?" "I scarcely care to talk about my
experiments in that direction yet," replied
Dr. Luys, "because I have not carried my
tests far enough, but you can see for your
self (he progress made in one case"
Why the Doctors Are Interested.
Dr. Luys handed me the, photograph of
a youth, "Eugene B ,19 years of age
The ear, part ot the lelt cheek and neck
were discolored by a terrible crimson
birthmark. Eugene B was found
to be hypnotizable, and it nas
suggested to him in hypnotic sleep that
these marks would disappear. Strange to
say, not only did the discoloration 'become
less vivid, but blotches of clear pink flesh
appeared at several points in the patch that
disfigured nearly the whole of one side of
the poor boy head. A number
of tracings of the mark were
made from time to time by Drs. Luys
and Encausse, who were the first to apply
the cure, and they serve to show the
changes in shape that it underwent during
the course of treatment The cure does
not seem to have been completely effected,
but the tact that such marks should be
modified, as shown by the tracings pub
lished, by mere suggestion, fills the doctors
with hope in the treatment of several
cases at jthe Charite that are now in their
It is a strange sight to watch the treat
ment of patients in the corner of the great
hospital, in which hypnotism has obtained
a foothold and an official recognition.
Some of the hypnotized patients, to
whom the nervous complaints of others
are transferred, themselves find relief
in the hypnotic sleep, from which
they are not awakened until they have
received tome suggestion calculated to bring
about an amelioration id their own state of
health. Others sit there plunged in hyp
notie sleep that not only hold them In
state of suggestionability, bnt of itself has a
calming influence on their agitated
nerves. After having cured hysterics
and epileptics by suggestion, I was
led to appiy the same treatment to
organic diseases of the nervous system, and,
to my great surprise in some cases, notable
improvements have been recorded. Even
without suggestion, patients suffering from
insomnia, brain fatigue and giddiness have
been relieved by hypnotic sleep.
EXPERIMENTS IN HIGH AiR.
The Most Remarkable Were Conducted
Nearly 100 Years Ago.
St Louis Itepnbltc.
Nearly 100 years ago, in 1704, M. Bolt
and Gay-Lussac,thepioneerballoonists, con
ducted the most remarkable series of high
air experience ever known. Although
ballooning was in its infancy at the time,
the facts proven by those intrepid naviga
tors of the air have been of inestimable
value to all later investigators.
They took domestic animals and birds ot
various kinds along with them for the pur
pose of taking notes on the effect which
the extreme cold and rarified air would
have on such creatures. They were also
well provided with various scientific in
struments and othe suitable appar
atus. The first experimental ascension
carried them and their' cargo to a height of
13,000 feet At 8,000 feet the animals and
birds seemed to be in a normal condition;
at 10,000 Jcet all were breathing very
rapidly. When the barometer showed that
a height of 11,000 feet had been attained a
pigeon nas liberated, or, rather, thrown
from the basket, for it fell like a lump of
lead, being utterly unable to flap a wing on
account of the rarified state of the air at
that altitude. Gay-Lussac had a normal
pulse beat of 62 per minute; at 11,000 leet
that had increased to fc0. When on terra
firina Bolt's beat at 79 per minute and 111
when the 11,000-loot level was reached.
During the same season Gay-Lussac made
an ascension alone in which he reached a
height twice that from which he dropped
the pigeon, or about an even 22,000 feet
This ascension was made from one of the
many pleasure resorts of Paris, in the heat
ot summer. When he quitted the earth the
Fahrenheit thermometer registered 80 in
the shade; within an hour he was in an at
mosphere that showed a pressure ot 13
inches on his barometer, while the ther
mometer marked 18 degrees below zero.
The lack of atmospherio pressure caused
the blood to flow from his eyes, nose, mouth
and ears, and the extreme cold gave him a
ligor from which he never fully recovered.
THE SEX IN ART.
Those Who Wrote Over Masculine Signa
tures Kept Their Identity Hidden.
"There has been, and there still goes on,
much talk in.regard to what is termed sex
in art; but nobody among the glib speakers
on the subject has ever accounted for one
fact a very puzzling fact, too, if their
dictum must be accepted as incontrovertible
truth," writes Frank Lee Benedict, in "A
Famous American Author," in Ttic New
rttetson. "It is matter of record that not
one of the various women writers who
within the last fifty years have in turn
made their work famous over masculine
signatures was suspected by any reviewer
of being a wo'nan until she or her friends
allowed her identity to become known to
the public at large.
"This was true in the case of George
Sand, then of Currer Bell, George Eliot,
and others in England, aud lately of a bevy
of American women, Octave Thanet among
"A striking feature in the productions of
all these women is the truth and fidelity
with which their male characters, are de
picted. Their power in this regard cannot
be denied by the narrowest-minded rem
nant ot prejudice to be found among the
fOMsils ot the male sex, any more than any
one can dispute the fact that many ot the
heroines even ot great men novelists are
either utterly impossible creatures, else so
bloodless and. taint that they are mere
shadows, olten as distorted or unnatural as
those which a flickering fire casts on a
A HONEYMOON BROKEN UP.
Both Bridegrooms of a Double Wedding
Arrested for Forjery.
Chillicothe, Dec 30. Two weeks ago
two men and two ladies appeared at the
Marcum House, in this city, and registered
as Joseph Stormes and wife and William
F. Stormes and wife, Chicago. Their
movements aroused suspicion. A few days
later the city marshal here was i n formed that
Charles F. Conners and W. F. Hesseltine
were wanted at Bethany to answer to the
charge of forgery. Conners' father had
considerable money in a Bethany
bank. The son and Hesseltine
concluded to get married to two Bethany
girl. They succeeded by forging the name
of the elder Conners to checks on the bank
where he had deposited his money. The
quartet then left and turned up at Chilli
cothe, where they registered at the hotel
under assumed names. .
Hesseltine concluded to return to Beth
anv and put in another check, the amount
bei'cg $260. The cashier told him he
wanted to look at the account, and asked
him to call later. He did not call,
but was arrested the following day. This
morning the rest ot the gang, including
young Conners, with the women, were ar
rested here as accomplices and taken to
Bethany, thus ending tne honeymoon.
A CHIEF OF POLICE ARRESTED.
And His Whole Force to Be Failed In ir
They Don't Enforce the Law.
New Orleans, Dec 30. Special
The controversy which has been going on
for some time past between the Criminal
District Court and the District-Attorney on
one side, and the Mayor, Chief of
Police, and Police Department on the
other, over the Sundty law, cul
minated to-day in the arrest of
Chief of Police Gaster by a deputy sheriff"
on an information of the District Attorney.
The latter insists that the law requires the
police to arrest all violators of the Sunday
law, which has been openly violated here
for months past The police force, acting
under instructions from the Mayor, have
refused to make arrests, and have simply
notified the Criminal Court of violations of
The District Attorney threatens to have
the Mayor and the entire police force
arrested unless they obey the law, and led
off to-day with the arrest of the Chief, who
gave the" necessary bond and was released.
The law is specific enough, but has been
openly defied and is opposed by the great
majority of the1 people The contest be
tween the two departments, criminal and
municipal, promise's to be a savage and in
COLUMBIAN STAMPS BEADY.
A Description of the Big Beauties Soon to
De Put on Sale.
Chicago, Dec 30. Columbian postage
stamps to the number of 15,000,000 are in
this city. They will be jeasously guarded
until Tuesday morning, when they the post
office authorities will begin the dis
tribution. The stamps are nearly
twice as long as those as the
ordinary issues, and as wide as the common
sort are long. The engravings were copied
from famous paintings descriptive ot the
principal events in the life ot Columbus.
Following is the description of the 1, 2, 3
and 4-ccn stanios:
One-cent stamp, Columbus on shipboard i
insight of land, medium shaderot blue; as
cent stamp, the landing of Columbus, mar
roon; 3-cent stamp, Santa Maria, the flag
ship of Columbus, medium shade- ot green;
4-cent tamp, the fleet of Columbus, light
HURSING THEIR BOOMS
The Legislators at Harrisbun: Now
Have Kauuht Else to Do.
ME. THOMPSON IS STILL ON TOP.
llagee fays the 'National Committee
DEMOCRATS FORMING WELSH CLUBS
8rZCttL TELEGRAM TO THE DISPATCH. 1
HAisniSBmso. Dec 30. The story of the
Speakership fight as sent out last night
might be duplicated to-night without
change, and cover every bit of news that is
to be found. There are so few Senators and
members here that candidates for Speaker
and other offices find time hangs heavy on
Ex-Speaker Thomnson, who is conceded
to have the gavel in his grasp, is estab
lished at the Lochiel Hotel, where several
lesser lights are also nursing their booms.
Among them are Cochrane, of Armstrong;
Bliss, of Delaware, and Farr, of Lacka
wanna. .Representative Walton, of Philadelphia,
is at the Commonwealth, where he has
opened headquarters. He says he is in Jthe
fight and will remain until the end. Not
withstanding his cheerful view of the out
look with respect to himself, the better-informed
politicians here do not bank much
on his chances of success. They say
Charles E. Voorhees is the favorite of the
Philadelphia delegation fur Chief Clerk,
and that Mr. Walton cannot expect to
secure the honor he seeks. Congressman
John B. Kobinson, an alleged candidate for
United States Senator, arrived to-night and
opened headquarters at the Lochiel Hotel.
He will be assisted by Senator Baker, of
Delaware, his old-tim'e opponent, who has
decided to let bygonej be bygones.
A. D. FeteroH, of Montgomery, is still
in the fight tor Chief Clerk of the House,
and speaks confidently of the outcome, not
stacding the apparent overwhelming lead
of Voorhce. Representative Samuel A.
Loscb, ot ochuylkill, is here and denies
that he is to lead the anti-Quav movement
He suggests, however, that he will be a
During to-morrow most of the members
of the Legislature will arrive, wheu the
political atmosphere here about the capital
will clear and show the real situation.
QUAY HAS HIS HANDS FULL
To Fnll Himself Through So Says C. I
Magee to a Philadelphia Reporter
Jack Kobinson Also Says the Senator
Clutch Isn't So Firm as It Is Generally
Allowed to Be.
Philadelphia, Dee. 30. Special.
"The Republican National Committee
needs reorganization all through, and not
alone a change in chairmanship," said C
L. Magee this evening. "To return to
Clarkson alone, by setting Carter aside,
will not go far toward satisfying those who
believe radical changes are necessary."
"Have you any interest in the organiza
tion of the next Legislature?" Mr. Magee
"Allegheny county has a candidate for
Speaker in S. M. Laflerty, and a candidate
for Senator in John DalzelL Our people
rate Mr. Dalzell as a very capable man, and
the delegation is practically solid for him,
but there is really nothing new to say un
legislative organization. It is given out.
of course, that Mr. Quay has a slate. I
don't believe it Mr. Quay has enough to
do to pnll himself through."
"There has been nothing decided upon in
the Speakership contest," said Congress
man John B. Kobinson, at the Lafayette
Hotel this evenine, "nothing whatever, and
there won't be until Monday's caucus. Quay
hasn't his hand in things as deep as some
people think he has. I am going to Harris
burg to push the claims ot Ward P. Bliss
for Speaker, and am iu dead earnest about
it. We want Bliss to get the nomination,
and his chances depend on the temper of the
country members now coming in. Touching
the Senatorship I shall go before the
caucus as a candidate I was never more
seriotis.in my life than I am in this matter.
I am a candidate for Seoator."
ORGANIZING THE WELSH.
Democrats to Do Evangelist Work Amon;
Them, Under Chairman Earrlty.
Philadelphia, Dec 30. 'peeidL A
Welsh Democratic organization is to be
formed in every Welsh settlement of this
State, in the shape of Welsh Jeffersonian
clubs. The first step toward this end will
be the formation of a Welsh Democratic
State Committee. John E. Owens, Presi
dent of the Welsh Jeffersonian Club of
New York, and who is the only Welsh
Democratic campaign speaker in the coun
try, was in the city to-day to see National
Chairman Harritv in reference to organiz
ing Democratic clubs among the Welshmen
"There is," said Mr. Owens, "in this
State a Welsh population ot 270.943. Fully
56,000 of these are voters, over 90 per cent
ot whom vote the Republican ticket One
of the reasons for this is that Democratic
principles have never been properly ex
plained in the majority of Welsh hamlets.
Then acain, the Welsh have an opinion
that the Bepublican party of this country
is the Liberal party bf England and
Wales. This is the most erroneous belief.
It is to dispel these incorrect views, and
to disseminate Democratic principles among
the Welsh, that these( clubs are to be
formed. Every State in the Union is to
be thus organized."
Mr. Harrity is very much in favor of
the movement, and will do all in his
power to help the project along.
A STATE LOAN COMMISSION
Likely to Be Pavored by the New Pop,nlIst
Governor of Kansas.
Topeka, Ka'., Dec 30. It is stated by
a Populist very near to Governor-elect
Lewelling that the Governor's inaugural
address will advocate the creation of a State
loan commission. Said this Populist to
dav: "The Governor understands, as we
all do, that every year, no less in Kansas
than in every other State, thousands bf in
dustrious citizens ore made homeless by
foreclosures ot mortgages. This is largely
due to high rates of interest and brokers'
charges. A loan commission composed of
conservative men would be able to .place
loau3 through the agency of the County
Commissions in the vnrious counties.
"If thought advisable the counties might
guarantee the loans to the lenders, and thus
the mortgage would be secure. Mortgaee
loans thus guaranteed by the State would
make it easy 'to obtain loans from the capit
alists of the" East at a very low rate of inter
est The expeuse of the commission would
be paid by the borrower, nnd thi charge
would be only a small fraction of the enor
mous sum they annually pay brokers." '
Opposed to Abbett fqr Senator.
Jersey City, N. J., Dec 30. Thirty
five Democrats from all sections of New
Jersey, who are amoug the recognized ad
herents of Mr. Cleveland, have met here
and adopted resolutions opposing the
caudidacy of Governor .abbett for, Senator.
A committee was appointed to prepare for
presentation to the Legislature the reasons
why lie should not be elected.
Quay Consults With Ills Lieutenants.
Philadelphia, Dee. 30. Tnlted States
Senator Quay came here this evening from
I Washington. Senator Quay said his visit
Pauite a longconsnltation with City
held auite- a long
Chairman Porter and National Committei--nian
Martin, presumably upon the Speaker
ship question in the coming Legislature
FAIR BALLOT OR REVOLUTION.
A People's Party Organization to Battle
, for a Correct Count.
Dallas, Tex., Dec 30. The News in the
morning will say that the startling informa
tion has leaked out here that an organiza
tion known as the Industrial League is
bein" extended throughout the South
and West, for the purpose of resisting, if
necessary, vt et nrmis, unfair elections, n
ha'l its origin in the belief of
People's party leaders that they were
counted out in" Georgia and Alabama. In
Georgia they claim as many as 3,000
negresse in male attire voted the Demo
Tne person who imparled this informs
tion declared that the order was for a fair
ballot or revolution. Fifty lodges have
been organized in Texas, one in Dallas. ,
An Illegal Legislature in Nevada.
Bzko, Nev., Dec 30. The GazMe pub
lishes a communication declaring that the
incoming Legislature will be an illegal
body, as the reapportionment at the last
session ot the Legislature was not made in
accordance with the requirements of the
Won't Ran Against Fnddoclc.
Washington; Dec 30. Mr. Lambert
son, Assistant Secretary of the Treasury,
authorizes the statement that he is not a
candidate for Senator from Nebraska, and
that he ardently desires the re-election of
BAG-PICKEBS OF PAEIi
Than 50,000 People Earn a Living
Troin the City's Knbbish.
The wealth of Paris is so boundless that
the rubbish and refuse of the city are worth
millions. There are more than 50,000 per
sons who earn a living by picking up what
others throw away. Twenty thousand
women and children exist by sifting and
sorting the gatherings of the pickers who
collect every day in the year about 1,200
tons of merchandise, which they sell to the
wholesale rag dealers for some 70,000 francs,
says the 'late Theodore Child in Jlarper'i
At night you see men with baskets
strapped on their backs, a lantern in one
hand, and in the other a stick with an iron
hook on the end. They walk along rapidly,
their eyes fixed on the around, over which
the lantern flings asheet of light, and what
ever they find iii the way of paper, rags,
hones, grease, mela), etc, ti.ey stow away
in their baskets. In the morninr, in lront
ot each house, you see men, women and
children sifting the dust-bin before they
are emptied in the scavengers' carts.
At various hours of the day yon
mav remark isolated ragpickers, who
seem to work with less method than
the others aud with a more independent air.
The night pickers are generally novices;
men who.'having been thrown out of work,
are obliged to hunt for their living like the
wild beasts. The morning pickers are ex
perienced and regular workers, who pay
for the privilege of sifting the dust-bins ot
a certain number of houses and of trading
with the results.
The rest, the majority, are the coureurs,
the runners, who exercise their profession
lreely and' without control, working when
they please and loafing when they please
They are the philosophers and adventurers
of the nrotession, and tneir cniei oojeciis
to enjoy lite and meditate upon
THE MUSIC IS JAVA
It Is a Queer Jumul ot Gongs, Drums and
, Shrill Women "Voices.
The Tooth's Companion.
When M. Desire Charnay visited Prince
Mancou-Nagoro in Java,he was entertained
by a conceit eiven by his host's orchestra
of 60 pieces. Mancou-Nagoro was the
fourth Prince by his name. The orchestra
was founded by the first Mancou-Nagoro.
It is greatly admired by the Japanese The
musicians wore black gowns and turbans,
writesM. Charnay. Th3 instruments were
apparently copper pots of all shapes and
sizes, from one large enough to boil two
eggs to the largest kettles.
There were also sets of, copper plates,
from two igches to three feet in length,
mounted on sculptured bronze stands.
Wooden plates were arranged similarly.
There were gongs from ten inches to six
feet in diameter, and queerly shaped two-
stringed violins. Each musician had sticks
with rubber ends to strike the instruments.
On a stenal from the Prince the concert
began. The music was a combination of
remarkable sound's. Some were soft, sil
very and plaintive, as heard amid the roar
ing ot the gongs. Sometimes a beautiful
melody could be heard, but in general the
performance Impressed me as one prolonged
wonderful discord. From time to time the
piercing voices of the women singers joined
in this melancholy music One might easily
have taken the black-robed musicians for
mourners and the performance for a funeral
The Prince listened delightedly, beat
time, and looked at me with a proud glance
that seemed to say: "Did you ever hear
anything more beautiful?"
A Xew Safety Lamp.
A new fire-damp detector has been de
vised by M. Chesnau, secretary of the
French Fire-damp Company, which will in
dicate proportions of gas in the air ns low
as 0.1 per cent The apparatus takes the
form of a safety lamp, in which alcohol is
burnt, and the difference in brightness be
tween the halo or ring due to the fuel and
the alcohol flame is rendered more pereepti-
ble by the addition to the alcohol ot a small
quantity ot chloriJe of copper, which tinges
the flames with green, while it eives the
rings a greenish-bine color. In point of se
curity the indicator is said to be on a par
with the best safety lamps.
Eeatinz the Record.
The Germans are happy now. In their
possession they can boast the most gigantic
gorilla that has ever graced a European
clime, with its grinning features. He is
valued at 52,500. Although he ha for
years been a more or less prominent member
ot the stafTof a native chieftain on the
Gaboon, he doesn't seem to have a very high
opinion of the human species except as
food for his claws.
Central America Trylnff for Union.
Salvador, Dec 30. The Central Amer
ican Diet, the object of which is to bring
about a union of all the Central American
States will meet in September. Mexico,
Colombia, and, possibly, the United States
will be invited to send representatives.
A striking performance Is always an
attraction, and none more striking
am oilered than tlioso of Dr Miles' new
heart cure! Thousands of testimonials can
be shown, nrovinsr the wonaenul cures it
has peilormed in every pari or the country,
restoring to heaith defective hearts nnd uiv- (
ins ohck to me tnose wuo siaru.i ue.1111 iu
the luce. Heart dl-ea'e sjmptom frequent
ly are: Shortno-'S of brent 1, pain in snlo or
lirai, smothering po!l-, asthmatic breath
ing, weak and unnry spells, Hatterim; of
luart. lrrosul.ir pul-e. "ily hert distasn
get so had that I nccanie greatly alarmed. I
Kota Dottlo of Dr. Miles' New Heart Curo
and it gave me tho greatest relief." B. JIc
Douull, Auburn. Ind. Sold on positive
Vuarantoe. Book free at dratrgistn or Dr.
Miles Medical Company, Etkbart, Ind. a
; 1 A ll lb bLAOliiU AlLHuiu
Ii'e.cpoiisihle for the Panama Scandal,
Not the Directors, Say3
A YANKEE WHO IS INTERESTED.
He iliiski the TJnited Ftates Government
i hould Buy the Iitch,
OR ELSE FBAKCE IS BOUND TO DO II
Boston; Dec 30. Apropos of the New
York World article of yesterday, which
stated that a fund of 82,300,000 was scat
tered through the United States by th
Panama Canal promoters, and that Nathan
Appleton was De Lesseps' right hand man
here, Mr. Appleton is reported to have said
that at that time be was very enthusiastia
in the matter, believing then, as he does at
present, that the Panama route is the best
'1 cannot attempt to go into the discus
sion of such a long story," he said, "espec
ially as this is the first I have seen of it,
and as I have not the time to read it care
fully. It seems tovbe written by someone
conversant with the 'facts, and to be gener
ally correct DeLessepyamehere to secure)
the co-operation of thisvsountry. He felt
that this country would receive by far the
greatest benefit of all otheM by the work,
and that it was fitting that thjLtwo greatest
Republics should join hands innt.. He was
very greatly disappointed thati did not
3D p roach it iu that spirit" ,
Asked if he thought De LessepiyhadV
knowledge ot and sanctioned the U8VS
money in buying the approval of news4
papers and legislators, Mr. Appleton re-
"I do not I do not believe that any
member of the Board of Directors voted a
dollar for such purpose. The thing grew to
such proportions, so many wheels developed
within wheels, that finally it got beyond
them and intrigues brought about the" ca
lamity. What really broke the com
l any was the tremendous interest
it was paving and the sums demanded
bv the blackmailing press. Some 200,000,-
000 francs had been raised ia France, but
it was the subscription of the whole country
in small amounts, so that the loss was not
felt much by individuals, for few persona
invested more than they could well afford.
"But the time has come to build a canal
through the isthmus This crisis, I believe,
will assist in evolving it It will put tba
French people nnon their mettle, and they
wiil go down in their rockets and build it
1 believe that the thing for the TJnited
States to do is to take this work out
of the hands of France. This country
eonld easilv b.iy . he whole for about 100,
030,000. The ork is in a condition to be
easily pushed to a finish. If we do not do
so, thtJ French will probably finish it, and
that will hurry up our Government at
Nicaragua. The -csult may be that we will
have two competing canals .nstead of a
MAY BE PROF. 3TGLYO.
A Bnmor That the Doctor Will Be Offered
a Chair in Washington University.
New YOBK, Dec 30. Special If the
views expressed to-day by an authority
high in Catholic aflairs in this city
are correct, Kev. iir. JHcuiynn,
is likely to beeome Profl McGlynn.
According to the statement the chair ot Sa
cred Oratory, which, it is said, will be es
tablished in the Catholic TJniversitr at
Washington, will be offered to Dr. Mc
Glvnn. "If Dr. McGlynn's exact status in tba
church to-day were betterunderstood,"it was
asserted, "this move would be looked upon
as a very diplomatic one. So tar as is known,
his reinstatement or restoration is only
partial and incomplete Beyond the right
to say mass in solitary privacy, no other
sacred function of the priesthood has been
restored to him. It is not possible for him
to assume charge ot a parish until all disa
bilities are removed."
The De Long
Patent Hook and Eye.
Trads-Maik rcjf . Apr. 19, '53.
Prices to (YD one-third and ()
one-half. Please note these prices
in CHILDREN'S CAMEL'S HAIR
AND NATURAL WOOL UNDER
Or see our bargain
These have reta
75c, 65c and 50c
large and we wa
- - - c nj ,t.
pi"-" nu stock..
est prices we ever c
T. M. LA
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