Newspaper Page Text
istttisfl 3M* jowmal
March 14, 1871
rials of the country, wil! never cease to
have new points in it for ventilation.
Almost every day something new is dis
covered, and in this age of progress, when
it is important for every man to know,
the shortest and best way to do every
kecp up with the times, on the fruit sub
ject. If be is a farmer or a gardener, he
fl,. value of fruit, who have during their
lives promised, year after year, to give
this subject more time and attention, but
when the time comes, each year is bnt
not properly prepared, it is too wet, or
it is too dry ; the weather is too cold; the
trees are "not at hand; and bo on, the
reasons are heaped up one on the other,
which results in no orchards and no fruits.
There are soveral points iv setting out
an apple orchard which must be duly con
sidered if good fruit in abuudance is ex
pected. The first thing is the kiuds of
fruit. Due regard* should be paid to the
eating, the cooking, the drying, the cider
and the keeping qualities of the apple.
Then the adaptation of the sorts which
may be preferred, to the latitude and soil. |
Then a proper preparation of the soil, and I
the way the trees should be set out, is vory
important. Next in turn, is the impor
tance of preserving the tap-roots. Some
persons say this root is of no use; and
some go so far as to say that it does more
harm than good. These philosophers are
in error, aud before the subject is com
pleted, our readers will see they are. The
next important point to be considered is
the way the trees should bo trimmed in the
nursery, before they are lifted for sale.
There is a difficulty in the way here to
contend with. We expect to show that
fruit trees ol" all kinds, but particularly
apples, should have their lower limbs as
near the ground as possible. Tbe difficul
ty referred to, is prejudice. People have
so long seen trees trimmed up from the j
ground, higher thau a man's head, that an |
orchard with its lower limbs almost touch
ing the ground would present a very unin
viting appearance ; bnt for all that, it is J
the true form for tbe fruit tree. This will !
be shown also before the subject is conclu
ded. The laud for an orchard should be
thoroughly plowed, sub-Boiled and harrow
ed ; it should bo nude rich, with a view
to growing grass, in addition to the fruit
trees. Mixed manure, that is, the manure
from farm animals of all kinds, wilh which
muck should be mixed ; but a specific
manure for the tree directly, is that taken
from the hog-pen. About a, bushel an
nuajly of this, when tho tree is two years
old, to each tree spread around, though not
Planting the trees right is tbe most im
portant part of the work in setting out an
orchard, that is, if one part could be more
important than another. Thoy should be
foity feet apart, if the grass crop is a mat
ter of consideration ; but if the fruit only
If desired, twenty-five or even twenty feet j
is an abundance. The holes Bhould be 1
dug for a tree two or three years old—
and none should be older when set out—
about eighteen or twenty inches in diame
ter, assuming that the grouud has been
sub-soiled, the earth in the bottom of the |
hole should be enriched with any well rot
ted vegetable manure mixed with a small
quantity of bone dust. The troo should be
set about as deep as it was in the nursery.
The earth, or rather the rich soil, should
be piled up aud packed tightly around the
tree, about two inches above the level.
Ii dirt, after tbe tree has grown a year,
tho roots have taken firm hold, must
craped off down to the top of the first
zontal roots. These horizontal roots,
llowed to be deep, will prevent the
from bearing well, and, what is more,
tree, as natural, will throw out other
s near tho surface, which causea the
ruction of the tap-root; and the short
of the tree is the consequence. Plant
posts around each tree, aud tying the
i to them, is not the best way to pre • |
t the injury which trees receive from
h winds loosening them in the ground.
It is better, in addition, to packing tbe
earth as just stated, to cut out .of a piece
of plank, two feet long and half as wide, |
a yoke or collar large enough to pass
three-fourths round the body of the tree, j
at the burface, then lay another piece of
plank by its side, when stones, bill*ts of j
wood, or weight of any kind should be
placed upon them. Nature, upon thin
principle, holds the tree firmly io the
ground, and we surely are pursuing the
right course when we obey her dictates.
Of course, these planks and weights are to
be removed, when the earth, referred to
above, is scraped off. Just here it would
be well to mention two little things, which
if not attended to in time, may result in
First, in selooting tho trees, be careful
they are not bi-forked, for trees formed
thus, will sooner or later split and one
half of the tree come down, or if this does
not take place, the tree is so damaged by
the wind when heavily "laden with fruit
and leaves, its value is materially impaired.
Secondly, water sprouts are death to fruit
trees of all kinds ; but particularly to the I
apple. They should be removed, which
can be done with the thumb aud fore
finger ia their incipency; they are generally
found on the body of the tree, most fre
quently near the ground. They are not
often Been on the limb of a very young
tree, but if not attended 10, the tree will
certainly be iksiroyed by them.
It is a known fact and can be phil
osophically explained, that the limbs near- I
est the ground bear the best fruit, aud
more abundantly than those at the top of
lower limbs, but this is owing to causes
which must suggest themselves to ovcry |
observing person j of courso, the lower
imbs are subject to depredations of every
sort, both from man and beast. In ad
dition to this, an apple falling from the
top will, in its passage to the ground,
knock off a half dozen others; and the
higher the tree, the greater the loss ; so,
the more a tree is trimmed down the better
it is. Limbs, with a view to this sort of
destruction, should be arranged by tho
trimmer so as to prevent it. Tbo fact
that the lower limbs always bear more
than the upper harmonizes with our own
experience. We can remember trees and
have one in our eye at present, which
bears more apples on one limb very near
the ground than the remainder of the tree
The only objection which can be raised
to this system, is that the crops of grass is
not so large, or accessible, as it would be
under more olevated limbs. Cultivating
orchards in crops of various kinds is prac
ticed by some farmers of great experience,
while others differ from them on this subject.
We have never been able to see the advan- |
tage of cultivating an apple orchard in \
anything but grass. It is impossible to
use a plow in an orchard without detri- J
i ment to the trees. Even if the plow is |
J pressed out of the ground before it comes
near the tree and no damage is done the
roots, Btill the traces and swingle-trees are
apt to bark the tree, besides other things
which may occur prejudicial to them. Old
apple trees are sometimes neglected and
given up as useless, which by proper pre
caution and judicious attention would boar
The roots of an old tree become hard,
and do not absorb and appropriate nutri
ments as rapidly as younger ones. When j
tho body ceases to g*ow, the roots do also ;
and when this is the case, if the ground !
about the tree is cultivated, the winds act- j
ing on the top of the tree are apt to loosen |
1 the roots in the earth, and when this is the |
case with an old tree, the roots do not re
attach themselves to the earth as they do
whon younger; and here the question con
cerning the value of the tap-root arises,
for settlement as we promised. The tap
roots, unquestionably, does more towards
keeping the troe firm in the ground and
erect than all the others combined. One |
strong proof of this is, that trees which |
are remarkable for the length of their lap
roots are never uplifted by storms. The
black walnut, for instance, has often been
broken off above the ground, but the roots
are never moved. The tap-root fills an
other office, quite as valuable as this. It!
is an equalizer to a great extent, by capil
lary attraction of the temperature of the
Sudden freezing on the surface is lessened
to a great extent by this agent. Moisture
during a drought is distributed iv the same
way, and excessive rains are carried off by
the same agency. Now, if there is no
tap-root, the winds and storms will cause |
the other roots to be moved in the earth,
and when this is the case, it does not re- I
quire much credulity to believe this tree
will decline. Then, if an equilibrium of
temperature is induced, and at the same
time moisture and the excess of it are both
regulated by this root, its value must be
i I —i
The Chesapeake and Ohio l.lnr.
The Western States are waking up on
tbe subject of their connections with tbe i
Virginia tide through the Chesapeake and
Ohio route. We see by the.Louisville
Daily Ledger that the people of that city
I are becoming deeply interested in tho line
I via Lexingtou, to tho mouth of the Big
Sandy, where a junction is to be made
with the Chesapeake aud Ohio road. The
Ledger states that the couuties along the
line in Kentucky are subscribing liberally
I to its construction, and it thinks Louisville
will subscribe near a million to tho im
The route from Louisville by Lexington
to the Big Sandy deviates but slightly
I from a right line. The road-bed is made
for a part of the route, only seventy miles
remaining untouched ; and the Ledger ex
presses its firm conviction that the whole
line will be finished in time to join the
Chesapeake and Ohio railroad as soon as it
is completed from the Virginia tide to tbe
Louisville will then be upon a principal
I route to the great Southern Pacific rail
road, as well as in the line from the Vir
ginia tide to St. Louis and the far West.
The people of Louisville cannot over
estimate the importance of this enterprise;
and if they do not take hold of it at once,
and push it through, they will show a
strange neglect of their most important
On the north side of tho Ohio there is a
lively interest exhibited on the subject of
our great middle line of railway, and we
look forward to the early construction of a
direct line from the terminus of tbo
Chesapeake and Ohio road to Cincinnati.
In two years we may look to see the
most favorable exteusion of the Chesapeake
and Ohio road through the Western and
North-western States. The sagacious
K resident of tho Chesapeake and Ohio (Mr.
Huntington) has given his particular atten
tion to theso extensions, and has taken
measures to expedite their completion as
much as possible. In two years, then,
Itichmond will have as favorable com
munications with the West as Baltimore,
and all that she will then need to (insure
her rapid growth aud prosperity will be
that her citizens shall have the enterprise
and sagacity to make tbe best use of these
A drunken man was recently drowned
in a gutter iv Syracuse. The water was
six inches deep, and he was frozen fast.
An Oregon medicine-woman, failing to
bring rain when desired, the noble red men
killed her, which was conclusive, If not
An Indiana girl, when asleep, recites
Greek, but when awako is utterly ignorant
of that language. This is an Indiana
euphuism for saying she snores.
WOMAN AND HER CHARMS—Does your wife ur
daughter ever call on you for money t* buy a now
dr*** or bonnet' You supply their wants with
pleasure, of course. Bnt now tlieynro sickly—fe*.
i bl* and eßia_*t.d, and are always grunting and com- j
I plaining when you go home. Now glmlden their l
hearts by sending to the drugstore and procuring a
Oleiieral European Intelligence.
ILLNESS OF KMPEROB WILLIAM —A lIEAVT
TAX ON FABRICS BT FRANCE —GENERAL
Amiens, March 11.—Tho Emperor is
seriously indisposed, and is unable to re
view the troops. The Crown Prince will
London, March 13.—1t is reported from
Paris that the government intends to levy
a tax on imported raw material, especially
textile labrics. The tax on cotton alone
is expected to produco annually from sixty
to eighty millions of fraucs. Foreign
manufactured fabrics will also, it is Baid,
be taxed proportionately.
A Daily Neic>3 dispatch from Brussels
says all the French prisoners in Belgium
have been released, and havo gone to their
The French Officiel Journal publishes a
decree approving of the formation of regi-
I ments of infantry at Bordeaux, and dis
| solving the headquarters of tbe staffs of
the armies recently operating in the north,
and that the camps of instruction at
i Havre, in Britannic Island, and the Vosges
; A dispatch from Paris gives positive
contradiction to the report that Tomyer
Quatier, tho French Minister of Finance,
intends to make reforms in tho manage- I
ment of the mint.
j Berlin, March 13.—The Emperor Wil- |
liara is ill at Ferrieres, but will leave for
Ihls city Tuesday next. His journey will
be direct, the condition of the Emperor's
health rendering it inexpedient for him to
lengthen the trip by a visit to any of the
j provinces of the Empire.
It is announced that the 7th and 12th
Prussian corps of Wurtemburgers will
form the army of occupation of the por
tion of France to be _•_- by tho govern
ment until the conditions of tho treaty of
Weimer says great preparation has been
mado to receive the Emperor William,
Prince Frederick William, aud General
Moltke, who pass through that city on
London, March 13.—Marshal McMahon
has left Wiesbaden on his return to Frauce.
I The Crown Prince of Saxony will estab
-1 lished his headquarters at Campeigny on
Montmartre is unchanged ; it is oue of per-
REMARKS.—Gluts.—Tlie offerings of all kind- Of
Grain are lalling off exceptof Oats, which still con
tinue In liberal supply. Wheat closed a little weaker
I to-day, and the price of seed Oats is a shade lower,
with a good demand for good samples, whil* inferior
kinds are but little sought lor. Corn is In very light
supply. Offerings sf Rye very light aud market
F-0U», Etc.—The Flour market is unchanged. The
•took of Super. Flour is relatively larger than it hcs
been for some time past, and for this grade thero 1b
aa easier market to bnyers, while for Extra the fen.
demy 1* to higher rlgares.
Country PaoßtiOE.—Eggs havo further decline!.—
I lor Beeswax buyers are now offering 800. Northern
1 Irish Potatoes for table use are telliug at 11 60 \\ bW|
or seed $7uS.
Provisions.—Bacon has again declined. No other
I chauge to note.
APPLES—Qreen, 3 50a*5 %l _bl.
BEESWAX—3Oc per pound.
BUTTER—Prime, 28a30c; fair to good, 2jc ; coiu-
B ACON—Western Shoulders, 10J4alo;_c; Bone Sides'
l'-iial2Wc; Clear Rib, 12%a13c; Breasts, 13J^al3J 4 'c;
Plain Hams, 17%a18c; Sugar cured, 18al8J_c; Virginia
Hog Ronnil, 12)_al3c.
BRANDY—Apple,proof, 1 60 to $2 60.
COFFEE-Ro, fair to good, 16i_al8VjC ; primo to
choice, 18J_al9j_« I Laßuayra, 20a20Kc 1 J*™ -6*26.
CORN—Good to prim) white, 81c.
CORN MEAL—White, bolted, from mill, 05 ct« ;
and Western prime cutting
17V_al8c; common Ualoc.
COTTON YARNS—Country jams, N«s. 8 to 12
*1 *"• „,,,,..
DRIED FRUITS—Apples, quarters, 3a3J._c; bright
sliced sc. Peaches, unpeelod, halves, Ba7c ; peeled,
10.14 c. Blackberries, Ba9c. Cherries, 12>_ullc.
E_QB-18c per dozen in barrels.
FLAXSEED—SI 70al 76.
FEATHER-—Livo Geese 60 to "lie ; Mixed 40 to
• LOUR—buper,6 75a$0 Extra, $7 50; Family,
BiINSENG— 50aCOc per _>. ,„
IUANO— Peruvian 76a$7S; Old Dominion Fertilizer
I- Tobacco do. $70; Whaun's Super-l'hoshnto, *o5;
n« li'lour,s6o ; Boue Dust, tlSaJiO.
HAY—Prime Virginia Timothy 1 OOafl 15; good do
86a95c; Northern 1 40a»l 50; exlra $1 60.
LARD—Country, 13c -, Baltimore Leaf, in tierces
and barrels, 13%a14c ; in half barrels, 14>_c ; in
kegs, 16l_c. _ _
LIME AND CEMENT—Rockville, none; Rock
laud 1 6Qusl 75 in store; James river Cement, $2.60;
Roaendale 2 50a$2 00 ; Round Top none; Cal
cined Plaster 3 00 to $3 25.
LUMP PLASTER— b'/jttfi per ton 2240 lbs; Rich
mond ground $11. ____•_. ,
MOLASSES—Porto Rico 65.i"5c ; Cuba Muscovado,
In barrels, 65a60c; sugar house SyrHp, iv barrels, 28a
30c; New Orleans Molasses English Ir.'.ud
46a511c; Golden Syrup 60a70c.
MILL OFFAL—Bran 20c ; Shorts 25 ; Brownstuß
30c; Sliipstuff 60c, wholesale.
OATS—Baled 70a80c, by the boat load, per 100 Km;
shelled, very good, 58c.
ONIONS—SI 26 per bushel.
PEAS—Black eye 2 00u$J 10; black aud clay
120a5126. j • ,
POTATOES—Irish, 1 25n$l 60; Sweet, 1 _oasl 4'J.
RICE—New Carolina, 9a9>_c.
SALT—HeId ut 2 COas2 70 %» sack.
SENECA ROOT—3Oc per 111.
STRAW—Baled 40c. -
SUMAC—I 25aSl 60 per 100 lbs.
SUGARS—Porto Rico, 10)_allc; Cuba, 10al0)_c
Now Orloans, 10%alli_c; lleiined, Crushes! uu
I" -ed 13J_c ; cut loaf, 14c.
~""!"".....!"""~!li$- C yellow 12
3 12)| I Yellow lOall
I)S—Clover $8 00; Timothy $7 00. Orchard
12 60; Herds Orass $1 76.
CKB—7oc per hundred lb.
,—3 oCas3 25 per barrel.
LOW—HalOc. per lb.
B—Black, 1 OOasl 60—tho last a prime article
nl 1 20a$l 25; Gunpowder 1 25a*l 80.
VlNEGAß—Northern manufactured, 15a20c; eld*
WHEAT—White, very good to prime, 1 80atl 8
reii, very good, 1 65a$l 70.
"WOOL —Washed 40a45c; unwashed 25a28c.
"WOOD—Oak 4 TOas6 25; pine 3 50a$4 per cord
WHISKEY—Common rectified proof 1 15a$l 25
!per distilled 2 00a$3 60; very old 6asC (XI.
MOND TOBACCO MARKET.
slight improvement iv the order of the
,ugs of good weight and fair order are iv
rule high, while common lugs aud leaf
igkt are somewhat noglected. Bright
v in demand ami prices are well sns
:nl bright smokers aro aUo much sought
the inferior grades are dull. The fol
atlons for new are as accurate us they
the present unsettled condition of the
mon to good dark $5 00® 7 00
a do 7 60® 8 00
mon to good bright 8 Oil® 16 00
■a do 18 00® 20 00
imou to good dark 7 Oo® 10 CM
•a do 9 00® 12 00
mon to good bright 8 00® 15 00
lit wrappers -..
mon to medium 12 00® 20 00
1 to fine 20 CO® 60 00
•_ 60 CO® 70 00
ND LIVE STOCK MARKET, MAR. 14.
id quality 7 00®7 25 per gros«
r " 6 60®6 00 "
ttra rattle on the market,
rime, $7 per 100 lbs gross; food, 0 26; fair
Ki-11 Wl |irr 100 His *et.
THOMPSON'S POMA»_ OPTIME.|as adre**ing
fertile Hair Is all that is required; purely vegetable
as- highly perfumed, it sultans, improves and beau
tiles th* Hair, strengthens the roots, and gives it»
I rick, glossy appearance. For sale by all druggists
tion with tho history of Mecklenburg j
county, North Carolina, is the "Mecklen
burg Declaration of Independence," which
was adopted May 20, 1776, in an oV,
rouuil log, and clapboard-covered school
house, used as a court-room, amid most
enthusiastic shouts. Attached to this doc
ument, writes a recent correspondent, aro
the names of seven Alexanders, many of
whose grand-children and great-grand
children still reside there. This was the
first public action taken which lookod to a
complete separation of the colonies from
Great Britain, and the establishment of
Tho paper was taken to Philadelphia
by Captain Jack and placed in the hands
of John Adams and Thomas Jefferson, to
be presented to tbe Colonial Congress ; but
these gentlemen replied that it was too
soon for such a movement. This was
more than one year before Mr. Jefferson
wrote the "Declaration" adopted on the I
4th of July, 1770. Tho agreement in
t-entiment, and the similarity of a number
of passages, prove that Mr. Jefferson bad
not read and studied the "Mecklenburg
Huf-1 nr_tinn" in vain
(lato of tho Spotswood Hotel.)
CORNER OF MAIN AND ELEVENTH STREETS,
FINEST WINES, LIQUORS AND CIGARS.
TN THE DISTRICT COURT OF THE UNITED
- 1 - STATES, for the Eastern District of Virginia.
In the matter of John A.Gieb, Bankrupt—ln
At Alexandria, on the 11th day ot March, 1871.
TO WHOM IT MAY CONCERN:
Please to take notice hereby, that a petition ha* been,
to wit: on the 9th day of Mar., 1871, filed In said dis
trict oourt by J"hn A. Gieb, of Alexandria county.
In said district, who has bet n heretoforeduly declared
bankrupt under the act ot Congresß entitled "An
act* to establish a more uniform system of bankruptcy
throughout the United States," approved March 2nd,
1867, tor a discharge and certificate thereof, from all
his debts and other claims provable under said act,
and that the 1«1 lay of April, 1871, at 9 a. m. before
Lysander Hill, register of said court In bankruptcy,
at his office in the city of Alexandria, in the said
district, is the time and place assigned fortho hearing
of tbo same; when and where yon may attond and
Ihow cause, if any yon have, why tho prayoroi'th*
said petitioner should not be grantod.
Ton are also hereby notified that the second and
third nioetlngs of the creditors of said bankrupt will
he held at the same time and place.
Register in bankruptcy for the
mh 11—Tu2w 7th cong'l district of Virginia.
*r*» -HI DISTRICT COURT OF THE UNITE-)
X STATES, for the Eastern District of Virginia.
In the matter of Thomas Mack, Bankrupt—in
Bankruptcy. _ .
To Whom it May Concern:—Tho undersigned,
II A Oarriugton and J. M. Bouldm, of Charlotte
0 H Va., hereby give notice of thoir appointment
Km assignees of the estate of Thomas Mack, of Char
otteC. H., Charlotte couoty. In Bald district, who
was on the Blh day of December, 1870, adjudged
a bankrupt on his own petition by the District Court
of said district.
Dated at Charlotte C. H., March 14th, JJJJ.
*• 11. A.CARRINGTON,
JOHN M. BOULDIN,
mh 14-T-3W Assignees.
TN THE DISTRICT COURT OF THE UNITED
•*• STATES for tho Eastern District of Virgin!*.
(In the matter of 0. W. Coontz. bankrupt—
Whom it May Concorn:—The undersigned,
3. Fowler, of Alexandria Co., Va , horeby give*
of his appointment us assignee of tho estate of
Coontz, of Frederick county, in said district,
ras, on tlie loth day ef January, 1871, adjudged
krupt upon his own petition by tlie District
of said district,
ed March 11,1871.
14-Tu3w JOHN 8. FOWLF.R, Assiguo*.
THE DISTRICT COURT OF THE UNITED
ATES, for the Eastern District of Virginia.
Iv tho matter of Greenbur_ Grimes, Bankrupt
—in bankruptcy. _______
To Whom it May Concern :—The undersigned,
John S. Fowler, of Alexandria co'ty, Virginia, here
by gives notico of his appointment as assignee of th*
estate of G. Grimes, of Landonn county, in said dis
trict, who was, ou the 9th day of January, 1871,
adjudged a bankrupt on his ewn petition by the Dis
trict Court of said district. ;
Dated March 11,1671. _ _ i
mh 14—Tu3w JOHN S. FOWLER, Assign**^
IN THE DISTRICT COURT OF ME UNITED
STATES, for the Eastern District of Virginia.
In the matter of John A. Oieb, Bankrupt—ln
To Whom it May Concern.—The undersigned,
John S. Fowler, of Alexandria county, Virginia,
hereby gives notice of his appointment as assignee
of the estate of John A. Gieb, of Alexandria connty,
In said district, who was, on the 9th day.of January,
1871, adjudged a bankrupt on his own petition by
the District Court of said district.
n.hll— TtSw ' JOHN S FOWLER, Assignee.
TN THE DISTRICT COURT OF TUB UNITED
A STATES, for tlie Eastern District of Virginia.
In the matter of Edwin E. Padget, bankrupt
—In bankruptcy. |
To Whom it May Concern :—Th* underlined, John
8. Fowler, of Alexandria county, Virginia hereby
gives notice or his appointment as assignee of the el
tateof K. E. Padgett, of Alexandria county, lv said
district, who was, on tho 3lst day of Dec, 1870,
adjudged a bankrupt on his own petition by the Dis
trict Oourt of said district, j
nth lt-Tu-w ' JOH"i S FOWLER, Assignee, j
FN THE DISTRICT COURT OF THE UNITED
L STATES, for the Eastern Distriot of Virginia.
In the matlor of John P. H. Green, Bankrspt—
In Bankruptcy. ]
To Whom it May Concern :—The nndorsigned, John
fi. Fowler, of Alexandria county, Va, hereby gives
notice of his appointment as assignee ol the estate of
J. P H. Groen, of Loudoun county, in said district,
who was, on tho 16th day ef Dte'ber, 1870, adjudged a
bankrupt on his own petition by the District Oourt
of laid district.
mh°l4 Tu3w ' JOHN 8. FOWLER, A**igne*. j
TN THB DISTRIOT COURT OF THE UNITED
J. States for the Eastern District ot Virginia.
In the matter ol William Graham, bankrupt—in
To whom it May Concern :—The undersigned, John
S Fowler, of Alexandria couuty, and E F. Potts,
of Loudoun county, Virginia, hereby give notic*
of their appointmeut as assignees of the estate
of William Graham, of Loudoun county, Virginia, in
•aiddißtiict, who was, ou the 29th d.y of November,
1870, adjudged a bankrupt on hi* own petition by th*
District court of said district.
Dated Marc , fl j OWLKE( j
TN THB DIBTRICT COURT OF THB UNITED
A STATES, for the Eastern District of Virginia.
In the matter of Cyrus Hlckey, Bankrupt-
In bankruptcy. • •______.
To Whom it May Concorn:—The undersigned,
Thomas Moore, of Fairfax Oourthouso, and John
8. Fowler, of Alexandria county, Virginia, here
by give notice ol their appointment as assignees of
the estate of Cyrus Hlckey, of Fairfax county,
iv suid district, who was, ou the 3d day of De
cember, 1670, adjudged a bankrupt onhi* own pc-
I tltion by the District Court of said district.
JOHN B. FOWLER,
TN th* District Court of the United State* tor th*
I Eastern District of Virginia.
I* the matter of Welhers Smith, bankrupt—in
To Whom it May Concern:—Tho undersignod,
Thoma* Moore, of Fairfax Courthouse, and John
8 Fowfer, of Alexandria county, Virginia, hereby
give nolice of their appointment as assignee* of th*
•state of W. Smith, of Fairfax county, Virginia,
in said district, who was, on the 2Bth d.y of Novem
ber, 1570, adjudged a bankrupt, on his own petition
by the District court of said district.
Dated March 11,1871.
T N the District Court of the Uuitod States for th*
A Eastern District or Virginia.
In the matter of George T. Barboe, bankrupt—lv
bankruptcy. .___. •__.
To W norn it May Concern :—The u.denigned, Jchn
S Fowler, of Alexandria c'ty, Virginia, hereby give*
notico of tiis appointment as assignee of tlie esl.t*
of George T. Bsrbee.of Fauquier county, Virginia, in
said district, wbo was, on the 29th day of November,
1870, adjudged a bankrupt on hiß own petition by the
District co nt of laid district.
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rpilK MAQIO COMB
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j We continue to send a
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A CONSUMPTIVE CURED.
Whore death was hourly expected from CONSUMP
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J IFB AND CAMPAIGNS OF
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CAUTION.—OId and Inferior Lives of GEN.
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rItHE GREAT FIRE IN RICHMOND.
IN TH E SPOTSWOOD.
$23,600 IN CURRENCY,
and the Books, Papers, Silver and Valuables of tb*
Spotswood Hotel and tbo Adams' and
Southern Express Companies are
SAVED IN HERRING'S SAFBS.
Opfice or Adams Express Company,!
No. 59 Bboaiiwat, >
i NEW YoBE, Dec. 21, 1870. J
I Messes. llebrinu, Fabrei A Sherman : Our Agent
at Richmond writes : "Wo got through to-night
drying and fixing rip the money from the late Are.
The contents of tbo safe—s_S,63o in bills, we recov
ered. It was a Herring Safe, and a good one, certain.
"I. C. BABCOCK, Treasurer."
Messrs. Hebrino, Ime> k Sherman, New York
—Gents : The two Safes of your manufacture,
which we had in use on the morning of the 26th
inst at the disastrous fire which destroyed lh*
Spntswood Hotel and adjoining block ol buildings,
have given foil satisfaction, aud served to prevent
the destruction of some $20,C00 in currency, bosidos
the valuable papers and books enclosed therein. It
was impossible for workmen to excavate the Safe
until uoarlv 80 hours after tho lire.
J. F. GlBSOlr,
ASB't Sup't for Adams - Southern Ex. Cos.
Richmond, Va., Dec 29,1870.
LETTER FROM J. M. BUBLETT - 00,
Proprietors c the Spotswood,
Richmond, Va., Dec. 29,1870.
Messrs. llerrino , Farrei. A Shebman.—Oesis : On
tho morning of tho 251h inst., we were fortunate
enough to have one of your Herring's Patent Cham
pion Safes, which foil into the collar among a burn
ing mass of ruins. Alter tbo fire, to our utmost sur
prise, we found the couleuts, consisting of valuable
papers, money aud some silverware, all in goo<
order. Had it not been for your Ilerriug's Balo we
would have lost everything.
J. M. Soblstt * 00.
PATENT CHAMPIOH SAFES,
The most reliable Protection from Fire now
HERRING'S NEW PATENT
CHAMPION BANKERS' SAFE
The best Protection against burglars' Tools
HERRING, IAKREL A SHtRMAN,
Ml lir.iadway, corner Murray si., N. Y.
KARREL, 1I_IIKIN« A CO., PliiUdelphia.
HEARING A CO., Obicag >.
HERRING, FARRBL* SHERMAN,
-VJORTHEHN CENTRAL RAILROAD.
On and alter SUNDAY, December 4,1570, Train*
will leave as follows:
8:3" a. m— Mail daily (except Sundays) for the Wan
and North to Buffalo and Niagara Falls.
12 40 p. in.—Fast Line daily Oxopt Sundays) for the
West and North to Wllllanisport.
7:40 p. in.—Daily (except Sundays) for the W*»t.
10:29 p. m.—Daily for th* We*t. North to Buffalo,
Rocboster, Niagara Fails and tho Canadas.
I Trains for Western Maryland Road at 8:80 a. m. ao4
SiftO p. m.
Trains for Gettysburg at 8:30 a. m. and 12:40 p. m.
Trains for Hanover at 8:30 a. m., 12:40 and 3:30 p. m.
Tniini for Cumberland Valley Road at 8:30 a. m. and
12:40 p. m.
For York dally (except Sundays)—3:3o pm.
I For Parkton daily (except Sundays) - 5:30 p m.
TRAINS ARRIVBIN BALTIMORE.
From tbe West and North—2:3o and 9:16 a m, 12.1..
2:46 and 6:15 p m.
York Accommodation —10:16 a m.
Parkton Accommodation —8:20 a in.
F*r tlckots to all points North and West, apply at
Calvert Station and at No 9 North Calvert street.
ED. 8. YOUNG,
General Passenger Agent.
ALFRED R. FIBKE,
TJIIILADELPHIA, WILMINGTON AND BALTI-
X MORE RAILROAD.
Commencing MONDAY, Noveml or, 21,1»70. Tai
•enger Trains will leave President Street Dopot n*
Way Mail Train for Philadelphia and Way Stations
Expreas Train for Philadelphia and New York at
' Exprtss Train for Philadelphia and New York at
2:40 p. m.
Accommodation Train for Port Deposit inter
mediate Stations at 6 p. in.
Express Train for Philadelphia at 7:26 p. m.
Express. Train for New York at 10:40 p. m.
For Philadelphia at 7:26 p.m. For New York at
7:26 a. m. Train connect* at New Castle Junction
with train for all Stations on Delaware Railroad, and
at Perryville for all Stations on Philadelphia and
Baltimore Central Railroad. ;
9:26 a. m. Train at Perryville for Port Deposit.
2:40 p. m. Train at Perryville for all Statlonl on
Philadelphia and Baltimore Central Railroad .nd at
Wilmington for Station* c_ Delaware Railroad be
tween Wilmington aad Harrington.
Through Tickets aiay bo procured either at Presi
dent Street Depot, or at Ticket Office, No. 147 Baltl
Secured seat* in the reclining back car and beith*
or state room* in sleeping car* procured at Balti
more street office during the day. On application at
147 Baltimore Btreet the Union Transfer Company
will call for and check baggage at private* residences,
thus avoiding the confusion attending the same at
the depot. WM. CRAWFORD,
T.HILADELPHIA. WILMINGTON AND BALTI
JT MORE RAILROAD.
Commencing Monday, Novombcr 21, 1870, trains
will leave Depot, corner Broad Btreet and Washing
ton avenue, as follows:
Way Mail Train at 8:30 a. m. (Sunday! excepted),
i for Baltimore stopning at all regular itations.
Connecting at Wilmington with Delaware Railroad
Line, nt Clayton with Smyrna Branch Railroad and ]
Maryland aud Delawareßailroad.at Harrington with
Junction and Breakwator Railroad, at Seaford with
Dorchester and Delaware Railroad, at Delmar with
Eastern Shore Railroad, and at Salisbury with Wi
j comico and Pocomoke Railroad.
Express Train at 11:45 a m. (Snndays excepted),
I for Baltimore and Washington, stopping at Wilming
ton, Perryville and Havre de Grace. Connect* at
Wilmington with train for New Caatlo.
Express Train »t 4:00 p. m. (Sundays excepted), for
I Baltimore and Washington, Btopplng at Chester,
Thurlow, Linwood,Claymont, Wilmington, Newport,
Btantun, Newark, Elkton, North-East, Charlestown,
Porryville, Havre de Grace, Aberdeen, Ferryman's,
Kdgewood, Magnolia. Chase's aud Stemmer's Run.
Night Express at 11:30 p. m. (daily), for Baltimore
and Washington, stopping at Chester, Thurlow, Lin
wood, Claymont! Wilmington, Newark, Elkton,
North East, Perryville, Havre de Grace, Ferryman*
Passengers for Fortress Monroe and Norfolk will
take the 11:46 a. m. train.
Btopplng at all Btations betwoen Philadelphia and
Leave Philadelphia at 11 a. m., 2:30, 5 and 7 p. m.
Tho 6 p. m. train connects with Delaware Railroad
for Harrington and intermediate stations.
Loave Wilmington at 6:45 and 8:10 a. m., 2, 4 and
7:15 p. m. Tho 8:10 a. m. train will not stop between
Cbeßtor and Philadelphia.
The 7:16 p.m. train from Wilmington runs dally.
All other Accommodation Train* Sunday* excepted.
Trains leaving Wilmington at 6:45 our 1 4 p. m., v. .'1
connect at Lamokin Junction with the 7 em. and
4-30 p. m. trains for Baltimore Central Railroad.
FROM BALTIMORE TO PHILADELPHIA.
Leavo Baltimore at 7:25 a. m., Way-mail. 9:36 a.
m., Express. 2:36 p. m., Expres*. 7:26 p. m , Ex
rr6M 'sUNDAY TRAINS FROM BALTIMORE
Leave Baltimore at 7:25 p. m., stopping at Magno
lia, Ferryman's, Aberdeen, Havre do Grace, Perry
villo Charlestown, North-East, Elkton, Newark
Stanton, Newport, Wilmington, Claymont, Linwoed
Through tickets to all points west, south, south
west, may be procured at Ticket Office, 828 Chestnut
street, under Continental Hotel, where also state
rooms and berths iv sleeping cars can be secured
during the day. Persons purchasing tickets et this
office can havo baggage checked at their residence by
the Unien Transter Company.
H. F. KENNEY, Superintendent.
__V HAMPSHIRE RAILROAD.
SUMMER ARRANGEMENT, BBGINNLM
TWO TRAINS DAILY (EXCEPT SUNDAY) BK-
I TWBEN ALEXANDRIA AND HAMILTON.
! Lea«e Alexandria at BA. M. and 6P. M. Leave
Hamilton at 6 A.M. and 11:80 A.M. Leave Leesburg I
The 8 A. M. train from Alexandria and 11:30 A. M.
train from Hamilton connect with Kemp'* Daily
Liu* of Coaches for PurceUville, Snickeraville, Bcr
ryvlllo, and Winchester; ulso, with Reamer's Line ol
Coaches, which leaves Leesbwg daily tor Ball's Mill,
Aldie, and Middleburg. On and after June, twenty
Btages will run daily to Capon Springs.
All trains arrive at Alexandria at convenient hourf
for connections with Washixgto* nd Baltimore th«
From Alexandria to
Leesburg $2 00 Winchester *3
Clark's Gar 2 26 Ball's Mill * 26
Hamilton 2 26 Aldie 276
Puroellville 276 Middleburg 3 a
Berryvillo S 50
Goodß per New York, Phil-delphlß, or Baltimore
■teamerß, Railroad or Express, to care R. 11. Haven
ncr, General Agent at Alexandria, will be forwarded
over the road froe of charge for commission.
Commutation tickets between Alexandria and
Hamilton, and all intermediate stationi, at low rate,
Round trip tickets, good only for day of is*ue, be
tween Alexandria and llac 11 ton, and between tho**
an! t-iturnied'iate points, at reduced rates.
I M " NATHANIEL HAYS.
-a if ARY it. GRIFFIN, executrix of Fendall W.
jjj. Griffin, Ceceneed, and administratrix of Flem-
Francis Griffin, widow of Foudall Griffin, Polly
GritUn,and others «- '„
By virtue of a decree entered in this cause by the
Chancery court of tbe city of Richmond, on the 6th
j December, 1870,1 shall, as ono of tho commissioner*
of sold court, on the 14th DAY 0/ MARCH, 1871, at
12 o'clock M., at my said office, proceed to inquire
what claims are outstanding and unpaid against the
estate of the said Fendall Grilßn, deceased; also to
state and settlo an account of the personal repreion
-1 tatlve of Fendall Griffin, deceased, with tho several
I legatees and divisees under the will of the said Fen
dall Griffin, showing the respective sum or sums to
which said leg lUes or divisees are entitled; which
of said legatees or divisee* have been paid anything
and the amounts, and whelher any Bumorsumsbe
I now due aud owing to any of them ; and whether
any lega-y has failed or lapsed by default of a found
to pay the same ; and I am also authorized to exam
ine witnessos as to the charactor and condition of the
property belonging to the said estate; aud to make
all enquiries which may be required by the parties
j or any of them, in order to facilitate the right inter
pretation of tho will of tiie Ettld Fendall Griffin, de
ceased—together with suj matter Bpecia'ly, _c. The
decree of January U.b, 1869, which I am required
by the beforeuieinioi.cj decree to execute, requires
publication of none- *i ebe time aud place, of taking
said account and making faid inquiries, once a week
for four successive '-'i :.» in the State JouRHAt., a
newspaper publieb il tn li city of Richmond, which
l'i■'.ii-inlw Cci'iiinUsioner in Chancery.
KG*.aye for Vouu_ ..lin, on great SOCIAL
EVILS and Allv'Sr'S, vw,i h interfere with MAR
RIAGE—with suie auans of relief for the erring
and nufortunato. diseased aud debilitated. Sent free
of charge, iv sealed ouvulope*. Address, HOWARD
ASSOCIATION, No. 2, S Ninth itreet, Philadelphia,
QUTLEH'S BALSAMIC MIXTURE is not a thing
O of yesturdi.y, got up to gull tho unwary and put
money in the pockets of the proprietor, it has stood the
U-stof time. Having been ia the market over thirty
years, Its very uamo wilt recall to many who aro now
the respected heads of families, the halycou dajs of
their youth, wiUi all its joys aud sorrows; It is dill
the same; infailalde lv its operation; a specific remi
dy for youthful indiscretion aud folly; a true friend.
t i* for sale by all druggist*. Prioc, $1 per bollle.
108 PRINTING EXECUTED IN THM l-N-ST 1
J Style at THIB Of HOI.
O ' RAILROAD.
On and after SUNDAY, January 20.1871. one dally
pißscnger train will ion between WASIIINGION
andI.YNOUBUBO, conmctingat Gordonfville with
the Chesapeake and Ohio Railn nd to R|. lilnond,
SUunton and the Virginia t-prings; at Lynchburg
tor tke Wost and Southwest, aud at Washington, to
the North and Northwest.
Leave Washington daily at 6:65 a. m.,and Alexan
dria at 8 a. m., arrivlug at Lynchburg at 6:06 p. m
Leave Lynchburg at 8:25 a. m , arrive at Alex*ndr la
at 6:26 p m., and at Washington at 0:15 p. m.
For MANASSAS LINE leave Washington daily
(excepting Sunday) at 10:30 a.m.; leave Alrxan'rn
at 11:20 a. m., pass Stra-iburg at 4:20 p.m., and ar
rive at Harrisonburg Bt 7 p. in.
Eastward, leave Ila-rlsonburg at 6:30 a. m.j pass.
Btrasliurg at 9:V6 a m., arrive at Alexandria at 1 :_B
p.m., and at Washington in lime for connecting
with tho 3 p.n train from Washington to Baltimore.
Good connections, by comfortable coach**, are
mad* to Fairfax Court Houso from Fairfax station ;
to Middleburg from Plains ; to Upporville tri'iu
Piedmont, and to Staunton from Harrisonburg.
Both tho Eastward and Westward bound treins
mako close connection at Btrasburg with tie Win
chester aud Itrslbnrg Railroad to Winchester, Hnr
per'* Ferry, Ac. ..... _
Elegant sleeping cars are run daily between New
York and Lynchburg, w.thout cbnnijo.
Also, cars through between Baltimore and I.ynrli
burg, avoiding tho Inconvenience of transfer in
Through tickets and bnggigo checked to all prouii
nent points. j. M. BROADUS.
mh 7 tf General Ticket Agent
BIOHMOJIO AUK YoBK RIVXk IvMUxiMI, |
SrjPEniNTESnENT's Orrics, S
RICH-oRo, Va„ Feb. 27, 1871. i
/ IHANOB OF BCHEDULE — RK-ESTABLIBH-
Aj MENT OF DAILY LINE.
On and after MON"AY, 6th of March, 18,1, the
Trains on this road will inn n» follows :
Leave West Point daily nt 9:00 A. M
Arrive at Richmond "
Leave Richmond " *«J I.M
Arrive at West Point " 3:56
FREIGHT TRAINS, WITH eASSENGER CAR AT
Leave Richmond daily (Mondays excepted) at 4 A. M.
Arrive at West Point-' " '.'?„",.
Leave West Point " " " " If- '
Arrive at Richmond " " " " 6 *
Trains -onnect daily at West Point with flrht class
Steamers for Baltimore. Fare frem Richmond to
Through Bills'of Lading given to all points North
and South. Freight received dally and promptly
forwarded. _. DOUGLAS)
fe 28—tf Superintendent.
RICHMOND AND DANVILLE RAILROAD.—
CHANGE OF SCHEDULE.—On and after JAN
UARY 22, 1871,
Train No. 1 (Through Passenger) loavei Richmond
dally (excopt Sundays) at 4A. M.; leaves Danville at
11:12 A.M.; arrives nt Greensboro at 1:42 P. M.
Train No. 3 (Lynchburg Passenger) leaves Rich
mond daily at 9:15 A.M.; arrives at Lynchburg at
Train No. 6 (Through Mail and Express) Ilea ye
Richmond daily at 2:40 P. M.; leave Danville daily
at 1032 P M. ; arrive at Greensboro' at 1:05 A.M.
GOING EAST :
Train No, 0 (Through Mail and Express) leavr
Greenboro' daily nt 2 A. M. ; leave Dauvilln daily at
4-37 A. M.; arrive et Richmond dally at 12:3:1 P. M-
Traln No. 8 (Thiough Passenger) loaves Green?
boro' daily (except Snndays) at 11 A. IL| ljav*
Danville at 1:35 P. M.; arrive at Richmond at 8:10 1
M. , ,
Train No. 9 (Lynchburg Passenger) leaves I jnch
bnrg daily at 8:25 A. M ; leaves Bnrkeville at 1 P
M.; arrives at Richmond at 4:06 P. M. •
Trains Nos. 1 and 6 connect at Greensboro' with
Train* on North Cirolino Kailiond for all points
Train No. 3 connects at Bnrkeville with Train oi
Atlantio, Mississippi and Ohio Railrond for all point
S.uthwest and South.
THROUGH SLEEPING CARS, without changi
between Richmond and Charlotte, N ft, are attache
N Trains No. 6, and 6.
THROUGH TICKETS to all points Sonth an
lthwest can be procured at the ticket office i
JNO. R. MACMURDO,
i, _ General Freight and Ticket Agent.
SCHEDULE OF TRAINS OV R THE SHORT LINE
RICHMOND, FREDERICKSBURG AND TOTOMAC
iOINTS NORTH, EAST, AND NORTH
10. 1 .—Through Mail Train, via, Wafti
cs Depot, coruor of Byrd aud Eighth
y at 12 45 P. M.j arrives in Richmond
fo. »«—Through Mull Troln, via. Wofli
is the Depot, corner of Byrd and Eighth
r (Sundays excepted) at 8:15 P. M.; ur
mi,mil (Mondays excepted) at 3:30 A. M.
I TICKETS and THROUGH BAGGAGE
1 the principal points in tho North, East,
! TRAINS will leave Richmond on
VYB, and SATURDAYS.
iMODATION TRAIN, between Richmond
1, will run daily (Sundays excepted),
lopot, corner of Broad and Eighth streets,
~ and arriving iv Rli hmoud at 8:60 A M.
COMPANY'S OFFICE, corner of Broad
Goneral Ticket and Freight Agent.
[YEE3, Goneral Superintendent, fe 13—tf
EAKB AND OUIO RAILROAD,
fter MONDAY, Decomboi 6th, 1870, the
!RTRAINS will run at follow*:
,AIN will run DAILY between Richmoi, I
>n (except Sunday, between Gordonsville
in). Leave Richmond at 8 A. M., anil ar
intou at 4:28 P. M. Leave SUunton at
and arrive at Richmond at 4:60 P. M.,
so connections at Gordonsville and Char
with Orange, Alexandria aud Sl__a»«s*
lius for Alexandria, Washington, Baltt
adelphia, New York, Boston, Ac; olso
iur_, Knoxvillo, Chattanooga, Memphis,
ns. Montgomery, Mobile, Ac. This trsi-i
TBI-WEEKLY between Staunton an!
pbur on TUESDAY, THURSDAY, and
V, vi_: Leave White Sulphur at 3.30 A. at,
at Staunton at 8:39 A. M.j leave Staunton
1., and arrive at White Sulphur at 10 P. M.
est, passeugors dine at Gordonsville and
ngton. Going Ea.it, breakfast at Staunton
n connects with stages as follows :
iton for Lexington, Natural Bridge and
oro' for Bath Alum Springs, 10 milei; and
ings, 15 miles,
s Sulphur Springs for Lewisburg, 9 miles:
»ton, 109 miles.
JH TICKSi S issued to all poinls North,
Gonorul Ticket Agent
IA STEAMSHIP AND
mpsliip GEO. P. UPTON
/ York every FRIDAY; leaves Kicliuiolid
ISDAY. . ,
mshlp WM. P. CLYDE leaves New York
SDAY; leaves Richmond evory SATUK
D. J. BURR, President,
1214 Main itieet.
1W YORK.—OLD DOMIN
ndid new side-wheel Stenm-
AO BELL, ALBKMARLS>!__ ,
IA, HATTERAB, and NIAGARA leave
for Norfolk. City Point nun Richmond
S3DAY, THURSDAY ar.d SATURDAY, at
Leave Richmond every TUESDAY, FRIDAY and
SUNDAY at high tide.
These ships are entirely new, and were built »s
pressly for this route.
They have splendid salosna aud state-room*,
the accommodations and attention are unsurpassed.
Goods shipped by this line are landed regularly a
New York, on tho Company's covered pier, S7 North
liver, within forty-eight hb.-is.
NBURANCE EFFECTED WHEN ORDERED, '
QUARTER OF ON E PER CENT. AT THS!
OFFICES OF TUIS COMPANY,
freights for points beyond New York forwards 1
with dispatch, and no charge mado. oxoept actual
J_r*For fm .ber information apply to
JOHN W. WYATT, Agent,
jy 5 tt No. 3, Governor St,
IMJIKCT PASSENGER ROUTE BE-WEE- 1
II RICHMOND AND THE SOUTH, SOUTH
WEST AND NOKTUWEST, VIA THE VIRGINIA
AND TENNESSEE AIR-LINE RAILWAY.
This Great Passenger Rente Is composed of the
Richmond and Danville railroad, Virginia aud Tennes
see Consolidated Railway Line, East Tenne_.ee and
Virginia railroad, East Tennessee and Geo.gia rail
road, Nashville and Chattanooga railroad, Memphis
aud Charleston railroad and other couuec; ions.
Passenger train* leave Richmond daily (Sundays
excepted) at 8.15 A. M., niaKing olose connections
throughout to Lynchburg and stations on Southside
railroad, Eristol and stations on the Virginia aud
Tennessee railroad, Knoxvillo, Decatur, Corinth,
Grand Jnnct'on, Memphis, New Orleans, Chitt__oc- t
ga, Cant',u, Jiukson, vtckebrrf, Mobile, Dolton, At
lanta, Rome, Selnia, Mac-.n, Columbus and all poiuU
South and Southwest, Nashville, Columbus, Ch<c.gi>,
Louisville, Jackson Tonncsseo, Cairo, Bt. Loni* an!
all points Neath and Northweßt.
Through tickets good until used.
Baggage checked through.
New and elegant sleeping cars on all night trains
Good aatlug houses, and ample time for meal*.
Fare lowor than by any other loute.
For further information, apply at tho office of the
Virginia and Tourejsoe Air-blue Railway, 1325 Main
street, or at the office of the Kictmciud uud Danville
railroad «• F.WALKER,
rifHK NEW YORK WEEKLY DAY-BOOK.
1 I'llp', CHAMPION o*' TIIEWIIITK
HEPIDLIV AGAINST THB WOHI-D
%'i per year. Address "DAY-BOOK," New York
UtCtX A WEEK SALARY!— Youug men
41 _; ./ wanted a* local and traveling iilosmto.