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I Worn Lands of Eaatern Virginia
and how to reatore them.
impression prevails hoth at home
road to some extent, that Kastern
ia contains a large amount of land
'd he.j.ilossly barren by exhaustive
3g. luterested parties have labored
inn this impression for the purpose
ding population and capital else-
We know that this idea is natu
mceived by persons whoße range of
ition ia limited to a hasty transit
ie State. It is also quite possible I
ng-time residents of tho region un
:ussion may bo firm believers in it,
.thful habits and ignorant, careless
tion which brings no raying returns,
ire exceptions, characterizes the ag
re of the whole tide-water region of
ite. People who attempt to grow
:obacco, wheat and rye upon the
slds, where their ancestors have been
t for a hundred years, without ma- '
lime or clover, now that crops fail
in rare seasons, easily convince
yea that the soil is worthless.—
h tbe dense fog of their ignorance
ilcion of their own incompetence
renncss of mind ever creeps to cor
easy to shift the blame upon the
houlders of the earth. So they tell
i soil is good for nothing. The fact
are too niggardly and stingy or des
f intelligence and skill to use the
al gifts of nature. They ask every
»nd give back nothing. Their
jlcared the soil, and left to them well
ilde, freed of stumps and often well
and fenced. The nld folks took
tm of the first crops to pay them
work of the pioneer. Tho next
ion followed, taking all they could
giving back nothing, fighting the
with which nature kept trying to
ie fields, to shelter them from heat
outh, and restore their fertility,
it comeß at last that the organic
being exhausted, the balance of
>od stored in the soil being all used
mccessivo drafts, nature refuses to
he drafts which ignorant prodigals
i are large tracts of land, naturally
it in the State, located on its great
n easy access to all tho markets of
•Id, which pay no return to the
jr in their present condition. The
1 question now is, are these lands
ily worthless, or are they so re
s to place them out of the pale of
tion with the vast areas of fertile
SBWhere open to purchase ? We
mfidently that they are capable of
le renovation. We have experi-
I observation to prove that, with a
tod judicious application of lime,
hes, barnyard manure, muck, and
otnar lertilizerß, these lands will yield
crops that will pay for the enrichment,
the labor, and a fair interest on capital.
But to obtain this result, there must be in
telligence, patience, and generous treat
ment. No man should attempt to reno
vate worn lands without ample capital
a minimum of thirty dollars per acre, we
would say, after purchase. He who has
three hundred dollars after paying for bis
land, teams, tools, stock, and soeds, may
safely till ten acres.
With thia judiciously expended he can
raise sixty dollars worth of stuff per acre
and havo manure left in the soil which
will be equal in improvement to sixty per
cent of his outlay. This will enable him
to get a good growth of clover which
plowed under will again raise the standard
€ertility. Proceeding thus a few intelli
t rotations will give a degree of success
eh is almost incredible to people un
familiar with the great art of agriculture
in its modern developments. The essential
feature of this art, is to so handle the soil
that while yielding paying returns it shalj
steadily increase its productive power.
That this is possible we have a great mul
titude of proofs, both in this country aud
■Tbe tide-water region of Virginia
ounds in material for this renovating
work. Beds of muck and marls, oyster
shell and rock lime, gypsum, the offal of
fisheries, sea-weeds, and all forms of
marketable fertilizers are abundant or
easily obtained. The lands aro free from
stones, generally easily drained or already
tturally dry and readily worked by mi-
ITiere is timber for fencing and building i
ne, slate, brick, lime and whatever is
rded to improve farm property cheaply.
The location of these lands alone, gives
ill an advantage of 100 per cent, over the
best lands of the interior of Illinois, or any
other improved part of the great West.
For farmers who have the capital and
skill to improve them, they furnish to-day, j
tbe best investment we know of on the
continent. But we do not adviso poor men
to undertake this work.
We invite generous, eulightened farmers
with a small capital to come and occupy |
and improve them. We shall treat this '
subject farther, and in the meantime invite
tements from those who have had
erience in renovating lands in Virginia
Maryland to write us.
•W TO DKPBAT RADICALISM*
"he Whig has beeu industriously en
ed for some time, instructing Democ
racy how to defeat what it termu Radical-
IU advice is most excellent, its conclu
sions logical ; but alas ! all are wasted
upon a party determined to give the deaf
fir to everything like rea.en.
With all its research and power, it h«_ I
When it d_H thia and can induce Hi
j members lo take the bull hy the horns, it
I may expect same profitable results. Thq
I job is a hard one, but must be completed,]
The young men of Ihe Smith wero com-
I polled to fight the battles, while the elder.
I ly gentlemen remained at home and run
I the political machinery. Al its close, tb«N
I gentlemen who had grown grey io potttM
j cal service, still claimed the honor of ran.
ning the offices. Tho young men of th.
land aro still discarded, while the old fo
gies control. The old politicians refuse to
I be set aside, refuse to be silenced, and in
I all political matters demand lhat their e.\-
I perience is of importance
When you can spike these big guns a__
I give political matters into the hands _f
I your young and energetic men who are
I more interested in the growth of tho coun-
I try, you will have accomplished something
Jof importance to yourselves; but until
I then, the wise teachings of the Whig will
be so disregarded as to render a defeat of
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ap 29—dAweudlm Richmond, Va.
WOOD AND COAL,.
>IOAL AND WOOD.
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LONG, BAWJBD and KINDLING WOOD,
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V. S. COLLeCTOR'B NOTICE.
TTNITED STATU INTERNAL REVENUE, COL
_V,___, E I 1 ' 08 ' 8 O-'l'lOl. 4th DIST., VA., MAN
CHESTER, MAY to, IK7I. '
Having received the list of ANNUAL TAXES for
this District from the Assessor. I _oreby give notice
that the taxes due thereon r— at be paid at my olbce
in Mancho-ter, ou or heforu the ._ UAY OF JUNE,
Tax-payera rosidlun in Amelia, Powhatan, Cuio-
I berlaud, Fluvanna mid Nottoway counties, may pay
their taxes to Col. Juo. A. Graves, Deputy Collector
I at Amelia 0. H.
Taxpa-era residing In Prince Kdwanl, Appomat
-1 tox, Amherat.Nel.ioii and Buckingham couutle..,may
pay th.lr taxes to Dr. Joseph Jorgenson, Denuly Col
lector, at Farmville
The fall peualty of the law will be Imposed on all
The Stats Joern__ enters upon a new ca
reer, under auspices which prorniso perma
nence and increased usefulness.
This paper will be Republican. Tho organ
1 of uo wing or clique, it will aim to represent
I the policy of the National party; to build up
| a healthy National sentiment, and Inspire love
of the whole country.
It will not be the vehicle of personal detrac
tion, nor be used to get ita pots into office, nor
to keep others out. The safety of all Is in the
triumph of the cause; and to secure It, all
must labor zealously and devotedly, and take
| their chances In the general result.
Aiming to treat every member of its own
party generously, it will be just to its oppo
nents. It will discuss all questions of public
interest fairly and temperately. Assertingthe
right earnestly and resolutely, and bating no
jot or tittle of the truth which it is called.to de
clare, it will aim to "speak tho truth in iove."
It will commend genius, patriotism and vir
tue everywhere, and be as prompt to expose
corruption and imbecility in its own party as
We shall advocate all measures to advance
the public good, originating In our own party
or outside. There are vital questions enough
j between us and the opposition without seeking
issues where all good men should stand on
I common ground.
Believing popular Education to .be the one
crying want of our State and of the country,
we shall give large space to its advocacy. To
educate thoroughly all the children of tbe
I State should be the supreme and paramount
work of legislation. To this sacred task we
consecrate our paper. We shall plead tbe
cause ofthe little ones who have no voice;
and, in so pleading, wo plead for the future of
Virginia in whatever can make her great and
The financial condition of the country, and
especially of the South, will not be neglected.
We advocate a financial policy which will
bring back again to the South more than its
old prosperity. We are for the encourage
ment of a varied home industry. We are for
Free Banking, under a systejn which makes
i money absolutely safe and accessible to "busi
ness men at living rates. We are for such a
revenue system as will preserve the public
t credit without imposing undue burdens upon
I Realizing the vast importance of mechanical
and manufacturing industry, we shall labor
heartily for the development ol these interests,
we shall give accurato and detailed informa
tion of our vast natural wealth in mines, for
ests, water.powers and fisheries.
Believing in the "harmony of interests," we
I shall endeavor to show how fully each is de
pendent upon the prosperity of all; that labor
I and capital, employer and employee, should
be allies and friends, enriching each other by
I fraternal co-operation.
Agriculture is our pet. Fresh from a Vir.
ginia farm, which we leave lovingly and re«
luctantly for awhile, we have learned sotne
! thing of what wide and varied knowledge,
what patience, economy and administrative
ability it takes to make a farmer. We shall
' give large space lo Agriculture and Horticul-
In conclusion, we will say that we will unito
cordially and earnestly with men of all parties
! to remove every obstacle to the moral, intel
lectual and physical progress of our State and
nation. There are thousands of noble young
men and women in the State full of grand
capacity, now dormant and wasting. The old
1 Commonwealth is sounding tho drum-beat to
' duty. Let them shake off the night-mare of
i conservatism and old traditions, and march
■ bravely to the work ol this new day. So shall
Cc the future of Virginia worthy of
md themselves worthy of a great an-
c ♦ *
iICAJf NAUO-fAIi PLATFORM.
Tho National Republican party of the United
States, assembled in National Convention in the city
of Chicago, on the 21st day of May, 1866, make the
following declaration of principles:
1. Wo congratulato tho country on tho assured
success of the reconstruction policy of Congress, as
evinced by the adoption, in the mtrjority of the
Statos lately In rebellion, of constitutions socuring
equal civil and political rights to all; and it Is the
duty of the Government to sustafn those Institutions
and to prevent the people of such States from being
remitted to a state of anarchy.
2. The guaranty hy Congress of equal suffrage to
all loyal men at tho South was demanded by every
consideration of public safety, of grutitndo, and of
justice, aud must be maintained; while tho question
of Buffroge in all the loyal States properly oolongs
to the peoplo of those Stuteß.
3. Wo denounce all forms of repudiation as a na
tional crime; and the national honor requires the
payment of the public indobtednees in the utter
most good faith to nil creditors at home and abroad
not only according to letter, but tho spirit of the
laws under whicb it was contracted.
I. It is duo to the labor of tho nation that taxa
3should be equalized,and reduced as rapidly as
national faith will permit.
. The national debt, contracted as it has been lor
presorvutiou of tho Union lor all timo to come
uld be extended over a fair period for redemption
it iB the duty of Congress to roduco tho rate of
irest thereon, whenever it can be honestly done
That the best policy to diminish our burden of
t is to bo improve onr credit that capitalists will
. to loan us monoy at lower rates of intercut than
now pay, and must continue to pay bo long a* re
lation, partial or total, open or covert, is three •
i or suspected.
Tho ll...veruiiioiit of the Unitod States should b
liuihteiel with tho strictest economy; and th
.options which havo been bo shamefully nurse,
fostered by Andrew Johnson call loudly lor rad -
We profoundly deplore the untimely and tragi
it of Abraham Lincoln, aud regret the accessio
lie Presidency of Andrew Johnson, who haa actei
chorously to the people who elected him and th
ie ho was pledged to support; who has ustirpet
t legislative aud judicial functions; who has re
d to execute the laws; who haa used his tig i
a to Induce other officers to ignore aud violate
laws; who haa employed hia executive power
■uder insecure the property, the peace, libert
life of the citizen ; who has abused the pardoi
power; who haa denounced the national logislu
ture as nncouatitutional; who haa persistently and
corruptly resiatod, by every moans in hia power
i'oper attempt at tho reconstruction ef th.
itely In rebellion; who has pervouted th
atronage into an engine of wholesale cor
; and who has been justly impeached fo
imes and misdemeanors, and properly pro
guilty thereof by the vote of thirty-fly
i doctrine of Great Britain and other Bu
lowers, that because a man is once a Btibject
lays so, must be resisted at every hazard by
;ed States, as a relic of feudal tiuua, not au
by the laws of _atioua,and at war with our
honor and independence. Naturalized cit
i ontitlod to protection in all their rights o
dp, as though they were native-horn; unt
n of the United States, native or natural
st be liable to arrest aud Imprisonment by
Ign power for acta done or words spoken iv
ltry ; aud, if so arrested and imprisoned, Il
ty of the Government to interfere In his bo
all who wore faithful In the trials of th
there were none entitled to more etpecia
an the brave soldiers und seamen who en
s hardships of campaign and cruise, and iin
their lives in the service of tho country
ties and pensions provided by the laws for
.vo defenders of the nation are obligation
be forgotten ; tho widowa aud orphans o
nt dead are the wards of the peoplo—a aa
_cy bequeathed to the nation's protecting
-Ign immigration, which in the post has
much to the wealth, development, and ro
tud increase of power to this republic, the
>f the oppressed of all nations, should be
tnd eucouragod by a liberal and just policy.
is convention declares itself in jjjmpathv
ipproused peoples struggling lor their rlgh I-.
it we highly commend the spirit of niag
and forbearance with which men who have
the rebellion, bu. v*bo now frankly and
co-operate with us iv restoring the peace
sountry and reconstructing Ihe South
governmeuta upon tho baaia of impartial
id equal lights, are received back into the
on of the loyal people; and we favor the
if the disqualifications and restrictions im
in the late rebels In the same measure as
of disloyalty will die out, and as may bo cou
th the safety of the loyal peoplo.
-t We recognize tbo great principles laid
he Immortal Declaration of Independence
ie foundation of democratic government' I
til with gladness every effort toward mak- I
principle, a living reality on every Inch ot
__, ' I
r*M H B "PAIN X I I. I. j X '
Travellers are always liable lv sudden nllacka of
Dysentery and Choloia Morbus, and these occurring
. »hon absent from home, are very unpleasant. The
; PAIN KILLER may always he relied upon In snch
casei. As soon as you foel the symptoms, take one
. teiwpoonful in a gill or new milk and molasaos and
I a gill ef hot water, stir well togtthor and drink hot.
Repent the dose every hour until relieved. If the
palus be severe, bathe the bowels and hack with the
I medicine clear.
In cases of Asthma and Pi thlsic, tako a teaspoon
i ful lv a gill or hot wator awoelened well wi'h mo
-1 laisos ; also bathe tbe throat and stomach raithriilly
' with the medlciue clear.
I>r. Sweet says it takes out tho sorenoss in ca«es of
I bonesettlng faster than anything he ever applied.
Fishermen, so ofteu exposed to hurts by having
i their skin pierced with hooks, and fins of fish, can
be relieved by bathing with the Pain Killer as soon
as the accident occurs ; In thia way the anguish is
soon abated; bathe as often as onco in Bye minutes,
aay thrco or four tiuiea, and you will seldom have
The bites and scratches of dogs and cat. are soon
cured by balhing wilh the Pain Killer clear.
See printed directions, each
Prioe S-5 ota., SO eta, and .1.00 per bottl..
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THE GREAT AMERICAN TEA CO.,
31 and 33 Vesey street,
my 10-.W New York, Postoffice Box 6643.
WHAT IS IT?
It is a anre and perfect remedy for all diseases of the
Ltvor and Spleen, Enlargement or Obstruction of In
testines, Unlary, Uterine, or Abdominal Organs,
Poverty or a want of Blood, Intermittent or
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Liver, Dropsy, Sluggleh Circulation
of the Blood, Abscesses, Tnniora,
Jaundice, Scrofula, Dyspep
sia, Ague & Foyer or their
Dr. Wells having become aware of the extraordinary
medical properties of tho South Ameiican
Bent a special commlaaion to that country to procure
It in its nativo purity, and having found ita wonder
ful curative properties to even excoed the anticipa
tions iormod by ita great reputation, has concluded,
to offer It to the public, and ia happy to atate that ho
has perfected arrangements for a regular mouthlv
supply of this wonderful Plant. He has spent much
tim 6 experimenting aud investigating as to the most
efficient preparation from it, for popular use, and
haa for some time used lv his own practice with most
happy results the effectual modlciue presented to the
Di\ Wella* Extract of Jur übelm,
and he confidently recommends it to every family us
a household remedy which Bhould be freely taken va
a -Bl_OD PURIKIEB iv all deiangemciit. of the
system and to animate anil fortify all weak aud
JOHN t. KELLOGG, Piatt St, New York
r. • .-. t. ~ Sol c , Ag r* ut _* th " "'»'■>* S'nU-.
Price One Dollar por bittlo. Send for Circular
HP A. BRANDER,
No. 13_4, Own Oa_v ano Viroi.ia Strirts,
Offers to the publio
THE AMERICAN SUBMERGED DOUBLE-ACTING
THE SIMPLEST AND MOST POWERFUL IN USE.
It has proved to b_flie CHEAPEST, MOST EFFECI
TIVE, DURABLE and RELIABLE PUMP Not
only for Family use, but also for Florist., Factories
Breneries, Distilleries, Ships, _c. Bcaidoa tho above
mentioned advantages over the usual Btyle oi' Pumps
it is particular!) rocommonded by Insurance Com'
panlai_os account of ita effectiveness in EXTIN
GUISIII..G FIR* The Smallest I'unip will .brow
o'l to 7(i li'i-t through a hose.
It ie the CHEAPEST—its cost beiug less by one
third than any Force Pump of the same capacity
and it never gt-la out of order. Perfectly simiile'
aud any child can work It. '
It is now ou exhibition at my store, where the nub
ile are invited to ceo it work.
Any Commission Merchant receiving orders tor
this Pump will be allowed a liberal discount.
Every PUMP ia WARRANTED.
T. A. BRANDER,
» ,o_. - A *° ut *■*"* Virginia,
No. 13-I, corner Gary and Virginia streets.
IENKINB k POPHAM
ATTORNEYS AT LAW,
omCB-NO. 1 MARSHALL BUIIDING,
Coania Tmittu Ann Bask Struts, Rioifco.-, Va.,
Will (practice in the Courts or the Stak and th
United States, and before the Court oi Caiiiu and
Departments at Washington. Bpecial attejtlon riv
en to cases arising nnder the Revenue aid Bank
ruptcy laws of tho United States. mh ll_d_wtf
Congress having roco'ntly pasaed a bill irovldlng
for the appointment 01 a COMMISSION fot the ex
amination and adjustment of the claims ol LOYAL
Oil IZBNS of the Sonth, for stores or supples taken
or fnrnlahed dnring tho rebellion for tho va or the
army, Including the me and loss of vessels aid boats
while employed in tho military service of tht United
Statos, and there holng tunny claims of this |__crip.
tion wbich ahonld have prompt attention,wo re
apecthilly offor our services In the prosecution or
the same before tho Commission, on the mostlil eral
terms, according to tbe amount involved sad the
character of the claim. For full particulars Address
JKNKINS A POPHjJM
Attorneys at Law, Richmond, Va.
I Wo refer by permission to Jno. B. Davis, Preelden
Planters' National Bank and Richmond Bankng and
Insurance Company, Richmond ; Davenport k Co
Stock Brokers and General Agents, do.; Lancaster _
Co.. Bankers, do.; Hon. H. K. Bllyaon, ex-Major de •
C. K. Bingham, President First National Bank!
Lynchburg; Hon. .1. P. Lowis, U. 8. Senator Wash
ington, V.0.; Hon. Jus. 11. Piatt, do.; Hon. .harlea
IL Porter, do.; Hon. W. 11. H. Stowell, do.
ATTORNKY AT LAW,
the Courts of Caroline, Essex, King and
■Jneen.and the United Statos Courts at Richmond
Offlcent Mlirord Depot, Caroline county, Virginia.
I will attend to cases before the Court of Claims
and the Departments at VVaahlugton.
Address Central Point, or Miltbrd Depot. Caroline
county, Virginia. ja__tf
T AUBLSR SMITH,
ATTORNKY AT LAW
COMMISSIONER IN CHANCERY,
tor all conrts of city ol Riohmond and ooaatj ft
Omoi No. 1310 Roas St.,
ang 18—tf RICHMOND, VIRGINIA.
TO NEW BANKING ROOMS,
No. 10 North Tenth Street,
Between Main and Bank Streeta.
NATION U FUEEDMAN'S 8 A VINOS AND TRUST
OnARTEIIKD BY CONGRESS MARCH IM6.
DEPOSITS received and PAYMENTS made dell)
(excepting holidays) from 9 A. M. to 4 P. _~
and on Saturday Evenings from 6
to 8 o'clock.
INTEREST at the rate of six per cent tier annum
declared and compounded in March, July and No
vember, on all sums of FIVE (6) DOLLARS ani up
DEPOSITS r-OCltMl of FIVE CENTS aid _pward
. -H4HT.KB SPBNOEU
T KCKENBY A LAIRdTfLOIUSTS,
GRACE STREET GARDEN,
offer lo tho public a large collection of choice BED
DING PLANTS, ROSES, FLOWER SEEDS, kc.
By prompt attention und moderate prices we hope
to merit a liberal continuance of pnhllc patronage.
Vf OUNT VERNON NURSEIU. '
C. GILLINGIIAM k CO.
UPON THE WASHINGTON ESTATE.
60,000 APPLE TREES, embracing moat of tbe
Albo, a general assortment of
PEACH, PEAR, and other FKUIT TREES, SHADM
TREES, SMALL FRUITS, 30,000 OSAGE
ORANGE PLANTS, Ac, Ac.
Will be sold WHOLESALE and RETAIL as LOW H
can be had elsewhere.
WARRANTED TRUE TO NAME.
IV RICHMOND, VIRGINIA,
FRANKLIN DAVIS k CO., Proprietor..
We offer for the Fall and Spring Trade the laraeat
collection of FRUIT TREES, YIN E_», 4c, ever grown
I In the Southern Statos, consisting In part of
-,-ou,tKiO TREES, embracing all the choicest varie
ties of truits adapted especially to the
I 1,-00,000 VINES, consisting of overy variety of small
s_*p 'Send for catalogues, enclosing postage statups
oo 18—6 m
_ Bllj-.__.l_D TEMPIiK.
TJ EDFORD _ IVEIJ. ~~
(late of the Spolswood Hotel.)
CORNER OF MAIN AND ELEVENTH STREETS,
• FINEST WINES, LIQUORS AND CIGARS
BOOKS AND STATION-CRY.
OOKBELLBR AND STATIONER,
1003 MAIN STREET,
mh *_T_L RIOHMOND, VA.
rjAHE GREAT FIRE It._mH__o_<lX
11 a; Rli 1 NG>S S A P X s
IN THE SPOTSWOOD.
$23,600 IN CURRENCY,
and the Books, Papers, Silver and Valuables of the
Spotswood Hotel and tho Adams' and
Southern Express Companies are
SAVED IN II X H RING'S SAFES.
OfFIOS 0P AdAM-'b EX. BESS CoHTAKY,)
No. 69 Bboaiiwat, y
N*w Yoek, Deo. 31,1870. J
Missus. HiHiu.a, FAaiiEL A Buiemam : Our Agent
_' ,*"' elln *ond writes : "Wo got through to-ulght
drying and fixing up the money from the late lire
The contonts of the sale—s23,6oo in bills—we recov-
I ered. It was _ Herring Safe, and a good one, certain
"I. 0. BABCC.K, Treasurer."
Mssaas. H_r_in 9 , Fabrjl 4 Shiumaii, New Y>a_
I —JJs.ts: The two safes _f your manufactare,
1 which we had In uae on t>je morning of the _sth
instant, at the disastt.ua Are which destroyed the I
Spotswood Hotel and adjoining block of building*,
bare given lull eati,lV tion, and served to prereut
the destruction of sum. $20,000 In currency, beridea
the valuable papers ar.d books onclos ul tterein. It
was impossible for workmen to excavate the Safe
until nearly 8(1 hour, aftor tho fire.
J. F. Giisom,
Asa t 8 _p't for Adams & Southern Ex. Cos.
Richmond, Va., Dec. 28,1870.
LETTER PROM J. M. SUBLETT I CO.,
Proprietors of the Spotswod,
Richmond, Va., De. 29,157 U.
Musses. Hirrin., Parrkl A Sbermab-Qasts : On
the morning of tho 26th instant, we vsre fortunate I
I enough to have oue of your Herring's 'atent Cham- I
I piou safes, which fell into the cellar anong a burn- I
I Ing mass of rnlna. Alter tho lire, to or utmost »ur- I
prise, wo found the contents, conalatin of valuable (
papera, money anil hoiii. niivorwa-o all in good I
order. Had It not beeu tor your Uonng's Safe we I
J. M. Sbutt k Co.
PATENT CHAMPION .AF___,
'fhe most reliable Protection frm Fire now
HERKING'S NEW I'A'ENT
n._ Ct _ AMP . ,OB ' .«A»RKRS »A*'K,
Ihe best Protection against Htrfrlars' Te__i
HEBRING, FARBEL n i'saKMAN,
261 Hroadway, corner Murra st.. N V
FARREL, HERRING & CO.' Pbiladel___i
HERRING 4 CO., Chi___„. rmlWe, l'*»-
HERRING, BARREL AS.HKMAN,
AT GUN-TON HALL, ON THE POTOMAC.
TWENTY MILES BELOW WASHINGTON, AND
FOUR MILKS FROM MT. VERNON.
ON SUNNY3IDE BAY.
FINB WATER, TIMBER, GRAZING LANDS.
HIGH, ROLLING, HEALTHY,
UNSURPASSED FOR FRUIT AND TRUCK.
GOOD NEIGHBORHOOD OF ONE HUNDRED
NOBTHEEN FAMILIES NEAR.
80LD IN LOTS FROM TEN TO ONI HUNDRED
STEAMBOAT LANDING ON PREMISES, AND
RAILROAD IN REAR.
ONE HOUR FROM WASHINGTON BY RAIL.
TITLES CLEAR AND UNDIBPUTABLE.
We want one hundred first clans families, In lus
trkmi, temperate and enterprising. No questions
aaked about religion or politics.
Yon can raise every varloty of Fruit, Grass and
Facilities for dairying excellent.
Manures, Lime, Marl aud Muck easily obtained
near tbe promises.
Direct and rapid shipmeut of all produote Norlh
by rail or water.
No one need fear exceeaive heat or cool nights;
for fresh breezes come up tho bay and temper the
To persons of intellectual tastes, the near vicinity
or tho National Capital is of Inestimable vain*. It is
near enough to Washington to allow one to da busi
ness there and be home at night; or, in winter te
reside in the city and have the luxuries of a farm
We urge our Northern friends not to go West, nor
far Into the South to live in the wilderness, till they
have seen our beautiful region of the Upper Potomac
Come and ace us here lv Virginia. Here yon will
find true hearts ready to welcome you. Society or
ganized with Churches, Schools, Horticultural and
Agricultural Societies, Nurseries of fruit trees and
beautiful cultivated farms. Here you will find the
cheapest land on this continent, and which is sure to
increase rapidly in value. Northern men of means
are coming in rapidly.
Lands from $20 to $26 per acre, of excellent quail
ty to Improve, can be bought on long time.
Farms can bo rented by those who wish to stay a
while to try tho climate.
"STATE JOURNAL." OFFICE,
BECK, KNOX k KIRBY,
Real Estate "Agents,
»P 12—tt Alexandria, Va.
1871. spring. 1871
NOW ON SAI.E
I 1007 Main Street, opposite l-oat-Ottit t,
MEN'S AND BOY'S WEAR.
AMERICAN YOKE SHIBT MADE TO ORDER
ALL THE NEW STYLE LINENS,
FANCY FRENCH CAMBRICS,
ml. 18—3 m
A WHOLE SUIT
CLEANED AND PRESSED,
GOOD AS NEW,
For ;*}!. SO !
730 MAIN STREET,
Between Soventh and Eighth,
(ur stairs.) ap 24-lm
VjjO-.UERN STEAM DYE HOUSE.
[ . A NEW FRENCH DYE HOUSE
aa been opened In this city, where Ladies and Ge
tlemen can have their
OARMENTB, OF EVERY DESCRIPTION,
DYED AND CLEANED,
and delivered lv twenty-four hours notice
D. 11. BLABCOW, French Dyer,
fe Sl—ly 811 Broad Street, near Third.
ytusioi music i HvaT
No. 918 Main Bteeit,
No „onger of the firm of Marsh k Pollock, la now
pre! 'ared to serve.bta friends and the public gen, -
BHB XT MUSIC AND MUSICAL MEP.CHANDIBB
cv cry description
Ir. »p-ctf-lly solicit a 0-11 at iqy uew establish
ment. JOHN yiMH
BS ItVl** via hUiu St., tat. Ninth and Tautb.
Tf A. DtTTOII
MACHINERY, RAaROAD, MANUFACTURKK
STBIIT, BBTrVBBN MAIN AND O > .
M ENGINES of Improved construction, f,
oses, of Richmoud or Northern bnlld.
I, Machine, Car and Carpouter Shops, Plai
s, Sash, Blind, Door, Cablnetware, Chair, B
'oodenware, Agricultural, Machine, Hand
Stavo, Carriage Wood, Cotton and Wool
--*, Cotton Ulis, Farmers, Foundries, Rolli
Mills, Tobacco Factories, Tanneries, Saw, Flourin
Lorn and Paper Mill., Mines, Ac, Ac; Forged a
Improved Shafting, Pulleys and Hangers, Beltik
Lace Leather, Saws, Files, Wrenches, Twist Dri
Steam Ganges, Saw Qummers, Steam and Wator P
I and Fixtures, Packing, Journal Metal, Pick and T,
idhiH, Turbine Wator-Wheels, Ac. Ac.
KCONI) HAND MACHINERY and BTEA
XERS bought, sold and exchanged. A qnant
he same on hand to bo sold low, snch as Engin
lers, Mill Stones and Gearings, Wood Workii
Lans and Estimatos of Machinery for Mills ai
infactories of all kinds. mh I—dAwly
IS. B. COOK. JOHH VILI3
■ 8 Eiohth Stbrkt, between Main ai
Frankmn, Richmond, Va.
WM. B. COOK __ CO.
ilh Improvod facilities aud with a determinati.
lease in prices and style of work, we respectru
from tho people of Richmond, Virginia, aud I
th generally, a fair share of patronage.
•ndahs, Balconies, Iron Railings, Vault and Cell
rs, Gratings, Window Guards, Awning Fram.
nthlan Columns and Capitols, Ornamental Wl
Caps, Ornamontal Brackets for Balconies, She
Ac, Ventilators for Brick and Wood Comic
and Water Pipe, Hydrant Keya and Rods f
and Wator, Traps for Culverts and Hydrau
Shoots, and all kinds of IRON WORK lor bull
c also manufacture together with the alio
It PLOW CASTINGS, and would respectful
It the patronage of merchants and farmers. A
t guaranteed, and oaders filled with dlapatob.
rx -HE BRIDAL CHAMBBB.
Kssnys for Young Men, on great SOCIA
EVILS and ABUSES, which Interfere with MA
RIAGE— with aure moans of relief for the errin
and unfortnnato, diseased and debilitated. Sent fr.
of charge, iv sealed envelopes. Address, HOWA It
ASSOCIATION, No. 2 8 Ninth etrect, Philadelphi
■*■*»■• my 11—3 m
BUTLER'S BALSAMIC MIXTURE is not a thin
of yesterday, got up to gull the unwary and pi
inonoy in the pockets of the proprietor. It ha
stood the teat of time. Having beeu in the mark
over thirty years, its very name will rocall to mau
who are now the respected heads of families, th
halcyon days of their youth, with all Ita Joys an
sorrows; It is still the same ; infallablo in its oper
tion; a specific remedy for youthful in.llscrotio
and folly; a true friend. It ia for sale by all dm,,
gists. Price, $1 per bottle. do 14—Ij
FOR TIIE LADIES.
MAN, WOMAN OR CHILD,
Can be sure of obtaining a COMPLETE FIT for an;
garment by buying
We can give you a PATTERN for uny garment .■
any size for a comparatively trifling sum, and guar
autee a FIT in all cases.
Call and Bee us at the office of the HOWE SEW
ING MACHINE, 823 Main street.
my I—d Aw.m McKENNEY.
ATTENTION, SEWING MACHINE MEN :-
Siuce we all claim llrat premiums, suppose wt
publish our letters from the SECRETARY Of
STATE, and let the people see what we really did
get. Here Is ours : *
Pepartmint of Stati, 1
Washington, May 9,1868./
To Eliaa 110.0, Jr., New York : Blr—
The Department has received ONE GOLD MEDAI
ONE CROSS OF TIIE LEGION OF HONOR, ONf
DIPLOMA, and ONE CERTIFICATE, awarded yo
by the Paris Universal Exposition of 1867, whlc
will ha delivered to yourself our your agent, as yo
may direct. 1 am, sir, your ob't servant,
Wm. H. Siwaed.
J. F. McKENNEY, 823 Main Streot, agent for th.
HOWE. ' s _, so
SINGER SEWINO MACHINE,
THE BEST FOR ALL KINDS OF WORK.
I IU Salt- indicate It; Durability and Popular!!/
prove It; Its Work confirms It. »
li-7,-33 SOLD LAST YEAR.
NO OTHER MACHINE SOLD SO MANY.
I We neither force nor crowd anles. The ach
muat stand upon Its merits. Call and examlneit
Sewing Machines REPAIRED.
SHAI-\BI. k STRONG,
mh 10—dt _ts 91.1 Main street
TTIGHBB EDUCATION. ~
Board and Tuition per annum $226.
HELLMUTH LADIES' COLLEGE,
Inaugurated hy H. R. H. Prince Arthur. Board and
Tuition per annum, $223.
PaisincaT—The Very Rev. I. Hollmuth, D. D.,
Dean of Huron.
_6J-For particulars, apply to Major Evaus, lon
don, Canada West. se 10—dAwly
TN ONE YEAR
I * TUX
I Has leaped to a circulation surpassed hy only one
Religious Journal in the United States, and that one
over twenty-two years old.
WHY IS IT*
HENRY WARD BEECHER
Is its Editor, aud the Editoriala, Star Papers, and
I Lecture-Room Talka aro welcomed by thousands anil
thousands of Christians everywhere. 'J ho Contribu
tors are Representative Men ol all Denominations.
I Sixteen pages, large quarto. Stitched and Out, is so
I convenient for reading, binding and preservation.
I It is called by the entire Press of the country "the
Brightest and Most Interesting Religious Paper pub-
I It has somethiug fur every momber of the hou_e
hold—father, mother, boys aud girla, young men and
young women, ALL Cad something of interest.
HOUSEHOLD ENGRAVING OF WASHINGTON,
I a superb $o Steel Engraving, a world renowned woik
I of art, Is presented to every new subscriber to the
I A New and Charming Serial,
MY WIFE AND I;
Oa, HARRY HENDERSON'S HISTORY,
By Haeriit B__ch_r Stowi,
Is i turning in the Christian Union -a it ry of to-
I day, which is oue of the most vivid and interesting
works that ever came from her pou. And to all
suhscrlbora for the year 1871, the Btory ist-ent I ill- -
from its oomineuceme_t, November 12th, 1870, up to
date of subscription,
The Subscription Price is
ONLY THREE DOLLARS,
For which aro give s Iho Picture above named, the
atory from tte commencement, and the Christian
Union for a year.
Many are miking very handsome pay, in cash and
premiums, canvassing for tbia popular Paper and
celebrated Picture, fend for Cireulit I
Sample copies free.
J. B, FORD k CO., Publish, i ■
_.) S-__w W p M _ pi**, N. _.