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The Daily state journal. (Alexandria, Va.) 1868-1874, June 02, 1871, Image 3

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84024670/1871-06-02/ed-1/seq-3/

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[From tho New York Telegraph.]
THE WAY OP DEVELOPING MOST WEALTH.
Every uncultivated aero of land tends
in some degree to keep wages low and food
dear. It ia thoroforo a double grievance to
the poor. And every horae kept for plea
sure, or at work which could be performed
by human or mechanical agency, has a
tendency to produce the same two-fold evil
result. If it were posaible to till the soil
and draw our vehicles by some mechanical
power, the immediate effect of destroying
our horses would bo very conaiderable,
and the general productive result of scien
tific husbandry would be mush greator
than it is at present with horse husbandry.
Suppose that X, V and Z possess an
equal amount of money and 1,000 acres
each ofthe some quality of wheat-growing
land ; that X lets his property in lots of
five acres to two hundred tenants, who
cultlvato the soil by manual labor; that V
lets his in farms of two huudrod and fifty
acres to four tenants, who employ in tho
aggregato thirty or forty horses and aa
many families ; and that /. farms his own
property in ono holding, employs tho bent
machinery, the cheapest mechanical force,
the highest skilled labor, abundance of
capital, and all the assistant, which science
can lend him. It would bo found lhat tho
latter, besides beiug able to raise most food
per acre, would also have most available
acres to cultivate. It is clear that V would
require to feed many horses not needed by
Z, and that ho would bo obliged to build
four dwelling houses and four steadings
whore one would servo tho latter. X
would require to use many acres for
buildings and fences; _fhd though Z
might have mast capital floating iv the
soil, X and V would have moat sunk, and,
in tho aggregate, most invested. Z, beaides
being able to bring most food to market,
would have moat money to spare for other
productive purposes; consequently Z'a
mode of cultivation would be moat likely
to check pauperism, and to promote the
comfort of a large bread eating town pop
ulation. A wine, cotton or tea producing
country may require a large rural popula
tion ; a country or diatrict suitable only (or
growing cereals and the various crops used
as food for oxen and sheep cannot bo
densely peopled in the general interests of
labor. It is therefore for the inteiest of
tbe wage-earning classes that every avail
able iDch of land should be cultivated ou
the most scientific principles, and that tho
forces employed in its cultivation should
be mainly mechanical.
OBSTACLES TO NATIONAL PROSPERITY.
Capital, machiuery and skilled labor aro
the three requisites for developing the na
tural resources of a country. To endeavor
to cultivate these requisites by help of a
protective custom-house with its expensive
staff of unproductive officials is like going
many miles round about to procure an ob
ject ou the opposite side of the street. To
employ the tariff for revenue purpose is
equally foolish, when le.-s objectionable
means are at our command. The mercan
tile profits derivable from legitimate na
tional establishments, such aa the po.t
office, public railways aud telegraphs,
State land and loan banks, government
life assurance offices, and industrial prisons
and warehouses would so far exceed the
revenues of a cuatom-house as to enable a
nation unburdened with debt to dispense
with all taxation. And the prudent man
agement of public affairs by the public on
commercial principles ought to stimulate
sound private enterprise, aud check the
establishment, or growth, of those bubble
companies whose collapse produces so
much general destitution.
But the question arises, 'What are legit
imate public as distinguished from legiti
mate private undertakings ? On this sub
ject much prejudice aud somo misconcep
tion prevail. It is not uncommon for the
government and the nation to be spoken cf
as if their interests wore separate or op
posed to each other, whereas the govern
ment is, or ought to be, the mere arm or
instrument that executes the national will.
Hence, in all cases of mismanaged public
business, the remedy does not consist in
getting private companies or local commu
nitios to do national work, but in dismiss
ing incompetent State officials. It is wiser
to encourage private enterprise by develop
ing rather than by dwarfing, by stimulat
ing rather than by usurping tbe How of
public enterprise.
Public undertakings may be divided into
two classes—the national and the muni
cipal or local. Gas works, water works,
docks, street railroads, omnibuses, __~ aro
examples a of undertakings which, if in the
hands of a municipality, and prudently
managed by the municipality, ought to
yield a revenue sufficient to balance ordi
nary local expenditure, and to permit
private companies to extract large demands
from them is not only to inflict direct in
jury on the community, but to lessen tho
force aud influence of private enterprise in
more legitimate and more productive di
rections.
THE FOLLY OF TAXATION AS IT IS.
Taxation, as generally-understood, is a
political blunder. An income tax operates
unequally, unfairly, unjustly. A tax on
well-managed property restrains enter
prise, aud indirect taxes are the most in
jurious of any. Scarcity of productive
work is the result of misemployed capital
and unemployed national credit.
Taxation is rendered necessary solely
because many people negloct property,
misuse capital, abuse privilegea, and mis
direct labor, and we contend that as the
proceeds of an adequato tax on the guilty
would be sufficient for ordinary revenue
purposes noue but tho guilty should be
liable to taxation. A, being innocent,
should untaxed B's loan to a forcigo gov
ernment, if not his iucomo, be mado to
pay tribute to the national banker, and C
should be heavily taxed for the luxury of
maintaining human beings in an unproduc
tive condition and for keeping animals not
eaten by man who consume what might bo
converted into human food, without doing
other work than minister to the conve
nience or pleasure of their owner and hia
friends.
,«,
Mr. IS. P. Knott, of Lileaville, Ansou
county, N. C, who visited Wilmington a
few days since, carried borne tbe green and
bronzed card of a restaurant of that place.
Two of bis children got hold of the cards,
and wore playing with them, when thoy
very naturally placed them in their
mouths. The consequence was tbat they
were both dangerously poisoned, their
physician finding arsenic aud othir deadly
ingredients in the coloring matter of the
card.
To change the pitch of the Boston Music
Hall organ is by no means a light task.—
Workmen have b".u engaged upon the in
strument nearly three months, and their
labors are not near completion yet.
TIIK STATK JOURNAL.
• —
= The State Journal enters upon a new ca
reer, under auspices which promise perma
nence and increased usefulness.
This paper will be Republican. Tho orgai
of no wing or clique, it will aim to represcn
tbe policy of the National party; to build v-)
a healthy National sentiment, and inspire lov.
'■ of tho whole country.
| 8 It will not be the vehicle of personal detrac
( j tion, nor be used to get its pets into office, noi
0 to keep others out. Tbe safety of all is in tin
triumph of the cause ; and to secure it, al
il must labor zealously and devotedly, and taki
a their chances in the general result.
il Aiming to treat every member of its owi
il party generously, it will be just to its oppo
il nents. It will discuss all questions of publii
g interest fairly and temperately. Asserting thi
!, right earnestly and resolutely, and bating n.
" jot or tittle of the truth which It is called.to .1 <>■
T clare, it will aim to "_peak the truth in love.'
'• It will commend genius, patriotism and vir
n tue everywhere, and he as prompt to exposi
s corruption and imbecility in its own party at
& in another.
if
We shall advocate all measures to advance
, the public good, originating in our own party
or outside. There are vital questions enough
' between us and the opposition without seeking
issues where all good men should stand on
common ground.
. Believing popular Education to be the one
, crying want of our State and of the country,
j- we shall give large space to its advocacy. To
0 educate thoroughly all the children of the
v State shonld bo the supreme and paramount
j work of legislation. To this sacred task wo
i, consecrate our paper. We shall plead tho
1 cause ofthe little ones who have no voice;
f and, in so pleading, we plead for the future of
j Virginia in whatever can make her great and
, glorious.
_ The financial condition of the country, And
r especially of the South, will not bo neglected.
', We advocate a financial policy which will
i bring back again to the South more than its
, old prosperity. We are for the encourage
i ment of a varied home industry. We are for
, Free Banking, under a system which makes
money absolutely safe and accessible to busi
i ness men at living rates. We are for such a
revenue system as will preservo the public
I credit without imposing undue burdens upon
the people.
I Realizing the vast importance of mechanical
and manufacturing industry, we shall labor
heartily for the development ol these interests,
wo shall give accurate and detailed informa
tion of our vast natural wealth in mines, for
ests, water-powers and" fishories.
Believing in the "harmony of interests," we
shall endeavor to show how fully each is de
pendent upon the prosperity of all; that labor
1 and capital, employer and employee, should
be allies and friends, enriching each other by
fraternal co-operation.
Agriculture is our pet. Fresh from a Vir
giuia farm, which we leave lovingly and re
luctantly for awhile, no have learned some
thing of what wide and varied knowledge,
what patience, economy and administrative
ability it takes to make a farmer. We shall
give largo space to Agriculture and Horticul
ture.
In conclusion, we will say that we will unite
cordially and earnestly with men of all parties
to remove every obstacle to the moral, intel
lectual and physical progress of our State and
natiou There are thousands of noble young
men and women in the State full of grand
capacity, now dormant and wasting. The old
Commonwealth is .ounding the drnm-beat to
duty. Let them shake oil' the night-mare of
conservatism and old traditions, and march
bravely to the work of this new day. So shall
they make the future of Virgiuia worthy of
the past, and themselves worthy of a great an
cestry 1
i », 'a
RKPUBLICAN NAHOJTAL PLATFORM.
Hi.) National Republican patty uf the Uuited
Sttit __~ assembled in National Convention in the city
of Chicago, ou Iho -l_.i day of May, IBCC, make the
following declaration of principles :
1. We congratulate tho country on tho assured
, success of tho reconstruction policy uf Congress, as
evinced by the adoption, iv the majority of the
State, latbly in reboilion, of constitutions securing
equal civil and political rights to alt; and it is the
duty of the Government to hub tain those institutions
and tJ prevt.ni. the people of such btates from being
remitted to a stato of uuarchy.
2. Tho guaranty by Congress of equal suffrage to
all loyal men at the South was demanded by overy
constdoratiou of public safety, of gratitude, and of
justice, and must be muiutained ; while the question
of suffrage iv all tho loyal Btates property belongs
to the puople of those t-ttates.
ft. We denounce all forms of repudiation as a na
tional crime; and the national honor requires the
payment of the public indebtedness in the utter
moHt good faith to all creditors at liome and abroad,
. not ouly according to letter, but the spirit ofthe
laws undor which it was contracted.
4. It is due to the labor ofthe nation that taxa
tionshould bo equalized,and reduced as rapidly as
the national faitn will permit.
5. The national debt, contracted as it has been for
the preservation of the Union lor all time to come,
Bhould bo extended over a fair period for redemption;
1 and it is the duty of Congross to reduce the rate of
. interest thereon, whenever it can be honestly done.
6. That the best policy to diminish our burden of
debt is to uo improve our credit that capitalists will
t seek to loan us money at lower rates of interest than
we now pay, and must continue to pay so long as re
pudiation, partial or total, open or covert, is throat
ened or suspeoted.
■ 7. The Goveruii-ont of the United States should be
administered with the strictest economy; and the
corruptions which have been so shamefully nursed
! and fostered by Andrew Johnson call loudly for radi
cal retorm.
1 8. We profoundly deplore tho untimely and tragic
■ death of Abraham Lincoln, and regret tho-.accessiou
to the Presidency of Andrew Johnson, who has acted
troacherously to the peoplo who elected him and the
cum .o he was pledged to support; who has usurped
high legislative and judicial fuuetions; who has ro
fuseii to execute the laws; who has used his bigh
officii to induce other officers to ignore and violate
. the laws; who has employed his executive powers
. to render insecure the property, the peace, liberty
and life of the citizon ; who has abused the pardon
ing powor; who has denounced the national legisla
ture as unconstitutional ; who has persistently aud
corruptly resisted, by every means in his power,
' every proper attempt at tbe reconstruction of the
1 fc-tattia lately in robelliou; who has perver.ted the
public patrunage into an engine of wholesale cor
ruption ; and who has been justly impeached for
high crimes and misdemeanors, and properly pro
nounced guilty thereof by tho vote of thirty-live
' genators.
tf. The doctrine oi Great Britain and other En
-- ropean powers, that because a man is once a subject
he is always so, must be resisted at every hazard by
the United titato_-, as a relic of feudal times, not an
-3 thorized by the laws of Lations.and at war wilh our
> national honor and independence. Naturalized cit
izens aro entitled to protection in all their rights ot
t citizenship, as though they were native-born; and
no citizen ofthe United Btates, native or natural
ized, must be liable to arrest and .imprisonment by
' ai.y foreign power for acts done or Words spoken in
) tbis countr> ; and, if so arrested and imprisoned, it
f is the duty of thb Government to interfere iv his bu
-1 half.
10. Of all who were faithful in the trials of the
I late war, there were none entitled to more especial
honor than the bravo soldiers and seamen who en
-1 dured the hardships of campaign aud cruise, and im
t perilled their lives in the service ofthe country;
3 the bouuties and pensions provided by the laws for
these brave deieuders of the nation aro obligations
i never to be forgotten ; the widows and orphans of
the gallant doad aro the wards of the people—a sa
cred legacy bequeathed to the nation's protecting
care.
11. Foreign immigration, which iv the past has
■ added so much to tho wealth, developement, and re
X sources, and increase of power to this republic, the
I adytum of tbe oppressed of all uations, should bo
* fostorod and encouraged by a liberal aud just policy.
V_. This convention declares itself in s}uipathy
with all oppressed peoples struggling for their rights.
' IS, That we highly commeud the spirit of uisg
f nanimity aud forbearance with which men who have
r served in the rebellion, but who now frankly and
honestly co-operate with us iv restoring the peace
f of tho country and recoustiuctiug tho t-outh
r eru State governments npou the basis of impartial
I, Justice aud equal rights, are received back into the
' communion of tho lojal peoplo; and we favor the
•? removal of the dwqua'.ificdttious and restrictions im
posed upon the Late rebels in the same measure as
the spirit uf disloyalty will dio out, and as may bo con
e sistent with the safety of the loyal people.
14. That we recognize the great principles laid
" down in the immortal Declaration of Independence,
ast'tw true foundation of democratic government
and wo hull with gladness every ettort toward mak
ing these principles a living reality on every Inch oi
A-BMtfiOUl MU.
THE ENFORCEMENT ACT.
An Act to enforce the right of citizens ofthe Unite
States to voto in lh" i.-,.iiii Siatos nr Ibis Union
*" and for other purposes.
Uo It enacted by the Senate and House of It.-pre
.n -tentative* of the United Slates of America in Con
, gress assembled, That all cit.i.ett* of the United
Stale* who are or shall be otherwise ijualitled by law
*p to vote at any eloctlon by the people in any State
,„ Territory, district, couuty, city, pariah, _*wfla__la
school district, municipality, or other territorial sub
divls on, shall be entitled and allowed In vote at all
_ such elections, without distinction of race, color, or
previous condition of servitude; any constitution,
ir law, eiistom, usage, or legnlation ol auy State or
.. Territory, or by or under its authority, to the con
trary notwithstanding
11 Sic. 2. And belt further enacted. That If by or
■ a under the authority of the coustltutiou or laws of
any State, or the laws of any Torritoiy, any act is or
shall be required to he done as a |.ror. .i.iihl "o or .11. ili
-. flcatlon for voting, and by suell _ou_tituti.ni or laws
porsons or oflicerH are or shall hi. tfhaifad with the
>- performance of ditties in liirnisliing to citizens an
[q opportunity to perform such prerequisite, or to bo
come qualilied lo vote, it shall be the duty of every
I® such person and oflirer to givo to all citizens of the
i 0 Unltwl Btates the same and equal opportunity to per
form such prerequisite, and to Income qualified to
vote without distinction of race, color, or previous
" condition of servitude ; and If any such person or
officer shall rofuao or knowingly omit to givo full ef
fect to thlsi section, he shall, for every such offence,
I- forfeit ami pay tho sum of live hundred dollars to
lfl the person aggrieved theroby, to bo recovered by an ■
action on the case, with full costs and such allowance
for couusel fees as the court shall deem just, and
shall also, for every such offence, ho deemed of a
10 misdemeanor, and shall, on conviction thereof, bo
y fined not less than tivo hundred dollars, or be im
. prisoned not less than one month and not more than
ono year, or both, at the discretion of the court.
g Sec 3. And bo it further onactod. That whenever
n hy or iinil.'j tin- authority of the constitution or laws
of auy Slate, or the laws of auy Territory, any act
is or Bhall be required to be doun by any citizen as
0 a prerequisite to qualify or entitle him to vote, the
offer of any citizen to porferm the act required to
, be done as aforesaid shall, if it fail to bo carried into
, execution by reason ol the wrongful act Of omission
aforeauid of the pers.n or officer charged with the
c duty of receiving or permitting such perforinauee or
t offer to perform or acting thereon, bo deemed aud
hold as a xierfonnaneo in law of such act; aud tho
0 person so offering and failing as aloresaid, and being
0 otherwiiio qualified, shall bo entitled to vote in the
same manner and to tin. same extent as if be had iv
i fact porformed such act; aud any Judge, Inspector,
f or other officer of election whose duty It Is or ehall
J be to receivo, count, certify, register report, or give
effect to the vote of any such citizen who shall
wrongfully refuse or omit to receive, count, certify,
, register, report, or givo effect to the vote of such cit
izen upon tho presentation by him of his affidavit
stating such Oder and placo llioieef, and the name of
1 the officer or person whosa duty it was to act thero
on, and that he was wrougtuily prevented by
S such porson or officer from performing such act,
. shall for every such offence forfeit and pay the sum
ol five hundred dollars to the persou iiggiieved there-
by, to be recovered by an action on the ease, v.-I'li
B full costs and such allowance for counsel fees as ihe
court ahall deem jest, and shall also for every such
offence be guilty of a misdemeanor, and shall, on
I conviction thereof, bo lined not less than live bun
. dred dollars, or be impiisoned not less than ono
month and not moro than ono year, or both, at the
I discretion of the court.
Sec. 4. And be it fii.ther enacted, That if
auy porson, by force, bribery, threats, intimi-
I datiou or other unlawful moans, shall hin
. dor, delay, prevent, or obstruct, or sball
combine and confederate with othors to hinder,
. delay, prevent, or obatruct, any citizeu from doing
. any act required to be done to qualify bim to votoor
from voting at any oleetion as aloresaid, such persou
shall for every such offence forfeit and pay tho sum
of live hundred dollars to the persou aggrieved there
by, to be recovered by an action ou thu case, with
' full costs and such allowance f,r counsel fees as the
court shall deem just, and shall also for every such
offence be guilty of a misdemeanor, aud shall, ou con
viction thereof, bo fiued not less thau live hundred
I dollars, or be imprisoned not leas-thau ono month
, and not more than one year, or both, at the discre
tion of the court.
Sec. 5. Aud bo it further enacted, That if any per
son shall prevent, hinder, control, or intimidate, or
shall attempt to prevout, hinder, control, or intiml
-1 date, any person from exorcising or in exercising the
. right of suffrage, to whom the right of sull'rago is
secured or guaranteed by the fifteenth ameudment
. to the Constitution ot tho United States, by means
lof bribery, threats, or threats of depriving such por
, son of employment or occupation, or of ejecting such
person from rented htiu.e, lauds, or other property,
or by threats of refilling to renew leases or coutracls
for labor, or by threats of violence to himself or
family, such persou bo offending shall be deemed
I guilty of a misdemeanor, aud shall, on conviction
thereof, bo fined not less than live hundred doilais,
or be imprisoned not loss than oue month and not
* more than ono year, or both, at the diecrotion of
, the court.
' Sec S. Aud be it further enacted. That the district
. courts of the.United Mates, within their respective
j districts, shall have, exclusively of the conrts of tho
several States, cognizance of all crimes aud offences
I committed against the provisions of this act aud
. also, concurrently with the circuit courts of the
United States, of all causos, civil aud criminal, aris
l ing under this act, except as herein otherwise pro
{ vided and the Jurisdiction hereby conferred shall bo
exercised iv conformity with tho laws and practice
i governing United States courts ; and all crimes aud
t. offences committed against the provisious of this act
may be prosecuted by tho indictment of a grand
jury, or, in cases of crimes aud offences not infamous
tho prosecution may be either by indictmont or in
formation tiled by the district attorney in a court
haviugj urisdicti on.
__—.* ♦
[General Natdre—No. 10.]
lAN ACT to enforce tho proviaions of the
fourteenth amendment to the constitu
tion of the United Stales, and for other
purposes.
Be it enacted by the SeDfito and House
lof Representatives of tho Unitod States
|of America in Congress aaaembled, That
; any person who, under coloi of auy law,
' statute, ordinance, regulation, custom, or
usage of auy State, shall subject, or cause
to be subjected, any person within the jur
! isilictiou of tho United States to the depri-
I vation of any rights, privileges, or immu-
J nities secured by the conatitution of the
United States, any such law, statute, ordi
nance, regulation, custom, or ÜBage of the
! State to tho contrary notwithstanding,
' ahall bo liable to tho party injured in any
1 aclion at law, suit in equity, or other proper
proceeding for redress ; such proceeding to
Ibe prosecuted in the several district or cir
■ cuit courts of tho Unitod States, with and
' subject to the same rights of appeal, review
j upon error, and other remedies provided iv
like cases iv such courts, under the provi
j sions of tho act of tho ninth of April,
i 1866, entitled "an act to protect all por
■ sons iv the United States in their civil
rights, and to furniah tho meaua of their
' vindication ; and the oilier remedial laws
[ of the United Statea which are in their
■ nature applicable in such easeH.
Sec. 2, That if two or moro persons
1 within any State or Territory of the
United States shall conspire together tv
, overthrow, or to put down, or to destroy by
I force the government of the United States, or
to levy war against the United States, or to
1 oppose by force tho authority of the govern
' ment of the United States, or by force, intimi
[ elation or threat to prevent, hinder or delay
the execution of any law of the United States,
or by force to seize, take, or possess auy
I property of the United States contrary to
, the authority thereof, or by force, intiuiida
' tion or threat, to prevent amy person from
' accepting or holding any oliice of tr us
'. or place of confidence under the United
. States, or from discharging the duties there
j of, or by force, intimidation or threat to in
duco any otlicer of the United States to leave
* any State, district or place, where his duties
) as such ollicer might lawfully be performed, or
to injure him in his person or property on ac
. count of his lawful discbarge of the duties of
his office, or te injure bis person while engaged
t in the lawful discbarge of the duties of his
1 olfioe, or to injure his property so as to molest,
" hinder, interfere with or impede him in the
' discharge ol his official duty, or by force, in
t tiinidation or threat to deter any party or
. witness in any court of the United States from
attending such court, or from testifying in any
* matter pending in such court, fully, freely and
1 truthfully, or to injure any such party or wit
' nees in hia person or property on accouot of
J his having so attended or testitied, or by
j force, intimidation or threat to influence the
* verdict, presentment or indictment of any
I Juror or grand juror in any court
■ of the United States, or to injure such
■ juror in bis person or property on account
_ of any verdict, presentment or indictment
, lawfully assented to by him, or on account of
. his being or having been such juror, or sball
> conspire together, or go in disguise upon thu
public highway or upon tbe premises of auoth
' er for the purpose, either directly or indireot
* ly, of depriving any person or any class of per
j sons of the equal protection of the laws, or of
1 equal privileges or immunities under the laws,
_ or for the purpose of preventing or hindering
- the constituted authorities of any State from
1 giving or securing to all persons within such
° State the equal protection of the laws, or shall
. conspire together for tho purposo of in any
9 manner impeding, hindering, obstructing, or
- defeating the due course of justice in any State
or Territory, with intent to deny to any
1 citizen of tho United States tbe due and
■ equal protection of the laws, or to injure any
person in his person or his property for lawfully
j enforcing tbe right of any person or any class ■
of persons, to the equal protection of the laws, >
or by lorce, intimidation, or threat to prevent
any citizen ol tbe United States lawfully enti
tled to vote from giving his support or advoca
cy in a lawful manner towards or in favor of
the election of any lawfully qualified person
as an elector of President or Vice President
of Ihe United States, or as a member of the
Congress of the United States, or to injure
any such citizen in his person or property on
account of such support or advocacy, each
and every person «o offending shall be
deemed guilty of a high crime, and,
upon conviction thereof in any district
or circuit court of tho United States or
district or supreme court of any territory of
thu Unitod States having jurisdiction of simi
lar offences, sball bo punished by a fino not less
than five hundred nor more than live thousand
dollars, or by imprisonment, with or without
hard labor, as the court may determine, for a
period of not less than six months nor more
than six years, as the court may determine, or
both such fine nDd imprisonment as the court
shall determine. And if any ono or more per«
suns engaged in any such conspiracy shall do,
or cause to bo done, any act in furtherance of
the object of such conspiracy, whereby any
person shall be injured in his person or proper*
ty, or deprived of having and exercising any
right or privilege of a citizen of tbo United
States, the person so injured or deprived of
such rights and privileges may have and main
tain an action for the recovery cf damsges oc
casioned by such injury oi- deprivation of
rights and "privileges against any one or more
of the persons engaged in such conspiracy,
such action to bo prosecuted in Ihe proper dis
trict or circuit court of the United States,
with and subject to the sauio rights of appeal,
review upon error, and other remedies provi
ded in like cases in such courts under tbe
provisions of the act of April ninth, eighteen
hundred and sixty-six, entitled "An act to pro
tect all persons in tho United States in their
civil rights, and to furnish tbo means of their
vindication."
Sec. 3. Tbat in all cases where insurrection,
domestic violence, unlawful combinations, or
conspiracies in any State shall so obstruct or
hinder the execution of the laws thereof, and
of the United States, as to deprive any portion
or class of the people of such State of any of
the rights, privileges, or immunities, or pro
tection, named in the Constitution and secured
by this act, and tho constituted authorities of
such State shall either be unable to protect, or
shall,; from any cause, fail in or reluse protec
tion of the people in such rights, such facts
shall he deemed a denial by such State of equal
protection of tho laws to which they aro en
titled under the Constitution of tho United
States; and in all such cases, or whenever any
such insurrection, violence, and unlawful com
bination, or conspiracy shall oppose or obstruct
the laws of tho United States, or the due exe
cution thereof, or impede or obstruct tho duo
course of justice under the same, it shall be
lawful for tho President, and it shall be his
duty to take such measures, by the employment
of the militia or the land and naval forces of
tho United States, or of either, or by other
means, as he may deem necessary for the sup
pression of such insurrection, domestic violence
or combinations; and any person who shall be
arrested under the provisions of this and the
preceding section sball be delivered to tbe mar
shal of the proper district, to be dealt with ac
cording to law.
Sue. 4. That whenever in any State or part
of a State the unlawful combinations named
in the preceding section of this act shall be
organized and armed, and so numerous and
powerful as to be able, by violenco, to either
overthrow or set at defiance tho constituted
authorities of such State, and of tho United
States within such State, or when the consti.
tuted authorities are in complicity with, or
shall connive at the unlawful purposes '
of, such powerful and armed combina
tions; and whenever, byiiii- of either
or all of the causes aforesaid, i i convic
tion of such offenders and the preservation of
the public safety shall become in such dis
trict impracticable, in every such case sdeh
combinations shall be deemed a rebellion
against the United States, and during tbo con»
tinuance of such rebellion, and witbin the lim
its of the district which shall be so under the
6way thereol, such limits to be prescribed by
proclamation, it shall be lawful lor the Presi
dent of tbe United States, when in his judg
ment the public sal};ty may require it, to sus
pend the privileges of the writ of habeas cor
pus, to the end tbat such rebellion may bp over
thrown : Provided, That all the pro
visions of the second section of
an act entitled "An act relating
to habeas corpus, and regulating judicial pro
ceedings in certain cases," approved March
third, eighteon hundred and sixty-three, which
relate to the discharge of prisoners other than
prisoners of war, and to the penalty lor refus
ing to obey the order of the court, shall be in
full force so far as the same are applicable to
the provisions of this section : Provided, That
tbe President shall lirst have made proclama
tion, as now provided by law, commanding
such insurgents to disperse : And provided
also, That the provisions of this section shall
not be in force alter the end of the next regu
lar session of Congress.
Sec. b. That no person shall be a grand or
petit juror in any court of the United States
upon any inquiry, hearing, or trial of any suit,
proceeding, or prosecution based upon or aiis
ing under tho provisions of this act who shall,
in the judgment of the court, be in complicity
with any such combination or conspiracy ; aud
every such juror shall, before entering upon
any such inquiry, hearing, or trial, take aud
subscribe an oath in open court that he has
never, directly or indirectly, counselled, ad
vised, or voluntarily a'ded any such combina
tion or conspiracy; and each and every person
who shall take this oath, and shall therein
swear falsely, shall be guilty of perjury, and
shall be subject to tbo pains and penalties de
clared against tbat crime, and tho first section
of tho act entitled "An aot defining ndditional
causes of challenge and prescribing an addi
tional oath for grand and petit jurors in tho
United States courts," approved June seven
teenth, eighteen hundred and Bixty-two, be,
and the same is hereby, repealed.
Sec. G. That any person or persons having
knowledge that any of the wrongs conspired
to bo done and mentioned in the second
section of this act are about to be committed,
and having power to prevent or aid in prevent
ing the same shall neglect or refuse to do, and
such wrongful act shall be committed, such
person or persons sball be liable to the person
injured, or his legal representatives, fur all
damages caused by any such wrongful act
which such first-named person or persons by
reasonable diligence could have prevented,
and such daoiages may be recovered in an ac
tion on the case in the proper circuit court of
the United States, and any number of persons
guiliy of such wrongtul neglect or refusal may
be joined as defendants in such action;
piuvided that such action shall bo com
menced within one year alter such cause of
action shall have accrued, and if thu death of
auy person shall bo caused by any such wrong
ful act and neglect, the legal representative ot
such deceased person shall have such action
therefor, and may recover not exceeding
$5,000 damages thereon for the benefit of the
widow of such deceased person, if any there
be, or, if there be no widow, for the benefit of
tho next of kin of such deceased person.
Seo. 7. That nothing herein contained shall
construed to supersede or repeal any former
act or law txcopt so far as tbe same may be
repugnant thereto; and any offences hereto
fore committed against the tenor of any former '
act shall be prosecuted, and any proceeding
already commenced fur the prosecution there
of shall be continued and completed, the same
as if this act had not been passed, except so
far as the provisions of this act may go to sus
tain and validate such proceedings.
Approved, April 20, 1871.
r | IRK OLD DOMINION
GREENBACK
STATIONKIIV PUIZJK F A Civ At; X
Is, beyond doubt, tho IfESI TIUNU oi tiiu kiml evor
offered lor baie io thin markot. Ka.li uuu contains
IU aiu'i-tn goad Note I'dpi.r, 10 good fluvuloi.■.>■.,
1 Ltud Pencil, 1 Uiiiiu Book, I Pen
Uuldi-r, 1 Pen, 1 Curd Picum-,
Heni .!»•_, t-Kcii i-Hi-kaHe it. tuirtatoti to contain itom
T.'ii f.-n.ii to
$3,00 IS URISENBACKS.
I/iii-i! i-iily 50 cents.
t.uli-.cription__ reruiwd to uli Ni**Anpai'Oi_i, Muga
fti-Mi, 4c, at imt'li .horw' rale
JOHNSTON k HKLDAIN,
NufthileHltT.-, i*\ti Main street, llic.iii.oud, Va.
my 10—w5t
ItUY YOUK
MOOLDIN-H
TAIH WORK,
And t.vr»>thiDs in ttk- (tot&alo of WOOD TRIM
\.-N(.. for lIOILIUNti!., of _
1 A. UANCE,
BfdTbtrd A'.i.iL..'. T.vi .itv-.ovt.nth fet., New York
.They are tht- _\__\t and Cheapest iv murk ft.
my 27—JD*W3Di
t I PATRONS OF HUSBANDRY.
Kxi-cutlvt < ..mimmll trc of National
f Or-Mge.—Wm. Cmmdore, Tboa. B. Bryan, Key. A.
B. Oro-h, Col. JT. It. Tli»nirHuii, Rev. John Trimble,
| O. 11. Keiley, Washington, D.C.
Deputies at Large.-C..1. DS. Curtis, (Waeh
' Ington, 1). C'Dr.W.H Biiinhwii, T. A. Thompson,
Dr. Jus. h. Eiioh, X, Cook.
i
N.iiotm. (la*.as, Washington, D. C.
It i evident to all inti-l li.i'iit iniinlu that the lime
hiH come thoso eom|ad in rural pur-vita
I nhoulil hare au organization d.v.tod entirely to
their interests. . ii'li it I- Intended to inakn the
' Order of Patrons It was In. titiiti.il in ISG7; lie
growth in unprecedented iv the hUtory of secret as
sociation-, and It in acknowledged ono of the mo_t
iiii-l'iil iiinl powerful in tho Uuited
.Hates. Ita grand object, aro not only goneral Im
provement lv husbandry, but to increase the gfmernl
luil'piiipsa, wealth, and proßperity of the country. It
Il Ic.ilihl.il upon the ...ii-ni-. that tho products of
the soil emup.ise tho basis of all wealth ; that indi
vidual happinous depends upon genera] pronpority,
mill lhat the wealth of ac< untry deptuds upon tho
general Entoltig mco aud mental culture of the pro
itlli'ili,',- cIIIBSOS.
lii tho nteetiuga of this Order all but tnemliorn aro
exclude-], and thero 1- in its proceedings a symbol
ized ritual, plea.ing, beautiful, and appropriate,
which i_ designed not ouly to charm *he fanny, bnt
to cultivate and enlarge the mind and purify the
heai t, having at the Maine time, strict adaptation to
rural pursuits.
The secrecy of tho ritual aud proceedings of tho
Order have been adopted chitlly for the purpose of
accomplishing doeired efflcieucy, extension, aud uni
ty, and to .enure among Its members, in the inlernal
working of the Order, coutidoneo, harmony, and se
curity.
Women are admitted to lull member-hip, and
we solicit the co-operation of women because of a
conviction that without her aid success will bo less
certain aud decided. -Much might he said iv this
coiino.-iiin, but every husband and brother knows
that whore be can be accompanied by his wife or
sister no lessons will be learned but tho-e of purity
aud truth.
The Order of the Patrons of Husbandry will ac
complish a thorough systomatic organization among '
Farmers aud Horticulturist, throughout the United
States, s__ will secure among tliem intimate social
relations and acquaintance wlih each other, for the ,
advancement and elevation of their pursuits, with
an appreciation and protection of their true interests. J
By such means may bo accomplished lhat whi.h !
exists throughout ihe country In all oilier avocations !
anil mining all other classos—combined co-operative
association fur Individual luir.rovoniout eutl oonmofl
benellt.
Among the advantages which may bo derived from ,
the Order are systematic arrangements lor procur
ing and disseminating, iv the moßt expeditious mau- '
uer, information relative to crops, demand and sup- 6
ply, prices, markets, and transpoitution throughout p
tho country ; also for the purchase and exchange of
stock, seeds, and desired varieties of plants aud
trees, aud for the purpose of procuring help at home
or from abroad, and situations for per-ons seeking
employment; also for ascertaining and testiug the
merits of newly-iuvenlod farming implements and
those n.t in geuer.l use, and for detecting and ex
posing those llmt are unworthy, and for protecting, ,
by all available means, the farming interests from
fraud and deception, und combinations of every kind. '
Wo Ignore all political or religious discussions iv !
the Order; we do nut solicit the patronage of any l
sect, association or individual, upon any grounds j
whatever except upon the intrinsic merit ol the Or- '
dor. •
The better to secure groator benefits to onr mem
bers, wo desire to estalilisli Granges In every city,
town, and village in the United States. Infurinatioii
relutivo to organizing may bo obtained by addressing
the uuilerslgued, or either of tho General Deputies.
0. 11. KELLY,
Secretary or tho National Orange. ,
PKOFU_AI_i
PIIOI'OSALS FOB"6t.AN_TK"FOB THE
-NEW STATE DEI'AUTIIENT.
Omen of Supervising Architect,"!
Washington, May 24,1871. j
Scaled proposals will bo received until 12 .
o'clock, vi., of the 22d day of June, 1871, at
the oflice of the Supervising Architect of tbe
Treasury Department, for furnishing and de
livering at the site of the proposed building all
the dimension granite required for the exterior
of the new State Department, for which about
180,000 cubic feet will be required. Proposals
must state the price per cubic foot lor stones
whose dimensions do not exceed twenty cubic
feet, and the rate of increase in price for stones <
exceeding twenty cubic feet. The exact aver
age size of tbe stones cannot at present be giv
cd, but will approximate 40 cubic feet. Stones
to be quarried and delivered according to a
schedule of net sizes tbat will be furnished the
contractor. One inch will be allowed for
quarry dimensions on each worked faco of the
stone.)
Each bid must be accompanied by a sample
block, 12 inches cube, of the granite it is pro- '
posed to furnish, which must be sound, dura
ble, of uniform color and good grain; free
from discoloiing or other foreign substances, j
and capable of withstanding tbe action of tbe I
elements, and that has been fully tested by use '
in buildings, arid is from quarries capable ol '
furnishing the quality and quantity desired ]
within one year, and from which stone bas ,
been, or is now being used for first class build- i
inga. I
bidders will stale how they can com- I
mence tbe delivery of stone, and the amount j
per week they can deliver. They will also
state tho average and maximum sizes of stone J
that can be obtained from their quarry.
No bids will be received except from the I
owners or lessees of the quarries from which i
the stone is proposed to be furnished.
All proposals must be made on tbe printed
forms to bo obtained of the Supervising Arcbi- ,
tect, and be accompanied by a penal bond in >
the sum of fifty thousand dollars ($00,000) .
that the bidder will execute and perform the I
contract if awarded to him, and give bond '
therelor in the penal sum of one hundred thou- '
sand dollars ($100,000), and a valid and bind- J
ing lease of tbe quarry to tbe Government, as |
security for the faithful performance of the I
contract; tbe lease to take effect upon the i
failure of the contractor to comply with the '
terms of tbe contract; said lease to authorize j
the (.overnmeut to take full possession of the
quarry aud work it at the expense of the,con- J
tractor in case of such default.
Tho right to reject any or all bids received is I
reserved. j
Proposals mv I be inclosed in a sealed enve* '
lope, indorsed "Proposals tor Uranite or New '
State Department," and addressed to ,
A. H. MULLETT,
Supervising Architect, Treasury Department,
Washington, D. C. my 26—23ts
("lONTKACT FOR TUB CAKE OF SICK AND
J IHSAUI-KD SEAMEN.
Bids will he received by the undersigned for a
contract lo lilruish MKOICAL ATT-SNOANCK,
_Uli_li.T_.NCE, Ml-liICINES, and all other uo.es-
M-ries tor the cure and comfort of sick aud disabled
■eanieii at this port, AT A KATE PEII BIKM, lur
one year liuui JULY I, 1871 ,to JUNK 30, IM_I.
The -ovornmeut reserves the right to reject auy
or all bids lor what it deems sufficient cause.
J.M. lIUMPHItEyS,
Collector and Agent for Mariuo Ilospilul Fund. '
Kicumo.ii>, Va., Hay 24, 1871.
' my 24— 2aw'_!w
CIHKT ORDKRS.
ITNITKI. BTATBH fUSTKICT COURT FOR Till.
J KASTERN DISTKIOT Of VIIIUI.MA, RICH
MOND, VA., APRIL 15, 1871.
OItIHSRED that Jou. Annum S-Ulll bo substi
luteil iv the place of Lvwis E, UlOßr us Assiguee in
all cases in which said Higby has acted horetofol-e
up to this date, aud that tho resignation of said
Higby be accopletl as soon as said buiith shall file
witli tho clork pi' tiiis court a boud satisfactory to
the chirk, or Register Furbeß, lv the peualty of fivo
tliuusuutl dollars for Iho faithful performauce of du
ties as -itch asstguoeiu the cases aloresaid.
JOHN O. UNDERWOOD,
District Judge.
A truo copy—Teste,
__. J. Unde&wooii,
District Clerk.
I,Kilwai-d,l.Uuderv,-.io*l, clork of the District Court
uf the United .tales tat thu Eastern District of Vir
ginia, do hereby* certify that Juhu Ambler Smith,
Kt>i[, baa this day tiled his bond as requirod by the
foregoing ur.ler of cuurt, and thu -i-lti.j is hereby up
proved.
lv witness wlureuf, I havo hurounlo sigued my
niuno and ttlliicd the seal of our said court,'this ll'-d
day of April, A. 11. 1871.
E. J. UNDKRWOOD,
ap '__-tr District Clerk.
UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE
'Western Uietrict i_f Virginia, at Abingdon—ln
Vacation.
Tho act uf Coiigiess approved March 2d, 18117, hav
ing leipiiroil all bucU advertisements as may be or
dered by any U. S. Court, or judge thereof, or by any
nffloar of such court, to bo published In one or mole
i i -.. -papers designated by the d.i* of the House ot
-t-ipreseutatives, by virtue af said act, for the publi
cation c f the laws aud treaties; ami having been offi
cially notified by Bui f clerk, under date ot 22d inst.,
tbat he hai, oo the Slh instant,selected for that pur-
Pum. Tub .tatk Journal, Richmoud, and tho "Nu
ll.mal Virginian," Richmond, 1 do accordingly re
scind the order heretofore made by me fur all such
advertisements lobe made lo the "Lynchburg Press,"
anl .lirect that hereafter they be published iv ouo or
the other of tbe newspapers selected as aforesaid by
tbo clerk uf the House of It- presentatives.
ALEX HIVES,
U. S. District Judge lor iho Western Dist. of Va.
Harrisonburg, 31st March, 1871.
Edward S. Waisou, Cleik ol'U. S. District and [Cir
cuit Conns, at Atiingoon.
A copy—Teste:
K. S. WATSON,
Clork U. B. D. and 0. O. W. D. of Va.
April M.t-71. »pB-t.
A UENTS! REA-TtHIS I
We will pay avo..U a salary of $30 per week aud
Kxpeusea, or a'luw v Urge commission iv sell our
now aud w.u-i. ml nivei.iiuus. AdJress il. WAG
NER k UO., Marshall, Midi
STARKE'S J)IXIE PLOW.
BY INVITATION|OF MR. F. C. WILLIAMS, OF
the count), of Nottoway, a number of gen
tlemen an. cmbleii at lite ro_idence Batnrday, Decem
ber 10, to teet by practical experiment tbo compar
ative, value of the DIXIK PLOW, manufactured by
Starke k Co., and any other that might ontar the
Held of competition.
Tho plowh were taken to the field at half-pact two
P. . I . the following gentlemen acting as Judgoa :F,
W. Upon, ,|. n. Williams, Robert Scott, Jas. S. Gil-
Mam, Wra. T. Christian, Richard Kpes, Dr. Darrlng,
Sidney Graves, Walton Sydnor, F. C. Williams, U.
N. Seay, and J. M. Hurt. Mr. S. Graves and Walton
Sydnor were the principal plowmen. Mr. W. Sydnor
woikiogthe Watt plow and 8. Graves the Dllle—
both of whom handled them with masterly Bkill and
flucce-s.
The plows entered were the Dixie two horse right
and left-hand plows, and the Watt two-horse left
hand. Soon after tho trial commenced, the beam of
the Dixie right-hand broke in two and was laid
aside, the oontest being narrowed to the Watt left
hand and Dixie left-hand. The soil first selected
was n stubble loam withontsoil ; but as the plows
were now, and did not turn In consequence of the
roughness of tho castings, after n short trial It was
decided to take them Into another field where the
soil was a well-trodden, tenacious clay, with a timo
thy sod covered with vegetation and with .traw.
The plows here performod their work admirably,
cutting und turning clear without choking.
As the Dixie was a new comer, as the contest
waxed warm most of the Judges took hold of it to
test persoually its practical working. While there
is uo intention to do Injustice to any, as neither
party had agent or representative present, and toth
plows did well, yet the trial, with the award .of the
judges, is deemed of sufficient importance to the in
terest of agriculture to Justify its publication.
Tho award of the .fudges was unanimously In favor
of the Dixie on the following grouuds:
Ist. it cut a deeper furrow.
2d. It cut a wider furrow.
ad. It more effectually inverted the sod.
4th. The draft. .-fined to be no greater.
6lh. The mecliahi.Al arrangement for altering cut
v.-as ill limed more simple and efficient.
At the conclusion of tbe trial somo of the judges
were s_ pleased as to determine to order them for
their own uso. J. M. HURT, Secretary.
I certify that tho above was sent to the Richmond
"Whig" for publication hy myself; that I am not
acquainted with Mr. Starko; that he had never teen
the paper ami know nothing of its contents, and was
in uo wine a party to the trial of the plows alluiled
to J. M. HURT.
January 7,1871.
We, the Hi ges in the "Plow Trial," on the farm of
Mr. K. C. Williems, published in the Whig, hereby
certify that it was directed to bo sent to that lournal
as a communication by tho Judges who made the
award.
J M HURT,
I' C WILLIAMB,
W T CHRISTIAN,
J B WILLIAMS,
JAS S GILLIAM.
January 9,1871.
I ;'.i not beli.vo in plow trials made hy tho un,...
faeliiutrs themselves, but hope that every farmer
will at once mako a full tr*i.l of the DIXIE with
every plow he can find, and buy that which does Ihe
tout work. I have not beeu able to nupply the de
maud, nor fill my orders for sometime, aud mnst
leave field-trial, where thoy rightly belong— to fann
ers themselves.
P H STARKE,
_ap 13—worn No 14.0 Main street.
li AH VEST OF 1871.
'I MIS ATTENTION OF ALL FARMERS IS IN-
X vitod to our stock of
Agricultural Implement a
AND
;farm machinery.
Wo aim to fa .ye tho best In the country,and iuvite
examination and comparison.
Wo are tho GENERAL AGENTS for
THE CLIPPER MOWER,
McCORMICK'B HARVESTERS,
KIRBYS REAPERS aud MOWERS,
PITT'S audOETSER'S THRESHERS, 4c.
For the fullest descripti _i, with price, write for a
copy ef our
Catalogue for 1871*
Add i ess
H. m. SMITH -v CO.,
Manufacturers,
ap '.!(_— vim P. 0. Box 8, Richmond, Va.
dljr FIRST PREMIUM <jjjr
IMPROVE© FAMILY BKW r ING MACHINE.
$1_! 60 Stoat profit per day. $75 00 per week. $300 I
per month made EASY by any LADY or GENTLE
MAN introducing this UENUINE and ORIGINAL
OLD FAVORITE. With its many new and practical
additions, makiug the most complete combination of
valuable and useful improvements ever effected in
in any ono machine. Tho embodiment of extreme
simplicity, efficiency and utility, entirely different in
modol and deaign trom auy low priced machine. It
Is tbe most serviceable,elegaut aud reliable FAMILY
BBWIKQ MACHINE evor invented, gives perfect
satisfaction wherever introduced. Has received PRE
MIUMS. . v tood tbe test of 10 years, aDd is fully ap
proved ot by every family who havo them in use. Is
noiseless, make the strong and beautiful ELASTIC
LOCK STITCH, with wonderful rapidity and cer
tainty. Sews anythiug a needle will go through,
from the Quest to tbe tniokeat fabrlo, firm and neat,
with case. Uses all kinds of silk or thread direct
from the spcol; is Improved with new self-acting
food, spring ten .ion, sell-guider, and uses tho adjus
table straight needle, perpendicular motion, with
powerful lever action. Possnßses all the good
qutilitios of the host high priced machines condensed,
Without their complications or fault. Samples of
sowing BENT FREE on receipt of stamp. For cer
tificates, Ac, see DESCRIPTIVE PAMPHLETS,
mailod lreo. A thorough practical sewing machine
for family use.—"Tribune." A very strong and re
liable machine, a_t a low price.—"Standard." This
beautiful sowing machiuo is one of the mußt inge
nloni pieces of mechanism evor iuveutod.—■"Demo
crat," Oa. Worth oiauy times it cost to any ikinily.
—"N. Y. Weekly." It is quite a new machine with
Its many late improvements, and sews with astonish
ing ease, rupidily aud neatness.—"Republican," N.Y.
Single machine, as samplos, selected with caro, for
FAMILY USE, with everything COMPLETE, sent
to any part of the country per ex pros*., packed iv
strong wooden box, FREE, on receipt of price, $6 00.
Sa/e delivery of goods guaranteed. Forward cash by
REGISTERED LETTERS, or P. O. MONEY ORDER,
at our ririk. Agents wanted, male or female, every
where. New pamphlet. containing extra liberal in
ducements Bent freo.
Addross SEWING MACHINE CO., Of
fico 80 Nassau street, New York. oc7—w ly
IN THE CIRCUIT COURT OF THE UNITED
STATES for tbe Eastern District of Virginia, at
Richmond, Va., April Sth, 1871:
R. A. Va-Hui
AOAIKSF
Jamett RivL'r Insimmco Couipauy,
IN EQUITY—ORDER OVERRULING DEMURRER
AND DIRECTING ACCOUNT.
This day this cause came on again toLe heard upou
thti amonded bill of the plaintiff and tho demurrer of
D J Hartsook, one of tho defendants, filed by leave
of court and was argued by counsel. On considera
tion whereof, and for reasons appearing lo tho com t,
the court doih overrule the said demurrer. Audit
appeariug to the court that this cause has boen regu>
i.it ly matured at thu Rules and set for hearing as to
all the deiendauts excopt J E Dill *rd, Robert W El
som and Georg*. T Joues, upou whom process has not
beeu uorved, and tho bill of tho plaintiff having beeu
taken for confessed a i to all of the defendants ex
cept the suid defendauts upon whom process has not
beeu served, and W D Ltgon, B C Hartsook, J J
Hopkius, George J Hund'ey, J R Ward, D J Hart
sook aud William P Shepherd ; and now this cause
came ou to bo heard on tho papors formerly read, the
bills, exhibits, the answer uf D J Hartsook and Wil
liam P Shepherd, the petitions of William D Ligon,
B C Hartsook, J J Hopkins, George J Hundley aud
J R Ward, together with the special reports of the
receiver, J A Lynham, upon each of aaid petitions.
Aud it appearing to thu court that final decrees, hy
consent, have been made as to the said William I)
Ligon, it C Hartsook, d J Hopkins, George J Hund
ley and J R Ward, on consideration whereof the
court, without at this time passing upou any ot the
questions raised by the answers of defendants aud
without prfj-idice to the rights of any of the defen
dants, doth adjudge, order aud decree that Jam.B
Pioasunts, of tho city of Richmond, who_ is hereby
appointed a special Commissioner for the purpose, do
tako the following accounts :
Ist. An account ot all debts duo or to become due
from the Jaioos River lusuranco Company, together
with the priorities thereof.
2d. An account of all debts duo from tach ofthe
defendants except the tho said William D Ligon, B
C Hartsook, J .1 Hopkins, George J Hundley and J
R Wn_-1 with the consideration audevideuce thereof.
3d. An account showing all other assets of tho said
James River lusurance Company.
4th. An account of the funds in tho hands of John
A I.Milium, receiver in this cause.
sth. Any other matter domed pertinent by tho
Ct-Uimissiouer, or required by any party, and make
report of all said matters to court. And tbe court
doth further order that publication by the Commis
sioner for ouca a week lot four successive week. ia
tho Vi-U.IKIA _■'!'..'_■ JoUanal, und in some other pa
per published in the city of Richmond for a like
time, showing the time aud place ot taking the Haiti
accounts, sliall be equivaleut to personal uerviie on
the parties.
JOHN C. UNDERWOOD,
April Bth, 1871- District Judge.
A true copy—Teste:
M. F. PLEASANTS, Clerk.
CoMMwa'oriaK'e. Office, >
Bioumjm>, April 24,1871. j
Notice is hereby give i that I have appointed my
office in this city, No. 1111 H _iv street, us tbe place,
an I THURSDAY, the 25tn i_ay of May, 1871, at tho
hour of Ili M., as the time for fa-dag th* net-mints,
makim; tbe inquiries aud generally exocutiug the du
ties directed and. prescribe! by the foregoing decree:
when and where all pen-on*, in (ere* ted aro ieo,uirod
to be present, with th.* papers necessary to enable
me to respond to the matters referred to me by laid
decree.
Ui .on under my hand at Richmond-, this 21th
April, 1871. JAMn* Pt.EAfANiP,
ap i_t—Tulw Special OuLunilMMoaar. j
assmm^smmtmmmmm MS-———.
B-BDICAL,
r TJALTIMOBE LOOK HOSPITAL.
. Hf/.BUSHED AS A BEFUOB FBOM
,; QUACKERY.
8 TBB ONLY PLACE WHERE A 0C.1.K
I CAN BE OBTAINED.
DR. JOHNSTON has discovered tha most certain
■, '("'-ily, und only effectual remedy in (lie «-.r1.l f,.i
'■ Wi-»kne»_ ofthe Back or Umbo, Btr.cti.rw Ac.
a tlons of the Kidneys and Bladder, InvoiuuUi'v -i.
--r elisrgos, Impotency, Qenerol Debility, Itervuiwnw
Tr y , ,I ,_ 1 " 1 "• hangnoi, bnw •plritl.Coulu.io.i ..I ldi,_.
I l»ll'ita'.lo.,ofthell,.„,t,Tliiiiilily,Tr,.'iil,li„ X ., LI,-,.
. St" 8 _'J_ IKI ' t " r UiJ oin--s, Diseases ~l 11,, 'i, ~-
t Throat, Nose or Mkin, Afloctlons of the _x_n .-•,,,.'
. __ h Of, <.«">'»-'hone terrible di-ordor- -rri.mg li, _
f the Solltaiy Habits of Yonih—thou, ~,,-ret and soil-
I tary practices more fatj.l t,. thMi vtc-inu than 11..
■ song of Syrens to the Maiiuorof Ulv««._, bllrhtlna
I their most brilliant hopea or i.ti.lc!paii,,,_ r___.ru,
• man iagr_, kc, Impossible.
' t YOUNG MJSN,
j fcapecially, who have become the victims ot .ulitu-e
vioe, that dreadful and destructive hrhit which anim
-.11)' sweep* to an untimely grave ih.ni-aii.i- oi Vocut
, Hen ofthe most exalte.) talent aud hrilliain int. lie,!
who might otherwiao havo entrnn.ei llstoiiiug 8,,,,.'
1 utes with the thunders ol eloquence, or w-.k-- lv
, -citacy the living lyree, may call w th full coull
, dence.
MARRIAUH
Married Persons, or Young Men contemplating
marriage, beiug awareof physioal weakauis, o.gani.
I debilitios, delormities, -te., speedily cured.
He who places himself under the care of Dt. J.
may religiously confide on llin honor as a geutleiu'cr-'
and confidently rely tipiui hia skill an a physician '
ORGANIC W-SAKNKBB.
to mediately cared and fall vigor restored.
This dreadful disease—which rondure life miserable
und marriage impossible—il the penalty paid by the
victim, of improper indulgences. Young persons
are too apt toeommitt excess.-., from not being aware
of tho droadful conseqnencos that may ensue. Now,
who that understands tho raided will protend to
deny that the power ol procreation Is lost sooner by
thoae lalling into improper habit- than bythopru.
deutt Besides being deprived of the ploasures ef
healthy offspring, the most serious aud destructive
symptoms to both body and uiiml arise. The system
becomes deranged, the physical and mental functions
woakeued, loss of procrcatlve power, uervelu irrita
Witty, dyspepsia, palpitation of the heart, incline*
Hon, constitutional debility, a wasting of the framo
ooughs, consumption, Ac.
Orn.i No. 7 So.™ Faamaici Strut,
Left hand side going from Baltimore street, a tea
doors from the corner. Jail not to observe the nam.
and number.
Letters must be paid aiid contain a stains. Th*
Doctor's Diplomas hang in itis oflice
DR. JOHNSTON,
Member of the Royal College of Snrgeous, Loudon
graduate (rum oue of the moat eminent Collogeu lv
the Unitod States, and the greater part uf whoso hie
has beon spent In the hospitals of bondon, Pari.,
Philadelphia and elsewhere, has efi.ctod some c-' the
u-nst aetouishiug cures that weru ever kuewn; many
troubled with ringing iv tho head and ears wheu
asleep, great uer .ousno-_, being alarmed nt .udduu
soubds, bu-hfulucss, with frequent blushing, al_i>ii,l<_i
somotimes with a derangement of .he sated, wer.
unred immediately.
TAKE PARTICULAR NOTICB.
Dr. J. addresses all those who linn Injured them
selves by improper Indulgencioß and solitary habit,
which ruin both body aud mind, iinliuiiig l__.ni f
either business, study, society or marriage.
Thoso are somo of the sad and melauclioly ufleot
produced by early habits of youth, viz : Weakness ol
the Back aud Limbs, Pains In the Head, Dimness ol
Sight, Lors of Muscular Power, I'ulpilatiou of the
Heart, Dyspepsia, Nervous Irritability, Derangement
uf the Digestive Functions, General li-biiity. Symp
toms ot Cousumptton.
MBNTALLY.
The fearful effects on the mind are much to be
dreaded. Loss of Memory, Confusion of Ideas, De
pression of Spirits, Evil Foreboding!, Aversion to
Society, Self-distrust, Love of Solitude, Timidity, __0.,
are Borne of thu evils produced.
Thousands of persona of all ages can now Jndge
what is the cause of their declining health, loosing
itieir vigor, becoming weak, pale, nervous and ema
.■lated, having a singular appearance abont tha eyes,
o->ugfi and symptoms of coDsainptioH.
YOUNG M_SN
who have injured themselves by a certain practice
Indulged iv when alone—a habit frequently leurned
trom evil companions or at Bchool, the effects of which
are nightly felt, even when asleep, and, if not cured,
renders marriage Impossible, and destroys Loth mind
sud body—should apply Immediately.
What a pity that a young man, the hope oi hia
country, the pride of his parents, should he anatched
from all prospects and enjoymenta of life by the con.
sm.uen.e of deviating from the path of nature and
indulging in a certain secret habit. Such peraou-,
«._., before contemplating
MARKIAOIS,
reflect that a Bound mind and body are the moat nee
•ssary requisites to promote connubial happiness; In
deed, withouttaese, the journeythroueh life become*
a weary pilgrimage, the prospect hourly darkons to
I '.he view, the mind becomes shadowed with dispair
and filled with the melancholy reflection that the
happiness of auother becomes blighted with onr own
nil. KABB OF IJMPRUDJ-NO-I.
When the mißguit_>d and imprudent votary of
pleasure fiuda he has imbibed the seeds of this pain
ful diseaAe.it too often happens that an ill-timed sense
-I' shame or dr.mil of discovery deters him from ap
plying to t'.iose, who, from education and respecta
bility, can alone befriend him. He falls into the
hinds of Ignoraut aud designing pretenders, who, li.
o-pahle of curing, filch his pecuniary substance, keep
him trilling mouth after month, or as long as the
smallest feo can he obtainod, and with dispair leave
him with ruined nealth to sigh over his galling dis
appointment; or, by the use of that deadly poison
Mercury, hasten the constitutional symptoms of tha
terrible disease, auch as Affection of the Head,
V.irei.i, Nose, Skin, etc., progressing with frightful
rapidity till death puts aperiedto hia dreadful gaffer*
lug by sending him to that undiscovered ooantrv
from whose bourne no traveller retnrus.
BNDOKS-SMI-NT 01. THJS PH-.SB.
The many thousands cured at thla institution
within the last eighteen years, and the numerous
Burgieal Operations performed hy Dr. Johnston, wit
nessed by the reportera uf tha "Sua" and many other
Sapors, notices of which appeared again and again
efore the public, besides hia standing v a gentle
man of character and responsibility, Is > anffloleot
guarantee to tho afflicted.
SKIN DIBI.AS-.B SPKI-DILY OUKBP.
Persons writing aholnd be partloulor in directing
their lettera to hia institution in the following man
ner:
JOHN M. JOHNSTON H. D.,
Baltimore Lock Hospital,
•ng.-Iy Baltimore, Maryland.
$1,000 REWARD
DKBING'S VIA FUGA cures all T.lvor, Kidney and
Bladder Diseases, Organic Weakness, Female Affile*
tioiiß, General Debilitya nd complaints of the Uri
nary Organs, in male and femalo.
961,000 will also be paid for any case of Blind,
Blooding or Itching PILES that OsUiNa'B PIU Rut
in? fails to enro.
DiBING'B MAGIC LINIMENT cures Rhetiiuatl
Pains, Sprains, Bruises and dwelled Joints, lv mo
aud beast.
gold everywhere. Bend for pamphlet.
Laboh&tortt—l42 Franklin st„ Baltimore, Md
ap IB—ly
"IMTCIIKLOK'B hair t>yh]
Tbis splendid Hair Dye is the best in tbe world;
the only true and perlect l)i, , harmless, reliable, In
stantaneouH ; in. disappointment; no ridiculous tlnte:
rumodio. tbo oCTectd of bad dyes; invigorates and
l»aves tbo Hair soft and bountiful, "black or brown."
St.ld by all BrugglsU aud Perfumers, and property
applied at Batchelor's Wig Factory, No. 16, Bond
street. New York. decMv
WAKTB.
WANTMB— ACtF-NTtf TO'SKLL A BtH>li
of groat value to Farmers, Mechanics, and
Working men of all trades and occupations. 19tb
Hditton now reudy. The
?AaMSRS' k MECHANICS' MANUAL
Edited by GEO. E. WAIIING, Ja.
\nthor of "Kluments of AKriculture," "Drain*. *
for Profit and for Health," and formerly
Agricultural Engtueor or Contra!
Park, New York.
100 OOTAVO PAttW AMP OVlil 300 iLLUSTKiTIuH**
, The New Orleans "Tii-ios" says: "It tv a b..ok
which should be In the haudaof overy Fannei .=-. t
.*(•" 'i.t:.it:."
, The Now Orleans " Picayune" says : *Ho valuable
a book should be found In th* houst l of ovary Farm
sr and Mochaulc ; its elegant illustrations will Make
, It welcome everywhere "
Active men and women can make more money and
( give bettor satisfaction (v selliug this book than an ,
work iv the fleid.
Bend for Itf-page droular, elHngall about It.
E. B. TREAT k 00., Publisher*
aur Jl.".— *t. No. fiSt BroaJ way. N v
\ITANTBD.—We desire to obtain 930,000 IN
TT VIROINIA STATE BONUS, apd to any party
in.iking us the loan, we will give them ample secu
rity tor its returnVithin oue year, bosldes a haud
-1 some iiih'i■■'*.!. for its uso
To any party who is active, iutelligeut aud ener
getic, who can control fufficient capital ($1 3,500)
to purchase these bonds, we will givo them au into
' rest i;t a business in Virginia that will p:iy them be
tweeu 9 J,OOO and $4,000 v year, t-osideasecurtty
for the returu of the amount iuvostod.
Address EMERSON x POWELL,
Jy 14—tf 1101 Penu. Avenue, WashiuKtO-t, D. O.

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