Newspaper Page Text
Cwtiufl J§tatc Journal
! UIA, St__kn-WEEKL.Y. tkXUI W_r_i.Kl_Y,
Ho. *»liH M*l* St*b*t, Richkosd, Viboihia.
KI>WAKD tVYMF.I.V Editor and Mannsrr.
Oue year -.".[Three months.... 160
Six months *» na I One montli N>
[la-TRl* IVERT xmsnAT USD FRIDAT.J
ne year *2 Ml I Three months 7»
Six months 1 28 I One month 25
[ißsran Kvitm wbb.v-ssdat.]
Dm year *1 60 I sis months - 74
CLUB RATES FOR SEMI-WEEKI.Y :
One Year. Six Months. Three Months
•i copies... .ill oo in w ♦ 7»
10 copies.... 2(10(1 in oo •OJ
30 copies Sfl 00 17 60 S 7fi
SO copies.... 761K1 37 50 18 7.1
_B"Speciraon copies of each edition sent free.
MONDAY EVENIN.', MO. 11, 1871.
THE GOVER-VOR'S MESSAGE.
Resuming our running comments upon
tho Governor's Message, in which finance
receives a labored notice, "My policy" is
the Alpha and Omega of his dissertation ;
"my own views of the proper policy to be
pursued" "were in time sanctioned by the
General Assembly," and "this action of
the General Assembly was amply justified
by the peculiar condition of affairs, and
met my cordial approval, and, as far as /
am informed, with the approbation of your
State creditors, both at home and abroad,
and of all honest men everywhere, who
understood and appreciated the subject."
With this sweeping (self) indorsement of
"my policy," it appears little short of
sacrilege to suggest a doubt as to the per
fection of the financial policy recommended
by Governor Walker, and to venture to
analyze the data which he presents, which
are as follows :
Debt July 1,1571 «47,n90,8f.6
Two-thirds of which Is 31,?9..._H0
Leaving suspended ♦15,698,958
A*--nal i-'-.re-'* re- % t 1 .5d.1.460
Do. dO. On Yi~.~, J>32,725
Total interest accruing annually against
the State * 2.795.175
The Governor claims credit for the fol
Received from R. k »• K. R ♦1,034,.'.'4
Do. "R. AP-R. R 575,400
Total ■• ♦1,610,324
Probable receipts as follows:
Miscellaneous public works T.VI.gSS
O. A. *M. R. R I.WH—
Total *-. 3 »•! il>
Possible receipts A. M. ItU. K. R ♦i.'joo.uoo
Totnl deductions, actual, probable and
possib.e ♦ 7 939,4.14
Amount of debt July 1, 1871, to be
provided for ♦3-V.1.13
A source of reduction is suggested, via:
That "a very considerable amount, of the
debt will probably never be presented for
payment;" but this is "a tub thrown to the
whale," and is only to amuse the people.
Now let us see what these figures sug-
Annual interest charge accruing against »
Virginia. "'-_'! TVs
One-third suspended _t3,U*__
I, tion for interest which ran
ated by presentation ot . _
mtset the Governor says, "the
f this State for the whole d, b (
prior to the late war" is ad
nd "as a legal proposition the
the funded debt must unqucs
i paid ;" but there are "proba-
I of a settlement with West
because "beyond a doubt the
nissioners would radically dis
_ the first and the chief j-i-int
:d, viz: the basis or principle
eh the settlement should be
What then becomes of the state
nnch harped upon, that the fund
el it-ved Virginia of one-third of
il debt; and, therefore, the com
orest imposition upon the State,
the funded debt is increased one
an annual interest charge against
(upon the two-thirds not sus
f upwards of 6.00,000 created
nable otfsett, and imposed upon
for thirty-four years; with $300,
--uulating annually, as a charge
! upon the action of commission
will delay settlement, and radi
_rce upon the first and chief point
thus a candid, but, perhaps.unin
adiuission that thefunding bid has
our interest bearing debt, and
ie credit of every county, munici
public and private
at of every citizen in the cointnou
in the hands of antagonistic com
3, whose delay or refusal to agree
c first and chief point to be set
-11 involve the destruction of pub
or the destruction of individual
; the, consideration of contingent
, we look at those actually upon
it estimate of Itlwl la
innually, on the Govern
wln#r, is 1,040,000
;e expenditures 1,1114,007
.allied from taxation at
ou ♦100 1,455,7_8
et this deficiency, subjoined eco
recominendations are thrown out,
same effect as the suggestion—
II not be presented for payment,
■een lost by the owners. These
of economy are more numer- I
important. Members to accept
;nileage allowance. The total jx
HI. Dispense with committee j
We cannot reconcile this sugges
i short session ; and we have some
on of the extra clerks asked for by
utive last session. Reduce print
ling and stationery charge one
he total of these is stated as only
and perhaps there il no instance on
fa legisla.ivc body, so numerous,
ling with such a mass of business,
ipenditures in thus direction were
, for so much well performed aud
Bnitentiary is to be put on a payinf
lalter is possible, but not probable.
That cur system of courts is entire
ly tie: expansive, none will dispute;
but we fiul to ieo irheet the icono
inv .v ' ■ T-pnyar. can
surae the additional labor of chcuit busi
ness, they will reasonably require increased
remuneration ; and as we have (estimouy
that the county court system is a marked
success, we trust the Governor's hint to
wards amending the constitutioiii that he
may abolish circuit courts, will be disre
garded. We also fail to see what substan
tial economy would result, from the expen
ses of administering criminal jurispru
dence, being paid by of tho
counties rather thau the treasurer of the
Where, iv the namo of common sense,
can wo find in the above enumerated sub
jects of economy, any reasonable ground
for assuming that tho public expenditures
can bo reduced $594,501) per annum ? It is
j a fallacy; and until something more sub
stantial is presented, we shall maintain
that at least £'2,750,000 will bo needed an
nually to meet interest on two-thirds of
the debt and ordinary State disbursements.
Another tub is thrown to the whale, in the
suggestion that as to railroad and other
corporations which "shield themselves
I wider some pretense of exemptions from
taxatfm by their charters, the Legisla
ture which granted such charters acted
very unwisely, and you (the present Legis
lature) can in no way, more properly, or
more acceptably to the people, manifest
your wisdom, than by at once repealing
that clause in the fame."
We concur that the act was unwise ;
but what are you going to do about it, any
more than you can with the more unwise
arts which created ihe vast State debt in tlie
iuteiest of these corporations, or with ihe
still later find more umcise. act called ihe
funding bill. If you can invalidate one
legislative contract, you can another which
is equally legal; if stockholders have no
vested rights in a charter which exempts
from taxation the property of a corpora
tion, then bondholders have no valid
I obligation assumed for a claim,
it a legal one — that is interest
olicy —a vicious mistaken policy
the first contract; private greed,
lie as . icious, dictated the latter
the decisions of the courts have
the first form of contract as
.on the State, but no court of
t affirmed that accumulated mi
i interest is a legal, equitable,
claim on the part of a creditor
lebtor, public or private, entitled
o part of the original contract,
my suggested in this Message is
gh ; but it is a recommendation
at has passed into proverb as a
c every confidence that the peo
l have no desire to repudiate their
ibligations," or "betray a want
y, either in a public or private ca
but they will scrutinize closely a
vhich sweeps from them tbeir
rued property, without any other
tion than the hollow pretense that
obligation has been entered into
iitures which acted very unwisely
ging their entire property without
ration of the State debt, its swol
i tions under the interest cumulat
ions of the funding bill, and the
hands of "honest men" in the
) complete vindication of the honor
ate and people," until the entire
- debt of the State has been placed
or ultimate liquidation and punc
nient of interest, and that such
in and payment is impossible un
nitrageous manipulations of inter
n and an unwise Legislature, which
in the funding bill. Let the com
ind the bill itself sharply amended,
;nt burdens, it has increasod both,
cording to the Governor's own
. So far from advancing State
;e find it has impaired it, as the
_ quotations of price in Loudon
cent ti6@7o wi^Hj
cent 66659 4P@-1
from preserving State honor in
ilaces it at the mercy of antagonistic
•ioners, presenting to the people
irnative between repudiating one
the public debt, or bringing their
;re the stream is foul its source is
id to be impure ; " the Funding
foul stream of financial iuiquity,
and "its source is presumed to be impure."
Special pleading, evasion, or supposition
will not avail to save the Funding bill from
us decided legislative condemnation as it
has received at the hands of the tax-payers.
Tnr BcitKEit-LATHnor Coxtkst.—The Senate
committee on privileges and election mot Satur
day evening ii/r iho purpose of hearing testi
mony and counsel lv the ease of Robert P. Berk
ley, who contests the scat in the Senate of Allien
P. Lathrop, pretending to represent the Prince
Kit ward district.
We clip tho above from the Enquirer of
this morning, thinking that it is a specimen
of coolness, far below zero, to say "Robert
P. Berkeley contests the seat of Albert P.
Lathrop, pretending to I (present the Prince
If thero is any pretense in the matter,
Mr. Berkeley ist lie pretender, in claiming
to represent Prince Edward district; when
reference to chapter 1 OS, acts of Assembly,
18713-71, shows that the counties of Amelia,
Cumberland and Prince Edward, form the
the twenty-fourth district, entitled to one
Senator ; and that Senator is by the samo
act of abomination asssigned to Prince
Edward, in the person of Hon. John
, Robinson, elected to represent the district
i composed of Cumberland, Amelia and Note
Tho third section of the. samo act states
11 that senators "shall continue to represant
Ihe districts in which they respectively n -
tide, as atrangid in this act." This ar-
Prlnce Edward county, which is already
provided with a Senator, by act of Assem
bly, and does not reside in the Thirtieth
Senatorial district, which he pretends bo
has a right to represent, nor did he receive
a majority of votes cast in that district;
and Mr. A. P. Lathrop resides in the Thir
tieth district, as arranged io chapter 162,
section 2, act 1870-71, and received a ma
jority of votes cast in that district, we
think if there is any ''pretending to represent
the Prince Edward district," Mr. Berkeley
is the pretender, not Mr. Lathrop.
Tit mm Tat—Tho Governor thinks the ex
penses of the Legislative department should I"'
reduced, and some of the legislator- think thai
there is as much necessity for reducing the ex
penses of the Executive department Mr. Rld
itlebarger, oi Shenandoah, offered a resolution
Saturday requesting informaiion from the Gov
ernor an to the number and pay of his aids,
clerks, kc Tills all looks like business. Tit lor
Uit is nut a new game eltlur In public or private
Mr. Governor Walker will find be
fore the close of the present session of
the Legislature, that it is composed of
other material than country suckers and
greenhorns. They are true representatives
of the people, and owe their positions to no
influence of his. We would not be sur
prised to hear, before tho adjournment of
the present body, that his Excellency be
comes greatly excited over matters talked
of for some time, and which will not bear
the test of open day. Stranger things hare
•ANOTHER dash at the admimstra-
Under the above caption, the Dispatch
of this morning, copies an article from the
New York Commercial, which, instead of
"dashing" at the Administration.
" dashes "at Gilbert rather storng. We
cannot see where the joke comes in, and
would be obliged to our neighbor to show
We suppose tho article referred to was
read rather hastily, else it would not have
appeared in the columns of our very care
ful cotemporary under such heading.
TREASURER SPINNER'S REPORT.
United States Treasurer, Francis E.
Spinner, Esq., will accept our thanks for
copies of his annual report, relating to the
finances of the Government. We have not
had the time to examine his leport with
that attention demanded of us, but feel
confident his able management of the
affairs of his department will reflect credit
upon him as one of tho ablest officers of
TO~TH^piio^'- : ~oF Virginia.
JN PRESENTI.NiiTO VOL'II NOTICE, FOR
L the Hist time in an extended way, the F. F.
1 (FAMILY FAVORITE) WEED SEWING-MA-
I CHINE, we Will state some of the reasons why
wo think we are justified in claiming it to be the
BECAUSE, before being offered to the people,
it was tested by able sewing-macliinists.and by
them so pronounced;
BECAUSE, it took the first pi He at the groat
Paris Exposition in 1867 ;-*
BECAUSE, it took the first prize at the great
four weeks' contest between sewing-machines at
the Baltimore (Maryland) Institute in 1809;
BECAUSE, It will do what any other iirst
class lock-stitch will do;
BECAUSE, It will do what most of them can-
Ki. We sny this without disparagement to
writs of other machines;
! AUSE, In the live years it has lieen before
•opla, the sale has been so rapid that the
company have been unable to supply the de
mand, thus leaving Virginia and a great part of
the country unsupplied; and lust, but not least,
to give a woman's reason,
BECAUSE, lt is just a "little darling," and so
easy to learn.
Price the same as any other flr-d-class machine.
Sold on the instalment plan, If desired.
Machine- sent on trial and instruction given
A history of the sewing-machine and an ae
'. count of the great fouf woeks' contest at Balti
more, sent free on application.
WM LOCKHART. Agent.
79!) Main, corner Eighth street,
desi—diwly Richmond. Va.
] -TTTII-LCOX kc (. lI'.HV,
ORB MONTH TRIAL BEFORE PURCHASE.
t JAMES E. A. GIBBS,
Ninth and Bank streets,
have the Wlienler 4 Wilson, Grover k Ba
and Willcox k Gibbs machines. I use the
cox 4 Gibhs, thinking il far superior to any
r."— Mrs Henry Ward Beeches.
' I •111. IMPROVED HOWE
IS TO DiV THK LATUST ASD MOST *_O.BRX
in tho world, having the original LOCK-STITCH
and a greater range of work, doing both very fine
and very coarse work perfectly with lltle trouble
to the operator. Has attachments for
until you have seen the HOWE, -.on
idea what a really modern Sewing-
J. F. McKENNEY, Agent,
no 10—tf 823 Main street.
SINGER SEWING MACHINE.
THE BEST FOR ALL KINDS OF WORK.
Its sales indicate lt;
Durability and Popularity ;
Its Work confirms It.
127,833 SOLD LAST YEAR.
10 OTHER MACHIVE SOLD SO MANY.'
c neither force aor crowd sales.
Ie Machine must stand upon its own merits.
.11 and examine it.
SEWING MACHINES REPAIRED.
ADAME DEMOREST'S CELEBRATED
[TERNS for ladies' and children's clothing
geiitluuieus under garniouts.
SHAFFER k STRONG,
It ln.-d__.wta 013 Hate m-eet.
FALL AND WINTER FASHIONS
its styles just n-ceived i al-o, Muruoi'oi.tTA*
December. Principal aecnev at the office of
ihe HOWE Si.WIMi-MACIIfNE Main
<lrm J. F. McKENNEY
A LL TllJi TV ili WIIH WHICH IHIS
_\ PAPHt IS PRINTED, was cast at the
-__________ n ____ H _____H__«______SSHMH
j -ITTEEM-Y .TATE JOUR.NAL.
A RELIABLE FAMILY NEWSPAPER,
AND THE MECHANIC ARTS,
AT A PRICE WITHIN REACU OF ALL.
THE CHEAPEST AND THE BEST.
(SPECIMEN COPIES SENT FREE.
VALUABLE PRIZES TO PERSONS SEND*
I PAPER SENT FREE FOR BALANCE OF 1871
TO ALL NEW SUBSCRIBERS I
L«OK AT OUR LOW CLUB RATES AND
LIST OF SPLENDID PRIZES:
TERMS—lnvariably In Advance:
One copy six months •*-* 1°
j One copy one year I "^
j Five copies one year (with one copy free to
person sending the club) H 2*
1 Ten copies one year (with one copy of Semi*
Weekly free to person sending tho club. ..10 00
Persons- competing for the prizes, will not be
allowed the extra copy after the first club, but
j can remit at the lowest rates, (tl each,) and are
allowed to add to their club ono or more names,
a-i fast as they are obtained, and are not restricted
to any one i>oet-__ce or county.
In addition to the Inducements offered by the
above liberal Club rates, we will present to the
person sending us THE LARGEST LIST OF
SUBSCRIBERS before the first of June, 1673,
A CELEBRATED WHEELER k WILSON
NOISELESS FAMILY SEWING-MACHINE.
which can be seen at the Wbeslbr k Wilbon
Aobncy at MBsaRB. Radway k Hill, No. 1001
Main Strbrt, Richmond.
a number of OTHER VALUABLE PRIZES,
I THE CELEBRATED DIXIE PLOW (2-iiorsb,)
I manufactured by Mb. P. 11. .Starkb, Richmond.
VALUABLE BOOKS, FRUIT TREES, kc. kc,
to be awarded March lath, 187 S.
THE WEEKLY JOVRNAL.
| Will contain a faithful resume of the News of
the Week from all parts of the world; fuU and
accurate reports of the Richmond and Baltimore
Markets; well digested Editorials upon al the
current matters of Interest, Political, Financial,
Commercial, Agricultural and general topics;
j selections from the leading journals of this coun
try, local and State news, Ac. This paper will
maintain the principles of The National Repub
lican Party, and strenuously advocate all mea-
I sures to advance the public good. Believing
POPULAR EDUCATION to be the grea-t want
of our State and Country. we shall give large
space to its advocacy. We shall devote a large
-.■onion of our columns to the subjects of Agri-
I cultural, Horticultural and Mining Interests, giv-
S lug interesting articles on these subjects from able
LIST OF PREMIUMS.
We announce to-day A PREMIUM LIST FOR
1672, which offers to the friends of the State
Journal an opportunity to serve themselves and
aid to extend the circulation of
A FIRST-CLASS NEWSPAPER.
The Journal is now favorably known all over
the State, and it will he much easier to raise
clubs for it now, than heretofore.
AS A FAMILY k AGRICULTURAL TAPER,
the Weekly State Jourxkl will be found espe
cially valuable. No pains will be spared lo keep It
Any person who chooses, may collect a list of
j subscribei., large or small, and receive the
| It is only necessary to exhibit copies of the
paper, explain its value, and forward the names
I and money. The money should always be sent
i by draft ob post-office orubk ; but if that can
not be done, by registered letter, the money to
be placed in the envelope, which is to be sealed
in presence of the postmaster.
. Tlie terrosfEQUAL TO ANY IN THE WHOLE
' SOUTH) upon which we offer the Journal, bring
; it within reach of the poorest. There are many
' young persons, engaged iv teaching and other
callings which give leisure, nnd who would be
'■■ quite certain to raise a club for us in a week if
i tliey really set themselves at it. We now offer,
; as our first prize, a splendid
', No 2 WHEELER & WILSON SEWING
MACHINE, WORTH 8»0.
! This splendid machine will be awarded to the
i person who sends ns the largest number of sub
scribers before the Ist of June, 1872. Our second
ORDER FOR FRUIT TREES
'■ upon the well-known Veinoudale Nurseries of
Chalkley Gilllngham, who has a splendid a.sort
i ment of fruit trees, grape vines and shrubbery,
i of all varieties, especially adapted to Virginia.
This order is worth FIFTY DOLLARS, and will
1 entitle the holder to that amount of trees, at
I cash prices. This prize we offer to the second
beet list sent us before tbe ]nt h of March, in
time for spring planting.
The i h ird prize is of the same kind as the second
worth FORTY DOLLARS, and will be given to
the person sending the third best list.
As additional prizes, we oiler a WEBTER'S
DICTIONARY, unabridged, worth t\i; a two
horse DIXIE PLOW; set of best Agricultural
Works, worth »10; Fowler and Weils' publica
tions ; New Music of Peters k Co., worth $10:
also, sets of valuable miscellaneous books, worth :
JtlOeach; also, orders for nursery worth
ten dollars each. One of the above prizes will
be awarded to each club of flfiy, and prizes of
one-half the value, in onr discretion, to each club
of thirty. Each competitor may indicate the
prize which he prefers, and it will be awarded
to the first who has so expressed preterence.
llease state what prize you aim nt. This will
not prevent you taking any smaller prize should
you fail to secure the higher.
" Every club of five will be entitled to an extra
copy of the Weekly. Canvassers along the line*
of the railroad will find lt to their interest to In
clude also the Daily, and Semi-Weekly, espe
cially, in their list. Every subscriber lor tho
Semi-Weekly will -xjunt as two for the Weekly,
and for the Daily In same proiiortlon.
At our club rates, two cents a we«k supplies
yon with a first-class paper. Newsdealers and
others will find it for their Interest to keep our
piiier, WEEKLY and SEMI-WEEKLY for sale.
Tliey will be furnished at favorable rates.
To aid parties raising clubs by enabling them
to offer some inducements to each subscriber, we
pi-otiose the following:
Tv each club ol ten subscribers or more we will
send a sufficient number of GKAPECUTTINUS
of the new and best rarltiee lo furnish each mem
ber TWO DOZEN VINES. With these cuttings
we will send directions tor rooting.
To each club of fifty or more we will send TWO
ROOTED VINES each, and also CUTTINGS as
above These will be sent for distribution to the
clob. These VINES and CUTTINGS will be from
our own grounds where we have over one hundred
varieties on trial, including all new and choice
kinds, which wo will 1>« glad to aid In distributing
over the State amungour readers and others It
any prefer teiM* of choice apples, cherries, pears,
Ac We will substitute or add them to the
grapes, If informed In time. We believe that
next to a good newspaper, a bountiful supply ol
good trnit tor old and young is the beet gift of
Remittances should be made hy monsry orders
or registered letter*., and addressed to
Editor and Manag-pr State Journal, Kir"amend.
■^•-^•^^•^•-™^* __ m__ _ j j
_ ~__ ,■*■__-_• ■> ~--- —--■ ""
! P_L_ANTKK AND FARMER.
c«otly chauf-ed han«L«, and wni°be conduced
; with renewed vi*or. it . v ill number anion? It*
i iunulbuior* some of the ABLEST WK ITERS
IN THE COUNTRY upon all subject* kindred
i to agriculture. Tho different department* of the
I journal—Agricultural, Horticultural, Mechani
j cal, Household, kc —will each be conducted with
a new to make it the most
' VALUABLE AGRICULTURAL JOURNAL
TN THIS COUNTRY.
Evry farmer should take It. and no one who
' who ha* recently moved In to the State can atfbrd
\ to be without it, an it contain* the experience of
, tbe most practical and successful farmer* and
As an advertising medium it has no superior In
the South, having a large circulation amongsi
ihe most substantial farmers uudbu>.uie--.-i men.
Insurance companies, bankers, machinists, ferti
lizing companies, nurserymen, seedmen, com
mUMon merchants, Ac, who with to reach the
best class of people in the country, will And It to
their interest to advertise tn thU journal.
It will be mailed to subscribers on the first day
of each month at $2 per annum in advance.
Specimen copies will bo sent on application.
All business communications to be addressed
JOHN W. RISON,
Editor and Proprietor.
Office No. 2 Columbian Block, corner of Thir
teenth and Cary streets. de 6 —tf
TTAIttPTON NORMAL AND AGRICCL
JX TUUAL INSTITUTE.
It Is proposed to issue from this institution an
illustrated monthly four-page newspaper (24X3*6
Inches, full sise) to be called
THE SOUTHERN WORKMAN,
Devoted to the Industrial classes of tho South.
S. C. Armbtrono, editorial manager; J. F. B.
Marshall, business manager. Terms: One dol
lar a year, in advance.
Ilrst number Is expected to appear not
an next Christmas, dated January Ist,
eceeding numbers on or before the first of
Southern Workman" will bo printed on
lite book paper. Mr. J. R. Osgood, of
bus generously offered a picture from
aturday for each number. It is hoped to
'urther contributions In order to present,
i number, a variety of Illustrations, em
pictures of the best inventions in ogricul
ld household machinery, of good stock of
Ind, of famous places and scenes, and of
Ie life ; also portraits of distinguished
writing will not go far with a large por
our constituents; adequate ideas of what
_ye never seen or heard of can best be con
>v pictures ; written English is almost an
v-ji tongue to the Southern workman ;
;is so Irksome as to be of little pleasure
Good and cheap information tias not
resented to the laboring classes in a man
iptod to win their attention and suited to
hall aim, ultimately, to reach those who
o newspaper—to create a class of readers
information now scarcely reaches beyond
isible horizon, and yet whose responsiblll
d actions extend to aud affect every part
is mission work—not a speculation—and
h we take It up, belleviug that lt will. In a
% become self-supporting, and regarding
-chanical part as germane to the plan of
tiope to enter the cottage or cabin as a
tie guest, with amusement and instruction
.uig and old; to satisfy, in an effectual way,
iversal desire to know what Is going on in
>rld, and to eon nee t more closely, if possi
le chords of sympathy that stretch from
to heart till over this land, by teaching our
readers the leeeon ol tne brotherhood, and mak
ing bright nnd clear the relations and duties of
It is therefore proposed to publish an attrac
tive sheet, giving the news of the day, corres
iwndenee from different parts of the country and
world, to urge practical measures for the benefit
of ihe people, to stimulate respect for labor and
self-help, and enthusiasm for education, to mag*
nlfy the office of the teacher, to give attention to
agriculture nnd the arts, by writing and illustra
tion, and to devote several columns to moral and
religious reading. Without being denomination
al we hope to co-Sperate with all true Christian
Uf all Southern workmen tho teacher Is the
most available for the diffusion of literary tastes ;
he is the entering wedge. He occupies the ex
-1 ceplioual position of having no educated class
around him. If it be possible to awaken his in
terest in general subjects, his tastes will be re
flected In the minds of his pupils, and the great
1 i>oiut will be gained, that a newspaper will find
in the cottage appreciative listeners. The neces
sities of tho teacher in encouragement and infor
mation will therefore receive a leading share of
consideration in this journal.
Our agricultural column will be directed cspe-
I daily to giving «uch information as may benefit
I mi, til landed proprietors. The peculiar misfor
tune of the Southern workman is, that he has
bad no school in which to learn systems of mixed
farming adapted to the changed circumstances
. of the South.
WHAT HAS BEEN DONE.
An excellent outfit for a job and newspaper
] office has been purchased and set up in our prin
' cip.il building. An experienced and energetic
j foreman, Mr. W. J. Buttertteld, late of River
*ide Press, Cambridge, Mass., is in charge, and a
good job business has commenced. Four students
are learning the trade, and many more desire tho
I Ten thousand dollars are needed to carry this
enterprise through. Ilv using a Washington
' hand-press and a limited stock we need but $4,000
' vi hand at the outset; tI.OAU have oeeu contribn
i ted ; *3,b00 are noeded immediately to pay for
We submit our cause to the friends of the labor
' ing classes at tbe South, asking their thoughtful
I attention to this statement, urging again the need
j of more ligfet for these dark masses, of a swifter,
more wide-spread agency than the school teacher
1 —a herald and helper of the free school—and re
■ minding them that from the printing-office to its
} most distant reach our pap r will practically ad-
I vocate self-help, equal rights, and a fair opportu*
j nitv for all.
' Contributions may be pent to the editor or busi*
I ness manager.
J. F. B. MARSHALL,
H. C. PERCY,
Committee tn behalf of Trustees.
Hampton, Va., November 3, 1871
j <OtNTKY GENTLEMAN.
VOLUME FOR 1872.
The Cultivator and Country Gentleman,
' lor nearly two scor© years, has ranked, both In
: rhis country and abroad, as the Standard Jour
nal of America-* Agriculture. The editors and
■ proprietors, in addition to their own peifi-iiaJ
labor., are regularly assisted by a very large I
: and Regular Conulbutors, among whom are In
cluded many leading agriculturalists, in all parte
ol the country, East and West—and by over
fiOO O<*CANIONAL AND VOLUNTARY WRITERS,
I directly in the ranks of the beat farmers and
horiiculturalists of nearly every State In the
I Union. With the cooperation of so large a corps i
j of practical men, this journal is intended to poa
! sees exceptional value as the chosen
MEDIUM OK INTER-OOMMUNICAION
among all classes interested in the products and
' fertility of the land—those who cultivate and |
| those who consume—the buyer and shipper, a.
well as the Ilrst owner of the crop—breeders of
improved animals and their customers—manu
facturers of improved machinery and those who
purchase and employ lt—nurserymen and fruit
raisers—and, especially, to supply fuller and bet-
I ter data as to the progress, prospects and re
turns of each successive season, as throwing
light upon one of tho most important questions
of all questions—when to but and wbbn to sell
TKKMS—The Country Gbntleman is pub
lished weekly, on tlie following terms, when paid
strictly in advance: One copy, one year, *•_ OO;
four copies, *10, and an additional copy for the
year free to the sender of the club ; ten copies,
•__U, and an additional copy lor the year free to
j to the sender of the club.
; SiT Specimen Copies Fbbb.
Address LUTHER TUCKER k SON,
no 10—dltwtf Publishers, Albany, N. Y.
I •\T?__i"_«OT SAVE FIFTY OEM'S TO ONE
W DOLLAR TWENTY-FIVE CENTS when
times are bo very hard . Everybody must have
j tire, for winter comes on rapid and fierce, while
I we are selling coal of all kinds at from fifty
cents to one dollar twenty-five cents cheaper
i than any establishment in the city.
WOOO, both OAK and FINE, cheap as the
• chenpeet. Call or send to Cory and Nineteenth,
or to Grace street, No. 708, and be couvlnced.
I Ue *-3m CHAS. H. PAGE & CO.
I pOAL AND WOOD.
Constantly on hand
THE BEST OAK AND PINE WOOD,
I LONG, SAWED AND KINDLING WOOD.
BITUMINOT.S COAIL AND COKE,
| at very lowest prices, at YARD, corner of Main
j and Seventh Streets.
I -.-.I It .M-EI TNiOfcA.lt._yj INSURANCE!
PETERSBURG SAVINGS AND INSURANCE
OF fBTERIBUKit, VIR.HMA.
ASSETS OVER JM©O,OOO
I FIREMEN'S FUND INSURANCE COMPANY
OF BAN FRABCHOO, CAL.
j Surplus (gold) .MtMKH
j Total assets (gold) tTSB,«>>l7
FORTY THOUSAND DOLLARS In Virginia
i Registered and United States Bonds deposited
with the Treasurer of Virginia for security ol
yea York Board of Reference —David Dows, Geo.
Opdyke, A. A. Low, H. B. Claflin, W. T. Cole
man, John Winslow, James Lees.
FIRE AND MARINE RISKS TAKEN AT THE
LOWEST CURRENT RATES.
; The undersigned, representatives of the above
I first-class liberal and prompt paying companies,
respectfully solicit the patronage of those de-*i
-1 ring Insurance.
THOS. M. ALFRIEND A"SON,
Life, Fire and Marine Insurance Agents,
se os— d,sw&warn Office No. °H2 Mnln st.
j SPECIAL NOTICE.
TO ALL PERSONS WISHING FIRE INSU-
RICHMOND BANKING AND
INSURANCE COMPANY offer inducements un
surpassed by any safe company, to insure against
loss by fire of all kinds of properly.
They ask of their friends and the public to give
1 them a call before insuring elsewhere.
Consult your own Interest and Insure with us
T. B. STARKE, General Agent.
J. B. Davis, President.
John F. C. Potts, Secretary. oc 2ft —dSwly
/-.ITIZENS' INSURANCE COMPANY !
(Incorporated April, 1536,)
Ne. IS6 Broadway, New York.
Cash Capital «300,000 00
Assets, Oct. 1,1871 711,416 94
Insures Buildings, Furniture, Merchandise and
Farm Property against loss or damage by fire.
This company will not lose more than Twenty
five Thousand Dollars by the Chicago fire
'JAMES M. McLEAN, Pree't.
Edward A. Walton, Secy.
R. T. BROOKE, A.knt,
oc I«—tf No. 1014 Main street, Richmond, Va
T..MPIRE MUTUAL LIFE INS <SRA_-ftrE
NO. «» BROADWAY, NEW YORK.
O. HILTON SCRIBNER, President.
SIDNEY W. CROFUT, Secretary.
i This company is purely mutual. All policies
incontestable for nsnal causes. No restrictions
upon travel or residence.
POLICIES ABSOLUTELY NON-FORFFJTA-
All policies absolutely incontestable after two
I annual premiums.
Good, reliable, and efficient AGENTS are
1 wonted for every section of the State. A profit
able position is open to all those who can furn_i.li
satisfactory references and are willing to work.
Apply at tho branch office of the Company,
I NO. 01* MAIN STREET, RICHMOND, VA.
j Medical Examiner! Dr. A. S. McRAE. SS
I T>OYAL FIRE INSURANCE
OF LIVERPOOL AND LONDON.
Capital, •lo,i)oti,tx«i, Gold.
Deposited with Treasurer of Virginia, $.'-0,000
In United States bond".
| Shareholders personally liable for the oliUpa
tlona of the company.
Being appointed agents of the above staunch
old company, we solicit tlie patronise of the
public upon its unquestionable security, prompt
and liberal settlement of all claims, and heavy
i Merchandise, buildings, and personal property
insured on the most liberal terms.
Losses paid as soon as adjusted without die-
JOHN 11. CLAIBORNE k CO.,
no 7—lm Agents, No. 11U8 Main street.
THE GERM OF UFR
j preparation of meat juice!
Under Letters-Patent granted to Mann S. Valen
tine, of Richmond, Va., by The Kingdom of
Great Brit-tin and Ireland, the Channel
Islands, and the Isle of Man, France, Bel
gium, and the United States of America, for
PREPARATION OF MEAT JUICE,
which he terms
THE GERM OF LIFE ;
Or, NUTRITIVE PRINCIPLE ! j
I shall, as Mr. Valentine's agent, take charge
of and give my exclusive attention to the
production of THE PREPARATION OF
MEAT JUICE. With present and increas
ing facilities, I shall be enabled to supply the
trade here and elsewhere In quantity, and on
Wholesale orders directed to me will receive
promptattention. _tt retail the MEAT JUICE
may be obtained of all the principal druggist*. |
IRA W. BLUNT, Aoent
VALENTINE'S GERM OF LIFE,
I No. 4, South Tenth St., between Main and Cary, j
no 2—dts |
A CARD ~ FOR"THE LADIES,
In consequence of mlsrepresen tat lons of cer-
I tain interested but unscrupulous persons, we beg I
leave to remind the
LADIES OF RICHMONB
that the agency for
OFFICB OF THB
HOWE SEWING MACHINE,
Ne . 833 Main Street.
THE LATEST STYLES JUST RECEIVED.
oe 2D—dAwts J. F. McKENNEY, Agent, j
A L. MASURIER,
jf__» of Richmond, Va.,
j COMMISSION DEALER IN & SHIPPER OF j
ALL KINDS OF
SOUTHERN PRODUCE A SPECIALTY.
■ No. 238 Fulton Stbbet Pier,
West Washinuton Market,
Shipping orders carefully put nj». Consign- !
' menu solicited. Returns promptly made.
Xx ~iiThar ye y,
XX. AUGUSTA, MAINE,
Manufacturer of all descriptions of
Miners', Contractors' and STONB-Ornsß»'
HAMMERS AND TOOLS,
I Bosh, Hand, Hedge, Face and Pean Hammer-, i
j DRILLS, HALF-ROUNDS, WEDGES, Ac,
from the best brands of English Coat-Steel.
Repairing done on reasonable terms. Satisfac j
I tion guaranteed.
I Ml! IT AND ORNAMENTAL TREES
Tbe Vlrvinia Nnrsery and Wine Company.
Proprietor* of these widely-known Nurseries
have removed their office to Columbian Block,
(< 'orn Exchange) Room No. 2, second floor, cor
ncr Thirteenth nnd Cary slri'i'tn.
The stock for the Fall trade Is nnusnally fine,
large and well-grown, embracing a full aaeort
meat of APPLE, PEACH, PEAR, PLUM.
CHERRY and other FRUIT TREES, as well as
small FRUITS, GRAPE-VINES, ASPARA
ORNAMENTAL TREES, EVERGREENS,
For catalogues and information, call at office or
addn i JOHN M. ALLAN,
General Agent, No. 2 Columbian Block,
se lft—d,--wAw-t_n Richmond. Va.
mm MOUNT VERNON SCARRIES!
ON THE ORIGINAL
CHOICE APPLE TREES,
r.'-iiles a good supply of
PEACHES, PEARS, CHERRIES,
GRAPE VINES, BLACKBERRIEU
Hedge Plants, Di ciduous Ornamental Trees,
Weeping or Drooping Trees,
Evergreens, Shrubs, Roots, Ac, kc.
RHUBARB, ASPARAGUS ROOTS, and
CURRANTS constantly on hand and for sale io
small or large quantities.
oc 19—w.ltn Accotlnk, Va.
FBANKLIN DA VIS. BAM'L C. KENT.
•HIKE, IU MILES FROM CITY.
IAVIS & CO Proprietors
indred Acres In Nurserlee.
M. CHERRY, NECTARINE,
ICOT, and QUINCE TREES.
PE VINES, CURRANT, GOOSE
iml STRAWBERRY PLANTS.
\RAGUS and RHUBARB.
3E ORANGE, for hedging,
la remarkably thrifty and well
lection of varieties has been made
c, and comprises those best adapt*
ude for general cultivation, also va
o particular localities, and for spo
■nee desired with those who con
ning orchards, and to those who
largely, great inducements will be
-ei-sons interested in Fruit Culture
ly invited to visit the Nurserios.
catalogues furnished on applica
of Chandler, Morton & SniELDB.)
U, Corner Tenth and Sank Streets,
i the United States Courts.
mention given to cases arising an
d States Revenue Laws, and Bank
mtside of the city can have their
es hero attended to promptly, and
hhl after, by corresponding with me,
ig them the expense ot visiting the
oc -_3— t.
im. teo. St. fomaj
TTORNEYS AT LAW,
NO. 1 MARSHALL BUILDING.
and Bank Street, Richmond, Va,
■ iv the Courts of the State and the
, and beforo the Court of Claims and
at Washington. Special attention
*es arising under the Revenue and
laws of tho United States,
living recently passed a bill provid
lipointment of a COMMISSION for
Hon and adjustment of the claims of
I'IZENS of the South, for stores or
m or furnished during the rebellion
of the army, including the use and
Is and boa's while employed In the
i-ice of the United States, and there
claims of this description which
i prompt attenlion, we respectfully
-i ice in the prosecution of the same
-unmisslon, on the most liberal terms,
the amount involved and the char
claim. For full particulars addrese
At torneys at Law, Richmond, X a.
Ny permission to Jno. B. Davis, Pres
ers' National Bank and Richmond
d Insurance Company, Richmond;
& Co., Stock Brokers aad General
Lancaster k Co., Bankers, do.; Hon.
ion, ex-Mayor, do.; C. K. Bingham,
ret National Bank, Lynchburg; Hon.
, U. S. Senator, Washington, D. C;
. Piatt, do.; Hon. Charles H. Porter
. H. H. Stowell, do.
ap I—d&w tf
ri . n. BROOKE
ATTORNEY AT LAW.
Practices in trie Courts of Caroline. Essex, King
and Queen, and the United States Conrts at
tichmond. Ollice at Miford Depot, Caroline
In all business requiring counsel, and In all
rofeesional business, Messrs. CHANDLER k
MORTON, of Richmond, Va., will be associated
Address Central Point, or Mllford Depot, Caro
ne county. Virginia. ta 2—tf
AND RECEIVING Mh
BY STEAMERS, ' 1 1
eautifnlsets of Walnut Parlor, Chamber and
ining-Room FURNITURE. I also Keep on hand
n assortment of the cheapest
hi ins, Tables, Beh.teads,
lolstbbs and Pillows,
Lounoeh, Sofas, Cribs,
Cbadi.es, Trundle Bbdstbads.
All lower than can be bouglit elsewhere.
Goods carefully packed lor shipping.
Wakeroom. — Governor and Franklin streets.
de 4— lm ________________
We have now cm hard a large and superior
CHAMBER, PARLOR AND DINING-ROOM
made by the most experienced worlnneu,tpf *e»
We Invite all In need of first-class
FURNITURE AND MATTRESSES
to examine our stock beforo buying. We cannot
be undersold in the State.
HARWOOD k RITTER,
so R—Sni Governor street, Richmond, Va.
j HEA DQ CARTERS !
CLOTHES LINES, CLOTHES PINS, WASH
ING SODA and SOAP.
Look out for the "TIP-TOP."
The most complete stock of PROVISIONS hi
he city. R. F. JAMES.
No. 1631 Main street,
se ft—3m Four doors nhove First Markwt.
k LL NIGHT HOUSE .'
SCAM ME L L ,
NO. 218, NINTH STREET, NEAR BROAD.
Is proprietor of tho
j ONLY ALL NIGHT HOUSE IN RICHMOND
Gentlemen can be supplied with OYSTERS In
every style, and with rhoioe WINES, LIQUORS,
I Ar -Et-V mom I_*t