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Hhc lexington <Ba3ette
VOL. 108, NO. 22 LEXINGTON* VIRGINIA, WEDNESDAY* MAY 29, 1912 $10o PER YEAR
OUR NEXT PRESIDENT
AND SEVERAL OTHERS
Age and Other Qualifications of the j
In ao article in tbe June Amen
caa Magazine entitled "Our Next
President and Some Others," tbe
author. Ray Stannard Baker, pre?
sents the following faots:
"It is interesting to know that
every one of the seven candidates,
even including Roosevelt, has been
admitted to tbe bar, and five of them
have bad successful careers in tbe
law. Two have been judges. No
one of tbem is a business man, and
no one, save Mr. Harmon, has bud
any co siderable experience witb
business affairs, either large or
small. No ons of them is a rico
man, and though several of them,
by virtue of their high talents, have
been able at times to earn large in?
comes, tbey have all been bard
workers. Two or three of them
have been relatively poor men all
their lives, living frugally and de?
voting themselves unreservedly to
"All of tbe candidates, save Wil?
son, have bad long experience in
public office, and in dealing with
public men and public questions.
While most of them can be called
able politicians, no one tbem be?
longs to tbat extreme type known
ss a machine politician?a boss.
There is to tbe credit of every one
of tbem not a little sound public
"All of the seven, save possibly
Harmon, are st the very prime of
life for national leadership. These
are their ages:
Underwood, 50 years old.
Roosevelt, 55 years old.
Taft, 55 years old.
Wilson, 56 years old.
La Fol lette, 57 years old.
Clark, 62 years old.
Harmon, 66 years old.
"It is also of curious ratber than
of important interest that most of
tbe seven were born in States which
have long been fertile in tbe pro?
duction of Presidents and Presiden?
tial candidates. Wilson was born
in Virginia, Clark and Underwood
in Kentucky, Taft and Harmon in
Ohio, and Roosevelt in New York.
Only one candidate. La Follett*-,
comes from what may be called a
new Presidential State."
Presbyterians Again Discuss "Elect
TbeGeneral Assembly of tbe South?
ern Presbyterian Church in session
last week in Bristol disposed of tbe
controversy over tbe "elect infant"
clause by adopting and referring to
the Presbyteries for their ratifica?
tion i< substitute for tbe "elect in?
fant'' clause of tbe Confession of
Faith. The resolution carrying tbe
proposed substitute .danae was
passed after tbe mest lively debate
of tbe session, and after numerous
amendments bad been voted down.
The Assembly finally agreed upon a
form tbat suited a large majority cf
the commissioners, which is as fol?
"Being elect, all infants dying in
infancy are regenerated and saved
by Christ through the Spirit, who
worketb when and where and how
He pleasetb. So also are all other
elect persons who are incapable of
being outwardly called by the min?
istry of the word." ?
The clause known as the "elect
infant" clause, as it now reads in
the Confession of Faith, is as follows:
"Klect infants dying in infancy are
regenerated and saved by Christ
through tbe Spirit, who worketb
wben and where and how He pleas
eth. So also are all other elect per?
sons who are incapable of being out?
wardly called by the ministry of the
word."?Chapter x. Section 3.
With this sylogistic statement,
Dr. J. J. Chisholm of Natchez,Miss.,
offered the substitute:
"All who are saved were elect to
"l*o man can be elect who was an
"All infau*,s who are saved must
be elect infants.
"No elect infant can pas? into
manhood and not be saved."
During tbe past vear one aviator
was killed for every 62,000 miles
CHEERS FOR WILSON
BUT NOTHING MORE
Virginia Democratic Convention
Met in Norfolk
THE TWO SENATORS HOOTED
State Machine Dominated Against
Friends of Wilson
Woodrow Wilsou got ibe cheers
ot ibe Virginia Slate convention as?
sembled in Norfolk last Thursday
to elect delegates to the naiiooal
convention, but he will not gel tbe
votes at Mal ti more when tbe final
This view is accepted on all sides
following tbe close of tbe conven?
tion and after the Wilson militant
followers bad a chance to analyze
tbe result,the real result of tbe con?
vention fol loaring a compromise to
sidetrack a tight for Wilson instruc?
tions between tbe Wilson leaders
and the organization loaders.
Eight delegates at large were
elected with half vote each. Four
of these are for Wilson and four re?
present the organization. The Wil?
son delegates are Harry St. i-eorge
Tucker, Kichard E. Byrd, R. Tate
Irvine and Editor A. B. Williams of
the Roanoke Times. Tbe organiza?
tion delegates are Senators Martin
and Swanson, Governor Mann and
The convention at times ran riot
with Wilson enthusiasm. On ser
eral occasions it looked like it would
stampede for Wilson (rom the way
tbat tbe hundreds of delegates
cheered every mention of tbe New
Jersey (iovernor's name, but tho
grip of the "machine" was strong
and ail the Wilson sympathizers
could do was to cheer.
The compromise wbicb side-track?
ed a big tight on tbe convention
floor over Wilson (instructions was
accepted by Mr. Byrd upoQ tho
suggestion of Wilson national OMb*
paign managers. Mr. Byrd was
willing to force the fight. He knew
the Wilson instructed delegates
were not in the majority. He count
ed, however, on the Wilson sympa?
thizers but not instructed delegates
to help oat. William McAdoo and
others representing Mr. Wilson
(eared a tight might result in
the loss of all. Acting upon their
suggestion Mr. Byrd agr.ed to the
plan by which the Wilson people
should sidetrack the instructions
tight in return for a hall of the dele?
gates at large and leave district
delegates io tbe men elected to re?
present tbe Congressional district
at Norfolk. If the compromise had
stopped there all woald ha e been
well, but it contained tbat fatal unit
rule clause wbicb places in tbe
bands of tbe "organization" a lever
to block Wilson in tbe final show
down ut Ballimore. There were
two or three hundred Wilson sym?
pathizers in the convention besides
the Wilson instructed delegates.
These men were for, the "organiza?
tion" first and Wilson second. Tbey
helped the Wilson instructed dele?
gates with their lusty cheers to
make Wilson the lion of the hour in
tbe convention, but would go no
further. The grip of the"machine"
was too strong for them to do more
than cheer the man they really favor
These delegates, loyal to the "or?
ganization" first and Wilson second,
named organization delegates to rep?
resent tbe districts. Tbe agree?
ment is that Wilson shall receive at
least one vote from eacb district ex
cept the Fifth and Eighth and two
at large after tbe first or second
ballots. Then comes the unit rule,
if the '"organization' doeides to slam
it down on the delegation and choke
the Wilson delegates.
On all sides it is fraukly admitted
that tbe State "organization" lead?
ers were masters of the convention,
hat could not check its enthusiasm
for Wilson, and that Sonator Martin
and Congressman Flood will con
trol tbe V irginia delegation to Balti?
more at tbe final show down.
Mrs. Anna B. Pi uer will oast tbe
vote of the Colorado State delegation
for her brother-iu-law.Champ Clark,
Lt the Baltimore convention..
as In Ol*
By Professor C. A. EL""*
PRESENT DAY CONDITION!
Roman women in tl
their GREATEST DEG
the vogtte. We are approaching th*
The necessity of reform in the <
Woman's invasion of the fields
the death rate of the child. Father!
Class consciousness enters into
SEX AGAINST SEX. But won*
not consider herself a cia***.
Women of the Rome that fell
rights the modern woman clamors f<
BEST IN THE HOME. Life
TAGONI8M DEFEATS EVERI
What the Farmer Can Do for His
Developing tbe proposition tbat
it bas for some time been putting
before tbs farmer, tbat he ought to
provide every possible convenience
for bis ?*ife, especially in these
days when it is ko difficult to get
help. the Progressive Farmer
names nine things it says every
firmer ought to provide at once for
bis helpmate. The nine things are:
a range, a fireless cooker, washing
machine,sewing machine, telephone,
good kitchen, a vacation, good read?
ing matter, including papers and
magazines and borne water works.
We are not expecting, as tbe re?
sult of tbe publication of tbis arti?
cle, tnat there will be a boom in tho
articles named, but we do rather in?
cline to think tbat the men-folks of
Augusta County who read this will
go over the list and see bow nearly
each comes to being tbe model far?
mer husband in Augusta County ss
tested by the Progressive Farmer's!
standard; and we do rather expectp
that quite a number of tbem will do1
some active thinking along these j
lines, and perhaps invest in some of)
the tbings in which he finds his |
wife short. We sincerely hope so, :
for the sake of the faithful, hard
worked women of the county, who
have helped to accumulate the great
wealth tbat stands to the credit of!
Ajgusta County farmers ia the i
banks.?Staunton Le .der.
A Million Dollars for Missions
Tbe recent Southern Baptist Con?
vention in session at Oklahoma City
assumed great undertakings. The
crowning event from tbe foreign
i mission standpoint was tbe decision
to raise fl,000,000 for foreign mis?
sion educational work in commemo
| ration of the centenary of Adoniram
Judson, the pioneer Baptist mis?
sionary who sailed from America
j for India in 1812.
Tbe report of the committee ap-;
pointed a year ago was read by
Secretary Lansing Burrows. One
million dollars is to be used as an
educational fund in foreign lands,
$200,000 of it going for education
work in the foreign fields, lt is to
be made payable in three years, the
final payment to be made in 1915.
Provision also is made for mission
ary homes, mountain houses and
oospitals. The report of thc com?
mittee was adopted by an enthusias?
tic rising vote.
Report of Titanic Disaster
The report of the Senate commit?
tee on tbe wreck and sinking of thu
Titanic is tbe first official ascertain?
ment of tbe causes contributing to
that disaster. It reveals the fail?
ure of due care on the part of the
White Star line and captain of the
doomed vessel to protect the lives
committed to their trust. The
gltMt sea queen was inadequately
equipped with lifeboats?her cap?
tain was negligent in heeding warn
ings telling of the proximity of ice
bergs; near-by vessels were in
Kul.i-innt.lv provided with wireless
operators, and otner facts already
well known to tbe public are recited
by the ?.oin mit ten la explain why tbe
dread cata?tri>i>be occurred.
A penny makes as much noi**e as
a $5 gold piece wheo dropped on
tbe con tr iou tu >u plate, but tbe re?
cording angel makes entry by re?
sults, not by sound alone.
?ame Today I
000 of Columbia. M*?.
1 AS REGAR08 WOMEN BEAR A '
t TO CONDITIONS IN OLD ROME
le height of their glorr achieved
IRADATION. Childleaaneas wa- I
:onduct of the home is urgent.
of industry means an increase i
bood must snpport motherhood.
the -woman question. It SETS
ian is half the world. She ahould
achieve'] all the lerra.] and aoci.il <
>r save thc vote. WOMAN' DOES '
is not a conflict, and SEX A S
' END OE NATURE.
Methodist Sunday School Convention
Tbe forth-sixth anauil session of
the Sunday School Convention of
the Baltimore Conference, Metho?
dist Episcopal Church. South, will
be held in Braddock Street church.
Winchester. Va.. Juna 12-14, 1312.
Tbe annual sermon will be de?
livered by Rev. W. S. Hammond.
D. D., of Woodstock, Va,, Tuesday
evening. Juna ll. The convention
will adjourn the following Friday.
Tbe last time tbe convention mei
in Winchester in 1903, was a rec?
ord-breaker in all respects. History
ought to repeat itself this year. A
visit to Winchester is always de?
lightful, and tbe convention is lo lie
held during tbe most attractive
season of tbe year. A program of
thc highest order will be presented.
Kev. C. D. Bulla. Superintendent
ol tbe Wesley Adult Bible Class
Department, will make several ad?
dresses,and a number of tbe brigl.t
eSt speakers in tbe conference, be
?jrMas Sunday School specialists
from Baltimore and Washington.will
appear on the program. It is in?
tended to make this convention the
most practical ever had in tha con?
Ministers are entertained free.
Arrangements have been made for
boarding lay delegates at ll.rm a
day. Schools of 100 members and
less are entitled to one delegate;
those exceeding a hundred members
to two delegates. All ministers are
ex-officio members of the conven?
Where the Big Bears Come From
No problem in the natural history J
of tbe game animals of America is
more interesting or presents more
difficulties than tbat of tbe coast
bear* of Alaska. Dr. C. Hart Mer
risa is iiicliui-ti iu 'lu* opinion that
the coast region ol Alaska, from the
Alaska Peninsula easterly to and be?
yond Yakutat Bay, is tbe centre of
distribution of the big bears of
America?the area in which the va?
rious species of brown bears origi?
nated and from which the ancestors
of the grizzly radiated. The mate?
rial from this region thus far col?
lected and studied shows an unus?
ual range of individual variation,
and also a surprisingly large num?
ber of well-developed speck's. Bat
lack of well-authenticated specimens
leaves so roany questions in doubt
that, after a discussion with Dr.
Merriam, and by hiw advice, 1 se- I
lected Montague Island as a field for .
hunting, to add. if possible, my !
quota of assistance toward clearing
up this question. ? From "Hunting
the Big Bear on Montague Island."
by Charles Sheldon, in the June
Bryan at Baltimore
' I am not a candidate tor Presi
d nt," Mr. Bryan declared at the'
time the Democratic national com- |
mittee met in Washington last Jan- ;
OgWf. Ju his address to tbe Met ho
dist Episcopal I'eneral Conference
in Minneapolis on Wednesday Mr.
Bryan said he hoped no unfriendly
newspaper would accuse him of be?
ing a ,:.aiididate for bishop, and add?
ed, re en ing to politics:
"I do not want you to think I am,
or expect to be. a candidate. I ex?
pect to spend my life in private, for
1 enjoy the freedom of a private
WAR HEROES SLOWLY
9nly Five Surviving Confederate
3NE IS GENERAL G. W. C. LEE
Last Veteran of Lost Gauss May Live
Tbis Memorial day's roll call will'
.bow tbat more than (three fourths
af the Civil War's Blue and (Jray i
braves have gone beyond.
It is said at the pension oftioe that
Dur Union Veterans are now dying
3tT at the rate of loo a day. As de?
duced from the best figures procur?
able the death rate of our Confeder?
ate Veterans must be about seventy
I dav. This meat.-*, a grand total of
more than seven per hom?more
than one every ten minutes.
In the vast cities uf graves to be
iecoi'ated this year, those of our
Civil War soldiers aod sailors alone
number 2.*J>5.U00. If dug side by
side they would cOMstitute a great
metropolis of the dead, more popu?
lous than Chicago. Berlin or Vita?
na. Of these graves, some 2,080,000
have been dug since the surrender
v'nly one lieutenant-general of
that great conflict has won thus far
in the race against Father Time,
act! he was on tbe Confederate side.
Tnis is Simon Bolivar Buckner,
who ran for Vwe-President on the
Palmor ticket in 18M. In hi-,
quaint old kag house at Crloa
near Munford vi Ile, Ky.?one of the
most noted country homes iu thal
State?this venerable old soldier
and onetime Governor, who had
the graoe to act as one of Genera
Grant's pallbearers, entered his I
ninetieth year on April 1.
Besides him thure sui vive only
three Civil W.*r ollirurs who cou.
ma^ded array corps by assignment
of their President. They are Majors
General Grenville M. Dodge, Daniel
K. Sickles and James Harrison Wil?
son, ail of tbe L'nion side.
The five surviving Confederate
major genera!* are: George Wash?
ington Custis Lee. president emeli?
ta*, of Washington and i/?e l'niv< r
sity, who is seventy-nine: H. 1".
Hoke of Raleigh, N. C., late presi?
dent of the Seaboard Air Line, who
is seventy-five: Lunsford L. Lomax,
Park, who is seventy six WilliamlT.
Martin of Natchez, Miss, now in his
ninetieth year, and Count Can ills
Jule? Polignac, who is eighty.
Great Shortage of Cattle Reported
The present high pi ice of beef
may go yet higher. The National
Stockman ano larmer says:
The extraordinary scarcity of
beef cattle in ail parts of the coun?
try is bound to make good beef
steers and heifers sell extremely
high lor months to come, although
by tbe time tbe grass cattle are
marketed freely prices for ordinary
and medium beeves may be expect?
ed to go considerably lower. A
bullish feature is the lack of voting
cattle for fattening, whereas in for?
mer years at this season there wert
plenty ready to place on grass.
Texas will not have anywhere near
a normal supply of beef cattle tins
year, and the supply to come from
the North western ranges will be
greatly reduced owing largely to
the great numbers marketed on ac?
count of the drouth last summer.
Texas and Oklahoma are expected
to furnish a fair supply of grass
cattle the coming summer, but Mon?
tana has to some extent abandoned
tbe cattle and sheep industries, and
settler*, are in the former vast tracks
of land devoted to livestock.
The increasing price of land and
buying of Virginia land by Western
people is titus easy to accouat for,
tbe extract above given refers to
vast tracks of land being taken up
by settlers tbat was .formerly de?
voted to livestock. With our milder
climato and shorter winters, and
proven profits derived from silage
fud beef, many of our worn out, t lay
soil farm in the Valley desirable in?
The GtuAtte, $1.00 per year.
SIDE LIGHTS ON THE
Some Delegates Gave Expression to
View on Situation
Among tbe speakers before the
State Democratic Convention ia
Norfolk last Thursday was Senator
Swanson, whose reception was lack?
ing in cordiality, even in proper
courtesy. He failed to define bis
preference for the nomination.
When the Junior Senator took his
seat tbe convention sent Barry St.
George Tucker lo the platform amid
rousing cheers. Mr. Tucker, a Wil
son man and one of tbe delegates at
large, commenced by saying tbat
he knew exactly what he wanted
and tbat was Woodrow Wilson
for President. He fairly took tbe
convention by storm. "'Wile-on."
he said, "typifies two great princi?
ples.first, tbe placing of tbe govern?
ment of thiscountry in the hands of
tbe people and.second.tbe reduction
' ot the tariff. He combines into one
, great leader of men the great and
: admirable qualities of all the candi?
dates and stands out in this critical
i period of thia nation as the one rnm
| of all our distinguished, patriotic
; and able statesmen wbo can and I
believe will restore to tbe American
people the government of their coun?
"I bare sympathy for those among
us here In this convention who be
! neve Harmon should be our nomi?
nee; likewise I sympathize with tbe
supporters of Underwood and witb
those who want Clark. But 1 must
; declare to you, my fellow men, that
I cannot sympathize with those who
do not know what they want ur
, whom they favor for President of tbe
; United States."
Ul lioosevelt Mr. Tucker said:
j "If Theodore Roosevelt is made
President of the United Slates God
alone knows what is io become of
! the government of tbis country.
Curler (.'lass. Congressman from
the Sixth district, followed Mr.
Tucker and brought down the
"In the last analysis I am for no
one man. but for tue party, but being
for the party I am for the principles
of tbe party as exemplified in Wood?
row Wilson.' he said.'
Speaking of instruction he said:
"What are delegates for? Are trey
men selected by their fellow citizens
! to go to the Baltimore Convention
j and there iet somebody else do their
'guessing for them? For my pan, I
1 want to say that if there is to be and
' the representatives ol Virginia are
j to vote under the guidance of guess
' work, tb?n let the Democrats of this
I State do the guessing. 1 prefer to
I leave it to the people of this State
to say whom they want for Presi?
dent rather, whether tbev guess at
the right man or whether their
choice be based upon something
more like tbe stuff that the rank and
tile of Virginians usua.iy use in ar?
riving at decisions affecting the
welfare ol this State and Nation."
Congressman Hal 1). Flood of the
j Tenth district, wno, like Senator
Swanson, is high in the councils of
the State Democratic machine, also
spoke in behalf of an uninstructed
delegation. But he deftly laid for
: himself none ot ihe pitfalls that
| could let tbe convention in upon his
, indisposition to declare his personal
preference,as did Senator Swanson.
? He .spoke along the samd line that
j the Junior Senator followed, but he
gave the convention no very good
opening for a demand to know
where be stjod.
An Irishman at McCook, Neb.,
who went out to celebrate the other
night, returned at 111 in tbe morn?
ing only to find that bis family had
also beeu increased by Iii in tha
meantime. He looked at the cloe!*:
and then at the kids and remarked:
"li's a quare coincidence. Ilow
iver, Oi'm glad Ol dido t return at
"Delinquent subscribers, will you
: liquidate?" asked a Colorado paper.
; and quite a number called aod
thanked the editor for bis kiudly
feeling toward them, and aaid they
wouldn't mind taking a drop witb
A monorail elevated railroad like
the one in Berlin is planned for