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VOL. 108, NO. 23 LEXINGTON. VIRGINIA, WEDNESDAY. JUNE 5. 1912 $1.00 PER YEAR
BOARD OF EDUCATION TO
PUBLISH A MEMORIAL
Designed to Set Forth Facts About
War Between the States
The Confederate Memorial Annual
?a booklet which gives, it is claim?
ed, facts concerning the War Be?
tween the States, which have been
ignored by Northern historians and
which is intended to impress upon
the minds of Southern school chil?
dren the real principles involved in
the secession of the Confederate
Sr;iu,s?will be distributed among
the teachers and educators of Vir?
ginia, and its use in the school is
sanctioned by the State. Board of
Thirty thousand copies of the pub?
lication, which is to be copy righted,
will be printed. Seven thousand of
these will be sold at ten cents each
and the balance will be distributed
among Virginia teachers. The An?
nual, which will cost approximately
$600, will include ninety-eight pages
of reading matter and portraits of
Governor Letcher and Generals Lee
Of the first cost of publication,
t'.UO will come from the contingent
fund of Governor Mann and an equal
sum from the .oftii-ial funds of Su
pertendent of Public Instruction
Engleston. Both finds will be re?
imbursed by the sale of the 700
copies so that the Commonwealth
will, in the end, bu at no expense
for the publication.
The plan to print and circulate
the Confederate Memorial Annual
has been hanging tire for more than
a year. Suggested by Mrs. Kate
Pheasants Minor, the idea met with
little favor among certain members
of the State Board of Education,
tbougb Governor Mann and Attor?
ney General Williams have consist?
ently favored it, the former offering
to pay hal' the cost of publication
out of hisown pocket.
It was hinted that several educa?
tors who had not been asked to con?
tribute to the pamphlet have oppos?
ed it, and it met with further opoo
sition on the ground that some of
the matter it contained was histori?
cally inaccurate. However, aftercon
erable tedious delay, the action
:_h settles the matter was taken,
and it is hoped to have the booklet
ready for the summer normal
Among those who have contribut?
ed to the Annual are Judge Chris?
tian, Dr. Freeman, Representative
Cox. Mrs. Minor and Dr. Ecken
Give 'Em a Swat
An American girl was the first
woman to liv over the English chan?
nel. And speaking of flies, are you
a member of the swatting brigade?
If not, join. And if you would live
to be healthy, wealthy and wise,
you'd better get into the ranks.
If some one told you that that
delicious apple pie was inocculat
ed with typhoid germs, how quick?
ly you would push it away in fear
and disgust, and yet you nonchal?
antly shoo off the germy fly that is
crawling around its crust and con?
sume it with relish. There's dan?
ger in that pie. There's death in that
tty, so swat him.
Watch your homes. Burn the un?
necessary rubbish and waste as soon
as possible; keep scrupulously clean.
Don't dump dirt; destroy with clean?
ing fires. One of the easiest ways
is to start the children swatting.
Offer the oue who kills the greatest
number of the pests a little reward
at the end of the summer, and you
won't need to buy any sticky paper
or poison stuff.
Flies are prolific. Each one you
hit means the death of its hundreds
of descendants. You do many harder
things to prevent disease. Why not
take tbis in hand early in the sea?
son and run no risks? Begin your
Southern Flags on Graves
Memorial Day was observed in
Richmond Thursday as a popular as
well as legal holiday. Graves nf
Union and Confederatesoldiers were
decorated alike. Miniature Confeder?
ate battle flags were placed over the
graves of Jefferson Davis, Generals
Stuart, Pickett, I'ltziuigh Lee and
other officers of tbe Confederacy,
HIGH SCHOOL'S GOOD
Interesting Exercises Attended
By Many Friends
DIPLOMAS AND SCHOLARSHIPS
Five Girls and Ont* Boy Carry Off
The graduating exercises of the
Fairfield High School last Wednes?
day brought to a close a most suc?
cessful year's work.
The auditorium was crowded with
pattons and friends of the school.
An interesting program was pre?
sented, in which each of the six
graduates toole part, as follows:
Salutatory, Miss Alice Bell; Class
History, Miss Ks Ullina Sale; Class
Poem, Miss Marie Campbell: Class
Prophecy, Miss Virginia Paxton;
Essay or "Work." Miss Helen Pax?
ton; Vale "'ctory. Mr. Marvin Fulls.
Rev. VV. ]<'. Locke of Lexington
delivered an interesting and most
helpful address to tbe graduating
class, after which diplomas and
scholarships were awarded by
Principal Phillipa, who briefly and
appropriately addressed the re?
cipients of the highest honors of the
The scholarships were awarded
Hugh Weeks, from 7th grade to
1st Year High School; Eve Weeks.
fruin 1st Year High School to 2nd.
Year High School; George McCluer,
from 2nd Year High School to 3rd
Year High School; ("race McGuflin,
from 3rd Year High School to 41^
| Year High School; Estaline Sal.
scholarship to Virginia Cullej
These were all awarded for b
class standing, except the Virg' ..
College scholarship which -vas
given for good standing.
The fol lo* i ag promotions were
From 7tli tirade to 1st Year High
School?Erskine Chittum. Hunter
Englekee, Wada Englekea, Hunter
Miley, Raymond McCormick. Lewis
l'.ixtun, Will Taylor, Charles Tyree.
Hugh Weeks, Carl Wiseman
From IstYear High Scho >1 to 2nd
Year High School ? Prod Kt
McClung Thomas, Madge Campbell*
Enie Davis. Rose Cummins I'arrie
Englekee, Margaret IfcCluar, Eva
From 2nd to 3rd Year High School
on all subjects?Qeotge McCluer.
Katherine Fultz, Josephina Fill...
From 2nd to 3rd Year lliu'hs
on all subjocts except Lula
liam McCluer, Hugh Paitoa, Ki ph
[ Moore, Harry Moore.
From 3rd to 4th Year Highs (Ml
I?Grace Mcjuftin, Helta Lae, ilar
! old Chilton, Edward Trundle.
The faculty the peel aaaaioa was
I composed of Mr. T. C. Phi lips,
; principal; Misses Nattle ! rbes,
, Kate Pearson. Fannie Hianii Gra
ham. Kate Hear and Lennie Clem
The total enrollment of the school
was 140, with 34 in tho High
Following is the program render
ad Monday night:
THE BROWNIES' 'AND
B\ FIRST TO MM ll li.'.ADKS
,FairvQueen . Angie Arehart
i Fairy Princess . Blancha McCluer
j Lilly Princess . . Sue Dunlap
j Leader of the Brownlea . . .
RAGGLES' CORNER-1 ACT
SCENE". BTRKRT IN NlCW YORK CITY
Raggles, a bocthlacl . Marvin Fultz
May O'Roey, ri> girl . . I lei ta En
The Italian Girl . Katherine Fultz
The Cbristie.n Lady.
Mrs. Bargain Snatcher ....
Seraph ina Annul.* ?-aythe . .
The musical program Tuesday
eveningl was as follows:
Welcome Chorus?Hiph School
Humoreske ? ? ? Drorak
Margaret McCluer, Lucy Farrar
Enchanted Vision . Weyts
I Sue Dunlap
A May Only . . Rathbun.
Essie Yowall, Miss Alwood
Qud Valsfe . . . Godard
li Day of Col
j J> By Dr. HARRY PRATT JU!
ITE collo:*;.' loafer is oftcntit
LIKABLE fello-v. He i
OUS in many of our col
ago?the lad who came t<
the college wasn't a country club.
BUT HIS DAY IS GONE; HE
COLLEGES ALL OVER THE COUN"
Metropolitan Newspapers and the
The esteemed Bedford Bulletin of
last week says:
Country papers are often subjects
| of jest by their merry city brethren
, on account of the seemingly trivial
items constantly published in their
\ columns. They do not stop to think
i that it is more important to Mrs.
Smith to know that her neighbor,
Mrs. Jones, whom she knows and
loves, has had a serious loss by rea
jsonof the death of a valuable cow
ior horse than that John Dee R*<?a
lerbilt has played with stocks-ind
; dropped steen million or more, leav?
ing still enough boodle in fi is t-reas
, ure chest to keep the wolf from the
door. But however true it may be
that the news columns of country
! papers are tilled w;th items of little
consequence to the metropolitan
reader, we do not thir?. any country
i paper of our acquaintance can beat
the following clipped from the front
page of tho New York World:
"Rags Rests in Silk"
d in a coffin lined with silk,
I e pet dog of Mrs. J. F.
>**as buried yesterday with i
much ceremony on the grounds of |
Sheriff Ayer's homo at Alloway, N. .
J. The dog, which was known to I
every resident of the community, i
was run over by an automobile a
few days ago. A small tablet will '
be placed over the remnants of the
Governor Assigns Bible Reason
< overnor Brown of Georgia turn?
ed to the Old Testament injunction to
justify his action in refusing to stay
execution in the five murder cases
appealed to him during hu present
term of office.
"Moreover, ye shall take no satis?
faction for fie life of a murderer
which is guilty of death, but he
shall surely be put to death. Wboao
killeth any person, the murderer
shall be put to death by the mouth of
witnesses."?Numbers xxxv. 30,31.
The Governor made known the
fact that be hud sought biblical
commandment to help him reach a
conclus on after the Prison Commis?
sion had given out the information
that there had been a falling off of
appeals for clemency since the Gov?
ernor's firm stand in two cases re
KlviraMcCluer, Blanche McCluer
Chase of the Gazelles
Lucy Farrar, Bessie Ott
In the Arena . Engleman
Ks ta I'm e Sale, Miss Alwood
'Silver Bells Chorus . . Byrne
Joy and Sunshine
On the Alert . . Engleman
Angie Arehart, Miss Alwood
Angel Serenade . . Smith
Where the River Shannon Flows
I lei ta Lae, Miss Alwood
A Starry Night . . . Smith
Revel of the Naiads .
Sounds from the Itali . Gillet
Silvery Waves . . Wyman
Lucy Farrar, Margaret McCluer
Rustle of Spring . . Linding
Moonlight Reverie . . Allen
Virginia Lynn, Sue Dunlap
Sailor Boy's Dream . I*e Hache
Concert Polonaise , I'.ngleman
Bess Ott, Lucy Farrar
fer Is Past j
f*?~i>^>^?aaa??*i *???!? ?^^?^.sy??^
DSON of Chicago University
nes?in fact, in most cases?a van
is the tyj.r of youth so NU MER
leges and universities a f*?w viar?
-> college for fun He forgot that
18 BEING WEEDED FROM THE
Devastation by Mississippi Flood the
Worst in History
The awfulness of the Mississippi.
flood to the residents al rr ?
States is still declared to be unde
With the crest of the high (rater
reached some weeks ago the news?
papers have hr-en paying but little
attenti' ation there, anti
but for a fragment iry dispatch from
a point here ami "'.ere, nothing is
seen n the pas>. s.
This is due wi the fact that the
papers told the story day by day.
until the worst had passed?so Li?
as the rising water was concerned ? ]
and when conditions begin to _et
netter the general public wants to
hear but little of it.
The public then begins reaching
out for a new sensation,quickly for?
getting the dire disaster that has
befallen its brethren but a few hun?
dred miles distant.
To again call to the mind of ihe
people the affliction which has been
visited upon these thousands of
Southern people,here is reproduced
a portion ol the appeal of the Mayor
of New York li ty to the people of
tbat municipality: In part it says:
"The Titanic disaster, appalling
as M was. has overshadowed bv its
dramatic setting a yet greater and
more destructive one. The heaviest
blow which has befallen upon the
South since the Civil War is com?
manding little attention from press
or public, tine to lack of proper
realization of the terrible conditions.
"Two hundred thousand persons
were rendered homeless and desti?
tute and the property loss reaches
into the millions. An immense area
is still submerged and in the wake
of the receding waters follows the
menace of dreaded epidemics of ty?
phoid and infant mortality.''
Mothers' Day May Be Legal Holiday
If Representative Taylor of Colo?
rado, can acconip.ish it. Mothers
Day, celebrated recently, will be
made a legal holiday. It is the
fourth annual celebration of the dav
since the origin of the custom four
years a_o, aud Mr. Taylor thinks it
titting that the National Government
should go on record in its recogni
Saturday afternoon he introduced
i a bill providing that the second Sun
I day in May of each year should be
: a public holiday, to becalled "Moth
| ers' Dav."
Au attemot was made in 1908 in
I tbe Senate by the then Senator Bur
! kett of Nebraska, to legalise theday.
j but the plan was not upproved by
I Senators. Now, however, the sen
ti ment in Congress is much ino;e
i pronounced, and it is probable that
I favorable action will bo taken on the
Speaking of his bill Mr. Taylor
'"I introduced this bill because 1
thought it most proper for Congress
to help perpetrate a custom wLich
j has become so popular and repre
I sents a sentiment springing from
the natural promptings of children
I to honor the memory of their moth?
ar*, lt is true th.?t the mere legal?
izing of the second Sinday in May
cannot accomplish the results av
tained in tho observance of other
I holidays, but it will serve toempha
si/. ? that the men of this nation re?
spect the sacred merni ry of the wo?
men who were thoir mothers."
James Reilly,. Yale, "12, has been
secured as football coach for Wash
ington and T?e next fall.
The man who pays as he goes
hates to see another fellow travel
mi. on a pass.
SUBDUED THE AIR;
Wilbur Wright Died in Dayton
PREMIER NAVIGATOR OF AIR
His Invention of the Flying Machine
Wonder of Age
In the death o' VJilb rr Wright to?
day at his home in Dayton after a
brier illness from typhoid fever, the
:e of aviation loses its pioneer,
and the United States one of its
master mino*, and indomitable wills.
It is not for the commentor of to
daf IO do justice to Wilbur Wright.
to his brother. Orville. In
,-ars to come, as man draws nearer
and nearer to the solution of the
problem of flight, if indeed the
problem is not fully solved, theo
and not till then will the world
realize its debt of gratitude to this
wonderful inventor, and the first
man to ieave the ground in a heav?
ier-than-air fl yin*: machine with
absolute assurance that he would
cleave the a'mo-.t)here and arrive at
his destination in safety.
Ry a strange coirc.dunce, ?he ills
ease which struck down Wilbur
Wright while at the zenith of his
career, and in the prime of life, was
responsible for him and his brother
giving the first successful aero?
plane, or biplane, to the waiting
world which had looked with skep?
ticism and a smile upon the hun?
dreds of unsuccessful efforts on the
part of man to imitate the birds of
air. It wa* in the late nineties,
while Orville Wright. Wilbur's
younger brother. was suffering
from typhoid fever, that tbe two be?
came interested in aviation. Wil?
bur, al ? avs devoted to his brother,
read to him of the progress Profes?
sor Langley waa making wah his
airship at Widewater. Va., and then
and there tiie two determined to in?
vent an airship and fly it.
?Tbe early si the two
young men, pour bicycle repairers
in a little shop in Dayton,have been
told many times,since they achieved
worldwide distinction and fame,
With no encouragement whatever
from friends or capitalists whom
they approached, scoffed at and
jeered, they bulli their airship,
tried it out at Kilty Hi wk, N. C.,
satisfied themselves that they had
perfected their invention, and then
announced to the world that they
were prepared for judgment of their
Wilbur Wright tcok the first ma?
chine they built and went IO France
< where ha startled that nation hy
his wonderful control of the heavy
aeroplane. Successes came foal
i upon eacb other,and he was lior.iz-d
feted by royalty throughout Europe
decorated oy uiot.archs, and lauded
j throughout the civiliz-jd world.
The death ol this genius at 1 lil
i time is most unfortunate, for it wa*
i but a few weeks ugo that he and hit
! brother perfected the hydroaero
? plane,which starts from land or sen
alike, and also added a number o
new safety appliances to the ma
chine with which they amazed thi
world in 1908.?Richmond News
Leader, .May 31.
Convicts Play Baseball
Two games of baseball wen
played last Thursday, Decoratior
Day. by the inmates of the Stat*
pmtitentiary?one game by "ths
white teams and one game by thi
colored teams. Tiie men wen
' taken from all the shops in thi
establishment. The white mer
were Richmond against Danville,
and the colored teams were Elora
noke against Norfolk. Richmond
ind Rovnoke won, the scores beins
ll to 10 and 8 to 9. Tbe colored
players fought for thirteen innings
before the end came. Tho day wa.*
observed as a holiday. The uinpin
was Sam T. Smitu, one of the keep
ors of the institution, and his de
cisions go as they are called. Thi
. institution has a regul r league
and there are games every day, thi
players being tho "honor" men ii
Subscribe for Tbe Gazette, $1.00.
COST OF A CLEAN TOWN
IS ETERNAL VIGILANCE
Lexington Cfric League Addressed
On .vic Bette- tnent
M**s. Joh f Lynchburg
;addresse?l " ul friends ol
I the Lexinp i .. I rague Th .r
day eveni* e a High School
i Auditoriu . in tl e.tst of civic
jbettermen- '?-* 'nee o'-about
, eighty, or ie number b>
I ing men. -....; 1c*-essi. Mrs./
I Lewis la I g tal ki r. and
appears i earnest con?
cerning ? rment in gen?
Mrs. I trod ticed to the
! audienci n H. f.itane of
Washing! ie University,
who refi r as possessing
great i gifts which aro
1 being u lettermunt of so
? ciety. further said that
' be was mpathy with the
I par poa of the League.
Afte in graceful terms
? the pleasure it auorded her to ad?
dress a Lexington audience, whom
she recognized as not needing any
information that she might be able
to present. Mts.Lewis entered upon
the discussion of her theme of civic
betterment in a manner that showed
her thorough familiarity with her
subject. Later iu the address it
was brought out that sbe had been
au active worker in civic work in
Lynchburg for some years.
Mrs. Lewis made a strong plea
for cooperation amongall citizens of
the community, whereby tbe sup?
port of the town officials may ne an
.-ted,ami suggested tbs importuner*
; from a sanitary standpoint of look?
ing after the less frequented parla
of the town, such as alleys, vacant
i?is. and even back yards. Most
people. Rhe said, took special pride
in their front yards.but many seem?
ed not to care about the appearance
of their ba*;k premises. 1'ocrea'e a
sentiment that would make tne hack
yards as presentable as tront yards
is one of the missions of civic work
ers. She also spoke of the impor?
tance of tiie proper disposition of
garriage and expressed regret that
in so many towns waste papers are
permitted to blow about the streets,
disfiguring many otherwise beauti?
ful and attractive law ni and aven?
Mrs. Lewis devoted a considera?
ble portion of her address to the re?
sponsibilities of the ballot, and gave
an interesting dessertat on on citi?
zenship and Democracy.
She also stated that civic pride
shculd influence parents to take
special interest in the public
schools, visiting the schools occa?
sionally" and thereby showing that
the subject of education is a mat?
ter of great concern to them.
A Forgotten River Horror
It is not generally known that the
Mississippi riveronce was tbe scene
of a disaster almost the equal of the
Titanic, in the number of lives lost.
' It was just, about the clOae of the
' Civil War. on April 27, 1885, that
the steamboat "Su liane," loaded
' with Union soldiers returning from
' the campaign around and below
Vicksburg,and many other passeng
' ers, blew up and over 1,500 lives
The disaster occurred several
! miles above Memphis. Approxi
i mat el v 2,300 people were aboard,
> aiout the same number on board
, the Titanic. The accident occurred
, about I 90 o crack a.m., io mid
J Following the bursting of the
J boilers, which caused the pilot
J house and"texas" to be hurled high
11 into tbs sir sod scattered over tbs
wat er, the boat took tire, and was
. soon a mass of flame. Many wert)
I scalded lo death.
? The ' Carpathia" of this long for
I gotten river horrow was thest amer
;: "l> stona" which was coming down
,|tee river and was just a mile from
* i the Sultana when the latter's boil
. ers exploded. She hastened to the
. | scene and was able to rescue sever
j ' al hundred passengers who other?
wise would have perished.?De
* | catur Daily.
Tobacco growing was forbidden
in England in the reign of Char!tja
I the Second.