ftbe Xexington (5a3ette
VOL. 108, NO. 30 LEXINGTON, VIRGINIA, WEDNESDAY, JULY 24, 1912 $1.00 PER YEAR
HEALTH BOARD ISSUES
A "FLY CATECHISM"
Good Roles for Exterminating the
Tbe Board of Health or Indian?
apolis, Ind., has issued a "Fly
Catechism" which it would be well
for all Gazette readers to commit to
memory, particulury at this time of
the year, when every effort made tn
exterminating the national pest will
count for so much more than it
would later in the season, when so
many more billions of flies will have
been brought into existence. It
I. Where is the fly born? In
manure and luth.
_ Where does the fly live? Id
every kind of tilth.
3. ls anything too filthy for the
fly to eat? No.
4. (a) Where does he go wheo he
leaves the vault and tbe manure
pile and the spittoon? Into the
kitchen and the dining room, (b)
What does he do there? He walks
on the bread, fruit and vegetables;
wipes his feet on the butter and
bathes ia the buttermilk.
V Does the Hy visit the patient
sick with consumption, typhoid
fever, and cholera infantum? He
does?and may call on you next.
li. ls the fly dangerous? He is
man's worst pest aud more danger?
ous than wild beast or rattlesnake.
7. What diseases does the fly
carry? He carries typhoid fever,
tuberculosis and summer complaint.
How? On his wings and hairy feet,
What is his correct name? Typhoid
8. Did he ?>ver kill any one? Ile
killed more American soldiers in the
Spanish-American War than tbe
bullets of the Spaniards.
9. Where are the'greatest number
of esses of typhoid fever, consump?
tion and summer complaint? Where
there are most flies.
10. Where are there most flies?
Where there is most tilth.
II. Why shculd we kill the fly?
Because be may kill us.
12. How shall we kill the fly? (a)
Destroy all the filth about the house
and yard; (b) pour lime into tbe
vault and on the manure; (c) kill
the fly with a wire-screen paddle,
sticky paper, or kerosene oil.
13. lull tbe fly in any way, but?
kill the fly!
Richeson's Body Is Buried By His
The final wishes cf the Rev. Clar?
ence V. T. Richeson, who was elec?
trocuted in Bjston in May for the
murder of Avis Linnell, were last
Thursday carried out, when his re?
mains were exunied from tbe old
grave yard on bis father's farm,
four miles from Amherst Court
House, and were laid to rest beside
those of bis mother, whose grave is
ia the cemetery s short distance
from the latter town. When the re?
mains were brought from Boston in
May they were met at Amherst de
pot by tbe father snd brothers of
tbe deceased and were taken by a
circuitous route to the grave yard
where the grandparents of.Clarence
Richeson were buried and there the
interment took place. Publicity was
carefully avoided and the remains
would bave lain undisturbed as far
as the male members of the family
were concerned, but tbe sisters of
the former minister desired tbat he
should be buried as he wished, next
to his mother's grave, and to this
Mr. Richeson, senior, consented.
A Lynchburg undertaker exhum?
ed the remains in the presence ol
one brother. The remains were in
perfect condition, the features be?
ing composed and an open Bible be?
ing held in tbe band. In a heavy
rain the journey to the Amherst
oemetery was made, where tbe grave
bad been dug. The casket was low?
ered and prayers were offered by
tbe Rev. Mr. Hawkins a Baptist
minister. Marble cross with a
brief inscription will be placed over
Tha election of Mr. Wm. F. Mc?
combs to tbe honorable and respon?
sible position of chairman of the
National Democratic Committee
seems to meet with the approval ol
all leading Democrats.
A bigamist is u mao wno h?s mor?
wives than brains.
15 PER CENT REDUCTIONS
Drastic Reforms in Express Rates
S-ree pi nf*; reductions in express
rates averaging Id general, approx?
imately 15 per cent; drastic reforms
in regulations and practices, and !
comprehensive changes in the j
methods of operation are prescrib?
ed in a report made public Friday
by the Interstate Commerce Com?
mission of its investigation into the
business of tbe thirteen great ex?
press companies of the United
Dealing with the identity of in?
terest between the various cam
panies, the report finds that while
these companies are separate legal
entities, "it is of interest to regard
this fact that by stock ownership and
otherwise they are so interlaced,
intertwined and interlocked that it
is with difficulty we can trace any
one of the greater companies as
either wholly independent in. its
management ortho agency of a sin?
gle railroad system. So that while
these companies operate separately
and compete with each other for
traffic, the express business may be
said to be almost a family affair.
An interesting genealogical tree, in
fact, might be dru, * n showing
commony ancestry in all of the
larger companies. And while many
names may be used to designate
these companies, it is within the
fact to say that aside from the oper?
ation of the minor and distinctive
lj railroad express companies, the
express business of tbe United
States is managed by aol more than
three groups of interests."
The greatest reduction of rates
proposed is on small packages
that is, on parcels which weigh
less than twelve pounds. Kates on
packages of more than twelve
pounds were found to be more re?
settable than those on smaller par?
Real Estate and Property Transfers
The following deeds of bargain
and sals were entered of record in
the Clerk's Office of Rockbridge
county for two weeks ending July
Trustees Lexington Presbyterian
church toF. L. McClung, portion of
the "Parsonage Lot" on White
Street, Lexington $2,500.
Virginia Leighton to Naomi
Leighton, land lying on waters of
Elk's Creek, Natural Bridge dis?
C. D. Pal mei to T. M. Smith, 1
acre adj. Lula B. Davis, Lexington
Bessie G. Peebles to W. H. Bond,
one-seventh undivided interest in
hotel property in Glasgow, owned
bv the late B. G. Gabbart, $350.
Jas. C. Zillman to W. C. Agnor,
91 acres four and one-half miles
southwest of Lexington adj. R. T.
Zillman, Lexington district, $4,100.
Mrs. Nelia A. Pence Chittum to
Housed E. Pence, house and lot on
Mainstreet, Lexington, adj. skating
R, S. McCluer, etc., to Ella T.
Herring, releasing their interest in
"Clover Hill" tract of land, Natural
H. G. Herring, etc., to Ella T.
Herring, releasing their interest in
"Clover Hill" tract of land, Natural
J. A. Austin to Wm.Thomas, tract
adj. F. T. Anderson, being t*:at por?
tion of J. H. Johnson estate allotted
R. J. Mathenev, 150.
W. H. Harris to Ida Harris, two
tracts of 37 1-10 and 35 acres, re?
spectively, adj. A. L. Steele, South
River district, H.000.
Mrs. W. S. Hannah to Hugh
Goodson Wills, 16 acres and 15 poles
on north fork of Cedar Creek, adj.
E. M. Ruff, Natural Bridge district,
Another Snake Story
l*ast week somebody entered a de?
tached building used as an eating
room at Emanuel Alger's place on
top of the Blue Ridge, There upon
the table from which the family had
recently eaten breakfast was a huge
rattlesnake, drinking the broth off a
dish of rice. A gun was procured
and tbe snake shot to pieces. It
had nine rettie.* and a button.?Page
She Submits to Being Governed
By a Machine
DOES NOT REPRESENT PEOPLE
People Already Waking to Duty of
A New Day
"Virginia, in spite of its splen?
did traditions, is today in its sub?
serviency to a machine, one of the
most servile States of the Union."
This is the editorial comment of
Mark Sullivan in Collier's Weekly
in his discussion of the appearance
of Thomas F. Ryan as a Virginia
delegate at Baltimore. This sta te?
rna! t is not true. Virginia is not
servile. But Virginia is asleep.
Virginia does submit to being
governed by a machine tbat fails to
represent tbe people. She does
permit men to make of her public
service a means of individual ag?
grandizement, of continuance in fat
places, of putting personal friend?
ship above the common good. Is
blind devotion to the principle of
party regularity, Uer citizens bave
acquiesced in perpetuating a selfish
tr rou p. These men have departed
from their ancient traditions; they
have failed to voice tbe needs of the
common people; they bave retarded
progress; they bave set an embargo
on big leadership; they have oppos?
ed modern methods of government;
they have blighted.initiutive, perpet?
uated J obsolete and extravagant
waysof conducting public business;
they have failed to measure up to
tbe responsibilities with which Vir?
ginia entrusted them. Virginia bas*
been indifferent, but she is not, in
Mr. Sullivan's sense, servile.
She is indifferent to the charge
tbat she who once fed American
Commonwealths in the wisdom and
greatness of her statesmanship now
trails in the rear. Formerly re?
form, progress, enthusiasm for lib- j
erty and democracy were born in I
Virginia. Now we hear ot the
"Iowa Idea," or of tbe "Wisconsin
Plan," but never of the "Virginia
Ideal." Wheo tbe great experiment
of self-government wa* being under?
taken George Mason.drew its char?
ter, Thomas Jefferson threw down
tbe gage of battle. George Washing?
ton achieved the victory. Yet to?
day, when the struggle is waged for
free opportunity, equality before
the law, and destruction of special
privileges, Virginia do longer leads.
She sends Tnomas Fortune Ryan,
the bodily incarnation of the abuses
calling for correction, as her dele?
gate to tbe National Convention,
Virginia thinks of herself as con?
servative, and tbat conservatism has
brought ber perilously near to leth?
argy and ignorance. Shs is not ser?
vile, but drowsily content. Whon
she wakes, that moment will see the
end of Bourbonism, of reactionary
policies, of undemocratic policies, of
undemocratic practice upon which
the machine is built.
History disproves idle talk of a
servile Virginia. Interwoven in
the fibre of her lifo are the finest
characters and the loftiest ideals.
Her people are sound, honest, dem
ociatic, wisely progressive. The
foundation of her faith remains un?
shaken. If tbe Times-Dispatch did
not believe this, it would not feel so
deep the failure of Virginia to ex?
press her true self. But we do be?
lieve that Virginia is still bent on
high things. She will take ber
right place in helping to mold gov?
ernment into un instrument for serv?
ing all tbe people. The machine
will be destroyed because it is out
of touch with Virginia ideals and
does not answer modern needs.
Virginia is not servile. She is
asleep. Yet already she is waking
to theduty of a nsw day.?Richmond
"It was my fight aod it is my vic?
tory," said Mr- Roosevelt, when he
heard of the expulsion of Senator
William Lorimer Irom the United I
States Senate. "Tbe whole thing
began when I refused to dine with
him at the Hamilton Club dinner."
If you would be popular you must
be a good forgsttsr.
SPEAKER CLARK LED
Democratic House Members Cal
On Gov. Wilson
K CORDIAL WELCOME GlVEf
Book of Autographs Presented t
Champ Clark, Speaker of th
House, led his caravan of follower
? tortuous way along the dusty road
it Sea Girt to Governor Wilson'
lomrosr home, on the New Jerse;
XM*>i Saturday. '1 hey came. Iii
strong, from the House of Represen
tatives ina special train from Wash
ington to shake hands with the noir
inee and bid him God speed for th
Presidency, lt was tbe first tim
tu the history of the United State
that Democrats or Republicans ii
Congress bad quit their work t
dash across the country and bail th
Governor Wilson met them hal
way down the walk stretching aaa;
from his front porch to tbe roadway
and escorted Mr. Clark to tbe wid
porch and there completed the we
ootne by grasping every pilgrim b;
Mr. Clark had something to sa
and he did not wait until the lon
line of Representatives bad filed b
and had its collective say, so be hel
Up tbe procession for a minute o
two and told tbe Governor tbat the
had come to see him and wish hit
wall in his tight, and tbat they ha.
brought along their autographs in
little book to remind him some da
that the Democratic majority of th
Bouse had closed up office and trav?
eled down to Sea Girt to get ac
uuvnted with tbe next President
Weuld he please take it?
Governor Wilson expressed hi
appreciation of tbe honor done hit
and said he hoped it was just the lu
ginning of a long acquaintance.
Farmers Getting Higher Price fo
The farmers of the country wer
being paid more by 17.5 per ceu
for their products on July 1 thi:
year than they received last yea
at tbat time, Victor H Olmsted
chief of the bureau of statistics
Department of Agriculture, an
nounced a few days ago.
This increase in prices was th
average on crops which represen
about three fourths of the value o
all crops of the nation.
The increase in price in cents bt
ing paid the farmer July 1, this year
over those on the same date las
Corn, ll ; w eat and oats, 15; bar
ley, 12; rye, 6 I *.'; buckwheat, 6; pi
tatoes, 7; hay, fl."-e.
There was an increase of 7 cent:
in the price of tl ax seed and 3 cent
Increase in tbe prices of other
Hogs, 99 cents; oeef cattle. St
veal calves, 51: eggs, 2 1-2; bu tte i
3; sheep, 28; lambs, 51; miich cows
fl !W; milk, 2 I-*"; beans. 43; swee
potatoes, 16; onions, 21;clover seed
#2.89; timothy seed, $1 44; wool, un
washed, 3; cabbage, 21; broom corn
#10 (too); bran. *f:i.4s.
lt was almost national ackno*
lodgement that, through all thes
years, Mr. Bryan bas been rigb
and his oppouent wrong. It wa
thunderous indorsement, after 2
yeats, of tbat for which Mr. li ry a
has striven, and a thunderous clan
or from the rank and file of an op?
posing party for the application s
Washington of the polieies that Mi
Bryan had never abandoned, neve
compromised aud never failed to d<
If Mr. Bryan fought for progre*
si veness when it was friendless
why sim lld be no fight for it i
When the things he has battle
for throughout bis political caree
are on the eve of triumph, wh
shuuid Mr Bryan permit thin
blerigglng politicaii*. at B-iltimoi
io cheat him, and the country, oi
of the fruits of his struggle??Por
land (.Oregon) Journal.
THE FARMER - CREED
What the Agriculturist Should Do
To Wis Success
I believe in clover, I believe in
cow poss, I believe in soy beans,
and above all, I believe in alfalfa,
the queen of forage plants.
I believe in a permanent agricul?
ture, a soil tbat shall grow richer
rather than poorer from year to
I believe in hundred bushel corn
and in fifty bushel wheat, and I shal|
not be satisfied with anything less.
I believe tbat .the only good weed
is a dead weed, and that a clean
farm is as important asa clean con?
I believe in the farm boy and tbe
farm girl, tbe farmer's best crops
and the future's best hope.
I believe in the farm woman, and
will do all in my power to make her
life easier and hippier.
I believe in a .country school th<?
preoares for country life, and a
country church that teaches its peo
pie to love deeply and live honor
I believe in the community spirit,
a pride in homesa nd neighbors, and
I will do my part to make my own
community the best in the State.
I believe in better roads. I
will use tbe road drag conscitrt
iously whenever opportunity offers,
and I will not "soldier" when work
g I ing out on my road tax.
y I believe in the farmer, I
d [ believe in farm life, I believe in
the inspiration of the open country.
1 am proud to be a farmer, and
I will try earnestly to be worthy
of the name.
1 believe in honest statements
y about crop yields and fine cattle and
e | standard measures rattier than
I believe in a home that rever
. ! ences God and does not slander a
neighbor?a borne where there are
s | family prayers, and where the little
Q ones say "Now I lay me down to
.sleep."?The Virginia Journal of
Two Colonels in Plain Contrast
Under the caption, "The case of
' Mr. Roosevelt.'" Senator Li Follette
has written the following editorial
in the current number of La Kol
"Bryan at Baltimore, foregoing
all chance of his own nomination,
marshalling all his forces, braving
! Tammany and the trusts, to rescue
1 his party from their domination,
carrying the convention for the
adoption of the most progressive
Democratic platform yet offered,
' and the nomination of the most prog
ressive Democratic candidate avail?
able, was a towering figure of moral
power and patriotic devotion to
"Roosevelt at Chicago, backed by
money deprived from the stock-wat?
ering operations of the steel trust
and the harvester trust, orgaaizmg
what are now confessed to have
been fake contests as to nearly 200
delegates in order to control the
Republican convention and secure
hisown nomination, refusing to aid in
making a progressive platform,
bound to bave the nominationrjr de?
stroy the Republican party, was a
most striking example of misdirect?
ed power and unworthy ambition.
Roosevelt had as great an oppor?
tunity to serve the progressive
causeat Chicago as Bryan had Haiti
more. But Roosevelt was serving
ihe mac, not the cause."
Negro Babies Happiest
Negro babies, ai euro D/ to the
child hygiene bureau of thu New
Vork City Health Department, are
much better humored than other
babies. A large number of pick?
aninnies are being cared for this
summer in connection with the de?
partment's infant milk stations, and
a report by tbe beud of tbe bureau
comments on their conduot as fol?
"Tbe little negro babies seldom
are fretty. They are the mon
philosophical Oaoy patients we have.
You rarely hear one ory. but the
white babies cry a great deaT, es?
pecially wben they are being
Keep an eye on your friends; you
know what to expect from your
NEW PROFESSOR OF LAW
FOR WASHINGTON & LEE
Mr. Robt. W. Withers Has Accepted
Mr. Robert Walker Withers has
accepted tbe Bradford professor?
ship of Constitutional Law, estab?
lished by tbe Board of Trustees of
Washington and Lee University at
their annual meeting in June. This
announcement followed upon the
election of Mr. Withers on June 27
by the executive committee of tbe
Board of Trustees, and a mature
consideration of the offer by him in
connection with other attractive
propositions for his services in R i
ooke and Norfolk.
The establishment of an additional
professorship was made necessary
by the continued rapid increase in
the law school. At the annual meet?
ing of the Hoard of Trustees, in re?
sponse to the petition of tbe law fac?
ulty, adopted the following resolu?
tions with regard to the Law School:
1. Resolved, That the Board con?
curs in the opinion of the law fac?
ulty that th>* course given in the
Law School for tbe Degree of LL
B. should continue to be a i.vo
years' course, with the option
of the students to take it in
three years instead of two. as at
present; that the course should ,ot
at present be enlarged, nor the
work now required of the stu?
dent for his degree (to any extent)
increased, but that it is very desir?
able thttt the classes, and especially
tbe Junior Class, should as far as
practicable be divided into smaller
sections, without substantially in?
creasing the work of the professors.
2. That tbe Vincent L Hradi .rd
professorship of Constitutional aud
International Law. as provided for
ic the will of Vincent L. Bradford,
deceased, be established.
3. Tbat tbe executive committee
is authorized to elect a profos?sor fur
said chair to serve during tbe com?
ing year: fix his salary, and lo as?
sign to him his duties?the perma?
nent tilling of tin* etiair Ui be taken
up bv the Board eitherat its meet?
ing next October or the next annual
meeting as may seem best.
Pursuant to the resolution of the
Board, the executive committee, at a
meeting on June 27. took tbe follow?
Resolved, That Mr. R-bert W.
Withers be selected to fill the new
chair of law recently created by the
Board during the year beginning
July 1. l:'I-', with me understand?
ing thai il the relation proves mutu?
ally satisfactory, this committee will
recommend last be be elected perma?
nently to said chair at Jtbe next an?
nual meeting of tbe Board.
The newly elected professor is an
alumnus of Washington aud Lee,
having taken his law degree with
the class of 11*05. While in college
be was known as au exceptionally
bright and successful studeu t. Since
his graduation Mr. Wit tiers has
practiced his profession in Bedford
Citti with a large measiu e of suc?
cess, and he is reeognizea u-> one of
the most prominent youn;r lawyers
in 'the State. He is a nephew of
Dean Martin P. (lurks of t.c Wash?
ington I*ee Law School.
Progressives to Meet in Roanoke
Thomas Lee Moore ul Roanoke,
Virginia member of the I'rogress-ive
National Committee, i, is issuej a
cal! for a State con ti-re nee or mass
meeting to be held in Roanoke July
SQ, n on, to narnu delegates to the
National Convention, which will as?
semble in Cbis-as-r*,.. tsugu?tft. State
electors are also to be named, and
such other business as ni*yeouie up
will be disposed of.
As the Progressives ,.i this State
are without organization, or a party
law, it is recommended that they
immediately take such steps locally
as may seem best in their several
counties, cities or other subdivis?
ions to organise for the pu pose of
sending representative cituecs to
the State conference. Ta the ab?
sence of lime or opportunity for lo?
ci}! organization any citizau or citi?
zens who may be inclined so to do
can, however, attend the confer?
An occasional failure encourages
j the bustier to make a ts.re strec
I uous eiTort.
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