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ftbe Xextngton Sa3ette
VOL. 108, NO. 44 LEXINGTON. VIRGINIA, WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 30 1912
._?_^??->?-.,??.,??,?___?__?___,________ _ ' *100 PER YEAR
PANIC PRIMER PREPARED
BY WILLIAM J. BRYA.
1
Three Panics in Last Fifty Year
Two Under Republicans
The following "Panic Primer'
appeared in last week's Commonei
and is good Democratic campai
literature:
Before taking up the real issue
of the campaign I desire to c.;il youl
attention to the threat of panic ?hict
is now being employed by the lie
publican leaders as a substitute foi
argument. Hy using it they con
fess that they are unable to app< a
to the reason. To fortify you agains'
this threat and to furnish you with
an answer that will rout any ont
who dares to use the threat I will
present in just a few words tha his?
tory of panics.
To make it easier to rememb ?r I
will givo you the facts in the forms
of questions und answers and will
call it a "Panic Primer."
Q. How long since the Republican
parly lirst came into power?
A. Fifty-two years.
Q. How many panics have wo had
during that time?
A. Three.
Q. When did they come?
A. In 1878, 1898 Sad 1907.
L>. Who was president in 1873?
A. U. S. (J rant.
y. To what party did he belong?
A. The Republican party.
Q. What party had control of the
Senate at that lime?
A. Tho Republican p.irty.
Li. What did the Democrats have
to do with the panic of 18781
A. Nothing, except that they suf?
fered from the panic in commcu
with others.
L>. Who was president when the
panic of 1907 came?
A. Theodora Roosevelt.
CJ. To what party did he t:.en be?
long?
A. The Republican party.
Q. What party had control of the
Senate?
A. The Republican party.
C>. What party had control of the
House then?
A. The Republican party.
U.. What did the Democrats have
to do with that panic?
A. Nothing, except that they suf?
fered from it in common with others.
Q. Is it possible that two of the
three panics came under Republican
presidents and with Republicans in
control of both the Senate and House?
A. Yes. The lirst panic came in
the middle of a 24-year period, dur?
ing which every president was a
Republican, lt came 12 years after
the last Demociatic president, elect
ed before that period began, and 12
years before the lirst president was
elected after that period ended. And
tbe last panic came during a 16 year
period of Uemiblican rule, lt came
more than ll) years after a Demo
eratic president went out in 1897,
and nearly six years before the in
atiguaration of a Democratic presi?
dent in 1913.
Q. Why do the Republican speak?
ers ignore these two panics?
A. This question ought to be
easily answered by those whom the
Republican speakers try to deceive
?it is because neither of these
panics can be charged to the Demo?
crats,and a reference to them would
rob the threat of its terror.
Q. Reference has been made to
the first panic which came in 1873
and to the las* one which came in
1907. Let us now consider the sec?
ond panic?the panic of 1893. Who
was president when it came?
A. Grover Cleveland.
Q. To what party did he belong?
A. He was elected by tho Demo?
cratic party in 1892, but helped to
elect a Republican to succeed him
in 1896.
Q. How soon after his election did
the panic come?
A. So soon that it came under lie
publican laws?not a single Repub?
lican law having been repealed be e
fore it Came.
Q. Under what tariff law did tbe
panic of 1893 come?
A. Under the McKinley law?tbe
panic came a year before the Mc?
Kinley law was repealed.
Q. Under what monetary law did
the panic co ut-.?
A. Tlie sherman lae?the panic
caine several mouths before the pur
IN INTEREST OF THE BIG BtV
Boys' Sundi y-School Conference a
Wytheville
A remarkable Sunday school meei
ing was held in Wytheville, Octc
ber I8ib and 19th, when forty-on
bovs of high school age from thre
?ties met, and for a day and ;
talked over their part in Sun
school and church work ant
their duty to themselves, thei
companions and especially thei
dutv to younger boys.
The meeting was known as tm
First Hoys' Conference of tbe Vir
ginia Sunday-school Association. I
was arranged and presided over bj
Mr. G. C. Minor of Harrisonburg
State superintendent of the Second
ary Divisioo. and was an effort t<
do for the country boy what is be.
ing so well done by the Y. M. C. A
for the city nnd college boy. H<
was assisted by Mr. Harry T. Bak
er, secretary of boys' work of tht
Y. M. C. A.. Mr. Thos. C. Diggs
general secretary of the Virginie
Sunday-school Association, and by
SS taral able teachers and workers
cinong boys.
An effort was made with good
s,icc?ss to get the views of the boys
themselves on all subjects that were
discussed. One read a paper, and
all responded readily to the discus
sloes. Their interest may be in?
ferred from the fact that though the
weather out of doors was perfect,
they were more than content to sit
for several hours at a time for four
sessions talking over religious mat?
ters. At the close all expressed
themselves as having been much
pleased and greatly benehtted by
the conference, and want it again
next year. Several expressed a de?
sire to lead a Christian life.
The leaders were so well pleased
that they will arrange other confer?
ences in ot.ier purts of the State as
opportunity offers.
What College Life Really Means to
Many Students
Tbe idea is quite firmly and wide?
ly held that the advantages of col?
lege life are a thing entirely apart
from what one cm learn in college
that a student can get the best out
of his college life by not studying
very much. This delusion takes its
sharpest and commonest form in the
opinion that the high-stand man, the
distinguished scholar in college, is
not apt to do as well in after life as
tbe man who stands lower in his
class and escapes all distinction in
his studies.
It is possible to lind parents who
suggest to their sons that it is not
necessary or even desirable to do
too well in academic pursuits, be?
cause high-honor men in college
never amount to much afterward.
Students who announce this judg?
ment at the family dinner-table with
great emphasis and abundant scorn
tor those who question it, are quite
common. This delusion exists; it is
difficult to imagine what its origin
was; it is certain that it is in the
very teeth of the facts.
The charge which this popular
delusion brings against the high
honor man is that be is inefficient in
practical life, that, howover much
he may have learned out of books
'he is net able to bold down a job
n real life." Now,a man who is not
ible to hold down a job is just the
nan who does not get into that list.
?From "College Life," by Paul van
Dyke, in the November Scribner.
?basing clause of the Sherman law
was repealed.
Q, Is it possible that only one of
he three panics came under a Dem
icrstic president?
A. Yes, only one of the three.
Q. Why do tbe Republicans speak
if this panic only?
A. Because they'remore interest
id in making political capital than
n telling tbe truth.
Q. Why do the Republican speak
irs fail to tell us that tbe only panic
hat came under a Democratic ad
ninistration came under Republican
aws?
A. Because that would spoil their
rgument, and make their threat
idiculous.
Q. Are the Republican leaders ig
iiir.mt or dishonest when they
hreaten panic in case of Democratic
nccess?
A. They ara probably both.
MONEY IS RETURNED
TO C. H. NI'
Gov. Wilson Confirms Statement
Made By Col. Bryan
NOT DONE AT HIS REQUEST
McCormick's Contribution Amounted
To $12,500
Princeton. N. J., October 25.?
Governor Woodrow Wilson tonight
in explaining a speech by William
Jennings Bryan in Michigan today
witti reference to a pre-convention
contribution of $12,500 by Cyrus H.
McCormick, declared that this mon?
ey had been leturned to Mr. Mc?
Cormick by Cleveland P. Dodge.
The Governor said that he had not
beeu consulted in the transaction,
and that it took place within the last
ten days. When informed about
Mr. Bryan he dictated the following
statement:
"< .ovs?rnor Wilson tonight con
tirmt-d Mr. Bryan's statement re?
pined from Oxford. Mich., that the
I $12.5?0 contributed by his class?
mate. Mr. Cyrus H. McCormick, to
! his pre-convention campaign fund
I had been refunded. He said, how?
ever, Mr. Brvan must have been in
, part misquoted. The money was
I returned, but not at my request. It
', was done upon the initiative of Mr.
; Dodge and Mr. McCormick them
j selves. It was characteristic of
them. They have illustrated again
' what they illustrated so often while
; they were trustees of the uni versity,
I during my presidency here. They
i have always tried to act in such a
< way as to help me and yet leave me
j free."
Governor Wilson said he did not
know of Mr. McCormick's contribu?
tion to his pre-convention fund un?
til after it bad been named. Mr.
McCormick, he added, bad not con
tributed to his campaign fund after
the convention.
The Governor said Mr. McCor?
mick's contribution was madeas one
of a group of "Princeton friends,"
from whom Mr. Dodge obtained
support for the Wilson candidacy. |
The money was given to Mr. Mc
Comb's,Governor Wilson's manager,
in a lump sum by Mr. Dodge, who
did not designate the individual con?
tributions. The Governor added
that Mr. Dodge was not tie treas?
urer of bis pre-convention campaign,
but merely a contributor.
$6,000,000 Waste in the Corn Crop
Oneof the greatest, if not tbe great?
est waste in any single industry in
this State is made with tbe corn
crop. The grain of the yearly crop
of the State is worth about $35,000,
000 annualy. In a ripe corn plant
about 60 per cent, of the feed value
is contained in the kernels and
about 40 per cent, in the stalk and
blades. With the grain crop worth
$35,000,000 the feed value out of the
rest of the crop, if fully utilized,
about $6,000,000 would be saved,
by taking proper care of the
stalks and blades. More than
half of the feeding value of
tbe stalks and leaves is lostl un?
der the present system of, farm
management, which as before stated
is an enormous amount and would
b- in the neighborhood yearlyof$6,
DUO.OOO loss. No other business but
farming could stand such mi enor?
mous drain. In many of our States
some care is taken tosave this great
loss by tbe use of silos.?Virginia
Bulletin of Agriculture.
The Bell's Valley Runaway
Outcome of tbe Bell's Valley run?
away case is practical banishment
From Virginia for Holland Jackson
ind W. O. Lyle, as indicated in long
iistance telephone advices just re
:eivcd from Goshen, Rockbridge
;ounty. Miss Ida and Miss Estelle
ray lor returned with theil brother
'rom Charlotte. N. C.. where they
iud been detained at the time of the
irrest of Jackson and Lyle.and after
?onference between Mr. Taylor and
lis daughters, Mr. Taylor decided
lot to prosecute unless the two men
should return to the State. With
his understanding, the men were
?eleased from custody at Charlotte,
ind no further attempt was made to
*ke out rajgui
MESSAGE OF WILSON
TO AMERICAN PEOPLE
Gives Reasons for Seeking to Be
Elected President
A DESIRE TO SERVE COUNTRY
Special Favors to None But Equal
Opportunities to All
Governor Woodrow Wilson has is?
sued the following statement.
To the Voters of America:
I am glad to have an opportunity
to stats very simply and directly
why I am seeking to be elected
President of the United States. I
feel very deeply that this is not an
ambition a man should entertain for
his own sake. He must seek to
serve a cause, and must know very
clearly what cause it is he is seek?
ing to serve.
The cause I am enlisted in lies
very plain to mv own view: Tbe
Government of the United States, a?
now bound by the policies which
have become characteristic of Re?
publican administration in recent
years, is oot free to serve tho whole
people impartially, and it ought to
be set free. It has been tied up,
whether deliberately or merely by
unintentional development, with
particular interests, which have
used their power, both to cobtroi
the government and to control the
industrial development of tbe coun?
try. It must be freed from such en?
tanglements and alliances. Until it
is freed, it cannot serve the people
as a whole. Until it is freed, it can
nut undertake any programme of
social and economic betterment, but
must be checked and thwarted at
every turn by its patrons sad mas?
ters.
In practically every speech that I
make, I put at tbe front what I have
lo say tbe question of tbe tariff and
[he question of tbe trusts, but not
Imcmim of any thought of party
strategy, because I believe tbe solu?
tion of these questions to lie at the
very heart of the bigger question,
whether the government shall be
free or not. The government is not
free because it has granted special
favors to particular classes by
ueans of the tariff. The men to
whom these special favors have been
granted have formed great combina?
tions by which to control enterprise
iud determine tbe prices of commo
iies. They could not have done
this bad it not been for tbe tariff.
No party, therefore, which does not
propose to take away these special
favors and prevent monopoly abso
utely in tbe markets ol tbe country
sst even so much as tbe most ele
iiautary part of the method bv which
the government is to be set free.
The control to which tariff legis?
lation has led, both in tbe field of
politics and in tbe field of business,
9 what has produced tbe most
jdious feature of our present politi?
cal situation, namely, the absolute
iomination of powerful bosses.
Josses cannot exist without busi
ioss alliances. With them politics
s uardly distinguishable from busi
less. Bosses maintain tbeir control
H'causo they are allied with men
vho wish their assistance in order
o get contracts, in order to obtain
.pedal legislative advantages, in
irder to prevent teforms which will
nterfere with monopoly or with
heir enjoyment Ot special exempt
MS. Merely as political leaders,
ot backed by money, not supported
>y securely intrenched special in?
terests, bosses would be entirely
? a
lanageable and comparatively pow
rless. By freeing the government,
lierefore, we at the same time
reak the power of the boss. He
ri?des, he does not govern. He ar
aoges, be does not lead. He sets |
ie stage for what the people are to
o, be does not act as their agent or |
ir vant, bm as their director. Forjc
iin the real business of politics is
use under cover. *
Tbe same means that will set tbe ' *
i> vc. rn mo nt free from the influences j v
bia-li now constantly control it r
ould set industry free. Tbe, en- ?
?rprise and initiative of all Amuri- c
ans would be substituted for the ' n
a ter prise and initiative of a sra-ili j ^
ssbA '
COUNTY ELECTION JUDGES
Electoral Board Appoints Officers I
Conduct Election
The Electoral Board of Rock
bridge has appointed judges ant
arranged details for the approach
ing election, November 5th. Thi
election will be attended with mon
Or less confusion, as in addition tc
the regular ticket two amendment*
to tbe Constitution of Virginia are
to be voted upon?one upon thi
question of allowing treasurers anc
one upon the question of allowina,
commissioners of the revenue in thu
cities to succeed themselves?thu*
necessitating three separate ticket*
and three separate ballot boxes
Although the regular ticket wil
contain only the Presidential candi
dates with their electors and tht
candidate for Congress, it will nev?
ertheless be a long oue, as then* ar.'
six .national tickets in the Geld this
time.
Fallowing are the judges for the
various precincts of the county:
Lexington?G. A. Jones, T. 8.
Burwell, J. M. Quisenberrv.
Hartsook Simp?< J. W, Kflinger.
J. A. McCormick. M. B. McNamara
.-.go*-?J. P. Cleveland, J. s
McClure, L M. Watts.
G.enwood?<!. A. <<inger, Thomas
Watts, J. H Austin.
Natural Bridge?W. W. Whit?
more, W. W. Lotta, W. A. Mitchell.
O.ik Bank-J. S. A. Herring, T.
J. Wilson, Charles Hickman.
Broad Creek?J. O. Tardy. A. M.
Zollman, A. A. Marshall.
Hamilton's Schoolhouse?W. F.
Johnston, C. IL Leech, C. S. Dea?
con.
Coiiierstown?E. G. Huffman, G.
C. Hutinger, J. A. Wilkerson.
Moutgomery?J. R Tardy, W. A.
Rhodes, D. S. Greever.
Saiths Mill-M. P. Dunlap,Mark
Hattan, Jr , R N. Hardbarger.
Big Spring?J. H. Harper, Thom?
as Kerr, A. M. Laem.
Iva-koridge Oaths?Hugh Adams,
H. T. Kirkpatrick, John Vander
veer.
Goshen?J. W. Bell. N. W. Batis,
H. S. Roadcap.
Kennedy'* Mill?M. B. Swisher.
C. F. Whitmore. J. D.Gulley.
Brownsburg?-J. W. McFaddin,
J. li. Brown. T, S. Frame.
Flumen?A. Moore Anderson, J.
II. Fal wider. T. E. Copper.
Raphine?D. H. Rosen. J. Ii.
Rrown, W. H. Mays.
Fairfield?Ii. J. Paxton, W. T.
Moore. J. G. Alexander.
Timber Ridge?C. E. Mackey. J. P.
Hilemao, J. A. Gibson, Jr.
Riverside?W. S. Mackey, S. H.
Moore, J. P. Parrent.
The commissioners of election are
Q. A. Jones. W. F. Johnston, EL J.
Paxton, J. M. Quisenberry, T. E.
Copper.
racv would take tbe place of monop?
oly and selfish management. Amer
ican industry would have a new
buoyancy of hope, a new energy, a
new variety. With the restoration of
freedom would come the restoration
of opportunity.
The reason that I feel justified in
appealinca- to the voters of this coun?
try to support the Democratic party
At this critical j met ure in its affairs
is that the leaders of neither of tbe
lither parties propose to attack the
problem of a free government at its
ueart. Neither proposes to make a
'uudainental change in the policy of
;he government with regard to turill
iuties. lt is with both of thtMi in
?espect of the tariff merely a u,ues
,ion of more or less, merely a qnes?
ton of lopoingoff a little here and
?.mending a little lhere: while ?vith
he Democrats it is a question of
irinciple. Their object is to cut
ivery special favor ont. and cut it
mt just as fast as it eau be out out
vitbout upsetting the business pro
esses of the country. Neither does
ither of the other parties propose
eriously to disturb the supremacy
f the trusts. * * *
Surely this is a cause. Surely
he questions of the pealing elec
ion, looked at from this point of
iew, rise into a cause. They are
iel merely Ihe debates of a casual
?arty contest. They are the issues
>f life and death to a nation which
aust be free in order to be strong.
Vhat will patriot c men do?
??a? ' p
VOTE FOR AMENDMENT TO
GIVE RELIEF TO CITIES
Commission Form of Government Is
Best Devised
Of the three amendments to be vo?
ted upon by the Virginia electorate a*
, the approaching election, one has to
, | do with the government of cities?
i and it will be presented to the voter
I iu this form:
; "For the amendment to Section
11117 of Article 8 of the Constitution
r of Virginia, with reference to the
?' powers of the deeral Assembly
: , concerning thr* foi msof organization
, and government for citiesand towns
and the classification of cities ac
I cording to their population. "
| "Against the amendment to Ber
>; ticn 117 to Article 8 of tbe Constitu?
tion of Virginia, with reference to
j the powers of the General Assembly
i j concerning the forms of organization
and government for citiesand towns
land the classification of cities ac?
cording to their population."
To vote fer the amendment, the
voter runs his pencil through the
word "against"?and to vote against
it, the voter crosses the word "for."
Thisamendtneot provides that the
General Assembly may depart from
the forms of organization and gov?
ernment of cities and towns as now
prescribed by toe Constitution, and
may provide, from time to time, for
the various cities and towns ortho
State such forms of municipal gov?
ernment as it may deem best, sub
ject to the condition that no form so
adopted by the General Assembly
shall become operative, except as to
such cities and towns as may there?
after adopt the same by a majority
vote of its qualified electors.
It will be observed that this
amendment affects only the cities
and lowns of the State, although the
entire electorate of the State must
vote upon it. There is BO city of
tbe first cLss within the State
which is not desirous of securing
relief from the cumbersome and un?
wieldy forms of government requir?
ed oy the existing Constitution.
Representatives of municipal and
commercial bodies of all the cities
and most of the towns of the State
have declared unequivoe.i ly in favor
of tliis ameudment. Tbs Legisla?
tures of 1910 and 1912 Meed almost
unanimously in favor of the amend?
ment, which now gose to the people
for ratification. While the voters of
counties are uot directly affected by
the amendment, every part of oor
State and every good citizen is inter?
ested in providing for our cities a
simpler and more efficient form of
government. It is hoped that the
voters throughout the State will
record themselves in favor of tl -
important amendment?Lynchburg
I News.
Big Pay for Baseball Players
The players in the world's series
of baseball games bet ween New York
and Hoston clubs, won last W >1
nesdav week by the Bostons by t ?
sci.re of 3 to 2 in ten innings, were
well paid for their bight games.
The following figures are interest?
ing:
Tbe total paid attendance for the
series of eight games was 252.1137.
The total receipts were #4:'t',833.
Kach club's share was $147,i>28 85.
Tne National Commission's share
aa as #49.083.30.
The totu' players' share derived
from the first four gaines only was
fl47.471.69.
Of tbis amount tbe 1'oston play?
ers, as winners, shared 60 per cent
or #88,54:101.
Tbe New York players as losers
share 159,028 69.
afsjQaa lied Sox player, of whom
twenty-two were eligible, received
#4.024 68.
faaflll Giant player, of whom twen?
ty-three were eligible, received $2,
566.46.
The figures in every case are
greater than those for any previous
world's series.
The negroes of Washington, at a
public meeting, repudiated Jack
Johnson, the negro pugilist, and de?
nounced tbe mating of whites and
colored as inharmonious with moral
ethics. Negro mothers were urged
to encourage their children to play
with black doll babies, and *o be
satisfied witt

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