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Lexington gazette. (Lexington, Va.) 1871-1962, December 04, 1912, Image 1

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70L. 108, NO. 49
LEXINGTON, VIRGINIA, WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 4. 1912
$1.00 PER YEAR
LAND CONVEYANCES
AND BUILDING SALES
Real Estate and Property Transfers
Recorded
The following deeds cf bargi/m
and sal3 wore enteied of record in
the Clerk's Office of Rockbridge
county for two weeks ending Dec
2, 1912:
Paul M. Penick, trustee, to J. B.
Dilwortb, two tracts of land on
Woods' Creek, 4 acres being part of
tbe M. II. Spencer estate, and 4
acres adj. W. W. Huff. 83.475.
J. II. Di I worth to Joh j A. King,
two adj. tracts of laod of 8 acres on
Woods' Creek, adj. W. W. Ruff.
83.450.
Jobn King to W. R. I>aird, tw
tracts of land, 17.48 acres and 57
acres and 63 poles, repectivelv, west
of lexington, Kerr's Creek district,
82.15H.
BL Graham Robison to J. W. Ail
stock, 42] acres adj. N. J. Huffman,
Buffalo district, f'.HM).
K. Graham Robison to J. W. Ail
stock, 3t> acres on Collier's Creek
Buffalo-district.
Harvey W. Rayna to Chas. J.
Wilhelm, tract adj. grantee, 830.
J. ll. Lotta to NV. A Rowan. 2
acres and 120 polos. South Rivei
district. 81(H)
M B D.ivulsou lo James A. Mu
Ila Uso, 35 acr??s on Uig Calf Pas
InrsM River, 1900.
F T (J asgow to G. F, Moose,
"Windsor Farm" of 153 acres on
North River, two miles from Glas?
gow. #? 600.
rtook bridge Building & Loan As?
sociation to Mollie B. Agnor, tract
o".ir LsgiBartOO, ca Alum Springs
Road, 8451.25.
A. T Harelay, etc., to F. T. Glas?
gow, 31.15 acres one mile west of
Lexington, 82,500.
F. T. Glasgow, spec'l commr., to
C. A. Morrison, 80 acres one and
one-half miles from Steele's Tavern,
on National Highway, 84,000.
J. B. Wade to J. H. Wade, 210
acre* adj. J. H. B. Jones on Goose
Neck Crvek.
F. F. Purr to D. D. Parr, one
tliird interest in mill property and
13i acres adj. Jacob Beard, Lexing?
ton district.
W. J. Payne to Public Service
Power Company, certain rights and
privileges to purchase the J. Et,
Kelso and W. J. I'ay ne lands, Walk?
er's Creek district.
Mary C. Hardin to Wm. B. Har?
din, remainder interest in farm of
312 acres adj McMillan heirs.
S. W. Webb to J. D. Sinclair, 6t>
acres and 72 poles on Big Calf Pas?
ture River. 82.000.
Paul M. Penick, trustee, to Peter
A. Drury, (1)27 acres and 133 poles
adj. Cold Bnlpnur tract, (2) 150
acres and 57 poles, Cold Sulphur
tract, Walker's Creek district,
84,915. _
The Franking Graft
It is a stigma on the nation that
the people should tolerate the gross
abuse of the franking privileges by
members of Congress. The prac?
tice of allowing them to send free
through the mails alleged puolic
documents in unli i.ited quantities
must be ended Tbe Po''office De
partment last, year -howed a deficit
of 81,781.000. and yet ir/the last
campaign the tran m ssion of polin
cal documents iw mail he-cause or
the f rank'ng i>ri vih-gecost thu conn
try 83 250.000. II id this franked
mail been paid for at the ord'nary
rates of postage, the government
would have b< en more Iboaa million
dol tars to 'he h.i*><1.
Tbe figures snow that iluring the
last fiscal year the postal service
handled franked mail weighing 61,
377,000 pound-, or 8.8 per cent, of
te. totes! neigh t of all domest c mail
carriad. . There wor 3Ul.245.000
pieces of this mat'.or. Of t.is quan
tity, 7,000,000 to 8,000,000 pounds
consisted of political documents.?
Richmond 'mies Dispatch.
President I*a*t t has quietly infirm
ed 'neilds thal nu matter bow active
his participation in a reorganization
of the I'ej.imnan party may Oe, he
is not lo lie regarded ??r publicly re
ferred lo in p-> ititi seeches by
Republicans as .i p Ktntblf . iiti'lidale
of the party la ll*i*> for tbe Presi
dantlil nnminulinn.
NOTED EDUCATOR DEAD
Dr. W. W. Smith Chancellor of Ran
dolph-Macon System
Dr. W. W. Smith, president of
Randolph Macon Woman's College,
Lynchburg, and chancellor of the
Randolph-Macon System of Colleges
and Academies, a prominent educa?
tor and a distinguished scholar of
the Southern Methodist Church,
died Friday marning, at his resi?
dence in Lynchburg. Dr. Smith
had been in failing health for more
than a year, sulTeiiog from II right's
disease.
During tho early part of the year
he spent three months iu Southern
California, taking several coastwise
trips, hut returued to Vi rginia,very
?'ie improved in health. For the
psst month he had been losiDg
ground rapidly aod his death was
not unexpected.
William Waugh Smith was horn
at WarrentOD, Va , March 12th,
1346. bein_ a soo of Professor Rich
ard M. Smitb. His mother's maid
mi nami* was Kl lea Blackwell. Dr.
Smith enlisted in the Confederate
ii niy in 1863 and served to the
close ol the war,being twice wound?
ed in battle.
After the war he went to Ran
iolph-Macon College, Ashland, Vi.,
.*?? iir-ro he took the A. H. degree in
1871. From 1871 to 1878 he was as
sociate principal and principal of
{ethel Academy. From 1878 he was
a professor at Randolph Macon Col
l?*ge,being elecied to the presidency
of that college in 1886, which posi?
tion he held until he became chan
M ur of the Rando'ph-M.icon System
af Colleges and Academies,a position
he held lill his death.
In 1861 be ssl BO work looking to
thu organization of the Randolph
Macon Woman's College which he
ipsoed in 1868 with thirty-eight po*
inls. Today the enrollment is 57li;
ihe college property is valued at
Kum,lion and the school is known as
;he "Vassar of the South," nearly
ill of which has been accomplished
through Dr. Smith s eliot ts.
Dr. Smith was one of the best
mown educators of the South, of
?vhoin Dr. E. A. Alderman, presi
lent of the University of Virginia,
joce said he had done .nore for edu?
cation in the South than any one
)ther man in her borders.
He was a prominent member of
;he Virginia Conference of the
southern Methodist church; a lead?
er in theVirginia Anti-S.iloon League
md served one tenn of four years
n the Lynchburg City Council.
Also an author of note, he had
written several books, tracts, maga
;ine articles and numerous poems.
The funeral -services were held
Saturduy afternoon at Court Street
Methodist church, attended by a
arge and representative audience,
tinier in the day a special service
was held at Raudolph-Macon Wo
nan's College. Memorial services
vere alsi. held at Randolph-Macon
College,Ashland,and at Front Royal
ind Ueuford City Academies and
danville Institute, founded hy Dr.
Smith. _
What Cabinet Officers Will Do
The members of Mr. Taft's Cabi
let are already planning on what
hey will do after March 4.
Philander C. Knox, Secretary of
Jtatf, v*. o is a rich man, will re
urn to the practice of law in Pitts
>urg.
Franklin MeVeugh, Secretary of
he Treasurer, will retire altogeth
ir and settle down as a citizen of
ftisare in his beautiful home in
VasSington.
rJstvr] L. Stimson. S-t-retary of
ft u",will practice lc?w in Ne* York.
George W. Wickorsham, Attor
iey-General,will make a triparound
he worlo for a year and then re
mme his law business in New York.
Frank H. Hitchcock, Postmaster
seneral, who turned an annual de
icitof $17,000,0i*0 into a surplus,
its had ninny filers, but has not de?
uced just what he will do.
Walter L. Fisher, Secretary of
he . I ii tenor, will practice law in
'hicago.
James Wilson, Secretary of Agri
lu turf, after 10 years in that posi?
on under McKinley, Roosevelt and
faft, will return to farming*.
Charles Nagel, Secretary of Com?
merce and Labor, will practice law
a St T-rm ia
HIGH PRICES CAUSED
BY MCTOF SELLING
Farmers Have to Pay Too Much
To Middlemen
MARKETING EXCEEDS RAISING
Costs Seven Billions to Sell Six
Billions Worth
When you pay $1 in the city for
what the farmer gets 46 cents for at
ihe railroad station you are support
ing tbe most wasteful system of dis?
tribution ever tolerated in any civil?
ized country?and you do it every
dav- Timt 54 cents difference be
tweeu what the farmer gets and
what you pay represents the high
cost of living.
That is the situation in a nutshell.
There is away to remedy it, too, not
a cure all kind of a panacea, but t
real way out. Perhaps the best
statt inent of the whole situation is
one by Mr. B. F. Yoakum, the em
pirebuilder of tbe Southwest.
Writing in the December World's
Work, he says:
"Last year the products of all tbe
farms of tbe United States were
worth more t^an eight billion dol?
lars This government figure is
b^sed on values at the farm, lt is
safe to assume that less than one
third of this product stayed on the
farm and was consumed there. The
farmers, therefore, marketed pro
ducts for which they received six
billion dollars.
'When those products finally went
nto consumption, the public paid
'or them more than thirteen billion
lullars. It cost seven billion dol
ars to distribute six billion dollars'
worth of products frotu the farm to
ihe consumer.
"The time is approaching when a
.ery large part of the seven billion
lullars is going to be diverted into
he pockets of the producer and tba
:onsumer. The whole tendency of
lur civilization has beon tu widen
he big gap between these two, tbe
nan who grows und the man who
>ats the products ot the soil. We '
lave allowed to grow up elaborate '
md expensive methods tu mike the
?i>st of selling as high as it possibly
?an be so that as many non pro
lucers as possible may faed at the
jublic expense. Today the tendency
s swinging in the opposite di rec
,ion; and every man who lives by
;be gathering of profits from tbe
Kindling of the necessities of life is
?ailed upon to show cause why he
should not bc.
"No man in his senses proposes to
ibolish entirely the merchandising
ind selling machinery of the coun
,ry. The new system of handling
arm products will not interfere with
he legitimate commission business
if the country. Commission men
will always be necessary. They are
in established commercial organiza
ion. An arrangement can be rn ide
or the use of their machinery to
>etter advantage than other distri?
cting agencies. It is against the
legitimate and unnecessary ma
?hinery that our pians must "be di
?ected."
South to Study Negro
The "negro problem" is to be
tudied bv a comm*Mee of Southern
irs. The Commission on Southern
iace Questions, composed of eleven '
ollege professors, chosen from the
acuities of eleven State Universi- <
ies. will meet in Georgia on Decem- I
>er 19 to begin the first thoroughly
? ganized and sympathetic and in
elligent effort to help the negro that
ia* been undertaken in the South
>y the South since the colored man 1
lecame a eitzen.
Northerners have hitherto been
.Imost a'onein sociological efforts in
his direction. This commission
lomposed of Southerners who have 1
ived in the States where^the negro ?
?.itizenship is large, and who, there
ore, should know something first
land of the conditions which they
;eek to investigate and improve.
When Woodrow Wilson tomes to
s. ann ton he is to be recipient of a
.wenty-live ounce pippin apple from
W. R. Parr, a el*rk ia lie bi d.tiug
^Al,w? !? Di??l.msiff?tf4
EDUCATORS' MEETING
OF GREAHNTEREST
Distinguished School Men Make
Stirring Addresses
EFFICIENCY IS THE KEYNOTE
Hon. Hairy St. George Tucker One of
The Speakers
The State Educational Conference
beld in Richmond last week was
largely attended and was noted for
the stiong and helpful addresses
delivered by noted educators of the
country. Below will bo found ex
cerps from several of these:
Dr. Henry P. Cope
Conversion of the public mind to
the knowledge that the test of all
education is social efficiency was de
dared to be the need of the day by
Dr. Henry F. Cope, general secre?
tary of the Religious Education As?
sociation olAmerica, in his address
before the Virginia Educational Con
Terence, a general meeting held un?
der the auspices of the State Teach?
ers' Association.
"The real difficulty in modern ed?
ucation,"(said Dr. Cope, "is not that
it does not teach enough subjects,
but thi tit fails to make competent
persons. The machinery of educa
cation fails to give back to tho pub?
lic citizens who know the right and
are trained to do it. We do not care
so much whether our children shine
in mathematics. We do care wheth?
er they glory in manhood, whether
they reverence truth and hate a lie,
whet!.er they love their fellow man
and delight to do justice. We ask
not for ignorance, but that charac?
ter shall not be lost under tbe de?
tails of superficial intellectual cul?
ture. We can afford to drop our
pride in alleged culture if we can
jrow lives."
Hon. ll. St. George Tucker
Hun. Harry St. Tucker laid down
;liese postulates: "Society is the
trustee for government, government
is the trustee for man, man is the
trustee for tha talents God has
pjiven him."
Rroceeding Mr. Tucker said that
Governors and Congressmen and
legislators, as well as school officials,
ure trustees for the people. The
school trustees, be saiJ, are as im
portant as the Governor, though
their salary is not quite so large.
Teachers, he said, should be better
paid. And he went further and ad?
vocated the largest salary to those
who teach the youngest children.
H.s reason for this is that the wo?
man who has charge of the child in
its earliest years leaves her lasting
impress, and it matters little who
has control the rest of bis life.
Therefore the best teachers should
be those in the kindergarten and
primary grades, and they should be
paid enough to get the best.
"I tell you, if this great school
system rf Virginia ever perishes
from off the face of the earth it will
bs because of politics in tho schools.
I believe in politics; you know it.
It is an exalted aod useful vocation.
Rut I adjure you, as you believe in
and hope for the glory and future use?
fulness of tnis Commonwealth, keep
politics out of our public schools."
State Superintendent Kuoi.eston
"I here pledge my honor, in the
'ear of God aad in the presence of
nan, that my vote in the State Board
)f Education next May ou the elec
Mots of division school superintend
Nita, will be cast with but one end
n view ?the good of the schools,
it'tting_>lie best man for tbe money
md for the good of the community.
No sort of personal or political pres?
sure shall weigh with me, so help
ne God."
This pledge was made by Super
ntendent J. D. Engleston of the De?
partment of Public Instruction be
'ore the meeting of the School Trus
tees' Association in the Mechanics'
Institute.
"We can all be thankful for the |
heautifui fall," says the Norfolk j
Ledger Dispatch. Taft and the
Colonel received beau ti lui falls, hut
noone has heard tbemsingingsongs
of thansgiving.
i|>k.n.?ii. .a? .w? .asa.
HISTORY OF CADET BATTERY
Brass Guns at V. M. I. Oldest in Use
In Countiy
Few visitors, or even Cadets, real?
ize what a proud history is that of
tbe old brass guns, or small Napo
leans, which comprise the Cadet
bait; ry, in use as late as last finals,
and that this is the oldest battery
actually in use in this country. Its
history is as follown:
On the 4th of February. 1850, the
adjutant-general of the State order?
ed the corps of Cadets to Richmond
as an escort for the President dur?
ing lbs laying of the corner stone of
the famous Washington monument.
The ceremony was an imposing one
and so impressed was General Zach?
ary Taylor, then Chief Kxecutive of
tbe United States, with tbe corps
that he ordered the ordnance de?
partment to turn out fir the Insti
tute a battery of six pounder?, casi
in bronze with the Virginia coat-of
arms thereon. The guns were mad*
6M pounds lighter than the regula
tion pieces of that day and specially
mounted for the use of the Cadets.
From tbe day of their presentation
these guns have been in constan'
use. At the time they were made a
field buttery consisted of six pieces
four six-pounder- and two twelve
pound howiizers. The present eve
nir.g gun is one of the latter, it
mate having been thrown into the
Potomac on the retreat from Amie
tani or Sharpsburg. to prevent it
capture.
At the outbreak of the war the
Cadet battery was turned over to the
Rockbridge Artillery and was taken
down the Valley by Major Jackson,
the former V. M. I. professor and
instructor of artillery.
Caissons were constructed on hay
wagon bodies atyi the guns saw ser?
vice before Bull Rud. while Johc
ston and Jackson were confronting
thc Union forces about Harpers
Perry. It is Mid that they were
the first gu na Bred ~rter ?
Charleston.
The battery was used with fine
iffect by Jackson's Brigade st First
Manassas, when it won from its
commander his epithet. It will be
recalled that thereaftertSese troops
were known as tbe "Stonewall
Brigade," the artillery cf which
consisted of the Rockbridge and
Carpenter's Batteries, Colonel
Poague, the present treasurer of
the Institute and a graduate, cotr- !
mandiug tbe former, and the gallant
Carpenter, ai.-o a graduate, com- ,
maud ing the latter.
/ fler the first Maryland invasion,
which terminated in failure, was
abandoned, the remaining live guns
of the Cadet battery were returned
to the Institute and one of its otis
sons bore the remains of Jackson,
its former commander, to their last
resting place in the Lexington ceme?
tery.
The two guns used by the Cadets
at New Market were not from the
Cadet battery, as many suppose.
The pieces used there were iron
rifles.
When General Hunter swept up
the Valley in 1864, after St<jel bad
been repealled in May by Rreckin
ridge at New Market, he bombard?
ed the Institute, as the cannon balls
in the the east tower testify, burned
all our buildings, except the super?
intendent's quarters, destroying
laboratories, library, all our scienti?
fic apparatus,and carried off as tro
phies of war the (loudon statue of
Washington, now in front of bar
rucks, and the Cadet battery. These
were returned to tue Institute after
the war, handsomely remounted
and titted out, just as they now are.
Who knows but that future gene?
rations of artillerymen will look
back upon these old guns as the
first to arouse their enthusiasm for
the "long arm"? Who knows but
that there will be more Pend tetons,
Walkers, latimers, CrutchSelds,
Cutshaws. Thompsons, Poagues and
Chews to be heard from??V. M. I.
Cadet._
Err on the Side of Mercy
Our observation is that Virginia
juries always err, if at all. on the
side of mercy. When a jury raf
twelve sturdy Virginians decide!
that a man is guilty of murder in
the first degree, tuey are quite sure
tobe right.- Newport News j.lines
LEXINGTON TEAMS WON
THANKSGIVING FOOTBALL
Washington and Lee and Virginia
Military Institute
Washington and Lee and Virginia
Military Institute were gridiron
victors Thanksgiving. a ollowing
are the reports of the games.
W. & L. U. 16; A. & M. or N G. 6
Nirfolkr, Va.. November 28 ? Play?
ing true to form shown ail season,
the Washington and Lee eleven
finished the most successful season
a White and Blue team has ever had
by defeating the North Carolina Ag?
ricultural and Mechanical College.lt>
to 6, on lafayette Field, this after?
noon. Two touchdowns and a fie d
goal spelled the total score for thu
Jenerals. while tbe Tarheels scoreu
one touchdown. Under conditions
far from ide..! for good football the
elevens played to the smallest
crowd that bas ever witnessed a
Thanksgiving Day game in Norfolk.
But for an unfortunate fumble by
Miller, captain of Washington and
Lee, it is extremely doubtful if the
Downhomers would have been able
to cross the goal line of Washington
and Lee at all.
At one time it looked as if it would
be almost impossible to play the
game and the managers and park
officials were kept busy answering
questions about the game. The
number of spectators was greatly
decreased by toe heavy fall of sr ow
yesterday morning. Not until after
12 o'clock did the snowfall cease
and the wind lose a little of its nip?
ping quality.
The Washington and Lee line-up:
Ilieatt, left end; Schultz, left tack?
le; Miller (Captain), left guard;
Moore, centre; Rogers, right guard;
Miles, right tackle; Francis, right
Bnd; R.ferty, quarter back; Peeples,
left half back; Buehring, full back;
Burke, right half back.
^titotes?Washington and I.ee
?Roth rock for Francis. Prase is for
Rothroek; Harker for Hieatt; Hieatt
tor Harker; Wyatt for Hieatt; Neb
lett for Schultz; Donahue for Peop?
les; Peeples for Stewart, Walton for
Rogers; Bolton for Rogers; Nolly
for Francis; Hone for Burke; Terry
for Peeples; Harrow for Moore; Car?
ver for Buehring. Touchdowns?
Hieatt, Jeffrey and Buehring. Goals
from touchdowns?Miller. Referee
?O'Brien (Swarthmore). Umpire
?Simmons I Washington and L?e).
Head linesmau ?E. R. Hodgson (V.
P. I.). Time?Four fifteen minutes'
quarters.
V. M. I. 21; Johns Hopkins 0
Baltimore, Md., Nov. 28 ? By los?
ing to the Virginia Military Insti?
tute today, Johns Hopkins closes the
football season with a new record
of aine successive defeats. The
score was Virginia Military Insti?
tute 21, Johns Hopkins 0.
V. M. L's heavy and invulnerable
line and its proficiency in forward
passing led to its victory. Hopkins
on the other hand, could do little
with passes. The winners' back
field was strong, but not so much so
as in tbe early part of the season,
for Lynch, one of the halfs. was out
of the game on account of injuries.
The cadets outplayed Hopkins in
almost every department of tbe
game, their superiority in forward
passes being especially marked.
A large contingent of Virginia
Military Institute alumni cheered
the team and after the game gave a
dinner at the Emerson and a box
party at the Gayety la tho players.
Hopkins tooters had a band and
yelled for the Black and Blue until
the last whistle.
The Virginia Military Institute
line-up:
Lowry, left end; Youell, left tack
le; Guteriez, left guard; Patterson,
center; Beasley, right guard: Clark
son, right tackle; Richards, right
end; Wingman, quarterback; Bain,
left halfback; Leech, right halfback;
Moore, fullback.
Substitutes?V. M. I.?Colburn
for Richards; Richards for Colburn;
Burass for Leach; Merry for Burass;
Summers for Patterson; Burass for
Kingman.
Touchdowns?Ki ngman(2), Moore.
G.-ais from touchdown ?Moore (3).
Referee, Mr. MoiTatt (Princeton).
Umpire ? Mr. Harrison (St. Johns).

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