ftbe Xexington <Sa3ette
/OL. 108, NO. 50 LEXINGTON, VIRGINIA, WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER ll, 1912 $1 M PER YEAR
LAW REGULATING HOURS
OF FEMALE EMPLOYES
Labor Commissioner Doherty Says
Law Will Be Enforced
Commissioner James B. Doherty
oi tbe State Bureau of Labor, bas
called attention to the amendments
made by the last Legislature to the
law regulating the employment ol
female labor. It is cow forbidden
to etnp'oy a female for more than ten
hours in one day in mercantile es?
tablishments, wi th certain exceptions
set forth la the set.
With the approach of Christmas
time. Commissioner Doherty deemed
it advisable to say that tbe law will
be enforced. It is as follows:
No female and no child under four?
teen years of age shall work as an
operative ia any factory, workshop,
mercantile, or any manufacturing
establishment in this State, more
than tea hours in any one day ol
twenty-four hours. All contracts
made or to be made for the employ?
ment of any female, or of any child
under fourteen years of age, as an
operative in any factory, workshop,
mercantile.or in any manufacturing
establishment, to work more than
ten hours in any one day of twenty
four hours, are aud shall be void.
Any person having the authority
to contract for the employ inert of
persons as operatives in any factory,
workshop, mercantile, or in any
manufacturing establishment, who
shall engage or contract with any
female or any child under fourteen
years of age to work as an operative
in such factory, workshop, mercan?
tile, or in any manufacturing estab?
lishment during more than ten hours
in any one day of twenty four hours,
shall be guilty of a misdemeanor and
be Sued not less than $5 nor more
than $20; provided, however, that
nothing io this act shall be con?
strued to apply to females whose full
time is employed as bookkeepers,
stenographers, cashiers, or office
assistants, nor apply to persons em?
ployed in factories engaged exclu?
sively in packing fruits or vegeta
hies between July 1 and November
I of each year. Provided, tbat
nothing contained in this act shall
apply to mercantile establishments
in towns of less than 2.000 in?
habitants, or in country districts,
nor in mercantile establishments on
A Bumper Corn Crop
According to tho November re?
port of the Department of Agricul
ture, issued recently, tho country
establishes the record of having
grown the largest 0CT4 crop that
any country in the world ever pro
duced. This report completed tbe
government's preliminary estimate
of the nation's farm crops, and gave
the corn crop as 3 169,137,000 bush?
els. This marks the year as a most
remarkable one from tbe standpoint
of agricultural production.
The crop of corn was worth on
November 1 to farmers $1,850,776,
C00. The enormous sum of $4,171.
134,000 represented the farm value
on November Brst of the United
States crop of corn, hay,wheat, oats,
potatoes, barley, flax seed, rye and
buckwheat. With the value of grow
ing cotton crop aad the crops of to?
bacco, rice and apples, the aggre
gate value of these principal farm
products will amount to well beyond
Amherst Boy Won Corn Prize
Frank Brockman, an Amherst
boy easily won the honors for the
largest number of bushels of corn
raised to the acre in the State. Hi*
acre measured out 167 bushels and
T. O. Sandy, the State Demonsira
t.on agent for the Federal Gnvrrn
iiii'rit, sn id it was the li.iesl gr.nie of
com he has ever seen in his wide
agricultural experience. Young
Brookman will get atrip to Wash?
ington with all expenses paid by
the Federal Deoarttnent of Agricul
ture, as a reward for his efforts.
A movement has been started by
Secretary Mayfield, of Lynchburg
Chamber of Commerce, to have this
corn exhibited at tbe National Corn
Show at Colniiioia, S. C., and pay
the tioj 's expenses .u li is et hi tullun.
Gilburt Fitzgerald, another Am?
herst bo>, ranks second in the corn
yield, His cultivation measures 143
V....W..1. aaa aka anea
THE FRANKING GRAFT
Members of Coi gress Greatly Abuse
The recent report of the Postmast
er General showing that the franked
mail of the recent campaign turned
the comfortable profit of the prov
ious year into a deficit of $1,781,000
for the last current year, calls at
tent ion to an excellent opportunity
for the incoming Democratic admin?
istration to effect several important
savings. There is no doubt tbat
the franking privilege is badly
abused and that tbe abuse will in?
crease with the establishment of tba
parcels post It was recently told
of one Congressman tba*- he frank
ed his soiled clothes to his home to
be laundered. But io tbe matter of
campaign literature and other print?
ed matter the losa is not only in the
nail but also in the tremendous
waste in printing. Millions of dol
lars are spent annually for the
printing and postage on reports,
speeches, etc..which are never read
ind which serve no useful purpose.
In fact, documents of this natur*
which it costs hundreds of thous?
ands of do lars to produce are de
-a roy ed annually without being
taken from tbe government printing
Another reform along the same
ine which could be accomplished to
the saving of millions of dollars
without working serious injury to
any one would be in abolishing the
tree seed distribution. The purpose
which it is supposed to hil of itu
proving agriculture is nothing less
in. n a f tree. The packages are loo
small and most frequently of too in?
ferior quality to be of any practical
value aud if they were it is not the
proper function of thu government
to supply free seed. The farmers
would far rather take their money
and buy dependable seed and let the
stupendous cost of these unappre?
ciated gifts apply upon tbe reduct?
ion of their taxes.
Glad Time for Dixie Under the New
What a right glorious time Dixie
land is going to have in the next
Congress! la tbe present Demo?
cratic House she holds forty out of
the fifty six committee chairman?
ships. The South will he even more
dominant in the next House. And
now that the Senate also seems com
ing into Democratic hands, the
South will, for the first time since
the days of James Buchanan, be in
practical control of the machinery
of our government.
With a son of old Virginia soon iu
the White House, a Confederate
Democrat as Chief Justice of the
Supreme Court, and al! thesa com?
mittee chairmanships in their hands
Dixie should no longer feel that she
has no share in tbe government.
Americans have lived to see the day
when tbe State that fired on Sumter
has taken the place of power that
has been so long held by tbe State
that lost the first soldier who died
in tbe defense of the Union. Maybe
it is all for tbe best. Nothing is to
be gained by grumbling about fate.
But it is interesting to have lived
through all these years till the time
when the voice of South Carolina
carries greater weight in the mana
gement ot this Federal Uuion than
that of Massachusetts or of all New
England combined. ? Manchester
(N. H.) Union.
Governor Blease on Lynchirg
At the Governors' Conference in
Richmond, attended bv about twen?
ty Governors of States, Governor
Blease of South Carolina, last week
made the following statement with
reference to lynching:
"1 .iave said all over the State of
South Carolina, and I say it again,
now," he declared, "that I will
never order out the militia to shoot
down their neighbors and protect a
black brute who commits the name
less crime against a white woman.
"Therefore, in South Carolina, let
it be understood that when a negro
assaults a white woman, all that is
needed is that they get the right
man and they who get him will
neither need nor receive a trial."
A telegraph wiro strung through
the country will last about four
. imes as long as one passing through
ni., iii -
FARMERS' BIG CROPS
REDUCE LIVING COST
Secretary of Agriculture Makes
PRESENT YEAR THE GREATEST
Yield Hore thsn Doubled in Past
After sixteen years, a record o'
service in the Cabinet, Secretary of
Agriculture Wilson has submitted
to President Taft the last annual re
port ho will make as head of the
United States Department of Agri
culture. The report is more than a
review of the past year's work; il
contains a summary if the agricultu?
ral advance of the country dunn?
the venerable Secretary's term o'
"The record of sixteen years has
been written," he says. "It begin?
with a yearly farm production o'
$4.<><lo.lMH).O00 and ends with $9,
5312,0(10.000. Sixteen years ago the
farmer was a joke of tho caricatur
isl; now he is like the stone that *a
rejected by the builder and has be?
come the headstone of the corner.
The tillers of the soil were burdened
with debts, he adds, but prosperity
followed and grew with unexatn
p)sd speed. Beginnings have been
made in a production per acre Is?
on Ming faster than the natural in
M of population. There has
been an uplift of agriculture and of
'During the past sixteen years
the farmer has steadily increased
the wealth production year by year,
with the exception of 1911. During
tbe sixteen years the farmers'
wealth production increased 141
?>. r cent.
OBKATEST YKAR OK ALI.
"Most productive of all agricultu?
ral years in the country has been
1918. The earth has produced its
greatest annual dividend. The sun
and the rain and tbe fertility of the
soil heeded not the human contro
vers.es, but kept oi. working in co
cperatioo with the fanners' efforts
to utilize them. The prices at the
farm are generally profitable and
will coutinue tbe prosperity that
farmers have enjoyed in recent
years. The total prod action of farm
wealth is the highest yet reached by
half a billion dollars. The grand
tots! for 1W12 is estimated io be $9,
">3:J,OO0,u00. This is more than twice
tl e value of the farm wealth
Estimated value of 1912 crops:
Corn, $1.759,0(i0,OO0; hay, $861,000,
000; cotton, $860,000,000; wheat,
toes, $190,000,000; barley, $125,000.
000; tobacco, $97,000,000; flaxseed,
$39,000,000; rye, $24,000,000; rice,
$20,000,000; beckwheat, $12,000,000;
hops, $11,000,000; al! caret ls, $3,000,
000; sugar, $117,000,000; live stock
products (poultry), $570,000,0u0;
(wool), $635,600,000; (animals). $1,
REDUCING COST OF LIVING
The most eff-ctive move toward
reduced cost of living is the produc?
tion of greater crops, says the Sec?
retary, and this move, he declares,
is due to the work of the Depart
meat of Agriculture, the agricultu?
ral colleges and experiment stations
and lo the help of the press in pub?
lishing every movement to help the
farmers. The nation, he adds, for?
got its farmers in the general
scheme of education of past year*
and few philanthropists thought of
them when giving for education,
but they are waking up and think?
ing for themselves and Congress has
been good to them.
In the absence of Governor Oddie,
Republican, from the State of Neva?
da, Lieutenant Governor Gilbert C.
Doss, Democrat,, appointed George
B. Thatcher, Democrat, of Tonopah,
Attorney-General of Nevada for the
unexpired term of the late Attorney
General Cleveland H. Hiker, Re
publican, who died Thursday. The
commission was signed and deliv?
ered the same evening.
A Parisian chemist hos invented
I dyes said to make dresses change!
COST ONE MILLION
Very Few Large Contributions by
TOTAL FUND WAS $1,110,952
Virginians Appear Among Some of
It cost the D-mocratic National
Committee $1,159,446 to carry the
election for Wilson and Marshall,
according to its final statement of
contributions and expenses filed
with the House of Representatives.
Charles R. tirane, Chicago, was the
heaviest contributor, with $40,000,
closely pressed by Cleveland H.
Dodge, New Yoi k, $35,000, and
Herman Ridder, New York, as treas
urer of funds, collected for tbe
The total of $1,110,952 contribu
lions received by the committee
cam>- in 89,354 separate contribu?
tions, of which alt but 1,625 were jd
amounts less than $100.
Wi iain J. Bryan gave $1,000. as
did David R. Francis, former Secre
tary of the In'erior; Mayor John a .
Fitzgerald, Boston; Senators New?
land -, Nevada, and O'Gorman, Ne*
York. Senator Watsoo. West Vir?
ginia, contributed $7,500, and Gov?
ernor Foss. Massachusetts; former
Senator William A. Clark, Montana,
and (Joger Sullivan, Chicago, gave
$6,000 each. George F. Bier, pres
ident of the Philadelphia and Read
ing Railroad, gave $1,000; B. F.
Yoakcm, New York, $2,500, and
former Mayor J, D. Phelan, San
Jotin Barton Payne, Chicago, put
$l5.0''i into tbe committee's chests;
Jud*, J. W. Gerard, Now York,
$13,000, and Jacob H. SchiT and Ii.
M. Borneo, New York. $12,500each.
ELEVEN OAVK $10,000 E.U'ir
The $10,000 contributors were
Charles S. Guggenheimer, Samuel
Untermyer, James Speyer, Jacob
Ruppert, Heury Goldman aDd Henry
Morgenthau, all of New York; F. C.
Penfield, Cincinnati: Thomas D.
Jones, David B. Jones and B M.
Winston, ail of Chicigo, and Hugh.
C. Wallace, Tacoma, Wash.
W. R Craitr, New York, gave:
fit.OOO; G. P. S. Peabody. Chicago.
JG.450, and J. C. C. Mayo. Kentucky,
and W. C. Beer, Yonkers, N. Y,
The $5,000 contributors were Rol?
la Wells. St. louis; W. R. Rust, Ta
oom.i. Wash.; F. B. Lynch, St. Paul;
W. A. Gaston and H. P Nawn, Bos?
ton; J. M. Camden, Verseilies, Ky.;
diaries Smith, Menasha, Wis.; C.
A. Spreckels, S. Harris, K A. S.
White, John de Saules, Nathaj
Straus and John D. Ryan, all of New
Representative Thomas J. Sct'lly,
New Jersey; Ralph Pulitier, New
York; Joseph E. Willard, Richmond,
former Lieutenant-Governor and
Corporation Commissioner of Vir
ginia; Charles W. McAlpine, New
York, and J. J. S'arrow, Posion,
gave $2,000 each; R. H. Van Sant,
Kentucky, $1,500. and Walter A.
Milstead, Manila, fl,400.
Among the $1,000 contributors
were John B. StanchfJeld. lae wis
Nixon, Sergeant Cram, D 1. Fikus,
Perry Belmont, F. Benedict, John
F. Wallace, Herbert Lehman, De
Laneey Nicoll, Herman Metz, F. H.
Allen, all of New York; H. St. George
Tucker, Lexington, Va.; Honore
Palmer, Potter Palmer, Jr, and
former First Assistant Postmaster
General F. H. Jones, all of Chicago.
Four Shots Got Four Bears
Abel Arbogastof the Sinks, Poca
hontas county, is some bear hunter.
Kecentiy he tracked an old she bear
and three cubs imo a laurel patch,
then went hom?? for helpand return?
ed with his in-other and another
man, to drive the bears out while
he watched at crossing. The bears
came out aad Arbogast killed all
four of them, shooting but one shot j
for eaoh one. Then on the day fol?
lowing he went cut and killed an?
other large bear. On his house are
stretched the hides of two big bears
and the three lustycubs.?Pocabon
PITH OF THE ALLEN MATTER
Negligence of the Court Officers Was
A subscriber, through the med?
ium cf a written communication.puts
this question to us:
"Could not the lawyers for tht
Allens charge the court officials of
Carroll county with criminal neglig?
ence for allowing all parties to come
into court fully armed? It seems
io me that Lad tbe officers dont
their duty in the first place?that is.
at the first trial of Floyd Allen?al
thia trouble, loss of life and expense
to the State would have been avoid?
This question, brief as it is, con
tains the pith and marrow of all tht
arguments and controversies con
cerning the Carroll county gunmen.
And more than anything else, lt
furnishes ground for theconteotions
of those who maintain that the court
officials were almost as much ti
blame for the Hil ls vi Ile shooting a
those now in the custody of the law.
We are not among those who gt
so far as to say there was a "coi
spiracy on the part of the Carrol
officials to shoot up the Allens," ant'
*e ailmit the legal right of most o.
the i ffleials to carry pistols. No;
was the failure of the sheriff and
others to search the clansmen in the
belief tl at they cart led rton<
weapons criminal negligence in t'u
eyes of the statutes.
But in viewof every thing that had
occurred acd was about to occur, it
was a marvelous lack of prudence
thal to many will require volumes
And the explanation would come
much easier if the evidence at all of
the trials, which thus far have:
plae?\ bad not revealed the fact
that every official save Judge Mas?
sie wool armed into the court room
ed ???Ub the best and uv>st
modern ty pe of firearms tnd seem?
ingly prepartd for heavv gun play.
And until tbs oourt officials fully
bx plain ibis dereliction on their part
their position must necessarily ba ?
more or less invidious one.? Rich?
"Put More Clothes on Actresses"
The Rey. J. Layton Msuze, for?
mer pastor of Timber Ridge Pres
byterisn church, who married a
daughter of St ne Treasurer A. Vf.
Harman, and who now holds a pas
torate in St. Louis, Mo., is an active
member of a committee in that city
lookirg after the public morals.
A recent dispatch from St. Louis
Tuat the costumes of theatrical
performers ii: St. Louis are being
regulated by the Kvangelical -Alli
ance was brought out today in tbs
report of the H-v. J. Layton Msuze,
chairman of the Committee on Pub?
"A few of the companies that have
appeared here recently were com
posed partly of scantily clad women,"
said the report. "We asked the
managers to put more e'otheson the
actresses and in eich case the re?
quest was complied with."
The Rev. Mr. sf SOM sail that he
believed it was against policy tc
mention any of the theatres com?
plained of or to describe the cos?
tumes that were otTensi ve.
Mr. Martin Leads Tobacco Probe
An exhaustive enquiry into the
conditions of the tobacco trade in a !
important foreigu countries is con
kemplated bv the Congressional To?
bacco Commission, which held its
first meeting In Washington ic the
office of Senator Martin. Mr. Mar?
tin was elected chairman and was
instructed to organize the commis?
sion for investigation which may
cover a year's time.
"We shall not leave a stone un?
turned to get at all the facts which
conspire to keep down the prices of
American tobacco in the foreign
markets," said Senator Martin.
"The farmers are satisfied in
their own minds that there is a com?
bination to that end among all the
great Luropean nations, and we
shall try to determine whether this
is true. We shall go extensively
into prices past and present in the
great markets, and will ask the as?
sistance of the State Department
and the Department of Commerce
DISPUTED POINTS IN
GEN. JACKSON'S LIFE
Address Before Phi Beta Kappa by
Dr. J. P. Smith
Dr. James Power Smith of Rich?
mond was the chief sptaker at the
meeting of Phi Beta Kappa at the
Collegs of William and Mary in Wil?
liamsburg Thursday night. The
-ubject of the address was ' Disput?
ed Points in tha Life ot Stonewall'
As an aide to the great strategist,
Dr. Smith knew, as no other living
man does, the closest and most per?
sonal facts of Jackson's life and
spoke out of a rich and beautiful
ove. The imputations of ovsr-ato
'?ition.of lack of humor, of awkward ~
mpss. were all answered bv Dr.
^mith with point and evidence. He
bowed the greathearted, deeplv
religious, sympathetic, human na?
ture of tbe man, and illustrated it
with mirth-provoking and delight?
fully droll stories and with inci
ients of such heart-interest as to
'iring tears to the eyes. He showed
ihe lack of historic basis for tbe
famous Barbara Frietchie story,but
iiaid a beautiful tribute to Whittier,
who immortalized the story which
was told him by Mrs. South worth,
the novelist, through a poem which
Dr. Smith declared to be true to
Jackson's humane spirit, if untrue
is to real fact. He showed the hu
inanity of Jackson by stating that
' is his aide, the speaker himself han?
dled $30,000 raised under the gener?
al's direction for the relief of the
' suffering people of Frederick, Md.
Tbe story of Jackson's little
' friend. Jennie Corbin, was told, and
how sbe would come to his quarters
to plav and the General would send
the little maid home with his gold
braid wound about hsr bair. Thor,
I it last, wben the message came that
me little girl was dead, nor fro wa.
up playmate sat far int i the nicht
- grieving over the liiue fneud
that lie was bo soon to join.
In illustration of the great man's
1 sense of humor, Dr. Smith told many
vi.armingly f'jnny stories. Never,
lie said, had be seen him more hilar
i lously moved than when he received
lat letter addressed to ' Mr. Stone
W. Jackson,"' which biixan, "May
it Please Your Lordship. ' Il
from a woodoo rocec. tl* fruin I reload,
?".ho sought the release uf her hus?
band from the guardhouse.
Real Estate and Property Transfers
The following deeds ol bargain
md said were entered of record in
i.he Clerk's Office of Rockbridge
.?ounty for one week ending Dec.
Theodore A. Saville to Thomas V.
Saville, one-third interest in ITO
icres on headwaters of South Buf?
C. A. Knick to Join M. Knick.
214 acres near Collierstown. adj. A.
Hotinger's heirs, etc.. $3,3i0.
J. L. Wallace to W. E. Wallace,
one third interest in John \Y. Wa
lace lands near FairtielJ, consisting
ri two tracts, 103 acres and OT acres.
W. T. Poague to G. L Slough, ?;
acres, 129 poles, adj. Falling Spring
J. H. Hyde to W. J. Tardy, 10
acres. s5 poles, adj. S. Supinger on
Broad Creek, $210 63.
J H. Hyde to J. H. Miller, 155
acres, 46 pules adj. W. B. Hardin,
etc., on Broad Creek. $:.' JW 37.
Rockbridge Line ife -s.uao Co , to
F. T. Glasgow, etc., lot on Rock?
bridge Alum Springs road near
B. G. Baldwin to Ellis H. Dillard,
two lots in Glasgow, $30.
E. S. Shields, commr., to W. H.
Bond, one-seventh interest in hotel
property near Balcony Falls, $35o.
Letters to Santa Cl. us
O'tea the query is made at tbo
postofrice as to what beco nes of the
countless Santa Ciaos* letters which
are annually deposited bv trusting
boys and misses in Uncle Sam's mail
boxes. Postmaster Geueral Hitch?
cock has issued an order this ye.r
tl.at these missives are to be turned
i over to some charitable organisation
; in the city where mailed, lu years
gone by they went to the dead-letter
[office ta. be destroyed with tbs groat
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