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JOSj- WADDELL, 1
L. WiDDELL, Jr., VProprietors.
RICIARI) MAUZY. )
jg£- *h*' 'SFECTA TOR" is published once a wee*
%t Two dollars and fifty Cents a year, which may b*
dischargd by the payment of Two Dollars at any time
within t * year. No subscription will be discontinud
but at tk option of the Editors, until all arrearages are
AD &RTISEMENTS often lines (or less,) interUd
three one dollar, and twenty-Jive cents for each
iubsequ atcontinuance. Larger advertisements inserted
in the i'-me proportion.
A lib ral discount made to those who advertise by tU
Provisional Cards, not exceeding sevenlines,wilU c
inserte' for one year for $5 00—6 months for $3 00.
One square, (tenlines)... .1 year $8"0
" " 6 months 500
«« " 3 « ....300
Two squares 1 year 1200
" " 800
«« , « g « 500
Thrmsquares 1 year 1500
" " 6 months 1000
«■ «« 8 <« 700
Oiie third cofamn 1 year j - 00
1 " " " 6 monthi. < ;,! '1
I i« .< << 8" • .....•■"
One column 1 year *">
' H ■ 6 months 3000
Al advertising for a less time than three months, will
be chtrgedfor at the usual rates —sl 00 per squart for
theji'st three insertions, and twenty-five cents fortach
IaRKWOOD & GRAVES,
AStIIOiNABLE TAILORS, *tt
opposite tlie Jltarbie Yard. \i
Main St., Staunton, Va. -'■'""
TjTOULD mform their friends and the public gen-
Wf erally that they are now prepared to execute
wok entrusted to them in the neatest and most fash
is they have had the practice of six years as CUT
TERS they feel confident of pleasing all whc may
fav»ur them with their custom, and they hope by
prompt attention to business to merit a liberal share
fta-inton, Sep. 6, 1859.
\J of Michie, Skinner A Michie terminated n the
lr of July mat., by limitation. Thomas J. and John
C Michie will continue to practice in partnership in
a. the Courts of Augusta Co., under the style of
_ICHIE A MICHIE. THOMAS J. MICIIE,
JAS H SKINNER
Staunton. July 12, 1859. JOHN C. MICHIE.
JAS. H. SKINNER,
ATTORNEY AT LAW, STAUNTON, TA.,
PRACTICES in all the Courts of Augusta, Rock
ingham and Highland Counties.
Office first door, in the Brick Row in front ot the
Staunton. July 12. 1859—6 m.
JAS. H. MCVEIGH. EDGAB T. MCVEIGH.
jas. h. McVeigh & son.,
(Successors to McVeigh A Chamberlaiu,)
AND DEALERS IN
Liquors. Wines. Tobacco, Seffars, &C,
1 PRINCE STREET WHARF,
rt Alexandria, Va.
29, 1859.—-1 v.
Western Virginia *
IdARBLB WORKS, $t t
AT STAUNTON [p[ I
.ARIJOIS & K-LLEY. MB
Staunton, April 7, 1858.
'80. M. C'iCHRAN. JAMBS COCHRAN.
COCHRAN «fc COrH RAN J
ATTORNEYS AT LAW,
WILL practice their profession in all the Courts ot
A'-gusta and the Circuit Courts of Bath and
Hig iland. Strict attention will be giren to all busi
ness e nt asted to their care.
A i ~ A, 1858.
(ATTORNEY AT LAW,
V ~X. ' ILL practice in the Courts of Augusta and High-
VV ' land.
I_j *" He may be found at his office, adjoining the
Sher, ff's office.
_De • 9, 1557.
G'"\. SMI T H Manufacturer ol >&
« Ladies' Shoes of all descrip- wrj
tion.- 'ieeps a large stock constantly or.
hand' :an<i offers them at very reasonable (rices. Also
MISS KS' and CHILDREN'S SHOES, .lis stand is
next ooor to the Post Office. Patr.nage ia res
-sectfi illy solicited.
Sta jatoo. May 17, 1859.
. i GUY &, WADO£LI
_ ; > :al estate agents,
STAUNTON, VIRGLMi. '
ANLI SELLERS will find ito their ad
j&intagre to call at their office in the Brick bart
of i-j Old Bell Tavern.
S.l nton, Sep. 6, 1859.
>1 Or. C.^YEAKLEr"
CJv ' KS, JEWELRT,
Silver anu plated w_„e,
Opposite Va. Hotel, Staunton, Va.
'Staunton, Aug. 30, 1859.
J. D. BROOKS,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
WARM SPRINOS, VA., '
WILL practice in the Courts of Bath, Alleghany,
Pocahontas, Highland and Augasta.
4_F* Office in Warm Springs Hotel.
Dec. ,}, 1658—1y
--' J. M. HANGrEE
"ATTOtNEY AT LAW, STAUNTON, VA.,
WIL. practice in all the Courts held iv Staunton,
ash in the Circuit Courts of Albemarle and
oc_mgU»n. Office in the brick-row, in the rear of
Staun», Dec. 30, 1857.
— M_rshall house;
D| oruer King aud PittSts.,
■ V. MADDUX, Proprietor.
A. FOX, Book-Kbbpee.
Alexanlr-, Feb. 1, 1859—1y
OCl%t JAMES J*. GILKESON-Havhig
locatf-iii Staunton, tenders his professionalsar
vices to tn# jiblic. He may be found, when not pro
easioually «.,-aged, at the "room over the Saddle «ji»
Harness of Mr. G. H. EJick, nearly Or>-
pcb-ite the 9t)t Office.
Staunton j? 'j. 8 . 1859—tf.
A; 3. CHANDLER;
KEEPS M$ ALIC CASES of all sizes, at Staun
ton and l-Üborough Depot, at City Prices.
Staunton, Jai 1859.
~1 L. DOYLE;
Attorney it Law. Staunton, Va.,
WlLLoracJkm the Courts of Augusta, Rock
bridge, 8a! and Highland.
July 29. is:-,:.
" kirkvood hoUseT"
Pennsylvania . veuve Washington. D.C.,
JOHN H.& a. W. KIRKWOOD,
Washington, tfar h 24, 1858—ly
DENTAL NO*-iCE. -DR. WM. CHAPMAN
has removed h. Office South side of Maia St.,
one door West, of tb*,' al i o nal Hotel, opposite Jtosbv
k Taylor, where h* ~•■■ be glad to receive nil who
may desire his profess, , na i 3e rvices.
Staunton, Sep. 6, 18> \y.
HERE AGAlfl._~Another supply" of 60LD
LEAF LIGHT f ESSED TOBAC'JO jm ar
rived in prime order an f or sa le by
R. J. GLENDT,
Staunton, June 21. per. C. T. Cochran.
JUSTRECEIVED -The best and cbeapesUow
price TOBACCO thb can be found. Wholesale
or retail by JNO. _. EVAKS.
Staunton. July 26, 185?
CORN MEAL—For •jeliTia.-ge or small (man
titles at the STAUJfON STEAM MILLS at
market prices. Apply to
Ma 7 ?1, 'o». S. A. RICHARDSON, Sup't.
PHYSICIANS can alway be"supplied with a fal
assortment of Medicines 0 f the best qcalltt at
DR. 11. S. EICHELBERGER'S.
Staunton, Jan. 25, '59
Dfc W. B. YOUNG'S.
Staunton, Nov. 1.
FURS ! FURS"!—IS sets
and will be sold at a very le r figure
Staunton, Nov. 8. PIPER A FONKfIOUSEk.
-j HANDSOME COAL t*R*TlTfr7r^u7b^~
A WOODis „ GILKESOI.
Staunton, Oct. 25.
I 1 **BLS. Molasses and Syrup,jijjtreceived b|
X X . n TAILOR k HOGI
Staunton, Oct. 11,1859.
S taioitim %3ttMMt.'
FOUNDED 1832. CHARTERED 1854.
Corner of Baltimore ai- Charles Sts.,
THE LARGEST, MOST ELEGANTLY FURNISH
ED AND POPULAR COMMERCIAL COL
LEGE IN THE UNITED STATES.
Stoobnts in attendance prch Nearly Evbr-y
State in the Uhon.
EVERY YOUNG MAN shouH write for one of
those Large and Beautiful Ornamented Circulars
representing the External and Interior View of the
BALTIMORE COMMERCIAL COLLEGE, Pen
manship, Ac, which will be sent by return mail, free
of charge, with Catalogue containiug List of Studentg,
Terms of Tuition, Opinions of the Press on our new
system of Book-Keeping, etc.
E. K. LOSIER, Principal—Lectuuer on the Science ©f
Accounts, Business, Custom?, etc.
J. M. PHILLIPS, Professor of iJook-Keeping and
H. H. DA VIES, Associate Prof, of Book-Keeping.
N. C. JOHNSON, Professor of Penmanship.
S. T. WILLIAMS, ESQ., Mercantile law.
REV- E. Y. REESE. I> D. Oom_ ial Ethics.
lion. Jotin P. Kennedy, _'--.->'•_ «a Vansant,
Hon. Thomas Swarm, Wm. H. ueighler, Esq.,
Jacob Trust Esq., William Enabe, Esq
The time usually required to ctmplete the full
course from 8 to 12 weeks.
Large Circulars and Catalogues staging terms, Ac,
sent by mail/Vee of charge. Address
E. X LOSIER, Baltimore, Md.
June 21,1859— ly.
FOR NEW YORK.
THE New York and Virginia Scmw Steamship
Company's new and FIRST CLASS STEAM
ER, "MT. VERNON," will leave New York eve
ry Saturday afternoon at 3 o'clock arriving at Alexan
d'i» i about 10 o'clock on Monday.
Returning, she will leave Alexandria every Wed
nesday at 3 o'clock P. M. in time to receive passen
gers arriving by the trains of the 0. &A. &n & Manassa
Gap Rail Roads.
Accommodations for passengers are first class in
Passage including Meals 1 $7.50
N. B.—Shippers will please note that this is the
only Direct Link of Steamers between this port and
A commodious Depot has been erected on the Com
pany's Wharf, through which the Railroad track has
been laid, so that goods by this line can be received
at all times and shipped without regard to weather
and without expense of drayage, &c.
No commission charged for forwarding.
Insurance effected on all goods, (if desired,) at % of
For freight or passage apply to
FOWLE A CO. Agents Alexandria,
H. R. Clt( MWELL A CO. Ag'ts, N Y.
Oct. 11, 1859.
GREAT EXCITEMENT AT THE
CLOTHING HOUSE OF
(bhandkbdrg's old stand.)
THOUGH the Great Eastern has met wit* serious
accident, vet my large and well selected stock of
FALL AND WINTER CLOTHING will ab rtdantlv
show that my cargo of Goods did arrive satajv, and
includes the greatest variety of well finisi jfc cxo
thing ever brought to this market.
My present stand, at Brandeburg's old rcorne
and Opposite the Ta. Hotel, gives a stttrlcienc
of room to show to my customers as nice..f stoti
of Clothing as can be exhibited this side ot Eaflimoie
and which I will sell at Baltimore City Price| \
The public are invited to examine my stock b#ifo: - e
purchasing elsewhere, at least all those who •ufisid
er that "a penny saved is a penny made." jl
Brandeburg's old stand, Opp'te Va. Hbfgr
Staunton, Oct. 11. 1859.
TANNERY. —I have this day associated -n*-.*Bon,
Wm. B. Gallaher with me in the Tanning"r>usi
ness in the town of Waynesboro' and the busines I will
hereafter be conducted in the name of H. L. GA '*'•*--
HER _ SON.
Persons indebted to my Tannery are hereby notified
in rrr> me forward and settle, and those navLoir ciapnw
agaiuav ii aii, lequeaieU to preseti). tue same lo •><»."•
ment. My sou, Wm. B. Gallaher, will always be ."ouiid
at the Tannery and is authorized to settle for me.
Public patronage is solicited for the new concern.
J3P The highest Cash price will be paid for nides,
skins and bark at all times. H. L. GALLAHER.
Waynesboro', Oct. 4, 1859.—1y*.
FRESH ARRIVAL OF FINE WATCH
ES AND JEWELRY.—The subscriber is now
in receipt of a new supply of FINE
WATCHES AND JEWELRY at j££ffysgL
his stand on Main St., 2 doors west Jg ■___—»Bbss__
of Price's Hardware Store, to which
he invites the attention of tbe public. His stock is
large and complete, and will be sold at satisfactory
prices. §3F~ Every article warranted as represented.
JSP" Watches and Jewelry repaired.
J. W. MEREDITH.
Staunton, Oct. 18—V. copy.
AT STORE.—The subscriber invites the at
tention of the public to his stuck of'jj'ggfc
HATS and CAPS to be found at his store Q3&
Opposite the --Vindicator Office."—
He Keeps constantly on hand a large variety of Hats
and Caps of fashionable styles and of HIS OWN
MANUFACTURE, which he will sell at prices which
cannot fail to be satisfactory.
XW Give him a call. ROB'T BIRTNITT.
Staunton, Oct. 11. 1859. —3mo.
DR. JAMES JOHNSTON, SURGICAL &
MECHANICAL DENTIST, having heeß located
permanently in Staunton for the last four years, would
respectfully inform his friends and the public gene
rally, that he still continues to practice Dentistry.in all
its various branches, with the strictest regard to du
rability and usefulness.
Office on the south-side of Main Street opposite the
old Spectator Office.
Staunton, Nov. 29, 1854.
J. TURNER, PROF. MUSIC, WES
• LEYAN FEMALE INSTITUTE—Teaches Pi
ano, Guitar, Flute, Violin, Ac, Ac.: also Baliad Sing
ing. Instructs Private Classes on Tuesday and Thurs
Jay evenings. Pianos Tuned in the most accurate
manner. Persons wishing to buy Pianos are respect
fully invited to call at my house, opposite the resi
dence of Col. Geo. Baylor, and examine the specimen
of Messrs. Wm. Knabe A Co.'s celebrated Instruments.
YEW GOODS Having employed WM. SHRY
i. i as my Agent, I am now prepared, from an en
tirely new stock of HATS and CAPS, se- B
iectedbyhim in New York and Baltimore, to IgBL
furnish the citizens of Staunton a superior article
at 10 per cent less for Cash than it can be obtained
elsewhere in this market. Call before the stock has
been diminished, at the Store Room nearly opposite
the Va. Hotel. M. G. HARMAN.
Staunton, Sept. 20,1859—tf.—Yin. Copy.
ROUND PLASTER FOR SALE.-The
Staunton Steem Mills Co. are now receiving 850
tons of best Windsor Plaster, which they will sell
fresh ground to the farmers of Augusta and neighbor
ling counties at prices lower than the article cau be
purchased elsewhere in this market. Apply to
Nov. 15,1859. S. A. RICHARDSON, Sup't.
WHEAT WANTED.— The Staunton Steam '
Mills Co. will pay tbe highest prices in Cash
for Wheat. Farmers wishing to dispose of their
srops will probably consult their interests by bring
.ne samples to S. A. RICHARDSON, Sup't.
Nov. 15, 1859.
(CARPENTER'S TOOLS.— We have on hand
J Morticing and Boring Machines, Planes of every
kmd, and every kind of Tool used by Carpenters, all
of wbich will be sold cheap.
Staunton, Nov. 22. WOODS k GILKESON.
Onr SILK, Velvet, Cloth and Cassimere Cloaks,
000 latest style, from #3 io $22, at
S. H. HUB'S Dry Goods Store.
Staunton, Nov. 15.
OACH BODY VARNISH, a superior grade of
Copal Varnish, Japan do., Demar, do., Mastic
da., and all other Varnishes, for sale by
fctaunton, Nov. 29. P. H. TROUT & CO.
17URS.— A few sets of very handsome Brown Rus
. sia, Fitch and Sable fur's. Received and for sale
by D. A. KAYSER.
"Sainton, Nov. 22; 1850.
CORN SHELLERS.-Wc have on band four
Mffereut varieties of Corn Shelters and Separa
tors.' WOODS k GILKESON.
Staunton, Oct. 25.
AUGE QUANTITY OP SALTPETRE for sale by
P. H. TROUT k CO,
Stauiton, Nov. 29.
TWC HUNDRED PAIR of Youth's Cassimere Leg
gii.s at 50 cents, at S. H. HILB'S.
Staunton, Nov. 15.
VHLIJER'S HEAVY GOODS-A full supply
J3X for Servants' Wear, just received by
Staunt..n, Oct. 11, '59. TAYLOR & HOGE._
JOT- RECEIVED— A very fine assortment"©!'
CLOCKS to be sold very low.
Staunton, Aug. 9, '59. G. C. YEAKLE.
F _ URE GROUND PEPPER—ground by ourselves.
Also Pepper in grain. P. H. TROUT k CO.
Stauntoi: : Nov. 29.
AJEJOGKFOR FARMERS.— Campbells
Manual of Agriculture. ROB'T COWAN.
Staunton, Nov. 15.
L - fiATB CRT LEATHER ! I—2ooo lbs SOLE
LEATfc ER -good stamp—for sale by
Oct. 25. P. N. POWELL k CO.
; LL kind? of Iron Machinery fitted up at the work
/ i Shop of _c Staunton Foundry.
Sep-18, UC9. A. J. GARBEB k CO.
STAUNTON, VIRGINIA, TUESDAY, JANUARY 10, 1860.
BT EEV. C. T. BROOKS.
Yearnmg for soeues of promised rest
The wJr—ry pilgrim bends his way,
Where, sriglu the city of the blest
Sfc ies in strene, eternal day.
In tt v uure mirror, crystal stream !
So ia shall these longing eyes behold,
Refle~t3d, the celestial gleam
Of shining g&tes and spires of gold.
Ye ro-ky hills, that soar on high,
Aud stretch across my onward way!
Your sunny tops c'en now descry
Tie far-off gates of endless day!
A *>und of distant bells draws nigh;
On grove and stream the day grows pale;
0 had I wings, tbat I might fiy
Fur, far away o'er hill and vale I
j T..tf bliwfu! thought his soul o'er powers;
•* He taifats befot* tlw road,
. nd, sinking down amid the flowers,
Thinks on the city of his God.
.'as! the way grows rough before me;
My spirit faints; my footsteps fail!
Come, gentle dreams! steal softly o'er me,
And waft me to the blessed vale!
He saw the gates of Heaven unfold,
And thus his shining angel spoke:
''Shall he the needed power withhold,
Whose word the burning impulse woke."
But golden dreams and fond desires
To coward hearts alone are dear;
A nobler strength high aim inspires,
And brings each lovely vision near.
The fair form fades ax morning light;
The pilgrim grasps his staff once more,
Toils on o'er plain and mountain-height,
And now i* at the golden door.
And lo! like fond, maternal arms,
Wide open fly the gates of day,
And Heavenly harping* welcome in
The Pilgrim from his weary way.
Rights ol Railway Passengers.
A oircumstance which took place in one of the
cars of the Hudson River Railroad Company on
Christmas day, and in which a lady was involv
ed, suggests some inquiry respecting the rights
of passengers in railway cars. The facts are as
Scene 1. A lady and gentleman occupied one
of the seats, and the former, a fair blonde, who
might be married or single, according to circum
stances, being at a suitable age for either of these
happy conditions, persisted in keeping the win
dow open, much to the discomfort and annoy
ance of an elderly and respectable looking gen
tleman in tbe seat behind her. The wind blew
in almost a gale, causing a great fluttering of the
ribbons and finery of the fair one, and threaten
ing to inflict a cold, a cough, and possibly incip
ient consumption upon the elderly gentleman in
Elderly gentleman, after several remarks to
bis friends loud enough for the lady to hear, and
in which he spoke his mind rtther freely about
the discomfort imposed upon bim, asked the
gentian in in the lady's company to put the wic
fJow down, a*-:d met with a reTfiiai. Evidently
a little riled, he undertook to pat it down him
self; lady's gloved hand resisted, but masculine
strength was too much for then, and the win
dow came down with a bang. Lady declared
that she paid for her seat and had a right to
raise the window. Elderly gentleman said she
had no right to cause inconvenience to others.—
Lady asked if elderly gentleman was a stock
holder, and was told tbat it was none of her
business. Several gentlemen gallantly said they
thought the lady had a right to have the win
dow up. Lady said sbe thought so, too, '■'•and
what is more, I will have it upf and suiting the
action to the word, up it went with an emphasis.
Scene 2. Conductor appears collecting tickets.
Elderly gentleman appeals to him to have the
window put down. Conductor politely speaks
to lady about it. She says it must not be put
down. Several gallant gentlemen, among them
some distinguished New York merchants, inter
fere, and declare tbe window shall not go down.
Elderly gentleman threatens to report Conductor
it he dont put it down. Lady threatens to re
port Conductor if he does put it down. Several
gentlemen declare that he cannot put it down.
Conductor, thinking discretion the better part of
valor tells them to "fight it out," and leaves the
car. Thus the lady triumphed, as ladies always
do in such cases.
The above is a clear statement of a real case.
15ow, which was right—legally we mean—or
according to Railroad regulations? Most gen
tlemen can c isily determine what, they would
have done—they would have left their seat and
found one elsewhere, or remained standing, ra
ther than quarrel with a lady. But what were
the rights of the parties ?
Tbe comfort of railway passengers depends
more on the courtesy and the par
ties than upon mere abstract legal rights. A
proper regard for the convenience and comfort
of others will prompt either gentleman or lady
to conform to their wishes, in all ordinary cir
cumstances ; but if any are so rude as to refuse
this, it is far better to allow them the enjoyment
of their perverseness than quarrel over it. And
when there is a lady in the case, the only pru
dent course is to surrender at once.— Jour. Com.
"Beware of Men."—The following eloquent
passage occurs in the Baccalaureate Address of
Hon. A. B. Longstreet, President of the South
Carolina College, at Columbia, to the recent
graduating class :
"Yoa are embarking upon a strange world,,
my voting friends. It banished Aristides, pate-;
oned Stiorates, murdered Cicero, and crucified
the Lord of Glory. The spirits of Theraisf octee,
of Melitas, of Anthony and Ciaphis is still in the
world—greatly subdued and law-bound, to be
sure, bn. not extinguished. You may expect, [
theretort, at times, to be depressed by your t ri
vals, conlemoed for your patriotism, and tar
men ted fir your benefactions; to have your
confidenct abused aud integrity derided, and to
suffer a th >usand impositions in smaller matters
from those from whom you had a right to expect
better things. These are hard things to bear, say
you. They are so my young friends and you never
will bear tlem as you should unless you take the
Good Book for your guide, and look daily to its
Author for supplies of strength sufficient for
your trial. Do this, and all will be well at last.
With that chart in your baud, now launch your
bark upon tie troubled oceau of life ; and when
the squalls strike you, be at least as prudent as
the common.sailor, and be found at tbe helm,
with your before you, and your eye fixed
on Bethlehen's Star?' ' jj| LJ
"Gentlemet of the Jury," said an Arknaasae
lawyer, "wou.d you set a rat trap to catch a
bear? would make fools of yourselves by
endeavoring to spear a buffalo with a knitting
needle ? No, gentlemen, lam sure you would
not. Then, how can you be guilty of the gross
absurdity of fioilicg my client guilty of man
slaughter for ta:ing the life of a woman 1 M
One day a beggar-man, who had long been
known as the dc-no-good of the place where he
lived, met another laden with two panniers.—
On being asked what was in them, and beiog
told that they contained rags and dodos, he ex
claimed, "Well, hen, toss me in, for I'm nowt
What a Soot onoe heard an Enhub-ma:
Say.—We (Border Advertiser) once heard a
Englishman giving his ostler orders as follow*)
"Enry, take the 'earnesas hoff the 'orse, cli
the 'alter hover 'is 'cad, aud give 'iw some '# ,
hand some hoata." /j
A Picture of New York City.
It bas been asserted—most emphatically by
those who have not fairly tried it—that no
house was ever built largo enough for two fam
ilies to live in decently aud comfortably. Yet,
says a writer in the Atlantic Monthly, review
ing "The Lost and Found," of tbe Rev. Mr.
Halliday, who tor twenty years bas been the
agent or missionary of the "American Female
Guardian Society, and Home for tbe Friend
less"—yet. in the present year of giace, 1859,
half a million of men and women—two-thirds of
tbe population of New York —are compelled by
reason of tbeir own poverty and the avarice of
certain capitalists, to liveia what ar6 technically
known as "tenement-houses," or more pertinent
ly, "barracks;"—hulks of brick, put up by Shy
locks anxious for twenty per cent, and lived in
—God kaows bow—by from four to ninety four
families each. Of 115,986 families residing in
tbe city of New York, only 15,990 are able to
enjoy tbe luxury of an independent home; 14,-
--362 otber families live in comparative comfort,
two in a house; 4,416 buildings contain three
families each, and yet do not come under tbe
head of tenements; and the 11,965 dwelling
bouses which remain, are the bomes of 72,386
families, being an average of seven families, or
thirty-five souls to eae! nonsei
But this •;•< ou-y an ,?;'•<e. 5u the eleventh
ward, 113 roar .onsjes built on the backs
of deep lots, and separated only by a narrow
and necessarily dark aud filthy court from tbe
frtnt houses, which are also con
tain 1,658 families, or nearly 15 families or 10
souls each ; 24 others contain 407 families, being
an average of 80 souls to each ; and in another
ward 72 such houses contain no less tban 19
families or 95 suuls eacb.
This seems shocking. But this is by no means
the worst I There are 580 tenement-houses iD
New York which coutain, by actual count, 10,-
--933 families, or about 85 persona each; 193
others, which accommodate 111 persons each;
71 others, which cover 140 each, aud, finally,
29 —these must be theniost profitable!—which
have a total population of no less than 5,449
souls, or 187 to each house I
That part of Fifth Avenue which holds the
chief part of the wealth aud fashion of New
York, has an extent ot about two miles, or,
counting both sides of the street, four miles.—
The--e tour miles of stately palaces are occupied
by tour hundred families; while a single block
of tenement-houses, not two hundred yards out
of Filth Avenue, contains no less than seven
hundred families, or 3,500 souls! Seven such
blocks, Mr. Halliday pertinently remarks, would
contain more people than the city of Hartford,
which covers an area of several miles square.
Such astounding facts as these, the industrious
Buckle of the ye_r 3000, intent upon a history
of our American civi ization, will quote to the
croakers of that day as samples of our nine
••Bat," someone may object, "if the houses
were comfortably arranged, and laud was really
scarce, alter all, these'people were not so badly
The "tenement-houte," which is now one of
the 'institutions" ot ijew York, stands usually
upon a lot 25 by 100 feet, is from four to six
stories high, and is si divided internally, as to
contain four families on each floor—each family
eating, drinking, sleeping, cooking, washing and
fighting in a room eight feet by ten and a bed
room six feet by ten ; unless, indeed— which very
jrtquently happens, says Mr. Halliday—the
family renting these two rooms takes in another
to board, or sub-lets one room to one or even two
other families! j
But the modern in-'provements ?
One of the largest and most recently built of
the New York ••barracks" has apartments for
iid iamiu<ro. 2t tUa built espuciaiiy for this
use. It stands on. a lot 50 by 250 teet, is entered
at tbe side from ,ul jys eight leet wide, and, by
reason of tho viciuitj of another barrack ol
equal height, th«? moms are so darkened that od
a cloudy day it j-impossible to read or lew in
them without amiicial light. It has not one
room which can in any way be thoroughly veil
tiiated. The vaults and sewers which are to
carry off the tilth ot the 126 families, have grated
openings in the alleys, and doorways in the cel
lars, through which the noisome and deadly mi
asmata p«Q*trite and poison the dank air of the
house and the courts. The water closets for the
whole vast establishment are a range of stalh
without doors a.;d accessible not only from the
building, but even from the street. Comfort is
hereout oi the iesti»n; common decency has
been rendered mpossible; aud the horrible
brutalities of tfee passenger-ship are day after
day repeated -b ton a larger scale. Aud yet
this is a fair p-- unen. And for such hideous
and necessar ' demoralizing habitations, —for
two rooms, stench, indecency and gloom, the
poor family pays—and the rich builder receives
— "thirty fiu per cznt, annually on the cost of
When a ci y has half a million of inhabitants
who must OQBtoot themselves with such quarters
as these, wl eh even a beast of the field would
perish iv, toes any man woLder that 18,000
women were a rested in the last year? that in
three month-: t nding January 31et, 1859,13,765
arrests were lirude by the city police, of which
over one■:bii d were females, one in six under
twenty "pan of age, and more than one-halt
under thin, • that iv 1855 there was one death
iv every £6 }of the population? that in 1858
the five bity dispensatories were called on to
treat (grat.ri: usly) 65,442 infaut patients? tbat
in 1855 1 ,988 infants were stillborn, and 6,399,
or 1 iv 09 •>' the population, did not live the
first year out? while, at the present time, 20,
000 obi—Lr»a roam the streets, aud never enter a
schoolro itn ■
Shetland Makkiagks.—All the Shetlanders
many a>out the age of twenty, that is the men
marry a. twenty; as for the women, they follow
quite a (.itFerent rule. It sometimes does hap
pen that both the man and woman about to be
married are of age, but this is seldom ; the
greater number of marriages are between the
youthf of nineteeu and maids of thirty-two.—
Whenever a mau can act Lis part in manning
of a ~at, he has arrived at the height ot his
ambi on, and therefore there is no wonder at
his Hurrying early ; but why he pitches on an
old nuid, instead of a young girl, is not so easi
ly acjoutted for, unless it be that young men
have a peculiar affection for old maids, as old
men hive a peculiar affection for young girls.—
This svstein of marriage holds good only with
with never leaviDg their native soil. He
who leoomes a sailor, cannot generally marry so
young; but he is always sure, before leaving his
borne to single out the object ot his future affec
tions. In no country is a lover so faithful to
his übtress as in Shetland. I never heard of
a Shetland sailor who was guilty of a breach of
.promise, although he should be absent for ten
There is one thing worthy of observation a
bont<jM Shetland marriages-— I never knew a
real original native man of Shetland who had
manied a woman of any other country ; on the
othtr hand, a Shetland woman often gets mar
rwdtomen of otbyr counties throughout the
kkirdom, and her parents were exceedingly
fend of such extraneous matches. Thus the
fSh3tla»d women have a better chance of getting
'married than any other women in Britaiu,
kicet* —night. Two volunteers wrapped in
fcit.ir blankets, aud half buried in the mud.
"Jim," says one, "how came you to volun
' ley* ?"
"Why Ben, ycti see I had no wife to care a
led cent for me, a\ud so I volunteered—and be
»i las. J like war J\ Now Ben tell me, how you
;a_eto be out hejre?"
Why, the tact ia, you see, I've got a wife, and
st I came out herj> because I like peace/"
A. Doctor's attempted to move him by
vr tears. "Ahjt" said he, "tears are useless. —
t ia?e analyzed! them. Tuey contain a little
plrospbate ot lim\e, some chlorate of sodium, and
( tn Irishman I'-eiog in church where the col
iction apa.atus resembled ballot-boxes, on its
#iag hauded to him, whispered in the carrier's
at that he was nut naturalized and couid not
Cause of Left-haudedness.
Tbe question bas been much discussed among
anatomists, whether the properties ot the right
baud, in comparison with those of the left, de
pend on the course of the arteries to it. It is
affirmed that the trunk of the artery going to
tbe right arm passes from the heart, so as to ad
mit the blood directly and more forcibly into the
small vessels ot the arm. This is assigning a
cause which is unequal to the effect, and pre
senting altogether too confined a view of the
subject; it is a a participation in tbe common
error of seeking iv the mechanism the cause ot
phenomeua which have a deeper source.
For the couvenience of life, and to make us
prompt and dextrous, it is pretty evident that
there ought to be no hesitation wbich hand is
to be used, or which foot is to be put forward;
nor is there in fact any such indecision. Is this
taught, or have we this readiness given to us by
nature ? It must be obseryed, at the same time,
tbat there is a distinction in the whole right
side ot the body, and the left is not only tne
weaker in regard to muscular strength, but also
in its vital or constitutional properties. The
development of the organs of action and motion
is greatest upon the right side, as may at any
time be ascertained by measurement, or by the
taifor and shuemiker; certainly this superiority
may be said to result from the more frequent
exertion ot ih*3 ng.it baud; bat the peculiarity ,
extends to the constitution also, and diseases at
tack the left extremities more frequently than
In opera-dancers, we maj see that the most
difficult feats are performed by the right toot. —
But their preparatory exercises better evince tbe
natural weakness of tbe left limb, in order to a
void awkwardness in the public exhibition; for
if these exercises be, neglected, an ungraceful
performance will be given to the right side. In
walking behind a person, it is seldom that we
see an equalized motion of the bodj ; and if we
look to tne left foot, we shall find that the tread
is not so firm upon it, that the toe is not so
much turned out as in the right, and that a
greater push is made with it. From the pecu
liar form ot woman and the elasticity of her
step resulting more from the motion of the an
kl« tbe,a of the haunches, the detect of the left
foot, when it exists, is more apparent in her
gait. No boy hops on his left foot unless he be
left handed. The horseman puts his left foot in
the stirrup, and springs from the right.
We think we may conclude that everything
being adapted, in the conveniences of life, to the
left hand—as for example the direction of the
worm screw, or of the cutting end of the auger
—is not arbitrary n but is related to a natural en
dowment ot the body. He who is left-handed
is most sensible to the advantages of this adap
tation, from the opening of a parlor-door to the
opening of a pen-knife. On the whole, the pref
erences of the right hand is not the effect ot
habit, but it is a natural provision, and is bes
towed for a very obvious purpose, and the prop
erty does not depend on the peculiar distribu
tion of the arteries of the arm, but the preference
is given to the right foot as well as to the right
hand. — Sir Chas. PelVs Bridgewater Treatise.
A Word to tuk Boys.—l visited, a few
days since, our State's prison. It was an awful
scene, one I should be unwilling to look upon
again. I cannot forget it if I would. I seem to
see them still —that motley array ot all ages and
conditions. Not a word or even a look at their
fellows allowed, even under the eye of a vigilant
keeper; and thee, as they were examined, march
ed to their cells and locked up for the night, on
ly to pursue again that unvaried round of labor
for months aud years, and some for life. Oh,
how it made my heart ache. It was sad to see
among them youug men in their freshness and
vigor, doomed by crime to that wretched life.—
Old men, too, even with grey hairs, were there ;
not a "crown of glory," but badges ot shame
weie theirs. But, if possible, it was sadder
still to see among them, boys, one less than four
teen years of age, youuger than oue of my own
little boys at home. And then I thought if he
and other boys could once look upon such a
sceue it would be a life-long lesson to them.
The warden very kindly answered all our
questions, and what do you thiuk brought that
boy there ? It was passion — uncontrolled tem
per. He commenced only ia pliy, then got an
gry with a playmate, aud ia Loo heat of passion
dealt blows that took his life. "He did not!
meau to do it," he said, xrobatly ho did nut,
but his sorrow could not restor \ life. An in
dictment was found. He plead guilty, and now,
in sileuce and in shame, the weary years that
should have gladdened the parents' home, are
dragged on in those prison walls. Would he not
say to you, boys govern your temper f
Auother sad tact the warden relates. Of
those oue hundred and oue convicts, all but six
were brought there by the use of intoxicating
drinks. I would hope that not one of all the
boys to whom the Messenger speaks, ever touch,
taste, or handle the destroying cup; but very
many of them, I fear, have not perfectly learned
that difficult lesson —to conquer self. Do you
ever think, when tempted to anger, to what it
may lead?— American Messenger.
Celibacy of Washington Irving-.—lnstead
of being a "detect," the celibacy of Irving was
his crown of glory. Those who have studied
his writings have been struck with the remark
able transition from humor to pathos, from the
broadest fun to the most meditative sentiment,
which occurs between the facetious history of
New York and (he Sketch Book. Many, per
haps, imagine that this is accounted for by his
loss of fortune. But the feeling is too soulful for
such an interpretation. It had its origin in one
of those disappointments ot the heart which col
or all the subsequent life of a true man. We
trust that now there is no want of delicacy in al
luding to the fact that the subject of Irving's
love died duriug their betrothal. We have
heard the last interview described by a member
of her family; and to the sacred sorrow thus en
gendered is to be ascribed much that is touch
ing and true ia the sentiment of Irving's writ
ings ; to his fealty to this affection, in no small
degree, is owing the continued sensibility which
kept his heart fresh to the last; and, above all,
that respect for and sympathy with tbe innate
and holy sentiments of humanity which he so
uniformly cherished and manifested in letters
and in lite.
Nor is this all. Time may have healed the
wound and reconciled the bereft to another re
lation ; but there intervened a period of disaster
which drove his eldest brother to bankruptcy.
For his sake and that of his family of daughters,
Washington Irving continued single and took
them all home, and became a father to the chil
dren. Beautiful was their mutual devotion;
happy their congenial household, aud Sunnyside
is now bequeathed to them.
No one familiar with Mr. Irving associated
the idea of celibacy with him; he was always
in a domestic atmosphere ; his nieces were like
daughters; his fair neighbors his favorite com
panions; children the delight of his heart.—
With such free aud fond affections he could, un
der no circumstances, lead the life of a single
man, as the phrase is usually understood. He
was domesticated in families abroad; he was
the endeared centre of one at home; and one
ot the most beautiful aspects of his lite, as well
as one ot the must honorable, is that selected as
exceptional, after the flippant habit ot those
who ignorantly condemn what they have neith
er the justice to examiue nor the refinement of
soul to conjecture may be an evidence of the
highest love aud the most heroic self-denial.—
Boston Transcript, Dec. 29.
A Mississippi County Court Clerk having is
sued a marriage license for a nice young man,
shortly afterwards received the following note
Steate of Mas July 5 1859
Mr. Moody pies let This matter steand ovur
until further orders the gal has Flew the Track
By her own request and release my name off
this Bond if you pies.
"Are these pure canaries?" asked a gentleman
of a bird dealer, with whom he wa9 negotiating
for a * k gitt for his fair."
"Yes, sir," said the dealer, confldentally, * _
raised them 'ere birds from canary seed."
Almost every farailv, especially in the country
and the smaller towns, keep one or more cows
for the purpose of supplying themselves with
milk and butter —both articles of prime neces
sity with every housekeeper. In this paper we
shall not speak of tbe care and management of
large dairies but rather of cases like those above
indicated where their owners do not often studj
that close economy in feeding their cows, and in
disposal of their products, which may very profi
tably be given in larg* establishments. But ev
erywhere, those who would have milk in winter
must not forget that succulent and nutritious
food is needed to keep up its flow. But slight
dependence can be bad on dry fodder alone, un
less it be first-rate both in character and quali
Milch cows should be stabled, especially at
night and iv stormy weather. This is too fre
quently neglected—the milch cow receiving no
better care than those not in milk, or the young
stock of the farmer. This is a mistaken policy
it milk is desired. And from good cows, well
ted and cared for, it is more valuable than at a
ny other season of the year. Good butter can
be made, and commands a better price than at
any other season of the year. It will pay for
one cow or for scores, to keep them sheltered
t>nd comfortable; all their wants as fully sup
plied as circumstances will allow.
Good hay may well form a part of the winter I
feed of cows, but they need something more in
order to a good supply of rich milk. Carrots
and otber root crops, also pumpkins and apples,
promote tbe flow of milk and the health and
thrift of the animal. Where these cannot be
had, the coarser grains, ground and mixed with
chopped hay or straw, or cornstalks, may be fed
to cows, or they may be employed in connection
with the articles first named. An occasional
change of food is much relished by cows a* well
as other stock, and promotes both health and
appetite. Oats and barley, or oats and corn, or
buckwheat, or rye form a good provender or
meal for this purpose. Corn meal fed alone has
a tendency to dry off the milk—its greatest val
ue is for fattening rather than milk-making pur
poses. Give cows what good hay aod well-cur
ed cornfodder they will fully dispose of, and a
peck or so of shorts and provender properly wet
or seasoned with a little salt, and they will con
tinue in milk as long as though roots were given
them, and yield milk of a richer character.
Regularity both in feeding and milking, is
necessary to the comfort and thrift of the cow.
Many, when their cows give but a small quanti
ty, milk but once a day in winter. We cannot
commend the practice, and would not follow it
unless for the purpose of drying off our cows. —
It is true they give a less quantity at night than
at morning, but milked regularly, the night's
milking may be looked upon as so much extra to
what would be obtained with milking once a
day.— Country Gentleman.
Chief Justice Marshall. —John Marshall
was never more respected than when he was
throwing quoits, with his coat off, under the
trees. Affection was added to admiration, that
was all. All telt what the bitter orator of Roan
oke did, when he said in the old Couvention of
1829, "I know the goodness of his heart too well
to have supposed it possible that he could have
intended to give me pain. Sir, I believe that
like 'my Uncle Toby,' he would not even hart a
fly? He never wouuded anybody, I believe, in
all his life. His bonhommie was perfect, and
endeared him to old and young. A thousand
anecdotes are told of it, as of his simplicity. A
gentleman informed me some time since that his
father, when a boy, had been a clerk in one of
the courts, and one day was sent round to the
Chief Justice's house with a buudle of law pa
pers. He waa a mere youth at the time, a cop
yist in the office, and his juvenile mind had been
overshadowed by the renown and dignity of the
Chief Justice. He therefore approached the
square old mansion on Marshall street with
something very like awe, and knocked at the
door (there was no bell) with no little apprehen
sion ot the august personage whom he was a
bout to see. The Judge came to the door him
self; and welcomed him into his study with a
smile, making him sit down while he examined
the papers. This ceremony performed, the aw
ful personage tnroed upon the boy, whose fear
had now d' parted. Tfie lipa of the great func
tionary opeuu, ho airretcbed out his hand, a;»d
mtered tho terrible words, "Year name >*-. ttin j
my H ,is it not, my boy?" •'Y'as, sir, i
faltered the youth. "Well Jemmy, continued
the Chief Justice, rising with alacrity, "let us go
into the back yard and have a game of marbles /''
Aud the game was played accordingly; which
triumphed I did not hear.
Dr. Gumming, whose late publication, "The
Great Tribulation," is at present creating an ex
citemeut in the literary world, is thus described
in a late English review :
"His singularly handsome person, his brilliant
flow of poetic thoughts, his striking talents, and
his burning zeal, combine to make him one of
the most interesting speakers of the day. Mr.
Cumming is very small in person, not exceeding
five feet four or five iaches in height, with a
slender and graceful figure. His face is one of
the most beautiful I have overseen, for he is al
together too diminutive to be called strictly
handsome. His hair is of a jet black, with a
soft waving curl upon it; his complexion re
sembles alabaster, with a deep damask color;
his forehead is high and finely formed, and his
eyes are concealed by invisible spectacles.—
His nose is aquiline, but not very large, and the
lower part of his face is as perfect as that of
some Greek statue, with the addition of beauti
ful teeth. Altogether he is what his country
men call a very 'bonnie chiel,' and he would
really be incomparable were he only magnified.
His manner is very unassuming •< he never puts
himself forward, but remains behind the other
speakers. While silent he has all the meekness
of a tractile child; but when he speaks he dis
plays all the vigor and energy of a young ea
The Secbet of Happiness.—-The most com
mon error among men and women, is that of
looking tor happiness somewhere outside of use
ful work. It has never yet been found thus
sought; and never will be while the world
stands; and the sooner this truth is learned the
better for every one. If you doubt the proposi
tion, glance around among your friends and ac
quaintances, and select thosa who appear to
have the most enjoyment iv life. Are they the
tilers and the pleasure-seekers', or the earnest
workers ? We know what your answer will be.
Of all the miserable human beings it has been
our fortune, or misfortune, to know, they were
the most wretched who had retired from useful
employments, in order to enjoy themselves. —
Why, the slave at his enforced labor, or the
hungry toiler tor bread, were supremely happy
Earnestly would we press upon young minds
the truth we have stated. It lies at the foun
dation of all well doiug and well-being. It
gives tranquility and pleasure to the youth just
stepping across the threshold of rational life, as
well as to the man whose years are beginning to
rest upon his stoop-shoulders. Be ever engaged
in useful work if you would be happy. This is
the great secret. — Arthur's Magazine. .
Philips, the Irish orator, speaks thus feelingly
of his birth place :
"There were the scenes of ray childhood which
reminded me how innocent I wa , and the grave
of my tather to admonish me how pure I should
When a lady sees master pig munching and
wallowing in a ditch she ourls up her nose at
his nastiness. And lo! when the same pig's leg
fragrant with sage and patriarchal onious,*-mokes
on the board she sendeth her plate three timej.
Such is life.
If a woman should overtake a goat in a nar
row lane, what singular transformation would
The goat would turn to but (h) er, and the
woi:ian would turn to go it!
■ —— rr -w ~_ ,
A Mormon advertisement reads as
u To be let—rooms for twV
w'res, or for one gentlema- a.d sat *ri*9s.
For ihe Spectator.
Arkansas Correspondence.—No. 7.
Messrs. Editors:—With pen in hand, and by
a fire that would do justice to the mountains of
West Augusta, I now proceed to close up our
correspondence for the present.
The month of December so far bas been cold
and stormy, something more than usual, for gen
erally speaking the Winters here are very mild
and balmy compared with what we West Vir
ginians are usually accustomed to.
Thongh it be cold, business is not suspended,
for as I write, tbe moaning of tbe cotton gin may
be heard one direction, while in another the blows
of numerous axes and the falling of trees awake
the echoes of the virgin forest in her white at
tire. The emigrants who set out late for the far
West, are exposed to much severity of weather
at present, and no doubt many of tbem think
with regret of the homes which they have left
and would give much could they reach the
threshold of their old homesteads once more and
let well enough alone a little while longer at
least. A few become discouraged and return
anyhow, upon reaching their destination, and
not realizing tbeir expectations. A few days
since, during one ot my excursions, I overtook a
party on their return from Texas, composed of
respectable looking people. Their outfit had been
very good, but three months work on the road
had reduced their horses and broken their wagons
very much. I inquired, what objection tbey b
to Texas, that induced them to return so » >>n
the older states again 1 One of the party re.,y * ■
quickly answered to this effect: "As to tne mvl
ter there can be no objection, for where we were
there was none to be objected of." The rail
timber I did not like, for it takes two trees to
make rail cut." Why did you not go on further ?
"Because they told us the farther we went the
worse it was, and so we concluded to turn back.
What is your objection to Arkansas, can't you
find a place here to suit you without going back
to Tennessee? '0 they don't bury their dead here.
I see too many living corpses walking about to
make it-pleasant to live here." I concluded af
ter this it would be best to let him pass and great
ly to my relief a squirrel took a tree near by in
pursuit of which he went and I travelled on. -
Before reaching my journey's end, however,
I passed a spot where a young man had fallen
from his horse and was found dead not long be
fore. I remembered him well, for on one of tbe
first occasions that I attended preaching in Ar
kansas, he was present with his young wife and
only child, an interesting little daughter of ten
der years. Among the quiet and attentive
bearers was the deceased, and had he known it
to be the last sermon he was to hear, I suppose
his attention, seemingly, would not have been
more fixed or respectful. The day was calm and
Berene — on e of those sweet and quiet Sabbaths
which seem to be let down from Heaven, to af
ford us a foretaste of that blissful rest, remaining
for those who fall asleep in Jesus. In the ser
mon that was preached, he heard how Jesus left
the throne of glory to seek aud save the lost —
how he suffered and bled and died to save the
souls of men, whose guilt is so great that noth
ing but his blood can atone; whose danger is so
great that nothing but his arm can rescue them —
and whose situation is so perilous that nothing
but the pleadings of an advocate with the Fath
er, Jesns Christ, the righteous, can mitigate its
horrors. But he following Thursday he died as
It may have been that he had some conscious
moments as he lay a dying man, in tbat lonely
forest, curtained by the darkness of the night,
and his dying words, if any, lost amid the wait
ings of night-winds and tbe rustle of falling
leaves, for there was no fond mother, affection- •
ate wife, or weeping child near him to hear his
last words—to leavei a tear of disconsolate love
upon his dying cheek—or, to impress a fare
well kiss upon his pale lips, as the parting soul
was leaving its frail tenement of dust. Who
knows but in these conscious moments he might
have remembered Jesus Christ, who alone can
do helpless sinnners good, and cried as he waa
sinking in the dark river, "Save Lord or I per
It is ray hope, Dear Spectator, soon to return
to our beloved Virginia again ; having in my
heart many tender and pleasant memories of this
distant land and its kiud people, but r.fter all
there is no place like home.
V ANGUILLE. *
TkO ol Oongrejw.
The following vat oi lbs; d--anguished rtr-ju
who have beea Speakers of the American Con
gress since its first organization, we find in the
The Speaker of the first American Congress
was a Pennsylvaoian—-Frederick A. Muhlonberg
—aud he was re-elected to that post in the third
Congress. He was succeeded by Jonathan Day
ton, of New Jersey, the ancestor of the present
Hon. Wm. L. Dayton, of that State, who re
mained in the chair for four years. Then came
George Dent, of Maryland, in the fifth ; Theo
dore Sedgwick, ot Massachusettss, in the sixth;
Nathaniel Macon, of North Carolina, in the sev
enth, eighth and ninth ; Joseph V. Varnum, of
Massachusetts, in the tenth and eleventh, and
then Henry Clay. Mr. Clay was a model speak
er of the House. He began in tbat capacity
when just thirty-tour years of age, and served
in all about ten years. He occupied the c';a»r
(except during part of the Thirteenth Congress
—when Langdon Cheves was chosen to fill the
vacancy caused by Mr. Clay's resignation on his
appointment to aot as one of the commission to
arrange the treaty at Ghent, and during his
absence in the second session of the Sixteenth
and Seventeenth Congress) until March 3d,
1825. After Mr. Clay, came John W. Taylor,
of New York, in the Nineteenth Congress, and
Andrew Stevenson, of Virginia, in the Twenti
eth, Twenty-first, Twenty-second and part of
the Twenty-third; John Bell, of Tennessee, in
the Twenty fourth, and James K. Polk, of the
same State, in the Twenty fifth and Twenty
sixth. Mr. Polk was regarded as onl ond
to Mr. Clay. His prom** f itudo and
his impartiality and courage, endeared htm to
men of all parties, during the most exoited peri
od in which he acted, and, no doubt, made him
prominent for the Presidency, which position he
attained in a few yeaas after bis retirement from
Congress. He was succeeded in the Twenty
seventh Congress, by Robert M. T. Hunter, of
Virginia, who was elected after a severe struggle,
as a Whig. Following Mr. Hunter came John
White, of Kentucky, in the Twenty-eighth Con
gress, and in the extra session which ensued,
John W. Jones, of Virginia. John W. Davis, of
Indiana, presined over the Twenty-niuth Con
gress ; Robert C. Winthrop, of Massachusetts,
over the Thirtieth ; Howeil Cobb, of Georgia,
over the Thirty-first; Lynn Boyd, of Kentucky,
over the Thirty second ; Nathaciel P. Banks, of
Massachusetts, over the Thirty-third ; and Jas.
L. Orr, of South Carolina, over the Thirty-fourth.
Mr. Cobb was a very efficient and ready Speak
er, and the chair has rarely been filled with more
ability and impartiality than by Nathaniel P.
A Hakd-heaeted Schoolmaster.—A Ger
man magazine recently announced the death of
a schoslmtster in Saabia, who, for fifty-one
years, had superintended a large institution with
old-lashioned severity. From an average, in
ferred by mear.s of recorded observations, one of
the ushers had calculated that, in the course of
his exertions, he had given 911,500 canings,
121,000 flaggings, 209,000 custodes, 136,000 tips
with the ruler, 10,200 boxes on the ear, and 22:,-
--700 tapis by heart. It was further cleulated.
that he had made 700 boys staud on peas,
kne»d on the sharp edge of wood, 5,000 wear th<T
foul's cap, and 1,700 hold the rod. How
(exclaims the journalist) the quantity *. t human
misery inflicted by a single perverse tor*
A wee laddie was brought befbtsg one of the I
Glascow bailie's, who aafced, yoaJJ
learn so much wickedness?"
"Do yuu keu the pump In Glsaafowlditr^.^Sß
"No," said the bailie. _^MmmH
"Weel, then, do yon i.eu _m
"Yes, sure," was the
j . '.'Weel. then gang thwre an?
ye Ti-*, tor Via fat ig*d if y e -^