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TTORNEY AT LAW, STAUNTON, VA„
JjRACTICES in all the Courts of Augusta, Rock
ingham and Highland Counties.
Office first door, in tbe Brick Row in front ot the
Staunton, July 12, 1859—6 m.
JAS. H. MCVEIGH. ID6AR T. MCVEIGH.
jas. h. McVeigh & son.,
(Successors to McVeigh & Chamberlain,)
ANU DEALEBS IN
Liquors, Wines, Tobacco, Segars, &C.,
PRINCE STREET WHARF,
Western Virginia *
MARBLE WORKS, M (
AT STAUNTON j_| I
I HARRISONBURG. Kit
MARyi'lS & KELLEY.
Staunton, April 7, 1858.
GEO. M. COCHRAN. JAMES COCERA.V
COCHRAN & COCHRAN,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW,
WILL practice their profession in all the Courts of
Augusta and tbe Circuit Courts of Bath and
Highland. Strict attention will be given to all bun-
Iness entrusted to their care.
Aug. 24, 1858.
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
VKTILL practice in the Courts of Augusta and High-
jJtW He may be found at his office, adjoining the
Dec. 9, 1857.
A . SMITH Manufacturer of ~S*Bk
• Ladies' Shoes of all descrip- Jr\
tions, keeps a large stock constantly on 4t\tWt\+~Af/f
band and offers them ai very reasonable prices. Also
MISSES' and CHILDREN'S SHOES. His stand is
next door to the Post Office. Patronage is res
Staunton, May 17, 1859.
GUY &. WADDELL.,
REAL ESTATE AGENTS,
BUYERS AND SELLERS will find it to their ad
vantage to call at their office in the Brick part
,->f the Old Bell Tavern.
Staunton, Sep. 6, 1859.
Gr. C. YEAKLE,
SILVER AND PLATED WARE,
Opposite Va. Hotel, Staunton, Va.
Staunton, Aug. 30, 1559.
*-~~ J. D. BROOKS,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
WARM SPRINGS, VA.,
practice in the Courts of Bath, Alleghany,
W Pocabontas, Highland and Augusta.
Office in Warm Springs Hotel.
Dec. 7. 1858—ly
J. M. HANGER
ATTORNEY AT LAW, STAUNTON, VA.,
WILL practice in all the Courts held in Staunton,
and in the Circuit Courts of Albemarle and
ckingham. Office in the brick-row, in the rear of
Staunton, Dec. 30, 1857.
Corner King and Pitt Sis.,
ALEXANDRIA. VA ,
M. V. MADDUX, Proprietor.
A. FOX, Book-K__p£b.
Alexandria, Feb. 1, 1*.59—1j
OCTOR JAMES li. GILKESON-Having
located in Staunton, tenders his professionalser
vices to the public. He may be found, when not pro
essionally engaged, at the room over the Saddle and
> Harness establishment of Mr. G. H. Elick, nearly op
posite the Post Office.
Staunton Feb. 8.1359 —tf.
A. D. CHANDLER,
KEEPS METALIC CASES of all sizes, at Staun
ton and Millborough Depot, at City Prices.
Staunton, July 19, 1859.
R. L. DOYLE,
Attorney at Law, Staunton, Ta.,
WILL practice in the Courts of Augusta, Rock
bridge, Bath and Highland.
July 29, 1857.
Pennsylvania Avenue, Washington, D. C,
JOHN H. k A. W. KIRKWOOD,
Washington, March 24, 1858—ly
TOVES, STOVES.— We have just received 52
lc) Stoves of various patterns, some entirely new, to
which we invite the attention of the public.
Staunton. Oct. 25. W.ODS k GILKESON.
MEAT CUTTERS.— We have on band a new
supply of Meat Cutters and Stuflers of different
p-tcerns. WOODS - GILKESON.
Staunton, Nov. 15,1859.
JUST RECEIVED.— The best and cheapest low
price TOBACCO that can be found. Wholesale
or retail by JNO. B. EVANS.
Staunton, July 26, 1859.
CORN M EAL—For sale in large or small quan
tities at the STAUNTON STEAM MILLS at
market prices. Apply to
_May 31, '59. S- A. RICHARDSON, Sup't.
PHYSICIANS can always be supplied with a ful
assortment of Medicines of the bbst QUALur at
DR. H. S. EICHELBERGER'S.
Staunton, Jan. 25, '59
C~~ 04.L OIL--Xsprendid article, at
DR. W. B. YOUNG'S.
Staunton, Nov. 1.
FURS! FURS!— IS sets of Furs just received,
and will be sold at a very low figure.
Staunton, Nov. h. PIPER k FUNKHOUSER.
COAL GRATE for sale by
WOODS k GILKESON.
Staunton, Oct. 25.
-j r BBLS. Molasses and Syrup, just received by
1.0 Taylor k hoge.
Staunton, Oct. 11,1859.
FOUNDED 1832. CHARTERED 1854,
Corner of Baltimore and Charles Sis.,
THE LARGEST, MOST ELEGANTLY FURNISH
ED AND POPULAR COMMERCIAL COL
LEGE IN THE UNITED STATES.
Sl'linKNTS IN ATTENDANCE FROM NkAKLT EVEET
State in the Union.
EVERY YOUNG MAN should write for one of
those Large and Beautiful Ornamented Circulars
representing the External and Interior View of the
BALTIMORE COMMERCIAL COLLEGE, Pen
manship, &c, which will be sent by return mail, free
9f charge, with Catalogue containing List of Students,
Terms of Tuition, Opinions ot the Press on our new
system of Book-Keeping, etc.
E. K. LOSIER, Principal—Lecturer on the Science of
Accounts, Business, Customs, etc.
J. M. PHILLIPS, Professor of Book-Keeping and
H. H. DAVIES, Associate Prof, of Book-Keeping.
N. C. JOHNSON, Professor of Penmanship.
S. T. WILLIAMS, ESQ., Mercantile law.
REV. E. Y. REESE, D. D. Commeicial Ethics.
Bon. John P. Kennedy, Hon. Joshua Vansant,
Hon. Thomas Swarm, Wm. H. Keighler, Esq.,
jlacob Trust Esq., William Knabe, Esq.
i The time usually required to complete the full
;ourse from 8 to 12 weeks.
Large Circulars and Catalogues stating terms, &c,
tent by niail//*e of charge. Address
E. X LOSIER, Baltimore, Md.
' June 21,1859—1y.
FOR NEW YORK.
n">HE New York and Virginia Screw Steamship
. Company's new and FIKST CLASS STEAM
ER, "MT. VERNON,*' will leave New York eve
y Saturday afternoon at 3 o'clock arriving at Alexan
iti i about 10 o'clock on Monday.
Returning, she will leave Alexandria every Wed
nesday at 3 o'clock P. M. in time to receive passen
gers arriving by the trains of the 0. k A. and Manassa
iap Rail Roads.
Accommodations for passengers are first class in
Passage including Meals $7.50
N. B.—Shippers will please note that this is the
inly Direct Line of Steamers between this port and
A commodious Depot has been erected on the Com
pany's Wharf, through which the Railroad track has
jeen laid, so that goods by this line can be received
it all times and shipped without regard to weather
md without expense of drayage, Ac.
No commission charged for forwarding.
Insurance effected on all goods, (if desired,) at % of
For freight or passage apply to
FOWLE k CO. Agents Alexandria,
H. R. CX( HWELL k CO. Ag'ts, N Y.
Oct. 11, 1859.
"GREAT EXCITEMENT AT THE
CLOTHING HOUSE OF
(brandeburg's old stand.)
THOUGH the Great Eastern has met with serious
accident, vet my large and well selected stock of
FALL AND WINTER CLOTHING will abundantly
show that my cargo of Goods did arrive safely, and
includes the greatest variety of well finished clo
thing ever brought to this market.
My present stand, at Brandeburg's old Corner
and Opposite the Va. Hotel, gives a sufficiency
of room to show to my customers as nice a stock
of Clothing as can be exhibited this side ot Baltimore
and which I will sell at Baltimore City Prices.
The public are invited to examine my stock, before
purchasing elsewhere, at least all those who consid
er that "a penny saved is a penny made."
Brandeburg's old stand, Opp'te Va. Hotel.
Staunton, Oct. 11. 1859.
TANNERY. —I have this day associated my son,
Wm. B. Gallaher with me in the Tanning busi
ness in the town of Waynesboro' and the business will
hereafter be conducted in the name of H. L. GALLA
HER & SON.
Persons indebted to my Tannery are hereby notified
to come forward and settle, aud those having claims
against it are requested to present the same for pay
ment. My soa, VVni. B. Gallaher, will always be found
at the Tannery and is authorized to settle for me.
Public patronage is solicited for the new concern.
%3g° The highest Cash price will be paid for hides,
skins and bark at all times. H. L. GALLAHER.
Waynesboro', Oct. 4, 1859.—1y*.
HAT STORE.—The subscriber invites the at
tention of the public to his stock "f/BH-U
HATS and CAPS to be found at his store SQL
Opposite the " Vindicator Office."— • m
He keeps constantly on hand a large variety of Hats
and Gaps of fashionable styles and of HIS OWN
MANUFACTURE, which he will sell at prices which
cannot fail to be satisfactory.
£_F" Give him a call. ROB'T BIRTNITT.
• Staunton, Oct. 11. 1859. —3mo.
R. JAMES JOHNSTON, SURGICAL Ar
MECHANICAL DENTIST, having been located
permanently in Staunton for the last four years, would
respectfully inform his friends and the public gene
rally, that he still continues to practice Dentistry.in all
its various branches, with the strictest regard to du
rability and usefulness.
Office on the south-side of Main Street opposite the
old Spectator Office.
Staunton, Nov. 29, 1854.
J. TURNER, PROF. MUSIC, WES
• LEYAN FEMALE INSTITUTE—Teaches Pi
ano, Guitar, Flute, Violin, „c, <_c.; also Ballad Sing
ing. Instructs Private Classes on Tuesday and Thurs
day evenings. Pianos Tuned in the most accurate
manner. Persons wishing to buy Pianos are respect
fully iuvited to call at my house, opposite the resi
dence of Col. Geo. Baylor, and examine the specimen
of Messrs. VVni. Knabe k Co.'s celebrated Instruments.
Staunton, Jan. 25, 1859.
EW GOODS Having employed WM. SHRY
I as my Agent, lam now prepared, from an en
tirely new stock of HATS and CAPS, see
lected by him iv New York and Baltimore, lo IjK
furnish the citizens of Staunton a superior article
at \o per cent less for Cash than it can be obtained
elsewhere in this market. Call before tbe stock has
been diminished, at the Store Room nearly opposite
the Va. Hotel. M. G. HARMAN.
Staunton, Sept. 20,1859—tf.—Vin. Copy.
ROUND PLASTER FOR SALE.—The
Staunton Steem Mills Co. are now receiving 850
tons of best Windsor Plaster, wbich they will sell
fresh ground to the farmers of Augusta and neighbor
ing counties at prices lower than the article can be
purchased elsewhere in this market. Apply to
Nov. 15. 1859. S. A. RICHARDSON, Sup't.
WHEAT WANTED.— The Staunton Steam
Mills Co. will pay the highest prices in Cash
for Wheat. Farmers wishing to dispose of their
crops will probably consult their interests by bring
ing samples to S. A. RICHARDSON, Sup't.
CARPENTER'S TOOLS.— We have on hand
Morticing and Boring Machines, Planes of every
kind, and every kind of Tool used by Carpenters, ail
of which will be sold cheap.
Staunton, Nov. __. WOODS k GILKESON.
EALING WATER DR. W. B. YOUNG,
Druggist, has a large lot of Healing Water for
sale, and is the regular Agent for it in Staunton.
LOT OF FINE HAVANA CIGARS and
CHEWING TOBACCO just received and for
sale by P. H. TROUT k CO.
Staunton, Nov. 8.
SILK, Velvet, Cloth and Cassimere Cloaks,
000 latest style, from $8 to $22, at
S. H. HILB'S Dry Goods Store.
Staunton, Nov. 15.
C~ OACH BODY VARNISH, a superior grade of
Copal Varnish, Japan do., Demar, do., Mastic
do., and all other Varnishes, for sale by
Staunton, Nov. 29. P. H. TROUT k CO.
FURS. —A few sets of very hand3ome Brown Rus
sia, Fitch and Sable Furs. Received and for sale
by D. A. KAYSER.
Staunton, Nov. 22; 1859.
ORN SHELLERS —We have on hand four
different varieties of Corn Shelters and Separa
tors. WOODS _ GILKESON.
Staunton, Oct. 26.
ARGE QUANTITY OF SALTPETRE for sale by
P. fl. TROUT k CO,"
Staunton, Nov. 29.
TWO HUNDRED PAIR of Youth's Cassimere Leg
gins at 50 cents, at S. H. HILB'S.
Staunton, Nov. 15.
ILLER'S HEAVY GOODS— A full supply
tor Servants' Wear, just received by
Staunton, Oct. 11, '59. TAYLOR & HOGE.
J'UST^eT^ETVED— A very fine assortment of
CLOCKS to be sold very low.
Staunton, Aug. 9, '59. G. C. YEAKLE.
URE GROUND PEPPER-ground by ourselves.
Also Pepper id grain. P. 11. TROUT k CO.
Staunton, Nov. 29.
A BOOK FOR FARMERS.— Campbell's
Manual of Agriculture. ROB'T COWAN.
Stannton. Nov. 15.
LEATHER! LEATHER ! I—2ooo lbs SOLE
LEATHER -good stamp—for sale by
Oct. 25. P. N. POWELL k CO.
ALL kinds of Iron Machinery fitted up at the work
Shop of the Staunton Foundry.
Sep.l3, 1859. A. J. GARBER k CO.
WAITERS.— Several handsome sets of Waiters.
Also single do. for sale by
Staunton, Oct. 25. WOODS - GILKESON.
STAUNTON, VIRGINIA, TUESDAY, JANUARY 24, 1860.
Mrs. Gen. Scott. Verses to her Husband.
Tbe Paris correspondent ot the London La
dies' Newspaper, writing on tbe 16th of Novem
A few evenings since I was with a number of
mutual friends in the saloon of Mrs. General
Scott. Tbis lady has for many years resided in
Paris. During the course of the evening one of
the persons present found in Mrs. Scott's album
the following lines addressed lo her husband.—
I was struck by the tone and sentiments of
these most opportune verses and begged permis
sion to send them to you—in fact, I triumph
antly bore them off. Your readers will allow
me to explain toat Gen. Scott left New York
en route for California, iv the steamer Star of the
West. The lines will possess additional value,
if only from the fact that, save the General to
whom they are addressed, and the few friends
present the evening in question, they are as yet
Oh! Star of the West! throw thy radiance benign,
Unchanging and strong, on the warrior's way!
May the waves that surround him, through favor di
Be as lustrous and calm as thy own .cheering ray!
"The hero of many a battle" goes now
More joyfully forth on a mission of peace;
Oh, Star of the West! be the protype thou,
Of success, whose pure blessings shall never sur
God prosper the bark that hath borrowed thy name;
Supplications heart-born to his throne are ad
For the good and the braved and the pious who claim
Our devotion, our prayers in the "Star of the
They go all unarmed —save with holiest views—
The ills of ambition and strife to arrest,
For the spirit cf St. John— loved apostle—imbues
Hearts now seeking his _isle in the "Star of the
Unharmed they will land 'mid contention and wrath,
But on high 'tis ordained that "peacemakers be
They will follow once more their long, long path,
And regain their own shores with the "Star of the
Sail on, gallant Scott! true disciple of Virtue!
Whose justice and faith every danger breast;
Avert the sad conflict—Heaven will not desert yon;
There are angels on guard 'round the "Star of the
Fishing for an Irishman.
BY GLAUBER SALTS, M. V.
The reader will please to accompany the good
physician along the banks of "Dog Biver,' a
queer little stream which took its rise nobody
knew where among the hills, and turned a great
many mill-wheels before it eventually found its
way into Long-Island Sound. 'The Doctor' is
suddenly startled by loud cries, as of some per
son in distress:
k Oo advancing a little fanhcr, and turning an
angle of tbe 6tream called Dove-tail Bend, I be
held a woman walking up and down the bank,
wringing her hands and beating her breast, and
filling the place with the bitterest lamentations.
As this part ot Dog River is extremely wild,
lying within the gloom of old trees, and the
foliage of its banks almost black in its luxuri
ance, the spectacle of this distracted oreature,
although she looked like any thing but a spirit
ual being, forcibly reminded me of one of those
unhappy ghosts who moau upon the banks of
Siyx, and cannot cross, because their bodies have
been deprived of burial. She did not at first
perceive my approach, but continued to weep
and talk to herself.
"Dennis!' shrieked she, in a voice so sudden
and piercing that it went through my ears, and
then softening down, and clasping ber hands,
she exclaimed in a mournful tone: 'Oh, hiuney,
hinney! and is he gone, and is he gone ?'
'I was affected by her genuine distress, and
reined in my horse. 'My good woman,' said I,
'what is the matter ? What makes you cry so V
'She lifted up her eyes, red with weeping, and
with a strong Irish accent, told the cause of
her grief. It was a short story, but a melan
choly one. On the day before, her husband, Den
nis, and herself were returning at sun-down
from their daily toil, when they had occasion
to cross the stream in this place, where a tree
thrown across formed a rustic bridge. She went
before, carry iu_; a basket on her arm, and reached
the shore iv safety. But alas! for Dennis. He
hesitated iv the middle of the bridge, and lost
his balance. First his right arm flew up into
the air, and then his left; then his right, then
bis left. It was to no purpose. Dennis had
taken a 'drap' too much, and he fell into the
stream. 'Farewell, daylight!' exclaimed lie,
throwing up his hands with philosophic resigna
tion, and catching a glimpse for tbe list time of
the sky. His affectionate wife hastened to his
rescue, but he had sunk to rise no more. And
now she ceased not to oall upon him in the place
where he had died, for his body had not yet
'As this waa a case which unhappily my
medical art did not reach, I was on the point of
departing, and leaving her to that grief which I
could not assuage, when my attention was at
tracted by a rustling in the thicket, and a young
fellow bounded forth with a gun in his hand,
and dressed in sportsman's attire.
4 'Hallo!' shouted he, 'what the devil's to pay ?
What's all this hullabaloo about?'
'I explained to him in a lew words the state
of the case.
' 'Oh!' said he in commiserating accents, 'I'm
very, very sorry tor you, my good woman.—
Aud would yon like to know how to find him?'
'The poor creature paused, looked up eagerly,
and invoked blessings on him : 'Oh ! indade and
indacle would I!' replied she.
"Well,'said he, Til tell you. Go into the
1 l Yas.'
4 'And get a ten-foot pole- '
4 k Yas.'
1 'And put a polatoe on tbe end of it, and put
it in the creek, and you'll catch him P
14 The poor woman broke forth into a tempest
of passion at such a sudden disappointment of
her hopes, and poured imprecations on the bead
of tbe offender, with a volubility rarely equaled.
I was myself vexed and indignant at this unfeel
ing speech, and on the impulse of the moment
rebuked the young sportsman with a severity
which forms no part of my disposition. To this
he replied by sarcastic reflections on my horse
ai.d sulky, and finally had the insolence to let
off both barrels ot his fowling-piece near my
horse's head, who was happily very 4 hard of
hearing,' or else if he had been young and spirit
ed, he might have run away.'
Mr. Nelson, of Tennessee, on Dissolution.
—In a lecture at Baltimore, on Monday night,
Mr. Nelson, an American member of Congress
from Tennessee, said:
I can never think of the dissolution of this U
nion. Dissolve this Union, the thing is impos
sible. [Enthusiastic applause.] How could we
divide it—how separate our National airs, how
divide our common glory I [Applause.] I have
always tbougLt if ever the two sections of this
Union were arrayed against each other and two
opposing armies were to meet, marching to the
tune of Hail Columbia, I think that as they ap
proached each other and heard tbe old familiar
air, that tbey would throw down their arms and
rush into fraternal embrace. Dissolve this U
nion, never. No, sirs, its dissolution would roll
back the tide of civilization to such an extent
that it would never recover from it. The dis
solution could do no good, and would only re
sult iv some conqueror subduing all and placing
a crown upon his head.
In New York city the common bats fly only
at twilight. Brick-bats fly at all hours.
The Judge's Logs.
In a village of W lived a man who
had once been Judge of the county, and was
known all over by the name of Judge L .
He kept a store and saw mill, and was always
sure to have the best ot a bargain on his side,
by which means he had gained an ample com
petency, and some did not hesitate to call him
the "biggest in the world.,' He was very con
ceited withal, aud usod to delight in bragging of
bis business capacity when any one is near to
listen. One rainy day as quite a number were
seated around the stove in the store he began as
usual to tell his great bargains and finally wound
up with "Nobody ever cheated me, nor they
"Judge," said an old man of the company.—
"I've cheated you morn you ever did me."
"How so?" said the Judge.
"If you'll promise you, won't go to law about
it nor do nothin' I'll tell or else I won't, you are
too much of a law character for me."
"Let's hear itl let's hear it!" cried half a
dozen voices at once.
"We'll bear you out in it, go on!"
"I'll promise said the Judge, "aud treat in the
bargain if you have.*'
"Well, do you remember that wagon you
robbed me of?"
"I never robbed you of any wagon," exclaim
the Judge. I only got my own !"
"Well, I made up my mind to have it back,
"But you never did?" cded the Judge.
"Yes I did, and interest too!"
"How ?" thundered the now enraged Judge.
"Well, you see, Judge, I sold you one day a
very nice pine log, and bargained for a lot
more. Well, that log I stole off your pile, down
by your mill the night before, and the next day
I sold it to you. That night I drew it back
home, and sold it to you the next day, and so I
kept on until you bought jour own log of me
twenty-seven times 1"
"That's a lie!" oried the mad Judge, running
to his book aud examining his log account, "you
never sold me twenty-seven logs of the same
"I know it" cried the vender in logs. "By
drawing it back and forth the end wore off and
aud as it were, I kept cutting the end off until
it was only ten leet long, just fouiteen feet
shorter than it was the first time you bought it.
W T hen it got so short, I drew it home and work
ed it up into shingles, and the next week you
bought the shingles and then I concluded I had
my wagou back—and in my pocket."
The exclamation of the Judge was drowned
in the shouts of the bystanders, and the log
drawer found the door without waiting lor the
treat. And to see a mad man you have only to
ask the Judge if he was ever shaved.
•In this diminutive, oriental city of Portland,
(now world-famona because the 'Great Eastern'
didu y t come here,) one of tbe leading auction
and commission houses employs a porter who
rejoices in the name of Tim. Tim had been
noticed for some time to be rather indifferent to
bis duties; and on being questioned as to the oc
casion of his negligence, replied:
"You persave, Sir, I had a little boy born
till me; and I wanted to name him after both o'
yees, but I don't intirely get the sinse of the
'The dilemma in which tbe porcer was placed
was apparent; and the members of the firm en
deavored to devise a suitable cognomen for the
kidling. Tim continued dissatisfied, however,
notwithstanding Jie most ingeuious splicingß
of titles. At length, one morning he was ob
served to be ......ally active ; ir explanation of
which phenomenon, he told his em *erH.'
"Me boy was clrifaued ia.-t nigh Sir.'
1 'But,' said tbe senior, 'yon muse have had
a name for bim ?'
' 'I did, Sir.'
"How did you get over that difficulty you
bad about it; what did you <-aZ.Jyour boy C
'With a perfectly radiant confidence, Tim an
swered: 'Edward M. Patten and Co. Ryan,
'It is needless to add tbat the firm 'came down,'
in behalf of their little namesake, in a style
worthy of their reputation for generosity.—
A Parisian and Her Pitches.—Every e
vening, about ten o'clock, a woman takes up
her position under the Collert Arcade, at the
corner of the Rue Vivien ne, her ostensible ob
ject being to fetch water from the fountain, for
which purpose, like the daughter of Laban, she
carries a pitcher in her hand. As soon as she
observes a gentleman advancing, she quietly
places her pitcher at the angle of the two streets
and hides herself in the neighboring doorway.
Owing to the darkness of tbe spot, the gentle
man probably falls over aud breaks the pitcher,
soils his trousers and hurts his shins. The wo
man screams. "Be more careful another time,
tbeu," says the gentleman, rubbing his shins.—
"Ah, my good gentleman," says the woman,
weeping, "I am, indeed, sorry tbat your clothes
should be soiled like that." And she sheds
enough tears to fill another pitcher. The gen
tleman consoles ber; and affirms that it does
not much matter, as he can easily change his in
expressibles, aud at the same time adds how
much he regrets having broken her pitcher. At
this her sobs redouble. "The pitcher," says she,
"was uot mine, and I have no money to replace
it." Tbe gentleman, melted by her distress,
puts his hand into his pocket and gives two,
three, and sometimes even five francs to tbe un
fortunate woman who then goes to buy another
pitcher to be broken by some other gentleman—
and so on till midnight. As there are women
who practice this profitable trick near all the
fountains in Paris, it bas given birth to a new
species of industry. There are now men who
mend these broken pitchers. — Paris Paper.
Taking Cold.—A "cold" ia not necessarily
the result of low or high temperature. A per
son may go directly from a hot bath into a cold
one, or into snow even, and not take cold. He
may .remain out in the coldest atmosphere un
til ohilled through and not take cold. On the
contrary he may take cold by pouring a couple
of table spoonfuls of water upon some part of
his dresp, or by standing in a door, or before a
stove, or sitting near a window or otbar opening
where one part of tbe body is colder than anoth
er. Let it be kept in mind that uniformity of
temperature over tbe whole body is tbe first
thing to be looked after. It is the unequal heat
upon different parts ot the body tbat produces
colds, by disturbing the uniform circulation ot
the blood, wbicb in turn induces congestion ol
some part. If you must keep a partially wet
garment on, it would perhaps be as well to wet
the whole ot it uniformly.
The feet are a great source of colds on ac
count of the variable temperature they are sub
jected to. Keep these always dry and warm,
and avoid draught of air, hot or cold, wet spots
on the garments, and other direct causes of un
equal temperature, and keep the system braced
up by plenty of sleep, and the eschewing of de
bilitating food and drinks, aud you will be proof
against a cold and its results.
Christians Killing Clergymen.—The New
York Courier remarks that Churches in the TJ
nited States kill their clergymen ; but the death
is not always indicted in the same way. It is a
slow, sweet, sure love, wbich accompanies them,
In some delightful instances; it is a sordid, mean
neglect in others; It is in a dull indifference on
this side; it is by an exacting, relentless, un
ceasing task on the otber. The great mass of
those who have taken on their heart life's great
est and severest duty, go from one place to the
other, criticized, misjudged, overworked, under
paid, the life of an angel demanded of them, the
food of a fast day given. See 2d chapter of
Paul's Ist epistle to the Thessalonians, from the
first to the 10th verse.
Man's Account with WoMAN.—Look bore;
you must allow that woman ought, as much as
in her lies, to make this world a paradise, fee
ing that she lost us the original garden. We
talk as philosophers; and when all is said about
what we owe to woman, you must allow that
we bave a swinging balauoe against her. There's
that little matter of the apple still to be settled
for. — Douglas Jerrold.
A.n Unpublished Leaf from llarnum's Lite
—His Interview with Queen Victoria.
The New York Sun of a late date, tells this
story of the great show-man, which the editor
declares to be new and reliable:
Every one knows Tom Thumb, though very
few know Charley Stratton. Charley was a
nice little fellow, living in Bridgeport, Ct. —Bar-
num's native place—before he became famous.
The first exhibition of him in New York was
only fairly remunerative, and Baruum started
for London in the hope of doing better. His
first appearance was in Pall Mail, but despite
heroic endeavor and the loudest "crowing,"
General Thomas Thumb's claims to public no
tice were overlooked. The first "levee" proved
a "levy of the pnrse" instead of the people's fa
vor, and Barnum withdrew in disgust.
The second trial was at various English conn
ty fairs—hard work and little pay, or, as the
story goes, "more kicks than coppers." Most
men would have given up entirely, but not Bar
num. He returned to London, and, like Micaw
ber, waited for "something to turn up," though
it must be confessed even bis hope had almost
ebbed out. His misfortune excited the sympa
thy of his fellow-countrymen, and among them
of Edward Everett, then United States Minister
at the Court of St. James. Mr. Everett was
preparing for one of his usual diplomatic din
uers, aud remarked to Barnum that he wo. Id
let his guets see the General after dinner, if he
would have him ready—that something might
come of it, and that, at all events, it would Le
a gratification to him and a diversion to tbem,
if he were present for a few moments. Of
course the proposal was accepted.
It happened that at the diuner, Sir Charles
Augustus Murray, master of the Queen's house
hold, and Sir Edward Phipps, were among the
company. When the cloth was removed, Mr.
Everett rose and said, that his guests had seen
in him a fair specimen of a good 6ized Yankee,
but he wished them to understand that his na
tive land was not confined in her productions,
to large representatives of the genus homo, and
therefore proposed to show them a specimen of
a small Yankee. With that he made a signal,
at which Barnum entered and placed Tom
Thumb at the lower end of the table. The Gen
eral being trained in his role, away he went,
nodding and bowing, leaping over wine glasses
and straddling the decanters, until he reached
Mr. Everett's side.
The sudden irruption, the winning little face
and blithe manners, not less than the diminu
tive form, created a sensation which remained .
and showed itself in conversation after the Gen- ,
had been removed, Sir Chas. Murray di
luting somewhat upon the pleasures it would
give the Royal children to see the little sprite.
Of course, Mr. Barnum heard of this from Mr. ,
Everett. Having no "local habitation" in all
London, he availed himself of the kindness of
George Catlin, Esq., (whose India Gallery has ,
made him famous the world over,) and sent his
card and that of Tom Thumb to Sir Chas. Mur- '
ray, coupled with Mr. Catlin's address.
From that day Barnum was a new man. He
began forthwith to draw pictures of a glorious i
future, in all which the exhibition ot Tom
Thumb to the Queen and her children, appeared <
in the foreground. Day after day, _nd many
times a day, he went to Catlin's rooms, expect
ing to receive the royal mandate. But days
wore to weeks, and the missive came not. Bar
num grew desponding again. At last, just when
hope stopped for her final flight, a letter bearing
the well-known royai seal appeared. Barnum's I
joy knew no bounds. He could not open tbe j
precious envelope. He danced and halloed — j
told Catlin over and over again that his fortune ;
was made—then lay upon the floor screaming j
wit' ..light and kicking up his heels. Blondin |
never performed more wonderful antics.
The preseniion of Tom Thumb to the Court :
followed in due time, and afterward came U c I
fortune which Barnum so confidently predicted
would be its nevitable result.
Ho. v t iotu:.ia. Thasvs jfaa Chi-dees;.—Ai
primal/ n._ lis paid to moral and religious j
duties. !_»j n-.. o_. /, i-. t -._k „.-t at eight, and j
dine at two.
Their various occi', rtions are ?.!!.; tad out
with almost military exactness. One ho".! finds
them engaged in the study of ancient ar.';vi-s —
another of the modern authors, their tcquaiut
ancesbip with tbe languages being first founded j
on a thorough knowledge of their gr; nriatical |
construction, and afterwards fam lia'ized and j
perfected by conversation. Next 'bey are ■■
trained in those military exercises give
dignity and bearing. Another hour is agreea
bly filled up with the lighter ac eon.] lishmauts
of music and dancing. Again t: happy party
assemble in the riding school, w aro tbey may
be seen deeply interested in the v«-..>ua evolu
tions of the menage. Thence, - ile drawing
and the further exercise of music »-id tho light
er accomplishments, call off Ifcc nl-'ntion of
their sisters—the younger prices nroceed
to busily engage themselves in if- arpenter's
shop, fitted up expressly for tl em, It the wish
of the Royal consort, with a turni g lathe and
other tools necessary to a thorough knowledge
of the craft. They thus become, net only theo
retically, but practically acquaint 1 with the
useful arts of life. A small laboratory is occa
sionally brought into requisition at the instance
also of their royal father v and the m; ads of the
children are thus led trom a contemplation of
the curiosities of chemical science and the won
ders of nature to an enquiry into their causes.—
This done, the young carpenters and students
throw down their saws aad axes, un.uc.tie their
philosophy, aud shoulder tbeir miniature per
cussion-guns—which they handle with the dex
terity of practiced portsroen—for a shooting j
stroll through the royal garden*. The evening J
meal, the preparation for the moruiug lessons,
and brief religious instruction close tbe day.
A clergyman, who enjoys the substanial ben-1
efits of a sinali farm, was slightly taken down
the other day, by his Irish plowman, who waa
by bis plow in a tobacco field resting his hor
ses. Tbe reverend being a great economist, said
with great seriou
"John, would'ut it be a good plan for you to
have a sub-scythe here, and be stubbing a few
bushes while the horses are resting V John,
with (juice as serious a countenance as tbe di
vine wore himself, replied :
"Wouldn't it be well sir, for you to have a
tub o' potatoes in the pulpit, and while tbey
are singing, to peel 'em awhile for the pot?"—
The reverend gentleman laughed heartily and
The Duke of Wellington giving orders one
day during the Peninsular campaign, for a bat
talion to attempt a rather dangerous enterprise
the storming of one of the enemies' batteries of
St. Sebastion—complimented the officer by say
ing that his regiment was the first in tbis world.
"Yes," replied tbe officer leading on his men,
"and before your lordship's orders are finally
executed, it will probably be the first in tbe
At a railroad station, an old lady said to a
very pompous looking gentleman, who was talk
ing about steam communication: "Pray, sir,
what is steam ?" "Steam ma'am, is ah—steam
is, ah !—ah ! Steam is—steam !" "I knew that
chap couldu't tell ye," said a rough looking fel
low standing by ; "but steam is a bucket of wa
ter in a perspiration."
Ugliness is an advantageous stimulus to the
mind, that it may make up for the deficiencies
of the body. Moral beauty, the reflection of the
soul, is as superior to superficial comeliness as
mind is to matter. It is a halo which will win
worsbippers, however unadorned the shrine
whence it^emanates; for she who looks good
cannot fail to be good looking.
Thb Universal Passion.—A foreigner, who
had mixed among many nations, was asked if
he had observed any particular quality in our
species that might be considered universal. lie
replied, "Me tink dat all men love lazy."
Good.—The editor of the (Texas) Times has a
child named Kansas.
The editor of tbe Wedowee (Ala.) Mercury
says he would be afraid to oall a child Kansas,
for fear it never would have any Constitution.
Hills have been leveled, valliee filled up, and
i cities built, by the might of man, and his works
bave been justly considered as great and mighty
productions. But if man has built proud cities,
lie may justly feel bumbled in comparing his
works with the little coraline insects of the sea,
who have built islands in the deep ocean, with
no other material for their walla than the mat
ter held in solution by the waters. Coral is a
stony product ot the sea resembling the produc
tions of the garden, rivaling trees and shrubs in
the gracefulness aud delicacy of their form. In
olden time it was believed that coral was a pe
trified vegetable production, as it is well kcown
that vegetation could produce stately forests and
minute plants; and when it was first suggested !
that it was the work of jelly-like animals, by the i
naturalist, Peysonal, in 1751, scientific men pro
nounced the idea absurd. It is well known that
coral is the stony frames belonging to coraline
and a piece of it may be said to be com
posed of millions of their skeletons. We have
received a large specimen of this marble flora,
sent to us by George E. Harkness, engineer ol
Fort Jefferson,'Fia. Ie is of the kind lound at
the Tortugas Islands, and is very beautiful—
branching out into broad leaves, rivaling in their
thin tracery the works of the most skilful sculp
Coral is principally composed of lime; the
insects secrete it from the waters of the sea, and as
each generation expire.-, its successors continue
the building until it arises from the ocean as co
ral rock, and island. The operations of these
marine insects are principally confined to the
warmer waters of the ocean, such as the Gulf of
Florida, and the Indian and Pacific oceans. It
is remarkable that, at fifty miles back from the
sea coast, in the Oarolinas, as perfect specimens i
of coral are frequently dug from the marl pits, <
as those obtained fresh from the sea. The lime- l
stone of New Jersey, and of Missouri, give cvi- i
dence of their coraline origin, thus affording i
proof that many extensive tracts of this country i
were once under the waters of the great deep,
and that these little creatures were the builders <
of many ot the rocks and much of the dry land. 1
It is well knowu that silica, lime, magnesia, al- 1
umina, oxyde of iron, and other soluble impuri
ties, are carried down into the ocean by the Wa- 1
ters from rivers. The little coralines act the
part of scavengers of the sea, as they secrete on- i
ly tbe impurities and refuse the salts of sodium, t
and thus they build tbeir houses from the very 6
materials which would otherwise accumulate .
and render the ocean waters as bitter as those <
of the sea of Sodom. The coral insect and ma- t
rine shell fish store away the excess of lime wa- '
ter in the sea, and tend to purify its waters, in i
the same manner that trees aud vegetation ab- t
sorb carbonic acid from the atmosphere, aud t
keep it pure for the welfare of man. It is thus i
that the operations of nature are conducted up- I
on a wise, simple, and sublime plan, by the i
great Author of Creation. t
A Letter from Dr. Livingstone.
At a meeting ot the Geographical and Statist
cal Society last night, a letter was read from
)r. Livingstone, the distinguished traveller, un
ler date of "Tette Zambesi, 22nd February,
859." Dr. Livingstone and his party ascended
i branch of the river 'Shire,' and be gives some
iccount of the people and things along its banks,
"So far as we can ascertain, this river haa
(explored by Europeans before. r~ «
uxuriaat valley of the S"._-e is mar-.Ly
ling in lagoous. Vu which grow great
£Y.ieiotua plant. The people were
ting the tubers, which, when boiled
.resembled chestnuts. Tbey are thus
iogi, sucii as are mentioned by Herod
<ther part of tbe valley abounded in
My companion estimated the num
.* 800. Herd upon herd appeared as
ye could reach ; and noble animals
We sometimes chased them in our
er; for the Shire branches off occa
•ionally and forms islands.
The upper part of the valley is well peopled,
md many of the hills are cultivated high up.—
[Jut never having seen Europeans before, they
looked on us with suspicion. They watched us
constantly, well armed with bows and poisoned
arrows, ready to repel any attack; but no in
civility was oftVr-sd when we landed, nor were
our w<> >_iag parties molested.
T.,_ greatest coward fires first; so thinking
we had a.s much pluck as *.hey, we did not lift a
gun, though we . r :l;_m over-ready to fire, or
rather shout. v■_ 184 nothing to make us a
shatned to return, a. ~ it we have tbeir confi
dence, we may go further. They had abun
dance of provisions, aud sold them at a cheap
rate; also, cotton of two kinds—one indigenous,
short in the staple, but very strong and woolly
to the feeling—the other from imported, very
fine and long in the staple.
We bought a number of specimens of their
spindles and yarn, ami, as it was quite equal to
American uplands, did not offer them any A
merican seed. The cotton plant is met with
everywhere, and, though burned down annually,
springs up again as fresh and strong as ever. —
They grow sugar cane, too, bananas, manioc, &c.
The men are said by the Portoguese to be very
intelligent, but very wild. The women wear
the lip ornament, [which the doctor describes by
a diagram. It is a ring about four inches in
circumference and nearly a quarter of an inch
thick, passing through a large hole in the lower
lip, which is thus made to protrude frightfully.]
I am thus particular, says tbe doctor, in case
our own ladies, who show a noble perseverance
when fashion dictates, may wish to adopt lip
Sickle-ism.—The great tragedy at Washing
ton last season has been imitated many times
I oince the trial of the party accused of tbe death
lof Mr. Key, but we have now to record the deed
__a copyist, who, in shooting his victim at Cbi-
Mgo\ described the affair in which be bad been
Bogged in a Laconism that conveys the whole
jtoiy -without the necessity ot restoring to de
tails. August Williams shot a man named
Kacfbcltz, and, rushing into the station house of
the police, asked to be arrested, saying, "It is a
Sickles case." Williams found a letter dropped
by Kaufhol. .. that implicated the constancy of
the former's V'ife. He went home and con- j
fronted her. Sne made a full confession. He j
armed himself, went r .ward his victim, placed j
a pistol at his sii'i, aud fired. I* ;_ supposed |
the man will die. The pTeeeJ.nt ot Washington ,
of course will tend to screen the guilty assassin, j
A minister of the Kirk of Scotland once dis
covered his wite asleep in the midst of his homi
ly on the Sabbath. So, pausing iv the steady,
and possibly somewhat monotonous flow of his
own oratory, he broke forth «_th this persona
address, sharp and clear, but very deliberate .—
"Susan!" Susan opened her eyes and ears in a
twinkling, as did all other dreamers in the house,
whether asleep or awake. "Susan, I didna
marry ye ior your wealth, sin' ye hae'd none!
And I didna marry ye lor your beauty; that
the hail congregation can see. And if ye have
no grace, I have made but a sair bargain I —
Susan's slumbers wore effectually broken up
for that day.
"Perhaps Brother Johuathan does carry his
hands in his pockets," said a drawling Yankee
in dispute *r ith an Englishman, but the differ
ence between him and John Bull is that Broth
er Jonathan has his hands iv in his own pock
ets, while John Bull has his iv somebody else s.
Twestern editor says: "Wood, chips, coke,
coal, corn cobs, feathers, rosin, sawdust, sha
vings, splinters, dry leaves, old rags, fence rails,
baru doors, flints, or any thing that will burn or
strike fire, takeu on subscription at this office.
A housemaid in the country, boasting of her
industrious habits, said that on a certain occa
sion she rose at tour, made a fire, put on a tea
kettle, prepared breakfast, aud made up all the
beds before a single soul waa up inthe house.
A the Niagara River
"the pride of rivers." That pride certainly has
a tremendous fall. ;
An omnibus horse has about an equal expe
rience ot wheel and wo.
For the Spectator.
1 Capt. Dold's Troop of Cavalry.
1 The writer is reminded as he proceeds along
the list how great a drawback to the respecta
bility and even efficiency of a volunteer corps,
was the practice of receiving substitutes, and
how inferior in almost every case they wer.
I found to be to those for whom they served, and
and how unpleasant to the members that re
mained, such association as they were compell
ed to have with them.
The following are the names of most of tie
substitues as now remembered, Breton, Draw
bond, not "©rawbored, Cushing, Clutf, Gray,
Grubbs, Hicks, not Huks, Patton, Pat ham and
The name of Peter Gabbart is spelt Grabbett,
and that of Lindsey Lilly erroneously spelt Lin
There is the omission of a name on the roll
which every living member ot the company
would protest against, that of Jacob Kunkel. —
Mr. K. was always ready for duty, ever p_t__-
ant, and quite popular. We all remember his
mettlesome charger, and judging from his bal
ks must have been a veritable descendant cf.'
John Gilpin'B celebrated runaway steed.
On on one occasion—not to name others---*
Gov. Barbour and Major Gen. Pegram were a
bout to review all the troops stationed iv and a
round Petersburg. The Augusta troop advanced
briskly up the rear to find its place in line, and
just as about to form the "noise and contusion,"
ere the cannon opened its throat, was too much
for Mr. X's steed, aud "in spite of curb or rein,"
"off he flew like an archer strong," the strain
ing of every nerve to hold up was made fruit
lessly and bootlessly and almost horizontally
whilst the flowing hair ot the uncapped horse
man streamed in the wind behind him. Wheth
er he culled a halt at one "Tom Calenders" or
found a more remote stopping place is now un
important. There is one tiling quite certain,
many an unwilling race friend Jacob had to
Such scenes caused much merriment, espe
cially when described by Wilson—kiudhearted
Bob Wilsou. "B-b-b-blamed boys it'Koo-koo
koonkei's horse c-c-c-cau't streak it. ; '
It is pleasact to know that Mr. Kunkel yet
lives to look, perhaps to laugb, over these lines.
It is distinctly remembered tbat about the
middle of October for several successive days
the morning reports showed forty-.-even on the
sick list. In looking around for the cause wo
were unwilling to attribute the sickness to the
deleterious effects of miasma from marshes in thy
meadows along the margin of the Appomattox.
Some came to the conclusion tbat the Hour, r*-
iuspected tho* it was, and which we protested
against using, but which we were compelled to
take, b.d something to do with so much sick
ness At length it was determined not to use ie
but to burn it. In carrying out this determi
nation those of us who were prominently en
gaged in it seemed to have forgottten tbat v» c
were about to violate tbe rules ot camp jy cre
ating the biggest kind of an alarm. Some mem
bers of the troop were leaders in the matter, but
all those that were well enough participated in
it. Those leaders we_t over to the towu and
procured a suitable pole, a number of barrels
without ends, a barrel of tar, plenty ot powder,
and a large jug full of French Brandy; a wagon
war'BlpiPoops. *__ __< writer knows--to car~"
a. t '"_Qjp. The encampment, w
>jsite side ol the river, on the hi!
/Lew of the town. The pole w." i _c»ed wid
urmly fixed in the ground, bavir»_ prokMUlj
had Ihe headless '-irels tilled with straw be
snojeared'oyer wiiu "tar and firmly nailed to
t\s% pole; the remainder of the tar and straw
and the obnoxious barrels of flour—some tour
or five—were packed around tiie pole. The
pistols (which reported loud as guns) wtie
charged, and possibly the boys had tried the
brandy. Be this as it may, at nightfall all was
ready, the company was formed in platoons, aud
as soon as the bonfire was in full blast marched
down the hill pouring oft repeated volleys into
tbe flames; each platoon having discharged then
pieces wheeled outward from the centre, marched
to the rear and loaded up their pistols for an
other fire. Great alarm was occasioned by our
frolic, not only to the ladies of the "cockade ci
ty,' 'but -at the head quarters of Major Gen.
Pegram, and ia addition it occasioned a terri
ble scamperment in tbe encampment south of
the town where fiiteen hundred foot were sta
tioned. Some of these companies, it was said,
were hastily formed to aid the "backwooda
troopers," as we were called, in our conflict with
the enemy, whilst others were reported to havy
taken tbe other end of the road. Our videttes
stationed at head-quarters informed us that Maj.
Pegram, tbe General's brother, was much more
incensed at the conduct of the backwoods troop
ers than was the General himself. The Ma
jor was ordered to proceed across the river aud
ascertain the cause of such a '•demonstration."
When he reached the encampment he angrily
enquired where were our officers, who happened
to make themselves absent just then; the reply
was "we are all officers." On the Major's re
turn to head quarters he gave a bad account of
us. The General, however, was not severe, the
matter was passed over pretty smoothly. Capt.
D!" may have received a mild reprimand. Al
though the troop continued sickly while we re
mained there, yet one thing was certain, the
Augusta boys ate better bread thereafter.
Asking forgiveness tor occupying so much of
your room, 1 may end with the promise tbat _
won't do so any more. A Tkoopek.
TheNouvelliste, of Rouen, narrates the follow
ing curious anecdote:
"M. Butts, son of one of the professors at the
Academy of Caen, undertook a journey to Chi
na, and lived for some time at Canto-. This
was prior to 1830. lie used to wear there a
beaver hat in the Europeau fashion, which suited
him so well that he was unwilling to change it.
However, when <t was worn out, he applied to
a Chinese batter, and, giving him all sorts of di
rection*, told him to make another like it. The
man went to work, and in a few days brought
a l<-at of the required shape, not of beaver, but of
some stuff very soft and glossy. M. Botta, ou
his return to France, preserved this curious
specimen of Chinese workmanship, and wishing
to have it repaired, intrusted it to a hatter, who
examined it carefully, and was much struck with
its .node of fabrication, which was altogether
new . him. He examined the article with the
. atest attention, and a short time utter the
i resei..fa-!:ion of silk hats came iv. Tbe in
veutor patented his discovery, and made a large
fortune, but h.ld bis toßgue about his debt to
the Chinese tr_de~_j_.., whc, ...king a subati
luta for tbe beaver wh ; ch he , lid no*, procure,
devised the plan of replacing it by the liglt tis
sue of silk wbich at present almost universally -
constitutes the outward covering uf tha modern
Amalgamation Bali in New York.--A
grand amalgamation ball came off on Thuredar
evening at the Assembly Rooms, Prince strecf,
composed entirely of black and white women,
no white man or black women being aumitted.
Tbe Daily News says :
Tbe room was tastefully decorated witb ban
ners, flags, 4ml- and portraits of celebrated Abo
litionists, conspicuous among the number, being
a beautiful colored photograph of John Brown,
surrounded by a wreath of laurel. At 1 o'clock
tbe festivities were brought to a close by the ar
rival of Broadway gamblers and shoulder-hitters
with bags of flour and soot concealed about their
parsons. They commenced by throwing tho
flour over the clack men and the soot on tha
white women. At this juncture the lights were
extinguished, and then commenced a scene
which beggars description. Word waa convey
ed to Capt. Turnbull, who shortly arrived with
a posse of policemen of tbe Eighth precinct. —
Lights being again restored, the captain
the Hall to be cleared, an injunction wh:_b wm
immediately complied with, and thus f-0 vibe
amalgamation ball wbich afforded a ri<, /at to
those who witnessed it. .
As a man drinks he generally grows reckies.;
in his case, the more drams ' fewer 4-craplefc. -
To keep your friendi, treat the. __M
kill them, treat jfl