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TUESDAY, JANUARY 31, 1860.
State of the Country. f
Of all the letters from distinguished men which i
the present political excitement has called forth, J
we have read none which seems to us to meet .
the case at all points so satisfactorily as the one <
addressed by the Rev. Dr. Breckinridge, of Ken- i
tucky, to his nephew, the Vice President of the '
United States. Dr. Breckenridge declares that
the settled and deliberate conviction of Kentucky ,
is that the dissolution of the Union is no remedy
for anything whatever, but that it is itself the
direst of all calamities. Kentucky has been ex
posed, along a frontier of seven hundred miles,
to greater evils and losses than all the slave
States which have no free frontier put together;
yet she has never entertained a single thought of
.ecession. It is Maryland, Virginia, Kentucky
and Missouri that have borne all the losses and
annoyance, and are to bear all the impending
peril. To these States, therefore, the decision of
the national aspects of these impending perils
emphatically appertains. In like manner the
border free states ought to remember that their
borders are as much exposed as ours; so that on
them, with reference to the free States behind
them, rest the duty and the right of deciding
the national aspect of the subject of slavery on
the free side of the line. It may be confidently
asserted that posterity will hold these border
States, on both sides, responsible for the fate of
the nation, if they permit the country to be
ruined, and themselves thrown into ft position
of endless mutual hostility, along a common
frontier of fifteen hundred milee.
The true remedy for such disorders as we
complain of is not in the breaking up of the
Government, but in the due enforcement of the
laws. When any part of the country refuses to
respect the laws, the proper course is to take
up arms and compel obedience. Says Dr. Breck
"Civil war itself within the Union, horrible
as civil war always ia, is necessarily temporary,
and is consistent with the ultimate preservation
of everything distinctive in our present nation
ality, and in all our institutions, general and
particular; aud a universal civil war at this
time within the Union eoald hardly fail to end
in the permanent establishment, for the whole
country, of just what our fathers established from
1776 to 1789. But aiter the division of the
Union upon the slave line, and the necessary
breaking out of fierce and iuterminable war a
longa frontier extending from the 4-tls.ntic O
oean to the western border ot Missouri, no man
can foresee a state of case when can ever
be preserved along that frontier as well as it can
be iv the Union, and every man can see that any
future union of tfee divided portions of the Con
federacy, if any union shall ever be possible,
must be upon the very terms which now exist."
It is alleged, however, that there is the ut
most probability that a Northern anti-slavery
party will ultimately acquire controlling influ
ence over every department of the Federal Grov
eminent, and that the slave States cannot, con
sistently with honor, continue members of a Un
ion controlled by such a party.
"To this let me say," continues Dr. 8., "first of
all, that if every word were true and certain, the
wise, manly and successful alternative would be,
not the dissolution of the Union, but the re
covery of the country, by force it necessary, from
those who shall have subverted its Constitution.
Nor can there be any doubt that the united
Soqth and the minority of the North will be al
ways and to every iutent, without arms or with
arms, more powerful iv the Union than the
united, much less the divided South, can ever be
out of it. Nor does it appear to me to be loyal
to the people of the North who are faithful to
the Constitution, even if they were the smaller
number, for the South to withdraw and leave
them subject to a domination as intolerable to
them as it could be offensive to us."
We can hardly doubt tbat if the real feelings
and wishes of the people, North and South,
could be represented at Washington, uninfluenced
by partizan the whole matter in controversy
would soon be settled without difficulty. How
stands the case ? The Republicans at the North
generally disclaim any intention or desire to in
terfere witb slavery as it exists in tbe Southern
States, but profess to believe that it is the settled
policy of the South, by means of the Federal
government, to extend slavery throughout the
country ; and to resist this encroachment of the
"slave power," as they call it, they are organ
ized into a political party. On the other hand,
the South generally believes that the Northern
majority are banded together to wage a fanat
ical crusade against the institution. The long
continued and virulent abuse of slavery and
slave-holder, by Republican speakers and writers
certainly encourages the impression alluded to.
Admitting, for the sake of argument, that slave
ry isa bad institution, it is difficult to tell why
those who have no responsibility on account of
it, and no control over it, should persist in de
jouncing it, unless they desire to raise a crusade
for its extermination. But if the Republicans
t*re sincere in their formal declarations, there
need be little difficulty in coming to an amicable
settlement. With the exception of a few ex
treme men at tbe South, tbe people of tbis sec
tion are not "slavery propagandists"—they have
no desire to carry slavery into any Territory
now free, and it is not tbeir interest to do so.—
They could give profitable employment to many
more slaves than they now hold, and the in
stitution would only be weakened by being d-it
fused. Tbey, however, with reason, object to
being told they shali not do what they believe
ri_ey bave a Constitutional right to do, although
they have no idea of doing it. Why then can
not all parties and both sections agree to let the
matter alone and cease agitation. Soil and cli
mate will, without doubt, ultimately settle the
boundaries of slave and free territory to the
satisfaction of all reasonable people.
Should all efforts to restore peace to the
country fail, we fall back upon Dr. Breckin
ridge's idea. He save:
"The firm determination of every portion of
the Union to maintain its rights within the Un
ion, under every extremity, would soon put an
end to all necessity for any portion ot it to elect
between terrible means of doing so. * + +
It is horrible to reflect that the children of the
Revolution might be obliged to shed each others
blood. How much more horrible to shed it in
such a manner that oceans of it could never re
store what we had destroyed, while every drop
of it would be an eternal testimony against our
The Washington correspondent of the New
York Express says the Opposition National Con
vention will probably be held about the Ist of
June at Philadelphia, to nominate candidates for
President and Vice President. The Chairman
of the Committee at Washington is overwhelmed
with letters from the leading men of both sec
tions of the country, and the signs of the times
.indicate that iB6O is to be the counterpart .of
Richmond Whig says it daily receives
information from every quarter of the
There can be no doubt, says the Whig,
c Union movement finds a sympathetic
-.•.._ meet a tangible response amongst
*nd '.houghtful and patriotic masses of
Col federacy. It touches the true
such as must entrance every
cf! s country will presently make
The "K. G. C's."
These cabalistic letters have excited some won
der in the public mind ot late. The New York
correspondent of the Charleston Mercury writes:
The U K. G. C's.".have positively started on
their mysterious mission to Mexico. About
500 men have left this city by land and water,
for New Orleans, and equal or larger numbers,
rom Baltimore and Philadelphia. All the lead
ing Southern cities have contributed their quota
f wallant fellows. If any gentlemen of a filibus
ering turn have left Charleston lately, you may
m sure they are off with Geu. Bickley and the
L X GC V The present movement is only the
dvance guard. More than 30,000 men are en
olled as members throughout the country, and
,t least half of them are ready to travel as fast
,s they can be taken to their enigmatical desti-
Kn. The telegraph says that 7,500 men were
tibled in New Orleans, waiting for a steam
to Mexico. Those are the "K. G. C. s,
he telegraph should have added 1,000 to the
ber. About one-half of the members re
nain at home, to furnish material aid, attend-
Ito the getting off of expeditions, and manu
nring public sentiment when required, in
useful reserve are public officers, editors,
yers and capitalists.
» T e happen to know something of this organ
ion, and also the fact that the War Depart
ment was placed in possession of information in
regard to the character and objects of this fili
buster expedition, as far back as the early part
of last November. As the Administration, as
Riated in the Message of President Buchanan,
t averse to inteference with the affairs of
the sister Republic of Mexico, we are cot sur
prised that this expedition has been permitted
to perfect its plans for a filibuster foray upon
that country without an attempt on the part of
the Government to stay its progress.
Our information in regard to the "K. G. C.s."
or the "Knights of the Golden Cross," may be
briefly summed up as follows, and we vouch for
the accuracy of the statement we shall make:—-
In the early part of last October, several doc
uments came to this place through the post-of
fice, addressed to a gentleman who had some
time previously left Staunton for the South, af
ter a residence of egyeral years in our town.—
These documents fell iuto the of his for
mer partner in business, who supposing them to
relate to the affaire of the firm, opened and pe
rused them. The document proyed to be a let
ter from the "Gen. Bickley" alluded to in the
letter of the "Mercury's" correspondent, which
is quoted above ; and was dated, Montgomery,
Alabama, October 8, 1859. The writer en*,
closes a handsomely printed Captain's Commis
sion, a degree book and law book, containing
full and accurate information of the object of the
organization, which was nothing less than the
subjugation of Mexico, aud requests Capt. ,
if he accepts the commission, to proceed at once
to organize a company,, and report himself to
one Col. V. D. Groner, at Norfolk, Va. The
Gen. stated that he was then on his way to
Mexico, but would return on the 27th iust., on
the steamer Tennessee, and that all letters to
him should be sent to Washington city. Every
thing was said _: be prosperous, except that it
would be December before the expedition could
g»t off. A key to the first and second degrees of
the order was furnished in manuscript, and al
so the secret alphabet in which most of the cor
respondence was said to be conducted. These
last mentioned documents were placed in our
we were enabled to decipher the printed pam
phlet in which the degree characters were used,
and thus to derive much information in regard
to the "Knights of the Golden Crose," which we
find from the key to be the meaning of the cab
alistic letters. The pass word marked in the
pamphlet as StJ, is found by the key to be the
words, "Try me," and the emblem of the order
"37," is a "Greek Cross enclosed by a gold cir
cle, in the centre of which is a star of plain gold."
Gen. Bickley is known as "No. 5G," and his
name in the secret alphabet is thus written :—
i _—.| _. s = All the signs, grips and pass
words of the organization are given in full, and
the General winds up hia letter with the en
couraging assurance—"Work hard and we will
win." Copies of these documents were placed
in the hands of the Deputy United States Mar
shal at this place, in the month of November
last, and were fowarded by him to the War De
partment. Secretary Floyd, hey ever, seems to
have treated them with the same indifference
that he did the warning in regard to John
Brown's invasion of Virginia, and the Knights of
the Golden Cross were suffered to enter upon
their crusade in the month of December, as "No.
56" stated would be done. What will be the
result of the affair, a very short time will prob
The "Wags" turned out on Saturday, Capt.
Baylor commanding. They made a handsome
appearance in their blue military overcoats, and
marched excellently. The medal was presented
to Mr. William Wilson as the best drilled soldier
in tbe company.
The "Staunton Artillery," Captain Imboden,
expect to make their first public appearance on
the 22nd of February. About forty-five men
are now uniformed, and a full turn-out may be
expected on that occasion.
Election of Speaker.
As will be seen by our synopsis of Congres
sional proceedings, on Friday last, the opposi
tion to the Republicans came very near electing
Mr. Smith, a Whig member from North Caro
lina, Speaker of the House of Representatives.
It is not improbable that this close shave has
induced the Republicans to withdraw Sherman
and substitute a less objectionable candidate.—
At any rate, we shall not be surprised to hear in
a day or two that a Speaker has been elected.
Contents of the January number: 1. St. Ste
phen's—Part I. 2. Norman Sinclair: Autobiog
raphy—Part 1., 3. Mr. Bull's Song—The Sly
Little Man, 4. The Elements of Drawing, 5. The
French Hero, 6. The Luck of Ladysmede—Part
XL, 7. The Public Service, 8. Rambles at Ran
dom in the Southern States, 9. The Voyage of
the "Fox" in the Arctic Seas. Republished by
L. Scott & Co., New York. See Prospectus in
There has been much interest in the Metho
dist Episcopal Church at this place for more
than two weeks past, which has resulted in a
profession of religion by a large number. The
Church is under the care of the Rev. (j. G.
Brcoke, who has labored zealously in the good
Board of Visitors.
Gov. Letcher has appointed the following
Board of Visitors for the Virginia Institution
for the Deaf and Dumb and Blind ; Judge John
Robertson, of Richmond, Hon. Paulus Powell,
of Amherst, Rev. S. R. Houston, of Monroe, J.
D. Davidson, Esq., of Lexington, and J. H. Skin
ner,Esq.,Gen. W. H. Harman and Col. Geo. Bay
lor, of StauDton.
A Big Purchase.
We learn from the "Culpeper Observer" that
our townsmen D. W. Kennedy and David G.
Wise, have purchased the estate of Col. Wm. B.
Ross, known as "Bel-Pre," containing a fraction
over 1,250 acres, and lying near Brandy Station,
on the line of the Orange and Alexandria Rail
road, in Culpeper county. The price paid was
STAUNTON SPECTATOR AND GENERAL ADVERTISER.
The Power of the Democratic Party.
A Southern Democratic journal, commenting
upon the recent able and praiseworthy address
of the Central Committee of tbe opposition in
Mississippi, exclaims, "The Whig party has dis
appeared in the Union. The-Americhn party
"is powerless everywhere." In reply to these
assertions, it should seem that nothing more wag
ueeded than to refer to the fact tbat they ema
nate from a source rarely accused of simple ac
curacy in connection with matters of party bias.
* J * * * * * * *
Any man capable of putting two and two to
gether can predict with absolute certainty what,
must follow the sentences quoted at the outset
ting of this article. "There is but one organi
sation in the country retaining vitality and
"force sufficient to make a serious and hopeful
"resistence to Black Republican ascendancy in
"the councils and government of the Confedera
cy—and that is the Democratic party." Of
course, of course. The sun shines; one and
one make two; three-thirds make a whole;
there are four quarters to the globe; day fol
lows night, night follows day—how plain, how
very plain it all is. And yet the Black Repub
lican party came into existence during the Dem
ocratic administration, it has continued to grow
and prosper while the Democratic party was in
power; it has received no serious check from
Democracy, nay, if the truth were told we fear
it would be found that the Black Republican
party owes its very existence and every stage ot
its growth to the unwisdom of that very organi
zation which now so loudly vaunts that it alone
bas force aud vitality enough to oppose a serious
and hopeful resistance to Seward's ascendancy.
What would be thought of a sentinel who hav
ing permitted the enemy to overrun the camp
or failed to arrest them, should repair to the
commander-in-chief with the braggart and im
pudent assertion that he must be retained in the
post of honor and of danger, because, forsooth,
he alone is capable of holding it against all odds?
And if it were ascertained that this same senti
nel, so boastful of his prowess, had.himself bro
ken down the barriers and invited the enemy in
to camp ? Yet this is precisely the position of
the Democratic party at this hour. The hard
common sense of the people, slow to arouse, is
at last awakened to the incompetency if not the
infidelity of those to whom they have so long
trusted, and the absurd pretensions of the Dem
ocracy will not again be believed until the
strange conviction has lodged itself in the pub
lic mind that black is white, and that pouring
oil upon fire is the best mode of stopping a con
flagration, We by no means believe what oar
Southern contemporary has ascribed about the
Whig and American parties, but, be the truth
what it may in reference to those organizations,
qne thing remains fixed in the popular judge
ment beyond the chanpe of removal, and tbat
is this: The Black Republican party has open
ly avowed its sectional and incendiary designs,
and the Democratic party has proved its inabil
ity to cope with its sectional antagonist. There
fore the people have no option other than to go
outside of these parties if they would save the
country from ruin.— Bait. American.
For the Spectator.
Messrs. Editors ;—-I saw in your paper of the
10th inst., a call from "Many Farmers" on Da
vid Fultz, Esq., asking his consent to become a
candidate iov- the office of Judge in the 11th
Circuit; and in your last, 1 see he has accepted
the call, and written a long card stating what
course he would pursue if elected. I agree with
Mr. Fultz that this office is one of great labor
and responsibility—yes, so much so, that but
very few men now-a-days are capable of dis
charging faithfully the numerous duties which
must necessarily devolve on a Judge. A Judge
ought to have more real good qualities than al
most any other man ; and if his mind is not of
the right cast, his duties must be but very im
And tli9refore, I must beg leave to differ
with "Many Farmers" as to the fitness ot Mr.
Fultz for the Judgeship. I agree with them
thai he is a pretty fair lawyer —not a deep one;
but his ungovernable temper, together with his
strong prejudices, would render him totally in
capable of executing faithfully the duties of a
Now, I would ask Mr. Fultz to Inform ns
whether it is the fault of Judge Thompson that
the docket increases from year to year, or wheth
er it is the fault of the people?—or in other
worda, can the Judge prevent the people from
bringing suits I I will venture to assert that
Judge Thompson has done more hard labor, and
had more Chancery cases and common law bu
siness to attend to tban any other Judge in the
State, and he is considered by wiser heads than
the writer of this card, one of the purest and
ablest Judges in auy of the Circuits of Virginia.
Now I would say to "Many Farmers," with
all due defference. that should Mr. Fultz be e
lected, and set about "the docket work" by the
year, we must of course have a famine in Augusta.
It is also evident that should Mr. Fultz be e
lected Judge, and lessen the docket in his Cir
cuit, by holding Court the whole year, he
would increase the docket at the Court of Ap
peals, which would make it absolutely necessary
tor the Judges of that Court to adopt his new
In conclusion, let me entreat you, one and all,
to rally to the polls and vote for Judge Thomp
son, who has long reflected credit upon our
Courts; and by so doing, prevent the calamity
above Kentioped, A Farmer.
For the Spectator.
To James M. -.illy- John J. Larew. Henry
H. Peck aud Peter G. Steele.
Gentlemen —You are candidates for the Sher
iffalty of this county. So is Capt. Phillip O.
Polmer. He has defiued his position in clear
and unmistakable terms, and as it is rumored
that theye is #n understanding between some of
you and some other gentlemen, that if you are
elected, they are to be Deputies and share the
profits of the office, we want to know exactly
who we are voting for when we vote tor Sheriff.
We, therefore, ask each of you respectfully to
answer the following questions:
Ist. Is there an agreement between you and
anybody else that will make them partners in
the office if you are elected ?
£Jid. Have you agreed with any man to appoint
him deputy if you are elected I
3d. Are you free to select any one you please
as Deputies after your election ?
In short, is there any combination, compact,
agreement or contact of any kind between you
and others in regard to the Deputyship ?
We ask these questions in no spirit of unkind
ness to any one of you, but simply for the par
pose of knowing precisely where you severally
stand in this matter, and we respectfully request
a brief reply through the papers.
Long- Glade anu Mossy Cheek.
The Armory Bill, &c,
The bill lately passed by the Legislature for
the establishment of an Armory at Richmond,
besides an expenditure at the start of $320,000,
involves an annual cost of $100,000. The pa
trons of the bill assert that the Armory will ul
timately be a source of revenue, but if it is ever
anything else than a dead expense to the State
we shall be agreeably disappointed. The Sen
ate has also passed a bill appropriating $40,000
for the enlargement ot the Military Institute at
Lexington, and granting an additional annuity of
$8,500. Where is all this money to come from I
Union Feeling at tiie South. —A large and
enthusiastic Union meeting was recently field at
Knoxville, Tennessee, at which the following
resolution, among others, after a full discussion,
was adopted by an almost unanimous vote :
Resolved, That we contemplate with emotions
of shame and indignation the menape so often
repeated in both Houses of Congress by ultra
partisans from the South, that in the event ot
the defeat of their candidate in the next Presi
dential election they will overthrow the Union
and expose the-country to all the horrors of rev
olution aud civil war; and that we endorse
the Union sentiments of the late speech of our
A Day of State Conventions. —The 22d of
February, the anniversary of the birth of Wash
ington, will be a great day this year for the hold
ing of State Conventions. The Opposition Con
vention of Tennessee will meet at Nashville;
the Democratic Convention of lowa will meet in
Dcs Moiqes: the Democratic Convention of
Michigan will meet in Detroit; the Whig Con
vention of North Carolina will meet in Raleigh :
the People's Party Convention of Pensylyania
will meet in Harrisburg; the Opposition Con
vention of Virginia will meet in Richmond, and
the Republican Copventiop of Indiana will meet
Legislature of Virginia.
Monday.—Jan. 23.— Senate.— The bill to re
peal the anti-dueliDg act was taken up, and the
question being on Mr. Brannan's substitute, it
was adopted— aye* 23, noes 19. The '.ill was
then ordered to be engrossed.
Mr. Wickman offered a rider to the bill mak
ing an appropriation to the Military Institute,
requiring that not less than fifty Cadets, oue from
each Senatoaial District, shall be admitted free
of charge for board and tuition. The bill and
rider were laid on the table.
The Governor communicated a letter from Mr.
0. L. Chaplain, of New Haven, Connecticut, who
was appointed to bear to Virginia the resolu
tions adopted by a Union meeting in that city.
After some debate, the resolutions, &c, were or
dered to be printed.
The bill for paying expenses incurred by the
Harper's Ferry affair, which wa. agreed upon by
the Committee of Conference of the two Houses,
was reported to the Senate, and passed unani
A bill to complete the Virginia Central Rail
road was taken up, and, on motion ofMr.Stuarr,
was amended, and was ordered to be engrossed
and read a third time.
House. —Mr. McCue introduced a reselution
of inquiry as to to the expediency of establish
ing an election precinct at Parnassus, Augusta
The Committee of Conference on the Harper's
Ferry expense bill made a report recommending
the passage ot a bill appointing the Secretary of
the Commonwealth, the Auditor and Attorney
General a Board to audit the claims and issue
warrants, to be paid by the Auditor, provided
not more than $150,000 be so paid; and that all
claims shall be presented within six months ;
and provided when doubts arise as to the claims,
they shall be reported to the House. The bill
also excepts and requires to be reported to the
Legislature the claims of all gejaeral, staff and
field officers, and all railroad companies. ; The
report was concurred in, and the bill passed
Mr. Hopkins offered a resolution for the ap
pointment of a joint committee to report a re
sponse to the communication from South Caroli
na. Laid on the table.
A bill was reported from a select committee,
providing for the sale into slavery, or the re
moval from the Commonwealth, of free negroes
convicted a second time, in a court of record, of
offences punishable with stripes or imprison
ment. The bill was read the first time.
The bill making an appropriation for the
completion and equipment of the Covington and
Ohio Railroad, came up. Mr. Haymond, of Ma
rion, spoke at leugtb, in opposition to the bill. —
Tuesday.— Senate. —Mr. Paxton reported a
bill concerning the oyster fundum tax, which,
after some opposition by Mr. Beale, was made
the order of the day for Tuesday next.
The Governor oommunicated a letter from
Gen. Taliaferro concerning the military ex
penses connected with the Harper's Ferry affair.
He estimated the whole cost, except transport
ation and such claims as have been paid out of
the contingent fund, at about $72,000. He says,
also, that although the law allows him four staff
officers, he never had more than three, and part
of the time only one. Other aids served volun
tarily, without pay.
House. —Mr. Haymond concluded his speech
in opposition to the Covington & Ohio Railroad
bill, and offered an amendment that no contract
shall be made till one-fourth ot tbe bonds au
thorized to be issued shall be sold at par aud
the money paid into the Treasury.
Mr. Smith, of Kanawha, followed in advocacy
of the bill.
Wednesday.— Senate. —A bill was reported
to amend the Code so as to repeal the prohibi
tion against a man marrying his brother's wid
Mr. Paxton introduced a resolution of inquiry
in regard to incorporating a company to con
struct a railroad from Goshen to the Rockbridge
Mr. Stuart called up the Senate bill making
an appropriation of $13,000 fur the construction
of a laundry &c, at tbe Western Lunatic Asy
lum. The bill was passed and communicated to
The bill appropriating $40,000 to the Military
Institute'was taken up. Mr. Neeson offered a
substitute for Mr. Wickham's rider, which was
Lieut. Gov. Montague being absent in conse
quence of sickness, the Senate elected Mr. Isbell
of Jsfferson, President pro tern.
The resolution communicated from the House,
for the appointment of a joiut Committee to re
port a response to the message received from
South Carolina, through Mr. Memminger, was a
dopted, and the following are the Senate Com
mittee : Messrs. Coghill, August, Neeson, Chris
House. —After some business of no general in
terest, Mr.. Seddou called up his resolution pro
viding for a Convention of Southern delegates
at Atlanta, Ga. Mr. Sibert, of Shenandoah,
offered an amendment providing that the Vir
ginia Commissioners be instructed in no event
to commit the State to the dissolution of the
Union, now or hereafter. The resolution and
amendment were laid on the table.
Mr. Hopkins then called up his resolution for
the appointment of a joint committee to con -
sider the matter. The resolution was adopted,
and tbe foregoing resolution and amendment
were referred to the Committee.
Mr. Smith, of Kanawha, concluded his speech
in favor of the Covington & Ohio Railroad bill,
and Mr. Wilson, ot Isle of Wight, spoke on the
Thursday.— Senate. —Mr. Stuart from the
Joint Committee on the Harper's Ferry outrage,
presented a report. The report oorumences with
a history of the invasion ; the subject of the in
troduction of slavery into this country is fully
examined, the political agitation of the slavery
question is traced step by step, from the time ot
its inception to its bloody consummation at
Harper's Ferry. It affirms that Virginia is and
has ever been willing to maintain peaceful re
lations with her sister States of the North, and
does not desire to rupture the ties which hind
the two sections together." The report closes
with resolutions urging the arming and equip
ping of the militia; the encouragement of do
mestic manufactures and direct trade with for
eign countries, asking Ibe co-operation of other
Southern States in carrying out these meas
ures; instructing committees to report bills for
the more prompt punishment of persons at
tempting to incite slaves to insurrection; and
declaring .that the evidence before the committee
amply vindicates the course of the late Govern
or. Gn motion of Mr Thomas, of Fairfax, 2-
§oo extra copies of the report were ordered to
The bill making an appropriation to the Mili
tary Institute was called up, and Mr. Paxton
moved to atrike out the part of the bill making
an appropriation out of the Literary Fund.—
The motion prevailed.
A ryder was then adopted appropriating an
additional sum of $8,500 for the support of State
Cadets. The bill was ordered to be engrossed.
The tax bill was considered and postponed till
Home. —The Speaker appointed the following
gentlemen to represent the House in a joint com
mittee on the South Carolina Mission: Messrs.
Hopkins, Robertson, of Richmond, Barbour,
Chapman, Martin, of Henry, McCamant, Ma
gruder, of A., Hoffman, Collier, Edgington,
Grattan and Smith of Kanawha.
The Senate bill providing for the construction
and equipment of a Laundry at the Western
Lunatic Asylum was read a fjrst and second
time, and, after discussion, was laid on the table.
Mr. Wilson concluded his speech against the
Covington & Ohio Railroad bill. Mr. McKenzie
followed for the bill, and Mr. Luudy against it.
Mr. Barbour presented the report from the
Harper's Ferry Committee, and 5,000 were or
dered to be p'riptetl.
Friday.— -Senate. —The bill appropriating $40-
--000 to enlarge the buildings of the Military In
stitute, and making an additional annual appro
priation of $8,500, was passed—ayes 28, naysll.
House. —Mr. Bassett made a speech against
the Covington and Ohio Railroad bill.
The bill appropriating $18,000 for a laundry
at the western Lunatic Asylum, was amended
so as to require the plan of the building to be
approved by the Governor, and was then passed
—ayes 81. noes 40.
Mr. Seddon rose to a personal explanation.—
He complained of the action of the Speaker in
appointing the committee to confer as to the
South Carolina mission, without regard to Con
gressional Districts. The Speaker defended his
course at length. Mr. Dickinson, of P. E., and
Mr. Pretlow, of Southampton, also complained
that the largest slaveholding districts in the
State were not represented on the Committee.—
Mr. Hopkins, chairman of the committee,offered
to resign, but there were objections from every
side. Mr. Haymond, of Marion, made some re
marks against a dissolution of the Union, and
some confusion arising, the House adjourned.
Satubday.— Senate. —Nothing of interest.
House.—The resolution for a joint Committee
to confer with the South Carolina Commission
er, was returned from the Senate with an a
mendment enlarging the Committee. Mr. Mc-
Kenzie moved the definite postponement of the
resolution. Mr. Kemper opposed the motion.
Mr. Hopkins, Chairman of the Committee, al
luded to remarks made on Friday, charges of
unfairness &c, and asked to be excused from
serving, saying he would suffer the severest pen
alty before he would serve.
Mr. Dickinson disclaimed any intention to re
flect upon the fealty of the Western part of the
State, but he wanted the East to be equally rep
resented on the Committee.
Mr. Seddon said he and the Speaker were the
only parties interested in the remarks he Itfad
made the day before. What he bad said was
said deliberately. If the Chairman of the Com
mittee was excused he claimed the same prive
Mr. Barbour opposed the withdrawal of Mr.
Hopkins from the Committee. To show what
his (Mr. B's.) sentiments were, he had read a
preamble and resolutions, expressing great re
gard for South Carolina, &c, &c, but declining
to appoint Commissioners to a Southern Con
Mr. Christian also opposed the withdrawal of
Mr. Hopkins, and offered a resolution expressing
confidence in the honest intentions of the Speak
er, and refusing to excuse Mr. Hopkins.
Mr. Yerby took the same view of the matter as
Mr Christian. Other members joined in the de
bate, and finally, the vote being taken, the
House rejected Mr. McKenzie's motion to post
pone the resolution. It then refused to adopt
the resolotion as amended by the Senate.
Mr. Duckwall offered a joint resolution dis
charging the Committee from the further con
sideration of the subject. Laid over.
The Speaker (Mr. Crutchfield) asked Mr. Sed
don to explain in what manner he had been
guilty of unfairness to him. Mr. S. replied that
out of the House was tbe proper place to answer
questions on the subjeot. The matter was
dropped, and the House adjourned.
Thirty-Sixth Congress—First Session.
Monday, January 23, IB6o.— Senate.— The
order of the day, Mr. Douglas' resolution, was
called up. Mr. Douglas made a long speech, in
which he took the ground that it was the duty
of Congress to pas-s laws giving the President
power to use the naval and military forces of
the Government to repel invasions between dif
ferent States; and also to make it criminal to
enter into conspiracies or combinations in any
State or Territory, with intent to invade a State
or molest its government, its peace, its citizens,
its property, or its institutions. He said the
Harper's Ferry crime was the natural result of
the doctrines and teachings of the Republican
Mr. Fessenden replied, denying that the Re
publican party were responsible for Brown's Vir
ginia raid, and advocated legislation to prevent
similar occurrences. He said he thought Mr.
Douglas was influenced by ulterior motives in
making this speech at this time, when the sub
ject was in the hands of an able committee ap
pointed to investigate the affair.
House. —Mr. Barksdale, of Miss., delivered a
Southern speech. Mr. Oorwin spoke in defence
of the Republicans.
Tuesday.— Senate. —Mr. Rice submitted a
resolution, which lies over, for the organization
of Dacotah Territory.
The resolution of Mr. Donglas bei_g taken up,
Mr. Toombs mad 6 a speech, in which he charged
that the Republican party sought to overthrow
the Constitution; and declared that the election
of a Black Republican President would be
ground for tbe South to recede from the Union.
The South would not wait tor any overt act,
but meet the enemy at the threshold and drive
them back, or tear down the pillars of the Tem
ple of Liberty, and overwhelm all in one uni
versal ruin. Other Senators followed ia the de
Hou^c— -After an amicable altercation be
tween Mr. McClernand, Douglas Democrat, of
111., and Mr. Farnsworth, Republican, of same
State, Mr. Corwin resumed and finished his
~ Whp,e"esday.— Senate. —Mr. Wilson, of Mass.,
made a strong anti-slavery speech, and was re
plied to by Messrs. Clingmau, of N. O, and Da
vis, of Miss.
House.—'Ur. Keitt, of S. Ci., during a strong
Southern speech, said the South should prepare
for dissolution • if dissolution c|o not co,me l the
South will have shown a wis_a precaution.
Mr. Etheriage, of Term., made a humorous
speech, promising that if gentlemen would cease
talking for about two weeks, they would get an
organization before the end of that time.
Another vote was taken for Speaker, result
ing: Sherman, 105; Bocock, 51 ; Smith, of N.
C, 26. Whole number of votes, 215 j necessary
to a choice, 108.
Thursday.— Senate. —Mr. "Wilson concluded
hi§ speech, aiid was followed by Messrs. Wigfall,
of Texas, and Davis, of Miss.
A colloquy took place between Messrs. Davis
and Douglas, as to the construction of the lat
ter's resolution, for the federal interposition to
prevent the invasion of one State or Territory by
another. Mr. Davis intimated that the resolu
tion, if passed, would enable the Executive to
violate the sovereignty ot btates. Mr. Douglas
met the point with great energy. Adjourned
House. —Mr. Hamilton withdrew his name as
a candidate for the Speakership. He said a dis
solution was now upon us, but the conservative
elements of the country might avert it.
Three ballots were taken for Speaker, the last
resulting as follows j Sherman, 109 ; Bocock,
#15 Smith, pt N. C, 33 ; Gilmer 4. Necessary
to a choice, 114,
Friday.— House— After some preliminary
discussion, Mr. Smith, of N. O, was put in nom
ination by the Southern Opposition, and as the
ballot progressed, several gentlemen who had
previously voted with the Republicans voted for
Mr. Smith. An opportunity to elect a national
man being offered, the Democrats generally
changed theiy votes and supported Mr. Smith.
These changes were accompanied by interroga
tions, explanations, and appeals for union, crea
ting a feeling of intense excitement. At one
stage of the ballot Mr. Smith was within two
votes of au election, but as finally announced
the ballot stood as follows: whpb _um_er of
votes 228 ■ nepcssary to a choice 115; of which
Mr. Smith received 112, the highest vote yet
cast for any candidate, Mr. Sherman 106, Mr.
Corwiu 4, and six were scattered, Immediately
after the announcement of the vote the Repub
licans succeeded in carrying a motion for ad
journment until Monday.
For the Spectator.
Messrs. Editors: —l beg leave to suggest to
the good people of Staunton whether it would
not only be to their interest, but greatly pro
motive of the good morals of the peoul? of the
town and many from 'the uountry who come to
town, to abolish the Corporation Court. We
are told that the license system throughout the
county is exceedingly well regulated. Why it
is so we will not stop to inquire ; but the fact
is plain before the eyes ot every man who walks
the streets of Staunton, that there are a number
of houses licensed as ordinaries, which are, if
we understand the meaning of words, nothing
more nor less than tippling-houses—where the
proprietors hold their licenses in direct conflict
with the laws of the land.
The law says that every man licensed to keep
an ordinary, or house of public entertainment,
shall provide the same with lodging, &c.; and
when it is manifest that the sale of wines, ar
dent spirits or a mixture thereof, is the primary
object, the Court is not only required to refuse
the license, but to revoke the license when
We often hear it said that no one is ever pre
sented iv the Corporation tor a violation of the
license law, or, if presented, hardly ever con
victed; that everybody can get license to keep
an ordinary who will pay for the license and
the tax thereon. _
If all this be so, and things look very much
like they are so, then we again ask would it not
be better for the people of the town, if they are
in favor of law and order, to throw themselves
under the jurisdiction of the County Court?
The Opposition members of the Missouri Leg
islature have unanimously adopted resolutions
in favor ot Edward Bates for the Presidency
aud pledging the vote of Missouri to him,
The Opposition members of the Tennessee
Legislature have nominated the Hon. John Bell
for the Presidency.
The Habpee's Ferry Investigation. — A
Washington letter says:
Realf concluded his testimony before the com
mittee to-day. It was a detailed account of the
organization of the Brown Provisional Govern
ment iv Canada, which has already been pub
lished. He testifies that he went to England in
1858, and knew nothing of Brown's operations
after that time. He was requested to examine
certain letters found in Brown's bag to see it
he could identify them, but testified that he
knew nothing about Brown's correspondence or
the authorship of the letters. The committee
give him credit for frankness. He will receive
about $600 mileage, having been brought from
Texas. It is evident that some members of the
committee have been disappointed in Realt's
testimony, he having testified to nothing of any
importance that was not before in evidence.
Mr. B B. Newton, the Vermont member of
the Natioual Kansas committee, and previously
the leader of a colony at Mapleton, Bourbon
county, Kansas, confirmed the testimony of Mr.
Amy concerning the refusal of the National
Committee to furnish arms to Brown in 1827.
Wheu he commenced testifying to the invasion
of Kacsas by armed bodies of men, he was stop
Senators Wilson went before the Senate
Brown Raid Committe to-day, and informed the
Committee that if they would allow him time,
he would produce a copy of the letter he wrote
to Howe concerning Brown's movements, based
upon the information he received from Colonel
Forbes. He had sent to Natick for it. The
Chairman informed him they were willing to
give him his own time to prepare his testimony.
A few days ago a vessel sailed from New Or
leans, with eighty-one free colored persons, be
longing to Louisiana, who go to try their chan
ces in Hayti. They are all in easy circumstan
ces, some even rich, one family being worth as
much as $50,000.
To my Fellow-citizens of th*. Judicial Circuit, composed
of the Counties of Amherst, Nelson, Bath, Rock
bridge and Augusta:
You will see from the following correspondence,
published in the Staunton Spectator, the position that
the partiality of my friends have placed me in before
For the Spectator.
David Fultz, Esq.
Sib -The time approaches when in the exercise of
our rights as freemen we shall cast our votes for a
Judge of this Circuit, composed of the counties of
Amherst, Nelson, Rockbridge, Bath add Augusta.—
Your character for promptness and industry, and your
experience and ability as a lawyer entitle you to our
confidence and give an assurance that if elected to
that office you will discharge the duties with prompt
ness, impartiality and ability. Please say through
the columns of this paper whether you will consent to
be a candidate for that office, with an assurance that
you will be supported by Many FiBMKRS.
To Many Farmers.
I tender you my grateful acknowledgements for
your flattering note, addressed to me through tbe
oolums of the Spectator, asking my consent to become
a candidate for the office of Judge of the Judicial Cir
cuit composed of the counties of Amherst, Nelson,
Rockbridge, Bath and Augusta. And while I can but
regard it as evidencing rather your kindness and par
tiality for me, than my fitness for the office, I assure
you the compliment is the more highly appreciated
because of the source from whence it emanates. For
who has a deeper interest in the proper administration
of ihe laws than the farmer I
The office to which you invite me is one of great la
bor and responsibility. You will readily concur with
me that a tardy, ascertain, and expensive adminis
tration of the laws, is, to say the least of it, a great
evil, and must aiwa_, s greatly retard the prosperity
of the community. On the other hand, a speedy, im
partial and faithful administration of the laws, is the
greatest blessing that can fee conferred upon a free
Threw tiis sate-guard around the citizen, and you
;at onoe extend to him all the benefits intended to be
secured by a well organized government. In view,
then, of the purposes for which t_i_oi_.ee was created,
it is obviously the duty of the incumbent, speedily to
dispose of tha business as it may be brought into" the
Courts; and if from any cause he should fail to do
this, then it is equally his duty to surrender back his
authority to those who conferred it, in order tbat this
important so essential to the public welfare,
may bo performed by another.
You have been pleased to express the belief that, if
elected to the office, I would discharge its duties with
promptness, impartiality and ability. In attributing
to me the two first of these qualifications, I trust
you have not done tne. more than justice ; and while it
would be unbecoming in me to lay claim to the other,
if permitted to judge from the success attendant upon
a laborious practice for the last thirty years, I might
without presumption flatter myself that I am not
wholly destitute of it.
At an early age I imbibed the old Republican max
im, "that office Ought not to be sought, nor should it
be declined;" and that it is the unquestionable right
of the people tQ demand the services of any citizen
who they deem qualified for the discharge of official
duty. Still believing that to be the true principle of
our Government, I yield my assent to your request,
not, however, without greatly distrusting my quali
Deeply impressed with the importance and respon
sibilities which attach to this office, and well knowing
that there is nothing in which the people have a deep
er interest than a speedy administration of justice, it
is proper that I should say that if this office should be
conferred upon ».e, I shall accept it with a pledge of
my humbU abilities to a faithful, impartial and ener
getic discharge of its duties ; and with an assurance
that the Dockets ot the Courts shall be regularly call
ed and the business disposed of in its order ; and if
this cannot be done at the regular session of the
Courts, than extra terms will he held, as the law re
By the Reports of the Clerk, made as the law di
rects, there were pending in the Circuit Court of Au
gusta county, on the 31st of August, 1656, 503 cases;
In 1857, 52l"; in 1858, 534; and in 1859, 574. Under
our reformed Judiciary it waa expected that the Dock
ets would be kept down; but so far from this expec
tation being realized, it appears that the business in
this Court has been suffered regularly to accumulate,
and if permitted to increase in the same ratio, the
wheels of Justice already greatly retarded in their
movements, must soon cease to roll en.
The only remedy for the growing evil, is to clear
the Dockets, and should it be found necessary fqr that
purpose, 1 shall deem it my duty to the Courts
in session the whole year.
That long continued reiie of justice deliyed, entailed
upon us. hy an irresponsible Judicarj', known as the
"Sleeping Docket," shall be waked up, and no longer
have a place upon your Records.
Though I grew up in the county of Amherst from my
early infancy to manhood; though I commenced my
professional career in the co.uuty of Bath, where I resi
ded ten years ;.5.dJ though I have lived in Staunton for
tho lust twenty years actively engaged in practice in
Augusta and adjacent counties, yet I am personlv un
known to many of you. In Qrcfer to enable such to
cast their votes unclftrsiandingly, I have thought it
right to give my views as to the duties and
responsibilities of the office. This I have done briefly
in the above response, and now a word as to the man
ner, in my humble opinion, these duties should be dis
Punctuality is indispensable to the dispatch of bus
iness, and this can only be enforced upon counsel,
suitor and witness, by a strict observance of it on the
part of the Court. Order and decorum should prevail,
the rights and privileges ot counsel protected, and the
dignity of the Bench preserved. Tho character or feel
ings of suitors and witnesses snould never be wanton
ly _ssajled hy counsel, nor can such an assault come
from the Court without detracting from its dignity and
impairing the confidence of the suitor. There should,
be a continual aad mutual interchange of respect to and
courtesy from the Bench. The scales of justice should
be held with a steady, even hand, free from all passion
and excitement, and the wavering balance never sha
ken, by partiality on the one side, or prejudice on the
Statements from the Clerks will shaw ihat there
were pending in Circuit Court »f Nelson in 1.55, 559
cases; in 1866, 595; in 1657, 6.15; in 1858, 6a9; and
in 1859, 602. A_d in Circuit Court of Rockbridge in
1855, lbS cases; in 1856, 193; in 1857, 235; in 1858,
227 ; and in 1859, 250. The other two counties I have
not vet heard from. Now it is very certain this evil
wilfuot cure itself, and if suffered to grp.w in the fu
ture as in the past, in what can H result but a total
suspension of justice?
Believing it is never inappropriate to express the
gvateiul emotions of the heart, I must say to my fel
low-citizens of Amherst and Nelson, though profes
sional engagements have limited my inteiQouise with
them for some years past, yet the scenes of my boy
hood are deeply impressed upon my memory, and I
shall ever fondly cherish many acts of kindness ex
tended to me by the older citizens, as the most pleas
ing incidents of my early life.
1 shall ever ackuowledge with prtde and pleasure i
the lasting obligations I am under to the people of
Kockbiidge for tbetr kind and liberal support so gen
erously and cheerfully bestowed on me, both as a
lawyer a member of the Convention to amend
the Constitution. __»___
To my fellow-citizens of Bath I return my heart-felt
acknowledgements for the uniform kindness and gen
erous contidence always manifested towards me.—
When I settled among you, the architect of my own
fortune, you were quick to step forward and give me
the right hand of friendship, with a fraternal gripe,
that has never been relaxed, and a cordiality that has
never abated. "I was a stranger and ye took me in,
I was an hungered and ye gave me meat."
And to the people of old Augusta, my native coun
ty, I owe everything that can be due from grateful
humanity. Here are a just and generous public, as
ready to reward merit as to condemn vice, here are
kind friends and relations, and here are the graves of
my ancesto-s. Here I first breathed the breath of
life, here I have lived in the confidence of my fellow
men, and here I expect to die.
Jan. 31, 1860. DAVID FULTZ.
A correspondent writing from Richmond to
the Petersburg Intelligencer, speaking of the
i bill for the establishment of an Armory, lately
! parsed by the Legislature, says an old whig
member, who voted for this bill, acknowledged
that he had been sold again, as he had been ap
plied to by a hungry Locofoco to use his influ
ence in procuring an office created by the bill. —
The Democracy are very willing to have Whig
votes, Whig money and Whig arms to defend
the State, but if there are any good fat offices to be
distributed, no one but a dyed-in the-wool Dem
ocrat is fit for it.
The Democrats of Essex county, Va., have
declared in favor of their distinguished coun
tyman, Senator Hunter, for the Presidency.
The members of the Presbytery of Lexington are
heieby informed that it will meet at the Church of
New Providence on Wednesday, Bth of February, (not
on the 7th) at 12 o'clock, M.
Jan. 31, 1860. WM. BROWN, S. C.
On the 26th inst., by Rev. William Brown, David
B. Hknton, Esq., to Miss Elizabeth L. daughter of
Thos. P. Wilson, Esq., all of this county.
At his residence, near Parnassus, Augusta county,
on Tuesday, the 24th inst., after a lingering illness,
Dr. Wm. R. Blair. Obituary next week.
On the 3rd or 4th inst., at Pilot Knob, Missouri, of
disease of heart, Michael M. Hanger—in about th.
30th year of his age—son of David and Mary Hanger,
formerly of Augusta county, Va.
Reported by P. IV. Powell & Co.
January 31, 1860.
f NewSuperflne f sjOG@o.o~&
ffLODRJ Extra, _.50<_!0.75
( Family, •_>email@example.com
( Rye -„ firstname.lastname@example.org
GRAIN. J. Oats, email@example.comT
( Corn, (New) firstname.lastname@example.org
BUTTER. Fresh Roll, email@example.com
pt a«titr.J Lump,perTon, firstname.lastname@example.org
FLASI -X j Groundj 13.00@y.G•
( Ashton, , email@example.com
3ALT. < Marshall, firstname.lastname@example.org
(Ground Alum, email@example.com
Reported for the Spectator by W. D. Tompkins <_ Bro.
Richmond. Jan. 28, iB6O.
FLOUR—Receipts this week more liberal, sales of
Superfine $ oM@6; Extra, B}_ to 6%.
WHEAT—-Sales of Red $firstname.lastname@example.org. White $1.30
CORN—-Sales at 80@85.
TOBACCO—Receipts liberal. Lugs 2@4)_. Com
mon Leaf . r .@o3_@3. Fine B>_(_i'J>_@lo. Stemming
FLAX SEED—SI 30@1 40.
DRIED APPLES—SI 50@1 60.
" " Unpeeled *2>_
HAY—sl 2 .@1 30.
PLASTER— by the cargo.
PUBLIC SALE OP VALUABLE LAND.
—Will be sold at public auction on Thursday, the
•ith day of March next, (if not sold privately before
that day,> a valuable tract of land, 1 mile from Green
ville, Augusta county, containing 152 Acres, situa
ted on the head waters of South Kiver. 100 cleared and
the balance well timbered. This land is of the best
quality of Lime-stone land, finely adapted to grain and
grass of all kinds, and has on it from twelve to fifteen
acres of fine Meadow. It is very conveniently situated
with reference to Mills, Stores, Churches, <_c, and ha.
on it tolerably good buildings of all kinds necessary
for a -mall farm. An adjoining tract ot a.bout 170 A
cres can be purchased, it desired. Persons wishing
to purchase will examine the land for themselves, and
can obtain any information from or 4 r neighbors or
Mr. James W. Hudson, liviug near Staunton.
Teems.—One-third in hand and. the balance in 1, _
and 3 years, in equal payments, with interest. Good
personal security will be and the title re
tained until the purchase na.ney is paid.
NANCY T. DOAKE,
ELIZABETH W. DOAKE..
Jan. 31,1860. —Rock Reg copy above 3ts.
At the same time and place will be sold all th_ farm
ing implements, Household and Kitchen Furniture,
Stock of different kinds and some Corn, <_c, an a cred
it of nine months lor all sums over #5; under that
amount the cash will be required.
N. T. DOAKE.
Jan. 31,1860. ' E. W. DOAKE.
It is with pleasure that the
of Staunton, consisting of
Turner's Silver Cornet Band- Orches
tra and Glee Clnb
_nnounce to their friends and the public generally,
that they give the second of their series of
On Thursday, the 9th Day of February, IHGO,
on which occasion they will have a number of
-.Vrf.it" and Excellent Pieces of .Music,.
that will be performed in their respective depart
ments. The Association having been highly gratified
with their large and intelligent audiences in time
past, they hope to greet many happy hearts and
smiling faces on February 9th.
Staunton, Jan. 31, 1860.
A_E OF HOUSE AND LOT IN MT. SID
NEY.—By virtue of a decree entered by the Cir
cuit Court of Augusta county, in the case of Johnston
vs. Johnston, I will proceed, on the premises, to sell
at public auction, to the highest bidder, on the 28£ A
day of January, iB6O, a certain HOUSE AND LOT,
in the village of Mt. Sidney, in which Mrs. Mary F.
Johnston, dec'd., lately reaided. The House is built
of brick, two stories high, containing four rooms, and
is surrounded by all the necessary out buildings, with
a well of good water in the yard. The lot contains.
Half an Acre.
hale to commence at 2 o'clock, P. M.
TERMS OF SALE.—One fourth of the purchase
money in hand, and the balance in 1. I and I years,
the purchaser to give bond wiih approved security and
the title to be retained as ultimate security.
JONATHAN J. JOHNSTON, Com'r.
Jan. 3, 1860.—-tds
POSTPONEMENT.— Postponed to Febr-eary
11, 1860; if not sold on that day it will be rent
ed publicly. J. S. JOHNSTON, Com.
Jan, 31, 186.0. _
DE FORREST, ARMSTONG. __ CO.
DRY GOOD. MERCHANTS,
80 & 82 Chambers St., N. V .,
Would notify the Trade that they are opening
weekly, in new and beautiful patterns, "the
Wamsutta Prints, also the Amoskeag, a New Print,
which excels every Print in the Country for perfec
tion of execution and design in full Madder Colors.
Our Prints are cheaper than any in market, and meet
ing with extensive sale. Orders promptly attended
Jan. 81, 18P0—ly_ , .
STORE HOUSE FOR RENT.— I have a Store
House for rent in the county of Fayette, wbich is
an excellent atand for a country business, situated on
the main road leading from Lewisburg to Kanawha
C. 11., 40 miles west of the former place aud about 4
miles from the location of the C. k O R. R. The
nearest store east is H miles distant. Persons wish
ing to rent will address me at Lewisburg, Va., or ap
ply to W. A. Burke, at the Staunton Depot.
Jaji. 31, 1860.—4t THOS. J. BURKE.
r pAKE NOTICE.— The subscribers having, last
JL summer, executed a bond to John N. .rouse, for
$150, the prioQ of one of Zink's Threshing Machines,
which we purchased of said Crouse, and learning that
Zink demos the right of Crouse to sell the Machines,
we hereby caution all persons not to trade for the said
bond, as we are determined not to pay it,
Jsn. 31, 1860.—3t* SAMUEL GOLLADAY.
~i A TTENTION CAVALRY.— The Cavalry
« __\_ attached to the 32nd Regiment Va. Militia,
W will parade at New Hope, on Saturday 2bth of
* February, iB6O, at 11 o'clock A. M. A full atten
dance is required, as business of importance will be
brought before the Company. By order of
H. H. PECK, Capt.
Jan. 31, 1860. Wm. A. Hanger, 0. S.
J^STI-ECJSIVED.— A very
lot of all kinds of Spectaoles—pla W**-* V__C
! ted, steel and gold—and all kinds of Spectacle Glaa-
I sea, concave, convex and colored.
Staunton, Jan. 31—tf A. LANG.
ENTAL NOTICE —Wm. Chapman has re
moved his office to the old Bell Tavern, near tbe-
Virginia Hotel, and opposite Brandeburg's Corner,
and adjoining Rankin's Daguerrean Gallery, where ha
will be pleased to see his friends and aostoiners.
Staunton, Jan. 31, 1800.
STRAYED OR Friday or Sat
urday last, from the pasture of Henry Eidson,
Esq ,a large bay mare. A liberal reward will be given
to any one returning her to me or taking her•up.
Staunton, Jan. 31, 186*. BENJ.CRAWFORD.__
FOR HIRE.— I h» ve a likel J r . voun S ne^ro mi»n
whohas worked in a Blacksmith *;«<>■» tor three
years, to hire. WM IvINNEY.
Stauntou, Jan- 31,1860—2w _
IRGINIA COAL Oil-.— A new article in this
market, manufactured in Kanawha, Co. For
sale by P. H. TROUT, & CO.