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JOS. A. WADDELL, 1
L. WADDELL, Jr., > Proprietors.
RICHARD MAUZY, )
r-if The "SPECTATOR" is published once a week
it Two Dollars and fifty Cents a year, which may be
discharged by the payment of Two Dollars at any time
icithin the year. No subscription will be discontinued
hut at '.he option of the Editors, until all arrearages are
A D VER TISEMENTS of ten lines (or less,) inserted
three times for one dollar, and twenty-five cents/or each
i übsequent Mntinaance. Larger advertisements inserted
in the same proportion.
A liberal discount made to those who advertise by the
Professional Cards, not exceeding seven lines, will be
inserted for one year for $5 00 —6 months for $3 00.
Onesquare, (tenlines)... .1 year $8 00
" " % months 5 00
" " 8 " 300
Two squares 1 year .12 00
" " 800
" " 3 " 500
TJiree squares 1 year 15 00
" " 6 months 10 00
" " 3 " 700
One third column 1 year 18 00
" ** " % months 1200
» " •« 3 " 800
One column 1 year 50 00
" " % months 30 00
All advertising for a less time than three months, will
be charged for at the usual rates —sl 00 per square for
the first three insertions, and twenty- five cents for each
MARKWOOD & GRAVES,
Opposite the Marble Yard, V*
Main St., Stannton, Va. ----*■
WOULD inform their friends and the public gen
erally that tbey are now prepared to execute
work entrusted to them in the neatest aud most fash
As they have had the practice of six years as CUT
TERS they feel confident of pleasing all who may
favour them with their custom, and they hope by
prompt attention to business to merit a liberal share
Staunton, Sep. 6, 1859.
JAS. H. MCVEIGH. EDGAB T. MCVEIGH.
jas. h. McVeigh & son.,
(Successors to McVeigh k Chamberlain,)
AND DEALERS IN
Liquors, Wines, Tobacco, Segars, &C,
PRINCE STREET WHARF,
March 29, 1859.—-ly.
~ Western Virginia %
MARBLE WORKS, m f)
AT STAUNTON jM II
MARQUIS - KELLEY. M|§
Staunton, April 7, 1858.
GEO. M. COCHRAN. JAMES COCHRAN.
COCHRAN & COCHRAN,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW,
WILL practice their profession in all the Courts of
Augusta and the Circuit Courts of Bath and
Highland. Strict attention will be given to all bu§i
ness entrusted to tbeir care.
Aug. 24, 1858.
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
WILL practice in the Courts of Augusta and High
J__"°** He may be found at bis oflice, adjoining the
Dec. 9, 1357.
GA . SMITH Manufacturer of SWp
• Ladies' Shoes of all descrip- MTj
tions, keeps a large stock constantly on
hand and otters them at very reasonable prices. Also
MISSES' and CHILDREN'S SHOES. His stand is
next door to thk Post Ofpice. Patronage is res
Stauntou, May 17, 1859.
GUY 8b W ADDELI,
REAL ESTATE AGENTS,
BUYERS AND SELLERS will find it to their ad
vantage to call at their oflice in the Brick part
_p the Old Bell Tavern.
Staunton, Sep. 6,1859.
Gc. C. YEAKLE,
CLOCKS, WATCHES AND JEWELRY
SILVER AND PLATED WARE,
Opposite Va. Hotel, Staunton, Va.
Staunton, Aug. 30, 1859.
J. M. HANGER
ATTORNEY AT LAW, STAUNTON, VA.,
WILL practice in all the Courts held in Staunton,
and in the Circuit Courts of Albemarle and
ckingha m. Oflice in the brick-row, in the rear of
Staunton, Dec. 30,1857.
JOHN W. MEREDITH,
JEWELRY, CLOCKS, WATCHES, &C,
Main St, Stauiifbn, Va.
B-gT* Watches and Jewelry Repaired.
Staunton, Jan. 17.
JOHN C. MICHIE,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
WARM SPRINGS, BATH COUNTY, VA..
WILL practice in the Courts of Bath, Highland,
Pocahontas and Augusta. p.W All business
entrusted to him will be promptly attended to.
March 13, 1860. —6mc.
OCTOR JAMES li. GILKESON—Having
located in Staunton, tenders his professionalser
vices to the public. He may be found, when not pro
essionally engaged, at the room over the Saddle and
Harness establishment of Mr. G. H. Elick, nearly op
posite the Post Offlce.
Staunton Feb. 8.1859—tf.
A. D. CHANDLER,
KEEPS METALIC CASES of all sizes, at Staun
ton and Millborough Depot, at City Prices.
Staunton, July 19, 1859.
R. L. DOYLE,
Attorney at Law, Stannton- Va.,
"ITTILL practice in the Courts of Augusta, Rock-
YV bridge, Bath and Highland.
July 29, 1857.
Pennsylvania Avenue, Washington, D. C,
JOHN H. k A. W. KIRKWOOD,
Washington, March 24, 1858 —ly
HEALING WATER.-DR. W. B. YOUNG,
Druggist, has a large lot of Healing Water for
Bale, and is the regular Agent for it in Staunton.
STOVES, STOVES.-We have just received 52
Stoves of various patterns, some entirely new, to
which we invite the attention of the public.
Staunton. Oct. 25. WoODS k GILKESON.
UST RECEIVED.—The best and cheapestlow
price TOBACCO that can be found. Wholesale
or retail by JNO. B. EVANS.
Staunton, July 26, 1«5*9.
CORN JMEAL—For sale in large or small quan
tities at tbe STAUNTON STEAM MILLS at
market prices. Apply to
_May 31, '59. S. A. RICHARDSON, Sup't.
PHYSICIANS can always be supplied with a ful
assortment of Medicines of the bust qdalitv at
DR, H. S. EICHELBERGER'S.
Staunton, Jan. 25, '59
FURS ! FURS!—IS sets of Furs just received,
and will be sold at a very low figure.
Staunton, Nov. 8. PIPER A FUNKHOUSER
HANDSOME COAL GRATE for sale by
WOODS k GILKESON.
Staunton, Oct. 25.
MILLER'S HEAVY GOODS-A full supply
tor Servants' Wear, just received by
Staunton, Oct. 11, '59. TAYLOR" & HOGE.
iTsfVRECEIVED—A very fine assortment of
CLOCKS to be sold very low.
Staunton, Aug. 9, '59. G. C. YEAKLE.
A BOOK FOR FARMERS.—Campbell's
Manual of Agriculture. ROB'T COWAN.
Staunton, Nov. 15.
EATHER I LEATHER I !—2OOO lbs SOLE
LEATHER -good stamp—for sale by
Oct. 25. P. N. POWELL k CO.
CLOAKING CLOTHS.—A few pieces of Black
Corded Cloaking Cloth, just received at
Staunton, Nov. 22,1859. D. A. KAYSER'S. '
W___Z/** *mW rm+4k rm&S *__T <~-U-<^ / 4w* ' '
FOR LIEUT. GOV.
WILLIAM JONAS 1
NOTWITHSTANDING the failure of the Atlantic
Cable to come up to the expectations of some of
the knowing ones of the Old and New World, yet
GABRIEL HIRSH, one of the largest stockholders
I in the concern, for the purpose of cultivating a frater
! nal feeling with all mankind, has extended it as far
ias the city of Staunton, where it is performing some
! of the greatest achievements of the age, in the wayot
| exhibiting at his old stand, on Main Street, the
j largest and most complete STOCK OF GOODS ever
i brought to this market. The greatest wonder, how
ever, even surpassing the operations of the Cable, are
the "CHINESE JUGGLERS," on exhibition at his
window, where the prettiest man in the country is al
ways to be found engaged in Repairing Watches
USF" The 94,000 offered sometime since, is stillin
the hands ofaresponsible gentleman in Staunton,ready
to be handed over to any one who will bring forward
a superior workman in his line. G. HIRSH.
Stsuunton, Oct. It), 1858—tf
FOR THE SEASON AT THE STAND
-oa__B_r occupied ar
WM. T. MOUNT, Main St., Staunton, Va
MAGNUS S. CEASE
WOULD respectfully call tbe attention of the cit
izens of Staunton and vicinity to his large and
en irely new stock of FALL GOODS, which he is now
receiving and opening, cousisting of Wate;*, Sugar and
Soda Crackers, Picnics, Raisins, Figs, Currants, Cit
ron, Dates, Prunes, English Walnuts, Filberts, Al
monds, Ground Nuts, Pecan Nuts, Lemons, Oranges,
Sardines, and Candies of every description.—
Also Fancy Goods, French Candies, Cakes and
|~y Wedding parties furnished at the shortest no
tice, and on tbe most reasonable terms.
Also Fresh Peaches, Lobsters, Pickles, Catchups,
He will sell on reasonable terms, and respectfully
solicits a share of patronage.
£_§•** Candy sold at Wholesale and Retail.
Staunton, Nov. 8, 185 a.
GKEAT EXCITEMENT AT THE
CLOTHING HOUSE OF
(bbandeburg's old stand.)
THOUGH the Great Eastern has met with serious
accident, vet my large and well selected stock of
FALL AND WINTER CLOTHING will abundantly
show that my cargo of Goods did arrive sately, and
includes the greatest variety of well finished clo
thing ever brought to this market.
My present stand, at Brandeburg's old Corner
and Opposite the Va. Hotel, gives a sutticiencv
of room to show to my customers as nice a stock
of ClothiDg as can be exhibited this side of Baltimore
and which I will sell at Baltimore City Prices.
The public are invited to examine my stock, before
purchasing elsewhere, at least all those wbo consid
er tbat "a penny saved is a penny made."
Brandeburg's old stand, Opp'te Va. Hotel.
Staunton, Oct. 11. 1859.
ri^ANNERY.—I have this day associated my son,
| JL Wm. B. Gallaher with me in the Tanning busi
ness in the town of Waynesboro' and tbe business will
hereafter be conducted in tbe name of H. L. GALLA
HER <_ SON.
Persons indebted to my Tannery are hereby notified
lo come forward and settle, aud those having claims
against it are requested to present the same for pay
ment. My son, Win. B. Gallaher, will always be found
at the Tannery and is authorized to settle for me.
Public patronaj-e is solicited for the new concern.
JOF The highest Cash price will be paid for hides,
skins and bark at all times. H. L. GALLAHER.
Waynesboro', Oct. 4, 1859.—1y*.
DJRUttS AAD WmWSBEbWBZ
P. H. TROUT & CO.,
ARE now receiving a large stock of Drags,
Medicines, Paints, Oils, &c,
they bought direct from the manufacturers and _"__
importers, and are able to sell pure articles on
favorable terms. Their stock of SURGICAL IN
STRUMENTS is very large, embracing all instru
ments needed for town or county practice. Also the
largest supply of Fancy Articles, Brushes, Fine
Perfumery, &c, ever brought to this market.
Staunton, March 6, 1860.
APER HANGINGS.—I have ju-t received
from one of the largest manufactories of Paper
Hangings in the Uuited States, a great variety of
samples ol the latest styles of Wall Paper. Per
sons wishing to procure handsome papering at rea
sonable prices are invited to call and examine my
samples, and I can order any they may select direct
from the Manufactories; getting it here in a few days
by express; selling in tbis way by the sample. la
void the necessity of keeping a large stock on hand,
and, consequently, will be able to sell for small pro
fits —more particularly, to cash customers.
Staunton, Feb. 28. R. COWAN.
DE FORREST, ARMSTONG, __ CO.
DRY GOODS JIERCHA-VTS,
80 & 82 Chambers St., N. V.,
Would notify the Trade that they are opening
weekly, in new and beautiful patterns, the
Wamsutta Prints, also the Amoskeag, a New Print,
which excels every Print in the Country for perfec
tion of execution and design in full Madder Colors.
Our Prints are cheaper than any in market, and meet
ing with extensive sale. Orders promptly attended
DR. JAMES JOHNSTON, SURGICAL «fc
MECHANICAL DENTIST, having been located
permanently in Staunton for the last four years, would
respectfully inform his friends and the public gene
rally, that he still continues to practice Dentistry,in all
its various branches, with the strictest regard to du
rability and usefulness.
Office on the south-side of Main Street opposite the
old Spectator Office.
Staunton, Nov. 29, 1854.
UrpHE BELLE OF THE SOUTH!"—Six
JL doz. Skeleton Skirts, of all makes, as follows :
"Thomson's," "Sherwood's," "Moran's," and the
"Belle of the South," which is considered the most
graceful skirt now in use.
The above Skirts have just been received and will
be sold as low as possible.
PIPER & FUNKHOUSER.
Staunton, Mar. 6, 1860. —Yin copy
WHEAT WANTED.-The Staunton~Steam
Mills Co. will pay the highest prices in Cash
for Wheat. Farmers wishing to dispose of tbeir
crops will probably consult their interests by bring
ing samples to S. A. RICHARDSON, Sup't.
PLUSH AND VELVET VESTINGS.—IO
patterns elegant Piu-h and velvet Vestings and
10 patterns fine Fresh Silk Mixed Cassimeres.
Just received at D. A. KAYSER'S.
Staunton, Nov. 22.
received a large supply of Virginia Cassimeres,
made in Culpeper county, suitable for Oents Spring
Suits. Call and see them. TAYLOR k HOGE.
Staunton March 13, iB6O.
UST RECEIVED.—A very ti_e^pM-_e s>
lot of all kinds of Spectacles—pla-**"* v___K
ted, steel aud gold—and all kinds of Spectacle Glas
ses, concave, convex and colored.
Staunton, Jan. 31—tf A. LANG.
TO ALL WHOM IT MAY CONCERN.-
Our accounts are now drawn off" to the Ist of Jan
uary last; and we hope those knowing themselves in
debted will oome forward and pay up at once.
Staunton, Feb. 21. TAYLOR <_ HOGE.
SOMETHING EX-JRA.—Just received a fine
article of Lvnchburg SMOKING TOBACCO, tor
sale at the Tobacco House of J. B. EVANS.
Staunton, January 17.
ORSE SHOES, HORSE SHOE IRON, NAILS
and Nail Rod, just received by
WOODS & GILKESON.
Staunton, Nov. 15,1859.
AXES _-c—B doz. Superior Axes, 1 doz. Boy's
do. Also a very superior lot of axe helves just
received and for sale by WOODS k GILKESON.
Staunton, Oct. 25.
f^URS. —A few sets of very handsome Brown Rus
sia, Fitch and Sable Furs. Received and for sale
by D. A. KAYSER.
Staunton, Nov. 22; 1859.
ORN SHELLERS.—We have on hand four
different varieties of Corn Shellers and Separa
tors. WOODS k GILKESON.
Staunton, Oct. 25.
OLD DOMINION COFFEE POTS—A fresh suppiv
on hand and for sale by
Woods & gilkeson.
Staunton, Nov. 15,1859.
| *? BBLS. Molasses and Syrup, just received by
Y*t TAYLOR k HOGE.
Staunton, Oct. 11,1859.
O ELF-HEATING SMOOTH IRONS—for sale by
O WOODS k GILKESON.
Staunton, Nov. 15,1859.
WAITERS.— Several handsome sets of Waiters.
Also single do. for sale by
Staunton. Oct. 25. WOODS k GILKESON.
ALL kinds of Iron Machinery fitted up at the work
Shop of the Staunton Foundry.
Sep.l3, 1859. A. J. GARBER k CO.
FOR Hats, Caps, and every style of Gents' Furnish
ing Goods, call at J. POLLITZ'S
Staunton. Oct. 11,1859. Clothing Ho*asn
QOFAS—A new lot Sofas, just to hand, very cheap
O Staunton, July 19, '69. A. D. CHANDLER.
STAUNTON, VIRGINIA, TUESDAY, APRIL 3, 1860.
Not Lost Forever.
Not lost forever, though on earth we've parted!
Not lost forever, though we meet no more!
They do not wander lone and broken hearted,
Who see Heaven's radiance on the further shore.
Not lost forever! every gentle token
That memory wins me from the far away,
Shall fill my soul, though all our ties are broken,
With tender grace, that never can decay.
Not lost forever! while around me springing,
The violets weep, the roses blush and bloom;
And summer birds, in summer woodland singing,
Flood with soft music all the tranquil gloom.
There will be meaning in the stars, the flowers,
The grand and solemn voices of the sea,
Telling of happy dreams and happy hours,
When life was sunshine, which it caught from thee.
Not lost forever! Thou shalt still be near me,
Through every fortune and in every clime;
When cares oppress, or gentle memories cheer me,
Thou Bhalt be with me, dearest, all the time !
A N Y.
A Practical Joke.
Original in character as he was in mind, Mike
Walsh did not affect the society of profound
wits and punsters, but found bis companions
principally in the patrons of taverns, of every
description ; and to an admiring crowd of listen
ers, who understood and appreciated him, be
would perform the part of Yorick, full of infinite
jest and humor. Perhaps the greatest of all his
performances in the way of "sells" was the cel
ebrated "Frank McLaughlin" hoax, which kept
this city in a fever of excitement for nearly a
week, and found its way to California, where it
was highly successful. The history of tbe hoax
may be interesting to others tban those who
have been its victims, and it shall be given as
nearly as we can recall the exact fact.
In Bayard Street, near Mott, a Democratic
politician, named Manus Kelly, kept a tavern,
which was frequented by a number of young and
old men out of employment, and among the
number, Mike Walsh was a constant and perma
nent sitter. A poor, miserable fellow, by the
name of Frank McLaughlin, who was unfortu
nately addicted to strong drink, was a lounger
around the place, and one day, in a conversa
tion witn Walsh regretted the hard luck that
seemed so follow him in everything he attempt
ed to accomplish. Mike told him that such talk
was all nonsense, and said that he would prove
to him that iv oue week he would be the most
popular man in New York, and would have
more people inquiring for him than any man in
the city. Poor Frank did not understand what
Mike meant, but his words brought an early ful
filment. It was the period of the California ex
citement, when letters were arriving in this city
trom the first adventures, and Mike conceived
the idea of starting a story of the arrival of
Frank McLaughlin from California witb a trunk
lull of letters. The scheme was caucussed in
Kelley's tavern, and Walsh started down to the
Ivy Green to post up the barkeeper on his hoax.
The point was, if any one inquired for Frank
McLaughlin, for the barkeeper to say that he
had just left for a neighboring drinking shop.—
For two days Mtke traveled over the city to the
different public houses, repeating the story un
til everything was in readiness. The first inqui
rers came to Kelley's, having been sent there by
Walsh, who would inform every acquaintance"
that he "just left Frank McLaughlin, from Cali
fornia, who had brought a letter addressed to
As there were many thousands in this city
who had friends in the Golden State, the bait
took admirably, and as the inquirers came to
Kelley's they would be sent to the Ivy GreeD,
to the Carlton House, to the Franklin House, un
til they were thoroughly exhausted, or some
one in the joke relieved them from further search.
It was estimated that nearly five thousand per
sons were looking for Frank McLaughlin at one
time in this city, and men, women, and even
children, were engaged in the hunt. Judges of
our Courts, Ministers of the Gospel, all classes
of society were crazy to find Frank McLaughlin
and receive their letters from California. John
Van Buren was among the number who inquired
at the Ivy Green if "Frank McLaughlin was
in ?" "No ;he left here about five minutes a
go," waa the reply. "Well, that is consoling,"
returned John. "He left the Carlton ten min
utes ago, and I am five minutes behind him
here; well, I've gained five minutes on him any
how !" and away went John to give way for the
next customer. — N. Y. Leader.
The Magic Box.
A housekeeper's affairs had for a long time
been becoming very much entangled, and the
poor woman knew not what to do to get out ot
After a time she bethought herself of a wise
old hermit, who lived in the neighborhood, and
to him she repaired for advice. She related to
him all her troubles, saying :
"Things go on badly enough; nothing propo
pers in doors or out; pray sir, can you not devise
some remedy for my misfortune?''
The hermit —a shrewd, rosy old man—begged
her to wait, and retiring to an inner chamber of
his eel', after a short time he brought out a curi
ous looking box carefully tied up.
"Take this," said he, 'Sand keep it for one
year; but you must, three times a day and three
times a night, carry it into the kitchen, the cel
lar and the stable and set it down in each corn
er. I answer for if, that shortly yon will find
things improve. But be sure at the end of the
year to bring back the box. Now, farewell."
The good woman reoeived the box with many
thanks and bore it carefully home. The next
day, as she was carrying it into the cellar she
met a servant who had been secretly drawing a
pitcher of beer. As she went a little later into
the kitchen, she found a maid taking a supper of
omlets. In the stable, she disoovend deep in
mire, the best cow standing, and the horse un
curried, had hay instead of oats. So every day
she discovered aud corrected some new faults.
At the end of the year, she, faithful to her
promise, carried the magic box back to the her
mil, and besought him to allow her to keep it,
as it had a most wondorful effect.
"Only let me keep it one year longer, and I
am sure all will be remedied."
The hermit smiled and replied, "I cannot allow
you to keep the box, but the secret that is hid
den within you shall have."
He opened the box, and lo! it contained noth
ing but a slip of paper, on which was written
"Would you thrive most prosperously
Yourself must every corner see."
Rules fob Going to Sleep.—l. Fix yonr
thoughts on some one thing. If you can't do
that, fix them on two things. Fix ''em ! Yoo
can easily unfix after you once get to sleep.
2. Don't go to bed with your head against
the foot-board or your feet dangling on the floor.
It disturbs the electric currents.
3. A writer recommends to suspend a bass
drum over your head within reach, and pound
on it with your fist. It will induce sound sleep.
4. Rolling the eyeballs is good except for
blind people, it may do permanent injury to their
sight. Rolling out of bed may be substitnted in
5. The danger of falling asleep lies principally
in the distance you fall. Those who are subject
to such falls should have a rope ladder conve
nient to climb back again on.
6. Dining late is a poor way of anodyning.—
In order to fall asleep each night with dispatch
don't eat anything the day previous.— Sandusky
Theodore Hook was walking in the days of
Warren's blacking, where one of the emissaries
of that shining character had written on the
wall, "Try Warren's B," but had been
frightened from his propriety and fled. "The
rest is 'lacking," said the wit.
Historical Evidences of the Truth of the
We presume that our readers are not aware
how rapidly and how remarkably evidence to
establish the truth of the Scripture records, is
being brought forth from tbe monumental and
other remains of tho buried past.
Had the foresight and wisdom of man been
employed, from the building of Babylon to the
fall of the Roman Empire, to collect and pre
serve from age to age such testimonials as might
meet and confute the skepticism of the preseut
day iv regard to the truthfulness of the histori
cal portions of the Bible, it would not have pro
duced so deep an impression upon our age as
what God has so wonderfully preserved, and un
expectedly produced, when needed most, to con
found all skepticism, aud coufirm the faith of
The assault which has >been made by the
learning and subtlety of the German infidelity
upon the credibility of the Scripture narrative,
ha_ ended as every previous attack upon Chris
tianity has done, in establishing its truthfulness
more clearly aud firmly than betore. Unbelief
is continually stirrtd up to fre_h attempts, in
order to show, asU wodd seem, that at every
point the system of Christ is absolutely invul
A lew years, poly have passed since these
treasures ot the ancient world,, which so com
pletely, because undesignedly, prove the truth
fulness of Scripture bi-tory, were entirely un
known, and when first discovered they were
eagerly seized upon, as the very weapons where
with to destroy the credibility of the Bible.—
Theshouts of triumph with which the celebrated
Zodiac ot Dendora wss hailed by the infidel phi
losophy ot Europe, because upon its first super
ficial examination it was thought to sweep away,
the whole chronology of the Scripture narrative,
have scarcely had time to die away before Chris
tiauity has won for herself, and beyond all fear
of future reversal of the world's verdict, the
whole field of evidence, as drawu from the au
thentic records of every great empire of the an
cient world. Assyria, Babylon, Egypt Persia
aud Phoenicia have come forth from their tombs,
at the bidding of Christian science, and testify
in the clearest manner to the truthfulness of
those records which form the historical basis of
the Christian system.
One of the most impressive proofs of the gen
uineness of the books of the Bible, is derived
trom the late miuute and accurate investigation
of travelers in Palestine. Such is the minute
faithfulness of the Sacrtd Story, in all things
connected with external things, that it forms the
best possible hand book for the tourist, aod no
candid man iv traversing that portion of the
East with the Bible in his hand, can escape the
conviction that its writers lived among and were
perfectly familiar with the scenes wbich they
Every great feature of the scene .remains and
presents itself to the eye of the modern traveler,
precisely as they were, described by Moses and
David and the Prophet?, and with the exception
ot the cities and towns, oue knows tbat he is
lookmg upon the very scenes which their eyes
oetield, and which they described so faithfully,
tbat they are recognized at once, after so many
centuries have passed away. The land of the
Prophets and the wondrous people, the land of
signs and wonders, remains as the writers ot
the Bible saw aud described it —the inhabitants
only are gone. Impressions equally strong in
regard to the truth of the Scriptures are derived
Irom the exhumed remains of the great empires
of the East, with which the Jewish nation stood
The Mountains of Egypt, the buried palaces of
Babylon and Nineveh, and the Persian ruins,
in connection with those ot Phoenicia, have en
abled Christian scholars to reproduce the his
tory, and even tbe aspt-ct—tboTjiaiinersand cus
toms of a past which reaches almost to the Del
uge, and with the history of those ages, that of
the Jewish people and their records has been
found so interwoven, that the truthfulness of
sacred history must be admitted, or all ancient
history must be abondoned at once as false.—
To deny the credibility of the Old Testament
writers is not now to reject the Bible only, but
it is to declare the state records of every ancient
empire false. Ol course, meu in the enjoyment
of right reason, must not be expected to make
this monstrous assumption, and therefore, as we
have said, the truth of the Bible is far more
firmly established than ever. Nor must we
forget that the proof of the historical accuracy
of these writers, in the circumstances in which
they wrote, carries with it the truthfulness of
their doctrines, unless we are prepared to be
lieve that a perfect historical accuracy is con
nected with hypocrisy and dishonesty in doc
Death of English Kings and Queens. —Wil-
liam the Conqueror died from enormous fat,
from drink and Irom violence of his passion.—
WHliain liutus died the death of the poor stags
that he hunted. Henry the First died of glut
tony. Henry the Second died of a broken heart,
occasioned by the bad conduct of his children.
Richard Cceur de Leon died by an arrow from
au archer. John died, nobody knows how, but
it is said of chagrin, which is another term lor a
dose of hellebore. Henry the Third is said to
have died a natural death. Edward the First is
likewise said to have died of a natural sickness
—a sickness which would puzzle all the college
of physicians to demonstrate. Edward the Se
cond was most barbarou*ly and indecently mur
dered by ruffians employed by his own mother
and paramour. Edward the Third died of do
tage ; and Richard the Second of starvation.—
Henry the Fourth is is said to have died of fits
cansed by "uneasiness," and uneasiness in those
times was a very common complaint. Henry
the Fifth is said to have died of painful affliction
prematurely. This is a country phrase for get
ting rid of a King. Henry the Sixth died in
prison by means known only to the jailor. Ed
ward Fifth was strangled in the tower by his
uncle Riohard the Third. Richard the Third
was killed in battle. Henry the Seveuth wasted
away as a miser to jlo ; and Henry the
Eighth died of carbuncles, fat and forty; while
Edward the Ninth died ot decline. Queen Mary
is said to have died of a "broken heart." Old
Qneen Bess is said to have died of melancholy,
from haviug sacrificed Essex to her enemies.—
James the First died ol drinkiDg. He died of
vice. Charles the first died on the scaffold, and
Charles the Second died suddenly it is said of
appoplexy. James tbe secoud died of old age
aud sorrow. William the Third died of con
sumptive habits of body, and the effects of vil
lainy. Queen Anu died from her attachments
to "strong water," or in other words, from
drunkenness, whioh her physicians politely call
ed an appoplectic fit. George the Second died
of a rupture of the her rt. George the Third
died as he lived —a madman. Throughout life
he was it least a consistent monarch. George
the Fourth died of gluttony and drunkenness.
Awful Alternative. —The last will of a
queer old miser who hasjustdied is much talked
of at Vienna. He cut off all his nearest rela
tives, and made a very distant one, an extreme
ly handsome young girl, sole heiress of his con
siderable property. So far there is nothing ex
traordinary ; but there is a condition added to it.
The testator was a hunchback, and had a club
foot, which defects probably had obstrncted
many attempts of his to marry. He has made
it, therefore, a condition, sine qua non, that the
heiress is to get the property only when she
marries a man shaped as he was. She is, be
sides, to live in a convent three months in each
year to pray for his soul. The heirs-at-!aw
have attacked this odd last will, on the plea that
when it was made the testator must evidently
have been mad. As there is, however, no
equity of jurisdiction in Austria, they may find
their task not an easy one.
QUEET FOR LaWYFBS.—
If in a shindy or a rout
John Doe, should tear a piece from out
Jack Roe's unmentionables.
Query—in such a case as this,
What course should each pursue?
Should Jack, John sue
For a breach of the peace,
Or for a piece of the breeches !
Old Ben Gray was an old toper, and Old Ball
was his favorite horse. Now Old Ball was Ja
famous good riding horse, and the eye of every
jockey in the neighborhood had been attracied
by his fine points; but old Ben knew the value
of Old Ball too well to part with him. When
he was top-heavy what horse could carry him
so steadily as Old Ball; or, when entirely over
weighted, would so carefully select a soft, sandy
spot for the rider to fall on, and then so patient
ly wait until sleep brought sobriety? So the
efforts of the jockeys to swap or trade him out
of Old Ball had been in vain. But one day Old
Ball failed to select a spot free of stones for Old
Ben to drop on, or became impatient for his feed
aud left, or in some other way angered bis own
er, who straightway swapped with his neighbor
Jones, receiving as "boot," a "mint drop" of the
Benton stamp l and the largest denomination.—
But before the day was over Old Ben sorely re
pented himself of his trade. Besides being
•'chiseled" absolutely in the trade, how could he
get on without Old Ball? But Gray knew
Jones, and he knew Jones knew Old Ball; and
he further knew that there was no chance of
getting Old Ball back unless he played his game
Old Ben muttered his plan, and then mounted
his "Jones hos," and timed his departure from
the court-green so as to pass Jones just as he was
unhitching Old Ball from the tree to which he
had been tied during the day. Reining in his
horse, he drawled out.
"Oh, Mr. Jones, this morning when I was a
tradin' Old Ball to you, I reckon I was a little
drunk, and I didn't tell you of one of Old Ball's
tricks. Now I don't want anybody hurt by
anything I have done ; and now I just want to
tell yon ef ever you come to a river and Old
Ball takes a notion to lie down in tho water,
just you get right off, for Old Ball's a gwine to
do it certain."
Jones, of course, declared himself cheated in
the trade, and claimed draw backs for damages.
But Old Ben said he only warranted Old Ball
sound, "an' Old Ball is jes' as sound as a Mexi
can dollar, an' jes you break him of that little
triok, an' he's jes' as good as any man's bos."
Finally, after Jones' proposal to "rue" had
been rejected by Gray, a new swap was agreed
on, the Jones hos for Old Ball even, Gray re
taining the X.
Accordingly, bridles and saddles were chang
ed, and each man mounted his own horse, when
Old Ben gave Jones another piece of information
about Old Ball.
"Mr. Jones," said he, "there's jes' one other
thing about this hos Pd like to tell you: as long
as Pve been ruling Old Ball he never yet did
take that notion ?
An Enormous Lie.—Judge M , late of
Mississippi, who has been noticed in Harper
heretofore as a gentleman remarkable for a pro
clivity to exaggerate and tell hard one
occasion was seated in front of the principal ho
tel in Clinton, amusing a group of gentlemen
with his peculiar narratives, when he delivered
himself as follows:
"Gentlemen, in East Tennessee, where I was
raised, I knew a man who had the most aston
ishing strength in his jaws and teeth of any man
that ever lived. I saw him once standing on
the sunny side of a barn, with his old wool hat
under his arm, filled with black walnuts, and he
just put them in his month and cracked them as
easily as one of you could crack a chestnut I"
The auditors exchanged looks of incredulity.
A quizical and facetious blade known as Ken
tuck Sachelford, was present, and heard the
Judge's story, aud remarked:
"No doubt, Judge of the truth of all you have
said. Some men are remarkably strong ! Now
in South Carolina, where I lived, oue of my
neighbors was noted for the extraordinary mus
cular strength of his arm. I remember to have
seen him take a hard pine kuot, place it in the
hollow of his arm at the elbow, and by sudden
ly bringing his fore-arm upward, he split the
knot into splinters and pressed out all the tur
pentine in a stream I"
The narrative of Kentuck was received with
peals of laughter. Judge M became in
dignant, and springing to bis feet with clench
ed list and flaming eyes, exclaimed :
"Kentuck, that's an enormous lie /"
An Englishman, full as a nut of the English
phlegm of au EnglismaD, was traveling on a cer
tain railroad, when a sudden halt and loud re
port informed the passengers that some accident
had happened. Every one rushed out, of course,
to see what was the matter, except Mr. Phlegm,
who sat tranquilly, as if not at all interested in
anything beyond the halo of his own thoughts.
Presently a person came up and informed him
tbat the engine had burst its boiler.
Then came another saying that there were fif
teen persons killed.
But finally tbe third messenger rushed up in
great haste and said:
"Mv dear sir, your valet has been blown into
a hundred pieces!"
"Awe I Just bring me the piece that contains
the key to my portmanteau /"
The Difference.—The Blandon (Miss.) Re
publican fairly bits the insincerity of the Dem
ocracy touching the Slavery question, in the for*
lowing rongh but lively epigram :
John Sherman, to prove you're bad,
But one remark suffices—
You endorsed Helper's Book
Called "The Impending Crisis "
John Letcher, you once endorsed
Rufrner's abolition opinion;
But you were a Democrat John,
And now Gov'nor of the Old Dominion.
John Sherman's a devil John Letcher's a saint-
John Letcher's a Sherman ain't.)
Very.—An apparently unsophisticated youth
went into one of our saloons a few days ago and
asked for something to appease his hunger.—
The keeper gave him a very good dinner, after
which the youth said :
"If you ever come up our way, call."
"That won't do; your dinner is a quarter."
"Oh I hain't got any money, but if you ever
come up to Aleganey county, I'll give you a bet
ter dinner for nothing."
"Why," said the keeper, "you are very cool."
'Why, yes, I'm a cool ohap, so much so that
my mother makes me stand in the pantry during
the hot weather, to keep the meat from spoiling J"
A yonng man visiting a prison in Maine, in
quired of some of the prisoners the cause of their
being in such a place. At last he asked a small
girl the cause of her being in prison. Her an
swer was "that she stole a saw-mill, and went
back after the pond and was arrested." The
young man left, immediately.
The idea that a plodder in one business will
be a leading character in another, is all gammon.
Droves of men are like droves of cattle ; the lead
ing ox of to-day will be the leading ox during
the whole of the journey—while the cattle that
lag along in the rear at the start, remain in the
rear to all eternity. ?"
"If you marry," 6aid a Roman Consul to his
son, "let it be a woman who has judgment and
industry enough to cook a meal of victuals for
you ; taste enough to dress neatly ; pride enough
to wash before breakfast, and sense enough to
hold her tongue."
An idle man once asked a coal merohant what
a peck of coal multiplied by eight, divided by
four, with a ton added to them, and a bushel
subtracted would come to. "Well," said the
coal merchant, "if yon burn 'em, they'll come to
Before and After. —A henpecked husband
writes : "Before marriage I fancied wedded
life would be all sunshine; but afterwards I
found out that it was all moonshine."
The best dowry to advance the marriage of a
yooDg lady, is when she has in her countenance
mildness, in her speech wisdom, in her behavior
modesty, in her life virtue.
For the Spectator.
We have been attentive observers of the Judi
cial canvass and have seen with regret the
friends of Mr. Fultz depart from the track
marked out for them with so much skill by their
leader. In a late number of the Spectator we
see a communication signed "Quid," which, if
followed np, is likely to loose us our only chance
for ousting Judge Thompson. Therefore it is
that we lameut the abandonment of "the cry of
persecution," and the assumption by "Quid" of
a defiant attitude, an attitude in which we can
not stand a moment. Take away from us the
cry of "the lawyers are trying to rule the people,"
and our project of beating Judge Thompson is
at an end. What else have we to electioneer
upon ? Is Mr. Fultz's character, private or pub
lic, better tban Judge Thompson ? Is he a bet
ter lawyer or an abler man ? Has he had the
same practical experience? We are obliged to
answer "No" to all these queries, and we are
then reduoed to the only remaining argument
for Mr. Fultz, that he is a year younger than
the Judge, and therefore more capable of per
forming the arduous duties pertaining to the
station. This argument is certainly a tower of
strength to its possessors; but even with it, I
doubt the policy and wisdom of throwing away
"persecution," which, if the youth of Mr. Fultz
is the sword, is certainly the shield of our war
fare. "Quid's" communication shows the dan
ger of allowing the rank and file to do anything
but vote, and if he persists in writing, there can
be but one result, and it will not take the eye of
a prophet to descry defeat for Mr. Fult_. No,
such zeal as his must be taken charge of by the
friends of our cause and not allowed an outlet
but at the ballot-box. We cannot suffer head
long warmth like this to smother our plans—
rather loose "Quid's" vote.
The tiue plan, (and we think Mr. Fultz's mas
terly card justifies us in proposing it) is, to al
low no one to write for the newspapers unless
after consultation with him; and we would
add, allowing him three or four days for mature
deliberation : thus we would carry on tbe war
with an unbroken front, touching elbows as it
were, and ready to advance or retreat as our
leader directs. If suoh discipline as this be ob
served, success awaits us, never cause failed yet
with such arguments as ours well handled. The
weapons lay at our feet, let us use them and let
us at the same time beware how we trust them
to unskillful hands. Bath.
P. S. I was about to mail this when the last
Spectator came to hand, and I find our friends
"Junius" and "A Countryman" have forestalled
my advice by their communications: but for
fear their rebuke may be too delicate to produce
the desired effect upon some of our well-mean
ing friends, judging from their writings, I think
it better to send this.
March 23d, 1860.
An Assassin Host.—ln the village of Celles,
in France, situated upon the banks of the Loire,
is a small inn entirely isolated from any other
habitation, and a good quarter of a mile from the
town. The proprietor of the inn and of the field
which extends before it, after having made use
less attempts to prevent the laying of a rail
way near the house, offered at last to under
take himself at his own expense the necessary
work of digging up the earth and making the
embankments upon his ground. The reasons for
bis persistent efforts, although not at first under
stood, were, however brought to light. No
sooner was the spade put iv the earth than the
workman discovered first one dead body, then a
second, a third, and finally one at the foot of ev
ery tree growing in the field. This startling dis
covery that revealed at once so many crimes,
raised the publio voice and provoked an investi
gation; the inn-keeper, upon whom rested old
suspicions and old stories of travellers having
suddenly disappeared, feigned great indignation,
and at once denounced his accusers. But his
daughter, who had hung herself a few months
before without any apparent cause; the strange
rapidity of his fortune; the many efforts to pre
vent the construction of the road through the
field; the condition of the bodies discovered,
some evidently quite recently buried, and bear
ing upon them proofs of the crimes committed ;
all these circumstances combined to lead to the
Immediate arrest ot the inn-keeper and his fam
ily. It appears that for more than thirty years
the more common sort of travellers, and espe
cially pedlars, were in the habit of stopping at
this inn, attracted to it by the cheapness of the
price; and they had then, it would seem, been
assassinated in the night and despoiled of their
stock or money.
It is truly an atrocious discovery, and one
which has excited the greatest horror and fear
throughout the neighborhood.— Translated from
A Genius of a Botcher.—ln one of the
market houses of Philadelphia is a genius of a
butcher. Beneath his sleeves and apron he
wears the costliest broadcloth—none of the in
ferior grades, but the finest production of French
looms. His linen is as faultless as his exterior
garments, while the glisteniug surface of his
marble counters is no less striking than the gloss
iness of his hat and boots. Iv the centre of his
shirt bosom sparkles a siDgle diamond—a stone
of six carats weight, and of the first water. —
Upon the little linger of his left hand glitters a
circlet of diamonds six in number, whose aggre
gate value is considerably more than that of the
garniture of his shirt bosom. His complexion
is a clear red and white —just that style of com
plexion which Parisian ladies produce by dainty
commixture of carmine and bismuth. He is a
man of fine physique, and has an avoirdupois
of about two hundred pounds. His address is
polished, and his manners courtly and suave.—
He commenced life without a dollar, and is now
taxed for some $30,000 in real estate, yet is as
polite and deferential to his customers as on the
day he first embarked in tiie business of con
verting quarters ot beef into chops and sirloins.
A benevolent lady of large fortune first noticed
him, and placed at his disposal a fund upon
which he has raised the superstructure of his
present fortune. He is now rapidly advancing
in wealth, and will probably retire upon the
eighth of a million. And all through the influ
euce of that specific against adversity—-Polite
Wealth of Old Romans. —According to
Cicero the debts of A. Milo amounted to above
$28,000,000, Julius Cfflsar, when setting out for
Spain, is reported to have said himself, that he
was $10,000,000 worse than nothing. When
he first entered Rome, after crossing the Rubi
con, he took from tho public treasury $5,500,-
--000, but at the end of the civil war put over
$24,000,000 in it. He purchased the friendship
of Curio with a bribe of oyer $2,500,000, and of
the Consul L. Paulus, with half that sum. Cras
sus was worth in real estate, over $8,000,000,
and abont as much in money, furniture and
slaves. Seneca was worth over $20,000,000. —
Leutulus, the augur, over $16,000,000. Augus
tus raised by the testaments of his friends nearly
$161,000,000. Tiberius left at his death nearly
$109,000,000, which Caligula spent in less than
one year; and Vespasian at his succession, said
tbat he required tor the support of the State o
ver $1,614,000,000. Nevertheless, though great
ly enriched by her conquests, imperial Rome
never came into the full inheritance of the chief
wealth of the East, and the larger quantity of
the precious metals must have remained exclu
ded from the calculations of ancient historians.
A Singular Clause.—The will of Governor
Blatchett, ot Plymouth, Massachusetts, proved
in 1784, contains the following singular clause :
"I desire my body to be kept so long as it
may not be offensive, and that one of my toes or
fingers may be cut off to secure a certainty of
being dead. I further request my dear wife,
that as she has been troubled with one old fool,
she will not think of marrying a second."
On a tombstone in a ohuroh-yard io Ulster,
England, is the following epitaph : —Erected to
the memory of John Phillips, accidentally shot
as a mark of affection by his brother."
My German friend, how long have you been
married ? Vel, dis is a ting vat I seldom dont
like to talk about, but yen I does it seems so
long as it never vas.
For the Spectator, j
To My Fellow-Citizens of the Connty ofl
Fellow-citizens: —It is one ot the glorious
privileges of our free institutions that no individ
ual however humble his condition, is excluded
from aspiring to any office in the gift of the
people. The high and the low, the rich and the
poor, the man of qualifications a_d he without
any, alike st»nd upon the same broad platform,
For many long years I have desired to serve
!my fellow-citizeus in some public capacity ; aDt
as they will in May next be called upon tQ cas
their .nffrages for individuals to till the variou
important offices, I have thought that th<
chances of my being elected then will beasgoot
as at auy future time, and I therefore, thus jmb
licly, without consultation and entirely on in;
own responsibility, announce myself a candidaU
The only difficulty presenting itself, is the selec
tion of tbe office best suited to my abilities,
at one time entertained the idea of offering fo
the Judgeship in the 12th District; bnt as Mi
Fultz bus been brought out by "Many Farmers'
in opposition to Judge Thompson, to save both
of them the mortification ot a defeat, I have
concluded to let them try their strength before!
the people. In some respects the Clerkship 1
would suit me admirably—being a ready pens
man, and not entirely unaccustomed to draw
ing up instruments of writing ; but in the event
ot my election, I would be compelled to removej
to Staunton, and as my wife thinks that as she!
and tbe children have been raised in the couutryJ
and as it would take them a long time to beocidfl
familiar with city customs and manners, she tfl
ters her protest against such a move. The sanfl
objection lies in the way of the Sheriffalty ; bJ
from some hints casually thrown out, I believefl
little persuasion would reconcile her to my hefl
ing a candidate for that office. And here pt fl
mil me to say that as the candidates for tbis < tlitfl
have promptly responded to the interrogatorifl
propounded and defined their positions, to prfl
vent any misconception, I wi 1 very briefly stafl
the rule by which I will be governed. 1 liafl
never, by word or otherwise, mentioned a s_fl
lable to any one in regard to my being a eaudH
date; and I can with equal truth say that fl
one has ever intimated the subject to me: ]
that I am perfectly free and untrammeled, atfl
as the people seem to have a dread of the <>fl
Deputies, in the event of my election, I woqfl
not touch one of them with a ten foot
And as perhaps some curiosity may be exciifl
in regard to my Deputies, and to prevent beifl
annoyed by the application of individuals I
ride under me, I will here state that it is iH
intention to make my selections from tho <fl
feated candidates, dividing the time as equa'.fl
between them as I can. The people I thitfl
will not object to this, for a worthier set of t_\
lows and freer from all entangling alli.mcfl
could never be found. I will not detain yofl
with remarks upon Commissioners of the lie fl
nue, Constable, or Overseer of tbe Poor. fl
After a full and free conversation with nfl
wife, she has yielded all her objections to livinfl
in town, and 1 submit my claims to my fellow J
citizens, to place me in such office as they mafl
deem proper. Should it be their pleasure iM\
call me to preside over the 12th Judicial Dis-'
trict, in the language of Mr. Fultz, I pledge my
self to awake the "--leeping docket," if such a
thing exists. If elected Clerk, the same rule
will govern me, as the one iv regard to the
Sheriffalty. If Commissioner of the Revenue, I
will at the proper time enter upon the duties of
the office. If Constable, leniency and mercy
will be mingled with strict justice; and if Over
seer of the Poor, the poor in all cases requiring
attention shall be attended to, and all monies
placed in my hands for their benefit, shall be
promptly and faithfully applied to their relief.—
Like the Judiciary, the opinion is entertained
by some, that there is a sort of "sleeping docket"
attached to this institution ; if so, it too ought
to be aroused from its slumbers, and it will be
my aim to aid in the accomplishment of so de
sirable an end, and I pledge myself to use till
ray endeavors to bring about, and that speedily,
such a reformation in the working of this whcle
machinery as will gratly enuro to the benefit of
the whole county.
Fellow-citizens, I am done—-my case is before
you—do with me as you may see fit; and be
assured, that on this, as on all occasion.-, I will,
in the language ot the immortal Henry, bow
with the utmost deference to the majesty of the
people. Jonas Offioe-Seekei*.
For the Spectator.
Messrs. Editors: —Your valuable paper comes
regularly, and for the last 60 days almost every
number contains some enquiry of the candidates
for the office of Sheriff whether they will "puy
over all monies coming into their hands without
equivocation or delay," or whether "the present
High Sheriff or any of his deputies will be era
ployed by him in the event he is successful."—
We had been hoping and believing that the pres
ent officer and his deputies were managing the
business to the satisfaction of those concerned ;
but judging from the tone of the numeroos calls
ou the candidates to announce themselves for the
office, and the interrogatories propounded to
those who are candidates, we have come to the
conclusion that the Sheriff is inefficient and that
his deputies (the Jailor included) ere not worthy
to be continued, the ready response of the can
didates sanctioning the idea. Will some one
who is aggrieved, if there be any, come out and
inform the people of the malfeisance or misfei
sance of the principal or any of his deputies?—
Let an issue be made ; make the charge directly ;
give them an opportunity to rid themselves ot
the suspicion cast on them. They are honora
ble men, we believe, and the man who stabs an
official in tbe dark, or skulks behind an auouy
tnous name to insinuate a calumny is unworthy
the name of a gentleman. We want to be in
formed on the subjeot, and to act accordingly.
How to tell Good Flour. —First, look at the
color; if it is white, with a slightly yellowish or
tint, buy it. If it is very white,
with a bluish cast or with black specks in it, re
fuse it. Second, examine its adhesiveness ; wet
aiul knead a little of it between your fingers; if
it works soft aud is sticky, it is poor. F!<ur
from spring wheat is likely to be sticky. Third,
throw a lump of dry flour against a dry, smooth,
perpendicular surface ; if it falls like powder it
is bad. Fourth, squeeze some of the flour in
your hand ; if it retains the shape given'by the
pressure, that too is a good sign. Floor • that
will stand all these tests is safe to buy. These
modes are given by old flour dealers, and we
make no apology for printing them, as they per
tain to a matter that concerns everybody, name
ly, the quality of the staff of Hie.
Queer Female Customs.—A New York cor
respondent, in referriug to some queer customs
among the ladies of the metropolis, speaks of the
almost universal habit of chewing gum, and
adds: "Another custom is tho chewing of a
small aromatic seed called the caromel; it is
quite costly, bringing the round sum of $2 per
pound. The ladies have their pockets full, and
use it inordinately. It haa a pungent, biting
taste, not unlike a modified or subdued pepper
The use of lavender is also quite common, as la
dies say it adds to the brilliancy of the eyes—if
not to glibness of the tongue. Arsenic is usod
to make the complexion more brilliant. Ether
is not wholly excluded from the arsenal of those
who resolve to defend themselves against the
assaults of time; and painting is quite as com
mon as dressing the hair."
Crinoline and Ammonia.—-At a scientific
meeting in Edinburgh, a crinoline dress has been
exhibited, one-half of which had been immeised
in a solution of sulphate of ammonia, in order to
test its non-combustibility. On a light having
been applied to the crinoline, the part of it which
hnd.not been steepedfin the solution was at once
enveloped in flames, but the only effect which the
light had on the other part was to char it. This
was considered a satisfactory experiment, and it
was stated that as ammonia was only 2d. per
pound, it was accessible to the humblest jjjass
It was stated that the crinoline used in the royal
establishment, was steeped in a totally different
solution, but that its co-it prevented its general
use, and that the cheaper solution was equally
efficacious. M <•