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JOS. A. WADDELI-, 1
L. WADDELL, Jr., >Proprietors.
RICHARD MAUZY, i
Sif The' 'SPECTA TOR" is published once a week
at Two Dollars and fifty Gents a year, which may be
discharged by the payment of Two Dollars at any time
within the year. No subscription will be discontinued
but at the option of the Editors, until allarrearages are
AD VERTISEMENTS often lines (or lets,) inserted
three times for one dollar, and twenty-Jive cents for each
tubsequentconiinuance. Larger advertisements inserted
in the same proportion.
A liberal discount made to those who advertise by the
Professional Garde, not exceeding seven lines, will be
inserted for one year for $5 00—6 months for $8 00.
Onesquare, (tenlines)... .1 year $8 00
" " 6 months 5 00
" " 8 " 300
Two squares 1 year 12 00
" " 800
" " Z " 500
Three squares 1 year 15 00
" " 6 months 1000
««. " 8 r ?°o
One third column 1 year 18 00
" " " 6 months 12 00
« " " 8 " BQO
One column 1 year 60 00
" " 6 months 80 00
All advertising for a less time than threemonths,will
be charged for at the usual rates— sl 00 per square for
the first three insertion*, and twenty-five cents for each
tubseauent issue. „
FASHIONABLE TAILORS, «*-|a
Opposite the Marble Yard, \vk
Main St., Staunton, Va. •-■-*-■-
--WOULD inform their friends and the public gen
erally that they are now prepared to execute
work entrusted to them in the neatest and most fash
As they bave had the practice of six years as CUT
TERS -key feel continent of pleasing all who may
favour them with their custom, and they hope by
prompt attention to business to merit a liberal share
Staunton, Sep. 6,1859.
JAS. H. MCVEIGH. BDGAB T. MCVEIGH.
JAS. H. McVEIGH & SON.,
(Successors to McVeigh k Chamberlain,)
AND DEALERS IN
Liquors, Wines, Tobacco, Segars, &€.,
PRINCE STREET WHARF,
Western Virginia *
MARBLE WORKS, M A
AT STAUNTON |](1P II
MARQUIS _ KELLEY. MM
Staunton, April 7, 1858.
GEO. 11. COCHBAN. JAMBS COCHBAN.
COCHRAN & COCHRAN,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW,
WILL practice their profession in all the Courts of
Augusta and tbe Circuit Court* of Bath and
Highland. Strict attention will' be given to all busi
ness entrusted to their care.
Aug. 24, 1858.
' POWELL HARRISON,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
Wf ILL practice in tb c Courts of Augusta and High
jg/T He may be found at his office, adjoining the
Dec. 9, 1857.
A . SMITH Manufacturer of S%M\
• Ladies'- Shoes of all descrip- _r W_
tions, keeps a large stock constantly on <-____»— JO
hand and offers tbem at very reasonable prices. Also
MISSES' and CHILDREN'S SHOES. His stand is
next doob to thb Post Office. Patronage is res
Stauntop, May 17, 1859.
QUY 8b WADDELL.,
REAL ESTATE AGENTS,
BUYERS AND SELLERS will find it to their ad
vantage to call at their office in the Brick pabt
or thb Old Bell Tavebn.
Staunton, Sep. 6,1859.
G_ O. YEAKLE, \
CLOCKS, WATCHES AND JEWELRY,
SILVER AND PLATED WARE,
Opposite Va. Hotel, Staunton, Va.
Staunton, Aug. 30, 1859.
J. M. HANGER
ATTORNEY AT LAW, STAUNTON, VA.,
WILL practice in all the Courts held in Staunton,
and in the Circuit Courts of Albemarle aod
ckingbam. Office in the brick-row, ia the rear of
Staunton, Dec. 30, 1857.
JEWELRY, CLOCKS WATCHES, &C„
Main St., Staunton, Va.
g__P Watches and Jewelry Repaired.
Staunton, Jan. 17.
JOHN C. MICHIE,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
WARM SPRINGS, BATH COUNTY, VA.,
WILL practice in the Courts of Bath, Highland,
Pocabontas and Augusta. f__ r ~ All business
entrusted to him will be promptly attended to.
March 13, 1860.—-6 mo.
DOCTOR JAMES B. GILKESON-Having
mcated in Staunton, tenders his professional ser
vice-* to the public. He may be found, when not pro
essionaily engaged, at the "room over the Saddle and
Harness establishment of Mr. G. H. Elick, nearly op
posite the Post Offlce.
Staunton Feb. 8.1859—tf.
A. J_>. CHANDLER,
KEEPS METALIC CASES of all sizes, at Staun
ton and Millborough Depot, at City Prices.
Staun ton, July 19, 1859.
R. L. DOYLE;
Attorney at Law, Staunton, Va.,
WILL practice in the Courts ef Augusta, Rock
bridge, Bath and Highland.
WIRE GOODS.—Clover, Cockle and Meal
Sieves, Wove Wire, Nursery Fenders, Rat
and Mouse Traps. Just received by
Staunton, Feb. 21. WOODS k GILKESON.
HEALING WATER.-DR. W. B. YOUNG,
Druggist, has a large iot of Healing Water for
sale, and is the regular Agent for it in Staunton.
JUST RECEIVED.—The best and cheapestlow
price TOBACCO that can be found. Wholesale
or retail by JNO. B. EVANS.
Staunton, July 26,1859.
CORN MEAL--For sale in large or small quan
tities at the STAUNTON STEAM MILLS at
market prices. Apply to
May 31,59. S- A. RICHARDSON, Sup't.
PHYSICIANS can always be supplie" •*' : *ri
assortment of Medicines of the best
DR. H. S. EICHELBt
Staunton, J an. 25. '59
Swords, Sashes and Epaulets, at low >
CRAWFORD & COf
Btannton, April 12 1852.
FURS I FURS 1-15 sets of Furs just \ *
aud will be sold at a very low figure.
Staunton, Nov. 8. PIPER k FUNKHt
HANDSOME COAL GRATF. fo-
WOODS k gi: SO.S. *
Stannton, Oct. 25.
MILLER'S HEAVY GOODS-A fi-T-uppfy
tor Servants' Wear, just received by
Staunton, Oct. 11, '59. TAYLOR _ HUGE.
A BOOK FOR FARMERS.—Campbell s
Manual of Agriculture. ROBT COWAN.
Staunton, Nov. 15.
GARDEN and FLOWER SEEDS of all va
rieties. P. H. TROUT A CO.
Staunton, March 6, 1860.
FAMILY MEDICINE CHESTS—AIo Physi
cians' Saddle Bags for sale at
Staunton, March 18. P. H. TROUT k COS.
MUSHROOM SPAWNfor sale by
P* H. TROUT k CO.
Staunton, March 6, 1860.
SOFAS —A new lot Sofas, just to hand, very cheap
Staunton, July 19, '69. A. D. CHANDLER.
JSIC-OIWIP li ryO jP JvJt 18H0X*
FOR LIEUT. GOV.
NOTWITHSTANDING the failure of the Atlantic
Cable to come up to the expectations of some of
the knowing ones of the Old and New World, yet
GABRIEL HIRSH, one of the largest stockholders
in the concern, for the purpose of cultivating a frater
nal feeling with all mankind, has extended it as far
as the city of Staunton, where it is performing some
of the greatest achievements of the age, in the wayot
exhibiting at his old stand, on Main Street, the
largest and most complete STOCK OF GOODS ever
brought to this market. The greatest wonder, how
ever, even surpassing the operations of the Cable, are
the "CHINESE JUGGLERS," on exhibition at his
window, where the prettiest man in the country is al
ways to be found engaged in Repairing Watches
|__r The $4,000 offered some time since, ia still in
the hands of a responsible gentleman in S taun ton,ready
to be handed over to any one who will bring forward
a superior workman in his line. G. HIRSH.
Stsuunton. Oct. 19,1858—tf
FOR THE SEASON AT THE STAND
FORMERLY OCCUPIED BT
WM. T. MOUNT, Main St., Stannton, Ta
MAGNUS S. CEASE
WOULD respectfully call the attention of tbe cit
izens of Staunton and vicinity to his large and
en irely new stock of FALL GOODS, which he is now
receiving and opening, cousisting of Water, Sugar and
Soda Crackers, Ficnics, Raisins, Figs, Currants, Cit
ron, Dates, Prunes, English Walnuts, Filberts, Al
monds, Ground Nuts, Pecan Nuts, Lemons, Oranges,
Sardines, and Candies of every description.—
Also Fancy Goods, French Candies, Casks and
E__f" Wedding parties furnished at the shortest no
tice, and on the most reasonable terms.
Also Fresh Peaches, Lobsters, Pickles, Catchups,
He will sell on reasonable terms, and respectfully
solicits a share of patronage.
§__•" Candy sold at Wholesale and Retail.
Staunton, Nov. 8, 1859.
GREAT EXCITEMENT AT THE
CLOTHING HOUSE OF
(brandbbitrg's old stand.)
THOUGH the Great Eastern has met with serious
accident, vet my large and well selected stock of
FALL AND WINTER CLOTHING will abundantly
show that my cargo of Goods did arrive sately, and
includes the greatest variety of well finished clo
thing ever brought to this market.
My present stand, at Brandeburg's old Corner
and Opposite the Va. Hotel- gives a sufficiency
of room to show to my customers as nice a stock
of Clothing as can be exhibited this side ot Baltimore
and which I will sell at Baltimore City Prices.
The public are invited to examine my stock, before
purchasing elsewhere, at least all those who consid
er that "a penay saved is a penny made."
Brandeburg's old stand, Opp'te Va. Hotel.
Staunton, Oct. 11. 1859.
TANNERY. —I have this day associated my son,
Wm. B. Gallaher with me in the Tanning busi
ness in the town of Waynesboro' and the business will
' hereafter be conducted in the name of H. L. GALLA
HER k SON.
Persons indebted to my Tannery are hereby notified
to come forward and settle, aud those having claim*
against it are requested to present tbe same for pay
ment. My soa, Wm. B. Gallaher, will always be found
at the Tannery and is authorized to settle for me.
r Public patronage is solicited for the new concern.
jgir* The highest Cash price will be paid for hides,
skins, and bark at all times. H. L. GALLAHER.
Waynesboro', Oct. 4, 1859.—1y*.
DRUGS AND ifIEDICIJIfiS-
P. H. TEOUT & CO.,
ARE now receiving a large stock of
Medicines, Paints, Oils, _*c, which *MT
they bought direct from the manufacturers and Twi
importers, and are able to sell pure articles on
■ favorable terms. Tbeir stock of SDRGICAL IN
STRUMENTS is very large, embracing all instru
ments needed for town or county practice. Also the
largest supply of Fancy Abticles, Brushes, Fine
I Perfumery, Ac, ever brought to this market.
' Staunton, March 6, 1860.
APER HANGINGS.—I have ju-t received
from one of the largest manufactories of Paper
Hangings in the United States, a great variety of
samples of the latest styles of Wall Paper. Per
sons wishing to procure handsome papering at rea
sonable prices are invited to call and examine my
samples, and I can order any they may select direct
from the Manufactories; getting it here in a few days
by express; selling in this way by the sample. la
void tbe necessity of keeping a large stock on hand;
and, consequently, will be able to sell for small pro
tits —more particularly, to cash customers.
Stauntop, Feb. 28. R. COWAN.
DE FORREST, ARMSTONG, _-. CO.
DRY GOODS MERCHANTS,
80 & 82 Chambers St., N. V.,
Would notify the Trade that they are opening
weekly, in new and beautiful patterns, tbe
Wamsutta Prints, also the Amoskeag, a New Print,
which excels every Print in the Country for perfec
tion of execution and design in full Madder Colors.
Our Prints are cheaper tban any in market, and meet
ing with extentive sale. Orders promptly attended
DR. JAMES JOHNSTON, SURGICAL de
MECHANICAL DENTIST, having been located
permanently in Staunton for the last four years, would
respectfully inform his friends and the public gene
rally, that he still continues to practice Dentistry t in all
its various branches, with the strictest regard to du
rability and useiulness.
Office on the south-side of Main Street opposite the
old Spectator Office.
Staunton, Nov. 29,1854.
UrottJ_ BELLE OF THE SOUTH !»--_ix
I doz. Skeleton Skirts, ot all makes, as follows :
"Thomson's," "Sherwood's," "Moran's," and the
"Belle of the South," wnich is considered the most
graceful skirt now in use.
The above Skirts have just been received and will
be sold as low as possible.
PIPER & FUNKHOUSER.
Staunton, Mar. 6, 1860.—-Yin copy
WHEAT WANTED.—The Staunton Steam
Mills Co. will pay the highest prices in Cash
for Wheat. Farmers wishing to dispose of their
crops wiU probably consult their interests by bring
ing samples to S. A. RICHARDSON, Sup't.
NEW YORK LEDGER.—THRILLING
Tales in the New York Ledger. Hereafter I will
not sell the Ledger or Harper's Weekly on credit. —
No money—no papers. Don't ask for credit on pa
pers. ROBT. COWAN.
Staunton, Jan. 3,1860.
J»t__- _--_■«**-.-.!_-_ A
lot of all kinds of Spectacles— * ***"*■*--
ted, steel and gold—and all kinds of Spectacle Glas
ses, concave, convex and colored.
Staunton, Jan. 31—tf A. LANG.
ROUND AND ROCK PLASTER.-250
tons BLUE WINDSOR PLASTER. For sale
by P. N. POWEIL <_ CO.,
Oct. 25. Union Hall Building.
MILL IRONS- MACHINERY AND ALL
kinds of Castings made to order at the Staunton
Foundry, by A. J. GARBER k CO.
OOTS _c SHOES.—Tbe largest variety ot Boots
and -hots on hand, to be sold at a small advance
on cost, at J. POLLITZ'S
Staunton, Oct. 11,1859. Clothing House.
SOMETHING EXTRA.—Just received a fine
article of Lynchburg SMOKING TOBACCO, for
sale at the Tobacco House of J. B. EVANS.
Staunton, January 17.
f"URS. —A few sets of very handsome Brown Rus
sia, Fitch and Sable Furs. Received and lor sale
by D. A. KAYSER.
Staunton. Nov. _2; 1559.
Sep. A. J. GARBER k CO.
I>6 B Furnish
£ ing Goods, call at J. POLLITZ'S
Staunton. Oct. 11,1859. Clothing Ho*esn
OAL OIL—A splendid article, at
DR. W. B. YOUNG'S.
Staunton, Nov. 1. '
AD IRONS.—A lot of very superior polished
sad Irons just received and for Bale.
Staunton, March 6. GEo. E. PRICE.
CARPETS.- A few pieces of Super. Ingrain
and Brussels Carpets for Bale by
Staunton, April 3, 1860. D. A. KAYSER.
OR HIRE.—A NEGRO BLACKSMITH, young '
and rehable. Apply to J. A. PAUL, *
March 20,1860. Lovingston, Nelson co., Va.
LASS.—-6x48, S*«x44, 28x85, 24x82, 20x24, and .
all tbe less sizes for sale by
Staunton, March 20. P. H. TROUT A CO. Ji
STAUNTON, VIRGINIA, TUESDAY, APRIL 17, 1860.
The Prayer less One.
He never prays! The God of heaven has watched
O'er all his steps, and with that careful eye
Which never sleeps, has guarded him from death,
And shielded him from danger. Through the hours,
The thoughtless hours of youth, a hand unseen
Has guarded all his footsteps o'er the wild
And thorny paths of life, and led him on
In safety through them all. In later days,
Still the same hand has ever been his guard
From dangers seen and unseen. Clouds have lowered,
And tempests oft have burst above his head,
But that protecting hand has warded off
The thunder strokes of death; and still he stands
A monument of mercy. Years have passed,
Of varied dangers and of varied guilt,
But still the sheltering wings of love have been
Outspread in mercy o'er him. He hath walked
Upon the beauteous earth for many years,
And skies, and stars, and the magnificence
Of mighty waters, and the warning voioe
That speaks amid the tempest, and the notes
Of softer tone that float on evening winds—
All these have told him of a God who claims
Tne homage of the soul. And he has lived,
And viewed them in their glory as they stood
The workmanship of God; and there has breathed
Around him even from infancy, a voice
That told of mercy bending o'er him
With looks of angel sweetness—and of power
Resistless in its goings forth—but stayed
By that seraphic mer-y still he stands,
Cold and unfeeling as the rock that braves
The ocean billows: still he—never prays!
He never prays 1 A lonely wanderer oast
On life's wild thorny desert, urging on
His heedless steps through many a secret snare
And many a danger. Darkness closes round
His dubious path, save here and there a ray
That flits along the gloom ; but still he seems
From some bewildered meteor of the night
To ask for guidance and direction still
He never prayg—
Earth's many voices send their songs
Of grateful praise up to the throne
Of the Eternal —morning, noon, and night,
On every side around him, swell the notes
Of adoration, gratitude, and joy;
The lake, the grove, the valley, and the hill,
Swell the loud chorus—and some happy hearts,
Redeemed from error and restored to peace,
And blest communion with the Holy One,
Join in the glad, the humble, blissful strain ;
But still—he never prays I
When evening spreads
Her solemn shades around him, and the world
Grows dim upon his eye, and many stars
Scattered in glory o'er the vault of heaven,
Call on the spirit to retire awhile
From earth and its low vanities, and seek
The high and holy intercourse with God
Vouchsafed to mortals here—he never prays !
When morning kindles in the eastern sky,
With all its radiant glory, and the sun
Comes up in majesty, and o'er the earth
Wakes all her active tribes to busy life,
And breaks the death-like solitude that reigned
Erewhile o'er Nature's face; when on his eye
Earth smiles in beauty 'neath the luoid ray,
And feathered songsters pour their strains of joy
Upon his ear; still not a note of praise
Or humble prayer arises from bis lips;
Morn after morn returns in all its sweet
And peaceful loveliness, and oft invites
His spirit to commune with God; bnt still
He spurns the offer—still he never prays!
Short is the dream of Life. Its days of care,
Its hours of pleasure, soon will pass away ;
And on the wondering eye sball pour the broad
Unceasing splendor of Eternity.
Oh, when the scenes of Life have faded all
Like morning visions, and my spirit stands
Before the Judgment Throne, and finds its deeds
And words and thoughts all registered in heaven,
Then may it not be found recorded there
Of me—he never prays!
The Commodore's --Cross."
Commodore Skinner was among the first
prominent men in onr navy wbo bave become
professed Christians. He was baptized in adult
years by Rev. Dr. Ducachet, tben ot Norfolk,
now ol Philadelphia, Soon after entering tbe
church, he was sent to sea in command of a
squadron. Tbe sacred "first day _f the week"
came round in its due course. What was tbe
new disciple to do? Must he desert the colors
of tbe Redeemer ? Must he break one of God's
express commands? And yet, religions worship
on board ship was then an unknown thing.—
Chaplains bad never been appointed by govern
ment —and, moreover, tbe previous life of the
Commodore himself bad been so full of all tbe
irregularities and ungodliness so usually distin
guishing sea-faring men, tbat be was conscious
bis first appearance as a Christian would be
greeted by his irregular companions with a
good-natured but bitter smile and shrug of de
rision. Doubtless, tbis reformed and penitent
man prayed much for help from above.
At a suitable bonr, on Sunday morning, a
quiet message was delivered to tbe officers of the
otber ships, to tbis effect:—"Captain Skinner
will be glad to see yourselves, and as many of
the men as can be spared, on the flag-ship, at
11, A. M., for Divine service." The hour struck.
Tbe officers were assembled in uniform. The
men were duly arranged. All was ready bnt
tbe reader wbo was to officiate. A slight smile
passed from man to man as it was suggested that
tbe jovial Commodore intended to read prayers
in person. He came np from his cabin- and
stepped firmly toward tbe desk. Tbe service
was performed with impressive reverence. A
volume of sermons was produced. The text of
one of them was announced. Its sound struck
upon the deepest chord in every heart; for they
all knew him to be an honest, sincere, and un
flinching man. It was from Rom. 1: 19—"I
am not ashamed of the Gospel of Christ."
A pious, loud, manly tone of voice made its
utterance solemn and forcible. Not the slight
est sound was beard among tbe subdued audi
ence. The sermon was pursued to its close.—
There was many a serious and reverent face to
be seen when it was concluded : but the smile
and the sneer had passed away. Since that
time improvements bave been made in regard
to religious service in our navy, but it may be
doubted whether any occasion of worship on a
man-of-war since, has combined more circum
stances of impressive solemnity, and genuine,
heartfelt devotion to Christian duty, than tbis,
which was, perhaps, tbe very best. Honor to
such examples as the one here set! The inci
dent is worthy a place in every Christian's
An Abmt op Smokbbs.—-It is estimated that
there are two hundred thousand smokers in the
city of New York, who consume two cigars a
day, making tbe total consumption of four hund
red thousand per day. These, at an average of
four cents, amount to five million eight hundred
and forty thousand dollars annually.
When I reflect, as I frequently do, upon the
felicity I have enjoyed, I sometimes say to my
uelf that, were the offer made to me, I would en
gage to run again, from beginning to end, the
same career of life. All I would ask should be
the privilege of an author, to correct, in a sec
ond edition, certain errors of tbe first.—Frank
Pleasure, like quicksilver, is bright and _hy.
If we strive to grasp it, it still eludes us, aod still
glitters. We perhaps seize it at last and find it
Oft what seems a trifle, a mere nothing by
itself, in some nice situations, turns the scales of
fate, aud rules the most important actions. '!
Votino in Italy.—The recent vote in the I
talian States on the annexation to Sardinia is
made an occasion by tbe letter writers to de
scribe the manner of ballotting in those State.* - ,
The towns are divided into alphabetical districts.
A letter from Modena says:
You go up one of those large staircases which
you see only in Italy, and which would almost
contain a modern house, roof and all; in tbe
passage up stairs is an individual who relieves
you of canes, umbrellas, and other offensive
weapons; you open the door and find yourself
in a large ball of tbe 16th century, painted with
armorial bearings of the different members of
the family of the Pepoli, (in one of the houses
of wbich tbis poll is held,) paved with marble
mosaics, and bung witb a series of family por
traits, which seem to look down with curious
astonishment on the desecrating proceedings be
low. Especially one gentleman in a red robe
looks intensely on an iron stove whioh has been
temporarily in the middle of the hall to take oft
tbe chill of tbat mass of stone. Almost opposite
the door is a long table, about which are stand
ing a dozen gentlemen or so with tbeir great
coats and hats on. Tbe table is covered witb
several large register-looking books and writing
materials in tbe centre of it.
Before the table is a wooden box about four
feet high, on the top of which you perceive four
seals, and in tbe middle of it a slit something
like tbat in a poor-box. Two gentlemen are
always at tbe side of it, watching it as if it con
tained a treasure. The voter comes in, not quite
knowing where to go. He is directed to go to
the table. A fair-haired, tall gentleman, asks
him politely for his name. It is tbe president
of tbis section, Mingbetti, one ot tbe few politi
cians wbo have made themselves a name during
the late events in Italy. The register of names
is opened, a sign is made when tbe name of tbe
voter is found, and the latter puts in his sched
ule. It disappears in the sealed box, because
the form requires it; but the vote is no secret,
for almost every one without exception carried
his vote in bis hat or cap, snd took it off to put
it into tbe box, and on every ticket I saw the
vote was for annexation.
Success in Life.—Benjamin Franklin attrib
uted his success as a public man, not to his tal
ents or his powers of speaking—for these were
bat moderate—but to his known integrity of
character. "Hence it was," he says, "I had so
much weight with my fellow-citizens. I was
bnt a bad speaker, never eloquent, subject to
much hesitation in my choice of words, hardly
correct in language, and yet I generally carried
ray point." Character creates confidence in men
in high station as well in humble life. It was
said ot the first Emperor Alexander, of Russia,
tbat his personal character was eqnal to a con
stitution. During the wars of the Fronde, Mon
taigne was the only man amongst the French
gentry who kept his castle gates unbarred; and
it was said of bim that his personal character
was worth more to bim than a regiment of horse.
That character is power, is true in a much high
er sense tban that knowledge is power. Mind
without heart, intelligence without conduct,
cleverness without goodness, are powers in their
way, but they may be powers only for mischief.
We may be instructed or amused by tbem: but
it is sometimes as difficult to admire tbem as it
would be to admire the dexterity of a pickpock
et or the horsemanship of a bigbwaymau.—
Truthfulness, integrity and goodness—qual
ities tbat hang not on any man's breath —
form tbe essence of manly character, or as one
of our old writers bas it, "that inbred loyalty
unto Virtue wbicb can serve her without a liv
ery." Wben Stephen Oolouna fell into tbe
bands of bis base assailants, and tbey asked bim
in derision, ••Wb--re is now your fortress ?"—
"Here," was bis bold reply, placing his hand up
on bis heart. It is in misfortune tbat tbe char
acter of tbe upright man shines forth with the
greatest lustre ; and wben all e'se fails, be takes
bis stand upon bis integrity and bis courage.
Frauds in Teade.— When people read that
the gold watches tbey buy have really very lit
tle gold in them ; tbat tbe jewelry tbey purchase
is one bait of it bogus, and tbeir gold and silver
ware is not worth tbe fifth of tbe value set upon
it, they are struck with tbe enormity of tbe
fraud practiced on tbem by dishonest dealers;
but there are o btr frauds, wbicb, tbougb less
extensive in single instances, are far greater in
tbe aggregate, of wbicb tbey are tbe daily vic
tims. Shopkeepers frequently find their goods
short in tbe specified number of yards in tbe
It was proven in an English Court, quite re
cently, tbat a very distinguished maker of sew
ing cotton made up short spools for certain mar
kets. In tbe articie ot sewing silk and knitting
zepbyr, we are informed there is tbe same kind
of fraud perpetrated, and, consideriug the enor
mous and very nearly universal use of sewing
silk, tbis fraud must prove a very profitable one
to tbe dealers. Tbe standard weight of sewing
silk is 16 ounces to tbe pound.
Custom bas reduced tbis to 12 ounces. Tbe
practice of dishonest dealers is to put up 5 oun
ces to the bait pound instead of 6, and in some
cases 4 ounce, and even I ounce packages bave
been offered to retailers in tbis city to be sold as
G ounce packages. A fraud of equal magnitude,
in view of tbe present rage in knitting in zepbyr
wools is thus effected. Each pound of zepbyr is
divided into 16 laps, wbicb are sold without
weighing, as containing each one ounce of wool.
Full weight wonld be 16 drachms to tbe ounce
lap, or if stored in over dry atmosphere, 15 8-4
drachms; but the fraud consists in patting up
only 15, 14,;12 or 10 drachms in each ounce lap,
tbe number of laps iv a pound being tbe correct
number—l 6. Tbese frauds are difficult to de
tect, as the dishonest dealer is provided witb
false weights, wbich make bis goods appear on
trial to be correct. — Phil. Ledger.
Singulajk IxfaT-Ation. —Tbe New Orleans
Delta says tbat a well known planter in Louisi
ana, and possessing wealth, recently went to the
city in searcli of amusement, and direotly visited
tbe museum of Signor Yanuncbi. A giantess,
Miss Sarah Morehouse, was exhibiting herself at
tbat establishment, and to ber tbe planter rais
ed bis eyes —indeed be was obliged to raise
them, for sbe was seven and a half feet high, and
, his feet were only five. The planter at once
loved the giantess, and spent money in purcbas
ing tickets to the museum. The treasury rejoic
ed, but tbe giantess did not reciprocate tbe affec
tion. On the contrary, she declined bis ofters of
marriage three times. Tbis coyness tbe unsuc
cessful man attributed to the influences of Sig.
Vannucbi, and he accordingly determined to re
move her from tbe sphere of the showman's in
Stratagem was necessary, and was unhesita
tingly used. Tbe giantess was induced by some
pretence to enter a carriage, wbicb was then
driven away. After going some distance the
planter jumped in, and tbe vehicle whirled on
its way again. The giantess listened tor a tew
moments to her victim's tale of love, tben qui
etly opened tne door, dropped bim in tbe street,
whence he was taken with a dislocated should
er to a hospital, wbile sbe returned to the mu
seum ; but her nerves were so mnch shattered
that an operatic apology was made, in order that
a peaceful sleep might remove the memory of
this rough course of love.
How to Stop a Quabbbl.—-Yielding pacifi
eth great offences. —Eccl. x. 4.
If knoweldge is power, so also is kindness. —
there is weight and influence in kind words and
kind deeds. An angry man went to a neigh
bor's house to pick a quarrel; he was invited to
eat some peas; and tinding no opposition he
soon left. After a while he came again, and the
good woman went out and offered bim a piece
of pie. It was kindly done and kindly meant,
and so there was uo quarrel. The remedy is
simple, and it is worthy a thought by those wbo
may be similarly tempted. An angry man is for
tbe time without reason, passion rules, and it
is better to treat him kindly than to attempt to
reason or even to reply to his hard words. —
Treat bim kindly ; and if he will not be pacified,
let him have all tbe talking to himself, and he
will soon get tired and ashamed, and leave you.
Possess your soul in patience; never contend *
never give a harsh word. Be kind and forbear
ing, and you will have no quarrels, for yielding
paoifieth great offences
For the Spectator.
John M. Botts and his Traducers.
Tbe spirit of detraction, not less than tbe an
gel of deatb, "loves a sbining mark!" A forci
ble and apt illustration of this trnth, is to be
found in tbe bitter and relentless personal war
fare, unremittingly waged upon every distin
guished statesman of our country, whose unerr
ing sagacity enables him to foresee tbe mis
chievous results of political empyricism, and
whose unselfish patriotism impels bim to oppose
tbe "madness that rules the hour." In exact
proportion to tbe ability and moral courage ex
hibited by tbe man wbo exposes tbe errors and
corruptions of tbe factions tbat divide and dis
tract the body politic, is the measure of violent
and reckless denunciation meted out to bim by
tbe more unscrupulous votaries of corruption
and error. Tbe intelligent and candid are there
fore at no loss to account for tbe vindictive ha
tred for the Hon. John M. Botts, wbicb bas so
long been manifested by tbe extremists of botb
tbe great sectional parties, whose fierce strng
gles for "money, place and power" have opera
ted so disastrously upon the best interests ot tbe
It is natural enough, that his unceasing and
unsparing exposure of political wickedness in
high places, should make Mr. Botts the object of
the especial enmity of that class of democratic
leaders who bave been so tersely and truthfully
described by one of tbe greatest men of tbeir
party, as ""banded together by tbe oohesive
power of public plunder." His undaunted op
position to tbe dangerous and unconstitutional
a*suniptioG of power by the Federal Govern
ment which characterized tbe closing year of
tbe administration of Gen. Jackson —bis denun
ciation of tbe profligacy, extravagance and cor
ruption tbat distinguished tbe rule of tbe ''North
ern man witb Southern principles"—his gallant
defence of the constitutional rights of a sover
eign State whose constituted autborities were
spurned, ber "bread seal"' derided, aod ber legal
ly elected representatives in Congress ejected
from tbeir seats by tbe vote ot an unscrupulous
majority—bis noble stand against tbe invasion
of tbe right of petition, when, though deserted by
nearly every member of bis own party trom the
South, on the floor ot the House of Representa
tives, be eloquently and triumphantly maintained
that this was "an absolute, unqualified and un
limited right guaranteed by tbe Constitution, to
impair which would be to* inflict a fatal wound
on popular freedom." These are brilliant passa
ges of a political record tbat whilst it endears
aim to patriot hearts, can never be forgiven by
the profligate bankerers for place and spoils
whose machinations be bas so fearlessly exposed,
and whose manifold abuses of power and be
trayal of public trust be has so oil en laid bare to
tbe public gaze. The undying hatred of tbe
Southern spoilmen bas been intensified by a con
sciousness on tbeir part, that all tbeir miscbiev
ous schemes for strengthening tbeir hold upon
the confidence ot tbe Southern people by the in
troduction of sectional issues into every import
ant political canvass, are sure to be subjected to
the keen analysis of tbe "mighty tbinker of bis
age," and tbeir wickedness and folly so clearly
demonstrated, that the intelligent and reflecting
cannot fail to see, and the patriotic and unselfish
are nerved to oppose tbem.
Nor is it to be wondered at, tbat the recent
letter of Mr. Botts, in wbicb the oonduct of tbe
late Governor of Virginia, growing out of tbe
"iuvasion of John Brown and his associate* - ,"
should have subjected its author to vehement
vituperation froui tbe especial friends of tbat as
pirant for Presidential honors, wbo_e official ac
tion founded upon tbat outrage "exasperated and
pbrenzied tbe public mind, and engendered an
antipathy, ill-feeling and hostility between mem
bers of the same political community that every
good man and patriot must deprecate." But if
tbis letter bas blasted tbe Presidential prospects
of Governor Wise, it bas unquestionably entitled
Mr. Botts to tbe lasting gratitude of patriotic
men of all sections aud parties, tor its effect in
calming the wild excitement which had, up to
tbe period of its publication, held undisputed
sway over the minds of a large majority ot tbe
people of all classes in Virginia, is wholly unpre
cedented in our political annals.
Tbe heroic abnegation of selfish considerations
and tbe distinguished ability manifested by Mr.
Bolts in bis opposition to tbe Nebraska Bill,
a-ben, deserted by the great body ot his South
ern political friends, he stood proudly erect and
almost alone in earnest antagonism to tbe repeal
of a dealing measure of compromise wbicb bad
been effected by tbe labors of tbe most honored
of tbe patriots of the South, and had preserved
the peace of tbe country tor more tban a quarter
of a century, is too fresh in the memory of tne
public to require more tban a passing allusion.
It, nevertheless, affords an additional reason why
disunionists and sectional agitators deligbt to
traduce the fair fame of bim wbo predicted witb
such unerring foresight the fatal consequences
of a measure that bas resulted in tbe exclusion
ot tbe Southern slaveholder from "every foot of
territory tbat sball henceforth come into the
Union, shaken tbe confidence of one section of
tbe country in tbe disposition of the other to
stand to and abide by its most solemn pledges,
aad divided tbe Republic into two great section
al parties whose excesses have so fearfully dis
turbed tbe public peace, retarded tbe national
prosperity and even threatened the integrity
of tho Union itself." The pages of history afford
uo more apt illustration of tbe difference be
tween the true statesman and tbe mere politician
tban is supplied by tbe position of Mr. Botts
wben contrasted with tbat assumed by most ot
the prominent politicians of the present day on
tbat very question. Wben tbe most distin
guished Democrats are at last forced to admit
that tbe Nebraska act was a fatal and vital er
ror, is it assuming too much to say tbat bad tbe
prominent Whigs of the South sustained Mr.
Botts iv bis opposition to that obnoxious meas
ure, tbe Wbig party of the United States would
now occupy a position that would command and
ensure a great and signal triumph to tbe friends
of tbe Constitution aud the Union ?
We have thus briefly alluded to the causes,
and, as we think, satisfactorily accounted for a
hostility to Mr. Botts, on tbe part of bis political
toes wbicb gives little concern to him or to bis
friends. Foremost in every conflict in which
tbe preservation of the Oonstitution and the
rights, interests and honor of his country are in
volved, bis white plume bas ever shone, where
blows tell thickest "amid tbe ranks ot war," and
bis lion heart has never quailed or his proud
crest been lowered in the presence of a toe. —
But is it not reasonably a subjeot of mortification
to every patriot wbo cherishes the great cardi
nal principles to whose advancement Mr. Botts
bas devoted a lifelong service, tbat whilst like
his early friend and illustrious compeer, the la
mented Clay, he * .corns and defies bis enemies,"
tbe ungracious and ungrateful attempt is now
made to '''■wound him in the house of his friends .•"'
In vain are tbese political malcontents at the
wide-spread and dearly earned fame of Jobn M.
Botts, asked to point to the passage in bis polit
ical record to which they can object without
self-stultification. If it be impolitic to tell the
people the whole truth, openly, boldly and fear
lessly upou all occasions, then is be impolitic.—
It it be rash to denounce the usurpation of en
delegated power wben practiced under the aus
pices, and sanctioned by tbe authority of a pop
ular idol, then is he rash. If it be imprudent
to stem the torrent ot popular prejudice, and to
proclaim the great conservative and Constitu
tional principles upon which the Constitutional
Union Party of tbe country is based, amid the
burly burly of wide-spread panic and miscbiev
ons political excitement, then is he imprudent a
bove all living ment
Tbe recent cheering demonstrations of a
healthy reaction of tbe public mind in all parts
of tbe country against the mischievous sectional
parties tbat bave lately divided the nation, and
which promises to place in the ascendant a party
founded upon tbe national and conservative ba
sis of tboee great principles of which Mr. Botts
bas been the ablest, the most uncompromising
and the most untiring defender, has naturally
centered upon him the ardent hopes of hundreds
of thousands among the conservative and union
loving masses of the people in every section of
And patriot hearts are deeply stirred
And patriot tongues proclaim, 11
Familiar as a household word,
His loved and honored name!
Let bnt the standard of this Constitutional
Union Party be committed to the hands of John
Minor Botts, and tbe people will rally around it
with an enthusiasm wbich will secure the poli
fians, and what is far more important to the
uture welfare of the country, that will ensure
For the Spectator.
Messrs. Editors: —l cannot complain of the
rule you have adopted, requiring communications
to be banded in on Wednesday. Tbe reasons
you give for it prove it a necessity. But, of
course, it prevents an extended reply in your
next issue, to what had appeared in your last.—
Fortunately, the vanity of "Junius" and bis dem
agogue appeals to tbe lowest passions of tbe hu
man mind, require no answer. His be tbe task
to assail decent people for tbe crime of being de
cent. I dismiss bis nonsense with tbe single re
minder that be addresses tbe wrong audience,
and should migrate to tbe more congenial at
mosphere of tbe "the Five Points" in New
York. Let bim answer those questions, too, so
often propounded—who stopped those wheels ?
and who uttered those philippics ?
lam glad to see that "my Countryman" bas
at last thrown off tbe mask and makes war in
earnest. His bitterness is the ranker, for his
efforts hitherto, to conceal it. Persecution—
open, unsparing, malignant—is now the order of
the day, and "A Countryman" will "endeavor
first to prove that if Mr. Fultz bad assailed Judge
Thompson, be had not done it unjustly." It is
a fortunate thing for tbe cause of truth that
this mad "Bull of Basban" is becoming enraged
—he will be very apt to let out some startling
facts. The public will remember tbat some
time since tbis voracious instructor of the peo
ple charged "Z" and others with persecution of
Mr. Fultz for insisting tbat he meant to assail
his competitor. Now, driven to the wall, and
convicted of tbe fact tbat be could bave meant
no one else, be confesses and justifies. Bat be
has, in thus acting, lost bis character for veracity.
How, after this flagrant admission of an attempt
to decieve, will he ever again expect honest men
to believe him, wben he asserts a fact. Ob,
"my Countryman," thou hast perpetrated worse
than a crime—a blunder.
But let us follow this reckless writer in his
mendacious charges against a man whom this
Circuit bas delighted to honor, and who, ac
cording to "A Countryman's" own admission,
(however hypocritically made) possesses all the
virtues that adorn humanity. Who bas hired
bim thus to falsify truth and justice? What
does he get for it ?
He "understands tbat N. C. Kinney, having
been appointed a Receiver ot the Court, soon af
ter Judge Tbompson was promoted to the bench,
(which was in 1831) remained in oflice without
giving security, until 1852"—-more than twenty
years. Had "A Countryman" gone to a pure
and truthful source, be would have learned this
charge is utterly untrue and slanderous, both to
Mr. K. and Judge T. The records show tbat
Mr. Kinney, in 1831, on bis first appointment
as Clerk, gave bond and security in the sum of
$10,000, for the faithful discbarge of all bis du
ties as sucb, aud tbat a new bond was given by
him at tbe beginning of every new term of office
in a like penalty witb security, until bis deatb.
Until the act of 1852, requiring tbe appointment
of general Receivers, the Clerk as Clerk had re
ceived tbe money paid into Court, unless it was
specially committed to another Receiver, and
was responsible as Clerk for the due accounting
for it as for one of tbe duties of bis office, and
bis securities were bound with him. So all the
old slanders having been disproven, here is tbe
first one of tbe new batch, spreading over 21
years of Judge Thompson's life, nailed to tbe
counter as "false, forged and counterfeited."—
Why, one wbo can thus recklessly and at a ven
ture bring serious accusations against tbe hum
blest citizen, cannot have a proper appreciation
of the sacredness of human character. This
man must have some unholy purpose of his own
Under the law of 1852 the necessity first arose
for the general Receiver to give a distinct bond
as such, and it is admitted Mr. Kinney thus
gave a bond as required by the new law. Tbat
bond was in the penalty of $20,000 —ample, as
is believed, to cover all liabilities. This bond,
says "A Coontrymon," "could only be valid for
one year from that date, for it shall be given
annually saith the law." Is "my Countryman"
a lawyer? Then let him come out and show
tbat be is such a one as that bis opinions may
be received as judgments truly expounding tbe
law. Such every-day lawyers as Jno. B. Bald
win and others have brought suits on this bond
without regatd to the time when the money
was paid iv, and confidently expect to recover.
No Court bas ever yet held the opinion so dog
matically given by tbis "Bull of Basban" to be
good law. Yet, in his malignity against Judge
Thompson, this scrub lawyer, getting bis opin
ions second band from bis aiders and abettors,
and to serve bis purpose, announces to tbe
world as fact, what is the mere impression of
ignorant malice. There is no clause in the act
of 1852 whioh makes it mandatory on the
Court to require a new bond every year. It
may be done if tbe public interest demand it.—
But will even tbis stickler for tbe letter of the
law contend that even if no money was re
ceived still new bonds must be given, or tbat if
tbe monies were already amply secured, the
Judge must without necessity urge new bonds—
new stretches of his credit on the Receiver.—
This new "mare's nest," my poor "Country
man," I fear will turn you out but a corry colt.
But go on. Make new inventions of slander
and accusation, trom now till the day of elec
tion. It is almost here, and you have struck a
mine of new fabrication. Push it through, and
I am greatly mistaken if the people of this Cir
cuit will not teach you and your co-workers at
the polls, that the slander and persecution of
their faithful public servant will be indignantly
frowned down. Let me tell you that Judge
Tbompson is in no danger trom your puny as
saults—that he will be dearer to tbe hearts of
the people for having been assailed and villified
by your clique, and that in proportion as you
invent new slanders as fast as tbe old ones van
ish before the light of truth, in tbat proportion
you sink yourselves below tbe reacb of the hand
of Resurrection. Z.
Tub Negbo Fbvbb.—There is a perfect feyer
raging in Georgia now on tbe subject of buying
negroes. Several sales wbicb have come under
onr eye within a month past, afford an unmis
takable symptom of the prevalence.of a disease
in the public mind on tbis snbjeot. In view of
the fabulous prices offered for tbis species of
property, reflecting men are led to the inquiry,
what is to be done to supply the deficiency
wbicb is produced with us by the great demand
for negroes in the Southwest ? We are unable
to give any satisfactory answer. But, so far as
the effect which these high prices are to have
in our own State is concerned, we think we can
truthfully say the fever will soon abate in a
very natural way. Men are borrowing money
to day at exorbitant rates of interests to buy
negroes at exorbitant prices.
Tbe speculation will not sustain the specula
tors, and in a short time we shall see many ne
groes and much land offered under the Sheriff's
hammer, with few buyers for cash, and then
this kind of property will descend to its real
value. The old rule of pricing a negro by the
price of cotton by the pound—that is to say, if
cotton is worth twelve cents, a negro man is
worth twelve hnndred dollars, if at fifteen cents,
then fifteen hunred dollars—does Dot 6eem to
be regarded. Negroes are twenty five per cent,
higher now, with cotton at ten and a half cents,
tban tbey were two or three years ago, wben it
was worth fifteen»and sixteen .cents. Men are
demented upon tbe subject. A reverse will
surely come. — Federal Union.
A pert young lawyer once boasted to an old
member of tbe bar, tbat be had received two
hundred dollars for speaking in a certain law
"Pooh!" replied the other, "I received double
that sum for keeping silent in that very self same
Society, like shaded silk, must be viewed in
all situations, or its colors will deoeive you. J
article published in your paper, the uncertainty
State as compared with the labor of any other
Judge, or by the number of cases decided, I will
now proceed to discuss Judge Thompson's man-
B of performing his basiness as bas fallen un
tbe notice and knowledge of tbe citizens of
and other counties. Our own experience
is our best teacher; snd, as I bave said before,
when we wish to determine fully and carefully
tbe labor tbat any one bas performed, we do not
consider so much the number of days that per
son bas worked nor tbe quantity ot labor be has
performed, as the quality of that labor; not on
ly what be bas performed, bnt bis manner of
performing it. A man may eke out a whole
year and do but little at last. He may not get
to bis work until tbe day is balf gone, and may
cease labor before the day is done. He may
waste tbe day in useless palavering and vain ex
periments, and put off for tbe morrow what
should be done to-day. He may do a great deal
of light work and but little heavy; and at the
end of the year have nothing to boast ot except
tbe praises and puffings of a few interested
No matter what "R. L. J." or "Z." or any one
else may teach, we must judge a man by his ac
tions, and I bold, as I always bave held, tbat
farmers are as capable of judging of Judge
Thompson's industry, fidelity and firmness as
are tbe lawyers. As to bis learning and legal a
bilities, I will express no doubt if we can judge
from his twenty years' experience and applica
tion; but a man can fully understand all tbe
principles of tbe science of Law and tben not be
a good Judge. He may labor all his life at a
trade or a profession. A workman may fully
understand bis business, and jet perform it in
sucb a manner as to produce dissatisfaction to
his employers. He may do bis work well e
nough wben he does it; but if be bas bis custo
mers to quit tbeir business and run to bis work
shop whenever be says it, and disappoints tbem,
while be lies abed or takes bis ease, those cus
tomers will soon become dissatisfied, (snd just
ly,) and take their custom from bim.
What analogy, my fellow-citizens, is there be
tween this case and the one you are to decide at
the polls ? How often bave you left your plows
standing idle in tbe field, and your tools inac
tive on tbe bench, and traveled ten and twenty
miles to attend Court as witnesses or suitors,
and all for nothing? Tbe hour for Court c_me
but no Court opened. Useless delays and
creeping functionaries at length brought tbe
hour tor the opening, but aso tbe closing of the
Court, and you are sent home with tbe consola
tion that you should leave your labor and return
on the morrow, or suffer tbe penalty of a de
tanking suitor, or contemptuous witness. You
come, of course, and, after attending a Court of
three or tour bourslengtb, were told, perhaps, to
return on the morrow again, or tbat your suit
would not be called this Court. Could a stoic
philosopher blame you for becoming indignant
and dissatisfied ? Could you be blamed for rais
ing your violent protest against sucb tyrrany ?
Judge Thompson's advocates may tell us tbat
this cannot be helped. They may tell us tbat
tbis is one of tbe unavoidable consequences of
all courts. They know better, and we will not
believe it. Tbe law bas given a remedy for ev
ery evil—stubborn lawyers, defaulting suitors
and delinquent witnesses, not excepted.
When "R. L. J." boasts so profusely of the
labors of Judge Tbompson be should be told, as
a sensible farmer, talking of tbis contest, once
told me, "tbat be knew nothing about bard
work. If he would get up at daybreak, get to
work at snn-up and quit at sun down, or if be
had to maul rails all day, as many a man bas to
do, be could tben say be bad worked hard."—
And when tbis same "R. L. J." speaks of Judge
Thompson's modesty, tbat will not allow him to
boast of bis labors, he does not seem to think of
bis friends, who applaud him so loudly and so
much, that be himself can sit down at bis ease,
well satisfied tbat while be lives be sball never
In conclusion, let me "add a few words on a
on which all men (according to a cele
brated Englishman) are supposed to be fluent,
and none agreeable—self." All are egotists, and
I hope I am excusable tor indulging in a mite of
egotism. Tbe friends of Judge Thompson seem
to tbink tbat more depends upon raving at Mr.
Fultz and his friends tban upon any solid argu
ments. I bad thought there was something .ol
id about tbe Stauntou Bar, but find tbat I was
mistaken, if we are to judge tbe rest by "Z."—
Bis strength consists in picking flaws in tbe ar
ticles of bis opponents and in bullying expres
sions. Ue harps eternally upon the supposed
fact that I am warring against lawyers as a class,
and trying to instigate others to soch war. Mr.
• k Z" knows better. He knows, as every one who
bas read bis articles and mine must know, tbat
I have never_appealed, aa he has, to tbe pas
sions of tbe people; tbat be was tbe first to
write an elaborate article upon this subject of
wars upon classes; tbat in that article, after
dealing to us a mess of his own life and giving
us a list of great names, be went on to place tbe
lawyers aud fanners in direct opposition, and
tben appealed to tbe people to decide. Tbe
farmers must have no voice, the lawyers must
bave it all. He knows too tbat he and bis
friends were tbe first to make tbis a contest be
tween Reform and anti Reform, u old-fogyism"
and anti-fogyism, tbe Constitutionalists and an
ti-Constitutionalists. "R. L. J.," in bis very
first article, call 9 tbe Constitution a "new ma
chine" and Mr. Fultz one of ist "patentees."—
Mr. Fultz may be proud tbat he is one of tbe
patentees of such a machine, together with
thousands of bis fellow-citizens. "R. 17. J."
seems to disregard the fact that a majority of tbe
t>etter people all over tbe State—those very peo
ple for whose votes he bas been writing—are
"patentees" of what he sneeringly terms the
"new machine." Has be ever beeu a candidate
to work this "new machine?" Does he ever
expect to be? Perhaps be wonld revive tbe old
patent. It is a popular belief, at least, tbat those
wbo oppose tbe "new machine' are the first to
seek employment in working it. Mr. "R. L. J."
should recollect tbat this is a very delicate point,
that tbe people are very jealous of tbeir rights
as guaranteed to tbem by tbe new Constitution,
and that any sneer at tbe "new machine" is an
insult upon one of tbe dearest privileges of a
free people—tbat of selecting tbeir own rulers.
Mr. "Z" consoles himself by advising me to
retire beyond tbe bounds ot civilization. I will
leave my readers to judge whether what I bave
written is not civilized. But it the disposition
of his articles is indicative of his own disposi
tion, it is no doubt as rugged and zigzag as the
signature be bas selected, and I would, perhaps,
find more true enjoyment in tbe society of pan
there and wolves than in his own. Everything
I have written I have written calmly, not from
a desire to be "in print' nor in controversy. I
bave written more tban I ever expected to
write upon tbis subject, and am heartily tired
as I suppose the people are, of such an epitbetic
war. Glad that another "Junius" has arisen
I shall cheerfully lay aside my pen, or only use
it for some slight skirmishing, leaving him to
work the heavy ordnance, for which he seems so
well fit. I will, however, have the last word,
and when I can speak no more, will make
mouths, like Brownlow, or signs like the un
tamed shrew. I have oue consolation, at least,
that I have, it seems, drawn the animosity of
"Z" from tbe object of his real hatred to myself
and his attentiou from "Junius." (Hold ou. Ju
nius, till I draw their fire.)
Perhaps I have laid myself open to trifling and
(un) k jut.t criticism" in tbis article, but shall not
ocmmit the unpardonable error of publishing it
in two papers; and I hope those critics, who
write under the signature of "Z" will consider
that I am "young and inexperienced" and prone
to errors of which grey hairs are never guilty
or if guilty, are not amenable. I say "critics "
for it seems from this appearance tbat like the
great "Spectator" they are not all tbe children
of one man, but of many men—men, however
who rank every way far below the author of tl at
Why should potatoes grow better than any
otber vegetable ? Because tbey have eyes to
ccc what they are doing.