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RICHARD MAUZY, Editor & Proprietor.
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Western Virginia *
MARBLE WORKS, m ft
AT STAUNTON _LLL_BL jl
HARRISONBURG. |H_ t_S
HABQUiS & KILLEY. MH
Staunton, April 7, 1858.
~~DR. W. B. YOUNG, ~~
DRUGS, MEDICINES, PAINTS,
OILS, DYE-STUFFS, CHEMICALS, BURNING
FL UID, DAO UERREOTYPE MA TERI
ALS, ALL KINDS TOILET AND
AL.SO, COAL OIL. AND LAMPS,
Staunton, July 19, 1859.
R7JAMEB JOHNSTON, SURGICAL &
MECHANICAL DENTIST, having been located
permanently in Staunton for the last four years, would
respectfully inform his friends and tbe public gene
rally, that he still continues to practice Dentistry,in all
its various branches, with the strictest regard to du
rability and usefulness.
Office on the south-side of Main Street opposite the
T old Spectator Office.
Staunton, Nov. 29, 1854.
6. €. YEAKLE,
JL WATCHES, CLOCKS, JEWEL-K|)
RY, SILVER AND fej
mtm FL~ITED jr.IRE, WS§
OPPOSITE VA. HOTEL, STAUNTON, VA.
Staunton, July 17. 1860.
Witt. B. JOHNSON,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
LITTLE ROCK, ARKANSAS.
WILL attend to the location, purchase and sale of
Lands in Arkansas, and any other business
pertaining to his profession in that State, and in
Memphis, Term. May be found until the 15th of Oc
tobea at the office of David S. Young, or the residence
of N. P. Catlett, Staunton, Va.
Oct. 2, lfe6u—ly.
j. m:. hanger
ATTORNEY AT LAW, STAUNTON", VA.,
WILL practice in all tbe Courts held in Staunton,
and in the Circuit Courts of Albemarle and
ekiugham. Office in the brick-row, in the rear of
*r Staunton, Dec. SO, 1857.
JEWELRY, CLOCKS, WATCHES, &C,
Main St., Staunton, Va.
HPT Watches and Jewelry Repaired.
Staunton, Jan.l 7.
DOCTOR JAMES B. GILKESON—Having
located in Staunton, tenders his professionalser
vices to the public. He may be founa, when not pro
esstonally engaged, at the room over the Saddle and
Harness establishment of Mr. G. H. Elick, nearly op
posite the Post Office.
Staunton Feb. 8.1859—tf.
A. D. CHANDLER,
KEEPS METALIC CASES of all sizes, at Staun
ton and Millborough Depot, at City Prices.
Staunton, July 19, 1859.
ROBERT D. LILLEY,
WILL attend promptly to Surveying, Platting,
Calculating and Dividing Land, and Locating
Staunton, June 26, 1860.
w R. L. DOYLE, '
Attorney at Law, Staunton, Va.,
WILL practice in the Courts of Augusta, Rock
bridge, Bath and Highland.
ENTAL NOTICE.—Wm. Chapman has re
moved his office to the old Bell Tavern, near the
Virginia Hotel, and opposite Brandeburg's Corner,
and adjoining Rankin's Daguerrean Gallery, where he
will be pleased to see his friends and costomers.
Staunton, Jan. Si, 1860.
DR. S. McDANNALD having permanently lo
cated in SPRING HILL, offers his professional
services to the citizens and vicinity.
$lAA AAA IN CASH FOR N E-
GROESI-I will pay the M*
highest market prices for sound and healthy *TK\
NEGROES. My long experience in the busi- Jl
ness, and my facilities for selling will enable '■■
me to pay the vbet highest prices.
I wish to employ some _ood AGENTS to buy Ne
groes. I want businessmen of good moral habits.
Persons wishing to sell will find it to their interest
to call on me by letter or otherwise, at Waynesboro',
Augusta county, Virginia. JOHN B. SMITH.
August 14. 1860—6m0.*
WANTED.— 1000 young and likely NE- JbA
GROES, of both sexes, for the Southern
market. The highest cash prices will be paid Jk
for them. '» ■
Address WILLIAM TAYLOR,
July 17.—tf.—Vin. copy. Brownsburg, Va.
PLASTER.— The Staunton Steam Mill having
been repaired and put in working order, farmers
can now get supplies of GROUND PLASTER in any
desired quantities. E. T. ALBERTSON, Sup't.
Staunton. June 5.1560.
LOOK HERE I—The undersigned have receiv
ed a large lot of MILLER'S CASSIMERES
which will be sold at a reasonable rate.
MOSBY, MAYLOR & FULTZ.
Staunton, Sept. 25,1860.
PUMPS ! PUMPS !—Well and Cistern Pumps
of the most approved patterns. Also Cooking
Stoves for sale cheap. Call at B. F. POINTS.
Staunton Jn!y 24. 1960.
MILL IRONS, MACHINERY AND ALL
kinds of Castings made to order at the Staunton
Foundry, by A. J. GARBER ft CO.
Sep. 13. 1859.
AAfTI-BS. WOOL WANTED—for which we will
jUUU pay the highest Market price in Cash or
Merchandise. TAYLOR & HOGE.
Staunton, June 10.1860.
HOOFLAND'S GERMAN BITTERS, and
all kinds of Patent Medicines, for sale by
DR. H. S. EICHELBERGER.
Staunton, April 8, 1360.
MERUIT CANS.—We have just received a large
* JT lot. of Glass Fruit CANS, which can be sold at re
duced prices. MOSB_, TAYLOR & FULTZ.
Staunton, July 24. UHO.
RON RAILING—A variety of patterns, for
Yards, Cemet 7 ots, Ac, made to order at the
Btauntcn Foundry. A. J. GARBER & CO.
_S*T>t. 13, 1859
LOAKING 7 CLOTHS can be found at
PIPER & FUNKHOUSER'S.
Staunton, Oct. 9, 1860.
LAMPS.-A large assortment at
P. H. TROUT & CO.
Staunton, Oct. 2, iB6O.
C~EMENT.-30 bbls. "Rosendale" Cement.
TAYLOR & HOGE.
Staunton, Oct. 9,186 ft.
B6I>TS~AND SHOES.—SOO pair Boots and
Shoes for sale cheap by ;TAYLOR & HOGE.
Oct. 9, 1860. I
We ack t?ie attention of the public to this
long- tested arud unrivalled
It has been favorably lenown for more
than twenty years, during which time we
have received tliciLSxmjdA of testimonials,
showing- this JAedicine to be an almost
never-failing- remedy for diseases caused by
or attendant upon —
Sudden Colds, Coughs, Fever and jfigue,
Headache, Ijilious Fever, (Pains in the
Side, F>ack, and Loins, as well as in the
Joints and Limbs; / aruL
S3UL£jU.m clLlc. in any part of
the system, Toothache and (Pains in the
Head and Face.
JLs a /slcjocL ■fSFu-tLfiLeit- and gfanlc.
for the it seldom fails to cure
(X>yspepsia, Indigestion, Liver Complaint,
jficid Stomach, Heartburn, Kidney Com
plaints, gfLck. fffcnrinrlip, (Piles, Jlsth
ma or (Phthisic, Bingworms, F>oils, Felons,
Whit-lows, Old Sores, Swelled Joints, and
osp/iillti£. of the
It is also a prompt and sure Remedy for
Cramp and <Pain in the Stomach, (Painters*
Colic, (Dysentery, gPujm.-
itlp* Cholera JAorbus, Chol
era Infantum, Scalds, Ijurns, Sprains,
F,ruises, Frost Fdtes, Chilblains, as well
as the Stings of Insects, Scorpions, Cen
tipedes, and the P>ites of (Poisonous Insects
and Venomous I^eptUes.
See Directions accompanying each bottle.
It has been tested in every variety of
climate, and by almost nalLcm.
kjuxjutxn. to Jlmericans. It is the almost
constant companion and inestimable friend
of the rnL&s.LanjaJ L and the ttauelleif;
— on sea and land, — and no one should
travel on our lakes or rivers without it.
Prices, 1. cts., 25 cts., 50 cts., and $1.00 per Bottle.
PERRY DAVIS & SON,
MANUFACTURERS AND PROPRIETORS
PBOVIDENCE, B. I.
Sold by dealers every wberot
Sept. 11, 1860.
PLAIN AND ORNAMENTAL
OF EVERY VARIETY,
EXECUTED WITH NEATNESS «fe DESPATCH
JOB PRINTING ESTABLISHMENT,
Stone Building, Augusta St.,
LARGE STOCK~OF JOB TYPE!
GREAT VARIETY OF NEW & FANCY TYPE I
BRONZE 8b COLORED PRINTING I
will be done in a style equal to the best City Work.
HAVING made a large addition to the "Spectator
Job Office," it is noiv one of the best in the
State, and ail varieties of Job Work can 'je done in
the very best and most satisfactory manner on very
__" It is furnished with a great variety of new and
B_r We are now prepared to execute all kinds of
Printing, such as
Posters, Sale Bills, Blanks, Circulars,
School Reports, Cards, Checks,
Notes, Letter Heads,
Cards, Wedding Cards, Invitations <&c,
in the very best style, on moderate terms.
BLANKS.— CIerks, Sheriffs, Lawyers, Consta
bles, Merchants, and business men generally, are re
spectfully informed that every kind of Blank they
may need can be had, at the shortest notice, at the
J__" Send in your orders and they will be promptly
GROVER & BAKER'S
SE Wi NGJtACHINE.
THE undersigned Clergymen of various denomina
tions, having purchased and used in our families
"GROVER & BAKER'S CELEBRATED*FAMILY
SEWING MACHINE," take pleasure in recommend
ing it as an instrument fully combining the essentials
of a good machine. Its beautiful simplicity, ease of
management, and the strength and elasticity of its
stitch, unite to render it a machine unsurpassed by
any in the market, and one which we feel confident
will give satisfaction to all who purchase and use it:
Rev. W. H. LANEY, Baltimore, Md.,
Rev. 0. H. TIFFANY, D. D., "
Rev. C. J. BOWEN, ■«
Rev. JONA CROSS, "
Rev. JOHN McCRON, D. D., "
Rev. W T. D. CLEMM, "
Rev. W. H. CHAPMAN, "
Rev. F. S. EVANS,
Rev. R. C. GALBRATH, Govanstown Md.,
Rev. J. McK. REILEY, Frederick, Md.,
Rev. T. E. LOCKE, Westmoreland co., Va.,
Rev. W. A. CROCKER, Norfolk, Va.,
Rev. JOHN PARIS,
Rev. J. F LANNEAU, Salem, Va.
Rev. C. HANKEL, D., 0., Charleston, S. C.
Rev. C. A. LOYAL, "
Rev. A. A. PORTER, Selma, Ala.
Rev. J. J TWISE, Speedwell, S. C.
Rev. B. B. ROSS, Mobile, Ala.
Rev. J. L. MICHAUX, Enfield, N. C.
Rev. A. C. HARRIS, Henderson, N. C.
Rev. C. F. HARRIS, ««
Office of Exhibition and Sale
181 BALTIMORE ST., BALTIMORE.
J_F SEND FOR A CIRCULAR. __?|
May 8, iß6o.—lv.
MAIN STREET. CHARLOTTESVILLE, VA.
FREY & ROBINSON
HAVE opened a Store on Main St., (old Post Of
fice, t where they will keep for sale, PIANOS,
FLUTES', VIOLINS, GUITARS, BANJOS, SHEET
MUSIC, STATIONERY, ENGRAVLNGS, &c, &c,
and respectfully solicit the patronage of their friends
and the public generally.
PIANOS.—Our stock of Pianos is selected princi
pally from the well knovvu and most reliable factory
of NUNS & CLARK, New York, whose instruments
have neve' - been surpassed in tone and durability
since their establishment commenced operations
(thirty-five years ago.) We havemad>- arrangements
with other Factories for supplying us with Pianos, oc
casionally retaining thejprivilege, however, of return
ing them, if found unworthy our recommendation.—
Persons purchasing from us, therefore, will never run
any risk, as we have determined to seil only good in
struments, on most reasonable terms.
SHEET MUSIC.-A great variety of the latest
publications constantly on hand. Instruction books
for all instruments. The usual deduction made in sup
plying Schools end Music Teachers. Arthur's Pat
ent Elastic Music Portfolios. Music sent by mail.
Orders from the country, promptly attended to.
C. T. FREY, Prof, of Music.
July 26, 1559.—tf.
Ayer's Ague Cure.
DE FORREST, ARMSTONG, & CO.
DRY GOODS MERCHANTS,
80 & 82 Chambers St., N. V.,
Would notify the Tiade that they are opening
weekly, in new and beautiful patterns, the
Wamsutt-a Prints, also tbe Amoskeag, a New Print,
which excels every Print in the Country for perfec
tion of execution and design iv foil Madder Colors.
Our Prints are cheaper than any in market, and meet
ing with extensive sale. Orders promptly attended
YRCJP.— 2O bbls. Molasses and Syrup.
TAYLOR *& BOGE.
Staunton, Oct. 9, iB6O.
ALT.— 2OO Sacks Ashton and Marshall's Fine
Salt, just received by TAYLOR & HOGE.
Staunton, Oct. \), iB6O.
STAUNTON, VIRGINIA, TUESDAY, OCTOBER 23, 1860.
•'■■ .■ _- I___1___ *_*_h___S» r
To a Young Beauty.
DT GEO. D. PRENTICE.
That dark bright eye—that dark bright eye-
Where thoughts are pictured pure and high,
And love's young visions softly gleam
Like rose-tints on the twilight stream —
That dark bright eye—oh, I have felt
The witchery of its magic rare
Come o'er me till I could have knelt
To worship the bright spirit there.
That raven hair—that raven hair—
That woos the soft and amorous air
And o'er thy brow's pure whiteness flows
Like clouds o'er morning's drifted snows—
That raven hair—l love to mark
Its clusters o'er thy temples rove,
While sweetly from its ringlets dark
Is breathing all the soul of love.
That lovely cheek—that lovely cheek —
Where joy and beauty seem to speak
From every lineament, and twine
Their flower-wreaths o'er its virgin shrine —
That lovely cheek—how sweet to muse
On the dear tints that o'er it rise,
And gazing on those breathing hues,
To dream of love and Paradise.
That floating form—that floating form—
With heaven's own glowing spirit warm,
So beautiful, the vision fair
Seems a bright creature of tbe air—
That floating form—oh, I have dreamed
Such forms were in the bowers above —
Too bright for earth the vision seemed,
A thing of ecstacy and love.
SPEECH OF GEN. LESLIE COOMBS.
Letter and Resolutions Written by Henry
Gen. Leslie Coombs, of Kentucky, addressed
a Bell and Everett meeting at Cincinnati, as fol
Fellow citizens, this is not the first visit that
I have made to your State by several. My first
appearance in Ohio was on the occasion alluded
to by the honorable gentleman, when I came ac
companied by Kentucky Volunteers, to protect
the women and children from the merciless torn
ahawk and scalping knife ot the savage, and the
still greater cruelty of British soldiers, standing
by aud seeing the work well done.
Then we came armed with muskets aud bay
onets, now we come with firm hearts, and good
reasons to stand by you in this contest for the
preservation of our Union. Long may it be be
fore any of the despoilers of our Union, residing
along the Gulf coast, shall dare to cross Ken
tucky and invade Ohio. I have for many years
seen the movements which are now looming up,
both in the South and in the North, threatening
destruction to our glorious Union. I am here
to-night, prepared with a written power of at
torney from Henry Clay, appointing me his po
litical legatee upon this great question. Be
foresaw tae trouble, and fearing its imminent
danger, wrote a letter to me, and drafted resolu
tions which I to-night, for the second time, pre
sent for the adoption ot the lovers of the Union.
The first tima was in Frankfort, last night.
Mr. Coombs held up original letters of Henry
Clay—ODe writteu to him (Gen. Coombs) du
ring the pendency of the Missouri Compromise
question, espreis'ug great fear of the formation
of sectional parties, aud asother writteu in 1849.
Mr. Coombs said the sectional parties that Clay
feared then had been formed by the abrogation
ot that Compromise. He called on the people
to witness the handwriting of Henry Clay, and
handed it to Hon. J. Scott Harrison, who pro
nounced it the handwriting of Mr. Clay. Mr.
Coombs said the suggestions of the letter and the
resolutions which Clay had drafted, and which
he had with him, were precisely applicable to
the present condition of the politics of the coun
try. Mr. Coombs then read the letter and
resolutions of which the following is a copy j
Washington, Dec. 22, 1849.
My Dear Sir :—I received your favor of the
17th inst., and thank jou for its details.
My object ia writing you now is one of great
importance, and / wish you to lead of in %t. It
will do the couutry good, aud do you good.
The feeling for disunion among some intem
perate Southern politicians is stronger than I
supposed it could be. The masses generally,
even at the South, are, I believe, yet sound;
but they may become inflamed and perverted.—
The best counteraction of that feeing is to be
derived from popular expressiouat public meet
ings of the people. Now, what I should be
gild to see is such meetings held throughout
Kentucky, for you must know tbat the disun
ionists count upon the co-operation of our patri
otic State. <•,.•*
Can't you get up a large, powerful meeting of
both parties, if possible, at Lexington, at Louis
ville, &c, to express in strong language their
determinatian to stand by the Union. I hope
the Legislature, aud the Convention also, if it
has not adjourned, may do the same. If you re
main silent and passive, there is danger that the
bad feeling may reach you. Now is the time
for sahuary action, and you are the man to do it.
I enclose some resolutions, which, or some simi
lar to them, I should be happy to see adopted.
Prudence and propriety will suggest to you
that too tree a use of my name should uot be
made in getting up this movement. You will
know the persons to counsel with, and I wish
you would keep me advised of what you do.
Your friend, H. Clay.
Gen. Leslie Coombs.
1. Resolved, That this meeting is firmly at
tached to the Union of these States, and that
they go for it one and indivisible, now and for
2. Resolved, That whilst this meeting would
be most happy that the controverted question of
slavery within the territory recently acquired
from Mexico should be settled in a manner satis
factory to all parts ot Mexico, no settlement of
it what-wise it may be will create any just oc
casion for dissolving the Union.
3. Resolved, That this meeting" beholds in
the dissolution of our glorious Union no remedy
for any alleged evils, real or imaginary ; but a
great aggravation of them all, and contemplate
that deplorable event as the parent of other ca
lamities, tar trauscending in magnitude and fatal
consequences any of which complaint is now
4. Resolved, That as far as depends upon us,
we will stand by, support and uphold the Union
against all attacks from wit'iout or within, and
all ultraisms, whetler at the North or tbe South.
Here you have the power o!' attorney which
constitutes me the legatee of Henry Clay in this
behalf, nor would I give it for half his estate.—
As Marc Antony exhibited the robe of Cfiesar to
the Roman populace, so I exhibit to you these
relics of that great man, and ask you if you are
prepared to give up the Union to say yes. [On
ly one yes.]
He put Mr. Clay's resolutions before the
meeting and they were, of course, adopted witb
My principal business here to-night, fellow
citizens, is to exhibit to your gaze these hallow
ed relics. Last night I made my first political
speech for eight years. I stood by the death
bed of Henry Clay ar.d retired from political life,
but when the people of the North and of the
South are rending our Union, the one trying to
uproot slavery from where it is, and the other
trying to drive it where it don't want to go, I
feel it is time to rise, and I feel renewed for the
fight. I evidenced my attachment to the Union,
not one star of which I would lose ou the occa
sion before referred to. On that occasion I had
the honor to be a captain of those Kentucky
volunteers who came to the rescue ot your
northwestern frontier. I was called the boy
captain, for I had not the sign of a beard upon
ray chin. It became necessary to send a for
lorn hope to Fort Meigs, fifty miles in the ad
vance, to receive orders from General Harrison.
Having served in the previous campaign, and
obtained some knowledge of the location of the
Fort, I volunteered ; my services were accepted,
and on the 30th ot April, 1813, with a com
mand of four white men and one Indian, I start
ed for Fort Meigs, in the night, on the river.—
Daylight found us eight miles above the Fort.—
Here was a dilemma; what to do I knew not;
to land I dare not, and at the next turn of tbe
river I might be assailed with British muskets,
nor had I long to consider. 1 went on, for
I remembered that when, as my mother's
youngest child, I cried to join the army, she
bade me a weeping farewell, but told me not to
be run. As we approached Fort Meigs, fearing
each moment to see tbe wbite flag of surrender
waving from the wails, we suddenly turned the
last bend of tbe river and saw the glorious stars
and stripes. I asked old Joe Paxtoo, who was
by my side then, how many balls he thought it
would have taken to kill him dead when he saw
that flag flying; he said—"By G—d, Captain,
about a peck."
Remember, feflow-fitizens, I have two weeks
of active campaigning oerore me, and on the
first of August W?r icy l to tell a story that will
certainly settle the bash of some of our Southern
Haed on the Politicians. —The Hon. Benja
min A. Hill, Congressman from Georgia, closed
an address at Macon, on June 80, with the fol
lowing severe thrust at "the politicians."
"My countrymen, I appeal from these leaders
to you ! How long will you snffer politicians
to flatter you as sovereigns and use you as vie
tims, without awaking your resentment? How
often shall they settle and unsettle the slavery
question before yon di>cover tbe only meaning
they have is to excite your prejudices and get
your votes? For how many years shall chang
ing demagogues shufflo you as a gambler shuffles
his cards—to win a stake—and still find you
willing to he shuffled sgain ? Yon were told to
worship tbe Kansas bill; with the blind but
earnest devotion of a Mecca pilgrim you did
kneel and kiss 1 You were told to abuse your
neighbor because he wosld not worship witb
you. In all the billingsgate of the demagogue's
vocabulary you did it. Now behold! They
who told you to worship, tell you the thing you
worshipped is a cheat, a swindle, a humbug,
yea, a 'deception to the South.' The neighbor
you abused has proven a wise man and a true
patriot. Will you bend again tbe supple knee,
and shout aloud with the nimble tongue, when
these same priests shall order you ? Will you ?
and so soon? I have spoken to you, friends, in
kindness. I have spoken the truth. I do not
know that I shall speak again. May you do
your duty, save your couDtry, and stand ap
proved at last."
New way of getting a Liying.—Coleman,
in nis work on Butterflies, gives the following
description:—A deadly enemy to the whole cat
erpillar race is ever on the alert, winging about
in the shape of a small, black fly, in search of
an exposed and defenceless caterpillar. Having
first selected her victim, the fly pierces his body
with a sharp cutting instrument she is armed
with, and in the wound deposits an egg ; the cat
erpillar winces a little at this treatment, but
seems to attach little importance to it. Mean
while his enemy repeats its thrusts, until some
thirty or forty eggs, germs of the destroyers, are
safely lodged in his body, and his doom Is cer
tain beyond hope. The eggs quickly hatch into
grubs, who begin to gntiw away at the unhappy
creature's flesh, thus reducing him gradually,
but by a profound instinct, keeping clear of the
vital organs, as if knowing full well that the
creature must keep on feeding, and digesting too,
or their owi. supply would speedily fail, just as
assurers, while draining a client, keep up bis
credit with the world as long as they can.—
Weaker grows the caterpillar, as the gnawing
worms within grow stronger and nearer matu
rity ; sometimes he has strength to take the
chrysalis shape, but out of this he never comes
a butterfly ; the consuming grubs now finish vi
tals and all, turn to pupa) iv his empty skin, and
come out soon black flits like the parent.
Young Love.—Oh, woe! woe! to the moth
er, who, serene in a happiness strengthened,
while it is tempered by Time, fails to sympathize
with the crimsoned cheek, the fluttering heart,
the silent tear, that betray a daughter's initiation
into the lore, which was once the food of her
thoughts through the anxious nights and days of
deep, yet troubled joy. Why not teach our chil
dren that the friendships and loves, seen rich
and warm, with the early summer glow upon
them, are but tbe foretastes of the divine, all
pervading sentiment, which (rod would have
His immortal creatures know. Have you ever
thought—you, who hold that a lit preparation
for "Life's realities," (a term hateful as trite!)
is a mastery over the judgment of the heart; a
thorough subjugation ot impetuosity to.common
sense; an unroofing aud undermining aud explo
sion and pulverization, to .he last atom, of the
castles whioh children and youths will erect,
with only air for foundation aud superstructure;
you, who would drug into insensibility the gen
erous impulse and ardent devotion of hearts,
whose veins run red, fast young blood, as the
Creator wills they shall; have \ou ever tbought,
we ask, of the meaning of this text, "If a man
love not his brother, whom he hath seen, how
aan he love God, whom he hath not seen?"—
How shall we, in the heaven of love, practice
what we are making it the study of our lives
to unlearn ?
Websteb. —We have never heard a more
beautiful incident in the life of Mr. Webster
than that which he related. It was in effect
this: "When Lord Ashburton and myself,"
said the great man, "sat down, at opposite sides
of the table, entirely alone, as both had desired
to consider the Northeastern boundary difficul
ty, I said to his Lordship at my outset, ''My
Lord, I wish to propound to you at the com
mencement of this discussion, this simple reso
lution, to be adopted before we go further,
namely, that the question at issue between your
country and mine shall be settled amicably • and
that the enemies of the institutions and religion
of both shall not be allowed the delight of see
ing both doing their utmost to destroy each oth
er." With the deepest emotion, Lord Ashbur
replied : "I heartily accept the resolution," and
at the same time grasped Mr. Webster'u hand a
cross the table.
To Ladies who have Danced with the
Pbinoe. — What an event among crinolinedom !
We are afraid he will have much to answer for.
Young men who weie formerly considered par
agons of perfection by the same young ladies,
will doubtless be snubbed incontinently. A
hand that has been grasped by a live Piinee,
will not be bestowed upon every chance comer,
depend upon it. Have a care, girls! Don't
carry your heads too high, or at least not so
high that you may not have the pleasure of tell
ing to your children "all about the Prince." In
short, don't be so puffed up that one of those
days somebody will point out a withered old
maid, and somebody else will exclaim, incredu
lously in your hearing—"What! the Prince
dance with her! Well truly, there is no ac
counting for taste!" Not the solitary "Ob, but
she was pretty once," will take the sting from
the rejoinder, "Is ii possible !"—p ann y p ern%
Guns.—The invention of guns is indisputably
German, and was produced in this manner:
Ono Barthoe Schwatis, a friar, in making
chemical experiments, mixed saltpetre and brim
stone with other ingredients, aud set them upon
a fire in a crucible; but a spark getting into it,
the pot immediately broke with great violence
and noise ; which event surprised him at first,
but he repeated his expeiiment, and finding the
effect constant, sot himself to work to improve
it; for which purpose he caused an iron pipe
to be made, with a small hole to fire at, and
putting in some of his ingredients, together
with small stones, set fire to it, and found it an
swered his expectations in penetrating all be
fore it. This happened about theyear 1333, and
was soon improved to the making of great
How a Lady Preserved Webster's Reply
to Haynb.—The Taunton (Mass.) Gazette incor
porates the following interesting reminisoence in
a notice of the article on "The National Intelli
gencer and its Editors," in the last Atlantic
"It will be seen from this interesting narrative
that there was a time wben Joseph Gales stood
alone among the Congressional reporters; and,
to still further illustrate hie position in that line,
we call to mind what we once heard an intimate
friend of Mr. Webster say we owed to him and
his wife with regard to the celebrated reply to
Mr. Hayne. Meeting the Massachusetts Senator
as he was going to the Capitol on that morning,
Mr. Gales inquired of him how long he intended
to speak. About half an hour, was the reply.
The editor's duties at that time were pressing,
but he ventured to take so much time from them.
Mr. Webster, however, directly after met Judge
Story, who said that he thought the time had
come to give the country bis views on the Con
stitution. To this proposition he assented. Mr.
Gales took up his pencil unaware of this arrange
ment, and alike unconscious of the lapse of time
under the enchantment of the orator, and con
sequently he wrote on until the close of the
"Some days passing away, and the 'proof of
the speech not appearing, Mr. Webster called on
the reporter and made the inquiry. 'I have the
notes/ said Mr. Gales, 'and tbey are at your ser
vice, as I shall never find time to write them
out.' This led to some remonstrance and per
suasion, but the over-tasked editor stood firm. —
Then Mrs. Gales came to his rescue by saying
that she thought that she could decipher her
husband's short-hand, as she had formerly occa
sionally done so. Mr. Gales doubted, seeing that
it was fifteen years since she had tried it. But
she heard the speech, and as the resistless sweep
of its argument, and the gorgeous and massive
magnificence ot its imagery, were yet vivid in
her mind, she persisted in undertaking tbe diffi
cult wrrk. Jp doe time thereafter, the fair man
uscript came to Mr. Webster's hands for final
correction. Scarcely a word needed to be chang
ed, and soon a set of diamonds, costing a thou
sand dollars, accompanied the rich thanks of the
eloquent statesman. Thus was saved to litera
ture the most memorable oration of the Ameri
Parity of Character.
Over the beauty of the plum and apricot there
grows a bloom and beauty more exquisite than
the fruit itself—a soft, delicate flush that over
spreads its blushing cheek. Now if you strike
your hand over that, it is gone forever, for
it never grows but once. The flower that hangs
in the morning impearled with dew—arrayed as
no queenly woman ever was arrayed in jewels—
once shake it so that the beads roll off, and you
may sprinkle water over it as you please, yet it
can never be made again what it was when the
dew fell silently upon it from heaven! On a
frosty morning you may see the panes of glass
covered with landscapes, mountains, lakes and
trees, blending in a beautiful, fantastic picture.
Now lay your bauds upon the glass, and by the
scratch of your finger, or by the warmth of your
palm, all the delicate tracery will be obliterated.
So there is in youth a beauty and purity of
character, which when once touched and defiled
can never be restored—ia fringe more delicate
than frostwork, and which, when torn and
broken, will never be re-embroidered. A man
who has spotted and soiled his garments in
youth, though he may seek to make them white
again, cau never wholly do it, even were he to
wash them with his tears. When a young man
leavts his father's house with the blessing of his
mother's tears wet upon his forehead, it he once
loses that purity of character, it is a loss that he
can never make whole again. Such is the con
sequence of crime. Its effects cannot be eradi
cated, it can only be tbrgiv«n.
Tarshisu—Where was it ?
Sir Emerson Teuuent, in his recent work on
Ceylon—a work, by the way, of great value and
interest both to the scholar and general reader —
adduces strong grounds for the belief that Tarsh
ish was in Ceylon, and probably at or near Point
de Gallc. Malacca, it is well knowh, was the
Golden Chersonese ot the great Greek geogra
phers, aud in the Malay language, Ophir is the
generic term for a gold mine. We read in Chron
icles that "King Solomon made a navy of ships
iv Ezion-geber, which is besides Elath"—on the
shore of the Red Sea—and that this navy traded
with l'arshish and Ophir. "Once in three years
came the navy of Tarshish, bringing gold and
silver, ivory, apes, and peacocks." In a Persian
poem of the Tenth Century, which describes an
expedition from Jerusalem to Ceylon, the out
ward voyoge is stated as occupying a year and a
half—a coincidence which the regular occur
rence of the Mousoons, and their effect upon the
unscientific navigation of the East, renders im
portant. Gold end silver have been for ages,
and still are, produced in liberal quantities trom
the mines of Malacca—and ivory, apes and pea
cocks, aie the most prominent articles of export
from Ceylon—and are spoken of many times in
the Tamil books, in the same order as in the
Scripture narrative.— [Examiner.
Facts fob Pooe Fabmees. —"Those farmers
who have most difficulty to make both ends meet
always plow most and keep most stock. Now,
these men take the true plan to keep themselves
always poor, because their crops and stock are
always poor and bring little." So writes John
Johnson in a letter to the Secretary of our State
Society ; aud he thus illustrates his statement:
"It is good profit to raise three hundied bushels
from ten acres, but when it takes thirty acres to
raise that amount it is raised at a loss. So it is
with cattle and sheep; you will see the think
ing farmer making four-year old steers worth
from $60 to $80 each and his neighbor's at the
same age not worth over $25 to $40." His ad
vice to the latter is, "If his land is exhausted he
should plow no more than he can thoroughly
manure. Seed with clover and grass and let it
rest, and that field will not only pay well for til
lage, but it will furnish manure (if rightly man
gedj to make another field of the same size rich
also." Aud then keep it rich; do not run it
with gram until again exhausted, or "the latter
end of that land wiil be worse than the first."—
WoBKING MOTHEBS—IDLE DaCGHTEBS.—It IS,
says Mrs. Ellis, a most painful spectacle to fami
lies where the mother is drudge, to sen the
daughters elegantly dressed, reclining at their
ease, with their drawing; their musio, their fan
cy work anrj their reading; beguiling themselves
of the lapse of hours, days and week-, and nev
er dreaming ot their responsibilities; but, as a
necessary consequence ot the neglect ot duty,
growing weary of their useless lives, laying hold
ot every newly invented stimulaut to rouse their
drooping energies, aud blaming their God for
having placed them where they are.
These individuals will often tell you, with an
air ot affected compassion—for who can believe
it real—that "poor dear mamma is working her
self to death." Yet, no sooner do you propose
that they should assist her, than they declare
she is quite in her element—in short, that she
never would be happy if she ouly had half as
much to do.
The Eye of the Needle.—The Scriptural
simile, that it is harder for a rich man to enter
the kingdom of Heaven than for a Oamel to go
through the eye ot a needle, which has pnzzled
many an unlearned head, is clearly explained by
a modern traveler.
Li the East, all walled cities have a small gate
along side of the great gates, which is called, in
the figurative language ol tbat region, "the eye
of the needle." When it is understood that the
large gate 3 are closed at niszht, and that a trav
eler arrived afterward-, inuat enter through the
"eye of the needle," through which he can take
his camel, if he desires to do so, only divesting
him of burden, and causing him to kneel down;
the metaphor is as clear as it is simple and
Drink with moderation ; for inebriety never
keeps a secret no, performs a promise.
When business is over done in a city, she may
well look out for breakers.
For the Spectator.
Waynesboro, Oct. 15th, 1860.
Mr. Mauzy : —At a meeting of the Waynes
boro Bell and Everett Club on Saturday tbe 6th
inst., J. Marshall Hanger, a young gentleman
of your place formerly of this*vicinity appeared
upon tbe stand to address the meeting. He
commenced by alluding to the place of happy
associations in his school-boy days, impressing
upon tbe audience however much circumstances
may change a rasn, yet there is a feeling in the
human breast never to be forgotten, never to be
entirely suppressed however far we roam, and
that is in the language of the poet,
dear the school-boy spot
We ne'er forget tho' we are forgot
and upon his allusion to this to quote further —
Full many a stoic eye and aspect mean
Hide hearts where grief has little felt than seen
Yet shed a tear.
Havi-g done with this part of his subject the
speaker addressed the large assembly in a 6tyle
ot eloquence not to be surpassed. He com
menced by congratulating the audience and the
country at large that such men as Beli and Ev
erett were presented to them for their suffrages.
After traversing the reasons and extensive acts
of both these gt oat* statesmen and showing al
most to a demonstration that all who have the
welfare of their country, and especially the in
stitutions oi the South at heart, should rally to
their support. It is impossible for me to reca
pitulate all tbe arguments used by the speaker.
Hot allow me to say, that I conceive that none
but those who are most determinedly bent on
the destruction ot our institutions could listen to
his arguments without bringing themselves un
der the standard ot tbe Constitutional pariy aud
there voting for the Union as it is. What A
mericancau look abroad upon our country with
out experiencing swelling emotions of pride and
gratitude at our present greatness. But what
influence wiil her glories exert upon the un
veiled future? Who can tell?
"Breathes there a mail with soul so dead,
Who never to himself hath said,
This is my own, my native land '!"
How forcibly was the above saying brought
to my mind when the youug speaker was ap
pealing to the patriotism of the Douglas and
Breckinridge men to leave off their diseentions
and join the hosts oi Union loving, law-abiding
citizens, so that we all might rest safely beneath
the flag of Freedom, aud all blending their
voices with the triumphant peals of the free and
disinthralled from sectionalism. Sir, if lam not
mistaken and I ho, c I am not, there aie men in
our community who have ever since I have
known them, been lukewarm, now begin to feel
some ot that Eagle spirit, some ot that Ameri
can principle which burns in the breast of every
Union man, inspire them with longings aud res
olutions to rise up in the majesty aud might of
freemen and stand erect and plume their pinion
with some of the growing feathers plucked from
the wing of Columbia's Eagle. May they do so,
and be enabled to soar to an extraordinary pitch,
clad with unwitheriug leaflets, and though the
storms ot Southern aggression have sent forth
the mandate against it, may they witld the petty
axe of intestiue strife to cut down aud lay level
with the dust all who would advocate the un
holy alliances ot the South alone. What heart
would not swell with proud aud grateful emo
tions at this result ? Are not all the feelings of
our hearts entwined about the interests of our
country? Yes! Though this fair temple of our
Union should be upturned and laid level with
the dust, though all its fair proportions and ma
jestic pillars aud towering arohes should crumble
aud tali, though the tree of freedom by the
mighty whirl-wind of strife should be uprooted,
anu all its beautiful leafless branches broken, and
its vernal foliage withered and given to the
winds. Though the Eagle of Columbia should
tii.il from her celestial height, and her eye be
come dim. Aud should siie bo no longer able
to mount above the lofty cr«gs or scale the
mountain peaks. Yet iv surveying the mighty
waste aud contemplating the ruined hopes of
all, would not the language of every true Amer
ican still be
Around the dear ruin each wish of my heart
Entwines itself verdantly still.
May tha God of nations preserve our country
from harm. May the bright flag of our Union
which this day floats as proudly, as freely, as
majestically, as gloriously as when it first un
furled its infant pinions to the breeze of Heaven
as a beacon light over the new born States of
this Union, float on as triumphantly, uutil every
traitor to his Country and his party may catch
its lustre, aud turn aud again struggle up the as
cent ot Freedom's Mount and bask in the me
ridian suuhght of Equality aud Liberty.
On the 13th inst. Gen. Harman, ot your city,
addressed the Democratic party here, as also did
Col. Baylor, The occasion so unlike any other
assemblage of democrats, neither of the speakers
could bring up any happy reminiscences of past
achievements to inspire their audience. But all
seem to have that anxious concern for the fu
ture which naturally crowds upon us all. Gen.
Harman ably advocated the cause of S. A. Doug
las, proved tbat never did there live a man of
greater nobleness ot mind or of truer principles
to the Democratic party and that his past acts
would be revered and honored long after Breck
inridge and his disunion followers shall have
sunk into oblivion. Gen, Harman has improved
much as a public speaker. His friends here
fondly hope that his health may sustain him in
the efforts he is making in the cause of Doug
For the Spectator.
At a meeting of the Union loving men com
posed of Whigs and Democrats, held at Mowry's
Mill, on the 13th inst., for the purpose of form
ing a Bell at,d Everett Club, in order to be bet
ter prepared tor forwarding the interest of the
Union Party in this vicinity.
The mooting was called to order by Maj. R. T.
Poage, who stated the object of the meeting in
a brief and pointed Union-like speech.
L. F. Fishburn was called to the chair, and
W. H. Snapp appointed Secretary.
On motion ot R. T. Poage the following gen
tlemen were appointed a committee by the
chairman to report permanent officers for this
Club: D. D. Croushorn, 0. H. Snapp, R. T.
Poague, A. P. Wilkerson and G. W. Fishburn. —
The committee reported the following gentle
men : D. B. Croushorn, President; W. H.
Snapp and L. F. Fishburn, Secretaries.
On motion the Chairman appointed the fol
lowing committee to invite speakers to address
tiiis Club: R. T. Poage, L. F. Fishburn, W\
H, Snapp and J. Stover.
On motion it was resolved that the Club meet
at Mowry's Mill at 2 o'clock, Thursday evening,
to make arrangements for a procession to tbe
Union Rally on the 19th inst.
H. W. Sheffey and Capt. Doyle are most res
pectfully invited to address the Club on next
Thursday evening, and Col. J. B. Baldwin on
next Thursday week, at 2 o'clock, P. M.
On motion it was resolved these proceedings
be published in the Staunton Spectator.
The Club then adjourned to meet on Thurs
day, the 18th of October, at 2 o'clock, P. M.
D. B. CROUSHORN, Chaibman.
W. H. Snabp, Secretary.
CONTBOLLING THE INCLINATION. —It is hard
work to control the working of inclination, and
turn the bent of nature; but that it may be done,
I know from experience. God has given us, in
a measure, the power to make our own fate;
and when our energies seem to demand a sus
tenance they cannot get—when our will strains
after a path we may not follow—we need nei
ther starve from inanition, nor stand still in de
spair ; we have but to seek another nourishment
tor the mind, as strong us the forbidden food it
longed to taste, and perhaps purer; and to hew
out tor the adventurous foot a road as direct and
broad as the one Fortune has blocked up against
us, if rougher than it. — Charlotte Bronte.
"Every man," says Sallust, "who would rank
higher than the beasts of the field whose great
est object in life is to administer to the cravings
of nature, must seek to excel in pursuits befitting
a rational being."
Woman lost Paradise to make man happy ;
he deserves purgatory if he makes her wretched.
Here's to our flag—the Union flag,
The flag our fathers bore;
Let it float from Atlantic's granite crag
To Pacific's golden shore.
I Let the Summer breeze, from the old pine woods,
• From sunrise till 'tis set,
. Awake the mountain solitudes
r With Bell and Everett.
1 Come to the gathering! Behold
Our standard far and wide ;
No star eclipsed—no wrinkled fold;
Our glory and our pride.
May its coming future ever be
What all its past has been ;
Let it wave as free o'er the "Thirty-three"
As over the "Old Thirteen."
i Through chill November's dreary storm,
(As the mirky black clouds lift,)
• Shall doom the Union's stately form,
I Amid the sleet and drift,
Above the tempest's rack and rout—
1 The arch enemy we've met,
And the thrilling, patriotic shout
Is for Bell and Everett.
Come—gather 'neath the Union't flag—
I The flag our fathers bore;
Let it float from Atlantic's granite crag
To Pacific's golden shore.
Unfurl it by the grand old sea,
Plant it on village green ;
Let it wave as free o'er the "Thirty-three,"
As over the "Old Thirteen."
Can Any One Tell ?—Can any one tell why
men who cannot pay small bills can always find
plenty of money to buy liquor, and treat when
happening among their friends?
Cao any one tell how young men who dodge
their washerwoman and are always behind with
their landlord, can play billiards night and day,
and are always ready tor a game of poker or
Can any one tell how men live and support
their families who have no income and do not
work, and why others, who are industrious and
constantly employed, half starve?
Can any one tell how it is that a man is too
poor to pay for a newspaper, who is able to pay
a dollar or two a day for tobacco, whiskey and
The newspapers have greatly contributed to
enrich the English language. We shall shortly
have, thanks to the gentlemen ot the press, a
pretty, delicate, idiomatic turn of speech for all
tbe principle affairs of life. Thus a widow is "a
fair relict:" a young woman making her debut
at a police affice, is "an interesting female."—
Formerly, a criminal used to be hanged, but
now he is "launched into eternity." A man
was sometimes drowned in old times, hut it of
tener occurs that he was "immersed in the liq
uid element till the fire of life was extinguished."
A Sneer and a Truth.—lt was a coarse,
cruel sneer—unworthy ot one of England's great
est artists —when he said that "a woman had
rather be courted and jdted, than never be court
ed at all." Another whom the alchemy ot sor
row had tested and purified, has brought out from
this rough stone the lustre of a truth, as univer
sal as beautiful:
"Better to have loved and lost,
Than never to have loved at all."
If thou takest virtue for the rule of life, and
valuest thyself upon acting in all things conform
ably thereto, thou wilt have no cause to envy
lords and princes ; for blood is inherited, bat
virtue is a common property and may be acquired
by all; it has, moreover, an intrinsic worth
which blood has tot.
"An' it's a murtheriu' vagabone I am, is it?"
said an Irishman to his wife, who was blowing
htm up dreadfully ; "thin it's meself that hopes
iv l«»c *v «~« *J._ J. v . „,!.;„ j,«„'_, „ !,,,„„ _;/»„_
waping over the could sod tbat covers me, an'
• thin, I'll see how you get along without me."
Truthful expression of our admiration of the
good qualities ot others is the surest way of fix
ing in their hearts a determination to excel, and
this speo'es of admiration is very far from flat
We have heard of asking for bread and re
ceiving a stone; but a gentleman may be con
sidered as still worse treated when he asks for a
lady's hand aud receives her father's foot!
The most successful people are those who have
but one object and pursue it with persistence.
"The great art," says Goethe, "is to judiciously
limit and isolate one's self."
"Do you believe that Mrs. Smith paints?"—
"They say she does, but I can hardly credit it."
"Well, she has certainly a great deal of color
lor one of her size".
Some people carry their hearts iv their heads;
very many carry their heads in their hearts.—
The difficulty is to keep them apart, and yet
both actively working together.
He who acquires riches without labor, gener
ally lavishes them without care. Frugality is
as closely connected with industry as idleness ia
The philosopher, the politician, or the priest,
who speaks the truth at all times and in all
places, will starve. Hypocrisy alone feeds fat.
A Charleston paper thinks that an ludian and
his squaw, paddling down the Mississippi, are
interesting specimens of canoebial felicity.
Be equally solicitous to sift out the truth
amidst tne presents and promises of the rich and
the sighs aud entreaties of the poor.
Walk with gravity, and speak deliberately,
hut not so as to seem to be listening to thyself ;
for affectation is odious.
Be calm aud quiet in your life. You are not
necessarily serviceable to others when you are
troublesome to yourself.
The loss of goods and money is oftentimes no
loss; if you had not lost them, they might per
haps have 10.-t you.
Wisdom often comes to us too late in life to be
of much service to us. Ther<j is no use of mus
tard alter meat.
A man should manifest and communicate his
joy, but as much as possible conceal and smoth
er his grief.
An old bachelor is a traveller upon life's rail
road, who has entirely failed to make the proper
It you were obliged to swallow a man, whom
would you prefer to swallow ? A little London
Correct yourself betimes. You will seldom
or never keep from falling if you cannot recover
yourself when you first begin to totter.
Everybody should have his head, his heart
and hand educated. Let this truth never be
Honor yourself and you will be honored, de
spise yourself and you will be despised.
Resolutions taken without thought bring dis
asters without remedy.
Starers have the habit of taking au uncivil
eyes-ed view ot things.
"You don't pass here," as the counter said to
the bad shilling.
A life of full and constant employment is thu
only safe and happy one.
Corkscrews have sunk more people than cork
jackets will ever keep up.
It is only one hundred and sixty-seven years
since witches were hanged in New England.
Died in the Wool. —Mutton.