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RICHARD MAUZY, Editor & Proprietor.
J_F" Tlie "Spectator" is published once a week, at
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qfth* Editor, until all arrearages are paid.
A J VERTISEMENTS of ten lines (or less) inserted
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quent continuance. Larger advertisements inserted in
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A liberal discount made to those who advertise by the
year. , .
v3g~ Annual advertisers wiil be limited to their im
mediate business, or the advertisements charged for at
Professional Cards, not exceeding seven lines, will
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Western Virginia *
MARBLE WORKS, M g
AT STAUNTON j_j II
HARRISONBURG. IFf IB
MARQUIS _ KELLEY. j=3_j
Staunton, April 7, 1856.
"TAYLOR & HOGE,
DRY GOODS, GROCERIES,
QUEENSWARE, HATS, CAPS,
BOOTS AND SHOES,
HAVE just received a very large and handsome
stock of FALL AND WINTER GOODS, to
which they invite the attention of purchasers.
Staunton, Oct. 9, 1860.
I_>r. w. bTyoungT
DRUGS, MEDICINES, PAINTS,
OILS, DYE-STUFFS. CHEMICALS, BURNING
FL UID, DA Q UERREO TYPE MA TERI
ALS, ALL KINDS TOILET AND
ALSO, COAL. OIL. AND LAMPS,
Staunton, July 19,1859.
DR. JAMES JOHNSTON, SURGICAL &
MECHANICAL DENTIST, having been located
permanently in Staunton for the last four years, would
respectfully inform his friends and the public gene
rally, that he still continues to practice Dentistry,in all
its various branches, with the strictest regard to du
rability and usefulness.
Office on the south-side of Main Street opposite the
old Spectator Office.
Staunton, Nov. 29,1854.
__ €. IEAKLE,
JL WITCHES, CLOCKS, JEWEL-^H
ii RY, SILVER AND $£•
mam PLJTtB ir._J_E.
OPPOSITE VA. HOTEL, STAUNTON, VA.
Staunton, July 17. 1860.
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
LITTLE ROCK, ARKANSAS.
WILL attend to the location, purchase and sale of
Lands in Arkansas, and any other business
pertaining to his profession in that State, and in
Memphis, Term. May be found until the 15th of Oc
tobea at the office of David 8. Young, or the residence
of N. P. Catlett, Staunton, Va.
Oct. 2, ls6o—ly.
J. M. HANGER
ATTORNEY AT LAW, STAUNTON, VA.,
WILL practice in all the Courts held in Staunton,
and in the Circuit Courts of Albemarle and
ckmgham. Office in the brick-row, in the rear of
Staunton, Dec. 30, 1857.
JOHN W. MEREDITH,
JEWELRY, CLOCKS, WITCHES, &C,
Main St., Staunton, Va.
J_F~ Watches and Jewelry Repaired.
Staunton, Jan. 17.
OCTOR JAMES B. GILKESON—Having
located in Staunton, tenders his professionalser
vices to the public. He may be found, when not pro
essionally engaged, at the room over the Saddle and
Harness establishment of Mr. G. H. Elick, nearly op
posite the Post Office.
Staunton Feb. 8.1859—tf.
A. D. CHANDLER,
KEEPS MET ALIO CASES of all sizes, at Staun
ton and Millborough Depot, at City Prices.
■Staunton, July 19, 1859.
ROBERT D. LILLEY,
WILL attend promptly to Surveying, Platting,
Calculating and Dividing Land, and Looating
Staunton, June 2*5, iB6O.
R. JL. DOYLE,
Attorney at Law, Staunton, Va.,
WILL practice in the Courts of Augusta, Rock
bridge, Bath and Highland.
July 29, 1857.
DENTAL NOTICE —Wm. Chapman has re-,
moved his office to the old Bell Tavern, near the
Virginia Hotel, and opposite Brandeburg's Corner,
and adjoining Rankin's Daguerrean Gallery, where he
will be pleased to see his friends and costomers.
Staunton, Jan. 31,1860.
$lAA AAA Is CASHFOR N E
IVI/jUUI/ GROES!—I will pay the M
highest market prices for sound and healthy **S
NEGROES. My long experience in the busi- JP
ness, and my facilities for selling will enable ■&■__
me to pay the veby highest prices.
I wish to employ some'good AGENTS to buy Ne
groes. I want business men of good moral habits.
Persons wishing to sefl will And it to their interest
to call on me by letter or otherwise, at Waynesboro',
Augusta county, Virginia. JOHN B. SMITH.
August I_. 1860—6m0.»
ANTED.— IOOO young and likely NE- 3f
GROES, of both sexes, for the Southern *»
market. The highest cash prices will be paid Jk
for them. <____
Address WILLIAM TAYLOR,
July 17.—tf.—Vin. copy. Brownsburg, Va.
LASTER.— The Staunton Steam Mill having
been repaired and put in working order, farmers
can now get supplies of GROUND PLASTER in any
desired quantities. E. T. ALBERTSON, Sup't.
Staunton. June 5, 1860.
OOK HERE I— The undersigned have receiv
ed a large lot of MILLER'S CASSIMERES
which will be sold at a reasonable rate.
MOSBY, MAYLOR & FULTZ.
Staunton, Sept. 25, 1860.
MILL IRONS, MACHINERY AND ALL
kinds of Castings made to order at the Staunton
Foundry, by A. J. GARBER _ CO.
Sep. 13. 1859.
IA AAA LBS. WOOL WANTED—for which we will
IUjUUU pay the highest Market price in Cash or
Merchandise. TAYLOR & HOGE.
Staunton, June 19 18«0.
OOFLAND'S GERMAN BITTERS, and
all kinds of Patent Medicines, for sale by
DR. H. S. EICHELBERGER.
Staunton, April 3, 1860.
IRON RAILING— A variety of patterns, for
Yards, Cemet r .ots, _c, made to order at the
Staunton Foundry. A. J. GARBER _ CO.
Sept. 13. 1859.
LOAKING CLOTHS can be found at
PIPER _ FUNKHOUSER'S.
Staunton. Oct. 9, 1860.
COAL OIL LAMPS.— A large assortment at
P. H. TROUT _ CO.
Staunton, Oct. 2, iB6O.
CEMENT.- 30 bbls. "Rosendale" Cement.
TAYLOR & HOGE.
Staunton, Oct. 9, 1860.
BOOTS~AND SHOES.— SO() pair Boots and
Shoes for sale cheap by TAYLOR & HOGE.
Oct 9, ls«o. _______
S A LT.—2o6~Sac_s A_hton and Marshall's Fine
Salt, j _st received by TAYLOR _ HOGE.
Staunton, Oct. 9, 1860.
MIS CELL ANBOXTS .
/?___ / mLuzf
We ask the attention of the public to this
long- tested and unrivalled
It has been favorably known for more
than twenty years, during- which time we
have received ttixji&andA of testimonials,
showing this Jvtedicine to be an almost
never-failing remedy for diseases caused by
or attendant upon —
Sudden Colds, Coughs, Fever and figue,
Headache, giliovjs Fever, (Pains in the
Side, gack, and Loins, as well as in the
Joints and Limbs; arud.
l3Ui£LLmjaluL SjPalnA in any part of
the system, Toothache and (Pains in the
Head and Face.
fis a -£PLLtLfLc* and J&anlc
for the gftatnjCLclL, it seldom fails to cure
(Dyspepsia, Indigestion, Liver Complaint,
Jleid Stomach, Heartburn, Kidney Com
plaints, <£/___ (Piles, Jlsth
ma or (Phthisic, I(ingworms, F>oils, Felons,
Whit-lows, Old Sores, Swelled Joints, and
<22)eLUitl£. of the gfu.s±em..
It is also a prompt and sure Remedy for
Cramp and (Pain in the Stomach, (Painters'
Colic, (Dysentery, gfum.-
mc* Cholera J/lorbus, Chol
era Infantum, Scalds, Piums, Sprains,
Firuises, F?*ost JP>ites, Chilblains, as well
as the Stings of Insects, Scorpions, Cen
tipedes, and the Elites of (Poisonous Insects
and Venomous Reptiles.
See Directions accompanying each bottle.
It has been tested in every variety of
climate, and by almost eixetu. n/xlLan.
/______ to Jlmericans. It is the almost
constant companion and inestimable friend
of the a?________/--_. and the tfiavellet,
—on sea and land, — and no one should
travel en our lakes or rivers without it.
Prices, __ cis, 25 cts., 50 cts., and $1.00 per Bottle.
PERRY DAYIS & SON,
MANUFACTURERS AND PROPRIETORS,
PBOVTDENCE, B. I.
Sold by dealers every whera
Sept. 11, 1860.
PLAIN AND ORNAMENTAL.
OF EVERY VAKIETY,
EXECUTE!) WITH NEATNESS & DESPATCH
JOB PRINTING ESTABLISHMENT,
Stone Building, Augusta St.,
LARGE STOCKOF JOB TYPE!
GREAT VARIETY OF NEW & FANCY TYPE!
BRONZE 8b COLORED PRINTING!
will be done in a style equal to the best City Work.
HAVING made a large addition to the "Spectator
Job Office," it is now one of the best in the
State, and all varieties of Job Work can be done in
the very best and most satisfactory manner on very
__T* It is furnished with a great variety of new and
s__° We are now prepared to execute all kinds of
Printing, such as
Posters, Sale Bills, Blanks, Circulars,
School Reports, Cards, Checks,
Notes, Letter Heads,
Cards, Wedding Cards, Invitations dec,
in the very best style, on moderate terms.
BLANKS.—CIerks, Sheriffs, Lawyers, Consta
bles, Merchants, and business men generally, are re
spectfully informed that every kind of Blank they
may need can be had, at the shortest notice, at the
__T*Send in your orders and they will be promptly
GROVER & BAKER'S
THE undersigned Clergymen of various denomina
tions, having purchased and used in our families
•grover _ bakers celebrated family
SEWING MACHINE," take pleasure in recommend
ing it as an instrument fully combining the essentials
of a good machine. Its beautiful simplicity, ease of
management, and the strength and elasticity of its
stitch, unite to render it a machine unsurpassed by
any in the market, and one which we feel confident
will give satisfaction to all who purchase and use it:
Rev. W. H. LANEY, Baltimore, Md.,
Rev. O. H. TIFFANY, D. D.,
Rev. C. J. BOWEN,
Rev. JONA CROSS, "
Rev. JOHN McCRON, D. D., "
Rev. W T. D. CLEMM, "
Rev.W.H. CHAPMAN, '«
Rev. F. S. EVANS, "
Rev. R. C. GALBRATH, Govanstown Md.,
Rev. J. McK. REILEY, Frederick, Md.,
Rev. T. E, LOCKE, Westmoreland co., Va.,
Rev. W. A. CROCKER, Norfolk, Va.,
Rev. JOHN PARIS,
Rev. J. F. LANNEAU, Salem, Va.
Rev. C. HANKEL, D., D., Charleston, S- C.
Rev. C. A, LOYAL, <«
Rev. A. A. PORTER, Selma, Ala.
Rev. J. J. T WISE, Speedwell, S. C.
Rev. B. B. ROSS, Mobile, Ala.
Rev. J. L. MICHAUX, Enfield, N. C.
Rev. A. C. HARRIS, Hendersm, N. C.
Rev. C. F. HARRIS, ««
Office of Exhibition and Sale
181 BALTIMORE ST., BALTIMORE.
__T SEND FOR A CIRCULAR. ___
May 8, iß6o.—ly.
MAIN STREET. CHARLOTTESVILLE, VA.
FREY & ROBINSON
HAVE opened a Store on Main St., (old Post Of
fice, t where they will keep for sale, PIANOS,
FLUTES', VIOLINS, GUITARS, BANJOS, SHEET
MUSIC, STATIONERY, ENGRAVINGS, dec, &c,
and respectfully solicit the patronage of their friends
and the public generally.
PIANOS. —Our stock of Pianos is selected princi
pally from the well known and most reliable factory
of NUNS _ CLARK, New York, whose instruments
have never been surpassed in tone and durability
since their establishment commenced operations
(thirty-five years ago.) We have made arrangements
with other Factories for supplying us with Pianos, oc
casionally retaining thejprivilege, however, of return
ing them, if found unworthy our recommendation.—
Persons purchasing from us, therefore, will never run
any risk, as we have determined to sell ouly good in
struments, on most reasonable terms.
SHEET MUSIC- A great variety of the latest
publications constantly on hand. Instruction books
for all instruments. The usual deduction made in sup
plying Schools and Music Teachers. Arthur's Pat
ent Elastic Music Portfolios. Music sent by mail.
Orders from the country, promptly attended to.
C. T. FREY, Prof, of Music.
July 26, 1559.—tf.
Ayer's Ague Cure.
DE FORREST ARMSTONG. & CO.
DRY GOODS MERCHANTS,
80 _r 82 Chambers St., N. V.,
"1 TTould notify the Trade tbat they are opening
VV weekly, in new and beautiful patterns, the
Wamsutta Prints, also the Ainoskeag, a New Print,
which excels every Print in the Country for perfec
tion of execution "and design in full Madder Colors.
Our Prints are cheaper than any in market, and meet
ing with extensive sale. Orders promptly attended
Jan. 31, lgPQ—lv
YRUP- 20 bbls. Molasses and SvruD.
TAYLOR & HOGE.
Staunton, Oct. 9, 1860.
STAUNTON, VIRGINIA, TUESDAY, OCTOBER 30, 1860.
I had a dream the other night,
When all around was still;
I dreamed I saw poor Breckinridge
A sitting on a hill;
A corncob pipe was in his mouth,
A tear was in his eye,
Says he they'll beat us North and South.
But Yancey, do not cry.
Oh, Fire-eaters, do not cry, said he,
Tho' we are left of hope bereft,
By Bell of Tennessee.
Not tar away stood Stephen A.,
I think I see him now,
With clenched fist and lips compressed,
And dark and frowning brow ;
With sorrowing phiz, poor Breckinridge
No sooner caught his eye,
Than hands did place upon his face,
And loud began to cry.
Oh, Lord, Stephen, don't be mad with me,
There was nothing so deceivin'
As that Bell of Tennessee.
Then in the rear there did appear,
A doleful picture drawn,
With clothes neglect and hair erect,
And features woe-begone;
I'll go again to splittiLg rails,
Quoth he with piteous sigh,
The colored question once more falls,
So, darkies, let us cry.
Oh, dear niggers, come and cry with me,
Our hopes are o'er for evermore,
With Bell of Tennessee.
Then by his side I there espied,
Old Buck with phiz demure;
Friend Abe, he said, I'm much airaid,
Our cause is hopeless, sure;
To Breckinridge tho' I was pledged,
All powers I did apply,
Tho' indirect, you to elect,
So Lincoln do not cry.
Oh, fanatics, do not cry, said he,
We all have fell by Old John Bell,
That hails from Tennessee.
From the Western Review.
A Beautiful Incident.
Immediately after the Virginia Militia had
defeated the Indians at the battle of Point
Pleasant, the survivors collected the bodies of
their fallen comrades and interred them near
the confluence of the two rivers, upon which is
now known as the Reservation. The country
was then an unbroken forest; and beneath the
branches of its giaut trees —far away from tho
haunts of civilization —were dug the humble
graves of those brave but unfortunate men.—
The war whoop of the savage had scarcely died
away, and the smoke of the recent hard fought
battle Htill hovt red over the valley like a mourn
ing drapery, as the soldiers with sorrowing
hearts gathered around the trench and deposited
one by one, the bodies ot their late companions
in arms. Oh! how sad must have been the
hearts of those noble men, at that solemn mo
ment. No doubt they lifted their thoughts
from the awful contemplation of the death
scene before them, and the wilds around, and
reverted to the happy homes far away, so soon
to be filled with grief on account of tho slain. —
No doubt a tear trickled down the weather
beateu face of the warrior, as he saw the graves
close over the dead forever, and said to himself
"peace he to their ashes?"
Eighty-six years have flown since then. The
dense forest has yielded to the axe of civiliza
tion, and the red man's race has vanished be
neath the star ot empire; and here, where once
was the scene of carnage, Peace, with its conse
quent blessings, has given encouragement to in
dustry aud enterprise, and Agriculrure blends
the military with the other arts and sciences in
a peace offering, as exemplified in the following
In our last issue we stated, that one of the
most interesting features of our Agricultural
Fair, was the visit ot the Kanawha Riflemen ;
aud we now state —to which many of our citi
zens bear witness —that their most impressive
performance, was at the graves ot those heroes,
on the morning of the last day of the Fair. The
company, in full uniform, headed by their splen
did Brass Band, marched to the graves and fired
three rounds, then performed a solemn dirge.—
It was the first time, to our knowledge, that the
graves had thus been honored. A large num
ber of persons witnessed the ceremony, and bo
impressively solemn was its performance, tears
stood in the eves of many. The occasion gave
rise to the following lines from the graceful pen
of one of our fair contributors:
The Kanawha Riflemen at the Grave of
Upon historic ground, where once fierce battle raged,
Where once the red van and the white engaged
Hark now tbe artillery's boom! the plaintive dirge l
'Tis not tbe battle's roar nor bloody clash of arms,
'Tis not the savage war-wboop's dread alarms—
'Tis not contending foes, swept by the battle's
But 'tis a gallant band, where sleep the mighty
Paying the warrior's honor to the Heroes in their
Pause, strangers, pause! and drop the soldier's
For not the bones of Cowards lie buried here,
But as brave men, and true, as e'er fought the
Rest here upon their laurels till time shall be no
With military honors salute, ye gallant band !
The graves of the Heroes, who fell fighting for their
Thou art the first to pay them honor there!
Then let the solemn dirge be wafted on the air!
Meet tribute of respect to the immortal names
That art Freedom's proud heritage, and Fame's.
Tis said, "where'er the great have lived or died,
"A charm pervades the very air;
"And generous spirits oft will step aside
"To pour the heart's deep homage there."
'Tis thus, oh, gallant soldiers! Thou actest well thy
Te seek that long neglected spot of earth,
That thou might'st honor the virtue ot departed
And shed the noble sympathy of a soldier's heart.
In the Disunion plan proposed in 1858, by
Mr. Yancey, in a letter to Mr. Pryor, it was de
clared to be the policy of those concerned, that
"Virginia and the other border States should re
main in tbe Union, where, by their position and
their counsels, they could prove more effective
friends than by moving out of the Union, and
thus giving to the Southern Confederacy a long
abolition hostile border to watch. They thm
only wanted the "Southern Confederacy" tocon
sist ot the "Cotton States"—and Virginia to be
the "Flanders" on which their battles were to
be fought, and their interests protected. It is
now fouud important to 'hitch' Virginia iD, too."
The Fredericksburg Herald says, that Mr.
Pryor, in his speech in Fredericksburg, made a
most offensive allusion, in reference to the Doug
las wing of th« Democracy, comparing tbem to
a sort of implement used by tbe Chinese in their
warfare with the English—"they were the 'stink
pots' in the hands of the Whigs used against the
great Democratic party." We wonder if Mr.
Pryor, or Mr. Any-body-else, thinks this sort of
talk is going to do anything more than properly
to incense the friends of Mr. Douglas, and cause
them to remember their traducers.
A Dead Woman comes to Life.—A womaD
was taken sick on Tuesday la9t, and after much
suffering, was reduced to so low a state tbat he
case was coneidertd hopeless. Some of the
neighbors took turns at sitting up with tbe dy
ing woman, hourly expecting her dissolution.—
On Friday evening a newly-married sister ot" the
sick woman, and a young girl were acting as
watchers in the grief-clad chamber, and were
sitting by the bedside. After giving the sick
woman her medicine, they sat quietly sewing,
the sufferer having apparently gone to sleep.—
Tbe watchers, on looking again at the supposed
sleeper, became startled at her death-like ap
pearauce, aud examined her more closely. The
body was rapidly growing cold, and the pulse
had apparently ceased to beat. A looking glass
was hastily torn lroin the wall aud placed over
the mouth of the prostrate woman, but no
breath stain was visible. She was evidently
The watchers left the room to procure assist
ance. An elderly neighbor was sent for to "lay
out" the body, and the messenger, meeting the
undertaker, already notified, told him of the cir
cumstance. lie proceeded to the house, arriv
ing about the same time with the neighbors,
who had been slUnmoned, and all parties, after
discovering the nature of tbe fatal disease, and
talking over some ofihe funeral arrangements,
prepared to enter th_ chamber ol death, in or
der to perform the last sad offices for the deceas
ed. Tbe young girl went first into the room for
the purpose of makiag it ready for the rest to
enter. She had do sooner entered where the
body lay than a succession of piercing shrieks
struck terror into the visitors on the outside.—
They rushed in and found the girl in a fainting
fit. A glance around the room at once explain
ed the cause of her terror, Tbe dead woman
was sitting up in bed! At first the entire party
fled, screaming, from the room, but soon collect
ed their sensej and returned. The dead woman
had resumed her recumbent positoo, and was so
far from being defunct that she inquired, iv a
weak voice, the meaning of the strange scene a
round her. It seems that she had fallen into a
short trance-like slumber, seemingly like death
itself. Just as the girl had entered the room
she had partially awskrned and moved her head.
The shrieks of the tenitied gill thoroughly a
woke her, aud she sat up in bed to learn tbe
cause of the screams. were imme
diately applied, and the v *detunct one" is now in
a fair way of returning to a healthy existence. —
The climax of the disorder bad passed.—JV. 0.
Delta of the 17th.
The Moors, in the ages that they resided iv
Spain, were a more civilized race by far than
the Spaniards. This is evident from the most
cursory perusal of the chronicles of those times.
Who has not lingered with wrapt fascination
over the pages of Washington Irving and Pres
cott, in which they describe the glories of the
Alhambra and other indications of Moorish re
finement and greatness? It was not until the
reign of Philip HI, in the seventeenth century,
that the Moors, by an arbitrary and foolish edict
of the weak King, were expelled and banished
from Spain. By that act Spain lost hundreds of
thousands of her most useful and industrious
citizens. Tbey very generally took refuge iv
that portion of Northern Africa called Morocco.
The Moors carried with them into the ancient
home of their race in Africa the civilization and
much of the wealth which they bad acquired in
the Peninsula. They carried with them an im
placable hatred of the Spanish race—a hatred
which was for a century or longer almost sus
tained, if not augmented, by the cruel treatment
of the Moors, Christians and Mohammedans, who
were desirous of remaining in Spain, but whom
the Inquisition and war ultimately drove across
the straits of Gibraltar.
The Moors are a mixed race, of various origin
—Numidiau aud Muuvitanian, Rome, Vandal,
and Saracen or Arauian. They are belter look
ing people than is commonly supposed. In the
interior _f Morocco, there are some races ot wild
negroep, athletic and ferocious enough. They
may be seeu at Tangiers occasionally, in compan
ies of ten or fifteen men, going from house to
house, to amuse the people by dancing to the
music of "bones" tor castanets, small drums, and
strings of little bells around their ankles 1 The
population of Morocco is not halt that of Spain.
Tim Rives, ot Petersburg, the "old War-horse
of Democracy," made in Norfolk last week, ac
cording to all accounts, one of most effective po
litical speeches delivered in Virginia during this
whole canvass. The Norfolk Herald says:—
"Mr. Rives contended that the breaking up of the
Democratic party was the work of the Southern
fire-eater, as the readied and most effectual way
of breaking up the Union; and John C. Breck
inridge was nominated as a mere cat's paw to
insure the election ot the Black Republican nom
inee for the Presidency. The election of Breck
inridge was never dreamed of, and the only re
sult contemplated by his nomination was to in
sure the ekction of Liucoln. This he went on
to prove and did prove to the satisfaction of ev
ery candid mind. Iv this connection he quoted
largely from tne speeches and letters of Wm. L.
Yancey, and made out a chain ot evidence to es
tablish the dauiuiug tact, that Yancey and other
ol the fire-eaters had pre-arranged the secession
from the Charleston Convention purely to carry
out their ulterior scheme of dissolving the Union.
Mr. Rives discussed this branch t f his argument
with the ability of one who had made himself
thoroughly master ot it; and the withering in
vective,caustic satire and cutting sarcasms which
he hurled at the leaders in this conspiracy, told
with powerful effect on his hearers. We speak
advisedly when we say there were not a tew
weak brethren of the Breckinridge Democracy
present, who slid over to Douglas, aud wavering
Douglas men were confirmed in the faith nuder
the stunning facts and arguraeuts of Mr. Rives."
Kansas.—Thaddeus Hyatt gives an extreme
picture of the destitution existing in Kansas.—
In a letter to President Buchanan he says :
"Thousands ot once thrifty and prosperous
American citizens are now perishing for want.—
Winter is upon them ; of clothing they are nearly
bereft; food they have not to last them through
the cold season that is approaching. Of over a
hundred thousand people upon Kansas soil, six
months ago, at least one fourth or one third,
have left; of the remainder it is safe to say that
forty thousand at this moment see nothing but
exodus or starvation at the end of the sixty days
now before them ; from ten to twenty thousand
look with only despairirg eyes upon November;
thousands cannot subsist a month longer unaided,
other thousands are living upon the little which
their neighbors deprive themselves of to give to
them—neighbors equally unfortuuate, and with
whom the starvation is merely a question of but
a few days longer ; while still other thousands,
if not at once relieved, must perish from hunger
or the diseases that follow in its train. Some
have already died, otheis are daily dying; while
the hours grow darker and the days wax longer
for the living to whom relief comes not, and
whose eyes are aching with watchings for the
succor that delays. 1
The Bbaveby of two noted Fillibustebs.
—A correspondent, wiiting from Panama on
the 6th inst., says: "Mora bore his fate man
fully. The file of men drawn up for his execu
tion stood with their muskets not ten feet from
him, and yet the five bads in his body did not
kill him. "Give me another shot, gentlemen,"
he said, "and finish me!" He refused to be
blindfolded, but stood calmly facing his execu
tioners. His body as well as that of Canas,
was thrown into a hole in the sand, both with
the clothes on in which they were murdered.—
Canas was striking tire with his steel and flint
to relight his cigaretto at the moment he felt
the lead at his heart. Ho was shot at the foot
of the monument erected to his honor for his
many servioes to costa Rica, in the Plaza at
A Br-TB of a Husband. —Wife, (anxiously :)
"What did that young lady observe who pass
ed us just now?"
Husband, (with a smile of calm delight:)—
"Why, my love she observed rather a good
looking man walking with quite an elderly fe
male— that's all. A-hem!"
How Overwhelmingly important!
People of Virginia, Whigs and Democrats alike,
how overwhelmingly important to your own in
terests and your own peace, that this glorious
and revered old Commonwealth should give a
powerful and decisive majority againSt the Se
cession and Disunion candidate, John O. Breck
inridge ! If Virginia gives a majority for Breck
inridge, that fact—a fact we haye often endeav
ored to impress upon the minds of onr readers —
will be taken and construed as an endorsement
and approval of the Disunion schemes and plans
of the Oottou State agitators, and will encour
age South Carolina, Alabama, and other Gult
States to immediately set about seceding from
the Union, in the event of Lincoln's election. —
There is no question that such will be the result
if Virginia votes for Breckinridge. These Gulf
States are already organizing and preparing for
a Secession from the Union, in the event of Lin
coln's election. The only thing that will cause
them to pause and hesitate, and finally abandon
their mad projects, will be the vote of Virginia
and the other border slave States against Breck
inridge. Let Virginia, for the sake of the U
nion and for the sake ot her own interests and
her own peace, vote against Breckinridge by a
decisive and overwhelming majority, and thereby
prevent the contemplated disruption of the U
nion by the Gulf States, and thereby, also, pre
vent the whole country from being plunged into
civil war. For, as sure as the Gulf States se
cede from this Union, so sure will the whole
land soon be enveloped in the devouring flames
of civil, social, aud servile war.
It is clear that the preservation of the Union
and the peace of the country —and especially
the peace aud interests of Virgioia— all depend
upon the vote of Virginia on the 6th of Novem
ber. If Virginia votes for Breckinridge, imme
diate secession from the Union on the part of
the Gulf States will ensue, to be followed very
soon afterwards by all the terrible realities of a
prolonged and suicidal civil conflict. But if
Virginia note* against Breckinridge, the Union
will pass through the fiery ordeal of the present
crisis unharmed, civil war will be averted, the
peace of the couotry preserved, and the rights,
interests and tranquility of the people of the "Old
Dominion" stand unmolested perhaps for un
numbered years yet to come.
In view of the pregnant, solemn and alarming
facts we have announced, let every patriotic and
conservative man in Virginia, no matter whether
he calls himself a Whig or a Democrat, set his
face against Breckiuridge and Disunion and oivil
war, and rally, with mind and heart and soul, to
the peaceful and healing standard of Bell and
Everett!— Rich. Whig.
The Last Hours of Lafayette.—No life,
says Guizot in his memoirs, had ever been more
passionately political than his; no man ever
placed bis ideas and political sentiments more
cocstantly above all other prepossessiou of in
terests. But politics were wbolly unconnected
with his death. 11l tor three weeks he approach
ed his last hour. His children and household
surrounded his bed ; he ceased to speak, and it
was doubtful whether he could see. His son
George observed that, with uncertain gestures,
he sought for something in his bosom.
He came to his father's assistance, and placed
in his hand a medallion which he always wore
suspended around his neck. M. de Lafayette
raised it to his lips; this was his last motion.—
That medallion contained a miniature and a lock
ol hair of Madame de Lafayette, his wife, whoso
loss he had mourned for twenty-seven years.—
Thus, already separated from the entire world,
along with the thought and image of his devo
ted wife, he died.
Iv arranging his funeral, it was a recognized
fact that M. de Lafayette had always wished to
be buried in the small cemetery adjoining tbe
convent of Picpus, by the side ot his wife, in the
midst cf the victims of the Revolution, the
greater part royalists and aristocrats whose an
cestors had founded that establishment. The
desire of the veteran of 1789 was scrupulously
respected and complied with. An immense
crowd—soldiers, National Guards and populace
—accompanied the funeral procession along the
streets and boulevards of Paris.
Arrived at the gates of tbe convent of Picpus,
the crowd Halted; the interior enclosure could
only admit two or three hundred persons. The
family, the nearest relatives and tbe principal
authorities entered, passing through the convent
in silence, and then across the garden, and fi
nally entered the cemetery. There no political
manifestation took place; no oration was pro
nounced ; religion anc l the intimate reminiscence
of the soul alone were present; public politics
assumed no place near the death-bed or the
grave of the man whose life they had occupied
Mb. Breoxinbidge and the Nobfolk Ques
tions. —The announcement has been made in
souio of the papers that the national Democrat
ic Executive Committee of Virginia, at its late
meeting dispatched a messenger to Mr. Breck
inridge, to propound to him the questions put
to Judge Douglas at Norfolk by Mr. Lamb.—
This is a mistake. But tbe Committee did ad
drese to Mr. Breckinridge a letter of the charac
ter represented—which letter was put in the
Post Office on Monday the Bth inst,, just ten
days ago. We will only add that no reply has
as yet been received by the Committee. Here
is the letter.
Richmond, Va., Oct. 6, 1860.
Hon. John C. Breckinridge—Sir :—The Exec
utive Committee of the National Democratic
Party of Virginia, now in session, respectfully
request you to answer tbe enclosed questions
propounded to Judge Douglas by Mr. Lamb, of
Norfolk, Elector for the tiret district of Virginia,
on the ticket which supports you for President.
Please address your reply to B. M. Dewitt,
Chairman, Richmond, Virginia.
Alfred M. Baibour, H. C. Allen,
G. W. Stalnaker, W. Archer Cocke,
B. M. Dewitt, Jos. Sanford,
S. B. Majors, T. L. Farisb,
M. G. Harman, J. H. Gilmer,
M. M. Dent, R. G. Crank,
Wm. G. Dunbar, J. A. Harman,
The Mask Removed.—Mark the fact well, all
ye Union men who have been decoyed into the
ranks of the seceders, or who were there from
the beginning of our national troubles, and have
been deceived, that Mr. Moise, in his speech at
Charenton last Thursday, openly declared to an
audience of over a thousand of tbe citizens of
this and adjoining parishes—
"Tbat if Lincoln is elected on the 6th of No
vember, the Southern States ought to secede
from the Union.
That he (Mr. Moise,) would rather see the
Southern States rent into a thousand fragments
than that they should submit to a Republican
And that if one or more States secede, the
general government has no power to coerce them
into submission to the Constitution and Laws."
Mark the fact, too, tbat our leading Breckin
ridge men in this parish daily and confidently
predict that Lincoln is sure to be elected. So
according to these admissions and doctrines, you
will be called upon some time between this and
Christmas to make ready for the revolution into
which Yancey & Co. have been preparing of
laic to precipitate us. Do yon begin to get your
eyes open gentlemen ?— Franklin (St. Mary's)
At Bennettsville, S. C, on the 10th inst, a
father and son, named Hitchings, the father an
Englishman, were arrested on suspicion of being
incendiary characters. The populace was a
bout to hang them to the nearest tree, but it was
decreed best to try them by a jury of citizens.—
In their trunks were found an invoice from the
Hartford Fire arms Company, for $300 worth of
guns, revolvers, bowie-knives, eatridges, caps
&c, which had been shipped to Floral College,
N. 0., by express. Another invoice from the
same house for $900 worth of pistols and hol
sters was found.
The best way to "fire a Southern heart" is to
make love to a Southern belle.— Ex.
And the best way to "precipitate the cotton
region into a revolution" ia to marry her.
Mr. (Rough's Eloquence.
The "Louuger," in the last number of Harper's
Weekly, gives this estimate of John B. Gough:
"The effect produced by the famous temper
ance orator upon his audiences is a most striking
illustration of a broad impression of the purely
dramatic style of oratory. It is another tribute
to the influence and power of the drama. Mr.
Gough is not a thinker—he is an actor. His
pictures of the misery of drunkenness, in its
many aspects, are so vivid and thrilling that
the spell over the audience is that of the most
emotional actor. The effect is immediate and
immense, but it is more temporary because it
has no intellectual root.
"When Sheridan had finished his speech in the
Warren Hastings trial, and when Montalembert
sat down in the last days of the last Legislative
Assembly of Louis Philippe, after au attack
upon the government, it was moved tbat the
House adjourn, that they might not legislate or
judge under the sway of strong passion. Mr.
Cough'- effects aro akin to these. He sweeps
all before him, except the passionless reason.—
That may concede the justice of his cause, but it
does so before he begins. It is not affected by
his tunny or tragical anecdotes.
"Somebody told Fox of an eloquent speech he
had heard the night before : 'and I will tell yon
whaMie said.' 'Stop, stopl' exclaimed Fox;
Hfyefci can tell me wLa* ne said, it was not au
eloquent speech.' Measured by Fox's standard,
Mr. Gough's eloquence is supreme. For if it
were reported and read, the wonder of those
who listened and yielded to its charm would be
"For its immediate purpose of persuading his
hearers to sign the pledge, nothing can be more
admirably suited than his extraordinary style of
speech. When a man who has begun to love
the dram-shop sees the final effect of his passion
upon himself and his family depicted with terri
ble power before his eyes—forced home upon
his imagination so that it haunts him and fright
ens him—he will not stay to reason or dally,
but will hurry to seize the pen, as if the signa
ture ot his name had secured him against tempt
ation itself. A man who has this power over
others, aud ext-rts it to their welfare and the
peace of society, is certainly a human banefactor.
Before this immense consideration his compara
tive claims as an orator disappear, and only the
man whom other generations will bless remains."
Tub Flowers of California. —Tbe floral
splendors of "California Spring" are described
i by Rev. T. S. King, in a letter in rhetoric almost
ac gorgeous as ihe vesture ot the fields aud bill
sides through which he passed, during his first
excursion from San Francisco. The letter was
written in the month of July, and the following
is an extract:
"Imagine yourself looking across a hundred
acres ot wild meadow, stretching to the base of
hills nearly two thousand feet high—the whole
expanse swarming with little straw-colored,
wild sun-flowers, orange poppies, squadrons of
purple beauties, battalions of pink —aud then
the mountains, unbroken by a tree or a rock,
glowing with the investiture of all those hues,
softened and kneaded by distance. This is what
I saw on the road to San Mateo. The orange
and purple seemed to predominate in the moun
tain robe. But on the lower slopes, and reach
ing midway its height, was a strange sprinkling
ot blue, gathered here and there into the intenser
stripes, and running now and then into sharp
points, as if over the general basis of purple,
orange and yellow, there had fallen a violent
snow, which lay tenderly aronnd the base, but
in a few places on the side had been blown in
to drifts and points."
The Minute Men. —The Charleston Mercury
says: We are glad to see the people of oar State
everywhere preparing for the crisiß which is at
hand. As an off-set to the "Wide Awakes" of
the North, "Minute Men" are org»n aing in all
the principal Districts of South Carolina. Their
object is to form an armed body of men, _hd to
join iv with our fellow-citizens now forming iv
this and our sister States as "Minnte Men,"
whose duty is to arm, equip and drill, and be
ready for any emergency that may arise in the
present perilous position of the Southern States.
In Kershaw, Abbeville, and Richland Districts
the organization is already complete and power
ful, embracing the flower of the youth, and led
on by the most influential citizens. The badge
adopted is a blue rosette—two and a half inches
in diameter, with a military button in the cen
tre, to be worn upon'the side of the hat. Let
the important work go bravely on, and let every
son of Carolina prepare to mount the blue
The Raleigh Register says that at the recent
Great Union Meeting, at Salisbury, in North
Carolina, Hon. Geo. E. Badger made a speech,
which, from beginning to end, showed that
though the frosts of years had whitened his
locks, his intellect remained in all its vigor, and
his heart was warm with the fires of an ardent
patriotism. Speaking of John Bell, he said:—
"Fellow-citizens, I intend to do justice to John
Bell, although I do it at my own expense.—
John Bell, with a statesmanlike sagacity aud
foresight which I do not possess, voted against
the Kansas Nebraska bill. I voted for it. John
Bell did right, and I gave the worst vote I ever
gave in my life." This honest, frank, and man
ly declaration was received by the meeting with
an almost wild enthusiam, and cheer after cheer
attested that this confession of error by a man
ot transceudent intellect and large experience,
went right to the heart ot the people.
The Southern Union.—A late letter from
Washington contains the following insight into
the plan of operations of the disunionists:
"If Lincoln be elected President ot the United
States, the disunionists are bent on erecting a
Southern confederacy if possible. The plan as
announced by a distinguished official, in the
Treasury Department, is for the Governors of
tho several Southern States to call their respec
tive Legislatures into extraordinary session, and
prepare for the immediate inauguration of Mr.
Breckinridge as the President of the 'Southern
There is no doubt in the world that the Yan
cey "precipitators" will set about dissolving the
Union and establishing a Southern Confederacy, '
the moment the election of Lincoln is ascer
No Chance fob Bbeckinkidge.—The Balti
more Exchange is one ot the ablest Breckinridge
journals in the country, but in a recent number,
it admits that he cannot carry a uingle Northern
State, and exhorts its friends to vote the fusion
ticket all over the North, in order to defeat Lin
coln. This is very good advice, and we hope it
will be followed by those Breckinridgers who,
in the recent contests in Pennsylvania and Indi
ana, lent their aid to the Black Republicans in
order to punish the Douglasites. The truth is,
the only hope of beating Lincoln is, for all the
lovers of the Union to rally as one man to the
support of John Bell, who alone has the power
to quell domestic discord, and give peace to our
The National Intelligencer comments upon the
position of the Richmond Enquirer that "Vir
ginia is hitched to the cotton States, and that
she will be dragged into a common destiny with
them, no matter what may be the desire of her
people," as in truth, a declaration, that the days
of Virginia's leadership are passed, and she is
henceforth to be regarded as nothing better than
a mere appendage to the Cotton States, "hitched"
as she is to them in such a manner that all pow
er of independent action is lost. The people of
Virginia will show, when their voice is heard,
that the glorious old State is not to be "hitched"
and harnessed to the Disunion car, in which the
Disunion leaders in South Carolina wish to ride.
It is fast becoming a real issue—Union or Dis
union, and it is now thought and alleged tbat one
of the plans of the Disunionists is, by a sort of
coup '<_ etat —like that by which Louis Napoleon
subverted the Republic of France and established
an Empire on its ruins—to prevent the people
of the Southern States from passing on this
great question, and to induce or juggle the Leg
islatures into taking up the whole matter and
commencing action upon it. Let tbe people,
then, be alive to this subject.
Gov. Wise's Plan.
The speech delivered by Governor H. A. Wife
in Norfolk on the 27th ult., has just made its ap
pearance in the Richmond Enquirer. We givo
below the closiDg part ot it, in which he sets
forth what he means to do in case Lincoln is t
"So soon as the war already declared against
my State and my section shall be actually oom
menced by the election of a Black Eepablican
President, I stand ready to draw the sword of
defence. I will wage no private war. I will
take part in no unauthorized foray. I shall first
wait the action of my own sovereign State. In
torturing suspense, I shall wait upon her re
solves, and pray God tbey may be worthy of the
example of '98 and '99. And, although I fully
recognize the right of a sovereign State to select
secession as her mode and measure of redress for
the infraction of the Federal compact, secession
is not the mode which I desire or recommend.—
I am unwilling to yield one right for the sake of
the privilege of maintaining another right. I
would make no such bargain—no such compro
mise. I would not yield my right to the Union
any more than I would yield my right to my
negro property. No! I would | keep both the
Union and tbe negro, and fight to the last to
preserve and maintain ail my rights to both.
As I have said, I will first appeal to Virginia
for authority to fight under her banner. But if
Virginia shall not meet the issue and comenp to
the mark of self-defenoe and self-respect, I will
look to North Carolina, I will look to SoQth
Carolina, to Georgia, to each Southern State in
succession, and appeal to each for permission to
tight under the ®gis of her sovereignty. And I
will advise each State not to wait for the exam*
pie or co operation of other States. Such wait
ing will only produce faltering, and all the delay
and contusion of uncertainty. No! Let each
State leap at once, for herself and by herself, in
to the contest, and struggle for precedence and
pre-eminence iv the work of defeuce.
Any one State, even the smallest, can make
the battle and win the victory. And if the un
aided, if gailaot little Florida alone will take up
the guantlet of war and levy an army, I will en
list in that army, wherever it shall be raised,
and we will see then, whether the "Black Doug
las" can execute his threat of coercion. If ever
the issue comes, I hope to meet him in the field
where the ultimo ratio of States is to be tried.
And even fighting under the banner of one little
•State, I will remember that the race is not to the
swift uor the battle to the strong. I will re
member, too, that Patrick Henry had every
loyalist to cry out "treason" against him in the
House of Burgesses; but he seized the old pow
der magazine at Williamsburg, and dragged even
loyalists themselves into the tide of resistance
and revolution along with him. I will remem
ber, too, when told that eighteen millions are
pressing against our eight millions, that there
was a time when five millions of American pat
riots stood secure and won the contest against
more than fifty—more than a hundred millions I
And when the hour of battle comes, we shall
find that it will not cross swords over a section
al line. No. Our "enemies at the North will
fiud our friends there, too, the true friends of
justice aud right—Northern defenders of South
ern rights—and enough in numbers to keep both
bands of Northern fanaticism busied with strife
at home ; while we, at the South, will have ac
tive work to do in waging the war agaiost
Southern traitors iv our midst anil at our doors.
It will be a neighborhood war, at both ends, _nd
in the centre of the continent. At the North
and at the South, it will be a war which will
array all the forces of conservatism, all the
friends of equal rights, against the fanaticism and
the fraud of Black Republicanism at the North
and its tools and panders at the South. It will
not be a war of sectionalism or of dissolution,
and, once commenced, it must result, sooner or
later, in the re establishment of the integrity of
tbe Unio:;, __ 1 tbe parity oi tu<> Cou_ituUu_
Iv such a stiife and for such a holy purpose,
I will join the ranks of war, and tight alike a
gainst those who would oppress me and those
who would coerce my submission to oppression.
I will tight—
"To combat violence, fraud and usurpation,
To pluck tbe spoil from tbe oppressor's jaws,
And keep my country as I found it—Free !
"It is palpable, and to our mind it has been
all along, that the people of this country who
were not at heart desirous ot trouble, were wa*t
iug their energies in an attempt to eleot either
Douglas or Breckinridge to the Presidency.—
No such event is within the range of possibilitios.
The agencies that bring the country into trouble
are not to be relied on to extricate it. The Not th
is Republican, aud can only be carried tor the
Constitution by winning back the many patriotic
citizens who committed the mistake of going in
to that organization. Many act with it with
out sympathy for its anti-slavery views, bnt
simply because they hate Democracy and have
nowhere else to go; while thousands, unable to
associate with any existing party conscientiously,
have retired to tbeir homes and kept aloof from
the polls. How is it possible to change this
state ot things by running a Democratic candi
date? It were most unreasonable to expect it,
and it will never be done. Some new alterna
tive must be presented to them.
"The oniy hope of the country is for both
Breckinridge and Douglas to retire and leave the
battle to Bell alone. He is the only candidate
who can measure arms with the Republican Ba
ladin, and in a free opeu fight we feel confident
ot his triumph. If men love party less than
country they will yet so will it. — Savannah Re
Between Ba__ and Lincoln. —Every day af
fords additional proof that the Presidential con
test is between John Bell and Abraham Lincoln.
The man who denies it, shows that he is either
culpably ignorant, or wickedly bent on closing
his eyes to facts that exist. The recent elections
in three of the most important free States have
given alarming indications of the strength of
Black liegublicanism there, and have demonstra
ted beyond cavil that whatever ot strength Breck
inridge has in the North will be exerted for the
benefit of Lincoln.
Men of Virginia, which do you choose? Will
you enroll jour names with the conservative
ho*t that is marshalled under the banner of John
Bell, or will you throw away your votes upon
Breckiuridgo or Douglas?
Let the Farmers Remember.
Let every farmer iv Virginia remember that
the day that South Carolina and* Alabama carry
their Disunion purposes and schemes into effect,
that very day real estate in Virginia will go
down one-half and slave property three-fourths.
That is to be the result of this idiotic cry of
Mb. Belt. Going to Speak.—The Memphis
Bulletin says that as Messrs. Breckinridge and
Douglas haye taken the stump, Mr. Bell's friends
have concluded to make an appointment for him.
He will address his fellow-citizens of all parties
from the east portico of the Capitol, at Washing
ton City, on the 4th day of March next, at 1
o'clock, P. M. All are invited to attend.
Very Pbessing.—A young girl who had be
come tired of single blessedness wrote to her
true swain as follows:
"Deer Gim, cum rite off ef you are cummin at
awl. Ed Collings is insisting that I shall hey
him, and kisses me so kontinerally that I kant
holed out mutch longer, but will have 2 kave in/
Gen. Cass fob Douglas.—The Detroit Free
Press announces that Gen. Cass has declared for
Douglas. One, at least, of the Cabinet seems to
have independence enough to support for Pres
ident whom he chooses.
The Sukvivobs of the Rbvolction-B-
Abmt.—A late letter from the Uaited States
Commissioner of Pensions says that there are
now but eighty-nine survivors of the army of
the Revolution whose names were placed npon
the rolls for pensions.
Let the tears ot the poor find more compassion,
but not more justice, from thee than the appli
cations of the wealthy.
It is the soul, not the body, that n__kes an en