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V< >L. \XXVII.
RICHARD MiUZY, Editor & Proprietor.
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Western Virginia «
MARBLE WORKS, M f
AT STAUNTON jL T j[
MARQUIS _ KELLEY. ___£§
Staunton, April 7_ 1858.
TAYLQR & HOGE,
DRY GOODS, GROCERIES,
QUEENSWARE, HATS, CAPS,
BOOTS AND SHOES,
HAVE just received a very large and handsome
stock of FALL AND WINTER GOODS, to
which they invite the attention of purchasers.
Staunton, Oct. 9,1860
DR. W. B. YOUNG,
DRUGS, MEDICINES, PAINTS,
OILS, DYE-STUFFS, CHEMICALS, BURNING
FLUID, DAGUERREOTYPE MATERI
ALS, ALL KINDS TOILET AND
ALSO, COAL. OIL. AND LAMPS,
Staunton, July 19, 1859.
D~R. J A TIES JOHNSTON, SURGICAL &
MECHANICAL DENTIST, having heen located
permanently in Staunton for the last four years, would
respectfully inform his friends and the public gene
rally, that he still continues to practice Dentistry in all
its various branches, with the strictest regard to du
rability and usefulness.
Office on the south-side of Main Street opposite the
old Spectator Office.
Staunton, Nov. 29,1854.
«. €. lEAKLE,
JL WATCH-S, CLOCKS, JEWEL-Kft
_£_!. RY, >ILVER AND jgj
PLATED l#*._J4__, m>
OPPOSITE VA. HOTEL, STAUMTON, VA.
Staunton, July 17. lx.o.
WjML B. JOHNSON,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
LITTLE TIOCK, ARKANSAS.
WILL attend to the location, purchase and sale of
Lauds in Arkansas, and any other business
pertaining to tits protession in that State, and in
Memphis, Term- May be found until the 15th of Oc
tubea a* tne 'Hhce ot' David S Young, or the residence
of N. P. Oauett, Staunton, Va.
Oct. 2, 1-60— ly.
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
WILL , mctice in tbe Courts of Augusta and the
l?g~ Odice rt moved to corner room of the New
Law Building. East ot the Court-house.
Manuton, Oct. 23, Im>o.
J. M. fcLANGKER
ATTO..NEY AT LAW, STAUNTON, VA.,
*I7"lLii. practicein all the Courts held in Staunton,
VY md in the Circuit Courts of Albemarle and
Ro.-uugham. Office in the brick-row, in the rear of
Staunton, Dec. 30, 1857.
JOHjN W. MEREDITH,
JEWELRY, ('LOCK*, WATCHES, &c,
.Haiti St., Staunton, Va.
£_if~ Watches and Jewelry Repaired.
Staunton, Jan. 17.
OCTOR JAMES B. GILKESON—Having
located in Staunton, tenders his professionalser
vices to the public. He may be found, when not pro
essionally engaged, at the room over the Saddle and
Harness establishment of Mr. G. H. Elick, nearly op
posite the Post Office.
Staunton Feb. 8.1859—tf.
A. D. CHANDLER,
I__EPS METALIC CASES of all sizes, at Staun
__ ton aud Millborough Depot, at City Prices.
Staunton, July 19, 1859.
ROBERT D. LILLEY,
WILL attend promptly to Surveying, Platting,
Calculating and Dividing Land, and Locating j
Staunton, June 26, iB6O.
R. L. DOYLE,
Attorney at Law, Staunton, Va.,
WILL practice in the Courts of Augusta, Rock
bridge, Bath and Highland.
July 29, 1857.
D~~ENTAL NOTICE—Wm. Chapman has re
moved his office to the old Bell Tavern, near the
Virginia Hotel, and opposite Brandeburg's Corner,
and adjoining Rankin's Daguerrean Gallery, where he
will be pleased to see his friends and costomers.
Staunton, Jan. 81, 1860.
<I__7__ .WW. lS CASH FOX NE-
GROES!—I will pay the JjM
hig_-est. u_..i_et prices for sound and healthy _\
lS__i_-KS. My long experience in the busi-
ness, and mj facilities for selling will enable ■ —f ■
me to pay the vbry highest prices.
I wish to employ some good AGENTS to buy Ne
groes. 1 want business men of good moral habits.
Persons wishing to sell will find it to their interest
to call on me by letter or otherwise, at Waynesboro',
Augusta county, Virginia. JOHN B. "SMITH.
August 14. 1860—6m0.*
PLASTER. —The Staunton Steam Mill tiaving
been repaired and put in working order, farmer*
cau now get supplies ot GROUND PLASTER in any
desired quantities. E. T. ALBERTSON, Sup't.
Sta iniiin. June i, li-6t>.
LOOK HERE !—The undersigned have receiv
ed a large lot of MILLAR'S CASSIMERES
which will be sold <it a reasonable rate-
MOSBY. MAYLOR & FULTZ.
Staunton, Sept. 25,1^60.
ILL IRONS, MACHINERY AND ALL
kinds ot Casting., made to order at the Staunton
Foundry, by A. J. GARBER & CO.
Sep. JB, 18.59.
STATION ERY.-l am now receiving a superior
stock of Stationery, which for quality and cheap
ness cannot be -urpassed in Staunton.
Staun.-n, Oct 23. l-6n L. B. WALLER.
OOfr_ANi>_ GERMAN BITTERS, anu
all kinds of Paten: Medicines, for sale by
DR. H. 8. EICHELBERGER.
Staunton, Apiil 3, ItS6O.
IKO_ RAILING— A variety of patterns, foi
Yards, Ceu.et / cts, Ac, made to order at tht
Sta<inton Foundry. A. J. GARBER & CO.
Sept. 13. 1BM«
CLOAKING CLOTHS can be found at
PIPi-R & FUNKHOUSER'S.
Staunton. Oct. 9, 186' i.
OAL OIL LAMPS." A iatg* asso.tui.ut at
P. H. TROUT A CO.
Mam ton, Oct 2. iB6O.
C-MENT.— 80 bbls. Cement.
TAYLOR 4 HOGE.
Stitunton, Oct. 9,1860.
BOOTS" pair Boots and
Shoes for sale cheap by TAYLOR A HOGE.
per 9, l-« 0
SALT. 2 >t) .sacks Ashton and Marshall's Hinr
Salt, jost received by TAYLOR A HOGE.
S uui.u.li, Oct. 9, 1860.
__. If If I If if _h it r fTnl If ■
We ask the attention of the public to this
long- tested and unrivalled
It has been favorably known for more
than twenty years, during- which time we
have received iJuaa.sa.HjdA of testimonials,
showing this Jdedicine to he an almost
never-failing remedy for diseases caused by
or attendant upon —
Sudden Colds, Coughs, Fever and jflgue,
Headache, gilious Fever, (Pains in the
Side, Fjack, and Loins, as well as in the
Joints and Limbs; ir ana.
J3Ui£iurtalLc in any part of
the system, and (Pains in the
Head and Face.
JLs a I&LcjcA SpiLtLfuW- and gfanixL
for the it seldom fails to cure
Indigestion, Liver Complaint,
field Stomach, Heartburn, Kidney Com
plaints, fsfick. f&fpnrfnrhp, (Piles, fisth
ma cr (Phthisic, Fingworrns, P>oUs, Felons,
"Whit-lows, Old Sores, Swelled Joints, and
/ &eLLU±i£. of the gsfustcm..
It is also a prompt and sure Remedy for
Cramp and (Pain in the Stomach, (Painters'
Colic, (3)L£Wrfbaea., (Dysentery, gfum.-
rri£M- Cholera Jdorbus, Chol
era Infantum, Scalds, F>ums, Sprains,
F,ruises, Frost Pities, Chilblains, as well
as the Stings of Insects, Scorpions, Cen
tipedes, and the Ptites cf (Poisonous Insects
and Venomous Reptiles.
See Directions accompanying each bottle.
It has been tested in every variety of
climate, and by almost euertu. nalLan.
fencjuxn. to fimericans. It is the almost
constant companion and inestimable friend
of the and the ftnupllp*,
—on sea and land, — and no one should
travel on our lalxs or rivers without it.
Prices, 12_ cts, 25 cts., 59 cts, and $1.00 per Bottle.
PERRY DAVIS _ SON,
MANUFACTURERS AND I'ROPRIETORS,
PROVIDENCE, B. X.
Sold by dealers every -whem
Sept. 11, 1860.
PLAIN AND ORNAMENTAL
OF EVERY VARIETY,
EXECUTED WITH NEATNESS A. DESPATCH
* AT THE
JOB PRINTING ESTABLISHMENT,
Stone Building. Augusta St.,
LARGE STOCKOF JOB TYPE!
GEEAT VAEIETY OF HEW & FAWCY TYPE!
BRONZE 8b COLORED PRINTING!
will be done in a style equal to the best City Work.
H AVISO made _ large addition to the "Spectator
Job Officb," it is now one of the best in the
State, and all varieties of Job Work can be done in
the very best and most satisfactory manner on very
tar It is furnished with a great variety of newand
J_p" We are now prepared to execute all kinds of
Printing, such as
Posters, Sale Bills, Blanks, Circulars,
School Reports, Cards, Checks,
Notes, Letter Heads,
Cards, Wedding Cards, Invitations <&c,
in the verj best style, on moderate terms.
BLANKS. —Clerks, Sheriffs, Lawyers, Consta
bles, Merchants, and business men generally, are re
spectfully informed that every kind of Blank they
may need can be had, at the shortest notice, at the
Spectator office. »
J__F~Send in your orders and they will be promptly ;
GROVER & BAKER'S
THE undersigned Clergymen of various denomina
tions, having purchased and used in our families
"GROVER & BAKER'S CELEBRATED FAMILY
SEWING MACHINE," take pleasure in recommend
ing it as an instrument fully combining the essentials
of a good machine. Its beautiful simplicity, ease of
management, and the strength and elasticity of its
stitch, unite to render it a machine unsurpassed by
any in the market, and one which we feel confident
will give satisfaction to all who purchase and use it:
Rev. W. H. LANEY, Baltimore, Md.,
Rev. 0. H. TIFFANY, D. D.,
Rev. C. J. BOWEN, •«
Rev. JONA CROSS, "
Rev. JOHN McCRON, D. D., "
Rev. W T. D. CLEMM, "
Rev. W. H. CHAPMAN, •«
Rev. F. S. EVANS, "
Rev. R. C. GALBRATH, Govanstown Md.,
Rev. J. McK. REILEY, Frederick, Md.,
Rev. T. E. LOCKE, Westmoreland co., Va.,
Rev. W. A. CROCKER, Norfolk, Va.,
Rev. JOHN PARIS, •■ I
Rev. J. F. LANNEAU, Salem, Va.
Rev. C. HANKEL, D.,D , Charleston, S. C.
Rev. C. A. LOYAL, ««
Rev. A. A. PORTER, Selma, Ala.
Rev. J. J TWISE, Speedwell, S. C.
Rev. B. B. ROSS, Mobile, Ala.
Rev. J. L. MICHAUX, Enfield, N. C.
Rev. A. C. HARRIS, Henderson, N. C.
Rev. C. F. HARRIS, ««
Office of Exhibition and Sale
181 BALTIMORE ST., BALTIMORE.
gjT SEND FOR A CIRCULAR. _£g|
MAIN STREET. CHARLOTTESVILLE, VA.
FREY _ ROBINSON
HAVE opened a Store on Main St., (old Post Of-
where they will keep for sale, PIANOS,
FLUTES', VIOLINS, GUITARS, BANJOS, SHEET
MUSIC, STATIONERY, ENGRAVINGS, _■„, <__~
and respectfully solicit the patronage of their friends
and the public generally.
PIANOS.—Our stock of Pianos is selected princi
pally from the well known and most reliable factory
of NUNS _ CLARK, New York, whose instruments
have never been surpassed in tone and durability
since their establishment commenced operations
(thirty-five years ago.) We havemadf arrangements
with other factories for supplying us with Pianoi, oc
casionally retaining theiprivifege, however, of return
ing them, if found unworthy our recommendation.—
Persons purchasing from us, therefore, will never run
any risk, as we have determined to sell only good in
struments, on most reasonable terms.
SHEET MUSIC. -A great variety of the latest
publications constantly on hand. Instruction books
for all instruments. The usual deduction made in sup
plying Schools and Music Teachers. Arthur's Pat
ent Elastic Music Portfolios. Music sent by mail.
Orders from the country, promptly attended to.
C. f. FREY, Prof, of Music.
Ayer's Ague Cure.
~~ DB FORREST iRMSTONG. & CO.
DRY GOODS .ttERCHAOTft,
80 A 82 Cfaamb rs St., N. V.,
Would noiit'v the Trade that they are opening
weekly, in new and beautiful patterns, the
Wamsutta Prints, also the Amoskeag, a New Print,
which excels every Print in the Country for perfec
tion of execution and design in full Madder Colors.
Our Print* are cheaper than any in market, and meet
ing with extensive sale. Orders promptly attended
Jan. 31, 18PQ—ly
S" YRUP.—2O bbls. Molasses and Syrup. '
TAYLOR A HOGE.
Staunton, Oct. 9, iB6O.
STAUNTON, VIRGINIA, TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 20, 1860.
Katie Lee and Willie Grey.
BT MARGARET VERNE.
Two brown heads with tossing curls,
Red lips shutting over pearls,
Bare feet white aud wet with dew,
Two eyes black and two eyes blue;
Little boy and girl were they—
Katie Lee and Willie Grey.
They were standing where a brook,
Bending like a shepherd's crook.
Flashed its silver, and thick ranks
Of green willows lined the banks;
Half in thought aud half in play—
Katie Lee and Willie Grey.
They had cheeks like cherries red,
He was taller —'most a head ;
She, with arms like wreaths of snow,
Swung a basket to and fro
As she loitered, half in play,
Chattering to Willie Grey.
Pretty Katie, Willie said,
And there came a dash of red
Through the brownness of his cheek—
Boys are strong and girls are weak, —
And I'll carry, so I will,
Katie's basket up the hill.
Katie answered, with a laugh,
You shall carry only half!
And then tossing back her curls—
Boys are weak as well as girls:
Do you think that Katie guessed
Half the wisdom she expressed ?
Men are only boys grown tall,
Hearts don't change much after all,
And when long years from that day,
Katie Lee and Willie Grey
Stood again beside the brook—
Bending like a shepherd's crook.
Is it strange that Willie said—
While again a dash of red
Crossed the brownness of his cheek—
I am strong and yon are weak;
Life is but a slippery steep,
Hung with shadows cold and deep.
Will you trust me, Katie dear ?
Walk beside me without fear ?
May I carry, if I will,
All your burdens up the hill?
And she answered with a laugh—
No, but you may carry half I
Close beside the little brook,
Bending like a shepherd's crook,
Washing with its silver hands,
Late and early at the sands,
Is a cottage, where to-day,
Katie lives with Willie Grey.
In the porch she sits, and lo!
Swings a basket to and fro,
Vastly different from the one
That she swung in years agone;
This is long—and deep—and wide—
And has —rockers at the side !
The Adventure of an Orphan Boy—A Tale
of Love and Politics.
Towards tbe latter part of the summer of '40,
a lad of prepo-sessiug appearance eutered the
beautiful town of G «-, situated at the foot
of Seneca Lake, New York, near the centre ot
that State. He bad travelled from the western
part of Ohio, where his father, a widower, had
died from one of those malignant fevers so com
mon in uewly settled countries, while overseeing
a large tract of land, in order to regain a fortune
lost during the disastrous speculations of 1886.
Being an only son, and left among strangers
after the death of his father, George Wentworth
resolved to leave Ohio and return to the State
of New Y_rk, for the purpose of trying bis for
tune in any manner chance might offer.
He had passed through several towns and
villages on his route, without meeting auytbing
to attract his attention, till reachiog G———.
This fine town, with its lovely lake and pleasant
scenery struck his fancy, so be determined to ob
tain employment if possible, and theu to make
it bis future home.
While walking along the principle street of
the shady avenue overlooking the lnke, and on
which were located several fine churches and
other public buildings, he saw a large crowd of
people assembled around a newly erected liberty
pole, in front otone of the principal hotels. Oo
bis approaching the spot lie found that it was a
political meeting held for the purpose of rais
ing the pole and making several party speeches.
Our hero forced bis way into the crowd just
as tbey were raising the "Stars and Stripes,"
witb tbe names of their candidates, to the top
of the flag staff.
Tbe flag had scarcely reached half way, the
enthusiasm being at its height, when the cord
twisted and caught in tbe little wheel at the top.
They pulled and tried every way, but were un
able to raise or lower the flag a single inch. —
The excitement and cheering ceased, and all
eyes were raised to the half masted flag. A
portion of the opposition party, who were group
ed a little in the rear of tbe main body began to
jeer and joke about the apparently bad omen, to
tbe evident discomfiture of their opponents.
At length, Judge S , editor and pub
lisher of the G- Journal, theu a candidate
for Congress, offered titty dollars to any person
who would climb tbe staff and draw the cord
through the wheel. Silence reigned for several
minutes but no one advanced to make tbe daring
"Will no one volunteer V* shouted the Judge,
strongly excited, as a peal of laughter went up
from the ranks of tbe opposition.
The chuckle had scarcely died away, however,
before George, with his cap aud shoes off, step
ped before the Judge, and with a confident look
"Yes sir, I will climb it."
"You, my lad ?"
"Are you strong enough ?"
"Ob yes, sir."
"And not afraid ?"
"No, sir, I'm used to climbing."
"Tiieu go ahead my little spartan," said the
Judge, at the same time giving him an eu
cuuragiug pat ou tbe shoulder.
Steadily, band over hand, his feet clutched
the pole in a manner that proved bim an ex
pert climber, made his way to the very
top of the staff, which was so sleuder tbat it
swayed to and fro with his light weight.—
Nothing daunted, he wound bis legs right and
left around tbe pole, aod with his right band un
twisted tbe cord. Shouting fearlessly to those
below to hoist away, be clung oo till the flag
fairly reached tbe top, and then slowly de
The cheers that now rent the air were ter
rific—everybody, opposition and all, joining in
with one universal shout.
After the excitement had somewhat subsided,
Judge S looked upon the boy with ad
miration, and took out his pocket book to pay
the promised reward ot fifty dollars.
George noticed the action, aud exclaimed:
"Keep your money, sir; I want no money
for helping to raise the glorious American flag."
"Nobly said, my little man; what is your
"George Wentwortb, sir. I am an orphan,
and have jast arrived here iv search of employ
ment," replied our hero, his eyes glistening with
"Well, you shall live with me," exclaimed the
Judge; "j will take care of you for the fu
Five years have passed from the time George
Wentwortb became a member of bis beDefac
tor's family. In tbe meantime Judge S 1
bad been defeated by his political opponent, and
George had been initiated into the "Art of Arts."
He had become a general favorite with the citi
zen., aud was looked upon as the adopted son of
the Judge. It was even whispered in private
circles that he was to be the envied husband of
the beautiful and accomplished Ida, the Judge's
only child. Bat this, George had not dared to
dream. 'Tis true, he never felt so happy as
when in her presence, and it did make his mus
cles twitch to see the foppish students from the
college swarm around the acknowledged idol
of his heart.
Poor youth, had he known the true state of
Ida's feelings, the thought would have almost
turned his brain ; and could he have interpreted
tbe gleam of joy tbat flashed from her eyes
whenever he uttered a noble sentiment or 6ally
of wit, it would have filled his soul with ecstacy
One fine day, in the latter part of June, Ida,
her father and George were enjoying a sail on
the lake in their trim little yacht, the Swan,
which had won the "cup" at the last regatta,
under the management of our hero, wbo was
standing with his hand on the mast gazing at
tbe scenery on tbe opposite shore; tbe Judge held
tbe tiller, and Ida was leaning over the side of
the boat trailing her pretty hand through the
clear water, when a suddc.n gust of wind careen
ed tbe yacht so that she lost her balance, and
fell into tbe water. George heard the splash
made by Ida, and before the Judge could utter
a cry. he had kicked off his light summer shoes,
and plunged iv to ber rescue. Being a skillful
and vigorous swimmer, he came up with the
struggling girl before her clothes had allowed
tier to sink, and entwining ber waist with his
left arm, struck out with bis right, and kept her
above water till the Judge turned the boat and
came to tbeir relief. I a a tew moments they
were safe in the boat again, and Ida soon re
covered from her unexpected bath. The old
Judge embraced George, and exclaimed, with
tears in bis eyes :
"God bless you, my boy, you bave saved my
daughter's life, how can I ever repay you?"
"By saying nothing about it," replied George.
"I owe you now a thousand time 3 more than I
can ever repay, and am but too happy in being
able to render even this slight service."
The lovely Ida could say nothing; her heart
was overflowing, but she gazed upon her pre
server with an expression tbat told volumes.
Her father even observed her earnest, loving
glance, and began to guess tbe true state of af
fairs. He was not prepared for it, and in silence
he turned the boat toward the shore. They
reached home with feelings far different from
those tbey had started witb.
Tbe following morning George received a no
tice to receive tbe Judge in bis library. His
heart beat wildly—what oan it possibly mean?
Tbe Judge had determined to put him to a
severe test. As soon as George entered the li
brary, he commenced:
"Since becoming an inmate ot my family,
George, you have conducted yourself in a worthy
and honorable manner. Performing every duty
cheerfully, and neglecting none. You are now
of age, and capable of doing business for your
self. I have placed five thousand dollars in the
bank at your disposal. You can use this _m as
you think proper, or let it remain on interest,
and take charge of my office under a salary ot
fifteen hundred dollars a year; iv either case
you must leave my house for the present. What
do you say to my proposal ?"
George was completely bewildered, and stam
mered forth a request to be allowed a few hours
tor consideration. This being granted, he re
turned to his room and threw himself on his bed
in a paroxysm of grief. Could the Judge bave
guessed what himself had scarcely dated to hope ?
What right bad he to his beuefactor _ daughter
and fortune ? None. He wouid smother his
feelings, and earn an honorable living by his own
Various were the rumors set afloa. by tbe
scandal-mongers of G -*- as to the reason of
young Wentworth _ leaving his patron's man
sion, but their innuendoes were unheeded.—
George now devoted himself wholly to business
aud study. His brow wore a more thoughtful
expression, and his cheek grew a shade paler.—
Tbe Judge acted toward him in a straight
forward, frank manner, yet never addressed bim
in the kind, fatherly tones as had been his wont
before tbe incident that occurred on the lake.—
If he chanced to meet Ida in his walks, a friendly
glance and nod were all tbat passed, still he felt
that his looks betrayed bim, tor tbe warm blood
gushed from his loving heart, and tinted his
cheek with the tell tale blush; and be cherished
the pleasing thought tbat her looks were beam
ing witb love and hope.
A little more than a year had passed from tbe
time George bad lett the home of those be loved.
It was the eve of another election. Excitement
ran high, aud Judge S— was again a can
didate tor Congress. For several weeks a series
of ably writteu articles bad appeared io tbe
Judge's paper. They were addressed to all
classes, farmers, mechanics and laborers. The
origiual aud vigorous style, clear, convincing
arguments, deep and profound reasoning of these
articles invariably carried conviction to tbe
parties to whom they were addressed. Ail tbe
newspapers of the party in tbat Congressional
district copied them, and curiosity was on tip
toe to discover the author, as they were simply
signed by two little stars. The election passed
off, and Judge S was elected by a large
Late one night, while Ida and ber father were
returning from a party given iv honor ot his c
lection, tbey observed v light in the Printing
Office. As the establishment was usually closed
at twilight, it appear _ strauge it should be lit
up at that hour, so the Judge determined to
learn tbe cause. Requesting his daogbter to
accompany bim, they ascended the stairs and
entered the office quickly. A sight met their
gaze that caused the heart of one ot them to beat
violently. At tbe desk, a short distance from
the door, sat George fast asleep, with political
essays laying opeu on the desk, and a freshly
writteu article with the mysterious stars at
tached. Tbe truth flashed upon the Judge in a
moment, he was indebted to George for bis suc
cess. He beckoned to Ida, who came trembling
to his side. Just theu they saw by the light of
tbe flickering lamp a smile pass over the slum
berer's face, and be muttered the words "dear
Ids," iv a tender tone.
"Oh, father," exclaimed tbe loving girl af
fectionately, throwing her arms around her par
ent's neck, "do lot Georga come borne again ; it
is surely no sin for him to love me."
Awakened by the sound ol Ida's voice, George
looked around contused, and as he saw Ida and
her father, he endeavored to bide the manu
script. But the Judge stopped him laughingly,
"It won't do, young rasoal, you are fairly
caught, fond out—talk in your sleep, will ye,
ha, ha, ha 1 But come here, take Ida and be
happy. I know she loves you, ha, ha!"
George was bewildered and transported. He
had been awakened from a pleasant dream to
Matters were soon explained, and the warm
hearted Judge, after blessing them both, prom
ised to see them married before be started to
A country justice of the peace, when upwards
of seventy years of age, married a girl about 19,
and being well aware that he was likely to be
railed on tbe subject, he resolved to be prepared.
Accordingly, when any of his intimate friends
called upon him, after tbe first salutations were
passed, be was sure to begin the couversation by
saying he believed he could tell them news.—
"Why," says he, "I have married my tailor's
daughter." If lie was asked why he did so, the
old gentlemau replied, "Why, the father suited
me so well for forty years past, tbat I thought
tbe daughter would suit me for forty years to
A Hint. —A contemporary says: "There is
a man up iv our county wbo always pays for bis
paper in advance. He has never had a sick day
in bis life—never had any corns or tooth ache—
bis potatoes never rot—tbe weevil never eats
his wheat—tbe frost never kills his corn or
beaDs —bis babies never cry id the night, and
his wile never scolds." Reader, have you paid
tbe printer in advance t I
DUELLING-A GLIMPSE AT THE PAST.
BT HOBATIO KINO.
The following beautiful and pathetio notice of
the death of a Member of ooDgres9 from Maine,
written by tlte Hon. Horatio King, the distin
guished First Assistant Postmaster General of
the United States, and formerly a Printer in
Maine, will be read with peculiar interest after
the lapse of fifteen years since its first publica
It was in October, 1834,1 took the steamboat
at Portland—that peaceful city on Casoo bay,
now soon, I trust, through the enterprise of its
leading spirits, to be connected by railroad with
tbe Canadian seat of Government—and after a
pleasant passage of a few hours, landed at Owl'e
Head, in Thomaston, I proceeded immediately
to the west village in that flourishing town,
where the late Hon. Jonathan Cilley then re
sided, and called on him at bis office. On en
tering, I found him occupied with some gentle
men who had called on business; he saluted me
politely, but observing tbat be appeared not to
recognize me, (it was not our first meeting) I
readily made myself known, when he greeted
me in that frank, cordial, whole-souled manner,
which all who had the pleasure of his acquaint
arice, well knew was so characteristic of his
warm aad generous heart. From bis office I
went with him to his house—a neat two-story
building of wood, clap-boarded and painted
white, with green blinds—where, by special
invitation, I remained as the humble, but hou
ored guest of the family several days. Never
sha'l I forget that visit. The impressions made
on my mind during my short stay with that ex
cellent family are among the pleasantest of my
life. Such perfect order and harmony, such un
affected paternal and filial affection—soch words
of confidence and love, and such acts of kindne.-s
—it was indeed a picture of domestic happiness
"beautiful to behold," and one fraught with
But, pass over a few short years, aod the scene
changes. Honored by the confidence and suf
frages of bis fellow-citizens, with high hopes and
buoyant feelings, tbe distinguished head of this
happy family quits tbe domestic fireside and
takes his seat iv the Councils of the nation. Tbe
confiding wite turns to brush away a tear, and,
unbidden, cunes to wituess the scene of patting;
but lookiug upon h.r two dear treasures, ot
whom she vow tinda hers.lf tbe sole guardian in
his absence, and then reflecting the separation is
only for a season, she is comforted. What fol
lows ? Hardly had the opportunity been afforded
him of enrolling his name on that temple of fame,
in laying tbe superstructure of which his noble
ancestors had essentially aided, and on which ail
who knew him clearly saw it was destined to
occupy a promiuent place, when he was called
to the "field ot blood,"from which he was borne
away a lifeless corpse! Ol this frightful tragedy
I forbear, tor it is unnecessary to trace the details.
"If that dark pitfall—that bloody grave—hnd
not laid in the midst of his path, whither might
it not have led him!"
Where, now was tbe faithful partner of his
bosom? With another bright jewel added to
her charge, she sat patiently awaiting his return,
fondly picturiug to herself the lively pleasure he
would experience in finding their little circle
enlarged by the introduction of one now so pre
! cious iv her sight. But all unconscious as she
was of the dreadful stroke about to fall upon
her, forever blasting her happiness—nevertheless,
may she not have a dim foreshadowing—a se
cret foreboding ot it? Oertaioly it is, on the
Sunday succeeding the Sa mrday ot tbe fatal
tragedy, accidentally turumg to aud reading the
following hymn, she was impressed with peculiar
feelings, winch iuduced her to mark it with a
Far, far o'er hill and dale, on the winds stealing,
List to the tolling bell, mournfully pealing ;
Hark! hark !it seems to say,
As melts those souudg away.
So life's best joys decay,
Whilst new their feeling.
Now thiougb the charmed air slowly ascending,
List to the mourner's prayer solemnly blending ;
Hark! hark !it seems to say,
Turn from those joys away,
To those which ne'er decay,
For life is ending.
O'er a father's dismal tomb see the orphan bending,
From the solemn church-yard's gloom hear the dirge
Hark! bark! it teems to aay,
How short ambition's sway,
Life's joys and friendship's ray,
In the dark grave ending.
So when our mortal ties death shall dissever,
Lord may we reach the skies, where care comes nev
And in eternal day,
Joining the angel's lay,
To our Creator pay
Alas! tbe soul-chilling, heartrending news of
the tragical death of tbe husband and father
was already on the way, too soon to place be
yond doubt tbe sad reality of what seemed to
have been thus mysteriously fore-tokened. It
was the heart of a delicate iemale that was to
receive the severest shock, and to one of her own
sex it was left to communicate tbe dreadful ti
dings by letter, extracts from which are now
before me: "Nothing (says the writer) but heart
felt sympathy could prompt me to this painful
duty. What can I say ? what ought Ito say ?
In the hour of affliction all eartbly oonsolation
fails. But there is a fountain which is never
dry; and your own experience wiil lead \ou to
it. Yon have sought it; you have found" there
the waters of eternal life; may you now find it*
waves bearing you up under the over-vbeiming
affliction tbat has come upon you. Remember
our Father in Heaven never willingly afflicts or
grieves his children; and what we know not
now we shall know hereafter. * * *
That pleasant smile tbat was on his face in life
now lingers on bis marble features. Your little
ones were often spoken of by him; and in tbat
last conversation tbey were remembered with
all the pride and affection of a father's heart.—
* A lock of his hair (vain con
splation) is to be sent you. * * With
my love, I will say adieu, aud that God may
abundantly comfort and sustain you in this try
ing hour is the fervent wish of your sympathiz
Several weeks transpired, when the recollec
tion of the above by mo occurring to the mind of
tbe now desolate and distracted widow she was
led to turn again to it; that was the hymn wbich
was sung on the occasion of the solemn ceremony
of committing to their final resting-place in
Tbomaston the remains of the noble hearted
Cilley. As well remarked by a writer at the
time: "Its appropriateness to tbe situation of
the widowed mother of his orphaned children
will not fail to impress and interest every
I met Mrs. Cfdey but once afterwards—at
Portland, in tbe Summer of 1889. She was on
her way with ber children to vi«it her friends in
New Hampshire, the former residence of ber late
husband. She appeared less depressed than 1
expected to find, yet it was plain to perceive
that a fixed melaucholy, an unappeaseable sor
row was slowly, but surely, laying waste the al
ready yielding supports ot ber existence. Of
her great aud irreparable loss she made no men
sioo ; that was at once told in her care-worn
features, her taltering accents and deep drawn
sighs. She spoke to me of the portrait ot her
dear departed, which some friends had kindly
promised to forward her, and which she ex
pressed her anxious desire to obtain. With a
sorrowing and heavy heart, I parted from her,
as it has proved, never, on this side of tbe grave,
to greet ber again.
Tbe following touching lines, by Mrs. S. F.
Woodhull, oo her death, which took place on
tbe 15th of October last, may be here introduced
as tbe finishing stroke to this sad picture:
"We've lain her in the tomb
Beside her young heart's idol. There she sleeps
In calm, and beautiful, and sweet repose,
Her patient soul wrestling with grief no more.
"We, who hare seen
Her slight and tendw form bend to the blast
That swept bo fearfully across her path
Bearing away her brightest earthly hopes,
May now rejoice she has found a home
So calm and pure. Yet, to see those orphans
Take that last look—ah 1 'twas a touching scene.
Well might tbey weep and cling to the lov'd form
That even in death wore a mother's smile,
That smile to them was doubly beautiful,
And dear those lips which ne'er could bless them
"As death approached the sufferer, 'twas said
Her youngest dove murmured in flute like tones,'
Mournful and low, 'We have no father—soon
We shall have no mother! For when her eye
First saw the light her father stood among "
The nation's council, but he never looked
Cpon her face; nor did he return to see
How bright a gem was that which graced his home.
Methinks had he but seen thtst sweet young face,
He would have paused—ajgstemly braved the scorn
Of a proud world : and conscience, reason and truth
And love had triumphed nobly o'er false honor.
God shield thee, daughter dear, with *hiro who
Afar, now all unconscious of his loss,
And the young brother by thy side. Ye huve
The promise, hind it to your hearts."
Yes! tbe picture is now complete—let us
pause and look upon it! Where are your iron
hearted, your stern, unbending advocates and
upholders of the "bloody code ?" Bring tbem
along, and let them, too, contemplate it! Nay,
but tbey must not be permitted to turn aside
and steel their hearts anew against the influence
it should exert —tbe lesson it so plainly indicates.
Behold tbe pain, tbe agony, tbe desolation your
lauded "code of honor" bath wrought! Ye who,
in the tumult of political strife and the dizzy
whirl of excitement, hesitate not to mock your
Maker by impiously trampling upon His man
dates, pause one moment and look upon this
picture. It is no fancy sketch ; would to Heaven
it were! How much pain, and sorrow, and dis
tress —how many days of pining and lamentation
—and bow many nights of unutterable woe had
been avoided ! No! it is a sad reality. Let
those coutemplaie it witb composure who can.
Capitol Hill, D. C, March 27, 1854.
*_. brother, midshipman in the Navy.
North Carolina and the Union.
The Murfreesboro' "Citizeu," the Raleigh
"Register," and the Raleigh "Standard," take
strong grounds against Disunion. Under tbe
caption of "Stand Firm," tbe "Standard" ot
Saturday, says: »
"If it be true that Lincoln is elected President,
stocks of all kinds and property generally will
j_.ll iv price. A panic runs like fire iv dry stub
bles. Let every business man stand firm, and
do all lie can to ward off the effects of the panic.
Let as little property be sacrificed as possible.—
instead ot pressing our debtors, or selling prop
erty ot any kind to provide the means of living
or extravagance, let us economize and live on
less than heretofore. Let us especially beware
of'a panic in slave property. Slavery m the
State* i* in no danger. Those persons in the
States south of us who are anxious to opeu the
slave trade and impoit barbarians into 'his
ooantry, would not object to a panic which
would reduce the selling price of slaves iv Ma
ryland, Virginia, and North Carolina to three j
or four hundred dollars each. The proposition
to limit slavery to tbe States in which it now
exists, if even adopted by Congress and approved
by tbe Piesident, would amount to little. Slave
ry can ao more be limited by act of Cougross
than the Mississippi cau be arrested in its course.
It tiill spread to and take root in all new regions,
where ihe climate aud soil demand it. It would,
therefore, be unwise, to rush slave property into
market at a sacrifice on account of Lincoln's
election. Let us stand firm, strengthen our de
fences in the Union, aud keep a strict eye on our
slaves. Let us see to it that they are governed
better than heretofore at home, so tbat when
away frrom their homes tbey may give less
trouble to the police. There is no danger to be
apprehended from the slaves, if bad white men
are watched and kept away from them. Left to
themselves, they aro contented and happy, and
mucb more loyal and respectable than the abo
litiouists are themselves. A negro slave who
knows his place, and who is faithful to his mas
ter, is a gentleman when compared with such
white persons as S-ward and Sumner.
Rearing Children.—l. Children should not
go to school uuiil six years old.
2. Should not learn at home, during that
time more than tbe alphabet, religious teaching
8. Should be fed with plain, substantial food,
at regular intervals of not less than four hours.
4. Should not be allowed to eat anything
within two hours bed-time.
5. Should bave nothing for supper but a sin
gle cup of warm drink, such as very weak tea of
some kind, or cambric tea or warm milk and
water, witb one slice of cold bread and butter
6. Should sleep in separate beds, on Lair
mattresses, without caps, feet well warmed by
the fire or rubbed witb tbe hands until perfectly
dry ; extra covering on the lower limbs, but lit
tle ou tne body.
7. Should be compelled to be out of doors for
the greater part of daylight, from after break
fast uutil halt au hour before sundown, unless in
damp weather, wheu they should not be allow
ed to go outside tbe door.
8. Never limit a healthy child as to sleeping
or eating, except at supper; but compel regular
ity as to both ; it is of great importance.
9. Never compel a child to sit still, nor in
terfere with its enjoyment, as long as it is not
actually injurious to persons or property, or a
gainst good morals.
10. Never threaten a child—it is cruel, un
just and daugerous. What you have to do, do
it, and be dove with it.
11. Never speak harsbly or angrily, bot
mildly, kindly, aud, when really Deeded, firmly
12. By all means arrange it so that tbe last
words between you and your children at bed
time, especially tbe youogor ones, shall be words
of uumixed l.vinguess and affection. — Hall's
Journal of Health.
About Corned Beef.—Corned beef, properly
suited, and cooked as it should be, is a dish fit
for the sovereign people; but to eat salt junk,
such as too often exercise tbe muscle of the jaws,
is a penance even for a malefactor. Most of tbe
beef put up for Winter use, is spoiled by the use
of too much salt, which destroys the flavor, and
makes the meat stringy aud tough. When beet
is fresh it contains blood, wbicb is drawn out by
the brine. If the meat is left io this mixture, it
will require a much larger quantity of salt to
preserve it, particularly through warm weather.
My plan is to make a ferine by using for one hun
dred pounds of beef, five pounds of salt, one
quarter ounce ot salt-petre, and a pound of brown
sugar. This is dissolved io just enough water
to cover the meat, aud poured upon it. When
it has been io this brine two weeks, I take out
tbe meat, let it drain, pour a fresh brioe over it,
and then it will be good, the season through.
Tbe cook who uses corned beef, should not be
so ignorant or so indolent as to delay putting it
oyer the fire until an hour before dinner. A
good sized piece requires three or four hours
sieady boiling to do it justice. Insufficient boil
ing must be made up for by extra chewing.—
Always have tbe water boiling wbeo tbe meat
is dropped in ; otherwise tbe sweetness will be
drawo out into tbe water. A boiling beat bard
ens tbe outer surface at once, and thus keeps in
tbe juices which give richness, and which con
tain most of the nourishment. An exoellent
way of cooking corned beet is, to have a large
boiler with a wire or wooden rack on the bot
i torn, for tbe meat to rest 00, over tbe water. —
Wheo tbe water boils, place tbe meat upon tbe
rack, and put on the cover of the boiler, with a
cloth over it, to keep io the steam. The beat
of the steam will rise above the boiling point,
and penetrate tbe meat, and cook it more quiokly
and better than could be done by boiling in tbe
Marriage.—At Clover Lea, Hanover county,
Va., oo the 6th inst., Col. Lewis W. Washing
ton, of Jefferson county, Va., toEllam, daughter
of George W. Bassett. In this marriage a sin
gular coincidence occurs: The groom being the
great grand-son of two brothers of Gen. Wash
ington, and tbe bride tbe great-grand-daugbter
of the only sister of GeD. Washington, and also
great-grand daughter ot tbe sister of Mrs. Gen.
Urgency in prayer does not so much consist in
vehement pleading, as io vehement believing.—
He that belioves most io tbe love and power oi
Jesus, will obtain most in prayer.
Dow _ Alphabetical Advice.
A—Always attend to your own avocation,
aud avoid ale bouses and artful women.
B—Be benevolent, but not prodigal, bury all
bickerings in tbe bosom of forgetfulness.
C—Contrive to collect cash and keep it.
D—Do your duty and defy the devil.
E—Early endeavor to eradicate every error,
both of bead and heart.
F—Fight fairly when you fight; but the bet
ter way is not to tight at all. Fiddle for no
G—Grace, goodness, gumption, aud a little
goose grease enables a man to slip through tbe
world mighty easy. Get them and glory in
H—Harbor hope in your heart, if you would
be happy ; but hark ye, hope cannot sunder or
rot tbe rope of tbe hangman.
I—lnquisitiveness is insufferable; indulge not
J—Julips may be called the juice of joy, and
tbe yeast of jest; but let them alone, for too
much joking often destroys the jovialty of the
X—Kindness kindles tbe fire of friendship.—
A kiss always avails more than a kick.
L—Love the ladies, look before you leap, es
M—Make not mischief by meddling with oth
er folk's business.
• N—Never be caught napping except in tbe
O—Order is heaven's first law; obey it.
P—Pursue the plain path of probity, and put
io practice what you will give in precept.
Q —Quarrel not, quibble not, be not fond of
asking questions, or addicted to queries.
R—Rum ruins respectability; renounce, re
new and renovate.
S—Seek salvation, oh, ye sinners! become
saints aud you are safe.
T—Take time by the forelock; try to turn ev
ery moment to account.
U—Unison unites to unity; in the wbole uni
verse there is unison ; be you, therefore, united
for tbe sake of unison.
V—Vanity has no connection with valor; re
W—Women and wine bring want, woe and
wretcbeduess, when wickedly indulged in.
X—'Xtra 'xertions accomplish 'xtraordinary
V—Yield to no tyrant; yeoman and their
yokefellows are lords of the soil.
Z—Zgzagging is characteristic of a zary;
take a .straight course through life, and zealous
ly pursue it.
A Declaration of Independence.
Tbe Washington Constitution publishes a de
claration ol independence, which is to be sob
■mitied at the coming South Carolina Conven
tion. The first sentence of the National Decla
ration is thus altered:
"We hold these truths to be self-evident: tbat
although all men are created wholly unequal,
mentally, morally and physically, yet they are
all equally entitled, under every civilized gov
ernment, to the 101 l protection of their lives, per
sons and property, for which protection govern
ments are solely instituted among men, deriving
their just powers solely from the consent of the
The grievances cited are: Ist. The war in the
North against Southern iustitotions. 2d. The
nullification of tbe iugitive slave law. 3d. Up
holding protection from slavery in tbe territo
ries. 4th. Tbe imposition of heavy taxes—"not
simply without but directly against oar repre
sentation, aud our consent in tbe general Con
gress, by levying oneroos and excessive duties
upon goods imported in return for, and pur
chased by, our cotton, rice, and tobacco, in order
to protect and encourage their own manufac
tures, aud in order to expend vast sums at tbe
North in improving and fortifying tho : r own
harbors, towns and cities, at tbe evident and di
rect expense of tbe products aud labor of the
South." sth. The election of a President whose
creed is tbe "irrepressible conflict."
The declaration concludes as follows:
We therefore, the representatives of the peo
ple of the State cf South Carolina in Convention
assembled, appealing to the Supreme Judge of
the World for tbe rectitude ol our intentions, do,
in the name and by the authority of tbe good
people of this State, solemnly publish and de
clare tbat the State ot South Carolina is, and of
rigbt ought to be, a free and independent State;
and tbat all political connection between it and
tbe Northeru States is, and ought to be, totally
dissolved ; aud that as a free and independent
State we have full power to levy war, conclude
peace, out.-act alliances, establish commerce,
and to do all otber acts and things which an in
dependent State may of right do. And, for tbe
support of this declaration, with a firm reliance
on the protection ot Divine Providence, we mo
tually pledge to each other our lives, our fortunes
and our sacred honor.
The Splendor of Damascus.
Damascus is the oldest city in the world.—
Tyre aud Sulon have crumbled oo the shore;
Baalbec is a ruin ; Palmyra is buried in tbe sand
ot tbe desert; Ninevah and Babylon have disap
peared from the Tigris aud Euphrates; Damas
cus ifciuains what it was before the days of Abra
ham—a centre of trade and travel, an island of
verdure in a desert, "a predestined capital"—
witb martial aud sacred associations extending
through more than thirty centuries. It was
"near Damascus" that Saul of Tarsus suw the
"light from heaven above the brightness of tbe
sun ;" tbe street which is called Strait, in which
it is said "be prayetb," still runs through the
city. Tbe caravan comes and goes as it did a
thousand years ago; there are still the sheik, the
ass, and the water-wheel; tbe merchants of the
Euphrates and of the Mediterranean still "occu
py" there "with tbe multitude of their wares."
Toe city which Mabommed surveyed from a
neighboring height, and was afraid to enter bo
cause it is given to have but ooe Paradise, and
for his part be was resolved oot to have it in
this world, is to this day, what Julian called tbe
eye of the East, as it was in tbe time of Isaiah,
"the head ot Syria." From Damascus came the
Damson or blue plum, aud tbe delicious apricot
of Portugal, called Damasco ; damask, our beau
tiful fabric of cotton and silk, witb vines and
tlowers raised upoo a smooth bright grouod ; tbe
damask rose, iotroduced into England io the
time ot Henry VIII.; tbe Damascus blade, so fa
moos the world over for its keen edge and won
derful elasticity, the secret of whose manufac
ture was lost when Tamerlane carried off tho
arts into Persia; and tbe beautiful art of iolayiug
wood aud steel with silver and gold, a kind of
mosaic—engraving and sculpture united—called
Damaskeeing, with which boxes aod beaureaue,
and swords are ornamented. It is still a city of
flowers and bright waters; the streams of Leba
non, tbe "rivers of Damascus," tbe "rivers of
gold," still mnrmur and sparkle in the wilder
ness of "Syrian gardeos."
Queen Victoria's Stables.—A recent letter,
describing Windsor Castle, says:
Before going into the ioterior ot the Castle,
we were sbowo the Queeo's stables—"Mews,"
as they call them there. These, as may be ira -
agiced, are oo a Bcale correspoodiog with tbe
extravagance of royalty. She keeps three hun
dred horses, part ot which are now io London,
as she is sojourning for the present at Bucking
ham Palace. All of these here were greys ex
cept tbe fancy ponies. One of the latter is a
beautiful milk-white animal, as clean and Dice
as soap, water aud currying can make him. He
is a pet of the Queen's aod she bas a small car
riage in which she drives him herself around the
gardens. There were also four of the tiniest
bay pooies, which tbe Princess Alice herself
drives, four io hand, io at_all carriage. These,
witb six others, were a present from the King of
Sardioia. The name oi each is inscribed on a
plate of marble in bis stall, on one of which
"Victor," and on another "Emanuel," in honor
of tbe illustrious donor.
Tbe greatest remedy of the day is uoquee
tionably Perry Davis' Vegetable Pain Kil
ler, for tbe instant relief of all pains, scalds,
bruises, &c, aod for pains in the stomach aud
bowels; it is osed witb encouraging success iv
sudden attacks of cholera aod cholera morbus,—•
Sold by druggists.