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RICHARD MAUZY, Editor„ Proprietor.
TERMS. t 4
_W The "Spectator" is published once a week, at
Two Dollars and Fifty Cents a year, which may be dis
charged by the payment of Two Dollars at any time
within the year
No subscription will be discontinued but at the option
of th* Edito', until all arrearages are paid.
AD VERTISEMENTS of ten lines (or less) inserted
once for one dollar, and twenty-Aye cents for each subse
quent continuance. Larger advertisements inserted in
the same proportion.
A liberal discount made to those who advertise by the
5E_?~ Annual advertisers vrill be limited to their im
mediate business, or the advertisements charged for at
Professional Cards, not exceeding seven lines, will
be inserted one year for $7 00—8 months for $4 00.
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" " d months 600
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" •' fi months 1000
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All advertising for a less time than three months, will
be charged for at the usual rates —s 100 per square for
the first insertion, and twenty five cents for each subse
Western Virginia *
MARBLE WORKS, % j
HARRISC.N9JI.3. ' [h $ __:
lAitflilS . KILLEY. kM__
3 • • . • I *58.
_ TAYLOR& __oai__ !
DRY GOO DS, G R O C ERIE S,
QUJBENSWA&B. HATS, CAPS,
HOOFS AND SHOES,
HATS ju»t received a vefi _u*.t- end rmnt-'om.
siock of FALL AN.- '.V.NTKi; G"ODS, to
rWcl _ the attention of purchasers.
D 3« J AMI* JOHNSTON, SURGICAL &
KECHANICAL DENTIST, having heen located
perui-iieu;... in Staunton for the last four years, would
te.M; ■ tfally s_i iiu_ his triende and the public gene
ral!}, tut tie still continues to practice Dentistry,in all
it*- various or.iuohes, with the strictest regard to du
r_ibilitv aod usefulness.
O.n ■ ;ti the s lath-side ot Main Street opposite the
old :Spec f H«or Office.
Stauntou. Nov. 29, 1854.
JL WATl_fcS,°€tOt'ks, JEWEL-VR]
__jj» XV, MLVER AND $■]
OPPOSITE VA. HOTEL, STAUNTON, VA.
Staunton, July 17. iB6O.
Witt. B. JOHNSON,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
LITTLE RUCK, ARKANSAS.
WILL attend to the location, purchase and sale of
Lands in Arkansas, and any other business
pertaining to his profession in that State, and in
Memphis, Term. May be found until the 15th of Oc
tubea at the office of David S Young, or the residence
of N. P. Catlett, Staunton, Va.
Oct. 2, l_«U— ly.
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
WILL practice in the Courts of Augusta and the
l_f~ Office removed to corner room of the New
Law Building. East of the Court-house.
Staunton, Oct. 23,1860.
~~ J. M. HANGER
ATTORNEY AT LAW, STAUNTON, VA.,
WILL practice in all the Courts held in Staunton,
and in the Circuit Courts of Albemarle and
Rockingham. Office in the brick-row, in the rear of
Staunton, Dec. 30,1857.
JOHN W. MEREDITH,
JEWELRY, CLOCKS, WATCHES, &C,
Main St., Staunton, Va.
%_f~ Watches and Jewelry Repaired.
Staunton, Jan.l 7.
OCTOR JAMES B. GILKESON—Having
located in Staunton, tenders his professionalser
vices to the public. He may be found, when not pro
essionally engaged, at the room over the Saddle and
Harness establishment of Mr. 6. H. Elick, nearly op
posite the Post Office.
Staunton Feb. 8.1859—tf.
A. D. CHANDLER,
KEEPS METALIC CASES of all sizes, at Staun
ton and Millborough Depot, at City Prices.
Staunton, July 19,1859.
"" ROBERT D. LILLEY,
WILL attend promptly to surveying, Platting
Calculating and Dividing J_aud, and Locating
Staunton, June 2«, iB6O.
R. L. DOYLE,
_ttor...j at Law, siauutou, Fa.,
WILL practice in tnt Court*. >t Augusta. Rock
bridge, i.atii and Highland
July 2ii, IBS..
DEBIT A L NOTICE.- VV i,.. chapman ha* rt
move.. h.s office to the uid B. II Tav.-rn, near tht
Virginia H.ul, .....i o; j>»>i'e i_;ai.de.nrg s Coruet.
aud adjoining Rankin's Dagueneau (Jaliery, when W
will be pleased to see his friends and ..►sto'niers.
an ton Jan. 31,
JOEL E XTi N<jt±_R
HAVING lict'd ;u STituntin ii prepared to tone
af_w ua.re j.pil* Em msu-uction on Piano ai-d
Guitar. 0id....-> Ml with J. W Albv.
Staunton, Oct. 3t». l>6o -tf—Vm "copy.
&._____ ___!_ lS «A»HFO« Nl-
GROSS I—l will pay the JfM
higii_t murfcet prices for sound and healthy T@t
NEuROES. Mv long experience in the busu-
and my facilities for selling will enable ■_—■
me to pa-, the vicar hioukst prices.
I wish to employ some good AOENTS to buy Ne
groes. 1 want business men of good moral habits
Pet*ons wishing to sell will find it to their interes.
to call on me by letter or otherwise, at Waynesboro'
Augusta county, Virginia. JOHN B. 'SMITH.
August 14. lrt»so— (imo.*
PLASTER —The Staunton Steam Mill having
been repaired and put in working order, farmers
can now get supplies of GROUND PLASTER in an)
dasired quantities. E. T. ALBERTSON, Sup't.
Staunton. June 5, IMQ.
LOOK HERE !—The undersigned have receiv
ed a large lot of MILLER'S CASSIMERES
which will be sold at a reasonable rate.
MOSRV, MAYLOR A FULTZ.
Staunton. Sept. 25, iB6O.
C~~AST FIRE PLACES.—We have just receiv
ed a large supply of Cast Fire Places —with and
without flacky for sale at Foundry prices.
Staunton, Oct. 30. TAYLOR A HOGE.
MILL IRONS, JFIACHINERY AND ALL
kinds of Castings made to order at the Staunton
Foundry, by A. J. GARBER A CO.
Sep. 13, 1859.
TATIONERY.—I am now receiving a superior
stock of Stationery, which for quality and cheap
ness cannot be surpassed in Staunton.
Staunton, Oct. 23,1«60. L. B. WALLER.
HOOFLAND'S GERMAN BITTERS, anc
all kinds of Patent Medicines, for sale by
DR. H. S. EICHELBERGER. !
__. Staunton, April 3, 1860.
BON RAILING— A variety of patterns, foi
Yards, Cemet / oU, Ac, made to order at tht
Btaunton Foundry. A. J. GARBER A CO.
CLOAKING CLOTHS can be found at
PIPER A FUNKHOUSER'S.
Staunton. Oct. 9, 18ft0.
C OAL OIL LAMPS.—A large assortment at
P. H. TROUT.
Staunton, Oct. 2. iB6O.
EMENT.— 3O bbls. "Rosendale" Cement.
TAYLOR A HOGE.
Staunton, Oct. 9,1860.
SHOES.—SOo pair Boots aoo
Shoes for sale cheap by TAYLOR A HOGE.
r ooct et 9> 1?M-
SALT.— 200 Sacks Ashton and Marshall's Dint
Salt, just received by TAYLOR A HOGE.
Staunton, Oct. 9,18.0.
ePEERT DAVIS' .
/?___ / J_-_><
We ask the attention of the public to this
long- tested and unrivalled
It has been favorably Iznown for more
than twenty years, during- which time we
have received t/zau&ancLi of testimonials,
showing this Jfiedicine to be an almost
never-failing remedy for diseases caused by
or attendant upon —
Sudden Colds, Coughs, Fever and jlgue,
Headache, P,ilious Fever, (Pains in the
Side, Fiaclc, and Loins, as well as in the
Joints and Limbs; and.
oLh£iLrna±Lc in any part of
the system, and (Pains in the
Head and Face.
__s a jSlcucud. and jZfanic
for the zirbDjrLCuJi., it seldom fails to cure
(jpyspepsia, Indigestion, Liver Complaint,
Jlcid Stomach, Heartburn, Kidney Com"
plaints, _ficle. ffffeq rln rtir, (Piles, jlsth
ma or (Phthisic, Ringworms, Ijoils, Felons,
Whit-lows, Old Sores, Swelled Joints, and
(Z/)ehiliti4- of the _fi_.s±£m..
It is also a prompt and sure Remedy for
Cramp and (Pain in ihe Stomach, (Painters'
Colic, (ifiLa-tfiluiea., (Lysentery, gfum.-
mejL Cholera Jlforbus, Chol
era Infantum, Scalds, F,ums, Sprains,
Ijruises, Frost F,ites, Chilblains, as well
as the Stiv,gs of Insects, Scoipions, Cen
tipedes, and the Pjites of (Poisonous Insects
and Venomous FeptUes.
See Directions accompanying each bottle.
It has been tested in every variety of
climate, and by almost £ii£M£ nallan.
____tUs\ lo Jlmerizaros. It is ihe almost
constant companion and inestimable friend
of the mAasicJiafju\ and the ttajieltet,
— 07i sea and land, — and no one should
travel on. our lakes or rivers without it.
Prices, 12J cts, 23 tts, 50 cts, md $IJW per fettle.
PERRY DAVIS & SON,
MANUFACTURERS AND PROPRIETORS;
PROVIDENCE, It. I.
Sold by dealers every where.
Sept. '1, iB6O.
PLAIN AND ORNAMENTAL
OF EVERY VARIETY,
EXECUTED WITH KEATXESS _ DESPATCH
JOB PRINTING ESTABLISHMENT,
Stone Building, Augusta St.,
LARGE STOCKOF JOB TYPE!
GEEAT VAEIETY OF NEW & FANCY TYPE !
BRONZE &, COLORED PRINTING!
will be done in a style equal to the best City Work.
HAVING made a large addition to the "Spectatok
Job Ofpick," it is now one of the best in the
Htate, and all varieties of Job Work can be done in
the very best and most satisfactory manner on very
t_f" It is furnished with a great variety of new and
HF* We are now prepared to execute all kinds of
Printing, such as
Posters, Sale Bills, Blcuriks, Circulars,
School Reports, Cards, Checks,
Notes, Letter Heads,
Cards, Wedding Cards, Invitations &c,
in tbe very best style ; on moderate terms.
BLANKS. —Clerks, Sheriffs, Lawyers, Cons
oles, Merchants, and business men generally, are re
s>pectfully informed that every kind of Blank they
may need can be had, at the shortest notice, at the
J__tf" Send in your orders and they will be promptly
GROVEB & BAKER'S
r r_E undersigned Clergymen of various denomina-
JL tions, having purchased and used in our families
•GROVER & BaKEK'S CELEBRATED FAMILY
SEWING MACHINE," take pleasure in recommend
ing it as an instrument fully combining the essentials
>t a good machine. Its beautiful simplicity, ease of
management, aud the strength and elasticity of its
stitch, unite to render it a macbine unsurpassed by
_uv in the market, and one which we feel confident
♦•ill give satisfaction to all who purchase aud use it:
Rev. W. H. LANEY, Baltimore, Md.,
Rev. O. H. TiFFAN Y. 1). D.,
Rev. C. J. BO WEN, •«
Rev. .JONA CROSS,
Rev. JOHN McCRoN, D- D..
Rev, W T. D. CLEMM, • "
Rev. W. H CHAPMAN, *
Rev. F. 8. EVAN.-., "
Rev. R G. tiALBRATH, Govanstovw. Md ,
Rev. .1. Me_. REILET, Frederick, Md.,
Rev. T b. LOCKE, Westmoreland co., Va.,
Rev. W A. CROCKER, Norfolk, Va.,
Rev. JOHN PARIS,
Rev J. F LANNEAU, Salem, Va.
Rev. C. HANKEL, D., O , Charleston, S. C
Rev. C. A. LOYAL, ««
Rev. A. A. PORTER, Selma, Ala.
Rev. J.J TWISE, Speedwell, S. C.
Rev. B. B. ROSS, Mobile, Ala.
Rev. J. L. MICUAUX, Enfield, N. C.
Rev. A. C. HARRIS, Headersm, N. C.
Rev. C. F. HARRIS.
Office of Exhibition and Sale
181 BALTIMORE ST., BALTIMORE.
a__r SEND FOR A CIRCULAR. _Jf_
May h. i860.—-ly.
MAIN STREET. CHARLOTTESVILLE, VA.
FREY & ROBINSON
HAVE opened a Store on Main St., (old Post Of-
where they will keep for sale, PIANOS,
flutes; VIOLINS, GUITARS, BANJOS, SHEET
MUSIC, STATIONERY, ENGRAVINGS, &c, <&c,
and respectfully solicit the patronage of their friends
and the public generally.
PIANOS.—Our stock of Pianos is selected princi
pally from the well known and most reliable factory
of NUNS & CLARK, New York, whose instruments
have never been surpassed in tone and durability
since their establishment commenced operations
(thirty-five years ago.) We have made arrangements
with other Factories for supplying us with Pianos, oc
casionally retaining thejprivifege, however, of return
ing them, if found unworthy our recommendation. —
Persons purchasing from us, therefore, will never run
any risk, as we have determined to sell only good in
struments, on most reasonable terms.
SHEET MUSIC.-A great variety of the latest
publications constantly on hand. Instruction books
for all instruments. The usual deduction made in sup
plying Schools and Music Teachers. Arthur's Pat
ent Elastic Music Portfolios. Music sent by mail.
Orders from the country, promptly attended to.
C. T. FREY, Prof, of Music.
Ayer's Ague Cure.
DET__REST ARMSTONG. & CO.
DRY WOODS MERCHANTS,
75. 77. 79, 81, 83 and 85 Ouane Street,
1 MEW YORK.
Would notify the Trade that they are opening
weekly, in new and beautiful patterns, the
Warnsutta Prints, also the Amoskeag, a New Print,
which excels every Print in the Country for perfec
tion of execution and design in full Madder Colors.
Our Prints are cheaper than any in market, and meet
ing with extensive sale. Orders promptly attended
SYRUP-— aO bbls. Molasses and Syrup.
TAYLOR & HOGE.
Staunton, Oct. 9, 1860.
STAUNTON, VIRGINIA, TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 27, 1860.
Rock me to Sleep.
Backward, turn backward, 0, Time, in youi flight,
Make me a child again, just for to-night!
Mother, come back from the echoless shore,
Take me again to your heart, as of yore—
Kiss from my forehead the furrows of care,
Smooth the few silver threads out of my hair-
Over my slumbers your loving watch keep—
Rock me to sleep, mother—rock me to sleep !
Backward, flow backward, 0 tide of years !
I am so weary of toil and of teaiB —
Toil without recompense—tears all in vain—
Take them and give back my childhood again ;
I have grown weary of dust and decay,
Weary of flinging my soul-wealth away—
Weary of sowing for others to reap;
Rock me to sleep, mother —rock me to sleep!
Tired of the base, the hollow, the untrue,
Mother, 0, mother, my heart calls for you !
Many a summer the grass has grown green,
Blossomed and faded—our faces between—
Yet with strong yearning and passionate pain,
Long I, to-night, for your presence again;
Come from the silence so long and so deep—
Rock me to sleep, mother—rock me to sleep!
Over my heart, in days that are flown,
No love like mother-love ever has shone—
No other worship abides and endures,
Faithful, unselfish and patient like yours—
None like a mother can charm away pain
From the sick soul, and the world-weary brain;
Slumber's soft calm o'er my heavy lids creep—
Rock me to sleep, mother—rock me to sleep !
Come, let your brown hair, just lighted with gold,
Fall on your shoulders again as of old—
Let it fall o'er my forehead to-night,
Shading m_ faint eyes away from the light—
Fot, wuli its sunny-edged shadows once more,
Happily throng the sweet visions nf yore,
. Lovingly, softly, its bright billows sweep —
i Rock me to sleep, mother—rock me to sleep!
Mother, dear mother, tbe years have been long
Since I last listened to your lullaby song-
Sing, then, and unto my soul it shall seem
Womanhood's years have been only a dream ;
Clasped to your heart in a loving embrace,
With your light lashes just sweeping my face,
Never hereafter to wake or to weep—
Rock me to sleep, mother—rock me to sleep!
THE WAY TO KEEP HIM.
BY MAI.Y E. CLARKE.
"Out again to-night?" said Mrs. Hayes, fret
fully, as her husband rose from the tea-table and
donned his great coat.
"Yes, I have an engagement with Moore; I
shall be in early, have a light in the library.—
Good night," and, with a careless nod, William
Hayes left the room.
"Always the way," murmured Lizzie Hayes,
sinking back upon a sofa, "out every night. 1
don't believe he cares one bit about me, now,
and yet we've been married only two years.—
No man can have a more orderly honse, I am
sure; aud I never go anywhere; I am not a bit
extravagant, and yet I don't believe he loves me
any more. Oh ! dear, why is it ? I wasn't rich,
he didn't marry me for money, and he must have
loved me then —why does he treat me with so
much neglect?" and with her mind filled with
such fretful queries, Lizzie Hayes fell asleep up
on the sofa.
Let me paint her picture as Bhe lay there. —
She was a blonde, witb a small, graceful figure,
and a very pretty face. The hair, which showed
by its rich waves its natural tendency to curl,
was brushed smoothly back, and gathered into
a rich knot at the back; "It was such a bother
to curl it,' 1 she said; her cheek was pale, and
the whole face wore a discontented expression.
Her dress was a neat chintz wrapper, but she
wore neither collar nor sleeves; "What's the
use of dressing up just for William ?"
Lizzie slept soundly tor two hours and then a
! woke suddenly. She sat up, glanced at the
clock and sighed drearily at the prospect of tbe
long interval still to be spent alone before bed
The library was just over the room in which
she sat, and down the furnace flue, through the
registers, a voice came to the young wife's ears;
it was her husband's.
"Well Moore, what's a man to do? I must
have pleasure somewhere. Who would have
fancied that Lizzie Jarvis, so pretty and spright
ly, and loving, could change to tbe fretful dowdy
she now is? Who wants to stay at home to
hear his wile whining all the evening about her
troublesome servants, and her headache, and all
sorts of bothers ? She's got the knack of drawl
ing whine so pat that, 'pon my life, I don't be
lieve she can speak pleasantly."
Lizzie sat as if stunned. Was this true? She
looked in the gl*ss. It not exactly dowdy, her
costume «a* certainly nor, suitable for an even
ing, even if it were an evening at. home, with
only William to admire. She rose, and softly
went to ...r owa room with bitter, sorrowful
Un.-ng.ifs, aod a firm resolution to wio back her
: u>bao__ heart, ami thee, his love regained, to
The u.xt morning, William came into the
.bre.»kiasl room, with his usual careless manner,
bu. a bright smile came oa his lip as lie saw
Lizzie. A pretty chintz, with iicat eoikr and
-1 _es of snowy uiu.iiu, aud ft wealth of soft,
_uil eurle, b*d really mtramorphosed her; while
the blush h.r husband's admiring glance called
op to her ctieekdtd not detract from her beaaly. ]
At first, William hought there ppsl be a gi»_.r,
but glancing around he found they were- elope.
"Come, William, your coffee will be stone
cold," said Ltzzie, in a cheery, pleasant voice.
"It must, cool till you sweeten my breakfast
with a kiss," said her husband, crossing the room I
to her side; and Lizzie's heart bounded, as she
recognized the old lover's tones and manners.
Not one fretful speech, not one complaint, fell
upon William's ear through the meal. The
news paper, his usual solace at this hour, lay
untouched, as Lizzie chatted gaily ou every
pleasant subject she could think of, warming by
bis gratified interest and cordial manner.
"You will be home to dinner?" she said, as he
"Can't to-day, Lizzie, I have business out of
town, but I'll be home early to tea. Have some
thing substantial, for I don't expect to dine.—
Good-bye." And the smiling look, warm kisß,
and lively whistle were a marked contrast to his
longing, careless gait the previous evening.
"I am in the right path," said L'zzie, in a low
whisper. "Oh! what a fcol I have been for
two years 1 A'fretful dowdy!' William, you
shall never say that again."
Lizzie loved her hushand with real wifely de
votion, and her lip would quiver as she thought
of his confidence to his friend Moore; bnt like
a brave little woman she stifled back the bitter
feeling, and tripped off to perfect her plans.—
The grand piano, silent tor months, was opened,
and the iinen covers taken from the furniture,
Lizzie thinking, "He shan't find any parlors
urn >re attractive than his own, lam determined."
Tea time came, and William came with it. A
little figure, in a tasty, bright silk dress, smooth
curls, and oh! such a lovely blush and smile,
stood ready to welcome William as he came iD,
aod tea time passed as the morning's meal had
After tea, there was no movement, as usual,
towards the hat-rack. William stood up beside
the table, lingering, chatting, till Lizzie also
rose. She led him to the light, warm parlors,
in their pretty glow of tasteful arrangement, and
drew him beside her on the sofa. He felt as if
he was courting over again, as be watched her
fingers busy with some fancy needlework, and
listened to the cheerful voice he had loved so
dearly two years before.
"What are yon making, Lizzie ?"
how much you admired the pair I worked for
"A pair of slippers. Don't you remember
you, oh I ever so long ago."
"I remember; black velvet with flowers on
them, I used to put my feet on the fender, and
dream of blue eyes and bright curls, and wish
time would move faster to the day when I could
briDg my bonnie wee wife home, to make music
io my house.
Lizzie's face saddened for a moment, as she
thought of the last two years, and how littie
music she had made for this loving heart, grad
ually weaning it trom its allegiance; then she
"I wonder if you lova music as much as you
did then ?"
"Of course I do. I often drop in at Miss
Smith's for nothing else than to hear tbe mu
"I can play and sing better than Miss Smith,"
said Lizzie, half pouting.
"But you always say you are out _P practice
when I ask you."
"I had the piano tuned this morning. Now,
open it, and we will see how it sounds."
William obeyed joyfully, and tossing aside her
sewing, Lizzie* took the piano-stool. She had a
very sweet voice, not powerful, but most music
al, and was a very fair performer on the piano.
"Ohl yes, I know yoa disK_e opera music in
One song after another, with an overture or
lively instrumental piece, occasionally between
them, filled up another hour pleasantly.
The little mantle clock struck eleven!
"Eleven! I thought it was about nine. I
ought to apologize, Lizzie, as I used to do, for
staying so long; and I can truly say, as 1 did
then, that the time has passed so pleasantly I
can scarcely believe it is so late."
The piano was closed, Lizzie's work put in the
basket, and William was ready to go up stairs,
but glancing back, he saw his little wile near the
lire place, her hands clasped, her head bent, and
large tears falling from her eyes. He was be
side her in an instant. '
"Lizzie, darling, are yon ill? What is the
"Ol! William, I have been such a bad wife!
i heard you tell Mr. Moore labt evening how 1
had disappointed you; bat I will try to make
jour home pleasant, indeed I will, if you will
■>uly forgive and love me."
"Love you! Oh! Lizzie, you cannot guess
how dearly I love you!"
As the little wife lay down that night, she
"I have won him back again ! Better than
that, I have learned the way to keep him 1"
Watebloo tiik Dat Aeteb thb Battle.—
0\ a surface of two square miles, it was ascer
rained that fifty thousand men aod horses were
living! The luxurious crop of ripe grain which
had covered the field of battle, was reduced to
litter, and beaten into the earth ; and the surface
trodden down by the cavalry, and furrowed
deeply by the cannon wheels, strewed with many
a relic of the fight. Helmets and cuirasses,
sha tered fire-arms and broken swords; all the
variety of military ornaments, lanoer caps and
Highland bonnets; uniforms of every color,
plume and pennon, musical instruments, the ap
paratus of artillery, drums, bugles—but good
God 1 why dwell on the harrowing picture ot a
fougbten field ? Each aud every ruinous display
bore mute testimony to the misery of such a
battle. * * Could the melancholy ap
pearance of this scene of death be heightened, it.
would be by witnessing the researches of the liv
ing, amid its desolation, for the objects of their
Mothers and wives, and children, tour days were
occupied in that mournful duty ; and the confu
sion of the corpses —friends aud foes intermin
gling as tbey were, often rendered the attempt at
recognizing individuals difficult, and in some
cases impoe ible. * * * In many places the
dead lay tour deep upon each other, marking the
spot which some British square had occupied,
exposed for hoars to the murderous fire of a
French battery. Outside, laucer and cuirassier
were scattered thickly on the earth. Madly at
tempting to force tbe serried bayonets of the
British, they had fallen in the bootless essay by
the musketry of the inner files. Farther on, you
trace the spot where France and England had
encountered; chasseur aod hussar were inter
mingled, and the heavy Norman horse of the
Imperial Guard were interspersed with tbe grey
chargers which had carried Albion's chivalry.
Here the Highlander and traileur lay, side by
side, together; and the heavy dragoon, with
green Erin's badge upon his helmet, was grap
ling in death with the Polish lancer. * * *
On the summit of the ridge, where the ground
was cumbered with the dead, aud trodden fet
lock deep in mud and gore, by the frequent rush
ot rival cavalry, the thick-strewn corpses of the
Imperial Guard pointed out the spot where Na
poleon had been defeated. Here, in column,
that favored corps, on whom his last chances
rested, had been annihilated ; and the advance
aud repulse of the Guard was traceable by a
mass of fallen Frenchmen. In the hollow below,
the last struggle of France had beeu vainly made,
for there the Old Guard attempted to meet the
British, and afford time to their disorganized
companions to rally.
The Wall of China.
This stupendous monument of human art and
industry exceeds everything that we read of in
anoient or modern history. The pyramids ot
Egypt are little when compared with v wall
which is conducted over high mountains, some
of which rise to the height of five thousand two
hundred and twenty five feet, across the deepest
vales, over wide rivers by means of arches, and
in many parts is douoled or trebled, to command
important passes; at the distance of almost c v
cry hundred yards is a tower or massy bastion.
The extent is computed at fifteen hundred miles,
aod is such ettoimous thickness that six horse
men may ride aiueast upon it.
Si.- George Staunton, who accompanied Lord
.VJUcaruiey in bis embassy to China, considers
this great barrier to have beeu erected at least
two thousand years. Da liale also says this
prodigious work was constructed two huudrfcd
and title, v years before the birth of Christ, by
the order of the iirst emperor of the family of
Tsiii, to protect three large provinces from the
irruption of the Tartars. One-third part ot the
able-bodied men ot China were employed in
constructing this wall, and the workmen were
ordered, under pain ot death, to place the mate
rials of which it is composed so closely that the
least entrance might not he left for any instru
ment of pointed iron. The labor in its con
struction must have been immense, as the mate
rials must have been carried over a desert coun
try to eminences inaccessible to hur-tsor carria
ges. This "wonder of the world" was complet
ed in the short space of five years, and it is re
ported that the laborers stood so close for many
miles that they could hand the materiel from one
Give a man the necessaries of life, and he
wants the conveniences. Give him the conve
niences, and he craves the luxuries. Grant him
the luxuries, and he sighs for the elegancies.—
Let him have the elegancies, and he yearns for
the follies. Give him altogether and he com
plains that he has been cheated both in the
price and quality of the articles.
If there is any person on earth who deserves
the appellation of fool it is be who continually
frets aud snarls, and never sees a moment's peace
while he is surrounded with every thing, which
if properly used, would make him happy.
The triumph of woman lies not in the ad
miration of her lover, but in the respect of ber
husband ; and that can only be gained by a con
stant cultivation of those qualities which she
knows he most values.
It has been ascertained by experiment that
good fresh yeast, taken internally, is a sovereign
remedy for putrid sore throat. It gives almost
There is a man out west whose memory is so
short it only reaches to his knees, consequently
he never pays for bis boots.
We have been placed in possession of the out
lines of a strange story, which has almost too
much Munchausen about it to seem true, yet,
we are informed, it is substantially correct. In
tbe Summer of 1853, John Bardwick, a poor
meohanic of Pittsburg, was induced, by the gold
excitement then raging, to try his luck in the
mines* of California. He accordingly left his
wife and two children behind and took passage
around the horn for the El Dorado. Oo arriv
ing there his money had given out, and he was
obliged to go to work at a mere pittance, to keep
from starving. He made his way, however, a.
fast as he could, and, having entered into part
nership with another man, commenced tbe
working of a claim. Hardwick prospered, and
began to think that, at the end of the year, he
would be able to go home with a large pile ot
dust. Human calculations are sometimes wrong,
Mr. Hardwick's calculations were wrong—for he
was taken sick and came near death's door.
When he got well his partner had departed,
and taken with them the earnings of both. The
poor man was almost discouraged. He had been
away from borne eighteen months, and had sent
nothing back to his family. He wrote to his
wife, giving her a true statement of his condi
tion. She never received the letter, and conse
quently he never received any letters, from her.
Hardwick went to work again, but the times
grew hard, and he earned but little. He fre
queutly wrote to his wife, but she, strange to
say, never received a single line from him. It
is needless to go through every particular of his
history—suffice ie to say that, hearing nothing
from his wife, he concluded that she was glad
to get rid of him, and would not trouble herself
to wtite to him. He therefore determined to
stay in California till he was rich, and then re
turn to the Atlantic States. He set himself to
work assidiously, and made money. His busi
ness relations became such, after a few years,
that he could not leave California, but stayed
and accumulated a handsome fortune.
In the meantime, Mrs. Hardwick, thinking
her husband was dead, after three years, mar
ried another and emigrated to St. Louis. Her
uame became Mathews. Her two children, of
whom John Hardwick was father, died, and all
traces of John were obliterated, except from a
very remote corner of ber heart. Mrs. Math
ews was a good wife to her second husband,
so far as we can learn, and bore him two chil
dren. Mathews was in the grocery trade, and
throve well; but about a year ago he was taken
sick witlt a fever and died, leaviug Mrs. Matb
ew_ and the children without a protector, as she
thought, but with a snug income.
Joii.i Hardwick, tired of California life, and
tired of business, too, collected together his ef
fects — which an ounced to a nice fortune—and
starttd for home by the overiand route. He ar
rived in this city two weeks ago, and remained
a few days to rest before taking the cars for
One morning, while walking through Broad
way market, Mr. Hardwick saw a familiar face.
It was the first familiar face he had seen since
he had left San Francisco—and that face be
longed to a woman. He quickened his pnce and
came up to a stall where the lady was about to
purchase a beefsteak. Mr. Hardwick's heart
beat wildly beneath his waistcoat. Could it be
possible? No. "What should Jane be doing in
St. Louis ?" thought he. He was about to turn
away, when the lady raised her head, and their
eyes met. "John Hardwick, as sure as I am
living 1" exclaimed she. "Jane, is it you?"
said John. It proved to be both of them, and
after mutual explanations, Mr. Hardwick ac
companied the lady home, carrying her market
basket for her. Two children met them at the
door. They were blue-eyed and rosy cheeked—
just like those John had left behind—and just aa
large—but they did not bave features like John's.
"What matters it," thought our hero —"my two
children are dead, and these are sent to take
their places—l will be a father to them." Mr.
John Hardwick was as good as his word. He
helped Mrs. Mathews—formerly Mrs. Hardwick,
and destined to be again—to dispose of ber
property; then calling a clergyman, they had
the matrimonial link tied again—strong and
fast. In two days they started for the East,
where, we hope, in Pittsburg or some other de
lightful town, they are enjoying, at the meridian
of life, another honeymoon as pleasant as the
first.— St. Louis Bulletin. Oct 25.
Mrs. George Washington VVylie, a lady writer
whose name is familiar in literary circles, tre
says some good things. The latest of these is
contained in a magazine article—"What is the
Price?"—from which we make the following
extract, for the benefit ot young gentlemen read
ers who have a weakness for Crinoline :
"You're going to enter into the matrimonial
state, are you, Mr. Brown ? And you think
you're comiug into possession of an angel?—
Yes, but angels cost money. Did it ever occur
to jou what an expensive article your fashiona
ble young wife was likely to prove ? Bless your
unsophisticated soul! you've no more idea of it
than you have ot the price ot onions, or the
market value ot a wash-tub. You'll find out
one day, however, to your, grief. You're doing
a remarkably foolish thing when you marry one
of these ca.nelia japonica divinities, white-hand
ed, helpless, and kuowing just as much of real,
every-day life, as a canary bird might be ex
pect dlo understand. If we were a man, we
should as soon think of marrying a frail hot
house plaut, as one ot these delicate sprigs of
the ornamental. Give us the apple-olossoui
type of woman—sunny, cheerful and useful—
something equal to every emergency—something
that understands toe handling ot a broom, and
knows what the kitchen poker is made for, and
win calculate to a nicety the exact amount of
mince-meat requisite in a model pie, besides
liking a bit of fun as well as the next woman,
and possessing a pretty weakness for lively
books and spicy newspapers! That's the arti
cle for our money. A wife who would select
gingham iustead of silk, when she went shop
ping, and freshen op her old bonnet with a
bunch of satin violets and a new ribbon instead
of paying an extravagant price for the latest
Parisian fo denes, not because she hadn't a wo
man's natural penchant for such things, but be
cause her little head was foil of schemes some
day to contribute something toward releasing
her husband from the bondage and drudgery of
desk or counter ! Do you suppose the value ol
such a wife can be counted in gold pieces ? Let
your satin-robed doll sweep contemptuously past
her, Mr. Browu—time will prove which is the
best instrument. Only, before you purchase the
useless j a welled toy, thiuk twice about it. Ask
yourself soberly and reasonably, "What's the
price?" and, "Can I afford it?'' or it may be
the dearest bargain you ever made in your life I"
Sooth Carolina and Nkw York.—ln Col.
Claiborne's Lite of Gen. Quitman, be gives an
account of the battle of Cburubusco. In speak
ing of the charge made by the N. Y. Regiment
under Col. Burnett, he says: "Sergeant Ro
maine, wbo carried the oational standard, had
his right arm shattered, bot sopported it with
bis left until he received his mortal wound, and
the colors fell. They were seized by Corporal
Lake, who, rushing to the front, was immediate
ly shot down. Orderly Sergeant Doremus took
possession, aod bore it through the storm to the
Mexicao breastwork, where he proudly planted
it amid the cheers of the brigade. The flags of
South Carolina and New York there floated in
We have copied the incident for the sake of
tbe closing sentence. Long may the flags of
South Carolina and New York float side by side
in glorious fraternity. And God forbid that by
any act of wrong on tbe part of either, the two
States should ever be arrayed against each other.
— If. Y. Observer.
But for the sorrows of the heart where would
the affectioos fiod their streogth? Our virtues,
like the aromatic shrubs of the forest, ooly give
out their sweets wheu their leaves are bruised
and trampled. He who has not felt of sorrow
may be scarcely said to have known love; since
the most precious joys of the soul arise from
sympathies that are seldom known till they are
sought, aod never sought till they are necessary
to soothe an infirmity or satisfy a need.
Husbands and Wives.
How often is it said, in the present day, that
men and women are falsely placed with regard
to each other. According to one party men are
too strong, and women too weak, and they de
mand that women's prerogative be forthwith
greatly increased —they would make men of
them at once. Others consider that by a differ
ent course of education, which should direct
their minds to great objects, women would qui
etly assume a position equal to that of men,
without any more active interference. A third,
a large party, assert that, so far trom men being
the stronger, they have always been the victims
of the other Bex.
There is perhaps some truth in each of these
propositions; but when we consider that men
have always been the law-makers, there may be
a suspicion of their having secured to themselves
an undue portion of the powers and privileges ot
social life. It is so easy to make a law in favor
of one's self, that we think there is a chance of
the suspicion being well founded. On the other
bund, the small amount of troth which we have
supposed to exist in the propositions above stat
ed, is completely swamped by the presence of a
load of injustice.
The destiny of man and woman, husband and
wife, is the same; each has certain duties to
perform, which, of themselves, combine for the
mutual advantage, as truly and beautifully as
the engrafting ot two trees will produce one ex
cellent kind of fruit. If men and women, when
brought together by marriage, and who have to
live together for the whole of their lives, would
make up their minds to be as charitable to each
other's failings, as much disposed to mutual for
bearance and considerateness towards each oth
er's feelings in private, as they appear to be
when in the presence of their friends, we should
hear much less about injustice and false position.
To use a common expression, what is fair for
one i» fair for the other; in the married state
there should be the strictest equality. The hus- ,
band must come down from the position of mas
ter, not that his place may be taken by the wo
"For woman ia not undeveloped man"—
but that she may be the sharer of his pleasures,
hopes aod joys, as she has ever been the par
taker of his pains, fears and sorrows. There is
nothing more beautiful than friendship; and tbe
friendship of husband and wife insures the high
est earthly happiness.
Many married men consider themselves justi
fied in passing most of tbeir evenings away from
home, among their companions. If this be fair
for the man, it is equally fair for the woman to
go out and visit her friends also. If it be essen
tial that the woman have always a smile ready
to greet her husband when he enters, it is c
qoally essential that he should bring good humor
and a pleasant countenance with him. True, he
may be troubled and annoyed with business
cares; but. is she not troubled and annoyed,
often to a greater degree, with family and house
hold cares, with the difference that, while she is
always amongst hers, the man, by his more ac
tive out-door life does, in some measure, modify
his. If it be fair for the husband to keep the
purse, it is fair that tbe wife should know how
much or how little tbere may be in it. There
must be no secrets on either side; what the
man knows the woman ought to know. In cases
ot difficulty woman's feelings will often suggest
a better remedy than man's reason.
The case might be met by the mutual recogni
tion of one common purpose and object, com
bined with respect for differing views regarding
its attainment. Generally speaking, it may be
said that there wants for man, more of sympa
thy, for woman, more of discretion—
"The kindest and the happiest pair
Will find occasion to forbear ;
And something every day they live
To pity, and perhaps forgive."
This extraordinary man has exalted France to
a pitch of power and influence such as she nev
er reached even in the days of the first Napo
leon. He is not only master of the situation in
Europe but has silenced discontent 8t home. In
the last seventy years France has gone through
fourteen changes ot government. But, though
it is time for another Revolution, she shows no
symptoms of a desire for a change. The truth
is, the French Emperor is not a despot, the
French people are not slaves, Orsini and Pierri
were not martyrs. The Freuch people were
tired of the Republic which they had them
selves originated, and which had almost ruined
profitable industry. Louis Na oleon became
President by the suffrages ol 7,_30.3_6 civilians,
against only 640,737. He was favored by the
army—at that time _OU,UUO. The Empire was
declared by a still latger maj >riiy. As to those
restrictions upon the press which have drawn
on the Emperor the charge of desiring to stifle
free thought, the peculiar temperament of the
French people renders it desirable that their
journalism should be restricted, otherwise it
would run wild and keep the nation in a con
stant blaze. Nor is even the inscrutable and
pervading police at all antagonistic to French
sentiments aud ideas. Whatever the changes of
supreme rule—whether regal, regal, republican
or imperial—the French have always maintain
ed, and seemed to like a silent, secret, despotic
and searching police. Although the power of
the Monarchy, of the Republic, of the Empire,
and even of the Army, one after another, has at
times been swept away, and, although at every
Revolution the will of the people has, for a cer
tain period, become the sole law of the land,
yet the police of Paris has never foundered io
the storms which have destroyed every other
authority. Accordingly, under the Republic of
1851, every workman was compelled to be pro
vided with a pass or certificate of his trade or
identity, and in the workshops, alongside the
placards of "Equality, Liberty, Fraternity,"
there was an affiche to be usually seeo, making
it finable for the men to speak of politics in the
Although France has but recently emerged
from two costly wars, yet the recent French
treasury report demonstrates that, financially
she was never before in such admirable condi
tion. With all tbe immense ontlay of the Cri
mean aod the Italian war, and of an interest
payable upoo ao enormous debt, the expenses of
tiie last five years are balanced without having
exhausted the resources of tbe State. She main
tains ao army of halt a million of meo, aod ao
immense fleet, always io the highest state ot
preparation. She has a vast system of railroads
the average price of tbe stock in which is more
thao par. French railroad makers borrow mon
ey at five per cent., while Americans promise
ten, being obliged to create bonds bearing seven
per cent, interest, and then to sell tbem at enor
mous discounts. The precious metals so much
abound tbat taxes are paid in France witb a
promptitude that was before unknown. The
increasing productiveness ot Freuch taxes is at
teoded by constant diminution in the cost cf 00l
lection. The interest upon the immense nation
al debt is paid with the greatest punctuality.—
With snch marvellous ease does the governmeot
pay its way aod maintain its credit that it has
been gravely asserted that Louis Napoleoo has
discovered gold mioes io Africa, which he is
workiog with a fabulous number of negro slaves,
aod which yield a larger product than the com
bined minds of Australia aod California.
But the truth is, France has found an inex
haustible gold mine in the right royal brain of
ber present ruler. Such a nation tbe most in
tellectual io the world, the first in war and tbe
first iv science, has now a head worthy to sit
upon such shoulders. This Napoleon of peace
will accomplish the aims aod gather tbe fruits
ot the labors aod battles of the first Napoleon,
and will achieve new cooquests, more solid,
productive aud permanent than those of war.—
Mr. James says that the first meotion of the
siDgolar puoishmeot of tar ana leathers occur
red in one ot the regulations formed by Richard
Cceur de Leon for the governmeot of his troops,
when about to enter upon the second crusade,
tbat if any one should be discovered committing
a robbery he should be tarred and feathered.
Old anglers say, that if you wish to catch a
fine fish, you must not throw your bait direotly
at bim. Young ladies, take notice.
For the Spectator.
BY JAMBS FITZ.
I've been roaming through the vales,
And among the mountains blue,
Where the sparkling rivers flow—
Through the grassy meadow's dew.
Beauteous prospects everywhere,
On the hill and in the vale ;
And to bless my pilgrimage.
One sweet vision did prevail.
One bright day I wandered forth,
Natures beauteous form to view ;
Fairy landscapes then were lost,
Lady, when I met with you.
AU the charms of nature seemed
Concentrated in those eyes;
Eden's peerless beauty then,
Did before my vision rise.
But those dreamy scenes of bliss,
Soon did vanish into air
When the thought was brought to view,
Prior claims secured the Fair.
Delighted thus to find you blest
With love, with honor, and in ease;
I turned admiring as I went—
Forgive your poet if you please.
PlbaSant Valley, Va.
Gen. Jackson on Secession.
It may be well in these times when secession
is advocated as a constitutional right, to give tbe
public the benefit of one whose opinions ought
to be entitled to some respect. We extract from
Gen. Jackson's proclamation against nullifica
tion in 1833.
"On such exposition and reasonings the ordi
nance grounds_ot only an assertion ot the right
to annul the laws of which it complains, but to
enforce it by a threat of seceding from the Uu
ion, if any attempt is made to execute it."
" This right to secede is deduced from the na
ture of the Constitution, which they 6ay, is a
compact between Sovereign States, who have
preserved their sovereignty, and, therefore, are
subject to no superior, that because they made
the compact, they can break it, when in their
opinion, it has been departed from by the other
States. Fallacious as the course of reasoning
is, it enlists State pride, and finds advocates in
the honest prejudices of those who have not stu
died the nature of our government sufficient to
see the radical error in which it rests.
"The people of the United Sta'es ormed the
Constitution, acting through the Stat - * Legisla
tures in making the compact to meet and dis
cuss its provision., and acting in separ. te Oc-..-
--ventions when tbey ratified those provisions;
but the terms used in its Constitution show it
to be a government in which the people of all
the States collectively are represented. We are
one people in the choice of President and Vice
President. Here the States have co other agen
cy than to direct the mode in which the votes
shall be given. Candidates having the majority
of the votes are chosen. The electors of a ma
jority ot States may have given their votes for
one candidate, and yet another may be chosen.
The people, then, and not the States are repre
sented in the executive branch.
In the House of Representatives there is this
difference: That the people of one State do not
as in the case of President and Vice President,
all vote for the same officers. The people of all
the States do not vote for all the members, each
State electing only its own representatives.—
But this creates no material distinction. When
ohosen they are all representatives of the Uni
ted States, not representatives of the particular
State from which they come. They are paid by
the United States, not by the State, nor are they
ascountable to it for any act done in the per
formance of their legislative functions ; howev
er, they may iv practice, a 9 it is their duty to
do, consult und prefer the interests of their par
ticulnr constituents, when they come in conflict
with any other partial or local interest; yet it is
their first and highest duty as representatives of
the United States to promote the general good.
The Constitution of the United States then,
forms a government, not a league; and whether
it be formed by compact between the States, "or
in any other manner, its character is all the
same. It is a government in which all tbe peo
ple are represented, which operates directly on
the people individually not upon the States—
they retained all the power they did not grant.
But each State, having expressly parted with so
many powers as to constitute jointly with the
other States a single nation, cannot from that
period, possess any right to recede, because such
secession does not break a league, but destroys
ihe unity of a nation ; and auy injury to that
unity is not only a breach which would result
from the coutraveution of a compact, but it is
an offence against the whole Union. To my
that any State may at pleasure secede from the
Union is to say tbe United States are not a na
tion ; because it wouid be a solecism to contend
that any part of a nation might dissolve its con
nection with the other parts, to their injury or
ruin, without committing any offence. Seces
sion ,\like any other revolutionary act, may be
morally justified by the extremity of oppression ;
but, to call it a constitutional right, is con
founding the meaning of terms; and can only be
done through gross error, or to deceive those
who are willing to assert a right, but would
pause before they made a revolution, or incur
the penalties consequent ou a failure."
An Honest Growl.—l am sick of politics.—
lam sick ot torchlight fizzles. I am sick of
"the Prioce." lam sick of men who never talk
seose to women. lam sick of boys of seven
smoking cigars. lam sick of gloomy pharisees,
aod wordy, idealess sermons, and narrow creeds.
I am sick ot lawless Sabbatarians, andjfemale in
fidels and free-lovers. lam sick of unhealthy.
diseased books, full of mystifications and trans
cendental bosh. lam sick of "chaste ribbons"
and "ravishiog lace." lam sick, iD an age that
produced a Bronte and BrowDiog, of the prate
ot meo who assert that every woman should he
a perfect housekeeper, aad fail to add, that ev
ery mao should be a perfect carpenter. I am
sick of women, self-styled "literary," who tbink
it a proof ot genins to despise everyday house
hold duties. lam sick ot schools for tbe manu
facture of bent spines. I am sick of parents,
the coffins of whose children are already beiog
made, oskiog teachers to add "aoother braoch"
to the already suicidal pile ot lessons. I am
sick of over-worked, ill-paid female operatives.
I am sick of seeing tracts distributed wheie
soup and bread should go. I am sick of seeiDg
noodles io high places, aod intelligence aod re
finement sitting io inglorious ease by tbeir own
lam sick of the encouragement held out to
womeo by the other sex to remain pretty idols
followed by long moral essays upon the enormi
ty of beiog such, lam sick of flummery aod
ooniense and humbug aod pretension ot every
kind. lam sick of this everlasting scrabiiog
aod crowding, and pushiDg, and jostliog, on the
edge ot the nve feet of earth which is all any
ooe of os cao have at last, after all our paios.
Now, don't lay this growl to indigestion,"for
I never had it, or to biliousness, for I feel as if I
were just made, or loog arrears of onpaid bills
becaose I pay as I go. No, sir—as the Episco
pal have It, "all this I do steadfastly believe."
Tbere—now I feel better. Fannt Fbrn.
— Bonner's Ledger.
Quben Victoria's Health.—Queen Victo
ria's departure trom Brussels, on her return to
EDgland, was delayed for two days by a cold
which she caught in Germany. It is a striking
proof of the excellence of the constitution of
Queen Victoria, and of her physical training and
regularity of habit, that dnring tbe twenty
three years she has been on the British throne,
she has never been confined to her room from
sickness tor a single day, excepting upon the oc
casions when she has added to the number of
tbe Guelph olive branches.
Some one has beautifully said : "The water
tbat flows from a spring does oot congeal in
Winter, and those sentiments of friendship which
flow from the heart cannot be frozen in adver