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RICHARD MAUZY, Editor. Proprietor.
J___T Ihe "Spectator" is published once a week, at
Two DcUars and Fifty Cents a year, which may be dis
charged by the payment of Two Dollars at any time
within the year.
No subscription will be discontinued but at the option
ofth* Editor, until all arrearages are paid.
AD VERTISEMENTS of ten lines (or less) inserted
once for one dollar, and twenty-five cents for each subse
quent continuance. Larger advertisements inserted in
the same proportion.
A liberal discount made to those who advertise by the
Annual advertisers wiU be limited to their im
mediate business, or the advertisements charged for at
Professional Cards, not exceeding seven lines, will
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Western Virginia *
MARBLE WORKS, m t
AT STAUNTON LHJjB |1
MARQUIS _ KELLEY. j___
Staunton, April 7, 1858.
"TAYLOR & HOGE,
DRY GOODS, GROCERIES,
QUEENSWARE, HATS, CAPS,
BOOTS AND SHOES,
HAVE just received a very large and handsome
stock of F ALL AND WINTER GOODS, to
which they invite the attention of purchasers.
Staunton, Oct. 9,1860
DM* JAMES JOHNSTON, SURGICAL &
MECHANICAL DENTIST, having heen located
permanently in Staunton for the last four years, would
respectfully inform his friends and the public gene
rally, that he still continues to practice Dentistry,in all
its various branches, with the strictest regard to du
rability and usefulness.
Office on the south-side of Main Street opposite the
old Spectator Office.
- r Staunton, Nov. 29,1854.
O. C. lEAKLE,
JL WATCHES, CLOCKS, JEWEL-RJj
j_\ RY, SILVER AND fg.\
mtm PLATED fr.IHE, Ka
OPPOSITE VA. HOTEL, STAUNTON, VA.
Staunton, July 17.1860.
WM. B. JOHNSON,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
LITTLE ROCK, ARKANSAS.
WILL attend to the location, purchase and sale of
Lands in Arkansas, and any other business
pertaining to his profession in that State, and in
Memphis, Term. May be found until the loth of'Oc
tobea at tbe office of David S. Young, or the residence
of N. P. Catiett, Staunton, Va.
Oct. 2, 1860—ly.
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
WILL practice in the Courts of Augusta and the
J_tf~ Office removed to corner room of the New
Law Building, East of the Court-house.
■r Staunton, Oct. 23, 1660.
J. M. HANOER
ATTOBNEY AT LAW, STAUNTON, VA.,
WILL practice in all the Courts held in Staunton,
and in the Circuit Courts of Albemarle and
Rockingham. Office in the brick-row, in the rear of
Staunton, Dec. 30, 1857.
JOHN W. MEREDITH,
JEWELRY, CLOCKS, WATCHES, &C,
Main St., Staunton, Va.
J__T" Watches and Jewelry Repaired.
Staunton, Jan. 17.
OCTOR JAMES 11. GILKESON— Having
located in Staunton, tenders his professionalser
vices to the public. He may be found, when not pro
essionally engaged, at the room over the Saddle and
Harness establishment of Mr. G. H. Elick, nearly op
posite the Post Office.
Staunton Feb. 8.1859—tf.
A. D. CHANDLER,
KEEPS METALIC CASES of all sizes, at Staun
ton and Millborough Depot, at City Prices.
Staunton, July 19,1859.
ROBERT D. LILLEY,
WILL attend promptly to Surveying, Platting,
Calculating and Dividing JL_and, and Locating
Staunton, June 26, iB6O.
R. L. DOYLE,
Attorney at Law, Staunton. Fa.,
WILL practice in the Courts of Augusta, Rock
bridge, Bath and Highland.
July 29, 1t.57.
DENTAL NOTICE.— Wm. Chapman has re
moved his office to the old Bell Tavern, near the
Virginia Hotel, and opposite Brandeburg's Corner,
and adjoining Rankin's Daguerrean Oallery, where he
will be pleased to see his friends and costomers.
Staunton, Jan. 31, 1860.
HAVING located in Staunton is prepared to take
a few more Dupils for instruction on Piano and
Guitar. Orders left with J. W. Alby.
Staunton, Oct. 30, iß6o—tf—Vin. copy.
$lAA AAA IN CASH FOR NE-
GROES!—I will pay the Jbf
highest market prices for sound and healthy tS\
NEGROES. My long experience in the busi- JV
•** ness, and my facilities for selling will enable ■■•■
me to pay the vbey highest phicbs.
I wish to employ some good AGENTS to buy Ne
groes. I want business men of good moral habits.
Persons wishing to sell will find it to their interest
to call on me by letter or otherwise, at Waynesboro',
Augusta county, Virginia. JOHN B. SMITH.
August 14. 1860—6m0.»
PLASTER —The Staunton Steam Mill having
beeu repaired and put in working order, farmer
can now get supplies of GROUND PLASTER in any
desired quantities. E. T. ALBERTSON, Sup't.
Staunton, June 5, 1860.
LOOK HERE ! —The undersigned have receiv
ed a large lot of MILLER'S CASSIMERES
which will be sold at a reasonable rate.
MOSBY, MAYLOR & FULTZ.
Staunton, Sept. 25, iB6O.
ILL IRONS, MACHINERY AND ALL
kinds of Castings made to order at the Staunton
Foundry, by A. J. GARBER _ CO.
Sep. 13, 1859.
STATIONERY.— ! am now receiving a superior
stock of Stationery, which for quality and cheap
ness cannot be surpassed in Staunton.
Staunton, Oct. 23, 1860. L. B. WALLER.
HOOFLAND'S GERMAN BITTERS, and
all kinds of Patent Medicines, for sale by
DR. H. S. EICHELBERGER.
StauntOD, April 3, 1860.
[BOM RAILING —A variety of patterns, for
JL Yards, Cemet.. / ,ots, 4c, made to order at the
Staunton Foundry. A. J. GARBER & CO.
•*' Sept. 13. 1859.
KATHER.— 3O Sides best Sole Leather.
TAYLOR & HOGE.
Staun ton, Oct. 9, 1960-
PO__LDOC SOUP— ibr sale at
P. H. TROUT'S.
Staunton, Nov. 1360. ■
SALTPETRE— 600 ft Seine- Key-stone Saltpe
tre, for sale by P. H. TROUT.
Staunton, Nov. 13, iB6O.
LINSEY.— 30 pieces Linsey,
TAYLOR A HOGE-
Staunton, Oct. 9, 1860.
SKIRTS,— 6 doz. Hoop Skirts, latest style, just
received by TAYLOR & HOGE.
* Staunton, Oct. 9. 1860.
COFFEE. —40 bags Rio. Laguira and Java Cof
fee. TAYLOR & HOGE.
Staunton, Oct 9,1860.
We ask the attention of the public to this
long- tested and unrivalled
It has been favorably known for more
than twenty years, during- which time we
have received t/tau&cuicLi of testimonials,
showing this JVEedicine to be an almost
never-failing remedy for diseases caused by
or attendant upon —
Sudden Colds, Coughs, Fever and figue,
Headache, P>ilious Fever, (Pains in the
Bide, Pjack, and Loins, as well as in the
Joints and Limbs; / Jr*euJ<il_±c. and.
SSUreujrLalLc -/JPalnA in any part of
the system, toothache and (Pains in the
Head and Face.
__s a -plusLfLai- and gfcnic
for the it seldom fails to ours
(Dyspepsia, Indigestion, Liver Complaint,
jkcid Stomach, Heartburn, Kidney Com
plaints, _/____ / _____u_/i£ ) (Piles, __s.7v
rriffl or (Phthisic, Pjngworms, P>oils, Felons,
"Whit-lows, Old Sores, Swelled Joints, and
<Z&elulLti£ of the _f/£s±_m.
It is also a prompt and sure F[emedy for
Cramp and (Pain in the Stomach, (Painters'
Colic, SULajLtluxEa., (Dysentery, <_Yum.-
truif- Cholera J&orbus, Chol
era Infantum, Scalds, F>urns, Sprains,
F/ruises, Frost Fiites, Chilblains, as well
as the Stings of Insects, Scorpions, Cen
tipedes, and the Ijites of (Poisonous Insects
and Venomous F^eptiles.
See Directions accompanying each, bottle.
It has been tested in every variety of
climate, and by almost n/xlLan.
UztuDdAXTL to Jlmericans. It is the almost
constant companion and inestimable friend
of the rnls.&Lanxxj'M. and the ttanpllpii,
—on sea and land, — and no one should
travel on our lakes or rivers without it.
Prices, 12* cts., 25 cts., 50 cts, and $1.00 per Bottle.
PERRY DAVIS & SON,
MANUFACTURERS AND PROPRIETOBfi*
PROVIDENCE, B. I.
Sold by dealers every whera.
Sept. 11, 1860.
PLAIN AND ORNAMENTAL
OF EVERY VARIETY,
EXECUTED WITH NEATNESS Jh DESPATCH
AT - THE
JOB PRINTING ESTABLISHMENT,
Stone Building, Augusta St.,
LARGE STOCIToF JOB TYPE!
GEEAT VAEIETY OF NEW & FANCY TYPE!
BRONZE 8b COLORED PRINTING!
will be done in a style equal to the best City Work.
HAVING made a large addition to the "Spectator
Job Office," it is now one of the best in the
State, and ail varieties of Job Work can be done in
the very best and most satisfactory manner on very
£__F* It is furnished with a great variety of new and
Fancy Type. *
J__r* We are now prepared to execute all kinds of
Printing, such as
Posters, Sale Bills, Blanks, Circulars,
School Reports, Cards, Checks,
Notes, Letter Heads,
Cards, Wedding Cards, Invitations dec,
in the very best style, on moderate terms.
BLANKS.— CIerks, Sheriffs, Lawyers, Consta
bles, Merchants, and business men generally, are re
spectfully informed that every kind of Blank they
may need can be had, at the shortest notice, at the
t_§TSend in your orders and they will be promptly
GROVER & BAKER'S
THE undersigned Clergymen of various denomina
tions, having purchased and used in our families
•GROVER & BAKER'S CELEBRATED FAMILY
SEWING MACHINE," take pleasure in recommend
ing it as an instrument fully combining the essentials
of a good machine. Its beautiful simplicity, ease of
management, and the strength and elasticity of its
stitch, unite to render it a machine unsurpassed by
any in the market, and one which we feel confident
will give satisfaction to all who purchase and use it:
Rev. W. H. LANEY, Baltimore, Md.,
Rev. O. H. TIFFANY, D. D., "
Rev. C. J. BOWEN,
Rev. JONA CROSS, "
Rev. JOHN McCRON, D. D., "
Rev. W. T. D. CLEMM, "
Rev. W. H. CHAPMAN, "
Rev. F. S. EVANS, "
Rev. R. C. GALBRATH, Govanstown Md.,
Rev. J. McK. REILEY, Frederick, Md.,
Rev. T. E. LOCKE, Westmoreland co., Va.,
Rev. W. A. CROCKER, Norfolk, Va.,
Rev. JOHN PARIS,
Rev. J. F. LANNEAU, Salem, Va.
Rev. C. HANKEL, D., 0., Charleston, S. C.
Rev. C. A, LOYAL, «•
Rev. A. A. PORTER, Selma, Ala.
Rev. J. J. TWISE, Speedwell, S. C.
Rev. B. B. ROSS, Mobile, Ala.
Rev. J. L. MICHAUX, Enfield, N. C.
Rev. A. C. HARRIS, Henderson, N. C.
Rev. C. F. HARRIS,
Office of Exhibition and Sale
181 BALTIMORE ST., BALTIMORE.
t_F° SEND FOR A CIRCULAR. _&
May a, 1860.—1y.
MAIN STREET. CHARLOTTESVILLE, VA.
FREY & ROBINSON
HAVE opened a Store on Main St., (old Post Of
fice,', where they will keep for sale, PIANOS,
FLUTES, VIOLINS, GUITARS, BANJOS, SHEET
MUSIC, STATIONERY, ENGRAVINGS, <__~ ttc,
and respectfully solicit the patronage of their friends
and the public generally.
PIANOS. —Our stock of Pianos is selected princi
pally from the well known and most reliable factory
of NUNS & CLARK, New York, whose instruments
have never been surpassed in tone and durability
since their establishment commenced operations
(thirty-five years ago.) We have made arrangements
with other _ actories for supplying us with Pianos, oc
casionally retaining thegpnvilege, however, of return
ing them, if found unworthy our recommendation.—
Persons purchasing from us, therefore, will never run
any risk, as we have determined to sell only good in
struments, on most reasonable terms.
SHEET MUSIC— A great variety ofthe latest
publications constantly on hand. Instruction books
for all instruments. The usual deduction made in sup
plying Schools and Music Teachers. Arthur's Pat
ent Elastic Music Portfolios. Music sent by mail.
Orders from the country, promptly attended to.
C. T. FREY, Prof, of Music.
Ayer's Ague Cure.
DE FORREST ARMSTONG, _ CO.
DRY KOOD. MERCHANTS,
75, 77, 79, BJ, 83 and 85 Dnanc Street,
Would notify the Trade that they are opening
weekly, in new and beautiful patterns, the
Wamsutto Prints, also the Amoskeag, a New Print,
which excels every Print in the Country for perfec
tion of execution'and design in full Madder Colors.
Our Prints are cheaper than any in market, and meet
ing with extensive sale. Orders promptly attended
LOOKING GLASS PLATES of all sizes for sale
by P- H. TROUT,
Staunton, Nov. 18. Drnggtst.
STAUNTON, VIRGINIA, TUESDAY, DECEMBER 4, 1860.
Shadows on the Wall.
Beside the hearth there is an hour of dreaming,
A calm and pensive solitude of soul,
When life and death have each another seeming,
And thoughts ere with us owning no control.
These are the spirits, Memory's revealing,
In deep solemnity thoy rise and fall,
Shrouding the living present, and concealing
The world around us—Shadows on the Wall.
Hopes, like the leaves and blossoms, rudely shaken
By cruel winds ol winter, from the tree
Of our existence; phantoms that awaken
Wild passing gleams of Joy's young ecstacy ;
And Love, once kind and tenderly outpouring
Her wine into our souls, we may recall,
And find them dear and ever heavenward soaring,
Though only now as Shadows on the Wall.
Old clasping hands, old friendships a_d affections
Once bodied forms beside us on the earth,
Come back to haunt us, ghostly recollections
With mystic converse by the silent hearth.
Yet these are kindly spirits, and retiring
Draw their long shadows from the wall,
And visit as in peace and gentleness, inspiring
A hope that brings the sunshine after all.
The Dead Child's Ghost.
Tbe New York Presbyterian of a late date re
lates this story:
We were returning from our Spring meeting
of Presbytery —one gentleman and two young
ladies—in a "rockaway," aod the road none of
the best. Night, cold and damp, overtook us
eight or ten miles from home, but ouly a short
distance from Judge Blank's, wbo, after we had
arrived at bis bouse, narrated tbe following
unique tale. Said tbe Judge as follows :
"Years ago we bad in our house a sweet little
child, about four years of age, and the object, ot
course, of a very tender affection. But sickness
laid its hand upon it. Remedies, promptly re
sorted to, all proved in vain. Day after day the
rose faded from the cheek, aud the fire in the
eyes burned low; and at length death closed
those eyes and sealed those lipa forever; and
we learned by trying experience bow intense
darkness follows the quenching of one of those
little lights of life.
"The time rolling sadly on, brought us at
length to tbe hour appointed for committing our
treasure to the ordinary custody of the grave.—
Tbe friends assembled, the customary services
were held, tbe farewell taken, and tbe little form
securely shut beneath the well-screwed coflin
lid, and in due form the grave received its trust.
We looked on and saw the earth thrown in,
the mound raised above, and the plates of sod
neatly adjusted into a great sheltering roof.—
We then wended our way back to our desolate
home. Evening came on and wore away. My
wife bad gone into an adjoining room to give
some directions to a servant, and I, unfitted by
the sceue ofthe day for aught else, had just laid
my bead on my pillow in onr room upon tbe
first floor of the bouse, when I beaid a shriek,
and in a moment more my wile came flying into
the room, and springing upon the bed behind
me, exclaimed —
" 'See there! our child I our child!
"Raising my bead, my blood froze within me,
and the hair upon my bead stood up, as I saw
tbe little thing in grave clothes, with open, but
manifestly sightless eyes, and pale as when we
gave it the last kiss, walking slowly towards
us. Had I been alone —bad not tbe extreme
terror of my wife compelled me to play the man,
I should have leaped trom tbe window and bed
without casting a look behind.
"But, not daring to leave ber in such terror,
I arose, sat down in a chair, and took the little
creature between my knees—a cold sweat cov
eied my body—and gazed witb feelings unut
terable upon tbe object before me. The eyes
were open in a vacant stare. The flesh was
colorless, cold and clammy ; nor did tbe child
appear to have the power of either speech or
bearing, as it made no attempt to answer any of
our questions. Tbe horror of our minds was
the more intense as we bad watched our child
through its sickness and death, and had been
but a few hours before eye-witnesses of its in
"While gazing upon it, aud asking in my si
lent thoughts, l Wbat can this extraordinary
providence mean? for what can it be sent?' the
servant girl, having crept to the door, after a
time, suggested, it looks like Mrs. 's child.
"Now our neighbors had a child about tbe
same age as ours, and its constant companion.—
But what could bring it to our home at tbat
hour and in such a plight ? Still the suggestion
had operated as a sedative upon our excited
feelings, and rendered ns more capable of calm
reflection. And, after a time, we discovered in
truth, that the grave clotbes were night clothes,
and tbe corpse a somnambulist. Aud it became
manifest tbat the excitement attending the loss
and burial of its playmate, working upon tbe
child's mind in sleep, was the cause to which we
were indebted from this untimely and startling
"Wiping away the perspiration, and taking a
few loug breaths, I prepared to countermarch
the little intruder back to its forsaken bed.—
Back we went, it keeping at my side, though
still asleep. It bad walked quite a distanoe
across tbe wet grass. I found the door of its
home ajar, just as the fugitive had left it, and
its sleeping parents unconscious of its absence. —
The door creaked as I pushed it open, and the
noise awakened the ohild, who looked wildly
around a moment, and then popped into bed.
"Now, if it had not been for my wife, as I
have said, I should, on the appearance ot this
apparition, bave made a leap of uncommon
agility from tbat window ; and after a flight of
uncommon velocity for a person of my age and
dignity, I should have been ready to take an oath
in any court, either in Christendom or heathen
dom, that I bad seen a ghost."
The Man who Don't Pay the Pbintee.—
May he be shod with lightning and compelled to
walk over tbe plains of gunpowder.
May be bave sore eyes and a chestnut bur for
an eye stone.
May every day of bis life bo more despotic
than the Dey ot Algiers.
May he never be permitted to kiss a pretty
May bis sheet be sprinkled with cowbedge
and witb bed bugs, and fleas be tbe sharer of bis
May 240 nightmares trot quarter races over
his stomach every night.
May his wife be always cross, and his baby
ever on tbe squall.
May his demijohn always be full of blue devil
May his boots leak, bis gun hang fire, and his
fishing lines break.
May his coffee be sweetened with flies, and bis
soup seasoned witb spiders.
Maya troup of printer's 'devils,' lean, lank,
gaunt and grim, and a regiment of cats, catter
waul under his chamber window each night.
In short, may his business go to ruin, and be
go to the Legislature.
Much has been said of the Eastern EscJiapius'
labors fur the eick ; not one half has yet been
told of the indomitable perseverance of this sin
gular man. Imbued with the conviction that
Scrofula is the parent of disease, he has been
years engaged in searching the boundaries ofthe
earth, for its antidote. With vast labor has he
canvassed the products of sea and land through
both continents until he has discovered that
combination of remedials which expurges this
human rot and corruption from the system.
This new invention we now offer in our columcf
under the name of Ayer's Sarsaparilla, although
it 6 virtues are from substances far more active
and effectual than Sarsaparilla.— Mercantile
Wit and Wisdom.
BY GEO. D. PRENTICE.
Not every one that closes bis eyes knows how
to go to sleep. How often a than kindles a great
fire in his heart, overturns a whole hive of bnsy
thoughts in his brain, invokes tbe sweet resto
rer, and retires! He beats his pillow like he
wonld an anvil; be turns like tbe nine acre gi
ant with mountains for counterpanes; he is spit
ted like a goose before a flame of his own mak
ing ; be flays Macbeth, and murders sleep.
The letters tbat one has written, are like
monumental tablets set up alofg life's way, each
marking a dead past; something of bim that has
perished by the roadside; a fancy, a purpose or
a hope; each phase of thought, until his even
ing star grew round and full, aud set behind the
cold gray cloud of night. Old letters are the
treasures of human love, that shall survive the
brazen coffer and tbe iron vault.
God flung out this earth by a golden chain
made fast to tbe foot of the throne. And some
times an angel, on some good mission bound,
chances to touch witb the tip of one white wing
tbe straightened chain, It slightly vibrates
trom Earth to fliagloi _ just trembles iv
response. This is an earthqnoL.—nothing more.
Perhaps tbe magnificent necklace of lakes
sparkling at the north of us are only tbe souve
nirs of a great Mediterranean tbat once rolled
over tbe prairies—tbe shattered fragments of
tbe great mirror wherein wide heaven was pic
tured from Ursa Major to tbe Southern Cross.
Improvement has killed half tbe poetry that
makes tbe memory beautiful. It has robbed the
harvest field ot its songs and reapers, tbe thresh
ing floor of tbe merry beat of flails, and plucked
out of tbe word fireside tbe heart ot its charm.
Tbe feelings sing of themselves, and make an
orchestra of the brain. Persons utterly incapa
ble of putting the t-implest combination of
sounds musically together will make melody in
tbeir hearts of the reminiscences tbat strongly
Tbe infidel preachers of philanthropy would
establish a blissful millenium ou a godless aud
homeless earth under a fatherless heaven, in tbe
midst of graves, among tombs inscribed, "Death
an eternal sleep."
Why do women present an attitude of cold
taehionableness to a world which they might
win by tbeir sweetness aud inspire by their vir
tue? Tbeir light footsteps ought to touch tbe
earth only to mark the track which leads to
To cover a man with contempt or obloquy, it
is only necessary to apply to bim some catch
word of theology or politics. Society will judge
of the living now by the verbal tin-pan tbat wit
or malice has appended to its tail.
Among literary men the gift of bearing to be
contradicted is, generally speaking, possessed on
ly by tbe dead. Perhaps it would be very well
it some were dead, if only for tbe sake of pos
Intemperate men have two bad habits, which
stand to each otber in the relation of cause and
effect—one is of drinkiug too much and the
other of payiDg too little.
There is more light ia a pint of ink than in
ten thousand feet of gas, ten thousand quarts of
oil and ten thousand pounds of tallow.
Tbe Quakers have evidently a mortal antipa
thy to bores. Tbey keep no button-boles or
buttons for a bore lo hold to.
If a flock of geese see one of their number
drink, they drink, too. Men often make geese
A couple of sailors were recently arrested in
New Orleans tor throwing backets of tar over
each other. It was a pitch-battle.
A man in love has little need of victuals. So
if your landlady doesn't give you enough to eat,
fall in love with her.
Whatever is voted on in a female convention
is probably carried or defeated by a handsome
The poet who tried to render a piece of poor
prose into rhyme did all he could to m_ke bad
To a woman of right feeliogs, a man of eleva
ted sentiment will be the resting-place of her
faith between earth and heaven.
You cannot reason or talk an Augean stable
into cleanliness. A single day's work would
make more progress in such a task than a cen
The mind _ eye is pei baps no better fitted for
the fulljradianco of truth than is tbe body's for
that of the sun.
"You should be ashamed, husband, to snore
so." "Oh, it id entirely ucinteutioual; I never
do it with my eyes open."
In a critioal case a physician or surgeon
should make all haste. If he is out of time, he
may find his patient in the same situation.
Let a romantic young lover give to a mosqui
to the name of his sweetheart, and he will enjoy
If you court a lady who has a count among
her suitors, you will probably be counted out.
An over full body is a burden to the mind
and an empty mind is a burden to itself.
Tbe ladies seem to treat tbeir waists as vulgar
fractions—to be reduced to the lowest terms.
Poetic fame is often the splendid phc_nix ri
sing where tbe sweet thrushes and skylarks in
the heart bave become ashes.
We ever speak tenderly to ouf dying chil
dren ; let us speak gently to them when they are
going to their sleep.
Merit is never so conspicuous as when it
springs from obscurity, just as the moon never
looks so lu&trouj as wL.n it emerges from a
Our esteemed friend Fanoy Fern asks why
the men will not show the women fair play.—
Probably because we are the unfair sex.
The tears of beauty are like light clouds float
ing over a heaven of stars, bedimming them lor
a moment that they may shine with greater lus
tre than before.
Some thoughts, expressed iv a cramped style,
look like Venus improved by the addition of
busk and bustle.
Men of genius have ever been bruised and
battered by fortune. Genius may almost be de
fined as the faculty of acquiring poverty.
The poor man has often recently complained
that he has nothing to live on, the rich still of
tener that he has nothing to live for.
Many people's lives are not worth the market
value of the iron in their blood and the phos
phorus in their bones.
Many think tbat the French people have fall
en into a lethargic sleep, and that their Nap
should be cut short.
A man's shadow always turns from the sun,
the author of its existence, and man himself of
ten turns from the Author of his own.
Though a man should generally adapt himself
to his place, there's uo necessity for his getting
tight beoause he is in a tight place.
Madame Bonaparte, of Baltimore, was, at the
last accounts, in Paris. A letter trom that city,
dated the 16th ot October, and published in the
Among the guests at present in our hotel is
Madame Bonaparte, of Baltimore, (nee Patter
son,) wbo, as is well known, was married to Je
rome Bonaparte, tbe old Prince lately buried
here witb so UMicb funeral pomp by bis impe
rial relative. Though far on t!ie evening of life,
this venerable lady still retains her freshness and
vigor of mind. The first Napoleon allowed her
a peneion of one thousand dollars a month, after
disgracefully requiring her husband to separate
from her. Ido not know whether the piesent
Emperor will carry out the intentions of his un
The grandson of Madame Bonaparte, who is
a captain in the French Army, is a five looking
officer, and stands high in the estimation of hie
Who ever saw the earliest rose
First open her sweet breast ?
Or, when the summer sun goes down,
The first soft star in evening's crown
Light up her gleaming crest!
Fondly we seek the dawning bloom
On features wan and fair —
The gazing eye no change can trace,
But look away a little space,
Then turn, and lo 1 'tis there.
But there's a sweeter flower than e'er
Blushed on the rosy spray—
A brighter star, a rioher bloom,
Than e'er did western Heavens illume
At close of summer day.
'Tis love, the last, best gift of Heaven;
Love, gentle, holy, pure,
But tenderer than a dove's soft eye,
The searching sun, the open sky,
She never could endure.
Even human love will shrink from sight
Here in the coarse, rude earth;
How then should rash intruding glance
Break in upon her sacred trance
Who boosts a Heavenly birth ?
Daniel Webster's First Case.
Ebenezer Webster, father of Daniel, was a
farmer. The vegetables in bis garden suffered
considerably from tbe depradations of a wood
chuck, whose bole aod habitation was near tbe
premises. Daniel, some ten or twelve years old,
and bis brother Ezekiel, bad set a steel trap, and
at last succeeded in capturing tbe tresspasser.—
Ezekiel proposed to kill tbe animal, and end at
once all further trouble with bim; but Daniel
looked witb compassion upon tbe meek, dumb
captive, and offered to let bim go. Tbe boys
could not agree, aud each appealed to their fa
ther to decide the case.
"Well, my boys," said tbe old gentleman, "I
will be judge. There is the prisoner," pointing
to the woodchuck, "and you shall be the coun
sel, and plead tbe case for and against bis lite
Ezekiel opened the case witb a strong argu
ment, urging tbe mischievous nature of tbe crim
inal, tbe great barm he bad already done—said
tbat much time aud labor bad been spent in bis
capture, and now if be was suffered to live and
go at large, he would renew his depredations,
and be cunning enough not to suffer himself to
be caught again, and tbat be ought now to be
put to death; tbat bis skin was of some value ;
and that, make tbe most of bim tbey could, it
would not repay half the damage he had already
done. His argument was ready, practical, and
to the point, and ot much greater length than
our limits will allow us to occupy in relating the
The father looked with pride upon bis.son,
wbo became a distinguished jurist in his man
"Now, Daniel, its your turn ; I'll bear what
you have got to say."
It was bis first case: Daniel saw tbat tbe plea
of bis brother bad sensibly affected bis father,
tbe judge, and as his large, brilliant black eyes
looked upon the soft, timid expression of the an
imal, and as he saw it tremble witb fear in bis
narrow prison-bouse, his heart swelled with pi
ty, and be appealed witb eloquent words tbat
tbe captive might again go free. God be said
bad made tbe woodchuck ; he made bim to live,
to enjoy tbe bright sunshine, tbe pure air, tbe
free fields and woods. God has not made bim
or anything in vain; tbe woodchuck bad as
much right as any other living thing; be was
not a destructive animal, as tbe fox or wolf was;
be simply ate a few common vegetables, of
which they had plenty, and could well spare a
part; he destroyed nothing, except the little food
be needed to sustain bis humble life ; and tbat
little food was as sweet to bim, and as necessary
to his existence as was to tbem tbe food on tbeir
mother's table. God furnished their own food;
He gave tbem all they possessed; and would they
not spare a little for the dumb creature who re
ally bad as much right to bis small share of
God's bounty, as they themselves bad to tbeir
portion. Yea, more, the animal had never vio
lated the laws ot bis nature or the laws of God
as man often did, but strictly followed the sim
ple instincts he had received trom tbe bands of
tbe Creator of all things. Created by God's
bands, be had a right from God to life, to food,
to liberty, and they had no right to deprive him
ot either. He alluded to the mute but earnest
pleadings of the animal for that life, as sweet, as
dear to bim as their own was to them ; and the
first judgment tbey migbt expect, if, in selfish
cruelty and cold-beartedness, tbey took tbe life
they could not restore again.
During this appeal, tears had started to the
old man's eyes, and were fast running down his
sunburnt cheeks. Every feeling ot a father's
heart was stirred within him ; he saw the future
greatness of his son before his eyes, and he felt
tbat God bad blessed bim and bis children be
yond the lot of common men. His pity aod
sympathy were awakened by tbe eloquent words
of compassion, and the strong appeal for mercy ;
and, forgetting tbe judge in the man and the fa
ther, be sprang from his chair (while Daniel was
in the midst of bis argument, without thinking
tbat he bad already won bis case,) and turning
to his elder son, dashing the tears from bis eyes,
"'Zefo, 'Zeke, you let that woodchuck go!"
How a Dkunkard Fbels.— An Lncident. —A
graduate of one of the Universities of Great
Britain came to me shaking and trembling.—
He said he had come to me as be would go to a
physician. I said, "You must stop drinking."—
*4 can't." "You will die." "I am afraid I shall
if I give it up; I can't." My wife and two gen
tlemen wore present. I said, "What good does
the drink do you ?" "No good." "Why do you
drink ?" "I must bave it." Thinking that, be
ing an educated man, be might give me some i
deas, I asked bim : "Will you tell me how you
felt before you began to drink, and afterwards ?"
I shall never forget! He stood up and said : —
"All I cau say is, I must have it." "Why?"
"I Imu as if'there were insects m my veins!
Oh! it is horrible, horrible! I touch my coat,
I touch my bands, and I jump! Oh ! I shall go
mad—mad—mad! If I could not get it with
out having a sound tooth torn out of my jaw,
bring the instrument and wrench it out; I must
bave the drink, you see—so I get it. And tben
I stand still, that I may not disturb its effect.—
That's what I want—l want relief, and I feel it.
Quick, quick, now, it sends the blood through
my veins; tbe insects are gone, and I begin to
perspire. Yes, lam better, better! It's what
I want—it's coming—it's coming—it has come
to me—relief—like a flash of summer lightning,
and it has gone, and I get another." "Then," I
said, "you will die." "I am afraid I shall, can
you save me ?" "Not unless you stop drinking."
"I can't die; I haven't offered a prayer to God
for sixteen years." "You must give it up."
"I can't." "God will help you," said I. "No
he won't." "I will," said I, "my wife and I will
take care of you for four days, if you will. I
have just four days to spare for you." We took
him, though we could get no promise from him.
We nursed him night and day. The third after
noon he sat with me, his hand in mine, and I
spoke to him of God and Christ and eternity.
He said, "I am a man of some common sense, I
believe; and am very well aware that I can
never be happy in another world." He then
went out and cut his throat from ear to ear.
Oh, my friends, shall we not try to save our
fellow-men from such a fate?— From a Speech
of John B. Gough.
Davis' Pain Killer.—A preparation intend
ed as a balm for aches and pains was discovered
by Perry Davis, of Providence, R. I. Its pop
ularity became univer_.nl, and it is as popular to
day, as ever it was. It may be found in tbe
closet or cupboard of all families; ready for use
at an instant's warning, and is considered tb«
best article known for "tbe pains that flesh is
heir to."—Boston Bee. Sold by all medioine
He is worthy of honor who willeth the good
of every man ; and he is much nnwortby thereof
who seeketh his own profit, aud oppresseth
Take Counsel of Wisdom.
We would invoke all who feel their hearts be
coming indifferent to the preservation of tbe
Union to read tbe extracts we give below from
some of the great and wise aud patriotic men of
In tbe solemn farewell address of the "Father
of bis Country," be used the following language:
"It ts of infinite moment that you should
properly estimate the immense value of your
National Union to your collective and individ
ual happiness; that you should cherish a cordial,
habitual aod immovable attachment to it; ac
customing yourselves to think and speak of it as
of tbe palladium of your political safety and
prosperity; watching for its preservation with
jealous anxiety; discountenancing whatever may
suggest even a suspicion that it can, in any e
vent, be abandoned ; and indignantly frowning
upon tbe first dawning of any attempt to alien
ate any portion of our country from tbe rest, or
to enfeeble tbe sacred ties which now link to
gether Ihe various parts."
In the farewell address of the "Hero of New
Orleans," he counseled his countrymen as fol
"What have you to gaintby division and dis
sension ? Delude not you.4t.lves with the belief
that a breach may be afterward repaired. If
tbe Union is once severed, the line ot separation
will grow wider and wider, and the controver
sies which are now debated and settled in the
halls of legislation will theu be tried in fields of
battle and determined by the sword. Neither
should you deceive yourselves with the hope
that tbe first line of separation would be the
permanent one, and that nothing but harmony
and concord would be found iv the new associa
tions formed upon the dissolution of the Union.
Local interests would still be found tbere, and
unchastened ambition. Aud if the recollection
of common dangers, in which the people of these
United States stood side by side against tbe
coiuinou toe; the memory ot victories won by
their united valor; the prosperity and happiness
tbey bave enjoyed under the present constitu
tion ; the proud name they bear as citizens of
this great republic;—if all these recollections
and proofs of common interest are not strong e
nough to bind ns together as one people, what
tie will hold uuited the new divisions of empire,
when these bonds have been broken and dissev
ered ? The first line t>f separation would not
last for a single generation; new fragments
would be lorn off; new leaders would spring up;
and this great aud glorious republic would soon
be broken iuto a multitude of petty States, with
out commerce, without credit, jealous of one an
other, armed tor mutual aggressions, loaded witb
taxes to pay armies and leaders, seeking aid a
gainst each other from foreign powers, insulted
and trampled upon by tbe nations of Europe, un
til, harassed with conflicts, and humbled and
debased in spirit, they would be ready to sub
mit to the absolute dominion of any military
adveuturer, and surrender their liberty tor the
sake of repose. It is impossible to look on the
consequences that would inevitably follow the
destruction of this government, and not feel in
dignant when we hear cold calculations about
tbe value of the Uuion, and bave so constantly
before us a line of conduct so well calculated to
weaken its ties.
"Tbere is too much at stake to allow pride or
passion to influence your decision. Never for a
moment believe that tbe great body of the citi
zens of any State or States can deliberately in
tend to do wrong. They may, under the influ
ence of temporary excitement or misguided o
pinions, commit mistakes—tbey may be misled
for a time by suggestions of self-interest; but
in a community so enlightened and patriotic as
tbe people of tbe United States, argument will
soon make them sensible of tbeir errors, and,
when convinced, they will be ready to repair
them. If they bave no higher or better motives
to govern them, they will at last perceive 'that
their own interest requires tbem to be just to
others, as they hope to receive justice at their
Cass.—"lt pains me to hear allasions to the
destruction of this Government, and to the dis
solution of this Confederacy. It pains me, not
because they inspire me with any fear, but be
cause we ought to have one unpronounceable
word, as tbe Jews bad of old, and that word is
Dissolution. We should reject tbe feeling from
our hearts, and its name from our tongues.—
This cry ot "Wo, wo, to Jerusalem," grates
harshly upon my ears. Our Jerusalem i 9 neither
beleaguered nor in danger. It is yet the city
upon a hill, glorious in what it is, still more glo
rious, by the blessing of God, in what it is to be
—a landmark, inviting the nations ofthe world,
struggling upon the stormy ocean of political op
pression, to follow us to a haven of safety and of
Silas Weight.—"lf there be those among us,
who, impelled by a mistaken sympathy, or by
sudden excitement, are forgetting their obliga
tions to the whole country, to the Constitution
and the Union, let us use every effort of persua
sion and example to awaken tbem to a sense of
their dangerous error. If those, who, tor the
sake of private interest, personal ambition or
momentary political success, are willing to ex
periment upon the public passions, to treat light
ly their constitutional obligations, to foment sec
tional jealousies and raise up geographical dis
tinctions within the Union, let the absence of our
countenance and support convince such, that the
personal gratification, or public services of any
living man, are not objects of sufficient magni
tude to be gained at the expense of the harmony
of the country, the peace of the Union, or a sin
gle letter in the list of our constitutional duties.
It among us there be any, which Heaven forbid,
who are prepared, for any eartbly object, to dis
member our Confederacy and destroy tbat Con
stitution which binds us together, let tbe fate of
an Arnold be theirs, and let tbe detestation and
scorn of every American be their constant com
panion, until, like bim, tbey shall abandon a
country whose rich blessings they are no longer
worthy to enjoy.''
Gen. Tavlor.—"The dissolution ofthe Union
would be the greatest of calamities, aud to avert
that, should be the study of every American."
Webster.—"l shall stand by tbe Union, and
by all wbo stand by it."
Clay.—"l may be asked, as I bave been asked,
when I would consent to a dissolution of the
Union. I answer, Never ! Never ! Never 1
In one of tbe last letters Chief Justice Mar
shall ever wrote he uttered these words of wis
"It is, in my opinioD, impossible to preserve
our Union unless our bosoms receive those im
pressions and kind affections from each other
which ought to belong to citizens of the same
country—unless those jealousies and enmities
which grow out of a supposed but mistaken op
position of interests yield to those feelings which
a conviction of our reciprocal dependence on
each other would inspire. lam not less firmly
persuaded tbat our prosperity and our free in
stitutions will be greatly hazarded if the govern
ment of these United States be destroyed."
The Next Congress.
It is pretty nearly cortain that the next Con
gress will be politically composed as follows,
classifying the Opposition all those opposed to
Anti-Republican majority, 8
HOUSE OF BEPBESENTATIVES.
Anti-Republican majority,, 17
With a working majority against bim in both
Houses, Mr. Lincoln cannot do any harm even
if he were disposed to attempt it.— Rock. Reg.
Jgg* At the St. Lonis theatre tbe other night
Mrs. Florence had sung and danced in sailor's
costume, holding tbe star spangled banner, which
she tossed to Mr. Florence at the otber side of
the stage. He took it, spread it out carefully,
counted its thirty-three stars aloud, and exclaim
ed with deep feeling, "Thank God, they are all
there 1" The house rose as one man, "and the
enthusiasm lasted several minutes.
We extract the following from a speech de
livered by Lincoln in reply to Douglas, on tbe
16th of October, 1854, at Peoria, Illinois. On
tbat occasion Lincoln said:
"Wheu Southern people tell us tbey are no
more responsible for the origin of slavery than
we are, I acknowledge tbe fact. When it is
said tbat the institution exists, and that it is
very difficult to get rid of it, in any satisfactory
way, I can understand and appreciate the saying.
I surely will not blame them for not doing what
I should not know how to do myself. If all
earthly power were given me, I should not know
what to do as to tbe existing institution. My
first impulse would be to free all tbe slaves, and
send them to Liberia—to tbeir own native land.
But a moment's reflection would convince me,
tbat whatever of high hope (as I think there is)
there may be in this, in the long run, its sudden
execution is impossible. If tbey were all land
ed there in a day, tbey would all perish in tbe
next ten days; and there is not surplus shipping
and surplus money enough in the world tdoarry
them there in many times ten days. What
then? Free them all, and keep them among as
as underlings. Is it quite certain that thit
betters their condition ? I think I would not
hold one in slavery, at any rate; yet tbe point
is not clear enough for me to denounce people
upon. What next ? Free them, and make them
politically and socially onr equals? My own
feelings will not admit of this; and if mine
would, we well know that those of the great
mass of white people will not. Whether tl is
feeling accords with justice and sound judgment
is not the sole question, if, indeed, it is any part
of it. A universal feeling, whether well or ill
founded, cannot be safely disregarded. We can
not, then, make them equals. It seems to me
tbat systems ot gradual emancipation might b*»
adopted; but for their tardiness iv this, I will
not undertake to judge our brethren of tho
"When they remind us of their Constitutional
rights, I acknowledge them, not grudgingly, but
fully and fairly; and I would give any legisla
tion for the reclaiming of the fugitives, which
should not, in its stringency, be more likely to
carry free men iuto slavery than our ordinary
criminal laws are to haug an innocent one.
"Some men, mostly Whigs, who condemn the
repeal of the Missouri Compromise, nevertheless
hesitate to go for its restoration, lest they be
thrown in company witb the abolitionists. Will
they allow me as an old Whig to tell them good
humoredly, tbat I think this is very silly?—
Stand with anybody that stands right, stand
witb him while be is right, and part with him
when he goes wrong. Sfand with tbe abolitionist
in restoring the Missouri Compromise; and
stand against bim when he attempts to repeal
the fugitive slave law. In the latter case you
stand with tbe Southern disunionist. WIM of
tbat? you are still right. In both cases you are
right. In both cases you oppose tbe dangerous
extremes. In both you stand on middle ground
and hold the ship level aod steady. In both
you are national and nothing less than national.
This is good old Whig ground. To desert such
ground, because of any company, is to be less
than a Whig—less than a mac—less than an
1 _t is asked, If we did not mean to apply the
Utah and New Mexico provision to all future
territories, what did we mean, when we, in 1852,
endorsed the Compromises ot '50?'
"For myself, I can answer this question most
easily. I meant not to ask for a repeal or mod
ification of the fugitive slave law. I meant not
to ask for the abolition of slavery in tbe District
of Columbia. I meant not to resist tbe admis
sion of Utah or New Mexico, even should tbey
ask to come in as slave State. I meant nothing
about additional territories, because, as I under
stood, we then bad no territory whose character
as to slavery was not already settled. As to
Nebraska, I regarded its character as being fix
ed by the Missouri Compromise for thirty years
as unalterably fixed as that of ray own home in
Position of the Hon. John C. Beeckinbidge.
—'There appears to be considerable interest
manifested by a portion of the press to know
the views of Mr. Breckinridge in relation to the
present crisis. Some ot them go so far as to de
clare that the Lexington (Ky.) Statesman, a
democratic journal published at the home of Mr.
Breckinridge, and his enthusiastic supporter du
ring the late Presidential contest, has defined
bis position in tbe following editorial remarks: *
"There is as yet no just cause for revolution
or dissolution. The Union commands our cor
dial allegiance; to it we shall be loyal until its
basis, the constitution, has been actually des
troyed. Kentucky will not surrender the Un
ion. Our people are a_ gallant and spirited de
fenders of their rights, and as little disposed to
submit to wrong and dishonor as any men who
tread the soil of America. They will not per
mit themselves to be degraded nor tbeir rights
invaded ; but tbey do not believe the time has
come for revolution, and will yet cling to the
Union with the devotion of the true sons of '76.
"To our Southern friends we would earnestly
appeal to await the lull development of Lincoln's
policy before striking the fatal blow to the Un
ion. Kentucky is a border State, and, as such
the first and greatest sufferer by abolition ascen
dancy. Our State is a barrier of protection to
the cotton States against anti-slavery aggressiou.
Our friends in the South can certainly bear the
administration ot Lincoln as long as we can.—
Then, let them heed the voice ot Kentucky,
stand true to the Union, and not exhaust all
hope of yet maintaining the constitution. The
democracy of Kentucky, those men who, in tho
support ot Mr. Breckiuridge, bave given earnest
of their fidelity to the rights of the South, will
appeal to the South to give up whatever move
ments are now in contemplation, and, like pa
triots, uphold the constitution and the Union.—
Dc this, and all may be well." i
Now and Then.—When Douglas papers and
speakers told the people, during the recent can
vass, that tbe instigators aud leaders of the
3reckinridge movement, were for Disunion, the
supporters of that movement in western Vir
ginia scouted the idea. What do they think
now ? The Yancey programme is being played
out to the very letter in the Gulf States. South
Carolina is to be "precipitated into revolution"
by a State Convention on the 17th of December,
and Florida, Georgia, Alabama and Mississippi
are to be dragged after her. Virginia, too, tho
Richmond Enquirer has informed us, is so
"bitched on" to these States that she must go
with them. Will you consent to this, good peo
ple? Are you prepared for disunion and civil
war, nnder the dictation of the Cotton States ?
If not, wake up! Realize the fact that we are
ia the midst of revolution ; and be prepared to
expend all your energies of thought and action
for the preservation of the Constitution and the
Union, and to avert the horrible evils of fatrici
dal strife—of brother's blood shed by brothers'
hands. — Valley Star.
Gov. Packer and the Abolitionists.—Gov. •
Packer, of Pensylvania, a few days ago received
a letter signed by James Redpath, on behalf of
several young men in Boston, requesting him to
attend a convention in that city to devise meas
ures to abolieh slavery. Gov. P. _ reply is as
Executive Department, Harbhbb urg, >
Nov. 21,1860. J
Sib:—ln my opinion, the young men whose
names are attached to the foregoing letter would
better serve God and their country by attending
to their own business. John Brown was right
fully hanged, and bis fate should be a warning
to others having similar proclivities.
WM. F. PACKER,
Gov. of Peuna.
The Effect of Secession. —A writer in the
Wilmington (N. C.) Herald, speaking of seces
sion, State conventions, _0., says:
"Of one thing 1 oan assure North Carolinians
and people of every otber Southern State, that
if you do go into a Southern Convention, or form
a Southern Confederacy, and everything is nob
done just as South Carolina wants it done, she
will secede and set up an indepenent State sove