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Editor and proprietors
oiZ.ao A. TEAB.
If discontinued before payment, the rate of
—>*■ 'mum will be charged.
,-nittances should be made by check,
• a.afi. ' ostal order, or Registered letter.
Can show you the
Ever Bronfrnt to Staunton,
wred uk -i mis, mm
Surab Silks, Black Silks, Plalda, Sfo
A FDXT. IjISS OF
-MOURNING GOODS NOTIONS
CARPETS, MATTINGS, LACE CURTAINS
CORNICE POLES. OIL CLOTHS,
mm-.\ full line of house furnishings. All of the
above goods will be sold at fair prices.
We guarantee satisfaction.
WITZ, IJGHTXER eSt CO.
Jan < -tf
MADAME* SHEPHERD 4 FAGAN.
No. 7 N. New Street, Staunton, Va.,
keep constantly in stock a full line of tbe most
Th«y are regularly receiving new supplies of
the latest importations.
Motions in Great "Variety.
atafCall on them for Bargains In the most
Stylish goods. Mrs.SHEPBERD & FAGAN.
no2S-tf No. 7 N. Naw Street.
Cannot be Surpassed In the State.
His horses are of the best quality—gentle and
handsome—and his rolling stock of all kinds
of the best patterns aud most attractive ap
pearance. Call at bis Livery, on South Au-
S ustv street, when you want either a riding or
I have established a branch office in Way
tnesboro, and supplied the stables with a full
equipment of horses, buggies, carriages, phse
tons, 4c, to accommodate the public,
QAVE 25 TO 50 PER CENT.
Crushed Connellsville Coke
FOR DOMESTIC PURPOSES.
A GIVEN WEIGHT WILL BURN LONGER
AND GIVE MORE HEAT THAN
ANY OTHER FUEL.
For domestic purposes. It is
Cleaner and Store Economical
than anthracite or bituminous coals, and from
a sanitary standpoint is a more healthful fuel,
and It is entirely
FREE FROM GABSES AND ODORS
That are so obnoxious in the use of coals.
mm- Can be used in the self-feeding stoves,
ranges or grates.
We also sell the
New River Red Ash Coal
KINNEY «fc TERRY,
Sole Agents for Connellsville Coke.
OFFICE-—No. 21 Main Street. Phone 16— £X&
Waldo M. Allen,
CHEMIS'i' AND OPTICIAN
No. 19 East, Main Street,
Will test tbe sight FREE OF CHARGE to all
person calling on him.
mm- Mijrlit Correctly Tested With the
SOLE AGENT FOR
GEO. ELLIOTT &; CO..
EYE-CLASSES AMD SPECTACLES.
mm- Call a«d get book, treatise on the eye, free
v II FAYS TO ILLUSTEATI 70US EUSIHESS.
Portraits, and cuts of colleges, hotels, factor
ies, machinery, &c, made to order from pho
Ibices Low—Send stamp for specimen sheets.
Metropolitan Press Agency,
' New York City.
*»™w* A standard household remedy
in successful use more tban 40 years. A posi
tive cure for Dyspepsia, Scrofula, Nervous
. Prostration, Constipation and all diseases of
the Blood, Stomach and Liver.
Uneqnaled for Producing a Clear Complexion.
A botanical compound, put up in packages
and sent by mail at one-third the cost of ordin
ary medicine. Large packages, sufficient for
3 quarts, $1.00; ball-size packages, sufficient
for 3 pints, 50c.; sample packages, 25c.
A reliable Agent wanted in this locality.
KNIGHT BOTANICAL 00., 862 BiMlwij, H.T.
W, TALLEY, C. G. IIA US SBEKQEB,
Buena Vista, Va. Elkton, Va.
mALLEY & HAKNSBEUGER,
Real Estate Amenta,
I. IK con, Va.
C. G. Habnsbergeb, Notary Public.
References.—Banks of Lexington and Buena
Vista, Va.; Board of Directors of Buena Vista
Company and Elkton Company.
You will save money by bringing your dirty
ilothes to be cleaned or dyed and repaired by
me. Charges moderate Work first-class.
mm- Gentlemen's and Boys' Second-hand
lothlng wanted. Highest cash price paid.
ISIDORE CO HEN.
No. 6 Bonth New Rt...Staunton V.»
muu muis ptiiiti
WANTED;—Good agents to sell our general
line of merchandise. No peddling, Above sal
ary will be paid to "live" agents. For further
CHICAGO QENERaL SUPPLY CO.,
No. 178 Weal Van Buren St ,
mrlS-ly Cnieago, in.
Bo Yoa ffant io Save 25 to 50 Per Cent on
EVER. DOLLAR YOU SPEND?
If so, write for our Illustrated Catalogue, con
t&inlng illustrations and prices of evervtbin,
manufactured lv ttw United states, at mauu
taeiurers' prices. 10,000 illustrations, a'l llnei
•eprtsseßted Catalogue mailed free on a.-pli
oat oa. Address.
OHICA.UO GENERAL SUPPLY CO.,
No. 178 West Van Riven St.,
Castoria promotes Digestion, and
overcomes Flatulency, Constipation, Sour
Stomach, Diarrhoea, and Feverishness.
Thus the child is rendered healthy and its
sleep natural. Castoria contains no
Morphine or other narcotic property.
" Castoria is so well adapted to children that
I recommend it as superior to any prescription
known to me." H. A. Atcciier, M.D.,
82 Portland Aye., Brooklyn, N. Y.
" I nse Castoria in my practice, and find it
specially adapted to affections of children."
*'" Robertson, M. D.,
1057 2d Aye.. New York.
Tot Centaur Co., 77 Murray St, N. T.
spiiiw sdhmei am soen
GENTLEMEN ASD YOUTHS.
I would most respectfully Invite the atten
tion of my customers and friends and the pub
llo generally to my new fine stock of SPRING
and SUMMER DRESS GOODS, whioh will
please all tastes. In
Variety ana Qnally ol Goods
my present stock has never been excelled by
any which I have ever Heretofore had. Now
Is the time to get tasteful and useful suits In
the latest styles.
SUITS or PIECE ARTICLES OF CLOTH
ING made np In the most approved styles,
and warranted to give satisfaction. Goods
also sold to be made elsewhere. If desired.
All I ask Is a call, knowing that any taste
can be pleased.
«T. A.. HCTCHESON,
ma 20— No. 121 W. Main Strett.
STUART'S Dkaft, Va.
Having lost or mislaid certificate of stock
No. 268 In North Side Land Co.. of Richmond,
Va., this Is to notify the general public not to
buy or negotiate for the same as I have appli
ed to the Company for a duplicate.
mr2s-3»* E. C. HARNSBERGER.
[Successors to Jacob A. Hanger.]
Engines, Saw Hills, Vibrator
THRESHERS, CLOVER HULLERS,
HAY BALERS, BALE TIES,
' Wagons, Plows & Implements
Generally. Farmers will find our house head
quarters for Plows and Plow Repairs for all the
leading plows In use. Call on ns. Opposite
Virginia Hotel. January 28 tf.
i mm m m,
Hugh F. Lyle & Co., Prop'rs.
Manufacturers of and Wholesale Dealers in
And Plow Repairs of various kinds, patterns
and sizes—inoludlng Hillside Plows, our Du
plicate O. C. Plows and all repairs lor the O. C.
Plows, such as Points, Shares, Landsides,
Mouldboards, Standards, Wheels, Bolts, Han
dles, Beams, Clevises, etc. Discounts to deal"
ers. Write us for catalogues, prices and terms.
January 28. tf
FOII established busi
ness, enjoying liberal city and country
patronage. Splendid opportunity for one or
more ladies who have small capital. For full
information call at
mrlS 8t SPECTATOR OFFICE.
Cement for Masonry and Cisterns,
Calcined Plaster, Barrel and Bulk
Lime. Contractors and Builders, see
us before buying.
Choice Clover, Timothy, Red Top
and Orchard Grass Seeds. Old Hick
ory Wagons and Road Carts, Bissell
Chilled Plows and Repairs, Eureka
Spring Tooth Harrows.
T..C. Williams' and Dick Reynold's Tobaccos,
"May Apple." "Nosegay," "Mattaponl,"
"Big Foot." "Dixie," "8-oz Double Thick,"
"R.J. R." "Reynold's Level Best," and
"Black Oak" —Alliances iavorile.
Pure Linseed Oil, Spirits Turpen
tine, and Superior Mixed Paints—in
large and small quantities, Coal Oil,
Harness Oil, Lubricating Oil, &c.
Tire and Strap Iron, Steel and Iron
Nails, Horse Shoes and Horse-shoe
Nails, Sash, Doors and Builders Hard
Raw and Refined Sugar, Rice, New
Orleans and Porto Rico Molasses,
Syrups, Salt, Green and Roasted Cof
fee, Canned Goods, Chocolate, &c.
will make beautiful bread, beautiful
cake, &c. Every- barrel guaranteed
to give entire satisfaction or no sale.
If you do not use it, now try it. Many
use it and will not have any other.
Come to see us or write us.
BAKER & BROWN.
feb 18 6m
MOORE <V Hlßlil.lil
Mining-aud Iron Or« Expert*}.
Mines and Mineral Lands Examined and Re
MINES AND MINKIi,a LA.MjS bOUOH'I
! Assaysofall Minerals made by a competent
and skilled assayer.
Office and Labratory over Post Office, Main St.
Rkfkknces.— a..8. Upson, President Upson
Nut aod Bolt Co., Uulonville. Conn.; G.H.
Gile,Treasuter Northern Cblel Iron Company,
- Osbkosh, Wis.; Ttn mr»s Bardon. Real Estate,
Asbland, Wis; -v. c. Sllverlborn. Secretary
Northern Chief Iron dompHn>, Wausau, Wis.,
C. F, Rand, Secretary Aurora Iron-Mining Co,,
Cleveland, Ohio; Maj. 8 M. Yost, Staunton,
Va; Hon. John a. Haggart. Post Master Gen'l,
Ottowa, Ont. may 28—tf
FOR TBI SPECTATOR.
UE KEPT HER WISH.
The scene is in a London street.
Where dismal alleys chance to meet,
Where proverty, from sire to son.
Does In a long succession run,
Tbe home, for we must call it so,
A garret is with ceilings low.
And very old and sooty walls,
Eutered by narrow stairs and halls.
Tha family is rather small;
An only daughter—that Is all.
And parents, growing very old.
And, Peter-like, In lack of gold.
Tbe father Is a gardener.
And, also, a rough carpenter,—
A "handy man," as it is said,
And diligent In gaining bread.
Once lived tbey in tbe country,
Where they breathed a pure aud tonlo
And could, at rindom, roam Ihe flelds.
And cull tha sweet blooms nature yields.
Fond memories hung In clusters round
Their rural home and burying ground,
And round the parish chapel, where
They often met for praise and prayer.
In course of time, as nest of bird,
Their home-rest was most deeply stirred
And forth from their old haunts they
Not knowing where, In lime of Lent.
Somehow In the removal thence.
Led by the hand of Providence,
They entered the Great City's whirl,
Tbe parents and their daughter—Pearl.
Ploture the maiden, young and fair,
Though sad of face from weight of oare,
And reft of her own father dear,
Who had been dead for many a year.
She was just passing from her teens,
And, having very meagre means,
And, tolling far beyond her strength.
Became an invalid at length.
Ber cheeks soon gave a fitful blush.
Which Doctors call the "hectic flush,"
Dread symptom of that dread disease
From which there seems no sure re
Long time her mother wore the weeds
Of mourning for her husband's loss.
Then wed another—suoh her needs—
Who wished to bear the widow's cross.
As husband and stepfather, be
Had good and faithful proved to be.
Who furnished, as a poor man may.
Sufficient food from day to day.
Toßromwell Hospital, at last,
The daughter went—she sunk so fast,
Where, nursed so tenderly, she felt
It was a place where angels dwelt.
From day to day, she weaker grew;
Her pulse went down, her strength
And, as the end did nearer come.
She sent this wish to those at home:—
" Please lay my wasted body down,
"Some fllty miles from London Town;
"In Little Horkesley let It He,
"When I give up the ghost and die."
One day the maiden ceased to breathe.
The arms of God well underneath;
The soul, she to her Maker gave;
Her body, to the silent grave.
The parents, though so very poor,
The wolf forever at the door.
Resolved to keep her last request,
And let her form In " Horkesley" rest.
The lather made a coffin rude.
And put some lining on the wood;
Then laid the lifeless corpse within.
And sealed the lid with screw and pin.
Tbe slender form was neatly dressed.
And roses bloomed upon her breast;
Tbe case was dark from umber stain.
And bore these words;—" She'll rise
Upon a barrow all was placed.
And toward the distant graveyard faced
And soon the poor man wheeled away,
Till fifty miles behind him lay.
Tnree days he rolled that precious dust,
Too weak tj go, but lelt be niusl;i > SMK2
Then dug tbe grave—no hand to aid—
And gently down the coffin laid.
He filled the vault, and arched the
And strewed some wild-flowers on the
His salt-tears falling on the loam, i
As wearily he turned toward home.
Ah! noble and heroic deed!
And worl hy of our highest meed,
Before It pale earth's Waterloos,
And grand exploits, we care not whose.
Ye bards, bring your best offering,
And let us this man's praises sing,
And tell to others, where we go,
His deed of love that all may know.
Longview, Texas. R. M. Tcttole.
It was on a wild Ootober evening about a
year ago that my wife and I arrived by
train at a well known watering place in the
north of England. The wind was bowling
and roaring with delight in its resistless
power; tbe rain came hissing down in large
Our hotel was situated on an eminence
overlooking the town; and as we slowly
ascended to it in our cab, we thought,
"Well, we must uot be surprised to find our
intended abode for the night bas vauished."
However, presently we stopped in front
of a building wbich looked substantial
enough to withstand anything, and in an
swer to our driver's application to tbe bell,
the door was promptly opened by a smartly
attired porter. He was closely followed by
a person full of smiles and bows, who post
ed himself in the dooiway ready to receive
All at once tbere was a terrific bang, as
though a forty-pounder had been fired to
welcome our arrival, and be of the smiles
and bows was boiled headlong against tbe
muddy wheel of our conveyance by the
slamming to of the large door. My wife's
bonnet blew off and tugged bard at its
moorings; the light in the porcb was extin
guished, while tbe wind seemed to give a
shriek of triumph at tbe jokes he was play
ing upou ns. Here we were, then, in total
darkness and exposed to the drenching rain.
However, half an hour afterward nil our dis
comforts were forgotten as we sat down to
an excellent dinner a la carte.
Next morning I was abroad very early,
looking for lodgings. Fortune seemed to
smile upon me on tbis occasion, for scarce
ly had I proceeded fifty yards from my hotel
wben I oame upon a very nice looking row
of houses, and in tbe window of the first
was "Lodgings to let." Knocking at tbe
door, it was soon opened by a very neat
I inquired if I oould gee tbe proprietor,
but was told that Miss G was not yet
down. 1 said I would wait, and was shown
into a very comfortable dining room. Soon
Miss G— — appeared, and proved to be a
pretty brunette of about five and twenty,
whose dark ejes during our short interview
were every now and then fixed on me with
an intentness tbat Seemed to be trying to
read what kind of a person I was; while ber
manner, enough decidedly pleasing, had a
certain restlessness in it which I could not
help observing. Her father and mother be
ing both dead she kept ibe lodging house
herself. I at.ked her if she hid a good c ok,
to which she replied she was responsible for
most of >hat difficult parr, ot tbe meuage
herself, keeping two maids to assist in the
bouse and parlor work. She went on to
say tbat berdrawing room was "dissected;"
a term common among north country lodg
ing house keepers, and meant to express
that it was undergoing itsautumncleaning,
but she would have it pir Ntraightit I wish
cd. I told ber tbat we should be quite con
tented with the dining room, provided we
has! a good bedroom. Tbigfcbeat once
showed me, and soon coming to terms I re
turned to the hotel.
STAUNTON, VA., WEDNESDAY, APRIL 1, 1891.
After breakfast I went to the bureau to
ask for my ace unit. While it was bain!;
made out, I observed casual'y tbat I bad
taken lodgings at Miss Q 's, on Cliff
terrace, npon whioh the accountant looked
qniokly np and said, "Oh, Miss Q 's,"
and then as qnickly went on with my bill.
I hardly noticed this at the motnet, though
I thought of it afterward.
Eleven o'clock saw us comfortably en
sconced in our room. After lunch we took
a delightful expedition, tbe weather having
greatly moderated. We found that night,
at dinner, that Miss G—— was a first rate
cook, and we retired to rest much pleased
with oar quarters.
We soon made the acquaintance of the
two maids—Jane, who waited on as, aod
Mary, the housemaid; and two very pleas
ant and obliging young women we found
About .the third morning of our stay, en
going up to my bedroom after breakfast, I
was surprised to find a strange maid in the
room, bhe was standing by the bed,
smoothing down tbe bedolothes with both
bands and appeared to take no notice of me,
bat oontinued gazing steadily io front of
ber, while her hands went meohanioally on
smoothing the clothes. I could not help
being struck with her pale face, which wore
a look of pain, aud the fixed and almost
stony expression of her eyes. 1 left her in
exactly tbe same position as I found ber.
On coming down I said to my wife: "I did
not know Miss Q employed three ser
vants. Tbere certainly is another making
the bed in our room." lam short-sighted,
and my wife would have it that I had made i
a mistake, but I felt quite certain I had not.
Later on, while Jane was laying the lunch,
I said to her, "I thought that you and Mary
were tbe only two servants in the house "
"Yes,sir;only me and Mary," was Jane's
reply, as she left the room.
"There," said my wife, "I told you that
you were mistaken." And I did not pursue
the subject further.
Two or three days slipped away in pleas
ant occupations, such as driving, boating,
etc, and we had forgotten all about the
third maid. We saw but little of Miss
G , though her handiwork wsb pleasant
ly apparent iv the cuisine.
On tbe sixth morning of onr stay, which
was the day before we were to leave, my
wife after breakfast said sbe would go np
and do a little packing while I made out
our route for the following day in the
"Bradshaw," but was soon interrupted by
the return of my wife with a rather scared
look on her face.
"Well," she said, "you were right after
all, for there is another maid, and sbe is
now in our bedroom, and apparently en
gaged in much the same occupation" as
when yon saw her tbeie. She took no no
ticeof me, but stood there with her body
slightly bent over the bed, looking straight
in front of her, her hands smoothing the
bedclothes,'' She described ber as having
dark hair, her face very pale, and ber month
very firmly set. My curiosity was now so
much awakened tbat I determii ed to ques
tion Miss G on the subjec*. But our
carriage was now at the door waiting for us
to start on an expedition that would engage
us all day.
On my return, late in the afternoon, meet
ing Miss G— in the passage, I said to
her, "Who is the third servant that Mrs.
X and myself have seen one.) or twice
in our bedroom?"
Miss G looked, I thought, rather
scared, and murmuring something that I
oonld not catch turned and went hurriedly
down the stairs into tbe kitchen.
An hour afterward, as we were sitting
for our dinner, Jane brought a no l e from
Miss inclosing ber account, and saying
that she bad just bad a telegram summon
ing her to tbe sick bed of a relit ion, that in
all probability she would not be back till
after our departure, but tbat she had left
directions with the servants, and hoped they
wonld make us quite comfortable, and that
we would excuse her hurried departure.
A few minutes after a cab drove up to the
door, into which, from our window, we saw
Miss G get, and drive rapidly away.
Later on in the evening, while Jane was
clearing away the dinner things, I said to
ber, "By the by, Jane, who is tbe third
maid?" She was just going to leave the
room as I spoke. Instead of replying she
turned round with such a scared look on
her face tbat I felt quite alarmed; then,
hurriedly catching up ber tray, she left tbe
room. Thinking tbat further inquiry would
be very disagreeable to her I forbore again
mentioning tbe subject. Next day, our
week being up, we departed for fresh woods
and pastures new.
Our tour led us considerably further
north, but a month later saw us homeward
bound. The nearest route by rail led us
by X . As we drew up at tbe station
we noticed on the platform a parson, in
whom we recognized one of the clergy of
X whose churoh we had been to. Pre
sently the door of our compartment was
opened and he put in a lady, wished her
good-by, the guard's whistle blew and we
were off. After a short time wo fell into
conversation with the lady, and found her
:o be the clergyman's wife. Among other
bines, we asked after Miss G .
'Ob, Miss G ," she replied; "she is
rory well, but I hear, poor thing, she bas
not had a very good season."
"I am sorry to hear that," I replied;
"why is it?" She was silent for a minute,
»nd tben related to us the following facts.
At the beginning of the season a rather
untoward event occurred at Misa G 's
lodgings. An elderly lady took one of the
flats for a month. She had with her an at
tendant of about thirty. Before long Miss
[} observed that they were nos on very
good terms, and one morning tbe old lady
was found dead in her bed.
A doctor was at once called in, who, on
viewing the bidy, found tbere were very
auspicious marks round the neck and
throat, as if a person's fingers had been
tightly pressed upon tbem. Tbe maid on
hearing this at once became very restless,
and going to her bedroom, which was at
the top of the house, paoked a small bag,
and, having put on her things, wts about to
descend the stairs when, from hurry or agi
tation, the miseod her footing, atid falling
to the bottom broke ber neck.
But not tha least extraordinary part of
the business was that not the slightest clew
could be obtained as to who the lady was,
the linen of herself and her mt-id having
only initials marked on it. The police did
their bast by advertising and inqiiry, but
all they could find out was that tbey had
come straight to X——from Liverpool,
where they had arrived from America,
There they were traced to the Fifth Aye
nue hotel in New Tork, where they had
been only known by the number of their
room, and to which tbey had coma from no
one knew wbitber. Enough money was
found in the lady's box to pay the expenees
of their funerals. An open verdict was re
turned at the inquests wbicb wore held.
The police took possession of tbeir belong
ings, and bave them, no doubt, at the pres
At this point the train stopped, the lady
wished us "Good morning" and loft the
carriage; and we, as we steamed south,
were left to meditate on this Btriuge but
perfectly true story, and to solve as we best
could the still unanswered question of,
"Who was the third maid?"— Argosy.
A Dainty Easter Bonnet.—A bonnet
tbat is a vety dream in violet has a crown
of open gold lace that is outlined about the
face and around the top with sma 1 violets,
the gold laoe showing plainly between the
two rows of violets. iv front are two
tioy, white love birds, that seem to nestle
amoug the pale blossoms, while at the back
are loops ot white ribbon from among
whioh comes up a white aigrette. The
ties, descending from under these loops.are
also of white ribbot., and are fastened in a
prim little bow just in front. A bonne', of
tbis design made of laoe straw, the very
yellow shade, will be iv vogue at d can, of
course, be trimmed to suit one's f*ncy as
well as to look well with one's gowus.—
The Ladies' Home Journal.
__ . m a 1 —
IS o doctor's bills presented to tbe families
who use Simnior i. Liver Regulator. ,
' jj ' ' ? v
Southward the Course of Industrial Ac
tivity Takes Its Way.
The Manvfaclwrirs' Record of March
21, says :
"When the failure of the Barings caused
a panic in Europe and America the Manu
facturers'' Record immediately claimed tbat
while its temporary effect would be tbe
breaking up of many negotiations tben
pending for large enterprises in the South,
the final tesult would be to attract still
greater attention to this section as the safest
and most profitable investment field in the
world. These piedictions are a'leady being
verified. The strength of the Souths
financial position through such a crisis bas
astonished the whole country, and, thongh
gome gieat undertakings have for the time
been checked in seenring the capita)
promised, yet the tendency of foreign acd
Northern investors to lock Southward was
never mote pronounced than to-day. Frcm
c.cry direction enquiries are coming as to
the opportunities tor locating in tbe South
and for tbe establishment of manufactures
tbere. The Southern people themselves
are pressing forward the great work of de
velopment, and aotivity is seen from Mary
land to Texas. Iron works, cotton mills,
wood-working enterprises, phosphate min
ing and manufacturing companies, flour
mills, coal mining companies, electric light
and water companies are rapidly being
organized, while those previously projected
are being pushed forward by active work
of construction Ooringtbe week a f 1,000,
000 company was chartered at Atlanta to
Improve an extensive water -power prop
erty, engage in manufacturing, &c;
Roanoke, Va., voted $420,000 for public
improvements, and the Norfolk & Western
Railroad will, it is said, expend $400,000 on
improvements In the same place; work on
the 1500,000 government dry-dock at Port
Royal is to be started at once; Front Royal,
Va., has organized a $50,000 water works
company and also an electric, light com
pany; Texas a $100,000 cotton mill, a
$30,000 water-works company, a $30,000
electric light and power company; a $40,-
-000 ore mining company has been organized
at Cedartown, Ga.; a $50 000 oil mill com
pany at Vicksburg, Miss.; a cotton factory
company in North Carolina; a $25,000
cooperage company in Kentucky; a $20,600
agricultural implement company at Rock
Hill, 8. C; a $50,000 flour mill company in
Virginia; a $100,000 wood-working com
pany in (Staunton; $50 000 machinery com
pany at Norfolk, $15,000 fertilizer com
pany in South Carolina; a $20,000 knitting
mill company at Anderson, S. C; a $100,-
-000 company will build new gas works at
Ameiicus, Ga.; at Danville, Va., a $50,000
land company has been organized; at
Macon, Ga., a $50,000 manufacturing com
pany, and in Georgia a $75,000 land com
pany. Tbe enthusiastic activity and tire
lass work which pushed Alabama, Virginia
and Tennessee so rapidly to the front bas
spread to West Virginia, to the Carolina?,
Florida, Texas and elsewhere, while Geor
gia, wbich was tbe first of the Southern
States to begin much industrial develop
ment after tbe war, presses forward with
unaba.ed energy. j
A Romance Recalled,—Mr. W. W.
Longmoor, clerk of the Kentucky Court of
Appeals, was stricken with paralysis Fri
day last whilst conversing with a member
on tbe floor of tbe Constitutional Conven
tion at Frankfort, and died in leBS tban
thirty minutes. His death recalls a romance
of the war, in which he figured. Mr. Long
moor was an ex-Confederate soldier, who
lost bis right leg in an engagement near
Cynthiana, Ky., about the close of the war.
A Minie ball shattered tbo limb, necessitat
ing amputation. Mr. Longmoor survived
the operation, but be suffered from the in
jury more or less till bis death. Tbis ao
cident had a strong influence upon his life.
He was left on the battle-field with his ter
rible wound, but he fell into tender bands
Wben he-recovered consciousness he found
himself under the ministering care of a
lovely young lady The ladies of Cyhtniana
had organized themselves into a relief as
sociatinn, aod Mr. Longmoor had become
tbe charge of Miss Adams. It was a fitting
sequel that love should bave followed their
being brought together under such remark
able cirrumstances, and their union, whioh
took place as soon as the young soldier was
able to get about, was but the beginning of
their happiness. It was a union which
death al3ue could dissolve —Bait. Sun,
» -eg. a
Bible Puzzles Explained.—A day's
journey was thirty-three and one fifth
A cubit twenty-two inches, almost.
A hand's breadth was three and five
A finger's breadth was about one inch.
Ezekiel's reed was eleven feet long.
A shekel of silver was about fifty cents
of our money.
A shekel of gold was $8.09.
A talent of silver was $516 33.
A talent cf gold was $13,809.
A piece of silver was about thirteen cants.
A penny was the same as tbe piece.
A farthing was three cents.
A mite was about one and one-half cents.
A gerham was equal to about one cent.
A homer was a measuro that would bold
seventy-five gallons and five pints.
An omar was six pints.
A hin was one gallon and two pints.
Sugar in Mobtab.—Attention hag re
cently been directed to the fact that the ad
dition of small quantities of sugar or mo
-1 ,er:-s to lime mortar increases not only its
hardness, but its tenacity. A Vienna tech
nical paper highly reoommeds tbe use of
these substances, gince they give common
lime mortar a strength equal to cement.
Investigation aod experiments bave
shown that the idea of thus using sugar or
molasses is not new, but is as old as the an
cient Indian fortifications at Madras. The
morUr in the walls of that city was mixed
wits o.ne sugar, and it is said that when
they were torn down the motar h-d acquir
ed a strength and tenacity equal to the
rock between which it was plsoed.
Good Roads and "Yaller Dogs."—
These are two subjects of great practical
importance to the State, and especially to
tbe farming interest to which the Aliance
would do weil to turn its earnest attention.
If, iv two or three years they Jan bring
about reform in these two connection?, the
time and labor will bo well spent.
We refer to the creation of a system of
good roads and to the extermination of
mean sheep killing dogs.
As to the last enbjeot, it is absolutely he
yoad comprehension how a sensible people
are content to go on year after year sacri
ficing a great industry in order lhat a com
paratively small number of people may
keep one, two, or a balfd(-z*u "yalieidogs."
Tbis refurrn real y ueeds no argument.
Nine tenths or nineteen twentieths of the
farmers, f ivor the sheep agaicst the cur,
but will they bave tbe practical wisdom t>>
concutrate aud enfotce the leform?
As to good county roads we ate glad to
note that great iu*eresc seems to have re
vived in them throughout the country. It
would be a useles* waste of time and space
to bring forward arguments to enforce the
advantages of good roads and the paralyz
ing effects of bad roads. Oj this question,
opinion is practically unanimous.
The difficulty of the situation is to spur
the people to the point of submitting to the
necessary taxation. AU want good loads,
but many shrink from the inevitable price.
We throw out these tr-gmeritary sug
gestions, in the hope that tbe Farmers'
! Alliance of Albemarle (which has often
taken the lead of their brethren) may tske
the matter in hand, formulate a plan that
will briDg about a consummation go much
to be wished for. — Charlottesville Chronicle.
The McKinley bill became a law because
its honest advocates believed that it was a
measure of protection to American citizens.
What will they say when they find that it
is a' bill to protect Russian grain-growers
rand British cotton-planters at the expenge
jof Americans?— European Edition Herald.
Road Agitation In tbe Smith.
A LETTEB ON HIGHWAY IMPROVEMENT
FROM HARRY H. HODGSON, OF NEW OB
That the agitation in favor of the im
provement of public roads is not confined
to tbe north is shown by the letter given
below, ft cm Hairy H. Hodgson, of New
Orleans. Mr. Hodgson is thoroughly con
versant with tbe execrable condition of
country roads, and knows what the roads of
the time should be. His remarks are there
fore worth leading. He says:
"There is no subject which has attracted
more pnblio attention thronghout tbe
United States tban that of improved publio
It is a sad commentary that those reaily
most concerned take co little interest in a
matter so closely connected wilh comfort,
business, iuci eased value of lands, and
It should be given tbe attention of every
class of people, from tbe baokei to the
laborer, and tbe driver of a coach and four
is not more vitally interested than the
faimer with bis ioad of bay.
County boards are always willing to con
tribute toward building railroads, and large
sums of money are annually contributed to
tbis end, but never once have these same
county boards contributed any large amount
for tbe construction acd maintenance of
good highways. The useless waste of
money by political rings bas been one cause
tbat has perverted the money from its ob
ject, and unintelligent methods have been
another and very real trouble.
The roads of the United States are a dis
grace. In many cases tbey are mere bog
holes. What little work bas been done,
has been a waste of money and energy.
No science bas been displayed in tbe
construction of roads; no effort made to
build them on modern and sensible plans.—
Tbe old laws shonld be repealed and
present and future necessities met by fram
ing laws to compel the building and main
tenance of good highways and the placing
of sign boards on cross roads, so that the
farmer may market his products and the
traveler accomplish his journey with the
least expenditure and greatest speed possi
The present system is no system at all.—
A tree falls acioss a road. It is not cut
out, but all drive aroand it. Tbe most
primitive methods are resorted to, and
there is no concert of action. Every road
takes care of itself, and if a little work is
done it is to meet present and temporary
emergences with no regard for the future.
The working out of the road tax is a
farce which cannot be too strongly con
demned. Let such work as is done be
completed on a basis tbat will make it
count for something; let tha unsatisfactory
work of the past be at an end; let all future
attempts at road bnilding be such as will
give us a system of highways which we can
point to with pride, and our land values
will be enhanced and our national pros
There is no necessity for concealing the
fact tbat our roads are in a deplorable con
dition. We bave few roads to boast of and
few are contemplated. Our methods are
bad, and no action is being taken to get us
out of the mud We are no better off to
day tban we were fifty yeais ago, and bave
practically nothing to show for the millions
expended during the last half century.
Is this not a sad affair to contemplate ?
Can the intelligence and patriotism of tbe
Americans be so dead that none will start
tbis movement to urge an entire change of
present methods and establish an intelligent
and modern basis on which to commence a
system of road building that will in time
give us highways tbat we can point to with
Our eyes are now being opened to tbe
needs cf tbe Union and we should be
ashamed of our slow progress in road build
Let tho farmers in every State make it
their aim to start a system of roads by ad
ding a few miles each year to some im
portant road in their vicinity, and let the
work be done honestly and by improved
methods. Ls-. every cent count, use only
good material, and always with a view to
do well that work which is done.
Immigration will seek localities where
good roads abound, for those localities de
note an intelligent and energetic people.—
A very wise man has said: "The road is
tbat physical sign or symbol by wbich yoa
may understand any age or people. If they
bave no roads tbey are savages, for the
road is the creation of man and the type of
oivilized society." If such is the fact, how
much above the savage is the average
Something must be done. Onr country
is improving in all kinds of industries, our
roads alone are negleoted.
Let us blot out tho past, let old times
and its methods be forgotten, let us in
augurate modern and scientific methods, so
that we will leave a monument behind
more lasting than granite, so that future
generations may know us as a civilized
Harry H. Hodgson.
"In what class of scentg does the odor of
gaudily belong, Doctor?"
"Innocence." returned the D. D. blaudiy.
. m ♦—
Importance of Good Connty Roads.
In an ai title on this subject, the Lynch
bnr y News, in itg issue ef March 15tb,
"The Notes described yegterday tbe great
want of good couoty ioadg in Virginia and
the almost complete lack cf tbem. It may
be said that witj the exception of the Mc-
Adam toad, which rung frcm Winchester
up v portion < f tLe Valley to StauntoD,
tbere is not really a sunt*antial acd navi
gable v. a grm road ia any portion of the
State. Of course all of our people are fully
aw ate of these distressing facta, and in
Mich a wretched winter as wo now have
everybody is most aensibly impressed with
ibe gieat evils nud disadvantages resulting
from such a state of things to all claeges of
our people in country and town. Bnt when
good weather comes again, as it will in the
spring, and tbe county roads become once
more tolerably passable, too many of our
country fiiecds will forget their present
want of good roads, and fail to apply any
remedy until tbey are overtaken by another
It may be remarked that our State is
cot the only one tbat is fearfully lacking in
good roads, but v.c notice that many of
tbtaa tlins deficient bave set earnestly to
wotk to remedy tbe evil and repair tbe
damage. Among tht-m we find New Jersey
ahead of all tbat bave come ucder our ob
servation. Tbe new plan tbey bave
adopted of making goi d and lasting roads
is called tbe Telford system, and is simply,
as we remtiked jesterdny,making a sound,
solid bottom to the road. Of course they
cost moie than a common mudpike, such
as we bave, but when orce made tbey en
dure for years and cost little to keep tbem
in splendid rider. To show tbe great
practical advantages of tbem to the farmer,
we noed only quote the following from Mr.
Thos. Nevins, of Orange county, N. J.,
where such roads exist, and where their
great value is alieady fully appreciated.—
He says :
"Good roads mean everything to a com
munity. In agricultural communities tbey
mean tbe difference between prosperity and
adversity; in towns they mean tbe differ
ence between growth and stagnation. In
the latter instance tbis is generally recog
nized, but the average farmer doesn't be
lieve It. To the latter this little incident
may p:ove an "eye opener." My brother
owds a farm of 120 acres in Union county.
N. J. A few years ago he valued the land
at from $50 to $75 ao sore, but be was un
able to Bell even at that piice. The farm
was unprofitable. Bad roads made it diffi
cult and expensive to get its produce to
market, and tbe profits did not represent a
fair rate of interest on the estimated value
of tbe land. Every day tbat be owned the
farm meant a dead loss to him. By and
by the "road improvement craze" struck
Union county. About sixty miies of good
Telford highways were put dowa. What is
the result ? Well, my brother has within
a few days refused $200 an acre for bis
lane?. And tbe cry that increased taxation
more than eats up tbe increased valuation
cortainly does net bold good where the in
ciease of valnation is $125 per acre. More
over, the farm yields a good profit now.
And absolutely all of this has been brought
about by the introduction of good roads."
Tbat such roads can be made in Vir
ginia as easily and cheaply as in New
Jersey, and with tbe same profits, there
can be no doubt. Not only do they enable
farmers to transport more tban double the
amount of produce in a single wagon, and
at much greater speed, acd with less wear
and tear, but they add five or ten times
the value to tbeir farm land in tbe county.
The subject should be specially brought
to the careful attention of the next session
of our legislature. The farmers of the
State should press it with all their vigor."
IF YOVI2 BACK ACHES,
Or you are ell worn out, really good for noth
ing, it is general debility. Try
JtHOWX'S IKON Mill Mil
It will cure you, cleanse your liver, and give
a good appetite.
a beautiful woman, a gleaming knife,
A CARELESS husband.
Sbe came into the room, where he sat
alone, says the New York Mirror, with a
glittering knife in her clinched band amid
tbe folds of ber dress.
Her face was white and drawn and her
eyes were wild and haggard looking.
He, the man who-e name she bore, sat by
the grate fire, deep in thought, and never
beard the slippered footfall ofthe beautiful
woman who now stood behind his chair
with a strange, cold smile upon ber lips.
Suddenly, with a gasp, she cast the
knife from her toward the bed of glowing
ooals, but it sank silently into a divan at
the other side of the room.
"I cannot," sbe moaned, wearily, "I
cannot!" and sbe fell in a white heap upon
the floor at his feet.
A pitying, Kelceyesque expression broke
across tbe Gothic granite of his cheek and
be murmured in deep, tender, Seventh
Regiment tones: "What is it, my dar
But sho spoke no word, only raised one
white band towards bim, in which was
clasped a lead-pencil.
She bad been trying to sharpen it, poor
♦ m »
Tbe Hatueld-McCoy Entente.
The feuds of Scottish clans have been
the theme of song and story and bave en
listed the interest of the whole English
speaking world, thanks to the genius of
Sir Walter Scott end other writers of ro
mances, but the wars of the Hatfields and
McCoys along the border line of Kentucky
and West Virginia, though equally import
ant and bloodier, are still without tbe
glamour of a taking description. Tbe at
tention of our romanceis may perhaps be
attracted to tbis promising field by the an
nouncement just made that the Hatfield Mc-
Coy feud is now to be ended as it began,
with a marriage. The vendetta wbich was
initiated thirty years ago was given its chief
vigor by a Hatfield killing a McCoy who
bad married a girl to whom tbe Hatfield
was betrothed. The bad feeling thereby
produced was not lessened by tbe fact that
the bride was heisalf a McCoy, a cousin of
tbe murdered man. Within the last few
years the squabble has developed into open
war between Wayne county, W. Va., and
Pike county, Kentucky, with the result
tbat some two bundled lives bave been lost
in battles, skirmishes, stand-up fights and
ambusoades. "Assassination" acd "mur
der" are the terms with which the modern
world would describe most of these con
flicts. "Street brawl" is perhaps the moßt
dignified epithet it would apply to any of
tbem, though it is doubtful whether the
bloody doings of the Highland clans—now
adorned in fine pcetio phrase—were on a
higher of refinement or humanity.
So much does the historical aspect of the
acts of half civilized peoples depend upon
tbe temperament and bias of tae histori
ographer. But a wedding, it appears, is
soon to end tbe state of war between tbe
Hatfield and McCoy clans. Aaron Hatfield,
a nephew of "Devil Anse." tbe head of the
family, will in May marry a daughter of
the McCoy clan. Tbere will be a barbecue
on the banks of the Big Sandy, in Wayne
oounty, to celebrate tbe event, and to the
barbecue will gather ail the members of
both families, with the object of formally
ratifying the terms of a permanent peace.
That tbis is the purpose of the parties to
tbe ft ud is explicitly announced iv a letter
to tbe Wayue Ntws from Cap Hatfiald, who
succeeded "Devil Ah-e'' iv tbo leadership
wben the latter was sent to prison. Cap
declares wi'U authority that "a genera!
amnesty has bttu declared." The past is
to be forgotten. 'I do not wish," he says,
'•to keep the o'.d feud alive. I rejoice at
the prospect of peace. I have devoted my
life to arms. We have undergone tbe loss
of lives and property. Now I propose to
rest in a spirit of peace. '• This is reassur
ing. Kentucky acd West Virginia will
doubtless feel relieved ut tbe subsidence of
the disorder that bas so long troubled tbeir
relations. It will, however, be well not to
trust too much to "Cap's" peaceful declar
ations till after the weddiug and barbecue
have occurred. One dram too much of
"old iye" at the propjied gathering might
bring about a general inteicbange of shots
and convert the barbecue into a slaughter.
Lovers of peace wiil, therefore, breathe
easier after the eventful day in May is past.
—Balto. Sun, Match 24.
Talmage's Busy Wife.
A GLIMPSE OF THE GREAT PREACHER'S
Mrs. Talmage is distinctly her husband's
right hand, and nil the details of his busy
life are looked after by her, svys Edward
W. Bok in Tbe Lidies' Borne Journal. She
is a business woman, lr it-lrrg a rare execu
tive ability, capable if easily handling a
number of things at the same time. Much
of Dr. Talmage's d -.iiy woik is planned and
laid out by her. Sbe makes his pastoral
and social engagements, and all his lectur
ing interests at- in her hands. Sbe knows
his capacities even better than he. When
ever a journey is to be made, it is she who
lays out the route, procures the tickets and
staterooms, aud attends to all the details.
No public man, perhaps, is saved so many
annoyanoes as is Dr. Talmage by bis wife's
foresight and ability. The rear apartment
of tbe second flior is Mrs. Talmage's work
ing room. It is tastefully furnished, but,
more with an eye to utility than ornamen
tation. In this room Mrs. Talmage spends
most of her time. It is "her private den."
All the mail that is left at the house for
Dr. Talmage is taken into this room and is
opened by ber. It is not an unusual thing
for the postman to deliver between one and
two hundred letters a day, all of wbich pass
through Mrs. Talmage's bands. Business
letters are answered by her, and all letters
that may be of an unpleasant or annoying
personal nature are destroyed. Dr. Tal
mage never sees them. m -
Advertisements aro Inserted al the rate
of V 214 cents per line, for the first, and 6% eta
for each subsequent Insertion.
Local Notices are Inserted at the rate of
2U cents per line for the first, and 10 cents for
each subsequent Insertion.
Business Notices are inserted at the rate
of 15 cents for the first and 8 cents for each
A liberal discount will be made on all or
ders for 3,6 or 12 mouths.
Obituaries, Announcements of Candidates
for office, and all communications of a per
sonal or private character, will be charred
At this time of the year
the blood changes, its cir
culation is sluggish and the
system is not properly nour
ished. The result is loss of
appetite, weakness, an op
pressive feeling of fullness,
too hot, and Oh! so tired.
To cure and prevent Spring
Fever take Simmons Liver
Regulator.- All nature is
now waking and everybody
should invigorate the liver,
kidneys and bowels with
Simmons Liver Regulator
and they would not have so
much biliousness, headache,
dyspepsia and malaria all
the rest of the year. You
would not expect a plant to
work off a winter's d cay
and bloom as good as ver
without attention in the
Spring. Don't expect it of
your system. Take Sim
mons Liver Regulator.
THOS. C. ELDER. FITZHUGH ELDEB.
Vlw REAL ESTATE AGENCY.
Thos. C. Elder and Fitzhugh Elder have en
tered Into a partnership for conducting the
business of a REAL ESTATE AGENCY at 10S
Sooth Augusta ST.,(tbe law offices of Thos.O.
Elder) under the firm name of Thos. C. Eldeb
Real estate of all kinds In town and country
bought and sold on a moderate commission.
Fat mina lands will not be neglected.
The locg experience of tbe senior member «n
the real estate business and the promise of the
Junl to devote all his energies to the busi
ness, re the Inducements offered to the pub
lic for a Bhare of Us patronage.
THOS. C. ELDEK,
H. .mm wim Hluit
J. W. TODD, President and Director.
M. F. GILKKSON, Vice-Pres. and Director.
J. N. McFARLAND. Secy and Treas'r.
H. A. 8. HAMILTON, Director.
STEWART BOWLING, Director.
Under the charter granted by His Honor
Judge McLaughlin, on December 17tb, are now
prepared to contract with tbe farmers of Au
gusta county to plant and finish Hedge on the
plans of the Shenandoah Valley Hedge and
Wire fences. *B-Thls is the CHEAPEST, BEST
AND HANDSOMEST FENCE a farmer can
have., M. KINGSBURY*;
T> S. TURK,
Jan 21 STAUNTON, VA.
J A. ALEXANDER.
No. 6 Court-house Alley,
Reference, by permission:—Hon. J. Randolph
Tucker. Hon. Jacob Yost Andrew Bowling,
Esq.., W. H. SauHey, Esq. mar 12 tf ,
GEORUE O. BIIKPHERII.
Attorney- ti I - Law,
Office No. 11 New Court House Street.
References—Prof. John B. Minor, University
of Virginia: Col. John L. Peyton and Major S.
H. Yost, Staunton, Va.
special attention given to collections and the
investigation of land titles,
nov 5-6 m*
febl/.'SO-t/ Staunton. Va
*ri C. BRUCE,
i'S-yil snd Ulals; Engineer, and Con
t.r.i<-t«r fv»r Public Work!),
Mrsrtro a Specialty. Railways
and Water- works, Seweragre and Towss laid
£«!*. MiSEiiir, L.n\Di purchased and devel
fed. may 11—ly.
RUDER B. ATKINSON,
29 South Augusta Stbeet,
p25-tf STAUNTON, VA.
A ttorney-at- Law,
v* South Augusta Street, Va
Room No. 3, Up Stairs.
wil receive prompt attention
TT JUS. KIBBT,
t> a Attorney-nt-Law, ''
Will practice In the Courts of Staunton, Au
gusta county and In tbe Court or Appeals.
Refkrenck-W. T. McCue, Eto.; H. C. Tins
ley, Esq , Editor of '• Vindicator;' 1 Mai. Samuel
M. Yost, of the "Valley Virginian;" Uol. J. C.
Shields, of tbo 'Staunton Spectator;" M. N.
Bradley, E-iq.; Ilou. Jacob Yost; Dr. J. St P.
Gibson. Prof. William H.Kable; W. W. Gibbs
Esq , and Dr. J. N. Wayt * Bro.
WINFIELD LrOOFTT, H.V.STR.VYKR, C.M.KEKZEL
Harrisonburg. Harrisonburg. Staunton.
LltJUEl'l'.SlSWlilt A KEEZEL,
Prompt and efficient attention given to al 1
business given to their cire. strayer A Ll»-
-getwlll continue the pruciioe of tha law at
Harrisonburg, as heretofore.
«-0(Ilce In County butldlng, over Treasurer's
„ , _ ■ BTAIJNTON VA,
Kelerences:—Gen, Joseph B. beth. Hon. J.
Frank Turner, A. A. Pascault, Esq., Easton. ■
Office—ln tbe room now occupied by Hon.
Edward Echols, and adjoining the office o
Craig A Paul. dec l<j'g7
DR. H. M. I'llllllMlv offers his pro
fessional services to the citizens of Staun
oa. Office, No. 14 East Main Street. En
raoce one door east of Gladke's store.
91. M. MCALLISTER,
Warm brKiNOs, Va
Courts—Alleghany, Bath and Highland, Va
and Pocahontas, West Virginia.
attention given to collection of
cUims and proceeds promptly accounted for.
dec 23—tf .
GEORGE m. If tltitlSOV,
Offers his professional services t - the publlo
generally. Will practice in all th courts held
in the city of Staunton and Augusta county ;
attend regularly the Circuit Courts of Rock
bridge and Alleghany counties and practice
In tbe Court of Appeals at Staun lod.
B. F. EAKLE, J. M. BPOTTS,
A. BOWLING, M. A. HOPE.
(Successors to Enkle & Bowling.)
No. 11l S. Auousta Street,
We sell only to merchants, acd solid
heir patronage. Deo, 31-90
U Wanted at Onoe.'l
To sell our "choice NEMEBT STOCK.
SALARY and FXPi:s«F,s. or liberal com
mission and steady work for earnest workers,
ELLWANQER & BARRY.
Mt. Hope Nnrserlei, nnrtiiro-rrrj .<
Established 1841. '