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The daily dispatch. (Richmond [Va.]) 1850-1884, June 08, 1852, Image 1

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VOL. I—NO 197
xaF. I>All.Y DISPATCH
7aS A. COW ARPIN. Proprietor.
gpOH K. f I.KA>A>TS, Kdltor.
TKKMS OF ADVERTISING
, 1 insertion#o 50 I 1 square, 1 month 84 00
. 1 insertion* 075 1 1 do 2 mon'hs 700
V do ICO 1 do 3 do 10 00
Z X k I "51 1 do 6 do 16 00
1 A £ weeks 2 751 1 do 1 year 30 00
1 (^mmunicwtioruare charged at the »ame
h }rert:sement*.
' r —arrUat ma t/ a 3Quart; longer ad
.,' 3U i 0 exact proportion, and payable In ad-
inserted once a week, twice
£ " r three time* a week, will be «liarg:d 50
Jay's • r the tirst ltnertton, and cents tor each
*°ry* >!s»rriage notice* inserted for 25 cent*; Fu
cents; Deaths, without obituary or
farisra. r.vitation, 12} cent*.
The •• Daily Dispatch" i* *erred to *üb*cribers
.1 I• a-i a quarter centi per vttk, payable to the
M rrier weekly. Price far mailing, %! a year in ad
vise-'
THE Wb£Kbk DISPATCH
1, vaV.eht >1 everj- Friday morning, and mailed
f ,roNB dollar a YEAB. To Clubs, for $5 sixco
pio*. fi.r -$10 thirteen copies; tor 815 twenty co
p'.>« for S-0 twenty-seven copie*.
THE DAILY DISPATCH.
1 FTFKRS (IF VHE CHINAMEN TO HIS
EXCELLENCY GOV. BIGLER.
San Francisco, April 29,1852.
jiKThe Chinamen have learned with
sorrow that you have published a message
asrsiust liiean. Although we are Asiatics, some
of us have been educated in American schools,
Mid have learned your language. Which has
enabled us to read your message in the news
papers :or ourselves, and to explain it to the
rest of our countrymen. We have all thought
a great deal about it, and after consultation
with ore another, we have determined to write
w>u as decent and respectful a letter as we
could, j inting out to your Excellency some
oi the errors you have fallen into about us.
When ynu speak of the laws of your own
countt v, we shall not presume to contradict
iuu, Li ours all great men are learned men,
and a man's rank is just according to his edu
cation. Keying, who made the treaty with
Mr. Cushuig, was uot only a cousin of the
Km t. ror, but one of the most learned men in
the Empire,otherwise he would not have been
(iovernor of Canton. Just so, we doubt not, it
is in California and other enlightened countries.
But it will not be nuking little of your attain
men!* to suppose that you do not know as
much about our people as you do of your own
You speak of the Chinamen as "Coolies,"'
and 111 one sense the word is applicable to a
great rn.ny of them; but not in that in which
\ou seem to use it. "Cooly" is uot a Chinese
word: it has been imported into China from
foreign parts, as it has been nto this country.
What ts original signification was, ne do not
know, but with us it means a common laborer,
and nothing more. We have never known it
used aim rig us as a designation of a class,
such as you have in view—persons bound to
labor under contracts which they can be forci
bly compelled to comply with. The Irishmen
who are engaged in digging down your hills,
the men who unload ships, who clean your
streets, or even drive your drays, would, if
they were in China, be considered "Coolies,"
tradesmen,mechanics of every kind, and pro
fessional men, would not. If you mean by
"Coolies," laborers, many of our countrymen
in the mines are ''Coolies," and many aguin are
not. There are among them tradesmen, me
chanics, gentry, (being persons of respectabili
tv and who enjoy a certain rank and privilege,)
and schoolmasters, who are reckoned with the
gentry, and with us considered a respectable
class of people. None are "Coolies," if by
that word you meun bound men or contract
slaves.
The ship Challenge, of which you speak in
yout message as bringing over more than five
hundred Chinamen, did not bring over one
who was Jnder "Cooly"' contract to labor.—
ll'itj-wa, who came in her as agent for tiie
(charterers, one of the signers of this letter,
Mates to your Excellency that they were all
;;>assengeis,and are going to work in the mines
i!or themselves.
As to our countrymen coming over here to
labor for $3 or $4 per month wages, it is un
reasonable on the face of it, and is not true.—
U'hat strong affection which they have lor their
bwn country, which induces them to return
jvith the gold, they dig, as you say, would
prevent them from leaving their homes for
► ages so ii;tle, it at all better than they cou'd
ret there. J'he Chinamen are indeed remarka
ble tor their love of their country in a domes
le way. i'hey gather together in clans in
listricis and neighborhoods, and in some vil
jiges there are thousand-? and thousands of the
lime surname, flocking around the original
|uni!y home. 'I'hey honor their parents and
Se generally with a respect like religion, and
ve the deepest anxiety to provide for their
seendants. To honor his parents is the great
ty of tne son. A Chinese proverb runs
in this way : "In the morning,
tfieu you rise, inquire after your parents'
rtalth, at mid-day t.e not far from them and in
tie evening comfrrt them when they go to
tfst : ibis it is to be a pious son." With such
flings mb these, it is to be expected that they
will return with their gains to their homes, bu;
itjs foolish to believe they will leave them for
rtfi n. in iucemenis- To the same cause you
r.tist look ior the reason why there are no Chi
ate drunkards in your streets, nor convicts in
>«ir piisons, madmen in your hospital*, or
oiiere who are a charge of your State. They
1-ie orderly, work hard, and take care of theni
stlves, that they may have the means of pro
viding for their homes and living amidst their
families.
1 ne other matter which you allude to, their
ii »ing their families in pledge as security for
tiie performance of their contract, is still more
I '"consistent with their character, and absurd,
j Have you ever inquired what the holder of
such a pledge could do with them. If he us
ed any force towards them, he would be guilty
«f an off-nce, and be punished by the laws,
just as in any other country, and if he treated
them vv 11, they would only be a burden, and
an additional expense to him. Sometimes
very rich persons who have poor men in their
employment at home or abroad support their
families through charity, particularly if they
are relatives. Sometimes they bind them
selves to do it by their contiacts, but this gives
them no power over them as hostages or
pledges.
We will tell you how it is that the Chinese
pour come to California. Some have borrow
< o the small amount necessary, lobe returned
with unusuel interest on account of the risk :
some have been furnished with money with
out interest by their frieuds mid relations, and
«'.ii:e again, but much the smaller portion,
have received advances in money, to be re
turned out of the profits of the adventure.
Ihe u-jil apportionment of the profits is
about three tenths to the tender of the money,
oi<d rarely if ever any more. These arrange
infills mud* at home seldom bring them fur
ther man !Sun Francisco, and here the Chinese !
naders furnish thein the means of getting to
the mine*. A great deal of money is thus lent
a', a nominal or very low interest, which, to
I the credit of our countrymen, we are able to
say, is almost invariably faithfully rapaid.—
The poor Chinaman does not come here as a
THE DAILY DISPATCH.
slave. He comes because of his desire for in
dependence, and he. is assisted by the charily
of his countrymen, which they bestow on him
safely, because he is industrious and honestly
repays them. When he gets to the mines he
sets to work with patience, industry, temper
ance, and economy. He gives 110 man any
oflVnce, and he is contented with small gains,
: perhaps only two or three dollars per day.—
His living costs him something, and he is well
pleased if he saves up three or four hundred
dollars a year. Like all other nations, and as
is particularly to be expected of thein, many
return home with their money, there to re
main, buy rice fields, build houses and devote
themselves to the society of their own house
holds and the increase of trie products of their
country, of its exports and imports, of its ]
commerce and the general wealth ol the world.
But not all; others—full as many as of other
nations—invest their gains in merchandize and
bring it into the country and sell it at your
markets. It is possible, sir, that you may not
be aware how great this trade is, and how
rapidly it is increasing, and how many are
now returning to California as merchants who
came over originally as .miners. We are not
able to tell you how much has been paid by
Chinese importers at the Custom House, but
the sum must be very large. In this city alone
there are twenty stares kept by Chinamen,
who own the lots and erected the buildings
themselves. In these stores a great deal of
business is done; all kinds of Chinese goods,
rice, silks, sugar, tea, etc., are sold in them,
and also a great quantity of American goods,
especially boots, of which every Chinaman
buys one or more pairs immediately on land
ing. And then there are the American stores
dealing in Chinese articles on a very Urge
scale, and some with the most
success.
The emigration of the "Coolies," as your
Kxceliencv rather mistakingly calls us, is at
tended with the opening of all this Chinese
trade, which ifit produces the same results
here as elsewhere, will yet be the pride and
riches of this city and State. One of the sub
scribers of this letter is now employed as a
clerk in an American store, because of the ser
vices he can render them as a broker in busi
ness with his countrymen; he has some times
sold $10,000 a day of Cninese goods. Chy
Lung, who ariived a few days since with some
$10,000 in China goods, has sold out and re
turns for another cargo on the Challenge —
Fei-Chaong, wiio brought in a cargo about a
month ago, has sold out, and also returns in the
Challenge. Sc does the Partner of Satn-wa
of this city; Tuk-Shaong for the same purpose
—for more than a year he has been continually
importing and selling cargoes. A greut many
others sends for goo is by the Challenge, and
ail the other ships which you speak of as be
ing expected, will bring cargoes of Chinese
goods as well as Chinamen Nor does this bv
any means give you a full idea of the trade of
the Chinamen. I'hey not on'y freight your
ships, but they have bought many of them and
will buy more; and as to the freighting ofships,
it may be worthy of your attention to know,
that such is our preference for your country
men, that we employ your ships in preference
to any others, even when we could get them
cheaper. When aship arrives, everybody sees
how actively nnd profitably your drays, steam
boats, wagons, &c., are employed by us.—
Some of us read in the papers, the other day,
that the Government of the United States were
going to send ships to Japan, to open that
country to American trade. That is what we
supposed your country wished with China as
well as other countries, but it cannot all be on
one side, and it is plain that the more advan
tages we get from vour country, the faster you
will get the benefits of our trade. The gold
we have heen allowed to dig in your mines is
what has made the China trade grow up so
last, like everything else in this country. If
you want to check immigration from Asia, you
will have to do it by checking Asiatic com
merce, which we supposed from all that we
have ever known of your Government, the
United States most desired to increase.
What your Excellen-y has said about pass
ing a law to prevent Coolies shipped to Cali
fornia under contracts from laboring in the
mines, we do not conceive concerns us, for
there are none such here from China, nor do
we believe any are coming except a small
number, perhaps, who work on shires, as we
have before explained, just as people from all
othercountries sometimes do. We will not
believe it is your intention to pass a law
treating us as Coolies whether we are so or
not. You say there is no treaty provision for
the manner in which Chinese emigrants shall
be treated, and that the Chinese government
would have no right to complain of any law
excluding us from the country, by taxation or
otherwise. This may be true of the govern
ment, but it would certainly alienate the pre
sent remarkably iriendly feelings of the Chi
nese people, aud in many ways interfere with
the full enjoyments of the commercial priv
ileges guaranteed to the Americans by the
treaty of Wanghiya.
In what we here say we have most carefully
told your Excellency the iruih, but we fear
you will not believe us, because you have spo
in your message of us as Asiatics, "iguo
rant of the solemn character of the oath or af
firmation in the form prescribed in the Consti
tution and the Statutes," or ''indifferent to the
solemn obligation to speak the truth which an
oath imposes." It is truth, nevertheless, and
we leave it to time and the proof which our
words carry in them to satisfv you of the fact.
It has grieved us that you should publish so
bad a character of us, and we wish that you
could change your opinion and speak well of
us to the public. We do not deny that many
Chinamen tell lies, and so do many Americans,
even in Courts of Justice. But we have our
Courts, too, and our forms of oaths, which are
as sacredly respected by our countrymen as
other nation 3 respect ;heirs. We do not
swear upon so many little occasions us you
do, aud our forms will seem as ridiculous to
you as yours do to us when we first see them.
You will smile when we tell you that on or
dinary occasions an oath is attested by burning
a piece of yellow paper, and on the more im
portant ones by cutting off the head of a cock;
yet tiiese are only forms, and cannot be of
great importance, we would think. But in the
important matters we are good men; we honor
our parents; we take care of our children; we
are industrious and peaceable; we trade much;
we are trusted for small and large sums; we
pay our debts and are honest; and of course
must tell the truth. Good men cannot tell lies
and be ignorant of the difference between right
and wrong. We do not think much about
your politics, but we believe you are mistaken
in supposing no Chinaman has ever yet ap
plied to be naturalized or has acquired a domi
in the United States except here. There isa
Chinaman now in San Francisco who is said
to lie a naturalized citizen, and to have a free
white American wife, lie wears the Ameiican
dress, and is considered a man of respectubiliiv.
And there are, or were lately, we are informed,
Chinamen residing it, Bobloii, New York anil
New Orleans. If the privileges of your laws
are open to us, some of us will doubtless ac
quire yonr habits, your language, your ideas,
your feelings, your morals, your forms,and be
come citizens of your country; many have al
ready adopted your religion in their own; and
we will be good citizens. There are very good
Ui,iiamen now in the country, and abetter
class will, if allowed, come hereafter—men of
RICHMOND TUESDAY MORNING, JUNE 8,1852.
learning and of wealth, bringing their families
wiih them.
In concluding this letter, we will only beg
your fcixcfllency not to be too haatv with us,
to find us out and kiirtw us well, and then we
are certain you will not command your Legis
lature to make laws driving ua out of your
country. Let us stay here—the Americans are
doing good to us, and we will do good to them.
Your moat humble servan'a,
HAB WA. SAM WO & CO.
LONG ACHICK, TON WO & CO.
For the Chinamen in California.
Arrival Extraordinary.—A small negro,
probably not over ten years of age, living in
Charleston, being desirous of paying our town
a visit, got under the guard of the steamer
Gladiator, just aft the wheel, and placing his
feet on the spondyle of the boat (a large beam
near the water line, designed to keep the cralt
upright and steady) and clasping a brace
which stood conveniently near, came over safe
ly. When discovered he was endeavoring to
reach the shore at the Depot, and looked
bright although decidedly in a moist condition.
His escape from death was almost miraculous,
for trom his position, he must of necessity
have experienced a succession of immersions
in the briny wave. The distance from Char
leston, to this town, is about 170 miles; the
night was dark although not tempestuous. He
said when the boat got to sea he was terribly
alarmed, and screamed lustily, but nobody
came to his assistance, and he succeeded by
clinging to the brace as high up as he could, in
keeping his head out of the water. On being
asked whether he slept during the nieht, he
replied that he didn't have time. Having ob
tained but a partial glimpse of our town, and
not being particuloaly struck with its appear
ance, he offered no resistance when Col. Miller,
the steamer's agent, placed him on board the
return boat for Charleston. His was a flving
visit, and a bold venture; and if the incident
detailed above by him with every appearance
of sincerity and truth, are not fabrications, it
afiords an instance of daring and good fortune
not often chronicled.— Wilmington Herald.
Novel Settlement—Curious Movement.
—On Friday we met with a gentleman from
Western Virginia, making purchases of Dry
Goods and Groceries for a store, the connec
tions with which are worth noting.
A colony ol sixty persons, gathered from
Northampton, Mass, Brooklyn and Auburn,
New York, all firm believers in what is termed
the Spiritual Philosophy (announced by A.
J. Davis, et al,) have purchased 9000 acres of
land in a splendid location, about 40 miles
from the head of steamboat navigation, on the
Kanawha, and 50 miles from Charleston, Y r a.,
upon which they have settled. They do not
have a community of property, but each man
is steward of his own substance—"maintaining
Unity of Faith in the Bonds of Peace."
In general, they receive all their spiritual
and temporal advice from the spirit world, al
though they do not consider directions from
this source infallible, but submit every "com
munication" to the test of reason. Most of
the parties interested in this movement are men
of some wealth, and all are said to be well ed
ucated and refined people. The object stated
is spiritual and integral development, which
they expect to promote by living in onj com
munity.
On the property puxchased, are mills, a tav
ern stand, post office and store, siid it is for
the latter that our informant was purchasing
supplies. Among the emigrants is Rev. T. L.
Harris, of New York, who is to edit a weekly
paper soon to be established by the Society.—
Cin. Gas.
The Company of Woman.—He cannot be
an unhappy man who has the love and smiles
of a woman, to accompany him in every de
partment of life. The world may look sad
and cheerless, enemies may gather in his path,
but when he returns to the tire-side and sees
the tender love of woman, he forgets his cares
and troubles, and is a comparatively happy
man. He is not prepared for the journey of
life who is without a companion who willfor
sake him in no emergency—who will divide
his sorrows—increase his joys—lift the veil
from his heart and throw sunshine amid the
darkest scenes. No man can be miserable
who has such a companion, be he ever so poor
despised, and trodden upon by the world.
Poisoning Fish.—During the past week
thousands of freshwater fish have been poison
ed in the river Colne, at Colchester, an im
mense tank of gas tar having been emptied into
the river from the premises of the old gas
works. A great number of persons busily en
gaged themselves in capturing fish of several
pounds in weight, which were floating intoxi
cated upon the water, and many were the sin
gular expedients resorted to for that purpose.
We heur that after feasting themselves to their
heart's content upon the carcases of the finny
delicacies. the gas tar produced an effect upon
those who partook of them similar to that it
had upon the fish.—lpswich Express.
Some vegetables of rapid growth are hollow
where they should tie most sound; and some
men of prosperity are monstrously bloated
with self consequence where they should be
modest, thankful and benevolent.
Magnificent Field.—Major J. Jones, of
Wheatland, New Castle county, Del., has the
present season, in wheat, a field of three hun
dred acres, without a single fence or ditch or
hedge, or any other obstruction—save the fence
which surrounds it.
SOUTHERN UKiaLIA IIEFOT, NO
9i MAIN STREET, RICHMOND, Va._P.
liorton Keat b, manufacturer ot Keealia lor the
Encampui"ut aud Subordinate LoJ«ea, I. u. O. F.,
Maeons, Sons of Temperance, Kecbabites, Red
Men, and ail oth-;r societies; also, Banners, Flags,
Signals, &c., in the latest and most approved styles
not surpassed by any Northern mauutacturers in
quality or price. Lodges, Encampments, and Di
visions fitted out with Costumes, Robes, Sashes,
Jewels, Staffs ol Office, Gavels, &c.
N. B.—Drawings and Designs for Banners, Rega
!ia, iic, will be turnished, and any information re
quired will be cheerfully imparted on application,
or by addressing the advertiser. my 29—lm
OfckLl.Mi OFF AT COST tfUU. IA»U.
ij The subscribers, intending to make a change
in their business, offer their entire stock of DRY
GOODS at cost for cash, mid respectfully ask all
persons wishing to purchase, to give us a call before
purchasing elsewhere, as we feel confident that a
setter assortment of Dry Goods or one selectad
with more care,* was uever offered at cost in this
market. Our stock consists ut the latest and most
approved styles. Determined to close, we assure
the public there is no humbug iu this advertise
ment Do not forg.it to call at 203 Broad street,
between 4th and sth streets.
my 27—2 m L. & M ROSE.
FLUID EXTRACT VAI.*.KIAN
Do do Senna
Do do iihubarb
Do do Pink Root and Senna
Do do Sarsapatilla Cump.
Containing thtir virtues in the most concentrated
form. Prepared and lor sale.
W. M. DADE,
Chemist and Apothecary, No 11 Main st.,
my 31 Nearly npposlte Old
WAXjAAIANUKK »AVJtB.-A turuier .upu.y,
k-5 (and we always have on hand all «iieO of Her
ri tig's really Are proof Sates, at the New York fac
tory prices, delivered in toe city, warranted to be
the genuine kind, to stand the most intense heat,
and to preserve its oontents from injury.
FRY * McCANDLIdH, Agent*,
je 3 Cary street
..L I ,? f 9}'S A C | NTEAL RAILROAD. •
REDUCTION OF FARE AND INCREASED
T 8 PEED.
d.. j Director* of the Virginia Central
, Company, learning that the number
of place* at which passenger* were taken up and
b^ w . een u Ric hmond and Wordville
u- greßt ds, ®y of the tran!,i «
haVe f °'"
Resolved, That from and after the 15th June, the
following stopping place* will be omitted, vu • Si
"'ft , Strawberry Hill, Chickahominy Bridge
Whites, Bowe «, Fleshman's, Jennings' Baw M?ll'
S'- n"' Dam ' ic * bara ' 3 Saw Mifl,
Cosby s, Dejarnette *, Matthews'*. Edmund Ander
son s, Nelson •. Butler'*, Duke's, in Hanover, Dr.
Terrell s. Hatch s, Phillips'g, Fontaine's, Tulloh's,
J. B Coatee, Dukes, in Uuisa,Geo. Harris's, Jos
Coate* s, Pendleton's, Hancock's, Carter's Harris's
Shop, Rough and Ready, Maupin's, Tallej's Ken
non a, Butler's, Louisa CourtHouse Crowing Hun
ters, Moody*, Banner'*, Newark, Gentry'* Brad
ley'*, William 8. Carter'*, Kean'i, Baker's Cow
herd s, Michie's Mill, Lewis's Crossing, Cimnbell's
Old Mill, Minor'* Crossing, Huckstep's, Rogers's
Everett's Crossing, Randolph's, McGehee's, Rivan
na Bridge, Moore's Creek Bridge.
Resolved, That from and after the 15th June, tbe
passenger trains will stop to take up and put down
passengers at no other places than the following,
except the depot* and water-stations, viz: Storr's,
Crenshaw's, Ashcake Road, Peake's, Wickham's
Turnout, Southanna Bridge, Gwathmey's, John G
Harris's, John T. Anderson's, Noel'* Turnout,
Hewlett's Turnout, J. Z. Terrell's, Green Bay
Crossing, Bumpass's Turnout, Gunnel's, Rockcut
Crossing, Contrary Shauty, Tolersville, Whitiock's,
Key House. Lindsay's House, Lindsay's Store,
Clarke's Track, Campbell's New Mill, Keswick,
Hammock Gap Road, University, Garth's Turnout.
Resolved, That wherever the charge from depot
to depot is 50 cents at the present rates, it shall be
reduced to '.il\ cents for passengers.
Resolved, That for all persons getting on at de
pots, and who do not procure tickets, an additional
charge will be made. E. H. GILL,
je s—dlw Sup't. of Transportation.
A DIE &<» ItA V , APOTHECARIES ANl>
DRUGGISTS, Ne. 147 Mnin Street,
Uichmond, Va., have now on hand and offer for
sale, upon the best terms, for cash, or on the usual
sredit to responsible dealers, a large and varied as
sortment of Drugs, Chemical*, Paints, Oils, Glass,
Dye Stuffs, &c., consisting in part of—
1 SCO lbs superior Indigo
2000 lbs Madder
2000 lbs Extract of Logwood
50 kegs super Carbonate of Soda
30 bbls Epsom Salts
10 bblsAlum
5 bbls refined Camphor
30 bbls Chipped Logwood
15 bbls Redwood and Camwood
20 bbls Venitian Red and Spanish Brown
2000 lbs Glue—American, Irish and Swiss
500 boxes Window Glass—French and Amer
icas
40 boxes prime Castile Soap
40 boxes Starch
2500 gallons Linseed Oil
2000 gallons Lamp Oil
350 baskets Sweet Oil
20,000 lbs White Lead
2000 lbs Red Lead and Litharga
12 bbls Varnishes
1200 lbs Gum Arabic
90 bbls Blake's Fire and WeatherProof Paint
25 bbls prime Cajtor Ott
30 bbls Spirits of Turpentine
200,000 Cigars—Havana#<nd Principe
125 dozen infallible Yeast Powders
1 cask Mace ; I case Nutmegs
100 mats Cinnamon
Together with Ginger, Ali spice, Cloves, Pepper,
Cream of Tartar, Flowers of Sulphur, Copperas,
Brazilletto, Nicaragua Wood.
The uiual assortment of Patent Medicines, a large
variety of Fancy Articles, and a carefully selected
reek i;f £ Bit X?d'c : aci.
mh 16 ADIE & GRAY, No 147 Main st.
Baptist book ukposixuky.-io
SUPERINTENDENTS OF SUNDAY
SCHOOLS—The subscriber would now inform
you that he has on hand a large stock of Books of
the American Sunday School Union Publications
lor Sunday Schools, viz: Libraries No. 1,2 and 3
of 100 volaeaih, 810; Juvenile Library, 75 vols. $5;
Village Library,, rios 1 and 2,24 vols. $3; Child's
Cabinet Libiary, 50 vols, $2 50; Sunday School
Hymn Books, 8 cents; Penny Hymns, 1 cent;
Union Spellers, 6i cents; Union Primmers 2 cents ;
Union Questions, No. 1 to 12, 6i cents; Union Con
secutive Questions, viz : Matbew, Mark, Luke and
John, each 6i cents ; Child's Scripture Questions,
10 cents; Class Books, 5 cents and 8 cents; Minute
Book, 25 cents; Record Book, 25 cents, &c.
Also, a large stock of Americau Tract Society's
Publications, and of Religious Works—a full sup
ply of all Denominational and Standari Evangeli
cal tVorks. CHARLES WORTHAM,
my 27 Depositary.
Building hardware.—weme
attention of Carpenters and others to our large
and complete assortment of Buildint? Hardware,
consisting of Carpenter's Patent and American
Rim Locks, with Hrass, Mineral, and Pearl White
Knobs; Mortice, Closet, ar.d Stock Locks; Knob,
Rim, and Thumb Latches; Clark's best Patent
Butt Hinges, nnrrow and broad Patent Blind Hing
es in setts, Parliament Hinges, Patent Blind Fasten
ings, irou and brass; Sash Springs, Sash Fastenings,
Window Pulleys, Sash Cord, Wood Screws, Pa
tent Brads; also, a full assortment best Cut and
Wrought Nails, which we wtfer for s%le on the
lowest terms. W. S. & <i. DONNAN,
my 25 19 Penrl street.
INIMITABLE ALBAI'A PLATK,
WARRANTED OF THE BKST MATERIALS
AND WORKMANSHIP.
ALBATA SPOUNS, FOIIKS, See., will
not tarnish or change color after using. This
metal is much harder, and consequently of a more
durable nature than sterling silver, to which metal
it bears such a close resemblance that it can scarce
ly be distinguished from it. The above goods are
heavily pi>»ted with pure silver, and are made at
the well known house of Yates & Sons, Sh<* -Id,
whose reputation for the Manufacture of pure A 1
bata Ware is the first in the world. It is cleaned in
wa«r and being wiped dry directly after 1 using.
By attending to this last eixple direction, the ar
tides will retain their color and remain unimpaired
for years For sale at the House-Furnishing Em
porium of L. GINTER, 137 Main street.
je4
'pHK SONS OK TEMPERANCE, with
A ail their Families, are particularly invited to
come to No 43 Main street, at the Sign of the Big
Boot, just below the City Hotel, opposite side,
it they want t > get a pair of good aa.i cheap Boots
or Saots, ei'.n r for taemseives, fathers, mothers,
daughters, children. or servants. I have a large
stock in store, and a p'enty of Clear Cool Water,
and every exertion will be used to make you com
fortable, and to relieve you of your Cash.
Just below the City Hotel, at
WALSH'S,
je 4 Sign of the Big Boot.
EN HtIDS. PRIME BACON SIDES,
X hhd. do d<* Shoulders, for sale by
je4 L D. CRENSHAW Sc. CO.
Five hundred bbls. superior
MOUNTAIN FAMILY FLOUR ot the f low
ing brands : John Uoliiu's Bottetourt and .Salem
Miils, for sale by
je 4 L. D. CRENSHAW JI CO.
Black LACK shawls,—wehave just
received a lot of the above named article,
which we are selling very cheap; also, plain and
embroidered white Crape Shawls.
je 4 HART ii MOSES, 63 Main street.
»)-n BOXES TIN PLATE, all »uce»,
including 14 by 20, bright and leadt.\ tor
Roofing.
Spelter, Zinc, Pig Tin and Bar Lead, Thomaston
Lime, receiving and in store for sale by
ap 30 S. McGRUDER A SON.
pAtZK MERINO BHIB TS Persons
OT about changing their heavy winter flannel*,
nan find some thing really nice and comfortable for
the summer wear, by calling »t the Clothing house
oi keen; chiles a. Baldwin,
my 39 No. 102 Main street.
'I'UBAVU'U At AN UFACTURKJIS.—A
A small supply of the twry first quality, Tonqua
Beaa, for sale by
my aa MAYO k. ATKINSON.
HI SHE * .—»*) bbls lor sale by
my 85 DAVENPORT, ALLEN * CO.
L WORM? RKAOTH? '"ED
LADY AFTER yp.« L J d ESTIS((),IY of a
at YEARS OF SUFFERING:
Menrs. Tyler C °' A Pn' 13,1852.
with Rheumatism at timesf™™" 6 n * fflicted
1 will be 50 years «f ?*? VJ£ Ulh ye V'
the attack* were so severe at t : . mcßt b;
helpless i have tnTr\^^S^ Aer me
little effect. Last October 1 was VeTJ
shoulder*, rides, back and CM"
day or night; I eou.d not move any cart
body without crying with pain. At thUtime Ul*
*0 tried many remedies, internal and ex ern.i
without relief I was ft last advised to trv Ha up
TON'S VEGETABLE TINCTURE BeforelW
taken one bottle of which, I felt much better and
ai I continued taking it I felt strength coming' into
my back and limbs, and my stomach strengthened
and revived every way. I have taken five bottle*
and am much better than 1 ever expected to be.
1 intend to use it whenever I need, and would re
commend it to the afflicted, believing it unequalled.
Yours, ELIZABETH BAGWELL.
Messrs. Mortimer & Mowbray:
Mrs Elizabeth Bagwell is a lady of the highest
respectability,wealthy and influential The cure in
her case speaks volumes in favor ot this won erful
i mcture. Several other persons we hare heard of,
have derived great benefit from its use in our
county We are entirely out of tLe article, and
have daily anxious enquirers to know when we
will receive another supply. We expect large sale.
it from the present demand, and want you to
send us a box as soon as possible.
,J °" r * TYLER & ADAIR,
• il . Northampton Co., Va.
I=2? J 8 testimony of thousands
? hine v Such testimony wa«
§*ven to another medicine-.
Extract from a letter of the son of the venerable
Ex-Governor ot Kentucky, T. H. Shelby, Esq :
*,X B " e F® i«y who was afflicted with the
, L 6 °f on ? °f his eyes, to all appear
ance, lost; he had a hard lump on his neck, the size
of a goose egg; his general health entirely derang
ed. I consulted a good physician, and used his
prescription for several months withe ut any good
effect J was induced to try 'Hampton's Vegetable
I mcture;'after using two bottles his eye was re
stored to sight, the lump on his neck cured and
his general health now appears perfect." '
ila. Henri C. Winn.—Extract from his letter:
"I had all the symptoms ol Consumption for five
years, distressing cough and great weakness. lap
plied to eminent physicians, (five or six;l was not
flattered by any; was told I coiild notlwe, that ab
scesses had formed on my I was discharg.
ing a yellow phlegm and large" quantity of blood.
I heard of Hampton's Tincture, and gave it-a trial.
1 now state to the world that it has cured me. I am
now in fine health."
J. Chimes, Esq., Loudoun Co, Va.—Extract from
his letter:
"My wife has been for years afflicted with great
weakiess; pain in the breast, side and palpi
tation cf the heart, feebleness of the nervous sys
tem. loss of appetite, complexion sallow, the sight
of one eye almost gone, the other very weak. 1
am pleased to say that 'Hampton's Tincture' has
restored her to perfect health. Her eyes are as
good now as they ever were "
Extract of a letter from Cspt. Canot, brother to
the celebrated physician to Louis Napoleon. Capt.
Canot had the chronic inflammatory rheumatism
seven years, and unable to use his limbs, when he
was advised to take "HAMPTON'S VEGETABLE
TINCTURE" :—
" I have been under the treatment of several phy
ticians ia London and Paris, without any apparent
benefit; also, while in New York, tried the Thorn
sonian and Homoeopathic remedies; after having
been tormented with galvanic batteries, cold and
aromatic baths,and hundreds of internal and exter
nal medicines all to no effect, I am, so far, cured by
'Hampton's Vegetable Tincture' only.
REV. VERNON ESKRiDGE, U. S. N.
Pobtsmouth, Va., Aug. 18, 185 L
Mr. J. E.BOUSH: —Sir, While i am in general op
posed to Patent Medicines, candor compels me tc
state, that I have great confidence in the virtues oi
Hampton's Vegetable Tincture. Forsever
al months past 1 have used it in my family, and it
dyspepsia, loss of appetite, dizziness and generai
debility, with entire success. So far as r 7 expe
rience extends therefore, I take pleasure»u recom
mending it to the afflicted as a safe and efficient
remedy. lam respectfully yours,
VERNON ESKRIDGE
Chaplain U.S. Nhtj|
This is the testimony of thousands who have
used this wonderful Tincture—Rheumatism, Dys
pasia, Cough, Nervous Debility, Scrofula &c.—all
other from impure blood are cured by it.
Call and get a pamphlet gratis, and see what
it ha. done lor the human family.
For sale by O. A. STRECKER, Main street, Rich
mond ; G. B. JONES & CO., Petersburg, Va;Dr.
COOKE, Fredericksburg; MORTIMER Sc MOW
BRAY, Baltimore; and by Drugguts generally,
my 15—ditt
ROBERT F. BROADDUS otters his servi
ces to the citizens of Richmond and the public
generally as a general Collector of Claims. He
pledges himself to attend strictly to all business en
trusted to his care. His office is in the rear of Mr
Hawes R. Sutton'* office, in Law Bui'ding, Rich
mond, Va. my 4—6 m*
b'A RM WANTED. —We wish to purchase a
Farm of 50 to 150 acres of Land, from one to
five miles distant from the ciiy, with pretty decent
improvements on it. If tuite.l we will pay a liberal
price, in cash. TOLER &. COOK,
rah 29 General Agents.
tUUIITV THOUSAND *fc.ET 1 1-4
J INCH DRESSKD FLOORING, even lengths ;
75,000 do white Pine Boards and Plank ; 60,000 do
seasoned Oak hoards; 18,000 do do inch Button
wood ; 10, 00 do 1 4 inch C heart Step Plank, uow
landing from board schrs Telegraph, Canton and
Ashland, for sale b
my 14—ts R & G. WHITFIELD.
CUTTING.-DAViES & CAMPBELL,
O Practical Stone Cutters and Mattons,
West side of 7th Stkkkt, near Col. S. S. My
er's Tobacco Factory, Ricnmond, \a , where they
will thankfully receive and promptly execute all
work entrusted to them.
JOHN W. DAVIES,
my 19—lm* DANIEL CAMPBELL.
Beautiful lot of cloths,cas-
SIMERES, AND VESTINGS.—The subscri
bers have just received a beautiful lot of Cloths, Ca
ssimeres, and Vesting*, which they are prepared to
make up with neatness and despatch in short no
tice. RIDDICK it BENSON,
my 28—ts 110 Main street
WORTHY OF ATTENTION.—I
have this day received two thousand Canada
Straw HATS, suitable for servants, which I am dis
posed to sell at a very low price. Those in want
ot harvest Hats for neivants will find it to their in
terest to call at No. 87 Main street Also, a beauti
ful article of India Straw Hats for gentl -mens' wear
in y 7— ts JOHN THOMPSON.
MNKW AND FASHIONABLE
HATS.—Just opened at my store, jn Matn
»t., opposite the City Hotel, several cases ot KiW"
MUtb and Straw Hats, of the latest fasnion tor
summer wear. I have also on band, and "j*
fctaudy manufacturing, gentlemena' Sii* and
Haiti* Masters and Mlasea Hat*, CapH» «c., at
the lowest cash pricea. Call and examine the moat
extensive assortment of the kind ini t "®®J t 3 r - flf _
mv 20—lm JAMES COLLIftS.
POR RENT, two newlv built threoatory
House*, with jas pipe* throu 4 hont--on Main
street, between 2nd and 3rd itrt^Applyto
mv 26—ts W. GODDIN.
s —VALUABLE DWtLUMU FOR
■fa SALE. —The very desirable three atory Brick
Tenement on the North aide of Leigh street, be
tween 6th and 7th streets, now in the occupany of
Andrew Johnaton. For terms, apply to
LUTHER R. SPILMAN,
Attorney at Law,
de 20—d6m* Main street .opposite City Hotel
KMUVAIi.—Mrs. B. KoSENFELD respect
fully informs her friend* and customers, taut
ahe has REMOVED her old stand at the corner of
New Market, to the corner of Sixth and Broad
Streets.
Thankful for the kind patronage bestowed upon
her,at her old stand, aiuce the death of her hue
hand, she solicits a continuance of the same, at
her new stand,
Corner of Sixth and Braad Sta.,
Je B—lm* Corner below Mr. Courtney.
OA GROSS Wootten and Aunear's superior
£\3 BLACKIMO, for tale by
»7T PABMEY 4 BAKES
PRICE ONE CENT.
W* d * i!y J le * r #f tte moit astonishing eon*
JZ, £t%£E? by th " gremt Md
H. 6. PAKRKT.I.m
CELEBRATED ARABIAN LINIMENT.
Thegreate*t remedy ever discovered for all
complaints requiring an extern*! applicafioo, either
in mam or beast. In the (bort length of time it haa
been introduced to the people of the United State*,
it has gained* reputation unequaWi by an/other
medicine in the tnown world. Why i* itt The
answer is plain: because no medicine of the kind
5?" ever been put before the public so deserving of
taUl f I*" 1 ? 1 * jt h " ocqnirtd; and it will continue
i orlu!?.!r end » B »l°ng«auperfonnsthemo*t extra
doctnrTL^? r lv T »rioui descriptions. *fter the
remedies had failed. We do not
Lixuim>nt ll * genuine H. G Farren s Arabia*
other medic?M j doe * P ol^o ™ cures which bo
of what it has don^) 0 ' but you haTe here certificate.
counrt? D MnoU Ml Jyi °t Croe . k ' TaaeweU
arm for more than* a tkante^m T
the flesh had entire)* wl palzT °* ;
thing but skin, mukle ?£
beat doctors and all the lemedies
of H. G. Farrell s Arabian Liniment, nd & f«« Wn.*
ties entirely cured me, and my arm is now aflt™J
and fleshy as the other. It is al£•MSfcl
bums, sprains and bruise*. r
The celebrated Dr. Jayns, whose reputation a*
a benefactor to mankind extends oyer the whole
world, reports that a lady of one of the first fami
lies in Philadelphia had been confined to her bed
fourteen years wi h Rheumatism, and was cured by
H G. Fan-ell's Arabian Liniment. He also says'
Your Liniment is going rapidly; send me • sudolt
immediately by Leech's fast line."
My daughter, when six months old, was takes
with a swelling in the tonsils, which grew larger
and larger, till when six years old, she had great
difficulty in swallowing her food. Every night,
watch was kept, fearing *he would suffocate. The
best doctors attended her, but could give no relief.
I took her to the most eminept doctors in the East;
they said there was no help for her but to outgrow
it. With a sad heart I returned home with her,
when she became so much worse that the doctor*
had to be called in again ; tbey decided the tonsil*
must be cut off, as the only means of giving relief
My wife would not consent to this, and she deter
mined to try your Liniment, which gave relief the
very first application, and by a continued use she
entirely recovered. She ii now tea years old, and
fleshy and healthy as could be desired. Your Lini
ment is also the best in use for sprains, bruise*,
cuts, burns, headache, &c.; and it will remove the
most severe pain in a few mioutt s. It also cured
caked udder in my cow in a few days.
Peoria, March 'JO, 1349. GEORGE FORD.
Mr. H G. Farrell: Your Arabian Liniment is the
greatest medicine fir horse flesh in the world. I had
a mare about to foal, when she became so helples*
that she could not rise irom the ground: she wa*
in this way for.several days, when with seven other*
I succeeded in raising her up, which was the only
way it couid be done, when I commenced the use
of your excelleut Liniment, rubbed in well over
the loin*, and astonishing as it may appear, before I
used up a bottle of the dollar size, she was able to
get up and walk herself. I would not have given
ten dollars for her bef«re, and many advised me to
shoot her to put her out of misery; she ii now one
of my best mares. I suppose it was a strain in the
loins. G. W. HUNT.
Peoria, 111., July 2,1849.
EsP To guard against impotition, read ike fair
lowing carefully:
The public are particularly cautioned against a
base Counterfeit which ha* lately made it* appear
ance, and is called by the Imposter who make* it,
"W. B. Farrell'* Arabian Liniment." Thi* i* a
dangerous fraud, and more liable to dsceive from
his bearing the name of Farrell. Therefore be par
ticular never to call for it by the name " Farrellt Li
niment," for unprincipled dealer* will impose thi*
SPURIOUS Mixture upon you for the genuine, but
always ask for H. G. Fabbklx.'* Ababian Lini
aiKNT," and take no other, as the genuine airayt
has the letter* H. O. before Farrell'*, hi* ligna
ture is also on the outside wrapper, and tne*e
word* blown in the glas* bottle. "H. G. FAIL.
RELL'S ARABIAN LINIMENT, PEORIA."
Call on the agent, who will furnish free of charge,
a Book containing muck valuable information for
every class of citizen*.
Pnce—2sc., 50c. and one dollar per bottle.
Thk only Gknuinh is manufactured by HO
Farrell, sole inventor and proprietor, and wholesale
druggist. No 17 Main street, Peoria, 111., and for tale,
wholesale and retail at proprietor'* prices, by
PURCELL, LADD it CO.,
92, Main *t.. corner of 14th,
ap 6—d3m Richmond, V*.
AYJER'S CHERRY PBCTO
-1 —Of *11 the numerous medicine*
Pxt * n 'i (and some of them valuable,) for
Ytrnfcthe cure of pulmonary complaint*, no
thing has eyer been found which could
in its effects with this prepara
tion. Utners cure (ometimes, but at all timet and
in *11 diseases of the lungs and throat where medi
cine can give relief, this will do it. It is pleasant to
take, and perfectly safe in accordance with the di
rections. We do not advertise for the information
of those who have tried it but those who have not.
Families that have known its value will not be with
out it, and by its timely use, they are secure fr«m
the dangerous consequences of Coughs and Cold*
which neglected, ripen into fatal consumption.
The Diploma of the Massachusetts Institute wa«
awarded to this preparation by the Board of Judge*
in September, 1847 ; also, the Medals of the three
great Institutes of Art in this country ; also; the Di
ploma of the Ohio Institute at Cincinnati, has been
given to the Cherry Pectoral, by iheir Govern
ment, in consideration o." iu ci '.rarulnary excel
lence and usefulness in curing atfectipns of the
Lungs and Throat.
Head the following opinion, founded on the long
experience of the eminent,Pliyskian of the Port and
City of St Johns, May 8, 1851.
Dr. J. C. Avkr : Five years trial 6t your Cherry
Pectoral in my practice, has pruven what I foresaw
from its composition, true, that it eradi
cates and cures the colds and coughs to which we,
in this section, are peculiarly liable
I think its equal ha* not yet been discovered, nor
do I know how a better remedy can be made for
the distemper* of the Throat and Lungs.
J J. BURTON, M D, F. R S.
See what it has done on a wasted constitution, not
only in the following cues, but a thousand more:
Sudxvey, January iWth, lf-51.
Dr. Avbk: In the mopth of July laet I was at
tacked by a violent diarrhoea in the mines of Cali
fornia. 1 returned to San Francisco in hope of re
ceiving benefit from a change of climate,and diet
My diarrhcea ceased, but was followed by a severe
cough, and much soreness. I finally started for
home, but received no benefit from the-voyage. My
cough continued to grow when i arrived
is New York, I was at once marked by my ac
quaintances as a victim of coneum]4icn. I must
confess that I saw no sufficient reason to doubt what
my friends all believed. At this time I commerced
taking your truly valuable medicine with little ex
pectation oi deriving any benefit irom iu use. You
would not receive these lints did 1 not regard it my
duty to state to the afflicted, through you, that my
health, in the spaee of eight months, is fully re
stored. 1 attribute it to the use of yonr Cheary
Pectoral.
Your*, truly, WILLIAM W. SMITH.
WASHIXOTON, Pa., April 12, 1848.
Dkab Six : Feeling that I have been spared from
a premature grave, through your instrumentality,
by the providence of God, I will take the liberty to
express to you my gratitude.
A Cough and the aUrniing symptom* of Con
sult ption had reduced me too low to leave me
anything like hope, when my physician brought me
a bottle of your Pectoral. It (earned to afford im
mediate relief, and now in a few week* time fan* re
stored me to sound health.
if it wiildo for other* what it ha* for me. yln are
certainly oneoi the benefactor* of mankind.
Sincerely wishing you every blessing, I am, Terr
respectfully, your*, JOHN J CLARK K,
Rector of dt Peter's Church.
With such assurance and from sueh men, no
stronger proof can be adduced, unless it be front
it* effects upon trial. Prepared and sold by
JAMKH C. AYKR
Practical andmaalytkal Chemist,
f ritflf "—
everywhere. j B i—Tm
14 ORs»K StftO&s.—Purged home and oral*
Shoe*, and Utiffin's hone shoe Mails, for mim
1» VAN LEW 4 TAYLOft*

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