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THE DAILY DISPATCH.
of the Dispatch la thmi timm aa large aa that
of any other Dally paper in the city of Richmond.
It la therefore flatly superior to any other aa a
oaadlutn of adT^rtisinc.
Tbamrfay Morning, January «, IM3.
* THE LITERARY MESSENGER.
We find in the No. before us, a sketch of the
Finch Times of Alabama and Mississippi. It
is not quite equal to the first tkelch, but it is
very amusing, and is drawn, we have no doubt,
with considerable fidelity, though as it relates
jo a subject with which we are not familiar,
we ate unable to state how far it is truth and
how far caricature. The best likenesses, by
the way. are very often found in the latter.
The article on the Destiny of Russia, con
tains, we think, much sound reflection, though
we do not entirely agre» with all the writer's
speculations. The power of Russia is grea',
no doubt, and is established upon a basis
which allows of a very great increase. It is
entirely free of debt, and possesses a currency
of unimpeachable excellence, every rouble of
paper being represented in the Treasury at
St. Petersburg by a rouble of specie. The
whole of this vast machine is in the hands of
the Emperor, and its movements are governed
by his pleasure. Of course there is no possi
bility of deranging the currency, unless suclj
derangement should proceed from the act of the
government itself. Against all foreign attempts
it is absolutely impregnable Its territories are
peopled,in great part, by what are called Little
Russians, the most thriving and most pro
lific race on earth. It has always under arms,
a force variously estimated at 7, 8, and 900,0(10
men. The doctrine of tbe entire population is
implicit obedience to the will of the Emperor,
and the policy of that monarch,derived through
all his successors, from Peter tbe Great, has
been conqueit. Of such formidable propor
tions, with such formidable means, and with
such a formidable eud in view, it is not won
derful that Russia should be a source of dis
quiet to all Southern and Western Europe.—
Napoleon, with the sagacity which so emi
nently distinguished him from all the states
men of his day, foresaw the danger which
threatened Europe from this source, and sought
to avert it. He always maintained that France
end England should have entered into an alli
ance to curb the progress of this ambitious and
aggressive power. The little statesman who
ruled that Great Kingdom, the poetaster Can
ning, the place-hunter Percival, and the abso
lutist Castelreagh were unable to comprehend
him, and received his overtures with insult.—
While at St. Helena he said, in fifty years Eu
rope will be either Republican orCossac, and
w hen he said so, he doubtless considered rath
er t l ie incapacity of Europe to resist, than the
power of Russia to enforce.
Whatever Allison, whose blind admiration rf
absolute governments would better become the
latitude of St. Petersburg than that of Edin
burg, may say to the c ontrary, the military
exploits of Russia, considering that she is al
ways it war somewhere, and has bee is ever
6ince the battle of Narva, have not been ex
traordinary. She has pretty generally beaten
the Turks, it is true, and has conquered so
many tribes, that (here are said to be no les6
than forty thrones kept for show at Moscow ;
for at St. Petersburg, we forget which;) but
with the single exception of SouvaiofTs lialian
campaign, which has been grossly exaggera
ted, she has never conducted any enterprise
against Western Europe successfully unless
by dint ofsuperior numbers. All that Allison
(and Segur, Irom whom he copies, in spite of
the absolute demonstration of his entire un
worthiness of credit by Gourgaud, Partou
neaux and others,) can say, cannot alter facts.
So far from its having been proved in the con
test wiih France, that "the Russians are the
best soldiers in the world," that contest
proved that they were fur from being entitled
to the credit which they had hitherto received
upon that score. They were shamefully rout
ed at Austerlitz, where their own fjree, ex
clusive of 20,000 Austrians, was superior to
the French, and laid down their arms by bri
gades. At Eylau they had every advantage
in their favor. They had 72,000 men on strong
ground, supported by more than 500 pieces of
artillery, 300 being in their first line, and the
remainder with the reserve. The greater part
of these guns v ere siege pieces of the heaviest
metal. They were, besides, in a climate to
which they were enured, and which was fatal
to the French. They had the farther advan
tage ofa tremendous snow-storm, which was
at their back?, and drove directly in the faces
of the French, one of whose corps was so
blinded by it, that it lost its direction, and
stood exposed for an houi to the fire of eighty
pieces ol heavy artillery loaded with grape, at
point blank distance, without being able to re
turn the fire. The French had but 54,000 men,
and less than 200 pieces of artillery. Two
hours before the battle ended, the Prussian
General Lestocq, with 8000 men, arrived and
took part in the engagement, so that in all they
had 80,000 against 54,000. It is true that Mar.
■Hal Key followed close at Lestccq's heels wiih
»000 meo, but when he got up the Prussians
had already been engaged an hour, and their
attack had failed. Beningsen retreated in the
night, carry ing ofF with him a large portion ot
his wounded, but he left 12,000 killed and
wounded on the field, and the trench found
15,000 more of the latter in the villages, where
he had left them. Tbey took, besides, 4000
prisoners, and 10,00# Russians left their co
lors ; so that he had lost, besides 10,000 in
rear-guard actions before the battle, 40,000
wen out of 80,000 on that day. He did not
halt, but literally fled to Konigsberg, whither
he was pursued by the French cavalry, lie
failed, utterly, in his object, which had been
to relieve Dautzig. That city, with its large
garrison and enormous resources, fell, shortlv
after, into the hands of the French. The ad
vantages gained in tbis battle, it is true, were
not so greatas those which had been obtained
at Austerlitz and Jena. Still they were enor
mous, and had ihey been obtained by anybodv
but Napoleon—who had so accustomed the
world to expect the enemy's destruction wher
ever he commanded, that anything less was
scarcely regarded as a victory—*ould have
t>eeu so considered. Now, that the Russians
behaved bravely, thete can be no question ;
but we bardlj think the re«ult of this battle,
in which, wilh everything in their favor, they
were betten by a force greatly inferior in
numbers and artillery, will justify tbe lofty
prafoe which our author beatowa upon them.
At Friedland, in June of the aame year,
(ISU7,) the Hussian army was 75,000 strong,
the French force opposed to it, 80,000. Of
these latter 23 or 30,000 men never fired a
shot, while every Russian was engaged. \et
in the history of the whole world, there was
hardly ever a more complete victory, including
eve;.(that of Cannae. It prostrated the power
of Russia for the time, and had not Napoleon
believed that he could gain greater advantages
by negotiating wilh Alexander, he had it in
bis power to have Btripped him of every ves
tige of his empire in Poland. At Austerlitz,
he had surrounded him, and could have made
him prisoner. He was induced torefiain from
so doing by a note, written by his own hand,
in which he begged him, in the most humble
terms, not to reducc him to that state of humi
liation. I n both instances he committed a great
mistake —a mistake which proved fatal to him
self, and may yet prove fatal to continental Eu
Since we have bestowed so much space up
on this article of the Messenger, the reader
will of course see that we think highly of it,
though we do not concur with the author.—
But for the present we must turn to some oth
er subject, promising to take him up again to
In 1830, C. Alexander, of Washington, pub
lished a little work written by Dr. Lugenbeel,
" late Colonial Physician and U. S. Agent in
Liberia," relative to that country, which late
ly fell into our hands, and which we have
read with much pleasure. It is, indeed, a most
interacting subject, though by some strange
oversight it has, heretofore, received but a very
small degre ?of attention from the public,even
the slave States, as we may suppose that in the
time of J mes I, very few in England troubled
•.hemselves with the late of that handful of ad
venturers who landed at Jamestown and Ply
mouth, and laid the foundation of the present
United States. It is very evident, notwith'
standing, to us,that in Africa has been plant
ed the seed of a mighty nation, and that not
two centuries will have elapsed before the
whole of that vast, unexplored continent, will
have become a portion of it. At present, af
ter an existence of thirty years, the republic of
Liberia, including a few other settlements front
various psrts of the United St. tes, has a po
pulation of about six thousand. It lias about
fuur hundred miles of sea coast, and extends
back from the ocean about twenty miles. In
stead of being hemmed in by a fiery desert on
one side, and the ocean in front, Liberia has, in
its r-ar, a magnificent country, of unbroken
forest, variegated with hill, dale and mountain,
presenting a virgin soil of unrivalled fertility,
and of such a;i extent that, under proper cul
ture, it might supply t'ie whole earth with
food. Far from retrograding, as the African
race has done in San Domingo and Jamaica
of'l <te years, and as it appears to have done in
the countries bordering on Egypt in ancient
times, the colony (or rather Republic) of Li
beria, has, from the first, been steadily a r vane"
ing in intelligence, refinement, and the arts ne
cessary to the happiness of life in a state of
civilization. Their constitution is wise and
modeiate, their laws are equal, mild and tem.
perate, and their institutions ihe best that the
nature of the case could admit of. Crime issaid
to be v< ry rare among them, and the disorders
naturally and inevitably attendant upon socie
ty in every stage of progress, are uncommon
Wiih regard to its productions, Liberia is as
highly favored by nature, a3 any country of
which we have any account. There is scarce
ly any production natural to either of the la
dies, which, with a very small degree of ex
ertion on the part of the inhabitants, it will
not yield in the greatest abundance. The cof.
fee tree is indigenous, and is to be found wild
in the woods. The wild African coffee, of
which we hate seen speiiraers in this city,
sells higher than any other, and is as superior
in strength to the coffee of Mocha and Java, as
the first of these is to all other descriptions.—
With so muehease is this crop cultivated there,
that the author thinks even with a moderate
degree of industry, a single acre might be
made to yield at least $120, after the first six
years, nnd an average of nearly $40 previous
to that time. One tree in Monrovia is recorded
to have yielded, at one time.thirty one pounds,
the largest quantity, the author says, he ever
heard of from a si»gle tree.
But besides coffee, the productions of the ve
getable world are unlimited. Indian corn,
sweet potatoes, casada root, yams, Tania, Li
ma beans, peas of all kinds, tomatoes, cucum
bers, watermelons, &c., are to he had in abun
dance. Oranges, limes, and lemons abound,
and are of the largest size. Pineapples grow
wild ; and besides these, there grow, in great
perfection, the guava, the mango, the plantain,
the the papaw, tamarind, the pomegran ite, the
African peach and cherry, the bread fruit of
Tahita, and numberless other valuable trees.
Pepper and ginger may be produced in anv
quantity, and enormous sums might be made
by the cultivation of arrow root for sale. The
woods of Liberia are full of medicinal and
timber trees. Among the former are the palma
christi, the copaiva, and the gum arabic.—
Among the latter are wistmore, rose wood, ma
hogany, bastard mahogany, saffron, mangrove,
African oak. and sassa wood, all of which are
fit for cabinet work. The gum elastic tree
grows wild, sometimes to the height of fortv
feet, and the crolon tiglium, from which cro
ton oil is extracted, is very plentiful. The
whole couutry is literally covered with palms,
the oi! extracted from which is one of the most
valuable materials of commerce. Cows, sheep,
hoises, all domestic animals common here, in
fact, arelhere to be found in the greatest abun
dance. In one word, there is nothing wanting
there which supplies want, or contributes to
Libei ia, in the materials, and the advantages
*h ch we have enumerated, has evidentlv the
basis of a mighty foreign commerce, as well
as of great loraestic prosperity. Enjoying, as
it does, a free government, with all these ad
vantages, it is a subject to u* of unalloyed as.
tonishment that our entire free colored popu
lation his not emigrated ihither. Bu: we will
speak of this hereufter.
Dismissal or Mr. Marcoleta the Nica
ragua* Minister.—Our reader* are already
aware that this gentleman has been dismissed
by the Secretary of State. The reasons for
this dismuwal are tbua stated in the N. Y.
It grew out of Mr. Marcoleta's course pend
ing the negotiatien of the famous treatv of me
diation and settlement between England, the
United States, and Costa Rica, which Mr.
Marcolela utterly opposed, and Nicaragua af
terwards rejected. During this time, iit is al
leged, that finding himself crowded, and the in
terests of Nicaragua likely to be sacrificed to
England, and Costa Rica, the protege of E»g
land, he indulged in some rather undiplomatic
language with respect to Mr. Webster and the
Administration, and also undiplomatically
made public tne dale of the negotiations
through the journals of this country, h or this,
Mr. Webster demanded his recall. It is said
also that Mr. Everett feels himself aggrieved
by the late publication by Mr. Marcoleta, or
with his consent, of the official note addressed
to the Nicaragua Minister, as well as to ail the
other members ol the diplomatic corps here, of
Mr Everett on his accession to office. It was
published to show that this government re
cognised Mr. M. as an Envoy in good stand
ing, when it was by no means intended by its
author to go before the world as an indorse
ment i f Mr. M.'g official character.
The Richmond Whig.—Mr.J. T. I'atton,
until recently connected with the Lexington
Gazette, hasbecoma an associate editor of the
Whig, in this city. He is a good writer, and
wiil prove a valuable accession.
Sldde.v Death.— Peyton Randolph, Esq.,
died suddenly at the residence of his son, in
Washington, on the 4th inst. He was a native
jy Information has been received at
Washington of the death, at London, of A jra
ham P. Gibson, for many years consul of the
United States at St. Petersburg .
Vote in Wythe County.—On Tuesday
week a poll was opened in Wythe county to
take the vote on the question whether the coun
ty court should subscribe $40.000 to the stock
of the Virginia and Tennessee Railroad. The
vote resulted—for the subscription, 350; against
J5P* Some wags in \\ ilmington got up a
subscription for the burialof Mr. Oldyear, who
it was alleged, died on Friday night last. —
Several benevolent gentlemen subscribed a
"The Arabia."—This new ship of the Cu
nard line was announced to sail from Liver
pool for New York on the Ist inst. Ou the
occasion of her trial trip : at Glasgow, there
was a gentleman onboard (the Dean ofßipon)
who had been present at the trial trip of Ro
bert Fulton's first North River steamboat in
1807. The contrast presented to his mind,
must have been remarkable indeed.
Women in Male Attire.—Boston Jus
tice. —Emma Snodgrass, the female who re
cently turned the heads of the Boston editors
by her audacious pranks in male attire, has re
turned to New York, and, under the rules of
parental discipline, commenced the new year
in a more feminine manner. A short time pre
vious to her leaving Boston, a young girl
named Harriet French, who had likewise as
sumed coat and pantaloons, was found in
company with Emma, arrested, taken before a
magistrate, and sentenced 'to imprisonment
for two months. The court subsequently,
however, gave her one day's grace to leave
the city. Such, saj s the Tribune, "is the dif
ference between breeches without money, and
breeches with." All attempts to punish Em
ma have failed, simply because the had
WATCH STOI/KN. —Stolen from my resi"
dence, on Monday last, a GOLD LEVER
WATCH made in Liverpool, No. 3682. All persons
are torwarned against trading for said watch I
will give a reward of $10 for the recovery of the
watch on its delivery at this office.
MRS. MARY TAYLOR,
ji 6— 3t* on 14th street near Mayo's Bridge
STEAiYI ENGINE AND SAW MILL
FOR SALE.—I have for sale, a second-hand
Stationary Engine, ot 13 horse power in good or
der, with Circular Saw Mill attached, which wiU
be fold low, if early application is made to Messrs.
Burr 6i Ettenger, or to ine, at the Mill on T ucka
hoe Creek, near C roup's fits,
ja 6—2w ROBERT T. CROUCH.
IHAVE FOK MALE, in store and to arrive,
Licorice, mass and stick, of approved brands
Olive Oil, in boxes and baskets
Tooqua Beans, 1000 lbs choice
Crushed Sugars, 100 barrels
Coffee Sugars, 75 barrels "Stuart's'' C
Steam Syrup, 5 hhds
Manutac'd Tobacco, 40 boxes "Gregory" brand
ja6—3t DAVID J. BURR.
FiitssT KATK HEAJISTKES* AND LA
DIES MAID FOR HIRE.—We have for hire,
a first rate seamstress and ladies maid. She is a
very genteel servant and of excellent character
PHILLIP M. TABB & SON,
Office on Governor street,
ja 6—3t Between Main and Franklin streets.
SLAVE insurance:— Tne National Sale
ty Life Insurance Company; Charter Perpetu
al; Capita l , $'.£50,000. This company otters the
greatest inducement and advantages to Farmers,
Traders and owners of slave* geueially, in regard
to Lite Insurance. Slaves are insured for a period
of from one to seven years, upon reasonable terms.
Pamphlets and Circulars containing full particulars,
will be furnished gratis, on application to
C. R. BRICKEN, M. D,
Agent and Medical Examiner,
Office in Lisle's Row, 14ih street, next to Messrs
l'oler Al Cook, Richmond. Va. ja 6—3t*
ICii.HUNU BLILDiNU HI.MU lull-
PANY—ANNUAL MEETING—The first an
nual Meeting of this Company will take place this
evening, January 6tb, at 7 o'clock, in the room next
door to the Richmond Times Office, opposite the
Excnange Bank, up stairs It is very important that
every share holder be present, as the officers tor
the present year are to be elected and other matters
of int res wi 1 be a:ted upon
ja 6—lt B. W. KNOWLE?, Secretary.
rrUBAlt'U BOX -flAKlNt;.—lre adver-
X tiser, who has an assistant, is desirous to ob
tain a situation in some Tobacca Factory as Tobac
co Box maker. He thoroughly understands the
business Address A. G. Blaukenship, at Mr. Pros
ser's Grocery, on Union Hill. ja 6—it*
WANTED TO HUNT A no use con
taioing from 4 to 5 rooms and a kitchen at
taefled, witiiin 5 or 10 minutes ws k of the Ex
change Hotel. Apply to
EDWARD D. EACHO,
ja 6 General Ag>?nt and Collector.
FOB MA i.K UK KENT —A wood bui.d
ing on Cary street, adjoining the factory of
Messrs. Talbot. Apply to
ja 6—2t DAVENPORT. ALLEN &. CO.
fOlt KENT.— f'ne ilesiranie dwelling
Mia House situated on 4tb, between Franklin and
Grsic streets, con aining six rdfcrns and a good
oaseuient. Possession given immed.aielv For
term' apply to NOTT &. BEVILL.
CHANCE TO OBTAIN CUKAf
GOODS—TO THfc. PUBLIC GENERALLY.
As I have determined to sell my entire stock of
Winter Goods at cost, 1 would call the attention of
the ladi«s and the public generally, to my assort
ment of Silks, Delaues, Mennoes, Alpaceas, Flan
nels, Blankets, Hhawls, Kerseys, and a large as
sortment t..t Maffa, and a great variety of other
Goods, too numerous to mention
MOARIS W ROSE,
ja 6—2 a -£J fc.-i.ad street.
City R*r««r*—The Committee of Finance
hare prepared aewal Important financial report,
and ordinance* which will be submitted by their
chairman, Mr. Robinson, to the Council at their
next regular meeting ot Monday next. We ha*e
only room. to-day, for the following report as to a
•inking fund and the necessity of raising mjre re
The Committee of Finance respectfully report,
that under to* Charter of the City, like in this re.
spect to the Constitution of the ritate, there is to oe
set apart annually, from the accruing revenues ol
toe City, a sinking fund, to-wit: under the 4(th sec
tion ct the Charter a sum equal to seven per cent,
of the City debt existing when that charter com
rnecced, and under the 48th section, whenever aiier
the commencement ol the charter there is con
traded by tbe City a debt not payable within the
next tweive months, a sum exceeding by one per
C6ut. the aggregate amount ot the annual interest
agreed to oe paid thereon at the time of its con
traction. . „
Seven percent, is thus to be set apart annualfy
on the debt ol rilty thousand dollars, to be con
tracted by the City on account of the recent »üb
scription to the stock of the Richmond and Dan
ville Railroad Company, ss well as on the whole
City debt existing when the charter commenced,
and on any other debt contracted since, which may
not be payable wiliiin the next twelve months.
The seven per cent, ou the whole debt which has
been mentioned, is be set apart annually from the
accruing revenues of the City. And in the nature
ot thingi, to enabie this to be done, there must be
raised a revenue sufficient for the purpose every
year after paying thereout whatever else is required
within such year tor other purposes than the le
demotion of the priucipal ot the certificates cf per*
nascent debt. .
In our report, made to the Council on the 4th ot
June, 1852, we pointed (At that according to the
Chamberlain's estimates the disbursements for the
present fiscal year, even without any further appro
priations, would exceed the income; and we know
that since those estimates there have been further
appropriations which will increase the deficiency.
la that report we expressed the opinion that it
was necessai y, on the one hand, to practise in
creased circumspection in regard to the objects and
the amonnts of appropriations, and on tbe other
hand, to take measures to enlarge the City's in
Then we remarked thxt in respect to many sub
jects of taxation, it might be too late " to act in time
tor the taxes this year." Now, that we are entering
upou a new year, for which taxes are to be as
sessed, we think the time has arrived when such
taxes should be laid as will produce sufficient re
The Committee have come to the following reso
Resolced, That the Council should pass ordi
nances establishing the sinking fund, required by
the charter, and providing a revenue in each ensu
ing hscai year sufficient to enable such sinking <und
to be set up art, as well as to pay whatever else is
required within such year tor other purposes lhan
tbe redemption of the principal of the ceititic&tes
of permanent debt.
Also, an ordinance changing the sums to be paid
by Auctioneers at tha time of obtaining their li
Be it ordained by the Council of the City of Rich
mond, that where there thall be authorized by the
Council any such license as is mentioned in the se
cocd section of the ordinance passed January 13th,
1851, concerning the taxes upon licenses to auc
tiouers and upon their sales, there shall be paid, in
lieu of the sums mentioned in that section, titty dol
lars if it be a special license to sell only stock,
bonds or certificates; one hundred and titty dollars
if it be a special license to sell real estate only; one
hundred and fifty dollars if it be a special license to
sail sieves only; one hundred and fifty dollars if it
be a special license to sell other thifigs than real
estate or slaves; and two hundred dollars if it be a
general license to sell any estate, real or personal;
and such bond as is given by a person obtaining a
special license to sell real estate or slaves shall bs
given by a person obtaining a special license to sell
other things than real estate or slaves.
Continued —The continued case ot Richard
Skahn, charged with aiding in an outrageous as
sault upon the person of James D. Cain, at Cain's
house, on the evening of the 27th ult., came up be
fore the Mayor yesterday. Br Jackson, Mr C.'s
physician, stated that his patient had been recover,
ing from hiß wounds—he was severely beaten and
stabbed—up to yesterday, but that sine, last even
ing a very unfavorable change had taken place, and
his situation was dangerous. At the request of Mr
Carrington, counsel for the accused, who stated
that he couid prove, that Skahn was not present on
the evening of the assault. Air Cain's daughter,
Mary Cain, was examined, and identified the prl
soner as one of a large party who knocked her
father down and stabbed him. She saw the prison
er ki«k her father, but did not know whether he
inflicted the stabs. She also said that Skahn k : cked
her very severely several times while she wa3 en
deavoring to protect her father. The son of Mr
Cain, Michael Cain, who was also beaten while
seeking to protect his father, was examined, but
could not identify the prisoner as one of the as
saulting party. There being a witness, said to be
very important for the commonwealth, absent, the
Mayor issued a summons, requiring his tttendance,
and adjourned the further examination over until
Discharged.—The continued case of Riberia
Scott Fleet, a negro drayman, slave to Robert Sloth,
charged with stealing a half keg of lard of the value
of $15, from Hiram W. Tyler, and leaving it at the
it->re of Benedict Massie, which we stated in Tues"
day's paper, was first adjudicated by the Mayor, and
then the judgment rescinded on promise of r.ew
evidence that would alter the facts in the case—
came up yesterday upon its second examination.—
It was proven, from the evidence adduced, that the
negro took the lard to the store of Mr Massie, who,
believing that it was a purchase of his partner's
received it and paid the drayage on it. He did not
think, judging from the negro's manner, but that
Mr Tyler had sent the lard. Mr Tyler had not sent
it however, although Scott d clares that the lard
was given him by Mr Dawes, Mr T.'s clerk. Scott
baa always borne an irreproachable character, and
the Mayor, alter hearing the new evidence adduced,
discharged him with the caution in future to receive
a ticket when receiving and delivering goods frcm
Whipped.—The continued case of Henry Gr<en,
slave to Edward Niedt, charged with trespassing
on the premises of Mr. Thomas Barnes, Sunday
evening last, came up before his Honor, yesterday,
and, upon examination,it being proved that he was
drunk and cisorderly at the time and received a se
vere blow over the eye with a shovel in the hands
of his wife, while endeavoring to assault her, he
was ordered ten laches
Pooa Trpo —A stranger, from New York, who
stated that hia name was Benjamin Tilford, and th*t
he was a printer, just in town, became intoxicated,
J'uesday evening last, anc lay down to repose his
weary limbs in a deep mud puddle. He was kind
iy provided with lodgings by the watch, and yes'
terday his Honor, after giving Tilford some fatherly
advice, discharged him.
Embezzling --A free negro named James Ellis
alias Reeks, in the month of November last, was
sold tor jail fees, and hired by Mr Baptist, baker,
to drive a bread wagon. On the 29th of November
he ran away from Mr. B. aud commenced colleci
ing the bills far bread; among them one for two or
three dollars on a Mr. Bohannan Yesterday the
Mayor punished Ellis, for nit rascality, with 3»
Without a Pass.—i.h.tn Howell, slave toMi;a
F. E. Forsytb, was arrested Tuesday evening in
default oi a pass, and yesterday, was discharged
with an admonition.
Discharged.- Robert fox, anested with papers
out of date, on yesterday was ordered to procure
a new register, and w»s di-cht't ei.
H*nb!co Countv Cit* r -s u of thl«
court h"'d yeeterd »y.
Mr*. Sinclax* —On Tu«*d«y evening, this 1 tiy
(die tote Mr*. Forrwt) represented " Thn Lady of
Lyon*," at the Theatre, to • tolerably fall audience,
tbe weather being unfavorable for m tancmt Gen»
rally, the character was finely executed, while in
totne part* «be wu deficient hi animation, and in
some icenea did not exhibit aa high a degree of
emotion as proper representation and effect de
manded. A handsome person, moving with ease,
grace and dignity on the stage, her Appearance is
always pleading to the eye, independently of any
attractions of acting. On this occasion, she was
well sustained by the exeellent company now at
Runawat —In thepsper ol Tuesday we reported
the case of Peter Morgan, slave to Thomas Jeff<jr
ton, of Lunenburg county, who was arrested in de
fault of a pass, near tne Tredegar Iron Works.
Morgan, who was committed as a runaway, statfd
that another negro named Washington Frick, also
belonging to Mr Jefferson, came with hirn from
Lunenburg. Tuesday evening Frick was arrested
without a pars, and after giving several contradic.
Tory statements of his line of travel during the iast
few months, yesterday he was committed as a
Good New 3 fob the Musical People—We
are authorized fo eay, that the great violinist, Ole
Bull, will be in this city next week. He will be as
sisUfci by Strakosch and ;Madame strakosch, (Ama
lia Patti) both great favorites here. Signorina Ade
lica Patti, of wide-spread reputation, will also beo*
the pa!ty. This is a treat indeed.
Postponed.—Owing to some misunderstanding
in regard to the use of Odd Fellows Hal:, the Jenny
Lind Minstiels did not play at that place last even
ing. They will give due notice when the hall is
Conceet. —Madame Louis' second and last mu
sical tntertainment will take place at Odd Fellow's
Hall this evening. Proteasor Louis will assist upon
the piano and mel--pion.
Discharged.—Lewis Allen,a free negro, arrest
ed in default of a register, was discharged yester
day ou promising to procure one at the next term
of the Hustinga l Court.
Fined.—Three several tines lyere imposed for
violations of city ordinances.
Receipts from fines during the quarter ending
W* have on pur table, a copy of "Minifie's
Mecnanical Drawing Book for self instruction,"
fr«m the Book Emporium of Mr. L. L- Smith, op
posite the American Hotel.
Tug Weathee—Fair and pleasant above ; foul
and disagreeable under foot.
Extract from a Meteorological Journal kept by Mr.
D. Turnet. at his school rooms.
MEAN TEMPERATURE OF THE MONTHS.
I July. I Aug. I Sept. I Oct. I Nov j Dec. I M'ns.
80« 9 76° 5 70° 6 60« 1 47° 3 36<> 7 62° 0
76° 8 I 71° 8 | 66° 5 | 61° 1 j 45° 6 | 45° 6 | 61*
AMOUNT OK RAIN IN INCHES. »
I July, j Aug. I Sept. I Oct. I Not. I Dec. | Sums
2.451 11.11 I .76 J 1.71 1.99 1.64 19.7
4.72 J 8.23 j 2.11 | 3.431 5.29 1 5.48 ) 29.3
FORCE OF VAPOR. M'llS.
18521 IZ7 | 16.7 I 16.4 I .10 | 6.3 | 6.7 | 11.4
RELATIVE HUMIDITY. M'ns.
1852 | 64 | 74 | 84 | 74 | 77.1 | 82.0 | 75.8
Barometer: ean, 29.859 inches; maximum, 30.329;
minimum, 29.261; range, 1.068.
Thermometer: Mean, 4o" 6; maximum, 76° 6; mini
mum, 24* 5; range, 52° 1.
Heavy Rains : On the 6th and 7th, 1.71 inches ; on the
25th and 26th, 1.91.
A slight Earthquake on the 2d, 35 minutes past 8
o'clock, P. M. The vibrations were vertical.
Dea mber, lpaa.
Barometer: Mean, 29.922 inches ; maximum, 30.458;
minimum, 29.459; range, .999.
Thermometer: Mean, 45° 6; maximum,' 65°; mini
mum, 29" 3; range, 35° 7.
Heavy Rains: On the 3d, 1.13 inches; on the 1 ltJj,
.89; on the 16th and 17th, 1.77; from the 25th to the
291! i, 1.17 There were 16 rainy days in the month.
Prevailing winds S. West and N. East.
The Mean Temperature of the year ending November
30th, 18.51, 60° 5: amount of rain for the same time,
Mean Temperature of the yeareuding November 30th,
1852, 56° 4: amount of rain for the same time, 41.94
(3** We would call the attention ef the Public
to tne advertisement of W. A Powell, Esq., Archi
tect and Civil Engineer, to the superior advantages
held out by him. Tuose about building should cull
on Mr. P. and employ his services—by so doing
they wili save themseives much time and an unne
cessary outlay of money. *
AUCTION. —iaroceries, Kruit,
»Oa »fcc., THIS MORNING, by
ja 6 DAVENPOK.T, ALLEN a. CO., AucU.
— Auction >otice.—Attention is sonc
®S«Ba iteu t; our sale, at 10 o clock 'IHld
MORNING, of Bacon, &c.
ja ti A NOTT &. CO. Aucls
T :ie N u t e s of the ""People's
Wv-Si Bank," Washington, wtil be redeemed
in Virginia money by
ja 6—ts BENNETT fc BEERS.
Thomas ti. (irethnw, Broad
street, is furnishing Newspaper*, Muga
zines and Periodicals, cheaper than any one else in
the city He is Agent for all the Foreigu and Ameri
can Periodicals and Newspaper*.
Books, Annuals, fcc, at ccst. Don't forget the
old established House. Call uo ja 3
UK. it. KiDDKKTAVL.UK has
removed his Office and residence to the
house at the corner of ath and Main sts., opposite
Kogers' Stone Yard no s—Maid*
"i Specie Wanted. —We win pay me
highest premium for silver coin. Quar
ters and small chauge preferred,
no 9 C W PURCELL 4z CO.
Chunjje of Hours. —increased
Kate of Hpeed.—See what Adans 6l
Co. are doing for their patrons ! The Kxpreis now
leaves Baltimore at 7 o clock P M, in charge of ex
perienced and trusty agents, and arrives in Rich
mond at 5)» AM. Goods ordered by this morn
ing's mail, will be delivered to-morrow morning
Out Express for the North, East and West, now
closes at M—arrives in Baltimore at an early
hour next morning.
Banks and Brokers will please take notice, that
by this change they will oe greatly accommodated.
Drafts on England, Ireland am Scotland tor sale
at this office. ADAMS & CO,
no S 14th street, Richmond Va.
B. W. Si'ARKt, Attorney at
Law and Notary Public.—Practices
in all the Courts ot Henrico County and Richmond
city. As a Notary i'ublic, particular attention will
be paid to the taking of Depositions, (in or out of
bs« office) Proof and Acknowledgements of Deeds,
Relinquishments of Dower, 4c. Ciaiuis for collec
tion entrusted to him, promptly attended to.
Office lemoved to No -Vj three doors above City
Hotel, on North side ot Main street, Richmond Va
de *2—ly '
V A ATTKNTI ON, iUCH.
MuNU LKiU l*l)riAiiUoNri
&MT& Parade in trout of the City Halt
°»> Saturday next, the Bth
' D>c ' bt 10 oc ' oc ' t A M, iully
equipped, armi in order lor iu
■Hnar By order of your Captain.
_ J« " GEOKGK, O. rt.
kl ATTENTION I ALIUOMAA «iUAKt>-
|Q arade at Lafayette Hall, on Haturduy morning,
1114 th !»«t, precisely at 10 o'clock Arm* la order
for impection. By order of Capt Caakie.
j< S-3t W. A. ittVINK, O. 8.
LOOT. —On 29th Uec, between 4th aud Mar
shall sts. and Manchester, an Oval Breast*
pin, set w ilh hair. 'I he finder will be liberaiiy re
warded by leaving it at this '.ffice- ja 6—X*
I OUT— One Land IVariast to.' e> auras,
* wlr.ch was issued to Mrs Kebecca Walker.
The tiudcr wiU be literally rewarded by leaving
the same with ROBERT KINli,
ja 6—at* On Wall street.
LOST, <u tfce 4U io.uui, ou jsttojaoo UHJ, a
I'uteut l*evtr Mlver Watch, with iK-el
chain anil ima!l gold aea) and at 'el kry. Th« finder
will conltir a particular ti»vor 03 tau > wq»m t>y itav
lit* it at th a o fee, and w U t« auitabiy rewaidru if
Fumn' Baak mt Virginia, /
JAjrcjir, sth. i 853. (
THE PREBIDEWT and Director* of the Farmers'
Bank of Virginia have declared a divided of
foar and a quarter per cent oot of the profits f or the
last fix mootha, aabject to a deduction of a
of one per eent bonn* to the State, payable to the
stockholder* on the 15th in*t
ja 6—lOt J. A. SMITH. Ca*ri<»\
B~~ANH. OF Vim.iSM.-lM
Director* of the Bank of Virginia hare deelaTni
a dividend of four and a quarter per cent out of ti>»
profit* of the Bank for the last six month?, «übi»<»
to the deduction of i per cent bona* to the f t*t«
which leave* four per cent, or $1 vo prr *
parable to the itockholder* jn the 15th iust
ja 6—2w SAM'L MARX. <:a<h'«-
'110 THK PL'BI-il.—l arail myselt of
JL favorable opportunity to express aty thonJ!
for the liberal patronage and encourazern'rit I
have received in my prole*ti,n tince mv resid-n-.
in tbi* city ; and b»ing poaa<>«»ed of superior la
tie* for continuing the piacL'ce of my profe**;-
would respec'.fully inrite the attecti jn of the u ,i'
lis generally to the fallowing: *
I will make design* and lull-size detai'* (of» 7( ,
ry portion oi the design) for every clao, ,f buiidm#
i the different styles oi Architecture, »uo«riEieDd
ing the building to completion ; end wi'.T draw n
ail the contracts, agreements, and ma!s4|>itißia
of every part relative l;eeo And iu,-fh<. r , EO ,?
auy dfs'gti made and superintended by toe i w>
guarantee it not to exceed the * a m detuned and
specified to cost at its completion. Tne rr an- .
experience :n every branch of my proiwi
enab.e me to do justice to all who may favor ie.
with their patronage, preventing loss ot time aid
the accumulation ot unnecessary expense en-.
tuem a structure for the amount narnei
of beauty and all the desirable conveniences *
ranaement in plan and detail required tomu«.. t -V
At this season of the year, these desirous if 1 a
ing and improving their residences atdhuuiw"
should have their plans and desigus prepared „ r a
contracts made, so as to commence upera'icin
early in the spring—an all important rnatte.-
Tne numerous designs made by m<» -rected arh
now being erected and completed in this ci;v til
State, and several ot the Southern States h»
seen at my effiee, and will clearly demonstrate the
advantage and economy of emp ojing the serrieea
ot an Architect, no matter how inferior the
ture may be on which bis skill is to !)<■ tro- e h' n "
I would name a few of zr.y designs which t 9
completed, and now in the course of cotr.oietion in
The New Market for the city of.Richmond
The Porticos, and other architectural teatu.e* n
the exterior, interior, and accent thereto, to \< r
Jau.es Tbomae, jr'a new retiuence on the turner of
Grace and 2d streets.
The fronts of Dr James Bolton's two houses od
Grace street, between 3d and 4th streets.
Dr J G VVayt's house, on Main stre»*f. between
9th and 10th tt.eeU.
Ihe Architectural Screen to the Ladie«'Cordor
iu the Exchange Hotel.
TtiesiX new douses on the corner of Mayo and
Broad streets, for Robert VV Hughes, hjq.
SlrJohri M Royali's Italian Villa, oti ij*k Lawc
Tiie extension of Messrs Hubbard X Gardner's
establishment, No ill Main street
Residence in the Italian style of Architecture for
Mr J H Kustace, jr, on 7th street, norta ot !.>• gh. *
Extension and improvements of Mr r. J Crump's
refidence, corner of Leigh and 2d etreets
Two city houses in the Grecian, Italic: style cl
Aichitecture, for Isaac Davenport, EUq. corner ol
Main and Adams streets, and several otters &c,4tc.
Designs made for every purpjae connected w th
my profession, all on reasonable terms, at my of
fice, opposite the office of the James Hive, hud Ka
nawha Company, two dcors from Main, on iith
street. VV. A. POWELL,
ja 6 —£t Architect aoc< Civil Engineer.
THE Pt'BLHJ I—GkAnD tit: *V Vlak'S
. PRESENT !— NO HUMBUG.—We wish to
sbow to th« public that they can rely upon every
thing done at the store of S. P. Mountain Jc CtS.,
whether in the way of making, repairing, or selling
Jewelry, clocks, watches, perfumery an t fancy ar
ticles at the lowest prices iu the city, or ol making
libera! new year's presents, let every boiy mskea
trial and come and buy some of those cheap arti
cles at our store. Read the following letter from
the gentleman who received the beautiful watch:
Messrs. SP. Mountain Co., Dear Sirs—Accept
my thanks for handsome present, :n the shape
of a beautiful, tine Gold Watch, receive J iu accord
ance with the terms of your advertisement, and I
hope that the liberality extended to the public pre
vious to the holidays, and the low prices ol your
goods will be properly appreciated ani handsomely
encouraged by the inhabitants of Richmond ami vi
cinity. The fair and impartial manuer ;n whxh the
drawinging was conducted, as I understand irom
tnoss who were present, and the promptness with
which the articles were given to the lucky ones is
a sufficient guarantee that the confidence of the
public was not misplaced. Wishing you all the
success possible in your business, I euoscr.be raj
self Yours respectfully,
Richmond, Jan 4th, 1553 10, Main street
N B—Watches and clocks repaired by one cf toe
best workmen in the country, and warranted. Juw •
elry made and repaired in the neatest minner, «m!
satlstactioQ warranted, at the lowest puces. fJont
forget the place S. P. MOUNTAIN 4 CO,
ja 6 —at* 217 Main, betweeu 9th an'i 10th »u
'I> II K !■» HA D E !"». — Ine eubacrtoer Having
A leased the above mentioned House, locajud on
12th street, betweeu Main ana Cary street, acd
titled it up inelegant styl*—will open TtllS EVE
NING, at 10 o'clock, P M, with a free Snack, to
which he invites his friends and the public gene
rally. He will always keep ou haud, the bes: ot
Ales, Wines, Liquors and Cigars. Snac»a served
at the shortest notice in the bust style.
ja 6 —It* GEORGE FNSBURY.
IYON'S KATHAI UUA, FOR Pk fc
i SERVING, RESTOKING AMI) BEAUIIFY
ING THE HAIR— The Kathairon neutralizes the
effects of Distase, Climate and old age, in restor
ing the human hair, and alter a baldness of 12
years; cleanses the head fioin Dautlru:! and its
natural impurities; will cure the Nervous Head
ache, diseases of the skin, such as Scald Head,
Erysipelas, Ac; and is the most desirable Toilet
Article for Ladies'or Gentlemen's use, in the
world. It exhales the pertume of the most deli
cious ti jwi i s and being free from rancid oil or col
oring properties, gives the hair that sott, -ioh, curl
ing appearance obtained by no other preparation.
The. use of the Kathairon is adopted ay me first
Physicians in Europe and America. and has a sale
and patronage unprecedented in the bis:ory ot tne
Materia Medicu. Words alone are superfluous; a
tual only can attest Us real virtue, as its million
triends will certify
To be had of all dealers through jut North and
South America, Europe, and the Is.ands ol the
Ocean, in large bottles, for clu.
The old cauuot apply a remedy, or the young
take caution too soon. Use tho Katnairou.
E. THOMAS LYON, f heiniet,
lblßrOfcilway New Yore
Sold i n Richmond by AD;*. & GKAY,
ja ti—6m 147 Main street
AUKKLI YVO.UAN A.NO TH'U CHIL
DREN FOR «4LE —Will be sold «t Ihe Auc
tion Hjuseot N B &. C B Hill, on Satardsy, the
Bth inst, at 10 o'clock, a lixeiy n<*gro wooisa and
two cniidren, belonging to tne e»t*te j! K *Vsd
deil, deceased. K. T. IjBELL,
J a 6—td Administrator
NC.W CHOP N.O. .UOLASSHs-iiObM.
ol prime quality, in store and tor sale by
ja 6-<h TINaLEY & KRYaST.
SL'GAH.— M ftcds Porto Kjco, ot p me qua.ny,
in store and for sale by
j* 6—6t TiNSLKY k BRYANI'
Lfc.AU FvJtt MKHI.tNTii<K
USE.— Prepared espreasly for the use ot Book-
Keepers, Clerks, and for Mercantile »no:.g , a su
perior article- for sale by
NAsH X. WOOf HOUSE,
_ja6 Kyi'- i»-e
H'lNTlilt KKO.U HO-\lb..-Jsu No uar-
IT pur's, Godey, Graham, Putnam and ctner
Magazines Now is the time to subsc ruia.
No 10 Dickens' Bleak Hous>
American Almanac lei J
a Winter from Home
Turkey and tne Turki, or Trave.s in Tiwitey,.
dercti->ing Constantinople, the Royal Kami yol
Turkey, character ol toe Turks, Uio Sultan s iia
rem, Seraglio. Point and Goldt n Horn, Library ol
the Seraglio, the Throne, the Metropolitan, il *S ■**»
customs in Constantinople, the Buaphotus, the
Dardanelles. Smyrna, Cyprus, Rhodes, Ac, with
i.iustrationK, by Jerque V V Smith, M. D.
tor sale by
ja 8 J W KAN DO PH.
CMJOftK's DKAkti.lt. JiNlt KS.-
* Another supply ol tb iw extra qua'::) Cooper •
bent Dtawiug Knives, together wan a general «s
--aorUnt ut ->l Con pei's Tools, of the lines! quality *•»»
Hui.h, now opeta and f.»r tale by
C J. SINToN A CO.
jab Sitfii of the Circular Saw, 71 M«'«st-
CUAI. urrcet, lot »•!« by
j«t> DAVtNhCKT, ALLt'W 4 Ca