Newspaper Page Text
J,II. WALHH. Publisher
Mmc.Patti will take home $400,000^profits. If that Isn't farlas well, what
Itbegins to look as if the Missouri^mule may aa well be getting ready^(or a aea voyage.
Japanhas millions for war, and It^would do well to keep them for loco^^motives and brlc a-brac.
Turkeyhaa promised to make full^reparation, and hopes we will be good^enough to let it go at that.
Itmay be that the Turkish soldier^smokes a better brand of coffin nail^than the British soldier does.
KingEdward swore the other day^and now New York is threatened^with a shocking wave of profanity.
Andjet many more persons have^been hurt in railway accidents thla^year than in flying machine accidents.
Learnedethnologists have discov^^ered that all tnbh. within the arctic^circle are of one race^tLe blubber^race.
Thereare heavy fogs in Paris this^winter, owing no doubt to the sud^^den good will between that city and^London.
AllFools' day appears to have^played a part with the bungler who^aought by forgery to fasten guilt on^Capt. Dreyfus.
WhenTom Lawson writes verse in-^stead of prose in dealing with Amal^^gamated and Helnze, is the worst^ever or isn't it
NewYork could satisfy a good deal^of natural curiosity by revealing^where It goes to get the exhibits for^its beauty shows.
Aman named Solomon is 'n trouble^at Hamilton, Ont., over a little mat^^ter of two wives. How the Solomons^have degenerated!
Promthe comments it is Inferred^that New York considers ^Parsifal^^superior to Pete Uailey. but not quite^so good as Willie Collier.
SirThomas Liptcn is accused of^falling to live up to his financial ob^^ligations. Still, that's a commm fall^^ing for Jolly good follows.
TheFrench MMtof who intends to^subjugate wild African tribes by pho^^nograph in i .iess Mm to fit all the^cylinders wits ^Hiawatha.
Theduke of Roxburgh** renews his^declaration that he will never come^to America again. Nevertheless, we^wish you a hajpy f'ew Year.
Thlayear has added 5,723 miles to^the mileage of railroads in this coun^^try. Let us sje that this does not^Increase the number of collisions next^year.
ItIs rumored that Mr. Morgan of^^fered $260.^^0 for the or.ginal manu^^script of ^Paradise Ix^n.^ Wonder^what he'd offer for 'Paradise Re^^gained^
Whata vast sum that Missouri man^with the ^scrupulous conscience^^must have secured by foul means^when he has returned by stealth more^than $2,000.
AnIndiana man has written a finan^^cial history of the world. Hut who^cares anything about financial mat^^ters now^ What we want Is a treat^^ise on the liver.
Thosehand-painted stockings that^^we learn from the fashion maga^^zines^the girls are wearing now^should have been just the th ng to^up Chrlftmas eve.
LittleRobby von der Goltz of Cin^^cinnati, who found a $30,000 legacy^in his Christmas stocking, was doubt^^less disappointed because it wasn't a^red wagon or a pair of skates.
Withriots and murders and hold^^ups making life exciting in Chicago,^the Chicago pflice have received^strict ord-t* tl.it heieafter^ they^must keep their trousers nicely^creased.
WARNEDBY J. J. HILL
England'sTariff Policy Means Death to the North^^west Unless New Markets Are Established.
WithinTen Years Manitoba Can Supply England^With All the Wheat She Needs.
Wosy Oil Is reported to be In hid^^ing. It Isn't likely, however, that a^^nan with as much money as he is re^^ported to ha\^- carrried away with^blm can keep out of alght very long.
Fancywhat a dull place the Island^of HajU would be If they didn't have^those revolutions. You csn't expect^people to be satisfied with no other^excitement than chicken lights and^the break bone fever.
Iong Oee. a Chinese laundryman^near No* Work, has applied to the^courts for a divorce from his wife, a^Chinese woman, and nil their friends^and acquaintance feel Intensely and^thoroughly scandali/.ed at his Amer^^ican conduct
RillNye's grave In North Carolina^Is said to he unmarked by a stone of^any kind and to have suffered such^neglect that It may hardly be found^among weeds and rubbish. Whit a^fur ^ ry Hill could write on the^e wo- ' ^ro no
ThsMinnesota Stats Agricultural so^^ciety held its annual meeting In Minne^^apolis on ths 12th, ISth and Hth Inits.^Ths conspicuous feature of the meeting^was ths following* address hy J- J. Hill,^president of ths Great Northern railway,^sn ths afternoon of the 13th. He was^greeted with great applause when he took^the platform.
Mr.mire Speeek.^Mr. Chairman. Ladles and Oentlsmen- It^b a great pleasure to me to be here to^^day, and I may say It Is a pleasure for me^at all times and In all place* to be able^to raise my hand or voice in whatever will^help the country In which we live. The^nation always has and always will de^^pend for everything that goes to make^the country worth living In upon the men^who cultivate the soil. There la more In^^telligence, more patriotism, more of every^^thing that goes to make good citizenship,^on ths farms than anywhere else In the^country. (Applause.) It ha^ always been^so. from the early days to the present.^Many of us here can remember what, a^few years ago, we called ^the late un^^pleasantness.^ The men left their plows^in the furrow, half way across the Held,^to follow the flag of their country, and^ths farmers' eons were the men who most^distinguished themselves. Country life Is^a better ltfs to develop a man than that^In ths city. It gtves him better oppor^^tunity, if hs will take advantage of it.^And I want to Impress upon the fathers,^and the mothers. If they are here, that^their children in go-owing up on the farm^ahould not look forward to the time^when they can leave It. when they can^have their hair banged and soaked down^and come to the town to look for a Job.^Better men and better women live In the^country. The time will never come when^this country can afford to lose sight of^the Interests of the people who live on the^land. Kverything that Is of value comes^out of the farm, the forests, ths mine, nr.il^ths ses^four sources fr-jm which every^^thing that is worth having comes.
FarmsMail Support Everybody.^Now, we have not got the sea. We^had some fine forest* in Minnesota, but^where are they^ They are no far gone^that ten or lifteen vears will wipe them^out entirely. The trees that are left stand-^Ing In your forest* are practically all^counted. You have In Minnesota the^moat valuable Iron mines in the world,^but you have no coal, you cannot make^Iron. All you can do Is to dig Iron ore^with steam shevels and take it to other^parts of the country where they have coal^and coke and can make the metal Into^Iron and steel. You cannot do It here as^things are to-day. and it is very doubtful^If iron will ever be successfully made In^Minnesota.
Thatleave* vou the farm, from which^every man In the state must draw his^living Your cities, vour churches, your^schools, vour universities, your lawyers,^your dociors. vour merchants, your mill^^ers everybody^, make their living out of^the men who cultivate the soil, and this^must go on In Minnesota for all time
Now.what are you doing to help the^farmer^ To help him means to help^yourself. The state has a most excellent^experimental farm, or a department at^^tached to the state university. It does^little more now than help to get appro^^priations for the other end.
WasYounger Thea .^There was a time^twenty years last^spring In thin state, and particularly In^the northern part of it, when no rain^fell fn^m seed time until the 1st of July.^The grain stood green In the fields, barely^diving. In July some copious showers^fell, and they made a little more than^half a crop. I didn't know as much thei^as I do now. a I was younger and had^less experience. I thought 1 would heu^^the farmers of the state, so that they^would not depend on one crop. I thought^I would help th^m to some good stock^and cattle and hogs. And In my Inno^^cence (laughter) I thought when they^had the opportunity they would take ad^^vantage of It. I got together some excel^^lent herds of beef and dairy cattle for^myself, and I brought out within two^years, mainly from the North of Kngland^and Scotland, about WO thoroughbred^bulla. Something over tlOO of them were^distributed In this state and less than *^^^In North Dakota. Now I want to say^that the people of North Dakota derived^more benefit from less than '.''^^ than the^people of Minnesota did from 00^. What^did they do^ Most of them sold them^(Laughter.) I gave the pigs and they^killed them In ths fall and they were^good winter pork! (laughter I This is^actually what they did with pigs thst I^brought from the old country or with the^stork which wss bred from them, and for^which I paid as high as Kino for a single^animal. ThoSe I sent them were Just ss^good. They were misled. A lot of de^^signing demagogues^rank demagogues^^who care no more about the farmer than^they do sbout the wind that whistles. It^they can get his vote, told the f a^ r.iers^that I was trying to reflect upon the^great wheat-raising State of Minnesota,^trying to Injure its good name by bring^^ing the best stock that I could find and^distributing It free of price to the people^of the state. It was discouraging, but I^kept It up and showed them that they^might In Mlnnesots feed cattle success^^fully, snd send csttle from Mlnnesots to^compete with our friends from Illinois. I^fed stock ten miles from here, raised the^fodder they ate. and I have a hatfull of^gold medals that 1 took in competition In^Chicago with our rrlenda from Illinois^snd Missouri, and Iowa, and Nebraska,^snd Kansas, and Indiana. (Applause
Mr.Hill proceeded to say that one year^be sent only a single steer to the live^Stock show St Chicago because they had^pleuro pneumonia down there and he^took seven first prises. He had taken thn^sweepstakes sgalnst all of the states^when he showed four or Ave animals. Hs^said he held for a Minnesota fed steer,^the highest record In the I'nlted States of^percentage of dressed to live weight ^4%^per oent killed In Chicago In competition^with all the states. As illustrating profit^In stock raising In Minnesota, he related^that two years ago he bought a bunch of^steers snd took them to his farm ^en^miles from Minneapolis He paid 130 for^ths steers, gave them Si a worth of food^snd sold them at 170 per head, a profit^^f g.1fi per head.
Now.If I can do this, sny fsrmer In^the state ran do It. If he only will. The^time will rome when he must do It. and^It is everybody's Interest in the state to^eee thst he has a fair opportunity.^Hpeaklng of ths public domain, he raid'^There was a time when our popular^campaign song was ^ITnrle gam Is rich^snough to give us a farm.^ To-dsy he^has not any farms to give us that we can^cultivate. All af the agrlrultural land^that can be cultivated without Irrigation^Is gone, and the people are selling their^homes In the tTnlted States snd moving^Into Northwestern Csnsds, west of Win^^nipeg, where they can buy land at from^9*. to 110 an acre. More people have gone^there than many of our men would like^to acknowledge. They have a Inrge area^of country A couple of months ago, at^Illsmsrck. I made a statement In regard^to their country, snd was to some extent^misquoted, and I will take occasion to^corrert It They have an area north of^us equal, practically, to that of the^United Btstes. Only a comparative!*^small poii p.ti nf that ran lie cultivated^with profit. They probably have an area^ttuee times that of the I'nlted States^where they ran cultivate ths land with^profit, and they rales good crops. North^; of that It Is too near the north pole^l Proceeding, he explained that all rail-^roads agreed to contribute $.*i,ooo each for^Ave years to conduct a campaign of edu^^cation, sending men sbout the country to^lecture and call upon men In nubile life^to urge them to promote Irrigation In^i order to reclaim ths public domain which^^aa now practically worthless.
Mr.Hill said that a year ago last win^^ter he wont to the State of Washington^to attend a meeting of farmers. They^were getting less than M cents a bushel^for their wheat. He gave them a reduc^^tion of 10 per cent on the freight rate,^but what he tried to impress upon them^was that they needed new markets. There^were not enough people to eat wheat In^the markets they wire selling In to con^^sume all they had to sell.
Ourefforts to And a new market
havebeen successful-more success- ^^ful than I had hoped for^demand for wheat for eaport^ental markets has been sue
r- and the ^^ort to Orl- ^^'h that the 4
havemade has been greater than 1 ^^expected Ave ycais ago to make dur- ^^lng my lifetime.
LastFebruary and March the mills in^Minneapolis began. In a small way. to^shin flour to Australia and to China and^to Japan. It seemed a long way to send^flour to market, from Minneapolis by way^of the Pacific coast to Australia, but by^taking advantage of all the conditions^entering into the question of transporta^^tion, loading our cars In both directions^with full loads, we were able to give a^rate from Minneapolis to Hongkong of^40 cents a hundred- 40 cents a hundred^for 8.000 miles- Ss a ton! It is a mill a^ton a mile the lowest transportation that^ever was thought of on the face of the^earth. The rate of transportation from^here to New York (l.^a^ milesi is i^^ cents^a hundred. a ton. It is 2.i*^^ miles of^rail transportation from here to the coast,^and then H.oOO miles of water.
Ihave been charged with everything^from ^an Oriental dreamer^ to a crank^(laughteri, but I am ready at all times to^plead guilty to sny Intelligent effort with^^in my power that will result In getting^new markets for what wo produce in this^northwestern country: because cverv^bushel that you take out of the market^here, ev ^ry bushel you send to a new^market every bale of cotton you send to^a new market, everything that you send^to a new market, helps what Is left, the^surplus saved Is much less, and It Is not^here to compete with our own shipments^to Liverpool or Antwerp. It Is Just as^much advantage to the man raising wheat^in Ohio that the farmer In Washington^shall send his wheat to the Orient, or the^farmer in Minnesota shall send his wheat^to the Orient, ss thnt the man In Ohio^shsll send It, because that much wheal Is^taken out rf the markets In Eur ape.
Well.now. our efforts In that direction^hsve been crowned with remarkable suc^^cess. 1 think I can give you some figures^that will be of Interest to you on that sub^^ject.
Hequoted In detail the ports In Aus^^tralia and the Orient where shipments^of wheat and flour hed been made, show^^ing that for the fiscal year ending June^an. 4.3W.0K! bushel* of wheat and l..^^t^5,-^4eS barrels of flour had been .hipped
Thatbusiness has only begun, and ^ et^the largest orders for flour that have^ever come to Minneapolis from any quar^^ter have come from the Orient So great^is this demand that to-day It is making^Itself felt In the price of every bushel of^wheat that Is sold in this market. The^most intelligent Wheat authority I k^ v^told me. within a few weeks that the^lowest estimate that he could make of^the enhanced price of grain, owing to I^this Oriental demand, was already 11'.^^cents, and he thought that actual figures^would show it to be seven cents, a b ishot.
Now.If It Is Ave cents a bushel an ISO.-^nm^*^i bushel* tailed In our three \ ^r*t*i^western state*, it amounts to $l).(S*l.l^J0^It I* worth saving, it Is worth making^an effort to bring It about, and we haw^In every way In our power tried to make^it possible to carry that into effect.
Now.what help do we get'
Whenwe make a rate that is the^lowest rate that ever was made for^transportation in the world, we have^to defend ourselves from the state^and from the nation because we are^^restraining trade!^ Absolutely de^^fending out selves from ^resttuining^trade!^ It Is said that If we have^the power, the power must be used 4^^to restrain trade. 4^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^'^'.ey forgot that In order to compete^with the merchant marine of every na^^tion fl^lng a commercial flag on the high^seas that we must have power to catry^that trade forward. It takes power lo^carry that trade to the extent we have^carried It. Who else has carried It^ Who^else haa raised their hand for it^ Hat^they forget the greater contains the less.^The power to expand a trade and build^it up and make it great and make It pos^^sible to ship a barrel of flour from here^to Hongkong at 3U cents more than It^costs to send it from here to New Yml^that takes some power. The power to ex^^pand trade makes us criminals, and w^^are defending lawsuits to-day because we^are charged with the power to restrain^trade, and that If you have the power^to awry She trade on you must ha^re^some power somewhere, no matter hiw^you exercise It^you are a public criminal^against the law of your country. iLauicn-^ter.l
Nowthe time Is coming when It won t^be my funeral it will lie yours. Mr.^Chamberlain a year ago took a leaf out^of our political economy and started out^a political campaign In Urcat Hiltain In^favor of
Infsvor of a tariff under which C.r^st^Britain would admit the agricultural^products of her colonies free, and the^colonies In return would give her free^access to their markets, and tax every^^body else; Oreat Britain, on the other^hand, agreeing to put a tariff or a tax on^the Imports of svei v other nation.
Theagricultural industries of this coun^^try are enormous. Last year the figures,^as I remember them, furnished by the^agricultural department of the general^government, gave three thousand million^dollars as the value of the products of^the farms of thla country. Ureal Britain^and her colonies buy from us above '^^per cent of all our exports. Suppose^they put a tariff of 12 cents a bushel on^our wheat Remember that the aurpius^wheat we export Axes the price of the en^lire crop, that which we sell among our^^selves snd thst which we sell lo go^abroad. The suiplus grain always fixes^the market price. If your wheat (^ taxed^10 edits u bushel on INO.OOO.ISSI bushels^In your three Northwestern states It^would amount to lls.uon.iKm That you^have got to pay. These conditions ure^not far from you. Kvery day you see in^the newspapers that Mr. Chamberlain is^winning his way. He has made mors^progress In ths first year than he ex^^pected to In the first three years when he^took It up a year ago, and it Is only u^question nf time when yuur have got ^,^^par this tax If you send your wheat to^Ureat Britain.
Now,what will you do^ What other^market have you got^ You may rely^on us; you fay say. ' We are depending^on you to give us this Oriental mnrket.^We cannot disobey the law. (Applause.)^We will do anything In our power to help^you. We have from the beginning.
Wehave l^d In every reduction of^rste* on agricultural products thai^has been made In twenty years In^the Northwest We have never need^^ed a spur. We have Increased the^traffic a* fast as we could, snd by a^larger tonnage ws srs able to reduce^the rate.
Whenwo took the road, twenty five^years ago, the rats from St Vincent on^grain was 40 cents a hundred To day It^Is in rents a hundred. (Applause.)
Allwe need la our dividend; we get our^T per cent If we sarn It, snd we earn It^very easily. And I want to assure you^there Is not much profit In rnrr\lng a^barrel of flour from here to HongHonk at^40 cents a hundred. Whether we do It or
whetherwo As not do It does net rut^much figure In our treasury. Our atork-^holdera would never know It. But you^would know It. Your cities would know^It. Every man living In the broad Stats^of Minnesota will know It. If Mr. Cham^^berlain's policy Is put In effect you will^know It gr^itly to your sorrow.
Isaid before we are ready to keep step^with you to the very farthest limit thst Is^possible, but we ran t make ourselves^criminals In the eye of the law.
Heasked the farmers what they were^doing to help. He Hald the people of^Washington were awake and when they^found that the Interstate commerce com^^mission was about to Issue an order that^all rates made te or from Asiatic points^shall be published they petitioned the^commission to refrain from making such^an order because It would practically^give our rates to foreign competitors and^they would underbid the American rats^and so divert the shlpmenta of produce^from this country to others. That mat^^ter is now pending before the Interstate^commerce commission. He read an ex^^tract from ths memorial sent by the ship^^pers of the Pacific roast protesting^against having Amerlran commerce^handicapped In the Interest* of foreign^nations by auch unwise action as this.
Weare In competition In China with^English. Herman, French, Scandinavian.^Hutch and Italian lines, and If we are^compelled to make our rates public thev^fimply tike advantage of It. He said his^wanted business men. the merchants, the^bankers, the millers, the farmers. In fact^everybody, because we nil depend upon^the man. as I aalil before, who cultivates^the land, I want you to eee that our^hands are not tied, that the markets are^not closed to VS. and If the farmer Is^taxed 10 cents a bush11 on his grain snd^a proportionate tax Is placed on his pro^^visions, his hogs, his cattle, his lard, his^tallow, his cotton which he has to sell,^going to Great Britain, bear In mind, you^will pay the tax. When you have no^surplus or only a very small surplus,^then they will come here and compete^for your food If they need It.
TrldeBefore a Kali.
Youmay say ^Oh. well, they have got^to buy their bread from us or their peo^^ple will ^tarve.^ I will call vour atten^^tion to I he fact that twentv years ago^the Province of Manitoba did not export^S bushel of wheat. Of the last crop It ex^^ported i (mo bushels. At the rate vour
Americanfarmers are going Into that^country. In ten years they will raise all^the wheat Ureat Britain needs. Then^you will pay the tax, or you will hold^vour wheat, or vou will find a new mar^^ket You may then appreciate the value^of the Oriental market. Possibly Its In-^^eptlon was in the mind of ^an Oriental^dreamer.^ but It makes no difference^about the dream as long as the dream^comes true. (Applause ! When that time^comes. I want you to bear In mind t'aat^an old man called your attention ta It^before. (Applause.)
Toshow that Minnesota was not mak^^ing the progress which she should Mr^Hill took the receipts of the Great North^^ern road In ton Minnesota towns, namely^Anoka. St. (^loud, Alexandria. Barnes-^vllle. Thief River Kalis. St Hilalre. Stev^^ens. Hallock and St. Vincent
Thetotal business of these ten stations^Ave years ago was S!tt4i.Mio. The year
endingJune ;g) Inst It was ^i i th
Increasebeing $4Ki.0O0. of which I14J* 0M^was nt Thief River Kalla.
Now.I commence in North Dakota^Larimore (west of Grand Forks shout^thirty milesi. Increased from tldl 00O lr^lHS.i to lian.non In HUB; Park River from^90O.QIM to HW.OfW; I^angdoii from f!^7 n-^.^lo I3S7.000; Devils Lake from 11.12 n*^to IS2S.0U4: Can do from |115.000 to tJM ^^uin. I.'ugbv from Mrt.ooo to ip^..^,^Granville from nothing- to $1.^.: ^ ^^^ Mlnot^from fUM.OOO to M01.OIO; Souris.' where^the road was built ;wo years ago am!^the station two years old (we have notn-^Irg bark five years ago to compare wit hi^*^^*!^.(^^; Bottineau from $48 000 to I1N-J .
Theseten towns, five year* ago had a
businessof $7313.000, sgainst git.mono ir^the Mlnnesof i towns. Minnesota has^grown to I1.4.1.VO0O. or an Increase ol^^4v:. ooj^ Dakota has grown from I7IR,.^nrw in $2,304,000, or an increase of *t -^.^^ noo
iKt. *^ o
4 The time has co-ne when vou are
not growing a* fn^t a^ you think vou*)
are There are large area* of the
best raisjllrag land In the Slate nf Mln-
t esota where there are not a* many ^^A acres under cultivation as there weio 4)
twelve or fifteen year* nero. Some e^^SMn'ts of our road In Minnesota I go
through at nlirdit beenuse I don't want 4t
to see the absolute neglect snd In-
,^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^If any of you gentlemen think thst T
havepainted the picture In ton high col^^ors bv calling your attention to what^Mr Chamberlain Is doing, and to what^Is t'le absolute and Immediate effect that^you may and must look for, I will be^ready to answer for the faith that is In^me. I know I am right, and I know the^time Is coming when you will have to^bear an additional burden of from twentv^to thlrtv million dollars s year In these^three Northwestern statea unless you^can find a n^w market for vour stuff.^Where will you go^ Csn you taks It^there for nothing
TheAfrican will est corn meal. He^doesn't care so much for wheat flour. If^is a singular fact, but It Is true, that^every nation Including India, once thev^get wheat Hour, prefer It to all other^food I was ta'king to an Intelligent^Japanese the other dav^a professor In^one of their universities, and in his^country an eminent physician. He told^me that the c.au*e of their great tend^^ency to dronsical complaints was the^large proportion of rice which they con^^sume, and that sn Imperial commission^had made this report to the government,^snd for that reason they wanted to buv^more of our flour
Now.you have always been In the habit.^I think, of feeling that we are at all times^ready tn do anything In our power to help^you, but when the exercise of power In^the carrying of your business to new^markets, to take the place of ths market^that you are losing, becomes a crime,^and we lay ourselves open to fine and Im^^prisonment. I have got to tell you thnt^we don't want either, and you have got^to see. if you want to, whether your rep^^resentative* are ready to stand
Foror Against loar Interest.^As far ss we are concerned we are per^^fectly hnppy. As I said before, our divi^^dends won't suffer whether we carry on*^barrel of flour or one million barrels of^hour. There Is very little In It. But^there Is thla In It: I have always held, as^a principle, that In operating a railroad^our greatest prosperity came from the^ftreatest prosperity of the people living on^the line, and unless we can take the nat^ural resources of the country (and your^natural resources sre confined practically^to what la raised on the farm) unless we^csn take the natural resources of the^country to some market where thev can^be sold with a profit to the man who^raises them, who creates them, ths time^I* not far distant when wo will slop^creating them
Youcsn sell out or shar on your farm^We cannot absndon our railroad. W^^might sell the shares, but the railroad^must t.e there it Is under contract to^be operated and it has got to lie operated^Now. It la our most selfish Interent to^[oil the whole situation where It I* within^your reach, within the reach of ths neo^pi- living on the line, to develop the^[oral Interests, whatever they may he.^with a profit to tbem*elves. or else our^Investment Is worthless. And. following^that up, I hsve tried In every way that^I could to find new markets for your^stuff. Before we built a mile of road^west of the Rocky mountain* we hsd men^in the Kant seeing what the business was^snd how far It might lie developed. And^we have kept men there from that time^to this
Heri ad quite a lengthy report from an^agent In China, which he bad Just re^^ceived, showing how llusala and other^countries were getting their grasp upon^the commerce of China and the Orient^generally to the exclusion of the prod^urts of the tTnlted States
Now.I have read you thl* to show you^that It Is not all fun It Is not the easiest^task to compete with nil the nations for^their trade, and with all the adverse con^^ditions we have to meet. And It Is a still^harder Job when we are told that It I*^against the law to do II. And when It^cimes to a point where you need i hat^market. If you are burred out of It. It^won't he our fault
Iwon't detain you any longer. It Is^getting Iste and I have trespassed on^yolir time too much I simply w ml to^say this That If the time comes that the^conditions that I have outlined ars real^lied by you. remember that, as far as I^could, you were forewarned. (Applause )
Aunsnlmous vote nf thunks wss ten^^dered bv the society to Mr Hill for his^able addrase.
ADD3TO THE COTTON AREA.
Paraguayla About to Engage In the^Culture on a Large Scale.
Therecent advance in the price of^r-otton In this country and In England^haa btlrnulated the culture of tho plant
nother countries. The possibility^that the cotton manufacturers of the^world are facing the prospect of a
learthof raw material seems to have^excited the people of Paraguay. Cot^^ton grows wild In that country, and^the cultivated product, though differ^^ent from ours, has a long and fine sta^^ple.
AsIn Peru, the plant Is a small tree^rather than a little bush, and it lives^and produces for several years. Euro^^pean manufacturers have reported^c;ood results from Its use. The Para-^^uayan8, however, have never given^much attention to lta cultivation.
Thenewspapers of Asuncion have^suddenly awakened to the opportuni^^ties presented, and have risen to taVf^occasion. They are offering many sug^^gestions to (he government and assert^hat cotton will yet place Paraguay on^^he high road lo prosperity.
Theyask the government to employ^the services of men of science, like^Dr. Hertonl, to prepare pamphlets for^distribution In the cotton trade of^Oreat Britain, France and Germany,^descriptive of the nature and qualities^of Paraguayan cotton and tve facili^^ties for producing large supplies of It.^They ask that Dr. Bertonl. Mr. Anlslts^and other experts be engaged to make^a survey of the lands adapted to cot^ton cultivation In the republic; also^that the government print and distrib^^ute among the farmers of the lowlands^the best information as lo the method*^'j^f cotton-ralslng.
Wemay In a short time export^$100,000,000 worth of cotton in a year,^^announces the enthusiastic Paraguay,^a German weekly published at Asun^cion.
WHAT'STHE BILL GOOD FOR
BrooklynTailor's Comment on a Re^cent Find at Nippur.
Onthe car the other morning 1^happened lo hang by the at rap next^to Blmmelsteln's. Between hogging^pardons of and granting pardons to my^near r.elghbors, 1 managed to read a^few paragraphs In my newspaper.^One of them told of a remarkable And^by a Nippur expedition of the Univer^^sity of Pennsylvania. It was nothing^less than a well preserved and thor^^oughly authenticated tallor'a bill near^ly 5,000 years old.
SinceBlmmelsteln himself Is en^^gaged In the clothing business. I^thought hv. *ould be interested In this^ancient relic, so I told hlni about It,^but ihe story seemed lo make no Im^^pression on him.
HangIt. man,^ said I, ^don't you^understand^ It's a tailor bill almost^^VwM years old.
Veil,^he answered, ^vot lss it good^for^ Dey can't gollect it.
SirThomas Home, the president of^the Canadian Pacific Kuilroad. made^recently a tour of inspection over the^Pennsylvania line from Philadelphia^^o Pittsburg.
SirThomas was much pleased with^the service and cuisine of his dining^car. He inspected the kitchen and^showed great Interest in the skilled^maneuvers of the cook.
Thecook, who was something of a^wag. described to him distinguished^visitor the kitchens of the great New^York hotels, where the walls are of^glass, the floors of vitrified brick, the^tables of white marble, and the cook^^ing utensils of German silver.
Agreat hotel chef.^ he srld, ^has^from fifty to aeventy five assistant*^under him. I know one of these chefs^and I visited him two weeks ago. HU^assistant cooks were all young women^^ the prettiest lot of young women ^^ever saw.
'Why. Gaston,' I said to my friend^why pretty girls you employ!'
'Indeed,they are pretty.^ said he^Plnln cooks won't do here.'
AreKind to Their Horses.
Ev.dentlythere is one place whert^there Is little need of a society foi^the prevention of cruelty to animals,^and that Is Jersey. The farmers thert^are so careful of their horses thai^they do not work them more than li^absolutely necessary, and frequently^do work which la done elaewhere by^horses.
Ifa farmer has to plow a heavy^piece of ground he Is obliged to use^his team, but If the ground which it^to be broken up Is light It is very^probable that he will take the place^or a horse.
Atfirst glance labor of thts klnc^may seem very Irksome, but It really^Is not, for the farms In Jersey are^stnnll snd It does not take long to^cti'livate the ground. Still. In other^places whore the farms are equally^small, no one thinks of sparing the^horses, and there Is little doubt that^up to-date agriculturists consider the^Jersey farmers far behind the times^because tn the kindness of their^hearts they are aa lenient to their^horses as possible.
Withthe Introduction of the all^brake on railway trains the train^^man's occupation no longer consists of^the combination of calling stations and^handling the brakes, the latter duty^having l^cen eliminated by an appa^^ratus under control of the man In^charge of the engine, and enabling^him to bring his train to a stop at the^proper place at the station or to apply^the brakes Instantly In case of danger^Instead of giving the signal and wait^^ing until the brakeman can tighten the^brakes. Now the question arises, la^the engineer to be his own fireman as^well aa brakema^^ It would certainly^seem so, from the invention of a^western man, which Is shown In the^picture. Should the point be raised^ihat the engineer has enough to do In^watching his engine and tho track^ahead the answer can be given that^the arrangement Is almost automatic,^and only a little attention while stop^ped at a station is needed to keep the
Maskeddancers In Ho- Hi of life
Wemove sedatelywearily to
Afraidto show a slejn Of Inward strife,^We hold our souls In tether.
Wedance Willi proud and smiling Hps.^With frank, appealing eyes, with shy
handsclinging^We sing, and few will question If then
Asob into our singing.
Rschhas a certain step to learn,
Imi pi Won, d fi^l nunc staidly In set
\id iid fto we pans, since life Is
I'ntlently.with masked faces.
Vet*ome there are who will not dance.^Thc\ sll hi ail must sorrowful and
Hutall the rest tilp on as In a trance.^Until the I hi nee Is ended
-OliveCustance. In Living Ags.
Feedathe Boiler Without Aid.
automaticstoker in working condi^^tion. As long as the supply of fuel In^the hopper is not exhausted the worm^screw will carry It forward and dls^charge It into the boiler, the screw^being actuated by an auxiliary enginr^obtaining steam from the boiler^Should the engineer discover his steam^indicator climbing too high he ha^^only to cut down the amount of feed^for a time, and even this portion ol^the work could be looked after auto^matlcally by connecting a stop itfH^with the safety valve. There Is nr^opening of the furnace door at fre^^quent Intervals to ascertain i.he con^dltltsn of the fire and shovel In more^coal, but the draft through the firebox^Is maintained continuously, and undei^these circumstances It should not be^a difficult task to gauge the apparatus^so that the pro|^er amount of fuel^would be discharged into the combus^^tion chamber continuously.
HandyCover for Books.^So great Is the demand for literature^in thla century that .n public convex^am os people will be lound devourine,^the contents of bookn while on their^way to business. To meet this want^ihe publishers are Issuing nearly all^of the standard works In small vol^nmes. which can he- slipped In tip^pocket or grip and carried about with^ease. One difficulty, however, has^risen in the frequency with which^these volumes become soiled and tra\
NoMore Soiling of Bindings.
ftstained while In use, often render^lng them unfit for a place on th^^shelves of the library without reblnd^lng, an expense t*Ki great for the mn^Jorlty of book-lovers. To servo as i^protection for book covers while beini^handled, and also to aid in marklni^passages and Indicating the pages, th^^convenient shield shown In the Hint^iration has recently been designed, h^Is preferably made of cloth, and li^fitted with pocketa, in which the cov^era are Inserted, while the center 01^the back has longitudinal openings^In which any number of small nhii.it^markers can be Inserted. The illuss^tration shows the process of placing^the protector on the book, the covers^being drawn back and Inserted in ths^pockets simultaneously. It la a aim^pie matter to cover the book, and any^one can well appreciate the merits ol^having a washable shield soiled In^^stead of the book Itself.
Mrs.E. B. Schreak, of Philadelphia,^Pa., Is the Inventor.
TheIxindon Dally News says that
anEnglish engineer named Ernest^George Craven, who for some tlniw^was one nf Thomas A. Edison's as^^sistants at Menlo Park, has Invented^a machine which combines tho prop^^erties of the telephone and phono^grsph. As the sound Is received over^the telephone It Is recorded on a wax^cylinder, from which It can lie repeat-^ex! when desired. Several successful^demonstrations. It Is statetl, have been^given at the Dally News office In lam-^don.
AllContracts Let to Americans.
Accordingto Electricity, every con-^iract for the first high speed railway^to be built in Japan has been l^ t to^Atnerlcnn concerns, and every part of^the equipment nf the road will be^nadc In this country.