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EVEREVANS WAS INVENTOR OF^FIRST AMERICAN HORSELESS WAGON
Theworld moves slowly until it gets^a good start, and then It goes with a^whiz. Which may be the reason why^the world has gone ahead faster and^flintier during the last six thousand^years than it did during the previous^tlx million years of Its existence. As^the Creator of the world had to watt,^mid no doubt worry, a long, long time^before it became fairly started. It la^not to lie wondered at that men in^utcr times who seek to Introduce^^omethlng new and strange must also^wait and worry before it gets a start.
Skippingthe hundreds of inventions^nf the last thousand years, we come^to Mm automobile, which In some re^^ject; Is the latest of the really great
andhe now began to feel the burden of^the poor Inventor. He knew what ha^could do, what he had done, but there^was no man with money who thought^as Oliver did, and ho struggled along,^aa the moneyless must.
Hedid not confine himself exclusive^^ly to steam engines, or road wagons,^but Invented, among other things, a^process for flour making, which al^^most revolutionized that manufacture,^and mado him a little money, which he^spent at once In developing his other^Inventions. He also made the first^high pressure engine, a long step in^advance of the Newcoiwn and the^Watt engine.
Ateighteen that Is, In 1769. Cug-
wherefore,nor will Us powers of dis^^covery be any larger a hundred yeara^hence. The way of the Inventor Is up^hill all the time, past, present and fu^^ture. Evans was dead and burled^nearly a dozen years before Peter^Cooper went down from New York city^with an engine he had built at his^glue factory, and proved to the man^^agers of the Haltlmore and Ohio rail^^road that an engine could be success^^fully run over the crooked thirteen^miles of their track. And he had been^under ground a quarter of a century^before his dream of a road between^New York and Philadelphia came true.
In178C the legislature of Maryland^granted him the right of way over
STYLESIN WOMEN'S GOWNS
ASUBJECT FOR ARGUMENT
AnInteresting question is suggested^^iy the address of the clergyman who,^the other day, poured the vials of his^wrath ujion the Immodesty, foolishness^ind extravagance of the fashions of^^he period.
Inthe most degraded days of^France,^ said ho, ^the gowns of women^were not nearly so low. so given to^falling away as Is considered good^^orni in society to-day.
Now.if the morals of the French^Revolution are the goal of womankind^at present, it would be a great relief^to know If they are to be pre- or post-^-evolutionary morals. In fashion, these^two varieties were quite as different^as the clothes with which they were^vorn.
Thefashions of the first period were^elegant, elaborate and ma^^niflcent;^those of the second, of a bold and un^^ashamed simplicity; hut It must be^conceded that they were alike In the^particular that they showed bodices of^*.he lowest cut.
Ev a in those days, however, a^pretty woman occasionally covered her^reck from the pulilic ga/.e and even^had her portrait painted in a high^bodice. Two MMBplM are given in^ine of the pictures. Was this de-^pnrt'ire from the usual custom promot^^ed by extreme modesty^ In the case^of the larger portrait, at least, that of
voicetrerablen for I was tired and^discouraged. The man and the wom^^an looked at each other, and then the^woman .laid:
'Indeed, miss, we didn't know we^were hurting you^we wouldn't do^that for worlds. John and me, and If^it will j-.ake you happier, we'll try^again.'
Asfor their goodness to each^other, '.t is beyond all praise. The^nights spent In watching sick neigh^^bors, though no rest can be looked^lor on the day that follows^the meals^shared^'the nameless unremembered^acts of kindness and of love'^one has^to live among th^m to realize these.
TheReal ^Pina^ Gauze.
Pina^gauze, made by the women^of the Philippines from pineapple
innovations,the latest of the epoch^makers, so to speak, Iweausc it does^mark an epoch in road transportation.
Wecall it a new thing, but it li not.^A^ early as 17^i9. oue hundred and^'hirty-four years ago, Joseph Cugnot.^a French artillery officer, had a road^v.agon In operation transisirtlng artil^^lery. It was not a success, but it set^ku example which its successors of ^^^-^i'.ay are still prone to follow, to wit, It^ran away, and. butting Into a stone^fence, wrecked Itself. / Rude road^wngons were also devls* by Engl'sh-^tii^ :i a few years later. rnd one made^Uy Matthew lioulton, '-^irtnei of James^Watt, frightened horn.1 and people Just^tis others do in this day uud genoru-^^lon.
Inthe year 1751. eighteen years be^^fore Cugnot's wagon hud appeared.^Oliver Evans was born at or near the^little town of Newport, in the little^Mali'of Delaware. Oliver's father and^^uother w^ re thrifty people ot the plain^^ort, who wanted their boy to bocoru ^^^ farmer, and so hi' was apprenticed,^but Oliver's mind was on mechanics,^especially on engines that conl I take^llM place of horses in drawing wagons.
andhe left the far.u and went 1^
topotter about a blacksmith shop Just^around the corner from his house.
Intime, by the aid of the blacksmith^lie had constructed an engine model^ilu.t worked. Hut he had no money.
Inot's year^he went to Philadelphia as^la wheelwright's apprentice. Phila-^I delphla was no more rapid in those^\ days than its is reputed to be now.^| and Evans did not get on very fast.^! In some mysterious manner he man-^| aged to eke out an existence, and^even to marry, but he could not get hla^horseless carriage on the road, nor^could he prevail upon capitalists to as^^sist him in building a railroad from^Philadelphia to New York, ono of the^great dreams of his life.
Blindas the world was. this strug^^gling Inventor and visionary saw the^true light ahead and of It lie wrote to^a newspaper:
Thetime will come when people^will travel in stages moved by steam^! at fifteen to twenty mile* an ho^ir.^I A carriage will leave Washington in^the morning, breakfast in Baltimore.^! dine in Philadelphia and sup in New^| York the same day. Hallways will^be laid on iron or wood, or on smooth^! paths of broken stone or gravel, to^] travel as well by night as by day. Poa-^I terlty will not be able to discover why^the legislature or congress did not^grant the inventor such protection as^might have enabled him to put th^ kc^great Improvements in operation soon-^1 er. he having asked neither BMW | nor^i a monopoly of any existing thing.^^^ F.vaus -An* right. Posterity ha- not^I been able to discover the why or
Kn-.nowo! lev.^ said the Chestnut^Street rt'Kcrve. .ire so supers! Ulcus^Ibfl the;. *^. ,ii to think It s bad luck
^^ pas* a pl:t without picking it up.^Wl eii t r i KJ are crowded with
Lo; p^ : - vc ii vwmld think they would^n't Have nine'' time to bother with^^iieh tt.'ii-c tun that's where you are^^front Tliero was a perfect bio. ksde^:it ti!^ e^ r: e this morn lug ml ^ itised^liy an etJirl. I BMM who hnd MMgM^i if iit i f s pin lying o.i the pavement.^M once s' e flopped down without nny^ie ir l for the ether people who were^Mnlk'.nr 'long. MMl tried lo pick It up.
I^^t* glovis. uud the pin eluded^Per grabs' Ag.tin and again she at^I mpt.d to eikytui-e It, but It always^managed to scrape her. of course,^.til tlii^ rail) tuok a few moment*, but^n'.. iftij titer* Wa unite s block, and^people wi rr walking lu the street to^act nrou'id liei Kinsi - what did she^do led id bin i ale!) remove the glove^iron, hi i rL;ht hand, pick up the pin^with her 1 ^ ,t^ itmgi rs sud stock it Into^the lipid of her coal. And. having^Nfljjslled herself, irafiic was once more^resumed.^- Philadelphia Record.
Strengthof Paper Money.
'I'lli the pupcr money of tin- United^.-'i Hi ^ endures a vast amount of rough^aid careless handling Is a fact that^must have been Impressed upon any^one who has ever observed th- man^in r In which the av^ rage cashier pulls^and Jirk* the hills he counts before^pushing tin in ihiourh the window to^the waiting pat i o:i, says the Suturduy^Evening Post
Asingle treasury note measures :i^^^Inches in width by 7'^ Inches In^length It will mi. tain, without break^^ing, lengthwise, a weight of 41^l^.undt.; crosswise a weight of !^!^IMinnd^. The notes run four to a^shcel ii sheet being 8^4 inches wide^by 13'fr inclnM long. One of the a hurls^lengthwise will suspend 108 pounds,^and cims wise 177 pounds
Itwill !^^ noteit tliat a single note Is^^ ipaMl ^f sustaining, crosswise, a^wilght of ^l pounds, which Is twice^Ihe amount, be nine pounds, of the^weight ihe note can sustain * ngth^wise; while In the case of the sheet,^the crosswise sheet lacks 39 pounds^of double the sustaining power of the^lengthwise sheet.
roadsin that state tor his horseless^wagon, but it was cot until .804^that the actual horseless wagon^was demonstrated. In that year^the Philadelphia board of health^wanted the water cleaned about^the docks, and Evans was given a^commission to build a machine for^he purpose. He put his ideas into^^ iron and turned out his ^Oraktcr^Amphibolos.^ of ^Digger.^ a horseless^carriage on the road and a sallless^v ssel on the water.
Hehad become so poor that his^wife was compelled to spin tow cloth^and sell It for the family sustenance,^and now, when his wagon was made, it^was too heavy, and to reconstruct It^the workmen offered their services^tree to help him out. At last the wagon,^the first automobile In America, was^completed, and it was put on exhibi^^tion at Central Square, where the^city hall now stands. Here it was^run around the square dally and the^public was Invited to pay a shilling a^head to look at It, one-half the money^to go to the workmen, the other half^to the inventor, not for his support,^but to be expended In further Improve,^ments.
Afterthe ^Digger^ had proved that^It could go by its own power on land.^It was run down to the, Schuylkill,^where a wheel was rigged at its stern^and it took to the water, soing down^to the Delaware river and to Its des^^tination, sixteen miles, passing all sail^^ing vessels on the ay.
The^Digger^ answered the purpose^for which It was built, but it did not^open the pocket books of the capital^^ists, and Evans still struggled on.^Spectacled and gray at forty, he wa^^wrinkled and old now. but the spirit^was strong within him. and he kept^on. By some means he secured a^shop, where he did engine repairing^when he was not busy with his^dreams, and he made a comfortable^living for his family. Hut this was too^good luck, and on April. 11. 1819, his^siiop was burned to the ground, de^^stroying all his papers uud his pat^terns. It was a fatal stroke to this^man of sorrows, but he met it bravely^and went at once to New York to sc^cure means for re-establishing himself^There the reaction came, and the Com^merclal Advertiser of April Hi, 18H^.^contained, under the head of ^Deaths.^^this notice:
Y'esterday.nt the house of Elijah^Ward. Oliver Lvsus. Esq . of Phlladel^phla. In his sixty-fourth year.
Thatwas the end. The body was^burled at the old Zlon burying ground,^whence many years later It was re^moved lo Cypress Hills. Long Island^where it rests now in an unmarked^grave. Oliver Evans is forgotten, but^his works live utter hlin. and the auto^tnoblllsts of America should find his^last resting place nnd erect ov r it a.^MMJMMt wiithv of the man Wiil^lam J. Lamptm in New York Herald
HadPride in Her Town.
Ayoung North Carolina girl gave^me a center shot the other day n* s^token of that pride of locality which^Is more pronounced in the South than^elsewhere ' rald Mr. ||f.lT O Con^tiers of Haltlmore. at the Kbblft
IIwas quite a small place, hut It^boasted one very fine hotel, ai which^1 slopped all Rlgfct After n g,Mlil^break fait I pal I my Mil to Ihe grown^daughter ..r the lady who ran the^tavern und who was quite up In the^duties of a cashier.
'Youhave a nice little t^wn j,er(.^miss.' said I. trying lo make friends^with the good-hKiklng clerk, ^but 1^must suy ma' I never knew there was^such a town on the mafi till the South^^ern Hailr-osd laaded tie- here rest ,^day '
Kylnrnie coolly and looking tm^squarely In the eye. the Tarheel mnid^en said: 'Wlmre l.e ^ou from, mis^I er^' I owned up to Haltlmore. and^this Is what she handell me Well. 1^n ri.on there's lots of folks In Haiti-^more that are Just as ignorant as^you.'^- Washington Post.
wasmeant to amusp; therefore it was^polite that one ahould be amused.
Teacherfools,^ he chuckled.^'Igarka ain't slngin' In skies.
'Howdo you know^^ asked Miss^Halley.
'Cause we got a lark by our house.^It's a from tin lark mlt a cover.
Atin lark! With a cover!^ Miss^Bailey exclaimed, ^Are you sure, dear,^that you know what you are talking^about^
Teacher,yiss, ma'am, I know.^ Mor^^ris began deliberately. ^My papa, he^has a lark It's a from tin lark mlt a^cover. Und It's got a handle, too.^t'nd my papa he takes It all times on^the store for buy a lark a beer.
Lagerbeer! O. shade of Shelley!^^groaned Miss Bailey's spirit, but aloud^she only said: ^No, my dear, I wasn't^reading about lager beer. A lark la a^little bird.^^McClure's.
Odeto the Hen.
Ofrobin and skylark and linnet,^spring poets write page after page;^their praises are sounded each mk.ute^by prophet, soothsayer and sage, hut^not since the stars sang together, not^since the creation of men, has anyone^drawn a goose feather in praise of th^#^patient old hen.
Allhonor and praise to the singing^that cheers up the wildwood in spring;^the old recollection soft bringing Joy,^childhood, and that sort of thing; but^deai er to me than the twitter of robiD^or martin or wren is the motherlj
Mai!UM de Pompa'lo'ir, one is inclined^to think not and to suspect that that^IStHte person had MM other reason.
Theextraordinary frankness ot the^Directofy fashions is too well known^to re d des.-ripilon. but it Is doubtful^if the low cut of the shortwalsted^bodir-es was by any means their worst^feature. They at least had a small^wiring for the upper part of the arm.^out the V shaped eorsage'of the '80s^.ind not the vestige of a sleeve and was^very low in the neck besides.
Infact, for sheer silnglne.-.s of cover-^leg those V-shaped bodices were^unique, r.nd yet the days of the '80s^are. on the whole, held to be extreme^^ly res;^ r-table ones.
WhatftfcmM thnt reign of the low^aecked frock In the early half of the^nineteenth century, that peri id when^respectability was inthrnned and ex^^cessive refinement, not to say squeam-^ishnei-s and prudery, was the order^id^ the du^ ^ During that period gowns^were norn low morning, noon and
spikesalone, is as delicate as chiffon^and far more durable. They use only^the best kavus and these, tied into^bundles, are placed unuer heavy^stones in the bed of a running stream.^Alter two or three days of this treat^^ment they are exposed for a time to^tne action of sun and air. Each piece^is closely inspected to make sure that^the process of decomisisition was^thorough, and if it was not the leaves^are subjected a second time to the^operation. The fibrous threads are at^last wholly si parate from the cellu^^lose and lignose particles and cleaned^I mm the ; ap and gummy substan.e.^The whole is then beaten with a wood^^en mallet, grooved on the faces like a^fluting machine. The threads are kept^moists while this beating Is in prog^^ress and the separate threads are thu:i^blended Into one mass. In color the^fillers vary from cream and light gray^lo pure while. After Ihe ^pineapple^cloth^ is finished figures are stamped^on it witli blocks und afterward work^^ed or embroidered by hand.
cluckwhen a litter^round the old hen.
Andher mid-winter cackle, how^ry, above the new nest she has^made; it .lotifies hearts all aweary,^another fresh egg hrs been lael; and^when the old bird waxes heavy and^aged and lazy and fat. well cooked,^with good stuffing and Kravy, there's^great consolation In that.^London^Answers.
WouldProfit by His Death.
Oneof the newest of Sunator De-^pew's stories is that of a man who^resides at Peekskill and who is known^thereabout for his sporting proclivi^^ties.
Hewas recently invited by a friend.
night,and in full dress had that falling^away effect, wh'eh UM clerical critic^quoted so much deplores, to an extent^which surely || not equaled tivday.
Asa final bit of evidence, contem^^plate the costume of those refined and^artistic peoples with no morals worth^spcallng ot. the ancient Greeks uud^the Italians ot the Middle Ages.
Tinbosom Is covered, Ihe throat^only modestly exposed and the body^cVithcd with voLimlnou.i am! statc'v^i'ra perles.
Tiling-'are rot always what thev^sei m lo In In till - world An authority^on the pr-yi bology M modesty and |^ekrtblni bcHeves thai the genesis of^modesty is to lie fi Hi la 'he activity^l i Ihe midst o.' which it appears and^Mini it has primarily no contu ct ion^with clothing whatever.^^New York^Sun
Thepour have exceedingly warm^affections, an dare easily guided by^them. On one oceaslon.^ says a^womsn philanthropist. In Everybody's^Msgairiiie lor .Innuarv. ^when I had^argued for an heur with a quarreling^husband and wife without bringing^reconciliation any nearer. 1 said:^'Well, you must go your own way, but^^ou are simply breaking my heart^with your foolishness.' 1 bullevo ' .
MrBrowns bii^iu^ ss kept him so^occupied during tiie daytime that he^hail little opportunity to enjoy the so^^ciety of his ow n children. When some^national holiday gave him a day of^leisure his young son was usually his^cho; en companion. One day, however.^Mr. Drown, reproached by the wistful^eyes of his 7 year-old daughter, re^^versed the order of things, and invited^the Utile girl to gu with him for a long^walk.
Shewas a shy. silent, small person,^and during the two hours' stroll not a^single word could Mr. Drown Induce^the little maid to speak, but her shin^^ing eves attested that she appreciated^tils efforts to amuse Iiit; Indeed, she^fairly glowed with suppressed happl^nor.s.
Justbefore Ihcv reached home how^^ever. Ihe child managed, but only^after | tremendous struggle with her^Inherent timidity, to find word^ to ex^^press her uralilude.
Papa,what flower do inn like^best ^ she asked.
Why.I dent know, my dear sun^^flowers. I guesi'
Then.^cried the^ing with gratitude,^plant on your gra\ e^Cotnpntilon.
ThatFalling Away Effect.
theowner of a tine sloop, to go sailing^on the Hudson A squall came up.^and during the excitement that M^sued the owner of the sloop was^pitched Into the water. While the^mau iivei t-oard was struggling for his^life, the friend, who could tot swim,^and who therefore made no attempt to^go to the rescue of his companion,^peered nnx'.ously over the nude of the^V ^SHel.
Aby! Ahy!^ he called out MJaM^edly. when his frli nd's head ipfMaWMl^above the water for an Instant, ^if^you don't conic up for the third time^i an I have the !^^al^
Utilegirl, beam-^that's what I'll^Woman * Home
Oneday M1*s Halley brought^Shelh r down ami n-ad his ^Od^^tfce skylark.
Now,diHi't ynu think that's a pretty^thing^'' she asked. ^Did you Ie n Row^the lark went singing, bright and clear,^up and up and up into the blue sky^
Thechildren were carefully at'ra^live, as ever, but responsive. Morris^Mogilewsky felt that he alone under^^stood the nature of this story. It
Thecaper of commerce Is ihn^pickled flower bud of a shrub thut^grows In vvustr plaei I of southern^Europe. Marseille* alotc exports^about $.^i.*lo worth per year to the^I'riltid Stales. The business if rais^ing nnd preparing capers itil^ht well
Jhe tahen up^lasds of the^Ihe southern^\inerlcn
InCalifornia. Ike arid^cOtlthwc t und feme of
state Com try Life in
Ther'wn-. an old man who said ^tee'^My life's been on ^ long Jamboree.^I've hit such a gait^That I feel. I may state,^There's a hot finish coming to me.'*^^Princeton Tiger.