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LEWISTOWN,MONTANA, WEDNESDAY, MAY 11, 1904.
BYC.KO. I^. HKRRON.
Thereis no one to well prepared'^as the Socialist to interpret current^events. The daily history of the^station and the world ought to be^the Socialist's university. Kvery^event, from the Philippine war to^the Chicago theater fire, from the^\,revision of our public school system
t the latest historical novel, ought^^ be aeized upon as a platform up^^on which the Socialist should stand^and speak his interpretative message.^He should show what each event or^development means in the light of^the economic law of history, and in^Ithe light -^f the Socialist hope for a
Forinstance, there has been much^ignorant and fruitless discussion on^so-caUed ^imperialism^ this last^five or six years, in* both England^^nd America. The Socialist has^been the only one who could inter^^pret these present day wars of con^^quest, these mere picnics of loot and^murder, as modes or phases of eco^^nomic competition. They are but^the necessity of the growth of capi^^talism. When the people of a na^tion become to poor to buy the^things which they make with their^own hands, the owners of the source^of profit must seek new markets and^cheaper labor. That is why Eng^^land is in Africa and Asia; why the^United States is in the Philippine^Islands, and why we are reaching^out grasping hands to the islands,^and peoples of South America. We^are expanding in order that our cap^^ital may have the contract labor, or^the disguised slave system, that we^now have in the Sandwich Islands,^that we may unload upon exploited^peoples our surplus products. And^of course, every child employed in^the cotton mills of Kgypt or India^tends to lower the wage and intesify^the struggle of every girl in the New^England cotton mills and of every^child in the cotton mills of thesouth.^And every slave that works in the^contract system of ^our colonies^^makes the struggle of labor in the^I intcd States so much the harder,^and the lowering of the wage to the^Asiatic level a certain tendency.^As Socialists we could have shown^the whole genius and capitalist na-^'ture of the passion of the nations
forexpansion; could have made^clear that imperialism, or benevo^^lent assimilation, is but a mere com^^mercial and speculative development.^But it does not seem to me that we^have availed ourselves as Socialists,^of the opportunity presented to us^by the imperialistic development.^We could have made much more^pedagogic use of it than we have.^I ^ur tendency has been to ignore it^ias a matter that concerned only the
rapitalistparties. So far as the im^^mediate issue of it was concerned,^that was true; but it is not true that^we should have ignored tne discus^^sion; for it was our rightful platform^one of our supreme opportunities^for showing the economic nature of^the question, and of showing how^its political aspects were a mere de^^ceit and a humbug.
Weshould also have availed our^^selves of the opportunity for show-^,ing the universal solidarity of labor
conditions;of showing how, in the^capitalist o/ganization of the world,^the whole labor l^ody of the world^must inevitably be dragged down to^labor's lowest condition; of showing^how universal and world-redemptive^must be its solution.
Again,there was a phase of the^discussion of the coal strike, which^we failed to interpret, and by which^many of the Socialist speakers anil^journals were led into false positions^and concessions. The Hearst news^4pnp^r^ Hill tVi-r rtfffjf trv^| -in trt^
cryof ^public rights^ as being su^^perior to the rights of either party^in the struggle. This proposition^was announced with great pomp and^soiemnty by politicians and doctors^of divinity, who imagined them^selves to be putting a bold moral^front. Many Socialist speakers and^journals fell into somethiug very^near the same proposition. The^whole discussion was made to pivot^upon the rights of the public, or so^ciety, as superior to the rights of^the contending classes of society. It^was held that the right of ^the pub^lie^ to coal was greater than the^right of the capitalist to his profits,^or the right of the miner to better^houTS and conditions of labor. Hut^the whole proposition was a funda^mental lie, based upon an obsolete^and fallacious philosophy. As ,^matter of fact, ^the public^ had ab^solutely no rights at all in the n^at^ter, because ^the public^ had failed^to do right. The so-called rights^of ^the public^ do not, and cannot,^extend beyond the measure to which^^the public^ does right to the hum^blest member of society. A society^that consents that those who dig its^fuel and climate from the earth shall^labor tinder conditions of danger^and exhaustion; a society that con^sents that those of its members up^^on whom it depends for light and^heat shall be beaten into submission^to long labor hours anil low wages;^a society that does not accept the^responsibility for seeing that every^one of its members shall have the^full equivalent of the whole product^of his labors such a society, such^a public, deserves to freeze aud^starve, and to suffer all the consc^quences of its own ignorance, cow^^ardice and irresponsibility. Snch^public has no rights which any^righteous man is bound to respect^A society or a public has a right to^demand from each of its members^only that measure of justice and^service which it gives. If a pnblic^evades responsibility for economic^and social justice for each of its^members, then the members of snch^a society are absolved from respon^sibilitv for its comfort. The right^of the miners to win their struggle^was infinitely superior to any so-^called public rights, and it was only^the fundamental immorality in which^our society is grounded that tolerat^^ed any other proposition. Public^rights cannot outrun social right^^eousness. Individual responsibility^for sacicty can go no further than^society's responsibility for the whole^well-being of the individual. The^process of reasoning that pivots it^^self upon the so-called theory of^public rights is utterly misleading^and treasonable. If we have a pub^^lic mind or conscience that will not^awaken to its responsibility for mak^ing wraith and opportunity common^to each of its members, then such a^society ought to be frozen and^starved into enlightenment and re^^sponsibility. It is time we had a^thorough clearing up of this matter^of so called public rights as against^the rights of the organized Horker^in the struggle for the betterment of^his condition. If Mr. Mitchell had^but had the discernment and moral^nerve to have held out a little long^^er, if Mr. Mitchell had not allowed^Mr. Morgan and his associates to^enable Mr. Roosevelt and other^quacks to make political capital for^themselves out of the suffering of^the miners, the so-called public^might have been taught some such^lesson as this before the strike was^settled. Sooner or later, this ^dear^public^ will have to learn its lesson^^the lesson that it has no rights^beyond the right foulness anil lull-^ness of life which it extends to its^every member. And the Socialist^is the man to teach it. The Inter-^nntfntia! So';,^-t Rfvf^w.
EditorNews:^Per yonr request^for notes of my itinerary, in the inter^^est of your paper, desire to say that^if there has been any change in the^city of Helena industrially, in the^last decade, it is imperceptible,^other than the addition of a few^government buildings. Helena is^just Helena. The principal indus^^tries here are the National Biscuit^Co., two breweries, and brick yard^in connection; one county court^house and one state house. Paren^^thetically it better be said that there^are nnion men employed in each.
Thetown is teeming with Social^^ists. They read. They think. Out^of one hundred subscribers that 1^have added to your list in the last^nine days fifty per cent are of the^middle class, some better, from a^pecuniary point, and others million^^aires, demonstrating that all classes^here are contributing marked atten^^tion to the greatest living question^of the age.
JohnW. Brown, the impressive^Socialist orator, gave a lecture here^on the 27th ult., in the Unitarian^church, on the ^Triumph of Social^^ism.^ A feature of the occasion^was the abnormal size of the princi^^pals; the speaker and the chairman.^Mr. Brown measures six feet four,^and Chairman Husby, six feet six.^A fair sized audience gave Mr.^Brown sharp attention for two hours^and fifteen minntes.
Differentphases of ^Socialism^^obtain here. There is the Amalga^^mated ^Socialist,^ the Heinze ^So^^cialist,^ the sentimentalistic ^So^^cialist,^ the opportunistic ^Social^^ist,^ the union ^Socialist^ and the^Socialist. The latter represents t!u^Socialist party of Helena; are in the^local club, and following party^principles. The union ^Socialist^^is especially appealing. His antics^would mystify an East India juggler.^He wants it understood that he is a^Socialist, but of ^piece at a time^^propensities, that in the meanwhile^this, or the other redemocan must
Socialists,as usual in their efforts^to arouse their dormant brothers are^pointing to Colorado, as regards the^will of the people expressed by bal^^lot. However it may expedite the^end to be attained. Indeed, some^of the Socialists are crude enough^to anticipate, on the part of the un^^ionists, the annua) pantomimic ex^^travaganza of fighting capital (with^their mouths) 364 days of the year,^and voting the republicratic ticket^on the 365th, in the vain hope of^sei nring ^favorable legislation.^^Twenty or thirty years experience^of failures along this line is not^sufficient. They are following the^grotesque habit of grovelling in the^sand meshes, instead of standing^erect on the Internationa) Wage Par^^ty rock In ^our^ county, David^llilger will handle the Initiative and^Referendum, it is said. Why not^^Forsooth, David is a ^shrewd^ man^politically. That is the proper^present system appellation. Being^a member of the citizens alliance of^1 ewistown, and a friend of the un^ions simultaneously, he will cut a^^swath^ both wars. Akin to ^C.ol-^den Rule^ Jones of Toledo, Ohio.^David is ^for ALL the people all of^the time!
Theprogress made by organized^labor, in this city, in the last ten^years, is pronounced. Ten years^ago there were but half dozen crafts^organized, and possibly two or three^assemblies of the K. of L. Now^there are twenty five anions seated^in the Trades Coancil. The pro^^verbial class war is raging here with^intense fury. The unions are mak^^ing an open fight in the matter of^centralizing their trade; the alliance^as usual, a silent one. While osten^^sibly organized only to oppose ^un-^iist^ boycotts by the anions, they^vthe alliance) are synchronously^applving the same medicine to the^small merchant, who refuses to en^^ter unto their fold, thus abrogating^any contention on their part as to^the non-existence of two distinct^classes under the wage system.
The^Fair^ lists fails to sho-.vanv^retail gin shops thereon, hence all^union men here, and those entering
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bepreserved in office, in the inter^^est of Socialism. Were the Social^^ists of Helena to give ear to the^various claims of the politicians,^with Socialistic tendencies, as to^why the Socialist party should leave^this or that office blank on their fall^ticket, it would present an open^space from Governor to Poundmas^ter inclusive.
Amovement is on foot here, by^some of the union men. They ha\e^formed an Initiative and Refcren^dtim club. They pect wonderful^things politically. The Socialists,^while not opposing it, look upon it^as a huge joke, having for Ml]^years been cognizant of the final^ending of kindred movements by the^the political scrnp pit.*.
thecity mustgo ^dry.^ The unions^have hit upon a novel plan of ac^^commodating pleasure seekers.^They are to build an athletic park.^1 a^ h union w ill form a base-ball^nine. As a respecter of values, the^^Typo's^ should raise the price of^admission when they ^go to play^^The ^lightning jerkers^have formed^a union here. Two years ago thev^formed into a commercial union,^and when it became known to the^management at St. Paul they were^notified to iar loose, as it was dang^erous. They jarred. Most of^tliem have since jarred back again.
Theeast Helena Smelting Co.,^presents a simile to that of corpor
(Continued on last page. 1
Chicago,May 5. ^ Eugene V.^Debs was today nominated as the^Socialistic candidate for president^of the United States. Benjamin^Hanford of New V'ork city was nom^^inated for vice president. Neither^nominee had any opposition. After^condemning the policies of the dem^^ocratic and republican parties, the^platform, as adopted, appeals to the^American people for support on the^ground that the Socialist party is^the only political organization stand^^ing for the principles by which the lib^^erty of the individual may become^a fact; that it is the only political or^^ganization which is truly democratic^and which has for its purpose the^conversion of society to the princi^^ples of true democracy.
May1. The National Conven^^tion of the Socialist Party of the^United States was called to order^by the National Secretary, William^Mailly, at Brand's Hall, Chicago,^HI., Sunday morning. May 1, 100+,^shortly after ten o'clock.
Nearlyevery delegate elected to^the convention was present when^the meeting was called to order.
SeceretaryMailly made a few^announcements in regard to railroad^tickets, hotel accommodations a id^meeting place for the Committee in^Credentials. The committee will^for the present, meet in the lodge^room on the second floor of the^Revere House.
Theseceretary then read the^official call for the convention, issued^by the National (Quorum and en^^dorsed by the National Committee.
liefore calling for the election of^temporary officers for the conven^^tion, ^ said Secretary Mailly, ^which^I believe will be the next thing in^order, I will state that I am glad to^be able to announce to the conven^^tion that the comrades of Wisconsin^have presented to the Socialist Party^for the use of the chairman during^this convention and surreeding^conventions, this gavel, in the name^of the Socialist Party of Wisconsin.
Thesecretary exhibited a beauti^ful silver gavel, and the presenta^^tion was greeted with enthusiasm.
Thenext thiiig in order is the^election of temporary chairman and^temporary secretary, after which^the election of the Committee on^Credentials and Committee on Rules^of Order, if the convention sees fit,^shall be elected. Nominations for^temporary chairman are now in^order.
Arising vote was taken, which^resulted in the election of James F.^Carey, of Massachusetts, as tem^^porary chairman.
DelgateRichardson moved that^the election of Delegate Carey be^made unanimous. Motion unanim^^ously carried.
DelegateCarey then took the chair^and was greeted with great enthuis-^asm.
Theevent of the morning session^that called forth the greatest burst
ofenthusiasm outside of the recep^^tion accorded ^Jim^ Carey when^elected to the temporarty chairman-^was the rendition of the Marsellaise^ship by the German Socialist Sing^^ing Club.
FatherHaggerty's new revolu^^tionary, grip is the latest thing out.^It differs from the old feudal grip^and the capitalistic handshake.^The former was used by the old^barons in order to give his chance^acquaintance no opportunity to use^his sword arm; the later is to keep^the other fellow's hand out of your^| o^ kei. The new grip is of a hearty^good fellowship.
Noneof the delegates, as far as^learned, have yet bought the^Masonic Temple.
Thepencil dynamiter^ that's^'Ve appe^it^'on Fither Hagerty
appliesto Comrad Ryan Walker.
Thefemale delegates add charm'^to the occasion, to say the least.
May2. ^ Comrade Hilquit of^New York elected chairman, and^Comrade Wood by of California^vice chairman. An incident illus^^trating our world wi de organization^is shown by the folio wing action.
DelegateCarey: If the conven^^tion will permit me I desire to say^that our Comrade Ratayama, of^Japan, is here in the hall, and I^move that he be given a seat on the^platform.
Motionseconded and carried,^and Comrade Katayama was greeted^with enthusiasm as he took a place^on the platform.
Afterone has shook hands and^talked with Gene Debs a few min^^utes it is not hard to understand^why he is so popular and why even^his enemies love him.
Anargument arose at a dinner^affair as who was the youngest dele^^gate on the convention floor. It^was settled in this manner: Nich^^olas Klein, of Minnesota, pro. d^to be 23 years of age: K. B. Auit,^21 years of age, but A. \. Oilbert-^son won the prize, proving to be^but 20 years of age.
JudgedC C. Mcllugh, of Ana^^conda, Mont., is the tallest man in^the convention. The Anaconda^Standard, in its issue of April 27,^has this to say of Comrade Mcllugh:^^If delegate Mcllugh get the^nomination for vice-president he^will probably get married.^^This should be a strong inducement^to the woman delegates to favor the^nomination of Comrade McHugh^for vice president.
Aschairman, the author of^History of Socialsm^ is positively^charming in his display of good^nature.
ComradeMrs. Woodward, Chic^^ago, put sugar in her bullion at the^banquet. With a toss of the head^she says, ^Oh, well, I didn't kuown^the Socialist Party had reached the^bullion stage. I thought it was^tea.
May3. Delegate Richardson of^California chairman, Comrade^Stockell of Tennessee vice chairman^in absence of Richardson took the^chair.
Considerationof the report of^the National secretary occupied^most of the session. The remaind^^er of the time was taken up with^report of committee on credentials.^The cablegram from our German^Comrades was the event of the day.
Thefollowing cablegram, first^read in German, was then translated^and read in F.nglish to the conven^^tion:
NationalConvention, Socialist^Party, Chicago, Brand's Hall.
Allhail to the comrades assem^^bled for the important work of elec-^ing presidential candidates. Three^cheers for the International Socia^^list Movement.
Theexective committee of the^Social Democratic Party of Ger^^many.
Thereading of the cablegram was^greeted with great enthusiasm.
Onmotion of Delegate Madly,^the excutive committee was instruct-^to send a return cablegram to the^German comrades.
Ah,but they'er a smooth, suave^lot that New York delegation! I ee^with his studious lace. Spargo with^his old country air, llcrron's dulcet^voice, Hanford with .1 manner all^his own, breezy yet easv, Sieverman^and his persuasive eloquence, Atk^^inson's graceful way of yielding,^S!odohin's tactful fashion of bring^^ing the convention to business, and,^as if all these were not enough to^give tone to our metropolitan dele^^gation, there's Wilshire.