Newspaper Page Text
LEWI8T0WN,MONTANA, WEDNESDAY, JUNE 1, 1904.
Therecent convention of the So^^cialist party in Chicago had eight^women in it seated as delegates.^And these women were not all from^the states where women vote. The^states where women have full suf^^frage, voting at all elections, sitting^in both houses of the legislature,^and holding state offices, are Wyom^^ing, Colorado, Utah and Idaho.
TheSocialist party is the only^political organization in this coun^^try where women enter all its coun^cils and work on the same terms as^men. Socialism stands for indivi^^dual freedom and Socialists construe^individuals to mean women. Where-^ever the Socialist party is organized^throughout the domain of the inter^^national movement, in Japan, in^darkest Russia, Cermany, Spain it^declares for woman suffrage. So^^cialism demands economic freedom,^therefore universal individual free^^dom. If women could once see^what this means to them, how the^shackles of the ages would l^e strick^^en from old customs and disadvan^^tages they would unite in this com^tnon movement with an ardor and^intensity that they have never given^to the superficial reforms that en^^gage their attention.
TheChicago women delegates^were Mrs. Forbes of Pennsylvania,^Miss Wilkins of Cos Angeles, Cali^^fornia, Mrs, Irene Smith of Port^land, ()regon, Miss Carrie Johnson^of Iowa, Miss L. II. Thomas of^Milwaukee, Wis., Mrs. I.uella Kray^bill and Mrs. Cogswell of Kansas^and Mrs. Ha/lett of Denver.
MissWilkins is business manager^of the I.os Angeles Socialist. She^has taken tin' course ;it the M ills'^school, ami is well posted on the^movement. She can address ami^iences in either I'.nglish or C.erman,^and made a most effective speech at^a meeting of the filWII Socialists^in Chicago in both languages. Miss^Wilkins is a kind hearted, noble^minded woman who will make an^excellent impression for our cause^wherever she goes. She has been ;t^teacher in both the public and In^^dian schools.
Mrs.Irene Smith of Portland was^one of the prominent members of^the COftvmtion. She has a c lear^emphatic way of speaking, making^her points with telling effect that^never failed to bring down the house.^The night she spoke against the^trade union proposition, the crowd^and the galleries went wild, ami^cheered, and screamed, and Hung^their hats. Mrs. Smith is a small,^bi n k-haired and black-eyed woman^of about fortv. She has been a^Spintalisl minister, and student of^occult thought for many years.^Last year she stumped Pritish^Columbia on the occasion of the^Parliamentary elections. She at^^tracted enormous crowds every^where, and four members were re^^turned to Parliament, sin- was for^iiierly in the S. I,. P., movement,^and takes the position of that sec^^tion of the Socialist party known as^the ^impossibles.
MissCarrie Johnson furnished^the sentimental part of the Chicago^convention by becoming married^one afternoon in the parlors of the^Revere House, the headquarters of^the delegates, to Mr. Trillcr of l^u^bui|ue, Iowa. Mrs. Triller was for^inerly a resident of Indiana. Sin-^went to Denver as the secretary of^W. H. Wise at the time he was^managing the movements of the^Crusaders in the west. While there^she edited I ^l(^Jtn*tatfiit in the ^Al^^liance of the* Rockies*1* for awhile.^Altcrwauls'Sne 'came^ lo'Dul/uquc to^beconre^the 1 associate cdityj^of the
editorso the association is now^a first-class partnership.
MissThomas is the State Secre^^tary of Wisconsin. She has devot^^ed practically the whole of her life^^time to work for the betterment of^mankind. She was well known as^a writer of stories and verses, was^connected with the woman suffrage^movement in New York, and came^to Chicago and became associated^with Jane Adams at Hull House.^When she identified herself with the^Socialist movement she went to^Haverhill where she worked with the^Massachusetts comrades, afterwards^was with the New York ami Chicago^movements and finally went to work^in Wisconsin as possessing in her^opinion, the best developed and^sanest movement in the United^States.
Mrs.Kray bill of Kansas is the^State Organizer of that State. She^is a student of the Mill's school, has^!^een associated with the woman^suffrage movement and has had con^^siderable experience in public work.
Mrs.Cogswell is also a Mills^school graduate. She is a woman^of means and is able to give her^time to Socialism wherever she^likes.
Theeditor has asked me to give^some history of myself in connec^^tion with public movements, and I^comply with his request at the risk^of being thought perhaps a little^egotistical. I was educated as a^teacher in Illinois and spent the^early years of my life in that work.^I came out to Cheyenne as one of^the High School teachers and from^there went down to Denver to take^a place on a newspaper. I married^in the west and several years after^^ward became one of the national^organizers of the Woman Suffrage^BMP elation, and in this capacity was^in all the state amendment cam^paigns since Colorado in 1895. I^began to work for Socialism by 01^ganizing in the state of Ctah and^was sent from there to St. I.oris a-
nationalcommitteeman two pears
ago.That fall I headed the state^ticket of (^(dorado as the So^ i.tlist^candidate for congressman at latftji .^a fact of which I am very proud, as^I believe I am the only woman in^the world who ever occiq led such a^position. Was afterwards made^state organizer of Colorado, and at^piesent am doing agitation work in
Wisconsin.Mrs. WiaonshStevens tbbottwas
aprominent figure at the conven^tion. She was the organizer of,^and is the president of the Womans'^Socialist Union, ati organization^to prepare women for joining the^Socialist movement. She is an ex^^ceedingly pretty woman w ith a pen^chant for pretty reform dresses and^on unconventional lines, and is wrap^ptd up in the work sin- h.i:, under^^taken. Her seven weeks' baby had^his first outing at the Socialist ^MM^vention.
MissJosephine Conger is known^to most Sin lalistsas the editor of the^woman's department in the Appeal to^Reason, and had charge of this part^oi the work during tnc convention.^Miss Conger is a young and hand^some woman full of enthusiasm for^the good cause.
Mrs.May Wood Simons elicited^much admiration and interest^dining the Chicago gathering.^Her remarkable intellectual gifts^and fine educational training and^the able way in which she seconds^her distinguished husband's schol^arly efforts have made her an object^of curiosity to the comradeship out^^side of Chicago. Put instead of be^^holding in her the plain, severe and^unpleasant female sc holar of tradi
tionone is greeted by the sight of a^dainty pink and white bit of femi^ninity with fluffy blonde hair and^fetching toilets and a most charming^childlike laugh. Mrs. Simons is a^graduate of the Kvanston University^and took the course at the Socialist^university at Hrussels with her hus^band. She translates many of the^best French and Cerman works for^the American press, and is teaching^a course in economics. She has two^delightful children and there is n^^evidence of their being neglected^She and Mr. Simons expect to pre^sent a graduate course in economic^^that they say will fully equal the^Prussels course.
Mrs.Kate-Richards ()'Hare was^present with young Dick aged seven^months. Mrs. O'Hare is a Mills^graduate has written and lectured^extensively for Socialism, and she^and her husband have been sefft into^Oklahoma by the national office.^Yes, Socialism has its women, earn^^est, persevering, steadfast, devoted^to the revolution. These are the^women that make history and form^the conserving force from which .1^new world shall be built.
MYHENRY LYNCH, TRAVELING SOLICITOR
Isolatedsome ten miles from Liv^^ingston, on a spur of the Northern^Pacific is the town of Cokedale, a^conl mining camp, and fragmentary
speckin the unending list of Bil^^lionaire Rockefeller's countless re^^sources. Conl mining there is of a^dangerous nature, as the mine is of^gaseous character. A periodical ex^^plosion, which was not on the pro^^gram occurred last week. The la^t^shot out of four ignited the hidden^gas and the concussion was so g^eat which 'constitution 1 had the four^that it shook the earth. Fortunately [ corners clipped, split in the middle,^no one was injured, although the and festooned with red ribbon,^workers, w ho w ere a hundred feet |^distant were knocked off their feet.^The miners are quitting in squads,^and as there is to be an increase in^force in the near future, the matter^of securing sufficient miners to vol-1^unteer in this hazardous work, is a j^question to be dealt w ith. The min
sidesbeat. The members of both^nines are Socialists. The prize con^^tested for was a ^vote of thanks^^from the Machinists Union to his^Excellency, Governor Peabody of^Colorado for his active work in mak^ing Socialists. The distinguished^Governor was given ^creditable^mention^ within the councils of the^union. Beautifully embossed on^parchment, it was enclosed within a^constitution of the United States.
ComradePaird, operator of the^! shops, is somew hat of a genius. He
pronunciamento,that savored less^exorable, than does John Hogan,^head of Park county democracy.^When John Hogan, as road master^said ^drill you terriers, drill^ the^terriers drilled. When John Hogan,^as ^Tammany Chief^ of Park coun^^ty says to his political understrap^^pers ^drill you terriers, drill^ the^terriers drill. Hogan has quarters^over his saloon, and whether it is^the purchasing of a pitch fork in th^^I ire Department stables, the ap^^pointing of policemen, the assessing^of fines, or the letting of a contract^for laying a street, or building city^works, the principals, in some form
ers,sixty in all, are members of the^Mine Workers Union, and on the^whole, evince strong symton.s of an^overdose of ^M itchellphobia.^ How^ever, not a few, are beginning to in^^quire as to why Mitchell sd vises^that ^politics be kept out of the^unions,^ while Parry of the citiasns^alliance, and his gang are head and^shoulders into the game.
hasinvented a new telegraph key,^I which is a new departure in teleg^raph\ . It is an alternate steel and^and glass bar, placed upon a wood^^en snj^erstructiire, the six steel bars^to correlate with the highest nuiu^l^er of dots in the figure f^. The^glass bars, which act as a non-con^^ductor, makes the necessary breaks,^while the opening and closing of
(Continuedon last page
ToSocialists in Unorganized
AnSXtensive agitation must be^carried on during the presidential^campaign and as many speakers as^p issible should be placed in the^field. Under the constitution the^National Secretary is empowered to
SocialistParty.^William Mailly, Nat'l Secretary.^Chicago, III.. May. 2N, tfl
Contributionshave been made to^the National Organizing Lund shire^last refM ^rt to the amount of ^15.5$;^previously reported. fj.s45.4fl^total. S ;. ,60.06.
Editorsof Socialist papers are re^^quested to publish the enclosed let^^ter to Local Secretaries in immi^^nent place in their next issue-;.
Ceo.H. Ooebel has started over^^land on a western tour under the^direction of the National Secretary.
Localsshould outline their work^for the campaign right away and^^^^tif\ their state secretaries hist^xvh.it thej intend to do. The quick^^er M-.irl is begun the more work will^In* done.
State^'1 inv entions of the Socialist^party are scheduled to meet as fol^^lows: Mav Kentucky at C.,v-^t et^ ^ Pennsylvania. Pittsburg;
Washingtonat Seattle. Mav so and
o.New York, at Albany; Ohio, M^Columbus. Mav 30. Connecticut,^at Wnterhurv. June 4, Vermont, at^Pnrre. July 4. lo.va, at Marshal*^town.
Oneof the first contributions to^the National Campaign fund of mot^came from the old Soldiers Home in^I California to the amount of S; c ol^^lected by Comrade lames J. Dob^^bins.
Mr-.I lia Reeve Cohan is doing^special organizing work for the na^^tional party in Deleware.
TheState Ouorutn of Missouri^has issued a stirring appeal to the^Socialists of that state to contribute^enough to keep one or more organ^^izers at work during the campaign.
Thatall the Socialists have not^been driven out of Telluride, Colo ,^was demonstrated at the election for^school trustee on May 10. when 58^Socialist votes were cast against ;,Xo^for the Combination capitalist ticket.^Inst election Socialists got ^io^against 388, Good showing for I'ea^In id v land.
TheNational Secretary is able to^furnish half tone cuts of Debs and^Hanford to Socialist papers for one^dollar a piece, mail prepaid. (Inters^can be filled immediately.
Thecircular letter issued by the^National Secretary to Local Secre^^taries under date of May 20, should^be given prompt attention and read^at next local meeting after the re^^ceipt.
Iranklin and Marion Wcntworth^have removed from I'bnois to Mas^^sachusetts where thev will work on^I farm during the summer and de^^vote their winters to propaganda^work for Socialism.
circuitis perfected by deftly gliding , deal direct with unorganized states^over the bars by means of a ttecljand territories and in order that^pencil, w ith outer covering of wood I they may have all the advantages
Theunion labor movement in^Livingston is strong. There are^eleven railroad unions, and live or^sis trades unions. The absence of^a Trades Council is a slack feature^of the movement. Unskilled labor^receives low wages here, and the^number of hours are long, as that^class of labor is unorganized. Sonic |^good work can be accomplished here^by the A. L U. The citv and^county work is nine hours. The^machinists union is particular^^strong. Have a membership of scv^entv. During the machinists strike^on the Union Pacific, the bulge here^donated nine hundred and seventy^dollars, the largest amount given by
t. escape contaet with the current.^The advantages gained are three
fold:Rapidity, pure ^Morse^ and^protection from ( perators paralysis.^Mr. Paird has secured a patent, and^expects good results from his new^project.
Politicshere^ Whew ^ but its rot^ten' Park county politics out-rights^Wright and out-weights Waite in^ergus. And that drops it a few-^notches below mercury. Yrooman^and Johns ought to move to Living^^ston, and take with them the ^yel^^low kid.^ That ought to make it a^political Gomorrah in actual. It is^an object lesson in obi party politics.^The Amalgamated controls the re^publicans in county affairs, and^democracy is rent in tw ain through^sheer corruption. ^ me faction is
thatthe National Headquarters can^provide, it is necessary that ar^^rangements tor this work should be^^gin at ihe earliest possible date.
Ifthis educational propoganda is^to bring the results that all Social^^ists desire, it will depend on t ie de^^gree of assistance and cooperation^that the Comrades will give the Na^^tional office and we urge ;''l to con^^tribute their efforts toward making^our work a real ^campaign of edu^^cation.
Theattack of the cai italist poli^^ticians will be directed against So^^cialism to a great extent [n this cam^^paign ami every Socialist in Dele-^ware, ' eor ' 1, Maryland. Missi-^sippi. Nevada, North Carolina,^Rhode Is.. d. South 1 .ir linn, Ten*^luneee, Utah, Virginia ami Wvommg
Iwho desires to assis. in an utective
anvlocal in the United States, mem
-^ : 1 ^ ^ 1 01 1 u|'iioii.* ' sa w ^ mv-*^- -
bershipconsidered. The car work-1 rt.prgSeiitcd by one. a Mr. Swindle- alul t n^tm^^^s ra,^PaiHn until the
hurst,manager of the Rocky Moun
.^ no 'i^ * . /.1 coricsjioi.il with the National Secre
tainPell I elephone ( o., a member
ofthe state legislature, who is an
Amalgamated man; the other by
JohnHogan, a Heinzeite. Hogan
isan eccentric fellow, and is known
as^Park County's Tammany Chief.
11.1 ^^ ^^ _i ^^^ *UA^v. ^^-i I si^eakv.t ^liirin^ the campaign
Heowns the city works teeth and |
toenail. What is known of him.
.,on which you could accept the lirst
isthat some years ago he enu
gratedto America from County^Armagh, Ireland, as an incubated^American policeman, and immed^^iately upon his arrival at Castle
ersare solid. Also the United^brotherhood of Railway Lmployces^w hich has a membership of over two^hundred, in this local. The rail^road brotherhoods were in Helena^last week, in the interest of the ^fel^^low servant bill.
Theyare in the lobby business^again. Two \ears ago after the bill^w as passed, the cor;oration flunkeys
defeatedit with the commonplace
llaw^in the law, and it was set on^the political ^rip-track.^ The rail-^ioad men are wise now, profiting
pollsclose in November, is asked to^correspond arlth the National Secre-^tatv giving all the information pos-^] Bible as to what assistance can be^'given in arranging for speakers, and^'covering the following points: ^^1. How often can you take a
WhatBrOUId be the earlie-t date
byexperience, and will put up one Onrdtn, donned officers garb and
thistime^ that will endure, so thev^n.iv. They will do nothing of the^kind. The paid attorneys in the^legislature, or the court will kill the^bill, otherwise thev will have their^annual passes or pottages curtailed^by the railroad companies. When^these wage slaves learn to align w ith^the Socialist movement, place their^own men in office, and eliminate the^incentive to legal corruption, people^will take them seriously.
(n Sunday morning the ^machine^side^ and the fiOOf side^ of the^machine shop plaved a game of base^ball. It was interesting. Iloth sides^required in constant service three^umpires and four reversible batter^ies. The task of keeping score, they^mercilessly heaped upon one man,^a machinist who seemed in sympathy^w ith both sides. With frantic energy^he kept up with the game until the^tallies reached three figures, when^he lost his e piilibrium, became sore^at himself, ^struck,^ and moped oft^ItO llogans, anil later to the woods.
[formation gleaned from the play^' ers conveyed the idea that both
wentto work for Croker, where In-^received a very technical education,^in old party politics, under the tute^^lage of Crokerdom. Moving west^ward, he went to work on the section^for the Northern Pacific, was pro^ajoted to foreman, and finally ele^^vated to the position of road master,^lie severed connection (by request^1^with the N. P., embarked in the sa^^lt. ^n business, and has by patience^and strategy, distanced the height^of his ambition, and landed himself^High cock a lofum of Park county^democracy. Perceive the glowing^opportunities that are in store for^the American youth, in that, John^Hogan, an uncouth and unsophisti^^cated greenhorn Irish lad, did by^aggressive persistency elevate him^self from an humble turf digger to^the distinguished rank of a political^Imiss in American politics, in a bin^ited number of years. Thev sav he^controls both factions of the coun^cil, and in political matters his will^is supreme. Croker of New York,^Quay of Pennsylvania, or Daly of
j,How manv days for each^speaker do you wish to arrange for
Howmuch cm you guarantee^towards the expenses of each meet^^ing or each day
5.Give names and addresses of^Socialists in other cities and towns^with whom the National Secretary-^can correspond.
Itw ill prove economical if regu^^lar routes can be arranged over^which speakers can be sent as often^as comrades mav desire or circum^^stances will warrant.
Ilyclearlv answering the above^questions, stating just what you feel^sure von w ill be able to do, the Na^^tion tl Secretary will be in 1 position^to arrange and make known plans^for the campaign.
Toprevent disappointment and^niisuuderstandin g, e n t h u s i a s m^should not be permitted to disre^^gard facts as to finances or other^limitations of your local movement^Address,
WilliamMaili.v, National sec'y,
Rooms^00-^0-'. Povlston llldg.,^^6ej Dearborn St., Chicago, III.
Politicsis the science of govern^^ment, and Socialism is the science
Montananever issued a political of politics.