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LEWINTOWN,MONTANA, WEDNESDAY, JUNE /*HMIl
Thephraseology and the length^of the platform adopted l^y our na^tional convention at Chicago is^meeting with considerable critic ism^within the party. Notwithstanding^the recognized ability and partv^eminence of most of the committee^on I'hitfortn, and notwithstanding^the fact that the platform was adopt^ed unanimously by the convention^without disillusion I l^elieve that it^is open to justifiable criticism.
Theplatform starts with an ap^peal to ^the American people.^^Now all Socialists know that there^are two American peoples, the cap^italist people and the working peo^^ple; that the ^people^ are divided^into classes^ working class ami cap^italist class. Socialists and Social^ist platforms have not hitherto ap^^pealed to any such nebulous ab^strai tion as 1ds^ American people,^^they have appealed to the interna^tional working class. The intro^duction of the word American is^superfluous and out of harmony^with the internationalism of our^movement. In regard to the state^ment that ^Our American institu^tions came into the world in the^name of freedom,^ it is exactly as^true that capitalism came into the^world In the name of freedom.
Asidefrom the length and redun^^dancy, which are its most obvious^faults, in its first part the platform^harp-, upon certain phrases which^have so long been the shibboleths^td other and antagonistic schools of^thought that their use tends to vio^late the recognized philosophical^bases of our movement. ^Private^property^ and the ^liberty of the^individual^ are phrases which have^long been the stock in trade of the^advocates of the present individual^^istic competitive system. Of course^Socialism will secure personal prop^erty in objects of personal use to^all, while capitalism denies sufficient^personal property to the majority;^and, of course, Socialism will secure^the liberty of the individual, while^capitalism crushes it, but at the^name time Socialists know that^plentiful personal pro|^erty for all^depends upon collective property^in essentials first, and that indivi-^dual liberty is bound up in social^welfare. Socialists therefore em^^phasize more especially the prim i^pie of common property and social^welfare, as it is through this that^the welfare of the individual must^be reached. l aving the stress up^^on the individual and what attaches^to him is a departure from our^usual method of expression that is^to be regretted. We can well af^^ford to leave such phrases as ^pri^vale property^ and individual liber^^ty^ to the capitalists and the anarch^ists. Of these two phrases ^private^property^ is by far the most objec^^tionable. It is the time honored^phrase of the enemy ami belongs^not in the mouths of Socialists.^And ^essential private property^^and ^private property in the means^of life,^ as used in our new plat^form, are even more ambiguous and^questonable. Such attempts to an^^ticipate obiections to Socialism by^capturing the phrases of the enemy^st'i'in ^ heap and out of place in the^platform.
Thevery first paragraph should^state the aim of the Socialist Party
the CO ranwnership of the
mean^^! production to be gained^through the capture of the powers^of government by the working class.^Hut this platform must be read more^than half way through before the^statement of this aim is found.
Thestyle of the document is not^suitable either for a political plat^^form or for a scientific statement of^principles. Such phrases as ^world^process.^ ^mental and moral har^^mony,^ ^strain and crisis ol ^ ivili-^z.ation,^ ^blossoming of our com^BUM humanity^ are too sentimen
tallyrhetorical for either. A com^^rade, in con versa t i on, spoke of the^platform as ^more of a wail than a^challenge,^ and 1 believe that the^characterizations is an apt one. For^instance, the passage reading: ^if^the world is to be sa.ed from chaos,^from universal disorder and misery^it must be by the union of the^workers,^ etc. There should be no^'ifs^ or uncertainties in a platform;^it should be positive, strong, ag^^gressive, defiant. The above pas^^sage should read something like^this: It is the mission of the work^^ing class to save the world, etc.
Itis no answer to these criticisms^to point out that the platform does^stand for internationalism and the^^ lass struggle, as shown bv other^passages It is j^erfec tlv true that^it does and that it corrects all its^own faults in other passages. I'.ut^that is not sufficient. The platform^should not only be right in spots; it^should be right in expression and in^spirit from the first word to the^last.
ThePublic.^ Louis K. Post's^Single Tax and radical Democratic^weekly, in discussing our new plat^^form and the previous one says:
The platform of three years ago^emphasized what Socialists call the^^the class struggle,^ and it wholly^ignored American ideals and tradi^^tions in its pronounced internation^^alism. It was written without in a^style and spirit well calculated to^intensify every prejudice against So^^cialism and really to attract none^but ^scientific^ Socialists of the^most uncompromising type. And^although it made some concessions^to opportunist Socialists by fonnulat^ing a collection of ^immediate de^^mands,' it did this so grudgingly as^to repel all believers in them except^thorough-going Socialist Party So^^cialists.
Ouitedifferent is the platform^of i^)04. While it does not discard^the ^class struggle^ idea, which it^could hardlv do without ceasing to^be socialistic: and while it retains^internationalism, as a great many^besides Socialist! would have it do;^yet, it lavs its emphasis mote dis^^creetly than its predecessor did, and^it presents its claims in a manner^better calculated to attract the^average American voter.
Thiscondemnation of our pre^^vious platform ;nd praise of the^new one, coming from an opponent^of Socialism, will doubtless be re^^garded by most Socialists as credi^^table to our old platforms and dis^^creditable to the new one. We cer^^tainly want a platform with all its^^emphasis on the ^lass struggle,^ a^platform of ^pronounced interna^^tionalism,^ a platform which^is satisfactory to scientific So^cialists and ^thorough going So^^cialist Partv Socialists:^ vvc do^not want a platform which is^more pleasant to nun Socialists, we^do not want a platform written ^dis^creetly^ to ^attract the voter^ by^concessions to the traditional preju^^dices which capitalism fosters, for^our purpose is not to catch voles^but to make Socialists.
Theappeal, towards the end, to^disinterested altruists from the other^class is supcrlltious. Those who^would be worth anything to the^movement will come just as quickly^without, and would understand 111st^as readily that they were welcome^to work as comrades in the cause if^the appeal w as directed solely to the^working class.
However,although some of its^phrases are lax and loose, the plat^^form as a whole states our position^accurately and does not v iolate So^^cialist principles. Any attempt to^change it or substitute another one
byreferendum before the election^would be a grave mist ike. and^would greatly hamper the work of^Presidential campaign. Those who
are dissatisfied would be wise to^wait until after election before trv^ing to get a better platform. The^proposal of substitute platforms or^of amendments by referendum at^this time would throw the party into^hopeless confusion and discomfiture^Hut if those who are dissatisfied^simply vote down the new platform^on referendum, thus re-adopting the^previous platform, a far l^etter o: i^thev.will do less harm to the paru^than by initiating new platform r^^erend 11 ins. And by accepting I^present platform, for the present,^with all its faults, thev w ill be doing^still better.
Amagnificent life size portrait of^Eugene V. Debs the president al^candidate of the Socialist Petty,^grac es the cover of The ^ omrade^for June. The portrait is the work^of Comrade I . A. Dalme, and the^many admirers of the Socialist^standard l^earer will l^^- delighted^with it. The issue also contains .1^full page half tone picture of Pen^llantord. Perhaps the most inter^esting article in the June Comrade^is the one by Debs, entitled ^Str 1^Leaves from the Note Hook of I^Labor Agitator.^ A comprehensive^digest of the utterances of the whole^Socialist press regarding the ( hic a^go convention will undoubted .^prove extremely valuable to every^Socialist. Highly instructive will^be found an article on the great^Hungarian Railway strike and an^^other one oh the new Labor Cabinet^of Australia. The issue has a good^ly sprinkling of cartoons. Price.^10c a copy. The Comrade, 11^Cooper Square, New York.
TheExpulsion Illegal^Says Headquarters
Mr.W. II. Smith,
Chairman,Committee,^Livingston, Montana.^Dear Comrade:
Thisis acknowledging poors of^the 2^rd ult., containing resol ition^concerning the expulsion of Brothers^Walsh, Lynch, Harvey and Hughes
hoseLowtotowe Lebet Union, No.
Replyingw ill say, that this is a^matter that concerns. ^ hicily, the^members expelled; and it was their^pltce, and theirs only, to appeal to^headipiaiters in the matter. They^did make this appeal, and Pre-dent^McDonald tendered a decision un^^der date of two weeks ago. dec dar^^ing said expulsion illegal, and re^^storing the members concerned to^their membership in the American^Labor I'nion.
Fraternallyyours.^ISeall Ct-ABBMCf Smiiii.^Cen. Sec'y-Trcr.s., American La^^bor I'nion.
Peabody,the citizens' alliance^governor of Kussiado, is now hav^^ing bis hired soldier brutes tie union^men to telephone poles and heat^theni to death. And even with this^kind of treatment the unionist will^still continue to vote one ol the old^parties into power. There is a gieat^difference between bull pen Peabody,^republican of Kussiado and bull pen^Steunberg, democrat, of the Coeur^de Alene strike. The same coher^^ence as between twecdle de and^tweedle dum. Still we have union^men right in this county who are^contributing money to help their^brother unionists of Kussiado, and^and at the same time hobpnohhing^around in Jellersonian citizen alli^^ance banquets, called in the inter^^est of boosting ^Smiling^ I'avid^Hilger for leiutenant governor. \h,^you're a nice bunch' A disgrace to^the country that reaied you! De-^praved hnrninftjrl A bunch that
shouldhave lived two thousand^years ago to scab the job of Judas^fscariot.
OurSocialist Presi^^dential Candi dates
EUGENEV. DEBS, I'etaihKwi
BEN.H AM ^ ^KD. Vici I'm moent.
ATrip Trough Carbon County
Themdamn Soc ialists are ab^^sorbing all of the fanners in Carbon^county' Why they are going c razy'^Just let the farmers get a close of^Socialism; then they will see where^they are at,^ shrieked Banker Vaille^of Ked Lodge to Farmer Spray of^Pish Tail. Hanker Vaille is con^^nected with a banking institution,^that for years has waxed fat. off a^rate of interest ranging all the way^from from 1; per cent ' to the ceil^^ing.^ extorted from those of Farmer^Spray's ilk, on Ixirrowed money^used for the purpose of facilitating^further productivity by the farmers^to be given up to Mr. Takemin. al^^beit a mere subsistence. Further^more, when the farmer must sell,^the markets are poor, and prices^low. due to overproduction, or^monopoly, Mr. Sprav's ilk. unable i^to meet their legal obligations, ex-|^perience mortgage foreclosures and^easily become prey, to the horde of^financial sharks, in the category of^of banker Vaille. Hence the p^^^litical change of Carbon county^farmers. The trouble with Banner^V aille et. al., is the fear that the^farmer and wage slave will awaken^to their interests, and inculcate con^^ditions, which wiil force him and^his kind into prodectiSO labor. Nine|^locals of the American Labor I'nion1^with a total membership of fivel^hundred in Carbon county, gives,^expression of the sentiments here^among the fanners, tin June Oth.^there will be a meeting of delegates^from eac h union, with the object of^forming a central body, and aftiliat-^ing with the miners, ^ho also have^a membership of five hundred. (^BO^of the prime objects to l^e attained,^is the establishment of a co-opera^^tive store, it is said. The farmers^claim that for years they have been^the victims of the merchants of Ked^Lodge, w ho give them w hatever thev^desire, for their produc ts, and in^trade onlv. and on the other hand,^charge them exorbitant prices for^what they sell. While the mer^^chants here have not yet formed an^association, a ^community of inter^est^ plan is adopted, w ith perfect^solidarity. They claim that every^Monday morning, one of their mini^ber visits each place, quoting lived^prices, on the various artic les, for^the week. The Socialist movement^here is strong, and handled by ag^gressive workers in the cause. Fully^two thirds of the miners employed^here are ol Finnish origin. They^are slow to assimilate, but are^thrifty, honest and of sober dispo^^sition. Thev are nearly all Social^ists. and take oralis of that polite al^faith, printed 111 the language of^their fatherland. At the Spring
LYNCH. TRAVELING SOLICITOR
onthe including of this.
election,the Socialists ' went away^round^ tee redeinocans, forcing^them into a bunch, like sheep, and^made I tie vote for the mayorality.^They are making a strenuous cam^^paign for the fall, and expect to^clean out the ^Honest Al^eites^ and^^Jeflersonian simplicities.^ Mr.^Charles Spray, formerly spoken of,^is the probable candidate for sheritt^on the Socialist ticket, and is one^of the most prominent and popular^men in Carbon county. His elec^^tion, if nominated, is assured. The^elevation of Ked Lodge and vicinity^is nearly that of Butte; is subject to^frequent squalls of inclement wea^^ther, and short seasons. Crowing^altalfa is the chief work engaged in,^raising three or four crops in favora^^ble seasons. Cattle raising is car^^ried on, but as the country is thickly^.settled, no great amount of money^is made along this line. Carbon^county lias a life of but seven or^eight years, having been formed^from Yellow stone county ami a ces^sion from the Crow Indian Re^er\.i^tion
JohnMitchell has scored another^victory. This time it is in Ked^Lodge, and as usual, the victory is^for the opeiators. Any one who is^interested, and at sea, as to how^Mitchell manages to herald himself^as a c^ nservative labor leader, thru^the means of the capitalistic press:^have his phiz stamped on cigar^boxes, and otherwise enjoy the en^comiums of plutocrats, can have^his ambitions gratified, bv visiting^Ked Lodge, ami consulting the^miners, 1 cine and all of them 1 ol^No. 1771 I . M. W. A.^a local or^^ganization under his Tzar rule. The^recent trouble anent the check^weighman was the outcome of a vio^^lation of House bill No. 25, by^Superintendent Pettigrevv of the^Northwestern Coal Co. A miner.^Mr. Smethurst, was unanimously^elec ted c hec kw eighman, w ithout any^solicitation on his part. Mr. Smet^hurst is an honest, intelligent and^capable man, w ho refused to be^^handled'' by Pettigrevv, and during^his incumbency, saved for the min^^ers, an amount equal to his wages.^He insisted 0:1 a new order of things^in the weighing of the coal, that^saved to the miners six to ten tons^of coal per day, previously stolen^from them, by the company, and^consequently incurred the enmity of^this corporation boss. After Ailing;^a railroad car from the chute, the^coal that fell of I the car and scales,^was shoveled away at the loading^of each car, and appropriated bv^the company. Smethurst insisted
I ^^SS led
.1 ^ nations^an t i jo-
isof a boorish nature, and after the^election ol Smethurst, by the miners^he tore Smethurst's weigh-sheets off^the desk. Some idea can be had of^the amount of coal, the miners are^required to handle without pay,^when it is known that the mined^coal is run thru a screen twelve feet^long, with one and three quarter^inches opening. The nut coal and^slack made after screening Is ..lined^free gratis. Moreover, all the coal^that falls oft the cars, from the top^of the slope to the scree.1 some^one hundred and fifty feet, is lost to^the miners. The attitude ol 'etti-^gresr toward the duly elected weigh^^nian precipitated a strl'^^. 1'he min^^ers returned to woi I . pemlng a^settlement, and instneted their^District VYorki en to p oseceM Pet-^tigrew for violator the ' ^ ^\ Lie^miners w*/ ^ .^*n ^^prey to the ,vi ll ccc
otGeneral Manage 1 1I0
sentedto leave the violation of a^Mojitana lew to their king, and^Horn's corporation friend John^Mitchell. Obviously Horn felt that^his c ase w as safe in M itciiell's hands.^He was correct; Mitchell has done^the needful. State Coal Inspector^Welsh, refused to take the case up.^The miners expected this much from^this worthy, as they sav he is a ser^^vile corporation tool, and already^two petitions have been filed with^Governor lode, praying for his^dismissal, but the moves have thus^lar failed to si:r His Kxcellency.^Likewise County Attorney Caswell,^who they claim is rather represent^^ing the Northwestern Coal Com^^pany, than the county of Carbon,^found the necessary ^flaw^ in the^labor law, and refused to act.^Mitc hell's decision in the case has^not overawed Mr. Smethurst in the^least, and through his efforts the^Attorney Ceneral of the State, has^ordered Justice of the Peace Haw^^thorne, to proceed with the case,^but the ultimate result in favor of^Pettigrew is expected. The North^^western Coal Mining Co., places^bread in the mouths of ev ery man,^woman and child in Red Lodge,^and any unfavorable action toward^the company means banishment^from this town. Mite hell's decision^in the matter does not conjure well^with the union shibbeloth.^ The^interest of one is the concern of all.'^Indeed, notice was received from^I from the state District W orkers, ad^^vising that the miners better sacri^^fice Smethurst, than prec ipitate fur^^ther trouble. The system adopted,^j whereby disputes aie settled, that
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