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LKWISTOWN,MONTANA, WEDNESDAY, JUNK 22, 1904.
Womenin J5he State^Socialist Convention
BYMRS. R. ANNA GERMAN.
Whenthe state convention of the^Socialist party convened at Helena^Montana on June 6th. 1904, there^were in attendance four women del^^egates from seve.al df the locals.^This seemed rather an unusnal show^^ing in a state where women are not^allowed full suffrage with man, how^^ever it is not surprising when you^take into consideration that the So^cialist's party is the only political^organization in this country that^recognizes woman as equal co-work^^ers in al! branches of honest occu^^pation and education worthy of^mention. Socialism stands for uni^^versal and individual freedom, and^wherever voiced is the sworn friend^of woman, for this reason with the^great advantages it offers to human^^ity in general, if woman could hut^realize what this means for all con^^cerned, how the yoke of oppression^would l^e removed, and a thousand^advantages over old and present un^^equal conditions established through^the perfect system of cooperative^commonwealth, she would waste no^more valuable time and effort endea^^voring to promote useless reforms,^that arc in fact no way reformatory^in principle. She would take the^stand for liberty, right and justice,^where the greatest good w ill be se^cured for the greatest number in^^stead of the dominating few, where^the wealth producer rather than the^wealth abuser may enjov equal op^^portunities.
Thefollowing are the names of^the women delegates; Mrs. L H.^Tierce, wife of acting state secre^^tary. Mrs. \V. II. Tierce is president^of the Woman's Socialist C.uild of^Untie, Montana, and was nominal^ed for clerk of the Supreme Court^on the Socialist state ticket, but de^^clined in favor of Jno. Teters of Car-^bon countv. Mrs. Tierce is a small,^eldeilv woman with a pleasant face,^which is highly intellectual, a splen^did type of the true American wife^and mother.
Mrs.Ruth Scurlock was the dele^gate from Canyon I errv, Lewis ^V^Clark Co. She is I Montana ranch^woman, quoted as a stock raiser,^she is a large, rosy cheeked and^good looking woman with the whole^^some appearance of one who has^been a close associate with the^purity and freedom of out door^farm life, she is slow of speech and^retiring in manner though serious^and thoughtful and displays a clear^practical knowledge ol right and^insticc when she does speak. Mrs.^Scurlock's appearance at the con^veutioii aflorded the observer, who^was fortunate enough to know the^ciit^umstatices a glimpse of the good^old da\s uhen !^otli PM ami women^attended -tat:; gatherings for tin-^purpose of promoting better condi^lions for the t uiintrv and their M^low men, for honor, and not wholly^for the sake of the almighty dollar.^This brave woman told the writer^that in as much as she had not ex^^pected to be elected to the state^convention, she had made no prep^arations for the care of her thiee^children during the several days ab^^sence from home of which her trip^to Helena would necessitate, and in^consequence there was no altema^tive left for her but to bring the^little ones along and true to the CO!^victious of duty both to home and^humanity, she loaded a camping^outfit into the prairie schooner and^with the babies comfortably stowed^therein, she drove to the outskirts^of the capitol t itv and pitched her^tent, thus making it possible to look^after her household as well as at^tend the convention.
Mrs.L. Maggie Jackson was del
egatealternate from Silver How^county, she is the wife of Kvan O,^jackson, who was nominated for^\ttorney (ieneral on the So^ ialist^state ticket. Mrs. Jackson is a^small, feminine looking woman but,^proved herself not lacking in the^true pluck and spirit as she ^cap^^ped the climax^ for woman's rights^when in clear, decisive voice she^voted for a proposition in direct op^position to that of her husband. It^was evident however, that this was^no indication of a ^house divided^against itself^ for, amid considers^ble laughter, the husband looked^over and smiled his approval for^the little woman who was earnest^enough in the cause she represented^to declare the truth of her honest^convictions.
Fourthon the list of woman dele^gates to the state convention was^Mrs. R. Anna Cicrrnan of llutte,^Montana. Mrs. derman was nom^nated for Superintendent of Public^instruction on the Socialist ticket,^and declares that w hether elected or^not, she feels proud of being the^first woman nominated on the state^ticket of that political party, which^alone stands for purity and equal^rights to all mankind. Hesides she^especially approves of the above^named state office being filled by a^woman. Mrs. derman is a firm^believer in the public school system^of this country, and does not hesi^^tate to say that she hopes to see the^day when the Star Spangle Manner^will float over but one great institu^^tion of education and that the free^public schools of our nation, thus,
*T And Summary
BYIIKNKV LYNCH, TRAVELING SOLICITOR
weldingindissolvahle the universal^brotherhood of Man.
Asa politician, the writer's ex^perience and knowledge of the po^litical modusoperandi is very limit^ed but, from what I have read and^from the information gathered else j^w here, I should think that the old ;^parties might have gained a clean ;^object lesson, had they taken a^peep into the recent state conven^tion of the unsophisticated Social^ists. While there were several ani^mated arguments indulged in during !^the session, there was no instance^wherin the chairman was not able^to maintain order almost instanth^while good humor and fellowship^prevailed throughout. At no per^iod during the session was that time^worn prejudice for the presence of I^woman discernable. Indeed, sev^eral of the gentlemen who had for;^many years participated in onesided '^politics, declared that it looked good^to see them there.
Inconclusion, permit me to say^that the present adherence of So^cialism are representatives ol the^future new man and new woman,^who shall stand side by side, equal^partakers in all that is worth living '^for; thus, taking every thing into'^consideration and, from a woman's^point of view, the Socialist's state^convention was decidedly a succei !
TiJ. Davidson of Helena who^has l^een in the city for the pMl^week in the Interest of establishing^a cooperative creamery, announces^that he has about completed hit!^work and believes that the MOM -^an assured success.
Theinformation is given out that^Mitchell rendered his decision, in^favor ol the company at Red Lodge,^due to the ^bringing in of new^conditions, other than those incor^^porated in the 'Helena agreement,' ^^in that Mr. Smethurst, the duly^elected checkweighman, was not,^at the time of his election, an em^^ployee of the companr. The min^^ers of Red Lodge, look upon this^as ridiculous, as the same claim^might be made by the company,^were Mr. Smethurst, or any other^man to succeed himself as check^^weighman, for the reason that he^was an employee of the miners, and^not the company.
TheSocialist movement in Hill^^ings and Yellowstone countv, might^be amplified by more aggressive^work, on the part of the comrades^there. Last spring, a Socialist tick^^et was placed in the field w ith Com^^rade Roberts, as candidate for may^^or, and although little wcrk was^done, Mr. Roberts polled X5 votes,^mostlv by voters not identified as^Socialists, who are disgusted with^the old party rorruptionists. The^Socialists of Yellowstone countv^are shaping up for the fall cam^paign.
Themain point is not to worry!^^That's the way the Sweet Crass^county comrades put it. so sure are^thev of victory this fall. This is^keenly apprehended by the repuhli^cr..ts. In a th ee cornered fight,^the Socsalists will surelv win, but it^is anticipated thit republicanism^and democracy, will unite in name,^as well as in principle; party shib
bolethswill be hurled to the winds^and the redemocans will whoop 'em^up for the perpetuation of graft.^The editor of the Yellowstone Lead^er, published at Ibg Timber, noti^^fied the mayor that there was a So^^cialist-Anarchist in town, represent^ing the Montana News, and that^steps must be taken to dispense^with a program of fireworks that^might occur after twilight. Were it^in Livingston, preparations would^be made to call out Hogan':. fire^department for a run through a So^^cialist public gathering, to put out^a pile of ties ignited for the occa^^sion. The editor in question, works^the democratic end, suffers from an^epizootic siege of Heinzeism parts^his hair in the middle, lest he be^^come topheaw and unbalanced, and^is really graceful. He boldly as^^serts that Heinze is a ^prince^ not^^tight^ like Kill Clark, and that if^p^M are there with the political^dope he. Faog) will come through^superbly.
Asin Carbon county, the farmers^of Sweet Crass county, are taking^to Socialism. A meeting of the^farmers w ill be called at Rig Timber^on June 11th, for the perfection of^plans for a cooperative store. Com^^rade Klake, an old railroad con^^ductor and blacklisted out of the^railroad business is an aggressive^worker in the cause of Socialism.
Anew svstem has been inaugur^^ated b\ the Northern Tacific, to get^rid of blacklisted employees, which^artfully circumvents the law against^blacklisting. W hen an employee in^the train service is detected of hav
inga ^bad record,^ he is called t^headquarters for examination on^signals, placed under a rigid test in^the ^dark room,^ and invariably is^released from the service of the^company, under the pretext of be^^ing ^color blind.^ Perhaps the^marked wage slave, at some time in^his career, might have aligned him^^self with the wage slave class,^and through a labor organization^I have endeavored to add a mite to^I his scant w ages; might have violat^^ed the ordinary book of rules re^^quiring 15 days notice before leav^^ing the service of the railroad; ^his^dismissal requires but 15 seconds)^or he might have incurred the en^^mity of a tyrannical superintendent.^Think of it! After putting in years^of his life to qualify himself along^certain lines of work, he is denied^the right to earn for self and family,^even though he is compelled to give^up approximately S3 per cent of the^wealth he produces. An advoi ate^desiring a change of this dast.inlly^system is termed a boor in society.
Agentleman of quick step, med^^ium height, busy in appearance, and^^rearing a confidential air, boarded^the ^Missouri limited^ at Livings^^ton, took charge of the train, col^^lected the cash fares, checked up^Mr Conductor and left the train at^Helena, as secretly as he boarded^it. He was the collector and is.^rated one mark above the conduc^tor, in point of honesty. He was^seen in conversation with another^worthy, at railroad headquarters in*^Helena The other worthy was the^^spotter^ one degree higher in the
Iconfidence of the company than the
HIRELINGOF MINE OWNERS ASSOCIATION BLEW UP THE INDEPENDENCE ,r,,,,ett^r- ,he u nes
ColoradoAnarchists in Power Can Secure Services of Despised Human Beings to Commit any^Criminal Act Know to Man, But They Cannot Bribe the Dogs -Facts and Truth Suppressed.
William(iiffels of Neihart was in the city yesterday, returning to his home from Denver, where he represented Belt Mountain^Miners' union at the convention of the Western Pederation of Miners, says the (ireat Halls Tribune.
Mr.(iiffels states that, immediately following the fatal dynamiting at the Independence station, the mine owners and officers em^ployed bloodhounds to follow the trail of the assassin who had diswbirged the dynamite. Prom the place at which the assassin had^been concealed, the dogs followed the trail rapidly to the home of | man known to be in the employ of the Mine Owners' association.^They were called off, and again p!a ed on the trail. This time they again followed it to the same house. This time, the front door was^open, and the dogs entered the house, by the front door, and followed the trail through the house and out at the back dooor. The dogs^were then called off.
TheWestern Pederation of Miners incorporated a recital of these facts in its statement to the public, offering to prove them, but^the Associated Press, for good reasons, was compelled to decline to -end out that portion of the statement.
Theman to whose home the do;j.; followed the traii is the one who was accused of blowing up a train carrying non union miners.^The case dragged along for severs! months, and was dismissed after the Mine Owners' association Rot control in the Cripple Creek dis^^trict. Mr. (iiffels believes the strike would have been settled if the dynamiting at Independence had not occurred. He states that after^a committee from the federation had waited upon the mine owners, the prospects for a settlement seemed bright. The owners admitted^that Hm work of non-union miners was not satisfactory and had offered to make several concessions. The federation was anticipating^a speedy settlement of the troubles; then the dynamiting occurred, and everything was up in the air.
Thefederation has decided to submit to the public a statement suppletntary to that already made, and it will be prepared^in a few days. Mr. (iiffels believes it will command the support of the public for the federation.
trusties^is to detect each other in^stealings, and at the same time steal^all THRV can, before they are^caught.
Nowthe relationship nf the em^^ployee, and waste of labor under^a distorted system: 1 he collector^is employed to w atch the conductor;^the spotter to watch the collector;^the railroad detective to watch the^spotter; the auditor ami general^manager to w atch the foregoing, and^the stockholder the legitimatized^thief (not ti e poor devil, out of^work, who steals a ham to feed to^lis family, and gets a \ear for it)^he watches his dividends, and inci^^dentally the legislatures, the courts,^the pulpit and press, that his steal^^ings are conserved, and the masses^of the people well thev just^watch themselves being robbed 1 and^they like it | under a lying, thieving,^lhypocritical and damnable -Ostein^that will be eliminated only through^Socialism.
SocialistParty.^William Mailly, Nat'l Sccietary,
Chicago,iii.. June. 22, 1904.
Contributionshave been made to^the National Campaign Lund since^last report to the .-'mount of ^-'7.(,r^,^previously reported. JXo.ofc; To al,^*M4-U4-
TheNational (.hiomni was called^to meet at National Headquarters,^Chicago, Saturday, June 11th and^a report of the meeting will be sent^to Km press and all loea i secretnries^Deflnil'' plans for the campaign will^bi announced as a result of tin^meeting.
Irotn every quarter of the conn^try comes requests to the National^Secretary for speakers and liter.i^lure. Judging from the interest^a roused bv the national convention^and the nomination of Debs ami^Htnford, a remarkable campaign of^education is beginning. There must^be no state left without its electoral^ticket in this election and to accom^plis'i this the national campaign fund^should be swelled to the limit^lv 1 y Socialist should not only dig^down himself on the half dav's do^11 ill hi during the third week in June^Ivit every sympathizer within reach^I should be reached. Thousands of^workers will contribute if they ai.^approached in the right way and
theirattention called to the import^^ance of assisting the party of their^class in this great battle. The reader^of these lines who has not vet got a^contribution list should write to his^state sci retai \ . or to the national^secretary, if the state is unorganized
(rdcrs for the printed report of^the national convention proceedings^can be sent direct to the National^Secretary with the surety that orders^will bo filled promptly. This is the^only complete report of the conven^^tion published anywhere and its his^^torical value should be appreciated^by everyone. Trice, paper cover,^50 cents; cloth $1.
Whenthe Secretary of the Down^Town N oting Peoples' Social Demo
craticClub of New York City sent^in the donation of $5 to the Nation^^al ^ trganizing Lund two weeks ago,^he said: ^Our Club is the young^est of the three clubs of this kind,^having been organized on June 27,^100.1, and during this period of^one year we have done some good^work for the petty. The greatest^success was the mass meeting on^April Cith, at which Comrades A.^M. and May Wood Simons spoke.^These two h'cturcts were on a tour^under the direction of the National^Committee. There were at least^3000 persons crowded into the Hall^and several hundred could not j;et^in at all. The entire meeting was^arranged by our Club. After all
theLocal Candidates have been^nominated, we intend arranging an^^other such meeting.
Thethree clubs in Creater New^York are ^boat to organize a Ceu^tral Committee, the first meeting f^delegates to be held on June 17th.^After we are once thoroughly organ^^ized we will begin to do some good^effective work and then there will^be no end to it, and will wake the^sleeping voting element out of their^slumber, and educate them to real^^ize that a class struggle is on and^make them enlist in the alreadv^large army of Socialist workers.^Clubs of this kind should be ^rgau-^ized wherever there is a field to agi^tate for Socialism, and we will he^proud when the N oting Peoples' So^^cialist Clubs of this country can^meet in a national convention, .is^the Young Peoples'Clubs of Vustru^did on Mav 1 st, at the same time
(.Continuedon inside. J