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HELENA,MONTANA. WEDNESDAY, JULY 20, I90t
Workof Butte^Socialist Guild
Thewomen i^f the BttttC Social^^ist Guild recently sct the ball roil^^ing in the dlrectkxi oi i much^needed reformation movement^when, last week, they m success-^fully secured the release oi Agnes
I'ensonfrom the Silver Bow^county jail, wliere the j^irl ha^l
beenplaced for little other reason
thanthe unfortunate fact that the^was destitute ami physically un^^able to support herself. After she^had been in jail several days and
ithad become evident that the
authoritiesconld no longer hold^her legally behind the hars. the^philanthropists, who were sup^^posed to he caring tor the child,^put their heads together and de^^cided to launch the charge of in^^sanity against her. w hich was em^^phatically denied and condemned^b) every person who interviewed [^*^her. At this stage of the illegal^c'harity farce, the attention of the^ladies of the Butte Socialist ^iuild^was attracted by an article, which
waspublished in the Bntte Even*
kegNews, regarding this case, and^w ith a sense of honest indignation^and pity for the girl, thev deter^^mined to investigate the matter^and if the circumstances as re^^ported were found to be true, they^wonld canvass every home in Sil^^ver I'.o\\ county before this help^^less child ihOttld be SO unjustly^dealt with. Accordingly, one of^the ladies set forth on the errand^of investigation and succeeded hi^gaining an interview with the lit^^tle prisoner. Alter being con^^vinced that Agnes was neither in^^sane nor guilty of crime, a special^meeting of the 'mi!! was called^and three ladies were Appointed^as a committee to take the neces^^sary steps to secure the girl's re^^lease, inasmuch as they had^learned that she was a Catholic,^it was decided to first call upon^the Rev. father De Siere. and ask^his assiMancc in securing Miss^Benson's release and also to in^^tercede in having her admitted to^the Good Shepherd's Home in^Helena, where she had made a^request to be taken, as she had^usually attended C atholic schools
previoust^^ coming to Butte.
Itwas to p. m. on June 2lst^before they were able to secure^an interv iew with l ather He Sice^and at this late hour there had n it^been a voice raised^C atholic or^otherwist^in behalf of Miss Ben^^son as far as could be learned.^Notwithstanding. however, it has^since been falsely stated that Miss^Benson was rescued from the
countyjail and a probable future
inthe madhouse through the ef^^forts of the Catholic ladies.
TheSocialist Guild is compotcd
ofladies m|' all denominations, and^in matters of charity and princi^^ple, recognize no sect or creed,^but take the stand for humanity^in general. Immediately after be^^ing released from jail, the young^woman was offered a home by^two respected citizens, both of^which she refused, preferring to^be taken to the Good Shepherd's^Home, and in compliance with^this request, the ladies of the So^^cialist (iuild dressed the forsaken^girl clean and comfortable, de^^fraying all expenses, ami placed^her in the care of Mrs. K. Anna^(ierinan, a prominent member of^the Guild and nominee on the^state Socialist ticket for superin^^tendent of slate public instruction,^who took thi' younggirl to Helena^and safely placed her in the con^vent, where she will be well treat^ed and have a good home.
It was generally supposed by
thi'community of Butte, as will be
remembered,that the Women of
theCrittenden Circle were caring
forAgnes Benson, until it was^discovered that she was behind^the bars in the county jail, al^^though as far as conld be learned
ihewas a proper rahjed for the
charitableinstitution mentioned^above anil not the jail or insane^asylum. W hat is the matter^ ( an^it be. as many persons in the com^^munity intimate, that some of our^philanthropic institutions are be^^ing converted into rendezvous for^society gatherings, high noon teas,^and aristocratic functions, while^the unfortunate waif of circum^^stances is neglected and allowed^to be taken from a pitiful lodging^at the mid-hour of night and led^off to jail, there to be cared for^by men. who have grown more^or less hardened from COOStSHl^handling of unruly criminals.
Itit a disgrace to the dignity if^a county as wealthy as Silv er Bow^not to have a competent woman
inattendance in the woman's^ward at the county jail, here^where WfomCB are placed almost^every day of the year, and every^^elf-respecting person and tax-^paver in the county should raise^a voice against this unwarranted^negligence. W hat is being done^with the county funds^ Some say^that the county is trying to cur^^tail expense-, but it is evident^that the taxes are not growing^less. If we would improve condi^^tions for tin general welfare,^where shall we begin our reform^work but in the public institutions^of the nation^ We must secure^a solid foundation, if we would^build aright, and it looks as^though there would have to be^some hauling down and cleaning^out before a better condition of^things can be successfully estab^^lished.
then-is a little something after^all in this recent construction^which the old party representa^^tives have placed upon poverty,^as is shown in the Benson case.
i.p., insanity. Then come out of^the old party-stricken hallucina^^tions, and when you are called to^the polls to cast your v ote this fall^for better principles, stand in uni^^son shoulder to shoulder, and with
Onemighty voice make your de-^sir. % su intelligently known that
theywill be hit and recognized^from ( astle Garden, New York.
totin- Golden Gate, California,^Ladies of the Butte Socialist^Guild.
Butte,Mont.. Jul) I*. 1904,
Itis amusing to read some of^the country exchanges from the^east, and especially so from Ne^^braska. Populism is still alive ac^^cording to those papers^that is^the papers that are still holding^to the public teat. The fanner of^thai MCtion, who so readily rallied^to the call of the populist party 01
its16 to 1 proposition, fails to now
rallyto the Socialist cause, which^promises something, not only to^tin farmer, but his hand as well.
MONTANABUILDING IT THE ST. LOUIS KX^JStTION
THEAMERICAN FARMER UNDER THE PRESENT SYSTEM
TheAmerican fanner and his^exploiter are two of the greatest^factors which keep the social revo^^lution in the rut of slumber, and^there it will stay until the farmer^realizes that he is the worst played^sucker on the American continent.^The farmer has been the slowest^to help himself, of any laborer in^the world.
Thecommercial robber is cute,^^foxy.'^ and unprincipled, so. be^^cause he has nothing else to do^but to study the shortcomings of^the class In- is in the field to rob,^by making him believe he is his^friend, and going to do that for^him he cannot (or will not) do^for himself, while he (the farmer*^as yet, studies nut the schemes of^the commercial robber who never^earns, but fixes the plans for the^farmer, that he may earn that he^(the commercial robber) may^make off this stupid farmer class.
Ispeak now of the fanner who^owns (that is, he thinks he owns)^his farm. ( ^f all the thick headed^men on earth, it is the farmers of^this class; and next, comes that^class of farmers with mortgages.
hirst,these two classes believe^they own their own lands, because^the class who are robbing them^tell them so. and they are so busy^producing wealth for the robbers^that they don't have time to think,^and learn that they don't own .1^foot of land in reality.
TheCOtnnterciaHstS know this^and that it why they say to these^fanners: ^Why do you want to^vote fur those Socialists who ITS^^oing to pass laws so you can't^own your farms^^ knowing full^well that the Socialist program^means a system through which^every man can own his land, and^all that laud produces; and that^no man can get any rent, interest,^or profit from that land; for if^thev did not know that, do yon^think they would be fighting So^^cialism- if Socialism means to^take away the lands, wouldn't^they he right for that ^ For are^tin s,- commercial robbers not tak
ingbundle.'.s of farms away from^yOU every day through the mort^^gage and tax prmress
Second,no fanner owns his^land, even though it is not mort^^gaged. He is a renter of the state.
Why Becanas he pays taxes;^and taxes are rents to keep up the^expenses of the state. If this^farmer fails to keep up his rent^(taxes) the state, through its com^^mercial agents, soils it to some^other man.
Thecapitalist class pays no^taxes.
How10: W hy. because, when^the assessor assesses him for S10.-^000. gOOyOOO, or $1,000,000. the^amount is added on to the oil.^coal, freight, groceries, clothing^and rents, besides a profit of from^40 to 100 per cent, and all this 's^added to the farmer's and labor^^er's taxes.
Thecommercial class is the^government, and that is the chaM^who fixes the tax for the farmer^and the laborer: and they fix it^so the class that earns pays for^everything and the commercial^robber class who don't earn, pays^for nothing. And the producing^class votes the commercial robber^class to be the government to do^the robbing^ami to take away the^lands and homes.
Thecommercial robbers do not^want to own the land, if they can^help it. however. They would^rather the deeds would run to the^fanner, because the fanner, think^^ing he owns the land, will work^sixteen hours a day. year after^year, ^for himself.^ ( ^) and turn^the proceeds all over to the capi^^talist^all but just enough to buy^back from him a few cheap over^^alls and scant adulterated food to^keep him producing more wealth^to turn over to these robbers; for^it is the products from the land^and not the land the capitalist^wants; while the thickheaded^fanner wants the land, and Is^willing to turn all the products^over for fifty years, and when he^is worn out and ready to die, turns
theland ov er to. ^.
(^n the other hand, if the capi^^talists should make the deeds rnn-^ning to them, bv foreclosure or^purchase, they would be forcd^to hire the farmer to do the work^;:; so much per day or month, and^lie would refuse to work In hours^.1 day. him and his whole family,^and the consequences would be.
theestablishment of an eight-hour
dayon the farms, and that would^cut the profits for the capitalists^down, and make it too bothersome^1^. r them.
Soyou see it is better for the^capitalist to make the fanner think^hi owns the land, when in fact he^is only a renter in any way you^cm put it. and a slave worse than^the chattel slav e of tiftv yean ago.
K.B. Ft ^RD.
Howsuperbly exquisite it is to^heboid the P.ill l lark and bang^lleinze wage slaves, who have^eloped from the drought-ridden^corn fields of Kansas and less af^^flicted states of the east, and are^now posing as editors (men of^letters) on these Subsidized or^^gans, and exchanging slime, vi^^tuperation and oxidized hot air^with each other, exculpating the^corrupt acts of their masters. I'n-^der the MragC system this is neces^^sary to obtain bread. I he mat^^ter has a parallel, in a lessor do^gree. to the WSgC slave yawps in^the BnttC minis, who recently^blasted each other into eternity,^with the asstotic idea of preserv^^ing their masters' (the \malgt^mated and Ileum's* rights.^Meanwhile Rogers and bang are^in New York enjoying ^Rod top.'^blue points and aristocratic bland^^ishments. Wage slave:^see the point
ClasscoJiscious,^What ^ Means
Beforethe working class oan^intelligently appreciate the ani^^mus of the Socialist movement^they must have a more or loss
comprehensiveknow ledge of what
constitutesclass lines, what So^^cialists are aiming to destroy an I^what they are attempting to es^^tablish.
Indeedconsciousness meant^knowledgge in its last analysis.
We are proud of the progress^the American movement has^made, delighted and encouraged^that so many thousands have def^^initely arrayed themselves with^the industrial revolutionary^forces of society. And yet no one^knows hotter than the Socialists^themselv es that a bare half million^votes are but a handful compared^with the majority that it will re^^quire to establish the co-opera^^tive commonwealth. And all So^^cialists realize that they are com^^paratively a lonely voice in a vast^wilderness of desolate stupidity.
Contagedat thi- enormous amount^of people to be reached ami the^^lownesi of the propaganda, and^if the co-operative commonwealth^depended entirely on the intelli^^gent know ledge of all the people it^would look a^ though it might be^indefinite year* before the goal^were reached. No such condition^is anticipated. Even our most ex^^perienced thinkers estimate that^when the Socialist change is made^not more than a tenth of the work^^ers will be class conscious or have^an intelligent comprehension of^what is to be done. The underly^^ing industrial or economic forces^which are constantly in operation^in the universe are forming ne^^cessities of action which w ill push^men in the line of their self-inter^^est, which can only be eventually^the co-operative system of pro^^duction. And there will be
enough,there are already enough.
ofthose who have a practical,^comprehensive knowledge of the^of co-operation to or*^foundations of the new
Socialismmeans the fulfillment^of the saying of the declaration of^independence that ^men are born^free and equal.'^ Not until we^have Socialism will this be true.
Howto arouse these dense toil-1 advantage!^beg masse- to a realization, iiganize the^consciousness of how unnecessary society.
theirworry, and anxiety, and bru- The organization of Socialist!^taHxing toil are. a knowledge that at any point is of course an im-^they are crushed and oppressed Jmensc step for the education of^that other- may enjoy the d - that community. And yet there^light! of the world, and a clear, is occasion for caution in regard^rational conception oi how this to premature organization. Thor-^barbarous and sen^eless oppres- ough educational work by those^lion may be ended, these are theIwho understand Socialism is bet-^pressing question- of the hour Iter titan forming a local of those
thatperplex the mind of every So* w ho hav e out) vague ideas of
cialist.who knows that we might! what the Socialist movement is.^build a better world if we only Isnd no knowledge of how the par-^knew how.Ity affairs are conducted.
Thedegrading influence of a W here the struggle of the class-^system of slavery upon the mind es is not immediately perceived by^is shown in the well-nigh um- the conditions of industrial life,^versal opinion among the unfor-jit must be pointed out. defined^ttmate classes that their tuisfor-land emphasised. This e^er pres^^umes are of their own making.'cut class struggle is ev ident in all^and that the successful class have the forming interest- of society^earned and deserve their ^MCCCSS. Isround US, Even in the great^C lass consciousness must be w oman's club movement social in-^based on a knowledge of their I terestS are at work which will^own exploitation. That is why'finally disrupt it. In the great
cityclubs women are dividing^along the line of their class inter^^ests. Kach class rc-eiUs the at^^titude of the other, though uncon^^scious of die cause. It is *o^change this unconscious antag^^onism into consciousness that is
theeconomic facts of our indus^^trial system must be reiterated^over and over again, t lass con^^sciousness cannot exist without a^knowledge of what economic^classes consist, a knowledge of the^class nature of government, and
thetrue causes of aggregated
Toinstill this resisting con^^sciousness into the minds of the^wealth producers, who continually^face poverty and despair, is the^gigantic task of the Socialist edu^^cators, speakers, writers, editors,^private talkers. Sometimes, even^to the most ardent Socialist, the^task seems stupendous and impos^^sible. The farmer class is almost^a solid mass of ignorance on the^subject. The reasons for this are^that the fanners have enough to^eat and a place to die. They never^live. My experience is that men^^tally they are the most degraded^class of workers that we have.^Collective workers, no matter how^miserable their condition, leatn^something by association. Ibis^the fanners never do. and their^ideas are of the primitive sort of^thousands of years ago. And even^though they own their farm and^have all the material comforts,^their stinginess is monumental,^proverbial and amazing. It is the^1 m 1' great virtue on which they^pride themselves. Consequently^it is almost impossible to main^^tain propaganda among the fann^^er- without a special fund behind^the work. l or thi- reason the^fanner districts of America are
still comparatively untouched.
Thefanners know nothing of^what the Socialist movement is.^if they are well to do thev are sat^^isfied : if they lose everything they^are unfortunate. Thev constitute^forty per cent of the voting popu^^lation. They must he instructed^through continuous and patient^labor.
Thereare those who feel dis-
epurpose of the Socialist prop-
ganda,and thus hasten the cvo
Ihe acceptance speech of Debs^at his nomination for president,^in Chicago, is one of the clearest^and finest expressions on the na^^ture of class consciousness that^exists. |t should be spread^broadcast over the land, an.' will
teachworkingmen their position
Ihecrisis is close upon us^is^here now. The Socialists have^the only magic that will build the^new cosmos out of the existing^chaos. And
Therewithin the world new^budded shall our earthly deeds^abide.
Thoughour names he all forgot^^ten, and the tale of how we^died.''
IDACR( ^l ( H II \XUTT.
Allunion and laboring men in^general who belong to the repub^^lican party can spend their spare^moments looking for a ^labor^plank^ in the republican national^platform. It isn't needed, how^ever, for laboring mules who at^this ^|ay and age belong to the old^parties are dupes enough to rote
CongressmanDixon and Sena^^tor t arter of Montana were both^honored guests at the I'cabody-^Walsh banquet given in honor of^the anarchistic reign of the butch^^er that puts the acts of W eyler to^shame. I'nion men might remem^^ber this and have them explain^win they were there; of course^thev can do it.