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HELENA,MONTANA, WEDNESDAY, JULY J7. 1904,
WhySocialist^^\ Papers Fail
Thefinancial failure of many^Socialist papers appears t^^ he of^great concern to the comrades at^present. And when we read the^announcement nearly ever) week^of some Socialist paper reducing^in size, and a few weeks later read^of its going out of existence, the^MMttfcm naturally arises, why^can't these Socialist papers live
Sufficeto say it would take^some space to tell in full why^they fail, hut in brief, it is mis^^management: if you realize wlrit^'hat word implies under the pres^^ent competitive system. Many^Socialist papers are estahlished by^some one who knows nothing^ahout the paper busincs*. Then^a hiil is secured from some office^to set the type, the advertise^^ments, make-up the forms, print^the paper, etc. Here is where the^profit has gone^gone to furnish^ammunition to the enemy.
Torun a paper on this plan^means an expense of approxi^^mately $50 per week with a circu^^lation of 5.000: of course this all^depends upon the locality and the^Typographical union scale of^wages. Five thou-and Mihscrih-^ers at 50 cents per year means an^income of ahout $-^oo per month.^Fifty dollars per week for the^work means an expense of $200 to^$250 per month. All this is not^counting the editor, office, tele^phone, lights, fuel, insurance,^taxes, living and a thousand other^small items that amount to a^great deal in the aggregate.
TheMilwaukee Herald. in^~1 leaking of the failure of the Se^^attle Socialist, alludes to the^cause as being brought about by^the ^cut-throat'- business meth^^ods of the Appeal to Reason.^There is about as much sense to^such argument (^) as that ad^^vanced bbv the laboring mule of
Montana,when asked to sub^^scribe for the Montana News at^one dollar, throws up his hands^in holy horror, and exclaims that^the Appeal is only two-bits. It is^a loss of time to try to uphill^the busincs* end of the proposi^^tion to the fellow. We just pMI^him Hp and get to the fellow who^will subscribe.
FheNews reduced its price^from $2.50 per year to $1.00, and^should we secure a large enough^subscription list in the future to^warrant another reduction, down^she will go, and this cannot he^termed ^cut-throat^ business^either. It is straight legitimate^business under the present com^^petitive system.
Thiswhole proposition cannot^be changed until such time that^the Socialist^ begin to elect men^to remunerative offices. And^then the party should own the^press. \1] electors' salaries^should go into a Socialist fund,^the elector, no matter what office,^to receive a union scale of wages^and all the big surplus of velvet
attachedto most oi the public of^^fices to go into the propaganda^cause, to support the party owned^papers, awl further the cause of^Socialism.
Forinstance, a district judge in^this state draws nearly $300 per^month, while many other public^officers draw more: this, you will^see. is far above a union scale and^would leave a nice fund for prop^^aganda work.
However,the present condition^of the Socialist press lack* man^^agement, and it needs it. and^needs the very best, because the^present condition confronting the^Socialist papers is a serious one^and a hard row to hoe. and con^sequently needs just that much^more hustling.
J.H. Caldcrhcad has returned^home from the national conven^^tion of the populist corpse, whose^death was caused by democratic^fusion microbe*, and gives out the^startling information that he ex^^pects the populist ticket to poll^a larger vote this year than ever^before, even exceeding that if^Weaver of mar a million and a^half. Bill then readers should^take this josh without laughing^because Mr. ( aldcrhcad is hold^^ing a position at the state eapitol,^and he has a great desire to hold^it another term. However, the^News would suggest that should^he be defeated from the much cov^^eted position 1 which he will be),^he secure a place at an undertak^^ing establishment that his tenacity^to hang to a corpse proposition^would not be eliminated.
Ifthese direct legislation advo^^cates are in earnest, and really^mean what they sav. they can ac
complishall they are asking for.^and more, too, by voting the So^^cialist ticket. The election of the^Socialist ticket means not only^the initiative and referendum, but^it means to the laborer the full^product of his toil. If you are not^faking tret in with the Socialists.
TheSocialist locals over the^state should be getting busy these^days and look after their county^conventions. The Socialist party^Bat no reason to wait^they^should be first in the field with a^ticket and platform. Some of the^comrades need awaking. Why^not appoint a committee to go^around and STOUtC them. Now is^the time to act. (let a move on^you. comrade. Do not lie around^like a big Mississippi nig^r^r, an l^then wonder w hy things g,, the^wav they do. ^ let a move on you ;^get a ticket in the field in every^county. Gd to the people; tell^them what Socialism means to hu-^manitv. Push ! Push!!
TheArr E:rican^Farmer's Life
Itis said that 40 per cent of the^vote of our country comes from^the farming, and 25 per cent from^the industrial world. If this is^true, then it is clear that the So^^cialist must reach out into the^rural districts before he can hope^to take control of the government^through the ballot. There has^been some opposition to propa^^ganda among the farmers, hut no^argument can be filed against such^propaganda that will equal those^for it. Whether the farmer owns^his land or not. whether he has^money in the bank or not. there^is nowhere in tin- world a class of
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# W^IT^ NAMK AND ADDKKfcK VEHY I'l. AIN I \ ^^
Tradesand Labor Assembly Read^Riot Act to Demo-Republican Fakirs
Helena.Mont.. July J4. KJO4.^W hereas, During the last mu^^nicipal campaign in the city ^t^Helena, the republican party^pledged itself and its candidates^for office, in its platform, to es^^tablish ami conduct a free labor^bureau; and the democratic party^and its candidates, at the same^time and in the same manner,^pledged itself and themselves t^ ^^establish and conduct a free em^^ployment bureau and to establish^the office of public weigh master^And
Whereas,Under these personal
andparty pledges, a democratic^mayor and a republican city coun^^cil were elected. And
Whereas,The democratic may^^or and the republican city council^have refused to carry out these^personal and party pledges made^to the laboring people and the citi^^zens and upon which they secured^their votes, in that they have for^^mally decided to not fulfill them,^offering as an excuse for the vio^^lation of their promises, that there^is no appropriation for the main^^tenance of these institutions. It^is, however, a matter of public^record and common knowledge^that the expense of estimating the^cost of the water plant by an en^^gineer imported from the east and^other expenses that involve a^greater expenditure of public^moneys, are incurred and ate paid^without the formality of an ap^^propriation ; and there is no QUCS*^tion but that the mayor and the^city council could have found^ways ami means to support these^offices if they had desired to keep^their solemn pledges with otir^people. Therefore be it
Resolved,By the Trades and^Labor Assembly of the city of
Helena,and county of Lewis and^Clarke, in regular session assem^^bled on the day and year herein^Brat written, that the action of the^democratic mayor and the repub^^lican city council of the city of^Helena, in thus deliberately vio^^lating their pledges to the labor^^ing people and to all citizens of^this city. In' and i* earnestly con^^demned ami denounced; and it !s^ordered that the fact of the viola^^tion of these pledges be brought^to the notice of every laboring^man affiliated with this council,^and that copies of these resolu^^tions be given the newspapers of^the city and county for publica^^tion.
W.W . HILLIS,
Batte,Mont.. July 22, 1904.^J. 11. W alsh. Helena, Mont.^Dear Comrade: Yours of the
0thinst.. care of tamrade Pierce,^received.
Iam off for a camping tour to^St. Anthony s park. I will make^an effort to get subscribers for the^Montana News at every oppor^^tunity. I take lots of literature^with me on the trip.
Hopingyou every success. I^am vours fraternally,
P.VAN (^. JACKSON.
Afterall the bawl of the weekly^People of New York, the paper^of the S. L. P., as regarded the^national convention of Socialists^in its make-up of editors, lawyers,^etc.. the editor of that paper was^nominated for governor.
DebsShows Up^Parker and Davis
Comrade Debs sends us an in^^terview had with him by the Terre^Haute GszettC, from which wi^take the following:
Organizedlabor has no more^uncompromising enemy than^Henry G. Davis, the parson whom
thedemocratic party has chosen^to be the tail piece of the national^ticket.
Itmight be a good idea to say^here, too. that Mr. Parker, the^head of the ticket, is merely the^personal candidate of John ! 1^Rockefeller. He was also one ^i^the judges who decided that the^eight-hour law for labor in New^York was unconstitutional. He^is the candidate of the Standard^Oil company. The authority for^this statement is Thos. \V. Law-^son, the Boston millionaire, who^charges that 'Bo**' McCarren of^Brooklyn, who brought out Pat^ker. and managed his campaign,^is on the pay roll of the Standard^Oil company as their political^manipulator at a salary of $20.-^000 per year.
(Whenquestioned today by 1^representative of the Associated^Press at Brooklyn. Car ran refused^to make any reply to the above^statement.)
JudgeParker.-' continued Mr.^Debs, ^is now the candidate of^the democratic party which is so^furiously opposed to trust ruie.
Asto the vice presidential can^^didate of the party, who is sup^^posed to represent the common^people of the country on the tic^^ket, Henry '^^. Davis is estimated^to be worth $30,000,000. and he^has achieved fame in the labor^world by charging union labor^with being a criminal conspiracy
amitreating union men as ene^^mies to society, who should be^caged or killed.
Hedoes not permit his em^^ployes to belong to a labor union.^For reference the I nited Mine^Workers will serve. Davis owns^a big part of the state of Wot^Virginia, including its railroads^and mines.
Inthe Summer of during^the Mine W orkers' strike, the na^^tional officer! asked me to go into^West Virginia to organize the^miners and get them to join the^strike, as West Virginia vva*^flooding the western markets with^scab' coal. I was so successful^in my efforts that Judge Jackson^issued his notorious injunction^against me, which in effect en^^joined me from even leaving my^hoarding house.
HenryDavis, the democratic^nominee for vice president, was^mainly instrumental in having^this ami other later injunctions is^^sued by Judge Jackson, whose^name has become the synonym for^judicial tyranny among working-^men.
Davisis the very incarnation^of the old lime slave driver who^flourished in the dominion.
Hereis another point. The^democratic manager of the St.^Louis convention placed -J.otx* re^^served seats at the disposal of the^Business Men's league, an organ^ization hostile to organised labor.^But not a seat was tendered to^labor, organized or otherwise.
Sixweeks ago William J. Bry^^an publicly stated that no self-re^^specting democrat could support^Judge Parker, the tool of the^trusts and the money power. Mr.^Bryan is now supporting him and^in so doing is proclaiming him^^self a political degenerate.
workerswhose responsibilities are^greater than his; whose hours of^labor are longer, whose promise^of success is more uncertain.^There is not another portion of^the working class whose diver^^sion! are so small and infrequent^as are his. Nor another whose^lives are bound by so many limi^^tation*. The farmer's farm is the^center of his activity, of his hopes^and pleasures. And save the in^^frequent visits he makes to the^nearby towns and villages, the^farm is also the limit of his activ^^ities, l or these reasons he more^frequently than any other class of^workers welcomes the new face,^the v isitor, the lecturer, the school^house entertainment, the church^social, the new book, paper, or^magazine. He is not radical, and^he has not given much of his time^to the study of economics or to the^labor conditions of his country.^But he is willing to be shown,^if the right course is taken in do^^ing it. and after he is once con^^vinced of unjust conditions and^their remedies none can he more^radical than he.
Allthrough his life, the farmer^has heard periodically the speech^^es of demagogues and old party^politicians and his ideas and ideals^are naturally formed through^these channels. He is told that^this is the greatest country in the^world and that times were never^so prosperous: that young men^have only to go out and call upon^Fortune and she will come to^them, a vv illing serv ant. They an^told that the republican party is^responsible for all of this good.^( ^r the democratic office seeker^conies along ami tells them that^there is untold wealth in his par^^ty, and if they will only elect a^democratic president to office that^high tariffs will drop like scales^from the eves of an enlightened^voter, and that all farm imple^^ments will henceforth cost but a^very modest sum. The fanner is^made glad by these promises, but^his toil does not decrease, nor does^his financial condition experience^any material betterment. He^sends his sons to the towns ami^cities to find work, and they natur
allyscab in strikes and taboo the^unions, because they do not un^^derstand their meaning, nor the^reason for their existence. The^farmer's idea is always that of in^^dividual work: he has not found^co-operative effort necessary, as^have the toiler* of the more^crowded places.
Inall of these things he needs^education. He is naturally inde^^pendent and of revolutionary^spirit. There is still the tang and^odor of the soil about him. and his^spirit rebels at the thought of op*^pression and tyranny, lb- knows^no kinship whatever to tin- dwell^^er in the city slum. He i* like an^^other being from another world.^He has stamina and resisting pow^^er* that the slum dweller does not^possess. He will no; wait until^he is crushed before he will fight.^Nor will his fight be a mefU phys^^ical resistance: principle is the^thing that will make hi* spirit rise^and cause him to enter a protest^against wrong.
Ibelieve that Socialist propa^^ganda ought to be pushed among^the farmers. I believe that certain^districts should be picked out and^that Socialist speakers should go,^one after the other, through these^districts, until the seed is well^sown and the farmer ha* but to^make his choice. But in carrying^on this propaganda, tact and judg^^ment should be used. The city^agitator would make poor head^^way in the rural districts. ^ H'ten^he is positively offensive and in-^ctes a spirit of antagonism that is^hard to overcome. This is be^^cause he knows but one appeal,^and that is one that reaches the^rough, materialistic crowd on a^city street corner, but is utterly^incomprehensible td the farmer.
Thesuccessful rural agitator is^one w ho has been a dw eller of the^woods himself and who undet-^stands the effect* of trees and^earth and sunshine and^of room upon the genus^He know* also what bad^mortgage*, high prices,^crops, etc.. mean to the^farmer, and so lu- approaches him^first through sentiment and second^through sense.
Iti* highly important that the^farmer be educated in Socialism,^and it is also important that this^education he conducted in a right^manner. Literature is always a^safe method. 'There are dozens^of books and pamphlets that will^sppeal to him end set Mm think^^ing, l et this method be used un^^til the movement is well enough^off to keep speakers constantly 'n^all farming districts. W hat we^want is a vote that will make the
cooperative commonwealth a
thingof reality^and we want an^intelligent vote.J. C.
Thecartoon in the Butte News^of the 20th is altogether over^^drawn, and ^direct legislation^^has no horrors to such men a* arc^represented in the sketch^C lark,^Rockefeller. Hoffman. Roger*.^Carter. John S. M. Alphabet N'eill.^When such men read the hand^^writing on the wall. Socialism,^then these parasite fakir*' hands^will go up before their god 1 the^almighty dollar) in horror. Put^direct legislation league*, anti^^trust parties, with a following of^ignorant laboring mule* who can^be bought at six bits a head on^election day. and kindred faking^labor organizations, present no^horrors to them. There is just one^organization that worries them,^the one that w ill remove all graft,^110 matter of what brand^the So^^cialist organization. Just change^the cartoon, a few years hence,^when the handwriting 011 the w all^will show Socialism in place of the^Toole fakism. ^direct legislation,''^ami the parasite hands will go up^in horror in earnest.