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HELENA,MONTANA, WKONKSOAY, AUGUST 3, 1904.
Mrs.Hat Crouch-Hazlett Will Tour Nbntana.
AWoman of National Reputation Now Under^Direction bf Socialist Party of Montana^^Watch for Her Dates
Mrs.Ida Crouch-Hazlett of Denver, Colorado, is in the state^and will make a tour of the same in the interests of the Socialist^party of Montana. In fact her tour will be practically the opening^*f the campaign, if there is any such time as when the Socialist^^open a campaign. As a matter of fact the real opening of a Socialist^campaign is the next night following the closing of the polls of an^election.
Aftershe finishes her speech-making in Butte and Anaconda,^which work she commenced in that vicinity last week, she will make^a tour of the state, speaking at the following places : Clsmcy. Canyon^Ferry, Helena, Great Falls, Monarch, Stockett, Sand Coulee, Neihar*.^possibly into the Judith Kasin country, making Lewistown. Ken^^dall and Gilt Edge, and probably after that back to Marysville. K.i-i^Helena, Boulder and Basin.
Thestate committee is making an effort to have her speak in^as many places as possible, and as the exr^ense proposition is to be^handled in a manner that will he light on all the comrades, it is to be^hoped that every local in the state, where she may be permitted^to speak will avail themselves of her services. Mrs. Hazlett speaks^on the streets as well as in the halls, and commands great attention^wherever she goes. The Butte Miner in speaking of Mrs. Hazlett^has the following to say :
Mrs.Crouch-Hazlett is an experienced woman in unionism ami^well known in lahor circles throughout the I nited States. She is^a member of the American Lahor union and an honorary member^of the Leadville Federal union. There is no doubt that the lecture^will be interesting, for Mrs. Crouch-Hazlett is recognized as one^of the ablest women orators on the American platform. She is of a^pleasing appearance and of the intellectual temperament.
Shehas been in Colorado during all of the recent troubles^there, and her lecture will be based on what she has seen and known^from personal experiences. She was in Telluride. Trinidad. Victor^and many other towns in the strike region while the worst of the^aoubles were going on.
Mrs.Crouch-Hazlett has been prominently connected with the^woman suffrage movement for some time ami is an ardent worker^in all that pertains to women's clubs. For five years she was one^of the national organizers of the Woman Suffrage association and^has been in all of the state amendment campaigns since Colordo ad^^mitted the women to vote. She is a member of the Denver Woman's^club, the largest club in the national federation.
Mrs.Hazlett made the race for congress in Colorado two elec^^tions ago and polled a very large vote. Her easy way in presenting^the wage workers condition and pointing out how to gain relief is^deeply interesting to her listeners and always commands the closest^attention from an audience.
Letevery Socialist be up and doing now on this lecture tour^and assist this accomplished woman in her efforts to arouse the wage^slave from his lethergic stage. W atch for the dates in the News and^have all arrangements made about two weeks in advance that a good^crowd my be assured ami no disappointments to experience as his^been the case in the past.
WhatLabor Got From Congress
AfterElecting ^Their Friends.
Foryears the American Federation of Labor has volunteered^suggestions in governmental matters, tad has pleaded for and de^^manded laws calculated to benefit the workers, the great majority of^the people, says the Cleveland Citizen.
Butthe federation might as well have petitioned the man in the^moon to send down a shower of milk and honey, as to request con^^gress and the various state legislatures to grant labor a few im^^material concessions.
Forten years Andred Furuseth has been stationed at Washing^^ton to attempt to secure the enactment of laws in the interest of labor.^Here is what he reports as the result of the efforts of himself and^half a dozen others, to receive recognition at the hands of the con-
EUGENEV. DEBS, SOCIALIST PRESIDENTIAL NCHINEE
grcssmenwho have adjourned for the summer and are now busy fix^^ing up their fences for re-election:
TheChinese Exclusion Hill.^The senate committee on immigra^^tion reported an effective Chinese exclusion bill; a combination be^^tween democrats and Pacific coast republicans, assisted by a few^more, compelled the house to adopt what was substantially the hill^recommended by the senate committee; the senate adopted a sub-
MKS.IDA CROUCH-HAfcLETT. SOCIALIST ORATOR
stituteknown as the Piatt amendment: this was finally adopted by^the house. This bill will admit to United States territory^ anywher.*^any Chinese who is a citizen or subject of any other country than^China. It will admit to I'nited States mainland territory from the^Philippines all the subjects of the emperor of China. More than that.^If China shall denounce the existing treaty made in 1804, then after^December 7. 1904. there will be neither treaty nor law to prevent^Chinamen from coming to this country from anywhere.
Eight-hourBill.^The hou-e passed the bill and the senate is now-^occupying itself going OVCf the same ground gone over for five years,^having hearings on the bill. This || preparatory to burying the meas^^ure.
Anti-InjunctionBill.^The bill to abolish the use of the injunction^in labor disputes passed the hou-e ; it was amended in the senate^committee so it \va- worse titan nothing. 1 This bill was killed in the^senate on Thursday).
Governmentto Build Three Naval Vessels.^The naval commit^^tee of the house reported in favor of building one war ship by the^government in government naval yards; the house amended the bill^to build three. The senate struck all out. and none will be built in^the navy yards of this country.
ShipSubsidy.^An amendment was introduced in the senate to^the ship subsidy bill which prohibited the employment of Chinese on^vessels receiving a subsidy. Through the efforts of certain senators^the amendment was defeated and the bill passed the senate. Should^it pass the house in thi- shape these ships will continue to employ^the cheapest men to be obtained, on the proposition that they are^paying the highest wages in the world.
Andthis array of acts leads the Citizen to observe:
Wehave long opposed the policy of lobbying for labor laws, or^asking for favors from the old-party politicians, or volunteering in^^formation to those who deliberately snub the working people. Such^a policy never seemed very dignified, or calculated to increase one's^self-respect.
Ithas been our opinion that where the working people desire^concessions they have the power to secure them without begging.^They have the ballot in their hands, and, being the vast majority, they^can turn down the Hannas and Johnsons and place their class in^power, and conduct the affairs of government in the interest of that^class.
Butafter mature reflection we have come to the conclusion that^the policy of petitioning for concessions from the enemy, disgusting^as it may seem, is quite necessary. It is apparent that the working^class requires continuous object lessons^every day, every hour^^to make it understand that it has nothing to expect but scorn and^contempt from the capitalist class, the child of it* own relation.
Yes,labor mu-t Ik given Itl till of object leMOM. It must have^ocular demonstration- that its pleadings for favorable laws are^spumed, that the powers of government are against it in strike- mid^lockouts, the class struggle is not a theory, but a condition!
Whenlabor has learned its lessons well, probably it will cease^to worship a Hanna or a Johnson, will overcome petty prejudices, and^ftand up for labor at the pedis as well as in the union rooms.
Thenit will not be necessary to run after the politicians. Theie^won't be any further use for then.
Toall of which we say Amen! This writer saw the labor coin^mittee at the Kentucky legislature last winter, after two months of^honest, unremitting effort, turn with disgust away from Erankfort.^with their minds fully made up that there was nothing to be gotten^from the old parties. Out of this disappointment grew the inde^^pendent labor movement of Louisville which will compel legislation^in the interest of labor or lay those on the shelf permanently who^stand in the way of it. And by the same token the committee that^went to Galveston is undoubtedly wiser if not richer.
TheCopper City Described by a^Staff Correspondent of the News^^The Brand in Evidence.
Anaconda.Mont., July 30, 1904.^Police Judge Comrade McIIugh has kindly given me the use^of his official desk on which to write a few inspired eulogies on the^Copper City.
Abook could be written and not exhaust the subject, because,^from a Socialist standpoint, this is a wonderful city. There is prob^^ably not in the United States another exactly like it.
Itis a ^one company town.^ The Anaconda Copper Mining^Co. may be said to own the city body, soul and breeches. The Ana^^conda smelter, the largest copper smelter in the world, provides the^only industry of any magnitude in this locality. It employs prac^^tically the entire working population. Thus it controls the jobs,^therefore the lives, of most of Anaconda's citizens. A brewery,^brickyard and some smaller institutions give work to a few, but^the company owns them also. A first rate lighting service, water^works, electric line, all belong to the company. After smelling sul^^phuric fumes all day the wragC-tUvee might perchance go and eat^a first-class meal in freedom from the everlasting ^Copper City^^^but the company, in its love for its employes, has provided them with^the handsomest hotel in the state. I sized the imposing structure^up and concluded that it must belong to Rockefeller. So I hied my^^self to a cheap working class restaurant, ami ate my -upper in the^consoling thought that one two-bit piece was not going directly into^^the coffers of the rich.^ Rut upon investigation I found the name^^Anaconda Copper Mining Co.^ ineffaceably stamped on the knife^and fork I ate with. The employes are urged to buy at the com^^pany department store^and you bet they buy. It may be thought^that if the poor wage-slave does not like this state ^^f affairs he can^in the last moment of desperation take to the tall timber. Rut there^is no tall timber. The smoke from the smelter has killed every tree^within five miles.
Couldcapitalism devise a more model city
Themiddlemen here are being driven slowly to the wall, the^wage-sla\ es are being thoroughly instructed in cla-s-conscionsness^and Anaconda will be in line for Socialism long before the ^free^cities^ get their eves open. Indeed, it would have been at this time^overwhelmingly Socialistic had not the Company railroaded Social^^ists by the score. These conditions exist, not because there i- more^capitalism here than in other cities, but because capitalism is more^concentrated and has seen that it is to its advantage to control the^city in fact as well as in theory.
Ihave said the company ow n- everything worth owning. 1 lure^is one notable exception. It does not directly own or control in^the smallest degree the Socialist county and city officials. This^is the one ray of light shining through the darkness. It doe- a^Socialists heart good to find amid the absolute capitalist despotism^in the city a few comrades valiantly holding aloft the banner of the^working class. And this condition is what makes Anaconda unique^among cities. The company has for years completely dominated the^industrial and political affairs of the city^yet the Socialist party is^in power. This is explained only by the fact that the company was^not fully awake to the situation or it would not have permitted such^a thing to happen, especially in the city. Its control of county^politics has never been complete and is daily becoming less. The^Socialists were elected on a labor ticket, and tlx company was^thereby caught off its guard. However, it was not slow to grasp^the situation, and soon after the election the blue card system was^commenced. Comrades who had taketi any prominent part, or wlu^had been heard to express Socialistic sentiment-, or who had been^detected trading at Socialist stores, were notified that their services^on ^the hill^ were no longer needed. Thus they got the radicals^out of town and forced the others to CCSM open activity. Some who^had imagined they were Socialists sneaked back into the old parties,^l'eace be to their ashes.
When,after such a wholesale deportation of the active spirits,^Socialism wins again in Anaconda it will be the -ignal that the^social revolution has hurst.
Thecitv is admirablv situated and well laid out. Streets are
lU-.NH.\NI^^KI^. SOCIALIST VICE RRK8IDKNTIAL XOMINKE
wideand kept clean by a Socialist street department. The street^car line, used principally by the employes, runs to Jie smelter, a dis^^tance of three miles. 'The motor cars rival the inter-urban trollies ^t^the east in size and power, but not in elegance (they were built for
(.ContinuedM peg! TtVO