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MONTANANEWS, HELENA, MONTANA.
ACOORDINOTO THE PLAN
Thepoets once were wont to sing tho
brotherhoodof man,^To fire our zeal for commonweal accord
ingto the plan.^^The plant^ you ask, ^There was no
plan! O, say not to, ye wild,^'Twas said tho lion anil the lamb should
walkliehind the child.
'Twinsaid the earth should b.tir rich^fruit for all the sons of men,
Themasters hold the treasure now, the^masters held it then.
Themonarch of the jungle rends his^weak and helpless prey,
Thelittle child is starved and bled for^profits day by day.
Themasters of the mart in brazen ar^^rogance proclaim
Thetitle to the common store in ^His^Most HoJy Name.
Tin'hypnosis of the njjes is this priest^^ly siren song,
Themeek have walked lwnoath its^spell for o, so long, so long.
Whenshall the manhood of the race cry^its defiance bold,
Andmake a sweet reality the propheev^of oldt
Thepoets once were wont to sing the^brotherhood of man,
Tofire our zeal for commonweal accord^^ing to tho plan.
Theplant^ you ask, ^There was no^plan! ^ O, aay not so, we wild,
'Twassaid the lion and the lamb^should walk behind the child.
OUU O. FOWLER.
TheSocial Democrats of Milwaukee^^ re now obliged to fight in defence of^the public schools. During the ten years^of Mayor Rose's administration only^eight new schools have been built in^Milwaukee. Many school children are^now housed in barracks, where ithcy^suffer from the cold. IiOai spring the^people of Milwaukee voted 1)1360,000 for^bonds for school purposes. Rose pro^^poses to cut this amount down bo $120,-^0^ii^, and wants to appropriate the bal^^ance to building up his machine. More^over he recently made a s|^eceh, at the^laving of a corner atone of a Catholic^Church, advocating a division of the^public school funds so that the Catholic^schools would receive a part. When^this reduction of the school fund was^proposed before the Finance Committee^of the City Council, Alderman Arnold,^the only Socialist on the committee,^made a strong stand for the public^school* and against crippling them for^want of fun^ls. The matter will be^fo-ight out on the floor of the Council^where the Social-Democrats will put up^a resolute defence of the public school^system.
Thestruggle for the initiative and^referendum and right of recall is now^coming to a head in the Milwaukee^Charter Convention. The sixteen Social^Democratic members of the convention^are laboring in the convention, in com^^mittees and caucuses and through the^daily press in behalf of these measures.^Comrade Victor L. Berger is carrying^on a regular controversy with an op^^ponent of the referendum in the Mil^^waukee daily which has the largest cir^^culation. The articles appear each^night in parallel columns. It is need^^less to say that the Socialists are ahead^in the argument, but the other side^may have a majority of votes in the^convention. Meantime, the idscussion^Ls educating the people ami showing^them that Social-Democracy would not^be ^state Socialism^ or ^the new^slavery,^ but the democratic control^of the political and economic systems.
TheRudowitz and Pourcn defence^league have held another mass meeting^at the St. Charles Hotel last night. The^league is doing excelent work and has^the promise of assistance from Senator^LaFollettc and many other prominent^persons.
Ofthe 427 Deputies that were mem^^bers of the first Russian Duma, one^died a natural death, one aws killed,^one has l^ecome insane, two were beat^^en and wounded, ten hsve gone into^concealment in order to escape prison,^five have been intearned in Siberia, 33^have been searched. a24 lire in prison^snd under legal process, and 122 are^signers of the Viborg manifesto.
Fortythousand miners in Belgium^declared for the eight-honr day meas-^urs introdueed in Parliament by the^Socislists. They declare that unless^the bill is passed they will inaugurate^a general strike and compel the pow^^ers that be to grant the concession.
NationalCommittee Motion No. 34,^which provides for the apropriation of^$1,000 for sub. cards of the New York^Kvening Call, and upon which vote^closed Dec. 22nd, was adopted by tho^following vote: Yes, 32; No, 24; Not^Voting, 13.
FRANCE.SOCIALISTS AND THE SENATE.
Frenchcomrades are undertaking a^vigorous campaign to obtain represen^^tation in the Senate, and at the same^time to call attention to the reaction^^ary character of this assembly and to^oaill for its abolition. It is to be hoped^that English comrades will steadily,^and with all their might, resist any at^^tempt to reform the House of Lords^into a similar institution. The only^puriMiso that any second Chamber can^serve is to act as a guardian of prop^^erty. The idea that any hotly composed^of representatives of the intelligence is^in any way superior to the passions of^tho multitude, is refuted by history in^the most striking manner. Wherever^public opinion has gone wrong on any^point, it is certain that their prejudices^were shared in an even greater degree^by the so-caled intellectual classes^whose opinion has been invariably that^which subsequent events have falsi^^fied. Even the most enlightened ele^^ments of the class were never able to^do more then show their impotence^within that class.
Genoa,Dec. 24.^Enrico Ferri, the^well known Socialist deputy and crim^^inologist, has just returned from his^lecture tour in South America. Signo^Ferri prophesies a great future for the^Argentine Republic, and praises the^aminahle relations existing lietweon the^Italian immigrants and the natives.
RADICALGAINS IN FRANCE.
Ascrutiny of the results of the elec^^tion held in France recently for mem^^bers of the chamber of deputies, shows^that the radicals and radical socialists^have msde net gains of 15 seats. The^socialist independents gained two and^the conservatives one seat, while the^progressists lose 18.
Thusit is seen that the election has^been a victory for the government and^particularly for the radicals.
InChristiania free meals for under^fed school children at the expense of^the municipality were first provided in^1897. Other scholars can partake of^the meals on payment of 10 oere for^^ach dinner. Tho first yesr the meals^(one meal a day) cost the town 50,000^crowns, and in 1901 it bad risen to^159,000. The Conservatives then be^^gan to complain that the ^responsibil^^ity of parents^ was being taken away,^and very stringent regulations were^adopted. During 1905 to 190^ free^meals were refused to 1,030 children.^During the winter of 1907 to 1908 617,-^823 free meals were given. In order^to provide the meals cheaply the town^has built its own large kitchen.
Thisyear the women will for the^first time be eligible for seats on the^municipality, and will also be able to^exercise the suffrage.
OnTuesday of last week 37 sentences^of death were passed in Russia, and^17 persons were executed^an orgy of^murder in one single day. These are^the means by which the Government of^the Czar tries to uphold its power.
ColonelLiakoff has been recalled^from Persia.
Theannual conference of the Swiss^Socialists decided to support an initi^^ative for the introduction of the system^of proportional representation into the^eections for the National Council. A^protest was raised against the attempts^made by the government to deprive the^workers on the government railways of^their rights as voters. A resolution^was passed making the members of the^party organisations, the party press as^well as the Parliamentary representa^^tives, amenable to the party discipline.^Hitherto the Swiss party has l^een char^^acterized by everything rather than^discipline. A curious situation exists^in regard to the central organ of the^party, which for a time was published^in ^Zurich^ in direct competition with^an established party dally organ, so^that for a time, at least, there were two^Socialist dailies in Zurich. Now, the^1 'Grutlianer^ is transfsrrcd to Winter-^thur, but still tho situation is curious,^as the central organ of the party should^appear in the centre, i. e., the capital,^or the moat important industrial centre.
TheSwiss party is not yet a united^party in point of fact, and It was nec^^essary to make allowances for discord^^ant elements. However, it is possible^that the recent resolution shows that^that stage is |^nssed.
Avigorous resolution was passed pro^^testing against the extradition of Rus^^sian politics! refugees, as in the case^of Vassilleff. A discussion took placs^on a prop,.tal to monopolize the wheat^trade In the hands of the state, and it^was agreed to subject It to certain re^^servations.
NATIONAL COMMITTEE MOTION^TO RE SUBMITTED IN DUB^FORM JANUARY 12.
DesMoines, Iowa, Dec. 27, 1908.^Dear Comrade:
Imovo that, in accordance with the^suggestion of the National Executive^Committee, we proceed to elect from^the party membership an additional in^^ternational secretary, and that upon the^election of such additional secretary^^i- request the International Bureau^that he be seated in place of the pres^^ent representative of the Socialist La^^bor Party.
Fraternallyyonrs,^(Signesl)JOHN M. WORK,
NationalCommitteeman for Iowa.
NOTICETO THE NATIONAL COM^MITTEB.
Thenew Constitution, taking effect^Jan. 1, 1909, contains the following:^Bee. 5, Art. IV. ^No motion shall be^submitted to a referndum of the Na^^tional Committee by correspondence^unless sup|K^rted within thirty days by^not less than five members of the Na^tional Committee from three different^states.
Bya recent referendum K. W. Perrin,^311 Scott St., Little Rock, Ark., was^elected a member of the National Com^^mittee.
Avery effective protest meeting was^held in Milwaukee on the Rudowitz^ease. A permanent ^Political Refugee^League^ was organized.
Applicationfor membership cards^containing pledge provision of the new^Constitution, are ready for shipment.^Price prepaid. 25 for 10; 50 for 15; 100^for 20c; 1,000 for $1.50.
Eightor ten other cities in Wisconsin^are conducting occasional lectures so^that altogether this is one of the most^active winters in the propaganda work^for Socialism that Wisconsin has had.
TheNational Committee is now vot^^ing on Motion No. 40 which provides^for an appropriation of $1,000.00 from^the funds of tho National Party to^purchase sub cards of ^The Socialist^^of Seattle, Wash. Vote will close Jan.^19th.
TheNational Executive Committee^adjourned at 1:40 p. m. Sunday, Dec.^80th, after being in session from Fri-^dsy morning, the 18th. The minutes of^the meeting have been printed and dis^^tributed in circular form.
TheSocial Democratic group elected^to the Wisconsin State Legislature are^busily at work preparing the legislative^measures which they will introduce in^the session of the state legislature^which opens next month.
TheSouth Slav workingmen, includ^^ing Servians, Bulgarians and Crotains^of San Francisco, Calif., have formed^an association for the purpose of So^^cialist education and organization. The^club meets every Saturady at Equality-^Hall. 139 Albion Avenue.
Twelvedifferent cities in Wisconsin^are conducting regular lee'ore courses^on Socialism this winter. The most of^the locals are selling tickets to these^courses, and thus covering the expenses^and in some cases clearing a small^profit.
Bya recent referendum L. 0. Pope,^712 Roe Bldg., St. Louis, Mo., was elect^^ed a memlx-r of the National Com^^mittee, E. T. Behrons, Sedalia, Mo., 110^E. Third St., was re elected to the same^position and Otto Pauls, 212 S. Fourth^Btv St. Louis, was re-elected State^Secretary.
Unusualinterest is being manifested^among the churches of Wisconsin in^the subject of Socialism. Wansan,^Waupun and Applet.m churches have^recently had Comrade Thompson ad^^dress them on the subject. A church in^Grand Rapids, Mich., has arranged to^have c,uniades i;.i\ lord, Hrown and^Thompson speak to them on three suc^^cessive Sundays.
The11th Ward Educatinonal Society^of Milwaukee is conducting a lecture^course on the South Side every alter^^nate Sunday afternoon. National Sec^^retary Barnes, Seymour Stedman, Tho^^mas I,organ, Mrs. A. M. Simons, and^other prominent speakers from outside^the state have been secured for this^course, an.I the other dates are filled^by Wisconsin speakers.
Theoffice of HI Defensor del Pueblo,^a Spanish paper located at Tucson,^Ariz., and which has been advocating^the cause of the Mexican Liberal Party^members, was wrecked on the night of^Dec. 17th, the press broken, the type^scattered and the entire issue of the^paper stolen. The cause of the outrage^was significantly stated by a local of^^ficial in the following langusge: ^Diaz^has a long arm.
THE WOMAN SUFFRAGE MOVE^ME NT.
TheSocialist movement of tho world^the only true movement for the^emancipation of woman from social in^^equalities. Women is a sex slave be^^cause she is an economic slave. Per-^inal freedom as the Socialist under^^stands it embraces women as well as^men. Consequently the Socialists of^every nation are strong i ntheir ad^^vocacy of votes for women, and pro^^mote the suffrage cause at every oppor^^tunity. I need not here cite the re^^markable activity of the Finnish, the^German, and the British socialists in^this direct ion. It is in line with Marx's^elietutn that the emancipation of the^working class must In^ the mark of the^working class slone, that it is safe to^assener.ite that woman must make her^own battle for freedom on the ground^that she is a human creature struggling^for a larger life. The tremendous ac^^tivity of the British woman suffragists^has inspired women of America who ad^^vocate this cause to renewed effort.^Tho National Woman Suffrage Associ^^ation is preparing a monster petition^for congress. - We Socialists know that^with the woman question as with the^lalxir question governments are not^likely to pass measures to their ec^^onomic disadvantage. Still popular^pressure has l^ecn a force that the ages^have had to reckon with. And even^petitions may be one way of educating^the petitioners themselves.
Mrs.Carrie Chapman Catt, president^of the International Woman Suffrage^Association has sent 400 of these pe^^titions into Montana. They have been^distributed as widely as possible so that^those who cared to sign them might^have the opportunity. At the request^of Mrs. Catt we are printing this week^the petition i nthe News. There are^probably many readers who will be^grad to know of the work of this or^^ganization.
MONSTERPETITION FOR WOMAN^SUFFRAGE.
Tnan effort to silence the oft reiterated^statement that women do not want to^vote, the suffragists of the I'nited^States are now engaged in securing sig^^natures to a petition asking Congress^to submit to the Legislature's of the^several States for ratification an^Amendment to the National Constitu^^tion which shall enfranchise women.^The work has been organized on a^larger scale than ever before attempted^and is in change of Mrs. Carrie Chap^^man Catt, the President of the Inter^^national Woman Suffrage Alliance, who^directs activities from a headquarters^established for this purpose at 29 East^29th St., New York City. Here a force^of competent clerks and a body of^volunteer helpers send out the blanks^and look after the returns.
Mrs.^ aft ls one of the best known^workers in the woman suffrage cause^in the world, was born in Wisconsin,^reared and educated in Iowa, was the^first woman reporter in the city of San^Francisco, lived in the State of Wash^^ington and later removed to New York.^When Susan B. Anthony retired from^the active leadership of the National^American Woman Suffrage Association^Vi 1900, Mrs. Chapman Catt was un^^animously elected president. In 1904^she became president of the Interna^tional Woman Suffrage Alliance, which^in the few ..hont years of its existence^has grown into an affiliation of Na^^tional organizations from sixteen coun^^tries.
Tothe Senate and House of Reprcscnta^tives of the I'nited States.
We,the undersigned citizens of the^United States, over 21 years of age,^hereby petition your honorable body to^submit to the Legislatures of the sev^^eral State* for ratification an amend-^menet to the National Constitution^which shall enable women to vote.
Names Occupations Addresses
BRITAIN'SGRAND OLD MAN IN^NEW YORK.
(Continuedfrom page 1.)
Montana.News readers who favor^woman suffrage are roquested by the^National American Woman Suffrage^Association to sign the above petition,^cut out the coupon and mail it to Mrs.^Carrie Chapman Catt. 29 E. 29th St.,^New York City, or to National Woman^Suffrage Headquarters, Warren, Ohio.
SpecialTrain with Back Platform^Speeches.
Whentho suffragists of the nation^go to Seattle, Wash., next July for the^41st annual convention of the National^American Suffrage Association, a spec^ial day-light train, on the Northern^Pacific, will carry delegates and speak^^ers from Spokane to Seattle. An ob^^servation car will bo attached and stops^will be made ,^t all points desired so^that Rer. Anna II. Shaw and others^may make ^back platform^ speeches^eii route.
Eventho suffragists are learning^campaign methods from the Socialists.
PrivateOwnership Creates Divisions.
Butthere is one thing more which^has been a recognized not only by work^^ing people, but by thinkers in every^grade of life; that the accumulation of^wealth in private hands is becoming a^menace to the liberties of the people.^In many cases during industrial dis^^putes the capitalist classes are usurp^^ing what have hitherto been the func^^tions of the state, employing armed men^and generally taking t lie law into their^own hands.
Theprivate ownership of wealth^creates artificial class distinctions. In^the old country we have our aristoc^^racy, our middle class and our work^^ing class. Man for man. you woul I^find that the same general IstssllgSlH^applies to all three classes. The aris^^tocracy doesn't occupy its position of^power because of superior intelligence,^ability or moral worth, but solely and^exclusively because of possession of^property. And so do we find that the^possession of property In private hands^tends to divide the community into ar^^tificial classes, not graded according to^ability or moral worth, but according^to material possessions.
Ourchairman has referred to the^South African war. We learned then^that privatly owned wealth control)*^the press and corrupts the senate and^very often muzzles the pulpit for its^own purposes. (Applause.) And so^there is a growing revolt again*- this^accumulation of wealth in private^hands. And its possessor* too arc be^^ginning to learn that wealth die* not^bring happiness. My famous . ounti. ^^man, Andrew Carnegie, a* well known^on this side of the Atlantic ,i* he is^on the other, in hi* most reccnf book^has stated perhaps the most |^otliotie^facrt which any man could pen- that^It's a rare thing to see a millionaire^laugh.
TheEvolution of Industry.
Iam of those who believe the task^to be an impossible one. (Appls^s.)^Concentration of capital is natnr.il,^logical and inevitable.
Wehi-ar a great deal alwint the glory^and the benefits of competition. A^dozen men who arc engaged in the same^business have learned by experience^that combination pays them better than^cut-throat competition, and so they^combine^very wisely, very properly.
Capitalis following the same lines^of evolution as have brought the ex^isting state into being. Far back in^the records of history there was a time^in the feudal states of Europe when^there were barons, each man his neigh^bor's equal, but in process of time^these evolved kings, and kingdoms^wre established, and still further in pro.^cess of time kingdoms evolved into em^^pires.
Andso, too, with capital. In its^earlier days there was the private em^^ployer. Then came the company and^now comes the combination of compa^^nies. And just as the common people^in times past found that monopoly of^power by the king was a danger and a^manace to them, so now the people are^observing that the monopoly of land^and capital is threatening their liberties^and most in some way be met and over^^come. (Applause.)
Thepower of kings was broken by^the people winning |^oliticaI freedom^for themselves. Sometimes the fight^was waged bloodlesslv. Here in Ameri^^ca your fathers shed their blood gladly^to win the right to call themselves free^from the domination of teh king* of^England. In France the power of the^king and the aristocracy was broken in^the throes of a bbxsly revolution. We^of the labor movement, Itelicving that^Socialism offers the only solution of^the industrial problem of the age, are^sacking to teach the working class that^If they will bnt combine their political^power and exercise it wisely and well,^the time will come when they win be as^fully enfranchised industrially and ec^onomically as they to day are political^^ly. (Applause.)
Socialismis a world movement. It^commands at this moment ten million^electors. That is the number of votes^that have been cast for it in the most^recent elections. It is being discussed^niore and more by thinking minds. We^in the old country are gradually ap^^proximating toward the Socialist state.^I sunetimes am amused to hear dia^triles against Socialism from men who^arf themselves Socialist* up to the point^at which tho state serves their class in^^terests. As Sir William Harcourt said^^nunc years ago, ^We are all Socialist*^now.
WhreClass Interests Interfere.
Themovement in Great Britain is^gathering force among business men for^the nationalization of railways, not be^^cause these men are Socialists, but be^^cause they find that privato ownership^of railways ham|m'rs and hinders their^business and increases the coit of pro^^duction, and to that etxent handicap*^them in the world's markets There^fore they want the state to nationalize^railways. It suits their interest that^the state should.
Butthi-se same men, when the work^ing class desire to socialize the mean*^of production, the food supply, the
housingsupply, the clothing supply,^cry out in indignation as though some^new proposal were being put forward.^Every class in the community, I repeat,^approves and accepts Soclffalism up to^the point at which its class interests are^being served.
Whatthe Working Class Is.^We have now in Great Britain a^growing movement for municipalization^of tramways, electrical works, water^works, workmen's dwellings, etc.;^^.'^i 10,000,000 worth of property hsve^already been successfully socialized in^the old country. The movement is com^^ing almost imperceptibly in regard to^the conveniences of business and of^life. But our contention has been and^still ls that Socialism can never be ful^^ly established until the working class^intelligently co-operate with the forces^at work in bringing Socialism into be^^ing.
Andwhen I specify the working class^I do not do so because I claim for that^class any special ability or any special^moral advantage, but simply l^eeause It^is the one section of the community^which has no special interest to serve^apart from the Interest of the commun^^ity as a whole. (Applause.) As John^i rt Mill palate*] out, the working^class is not a class. It is the nation.^And the other classes, with all respect^be it spoken, are parasitic classes upon^the community. (Applause.)
Andnow. what have we in prospect^in England^ We propose to begin chief^^ly by taxing land monopolies. The^land of Oreat Britain is held as a^closed preserve by our great aristocratic^and monie.l families. The Chancellor^of the Exchequer in the coming budget^will probably make a beginning with a^reform to effect the obtaining for the^Community of that social value which^tho work of the community gives to^land by the very presence of a working^class population upon it. Taxation of^land values is ,.ne of the movements^which are receiving increasing atten^^tion on the other side of the Atlantic.^And with that goes the taxation of un-^earntsl incomes from every source.^Unity Essential.
These,then, ladies and gentlemen, are^the outlines^very crudely put, I am^afraid^of the movement which is now^making such headway in Croat Britain^and other parts of the obi world, a^movement destined I believe to go on^acquiring strength and cohesion until^the time comes when the working class^will be the masters of the destinies of^nations.
Ibelieve that the misery of the world^comes from the rule of small classes.^Given a rule of tho people, the whole^people, by statesmen and thinkers^evolved from their own ranks, and a^much brighter day would dawn for the^community.
Butif that day is to come there must^be unity in the ranks of the working^class itself. That which makes the^other class powerful is the discord and^want of unity in the working class^movement. (Applause.)
Whenwe remember the millions who^compose the working class, the varie^^ties of religious differences that keep^them separated, the agencies at work^to foment strife and keep them divided,^we realize the magnitude of the task of^those who set themselves the work of^uniting them. But as you, sir, said at^the opening. Given the men. and every^^thing else will follow.
Onestrong man living in a commun^^ity, working for an ideal, will attract to^himself all that ls best and truest in^that community in helping him to real^^ize the ambition of his life.
ACall to the Young.
Andthose of you who are just begin^^ning life's journey, who unlike myself^still have life mostly before you, let^me ask you not to dismiss Socialism^tightly, as a tiling of small or of no ac^^count. Every age of the world has re^^quired its great cause to inspire men^and women to noble and heroic deeds.
Oneof the complaints justly leveled^against the present age is that it is^sordid and mean, and lacks high^Ideals. There are still Holy Grails to^be striven for. There is still sacrifices^required in bringing a higher ideal^than now exists into tho lives of the^people. And if a young man or a young^woman of this age will but throw them^^selves into the movement for freeing^the world from the curae of poverty^with all its attendant train of evils,^they will find work worthy of their^better selves and will themselves gain^from the work they undertake.
Inthe words of one of the men who^helped to make this nation, who helped^t ' give this nation its standing in the^world of letters
Godgive us men. A time like this^demands
Greathearts, strong minds, true faith
sndwilling hands;^Men whom the Inst of office does not
Menwhom the spoils of office cannot^buy,
Menwho possess opinions and a will.^Men of honor, men who will not lie.
Thelabor movement in Great Britain^has many defects, many failures, but at^least the men and women who compose^it believe in the ideal they are striving^for, and In that belief make what sac^^rifice they are called upon to make to^have it realized at the earliest possible^moment. (Applause.)
New York Evening Call.