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OPn NTANA NEWS (= (I
V0L VII. HEIINA, MONTANA, THURSDAY, JANUARY 4, 1912 0NO. 50
General Strike Threatened on
Every Road to Support
The strike of the federated shop
m.n is nearing the New Year with
the ranks of the strikers as firm as
when the strike began. The men
are looking to an early setttlement of
the strike It is beillved that it cannot
last longer than sixty days. and
the most conservative set ninety days
as the limit
Fearing that the strike may pos
slbly be prolonged to the nnety days.
J. W. Kline. president Blacksmiths;
J. . Buckalew, vlce-president Machin.
Ists; J. A. FrankIln, president Boiler
makers; M. F. Ryan. president Car
men; Micheal O. Sullivan. president;
Sheet Metal Workers and J E. Kin
sells, president Steamfitters, met in
C'hicago on the 16th to lscuse the
advisability of calaing a general strike
on all the western roads that receive
treight handled by strikebreakers. It
was virtually decided in the confer
ence to wrork for this action. Meet
ings have since been held in St Louis
and other cities lookag to this end.
The plan calIs for a general strike
'o aild hopm'n. telegraphers, clerks.
freight haniers and switchmen, on all
wecstern roads, and extension of the
walkout to ruch eastern railroads as
hands. freight which may be moved
by strikebreakers on the western car
Whether such a paralysing blow to
the railroads can be dealt eat of
courpe, with the telgraphers, road
course, with the telegraphers. road
men, clerks, freight handles sad
The plan of action is first to secure
co-operation of ail union men on all
lines runnng south of Bt. Louis In a
strike, and then to have the union
employee on all connecting western
lines, one by one to join the strike.
until the chain of roads affected shall
cover the entire western half at tCu
Among 'ht utr,.trn railroads that
SI.1 be affeu t'd are: Missouri, O)klu.
hon,. & Ot". M',sourl, Kanra. &
Texas; Cotton Belt; Texas Pacific;
Wabash: Santa Fe; Iowa Central; C..
H. & Q.; International and Great
Northern; Frisco; Denver and Rio
Orande; C. R. I. & P.; Northern Pa
cific; Great Northern; Kansas City.
Mexico and Orient; C., M. & It. P.
The union membership on the
roads which the five crafts hope to
enlist In the general western strike,
totals:-Blacksmlhs. 12,000 sheet met
al workers, 3.000; carmen, 100,000;
machinists 45.000; bolier makers,
15,000; switchmen. 11,000; freight
handlers, 100.000; clerks, 100,000;
roadmen, 75,000; unskilled and semi
skilled workmen, 250.000.
The following resolutions have been
drafted by the local advisory board
of the Federated Bhopmen at Los
"We are in one of the greatest
struggles which has ever involved any
railroad in the United States. To be
defeated at this Utime means the de
morailsatlon of all organised labor
working on the allroads, and the set
tlement on the Illinois Central lines
without a settlement at the same
time on the Harriman lines west of
the Misselssppi River would be a
detriment to each federation, knowing
that if one Federation settles they
would use the scabp from that system
to break the strike on the other lines.
"We believe that in unity theer is
strength, and with a mutual under.
standing that there will be no settle
meant on the Harriman lines ezoxcept
both Feerations settle at one time.
there wile be no chance of defeat.
Therefore be it,
Resolved. That our International
Presidents do not entertain any prop.
osition of a settlement of either feder
etlon unless both are made at the
"Resolved. That we recommend
that the General Advisory Board of
the Harriman Lines west o fthe Missis
sippi River work in conjunction with
each other along these lines.
"We ask your hearty co-operation
in helping us to block any movement
which the, company might make in
bringing about a settlement with one
FIderation without settllng with the
nth ,r at the same time."
The foilwing esolutons were adopt
ed by System Local at Wn Antonio,
"Itecolved, that we the Federated
Sh,,p Employees of the Harriman
Line., who are now and have been on
strike for 11 weeks and who are now
assembled in session for the good and
welfare of all concerned. Do hereby
petiton and demand of our Grand
Lodge Officers that they take Im
mediate steps to call out adi shop
employees on all railroads in case a
satisfactory settlement can not be
made; And further
Resolved, that whereas combined
and organised capital of at railroads
is being used to defeat organised
iabor on the Harriman Lines, that we
urge and demand our Grand Lodge
Officers to take Us concerted aotils.
And be It further.
Resolved, that a copy of these resol
utions be sent to the various heads of
our orgsni.ation, also to the officers
of the Federated Shop Employees."
The folhowlng resolutions have been
drawn up by the Los Angeles Advis
ory Board, and are submitted to all
Local Advisory Boards for endorse
"It has been resolved by this local
advisory board, that owing to to pro.
longed struggie and the probable con
tinuation of the same, for some time
to come, that action must be taken to
end his sruggi, as soon as possible.
With this end in view we must bring
pressure to bear on the General
Managers Aassoclation, (which in
other words is the federation of the
defeat us in this great struggle be
tween caplital and labor.
"Knowing that other roads are do
Ing work pertaining to rolling stock
and power of the Harriman Systems
and In every -way possible using all
means, it is time that we should put
In force some project to offset the
stratagem used by the General Mana
"Our object is to have all feder
ations affiliate. By doing so It
would give us a power so great which
would be brought to bear on the Gen
eral Managers Assoeiatlon and force
them to recognise us and some to a
settlement with the federations on the
Harriman Lines and the ldinols Cen
"We llleve that by Federadtlons
being affillated and working In c.n
Junction with each other that this
would protect the interest of all
railroad shop employees and In the
future prevent strikes.
"Knowing that this is a struggle
absolutely between labor and capital
and if we are defeated in our strike
on the Harriman Lines it means a
continuation of slavery for the rall.
road employees, it also means that
capital, after defeating us as a feder
ation, will In time defeat other single
federations and force conditions on
the employees which we have been
fighting against for years.
"Beileving that this step sould be
taken as soon as pomlble, and that
action should be taken to bring about
a settlement at an early date.
"We beg that you will take action
along these lines above mentioned and
work in conjunction with us to accom
glish this end.
"Hoping that In reading this com.
munlcatlon over carefully, you will
thoroughly undestand the great l;n
portance of this m , In m, nt for the
benefit of the railway employees on all
lines In the United States."
REIPUE SCA.D ADMTrANCE.
At Pocatello the scals were takenI
from the bull pen by the rialroad of
ficals and escorted up town to take in
th moving picture shows. When the
scabs arrived at the show house, the
manager of the theatre refused to
sell them tickets claiming that he was
running a respectable hous. and would
not allow such a class of people into
his house under any consideratin.
The locomotives at Detn\, r are In
such a deplorable condition that it is
unsafe to use one engine alon, for
switching, therefore the' switch engines
must work double header, three cars
are the limit that one switch t ngin,
can handle in the Denver yards.
The LAs Angeles limited jumped the
track four miles from Evanston, Wyo.,
and all but mail car and engine were
ditched. The cause of the wreck was
worn flanges on the wheels, the wheels
under the coaches were in such bad
condition that It was impossible for
the train to remain on the track, still
the company wtil not settle tl.e strike,
but perfers paying damages to injured
Boiler explosions within the strike
sone are getting to be a daily oc
curence At Houston. Texas a loco
motive exploded and tore up 50 feet
At Ennis,Texas a locomotive blew
up In the round house and scalded
thirteen "negro laborers, three of
whom are not expected to live.
Another engine recently blew up
near La Grande, Ore.
RAILROAD QUITS FIGHT
Aft r a fight lasting for eight years
agailn the machinists the Santa Fe
To Our Readers aqd iay Fleqnds We
Wish ft New Yeaof .tappigess
Washington, Dec. 2$-"The Rel
ation of State to Federal Workmen's
(ompensation" was discussed last
night at the opening session of The
American Associalon for Labor Legis
latioM, now holding Its Fifth Annual
Meetng In Washington. D. C.
Delegates form official commissions.
deparmens of state, workmen's organ
izations, and experts from manu
facturing establishments weer present
to take part in the three days pro
gram. Prof. Henry R. Seager, of
Columbia UIniversity, Department of
Political Economy. presided.
"Noi more than fifteer per cent of
the men injured in work acildents
under the so-caaied common law." said
were able to obtain compensation
under the so-called common law."
said John H Wallace of to Indus
trial Insurance Commisson of the
State of Washington. in an address
on State Insurance from the Work
Mr. Wallace said that the amount
paid by employers to protect them
selves from verdicts was not less than
a million doilars in each great In
dustrial state. So the majority of
workmen were left to bear their bur
den alone or as charges upon society.
In .e.iing what the State of Wash
ington had done In augurating a sys
tem of compuiory state Insurance
against Industrial accidents, Mr Wal
lace said that the question of proper
legislation had been considered by a
commlssion of five employers and
five employees. Among the decisions
made was that the limit to be paid
upon death was five thousand dollars
to a beneficiary aged thirty years,
which would be a reserve that would
guarantee a pension throughout life
Ralat",ad Company have let down the
bar. :,ainst union machinists The
mik i.its c(arried on a strlke f",r f.,e
years .gainst the Santa Fe railroad,,
nad % r. defeated, and slnce th, end
of thr strike three years ago the Santa
Fe li. cearrh d on a boycott iagainst
uniol men until recently, w h,.n the
railh,,d officials quit the fight.
The union was making h, adwa.3
and t ei,,n me n were working in spit.
of t1h di.wriminaton carried on ag.ainst
thei.y by the ralroad official<
T , fIllwing is taken if ,n thil
daii strIk , bulletin of D me r',, r 22:
Ang. les, Cal.-Engin. 11 .7 and
108 were condemned by a :' ~rnm nt
ins i , tora, another added to t`i i-t of
ah Me have not the I inbi, r
Eiin· 2767:3 broke frame- ol, Ith
side was sent to the shop fi r pairs.
re" .l a coat of paint ant ,- ..c..in
In re,. was sent out on :IIIn No.
241 and died. Southern Pacil:, s.asl,
hay :spoilt 200 bolsters h, r.. Mc
Ph eon a scab car inmsp, t r un
cou ~l.d an air hose without .shutting
off hU' air. is now nursing ahrokn
jaw Motor car No. 35 was s. nt out
a . and got stalled In the lard, sent
20 'alles out with pinch I. rE and it
too two ours to get her srirt. d, got
as r as River Station, antid tall.d
aga . unloaded passengers .nli was
tow back to the shopa. Engine 1113
bu *d two fiues.engine 34-.1 the B.
P. ack-a-jack died at Bitch. I station
on ain No. 4, engine 2730 1ii d last
It Lake, Utah-All the' scabs at
the hops are on a big drunk tb-day
and the foremen are about ready for
the insane asylum. No. >. on the
Sal lake was wrecked at ( tis at 5.30
last ve, engine and five coat has wer,.
tur d over and several badly injured
rept to us is. that it was Caused by
a fectlve w eI. engine was taken
(Continued on Page 4.)
or dependency and Insure self-reapect
and good citlzenehlp of all survivors.
'"he committee." said Mr. Wallace.
"also agreed that lump sum pay
ments should rarely be given llow
ever, the ('ommissilon. at its dis
cretion, has ample, power to pay off
the mortgage on a widow's home or
advance money to permanently cure
a helplers chlid. In oth.er words, oem
mute a portion or all of the reserlte
fund mt aside for the survivor's use
Into a lump sum paym. nt.
'The kale of payme nts for partial
disalblity was graduated down from
$It.00 -iaaimum. the compensation
for the I * of oh. major arm "
Mr 'a. ..Itnted out that undl.-r
the W'mhlng:., law trhe tilrst care' htas
I," ,en that th, chlkl of the present
shall hale an oppiorunit' Io I,. .t gcod
citizen of the future
The Iaw provldes for a monthly pay
ment of from $20 to 15'? to a work
man temporarly, totally disabled.
provided such payment does not ex
ceed 0O per cent of his wages.
I. M. Itubinow, formerly expert IT.
8. Bureau of Labor, said that the
nation is in the unc.mfortable pos
Ition of being a very much worse em
ploy"e than many of the large cor
porations which have, of their own
free will, established a very mulch
better arytem of compenestlon than
the United S atea Government.
"The government cannot In ge.!l
faith oo~m before the country with
the demand for a more liberat treat
ment of the railway employees than
it cares to give to Its own servants,"
said Mr. Rubltow. "rThere must be
Immediate legllation if the Iunlted
(Coatnuied on Page 3.)
Socialist Congressman Proves
That Democrats Are
I13y N t. ina. , S'ci.,ll* t Prt )
Washington. I). e'.-iRepresentativ
Sulzer, (D.m. N. Y.) resort. d to a
clumsy dod41 when ih. was corn r 1
by afew pertinent ,iquestions rtlating
to the flussian-m.rican treaty que*,ion
which was submitted to him on the
floor of the House by Victro L. Berger
the Socialist tepres. ntative.
H. rg( r asked Sulz. r whether, in his
opinion. itussia would not I,e hurt
more by the abrogation of the extra
dition treaty of 1887 rather than that
of the commercial treaty of 1832.
Sulz. r had no answer. So he cut
atlve lHarriman (dem. N Y.), who rose
off the Rocallist Congressman' right
to the floor by yeildlng to ltepres.nt
obliously for the purpose of rescuing
his coll. ague from his perilous posit
IAter in the day Herge.r was gi\en
three minutes to discuss the tr.iaty
qiuestion. He said:
"Mr. Speaker. I shall vout f..r this
resolution. asthoigh I am quite c, rta:n
that the object desired will not I,,
obtained The treaty of 1,:'2 is a
commercial treaty, and Russia buys
about four times as much from us
as we buy from Iussia.
"The t1-aty that should bie abrog
ated is the treaty )o 1887. which pro
vides for the extradition of persons
charged with crime, and used by Hus
sia to get powseesion of her politica"
refugee In Russia everybody who
works for politicai liberty of any de
gree is considered a criminal. In
Russia everybody who tries to get
a Government such as we have, a
republic, or even only a constitutional
monarchy. is considered a criminal.
•If he escap,.s to this country. then
he is charged w th all sorts of crimes
y. the liussian G(;v rnment In ord, r
o have him ,xtradicted. The Rus
:n Governn ent Is even employing
1,., 4 to fIrret out such refugees and
s Ias ing undue Infiu. nee upon our
That is the. treaty Ae ought to
ab)orgate in order to reach the weak
spot in the armor of our 'great friend'.
the tuusian Czar.
"Moreo\.k the aborgation of the
treaty of 1I:2 in not going to h, lp
the poor .Yews of Russia nor the
former tussian Jews in this Country
who want to go to visit their relatives.
I; is not going to help the gentleman
from New York (M0r. Sulzer) in his
political amhitions., Ie aus(I he h il; he
in the position of a liwawyer ,w.hose law
suit has been settled."
nerg, r has Introdluced a hill to
saorgate the extraditlon treaty. It
hat been referred to the c'ommittee on
I"ortdgn Affairs, of which Sulzer is
chairman. Readers of the Socialist
and atbor prtgess should write itepre
sentati\,e Silzer stating their position
,n the ahorz etiol n of' th. exttaiction
treaty iltth Russia.
The abeoration of the treaty of 1W::;
with Itunla was marked in Congress
by the cheanwt kin: of politinc. tie
,ates ot,,r treaties hate always been
the most hlerned and dignified In
the history of Congress. But times
have change'd. The recent treaty
debate was not only undignifeld but
Scores of members of the Hiouse
took the floor to utter simply one
sentance so that they would qualify
for the privilege of extendng remarks
In the itecord Others got up to in
dulgeK in extravagent laaudations of the
Jews. and particularly "of those in
But the worst spectable was the
taking of a photgraph of Congressman
ettldfogle, of New York, In the Speak
ers chair. with gavel in hand, and
surrounded by clerks and official un
derlings. Thtr picture was taken be
fore t'ongress convened to take finga;
actln on the treaty question It
i. l, , doubt he' used as a campalgll
document" to get Jewish votes for
the Tammany Congr*ssman
I: 'M(X'CR.TS KNIFE I. llilt.
11'h n the ..nate-minld you th
r,-actionary S,.nate--put in an amr. nld
mnent to the urgent d.ficiency bll al
iuwir~ $35,421 for traveling ,xpe.ns.
for the underpaid and .v. rwork,.*I
railway mail clerks It was th.i d.em,,
cratic Ilous. that Insist.b. that thi
amndm.lnt be strlk. n .nit And -,
Again when the sanle Senate am, ni.
ed the deficlency hill to appropriat.
$50.000 to the Bureau of Mines which
needs mon. y hadly in its humlnll,
rescue work, it alo remain. d : • the
I)emocratic House to insist that this
am. n'mn nt Ib. strik, n mLit. And Ft
It se.ms that the democrats at,
willing to pass labor legslaltion whtl n
there, is not the slight..st chance that
such l'gislation wou,'l pass the 8. n
ate. But they act oth.*rwis, , h. ii
it requires o,nly their al.pro\al f,.r
such labor measures to Iecom,. lw.
It should be notel that the demo
crats did not lobject to tihe clause in
the deliciency bi which prolides an
allou.,ance .tf 0 cents p, r mile to
each member of Congress from his
home to the c'apital and back. Berger.
the Sclialist C'ongresan, voted for an
am° ndment which provided that mom.
bers should get oaly their actual cost
of travel. But of course the repulb
Ilcans and democrats defeated theis
iiners may be kille and railway
mail clerks may be starved as long
Ia democrats and republicans in Con
gress can provide dlberally for th, ni
Miners may be killed and raill,t
But miners, railway mail clerk,,.
and other workingmen may read this
stury- and ma.t think.
IND'STRIAL NLAU'GHTELR C0
lnd rlsal Wlaurlmaer Coantnues.
There were 10.9:16 persons kll ,,d
on the railroads during the year 1511.
according to the Interstate C'omm, rce
C'ommission Of this numb r r:5i
were, pawengr.s, and the rest mainly
employes and "trempassers." Out of
150,159 persons injured, 14.433 wtre
paassengers and 45,84k emlployees ",on
duty in train service."
The commision charges that mang.
accidf nts of workers are due to thile
"ln,fflci.nt systems of car inspectil:. "
It also says that m;n.n of the d. r.il
ments have been due \ e to dIlfective and
brok,.n rails .an car ~ heels.
That the courts ar,' construing the
hours of sea Ice laa making it "prac
tically .t dead lettl r" is also c' are;, d I.
Th. IBlock Signal and Train Con
trol Itard lcomplains:
The time has come when some
thing mor,. than mere Innvestglation
is necerssary, and bell."\ "s ' lt th,.ra
sloull exist s onto centr::l authority
I '\it power adaequa,e to deal with the
lquestion of .safety upln the railrands i',
all itsa phases. It ref.rrs to the ple.c -
meal character of existing safety
legislation and while commending .he,
result obtained in lhe operation ,t
ex'atin, lawn.. I doe not be.,ovae that
such results a n at all commensurate
with their cost both .o the putlh.
and to the railroads "
Washlngton, Dec 24-During th,
discussion of the eight hour bill In
the House, Socialist Representative
Berger showed that the democrats are
"Day before yesterday, "he said.
"they tried to rake in the soldiers'
vote; yesterday they tried to get the
iHebrt.w vote, and today they are try.
Ing to get the. labor vote."
Berger eadaed attenlon to the fact
that over a half dozen eight hour
bills ave been paused in Congflrese,
and they are. r.eenacted because the
courts knock them out anyway. "1
(Con.lnued on fourth page.)