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title: 'Montana news. (Lewistown, Mont.) 1904-191?, January 04, 1912, Image 1',
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VOTKPOK TIIK PAKTY^OF YOUR CI.AS8.
AIOLIKHTHE CAP-^TALI ST SYSTEM.
HELENA,MONTANA, THURSDAY, JANUARY 4, 1912
GeneralStriko Threatened on^Every Road to Support^Strikers.
munlcatlonover carefully, you will^thoroughly und^ stand the gr. at l:u-^l^ortance of this MMWM for the^benefit of the railway employee! on all^lines In the United States.
Thestrike of the federated shop-^iii n la nearlng the New Year with^the rank* of the strikers as firm as^when the strike began. The men^are looking to nn early settlement of^the strike It Is be.i. ved that It cannot^last longer than sixty days. and^the most conservative set ninety days^81 the limit
Fearingthat the strike may pos^^sibly be prolonged to th ' nnety days,^J. W. Kline, president Blacksmiths;^J. . Buckah w. vice-president Machin^^ists; J. A. Frank.ln, president Boiler^^makers; M. F. Kyan. president Car-^men; Midual o Sullivan, president;^Shut Metal VMM Mi J. B^ Kin-^sella, president Steamf liters, met In^t'hicago on the 18th to
Itcwdvid. That we recommend^that the General Advisory Board of^the llarriman Unci west o MM Missis^sippi Itlver work In conjunction with^earh. otln r along these lines.
Weask your hearty co-operation^in helping us t^^ ln'ock any movement^which the company might make In^bringing about a settlement with om^f it ration without settling with the^other at the sum,, time.
Thefoilwing evolutions Were adopt^i il by SyKti m Local at S}in Antonio,^T^ xas:
Itesolved, that we the Federated^[Shop Kmployeis of the llarriman^iscuss thei.lie % who are now and have been on^advisability or calling a general strike' mrikc for 11 Weeks and who are now^on all the wi stern roads that receive' assembled in session for the good and^lit handb (I by strikebreakers. It welfare of all cono rned. I ^u Mt|
aivirtually decided In the confer^^ence to work for this action. M^ ct-^ings have sine M held in 81 Louis^and othir cities lookng to this .nd.
Theplan ca.1s for a general strike^gd a.l *hopm^ ti, telegraphers, clerks,^freight hanlers and switchmen, on all^vv.i stern roads, and extension of the
pititoii and d^ mand of our Grand^Lodge Officers that they take Im^mediate steps to call out ail shop^employee s on all railroads in case a^satisfactory settlement can not be^^MaV ; And furtle r
litsolv . d, that ^ In I I- ' Olli'lllei:^and organized capital of ad railroads
walkoutto such eastern railroads as is being used to defeat organized
liandiefr. ight which may be moved^by strlkebn ak. rs on the western car^^rier*
Whethersuch a paralyzing blow to
til rat ItI.- 'in i^' dealt ests, of
niurw,with the telgraphera, road-^course, with the telegraphers, road^^men, clerks, freight handlers and^switchmen themselves.
Theplan of action Is first to secure^co-operation of ail onion nu n on all^lines runnng south of St. Louis in a^strike, and then to have the union^employes on all connecting western^lines, one by one to Join the strike,^until the chain of roads alfected shall^cover the entire western half of Ci^^nation.
Among'hi vtiMiin railroads Jia:^w ,1 be alt. !^ d an : MUsoivi. ^ ^kla-^hon a K tln'f, M'rsimrl, Kansa, ii^Texas; Cotton Belt; Texas Pacific;^Wabash; Santa Fe; Iowa Central] C^It. ^ Q.; International and dr. at^Northern; Frisco; Denver and Rio^Orando; C. R. I. ^ f^: Northern Pa^^cific; Ureal Northern; Kansas City,^Mexico ami Orient; C , M. ^ St. P.
Theunion membership on th^^mads which the five crafts hope to^enlist In the general western strike,^totals:^Blucksmihs, 12,000 sheet met^^al workers. :t,000; carmen, 100,000;^machinists 4.1,000; bober makers,^15,000; switchmen. 12,000; freight-^handlers, 100.000; clerks, 100,000;^roadmen, 75,000; unskilled and semi^^skilled workmen, 250.000
iilmr on the llarriman Lines, that we^urge and demand our (irand Lodgi^oitieers to take tls concerted action,^And be it further,
Itesolved,that a copy of these resol^^utions be sent to the various heads of^our organisation, also to the oftir. rs^of the Federated Shop Employees.
Thefollowing resolutions have been^drafted by the local advisory board^of the Federated Shopmen at Los^Angeles.
Weare In one of the greatest^struggles which has ever Involved any^railroad in the I'nlted States. To be^defeated at this time means the de-^min-ni'lzation of all organized labor^working on the ailroads, and the set^^tlement on the Illinois Central lines^without a settlement at the same^time on the llarriman lines west of^the Mississippi Itlver would be a^detriment to each federation, knowing^that If one Federation sett.Vs they^would use the waif from that System^to break the strike on the other lines.
Webelieve that In unity theer !s^strength, and with a mutual under^^standing that there will be no settle^^ment on the llarriman llnea except^both Feeratlons settle at one time,^there w\li be no chance of defeat.^Then fore be It,
Itesolved,That our International^Presldi nts do not entertain any prop^^osition of a settlement of either feder^^ation unless both are made at the
Thefollow ing resolutions have been^drawn up by the Los Angi lea Advis^^ory Board, and are submitted to all^Local Advisor) Boards Col in^M^^ment:
Ithas be. n resolv ed by this local^advisory board, that owing to te pro^^long, d struggle and the probable con^^tinuation of the same, for some time^to come, that action must be taken to^^ ml his sruggli as soon as possible.^With this end in view M must bring^pressure to bear on the General^Managers Asssocialion. (vvhlih in^oihi r words is the federation of the^defeat us In this great struggle bc-^t w e. ii capital and labor.
Knowingthat other roads are do-^lug work pertaining to rolling stock^and power of the llarriman Systems^and In every way possible using all^means, it is time that wo should put^In tone some project to offset the^stratagem used l^^ th. General M a na^gers Association.
' u r object Is to have all feder^^ations affiliate. By doing so It^would give us a power so great which^would be brought to bear on the Gen^^eral Managers Association and force^them to recognize us and eome to a^settlement with the federations on the^llarriman Lines and the Illinois Ci n-^tral.
Webelieve that by Federadtions^lielng affiliated uml working in c n-^Juiietion with each other that this^would protect the interest of all^railroad shop employees and In the^future prevent strikes.
Knowingthat thia is a struggle^iil.so.nt. ly between labor and capital^and If we are defeated In our strike^on the llarriman Lines It means a^continuation of slavery for the rail^^road employees. It also means that^capital, after defeating us as a fed. t -^atlon, will in time defeat other single^federations and force conditions on^the employees which we have In en^fighting against for years.
lb.'li ving that this step soultl be^taken as soon as possible, and that^action should be taken to bring about^a settlement nt an early date.
Webeg that you will take action^along these lines above mentioned and^work In conjunction with us to aecom-^I llsh this end
Hopingthat in rending this com-
REFTKK ST WIS W^M ITANt'E.
At l'oeati 1 lo th. - i ^^ v^ ^ ^ taken^from the bull pen by the rialroad of-^ficals and escorted up town to take In^th moving picture shows. When the^s.'abs arrived at the show house, the^manager of the theatre refused to^sell them tickets claiming that he was^running a respectable ho us. and woui'd^not allow such a class or people Into^his bouse under any consideration.
Thelocomotives at I)i nvi r are In^such a deplorable condition that It Is^unsafe to use one engine alone for^switching, therefore the switch engines^must work double header, three cars^are the limit thai one switch i ngin.^can handie In the Denver yards.
TheI/i.s Angeles limited Jumped the^track four miles from Evanston. Wyo^and all but maL' car and engine were^ditched. The cause of th wreck was^worn flanges on the w heels, the w hi i Is^under the coaches were In such bad^condition that it was impossible for^the train to remain on the track, still^the company wi.'l not settle tl.e strike,^but perfits paying damages to Injured^passengers.
Boilerexplosions within the strike^zone are getting to be a daily oc^^curence At Houston, Texas a loco^^motive t xploded and tore up 50 feet^of tr.i. k
AtFnnls,Texas a locomotive blew^up in the round house and scalded^thirti en neg.ro laborers, three of^whom are not expected to live.
Anotheri ngine recentry blew up^in ar La Grande. Ore.
Itallr.id I'umpany have let down the^bars Ngainst union machinists. The^mach -:s carried on a strlki I ^
yearsagainst the Santa Fe r.iilrI
and^ re defeated, and since th. end^of th( strike three years ago tie Santa^Fe h: carried on a boycott against^union men until recently, when the^ralln d officials quit the fight.
Thiunion was making headway^and in ion mi n were working in spit,^of th^ dlscrlmlnston carried on against^th. m by the ralroad officials.
RAILROADQl ITS FIGHT
Aftir a fight lasting for eight years^agalnt the machinists the Santa Fe
TH.following Is taken from the^dailf sti^.k.- bulletin of Deci tnl.cr 22:
Le Angi les, Cal.^Engim s 11:7 and^1083 were condemned tty government^Inapt^tors, another added t^ ^^^ ^^:^whiqi we have not the number.
K|i^ ni J7C:I broke frames on both^sides, was sent to the shop tot n pairs,^recta i d a coat of paint an I again^In Bruce was sent out on train No.
J11and died. Southern Pa.;:. - ii.s
hav poilt 200 bolsters h n Me^Phet -on a scab car Insp. ^ : n un-^f d an air hose without shutting^off la.' air, is now nursing abroken^iawj Motor car No. 3S was sent out^aga r, and got stalled In the yard, sent^20 I tulles out with pinch bars and II^tool two ours to get her Started, got^as hi as Itlver Station, ami stalled^again unloaded passengers and was^towi d hack to the shops. Engine 1111^bun I'd two t.ues.engine 30 .1 the S.^P. i raek-a-Jack died at Sited. I station^on nln No. 4. engine 2730 died last^^ad t
It I^ake, Utah^All the scabs at^the rliops are on a big drunk t .-day^and the foremen are about ready for^the 'nsane asylum. No. 8. on the^Salt Lake was wrecked at Otis at 5.30^last eve, engine and five coa le s vver,^tvirt Id over and si v. rai badly Injured^repiri to us is. that it was caused by^a defective w el, engine was taken
(Continuedon Page 4 )
ToOur Readers and Many Friends We^Wish Ar New Year of ttappiness^and Prosperity
Washington,Dec. 28^^The Rel^^ation of State to Federal Workmen s^Compensation^ was discussed last^night at the opening session of The^American Assm iaion for Labor J., ge^^lation, now holding Its Fifth Annua.'^Has nig In Washington, D. C.
I)ili gates form official commissions.^1. paimons of state, workmen's organ-^izations. and experts from manu^^facturing establishments weer present^to take part In the three davs pro^^gram l'rot' Henry It. Seagcr. of^Columbia I'niv ersity. Departnn nt or^Political Koonotny. presided.
Niumore than fifteen per cent of^the men Injured in work acoldmts^under the so-cailed common law,^ said^were able to obtain compensation^under the so-called common law.^^said John II Wallace of te Indus^^trial Insurance Commlsson of th*^State of Washington. In an address^on State Insurance from the Work^men's Viewpoint
MrWallace said that the amount^paid by employers to protect them^^selves from verdicts waa not less than^a million dollars In each great in^^dustrial state. So the majority of^workmen were left to bear their bur^^den alone or as charges upon society.
In.oiling what the State of Wash^^ington had done In auguratlng a sys^^tem of compulsory state insurance^against industrial accidents, Mr Wal^^lace said that the question of proper^legislation had been considered by a^commission of five employers nnd^five employees. Among the decisions^made was that the limit to be paid^upon death was five thousand dollars^to a beneficiary aged thirty years,^which would be a reserve that would^guarantee a pension throughout life
ordependency and insure self-respect^and good citizenship of all survivors.^^The committee,^ Mid Mr. Wa.li.^also agreed that lump sum pay^^ments should rarely be given How^^ever, ihe Commission, at its dis^^cretion, has ample power to pay oft^the mortgage on a widow's home or^advance money to permanently cure^a helpless child. In other words, com^^mute a portion or alt of the reserve^fund set aside for the survivor's use^into a lump sum pa)mi nt.
Tl.escale of paymi nts for partial^disability ^a* graduated down from^I1.300 ^uiimum, the compensation^for the | i of ^he major arm
MrWa. ^tinted out thst under^the Washmr on law the tirst care has^been that the , hild of the present^shall nave an npporunitv to U a good^citizen of the future
Thelea provides for a monthly psy-^ment of from $20 to $.12 to a work^^man temporarn totally disabled,^provided such payment does not ra^^^ ^ I 60 per cent of his wages.
I.M. Ituhlnow. formerly exp. rt r^S. Bureau of Labor said that the^notion Is In the uncomfortable pos^^ition of being a very much w orse . m-^ployer than many of the large cor^^porations which have, of their own^free will, established a very much^totter system of compensation than^the United S.ates Government.
Thegovernmi nt cannot In good^faith come before the country with^the demand for a more libera,' treat^^ment of the railway employees than^it cares to give to Its own servants,^^mid Mr. Bublnow. ^There must be^^i mediate legislation If the I'nlted
(Continuedon Page 3 )
SocialistCongressman Proves^That Demociats Are^Unfair
By Nations.' Socialist Pro*.)
Washington,D. C.^Kepresentativ ^^Sulzer, (D- m. N. Y.) rrsort, d to a^clumsy dodg.i when he was corn red^by afew pertinent iiuestions relating^to the Russian-mcrican treaty quc.ion^which was submitted to him on the^floor of the House by Victro L. Berger^the Socialist Representative.
Birg^ r asked Sulzer whether, in his^opinion, Russia would not be hurt^more by the abrogation of the extra^^dition treaty of 1ss7 raiher than that^of the commercial treaty of 18 32.
Sulzir had no answer. So he cut^atlve llarriman (dem. N. Y.), who rose^off the Socaillst Congressman's right^to the f.oor by yeildlng to Represi nt-^obvlously for the purpose of rescuing^his colli ague from his perilous posit^^ion.
I*aterin the day Berger was given^three minutes to discuss the tr- aty^question He said.
'Mr. Speaker. 1 shall vote for this^resolution, although I am quite certain^that the object desired will not h.^obtained The treaty of 1*32 is a^commercial treaty, and Russia buys^about four times as much from us^as iv e buy from Russia.
The-t-caty that should be abrog^^ated is the tresiy of 1887, which pro^^vides for the extradition of persons^charged with crime, and used by Rus^^sia to get possession of her politica;^refuges In Russia everybody who^works for political liberty of any de^^gree Is considered a crimina.'. In^Russia everybody who tries to get^a Government such as we have, a^republic, or i von onlv a constitutional^monarchy, is considered a criminal.
Ifhe . scap. s to this country, then^he is charged with all sorts of crimes^v the Russian Gov. tnni. nt In ord. r^o have him rxtrsdlcted. The Rus-^-: n Covernn cnt Is even employing^'pi. s to ferret out such refugees and^s ex. rcisinjr undue Infiu. nee upon our^officials
ThstIs the tresty we ought to^abnegate in order to resch the wi ak^spoi in the armor of our 'great friend^,^the Russian Czar
Morco\,kthe sborgatlon of the^treaty of |fS| is not going to help^the poor tows of Russia nor the^former Russian Jews in this Country^who want to go to visit their relatives.^It Is not going to help the gentleman^from New York (Mr. Sulzer I In his^politica.^ ambitions, because he wHi be^in the position of a lawyer whose law^^suit has been settled.
B.rg. r has introduced a bill to^aborgate the extradition hTsatjr It^ha^ been referred to ihe Committee on^l^or..|gn Affairs, of which Sulz. r is^chairman. Readers of the Socialist^and f.ihor pr. ss should write Repre-^sentativ. Sulzer stating their position^on the .iborgitlon of th.- extralctlon^treaty with Russia.
Theahcrgation or the treaty of 1832^with Russia was marked in Congress^by the chea;xs*t kin.', of politics. De^^butes over treaties have always been^ths most learned and dignified In^the history of Congress. But times^have changed. The recent treaty^debate was not only undignified but^actually disgust'ng.
Seresof members of the Hons,^took the floor to utter slmpry one^sentance so that they would qualify^for the privilege p| extendng remarks^in the ltecord_ Others got up to In^^dulge In extrav agent laudations of the^Jews, and particularly ^of those In^my district.
Butthe worst spectab.v was the^taking of a pnotgraph of Congressman^C.oldrogle, of New York, in the Speak^^ers chair, with gavel In hand, and^surronndee^ by clerks and official un^^derlings. Thlr picture was taken be^^fore Congress convened to take flniii'^action or^ the tresty question It^^^j il, no doubt be used as a campaign^^document'' to get Jewish votes for
HIM*K II \TS KMI I LABOR.
Whenthe Senat.^mind you th ^^reactionary Senate^put in an amend^^ment to the urgent deficiency bill ai-^^ owin% $35,421 for traveling expenses^for the underpaid and overworked^railway mall clerks It was the demo^^cratic House that insisted that this^amendment be strik. n out. And so^it was.
Againwhen the same Senate am. nd.^^d the deficiency bill to appropriate^150.000 to the Bureau of Mines which^needs money badly in its human,^rescue work, it ariso remained i - the^Democratic House to insist that this
am.ndniim ha striken out.^w as.
itseems that the democrats are^willing to pass labor legislation when^there is not the slightest chance that^such legislation wouid pass the Sen^^ate. But they act otherwise when^It requires only their spproval for^such labor measures to become laws
Itshould be noted that the demo^^crats did not object to the clause In.^the deficiency bid which provides an^alloowance of 20 cents per mile to^each member of Congress from his^home to thi Capital and back. Berger,^the Socialist Congressan, voted for an^ami mlment which provided that mem^^bers should git only their actuai cost^of travei. But of course the repub^^licans and democrats defeated thels^amendment.
Minersmay be kllle and railway^mall clerks may be starved as long^as democrats and republicans in Con^^gress can prov ide liberally for thi m-^Selvee
Mimrsmay be killed and railw..
Butminers, railway mall clerkc^and other workingmen may read this^^tory^and may think.^IVBlSTRIAI. M.AILIITEK OOX
liulusrial slaughter Continues.
ThereWere 10.936 persons killed^on the railroads during the year Hit.^according to the Interstate Commi rce^Commission Of this number ^^.^were passengers, and the rest mainly^employes and ^trespassers.^ Out vt^1j0.1.^.9 p. rsons injurtd, 14.4:'.:: Were^passengers and 45,848 employees ^on^duty In train service.
TheCommission charges that many^accidents of workers are due to the^^^inefficient systems of car inspection '^it also says that m. n\ ol the d. r u^menus have been due to defective and^broken rails an car wheels.
That.he courts are construing the^hours of service law making It ^prae-^tii ally \ dead letter^ Is a.so c'. arg.d be^the Commission.
Th.Block Signal and Train Con^^trol BiKird complains:
Thetime has come when some^thing mor, than mere Investglation^Is necerssary. and believes ' at there^should exists onto central authority^I wit power adequa.e to dea.' with the^question of safety upon th. railraods in^all its phases. Ii refers to the piece^^meal character of existing safety^legislation^ nnd while commending .In-^result obtained in :he operation of^cx'stlnj law*. I doe not bo,1ove that^such results a e at all commensurate^With their cost both .o the public^and to the railriMds
Washington,Dec 24^During th.^discussion of the eight hour bill in^the House, Socialist Representative^Berger show ed that the democrats are^playng politics.
Daybefore yesterday,^ he said,^^they tried to rake in the soldiers'^vote; yesterday they tried to get the^Hebrew vote, and today they are try^^ing to get the labor vote.
Bergercailed attenlon to the fact^thst over a half doten eight hour^bills ave been passed in Congflress.^and they are r.enacted because the^courts knock them out anyway. ^I
(Con.inuedon fourth page.)