Newspaper Page Text
Lecal Hele.s ha assued a challenge
to Bishop Carrot of Helena to meet
George D. Brewer In debate.
Bishop Carrolt I an anti-Soclallst,
and of late In his sermons he has been
attacking sociallsm and Womar's
George D. Brewer is one of the
'ecturers attached to the National
Lyceum Lecture Bureau and is In
Helena this week
As Bishop Carrol's criticism of So
c:alism Is so unjust, the Socialists of
Helena, decided that the best way
to reply to him was to challenge him
The increase of Soctalist sentiment
is developing rapidly in Montana. As
one travels over the state, a continual
revelation is given him on the growth
of Socialism. A good organizer in
Montana could easily organize fifty
new ,ocals in the ntt ninety days.
Organization is what is required at
In (lallatin county there is room for
four more locals. Three Forks espe
clally is ripe for organizctlon, and a
local of at Pea-t 25 charter membtrs
could be secur.-d.
At Whitehall one is surprised at
the number of Socialists he meets,
but no local is in existence there.
Whitehall is at the extreme southern
portion of Jeff rson county and if the
adjacent territory to Whitehall was
given attention, there is no reason
whate ver why the Socialists should not
carry Jefferson county at the next
election, especially' the legfisatlve
Over In old Madison coun',,, where
Socialism used to be a back number,
the growth of Soclalst thought is mar
veoua. If the' comrades of Local
Norris would spur themselves into
their old time activity the Soclalst
vt.te in Madison county at the next
election would show at least, en in
crease of 500 per cent over the vote
that has been pol.ed for the past
seven years n Madison county.
Organization, and more organization
should be the subject for discussion at
each local meeting. Keep up the
agitation for more and efficient or
0G orge D Bre.wer the third speaker
on the National Lyceum Lecture
course will ircture in Helena, Dec2t;
Missoula Dec29; Livingston Dec30;
and Red Lodge Dec 31
May Wood-8imons the fourth speak
er on the Lyeum course will speak
Iewlitowa, . S; GOlet Pail.
Jan 3; Helena Jan 4; MLssouia Jan
5; Livingston Jan. 6; Red Lodge
ARE THE PAIlMQU
By Clyde J. Wright.
"Nine-tenths of the Socialists of
Texas are farmers," so says Nat L.
Hardy. One-half of the Sociaadstat
of Kansas are farmers, says the State
secretary. Let me add that two
thirds of the Socialists of Nebraska
are farmers. This speaks volumes.
Have our papers neglected the
farmers? Yes. Just as they have ae
glected the question of organization
Leading Socialista have been heard
to say that outside the cities there
is no Socialist movement.
There 1a Socialism and then there
is the power of Socialism, the power
of Socladlsm Is organization. Exam
Ine the sta.e secretaries' organization
maps, if you will, and note the small
and numerous country centers that
are now being organised, and perhaps
for the first time realise that the
country districts are generating the
heat of Socialist organization which is
likely to yet burn up capitalism In the
cities; while the cities are deliberating
upon some technical point of science.
Are you still asking. "Can a farm
er be a Socialist?" You should ob
serve that the relative proportion of
organised farmers in the middle west
as compared to the whole movement
Indicates that the farmers need no
asking. These organised precincts
The renters' rebehlion in Texas
seems to say that there are no more
political hayseeds in the country than
there are political thin-heads in the
If It is a question of the class
struggle, then the tenant is having
fully as many "ups" In the country
as the wage earner is having "downs'
In the cities.
It may be true that there is more
lgitter in the cities to attract atten
tion, and as·o that the class struggle
is more clearly defined, but this does
not tell us that the wage workers
are. nc'.e',arily quick'er or 4,w. . r to
understand. But we do know that
they are more helpness, more deepen
dent, and therefore have less political
independence. Capitalism knows the
value and power it has to feed the
town man's mind with cheap and un
fit vaudeville, detective stories and
other sensual literature. Whatever
may be the intellectual advantages,
they are offset by the very poverty
which they breed-they teach the
The workers have been tricked.
tricked. Once the fiction of the an
tagonisms between town and country
producers is exploded and these two
ends togc'her turn upon the capitallsts
"middle", an Irreslstible force will
have been added to the revolution.
THE RIGHTS OF HALFP A NATION.
By Joseph E Cohen,
Suppose that some one were to aug
gest that half the voters of this nation
should be disfranchised. Might not
such an act bring about a civil war
as terrible as that of 1861.
Yet as wild as such an idea is, it is
no wilder than the idea that the wo
men of our country., er of any other
coun'ry, are to remaln permanenty
For women are one-half of this and
every other nation. And as true as It
is that no land can endure part slave
and part free, it is true that woman
must be given the title to every po
litical and social right possessed by
So long as woman's seat was at the
fireside. such a question could not
arise.. So long as the clrc;e of her
needs and wants centered in her own
home, such a problem could not pre
sent itself. So long as woman was
only a silent partner in her husband's
concerns, yoman remained on the edge
of the current of political and social
But all this changed when the
throbbi, g of the gigantic machine be.
came the dynamo of progress; it all
changed when the bleak, sinister
factory wall cast its lengthening
shadow over the family hearth.
When woman became a factor in
industry. then she became a factor in
poiltical and social matters.
W'hen certain trades came to be set
apart as "woman's trades," then wo
man became a part of trade and a
part of Industry.
When there sprang up "st, towns"
where men are relatively as few as
as are women In the lumber and min
ing camps and the "he towns" then
woman became an Important item in
all industrial political and social
When the point was reached that
millons of women in America must
regard wage-labor. Instead of the care
of the home and the rearing of a
household, as their means of sub
sistence, then woman became one-half
of the social problem.
When the sex-cancer of olden times
became the established Institution of
our own day; when woman's very
soul was reduced to terms of barter
and price, then the position of woman
and child, even more than that of
man, became the aching heart of the
An when woman became bonded to
wage-labor for life, then there was
born In her the knowledge that her
lot, In a larger sense than ever she
had dreamt of, is riveted to that of
Then her vision broadened and her j
mother love became part of that fra
ternity and solidarity which is the
basis of workingclass conselousness
And as time advanced, woman,
especial.y woman in industry, realised
that governments are the agencles
whereby the bread and butter of life
are portioned out, and that those who
control the government divide the
Then came the movement for wo
man suffrage, the right of woman to
self-expression, the right to have voice
and vote in regulating the affairs
that concern her, the fight to help
build the civilisation of equality and
comradeship that is to be.
Nor can the importance of securing
suffrage for woman be overestimated.
All struggles of any consequence,
Ind(tstrial and social, expresses itself
In poltical quantitles. No class ever
rose except by political power. No
class can ever free Itself and tree so.
cle'y by becoming the government.
And the fight for woman's suffrage
Is as much man's work as it Is we
man's work. For man cannot be
free himself until woman thares that
freedom with him.
lo free half the nation who are
politically inferiors is to elevate the
whole nation to a high place such 8a
It has never occupied.
.Let us make the rights of woman,
a the rlghts of half a nation, the con
r, cTrn ollf th,e \wh l, nation!
Old Party is Halted
Continued from tist page.)
would sug~rt." Berger said, "that ln
stead of lawyers you would get a
brickl.kir to write the lea and have
it lookied ver by a newgpaper man.
Then you, would ave a law that would
be plain. a law which everybody would
Repr..+ ntative Kendall (Rep. of
Iowa) ait anced his be.ef that the
democrat did not deserve credit for
the passag of the soldiers' preslon
bill. To this Berger replkd.
"The d,,mocratl IalUated the bill.
Give the devil his due. 81 t remem
ber that this House has pased a halt
down eght hour bids
"The g. ntleman from Wisconsin w.&a
looking at the republican side when
he spok, of giving the devil his due,"
interjec:, dI ltepres,,ntative Anderson,
of Ohi',. to the amusem nt of his
democ .,tc colleagues
"I '. l ooking first at ofr aide and
ten at th, other." come bi'k the Bo
lalist c'nzressman ,ike a siot.
Both .idl s of the Houl' saw the
point, utl members and spectators
roared . ith good naturet laughter.
FIIGHT FOu)R OLD AGE ENSION=.
Berg r introduced his ol age pen
sion bill as an srn ndmoit to the
Sherwood bill. which proviles for an
Increase in pensions to veftans of the
Civil Wa\r. His amendment was ruied
out as not germane on a I(nt of or
der raised by Representat e Bartlett.
(dem.) of Georgia.
Te soclalist Congressmat however.
secured to floor and made a vlgrous
speech in behalf of the *terans of
Industry. He said in part
'There are more worker killed and
injured .very year than ee in the
entire C(vil War. Oniy I Saturday
we read of a terrible mine limaster in
Tenness, e. St. i things happen every
"In addition, we should a.o consider
the number of women who are sub
Ject to disease contracted becauts of
their ,occupations, and who b aunem
total or partial invalids by tie hundred
of thousands every year. T'he work
of the soldier of industry 4 Infinite.y
more necessary hnd must perfornt
ed every day or our fIvilisation
Great Resis nce.
(Continued from page one.
from train No. 1 to tak out the
Tucson. Aris.-Engine rtn trough
the wall in Gila round house Helper
engine on passenger train it Beaion
burst a flue when starting and had to
be cut out. The engineers are sick of
their Jobs. 15 scabs were blDiped west
last night to Los Angeles There are
24 dead engines In the round house
here and three on the pits. It is re
ported that the chief train despatcher
is laying off on account of nervous
break down brougt about from con
dition along the road.
COAL MINERB ACT SANTA CLAUS
FOR STRIKERS CHILDREN.
Again we have a demonstration of
the true spirit by the Iacal Unions
of District No. 22 unite dMlne Work.
ers of America at Cheyenne Wyo.,
who have circulated posters and hand
bills announcing that they will be
Banta Claus to the chilren of the
striking shopmen of Cheyenne, Christ
mas Eve Sunday Dec. 24th 1I11 at
Eagles IHal at 7 30 o'clock. Bring
the children and we will load them
with" good things, candy, fruit, and
nuts and a present for each of them.
In behalf of the Coal Miners of
Wyoming.--Thomas Gibson. Presi
dent. A. (1. Morgal, Vice-President;
James Morgan, fecretary-Treasurer.
SUPPORT FOR THE SNTRNIS
The following letter was received
at the headquarters of the strikers on
the Harriman lines:
"East Ely, Nev. Dec. 18th. 1l11.
"On Dec. Oth. a grand ball was given
at the Auditorium In East EZ, under
the auspices of the Allied Trades Un.
Ions of White Pine County. The
general arrangements committee was
composed of 27 union men selected
from every union In the District. Jaw
Bergs of the Machinists Loaml was
chairman; with W. O Mason, of the
Painters Local as Secretary and M. O
Marquise, of the Mill and Smeltermen
"It was thoroughly advertised that
the net proceeds of the Benelft Bad
would go to to support of our union
brothers of the Federated Ihoplren
on the Harriman System, who are
now on strike and fighting, honorably
against oppression; who are fighting
not only for themselves hut tor all
their race; and whose defeat or via
tory is our defeat or viotory.
"The efforts of that committee was
quite liberally rewared Iby the work.
In;" men of thy, di trit, and mighty
ttlSe sipeet eme from the buselasm
men eo*ept the few who donat4 all
the IagredJeats that made pup forty
galleos or fine claret punch, which
was erved tree and made mild enough
for ladesi to drink without danger of
Intoxletion. and of which evry one
drank their full share.
The total receipts amounted to $743.70
The total expense was ........ 49.50
Leaving a mae balance of .... 8$74.0
One enthuselastic member of the
committee gladly offered to donate an
additional eighty cents to make up
"Whea some of the business men.
those so caled "Friends of Labor"
heard of the large amount being sent
to the strikers they exhibited that un
mistakeable act of great astonishment
and many of them no doubt, very
much deplore the fact that so much
money is being sent out of the dis
trict, but all such men who feel that
way are far too selfish o be consld
ered at all by the working class. The
boastful business men derive their In.
come and luxurious living from the
working lase. and the time has come
when the business men shall cease to
combine against the working class or
the business man will be thoroughly
and severely ignored by the working
clm. Then the business man will
have totgo to work and be a real pro
ducer or look for support from those
"higher up" In the plundering, graft
Ing, greed crased crporatlons.
'The efforts of the Musicians Local
far exceeded that of any three other
locasd, and that they did do so nobly
in a united effort to offer moral and
financial suplport to our union broth
ers who are at "the front" and fight
ing our fight and bearing the brunt
of the physical suffering as well as
that silent, mental suffering that the
working class has endured. Oh so long
that our patience has ready "ceased
to be a virtue "
"In beha.i of the working class of
the Ely district and in token of sym
pathy and Brotherly Love, I herewith
enclose a bank draft for $875. to yuo
as Secretary of the Federated Shop
men of the Harriman LAnes We
sincerely hope that it may be the
men In their struggle against oppres
sion. We hope that it may be the
means of giving good cheer and real
comfort t) some strlking. figlhti~g
brother who might feel sonaewhat
d spondent of victoy, or who might
not be as fortunate as other brothers
In psselion of food, clothing and
shelter for himself or his beloved
wife and Innoceitt. heapness babes.
We hope that our efforts an financial
success will encourage, not only
other districts to do as we have and Bt
do all in their power to send forth
their best and kindest thoughts hop
ing that the rame may be heard and
felt, by our union brothers upon the
sweet, wireless, sound wales tf sym
pathy and brotherly love, for such
acts of charity and kindness are not
transmitted to the suffering, worklng
class through the "kept sheets" of
the corporation owned press.
We must have faith in our cause
for it is RIGHT AND JUST. We
must have hope in ultimate sodarity
of the working class. For great and
grand is"Faith, Hope and Charity, but
the Greatest of these Is Charity.
"May those who would enslave us
become mere slaves."
Hurrah! For the Shopmens' Feder
Hurrah! For greater affiliation!
Hurrah!! For labors emancipation!!
We must keep pressing on!!!
Yours for Justice to the Working
clawm.-E. G. Marquis., Treasurer
Benefit Dance. Ely, Nevada.
The shopmen on the Rock Is.and
Railroad have assessed themselves
one days pay a month for the benefit
of the strikers. 60per cent of the
money thus raised goes to the strikers
on the Harriman lines and 40 peri
cent to the strikers on the Illln,is
The round house machinists on the
Great Nothr% n raitway at Clancy.
Montana are giving a ball at the Al
hambra Hot Springs on New Tear's
eve. The proceeds to go to the benefit
of the strikers, Let other places do
C. t. McMurray an exrallros6 man
and now a travelang agent for the
Continental Casualty Insurance Com
pany. ie doing all he can to secure
seabs for the Southern Pacifcl Railway
while canvassing for business for the
insurance company he represents
The strike committee desires all
holders of poidlces in the Continental
Casualty Company to write the head
office of the Continental Casualty
Company, protes.ang aga.nst the con
duct cf this agent of the company.
Railroad unions can also assist by
having the secretary of theunlon write
a letter to the insuraece company.
The Insurance oompany sells its poll
oles to raitroad wage slaves, and with.
out the wage slave the company would
go out .,f huslnesa.
Monltana News Prospectus.
The Montana New will be iomosd hereafter by the ONION PRIuM
cad PTBUL W IO COMPANY. from ts otffle at Helena. Meotaua.
The sld company it Incorporated tandw the laws of the State of,
Montana. Authortmed Capital Stook.1L0.000 sbares $60 each
Otnset et Cerpertlsae.
To print and publish at the City of Helena. Montana, a weekly news
paper to be devoted to the Interest of the worklng clas of the Mtate of
Montana and the Northwestera States, and for the porpuse of transact.
Ing, carrying on and conduetlng a printing and publishing business In
all its branches
Need e tocald Paper.
The worklng class movement must have a powerful ocal pres be
fore it can hope to influence the government or the state as a party.
Such a press can be a power in the Northwest a the expression of a
working class remarkably algressive and devoted to freedom and Just
ice. Without a paper of protest against the horrors of a system of pro
fit and plunder it would have been Imposrble to expose the Donohue
Militia bill passed by the late legislature!
There Is tendency to reaction nla the state at present. Fracheless are
being given away lavishly to the explolters of the working oass-etreet
care, electric lines, electric lighting, and gas- with no provisions to
allow the publio to own these necessities In the future; whereas, ten
and twenty years ago such franchisee contained specifications for th.
transfer of such property to the commonwealth.
SBlows at Ibor.
The last legislature in Montana appropriated 810.000 for the purpose
of bringing In labor to compete with the laborers already here.
Montana employers are even advertising In Europe for men to work
In the state, while we we are already overloaded with Idle men
Idttle Revotutoumary Reang.
Theur are only 9,0400 smbslbers. to Socialist papers In Montana. We
tmust have at least 60,000 persons reading Socialist papers before the
spirit of protest can be aroused or the workers make their Impress
upon the state and municipal governments.
There are 80,000 voters in Montana, and a population of about 175,
000. Cold figures teal the tale of work to be done
The News will fight the battles of the worklngclass through all pres
eant evils and obstacles of explolta-tion.
It will point out the emancipation from exploitation in the abolition
of the private ownership of the Industrial machinery.
It will direct the workers to co-operate production.
It will expose the outrages of capitalism which we encounter at our
It will eater the arena and struggle with strong and seltf.lteraqted
opponente to contrunt better law, nstitutions, and opportuntles.
It will at all times Inform the populae of malicilous laws paused and
enforced by our law makingla bodes.
It will also be a center from which the Initiative and Referendum
Plues of Operates
The News will henceforth he 1 Solaliet party paper, but not a
party-owneod paper. It will be handled exclusively by the Union Print
lag and Publishing Company. This company will own Its own machin
ery. equipmeat, liotype meters, ad preses, and pleasantly ad oem
modiouosy sNatoed at 10 Park Avenue. Helena, Montana. It makes a
specialty of unlon Job work, bills constitutloa, by-laws, terhead, a
whatever ergansed labor may require ia the way of prntlang. We sup
port you; yeu support us. abor withdraws its support from Its emm.
iee and eo-operates with ts friends.
It will issue special editions dealing with the local teues In any town
or community at the minimum seet, so that any such point may have all
the advantages of a local paper, and satter It by the thousands.
The News wild carry a spelal line of high class advertlsng. covering
a widespread territory. It has applications from and companies.
book firms, library amoclations and other enterprises of a general
haracter to advertise on a large seale, and will give special attention
to this valuable feature ia the future. The News Is an unmually able
medium as a publicity organ beause of Its extended olreudtlon, enter.
Ing almost ever state and territory In the United Lates, crossing the
borders of Canada and Mexico ad going also to manyr foreign oeantres
It I read by the bayems, the ehief onsumers, the workers, who are 40
per cent of the population.
Fenay and Prewrm.
The News will assad for the oonstructive prodram of Soelaiem. It
will work for the Industrial revnlutlon through the oonquest of political
power by a now clam, the workers. It wilt tak an aggreLva part in
all political and municipal activitioes It will encourage and serve in
every way the ergaalUtlon of the workers both Politically and Indus
trially, It will be first to serve the unions In time oft treble and to
reprove them for rrors that obetnrut their progres It will be laboer
staunchest friend when in trouble no mater what the caum. It will be
the fearless advecate and labor leader of the Northwest. and the rally
ing sentor for the setC It/es of the SocLialst movement
If yoe want to help :. this grand world movement of labor you want
to put some money into It ad be a part of It Tou want to take
several shares of stock and get your union and neighbors to take some.
You can pay If. down for each share of stock or you can pay 1.00 a
month for five months, or for as long as you pNease, and every $6.0
you pay will give you an additional share of stock.
This method is a sure winner so far as a solid support for Sooialst
enterprises Is concerned. It Is what has made the success o the Kerr
Putblishlng Company, The oelal Democratic Herald, and the Chicago
Daily Soelalist. veryoody's bulne is l nobody's busness, but defna.
Itse stem will make a paper in the west a suessful as those in the
The News is SO cents a year, one eat each In bodles.
Further Information can be had by writing 0. A. Brown, Box l113,
Hela,. Montana, and send all money for stock to the above address.
All subscriptlons for the News sad orders for prtnting should be
addrened to Montana News, Bolese Metana.
The Only Store in Helena
alalN lWAL SE T% OM07AU5S AND 'M p "I
We Al s Newv as O eed OlJt
The Veirrn *es GMa rmsahln
GORDON MERCANTILE CO,
Oppode U$Vas Deot.