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THE BISBEE DAILY REVIEW, BISBEE, ARIZONA, SUNDAYOfafttNG.! AfemW 1913
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VTVKE STORY HC IKE CTRST PPJESII2NTVa-Ot
vZI3.' BYTHE PRESIDENT- . hJ
CIM ffrHVfXaew4UJr fJ 9ltr
ontinued From Yesterday
Chatham's Fervid Warning.
' It is not cancelling a piece of parch
ment," lie cried, that can irin back
America.' tbo old fire burning ho!
tUthin him, "jou must respect hei
lears and her resentments "
The merchants, tco. in fear (or theli
trade, urged tery anxiously that then
should be Tnstant and ample conces
sion. But the king's stubborn anger
the parliament's indifference, the mln
1s; ry a Incapacity, made it impossible
anything wise or gencrojs should be
Adding Insult to Injury.
Instead of xeat concessions there is as.
fresh mesac The ministry did, indeed
offeK'to exempt from taxation ever
color: that would promise that by its
own vote It vftjuld make proper contri
. . , ...
1'iUUU IV I1T7 7.rcim Vt fUUIIL UC
fence and ' Imperial administration
in the hope thereby to disengage tht
luke-warm middle colonies from the
plot now thickening against the gov
Hut Massachusetts was at once pro
claimed lt rebellion, every port in
New England declared dosed against
trade, ,New T-irigland fishermen were de
nied access to the Newfoundland fish
eries(,and ten' thousand fresh troops
were ordered to Boston.
Look for No Concession.
Neither the pleas of their friends nor
the threats of their enmies reached
the ears' of the colonists prompt!
from over sea that spring, but they
were not slow to perceive that they
must lootj for no concessions, and
did not .wait upon parliament in their
preparation for a doubtful future
Upon the very dy the 'congress 0ffonel Harrison spring to their feet tp
committees" at Philadelphia adjourn
ed, a ' previaeiai eoocrees" in Massa
chusettsvfr?ed of its own authority
in the Mead of the house of delegates
the governor bad but just now dis
fojved, had voted to organize and
equip the militia of tho colony and to
collect stores aad anas.
S Virginia In Arms.
Virgima bad' been equally bold, and
almost Vjetljf prompt, far away as
she aeeraedfmfB the king's troops at
l'osto-j.'liy,the end of January Charles
Lc e ooid Surk from 'Willlamsbarg-
b wJole'jnry is full of soldiers,
ail furaibtied, j sti la arms . .
Never was sch'r vigor and conecrd
heard of, sot a single traitor, scarcely
a sileat disstiest,"
' Every ecMaij is now arming a
company of nven tor the avowed pur
pose of protecting their committees,"
Dunmore bad reported to the ministry
before Ike year 1774 was out, "and to
be esurloyed against government if
occasfra require. As to the power of
government which jour lordship di
rects should 'he exerted to counteract
the dangerous measures persuing
here, I can assure your lordship that
It Is entirely disregarded. If not wJiol
y overturned. There is not a Jastice
of peace in Virginia that acts except
as a committeeman; the abolishing of
courts of juettce was the first step
taken, in which the men of fortune
and pre-eminence Joined equally with
the lowest and meanest
Washington Asked to Lead.
Company after company, as it form
ed, asked Colon! Washington to as
sume command over it, not only in his
own county of Fairfax, but in counties
also at t a distance and he accepted
!ne responsibility as often as K was
offered to him.
"It is mr full tetrntioB, he said.
tixpT, ."tjO.iIojpie toy life and fortune
to thet oesq w aro engaged in. If
BsedfsJ;. and be had JltUe doubt soy
longer s.hat was to come
aw - Ar txwtfiwwnp tir tr
He found time, pi en that stirring
year, to quicken bis blood once and
again, nevertheless, -while n inter held,
by a run with the hounds, for he was
not turned politician so sternly even
et as to throw away his leisure upon
anything less wholesome than the hale
sport he loted
On the 20th of May. 1775, the sec
ond Vlrj-'nlan convention met, not in
"ATliiamfsburg. but at Richmond, and
its chief business was the arming of
Maryland had furnished the ironical
formula with which to justify what
was to bo done: Resolved, unani
mously, that a -well regulated militia,
composed of the gentlemen freehold
ers and other freemen, is the natural
,.. ., i ,m ....
strength and only stable security of
a free government and that such
militia will relteo our mother-country
from any expense in our protec
tion and defense, w III obviate the pre
tence of a necessity for taxing us on
that account, and render it unneces
sary to keep any standing army
ever dangerous to liberty in this
Patrick Henry Declares War.
Mr Henry, accepted the formula
with great relish. In the convention at
Richmond, in his resolution 'that the
colony be immediately put into a pos
ture of defense," but be broke with
It in the speech with which he sup
lwrted his measure of preparation
In this there was no plan or pre
tence of peace, out, instead, a plain
declaration of war
Once radre did Edmund Pendleton,
Richard Bland, Mr Nicholas, and Col
check him, as In tho old days of the
Stamp act. Once more, nevertheless,
did he have his way, completely tri
umphant. The War Party Triumphs.
What he had proposed was done,
and his very opponents served upon
the committee charged with its accom
plishment. It was not going more
than othe- colonies had done; It was
only saying more. It was only deal
ing more, fearlessly and frankly with
Even slow, conservative men like
John Dickinson of Pennsylvania,
shielded themselves behind onlyan"lf "
"The Erst act of violence on the part
of administration in America." they
knew, "or the attempt to reinforce
General Oage this wjnter or next year,
will put the whole continent In arms,
from Nova Scotia to Georgia
Regulars Meet the Militia.
What they feared very speedlfy
carao to pzss
Twas- hardly four weeks from the
day Mr Henry proclaimed a state ol
war In the convention at Richmond
before the king's regulars were set
upon at Lexington and Concord and
driven back In rout to their quarters
by the swarming militia men of Mass
achusetts. On the 19th of April they had set
out across a peaceful country to seize
the military stores placed at Concord
Before the day was out they had
been fairly thrown back Into Boston,
close upon three hundred of their com
rades gone to a last reckoning; and
the next morning disclosed a rapidly
growing provincial army drawn in
threatened, siege about them.
Lord Dunmore Foiled.
In the darkness of that very night
r April 20), at -tic .emmand of Dun
more, a force of marines was land
ed from an armed sloop that lay; ic
James river. In Virginia, to seizt
the gunpowder stored at Williams
The "IrglnUws in their tarr sprang
to arms, and Diuimorg. wa forcfd,
tre'hV could" rid" himself of the bust
ness, to pay for the powder taken
pay Captain Patrick Henry, at the
head of a body of militia under arms
Ethan Allen Holds Two Forts.
OaJU-ii of May the second Con
tinental congress met at Philadelphia,
with business to transact lastly differ
ent from that to which the first "con
gress of committees" had addressed it
belf not protests and resolves, but
quick and t-Hclent action.
Th very day it met, a body of dar
ing provincials under Ethan Allen had
walked into the open gates of Tlcon
deroga and taktn possession of tho
stout fortress "In the remo of me
Great Jehovah and the Continental
congress." and two das later a sim
ilar exploit secured Crow n Point to the
The Country United.
Active war had begun; an army was
set down before Boston a rude army
that had grown to be blxteen thousand
Wtrong within the first week of its
rally; the country was united in a gen
eral resistance, and looked to the con
gress to give it organization and guid
ance. " " "" '
Colonel'Wasbington bad come to the
congress in his provincial uniform,
and found himself a great deal sought
after In Its committees
Not only the drawing of ctate papers
which wou" once more Justify their
cause and thUr iesuri to arms In tho
ejes of the word, but the actual mus
tering and equipment of an army,
quick fortification, the gathering of
munitions and supplies, the raising of
money and the organization of a com
missariat, the restraint of the In
dians upon the frontier, was the
business in hand, and Washington's
adIce was invaluable when such mat
ters were afoot.
Washington Prompt to Aet.
He show ed no hesitation as to what
should be done.
His own mind had long ago been
made up; and the sessions of the con
gress were not ended before Virginia
was committed beyond all possibility of
The 1st of Juno saw her last house
of burgesses convene, for by the Sth
of the month Dunmore was a fugi
tlve had seen the anger of a Wil
liamsburg mob blaze hot against him,
and had taken refuge in a man-of-war
1 Ing up the rher ,
The province was ready for revolu
tion, and Washington w as ready to go i
with it I
It meant more than Washington
thought that he had come to Phila
delphia habited like a soldier. I
It had not been his purpose to draw
all ee8 upon him, It was, zterely hi
instinctive-expression of his own per
sonal feeling with regard to the crisis
that had come But it was In its way
a fulfilment of prophecy
When the first Virginian convention
chose delegates to attend the con
gress of 1774. "some of the tickets on
the ballot assigned reasons for the
choice expressed in them Randolph
should preside In congress; Lee and
Henry should display the different
kinds of eloquence for which they
were renowned. Washington should
command the army, if an army should
be raised. Bland should open tbo
treasures of ancient colonial learning,
Harrison should utter plain truths;
ind Pendleton should bethe penman
for business "
Self Poise of thj Virginian;,
No wonder the gentlemen from Vir
ginia, coming with such confidence to
the congress, made the Instant im
pression they did for mastery and
"There are some fine fellows come
from Virginia. Joseph Reed had re
ported, "but they are very high We
understand they are the capital men
jf the colony"
Washington alone awaited his cue.
Vow he was to get it, without expect
A Struggling Army.
The Irregular army swarming be
'ore Boston was without standing or
government It bad run hastily to
gether out of four colonies; was sub
iect to no common authority; hardly
taow what allegianco It bore; might
all to pieces unless it were adequate
Tho congress In Philadelphia was
ailed upon to recognize and adopt It,
rive' it leaTe and authority to act for
ill the colonies, give it a commander,
wd summon the whole country to re
A Leader Outside New England.
There was an obvious political ne
cessity that the thing should be done,
tnd done promptly. Masaschusetts
lid not wish to stand alone; New Eng
land wanted the active assistance of
.he other colonies; something must be
ittempted to securs common action.
-The first thing to do was to choose
tn acceptable and efficient leader and
jo choose him outside New England.
To John Adams the choice seemed
ilmple enough. There was no soldier
Si America, outside New England nor
nside eithei-to be compared, wheth
er in experience or dlftlnciton with
Washington, the gallant, straightfor
ward, earnest Virginjap. ha had learn
d so to esteem and trust there in
John Adams Names Washington.
He accordingly moved that congress
'adopt the army at Carabridgo" and
ieclared that he had ' but oue gentle
man in mind" for Its command "a
lentleman from. Virginia, who was
imong us," he said "and very well
known to all of us; a gentleman
s hose skill and experience as, an otS
er, whose Independent fortune, great
Ulents, and excellent universal char
tcter would command the approba
Ion of all America, and unite the cor
ilal exertions of all the colonies bet
ter than .any other person in the
Washington, taken- unawares, ro3e
ind slipped in confusion from the
room. ' ?
Washington the Unanimous Choice.
Some of his own friends doubted
lie expediency of putting a Virginian
U the head of a New. England, army,
ut the more clearsighted among the
Cew Englanders did "not," and the"se
!wtion was made, after a lltlo .heslta
Washington accepted his commis
?Ion vith that mixture of modesty and
pride that made men loe and honor
ilm "You may believe me. my dear
Patsy" were his simple words to his
wife, "when I assure you in the most
olemn manner, that, so far from seek
ng this appointment, I have used ev
ery endeavor in my power to avoid
It not only from my unwillingness to
part with jou and the family, bnt
from a consciousness of its being a
trust too great for my capacity. . . .
But as it has been a kind of destiny
that has thrown me upon this service,
I shall hope that my undertaking it
Is designed to answer some good pur
pose. . . . It was utterly out fif
my power to refuse this appointment,
without exposing my character o
each censures as would have reflected
dishonor upon myself and given pain
to my friends"
Washington Accepts With Modesty.
He spoke in the same tqne to the
congress "I beg it may bp remem
cered," he said, "by every, gentleman
in this room, that I this day declare
with the utmost sincerity I do not
think myself equal to the 'command I
ara honored w itb "
His commission was signed on the
19th of June; on (he Slst be was on
tho road to the north the road he
had traveled twenty years ago to con
sult with Governor Shirley In Boston
upon questions of rank, and to fall
into Mary Phllipse's snare by the
way; the road he bad ridden after the
races, but three jears ago, to put
Jacky Custis at college in New York.
John Adams Delighted.
(fThere is something charming to
me In the conduct of Washington."
exclaimed John Adams; and it was
wholesome for the whole country that
such a man should be put at the head
of affairs Many ignoble things wer
being done in the name of liberty, and
an ugly tyranny had been brought to
every man's door "the tyranny ot
his next-door neighbor
There were men by the score in (he
colonies who had no taste or sympa
thy for the rebellion they now saw
afoot common men who knew little
or nothing of the mother-country, as.
well as gentlemen pt culture whe
lovd her traditions and revered hei
crown; farmers and village lawyers
as well as merchants at the ports
who saw their lit Ing gone and ruin
storing them in the face
Rule of the Majority.
But the local committees and the
"Sons of Liberty" everywhere saw tc
it that such men should know and
dread and fearfully submit to the
views of the majority. Government
Vas" suspended; there was nowhere so
much as a Justice of the peace acting
under the authority of the crown.
There might have been universal 11
sense had the rabble not seen their
leaders so noble, so bent upon high
and honorable purposes. It was an
abject-lesson In the character of tho
revolution to see Washington rido
through the colonies to take charge of
in Insurgent army. And no man or
woman, or child even, was likely to
miss tho lesson.
That noble figure drew all eyes to
it; that meln as If the man were a
prince; that sincere and open counte
nance, which every man could see was
lighted by a good. conscience; that
cordial ease in salute, as of a man
who felt hlm&zlf brother to his
Shows Himself to the People.
There was something about Wast
fagton that quickened the pulses ot
i crowd at the same time that it
twed them, that drew cheers, which
xere a sort of voice of worship. Chll
3repdeglred slhtof him, and men
! M S'i " ....i, I if '
pit IUub after ududrpajaeOjle. was,
sood to hXve such a man ride,,n,,thw
3pen w4i rrom PhlladelphiaHlo1 Cam
bridge la, sight of the people to. ass
tume command of the people's army
i It gave character to the thoughts'
t all who saw htm " I
Matters had not stood still oi)forp;
j Gorton to await a commander sent by
While Washington waited for his
I ioramisslon and made ready for hb
(Journey there liad been fighting done
j which was to simplify his task-
General William Howe had reached
I Boston With reinforcements on thei
25th ot May, and quite ten thousand
roops held the city while a strong
Icet of men-of-war lay watchfully In
The British Hesitate.
, There was no hurry. It seemed,'
ibout attacking tho sixteen thousand
-aw provincials, whose long lines were
irawn loosely about the town from
Charlestown Neck -to Jamaica Plaln.
Hut commanding hills looked across
the water on either hand In Charies
.own on the north and In Dorchester
ja the southeast and ltiwould be
well, Howe saw. to, secure them, lest
hey should be occupied by the Insur
gents. On the mornlng.of the- 17th of June,
however, while leisurely preparations!
were a making in Boston to occupy
the hills of, Cbarlestown, It. was di&t
covered that the provincials had been
beforehand In ttie project There they
were in the clear surt working dili
gently at redoubts of their own upon
At a Fearful Cost.
Three thousand men were put
across the water to drive them oft.
Though they mustered only seventeen
hundred behind their unfinished
works, there were several assault!
and the loss ot 'a thousand men was
ihp cost of dislodging thsm.
They withheld their fire till the rea
coats were within fift aar thirty
yards of them, and then povred out a
deadly, blazing fire which no mau
vould face and live. They were oust
ed only when they failed of powder
and despaired of reinforcements
Veteran officers who had led the s
snail dttU2"d i9 regular f iii.x)
wee no mo'e (o'mi'lib'c tlit" ''awe
rail'tia trea r,hom tfcey had Jtspised
a n jeaspnfB
Ther -Mno desire to buy nu'HJ""'
Artei-i'-an -osltloa at that prie arfi
Waslnagton had timo enough for to
coniplinipntary receptions tH -d
dressre ind tilt elaborate riradt 3f
escort and review that dclnyd bis
Journey to headquarters
He reached Cambridge on the 2d "f
July, and bore himself with :
straightforward and engaging a com
tesy in taking command that the oltl
cers he superseded could not but like
him jealous was disarmed.
Not Ideal Soldiers.
But he found neither the prepar
ations nor the spirit of the. arm to
his liking His soldierly sense of or
der was shocked by the lose discip
line, and his instinct of command bj
the free and easy insolence of that ir
regular lev; and his authority grew
stern as he labored to bring the mot
ley host to order and effective organi
zation "The people of this government
have obtained a character." his confl
dential letters declared, "which they
by no means deserved their officers,
generally speaking, are the most in
different kind of people I ver saw I
dare say the men would fight very
well (if properly officered), although
they are an exceedingly dirty and
nasty people . It Is among the most
difficult tasks I eier undertook in my
life to induce these people to believe
that there is, or can be, danger till tho
bayonet is pushed at their breasts
Vot that it proceeds from any uncom
mon prowess, but rather from an un
accountable kind of stupidity in the
lower class of these people, which, be
lieve me. prevails but too generally
among the officers of the Massachu
setts part of he army, who are near
ly of the same kidney with the pri
Improve on Acquaintance.
Hevhad seen like demoralization and
slackness In the old days at Winches
ter on the wild frontier, but he had
expected to find a better spirit and
discipline in the New England levies
His first disgust however, soon
wore off He was not clow to see how
shrewd and sturdy these uncouth. In
tractable ploughboys and farmers
could prove themselves upon occa
sion. Material for a Good Army.
"I have a sincere pleasure in ob-
l serving," ho wrote to congress, "that
there are materials for a good army,
a great number of able-bodied men.
active, zealous In the cause, and of
There was time enough and to eparo
In which to learn his army's quality.
"Our lines of defence aro now corn-
jpleted," he could toll Lund Washing
ton on the roth of August, "as near so
at least as can be we now wish them
to como out as soon as they please:
but they discover no inclination to
, quit their own works of defense; apd
as it is almost impossible for us to
get at them, we do nothing but watch
each other's motions all day at the
distance of about a mile."
An Immense Correspondence.
He could even turn away from
military affairs to advise that "spin
ning should go forward with all pos
sible despatch" on tbo estate at home,
and to say, "I much approve of your
rowing wheat In clean ground, al
though you should be late in doing
ic". . '
(TO BE CONTINUED)
Burroughs Adding Machine Co,
was advised by Government not to
take over Adder Machine Co. because'
It might involve rlolatlon of anti-tni3t
Libby's Cut Glass
I hae the bicgest lino of cut glass in all Arizona. All new, the- latest
patterns and cuts. Call and see this elegant line of cut glass
L. L. GILMAN
Official Watch Inspector for E. P. & S. W. R. R.
Once Main St,
Emil Marks, Mgr.
THE ANTLFRS CAFE
MAIN STREET OPPOSITE P. O. PHONE 221
COPPER QUEEN HOTEL
and High Class Cafe
Special $1.00 Table d'Hote Dinner From 5;30 to 8 p. m
Reg lar 50c Luncheon Daily HENRY POPPEN, Manage
Copper Queen Consolidated Mining
Company Reduction Works
We are now in the Market
for the Purchase of
Copper Ore and Copper Matte
Copper Queen Consolidated Mining Co.
SCHOOL OF MUSIC
U PROF. E H. GIDLEY
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Studio 78 Brewery Avenue
Phone 495 r. O. Cox J 28
Printer and Stationer
15 Muheim Building BISBEE AKIZ.
oa!o bAin tue M!QY
. Coprcr Queen Hotel
OUR TONS OF GOAL
are as big as elephants. We
give 100 lbs of coal to the ton.
Plenty ot Juniper and orils wood,
furnished In all lengths. Hay
and gralr. COULTON chicken
feei 9 ?TMcLaHv
& Feed Company
Opp. Palace Stables
Lay Your Flooring
with lumber from this yard and
ou will get a surface as even
as a billiard table. Every
board will match every tongue
and groove will fit to a hair's
It wilt stav leel too. Our
lumber Is all seasoned when
you sot It, bo there is no
shrinking or warpins to annoy
you afterwards. That's a point
The Arizona Sanitarium
Specially equipped for modern
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Rheumatism, nervous diseases
and general surgery Prices
ftiE ARIZONA AND NEW
MEXICO RAILROAD CO.
6:55 a. m. Lv Clifton ar. 3:53 p. m
734 a. m. I.t Guthrie Lv 3:20 p. m.
S:18 a. m. Lv Duncan Lv 2:2S f m.
9:38 a. m Lv Lordsburg Lv 1:23 p. m.
1045 a. in. Ar HuachJCa Lv 11:59 a.m.
South bound train connects with
Southern Pacific west bona a train
No. 1, leaving Lordsburg 10:57 a. m.
South bound tram connects with El
Pas & Southwestern east bound
train for El Paro, leaving Hachltn at
11 CO a. m.. Mountain Time, and
with west bound train for Douglas
and BIsbee. leaving HacUta at 10:50
ra Mountain Time.
R. K. MINSON.
Clifton, Ariz. General Passenger Agent