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$HE BISBEE DAILY REVlErV TUESDAY, OCTOBER 12 1915
Publiohcd Every Day Except Monday by the
State Consolidated Publishing Company
Business Office Phone No. 39.
Branch Connecting all Departments.
8W0I.B COPIBS, Dally - .05
Pan MONTH 75
T1IRHH MONTHS 2.25
SIX MONTHS i - 4.00
TWMLVH MONTHS 7.60
SUNDAY (Our Weekly) por year . . 2.50
SUNDAY (Our Weekly) per quarter .75
10 subscription takan (or less than 75c
1 'v'""1 1 "
" " -REQUU'ATlON' FOR" 'change." - I
After the Investigation set on foot by Governor Hughe!
a few years ago, tho Now York Stock Htxchango professed
to have reformed. Its patriotic conduct during the trying
first months of tho war, and Us conservative methods
when buslnoes was resumed last January, gave an Im
pression that Its reform was genuine. It appeared that
(ho governing body of tho exchang was able and eager
to rogulato speculative activity In the public Interest
and make th6 exchange wMht It aSould be, the country's
groat lsgitlinnto and responsible 'seellrUy market.
Reeantly, however, all qonsorvntletn has been thrown
to tho winds, and the Institution is given over to "a wild
orgy of gambling in a market that has loft all iRH of
real values" In tho midst of this orgy, Samuel Unter
meyer, the New York corporation lawyer and financial
expert, comas forward 1a gfcin with his demand for' govern
ment regulation. -
"Ours is "now the only country," he says, "in which
there Is no public supervision over tie stock exchange.
I mn PEACE
BUT WE HOST HAVE
promptly are requested to notify' the busi-, although we are more in need oMt than all the other
noss office. ' countries combined."
j He advooetM a system whereby everybody could know
Advertising Rates on Application.
Entered as second-class mail matter.
Tuesday,, October 12, 1915,
THE BELATED CONCESSIONS.
Germany's latest cohcjtsslons have been received wlU
BSUBJflKJllon, ou wiinow an kibbi snow ui ouiiiuaiwam. ;
TMa nation has lost ft capacity for enthusiasm in the
I from month to month, and from day to day when it was
necessary tor public protection, "the real basis tor the
, published rumors on which prices have been boosted."
itriion lliotr would be "an Opert market, free from manlpu
fattens ot pools and Insiders," and the small Investor
would have adequate protection.
"We would sot stop speculation," says Mc Untenneyer.
No law can aeoompjish that. It Is doubtful whether
that should be attempted by law If it were ponalble.
t lnn. tiullAit. ..Ha. nf .Unlnmbtfn avnlllanBa
. , . . , . , , ," , . . .. But we would have honest speculation,"
IU hope have too often been raised high, only to be dash- , T
ed flown again. A few weeks ago the vague pledge of
PHOENIX, Oct. 11. "The people of
this country want peace with honor,"
said Vice-President ThomHS It. Mar
shall yesterday as he gave his reason
for advocating preparedness. "Ameri
can cltlscns do not want peace at any
price but preparation is a war pre
ventative. The people expect the
president to maintain Uie right of neu
trals and to Insist that every nation
respect the laws of neutrality. We
should take steps to be In some sort
of shape to meet foreign nations if
they should take any action."
Before the nations of toe earth are
ready and willing to ratify peace they
must become as educated and as
Christianised as the United States, ac
cording to the vice-president.
In answer to the question, "bow
long will the war last?" Mr. Marshall
promptly replied: "Until some one
gets licked. We can never hope for
the establishment of permanent peace
until then. The war must be fought
out or it will be on again In another
ten years. I started it) to pray for
peace, but now I'm going to let the
Lord run that when He thinks they
have bad enough He'll stop it.
"Many years ago, when I lived in
Indiana," he said, remlnlscently,
I "Saturday was fight day. That was
jthe time disputes were settled, and
jonce let the participants be interfered
I with and It merely meant a continua
tion of the affair; they' never made
in rwwm ana retsoguuiun oi aeuirai r.anu. b-c ' friends until the hm emlm!
W Wt Otmifi Ambassador was hailed with a national Tne IlRrvartl Crlrawn menU the voltty of UWM,U j "Who 1. going tb win? That's one
outburst of jo. Now the formal steps toward fulfillment conversation. The young men at sftch InstttntlOtts of 0f my business. The speculation of
of that pledge fa.', to arouse any such sentiment because '-"ing. 11 ". take special pains not .0 dis-, Jf "J C?h.m' eleali"?
of the disappointment that intervened. , , CUM anything worth while, either In their seed emir world
; They have not paid attention to the
It Oermsny had yielded and done the handsome and or "t It. The two or three hours a day spent to- present's request to observe neu-
geharou. thing after our first LuaUaWa'nofe, most of tho 0wr at meal, are given' or er to silly prattle rtt.tr.Ht jr. Jel
batti Ms would have been undone. KVen after the ir- Voaien nd "thlettos, and to crude penalities touching
graphed to the diplomats in Washing.
ritli ecotioatlons that turned American sentiment ' wen otnrB mntw ,n1 mys,01 enaractenstics. Any- ton and promptly cabled to their na-,
mors and more against Germany. If she had yielded fully wh trt to Introduce a serious sublet of general in- tlon. nd ftt.at'"a'
and ftly to tb demand, of right and humanity, and not "est to thinking mon is howlod down. Lightness and ; tfgS
tMteted Ambassador BornrtorTs pledge by her eva- Vnldsm are the rule; sober discussion is unknown: that all who are not Germans in this
should have accepted her,tnounl 18 's; "". " nl " ' .m"l u" I?..? .7 I , ,
9 if that has not directly led to the
Im In lh Amhir irnnk w s
avnintinn' w niimii.i hn onwrrt . "rt' ' stifled and perverted.
SH " ' ' " "-'I'"' ..w ....... . - . .
rtty with greattr generosity. Our traditional
A 1 ' '
(rtppififi ' foi Germany , would have swung' back hall
wnjrVKt least, to Its point ,ot departure.
ltt Germany's slow and grudging concessions, after
so araeK hsdging and inlarepijssentation, have met only
a grudging response. We know that the German govern
ment in reversing ltselt' hffilowed its pride and done
lprd thing. But wfylp realising that it was
tfee Oerman govenunent that made it hard, that dug its
own diplomatic pit, that prepared Its own embarrassmrmt
In the eyes of its own people and of the world. And we
feet that It la not a sense of justice or sincere friendli
ness that has dictated the belated return to lawfulness
at sea, but rather mere prudence, based on the practical
faihtre of German submarines and the fea rof our armed
It UwtetvMte that we should feel so. but we can't
f& ttTli will now take years for Germany, In Spite q!
all her efforts, ta regain the good will of the United
SbttAe nrhleh she might a short time ago have won back,
wfth so Uttle effort.
It's a sad company, doubtless for the most part deserv- trouble it has at least made it more
edi Students do talk seriously at times. In little con- difficult to adjust. As a matter ot
genial groups, but in general la surprising how little th P0"'8 ot, hls country are
neither for one nor. the other, but al
tbe Intellectual atmosphere of the classroom Is reflected ways for the United1 States. What dif
on the campus or In the dormitory. I ference does it make to us what sort
In the women's colleges, however ,lt Is different. If ct '?me"t ' y -e acroBS the
. m ,sea? What If they want kings and
women are the frivolous sex, women stuents are not. dukes and brt ted, Pearls, they'll soon
Girls seem to take their college education inore seriously get tired of themJt
than boys. They are far more given to dragging facts;
and theories outside the classroom and debating among
themselves the problems of the universe.
And yet men have, always been considered the philoso
phic sex. What's the matter, anyhow, with the enen's
.-I.SIIWMIM HUH MJ - i ., ,
-- -' ' ' ' " "T ''
BREAKING BREAD . ' .
I LH--. fWHY. YOURe" $ Z
I , WIW N0T AS BAt '
81SBEE LEADER SIS
STATE ROAD SYSTEM
. Continued From Paee One)
ty bonding msy be or is contemplated.
i t in . .
tahtinople and the Bosporus the cWef bone f contett- yu. ow we a proceeaiag
, , , i v.uHiBe county . xuere we nave
ion oi mis war. ine swner inair iuhdi u ruwi, ine
wars have been fought sires dy o.ver the
They Have now become atowg vtith Con
BULGARIA'S BETRAYAL. ,
ir ltltf waa deserving df any condemnation for turning
against Austria, and Germany, Ilulgarlals sure to be con
(iatAaed nioro bitterly, and with better cause, for turning
agsltiaft Kuasia and England. In attacking Russia, par
tieulany, Uulgarla will be stabbing her best friend. Pol
Whatever Russia's sine may be with regard to other na
ttaaa, she has been the faithful protector of the Dul
' It was Russia, encouraged by England, thaj. freed Dul
Mda from Turkish rule in 1S7S, as the United State!
triad Cuba from Spain. Not only was her national ex
iaiaaea a sift from Hussia. but to Russian arms, com
lifainl with British goodwill, she owes her steady deve,
OpgaesU from poverty to economic strength, from Ignor
ajja to enUcbtment, from miliUry weakness to power
To OerMAny and Austria, IMtlgaria owes nothing. The)
asmr aCanded her from the Turks in the pitiful dayt
whom her people were massacred like the Armenians to
4y iff the Bashl-Uasouka. They meddled With her des
Upj in the late Balkan struggles Interfering with hai
lagdtteate eonqueats from the Turlts and eneouraginr
the flht over the spoils that proved so disastrous U
jpglftrfa ia the second Balkan war. Still less does Bul
garia'owe the Turks, of whom she bow becomes an ally
seems te be swept into this betrayal througb
hatred of Serbia, which mulcted such cruel blowt
t, her amy. her territory and her pride in the short
efcsjrp struggle ef ItlS. And Greece she hates only In
is. AJicMa. German r. undoubtedly, has made liberal
sfejAiaea to Bulgaria, but her dominating motive is re
for that, the liulgariau government is piungmi
sple into what must be, in the long run at least, a
vnlle there is division among the people, and
the orfbinet. The alliance with Germany, Aus
t and Turkey seem to be due solely to the -stubborn
IP of Csar Ferdinand, he best hater m tne uaixans.
' JHo Jault cottld be fouad with Bulgaria she- retntd
netrral. ;JtlMre Id no eompiiHng reason 'why she shotfft
Wit for ttifc' A'Hleh.' Bui there are so manjr sound rea
both of sentiment and oi hard faci wliy 'Bulgaria
x ..... turn uainst her areal benefactor ttMt the
ognntM. --- -
plunge is likely to cost Ferdinand hi rown, and posHlbly
better for the world. If their ownership is determined
by a decisive campaign, It may lead qtriekly to the end
if this war and prevent future wars.
The Ideal solution of the Dardanelles problem would
loubtless be to neutralize permanently thr whole passage
tram the Black Sea to the Aegean. But perfect neutral
aatlon 'seoms Impossible. It has been tried under the
Turkish rule, with the supervision of the powers, ?nd this
var proved the attempt futile, it Is unthinkable that that
treat waterway should remain in the hands of the Turk.
Some big power, with a sense of responsibility to the
world, ought to have It.
Geographically, of course, the Bosporus and Darda
nelles belong to Russia. Without such a natural outlet
U the Mediterranean. Russia Is about in the position of
the United States would be if we had no Atlantic sea
taerd at all, except the Gulf of Mexico, and the' oomraer
sial bullet of the Mississippi valley and the eaatern states
were eon trolled by Mexico and liable to be closed at any
moment. With the Dardanelles shut, Russian commerce
would be permanently stifled, because Germany controls,
nd perhaps will control, Russia's outlet tn the Baltic Sea,
and her Arctic ports are Ice-bound most of the year.
Germany, however, wants the Dardanelles in her hands,
partly ifi keep Russia bottled up, and partly to make the
ancient "Bridge ot Hellas" a new Teutonic bridge tor a
German empire reaching far into Asia. And there will
be a' struggle ot unprecedented fierceness In that stormy
shannel and on the ancient battleground of races that
borders It, before its ownership is settled for good.
Three White House weddlngH in one administration lx
i noble record. And while the presidential family is
tbout it, we hope it isn't indelicate to (suggest that the
narriage of one more daughter would make a thorough
lob of It.
If some of the more rabbid foreign-language newspapers
n this country expressed their honest sentiments regard
ug the German back-down on the submarine controversy,
tliey wtwkl'be shouting "Oot4vetnte.den"ljtalHeiK) i
f . i x ! il- ' .
, ; v . ' ' ' -
I A woman has allowed her husband to divoree her on
-be grouud of 'desertion simply because she refused to
wove with him to a town that had no iiioviiik plduro
:henter. The really surprising thing about It is that
here should be sueh n town.
a road' fund or upwards of 3100,900
per year, and it Is not enough to com
plete a system of roads such as we
will need In a decade. Large sums
have to be spent ejtcb year in repairs,
upaeep. maintenance. Tnere is com
paratively little let for constructive
purposes. If this la so with a wealthy
county like Cochise, hoar uuicli more
so Is it true tn the smaller and less
"AH through this state, in every
county, far more money has been aud
is expended fr maintenance than for
construction. It Is well known that
It costs less to keep up a well built
and complete road, one that has been
properly graded and drained and had
some surfacing, than the road not so
constructed, the ooe building by piece
"There was a meeting called at
Tombstone for local chapters of this
association from Coditaa County loi
purposes tar different from bonding
the county for roads. Those matters
ended, however, the matter of bonding
the county for roads was brought up
and the meeting proceeded to organise
into a county road bond issue associ
ation. A president, secretary and
treasurer were named and delegates
were -appointed from each electieu
precinct in the county. These dele
gates were called together and asked
to bring with them an outline of what
roads the people of their precincts
desired. Such a meeting was held and
a committee named, bringing a num
ber of adjacent precincts into one.
Thin smaller committee met and pre
sented an outltue of a road system
for each of such enlartted road dis
tricts, there being 18 such districts
created by the association.
"We had expected that many more
miles would be asked tbau could be
allowed and such waa the case. More
than 1,000 miles of road were sought.
Our problem was to get a system that
could be properly built for such a
fund as we might ask and count on
the taxpayers voting. A, thousand
rabies was out of the autstton. ' So we
Omed a committee of which the coun
ty engineer was a member to devise
committee found a willingness o i the
part of the members generally to eli
minate roads not absolutely necessary.
not entirely essential, met and out-1
lined a system of 512 miles. This
system is one of main trunk lines, '
roads leading' fro mlmportant points
to Important points.- It includes the
uncompleted part of the state high-1
way as well as roads up and down the
valleys and across the northerly part.
We believe it will be accepted by the
association without change and that
the bonds will be voted. The ocunty
engineer Is now preparing his esti
mates. It is no small matter to go
over 512 mites of road and do this.
He experts to complete the work this
month. Then our association will
meet and prepare the petitions for a
liond Issue In the amount he says Is
needed, an amount that can be count-
ai. nun tn ha vntoil Wo arnAat to
- ' " L
vote on the proposition the last of
this year or the first or next.
I do not need to present arguments
to you that future settlers snoum
bear a share of road building costs,
nor on any of the arguments present
ed last year when the matter ot state
bonding was up. rou are familiar
with all of those.
"It Is economy to complete a sys
tem and to devote you county road
funds to a sinking fund, road maln
snd absolutely needed new
"If It Is good business for a nier
chant to borrow capital to Invest in
his business at hlgbeV Interest than
he pays, add It certainly Is, so it is
good business for a county to borrow
funds for an Investment that will
saveit money annually. Increase eadiJZ
.... tUM n4 kniinH the value w
t?ftl 11) lJB mm -" i
of Its lands and properties, open up;
undeveloped sections, bring the ranch
er closer to his market, the mine
nmr to its BhlDBlUg Point. All Of I
this and more Improved roads will
do. The county's benefit, if roads be
properly built Is much greater flnan
rtallv alone, than the interest paid
and the direct beneflts can be further j
added to the annual profits gatnea
from the monies borrowed.
"The importance of county road
bond Issues cannot be overestimated.
It is much less difficult to bo id a
county than a state, inranmwre.j
jealousies between counties enter
into the matter of state bonding. This
feature county bonding eliminates.
Each gets the roads it deems essential.
But tlie counties should Include the
state highway sections within their
borders so that each county maj con
nect up with its neighbors. In this
way the matter of roads that arc of
ln.l imnnrtance to the counties as
de tmnoraiice. be
sneedlly setletl and it seems to bo the
nnlv wav. A yi'ar must go befoie
i PAID OUT
hard to account for, while the same amount paid by Cheek accounts
for itself, as the check is returned.
Try depositing your cash with this bank pay blHs -with your
check and enjoy the SAFETY and CONVENIENCE ef this modem
Citizens Bank and Trust
Main Street. Blsbee, Arizona.
Will E. MeKce, President. C. A. McDonald, Cashier.
O. W. Wolf, Assistant Cashier.
rtate bond issue can i xai
wed. )4eantime under coumy
lag several hundred miles oi
r,.Lttt ran' be comuleted, these
elude a considerable milage of intra-
county roads, links in a stale snem
n main ituiik line nymeni ui tuumj
iin.in,.n ,u r.,. that could ! A .id with state fun'ls spent
. i,l ... ,.,.., ...i ,U i,,.u unit i.rov ini! uad HiirttK mf a sstcn
iim wr nil iv l, j i' i ii i v.., -
.........,,...... ..bail t, niK- niheiwise sojHlhle cur ne
nam an estimate, not only of the coet the mstter ot paved
of the whole but the cost of each parts at least
become a not so disiant
eat road diari- t. This ' itality instead of a lsinnar di-
m .... he
Our banking service Is complete In every detail.
polite attention promptness here await you. Ms
Accounts subject te check, Invited.
jl Bank with us. "
! VWXKm ' Most every business firm or Individual sometimes MVTKT1
m - m
bond-, M M 7 he M.ners & Merchants Bank of Bisbee has money Rl LI
to?- 11 to I ppreyed securit. ' ' WA
I rKxH Checking Accounts arc oordtally invited. cfrffH,
IU HI I I "I 1 i I I lllgSJsl ' 'id iiiw m " nrt TCT-.r-acyA',M:,,