Newspaper Page Text
THE BtSfcEE DAiLY EyiEW, SUNDAY MORNING, AUGUST 12, 1917.
STORIES, PHOTOS AND PARAGRAPHS OF INTEREST ING EVENTS
111.1 . 1. A flormam nrwitmnA
1 1 1 BUDUgUl Wl 1"
on the western' front, as proved
daring the past four months j
when the British and French i
made many successive drives, con- j
vinces military observers that another)
method of attack must be decided up- j
on if the enemy is to be vanquished
in the shortest possible time.
With this fact demonstrated clearly j
to the home governments, the advice .
of military men is being taken, and !
preparations are under way for gi-;
gantic attacks by air upon the vulner- j
able bases of the German array and j
navy. German officials know this, and j
frantic efforts are being made to fore-;
stall the allies. The boast of her nil-:
ers has long been that enemies of the j
Fatherland can never carry the war in- j
to Germany. They are becoming fear-;
ful now lest their own land be devas- j
tated by exploding bombs dropped
from thousands of airplanes. I
Flights to Germany from" British
vessels in the North Sea and by the j
French and British airplanes from j
points behind the battle line in
France and Belgium number in nun-,
dreds. Very little is made public re-;
garding these. Military men say this !
is because only slight military value:
has been attained through the aerial .
attacks. Only a few airplanes were j
engaged in the raids as compared
with the number necessary for suc
cessful military operations.
Strategic Points Vulnerable.
But the attacks have proved that
vulnerable and strategic points in
Germany can be reached from the
air. The few airplanes that were
sent upon these raids were merely
scouts of others which are to be sent
forward. It is well within the range
of possibility, too, it has been dem
onstrated by actual test, that Berlin
can be reached and bombarded from
The accompanying map shows how
distances from points in England and
France and in Germany compare with
distances in the United States. Tak
ing the first comparison, shown at the
top of the map, it can be seen that
the distance from Grimsby, England,
to the vicinity of the Kiel canal is th.j
same as that from New York to Buff
alo. Many Sights have been made in
America and in Europe where the dis
tance covered was greater than that
v.-hich military aviators who mean to
attack Cuxhaven or the Kiel canal will
have to make. Victor Caristrom and
HOCKY MOUNTAIN NATIONAL,
TAJIK, Colo.. Aug. ll.-liss Agnes j
Loe, University of Michigan student
who will again attempt to spend sev
en days in the mountain wilderness a
a "'modern Eve," without clothing,
food, 'weapons or shelter, is c'Jiiplci
ing her preparations to leave civiliza
tion behind her.
Miss Lowe has no illusions a unit I
what she may encounter. Speamiig ol'
her "modern Eve" adventure recently,
she said: )
"The mistake I made was in talking1
about my adventure before 1 oUUed. I j
didn't count upon every 'jiu in Uis
whole great resort region being J. cply j
interested in my stunt
"Before I realized it everyone was
fairlv "hpatinz the bushes' in a hereto -
fore trackless corner of Uio naiioiial
park to find the "modern Eve.' Oh, it
"My start was ail right, it ..as clear
and warm and beautiful when 1 said
"'... caj rC3tan VI tt f :&V.fo&ioIU I iand make
: I"" I (German ba
PARIS NarSC I I
11AP SHOWING DISTANCES FROMI V
AERO BASES OF ALLIES TO IMPORT- ( , ,
ant Military cities as Germany effort V.,
AK! BELGIUM. AS- COMPARED WITH
CiT!S AM TOWNS IN THE UNITED iijm'JfX:
SVATE5 ' - I y,i-;XAKf V.:1
. V-nz: ,
good-bye to my family and a fcvipat
friends on Sunday m'jrning and rluns
ed into the forest.
Route to Ally
to Be Tlirouglthe Air
TO BOMBING FLIGHTS
Following are the distances to
strategic bases in Germany (with
corresponding distances between
certain American cities) and rec
ords of some long 'distance non
Grimsby, England, to Keil canal,
440 miles (New York to Buffalo.)
Spaulding, England, to Berlin,
580 miles, (New York to Cleve
land). London to Hamburg, 657 miles;
to Berlin, 746 miles.
London to Essen, Duesseldorf
and Mulheim, 500 miles (Norfolk,
Va., to Albany, N. Y.)
Bar le Due, France, to Essen.
Duesseldorf and Mulheim, 235
miles (New York to Boston).
Ipswich, England, to Zeebrugge,
Belgium, 91 miles (New York to
Miss Ruth I-aw covered a dis
tance of 590 miles in her flight
from Chicago to Hornell, N. Y., on
November 19, 1916.
Victor Caristrom covered 452
miles in his flight from Chicago to
Erie, Pa., in the same month. Also
made a flight from Washington to
New York (336 miles by his route.)
Lieut. Marchal of France flew
over Berlin on June 20, 1916, when
flying from Nancy to a point in
Russia Poland (more than 800
miles). He dropped proclamations
instead of bombs upon Berlin.
Ruth Law are two of the aviators who
have flown further than would be re-
guired to make that flight
The Kiel canal, guarded by water
Kittrioc t Vio Actnarv nf the Klht?
and the massive defenses of Cuxhaven. ! as to do great damage so (ar as re
with the mine fields and the outpost "orted. To get at the little nest o'
.t iwi!,i,.il. is safe from attack by I munition plants from London the avi-
warshlps, as . Rear Admiral Fiske
nnlntK out. On March 26. 1916. Brit
ish seaplanes made a dash upon that i &any, N. Y.
section of enemy territory and report-j The shortest route to be followed
ed the destruction of airship sheds. . t-Y such a fleet of airplanes would be
Important Place, Within Reach. over Ostend, Brussels and Liege, pos
As Great Britain hold the mastery ! ibly, thence northeast over Aix La
of the sea. it is very likely that sea- Chapelle. Caristrom s fluent from
planes for attacks upon the Kiel skill-, Chicago to Erie. Pa., on November 2
ful and daring aviators can make a j 1916. was nearly the distance that
raid well worth while upon canal will j must be covered-432 miles. A. beg-
be used. They can be released some "
night within sixty miles of Heligoland j (Continued on Page Six.)
Eve Will Try Again
"The plunge consisted of running as
tat as my bare feet would permit un,
I til 1 was well beyond any chance ol
1 being followed and spied upon by
j chance tourists. Then 1 settled into a
' walk starting ray search for a spot
where 1 could make my woodland
h'jme during the seven days of my
"It was several . miles to Thunder
lake and the going was terribly rough
On the way 1 spent more than three
hours weaving a pair of rough sandais
my father showed me how wm-n I
was a child of glass and bark. There
was a pliable bark sole and thongs ol
twisted grass held these coverings on
my feet. Then I romped on to the
"LUng before I got to Thunder lake
jit had clouded up heavily and Btarte 1
; tn nonr rain. 1 had no clothing io
; Bnoil so I didn't mind it.
; "I se-t out to find some bits of wood
, that were dry enough to use In kind
jng my first fire.
, -I hBd neglected to get anything tJ
being intent upon more important
1 problems And I was desperately hiiii
:gry. Then the thunder and lightning
their flight to the nest of
ttle3hips and submarines
safety or seek refuge in
Attacks upon Bremerhaven, ' Wil
heliushaven and Emden can be made
in the same way by releasing sea
planes from warships. It may not
prove a very difficult task to send a
fleet of airplanes from a point on the
eastern coast of. England, just above
Norwich, to Wilhelmshaven. It is
only the distance from Washington to
Stamford, Conn., from some well pro
tected aero base back of Cromer, Eng
land to the German coast. Carlestrom,
in one of his shorter flights went from
Washington to New York, and after
landing with his passenger at Sheeps
head Bay, he said he could have gone
a much greater distance.
j An attack from England, on Berlin,
'would be a much more difficult task.
1 Flyers have covered that distance,
; however, and since far greater interest
has been developed in airplanes with
' in the past few months, it is likely
that more powerful engines can be put
in use than the one used by Ruth
Law in her flight from Chicago to New
York. The distance from a point on
the English coast east of the fishing
village of Spalding to Berlin is about
that from New York to Cleveland 580
miles. Miss Law covered 590 miles in
her flight from Chicago to Hornell,
N. Y., without stopping.
Map Makes It Clear.
If you run your eye down the Eng
lish coast opposite neutral Holland,
across which the allies, of course, do
not send their air fighters being, un
like the Germans, respecters of neu
tralityit will be seen that it should
be easy to send airplanes from Ip
swich to Zeebrugge, the principal base
in the captured territory of Belgium
fnr U-boats. It is like taking a run
from Philadelphia to New York to fly
from Ipswich to Zeebrugge. British
aviators have made several raids up
on Zeebrugge, and reports have come
to hand pf many U-boats destroyed. If
the British army fails to push north
ward and force German retirement
from the Belgian coast it is very like
ly, military men say, that airplanes
will soon drop bombs by the thousands
upon that and other nearby harbors.
Nestled behind Holland, however.
are three-military bases which the al
) 1 1 ! . .much TV ACa
. UUI H n.
t-ssen. Mumeim anB.i.uu...
reai gun or anu uiu.
,r maintained in these three cities i.
lYcWUB UttYC UWU umuo uj a suvu
British airmen, but never in such force
ators would have to travel 500 miles
.the distance from Norfolk, Va., to Al
began. I never in my life minded thun
der, but the lightning utterly rattled
me. 1 couldn't take refuge from the
wet and cold under trees because there
was danger of being struck by light
ning. So I just had to lay flat out on
the open ground and face it.
"The storm kept up all night. And
next day, except for ab'Jut one hour,
the rain continued to fall In torrents.
I had counted on trapping fish, through
the construction of a simple willow
reed net In a stream, but the streams
that far back in the mountains were
too small to contain fish worth catch
ing, and, besides, I had n fire to cook
anything with. I tried, wandering
through the rain, to find berries. But
there must be bears in the Thunder
lake country, for there were no berries
on the bushes. 1 saw no bears, how
"By the middle of Monday I saw 1
was going to be strictly up against it j countries, namely. Switzerland. Uer-r-.,..
if ihp uun r-a mo nut soon every- i many and Holland. Indeed, for no less
thing would remain horribly wet for
several days. I was beginning to get
j a bad cold. too. So regardless of the
laughter I would cause 1 decided toj
give up and go Vack t0 "vmwtion. (
PRENCH BOY BAGS
Lieut. Jean Chapat-
Lieut. Jean Chaput, the youngest
and one of the bravest of the French
army birdmen, recently brought
down his fifteenth enemy plane. His
last experience was his most thriN
linjr. He destroyed two German ma
chines, but when he had finished his
work his own plane was so badly
dam aped that it was wkh the ntraost
difficulty that he brought his maJ
chine back to the French lines.
From the Christian Science Monitor
THE Rhine has always played a
prominent part in the political
history of the Western European
nations. There seems to be no
doubt that in prehistoric times the
whole valley of the great river was
peopled with various Celtic tribes, fbr
they have left many traces of them
selves, among the names of various
great cities, such as Mainz and Worms.
When the curtain first lifts on history
however, the Celts are seen retreating
steadily westward before the oncom
ing Teuton hordes from the wilds of
Central Europe. This movement prob
ably began somewhere about the
fourth century B. C, and it was not
held up for any 'length of time until
the advent of tlie Romans," Julius
Caesar, however, stemmed the tide,
and Augustus, who followed Caesar In
his great conquest in Gaul, quickly
saw the strategic importance of the
Rhine, and devoted himself, as did all
his successors, to its fortification to
the utmost extent.
The. result of the Roman occupation
was that the left bank, or the Reman
bank,. developed enormously in its civ
ilization, and to this day the traces of
the Romans, and ecqueducts, and the
various other remains, those to be
found, for instance, at Trier. Llti
f mim n-hoil hp Vmtl K
nlino nrt the mn-ntrth of
tl e Roman positions on their frontiers
gQ TeAucei tnat tney EteadUv
yielded at various points to pressure
from without, the Rhine land was
quickly invaded by the Teutons, who,
pressing forward into Gaul, overran
the whole country. Tho river thus be
came a German ri'er, and its valley.
along with the rest of Gaul, sank into
a condition of semi-barbarism, until Its
civilization was revived In the eighth
century by Charlemagne, v ho had his
seat of government at Aix-la-Chapelle.
In the next reign, Charlemagne s
dominions were divided and the Khmc
at first formed the bouatiary between
Germany and the ruidUlj kingdom of
Lotharingia. This condition of things
obtained until 870, wn?n the Rhine
valley became entirely German terri
tory, the frontier of the Genunn do
minions being pushed on westward be
yond the river. Thereafter, the Rhine
valley remained a German possession
for over 800 years, and it was not un
til Louis XIV's famous crop in 1861.
when he captured the city of Stras
burg, that the French again gained a
footing in the valley. By the peace of
Ryswick, in 1697. the whole of the
Reichland was ceded to France, and
the Rhine, once more, became the
frontier between the two countries.
This idea of a France which coincid
ed with the Gaul of Caefar, having the
Rhine as its frontier, was one very
dear to the hearts of the Frenchmen,
an in 1801 Us delimitation was thus
confirmed. In 1815, however, the low
er part of the Rhine valley was ceded
to Germany, and, as all the world
knows, after the war of 1870-71, by the
annexation by Germany of Alsace
Lorraine, the Rhine became once again
"a German river and not a German
As a matter of fact, of course. th
1 Rhine shares its nationality wltn tnree
than 2:.l miles of its total length Ol
850 miles, the -river flows through
Swiss territory, winding Its way in and
(Contiuued ou Page Six.)
? f v 4
Killed Husband for Baby's Sake
Says Widow of Jack
NEW YORK, Aug. 11. Amid an hys
terical flod of tears, Mrs. Bianca De
Saulles, Chilean beauty who married
Jack De Saulles, Yale athlete and club
man, and then killed him in the hope
that she would thus regain possession
of her four-and-one-half year old boy,
recited a story of her sufferings to her
lawyer, . Harry A. Uterhart, that
brought him to his leet, saying:
"If I cann'jt gain your freedom on
such evidence, I'll surrender my li
cense to practice law."
And thus Uterhart retold her story:
'Three months after Jack De Saulles
married her," the lawyer said, "she
discovered that he married her solely
for the money he thought she had.
When he learned she had in.ber own
right only 1 100,000 he began a cam
paign of neglect and abuse that broke
her spirit and heart.
Aided by Chilean Law
"He took advantage of the Chilean
law, the law that gives to a husband.
ito matter how worthless or dishonest.
absolute control of everything his wife
possesses. He sold without her knowl
edge and without her consent $10,000
worth of gas bonds, and laughed in her
face and pointed to the law when she
asked why he had n'Jt consulted her.
"She showed me checks indicating
her gifts to him of money. She gave
him $38,000 in cash and received in re
turn the receipted bills for clothes for
women whom he entertained in her
"He did everything except break her
face with his fists. He went so far as
to wait until little Jack, Jr., and -the
servants were present to roar at her:
" 'Well, why in don't 'ju get out.
No one wants you here, anyway.'
"And for all this she stood patiently
and dry-eyed for one purpose that
she might have her baby; that she
might find some way to take her baby
to Chile and have done with America
and Jack De Saulles.
Has Only $50,000 Left
"This is her story told to me today.
It is the stdry she will tell the jury.
It is the story that she will advance
as her reason for killing the man who
took her, a 17-year-old girl, from her
home to drag through the most hideous
five years that a cultured w'oman ever
"She was not wealthy. Today sne
has a little more than $50,000, all in
vested in Chile. From that she has
an annual Income of $4000. Her grand
mother, Madame Vergara had millions
but she had, too. four sons, who spent
those millions. Mrs. De Saulles' moth
er has a fortune, but it is nfot large.
It was about the time when Jack
De Saulles was organizing the Wilson gQe trusted nlm. She denounced those
College Men's league that he got $35,- who came to her telling of his Broad
000 from his wife. What he did with j way reve8 giie kept sending him
it all she does not know, except that money an(1 aske(i no explanation,
most of it was spent on Broadway and j ..gut BDe begail to suspect when she
the white light district
n ... Mnnu fni Wddina
"She refused to believe that the
dashing American, whom she loved.
had borrowed the money to take him
MISS JOAN SAWYER. FAMOUS DANCER. WHO WAS NAMED AS COlRESPANDENT WHEN MRS. DE SAUL
LES SUED HER HUSBAND FOR DIVORCE.
Only Boifs Left in Germany j
WITH THE FRENCH ARMIES,
July 25 (By Mail). Germany s reserve
of mature men now has been com
pletely exhausted and her ranks are
being filled with boys of 19 and IS
years, and boys of 17 now are under
examination. Eacn month the aver
age age of the soldiers at the front
lowers, and the end of the war likely
will see very few men at .the front
more than 25 years old.
The German infantry at the present
time consists cfjse to 40 per cent of
the classes of 1915 to 1919. The
classes of 1915 and 1916. both of which
are rapidly dwindling, furnish 15 per
cent of toe infantry in the lighting
lines The class ( 1917, which is now
entirely under the colors, furnishes an
other 12 to 15 per cint, while the class
of 1918, which is now arriving on the
front in large numbers, furnishes an
other 5 t 10 per cent.
A - I A i . ? ,
' ' r- "-! '.
(e) Underwood & Underwoo i 1
Brk Bianca De Saulles and littl i !' V V ftl
Jack De Saulles, Jr. V I; 1
. -! K ".
BIG MURDER CASES
IN N. Y. DURING
LAST 12 SUMMERS
June 23, 1906 Harry
killed Stanford White.
June 18. 1909 Elsie Sigel slain
by Leon Ling in a Chinese restaur
ant. June 30, 1914 Mrs. Louise Bai
ley killed in the office of Dr. Edwin
Carman, Freeport, L. I. Mrs. Car
man subsequently acquitted of mur
May to July, 1915 A dozen dif
ferent murders charged by police to
a "Jack the Ripper."
August 3, 1917 John Longer De
Saulles slain by his divorced wife, j
Mrs. Bianca Jrazuriz De Saulles.
. . i t i (
at Hampstead. L. I. .
to Paris and there marry her. But
slowly the real story of her betrayal
broke upon her
"He fetched her to America and rxk
her to live with his father in Bethle-
hem. Pa There it was he took her
K-fnvhw mn. h
money she had.
She told him $100.-
"Almost immediately, she told me,
his manner changed. He told her of
important business engagements in
New York. He saw her once or twice
a month. She couldn't understand, yet
! found in his pockets receipted dress
D (it Be Foolish," His Answer
"'Oh, tnose,' he explained, careless-
Clat of 1919 Now Drilling
The remainder of this class, which
is still in the depots, constitutes prac
tically the only reserves
many has left. To
meet this emer
gency, the class of 1319 is now .unuer ,
Instruction, while Hie class of l'UO ;
has already been examined for cou-,
The military ae in Germany i:i 20
years. In the case of the class of 191..
It was not called i'J the colors
nrii nf that vesr. or at the a:e. tlieo-'
reti-ally of "'O v.i.rs and 4 months. !
The class of l!lrt was railed to the1
colors at the age of 19 yours SU j
months: the class
of 1917 called at 19
years 2 months; the class of 1918 at .
IS years 10'? months, and the class of
1919 at IS years and 6 months. The
class Of 190. allium already exam
ined, has "jot yet been summoned.
i "'Oh, tnose,' he explained, careless-, (Continued on Page Six.)
; 3 i 'i " )
K. Thaw Si II W . i
IS i S f
. 4 r ' r . . 1
MM . .. v
ly. 'are b.lls paid for a friend of mine.
Don t be foolish."
, yw ghe was
, sng Degge(j him to take her to Chile
that she might see her motner. t-ne
j wanted her mother to see little Jack
i IIers was a11 the tremendous Latin love
j ot cfnilJfr "' n,d
"other for the child She told him
that she had heard of the stones of h s
! infidelity, but that she was ready to
forget and forgive and even condone
anything if only he would take her and
the baby to'chile.
"She promised even to come back
at once back to the life that was hate
ful and to the scenes that were hell in
"She says he told her go to Chile
or elsewhere it didn't matter so long
as it didn't interfere with him. She
went to her home early in 1913. He
did not see her off on the steamer. He
did not even telephone her. But the
thought that she was going back home
Rushed Quickly to the Front
1 The pressure under hieh Germany
has been forced to employ these boy
soldiers also is indicated by their per
iods of instruction. The class of 1315
was thrown into the battle front with
only t or three months of instruc
tion, but with sin'h terrible losses,
caused by this inevperlence. that even
Germany was forced to recognize that
it was the costliest economy.
The classes of lSK and 1917 were
I given an instruction ranting troiu 9
to 10 months. While this gave better
results, yet by the time the class of
1918 as called to the colors Germany
was atain in such straits tor men that
the boys of tins class were oroiiKiu
onto the front ai;ain with only thive
months of instruction. The accuracy
of the above figures is confirmed in ev
ery aitui-e of prisoners larce enough
to make a basis of comparison.