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_ Sltr (Comnunuuraltli
Official Tapor of the Socialist Party of Washington.
11. A! LIVEHMOHE . -'_ Kditor
JOSEPH T. HAZARD - Contributing Editor
Telephones: Sunset 761, Ind. 700 Z.
Published every Thursday by the Commonwealth Publishing Co.,
216-217 Commerce Building, Everett, Washington.
Yearly subscription $1.00
Six months - • &0
Threo months -25
Snide copies ■■ •"■'
Advertising rates upon application. Publication of legal notices
Entered as second-class matter March 9, 1911, at the po«toffi««
at Everett, Washington, under the net of March 3, 187!>.
Communications intended for publication in the paper must be
signed and contain the postoffice address of the writer. The publi
cation of the namo of the writer is optional with the author. Matter
for publication should reach this office not later than Tuesday noon.
Address all communications to The Commonwealth, 216-217 Com
merce Building, Everett. Washington.
Francisco 1. Mail.to. late president of ihe neighboring republic
of Mexico, was done to death in a brutal and cowardly manner after
ln> had been deposed from tin* rulership of ins unhappy country.
:li Madero alive and fighting to keep hia office, loud cries were
sent up by certain interested parties for Uncle Sana to Btep in and
mi\ up with tin' affairs of IVlexi *>; when Madero died a louder howl
ivnt the air. sent up by th.> same financial interests, supplemented by
shouts from capitalists across the seas, who have stocks, and shares,
and bonds, and holdings, and pilferings, and plunderings in Mexico,
that the United State should send its working men in the army and
nav\ to bleed and die in defense of their filthy dollars and dividends.
It is rumored that the interests referred to have been aiding the
revolution in .Mexico, for the very purpose of compelling the United
States to step in and take over the country. If that ia a fact then
the money kiiiL's concerned in the matter are responsible for every
death in the recent fighting; if it lie true that they have supplied the
arms and ammunition for the fighters, they have the blood <>f the
fallen Mexicans "on their skirts."" Not that that will trouble them
much, but it is as well for us to reali/.e the depths of infamy to which
the financial interests will descend in their greedy snatch for dollars.
From the point of view of the worker, how does this .Mexican
intervention business looki In the worker's eyes it takes on an
aspect very remote from the vista conjured up by self-seeking in
the mind of the capitalist. In the first place, the intelligent American
worker will ask himself why in the name of common sense should
he shoulder a rifle and pump lead or ram steel into the intestines of
his Mexican fellow-workman. He has no quarrel with the Mexican;
why then should lie try to kill or wound him. and at the same time
tun the risk of being killed or grievously wounded himself. The
probabilities are that if the Mexicans were left alone to settle their
own differences they would not have so many quarrels. But the
capitalist has intruded himself into their affairs, and interminable
stripe and awful bloodshed follow in due course. The worker then
asks, in the next place. Why should the capitalists be so eager to
Btick their noses into Mexican affairs? To gel markets, of course.
What else does a capitalist exist for. 1 The end and aim of his being
and existence is to get markets. He cannot conceive anything more
important than that. .
This market proposition is the whole secret. 1 lie capitalists
find themselves in possession of the wonderful machinery of the
present day that produces vast quantities of goods of all kinds, and
the capitalists must dispose of those goods or lose money. Then
wage slaves are so- exploited that they do not receive back sufficient
of the value that they produce to supply their own needs, far less
are they abb; to purchase back the enormous surplus that the capi
talists have stored away in their warehouses. A market must be
found for these. At the present time, all the urea! manufacturing
nations find themselves in this same predicament. They cannot find
a market at home, nor can they find markets in each other s lands,
consequently they turn their attention to the nations that have not
developed their industries. Such nations are getting as scarce as the
proverbial hen's teeth, and Mexico is one of them. Therefore the
eapitalisi of this country at any rate is in duty bound from his own
way of working, to force an entrance into Mexico for his wares.
What better proposition can there be than to work up a revolution
in Mexico as an excuse for Uncle Sam to step in and take a paternal
interest in the future dealings of that land, especially in the matter
of compelling the inhabitants to purchase their necessaries from Ins
Another reason for the constant anxiety shown by American
int. Tests in Mexican affairs is that an outlet must be found for the
enormous sums that ar nrtantly falling into the hands ol the greal
financiers, a- the int.-rest on their investments. These sums arc pil
ing up like a bank of snow in the mountains in winter, and it is quite
asainst the end of the capitalist to let his money remain idle. New
fields are demanded for the outlet of these billions to make yel other
billions. An undeveloped country like Mexico is a godsend for the
poor financier who has no profitable investment in si-ht for a handtul
Of millions. Bui how can he trust his wealth in a country hat does
ot give a snap of the fingers for cither himself or Ins paid minions
Commercial Cigar is
Without a Rival
Club Rates on Union
Made Letter Paper
We take pleasure in quoting the»e pricei which mil en
able all local LetterheacU and Bnvelo] their
250 Letterheads $2.00 250 Envelopes $150
500 Letterheads $2.75 500 Envelopes $2.00
monwealth. Below •hlrh we mhmxi
for your approval.
LOCAL LOW GAP
SOCIALIST PARTY Of' WASHINGTON
in tin* government, 1i,;... ho devises a neat little pretext to Inter
vene in Hi.- internal affairs of some likely country, lotlay ii happens
in bo Mexico, a while ngo il was Cuba. 'I'oinorrow it may be due
I,ii■l I. 11 'li<■<l 'MII 1 1 ' ■ \ 111 IU'M II < I
lilindfntil intti mch > is this intei ention in Mexico inoai
tpitalists have intorr i- at itaki thoro lei them shouldei rifle
hi,l don military uniforms and march till thej are footsore and fil
t«i drop mm ii thirst If the millionaire are wanting new markets
pud inusi inko ili in bj force, lc\ il i "•> and take their stand
Iho sin hi.ni" mi wiles fly by and sometimes make thai nickeninp thud
thai is heard when 11u• \ strike again it human flesh. Lei the financiers
,■,, and take their turn in the trenches, nnd do the bleedinß and fcroan
ad dying, Why ask tho workinjj men i" do :ill that, ospoeially
when their experience proves to them thai they will no! gel anything
oul of it when the fighting is all over, and the monej kings are in
possession «>r the fal things the land providi
Lei the Wall street financiers and their fellows do the hi linp
and the dying; the workers have no quarrel with their Mexican
! REPORT OF RECEIPTS AND EXPENDITURES FOR THE MONTH
OF JANUARY, ISH3, TAKEN FORM THE CASH BOOK
OF THE COMMONWEALTH PUBLISHING CO.
Cash in bank January 1. 1913 $
Receipts—Jan. 1, to Jan. 31, Inclusive.
Sale of stock * ":! '(:;
Debate receipts L 4.50
Sundries ■)il) + 89.03
Circulai ion :
Sales bundles 18.40 L 82.05
.lull printing •»- 68.15
Books and literature :—
Coming Nation subscriptions L 1.50
"War, What Port" 4.50 Hi.on
Total receipts _$GS!U>7
Expenditures Jan. Ito Jan. 31, Inclusive.
Sundries . $17.66
Printing Commonwealth W1.94
Job work s:'tlT
Business < Office: —■
Helen Boeder, wages $ 5.00
M \V. Hazard — None
Office expense, rent, etc 22.93 27.93
.T. T. Hazard, wages 45.00
J. Kenton, cartoons 8.00 53.00
Circulation *st>- -'-»
Express and freight ;)-4(l
Hooks and literature: —■
Coming Nation subscriptions 11.25
•War. What For?" 24.00 35.25
Telephone and telegraph «-«0
Total expenditures $691.60
Cash in bank January 31, 1913 -&0
Report submitted to board of trustees at the regular monthly
meeting Tuesday evening^Januarv *»}* w HAZARD
LIVERMORE LECTURE DATES
Friday, February 28—Olalla.
Saturday, March I—Maltby.
Saturday, March 14—Lyman.
Thursday, March 20—Pleasant Hill.
Friday, March 21—Marysville.
Saturday, March 22—Kellogg Marsh.
Sunday, March 23—White House.
Saturday, March 29—Love Lake, Whidby Island.
Sunday, March 30—Freeland.
Saturday, April s—Low Gap.
A Masterly Socialist Lecture.
Opening a course of Lyceum lec
tures which is to continue at intervals
throughout the year, Mr. Bruce Rog
ers held forth for two hours last Mon
day evening to a crowd that filled the
town hall to overflowing. Accustomed
as some are to thinking of the social
ist speakers as breathing red fire and
tirades of abuse, this masterful ad
dress taught the old party voters who
were in the audience that something
must be done with the socialist be
sides persecuting or ignoring them,
and if they have many such speakers
it is plain to be seen that there must'
be preparation made to meet them, or
see the country swept into a socialist
is republic. It is doubtful if there are!
many men who in the presence ot
American citizens can so tearfully In
dict the government and hold up the
I present order of society to such con
tempt and ridicule. Borne ot Mr. Rog
ers' utterance! seemed almost treas
onable, and vim Hi. | no escape
from his conclusions With the per
■uaslvenesi of a trained orator, the
zeal ami slncerltj of a oruaader and,
withal volley after trolley of Inescap
able logic, be Implored bli heareri to 1
Inquire and diligently Btudj Into the
sourcei of the power which really
■ MIS US
Instead ol abusing tl
in termi I and Invective, Mr.
itle and ef
Ider at in
' ture of how helpli
bj ai faith,
Mr. Rogers also spoke to large audi
ences at Ton Mile, Wiser Lake and
nialne, and will conclude his aerlei
of meetings in the. county by giving
two lecture! at Belllngham next Sun
day afternoon and evening.
We must learn what the socialists
are talking about.—Lynden Tribune.
Comrade Bruce Rogers of the State
Lyceum course, was with us at Fravel
on the 20th under the auspices of
Local Bow and despite the fact that
the saw mill was shut down for re
pairs and that the Methodist church
was holding revival meetings, the hall
was filled to nearly its seating ca
pacity, and Comrade Rogers gave a
lecture on "The Road to Power,"
which satisfied all.
The "Kail Marx Study Club" of Ta
ooma at tiuir last meeting passed i
resolution In which Senator Poindex
ter is requested to institute congres
sional investigation proceedings in
the Indictment ease against the editors
of the "Appeal."
"National Woman's Day" celebra
tion in Taooma, March 2, Sunday
at Maooal 's Hall, 1109 1-2 80.
c street. Kate Sadler will speak. A
ram is selected. Collec
tion proceeds for the benefit of the
city central committee
We regrel to announce the acci
Mm i i:■ ■ i m Rob< n H
\ i nmpli v platform h
up; (be I '
• illi nf no
Ihi fol .irises
hloh are of peoullar In
um, and it win
in. Followed by the socialist oandl
rtati i It ■ I' ' I'd :
i Relief fur the unemployed by
Initiating needed public Improvements,
ill, during those periods when
the iiriiii; down <>r the capitalist nyß
'• in <:i lis.-s the keenest Rllfferlnß
among the workers who are unable
to itn>i employment at their usual oo
.. The abolition of the contract
in us ■ method of doinK municl
pill work; all public work to be don' 1
by Mm day, OSdet the direct supervi
sion (>r municipal offloen and tinder
the prevailing union hours, rules and
wages, union labor being given the
'■'.. A minimum wage of |3.50 per
day and IB days' annual vacation for
nil city laborers, a half-day holiday
per week exclusive of Sunday, wlfh
weekly payment to all city employes.
4. The abolition Of all private em
ployment oftioei, the city to bo com
pelled to operate a REAL free em
ployment bureau in the interest of
6. No working of city prisoners
and no punishment for vagrancy.
6. A tree olty hospital and dispen
sary, with nominal rates for those
who wish to pay for service.
7. A free city crematory.
8. A public auditorium to cost
1750,000, to be maintained at cost of
operation. Seating capacity to be at
!t. Rigid enforcement of civil ser
vifi' rules and extension of the same
to all departments.
10. The proper enforcement of law
and order, but in no wise to permit
the use of the police force for private
ends and to break strikes or in perse
cuting any one coming within their
power, especially in obtaining incrim
inating evidence by means of what is
known as the "Third Degree" or tor
ture method. Also, that all persons
under arrest be furnished clean beds
and wholesome food.
11. A health department which
shall really represent the working
class. We find the present adminis
tration absolutely in the control of
greedy landlords, and that many work
ers are living in unsanitary hovels and
shacks with no improvements or com
forts, which should be condemned as
unfit for human habitation.
The socialist party exists for the
purpose of overthrowing the control
of government as exercised by the
capitalist class, and to put the work
ers in possession of all industries.
We call the attention of the work
ers of Seattle that they can not'
achieve freedom by securing control
of Seattle alone. They must unite
with their fellow-workers to secure
control of the state and national gov
The socialist party, therefore, calls
upon the workers of Seattle to unite j
with it for this and every other cam- j
paign, thus joining the great interna
tional socialist movement, which
stands for the working class through
out the civilized world.
Comrade Mr. and Mrs. George M.!
Cronk have suffered a terribly sad be- j
reavement in the death of their son i
Howard, aged 13, who was run over j
by a Northern Pacific freight train on
Saturday evening, Feb. 28, Local
Birmingham gave a literary program
in the school house. This first effort
of the comrades to entertain and in
struct was a groat success. The build- 1
ing was filled to its full seating ca-;
pacity. The most uncompromising so
cialist haters were loud in their ap
preciation of the entertainment After
a selection by the Little German Band
Comrade J. M. Baiter outlined the pur
ni,l aims of the new local and'
what might be expected of the com
rades in the future. He made no ar
gument for socialism but showed how
the movement was gaining such tre
mendous headway that it was but a.
matter of time until capitalism must,
ay to the co-operative common
b; thai ir was now a matter of
educating the people so they could
catch up to the Industrial
ment of the country. Local Birming
in the ni-t-ui i.
ontributic nd auak
The distribution of fifty copies of
the Commonwealth, school election,
and preparation for a Sun.lay meet
ing at which Comrade Bruce Uojjei-s
will speak will engage the attention
of the comrades for this week.
There is no one too good to help
in the production of these things
food, clothing and shelter.
Comments on World's Class Struggle
Ing a bill which if pasted, will oo
employers to divide amongst the work
ers who h;i ■ c not been i n any
■toppafe (I'irii- ear, a certain
or the nei |alni a< the and
of the year
Srlinklri' |er, ■ socialist an<i member
of the Austrian parliament, who com
pelled Joupt X'linitiyiT, the anti-
Semitic Catholic mayor of Vienna to
resign on Meouni of corrupt work, was
assassinated by a leader of the f'atho
lic trade unions in the streets of Vien
na, shortly after a mass meeting at
which Schiikineier spoke. The nation
as well as the rity is aroused over
Tho gut cleaners la the large
slaughter houses have been locked out
for four weeks.
The masters are trying to Import
cheaper labor from abroad.
Sylvia Pankhurst, suffraget leader,
was recently convicted of window
smashing in the Thames police court
and Riven her choice of a $35 fine or
eight weeks in jail. She chose the
Miss Celia Emerson, an American
suffraget, waa also fined $15 for win
dow smashing and when she refused
to pay the fine she was given five
weeks in prison.
WASHINGTON, D. C.
Strenuous efforts are being made
by suffragist leaders to secure Helen
Keller, the famous blind girl and so
cialist, to participate in the great suf
frage parade to be held in Washing
ton, D. C, on .March 3.
The strike of the automobile tire
workers against the Firestone and
Goodyear plants is spreading. About
1500 men are now out. The I. W. W.
is upon the scene organizing the strik
The strike has hit the Firestone
company at a particularly inoppor
tune time as just before the walk-out
occured, that company received an or
der for automobile tires amounting
King Albert of Belgium, has stepped
into the breach in an effort to avert
the general strike for woman suffrage,
which has been called to go into ef
fect throughout Belgium April 14.
The King advised the cabinet to
make concessions to the socialists and
At the recent municipal election at
Lagasante, near Perrare the socialists
I gained a striking victory. They have
, broken the conservative majority and
i have elected all of their candidates.
The Italian socialists have decided
to nominate candidates for the coming
elections in all of the 508 congression
J. Stitt Wilson has been re-nomin
ated by the socialists of Berkley, Cal.,
for mayor to succeed himself as mayor
of Berkley. His election is assured.
__M. Takio, a socialist, who has
worked ten years as a miner in the
United States, has been elected presi
dent of the Finnish Diet.
A peasants' organization was recent
ly formed in the province of (Ink
Easter Will Soon
i will want your uru Suit in- Coal for thi
New Shirt Waists
Values up to $1.75, Special
WE WANT YOUR BUSINESS
H. L AKIHS & GO.
Opp. Milwaukee Depot SnohomWi
Friday, P«bra«ry -'7, in I
(By Cart Ulcrmka. )
klaag. Kvery member of this league
' swears never to pay rent, but to prac
tice true fraternity and equality.
The landlords appealed to the auth- .
I orltics and soldiers were sent to sub
due tho peasants. Bat th< soldiers
were met with guns also and after a
serious battle in which both sides lost
heavily, the peasants won.
There motto now is, "not a tael for
the proprietors. The land belongs to \
! the peasants. If they kill us, we are
• here, men, women and children, ready
to defend ourselves as well as pos
sible." This is the motto of the so
called backward Chinese workers. Ha* .
the American workers a better one to
The builders and metal workers em
ployed in the building trades at Mad
rid, have answered the threat of a
strike by the locksmiths, by proclaim
ing a lockout on all buildings in con
struction and metal factories.
Fifteen hundred strikers against the \
Duplar. Silk Co., have voted to join '
the Industrial Workers of the World
and that organization is now conduct
ing the strike.
Among the demands of the strikers .
are shorter hours, increased wages
and abolishment of the intolerable
The mayor of Hazelton has been
fair, he has refused to allow the bosses
to import gunmen, thugs and other un
Tasmania is the first state of the
Commonwealth to extend, the principle
of providing free medical treatment
for school children.
Fifty-seven slaughters' assistants in
Sydney have been fined to the extent
of from $15 to $50, for going on
strike in opposition to the decision of
the wages board.
The glass workers in Jemappes,
have held protest meetings against
the methods employed to make them
At the entrances to the factories,
they are met by gendarmes, who see
that no bottles of "mountain dew" or
other more or less joy producing bev
erages are smuggled in.
Fifty Socialist Books
And a SIX MONTHS' mlucriplion la the
International Socialist Review
A 11 f _... The books are by Eugene
J\ll lOr V. Debs, Jack London
<J» 1 f\f\ and other equally able
«P JL .UU Socialistwritersof Amer
ica and Europe. The Review is an
illustrated monthly magazine, of, by and
for the Working Cluss. This year it is
running a Study Course in PubllcSpeakinx
and another in Socialist Theory and Tac
tics. Thin offer gives you over 2,000 pages
telling: juat what you want to know about
CHARLES H. KERR & CO.. 118 W. Kinie St. Oicii.
And we will help you take good
pictures. Our expert and our
darkroom —the most modern in
the city—are at your sen m-.
Don't be afraid to ask questions.
F. B. HAWES