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itereo as Seeend Class Matter Oeteber II, III, at Mm Peot
Orflee at Chleaio. MHnete. under Act of Mere 3r II7
MNOEPfMOENT IN ALL THINGS, NEUTRAL IN NOME.'
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TWENTY-THlliD YlLUi, NO. 34.
CHICAGO, SATTTRDiAiT. MAY 125, 1912.
WHOLE NUMBKB 1,170.
The City Council Calls a Halt on the
Brazen Attempt to Hold Up Small
The Now Gas Shut-Off Device Would Cost from
One Hundred to Two Hundred
And Would Benefit No One But the Men Behind the
Get-Rich-Quick Scheme to Squeeze All
The Boldest Attempt at Wholesale Highway Robbery Ever Attempted
in a Big City Bids Fair to Be Stopped at Last.
Last week tho Chicago Eaglo asked
Mho was behind this gas shut-off graft
that boiiio ono was ao busy pushing
along In Chicago.
The activity or flro department ofll
clals was very suspicious to say tho
least, and tho fact that some ono with
a pull or something elso was behind It
was very apparent.
This Hcheme was tho outgrowth or
a law lobbied through tho legislature
by Interested parties compelling every
property owner to Install at his own
expense n gaB bhut-off on every lot In
An ordlnanco to tho samo effect was
speedily passed by tho City Council.
With wonderful activity tho flro de
partment started In notifying small
property owners to Install tho devlco
at onco under penalty of a heavy lino
for neglect to do so.
The device would cost from f 100 to
$200 for every lot In tho city.
Rather a heavy load.
Tho pcoplo have novor boon more
worked up than thoy havo been over
Many of thorn appealed to tholr al
dormen and by n unanimous voto tho
city council Monday night rescinded
Its action or a row months ago, whon
It directed tho flro marshal rigidly
to enforce tho now state law requiring
property owners to Install uutomatlc
gas cutoffs In tront of their premises.
Tho action was taken artor Alder
man Cullerton had made a vigorous
speech denouncing tho law as a groat
hardship to the sinnll property owners.
Tho Idea or tho now law Is that
in caso or fire tho gas connections
with a building shall be automatically
Alderman Cullerton said that slnco
tho law has been passed "the boys
behind tho movement have been ex
"It wob originally planned," ho said,
"that theso devices woro only to bo
Instulled in big bulldlngB. But now wo
find that thero havo been amendments
to tho law which provide that ovor?
building having three-quarters or an
Inch service plpo Is compelled to havo
a cutoff. This means practically ev
ery small property owner In tho city
has to buy ono. The devices coat
rrom $100 to 200."
Ho said that already firemen acting
under Instructions rrom Marshal rSey
ferllch, who in turn was acting undor
the direction of tho council order, are
canvassing the city notifying propoity
owners that they must comply with
Hev pointed out that the law pro
vldos for a penalty or not less than
100 and more than B0 for every
property owner who (alls to comply
with the law In thirty days. It then
provides that ir thirty days arter this
penalty Is Inflicted and no attention Is
paid that the gas company cannot
supply the building with gas.
Champ Clark has disappeared from
the political map as a formidable
candidate for the Democratic nomina
tion for President. From present ap
pearances, ho will not get hair or the
delegates and needs two-thirds to be
nominated, The Southern States will
be almost solidly behind Underwood.
He has the Alabama, Qeorgla, Missis
sippi and Tennessee delegates already.
Ntiw York with Its 92 delegates is
willing to go for Bryan for President
. and United 'States Senator James H,
O'Qorman for Vice-President. Bryan
can have tho nomlnntlon for Presi
dent If he says the word. Bryan anil
O'Gorman Is tho latest ticket talked
Democrats will do themselves credit
and honor tho community by voting
against the throe men running on tho
ticket for Sanitary Trustee.
Tho way to tlnd out about u man's
standing is to learn what Ills neigh
bors think of him. Tho Eaglo nrticlo
on Francis Stuyvesant Pcabody for
Vice-President was copied In Cull In
tho Hfnsdnlo Doings the local paper
In tho village whoro Mr. Pcabody re
sides. There aro only thirteen undertak
ers on tho Democratic County and
Most or Chicago lire losses are total
Tho main sewer Bhould be bridged
ovor with permanent bridges.
Tho ract that Chauncey Dowoy Is
with Roosevelt is velwod with alarm
by tho cave or dentistry. Chawnco Is
so seldom on a live one that Roosevelt
trusties say ho Is suro to be thrown
ir Ted wins.
Tho McCormlcks and tho railroads
aio tho only ones who benollt by
, tho main sower, commonly called the
river. Abolish tho bridge nuisance by
building permanent bridges and help
tho West and North Division of tho
The thirteen undertakers running
for ofllco on tho Democratic ticket sug
gests a title for somo of tho others.
It Is lumored that Comptroller
Trnegor will resign to take tho presi
dency of n down-town bank. The re
port lacks conflimntion.
Tho United Society for local self
otllco-seokers will have u rest until
tho next primary.
A good shake-up would help the flro
North Side sewers havo not been
cloaned In so long a tlmo that peo
pie complain of flooded basements ov
ery 'time it rains.
Aldormnn Gelgor, chairman or a spe
cial commission appointed by the may
or to study railroad terminals, de
clared that tho Chicago plan commis
sion's Ideas have the Indorsement of
his commission, It Is planned to have
tho two commissions co-operate in
suggesting reforms in the locntlon of
freight and passenger terminals,
Mayor Harrison on Tuesday sign
ed the city ordinance requiring all the
Chicago elevated railroads to Inter
Arter signing the measure, which
was passed by the City Council Mon
day night, the Mayor announced that
the representatives of the roads had
Intimated thoy would fight Its enforce
ment. It compels tho "h" companies
to give a continuous rldu from end
to ond of tho city for one 5-ccnt fnre.
Under tho terms of tho ordinance
the elovated roads aro allowed ten
days to preparo for tho Issuance of
the universal transfers. If at tho end
of that period tho, provisions or tho
ordlnanco aro not complied with the
city authorities are empowered to en
force it. For this purpose the police
powers can be used, should the Mayor
nnd it necessary to resort to drastic
The placing of street signs through)
out tho city would, be a thousand
times more benefit to the people than
changing the names of streots. A
person can go for miles through Chi
cago and never see a sign designat
ing the name of a street. Less fad-
dlsm and more common senso Is what
The County Democracy will tnko a
Lband of 12C plecoB with them to Dal.
uivo ub tno recall nnti they enn
tnnko the terms or all olMclnls ns long
ns they like.
Betting is ten to one that tho city
telephone experts will report In favor
or an Increase In telephone rates. Tho
fact that tho phone company Is paying
8 per cent a year dividend on twenty
seven million dollars cuts no figure
Rates must bo raised to cover tho ex
pense or 25 cents a month incurred
by the poor telephone company in col
lecting nickels from Its slot phones
nnd because of the great cost of get
ting up "Its claborato Inventory nnd
appraisal" which will convince any al
derman In a proper frame of mind that
tho people are lucky that phono rates
a ro not tun times greater than they
The people are pretty good "ex
perts" themselves on telephono mat
ters. Thoy know what is going on. All
tho "experts" on earth, hired to help
the telephono company to maintain
high rates will not change public opin
ion. Thcie Is much talk or an Independ
ent Democratic candidate for State's
Chicago Is tho only city In tho
country whero great corporation In
terests seek to control nldermanlc and
iegtslatlvo elections through so-called
Alderman Ilclwlg of tho Seventh
Ward Introduced nn order In tho City
Council Committee on Buildings Mon
day afternoon, which was Immediate
ly adopted, requiring that a record of
owners, architects and contractors
shall be kept, and when permission
for a violation Is stoked by an) one a
report from the bulldlrg department
shnll show how many times tho appli
cant has asked concessions before. "I
WILLIAM J. BRYAN.
Possible Democratic Nominee for President.
think that order will help the building
dopartmont wonderfully," said Build
ing Commissioner Ericsson. "It will
show just where tho violations are
and whether one contractor, one archi
tect or some particular owner Is large
ly to blame."
Aldermen who expect the votes of
the people again cannot harass the
public and toady to the telephone
crowd with impunity.
The telephone trust must go.
The People of Chicago Pray for De
liverance from the Grasp of the
. Awful Bell Monopoly.
Chicagoans Forced to Pile Up the Profits of
- Three Different Corporations and Thus
Boost Stock Dividends.
The Bell Monopoly Owns the Local Telephone Company and
the Western Electrical Company and Makes One
of Them Patronize the Other.
As the Bell Company Wants a Big Profit Itself It Is Easy to See Why
" Telephone Rates Are to Be Raised.
The enormous dividends paid to its
stockholders by tho Telephono Trust
aro wrung from tho pockets of tho
pcoplo by cxccsslvo telephono charges.
Telephono rates must bo reduced
and In tlmo they will bo.
Tho fact that ono city council will
barter away tho people's rights Is no
reason why succeeding councils should
do the samo.
Tho fight for cheaper telephone
service will go on until It Is won.
Chicago people demand a reduotlon
of telephone rates.
A cent a call or at the most 2ft
cents a call would yield the telephone
company a profit and save money for
In big advertisement! printed In
Chicago dally newspapers April 15,
1912, the concern offering 114,000,000
of telephone bonds for sale, quotes' a
letter from tho president of tho com
pany In which It is stated that tele
phone ' "Earnings have shown a steady and
substantial growth, having Increased
rrom $3,120,238 in 1900 to $12,078,
300.07 in 1011, or an increase of ovor
300 por cent in tho past eleven years."
Why not gtvo tho public tho benefit
of this prosporlty?
Tho Chicago Telephone Company,
which Is suffering so much from
want of funds, according to certain
city "experts" that It will have to
ralso telephono rates on tho people
In order to exist, paid 8 per cent la
dividends last year.
Think of itl
Eight per cent on twenty-seven mil
This Is the company that started
with u capital stock ot half a million
and now has a capital stock or twen
ty -so en millions.
It pays 8 .per cont annual dividend
on twonty-sevon millions and puts up
a twenty-two story modern office
Tho people ot Chicago are such
easy marks that the phone crowd want
to get more out of them and asks for
an increase ot rates at the hands of
the City Council.
And two "experts" agree that this
"poor" company is losing money Is,
la 1011 the Chicago Telephone Com
pany paid 8 per cent In quarterly divi
dends of 2 per cent March 11, 2 per
cent, Juno 30; 2 por cent, September
30; 2 per cent, December 30, 1911.
Hero Is a nice little nest egg ol
?2,KO,000 divided up among the stock
holders. When to this Is added tho profits
paid tho "parent" Bell Tolophone
Company, the amount grabbed off the
people of Chicago Is simply enormous,
Iusteud ot raising telephone ratos,
tho City Council should lower them.
Peoplo demand the ponny telephone
nnd lower charges all along tho line.
Mayor Harrison made a popular
move when he ordered a new report
on the telephone situation. The "ex
pert" whose report Is now in the
bands of tho Council Commltteo fav
ored the raising ot rates and a gen
eral contribution to the necessities of
the phone gang. His report strangely
enough showed that the Chicago
branch or the monopoly It owned
body, boots and breeches by the
American Telephone crowd who con
trol the telephone business ot the
whole country. His report also shows
that the Chicago branch ot the monop
oly Is obliged to buy all of Its equip
ment from a notorious Klectrlo Com
pany which Is also owned by the
American Telephone Trust This com
pany makes Its own prices for what
It sells to the other concern and the
people of Chicago are expected to pay
for the profits of both subsidiary Insti
tutions of tho Trust
Item a teamed "sfeyort's" ropacta
to tho OK? Oetaoll wo iMim that:
Telephone rates ehoald ho raiaod
because tho Bell TolepfcoM Company
owns tho local telophoa eosmsamy.
Because the Western lleetrtcal
Company Is alro owned by tho Bell
Because tho loeal Uleaheae
pany Is obliged to buy all of Its quia
ment and necessaries from tho West
ern Electrical Company.
Because neither the Western Elec
trical Company or the local telephone
company would have big enough prof
its to suit the Bell Telephone, whleh
owns them, If Chicago people wen
not pressed for a little more cola aid
their telephone rates raised.
Because the local telephone com
pany has increased Its capital atoek
from tho original $500,000 to 927,0ft,
000 and $5,000,000 more In bond.
Because the stockholders would aet
get big enough, dirideads oa this im
mense stock issue If the people of Chi
cago were not squeezed.
Therefore the telephone company
has the nerve to ask tho City Council
(o raise the rates on the people of
The people of Chicago are to be used
as serfs by the telephone monoply and
the last drop Is to be equoesed oat ot
In the meantime It would be well for
the aldermen to Inquire Into tho al
leged relations, in the past of certain
city officials with the abort electrleal
company, the twin of tho loeal tele
phone company, bath being owned by
the Bell monopoly.
The tolephone gang want the coun
cil to raise the rates on all phones.
To abolish all flat phones and make
everybody takes measured servloe.
To put a nickel in every phone be
foro connection ts made.
Fire Marshal Seyferllch asserted
that as practically one-half of tho fir
and police alarms are received by tola
phono, he did not favor the general
Installation ot the "pay-ln-advanee"
typo of telephono Instrument now bo
Ing placed In various parts of the elty
by the telephone company.
Competition In tho telephono Held Is
necessary If tho people mo to got re
lief ft om present high r.itcs for phono
The Telephono Trust has com
menced a bitter and an uncalled for
attack on tho Mayor and honost alder
men of tho city ot Chicago who aro
lighting tor tlio people's rights against
a heartless monopoly.
The Telephono Trust Is opposed to
tho honest, capablo and ofUclent serv
ice that Mr. J. Ogden Armour and his
colleagues are prepared to give to the
city with their automatic service.
The Tolephone Trust has cbangod
managers in Chicago and has decided
to throw dirt upon honest men In the
city government who oppose its dom
ineering and extortionate methods.
The Illinois Tunnel Company bas
fully compiled with the terms of Its
ordinance and yet the gratters union
Is not satisfied.
It wants the Illinois Tunnel Com
pany which has expended over $3,300.-
000 in instruments, wires and station
equipments, to be forced to give up
all of this to satisfy the Telephone
Any alderman who votes In favor
ot an Increase of rates for the Tele
phone Monopoly will be beaten to a
flntsh the next time he runs for office.
According to somo accounts several
men who are working tor the mon
opoly and Its franchise may not be
residents ot Chicago whon the next
election comes around.
Tho Telephono Monopoly ts busy